Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

219

Table 11.1—SUMMARY COMPARISON OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019
In Millions of Dollars
Fiscal Year

Total

Direct

As Percentages of Total Outlays

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

In Billions of Constant (FY 2009)
Dollars

As Percentages of GDP
Total

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

1940
1941
1942
1943
1944

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

1,657
1,730
1,758
1,647
1,721

1,360
1,374
1,348
1,220
1,260

298
356
410
427
461

17.5
12.7
5.0
2.1
1.9

14.4
10.1
3.8
1.6
1.4

3.1
2.6
1.2
0.5
0.5

1.7
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.8

1.4
1.2
0.9
0.7
0.6

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

21.1
21.2
19.7
16.7
16.2

17.3
16.9
15.1
12.4
11.9

3.8
4.4
4.6
4.3
4.3

1945
1946
1947
1948
1949

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

2,215
5,673
9,052
9,043
10,065

1,784
5,222
8,292
8,208
9,029

432
451
761
835
1,036

2.4
10.3
26.2
30.4
25.9

1.9
9.5
24.0
27.6
23.3

0.5
0.8
2.2
2.8
2.7

1.0
2.5
3.8
3.4
3.6

0.8
2.3
3.5
3.1
3.3

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.4

19.9
48.2
71.6
65.5
71.0

16.0
44.4
65.6
59.5
63.7

3.9
3.8
6.0
6.1
7.3

1950
1951
1952
1953
1954

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

13,664
10,279
10,853
10,950
12,610

12,407
8,955
9,528
9,460
10,999

1,257
1,324
1,325
1,490
1,611

32.1
22.6
16.0
14.4
17.8

29.2
19.7
14.1
12.4
15.5

3.0
2.9
2.0
2.0
2.3

4.9
3.1
3.0
2.9
3.3

4.4
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.8

0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

97.6
69.5
70.6
70.2
79.8

88.6
60.5
62.0
60.6
69.6

9.0
9.0
8.6
9.6
10.2

1955
1956
1957
1958
1959

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

14,297
15,208
17,027
20,931
22,757

12,674
13,534
15,226
18,810
20,393

1,623
1,674
1,802
2,121
2,364

20.9
21.5
22.2
25.4
24.7

18.5
19.2
19.9
22.8
22.1

2.4
2.4
2.4
2.6
2.6

3.5
3.5
3.7
4.4
4.5

3.1
3.1
3.3
4.0
4.0

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5

90.6
95.2
103.6
123.7
132.6

80.3
84.7
92.6
111.2
118.8

10.3
10.5
11.0
12.5
13.8

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

24,162
27,525
28,938
30,958
32,217

21,682
24,907
25,987
27,677
28,658

2,480
2,618
2,951
3,280
3,559

26.2
28.2
27.1
27.8
27.2

23.5
25.5
24.3
24.9
24.2

2.7
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0

4.5
5.0
4.9
5.0
4.9

4.1
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.3

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

138.2
155.3
161.8
171.0
175.6

124.0
140.6
145.3
152.9
156.2

14.2
14.8
16.5
18.1
19.4

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

33,103
37,076
43,211
49,849
57,225

29,385
32,771
38,392
43,779
49,983

3,718
4,305
4,819
6,070
7,243

28.0
27.6
27.4
28.0
31.2

24.9
24.4
24.4
24.6
27.2

3.1
3.2
3.1
3.4
3.9

4.7
4.7
5.2
5.5
5.8

4.1
4.2
4.6
4.9
5.1

0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7

177.8
195.7
222.1
248.5
273.7

157.8
172.9
197.3
218.2
239.0

20.0
22.7
24.8
30.3
34.7

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

64,806
80,564
93,055
104,739
120,407

56,079
70,030
79,112
90,860
105,557

8,727
10,533
13,943
13,879
14,851

33.1
38.3
40.3
42.6
44.7

28.7
33.3
34.3
37.0
39.2

4.5
5.0
6.0
5.6
5.5

6.2
7.2
7.6
7.7
8.1

5.3
6.3
6.5
6.7
7.1

0.8
0.9
1.1
1.0
1.0

295.8
352.0
391.5
424.8
452.0

256.0
305.9
332.8
368.4
396.2

39.8
46.0
58.7
56.3
55.8

1975 ...............................................................................
1976 ...............................................................................
TQ ..................................................................................
1977 ...............................................................................
1978 ...............................................................................
1979 ...............................................................................

153,836
180,634
45,534
196,978
211,761
233,837

137,074
160,576
40,449
174,268
186,967
206,276

16,762
20,058
5,085
22,710
24,795
27,561

46.3
48.6
47.4
48.1
46.2
46.4

41.2
43.2
42.1
42.6
40.8
40.9

5.0
5.4
5.3
5.5
5.4
5.5

9.6
10.1
9.6
9.7
9.3
9.1

8.5
9.0
8.6
8.6
8.2
8.0

1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

523.3
576.8
141.0
585.1
589.2
600.7

466.2
512.7
125.2
517.6
520.2
529.9

57.0
64.1
15.7
67.5
69.0
70.8

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

278,530
325,216
358,342
396,933
401,868

245,879
286,808
319,139
353,953
355,866

32,652
38,408
39,202
42,980
46,001

47.1
47.9
48.1
49.1
47.2

41.6
42.3
42.8
43.8
41.8

5.5
5.7
5.3
5.3
5.4

10.0
10.4
10.8
11.2
10.2

8.8
9.1
9.6
10.0
9.0

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

647.3
689.1
715.1
757.4
738.2

571.4
607.6
636.9
675.4
653.7

75.9
81.4
78.3
82.0
84.5

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

428,051
452,069
472,079
501,661
537,374

377,961
397,049
413,541
438,238
468,683

50,090
55,020
58,538
63,422
68,691

45.2
45.6
47.0
47.1
47.0

39.9
40.1
41.2
41.2
41.0

5.3
5.6
5.8
6.0
6.0

10.0
10.0
9.9
9.7
9.6

8.9
8.8
8.6
8.5
8.4

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

759.5
781.6
796.0
815.1
836.6

670.6
686.5
697.3
712.0
729.5

88.9
95.2
98.7
103.1
107.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

585,683
652,050
729,866
785,081
824,901

506,972
557,433
615,175
658,156
686,639

78,711
94,617
114,691
126,925
138,262

46.7
49.2
52.8
55.7
56.4

40.5
42.1
44.5
46.7
47.0

6.3
7.1
8.3
9.0
9.5

9.9
10.7
11.3
11.6
11.5

8.6
9.1
9.6
9.7
9.5

1.3
1.5
1.8
1.9
1.9

876.5
939.1
1,024.8
1,074.7
1,106.0

758.5
802.5
863.3
900.4
919.8

118.1
136.6
161.5
174.3
186.2

1995 ...............................................................................
1996 ...............................................................................

877,632
913,002

728,595
761,713

149,037
151,289

57.9
58.5

48.1
48.8

9.8
9.7

11.6
11.4

9.6
9.5

2.0
1.9

1,152.1
1,174.9

955.5
979.3

196.6
195.6

See note at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

220

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.1—SUMMARY COMPARISON OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
In Millions of Dollars
Fiscal Year

Total

1997 ............................................................................... 954,025
1998 ............................................................................... 981,858
1999 ............................................................................... 1,001,823

As Percentages of Total Outlays
Total

Direct

Grants

In Billions of Constant (FY 2009)
Dollars

As Percentages of GDP

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

801,131
817,916
825,980

152,894
163,942
175,843

59.6
59.4
58.9

50.0
49.5
48.5

9.5
9.9
10.3

11.2
11.0
10.5

9.4
9.1
8.7

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

1.8
1.8
1.8

1,203.7
1,227.4
1,238.0

1,009.9
1,021.8
1,020.1

193.8
205.6
217.9

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

1,054,652 867,862
1,128,584 920,546
1,242,359 1,010,735
1,332,453 1,081,646
1,398,109 1,131,918

186,790
208,038
231,624
250,807
266,191

59.0
60.6
61.8
61.7
61.0

48.5
49.4
50.3
50.1
49.4

10.4
11.2
11.5
11.6
11.6

10.4
10.7
11.4
11.8
11.6

8.5
8.7
9.3
9.5
9.4

1.8
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2

1,273.3
1,333.0
1,450.0
1,524.5
1,565.7

1,047.0
1,086.6
1,179.0
1,236.9
1,267.0

226.2
246.4
271.0
287.7
298.7

2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................
...............................................................................

1,491,054
1,592,980
1,690,539
1,825,911
2,094,216

1,212,980
1,316,172
1,402,168
1,521,226
1,733,494

278,074
276,808
288,371
304,685
360,722

60.3
60.0
62.0
61.2
59.5

49.1
49.6
51.4
51.0
49.3

11.2
10.4
10.6
10.2
10.3

11.6
11.6
11.8
12.4
14.5

9.4
9.6
9.8
10.3
12.0

2.2
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.5

1,624.2
1,684.5
1,750.4
1,826.0
2,094.2

1,320.9
1,391.4
1,451.7
1,521.2
1,733.5

303.3
293.0
298.7
304.8
360.7

2010 ...............................................................................
2011 ...............................................................................
2012 ...............................................................................
2013 ...............................................................................
2014 estimate ................................................................

2,286,836
2,345,744
2,297,747
2,391,306
2,569,983

1,894,570
1,950,390
1,934,000
2,013,089
2,144,670

392,266
395,354
363,747
378,217
425,313

66.1
65.1
65.0
69.2
70.4

54.8
54.1
54.7
58.3
58.7

11.3
11.0
10.3
10.9
11.7

15.5
15.2
14.3
14.4
14.8

12.8
12.7
12.0
12.1
12.4

2.7
2.6
2.3
2.3
2.5

2,250.3
2,261.5
2,170.0
2,222.8
2,355.9

1,864.2
1,880.3
1,826.4
1,871.2
1,966.0

386.1
381.3
343.5
351.6
389.9

2015 estimate
2016 estimate
2017 estimate
2018 estimate
2019 estimate

2,673,065
2,841,072
2,945,509
3,049,104
3,248,720

2,216,450
2,359,429
2,446,866
2,533,889
2,708,817

456,615
481,643
498,643
515,215
539,903

68.5
69.3
69.0
68.6
68.7

56.8
57.6
57.3
57.0
57.3

11.7
11.8
11.7
11.6
11.4

14.7
14.8
14.6
14.4
14.6

12.2
12.3
12.1
11.9
12.2

2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4

2,404.7
2,503.1
2,539.4
2,569.6
2,676.4

1,993.9
2,078.8
2,109.5
2,135.4
2,231.7

410.8
424.3
429.9
434.2
444.7

................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................
................................................................

Note: Includes both on and off-budget Federal outlays. Off-budget social security payments for individuals are shown separately in Table 11.2.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

221

Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946

1947

1948

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ............................................................................
150 International affairs .........................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment ...............................................
350 Agriculture .......................................................................................
400 Transportation .................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services ...................
550 Health .............................................................................................
570 Medicare .........................................................................................
600 Income security ..............................................................................
650 Social security ................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ......................................................
750 Administration of justice ..................................................................
800 General government .......................................................................
920 Allowances ......................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
3
..........
10
..........
753
16
578
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
3
..........
10
..........
724
64
573
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
11
..........
663
110
561
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
14
..........
479
149
574
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
18
..........
392
185
661
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
5
..........
20
..........
465
240
1,054
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
5
..........
22
..........
1,690
321
3,185
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
9
..........
22
..........
1,476
426
6,358
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
11
..........
24
..........
1,473
512
6,188
*
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .................................

1,360

1,374

1,348

1,220

1,260

1,784

5,222

8,292

8,208

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ............................................................................
150 International affairs .........................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment ...............................................
350 Agriculture .......................................................................................
400 Transportation .................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services ...................
550 Health .............................................................................................
570 Medicare .........................................................................................
600 Income security ..............................................................................
650 Social security ................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ......................................................
750 Administration of justice ..................................................................
800 General government .......................................................................
920 Allowances ......................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
18
..........
279
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
334
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
22
..........
386
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
405
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
440
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
410
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
22
..........
428
..........
1
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
33
..........
726
..........
2
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
29
..........
804
..........
2
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ..........................

298

356

410

427

461

432

451

761

835

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ............................................................................
150 International affairs .........................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment ...............................................
350 Agriculture .......................................................................................
400 Transportation .................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services ...................
550 Health .............................................................................................
570 Medicare .........................................................................................
600 Income security ..............................................................................
650 Social security ................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ......................................................
750 Administration of justice ..................................................................
800 General government .......................................................................
920 Allowances ......................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
3
..........
27
..........
1,032
16
579
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
3
..........
30
..........
1,058
64
574
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
33
..........
1,049
110
562
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
34
..........
884
149
575
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
4
..........
38
..........
832
185
662
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
5
..........
40
..........
875
240
1,055
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
5
..........
44
..........
2,118
321
3,186
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
9
..........
56
..........
2,202
426
6,360
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
11
..........
54
..........
2,277
512
6,190
*
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ............................................

