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Instructor:

Noel T. Canlas, Ll.B. (UP Diliman), B.S. (UP Diliman)
Phone: 0917-8172485/0998-9982485 (mobile); 045-8881685 (office)
E-mail: noel.t.canlas@up.edu.ph and ntcanlas@gmail.com

Course Meeting Information:
MTh 5:30-7:30pm
Room: PS 202
Consultation Hours by Appointment

Course Description:

A basic course on the law of persons and the family which first views the effect and
application of laws and the law on human relations, and then proceeds to examine
the legal norms affecting civil personality, marriage, property relations between
husband and wife, legal separation of property, family, paternity and filiation,
adoption, guardianship, support, parental authority, surnames, absence and
emancipation, including the rules of procedures relative to the foregoing.

Course Objectives:

The objective of this course is to impart to the student sufficient legal competence
as will enable him/her to (i) have a firm grasp of the law on persons and family
relations; (ii) recognize the legal implications of the law on persons and family
relations and its practical applications, and (ii) apply the underlying principles of
the law on persons and family relations to legal practice.

Using the case and the Socratic method, this course offers students continuous
opportunity to improve and strengthen their communication, problem solving and
critical thinking skills.

Course Outline:

APPLICATION OF LAWS AND THE LAW ON HUMAN RELATIONS

Art. 2 - Effectivity of laws

Taada vs. Tuvera 136 SCRA 27
146 SCRA 446

Art. 3 - Ignorance of the law

Kasilag vs. Rodriguez 69 PHIL 217
Consunji vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 137873, April 20, 2001
Course Syllabus 1
st
Semester 2014-2015
PER 01 PERSONS & FAMILY RELATIONS
Angeles University Foundation
School of Law
2

Art. 4 - Retroactive effects of law:

Atienza vs. Brillantes 243 SCRA 32
Espiritu vs. Cipriano 55 SCRA 533
Aruego vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 112193, March 13, 1996

Art. 5 - Mandatory and Prohibitory laws:

Brehm vs. Republic 9 SCRA 172

Art. 7 - Repeal of laws

Art. 8 - Judicial Decisions form part of the legal system

People vs. Jabinal 55 SCRA 607

Art. 9-12 - Applicability of custom

Martinez vs. Van Buskirk 18 PHIL 78

Art. 13 - Periods

Armigos vs. Court of Appeals 179 SCRA 1
Namarco vs. Tecson 29 SCRA 70
U.S. vs. Tiqui 1 PHIL 306

Art. 15- Nationality Principle

Ibanez de Aldecoa vs. HSB 30 PHIL 228
Insular Government vs. Frank 13 PHIL 239

Art. 16 - Testamentary Succession

Bellis vs. Bellis 20 SCRA 358
Edward Christensen vs. Helen Christensen G.R. No. L-16749, Jan. 31, 1963

Art. 19 & 21- Abuse of Right

Hermosisima vs. Court of Appeals 109 PHIL 634
Llorente vs. Sandiganbayan 202 SCRA 309
Pe vs. Pe 115 PHIL 186
Gashem Shookat Baksh vs. Court of Appeals 219 SCRA 649
Wassmer vs. Court of Appeals 209 SCRA 18
People vs. Ritter 194 SCRA 653
Nikko Manila Hotel et al. vs. Roberto Reyes G.R. No. 154259, February 22, 2005

Art. 22 - Unjust enrichment

Obana vs. Court of Appeals 135 SCRA 557
LBP vs. Ong G.R. No. 190755, 24 November 2010
Arturo Flores v. Spouses Lindo G.R. No. 183984, 13 April 2011
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Art. 26 Right to Privacy

Concepcion vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 120706, Jan. 31, 2001

Art. 31 et seq. Independent Civil Action

Jose Cancio vs. Emerenciana Isip G.R. No. 133978, Nov. 12, 2002
Casupanan vs. Laroya G.R. No. 145391, Aug. 26, 2002

Art. 36 - Prejudicial Question

Donato vs. Luna G.R. No. L-53642, April 15, 1988
Quiambao vs. Osorio G.R. No. L-48157, March 16, 1988
Imelda Marbel-Bobis vs. Isagani Bobis G.R. No. 138509, July 31, 2000
Ching vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 110844, April 27, 2000
People vs. Rafael Jose Consing G.R. No. 148193, Jan. 16, 2003

