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AQA Core 1 Algebra

1 of 2 10/01/13 MEI
Section 3 : Quadratic functions and their graphs

Exercise

Do not use a calculator in this exercise.

1. Factorise these quadratic expressions.
(i) x + 5x + 6 (ii) x + x 12 (iii)
2
9 x
(iv) x 6x + 8 (v) 2x + 3x + 1 (vi) 3x + x 2
(vii) 4x 8x + 3 (viii) 4x 25 (ix) 6x x 12

2. Solve these quadratic equations by factorising.
(i) x + 4x + 3 = 0 (ii) x + 5x 6 = 0
(iii) x 6x + 8 = 0 (iv) x 7x 18 = 0
(v) 2x + 5x + 3 = 0 (vi) 2x + x 6 = 0
(vii) 4x 3x 10 = 0 (viii) 6x 19x + 10 = 0

3. Sketch the following quadratic graphs, showing the points where the graph cuts
the coordinate axes in each case.
(i)
2
2 y x x
(ii)
2
5 4 y x x
(iii)
2
1 y x
(iv)
2
2 5 2 y x x
(v)
2
6 y x x
(vi)
2
6 12 y x x

4. Write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates of the vertex
of each of the following quadratic graphs:
(i)
2
4 1 y x (ii)
2
2 3 y x
(iii)
2
2 1 5 y x (iv)
2
3 1 y x

5. A quadratic graph has minimum point (-1, 2). Find the equation of the graph in
the form
2
y ax bx c.

6. A quadratic graph has maximum point (2, 5). Find the equation of the graph in the
form
2
y ax bx c.

7. Write each of the following quadratic functions in completed square form:
(i) x + 2x 3 (ii) x 6x + 1
(iii) x + x + 1 (iv) x + 5x
(v) 2x + 4x + 3 (vi) 3x + 8x 2

8. (i) Write x + 4x + 1 in the completed square form.
(ii) Hence write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates
of the vertex of the graph y = x + 4x + 1.
(iii) Sketch the graph.

AQA C1 Algebra Section 3 Exercise


2 of 2 10/01/13 MEI
9. (i) Write x 3x + 1 in the completed square form.
(ii) Hence write down the equation of the line of symmetry and the coordinates
of the vertex of the graph y = x 3x + 1.
(iii) Sketch the graph.

10. Solve the following equations, where possible.
Give your answers in exact form.
(i) x + 2x 2 = 0 (ii) x 3x + 5 = 0
(iii) 2x + x 4 = 0 (iv) 2x 5x 12 = 0
(v) x 5x 3 = 0 (vi) 3x + x + 1 = 0
(vii) 4x + 12x + 9 = 0 (viii) 4x + 10x + 5 = 0
(ix)
2
1 x
x
(x) 2 7 4 x x