1,657

1,730

1,758

1,647

1,721

2,215

5,673

9,052

9,043

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

222

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1949

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
12
..........
37
..........
2,002
607
6,371
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
13
..........
45
..........
2,798
727
8,824
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
16
..........
50
..........
1,835
1,498
5,556
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
16
..........
54
..........
2,104
1,982
5,371
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
18
..........
61
..........
2,254
2,627
4,500
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
18
..........
65
..........
3,171
3,275
4,469
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
66
..........
3,573
4,333
4,682
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
24
..........
75
..........
3,134
5,361
4,941
*
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

9,029

12,407

8,955

9,528

9,460

10,999

12,674

13,534

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
34
..........
999
..........
3
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
40
..........
1,214
..........
3
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
45
..........
1,275
..........
4
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
47
..........
1,274
..........
4
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
48
..........
1,439
..........
4
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
42
..........
1,566
..........
4
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
41
..........
1,576
..........
5
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
50
..........
1,619
..........
6
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

1,036

1,257

1,324

1,325

1,490

1,611

1,623

1,674

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
12
..........
71
..........
3,001
607
6,374
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
13
..........
85
..........
4,012
727
8,827
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
16
..........
95
..........
3,110
1,498
5,559
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
16
..........
102
..........
3,378
1,982
5,374
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
18
..........
109
..........
3,693
2,627
4,503
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
18
..........
107
..........
4,737
3,275
4,473
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
20
..........
107
..........
5,149
4,333
4,687
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
24
..........
125
..........
4,753
5,361
4,946
*
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

10,065

13,664

10,279

10,853

10,950

12,610

14,297

15,208

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

223

Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1957

1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
25
..........
89
..........
3,565
6,515
5,032
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
26
..........
102
..........
5,335
8,043
5,304
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
28
..........
113
..........
5,353
9,510
5,389
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
29
..........
119
..........
4,788
11,395
5,350
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
30
..........
127
..........
6,890
12,203
5,657
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
31
..........
126
..........
6,166
14,050
5,614
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
32
..........
134
..........
6,165
15,459
5,887
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
34
..........
152
..........
6,335
16,250
5,887
*
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

15,226

18,810

20,393

21,682

24,907

25,987

27,677

28,658

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
55
..........
1,741
..........
6
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
61
..........
2,054
..........
6
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
64
..........
2,294
..........
6
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
56
..........
2,418
..........
6
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
87
..........
2,523
..........
8
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
188
..........
2,756
..........
7
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
249
..........
3,024
..........
7
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
329
..........
3,222
..........
8
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

1,802

2,121

2,364

2,480

2,618

2,951

3,280

3,559

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
25
..........
144
..........
5,306
6,515
5,038
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
26
..........
163
..........
7,389
8,043
5,310
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
28
..........
177
..........
7,646
9,510
5,395
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
29
..........
175
..........
7,206
11,395
5,356
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
30
..........
214
..........
9,413
12,203
5,665
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
31
..........
314
..........
8,922
14,050
5,622
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
32
..........
383
..........
9,189
15,459
5,895
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
34
..........
482
..........
9,557
16,250
5,894
*
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

17,027

20,931

22,757

24,162

27,525

28,938

30,958

32,217

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

224

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
37
..........
154
..........
6,128
17,081
5,984
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
41
45
198
..........
6,180
20,264
6,042
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
45
226
248
3,172
6,680
21,293
6,729
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
48
460
191
5,126
7,573
23,299
7,082
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
53
570
262
6,299
8,326
26,705
7,767
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
59
503
348
6,784
9,935
29,651
8,799
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
65
904
427
7,478
15,925
35,132
10,098
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
71
1,067
433
8,364
18,633
39,364
11,180
1
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

29,385

32,771

38,392

43,779

49,983

56,079

70,030

79,112

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
420
..........
3,290
..........
8
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
956
..........
3,340
..........
9
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,430
..........
3,379
..........
9
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,119
..........
3,940
..........
11
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,694
..........
4,535
..........
14
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
3,187
..........
5,523
..........
17
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
3,842
..........
6,672
..........
18
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
5,301
..........
8,624
..........
18
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

3,718

4,305

4,819

6,070

7,243

8,727

10,533

13,943

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
37
..........
575
..........
9,417
17,081
5,992
*
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
41
45
1,154
..........
9,520
20,264
6,051
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
45
226
1,678
3,172
10,059
21,293
6,737
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
48
460
2,310
5,126
11,512
23,299
7,093
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
53
570
2,956
6,299
12,861
26,705
7,781
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
59
503
3,534
6,784
15,458
29,651
8,816
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
65
904
4,270
7,478
22,598
35,132
10,116
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
71
1,067
5,734
8,364
27,257
39,364
11,198
1
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

33,103

37,076

43,211

49,849

57,225

64,806

80,564

93,055

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

225

Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1973

1974

1975

1976

TQ

1977

1978

1979

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
76
1,199
497
9,040
19,398
48,176
12,472
2
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
86
1,054
499
10,680
24,792
54,990
13,454
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
105
1,582
631
14,121
40,584
63,558
16,490
4
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
122
2,359
719
16,942
49,375
72,702
18,270
88
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
33
590
183
4,584
11,537
19,458
4,010
53
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
140
2,657
842
20,779
48,070
83,698
17,953
128
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
156
3,004
892
24,275
47,342
92,447
18,688
162
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
174
3,706
1,003
28,160
50,897
102,594
19,484
259
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

90,860

105,557

137,074

160,576

40,449

174,268

186,967

206,276

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
5,439
..........
8,421
..........
20
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
6,651
..........
8,175
..........
25
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
22
7,998
..........
8,716
..........
26
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
35
10,009
..........
9,983
..........
31
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
6
2,526
..........
2,546
..........
8
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
62
11,087
..........
11,514
..........
48
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
56
12,103
..........
12,596
..........
41
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
62
13,914
..........
13,535
..........
49
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

13,879

14,851

16,762

20,058

5,085

22,710

24,795

27,561

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
76
1,199
5,936
9,040
27,818
48,176
12,492
2
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
86
1,054
7,149
10,680
32,967
54,990
13,479
1
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
105
1,604
8,628
14,121
49,300
63,558
16,516
4
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
122
2,394
10,727
16,942
59,358
72,702
18,301
88
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
33
595
2,709
4,584
14,083
19,458
4,018
53
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
140
2,719
11,929
20,779
59,584
83,698
18,001
128
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
156
3,059
12,994
24,275
59,938
92,447
18,729
162
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
174
3,767
14,917
28,160
64,432
102,594
19,533
259
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

104,739

120,407

153,836

180,634

45,534

196,978

211,761

233,837

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

226

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
207
5,011
1,261
33,954
67,156
117,065
20,897
326
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
239
6,087
1,262
41,267
77,236
137,881
22,502
332
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
258
5,701
1,776
49,167
84,418
153,917
23,637
267
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
292
6,550
1,602
55,499
96,602
168,513
24,652
244
..........
..........

..........
46
..........
..........
311
6,921
1,147
60,951
85,112
176,053
25,047
279
*
..........

..........
102
..........
..........
299
7,623
1,184
69,649
86,626
186,432
25,735
311
*
..........

..........
125
..........
..........
336
7,828
1,181
74,184
90,301
196,547
26,229
316
..........
..........

..........
138
..........
..........
350
7,264
1,090
79,913
92,782
205,105
26,570
329
*
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

245,879

286,808

319,139

353,953

355,866

377,961

397,049

413,541

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
78
15,551
..........
16,973
..........
49
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
78
18,466
..........
19,814
..........
50
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
57
18,638
..........
20,451
..........
57
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
51
19,921
..........
22,952
..........
57
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
70
21,587
..........
24,286
..........
59
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
76
24,193
..........
25,737
..........
84
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
82
26,567
..........
28,289
..........
81
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
66
29,186
..........
29,192
..........
94
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

32,652

38,408

39,202

42,980

46,001

50,090

55,020

58,538

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
207
5,089
16,813
33,954
84,129
117,065
20,947
326
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
239
6,166
19,728
41,267
97,051
137,881
22,552
332
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
258
5,758
20,414
49,167
104,868
153,917
23,694
267
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
292
6,601
21,522
55,499
119,554
168,513
24,709
244
..........
..........

..........
46
..........
..........
311
6,990
22,734
60,951
109,398
176,053
25,106
279
*
..........

..........
102
..........
..........
299
7,699
25,377
69,649
112,363
186,432
25,819
311
*
..........

..........
125
..........
..........
336
7,910
27,749
74,184
118,589
196,547
26,311
316
..........
..........

..........
138
..........
..........
350
7,331
30,276
79,913
121,974
205,105
26,664
329
*
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

278,530

325,216

358,342

396,933

401,868

428,051

452,069

472,079

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

227

Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
137
..........
..........
360
7,934
1,312
85,704
97,520
216,808
28,141
323
*
..........

..........
143
..........
..........
386
9,695
1,321
94,299
103,187
230,138
29,188
325
*
..........

..........
145
..........
..........
402
10,223
1,474
107,410
112,212
246,350
28,427
329
*
..........

..........
150
..........
..........
457
11,061
1,797
114,219
131,712
266,482
30,655
399
500
..........

44
169
..........
..........
461
10,258
2,580
129,411
153,974
284,918
32,477
384
500
..........

89
212
..........
..........
505
13,161
3,243
143,147
161,544
301,643
33,661
451
500
..........

91
239
..........
..........
512
6,912
3,822
159,542
161,793
316,676
36,510
457
87
..........

44
301
..........
..........
547
13,003
3,278
177,074
164,270
332,985
36,588
495
10
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

438,238

468,683

506,972

557,433

615,175

658,156

686,639

728,595

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
68
32,260
..........
30,988
..........
106
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
68
36,355
..........
32,144
..........
125
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
73
43,485
..........
35,022
..........
131
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
60
55,389
..........
39,030
..........
138
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
73
70,964
..........
43,499
..........
155
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
656
79,207
..........
46,877
..........
185
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
940
85,630
..........
51,494
..........
197
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,033
92,949
..........
54,805
..........
250
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

63,422

68,691

78,711

94,617

114,691

126,925

138,262

149,037

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
137
..........
..........
360
8,002
33,572
85,704
128,508
216,808
28,247
323
*
..........

..........
143
..........
..........
386
9,763
37,676
94,299
135,331
230,138
29,312
325
*
..........

..........
145
..........
..........
402
10,297
44,959
107,410
147,234
246,350
28,558
329
*
..........

..........
150
..........
..........
457
11,121
57,187
114,219
170,742
266,482
30,794
399
500
..........

44
169
..........
..........
461
10,331
73,544
129,411
197,473
284,918
32,632
384
500
..........

89
212
..........
..........
505
13,818
82,450
143,147
208,421
301,643
33,846
451
500
..........

91
239
..........
..........
512
7,852
89,452
159,542
213,287
316,676
36,707
457
87
..........

44
301
..........
..........
547
14,036
96,227
177,074
219,075
332,985
36,838
495
10
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

501,661

537,374

585,683

652,050

729,866

785,081

824,901

877,632

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

228

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

30
279
..........
..........
569
11,049
3,328
191,265
172,032
346,820
35,987
348
6
..........

22
247
..........
..........
623
11,191
4,667
207,308
175,869
362,058
38,754
385
7
..........

21
251
5
3
647
11,039
4,159
210,327
174,988
375,830
40,209
402
35
..........

19
272
11
7
669
9,718
4,667
208,470
173,334
386,686
41,717
404
6
..........

18
303
8
2
713
8,900
5,284
215,145
185,483
405,867
45,688
451
..........
..........

52
299
7
1
770
7,985
5,962
236,882
193,582
429,181
45,075
518
232
..........

549
361
6
..........
808
14,757
6,497
252,674
231,780
451,885
50,620
652
146
..........

481
370
5
..........
812
20,263
11,379
273,060
248,419
470,191
55,398
1,247
21
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

761,713

801,131

817,916

825,980

867,862

920,546

1,010,735

1,081,646

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
897
96,835
..........
53,293
..........
264
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
871
98,254
..........
53,498
..........
271
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
881
105,066
..........
57,710
..........
285
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
902
112,269
..........
62,359
..........
313
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
925
123,100
..........
62,343
..........
422
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,008
137,047
..........
69,595
..........
388
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,184
155,878
..........
74,201
1
360
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,391
169,844
..........
79,167
2
403
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

151,289

152,894

163,942

175,843

186,790

208,038

231,624

250,807

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

30
279
..........
..........
569
11,946
100,163
191,265
225,325
346,820
36,251
348
6
..........

22
247
..........
..........
623
12,062
102,921
207,308
229,367
362,058
39,025
385
7
..........

21
251
5
3
647
11,920
109,225
210,327
232,698
375,830
40,494
402
35
..........

19
272
11
7
669
10,620
116,936
208,470
235,693
386,686
42,030
404
6
..........

18
303
8
2
713
9,825
128,384
215,145
247,826
405,867
46,110
451
..........
..........

52
299
7
1
770
8,993
143,009
236,882
263,177
429,181
45,463
518
232
..........

549
361
6
..........
808
15,941
162,375
252,674
305,981
451,886
50,980
652
146
..........

481
370
5
..........
812
21,654
181,223
273,060
327,586
470,193
55,801
1,247
21
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

913,002

954,025

981,858

1,001,823

1,054,652

1,128,584

1,242,359

1,332,453

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

229

Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

432
404
2
..........
862
22,868
12,347
295,920
246,365
491,267
54,592
6,859
..........
..........

720
401
1
1
939
28,400
12,669
333,824
255,652
518,106
61,686
581
..........
..........

913
419
1
1
985
47,865
13,675
375,577
264,204
548,867
63,079
586
..........
..........

1,034
449
1
..........
1,076
27,010
14,211
434,983
272,857
580,803
69,136
608
..........
..........

1,123
502
..........
2,316
1,153
26,884
15,256
454,694
331,809
611,345
75,459
685
..........
..........

1,095
504
..........
116
1,263
25,680
16,938
497,669
428,076
676,858
84,813
482
..........
..........

1,134
582
..........
266
1,287
46,129
22,087
519,168
507,833
700,057
95,318
709
..........
..........

1,309
642
..........
22
1,399
46,790
24,513
558,279
482,386
724,147
110,172
731
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

1,131,918

1,212,980

1,316,172

1,402,168

1,521,226

1,733,494

1,894,570

1,950,390

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,402
185,894
..........
78,453
3
439
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,465
193,279
..........
82,797
2
531
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,459
192,599
..........
82,153
9
588
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,432
202,986
..........
83,324
16
613
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,484
214,283
..........
88,231
23
664
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
50
..........
1,531
264,419
..........
93,898
45
779
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,571
286,495
..........
103,372
28
800
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,595
289,444
..........
103,342
27
946
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

266,191

278,074

276,808

288,371

304,685

360,722

392,266

395,354

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

432
404
2
..........
862
24,270
198,241
295,920
324,818
491,270
55,031
6,859
..........
..........