LEGAL NORMS AFFECTING CIVIL PERSONALITY

Art. 40 - 41 - Commencement/Termination of Personality:

Geluz vs. Court of Appeals 2 SCRA 801

Art. 42 - Extinguishment of personality:

Eugenio vs. Velez 185 SCRA 425

FAMILY CODE

Retroactive Effect

Aruego et al. vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 112192, March 13, 1996
Bernabe vs. Alejo G.R. No. 140500, Jan. 21, 2002

MARRIAGE

Art. 1 - Concept and nature:

Presumption:

Mariategui vs. Court of Appeals 205 SCRA 337

Marriage not subject to stipulation:

Panganiban vs. Borromeo 58 PHIL 367
Selanova vs. Mendoza 84 SCRA 69
Lichauco-de Leon vs. CA 186 SCRA 345

Article 2 Essential requisites of a valid marriage

Article 3 Formal requisites of a valid marriage
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Martinez vs. Tan 12 PHIL 731
Cosca vs. Palaypayon 237 SCRA 249

Article 7 Persons authorized to solemnize marriage

Navarro vs. Domagtoy 259 SCRA 135

Articles 9 25 -- Marriage License:

Republic vs. Court of Appeals 236 SCRA 257

Art. 26 Foreign marriage

Garcia vs. Recio G.R. No. 138322, Oct. 2, 2001
Van Dorn vs. Romillo 139 SCRA 139
Republic vs. Obrecido G.R. No. 154380, October 5, 2005
Corpus vs. Sto. Tomas, G.R. No. 186571, 11 August 2010
Minoru Fujiki vs. Marinay, et al. G.R. No. 196049, 26 June 2013

Article 34 Marriage without marriage license

Nature of five-year cohabitation to dispense
with the marriage license:

Engracia Nial et al. vs. Norma Bayadog G.R. No. 133778, March 14, 2000

DISSOLUTION OF MARITAL BONDS

Article 36 - Psychological Incapacity:

Lucita Estrella Hernandez vs. CA, et al. G.R. No. 126010, Dec. 8, 1999
Salita vs. Magtolis 233 SCRA 100
Leouel vs. Santos G.R. No. 112019, January 4, 1995
Republic vs. CA & Molina 268 SCRA 198
Marcos vs. Marcos G.R. No. 136490, 19 October 2000
Domingo vs. Court of Appeals 226 SCRA 572
Carating-Siayngco vs. Manuel Siayngco G.R. No. 158896, October 27, 2004
Chi Ming Tsoi vs. CA, GR NO. 119190 January 16, 1997

Article 37 Incestous Marriages

Article 38 - Void for Reasons of Public Policy

Art. 39 The action or defense for the declaration of absolute nullity of a
marriage shall not prescribe

Felicitas Amor-Catalan vs. CA et al. GR No. 167109, February 6, 2007

Article 40 Nullity of previous marriage

Republic vs. Nolasco 220 SCRA 20
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Tolentino vs. Paras 122 SCRA 525
Wiegel vs. Simpio-Dy 143 SCRA 499
Donato vs. Luna 160 SCRA 441
Terre vs. Terre 211 SCRA 6
Sermonia vs. Court of Appeals 233 SCRA 155
Lucio Morigo vs. People G.R. No. 145226, February 6, 2004
Montaes vs. Cipriano G.R. No. 181089, 22 October 2012

Article 41- Declaration of Presumptive Death:

Antonia Armas y Calisterio vs. Marietta Calisterio
(in relation to Art. 83, NCC) G.R. No. 136467, April 6, 2000
Republic vs. Nolasco G.R. No. 94053, March 17, 1993
Republic vs. Granada G.R. No. 187512, 13 June 2012

Art. 42 Affidavit of Reappearance

Social Security System vs. Teresita
Jarque vda De Bailon GR No. 165545, March 24, 2006

