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3412, 3412C, and 3412D Engines

(A) Inlet valves


(B) Exhaust valves
(C) Fuel injection pump
3412 Engines and 3412C Engines
Bore ... 137.2 mm (5.40 inch)
Stroke ... 152.4 mm (6.00 inch)
Displacement ... 27 L (1648 in
3
)
3412D
Bore ... 145.0 mm (5.71 inch)
Stroke ... 162.0 mm (6.38 inch)
Displacement ... 32 L (1953 cu in)
Cylinder arrangement ... 65 degrees V12
In order to check the engine valve lash setting, the engine must be cold and the engine
must be stopped.
Engine valve lash settings
Inlet valves ... 0.38 mm (0.015 inch)
Exhaust valves ... 0.76 mm (0.030 inch)
Type of combustion ... Direct Injection
Firing Order ... 1, 4, 9, 8, 5, 2, 11, 10, 3, 6, 7, 12
The crankshaft rotation is viewed from the flywheel end of the engine. Direction of
rotation ... counterclockwise
The rotation of the fuel pump camshaft is viewed from the pump drive end of the fuel
injection pump. Direction of rotation ... counterclockwise
Number one cylinder is the front cylinder on the left side of the cylinder block.
Number two cylinder is the front cylinder on the right side of the cylinder block.
Note: The front of the engine is opposite of the flywheel end of the engine. The left side
of the engine and the right side of the engine are viewed from the flywheel end of the
engine.
Valve Rocker Arms, Lifters, and Bridges
SMCS - 1102; 1121; 1209

Nmero de pieza - 4N-4298
S/N - 99U7599-UP

Nmero de pieza - 4N-7352
S/N - 60M5161-UP


(1) Bore in the rocker arm for the rocker arm shaft ... 24.803 0.013 mm (0.9765
0.0005 inch)
Diameter of new rocker arm shaft ... 24.752 0.013 mm (0.9745 0.0005 inch)
(2) Refer to Specifications, "Cylinder Head" for information that is related to the
tightening sequence of the cylinder head bolts.
(3) Tighten the valve adjustment screw locknut after you set the valve lash.
Torque for the adjustment locknut ... 47 9 N m (35 7 lb ft)
Inlet valve lash (4) ... 0.38 0.10 mm (0.015 0.004 inch)
Exhaust valve lash (4) ... 0.76 0.10 mm (0.030 0.004 inch)
(5) Diameter of new valve lifter ... 27.896 0.013 mm (1.0983 0.0005 inch)
Diameter of the valve lifter bore that is in the cylinder block ... 27.953 0.019 mm
(1.1005 0.0007 inch)


(4) 6N-6872 Guide Spring
Refer to Guideline for Reusable Parts, SEBF8069, "Salvage of Lifter Bores in 3400
Family Engines" for information that is related to reconditioning the valve lifter bores.

(7) 2N-7229 Spring
Length under test force ... 74.2 mm (2.92 inch)
Test force ... 45 to 53 N (10 to 12 lb)
Free length after test ... 114.3 mm (4.50 inch)
Outside diameter ... 29.7 mm (1.17 inch)
(8) The protrusion of the dowel above the top surface of the rocker shaft support is the
following value. ... 9.7 1.0 mm (0.38 0.04 inch)
(9) Clearance for the rocker arms ... 0.30 to 1.40 mm (0.012 0.055 inch)
(10) Add or remove 2N-7228 Washers in order to adjust clearance (9).
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Cylinder Head Valves
SMCS - 1105

Nmero de pieza - 269-3676
S/N - 60M5161-UP

Nmero de pieza - 4W-7007
S/N - 60M5161-UP

Nmero de pieza - 273-9999
S/N - 99U7599-UP
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Note: The Reuse and Salvage Guidelines, "Valve and Valve Spring Specifications" has
the necessary procedure and specifications for checking used valves and springs.