720
401
1
1
939
29,865
205,948
333,824
338,449
518,108
62,217
581
..........
..........

913
419
1
1
985
49,324
206,274
375,577
346,357
548,876
63,667
586
..........
..........

1,034
449
1
..........
1,076
28,442
217,197
434,983
356,181
580,819
69,749
608
..........
..........

1,123
502
..........
2,316
1,153
28,368
229,539
454,694
420,040
611,368
76,123
685
..........
..........

1,095
504
..........
166
1,263
27,211
281,357
497,669
521,974
676,903
85,592
482
..........
..........

1,134
582
..........
266
1,287
47,700
308,582
519,168
611,205
700,085
96,118
709
..........
..........

1,309
642
..........
22
1,399
48,385
313,957
558,279
585,728
724,174
111,118
731
..........
..........

Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

1,398,109

1,491,054

1,592,980

1,690,539

1,825,911

2,094,216

2,286,836

2,345,744

See footnotes at end of table.

Fiscal Year 2015

230

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.2—FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITION OF OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Category

2014
estimate

2015
estimate

2017
estimate

2018
estimate

2019
estimate

1,215
583
..........
..........
1,613
42,303
100,303
674,837
433,807
946,754
156,903
1,111
..........
..........

1,173
594
..........
..........
1,691
42,586
113,023
694,062
432,578
1,002,479
155,984
2,696
..........
..........

1,142
608
..........
..........
1,746
42,507
118,717
721,148
429,413
1,061,957
155,845
806
..........
..........

1,106
621
..........
..........
1,817
42,679
122,841
793,382
449,674
1,125,306
170,575
816
..........
..........

2,216,450

2,359,429

2,446,866

2,533,889

2,708,817

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,561
325,055
..........
97,675
18
1,004
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,928
352,888
..........
100,753
13
1,033
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,098
375,712
..........
102,718
13
1,102
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,150
391,355
..........
103,998
14
1,126
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,200
405,874
..........
105,986
14
1,141
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
2,253
428,347
..........
108,127
15
1,161
..........
..........
..........

378,217

425,313

456,615

481,643

498,643

515,215

539,903

1,246
642
..........
2
1,301
49,935
288,563
549,728
530,316
767,098
108,222
694
..........
..........

1,328
633
..........
2
1,441
45,672
302,040
583,798
525,861
807,271
122,589
671
..........
..........

1,276
775
..........
..........
1,634
59,126
385,221
606,846
529,168
851,655
133,385
897
..........
..........

1,262
578
..........
2
1,452
49,585
436,243
623,190
521,582
895,671
142,424
1,076
..........
..........

1,215
583
..........
..........
1,613
44,401
476,015
674,837
536,525
946,767
158,005
1,111
..........
..........

1,173
594
..........
..........
1,691
44,736
504,378
694,062
536,576
1,002,493
157,110
2,696
..........
..........

1,142
608
..........
..........
1,746
44,707
524,591
721,148
535,399
1,061,971
156,986
806
..........
..........

1,106
621
..........
..........
1,817
44,932
551,188
793,382
557,801
1,125,321
171,736
816
..........
..........

2,297,747

2,391,306

2,569,983

2,673,065

2,841,072

2,945,509

3,049,104

3,248,720

2012

2013

Direct Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

1,246
642
..........
2
1,301
48,415
23,427
549,728
434,307
767,069
107,169
694
..........
..........

1,328
633
..........
2
1,441
44,226
21,531
583,798
430,653
807,249
121,557
671
..........
..........

1,276
775
..........
..........
1,634
57,565
60,166
606,846
431,493
851,637
132,381
897
..........
..........

1,262
578
..........
2
1,452
47,657
83,355
623,190
420,829
895,658
141,391
1,076
..........
..........

Total direct payments for individuals .......................................................

1,934,000

2,013,089

2,144,670

Grants to States for Payments for Individuals
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,520
265,136
..........
96,009
29
1,053
..........
..........
..........

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
1,446
280,509
..........
95,208
22
1,032
..........
..........
..........

Total grants for payments for individuals ................................................

363,747

Total Payments for Individuals:
050 National Defense ..................................................................................................
150 International affairs ...............................................................................................
300 Natural resources and environment .....................................................................
350 Agriculture .............................................................................................................
400 Transportation .......................................................................................................
500 Education, training, employment, and social services .........................................
550 Health ...................................................................................................................
570 Medicare ...............................................................................................................
600 Income security ....................................................................................................
650 Social security ......................................................................................................
700 Veterans benefits and services ............................................................................
750 Administration of justice ........................................................................................
800 General government .............................................................................................
920 Allowances ............................................................................................................
Total payments for individuals ..................................................................

* $500 thousand or less.
Note: Includes both on and off-budget outlays. All social security payments for individuals are off-budget.

2016
estimate

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

231

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1940
Total

1941

Direct

Grants

Total

1942

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

16
113

16
113

..........
..........

64
121

64
121

..........
..........

110
126

110
126

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

129

129

..........

186

186

..........

237

237

..........

60
68
244
17

60
68
244
17

..........
..........
..........
..........

65
74
247
16

65
74
247
16

..........
..........
..........
..........

70
78
246
16

70
78
246
16

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

389

389

..........

402

402

..........

410

410

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

498

498

..........

451

451

..........

377

377

..........

6
69
21
1

6
68
3
1

..........
1
18
..........

6
73
24
1

6
72
3
1

..........
1
20
..........

6
81
25
1

6
79
4
1

..........
1
22
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................

97

78

18

104

82

21

113

90

23

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

..........

..........

..........

5

..........

5

10

..........

10

279
185

..........
185

279
..........

330
186

..........
186

330
..........

376
185

..........
185

376
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

464

185

279

516

186

330

561

185

376

80

80

..........

67

67

..........

50

50

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

80

80

..........

67

67

..........

50

50

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,657

1,360

298

1,730

1,374

356

1,758

1,348

410

Fiscal Year 2015

232

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1943
Total

1944

Direct

Grants

Total

1945

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

149
130

149
130

..........
..........

185
134

185
134

..........
..........

240
141

240
141

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

280

280

..........

319

319

..........

381

381

..........

75
85
251
16

75
85
251
16

..........
..........
..........
..........

80
105
365
17

80
105
365
17

..........
..........
..........
..........

85
154
497
18

85
154
497
18

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

428

428

..........

567

567

..........

754

754

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

176

176

..........

61

61

..........

71

71

..........

6
87
27
2

6
85
7
2

..........
1
20
..........

6
97
30
2

6
96
10
2

..........
1
20
..........

5
131
33
2

5
129
12
2

..........
1
20
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................

121

100

21

136

114

22

171

149

22

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

10

..........

10

10

..........

10

9

..........

9

395
191

..........
191

395
..........

430
130

..........
130

430
..........

401
235

..........
235

401
..........

586

191

395

560

130

430

636

235

401

46

46

..........

70

70

..........

193

193

..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

46

46

..........

70

70

..........

193

193

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,647

1,220

427

1,721

1,260

461

2,215

1,784

432

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

233

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1946
Total

Direct

1947
Grants

Total

Direct

1948
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

321
152

321
152

..........
..........

426
173

426
173

..........
..........

512
222

512
222

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

472

472

..........

599

599

..........

734

734

..........

93
287
942
17

93
287
942
17

..........
..........
..........
..........

122
296
1,400
25

122
296
1,400
25

..........
..........
..........
..........

136
243
1,434
26

136
243
1,434
26

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

1,340

1,340

..........

1,844

1,844

..........

1,839

1,839

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

1,145

1,145

..........

869

869

..........

858

858

..........

6
253
34
3

6
252
12
3

..........
1
22
..........

6
516
47
2

6
515
14
2

..........
2
33
..........

7
559
44
2

7
557
15
2

..........
2
29
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

296

274

23

571

536

35

612

581

31

1,342

1,342

..........

3,566

3,566

..........

3,174

3,174

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

1,342

1,342

..........

3,566

3,566

..........

3,174

3,174

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

7

..........

7

6

..........

6

3

..........

3

..........

..........

..........

76

..........

76

68

..........

68

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

..........

..........

..........

76

..........

76

68

..........

68

421
275

..........
275

421
..........

644
332

..........
332

644
..........

732
386

..........
386

732
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

696

275

421

976

332

644

1,118

386

732

374

374

..........

546

546

..........

637

637

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

374

374

..........

546

546

..........

637

637

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

5,673

5,222

451

9,052

8,292

761

9,043

8,208

835

Fiscal Year 2015

234

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1949
Total

Direct

1950
Grants

Total

Direct

1951
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

607
278

607
278

..........
..........

727
300

727
300

..........
..........

1,498
317

1,498
317

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

885

885

..........

1,027

1,027

..........

1,815

1,815

..........

162
220
1,467
27

162
220
1,467
27

..........
..........
..........
..........

195
267
1,533
38

195
267
1,533
38

..........
..........
..........
..........

324
269
1,516
44

324
269
1,516
44

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

1,877

1,877

..........

2,032

2,032

..........

2,153

2,153

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

1,327

1,327

..........

2,013

2,013

..........

898

898

..........

11
620
55
3
2

11
617
24
..........
2

..........
3
31
3
..........

12
764
64
3
5

12
761
27
..........
5

..........
3
36
3
..........

15
744
73
3
4

15
741
31
..........
4

..........
4
42
3
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

690

653

37

848

805

43

838

790

48

3,207

3,207

..........

2,739

2,739

..........

1,953

1,953

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

3,207

3,207

..........

2,739

2,739

..........

1,953

1,953

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

3

..........

3

7

..........

7

7

..........

7

75

..........

75

83

..........

83

83

..........

83

75

..........

75

83

..........

83

83

..........

83

921
424

..........
424

921
..........

1,123
476

..........
476

1,123
..........

1,186
520

..........
520

1,186
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

1,345

424

921

1,599

476

1,123

1,706

520

1,186

656

656

..........

3,315

3,315

..........

826

826

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

656

656

..........

3,315

3,315

..........

826

826

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

10,065

9,029

1,036

13,664

12,407

1,257

10,279

8,955

1,324

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

235

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1952
Total

Direct

1953
Grants

Total

Direct

1954
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

1,982
385

1,982
385

..........
..........

2,627
459

2,627
459

..........
..........

3,275
496

3,275
496

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

2,367

2,367

..........

3,087

3,087

..........

3,771

3,771

..........

329
299
1,545
52

329
299
1,545
52

..........
..........
..........
..........

358
361
1,713
61

358
361
1,713
61

..........
..........
..........
..........

386
409
1,731
63

386
409
1,731
63

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

2,225

2,225

..........

2,493

2,493

..........

2,589

2,589

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

1,057

1,057

..........

1,034

1,034

..........

1,836

1,836

..........

16
783
78
3
3

16
779
34
..........
3

..........
4
44
3
..........

20
755
82
3
3

20
752
37
..........
3

..........
4
44
3
..........

21
675
77
2
6

21
672
37
..........
6

..........
4
40
2
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

883

832

51

863

812

51

781

736

46

1,326

1,326

..........

668

668

..........

546

546

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

1,326

1,326

..........

668

668

..........

546

546

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

12

..........

12

26

..........

26

44

..........

44

84

..........

84

83

..........

83

84

..........

84

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

84

..........

84

83

..........

83

84

..........

84

1,178
558

..........
558

1,178
..........

1,330
660

..........
660

1,330
..........

1,438
716

..........
716

1,438
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

1,735

558

1,178

1,990

660

1,330

2,153

716

1,438

1,163

1,163

..........

707

707

..........

805

805

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

1,163

1,163

..........

707

707

..........

805

805

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

10,853

9,528

1,325

10,950

9,460

1,490

12,610

10,999

1,611

Fiscal Year 2015

236

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1955
Total

Direct

1956
Grants

Total

Direct

1957
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

4,333
579

4,333
579

..........
..........

5,361
604

5,361
604

..........
..........

6,515
675

6,515
675

..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

4,912

4,912

..........

5,965

5,965

..........

7,190

7,190

..........

419
428
1,828
71

419
428
1,828
71

..........
..........
..........
..........

477
504
1,864
77

477
504
1,864
77

..........
..........
..........
..........

511
588
1,876
84

511
588
1,876
84

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

2,746

2,746

..........

2,922

2,922

..........

3,059

3,059

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

2,099

2,099

..........

1,498

1,498

..........

1,729

1,729

..........

25
706
75
2
4

25
700
36
..........
4

..........
5
39
2
..........

32
768
84
3
4

32
762
38
..........
4

..........
6
47
3
..........

39
780
94
4
5

39
774
43
..........
5

..........
6
51
4
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

811

765

46

891

836

55

922

861

61

678

678

..........

781

781

..........

787

787

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

678

678

..........

781

781

..........

787

787

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

67

..........

67

82

..........

82

91

4

87

83

..........

83

82

..........

82

98

..........

98

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

83

..........

83

82

..........

82

98

..........

98

1,427
800

..........
800

1,427
..........

1,455
883

..........
883

1,455
..........

1,556
950

..........
950

1,556
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

2,227

800

1,427

2,338

883

1,455

2,507

950

1,556

674

674

..........

651

651

..........

645

645

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

674

674

..........

651

651

..........

645

645

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

14,297

12,674

1,623

15,208

13,534

1,674

17,027

15,226

1,802

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

237

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1958
Total

1959

Direct

Grants

Total

1960

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

7,875
168
721

7,875
168
721

..........
..........
..........

9,171
339
644

9,171
339
644

..........
..........
..........

10,867
528
343

10,867
528
343

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

8,764

8,764

..........

10,153

10,153

..........

11,738

11,738

..........