Article 45 - Voidable Marriages

Bucat vs. Bucat 72 PHIL 19
Aquino vs. Delizo 109 HIL 21
Almelor vs. Almelor G.R. No. 179620, August 26, 2008

Physically incapable:

Alcazar vs. Alcazar G.R. No. 174451, 13 October 2009

Force, intimidation, undue influence:

Sison vs. Te Lay Li G.R. No. 7037, May 7, 1952
People vs. Santiago G.R. No. L-27972, 31 October 1927

Impotence:

Jimenez vs. Canizares 109 PHIL 273

Article 55 - Legal Separation

Ong Eng Kiam vs. Lucita G. Ong G.R. No. 153206, 23 October 2006
Pacete vs. Cariaga 231 SCRA 100

Agreement to seprarate:

Alano vs. Gapusan 71 SCRA 26
In re: Atty. Rufillo Bucena 72 SCRA 14

Grounds for legal separation:

Goitia vs. Campos-Rueda 35 PHIL 242
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People vs. Zapanta 88 PHIL 688
Gandionco vs. Penaranda 155 SCRA 725

Article 74 - Property Relations between
husband and wife

Marriages before the effectivity
of Family Code:

Delizo vs. Delizo 69 SCRA 218

After the effectivity of Family Code:

(On partition) Uy vs. Court of Appeals 232 SCRA 579
Brigido Quiao vs. Rita Quiao, et al. G.R. No 176556, 4 July 2012

Art. 87

Arcaba vda. de Tabaneyra de Batocael G.R. No. 146683, 22 Nov. 2001

Article 105 - Conjugal partnership of gains:

Jocson vs. CA (February 16, 1988) 170 SCRA 333
Ansaldo vs. Sheriff 64 PHIL 115

When does Conjugal Partnership of
Gains commence and apply:

PNB vs. Quintos 46 PHIL 370

No presumption of conjugality

Metrobank vs. Jose Tan et al. G.R. No. 163712
November 30, 2006

What constitutes conjugal partnership

PNB vs. Court of Appeals 158 SCRA 435
Cuenca vs. Cuenca 168 SCRA 335
Zulueta vs. PAN AM 49 SCRA 1
Mendoza vs. Reyes 124 SCRA 335
Belcodero vs. Court of Appeals 227 SCRA 303
Embrado vs. Court of Appeals 233 SCRA 335

Improvements on CPG property:
Calimlim vs. Fortun 129 SCRA 675
Ong vs. CA 204 SCRA 297

What is excluded:
Liberal vs. Katigbak 10 SCRA 493
Barciles vs. GSIS 128 SCRA 53
Veloso vs. Martinez 28 PHIL 258
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Plata vs. Yatco 12 SCRA 718
Joaquino vs. Reyes G.R. No. 154645, July 13, 2004

Charges upon and obligations of Conjugal
Partnership of gains:

With consent:
Javier vs. Osmena 34 PHIL 336
Vda. de Sta. Romana vs. PCIB 118 SCRA 330
G-Tractors vs. CA (Compare
with Ong vs. CA) 135 SCRA 192
DBP vs. Adil 161 SCRA 307
Mariano vs. CA 174 SCRA 59

Without consent:
Luzon Surety vs. De Garcia 30 SCRA 111
BA Finance vs. CA 161 SCRA 608

Personal Debts:
People vs. Lagrimas 29 SCRA 153
Security Bank vs. Mar Tierra Corp. GR No. 143382, 29 November 2006

Administration of CPG:
Felipe vs. Heirs of Aldon 120 SCRA 528
Roxas vs. Court of Appeals 198 SCRA 541
Opena vs. Court of Appeals 218 SCRA 302
Garcia vs. Gonzales 183 SCRA 72
Homeowners and Savings Loan Bank vs. CA G.R. No. 153802, 11 March 2005

Effects of Abandonment:

De la Cruz vs. de la Cruz 22 SCRA 333
Partoza-Jo vs. CA 216 SCRA 692

Property regime of union without marriage:

Maxey vs. CA 129 SCRA 187
Domingo vs. Court of Appeals 226 SCRA 572
Valdez vs. RTC of QC 260 SCRA 221
Uy vs. CA 232 SCRA579


