You are on page 1of 4

Mahamrityunjaya Mantra

1
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra
An article related to
Hinduism
Hindu
History
Hinduism
portal
v
t
e
[1]
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra (Sanskrit: , mahmtyujaya mantra "Great Death-conquering
Mantra"), also called the Tryambakam Mantra, is a verse of the Rigveda (RV 7.59.12). It is addressed to
Tryambaka, "the three-eyed one", an epithet of Rudra, later identified with Shiva.
[2][3]
The verse also recurs in the
Yajurveda (TS 1.8.6.i; VS 3.60)
Mantra text
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra reads:
In Devanagari script:


In IAST transliteration:
o tryambaka yajmahe sugandhi pui-vardhanam
urvrukam-iva bandhann mtyormukya m mtt
In some Hindu Religious books the complete mantra has been mentioned as:-
o hrau j sa
o bhrbhuva sva
o tryambaka yajmahe sugandhi pui-vardhana
urvrukam-iva bandhann mtyormukya m mtt
o sva bhuva bhr
o sa j hrau o
which is its Tantric version.
The symbol '' is important because it stands for hrswa (short) vowel 'a' in amtt.
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra
2
Literal Meaning of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra
Word to Word meaning of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra:-
o = is a sacred/mystical syllable in Sanatan Dharma or Indian religions, i.e. Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism,
and Sikhism.
[4]
tryambakam = the three-eyed one (accusative case),
+ = tri + ambakam = three + eye
yajmahe = We worship, adore, honour, revere,
sugandhim = sweet smelling, fragrant (accusative case),
pui = A well-nourished condition, thriving, prosperous, fullness of life,
vardhanam = One who nourishes, strengthens, causes to increase (in health, wealth, well-being); who
gladdens, exhilarates, and restores health; a good gardener,
- = pui+vardhanam = : = pui vardhate anena tat (samas)= The one who
nourishes someone else and gives his life fullness.
urvrukamiva = like the cucumber, melon (in the accusative case),
Note: Some people are using following explanation for urvrukam: 'urva' means "vishal" or big and
powerful or deadly. 'arukam' means 'disease'. But urva () does not mean 'Vishal' in sanskrit but oorva
(); so this translation is not correct.
bandhann = "from captivity" {i.e. from the stem of the cucumber} (of the gourd); (the ending is actually
long a then -t which changes to n/anusvara because of sandhi)
Note: bandhann means bound down. Thus read with urvrukam iva, it means 'I am bound down just
like a cucumber (to a vine)'.
mtyormukya = Free, liberate From death
: + = mtju + mukya= from death + free (Vedic usage)
m mtt = (give) me immortality, emancipation
Note: Here are two possible combinations
1) + = m + amtt = not + immortality, nectar
Translation would be: (Free me from death but) not from immortality.
2) () + = m (short form of mm) + amtt = myself + sure, definitely
Translation would be: Free me from certain death.
Simple Translation
OM We worship the Three-eyed Lord who is fragrant and who nourishes and nurtures all beings. As is the ripened
cucumber (with the intervention of the gardener) freed from its bondage (to the creeper) May He liberate us from
death for the sake of immortality.
Origin
The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra was found by Rishi Markandeya. It was a secret mantra, and Rishi Markandeya was
the only one in the world who knew this mantra. The Moon was once in trouble, cursed by King Daksha. Rishi
Markandeya gave the Mahamritryunjaya Mantra to Sati, Daksha's daughter, for the Moon. This is how this mantra
became known which according to another version is the Bija mantra as revealed to Rishi Kahola that was given by
Lord Shiva to sage Sukracharya who taught it to Rishi Dadicha who gave it to King Kshuva through whom it
reached the Shiva Purana.
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra
3
It is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Lord Shiva; the Tryambakam mantra, alluding to
Shiva's three eyes; and it is sometimes known as the Mrita-Sanjivini mantra because it is a component of the
