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Purpose

Equipment Required
Pre Inspection Setup
Single Frequency Weld Inspection (Weldcheck)
Typical Welding Inspection Procedure (Single Frequency
Instruments):
Pre Inspection:
road!and Pro!e "#$P# (Paint Pro!e) Weld
Re%erence Standard #"&$$'
Setup (uide )ote )o *
Weld Inspection
These notes are ofered as a guide to help carry out a demonstration for weld
inspection using the WeldScan Probes. The notes have been based on using one
of the Phasec/Locator Eddy urrent !nstruments.
Weldchec" instrument
Weld inspection "it
oating Thic"ness# !f the weld is coated i.e. painted$ it is important to ascertain
the thic"ness of this layer prior to the inspection to compensate for it. !f this is
not performed incorrect sensitivity levels may be selected and thus possible
defects missed. This achieved with a %roadband Probe &Paint Probe' ()*P) and
+eference Standard )(,**-$ utilising the . yellow plastic shims. Each shim is
appro/imately *.0 mm thic".
)ote# The fre1uency used for this inspection is (* "23$ which is outside the
normal fre1uency range 1uoted on the probe.
Set up (uide )otes %or +oating E,aluation
-se similar settings as !elo./
Paramet
er
0alue
1ode )ormal
Single
Frequen
cy
"$ k23
Pro!e &!solute
(ain 456 7$d57$d

Filter
2P58P
9+5#$$
23
Input
(ain
2igh
9ri,e $
asic Paint Pro!e Settings
STE
P
T&S:
(. +onnect Paint Pro!e to instrument and s.itch on/
4. alance pro!e in air/
). Place pro!e on Re%erence Stand Part )o: #"&$$' a.ay %rom
E91 slots and edges and !y using the phase control rotate the
signal to o!tain a ,ertical signal amplitude/
.. Increase the ; Full Screen 2eight (FS2) o% the signal to
<"$$; FS2 !y using the gain control/
0. Position " plastic shim on re%erence standard and place pro!e
on it= noting the ; FS2 o% the signal/ -sing the gain control
ad>ust signal amplitude to appro?imately '$; Full Screen
2eight (FS2)/
5. Remo,e pro!e %rom shim and place another shim on top o% the
other/ )ote ; FS2 o% the signal/
6. Repeat step * %or the remaining 7 shims/
-. )o. the instrument has !een set up place the pro!e on the
area to !e inspection= noting the ; FS2 o% the signal
amplitude/
7. 1atch the ; FS2 o% the signal %rom the inspection area to that
gi,en %rom the re%erence standard5shim com!ination/
Typical Signals o!tained %rom Shims
Setup (uide )oted %or Weld Inspection
Paramet
er
0alue
1ode )ormal
Single
Frequen
cy
"$$ k23
Pro!e ridge
(ain 456 @$d5@$
d
Filter
2P58P
9+5#$$
23
Input
(ain
2igh
9ri,e A'
asic Weld Inspection Settings
STE
P
T&S:
"/ 9isconnect the BPaint Pro!eC and connect a suita!le WeldScan
Pro!e/
#
/
-tilising the Re%erence Standard Part )o: #"&$$' (.ith the
correct num!er o% shims) place pro!e on it a.ay %rom any E19
slots and edges and !alance/
are 1etal D $
Shims
" Shim E
$/@ mm
7 Shims E "/$
mm
# Shims E "/@
mm
* Shims E 7/$
mm
)ote# To enable to show
screen shot$ the phase has
been rotated by (*8 for
each coating thic"ness
measurement.
9ow the thic"ness of the coating &if applicable' has been established$ it is
now re1uired to calibrate the !nstrument to perform the Weld !nspection.
*
/
Scan pro!e o,er "/$ mm slot and note the signal amplitude
and phase/
@
/
-sing the phase control rotate the signal to ,ertical and ad>ust
the gain to gi,e "$$; FS2 .hen scanning o,er the "/$ mm
slot/
F
/
+arry out inspection o% .eld as per company procedure/
Typical Signal Response %rom Re%erence Standard "/$ mm Slot
Typical Scanning Techniques:

