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PROXIMITY

TRANSDUCER
SYSTEM OPERATION
Copyright
Bently Nevada Corporation
All Rights Reserved, 1996

The following marks are Bently Nevada Corporations Registered Trade Names:

MicroPROX ADRE REBAM


Keyphasor Proximitor Seismoprobe
Key Velomitor TorXimitor
Trendmaster Smart Monitor Data Manager
Dynamic Data Manager Transient Data Manager Bently Nevada

OUTER
SCREEN
CENTER
CONDUCTOR
INNER
SCREEN
INSULATION
TRIAXIAL CABLE
PROBE NUMBERING
CABLE
FIXED
LOCK NUT
TIP
ASSEMBLY
P/N 330106-05-30-10-02-00

S/N APRS 416567
EXTENSION CABLE NUMBERING
HEAT SHRINK SLEEVING
CONNECTOR
P/N 330130-080-00-00
PROXIMITOR
SIGNAL OUTPUT
SIGNAL COMMON
TRANSDUCER POWER
ELECTRICAL LENGTH
PROXIMITOR OPERATION
<100mil
RF SIGNAL
EXTENSION
CABLE
AND PROBE
PROXIMITOR
DEMODULATOR
OSCILLATOR
B
E
N
T
L
Y

N
E
V
A
D
A

CONDUCTIVE
MATERIAL
EDDY CURRENTS
RF SIGNAL
B
E
N
T
L
Y

N
E
V
A
D
A

EDDY CURRENT FLOW
R

RF SIGNAL
SMALL GAP
0
LARGE GAP
RF SIGNAL
0
RF SIGNAL
CHANGING GAP
0
DEMODULATOR OPERATION
DEMODULATOR
INPUT
PROXIMITOR
OUTPUT
0
0
RADIAL MOVEMENT
AXIAL MOVEMENT
RADIAL AND AXIAL MOVEMENT
NOTCH
GAP
CHANGE
ONE
REVOLUTION
TIME
VOLTAGE
CHANGE
PROBE
OVER
SURFACE
PROBE
OVER
NOTCH
KEYPHASOR WITH NOTCH TARGET
VOLTAGE
CHANGE
PROJECTION
TIME
ONE
REVOLUTION
PROBE
OVER
PROJECTION
PROBE
OVER
SURFACE
KEYPHASOR WITH PROJECTION TARGET
GAP
CHANGE
B
E
N
T
L
Y

N
E
V
A
D
A

C
H
A
N
G
E

I
N

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

CHANGE IN GAP
24
O
U
T
P
U
T

I
N

V
O
L
T
S

-

D
C

PROBE GAP
mils
0
0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
PROXIMITOR CALIBRATION GRAPH
Average Scale
Factor (ASF)
equals:
change in gap voltage
change in gap
(-18.0Vdc) - (-2.0Vdc)
0.08in or 2.0 mm

= 200 mV/mil
or
= 7.87 mV/um
-24V SUPPLY
POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE EFFECTS
PROBE GAP
-16V SUPPLY
O
U
T
P
U
T

I
N

V
O
L
T
S

-

D
C

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140
mils
COMPONENT MISMATCH EFFECTS
PROBE GAP
O
U
T
P
U
T

I
N

V
O
L
T
S

-

D
C

SHORT
CORRECT
LONG
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 mils
TARGET MATERIAL EFFECTS
O
U
T
P
U
T

I
N

V
O
L
T
S

-

D
C

PROBE GAP
4140 STEEL
TUNGSTEN
ALUMINUM
COPPER
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140
mils
CROSSTALK
SIDEVIEW
TARGET SIZE
YES
NO
PROXIMITOR CALIBRATION
EQUIPMENT SET-UP
PROXIMITOR CALIBRATION
EQUIPMENT SET-UP
DC VOLTMETER
-VT
INPUT
PROXIMITOR
EXTENSION CABLE
SPINDLE MICROMETER
TARGET
PROBE
B
E
N
T
L
Y

N
E
V
A
D
A

o
u
t

c
o
m

v
t

Q1. The three parts of a proximity transducer system are:
a.
b.
c.

Q2. The ruggedised coaxial cable used in the system has a center conductor and
.

Q3. What is the electrical length of the following probe? 330106-05-30-05-02-00
.

Q4. What is the electrical length of the following extension cable?
330130-045-00-00 .

Q5. What is the total electrical length required by the following Proximitor?
330100-50-00 .

Probe
Extension cable
Proximitor
two screens
0.5M
4.5M
5.0M
APPLICATION EXERCISE


Q6. The Proximitor must be supplied with a dc voltage between
____________
and .

Q7. An field is created around the probe. It extends away from the
face of
the probe for linear range of at least .

Q8. When a conductive material is within range of the probe _____________
flow in the surface of that material.

Q9. A Proximitor must be calibrated to suit the it has as a target.

Q10. The dc output from the Proximitor will go more as the target
moves closer to the probe.

Q11. A proximity system frequency response is from to
and
its output may contain an and a component.

-17.5 Vdc
-26.0 Vdc
RF
80 mils
eddy currents
material
positive
0Hz(dc)
10KHz
ac dc
APPLICATION EXERCISE
Q12. Name three applications for a proximity transducer system.
a.

b.

c. _____________________

Q13. Calculate the scale factor (sf) from the following: 90mils = 18.5Vdc,
10mils = 2.25Vdc. Is it within tolerance?

Q14. Name three reasons why a proximity system could be out of tolerance.

a.

b.

c.
Thrust measurement
Vibration measurement
Keyphasor
203mV/mil Yes, 1.5% error
Incorrect supply voltage
Mismatched components
Incorrect target material
APPLICATION EXERCISE