"life-restoring" practice given to the primordial sage Sukracharya after he had completed an exhausting period of
austerity. Its Devata is Rudra or Lord Shiva in his fiercest and most destructive roopa or aspect. In the Vedas it finds
its place in three texts - a) the Rig veda VII.59.12, b) the Yajur Veda III.60, and c) the Atharva Veda XIV.1.17.
Significance
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is the great mantra for conquering death for it protects against all threats and at the time of
death eases the process of release. It is one of the more potent of the ancient mantras, a call for enlightenment and a
practice of purifying the karmas of the soul at a deep level. It is beneficial for mental, emotional and physical health.
It is also a moksha mantra which bestows longevity and immortality.
According to some puranas, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra has been used by many Rishis as well as Sati during the
time when Chandra suffered from the curse of Prajapati Daksha. By reciting this mantra, the effect of the curse of
Daksha, that could make him die, slowed, and Shiva then took Chandra and placed it upon his head.
This mantra is addressed to Lord Shiva for warding off untimely death. It is also chanted while smearing Vibhuti
over various parts of the Body and utilised in Japa or Homa (havan) to get desired results. While its energy protects
and guides the intiates a mantra re-links consciousness to its deeper and more abiding nature and repetition of the
mantra constitutes Japa, the practice of which develops concentration that leads to a transformation of awareness.
Whereas the Gayatri Mantra is meant for purification and spiritual guidance, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is meant
for healing rejuvenation and nurturance.
References
[1] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ w/ index. php?title=Template:Hinduism& action=edit
[2] MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA MEANING, SIGNIFICANCE, AUDIO (http:/ / www. eaglespace. com/ spirit/ mahamantra. php)
[3] Mrityunjaya Mantra- Victory over Death (http:/ / www. nandhi. com/ mrityunjaya. htm)
[4] [4] Om
External links
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Sadhana Puja Anusthan Vidhi (http:/ / www. scribd. com/ doc/ 79199212/
Mahamrityunjaya-Mantra-Sadhana-Puja-Anusthan-Vidhi---)
Mrityunjaya mantra for Original Vibhuti (http:/ / thirumoolarvibuthi. blogspot. in/ )
Article Sources and Contributors
4
Article Sources and Contributors
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=595988265 Contributors: Abecedare, AdalCobos, Aditya soni, Alagadic, Aniruddhbhatt, Anupmehra,
AroundTheGlobe, Bdixit63, BrightStarSky, Buddhipriya, Busybee07, Chairman S., CorrectKnowledge, DaGizza, DanLSU, Dbachmann, Deepakyadavpatil, Ekabhishek, Epicgenius, Fabrictramp,
Fadereu, Gingerjoos, Gnewf, Greenolivetree, Hakseng, Hansa108, Hiplibrarianship, Irrigator, Ism schism, John of Reading, Josh Parris, Kaicarver, Kalsarpa, Karunsharma, Katams, Katieh5584,
Kaushalskaloo, Kkoothan, L888Y5, Ladybirdintheuk, MKar, Manoj123sahoo, Paratrooper Kali, Pearle, Philip Trueman, PhnomPencil, Priyanath, Q885, Rahulkhare, Rajankanjirakunnil,
RichardHolmes, Romanc19s, Ronz, Rorybowman, Rramphal, SagaciousAWB, Sankarrukku, Sgy2013, Shiggerino, Singhsahabadv, Srisharmaa, Sunray, Tgeairn, TheRingess, Titodutta,
Vassyana, Vineypuri, Wavelength, Youth Tube India, Zickzack, , 125 anonymous edits
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Om.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Om.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: AnonMoos, BRUTE, Bdk, Davin7, Dbachmann, Editor at Large, Exact,
Gregory Orme, Herbythyme, Jafeluv, JurgenNL, Marshie, Michaeldsuarez, Mystical Sadhu, Nilfanion, Nishkid64, Om.sukanta, Rugby471, Sahaguru, Tangopaso, The Evil IP address, Toyboy84,
Trelio, Wutsje, Xhienne, 67 anonymous edits
File:Aum red.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Aum_red.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: DoSiDo
License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/