562
696
2,024
90

562
696
2,024
90

..........
..........
..........
..........

641
783
2,071
103

641
783
2,071
103

..........
..........
..........
..........

694
893
2,049
95

694
893
2,049
95

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

3,372

3,372

..........

3,597

3,597

..........

3,730

3,730

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

3,288

3,288

..........

3,206

3,206

..........

2,782

2,782

..........

41
832
108
6
8

41
826
52
..........
8

..........
6
56
6
..........

47
894
118
6
5

47
887
60
..........
5

..........
6
58
6
..........

55
931
109
5
4

55
925
58
*
4

..........
6
51
5
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

993

926

67

1,069

999

70

1,104

1,043

62

711

711

..........

585

585

..........

392

392

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

711

711

..........

585

585

..........

392

392

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

99

4

95

117

6

111

140

13

127

165

..........

165

216

..........

216

232

*

232

165

..........

165

216

..........

216

232

*

232

1,795
1,036

..........
1,036

1,795
..........

1,966
1,153

..........
1,153

1,966
..........

2,059
1,263

*
1,263

2,059
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................

2,831

1,036

1,795

3,119

1,153

1,966

3,322

1,263

2,059

708

708

..........

693

693

..........

720

720

..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

708

708

..........

693

693

..........

720

720

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

20,931

18,810

2,121

22,757

20,393

2,364

24,162

21,682

2,480

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

238

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1961
Total

1962

Direct

Grants

Total

1963

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

11,494
709
645

11,494
709
645

..........
..........
..........

13,027
1,022
652

13,027
1,022
652

..........
..........
..........

14,268
1,190
622

14,268
1,190
622

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

12,848

12,848

..........

14,702

14,702

..........

16,080

16,080

..........

786
951
2,034
99

786
951
2,034
99

..........
..........
..........
..........

894
1,060
2,019
103

894
1,060
2,019
103

..........
..........
..........
..........

1,015
1,178
2,118
110

1,015
1,178
2,118
110

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

3,871

3,871

..........

4,076

4,076

..........

4,420

4,420

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

4,426

4,426

..........

3,475

3,475

..........

3,212

3,212

..........

23
58
996
118
8
5

..........
58
988
62
-*
5

23
..........
8
56
8
..........

103
62
1,043
128
11
8

..........
62
1,035
53
2
8

103
..........
7
75
10
..........

157
62
1,102
139
11
7

..........
62
1,094
55
4
7

157
..........
7
84
7
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................

1,208

1,114

95

1,354

1,159

195

1,479

1,223

256

246

246

..........

151

151

..........

95

95

..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

246

246

..........

151

151

..........

95

95

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

155

15

140

167

13

154

182

11

170

..........
239

..........
*

..........
239

14
261

..........
3

14
258

20
263

1
1

19
262

239

*

239

275

3

272

284

2

281

2,144
1,532

*
1,532

2,144
..........

2,329
1,635

..........
1,635

2,329
..........

2,572
1,698

..........
1,698

2,572
..........

3,676

1,532

2,144

3,964

1,635

2,329

4,271

1,698

2,572

857
..........

857
..........

..........
..........

768
6

768
6

..........
..........

877
58

877
58

..........
..........

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................
Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

857

857

..........

774

774

..........

935

935

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

27,525

24,907

2,618

28,938

25,987

2,951

30,958

27,677

3,280

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

239

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1964
Total

1965

Direct

Grants

Total

1966

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

14,981
1,269
671

14,981
1,269
671

..........
..........
..........

15,665
1,416
657

15,665
1,416
657

..........
..........
..........

18,516
1,748
725

18,516
1,748
725

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

16,920

16,920

..........

17,738

17,738

..........

20,989

20,989

..........

1,209
1,320
2,159
108

1,209
1,320
2,159
108

..........
..........
..........
..........

1,384
1,440
2,177
106

1,384
1,440
2,177
106

..........
..........
..........
..........

1,591
1,687
2,222
107

1,591
1,687
2,222
107

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

4,796

4,796

..........

5,107

5,107

..........

5,608

5,608

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

3,012

3,012

..........

2,537

2,537

..........

2,068

2,068

..........

210
66
1,182
178
13
9

..........
66
1,174
68
3
9

210
..........
8
110
10
..........

272
71
1,218
205
9
10

..........
71
1,210
68
-2
10

272
..........
8
137
11
..........

770
75
1,266
276
15
11

..........
75
1,257
102
3
11

770
..........
9
174
12
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

1,657

1,321

337

1,786

1,358

428

2,413

1,449

965

70
..........

70
..........

..........
..........

52
..........

52
..........

..........
..........

48
45

48
45

..........
..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

70

70

..........

52

52

..........

94

94

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

193

11

183

219

11

208

239

13

226

30
278

1
2

29
276

34
265

3
2

32
263

69
294

4
2

65
291

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

308

3

305

299

5

295

363

6

357

2,734
1,743

..........
1,743

2,734
..........

2,787
1,864

..........
1,864

2,787
..........

2,758
1,910

..........
1,910

2,758
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

4,477

1,743

2,734

4,651

1,864

2,787

4,668

1,910

2,758

735
47

735
47

..........
..........

676
38

676
38

..........
..........

599
35

599
35

..........
..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

783

783

..........

713

713

..........

634

634

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

32,217

28,658

3,559

33,103

29,385

3,718

37,076

32,771

4,305

Fiscal Year 2015

240

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1967
Total

1968

Direct

Grants

Total

1969

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

19,395
1,898
719

19,395
1,898
719

..........
..........
..........

21,175
2,124
930

21,175
2,124
930

..........
..........
..........

24,225
2,480
1,020

24,225
2,480
1,020

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

22,011

22,011

..........

24,229

24,229

..........

27,725

27,725

..........

1,830
1,962
2,311
121

1,830
1,962
2,311
121

..........
..........
..........
..........

2,095
2,136
2,469
134

2,095
2,136
2,469
134

..........
..........
..........
..........

2,444
2,403
2,663
149

2,444
2,403
2,663
149

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

6,225

6,225

..........

6,834

6,834

..........

7,659

7,659

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

2,042

2,042

..........

2,270

2,270

..........

2,297

2,297

..........

2,508
664
1,173
83
1,332
381
23
10

2,508
664
..........
83
1,324
134
12
10

..........
..........
1,173
..........
9
246
11
..........

3,736
1,390
1,806
94
1,410
350
39
11

3,736
1,390
*
94
1,399
58
18
11

..........
..........
1,806
..........
11
293
21
..........

4,654
1,645
2,285
107
1,498
488
52
12

4,654
1,645
..........
107
1,484
109
22
12

..........
..........
2,285
..........
14
379
30
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

6,174

4,735

1,439

8,836

6,706

2,130

10,740

8,032

2,708

300
226

300
226

..........
..........

470
460

470
460

..........
..........

691
570

691
570

..........
..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

526

526

..........

930

930

..........

1,261

1,261

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................

257

7

251

281

-3

284

342

-5

346

114
304

8
2

106
302

185
321

14
3

171
318

248
339

13
3

234
336

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

418

10

408

505

16

489

587

16

570

2,720
1,893

..........
1,893

2,720
..........

3,166
2,048

..........
2,048

3,166
..........

3,618
2,149

..........
2,149

3,618
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

4,613

1,893

2,720

5,215

2,048

3,166

5,767

2,149

3,618

897
46

897
46

..........
..........

691
60

691
60

..........
..........

775
73

775
73

..........
..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

943

943

..........

751

751

..........

848

848

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

43,211

38,392

4,819

49,849

43,779

6,070

57,225

49,983

7,243

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

241

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1970
Total

1971

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

1972
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

26,846
2,805
1,002

26,846
2,805
1,002

..........
..........
..........

31,716
3,416
1,272

31,716
3,416
1,272

..........
..........
..........

35,266
4,098
1,371

35,266
4,098
1,371

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

30,654

30,654

..........

36,404

36,404

..........

40,735

40,735

..........

2,849
2,746
2,980
172

2,849
2,746
2,980
172

..........
..........
..........
..........

3,386
3,228
3,360
203

3,386
3,228
3,360
203

..........
..........
..........
..........

3,885
3,772
3,496
221

3,885
3,772
3,496
221

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

8,747

8,747

..........

10,177

10,177

..........

11,374

11,374

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

3,083

3,083

..........

5,760

5,760

..........

6,652

6,652

..........

4,804
1,979
2,727
120
1,723
545
110
17

4,804
1,979
..........
120
1,706
166
30
17

..........
..........
2,727
..........
17
380
80
..........

5,443
2,035
3,362
143
1,954
568
151
25

5,443
2,035
..........
143
1,935
204
35
25

..........
..........
3,362
..........
18
364
116
..........

6,109
2,255
4,601
170
2,336
686
232
24

6,109
2,255
..........
170
2,317
173
45
24

..........
..........
4,601
..........
18
513
187
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

12,026

8,822

3,204

13,681

9,820

3,861

16,413

11,093

5,320

1,002
503

1,002
503

..........
..........

1,644
904

1,644
904

..........
..........

1,942
1,067

1,942
1,067

..........
..........

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

1,505

1,505

..........

2,548

2,548

..........

3,009

3,009

..........

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

480

38

442

737

175

562

1,121

371

751

577
383
..........

18
4
..........

559
379
..........

1,568
611
..........

1,548
8
..........

20
603
..........

1,909
716
593

1,882
8
13

27
707
580

960

22

938

2,179

1,556

623

3,218

1,904

1,314

4,142
2,255

..........
2,255

4,142
..........

5,486
2,330

..........
2,330

5,486
..........

6,559
2,531

..........
2,531

6,559
..........

6,397

2,255

4,142

7,816

2,330

5,486

9,089

2,531

6,559

10
848
95

10
848
95

..........
..........
..........

319
820
121

318
820
121

1
..........
..........

418
887
140

418
887
140

*
..........
..........

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................
Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

954

954

..........

1,261

1,260

1

1,444

1,444

*

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

64,806

56,079

8,727

80,564

70,030

10,533

93,055

79,112

13,943

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

242

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1973
Total

Direct

1974
Grants

Total

Direct

1975
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

42,956
5,221
1,622

42,956
5,221
1,622

..........
..........
..........

48,760
6,230
1,723

48,760
6,230
1,723

..........
..........
..........

55,828
7,729
3,720

55,828
7,729
3,720

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

49,799

49,799

..........

56,712

56,712

..........

67,277

67,277

..........

4,390
4,515
3,843
240

4,390
4,515
3,843
240

..........
..........
..........
..........

5,128
5,661
3,990
263

5,128
5,661
3,990
263

..........
..........
..........
..........

6,242
7,048
4,697
385

6,242
7,048
4,697
385

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

12,987

12,987

..........

15,041

15,041

..........

18,372

18,372

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

4,893

4,893

..........

5,594

5,594

..........

12,806

12,806

..........

6,649
2,391
4,600
198
2,611
676
395
37

6,649
2,391
..........
198
2,591
156
76
37

..........
..........
4,600
..........
20
520
319
..........

7,807
2,874
5,818
216
2,896
685
358
40

7,807
2,874
..........
216
2,871
154
56
40

..........
..........
5,818
..........
25
530
302
..........

10,355
3,765
6,840
283
3,527
785
639
45

10,355
3,765
..........
283
3,502
218
49
45

..........
..........
6,840
..........
26
567
590
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

17,557

12,098

5,459

20,694

14,019

6,675

26,241

18,217

8,024

2,781
1,199

2,781
1,199

..........
..........

3,233
1,054

3,233
1,054

..........
..........

4,560
1,604

4,560
1,582

..........
22

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

3,979

3,979

..........

4,287

4,287

..........

6,164

6,142

22

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

1,614

559

1,055

1,794

673

1,122

2,093

761

1,333

2,208
693
740

2,177
8
12

31
685
728

2,845
802
787

2,797
8
44

48
793
743

4,599
1,575
469

4,463
10
18

136
1,565
451

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................

3,641

2,197

1,444

4,433

2,850

1,583

6,643

4,491

2,152

..........
5,922
2,565

..........
..........
2,565

..........
5,922
..........

1,954
5,423
2,530

1,907
..........
2,530

47
5,423
..........

4,320
5,121
2,739

4,209
..........
2,739

110
5,121
..........

8,487

2,565

5,922

9,907

4,437

5,470

12,180

6,948

5,231

952
680
151

952
680
151

..........
..........
..........

1,000
819
125

1,000
819
125

*
..........
..........

968
978
113

968
978
113

..........
..........
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................
Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

1,783

1,783

..........

1,944

1,944

*

2,059

2,059

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

104,739

90,860

13,879

120,407

105,557

14,851

153,836

137,074

16,762

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

243

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program
Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1976
Total

Direct

TQ
Grants

Total

1977

Direct

Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

63,361
9,341
2,226

63,361
9,341
2,226

..........
..........
..........

16,876
2,582
912

16,876
2,582
912

..........
..........
..........

72,486
11,212
2,560

72,486
11,212
2,560

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

74,929

74,929

..........

20,371

20,371

..........

86,258

86,258

..........

7,296
8,267
5,173
463

7,296
8,267
5,173
463

..........
..........
..........
..........

1,947
2,261
1,325
129

1,947
2,261
1,325
129

..........
..........
..........
..........

8,216
9,531
5,735
553

8,216
9,531
5,735
553

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

21,199

21,199

..........

5,662

5,662

..........

24,035

24,035

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

18,560

18,560

..........

3,304

3,304

..........

14,318

14,318

..........

12,270
4,672
8,568
332
3,892
1,120
604
60

12,270
4,672
..........
332
3,861
214
69
60

..........
..........
8,568
..........
31
905
535
..........

3,315
1,269
2,229
91
999
191
172
16

3,315
1,269
..........
91
991
50
16
16

..........
..........
2,229
..........
8
142
156
..........