Art. 120 Ownership of Improvements
Josefa Ferrer vs. Spouses Manuel & Virginia Ferrer GR. No. 166496
November 29, 2006

Art. 124 Administration and Enjoyment of Conjugal Partnership
Jader-Manalo vs. Camaisa G.R. No. 147978, Jan 23, 2002

Article 151 - Conciliation:
Versoza vs. Versoza 26 SCRA 78
O Laco vs. Cocho Chit 220 SCRA 656
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Spouses Augusto Hotiveros & Myrna
Hontiveros vs. RTC Iloilo, Branch 25,
et al. G.R. No. 125465
June 29, 1999
Hiyas Savings & Loan vs. Judge Acua G.R. No. 154132, 31 August 2006

Article 153 Family Home

Modequillo vs. Breva 185 SCRA 766
Pablito Taneo vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 108532, March 9, 1999
Spouses de Mesa vs. Spouses Acero G.R. No. 185064, 16 January 2012


Article 163 - Paternity and Filiation

Belan Sagad Angeles vs. Apeli Corazon
Angeles Maglaya G.R. No. 153798, September 2, 2005
Ida C. Labagala vs. Nicolasa Santiago
et al. G.R. No. 132305, Dec. 4, 2001
Benitez-Badua vs. Court of Appeals 229 SCRA 468
Fernandez vs. Court of Appeals 230 SCRA 130
People vs. Tumimpad 235 SCRA 483
Ilano vs. Court of Appeals 230 SCRA 242
Alberto vs. Court of Appeals 232 SCRA 745
Gono-Javier vs. Court of Appeals 239 SCRA 593
Gaspay vs. Court of Appeals 238 SCRA 163
Perido vs. Perido 63 SCRA 97
De la Puerta vs. CA 181 SCRA 861
Tan vs. Trocio Nov. 27, 1990
Mangulabnan vs. Court of Appeals 185 SCRA 760
People vs. Rafanan 182 SCRA 811

Rights of Legitimate Children:
Moore vs. Republic 8 SCRA 282
Naldoza vs. Republic 112 SCRA 658

Actions to Impugn legitimacy:
Lee et al. vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 118387, 11 October 2001

Physical impossibility of access:
Andal vs. Macaraig 89 PHIL 165
Macadandang vs. Court of Appeals 100 SCRA 73
Tan vs. Trocio (Supra)

Biological or other scientific grounds:
Jao vs. Court of Appeals 152 SCRA 359
Amurao vs. Court of Appeals 168 SCRA 734

Contrary to declaration by mother:
Chua Keng Giap vs. IAC 158 SCRA 18

Presumption:
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Lim vs. IAC 166 SCRA 451
Ida Lagabala vs. Nicolas Santiago G.R. No. 132305, Dec. 4, 2001
De Jesus vs. the Estate of Juan Gamboa G.R. No. 142877, Oct. 2, 2001
William Liyao vs. Tanhoti-Liyao et al. G.R. No. 138961, March 7, 2002

Proof of Filiation:

Legitimate Children:
a. Record of Birth

Reyes vs. Court of Appeals 135 SCRA 439
Castro vs. Court of Appeals 173 SCRA 656
Mendoza vs. IAC 152 SCRA 445

b. Final Judgment

Ramos vs. Ramos 61 SCRA 284

c. Admission in a signed public document

Lim vs. CA 65 SCRA 160

d. Signed and handwritten private instrument:

Banas vs. Banas 134 SCRA 260

e. Open and continuous possession of status
In Re: Christensen 102 PHIL 1055
Mendoza vs. Court of Appeals Sept. 24, 1991

Illegitimate Children

In the matter of intestate estate
of the late Juan Jhonny Locsin Sr.
Lucy Locsin vs. Juan Locsin, Jr. G.R. No. 146737, Dec. 10, 2001
Vda. de Alberto vs. Court of Appeals 173 SCRA 488
Baluyot vs. Baluyot 186 SCRA 506
Paterno vs. Paterno 186 SCRA 830
De la Puerta vs. Court of Appeals 181 SCRA 861
Diaz vs. IAC G.R. No. L-66574 February 21, 1990
Grande v. Antonio G.R. No. 206248, February 18, 2014