9ual Frequency Weld Inspection (Weldcheck)
Setup (uide )otes %or Welding Inspection -sing 9ual Frequency
1ode
Scanning the +ap o% the
Weld
Scanning Toe G 2&H o% the
Weld
"$$; FS2 %rom " mm
E91 )otch
)ote: )o (raticule
alance point
&d,antages o% 9ual Frequency Inspections o,er Single Frequency
Inspections
The main advantage of using a :ual ;re1uency !nstrument over a Single
;re1uency !nstrument is that the coating thic"ness can be monitored
continuously during the inspection allowing ad<ustment of instrument
sensitivity for variations in coating thic"nesses. This procedure also only
re1uires the use of a single WeldScan probe$ thus eliminating the need to
interchange probes for coating thic"ness evaluations and weld inspections.
:ual ;re1uency Weld !nspection ,dvantages
Will reduce inspection time.
oating thic"ness variations can be observed while inspecting the weld$
permitting inspection sensitivity levels to be ad<usted as re1uired$
ensuring inspection 1uality is maintained.
=nly one probe is re1uired.
;or full details of scanning patterns and inspection procedure please refer to#
E) "I"": 7$$$ BEddy Current Examination of Welds by Complex
Plane Analysis
The illustrations below show typical scan patterns for the cap of the weld$
the toe of the weld and the 2eat ,fected >one &2,>'.
Paramete
r
0alue Paramete
r
0alue
Frequency
"
"$$ k23 Frequenc
y 7
"$ k23
Pro!e " ridge Pro!e 7 &!solut
e
(ain " 456 @$d5@$
d
(ain 7 456 @#d5@#
d
Filter "
2P58P
9+5#$$
23
Filter 7
2P58P
9+5"$
23
Input (ain
"
2igh Input
(ain 7
2igh
STEP T&S:
"/ +onnect WeldScan Pro!e to a 9ual Frequency instrument
and s.itch on the instrument/
7/ (o to main menu and select 1ode E )ormal 9ual= 0ie. E
F":F7 and alance E Split/
)ote: In BSplitC the 8e%t hand alance :ey alances F" and
Right 2and alance :ey alances F7
#/ Set the parameters as a!o,e (guide only)/ &lternati,ely go
to BRecall Set -psC in the menu and select BWeldScan 9ual
FeC/ )ote: Phase= (ain and !alance positionsmay require
ad>ustment/
*/ To &scertain +oating Thickness place the pro!e a.ay %rom
E91 slots and edges on the re%erence !ock (no shims) Part
)o: #"&$$' and !alance/
@/ Position all * plastic shim on re%erence standard and reD
place pro!e on the total stack= noting the ; FS2 o% the
signal/ -sing the gain control ad>ust signal amplitude to
appro?imately J@; Full Screen 2eight (FS2)/
F/ Remo,e pro!e %rom re%erence !lock and remo,e " shim/
Replace pro!e and note ; FS2 o% the signal/
I/ Repeat steps F %or the remaining shims
'/ &%ter ascertaining coating thickness use correct num!er o%
shims and place pro!e on re%erence !lock a.ay %rom E91
slots and edges and !alance F" and F7 +hannels/
asic 9ual Frequency Weld Inspection Settings
)ote: Frequency " E Weld Inspection +hannel/ Frequency 7 E
+oating +hannel/
F" +hannel F7 +hannel
J/ Scan pro!e o,er "/$ mm slot and note the signal amplitude
and phase/
"$/ -sing the phase control rotate the signal to ,ertical and
ad>ust the gain to gi,e "$$; FS2 .hen scanning o,er the
"/$ mm slot/ (or as per company procedures/)
""/ Proceed .ith scanning monitoring F" +hannel %or de%ect
indications and F7 +hannel %or changes in +oating
Thicknesses/ When coating thickness changes are noted
stop inspection and ad>ust gain (Sensiti,ity 8e,els) to suit/
%are ?etal @ * Shims
( Shim A *.0 mm
4 Shims A (.* mm
) Shims A (.0 mm
. Shims A 4.* mm
4 Shims B (.* mm
( Shims B *.0 mm
%are ?etal
)ote#
(. To enable to show screen shot$ the
;( Phase has been rotated by C/@
(*8.
4. Probe scanned over (.* mm E:?
D(** ;S2 B %are ?etal
70E ;S2 B ( Shim
5*E ;S2 B 4 Shims
+oating Thickness &ssessment
EKects o% +oating Thickness 0ariations on Signal
&mplitude