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Mastering LTE Air Interface

Instructor Led | Duration: 2 Days

Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a 4th generation (4G) wireless technology which promises a much higher air interface data rate (over 100 Mbps) to users while reducing the cost per bit for wireless service providers. The building blocks of LTE include OFDM, multiple antenna techniques, and all-IP technologies. Multiple antennas can increase data rates, throughput, coverage, and lower battery consumption in a mobile device. This course provides an in-depth discussion of the PHY and MAC layers of the LTE air interface. First, it introduces the LTE/E-UTRAN network architecture and protocols. It then provides comprehensive coverage of the PHY frame structure, channels, resource allocation, and multiple antenna techniques. Finally, the course discusses the operations of acquisition, system access, data session setup, DL and UL traffic operations and handovers.

Intended Audience

This is a detailed technical course, primarily geared for a technical audience including those in product design and development, integration and testing, and system engineering.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course, the student will be able to:

Sketch the LTE/E-UTRAN network architecture and associated interfaces and protocols

Sketch PHY frame structure and resource mapping for DL and UL

List PHY channels in DL and UL and map them on the frame structure

Describe the synchronization operation and use of reference signals

Explain PHY layer operations and measurements

Step through system acquisition and data session setup procedure

Describe traffic operations in DL and UL at the PHY/MAC layers

Explain key concepts of LTE mobility and handovers at the PHY layer

Identify the key multiple antenna techniques and describe their applications

Suggested Prerequisites

LTE Overview (eLearning)

Course Outline



1.1. Goals and requirements of LTE

1.2. LTE/EPC network nodes and interfaces

1.3. LTE air interface protocols

1.4. Life of a mobile in LTE

2. LTE Technology

2.1. Access techniques – OFDM/SC- FDMA

2.2. PHY frame structure

2.3. PHY channels and resource mapping

2.4. Resource allocation types

2.5. MIMO techniques in LTE

2.6. PHY layer operations

3. System Acquisition

3.1. DL synchronization

3.2. System selection

4. System Access Operation

4.1. UL synchronization

4.2. Random access procedure

4.3. Concept of shared channels

4.4. RRC connection establishment

5. Call Setup in LTE

5.1. Registration

5.2. Service establishment

6. DL Operations

6.1. DL transmission process

6.2. Channel quality reporting

6.3. DL scheduling & resource allocation

6.4. DL data transmission and HARQ

6.5. DL operations using MIMO

7. UL Operations

7.1. UL transmission process

7.2. Bandwidth requests

7.3. UL scheduling & resource allocation

7.4. UL data transmission and HARQ

7.5. UL operations using MIMO

8. Mobility and Handover

8.1. Tracking area and cell reselection

8.2. Paging

8.3. PHY measurements

8.4. LTE handover message flows

Appendix A: OFDMA & SC-FDMA & MIMO


Key concepts of OFDMA/


SC-FDMA Tx/Rx block diagrams


Transmit diversity (SFBC, FSTD)



A.2. SC-FDMA Tx/Rx block diagrams A.3. Transmit diversity (SFBC, FSTD) A.4. MIMO (SU-MIMO, MU-MIMO)