14,912
5,867
9,876
395
4,532
1,029
516
67

14,912
5,867
..........
395
4,485
289
45
67

..........
..........
9,876
..........
48
740
471
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

31,519

21,479

10,040

8,281

5,748

2,534

37,195

26,061

11,134

5,493
2,394

5,493
2,359

..........
35

776
595

776
590

..........
6

3,672
2,719

3,672
2,657

..........
62

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

7,887

7,852

35

1,372

1,366

6

6,391

6,329

62

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

2,466

873

1,594

648

236

413

2,964

1,139

1,825

5,632
1,890
143
294

5,365
12
1
10

267
1,878
141
284

1,325
393
41
64

1,260
3
1
2

65
390
41
62

5,399
2,792
245
91

5,128
17
3
5

271
2,775
242
86

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

7,959

5,389

2,570

1,824

1,266

558

8,527

5,153

3,375

4,573
5,753
..........
808
2,859
85

4,507
..........
..........
808
2,859
85

67
5,753
..........
..........
..........
..........

1,165
1,570
..........
86
719
52

1,159
..........
..........
86
719
52

5
1,570
..........
..........
..........
..........

4,772
6,165
110
901
3,113
125

4,732
..........
..........
901
3,113
125

39
6,165
110
..........
..........
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

14,078

8,259

5,819

3,591

2,016

1,575

15,186

8,872

6,314

998
869
171

998
869
171

..........
..........
..........

240
196
45

240
196
45

..........
..........
..........

956
933
213

956
933
213

..........
..........
..........

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

2,038

2,038

..........

482

482

..........

2,102

2,102

..........

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

180,634

160,576

20,058

45,534

40,449

5,085

196,978

174,268

22,710

Fiscal Year 2015

244

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1978
Total

Direct

1979
Grants

Total

Direct

1980
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

80,119
12,328
2,332

80,119
12,328
2,332

..........
..........
..........

89,052
13,542
2,767

89,052
13,542
2,767

..........
..........
..........

102,067
14,998
3,268

102,067
14,998
3,268

..........
..........
..........

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

94,779

94,779

..........

105,361

105,361

..........

120,333

120,333

..........

9,171
10,867
6,173
483

9,171
10,867
6,173
483

..........
..........
..........
..........

10,279
12,369
6,756
538

10,279
12,369
6,756
538

..........
..........
..........
..........

11,920
14,662
7,446
661

11,920
14,662
7,446
661

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

26,694

26,694

..........

29,942

29,942

..........

34,689

34,689

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

10,886

10,886

..........

9,837

9,837

..........

16,889

16,889

..........

17,419
6,856
10,680
467
5,059
1,079
642
74

17,419
6,856
..........
467
5,019
261
37
74

..........
..........
10,680
..........
41
818
605
..........

19,900
8,260
12,407
555
5,410
1,183
632
83

19,900
8,260
..........
555
5,361
270
38
83

..........
..........
12,407
..........
49
913
594
..........

23,802
10,152
13,957
637
6,290
1,311
730
106

23,802
10,152
..........
637
6,241
395
51
106

..........
..........
13,957
..........
49
916
679
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

42,277

30,133

12,143

48,431

34,467

13,963

56,985

41,384

15,601

3,334
3,059

3,334
3,004

..........
56

2,790
3,767

2,790
3,706

..........
62

2,418
5,089

2,418
5,011

..........
78

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

6,393

6,338

56

6,557

6,495

62

7,507

7,428

78

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

3,631

1,208

2,423

4,230

1,447

2,784

5,418

1,965

3,453

5,499
2,665
371
325

5,200
139
..........
4

299
2,526
371
321

6,822
3,014
542
338

6,498
152
..........
4

324
2,862
542
334

9,117
3,536
717
562

8,705
148
1
5

412
3,388
716
557

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

8,859

5,343

3,516

10,716

6,654

4,061

13,932

8,858

5,074

5,280
6,393
193
881
3,239
157

5,241
23
..........
881
3,239
157

39
6,369
193
..........
..........
..........

4,865
6,358
186
773
3,522
254

4,824
27
..........
773
3,522
254

41
6,331
186
..........
..........
..........

5,716
6,924
1,577
1,275
3,585
320

5,677
36
398
1,275
3,585
320

39
6,888
1,180
..........
..........
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

16,143

9,542

6,601

15,957

9,399

6,558

19,398

11,291

8,107

1,005
909
185

1,005
909
129

..........
..........
56

1,604
1,033
170

1,604
1,033
37

..........
..........
132

1,788
1,188
402

1,788
1,188
64

..........
..........
338

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

2,099

2,044

56

2,806

2,674

132

3,378

3,040

338

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

211,761

186,967

24,795

233,837

206,276

27,561

278,530

245,879

32,652

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

245

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1981
Total

Direct

121,003
16,879
3,643

121,003
16,879
3,643

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

141,524

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1982
Grants

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

136,454
17,463
3,856

136,454
17,463
3,856

141,524

..........

157,773

13,729
17,597
8,438
735

13,729
17,597
8,438
735

..........
..........
..........
..........

1983
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

..........
..........
..........

150,893
17,620
3,771

150,893
17,620
3,771

..........
..........
..........

157,773

..........

172,284

172,284

..........

14,938
19,405
9,289
816

14,938
19,405
9,289
816

..........
..........
..........
..........

15,945
20,717
9,857
759

15,945
20,717
9,857
759

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

40,499

40,499

..........

44,448

44,448

..........

47,277

47,277

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

18,406

18,406

..........

22,314

22,314

..........

29,815

29,815

..........

28,916
12,351
16,833
679
6,732
1,298
712
124

28,916
12,351
..........
679
6,683
330
48
124

..........
..........
16,833
..........
50
968
664
..........

34,354
14,813
17,391
654
7,296
1,546
656
69

34,354
14,813
..........
654
7,238
955
..........
69

..........
..........
17,391
..........
57
591
656
..........

38,005
17,493
18,985
692
8,044
1,174
506
90

38,005
17,493
..........
692
7,987
745
..........
90

..........
..........
18,985
..........
57
429
506
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

67,647

49,132

18,516

76,778

58,083

18,695

84,991

65,013

19,978

2,367
6,166

2,367
6,087

..........
78

2,083
5,758

2,083
5,701

..........
57

1,827
6,601

1,827
6,550

..........
51

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

8,533

8,454

78

7,840

7,784

57

8,428

8,377

51

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

6,775

2,716

4,059

7,960

3,038

4,922

9,366

3,648

5,718

11,253
3,543
930
394

10,764
183
2
5

489
3,359
928
389

11,014
3,043
930
506

10,262
167
1
6

752
2,875
928
500

12,653
3,293
1,126
797

11,210
178
3
5

1,444
3,115
1,123
791

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

16,119

10,954

5,165

15,493

10,436

5,056

17,869

11,396

6,473

6,467
7,736
1,780
1,318
3,755
557
324

6,422
42
126
1,318
3,755
1
324

45
7,694
1,653
..........
..........
557
..........

6,864
7,530
1,687
1,201
3,879
418
259

6,844
42
2
1,201
3,879
16
259

20
7,488
1,685
..........
..........
402
..........

7,894
7,875
1,993
1,213
3,894
410
234

7,881
31
3
1,213
3,894
2
234

13
7,844
1,991
..........
..........
408
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

21,938

11,988

9,949

21,839

12,244

9,595

23,513

13,257

10,256

1,770
1,243
761

1,770
1,243
120

..........
..........
641

1,706
1,130
1,061

1,706
1,130
183

..........
..........
878

1,737
1,073
581

1,737
1,073
76

..........
..........
504

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

3,775

3,134

641

3,896

3,018

878

3,390

2,886

504

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

325,216

286,808

38,408

358,342

319,139

39,202

396,933

353,953

42,980

Fiscal Year 2015

246

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1984
Total

Direct

158,256
17,797
3,672

158,256
17,797
3,672

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

179,724

1985
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

167,732
18,700
3,863

167,732
18,700
3,863

..........
..........
..........

176,949
19,598
3,699

176,949
19,598
3,699

..........
..........
..........

179,724

..........

190,295

190,295

..........

200,246

200,246

..........

16,471
21,813
9,973
825

16,471
21,813
9,973
825

..........
..........
..........
..........

15,801
23,012
10,243
790

15,801
23,012
10,243
790

..........
..........
..........
..........

17,621
23,942
10,442
942

17,621
23,942
10,442
942

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

49,082

49,082

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

16,911

16,911

..........

49,846

49,846

..........

52,945

52,945

..........

..........

16,186

16,186

..........

16,427

16,427

..........

41,476
19,475
20,061
790
8,604
1,203
501
107

41,476
19,475
..........
790
8,545
178
..........
107

..........
..........
20,061
..........
59
1,025
501
..........

47,841
21,808
22,655
872
9,264
1,224
501
55

47,841
21,808
..........
872
9,180
186
..........
55

..........
..........
22,655
..........
84
1,037
501
..........

49,018
25,166
24,995
870
9,634
1,249
494
61

49,018
25,166
..........
870
9,553
171
..........
61

..........
..........
24,995
..........
81
1,078
494
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

92,217

70,571

21,646

104,219

79,942

24,277

111,488

84,839

26,649

1,538
7,036

1,538
6,966

..........
70

1,321
7,800

1,321
7,724

..........
76

1,142
8,036

1,142
7,954

..........
82

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

8,574

8,505

70

9,121

9,045

76

9,177

9,095

82

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

9,932

4,163

5,769

11,200

4,783

6,417

12,279

4,836

7,443

12,375
3,552
1,367
677

10,829
192
2
9

1,547
3,361
1,365
668

12,526
3,681
1,495
756

10,815
201
*
9

1,710
3,480
1,495
747

12,443
3,835
1,578
668

10,651
157
*
9

1,792
3,678
1,577
660

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

17,972

11,032

6,941

18,457

11,025

7,431

18,524

10,817

7,707

7,633
8,346
2,026
1,193
3,874
659
271

7,625
34
2
1,193
3,874
10
271

8
8,311
2,024
..........
..........
648
..........

8,654
8,625
2,141
1,100
3,842
749
300

8,654
33
2
1,100
3,842
11
300

..........
8,592
2,139
..........
..........
738
..........

9,323
9,877
2,046
1,415
3,874
808
305

9,323
..........
..........
1,415
3,874
14
305

..........
9,877
2,046
..........
..........
794
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

24,001

13,010

10,991

25,411

13,942

11,469

27,648

14,931

12,717

1,687
1,102
663

1,687
1,102
78

..........
..........
585

1,663
1,134
519

1,663
1,134
99

..........
..........
420

1,612
1,204
518

1,612
1,204
96

..........
..........
422

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

1986
Grants

Grants

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

3,453

2,867

585

3,316

2,896

420

3,334

2,912

422

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

401,868

355,866

46,001

428,051

377,961

50,090

452,069

397,049

55,020

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

247

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1987
Total

Direct

184,612
20,492
3,904

184,612
20,492
3,904

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

209,009

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1988
Grants

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

195,331
21,477
3,872

195,331
21,477
3,872

209,009

..........

220,679

18,080
25,713
10,516
907

18,080
25,713
10,516
907

..........
..........
..........
..........

1989
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

..........
..........
..........

207,493
22,644
4,097

207,493
22,644
4,097

..........
..........
..........

220,679

..........

234,234

234,234

..........

19,011
28,047
11,268
970

19,011
28,047
11,268
970

..........
..........
..........
..........

20,184
29,134
11,669
1,132

20,184
29,134
11,669
1,132

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

55,216

55,216

..........

59,296

59,296

..........

62,119

62,119

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

15,760

15,760

..........

13,857

13,857

..........

14,125

14,125

..........

49,976
29,937
27,435
866
10,061
1,235
622
34

49,976
29,937
..........
866
9,967
107
..........
34

..........
..........
27,435
..........
94
1,128
622
..........

52,022
33,682
30,462
951
10,714
1,308
720
42

52,022
33,682
..........
951
10,608
229
..........
42

..........
..........
30,462
..........
106
1,079
720
..........

57,433
36,867
34,604
1,050
11,242
1,230
666
22

57,433
36,867
..........
1,050
11,117
145
..........
22

..........
..........
34,604
..........
125
1,085
666
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

120,165

90,886

29,279

129,900

97,534

32,366

143,114

106,634

36,480

1,075
7,469

1,075
7,402

..........
66

1,042
8,139

1,042
8,070

..........
68

1,014
9,906

1,014
9,838

..........
68

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

8,544

8,477

66

9,180

9,112

68

10,920

10,852

68

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

12,626

5,226

7,400

13,841

5,190

8,651

14,661

6,108

8,553

12,407
4,060
1,670
725

10,448
138
*
10

1,959
3,922
1,669
716

13,145
4,305
1,804
745

11,152
146
3
9

1,993
4,158
1,801
736

13,725
4,574
1,942
861

11,650
119
2
9

2,075
4,455
1,940
852

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

18,863

10,596

8,267

19,998

11,310

8,688

21,102

11,780

9,323

9,933
10,540
1,829
1,410
3,793
802
309

9,933
..........
..........
1,410
3,793
19
309

..........
10,540
1,829
..........
..........
783
..........

11,370
10,764
1,585
2,698
3,935
1,004
306

11,370
..........
..........
2,698
3,935
16
306

..........
10,764
1,585
..........
..........
988
..........

11,503
11,166
1,393
4,002
4,024
1,344
307

11,503
..........
..........
4,002
4,024
6
307

..........
11,166
1,393
..........
..........
1,338
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

28,616

15,464

13,152

31,663

18,325

13,337

33,739

19,842

13,897

1,598
1,205
478

1,598
1,205
104

..........
..........
374

1,558
1,275
413

1,558
1,275
101

..........
..........
312

1,520
1,350
490

1,520
1,350
120

..........
..........
370

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

3,281

2,907

374

3,247

2,935

312

3,360

2,989

370

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

472,079

413,541

58,538

501,661

438,238

63,422

537,374

468,683

68,691

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

248

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1990
Total

Direct

221,926
24,423
4,138

221,926
24,423
4,138

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

250,488

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1991
Grants

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

239,495
26,987
4,032

239,495
26,987
4,032

250,488

..........