(1) 4N-5906 Spring
Length under test force ... 54.99 mm (2.165 inch)
Test force ... 344 34 N (77 7.6 lb)
Free length after test ... 62.74 mm (2.470 inch)
Outside diameter ... 31.75 mm (1.250 inch)
(A) Height to top of valve guide ... 32.26 mm (1.270 inch)
Note: Apply clean engine oil to the valve stems prior to installation in the cylinder
head.
(B) Diameter of new valve stem ... 9.441 0.010 mm (0.3717 0.0004 inch)
The minimum diameter of the valve stems for use in the cylinder head
Exhaust valves ... 9.309 mm (0.3665 inch)
Inlet valves ... 9.309 mm (0.3665 inch)
Bore in the new valve guide that is installed in cylinder head ... 9.487 0.020
mm (0.3735 0.0008 inch)
(C) Diameter of valve head
Exhaust valve ... 41.81 0.13 mm (1.646 0.005 inch)
Inlet valve ... 44.98 0.13 mm (1.771 0.005 inch)
(D) Angle of valve face
Exhaust valve ... 44.25 0.25 degrees
Inlet valve ... 29.25 0.25 degrees

(E) Diameter of valve seat insert
Exhaust valve ... 42.850 0.013 mm (1.6870 0.0005 inch)
Inlet valve ... 46.025 0.013 mm (1.8120 0.0005 inch)
(F) Depth of bore in cylinder head for new valve seat insert ... 15.7 0.5 mm (0.62
0.02 inch)
Bore in cylinder head for valve seat insert
Exhaust valve ... 42.774 0.025 mm (1.6840 0.0010 inch)
Inlet valve ... 45.949 0.025 mm (1.8090 0.0010 inch)
(G) Projection height of the valve
Maximum permissible projection of the inlet valves and the exhaust valves from
the face of the cylinder head ... 1.219 to 0.203 mm (0.0480 to 0.0080 inch)
(H) Angle of face of valve seat insert
Exhaust valve ... 44.75 0.50 degrees
Inlet valve ... 30.25 0.50 degrees
(J) Outside diameter of the face of the valve seat insert
Exhaust seat ... 39.268 mm (1.5460 inch)
Inlet seat ... 40.894 mm (1.6100 inch)
Altura de la culata 112.78+/- 0.25
Camshaft
SMCS - 1210

Nmero de pieza - 4N-0965
S/N - 60M5161-UP

(1) Do not use a torch to heat the gear. Maximum temperature of the gear for installation on
the camshaft ... 215 C (419 F)
(2) Fit between the gear and the camshaft ... 0.64 to 0.140 mm (.0252 to .0055 inch)
(3) Diameter of the journals on a new camshaft for camshaft bearings ... 69.850 0.013
mm (2.7500 .0005 inch)
Bore in front and rear bearings for new camshaft ... 69.969 0.048 mm (2.7547 .0019
inch)
Bore in five inner bearings for new camshaft ... 69.982 0.061 mm (2.7552 .0024
inch)
(4) Thickness of new thrust plate ... 4.65 0.03 mm (.183 .001 inch)
End play of camshaft ... 0.10 to 0.25 mm (.004 to .010 inch)




(6) Procedure for camshaft lobe height
1. Measure the camshaft lobe height (6) .
2. Measure the base circle (7) .
3. Subtract the base circle (Step 2) from the camshaft lobe height (Step 1). The difference
is the actual lobe lift.
4. Specified camshaft lobe lift (5)
Exhaust lobe ... 8.783 mm (.3458 inch)
Inlet lobe ... 8.100 mm (.3189 inch)
The maximum permissible difference between actual lobe lift (Step 3) and the
specified lobe lift (Step 4) is the following value. ... 0.13 mm (.005 inch)
Camshaft Bearings
SMCS - 1211
Nmero de pieza - 117-9509

Note: Two different camshaft bearings are used. Install the wider camshaft bearings in
the two outer bores. Install the narrow camshaft bearings in the inner bores.
(B) Bore in the camshaft bearings after installation
Outer bearings ... 69.969 0.048 mm (2.7547 0.0019 inch)
Inner bearings ... 69.982 0.061 mm (2.7552 0.0024 inch)





The camshaft bearings are installed from the front face of the cylinder block to the
following distance.
(C) ... 803.1 0.5 mm (31.62 0.02 inch)
(D) ... 593.9 0.5 mm (23.38 0.02 inch)
(E) ... 409.7 0.5 mm (16.13 0.02 inch)
(F) ... 225.6 0.5 mm (8.88 0.02 inch)
(G) ... 4.6 0.5 mm (0.18 0.02 inch)
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Cylinder Block
SMCS - 1201

