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# Instrumental measurement was determined through the use of a multi tester.

The resistance of
each resistor is measured in the set-up on the circuit board. A two post connector was used in able to
make the connection work. The first resistor, the measured resistance is 983. The second resistor, the
measured resistance

is 1191. The third resistor, the measured resistance R
3
is 610. The total
resistance was determined by putting the probes of the multi tester across the three resistors. The
measured total resistance is 2.79k. Total voltage and individual voltage of each resistor is also
measured through the use of multi tester. The individual voltage was measured just the same set-up as
measuring resistance. The measured voltage across the first resistor is 5.26v, the second resistor is 6.37v
and the third resistor is 3.27v. The total voltage across the three resistors was measured and
determined as 14.97v. Since the connection was a series circuit, the current must be the same through
the circuit. The measurement of the current is different from the set up of voltage and resistance. The
two post connector was removed and replaced by the probes. The measured current was 5.34mA.
Computational method uses ohms law and color coding on getting the value of resistance,
voltage and current. By obtaining the colors of each resistor, individual resistance was measured. The
resistance of first resistor is 10005%, second resistor is 12005% and third resistor is 6205%. The
total resistance is just the sum of the resistance of the three resistors. Ignoring the tolerance of each
resistor, the computed total resistance is 2.82k. Since the connection was a series circuit, the current is
the same throughout the circuit. The current is calculated by dividing the total voltage by total
resistance (I
s
=V
t
/R
t
). Since the total voltage was given by our instructor which is 15v, the total current
can be calculated. The computed total current is 5.319mA. The voltage of each resistor is also computed
through ohms law. The individual voltage is computed by multiplying the individual resistance to the
total current (V
1
=I
s
R
1
). The computed voltage of the first resistor is 5.319v, the second resistor is 6.3828v
and the third resistor is 3.27v. The total voltage is just the sum of all individual voltages which is 15V.
This experiment shows the two different method on measuring resistance, voltage and current
in a series connection circuit. First is the instrumental method which uses equipments like a multi tester
and second is computational method which uses formulas like OHMs law. Measurements of these two
methods were both reliable but sometimes either of the two can make errors or mistakes. It can be
personal error on measuring on the instrument, wrong computations, use of outdated instruments,
incorrect following of procedures, and many more. You can say that the measurement is wrong if the
margin of error is too large. In this experiment, the measured total resistance is 2.79k, while the
computed total resistance is 2.82k. The percent difference between the two is only 1.07%. This
difference is still acceptable since the tolerance on the measured resistance was not considered. The
instrumental total voltage was 14.97V while the computed total voltage was 15v. The percent difference
between the two measurements was only 0.2%. This difference is very minimal so it means both
measurements are correct. The instrumental total current was 5.34mA while the computed total current
is 3.27mA. The percent difference between the two measurements was only 2.14%. This difference is
still acceptable so both measurements are correct. The difference of resistance, voltage, and current on
instrumental and computational method were very small that it is almost the same. It only implies that
both measurements are correct and the experiment were performed well by its members.