270,514

21,545
31,036
10,735
804

21,545
31,036
10,735
804

..........
..........
..........
..........

1992
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

..........
..........
..........

254,466
30,452
4,424

254,466
30,452
4,424

..........
..........
..........

270,514

..........

289,342

289,342

..........

23,093
33,188
12,153
1,229

23,093
33,188
12,153
1,229

..........
..........
..........
..........

24,491
33,545
12,658
1,235

24,491
33,545
12,658
1,235

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

64,120

64,120

..........

69,663

69,663

..........

71,928

71,928

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

17,445

17,445

..........

25,451

25,451

..........

37,701

37,701

..........

65,912
41,498
41,103
1,117
12,021
1,371
1,241
19

65,912
41,498
..........
1,117
11,890
230
..........
19

..........
..........
41,103
..........
131
1,141
1,241
..........

68,705
45,514
52,533
1,310
12,499
1,467
1,744
12

68,705
45,514
..........
1,310
12,361
355
..........
12

..........
..........
52,533
..........
138
1,112
1,744
..........

80,784
48,627
67,827
1,558
13,826
1,832
1,778
419

80,784
48,627
..........
1,558
13,671
473
..........
419

..........
..........
67,827
..........
155
1,359
1,778
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

164,282

120,667

43,616

183,785

128,258

55,527

216,650

145,532

71,118

795
10,442

795
10,369

..........
73

814
11,272

814
11,211

..........
60

1,005
10,500

1,005
10,427

..........
73

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

11,238

11,164

73

12,086

12,026

60

11,505

11,432

73

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

15,915

6,362

9,552

17,198

6,732

10,466

18,899

6,613

12,286

15,923
4,996
2,121
831

13,793
125
3
11

2,130
4,871
2,119
820

19,649
5,557
2,280
902

17,278
139
5
13

2,371
5,418
2,275
888

22,800
6,146
2,545
1,030

20,193
154
3
13

2,607
5,993
2,542
1,017

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

23,872

13,932

9,939

28,388

17,435

10,953

32,521

20,363

12,158

11,493
12,246
1,314
4,354
3,594
1,579
291

11,493
..........
..........
4,354
3,594
..........
291

..........
12,246
1,314
..........
..........
1,579
..........

14,668
13,520
1,742
4,885
3,917
2,120
344

14,668
..........
..........
4,885
3,917
..........
344

..........
13,520
1,742
..........
..........
2,120
..........

17,239
15,103
1,142
7,345
3,666
2,505
329

17,239
..........
*
7,345
3,666
..........
329

..........
15,103
1,142
..........
..........
2,505
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Payments to Japanese American WWII internees ................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

34,872

19,733

15,139

41,196

23,814

17,382

47,330

28,580

18,751

1,482
1,400
..........
570

1,482
1,400
..........
179

..........
..........
..........
391

1,462
1,395
499
412

1,462
1,395
499
184

..........
..........
..........
228

1,453
1,460
500
577

1,453
1,460
500
273

..........
..........
..........
304

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

3,452

3,061

391

3,769

3,540

228

3,990

3,686

304

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

585,683

506,972

78,711

652,050

557,433

94,617

729,866

615,175

114,691

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

249

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1993
Total

Direct

267,934
33,709
4,370

267,934
33,709
4,370

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

306,013

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

1994
Grants

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

279,710
36,966
4,468

279,710
36,966
4,468

306,013

..........

321,144

25,708
34,792
13,399
1,316

25,708
34,792
13,399
1,316

..........
..........
..........
..........

1995
Grants

Total

Direct

Grants

..........
..........
..........

292,669
40,316
3,974

292,669
40,316
3,974

..........
..........
..........

321,144

..........

336,959

336,959

..........

26,717
36,254
15,117
1,284

26,717
36,254
15,117
1,284

..........
..........
..........
..........

27,797
38,319
14,842
1,287

27,797
38,319
14,842
1,287

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

75,214

75,214

..........

79,373

79,373

..........

82,245

82,245

..........

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

36,208

36,208

..........

27,145

27,145

..........

21,919

21,919

..........

90,738
52,409
75,774
1,742
14,554
1,994
1,994
814

90,738
52,409
..........
1,742
14,370
555
..........
814

..........
..........
75,774
..........
185
1,438
1,994
..........

101,535
58,006
82,034
1,822
15,429
2,258
2,132
1,061

101,535
58,006
..........
1,822
15,231
793
..........
1,061

..........
..........
82,034
..........
197
1,465
2,132
..........

113,583
63,491
89,070
2,012
16,196
2,213
2,444
336

113,583
63,491
..........
2,012
15,946
778
..........
336

..........
..........
89,070
..........
250
1,435
2,444
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

240,019

160,628

79,391

264,276

178,449

85,827

289,345

196,146

93,199

1,102
13,463

1,102
13,373

..........
89

1,369
7,231

1,369
7,150

..........
81

1,386
13,385

1,386
13,303

..........
82

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

14,564

14,475

89

8,601

8,520

81

14,771

14,689

82

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

20,905

6,994

13,911

22,497

7,482

15,015

25,568

8,379

17,189

24,602
6,612
2,846
979

21,991
23
4
125

2,611
6,589
2,842
854

25,441
7,044
3,160
1,002

22,752
106
5
86

2,688
6,938
3,155
916

25,554
7,499
3,404
1,029

22,814
112
3
16

2,740
7,387
3,401
1,013

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

35,040

22,143

12,897

36,646

22,949

13,697

37,486

22,945

14,541

20,343
15,628
1,068
8,781
411
3,529
2,636
389

20,343
..........
*
8,781
..........
3,529
..........
389

..........
15,628
1,067
..........
411
..........
2,636
..........

23,700
16,508
2,126
10,950
786
3,427
3,030
375

23,700
..........
*
10,950
..........
3,427
..........
375

..........
16,508
2,125
..........
786
..........
3,030
..........

23,685
17,133
1,419
15,244
933
3,024
3,243
429

23,685
..........
..........
15,244
..........
3,024
-1
429

..........
17,133
1,419
..........
933
..........
3,244
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Payments to Japanese American WWII internees ................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

52,784

33,042

19,743

60,902

38,453

22,450

65,110

42,381

22,729

1,412
1,247
500
567
606

1,412
1,247
500
..........
280

..........
..........
..........
567
327

1,371
1,349
87
859
650

1,371
1,349
87
..........
318

..........
..........
..........
859
333

1,284
1,374
10
952
609

1,284
1,374
10
1
263

..........
..........
..........
951
346

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

4,332

3,439

894

4,317

3,125

1,192

4,229

2,932

1,297

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

785,081

658,156

126,925

824,901

686,639

138,262

877,632

728,595

149,037

* $500 thousand or less.

Fiscal Year 2015

250

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1996
Total

Direct

303,539
43,281
4,598

303,539
43,281
4,598

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

351,418

1997
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

316,568
45,490
4,458

316,568
45,490
4,458

..........
..........
..........

327,936
47,894
4,440

327,936
47,894
4,440

..........
..........
..........

351,418

..........

366,516

366,516

..........

380,270

380,270

..........

28,831
39,670
14,247
1,338

28,831
39,670
14,247
1,338

..........
..........
..........
..........

30,188
41,604
16,242
1,491

30,188
41,604
16,242
1,491

..........
..........
..........
..........

31,142
42,943
17,151
1,507

31,142
42,943
17,151
1,507

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

84,086

84,086

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

22,958

22,958

..........

89,525

89,525

..........

92,743

92,743

..........

..........

21,145

21,145

..........

20,094

20,094

..........

124,089
67,176
..........
91,990
2,031
16,401
3,537
2,084
351

124,089
67,176
..........
..........
2,031
16,137
775
1
351

..........
..........
..........
91,990
..........
264
2,762
2,083
..........

136,175
71,133
..........
95,552
2,174
16,869
3,023
1,622
370

136,175
71,133
..........
..........
2,174
16,598
1,943
..........
370

..........
..........
..........
95,552
..........
271
1,080
1,622
..........

135,486
74,841
5
101,234
2,151
17,472
3,042
2,234
373

135,486
74,841
..........
..........
2,151
17,187
1,451
-2
373

..........
..........
5
101,234
..........
285
1,591
2,236
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

307,659

210,560

97,099

326,918

228,393

98,525

336,838

231,487

105,351

1,386
11,407

1,386
11,328

..........
79

1,489
11,481

1,489
11,438

..........
43

1,457
11,341

1,457
11,290

..........
51

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

12,793

12,714

79

12,970

12,927

43

12,798

12,747

51

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

24,571

9,257

15,314

23,772

9,276

14,496

24,776

8,391

16,385

25,422
7,875
3,678
851

22,392
118
2
15

3,030
7,757
3,676
836

22,857
8,265
3,866
968

19,735
124
3
15

3,122
8,141
3,863
953

20,141
8,564
3,902
876

16,468
128
1
15

3,673
8,436
3,901
861

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

37,826

22,527

15,299

35,956

19,877

16,079

33,483

16,612

16,871

23,088
16,670
1,067
19,159
933
2,834
3,691
282

23,088
..........
..........
19,159
..........
2,834
..........
282

..........
16,670
1,067
..........
933
..........
3,691
..........

25,512
15,069
1,221
21,856
2,307
3,055
4,047
282

25,512
-2
..........
21,856
..........
3,055
..........
282

..........
15,071
1,221
..........
2,307
..........
4,047
..........

26,257
15,455
1,132
23,239
3,122
3,059
4,451
286

26,257
..........
..........
23,239
2
3,059
..........
284

..........
15,455
1,132
..........
3,120
..........
4,451
2

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Payments to Japanese American WWII internees ................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

67,724

45,363

22,361

73,349

50,703

22,646

77,001

52,841

24,160

1,212
1,369
6
818
562

1,212
1,369
6
..........
243

..........
..........
..........
818
319

1,154
1,355
7
828
530

1,154
1,355
7
..........
253

..........
..........
..........
828
277

1,090
1,339
35
830
561

1,090
1,339
35
..........
267

..........
..........
..........
830
294

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

3,967

2,830

1,137

3,874

2,769

1,105

3,855

2,731

1,124

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

913,002

761,713

151,289

954,025

801,131

152,894

981,858

817,916

163,942

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

1998
Grants

Grants

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

251

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

1999
Total

Direct

336,064
50,622
4,429

336,064
50,622
4,429

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

391,115

2000
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
..........
..........

351,432
54,435
4,600

351,432
54,435
4,600

..........
..........
..........

370,950
58,231
5,125

370,950
58,231
5,125

..........
..........
..........

391,115

..........

410,467

410,467

..........

434,306

434,306

..........

31,889
43,828
17,994
1,601

31,889
43,828
17,994
1,601

..........
..........
..........
..........

32,808
45,072
20,775
1,673

32,808
45,072
20,775
1,673

..........
..........
..........
..........

34,096
47,244
18,579
1,940

34,096
47,244
18,579
1,940

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

95,312

95,312

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Other ......................................................................................................

21,736

21,736

..........

100,328

100,328

..........

101,859

101,859

..........

..........

21,139

21,139

..........

28,341

28,341

..........

129,462
79,008
565
108,042
2,201
18,027
3,481
2,215
230

129,462
79,008
..........
..........
2,201
17,714
2,033
1
230

..........
..........
565
108,042
..........
313
1,448
2,214
..........

127,933
87,212
1,220
117,921
2,379
19,343
3,884
2,499
264

127,933
87,212
..........
..........
2,379
18,921
1,856
568
264

..........
..........
1,220
117,921
..........
422
2,028
1,931
..........

139,356
97,526
3,699
129,374
2,561
20,966
4,065
2,737
332

139,356
97,526
..........
-60
2,561
20,578
2,245
643
332

..........
..........
3,699
129,434
..........
388
1,820
2,094
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

343,231

230,649

112,582

362,655

239,133

123,522

400,616

263,181

137,435

1,592
10,013

1,592
9,990

..........
23

1,636
9,243

1,636
9,202

..........
41

1,783
8,335

1,783
8,275

..........
60

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

11,605

11,582

23

10,879

10,838

41

10,118

10,058

60

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

22,853

4,053

18,800

24,093

8,070

16,023

25,130

8,096

17,034

19,005
8,878
3,942
1,212

15,643
138
..........
16

3,362
8,740
3,942
1,196

18,295
9,203
3,950
921

14,787
143
..........
19

3,508
9,060
3,950
902

19,096
9,560
4,077
1,203

15,432
144
-8
17

3,664
9,416
4,085
1,186

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

33,037

15,797

17,240

32,369

14,949

17,420

33,936

15,585

18,351

26,845
16,917
1,176
25,632
3,286
3,076
4,707
445
298

26,845
..........
..........
25,632
3
3,076
..........
445
298

..........
16,917
1,176
..........
3,283
..........
4,707
..........
..........

29,660
18,370
1,495
26,099
3,307
2,969
5,453
809
303

29,660
..........
..........
26,099
5
2,969
..........
809
303

..........
18,370
1,495
..........
3,302
..........
5,453
..........
..........

26,027
21,864
2,161
26,123
3,717
2,760
5,711
982
319

26,027
-425
..........
26,123
12
2,760
1
982
319

..........
22,289
2,161
..........
3,705
..........
5,710
..........
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Payments to Japanese American WWII internees ................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

82,382

56,299

26,083

88,465

59,845

28,620

89,664

55,799

33,865

1,039
1,321
6
879
-2,693

1,039
1,321
6
..........
-2,929

..........
..........
..........
879
236

988
1,363
..........
885
1,021

988
1,363
..........
1
741

..........
..........
..........
884
280

931
1,347
..........
952
1,384

931
1,347
..........
4
1,039

..........
..........
..........
948
345

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

552

-563

1,115

4,257

3,093

1,164

4,614

3,321

1,293

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,001,823

825,980

175,843

1,054,652

867,862

186,790

1,128,584

920,546

208,038

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2001
Grants

Grants

Fiscal Year 2015

252

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2002
Total

Direct

387,463
64,423
5,070

387,463
64,422
5,070

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

456,956

2003
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
1
..........