Nmero de pieza - 1W-5082
S/N - 99U7599-UP

Nmero de pieza - 4N-2624
S/N - 60M5161-UP

Nmero de pieza - 4W-6144
S/N - 99U7599-UP

(1) Apply 6V-6640 Sealant to the outside diameter of the cup plugs before installation
into the cylinder block.
(2) Apply 5P-3413 Pipe Sealant to the threads of the plugs before installation into the
front and rear of the cylinder block.
(3) The dowels extend from the top deck of the cylinder block. ... 18.5 0.5 mm (0.73
0.02 inch)
(4) Tighten the studs into the front of the cylinder block to the following torque. ... 35
5 N m (26.0 4.0 lb ft)
(5) The dowels project from the front of the cylinder block and from the rear of the
cylinder block. Distance ... 19.0 0.5 mm (0.75 0.02 inch)
(6) Main bearing caps
Width of the main bearing caps ... 215.900 0.025 mm (8.5000 0.0010 inch)
The width of the slot that is machined into the cylinder block for the main
bearing caps ... 215.900 0.013 mm (8.5000 0.0005 inch)
(7) Apply 5P-3413 Pipe Sealant on the threads of the plugs before installation into the
front and the rear of the cylinder block. Tighten the plugs to the following torque. ... 80
15 N m (60 10 lb ft)
(8) Use the procedure that follows in order to install the main bearing caps.

Index marks for the tightening procedure
1. Lubricate the threads of the bolts with engine oil prior to installation.
2. First, tighten the bolts that are on the bearing tab side of the cap.
Torque for bolts ... 258 14 N m (190.0 10.0 lb ft)
3. Tighten the bolts on the opposite side of the bearing tab.
Torque for bolts ... 258 14 N m (190.0 10.0 lb ft)
4. Use a paint stick in order to place an index mark on each bolt and each cap.
Refer to Illustration 2.
5. Tighten the bolts that are on the opposite side of the bearing tab for an additional
amount.
Turn the bolt clockwise from the index mark. Angle ... 120 5 degrees
6. Tighten the bolts that are on the bearing tab side of the cap for an additional
amount.
Turn the bolt clockwise from the index mark. Angle ... 120 5 degrees

Front face of cylinder block
Typical example
(A) Thickness of a new cylinder head gasket ... 0.208 0.025 mm (0.0082 0.0010
inch)
(B) Thickness of the cylinder head spacer plate ... 8.585 0.025 mm (0.3380 0.0010
inch)
(C) The size of the bore in the cylinder block for the camshaft bearings ... 76.835
0.018 mm (3.0250 0.0007 inch)
(D) The size of the bore in cylinder block for the main bearings
Standard size bearings ... 129.891 0.013 mm (5.1138 0.0005 inch)
0.64 mm (0.025 inch) larger than the standard size ... 130.526 0.013 mm
(5.1388 0.0005 inch)


(E) The distance from the centerline of the crankshaft bearing bore to the top
deck of the cylinder block ... 419.10 0.15 mm (16.500 0.006 inch)
(F) The distance from the centerline of the crankshaft bearing bore to the pan rail ...
165.10 0.10 mm (6.500 0.004 inch)
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Cylinder Liner
SMCS - 1216

Nmero de pieza - 197-9322
Nmero de pieza - 2W-6000

(1) Filler band
(A) Bore in new cylinder liner ... 137.185 0.025 mm (5.4010 0.0010 inch)
(B) Flange
Thickness ... 8.890 0.020 mm (0.3500 0.0008 inch)
Minimum thickness ... 8.870 mm (0.3492 inch)
Use the following procedure to install the cylinder liner:
1. Put liquid soap on the cylinder block liner bore surfaces and the rubber seals that
are on the lower end of the cylinder liner.
2. Dip the filler band completely in clean engine oil.
3. Immediately install the filler band in the groove that is under the cylinder liner
flange.
4. Install the cylinder liner into the cylinder block before the expansion of the filler
band.
Note: Refer to Guideline For Reusable Parts and Salvage Operations, SEBF8068,
"Cylinder Liners" for more information. Also, refer to Reuse And Salvage Guidelines,
SEBF8049, "Visual Inspection of the Piston" for more information.
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Cylinder Liner Projection
SMCS - 1216

Nmero de pieza - 197-9322
Nmero de pieza - 2W-6000
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Refer to the Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting manual for the complete
procedure for the cylinder liner projection.
Table 1
Cylinder Liner Projection
Cylinder liner projection

0.025 to 0.152 mm (0.0010 to
0.0060 inch)
Maximum variation in each cylinder

0.051 mm (0.0020 inch)
Maximum average variation between cylinders that
are adjacent

0.051 mm (0.0020 inch)
Maximum variation between all cylinders

0.102 mm (0.004 inch)

Crankshaft
SMCS - 1202

Nmero de pieza - 4N-0922
S/N - 60M5161-UP
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Note: To measure a crankshaft that may be bent, a procedure must be followed. Refer to
the Guideline for Reusable Parts for the correct procedure.