Compulsory Recognition:

Rodriguez vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 85723, June 19, 1995
Bernabe vs. Alejo G.R. No. 140500, 21 Jan 1995

Adoption

R.A. 8369 - Family Courts Act of 1997
R.A. 8552 - Domestic Adoption Act of 1998
R.A. 8043 - Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995
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Republic vs. Toledano 233 SCRA 9
Lazatin vs. Campos 92 SCRA 250
Cervantes vs. Fajardo 169 SCRA 575
Republic vs. CA & Robiles G.R. No. 93226, Jan. 2, 1992
Landingin vs. Republic GR No. 164948, June 27, 2006

Article 194 - Support

Spouses Lim vs. Cheryl Lim G.R. No. 163209, 30 Oct. 2009
Lim Lua vs. Lua G.R. Nos. 175279-80, June 5, 2013
Lacson vs. Lacson G.R. No. 150644 August 28, 2006

Article 209 - Parental Authority

In re: Habeas Corpus of Angelie Cervantes 169 SCRA 575
Hontiveros vs. IAC 132 SCRA 745
Unson vs. Javier 101 SCRA 183
Tonog vs. CA G.R. No. 122906, Feb. 7, 2002

Article 214 Substitute Parental Authority

Leouel Santos vs. CA G.R. No. 113054, March 16, 1995
Vancil vs. Belmes G.R. No. 132223, June 19, 2001

Article 216 - Special Parental Authority:

St. Francis Academy vs. Court of Appeals 194 SCRA 341
Salvosa vs. IAC 166 SCRA 274
PSBA vs. Court of Appeals 205 SCRA 729
Libi vs. IAC 214 SCRA 16
Luna vs. IAC 137 SCRA 7
Pineda vs. Court of Appeals 226 SCRA 754
Lindain vs. Court of Appeals 212 SCRA 725
St. Marys Academy vs. Capistranos G.R. No. 143363, Feb. 6, 2002

Custody:
Espiritu vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 115640, May 15, 1995
(Also in relation to Art. 363)
Dinah B. Tonog vs. Court of Appeals G.R. No. 122906, Feb. 7, 2002
Demsey vs. RTC 164 SCRA 384
Bagtas v. Judge Santos G.R. No. 166682, 27 Nov. 2009
Dacasin vs. Dacasin G.R. No. 168785, 5 February 2010

Civil Registry

R.A. No. 9048 (March 22, 2001) RE: Correction of entry in the Civil Registry
R.A. No. 10172 - clerical or typographical errors
RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10172

Republic vs. Sayo 188 SCRA 634
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Republic vs. Valencia 141 SCRA 462
Republic vs Marcos 132 SCRA 223
Labayo-Rowe vs. Republic 166 SCRA 294
Rommel Jacinto vs. Republic G.R. No.174689, October 22, 2007

Funerals:
Eugenio Sr. vs. Velez 185 SCRA 435
Valino vs. Adriano G.R. No. 182894, 22 April 2014


Surnames:

DOJ Opinion No. 36, S. 2000 LR Jun 30, 2000

Naldoza vs. Republic
Johnston vs. Republic 7 SCRA 1040
Llaneta vs. Agrava 57 SCRA 29
Telmo vs. Republic 73 SCRA 29
Tolentino vs. CA 162 SCRA 66
Legamia vs. IAC 131 SCRA 479
Republic vs. Abadilla G.R. No. 133054, Jan. 28, 2000
Republic vs. Court of Appeals 209 SCRA 189
Leong Santos vs. Hon. Perlita
J. Tria CA-GR. No. 35452, Jan. 27, 1995
Yasin vs. Shraia District Court 241 SCRA 606
Republic vs. Marcos 182 SCRA 1040
Grande v. Antonio G.R. No. 206248, February 18, 2014

Anti Alias Law

Cesario vs. CA April 10, 1996

Absence:

Reyes vs. Alejandro 141 SCRA 65
Bienvenido vs. CA 237 SCRA 676
Eastern Shipping v. Lucero 124 SCRA 425
Tol-Nuquera v. Villamor 211 SCRA 616