400,179
70,014
6,561

400,179
70,012
6,561

..........
2
..........

414,788
76,482
5,173

414,788
76,479
5,173

..........
3
..........

456,955

1

476,754

476,752

2

496,443

496,440

3

35,060
48,838
22,418
2,029

35,060
48,838
22,418
2,029

..........
..........
..........
..........

35,568
50,248
24,696
1,916

35,568
50,248
24,696
1,916

..........
..........
..........
..........

36,995
52,122
26,297
2,185

36,995
52,122
26,297
2,185

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

108,345

108,345

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

51,207

51,207

..........

112,428

112,428

..........

117,599

117,599

..........

..........

55,049

55,049

..........

43,128

43,128

..........

145,566
107,108
3,682
147,512
2,817
22,384
5,012
2,885
..........
214

145,566
107,108
..........
-138
2,817
22,024
2,659
692
..........
214

..........
..........
3,682
147,650
..........
360
2,353
2,193
..........
..........

151,250
121,810
4,355
160,693
2,945
24,487
5,323
3,038
4,315
249

151,250
121,810
..........
-112
2,945
24,084
2,810
867
4,315
249

..........
..........
4,355
160,805
..........
403
2,513
2,171
..........
..........

164,078
131,842
4,607
176,231
3,063
21,590
5,482
3,112
5,202
224

164,078
131,842
..........
..........
3,063
21,151
2,667
871
5,202
224

..........
..........
4,607
176,231
..........
439
2,815
2,241
..........
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

437,180

280,942

156,238

478,465

308,218

170,247

515,431

329,098

186,333

1,681
15,197

1,681
15,118

..........
79

2,049
20,715

2,049
20,633

..........
82

2,408
23,332

2,408
23,250

..........
82

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

16,878

16,799

79

22,764

22,682

82

25,740

25,658

82

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

27,616

8,458

19,158

29,707

8,417

21,290

30,778

8,617

22,161

22,069
10,254
4,330
1,370

18,120
154
..........
-2

3,949
10,100
4,330
1,372

25,325
10,826
4,547
1,693

21,163
162
-1
25

4,162
10,664
4,548
1,668

28,621
11,206
4,858
1,195

24,417
171
-2
24

4,204
11,035
4,860
1,171

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

38,023

18,272

19,751

42,391

21,349

21,042

45,880

24,610

21,270

29,530
22,747
1,773
27,826
4,539
3,166
5,885
5,060
333

29,530
..........
..........
27,826
14
3,166
..........
5,060
333

..........
22,747
1,773
..........
4,525
..........
5,885
..........
..........

30,594
23,140
2,030
31,961
5,203
3,229
6,124
6,435
337

30,594
..........
..........
31,961
14
3,229
..........
6,435
337

..........
23,140
2,030
..........
5,189
..........
6,124
..........
..........

31,384
21,540
1,891
33,134
4,833
3,334
6,340
8,857
335

31,384
..........
..........
33,134
7
3,334
..........
8,857
335

..........
21,540
1,891
..........
4,826
..........
6,340
..........
..........

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
September 11th victim compensation ...................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

100,859

65,929

34,930

109,053

72,570

36,483

111,648

77,051

34,597

888
1,320
1,105
347
20
1,615

888
1,320
..........
347
20
1,253

..........
..........
1,105
..........
..........
362

841
1,331
1,309
321
709
1,331

841
1,331
..........
321
709
979

..........
..........
1,309
..........
..........
352

782
1,392
1,342
274
6,309
1,363

782
1,392
22
274
6,309
938

..........
..........
1,320
..........
..........
425

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2004
Grants

Grants

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

5,295

3,828

1,467

5,842

4,181

1,661

11,462

9,717

1,745

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,242,359

1,010,735

231,624

1,332,453

1,081,646

250,807

1,398,109

1,131,918

266,191

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

253

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2005
Total

Direct

433,956
84,152
5,276

433,956
84,150
5,276

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

523,384

2006
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
2
..........

457,726
91,150
5,633

457,726
91,141
5,633

..........
9
..........

483,320
97,499
5,831

483,320
97,483
5,831

..........
16
..........

523,382

2

554,509

554,500

9

586,650

586,634

16

38,965
54,657
30,877
2,417

38,965
54,657
30,877
2,417

..........
..........
..........
..........

41,145
57,816
30,991
2,359

41,145
57,816
30,991
2,359

..........
..........
..........
..........

43,510
60,857
31,055
2,614

43,510
60,857
31,055
2,614

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

126,916

126,916

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

33,085

33,085

..........

132,311

132,311

..........

138,036

138,036

..........

..........

31,876

31,876

..........

33,208

33,208

..........

182,842
150,982
5,129
181,720
3,117
23,073
5,884
3,203
6,273
282

182,842
150,982
..........
..........
3,117
22,542
2,657
..........
6,273
282

..........
..........
5,129
181,720
..........
531
3,227
3,203
..........
..........

183,903
191,674
5,451
180,625
3,253
24,445
6,087
3,183
7,067
265

183,903
191,674
..........
..........
3,253
23,857
2,747
..........
7,067
265

..........
..........
5,451
180,625
..........
588
3,340
3,183
..........
..........

204,865
230,118
6,000
190,624
3,273
30,537
5,886
3,180
7,604
265

204,865
230,118
..........
..........
3,273
29,924
2,703
1
7,604
265

..........
..........
6,000
190,624
..........
613
3,183
3,179
..........
..........

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

562,505

368,695

193,810

605,953

412,766

193,187

682,352

478,753

203,599

3,224
28,865

3,224
28,779

..........
86

3,325
48,364

3,325
48,263

..........
101

3,427
27,532

3,427
27,439

..........
93

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

32,089

32,003

86

51,689

51,588

101

30,959

30,866

93

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

31,830

6,517

25,313

32,106

9,144

22,962

32,970

9,205

23,765

32,614
11,899
4,985
1,195

28,229
173
..........
24

4,385
11,726
4,985
1,171

34,620
12,437
5,056
1,674

30,012
174
..........
45

4,608
12,263
5,056
1,629

34,885
13,045
5,309
1,080

30,283
174
..........
45

4,602
12,871
5,309
1,035

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

50,693

28,426

22,267

53,787

30,231

23,556

54,319

30,502

23,817

35,436
21,340
2,095
34,559
4,901
3,663
6,427
14,624
374

35,436
1
..........
34,559
7
3,663
..........
14,624
331

..........
21,339
2,095
..........
4,894
..........
6,427
..........
43

34,466
20,898
2,637
36,166
5,252
3,547
6,352
15,473
404

34,466
..........
..........
36,166
7
3,547
-1
15,473
327

..........
20,898
2,637
..........
5,245
..........
6,353
..........
77

32,930
21,114
2,498
38,274
5,129
3,376
6,563
16,159
405

32,930
..........
..........
38,274
7
3,376
..........
16,159
349

..........
21,114
2,498
..........
5,122
..........
6,563
..........
56

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
September 11th victim compensation ...................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

123,419

88,621

34,798

125,195

89,985

35,210

126,448

91,095

35,353

737
1,369
1,401
615
12
2,999

737
1,369
22
615
12
2,580

..........
..........
1,379
..........
..........
419

682
1,350
1,379
863
1
1,279

682
1,350
21
863
1
854

..........
..........
1,358
..........
..........
425

638
1,345
1,359
954
..........
1,301

638
1,345
20
954
..........
912

..........
..........
1,339
..........
..........
389

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2007
Grants

Grants

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

7,133

5,335

1,798

5,554

3,771

1,783

5,597

3,869

1,728

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,491,054

1,212,980

278,074

1,592,980

1,316,172

276,808

1,690,539

1,402,168

288,371

Fiscal Year 2015

254

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2008
Total

Direct

506,625
104,743
6,065

506,625
104,720
6,065

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

617,433

2009
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
23
..........

561,370
115,533
4,064

561,370
115,488
4,064

..........
45
..........

576,578
123,507
6,464

576,578
123,479
6,464

..........
28
..........

617,410

23

680,967

680,922

45

706,549

706,521

28

45,820
63,482
36,256
2,686

45,820
63,482
36,256
2,686

..........
..........
..........
..........

49,964
67,524
40,399
3,842

49,964
67,524
40,399
3,842

..........
..........
..........
..........

50,585
69,407
43,377
3,132

50,585
69,407
43,377
3,132

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

148,244

148,244

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Temporary high risk insurance pool program ........................................
Temporary reinsurance program ...........................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

43,424

43,424

..........

161,729

161,729

..........

166,501

166,501

..........

..........

119,766

119,766

..........

158,263

158,263

..........

223,631
231,063
6,900
201,426
3,250
31,096
6,268
3,129
7,915
..........
..........
257

223,631
231,063
..........
..........
3,250
30,432
3,158
282
7,915
..........
..........
257

..........
..........
6,900
201,426
..........
664
3,110
2,847
..........
..........
..........
..........

240,027
257,642
7,547
250,924
3,644
35,264
6,465
3,372
8,358
..........
..........
605

240,027
257,642
..........
..........
3,644
34,485
3,405
484
8,358
..........
..........
605

..........
..........
7,547
250,924
..........
779
3,060
2,888
..........
..........
..........
..........

250,223
268,945
7,887
272,771
4,359
38,216
7,078
3,325
8,429
4
1
4,281

250,223
268,945
..........
..........
4,359
37,416
4,091
479
8,429
4
1
4,277

..........
..........
7,887
272,771
..........
800
2,987
2,846
..........
..........
..........
4

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

714,935

499,988

214,947

813,848

548,650

265,198

865,519

578,224

287,295

3,607
27,473

3,607
27,372

..........
101

4,308
26,270

4,308
26,174

..........
96

8,727
46,768

8,727
46,670

..........
98

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

31,080

30,979

101

30,578

30,482

96

55,495

55,397

98

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

33,361

9,497

23,864

43,584

18,973

24,611

49,959

19,415

30,544

39,319
13,932
6,160
1,124

34,384
171
..........
50

4,935
13,761
6,160
1,074

55,604
15,252
6,480
1,601

49,980
169
..........
19

5,624
15,083
6,480
1,582

70,492
16,430
6,469
1,569

64,753
171
..........
42

5,739
16,259
6,469
1,527

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Refundable AMT credit ..........................................................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

60,535

34,605

25,930

78,937

50,168

28,769

94,960

64,966

29,994

38,166
21,815
2,663
40,600
4,983
3,790
6,750
34,019
..........
15,975

38,166
..........
..........
40,600
6
3,790
..........
34,019
..........
14,214

..........
21,815
2,663
..........
4,977
..........
6,750
..........
..........
1,761

41,525
22,213
4,533
42,418
5,305
4,161
6,859
24,284
711
4,145

41,525
..........
..........
42,418
7
4,161
1
24,284
711
3,073

..........
22,213
4,533
..........
5,298
..........
6,858
..........
..........
1,072

44,018
21,936
4,598
54,712
5,859
4,359
6,972
22,659
1,034
17,098

44,018
..........
..........
54,712
7
4,359
..........
22,659
1,034
14,193

..........
21,936
4,598
..........
5,852
..........
6,972
..........
..........
2,905

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

168,761

130,795

37,966

156,154

116,180

39,974

183,245

140,982

42,263

591
1,364
1,398
1,068
3,717

591
1,364
15
1,068
3,246

..........
..........
1,383
..........
471

3,041
1,369
1,453
1,035
1,755

3,041
1,369
18
1,035
1,161

..........
..........
1,435
..........
594

506
1,318
1,513
1,074
1,934

506
1,318
40
1,074
1,363

..........
..........
1,473
..........
571

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

8,138

6,284

1,854

8,653

6,624

2,029

6,345

4,301

2,044

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

1,825,911

1,521,226

304,685

2,094,216

1,733,494

360,722

2,286,836

1,894,570

392,266

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2010
Grants

Grants

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

255

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2011
Total

Direct

595,619
128,555
6,445

595,619
128,528
6,445

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

730,619

2012
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
27
..........

631,362
135,736
6,749

631,362
135,707
6,749

..........
29
..........

667,165
140,106
7,214

667,165
140,084
7,214

..........
22
..........

730,592

27

773,847

773,818

29

814,485

814,463

22

54,862
70,381
52,762
3,260

54,862
70,381
52,762
3,260

..........
..........
..........
..........

48,788
73,906
50,050
3,083

48,788
73,906
50,050
3,083

..........
..........
..........
..........

54,277
77,197
59,386
3,183

54,277
77,197
59,386
3,183

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

181,265

181,265

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation ......................................
Temporary high risk insurance pool program ........................................
Temporary reinsurance program ...........................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

118,607

118,607

..........

175,827

175,827

..........

194,043

194,043

..........

..........

92,282

92,282

..........

68,260

68,260

..........