(1) The pin extends from the surface of the crankshaft face. Distance ... 8.4 mm (0.33
inch)
(2) Thrust plates are used on the center main bearing only.
Thickness of new thrust plate ... 5.74 0.04 mm (0.226 0.002 inch)
(3) End play
New crankshaft ... 0.13 to 0.50 mm (0.005 to 0.020 inch)
Maximum end play with used bearings ... 0.89 mm (0.035 inch)
(4) Oil gallery plugs
Apply 5P-3413 Pipe Sealant to the threads of the oil gallery plugs prior to installation.
Minimum torque for six plugs ... 23 Nm (17.0 lb ft)
(5) The dowel extends from the surface of the crankshaft. Distance ... 4.1 0.5 mm
(0.16 0.02 inch)
(6) Crankshaft gear
Note: The crankshaft gear must be installed on the crankshaft with the timing mark V
on the outside of the crankshaft.
(7) The rear crankshaft seal is installed on the rear of the crankshaft. The seal driver can
not contact the seal inside a 177.80 0.25 mm (7.000 0.010 inch) diameter.
(8) (9) Refer to the Specifications, "Connecting Rod Bearing Journals" and
Specifications, "Main Bearing Journal"for more information.
There are two types of front crankshaft seals that are available for use:
(10A) The lip type crankshaft seal is installed on the front of the crankshaft.
(10B) The radial lip crankshaft seal is also installed on the front of the crankshaft.
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Connecting Rod and Main Bearing Journals
SMCS - 1230

Nmero de pieza - 211-0592
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Refer to the Guideline for Reusable Parts for more information.
Connecting Rod Bearing Journals
Table 1
Diameter of Crankshaft Journal (Bearing Surface) For Connecting Rod
Original Size 97.028 0.020 mm (3.8200 0.0008 inch)
Clearance between new bearing and new journal ... 0.070 to 0.178 mm (0.0028 to
0.0070 inch)
Main Bearing Journals
Table 2
Diameter of Crankshaft Journal (Bearing Surface) for Main Bearings
Original Size
120.650 0.020 mm (4.7500 0.0008 inch)
Undersize Journal

0.63 mm (0.025 inch)

120.015 0.020 mm (4.7250 0.0008 inch)
Undersize Journal

1.27 mm (0.050 inch)

119.380 0.020 mm (4.7000 0.0008 inch)
Main bearing cap with two bolts
Clearance between new bearing and new journal ... 0.076 to 0.186 mm (0.0030 to
0.0073 inch)
Main bearing cap with four bolts
Clearance between new bearing and new journal ... 0.071 to 0.178 mm (0.0028 to
0.0070 inch)

Connecting Rod
SMCS - 1218

Nmero de pieza - 160-8178

(A) Diameter of the connecting rod bore for the bearing for piston pin ... 55.436
0.013 mm (2.1825 0.0005 inch)
(B) Diameter of the connecting rod bore for the crankshaft journal without installing the
bearing in the connecting rod and the bolts have been torqued. ... 103.500 0.013 mm
(4.0748 0.0005 inch)
(C) Distance between the center of the bore for the bearing for piston pin and the center
of the bore for the crankshaft journal ... 261.62 mm (10.300 inch)
(D) Dimensions for piston pin and bearing
Bore of bearing for the piston pin ... 50.830 0.008 mm (2.0012 0.0003 inch)
Average roughness of the finished bearing ... 0.8
Diameter of piston pin ... 50.795 0.005 mm (1.9998 0.0002 inch)
(E) Inside diameter of connecting rod for the crankshaft journal after the bearing for
connecting rod has been installed and the bolts have been torqued. ... 97.095 to 97.153
mm (3.8226 to 3.8249 inch)
Clearance between the new bearing and the crankshaft ... 0.070 to 0.178 mm (0.0028 to
0.0070 inch)

