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Sheet 1 of 5
5-
5.1- LOADING DATA
Empty weight of Tank (WE) 3387.0 KN
Operating weight of Tank (WT) 145805.0 KN
Surcharge Load (DW1) 0.0 KN/m
2
5.1.1- Wind Load
Wind Load (Fw) 286.34 KN
Moment by Wind (MW) 2094.60 KN-m
Increased Line Load by Wind (W1) 1.99 KN/m
5.1.2- Seismic Load
Seismic Force 12521.86 KN
Moment by Earthquake Shell Pressure (MP) KN-m
Moment by Earthquake Bottom Pressure (MPB) KN-m
Moment by Earthquake (ME) 70057.92 KN-m
Increased Line Load by MP (T) KN/m
5.2- MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
5.2.1- Strength
Reinforcement bar yield strength 420.0 MPa
Concrete compressive strength at 28 days (Cylinder) 21.0 MPa
5.2.2- Unit Weight
Reinforced Concrete 24.0 kN/cu-m
Soil 17.0 kN/cu-m
Steel 78.4 kN/cu-m
Water 9.81 kN/cu-m
5 3 SOIL CONDITION
CALCULATION FOR TANK FOUNDATION
5.3- SOIL CONDITION
5.3.1- Net Soil Bearing Capacity of Area
In normal operations 150.0 kPa
Normal operation + Lateral forces 200.0 kPa
5.3.2- Coefficient of Lateral Soil Pressure
(As per geotechnical study) 30
Active soil pressure coefficient Ka = tan (45 - /2) 0.33
At rest soil pressure coefficient Ko = 1 - sin 0.50
Passive soil pressure coefficient Kp = tan (45 + /2) 3.00
Coefficient of friction = m = 0.58
5.4- EQUIPMENT DATA
Diameter of Tank 36.576 m
Height of Tank = H = 14.630 m
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Job No.: Doc No.:
Sheet 2 of 5
5.5- FOUNDATION OUTLINE
Width of Pedestal (b) 0.400 m
Width of Footing (b2) 1.500 m
Height of Pedestal (h1) 1.500 m
Thickness of Footing (h2) 0.400 m
Soil Cover (h3) 0.900 m
Outer Dia of Footing (D
0
) 38.076 m
Inner Dia of Footing (D
i
) 35.076 m
5.5.1- Areas & Moment of Inertia
Area of Foundation (A = p(D
0
2
-D
i
2
)/4) 172.4 sq-m
Area of Soil enclosed by Ring (A
1
= pDi
2
/4) 966.3 sq-m
Area enclosed by Tank (A
3
= pD
2
/4) 1050.7 sq-m
Moment of Inertia of Ring = p(D
o
4
-D
i
4
)/64 28871.5 m^4
b2
h
h2
h1
5.5.2- Loading at Bottom of Foundation
Weight of Pedestal 1654.7 KN
Weight of Foundation 1654.7 KN
Weight of Soil over slope 1933.9 KN
% Load transferred to Ring (P
1
) 8.03 % = 11442 KN
% Load transferred to Soil (P
2
) 91.97 % = 130976 KN
Moment due to wind force (Fw) 544.0 KN-m
Total Wind Moment (MWt) 2638.6 KN-m
Moment due to earthquake force (FE) 23791.5 KN-m
Total Earthquake Moment (Met) 93849.5 KN-m
Maximum pressure on soil enclosed by ring (P
2
/A
1
) 135.5 KN/ sq.m
OK , SOIL IMPOSED PRESSURE < SOIL B.C
5.5.3- Maximum and minimum force on foundation
P
max
=WE +wt of footing + % Load transferred to Ring= 20072 KN
P
min
=WE + self wt of footing = 8630 KN
b2
h
h2
h1
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Job No.: Doc No.:
Sheet 3 of 5
5.6- STABILITY CHECKS
5.6.1- CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE

5.6.1.1- Bearing Pressure for Full Load of Tank
Stress on ring when tank is full = s = P
max
/A = 116.5 KN/ sq.m
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.1.2- Seismic Load When Tank is Full
s
max , min
= P/A + M y/I + T where A=area of ring foundation. y =Dia of tank /2
M = Overturning Moment I = Moment of Inertia. T= Increased Load Due to ME
Max Stress = s
max
= 178.3 KN/ sq.m
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
Min Stress = s
min
= 54.6 KN/ sq.m
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.1.3- Wind Load When Tank is Empty
s
max , min
= P/A + M y/I + W1 where W1=Increased Load due to Wind
Max Stress = s
max
= 53.1 KN/ sq.m
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