260,894
297,385
8,633
274,964
4,176
41,299
7,544
3,413
8,600
11
402
2,975
2,742

260,894
297,385
..........
..........
4,176
40,353
4,704
449
8,600
11
402
2,975
2,699

..........
..........
8,633
274,964
..........
946
2,840
2,964
..........
..........
..........
..........
43

261,574
288,154
9,065
250,534
4,524
41,688
7,755
3,016
8,668
218
1,501
1,926
903

261,574
288,154
..........
..........
4,524
40,635
5,107
275
8,668
218
1,501
1,926
755

..........
..........
9,065
250,534
..........
1,053
2,648
2,741
..........
..........
..........
..........
148

273,039
310,759
9,483
265,392
4,274
43,618
7,303
3,225
8,215
656
2,141
59
795

273,039
310,759
..........
..........
4,274
42,586
4,831
334
8,215
656
2,141
59
524

..........
..........
9,483
265,392
..........
1,032
2,472
2,891
..........
..........
..........
..........
271

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

913,038

622,648

290,390

879,526

613,337

266,189

928,959

647,418

281,541

11,088
47,477

11,088
47,395

..........
82

10,696
49,116

10,696
49,080

..........
36

13,175
44,861

13,175
44,833

..........
28

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

58,565

58,483

82

59,812

59,776

36

58,036

58,008

28

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

45,869

14,940

30,929

39,974

14,147

25,827

39,320

14,631

24,689

77,637
17,284
6,787
1,342

71,664
172
..........
40

5,973
17,112
6,787
1,302

80,401
18,309
6,837
1,186

73,569
22
..........
46

6,832
18,287
6,837
1,140

82,548
19,325
6,557
1,137

76,476
21
2
51

6,072
19,304
6,555
1,086

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Refundable AMT credit ..........................................................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

103,050

71,876

31,174

106,733

73,637

33,096

109,567

76,550

33,017

49,719
21,298
4,419
55,652
6,084
4,664
6,860
22,691
458
16,717

49,719
..........
..........
55,652
9
4,664
1
22,691
458
14,761

..........
21,298
4,419
..........
6,075
..........
6,859
..........
..........
1,956

44,188
20,093
3,817
54,890
5,028
4,537
6,847
22,106
205
2,061

44,188
..........
..........
54,890
9
4,537
1
22,106
205
1,383

..........
20,093
3,817
..........
5,019
..........
6,846
..........
..........
678

50,308
21,173
3,532
57,513
5,049
5,173
6,770
21,608
169
1,210

50,308
..........
..........
57,513
9
5,173
..........
21,608
169
511

..........
21,173
3,532
..........
5,040
..........
6,770
..........
..........
699

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
September 11th victim compensation ...................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

188,562

147,955

40,607

163,772

127,319

36,453

172,505

135,291

37,214

468
1,287
1,555
1,249
..........
1,610

468
1,287
42
1,249
..........
978

..........
..........
1,513
..........
..........
632

427
1,243
1,465
1,163
6
1,670

427
1,243
-19
1,163
6
1,037

..........
..........
1,484
..........
..........
633

381
1,230
1,440
1,245
8
1,827

381
1,230
22
1,245
8
1,539

..........
..........
1,418
..........
..........
288

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

6,169

4,024

2,145

5,974

3,857

2,117

6,131

4,425

1,706

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

2,345,744

1,950,390

395,354

2,297,747

1,934,000

363,747

2,391,306

2,013,089

378,217

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2013
Grants

Grants

Fiscal Year 2015

256

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES
Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2014 estimate
Total

Direct

708,010
143,645
7,474

708,010
143,627
7,474

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

859,129

2015 estimate
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
18
..........

748,420
147,251
7,694

748,420
147,238
7,694

..........
13
..........

794,736
152,031
7,937

794,736
152,018
7,937

..........
13
..........

859,111

18

903,365

903,352

13

954,704

954,691

13

55,481
82,135
66,300
3,666

55,481
82,135
66,300
3,666

..........
..........
..........
..........

56,806
84,823
71,850
3,466

56,806
84,823
71,850
3,466

..........
..........
..........
..........

62,561
85,497
82,210
3,710

62,561
85,497
82,210
3,710

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

207,582

207,582

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation ......................................
Refundable Premium Tax Credit and Cost Sharing Reductions ...........
Temporary high risk insurance pool program ........................................
Temporary reinsurance program ...........................................................
Other ......................................................................................................

61,480

61,480

..........

216,945

216,945

..........

233,978

233,978

..........

..........

46,339

46,339

..........

41,913

41,913

..........

280,185
326,661
10,289
308,615
4,607
46,494
7,667
3,701
10,119
1,054
36,748
952
38
854

280,185
326,661
..........
..........
4,607
45,490
5,178
370
10,119
1,054
36,748
952
38
523

..........
..........
10,289
308,615
..........
1,004
2,489
3,331
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
331

278,855
344,335
10,971
335,962
4,883
48,950
8,158
3,409
9,821
1,444
60,082
..........
1
951

278,855
344,335
..........
..........
4,883
47,917
5,664
340
9,821
1,444
60,082
..........
1
559

..........
..........
10,971
335,962
..........
1,033
2,494
3,069
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
392

295,915
378,922
14,744
354,578
4,990
51,994
8,435
3,373
10,405
1,480
76,462
..........
..........
967

295,915
378,922
-490
..........
4,990
50,892
5,990
319
10,405
1,480
76,462
..........
..........
566

..........
..........
15,234
354,578
..........
1,102
2,445
3,054
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
401

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

1,037,984

711,925

326,059

1,107,822

753,901

353,921

1,202,265

825,451

376,814

13,731
58,316

13,731
58,283

..........
33

14,485
48,256

14,485
48,216

..........
40

15,980
42,939

15,980
42,898

..........
41

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

72,047

72,014

33

62,741

62,701

40

58,919

58,878

41

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

41,743

16,074

25,669

44,369

17,362

27,007

43,118

15,883

27,235

80,539
19,702
6,667
1,348

73,416
28
1
58

7,123
19,674
6,666
1,290

78,007
20,644
6,761
1,319

71,057
22
1
55

6,950
20,622
6,760
1,264

76,263
21,397
6,904
1,717

69,469
138
1
64

6,794
21,259
6,903
1,653

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Refundable AMT credit ..........................................................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

108,256

73,503

34,753

106,731

71,135

35,596

106,281

69,672

36,609

52,162
20,712
3,083
58,585
5,239
5,448
6,803
21,698
130
1,115

52,162
..........
..........
58,585
9
5,448
..........
21,698
130
362

..........
20,712
3,083
..........
5,230
..........
6,803
..........
..........
753

53,665
20,905
2,892
58,368
5,925
5,802
6,955
21,720
70
1,099

53,665
..........
..........
58,368
14
5,802
..........
21,720
70
424

..........
20,905
2,892
..........
5,911
..........
6,955
..........
..........
675

61,147
20,866
2,881
64,328
6,341
6,664
7,330
21,946
25
1,046

61,147
..........
..........
64,328
14
6,664
..........
21,946
25
438

..........
20,866
2,881
..........
6,327
..........
7,330
..........
..........
608

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
September 11th victim compensation ...................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

174,975

138,394

36,581

177,401

140,063

37,338

192,574

154,562

38,012

364
1,405
1,563
1,206
159
2,090

364
1,405
35
1,206
159
1,418

..........
..........
1,528
..........
..........
672

343
1,332
1,903
1,180
293
2,301

343
1,332
15
1,180
293
1,489

..........
..........
1,888
..........
..........
812

310
1,153
2,045
1,152
325
2,335

310
1,153
-12
1,152
325
1,473

..........
..........
2,057
..........
..........
862

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

6,787

4,587

2,200

7,352

4,652

2,700

7,320

4,401

2,919

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

2,569,983

2,144,670

425,313

2,673,065

2,216,450

456,615

2,841,072

2,359,429

481,643

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2016 estimate
Grants

Grants

Fiscal Year 2015

THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2015, HISTORICAL TABLES

257

Table 11.3—OUTLAYS FOR PAYMENTS FOR INDIVIDUALS BY CATEGORY AND MAJOR PROGRAM: 1940–2019—Continued
(in millions of dollars)
Program

2017 estimate
Total

Direct

845,900
156,593
8,484

845,900
156,579
8,484

Total, Social security and railroad retirement ...................................
Federal employees retirement and insurance:
Military retirement ..................................................................................
Civil service retirement ..........................................................................
Veterans service-connected compensation ..........................................
Other ......................................................................................................

1,010,977

2018 estimate
Total

Direct

Total

Direct

..........
14
..........

900,552
161,419
8,348

900,552
161,405
8,348

..........
14
..........

958,621
166,700
8,524

958,621
166,685
8,524

..........
15
..........

1,010,963

14

1,070,319

1,070,305

14

1,133,845

1,133,830

15

59,851
88,823
79,619
3,844

59,851
88,823
79,619
3,844

..........
..........
..........
..........

56,554
92,229
78,471
3,956

56,554
92,229
78,471
3,956

..........
..........
..........
..........

62,740
95,711
89,906
4,086

62,740
95,711
89,906
4,086

..........
..........
..........
..........

Total, Federal employees retirement and insurance ........................

232,137

232,137

Unemployment Assistance ......................................................................
Medical care:
Medicare: hospital insurance ................................................................
Medicare: supplementary medical insurance .......................................
Children's health insurance ...................................................................
Medicaid ................................................................................................
Indian health ..........................................................................................
Hospital and medical care for veterans .................................................
Health resources and services ..............................................................
Substance abuse and mental health services ......................................
Uniformed Services retiree health care fund .........................................
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation ......................................
Refundable Premium Tax Credit and Cost Sharing Reductions ...........
Other ......................................................................................................

42,514

42,514

..........

231,210

231,210

..........

252,443

252,443

..........

..........

43,532

43,532

..........

44,916

44,916

..........

302,542
391,520
12,545
372,258
4,955
53,214
8,592
3,418
11,024
1,393
88,688
902

302,542
391,520
-417
..........
4,955
52,088
6,073
322
11,024
1,393
88,688
382

..........
..........
12,962
372,258
..........
1,126
2,519
3,096
..........
..........
..........
520

316,837
404,311
7,135
392,156
4,916
54,119
8,714
3,451
11,620
1,308
93,786
879

316,837
404,311
-236
..........
4,916
52,978
6,156
292
11,620
1,308
93,786
249

..........
..........
7,371
392,156
..........
1,141
2,558
3,159
..........
..........
..........
630

342,300
451,082
6,040
415,344
5,019
55,049
7,472
3,525
12,262
1,218
98,539
1,117

342,300
451,082
-200
..........
5,019
53,888
4,860
299
12,262
1,218
98,539
192

..........
..........
6,240
415,344
..........
1,161
2,612
3,226
..........
..........
..........
925

Total, Medical care ............................................................................
Assistance to students:
Veterans education benefits ..................................................................
Student assistance--Department of Education and other .....................

1,251,051

858,570

392,481

1,299,232

892,217

407,015

1,398,967

969,459

429,508

16,052
43,243

16,052
43,201

..........
42

16,238
43,180

16,238
43,137

..........
43

17,594
43,367

17,594
43,323

..........
44

Total, Assistance to students ............................................................

59,295

59,253

42

59,418

59,375

43

60,961

60,917

44

Housing assistance ..................................................................................
Food and nutrition assistance:
SNAP (formerly Food stamps)(including Puerto Rico) ..........................
Child nutrition and special milk programs .............................................
Supplemental feeding programs (WIC and CSFP) ...............................
Commodity donations and other ...........................................................

43,459

15,976

27,483

42,074

13,955

28,119

41,275

12,639

28,636

74,879
21,852
7,050
1,733

68,206
157
1
65

6,673
21,695
7,049
1,668

73,981
22,371
7,204
1,770

67,388
161
1
66

6,593
22,210
7,203
1,704

73,364
22,928
7,366
1,809

66,824
162
1
68

6,540
22,766
7,365
1,741

Total, Food and nutrition assistance .................................................
Public assistance and related programs:
Supplemental security income program ................................................
Family support payments to States and TANF ......................................
Low income home energy assistance ...................................................
Earned income tax credit .......................................................................
Payments to States for daycare assistance ..........................................
Veterans non-service connected pensions ...........................................
Payments to States--Foster Care/Adoption Assist. ...............................
Payment where child credit exceeds tax liability ...................................
Other public assistance .........................................................................

105,514

68,429

37,085

105,326

67,616

37,710

105,467

67,055

38,412

58,229
20,969
2,869
65,567
6,533
7,162
7,588
21,778
1,049

58,229
..........
..........
65,567
15
7,162
..........
21,778
447

..........
20,969
2,869
..........
6,518
..........
7,588
..........
602

54,816
21,085
2,964
67,279
6,809
7,203
7,806
22,108
1,059

54,816
..........
..........
67,279
15
7,203
..........
22,108
457

..........
21,085
2,964
..........
6,794
..........
7,806
..........
602

60,950
21,221
3,011
67,760
7,324
8,337
8,011
26,366
1,069

60,950
..........
..........
67,760
16
8,337
..........
26,366
467

..........
21,221
3,011
..........
7,308
..........
8,011
..........
602

Total, Public assistance and related programs ................................
All other payments for individuals:
Coal miners and black lung benefits .....................................................
Veterans insurance and burial benefits .................................................
Aging services programs .......................................................................
Energy employees compensation fund .................................................
September 11th victim compensation ...................................................
Refugee assistance and other ...............................................................

191,744

153,198

38,546

191,129

151,878

39,251

204,049

163,896

40,153

287
1,059
2,087
1,124
1,900
2,361

287
1,059
-21
1,124
1,900
1,477

..........
..........
2,108
..........
..........
884

271
952
2,135
1,093
..........
2,413

271
952
-22
1,093
..........
1,507

..........
..........
2,157
..........
..........
906

257
847
2,186
1,059
..........
2,448

257
847
-23
1,059
..........
1,522

..........
..........
2,209
..........
..........
926

Total, All other payments for individuals ...........................................

8,818

5,826

2,992

6,864

3,801

3,063

6,797

3,662

3,135

Total, payments for individuals ...............................................................

2,945,509

2,446,866

498,643

3,049,104

2,533,889

515,215

3,248,720

2,708,817

539,903

Social security and railroad retirement:
Social security: old age and survivors insurance ..................................
Social security: disability insurance .......................................................
Railroad retirement (excl. social security) .............................................

Grants

2019 estimate
Grants

Grants

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