Position of the piston pin bearing
(F) Maximum angle of the bearing joint from the horizontal centerline ... 5 degrees
(G) Maximum angle of the bearing joint from the horizontal centerline ... 5 degrees
Note: Do not use a torch to heat the connecting rod.
(H) Maximum length for heating the connecting rod during installation of bearing for
the piston pin ... 89 mm (3.5 inch)
Allowable temperature for heating of the connecting rod ... 175 to 260 C (350 to 500
F)
View A-A
Note: Install surface (2) of the connecting rod next to the crank pin thrust surface. Refer
to Illustration 3. Surface (3) of the connecting rod is now next to surface (3) of the
adjacent rod on the common crank pin.

(1) Use the following procedure to tighten the connecting rod nut :
1. Before assembly, lubricate the threads of the bolts and the seating face of the
bolt heads with clean engine oil.
2. Tighten the connecting rod nuts to 82 8 N m (60 6 lb ft).
3. After torquing the connecting rod nuts, tighten each nut for an additional angle
(J) of 120 5 degrees.

Piston and Rings
SMCS - 1214; 1215

Nmero de pieza - 4P-1890

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Note: Refer to Guideline for Reusable Parts for information on the pistons, the piston
pins, and the retaining rings.
Note: Lubricate the piston body assembly with clean engine oil around the zone (A) and
the top of the piston body assembly prior to assembly into the cylinder block.
Top Piston Ring
The 1U-6431 Piston Ring Groove Gauge Gp is used for measuring the ring grooves in
keystone style pistons. Refer to the Special Instruction that is supplied with the piston
ring groove gauge.
(1) Top piston ring
Install the top piston ring with "UP-1" mark toward the top of the piston.
There is a clearance between the ends of the top piston ring. When the top piston ring is
installed in a cylinder liner with a bore of 137.16 mm (5.400 inch), the clearance is the
following value. ... 0.55 0.15 mm (0.022 0.006 inch)
There is an increase in the clearance between the ends of the top piston rings for each
0.030 mm (0.0012 inch) increase in the cylinder liner bore. Increase ... 0.08 mm (0.003
inch)
Intermediate Piston Ring
The 1U-6431 Piston Ring Groove Gauge Gp is used for measuring the ring grooves in
keystone style pistons. Refer to the Special Instruction that is supplied with the piston
ring groove gauge.
(2) Intermediate piston ring
Install the intermediate piston ring with "UP-2" mark toward the top of the piston.
There is a clearance between the ends of the intermediate piston ring. When the piston
ring is installed in a cylinder liner with a bore of 137.16 mm (5.400 inch), the clearance
is the following value. ... 1.080 0.190 mm (0.0425 0.0075 inch)
There is an increase in the clearance between the ends of the piston rings for each 0.030
mm (0.0012 inch) increase in the cylinder liner bore. Increase ... 0.08 mm (0.003 inch)
Oil Control Piston Ring
(3) Oil control piston ring
Note: The spring ends of the oil control piston ring should be assembled 180 degrees
from the ring end gap.
The 5P-3519 Piston Ring Groove Gauge Gp is available for checking the ring grooves
with straight sides. Refer to the Guideline for Reusable Parts for instructions on using
the piston ring groove gauge.
Width of groove in new piston for oil control piston ring ... 3.190 0.010 mm (0.1256
0.0004 inch)
Thickness of new oil control piston ring ... 3.137 0.013 mm (0.1235 0.0005 inch)
There is a clearance between the ends of the oil control piston ring. When the oil control
piston ring is installed in a cylinder liner with a bore of 137.16 mm (5.400 inch), the
clearance is the following value. ... 0.57 0.19 mm (0.022 0.008 inch)
There is an increase in the clearance between the ends of the oil control piston rings for
each 0.030 mm (0.0012 inch) increase in the cylinder liner bore. Increase ... 0.08 mm
(0.003 inch)
Piston Pin
Note: Lubricate the piston pin with clean engine oil before assembly.
(4) Piston pin
Diameter of the bore in the piston for the piston pin ... 50.800 0.005 mm (2.0000
0.0002 inch)
Diameter of the new piston pin ... 50.795 0.005 mm (1.9998 0.0002 inch)
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