Min Stress = s
min
= 48.3 KN/ sq.m
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.2- CHECK AGAINST OVERTURNING
5.6.2.1- Seismic Load When Tank is Full
Overturning moment by Earthquake ME = M
O
= 70057.9 KN-m
Resisting Moment = M
R
= Full tank load x D
O
/2 = 2775835.6 KN-m
Factor of safety =M
R
/Mo = 39.6
OK FOOTING IS SAFE OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.2.2- Wind Load When Tank is Empty
Overturning Moment = Mo = 2094.6 KN-m
Resisting Moment = M
R
=Emp.tank load x D
O
/2 = 64481.7 KN-m
Factor of safety =M
R
/Mo = 30.8
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.3- CHECK AGAINST SLIDING
5.6.3.1- Seismic Load When Tank is Full
Sliding Force = Lateral seismic force for full load = 12521.9 KN
Resisting Force = m x Full vertical load 84180.6 KN
Factor of safety = Sliding force/Resisting force = 6.7
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
5.6.3.2- Wind Load When Tank is Empty
Sliding Force = Lateral wind force for empty tank = 286.3 KN
Resisting Force = m x vertical load of empty tank = 1955.5 KN
Factor of safety = Sliding force/Resisting force = 6.8
OK , FOOTING IS SAFE
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Job No.: Doc No.:
Sheet 4 of 5
5.7- DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT
5.7.1- PEDESTAL DESIGN
5.7.1.1- CIRCUMFERENCIAL REINFORCEMENT
Density of soil 17.0 N/mm
3
Surcharge load (DW1) 0.0 N/mm
3
Depth of footing (h) 1.50 m
Active earthpresure coefficient (K
a
) 0.50
Effective height ( h' = DW1/ g
soil
) 0 0 m
SurchargeLoad DW1
h
P
y
Ka c (h +h')
T
T
Hoop Tension
P
Effective height ( h = DW1/ g
soil
) 0.0 m
Hoop Stress P = 1/2 Ka gsoil h ( h + 2 h ' ) 9.6 KN/m
Now tensile force 'T' in ring foundation due to hoop stresses and surcharge load is calculated as follows,
Hoop force F = P x Di 335.4 KN
T = F/2 167.7 KN
Design force =1.4 T = 234.8 KN
Area of steel = T/fy 559 mm
Minimum As = (r
min
=0.0025 , Ref ACI-318-02-14.3.3) 1500 mm
Required As = 1500 mm
Bar size (db) 20 mm
Sectional area 314 mm
Required No. of Bars 6
Provide 3 - D20 bars on each face
Provide @200C/C
SurchargeLoad DW1
h
P
y
Ka c (h +h')
T
T
Hoop Tension
P
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Job No.: Doc No.:
Sheet 5 of 5
5.7.1.2- VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT
Minimum As = (r
min
=0.0012 , Ref ACI-318-02-14.3.2) 480 mm/m
Bar size (db) 12 mm
Sectional area 113 mm
Required spacing of bars 236 mm
Provide D12 @ 200 mm c/c
5.7.2- FOOTING DESIGN
5.7.2.1- Minimum and Maximum Ratio of Reinforcement
pa = fc' / 4 fy 0.0027
pb = 1.4 / fy 0.0033
p1 = Max ( pa, pb ) 0.0033
pmax = 0.75 x 0.85 1 fc'/fy 600 / (600+ fy) 0.0159
p t & s = for temperature & shrinkage reinforcement 0.0018
used with gross area of footing used with gross area of footing
Min As (by shrinkage and temperature reinforcement) 587 mm
5.7.2.2- Design of Rebar
178.3 kN/m b 1.000 m
L 0.550 m d 0.326 m
Bar size (db) 16 mm
Sectional area 201 mm
M L / 2 26.97 kN-m/m
Rn Mu / ( b d) 0.395 Mpa
p req 0.85 fc' / fy (1 - (1 - 2 Rn / 0.85 fc')) 0.0010
Calculated As 310 mm
Min As 412 mm
Max As 5196 mm
number of re-bar 10
re bar pitch 150 mm
Total area (As) 2011 mm
Provide 10 - D16 bars (T &B) @ 150 mm c/c
CHECK FOR ADEQUACY FOR BASE SLAB THICKNESS
Assumed Thickness 400 mm
Allowable Soil Pressure 150 Kn/m
2
L' (Extented Portion of Concrete) 550 mm
Vu 82.1 KN/m
Allaowable concrete stress for 21Mpa =649kpa
Actual Shear Stress for wall per meter length
Va=Vu/Ld
136.833333 <649 kpa
Safe in shear stress
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