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ANDERSON JUNIOR COLLEGE

2013 Preliminary Examinations
H2 MATHEMATICS (JC2)
PAPER 2
Duration : 3 hr

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]
1. The function f is defined by

( )
2
4 5
f: for ,
2
2 5 1
x x x
x
e s
+
.
(i) Sketch the graph of y =f (x) and show that
1
f

exists. 
(ii) Find
1
f ( ) x

and write down the domain of

1
f

. 

The solutions to the equation f (x) =
1
f

(x) are x =a and x =2 where a <2.

(iii) Find, in terms of a, the area of the region bounded by the curves y =f (x) and
y =
1
f

(x). 

2.

The points A, B and C lie on a circle with center O and diameter AC. It is given that
OA =

a and OB =

b.
(i) Find BC

in terms of a and b. Hence show that AB is perpendicular to BC. 

(ii) Show that the area of triangle ABC can be written as k a b where k is a
constant to be found. Hence find, in terms of a , the maximum area of
triangle ABC. 
(iii) Given that 30
o
AOB = , find OF

where F is the foot of perpendicular of B to

AC. Hence find ' OB

where ' B is the reflection of B along the line AC. 

A
O
C
B
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3. The complex number z satisfies the following conditions:
(a) 3 4 5 z i s ,
(b) 3 4 4 3 z i z i > + .
On a single Argand diagram, sketch the locus of the points representing z. 
Find
(i) the range of values for
( )
arg 10 z . 
(ii) the least value of 7 iz i + + . 

4. A curve C has parametric equations
( )
1 1
tan x t
t

= + , ( )
1 1
tan y t
t

= where t e , t = 0.
The curve has an oblique asymptote y =ax.
(i) Find
d
d
y
x
in terms of t and show that a =1. 
(ii) Sketch C, showing clearly all the asymptote(s), axial intercepts and end points. 
Hence find the range of values of k such that the liney kx = does not intersect C. 
(iii) Find the equation of the normal to C at the point where t =1. Hence find the
value of the parameter t at the point where the normal intersects C again. 

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]
5. At the final football match of the World Cup 2014 in Brazil, the organisers wants to
sample 2% of the spectators in the stadium to find out their opinions of the catering
facilities.
(i) Give a reason why it would be difficult to use a stratified sample. 
(ii) Explain how a systematic sample could be carried out. 

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6. The Winners Club consists of 2 married couples and 8 singles. The club is to select
a delegation of 4 members to participate in an overseas conference.
(i) Find the probability that the delegation contains exactly one married couple. 

The 4 selected delegates from the Winners Club are invited for a photo shoot with
8 delegates from other clubs after the conference. They are required to stand in two
rows of 6.
(ii) Find the probability that at least 3 delegates from the Winners Club stand in the
same row. 

7. (a) In an experiment involving a large group of students, each student is asked to bend
a wire of length 15 cm into 2 straight segments to form an L-shaped figure with
lengths X and Y, such that Y is as close to thrice the length of X as possible. This is
to be done without the assistance of any measuring tools.

It is found that X follows a normal distribution with mean cm and standard
deviation cm. It is known that P(X <5) =0.579 and P(Y <10.5) =0.788.
(i) Find and . 
(ii) Find P(X <5 and Y <10.5). 

(b) At a durian plantation, a large consignment of grade A durians was mixed with
an equal number of grade B durians. As the durians are indistinguishable, the
workers were unable to separate them.
It is known that the mass of a grade A durian is normally distributed with mean
800g and standard deviation 40g and the mass of a grade B durian is normally
distributed with mean 1000g and standard deviation 65g.
(i) Find the probability that two randomly chosen durians from the consignment
each has a mass of more than 880g. 

X
Y
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The workers decided to pack the durians into baskets of 50. It is known that the
mean and standard deviation for the mass of a durian from the mixed consignment
are 900 g and 78 g respectively. The mass of an empty basket is 500 g.
(ii) Find the probability that a randomly chosen basket filled with durians has a
mass that differ from 44.5 kg by more than 500 g. 

8. In an online statistics quiz, students are given two problems to solve, the second
of which is harder than the first. The probability of any student solving the first
problem correctly is
3
4
and the probability of solving the second problem correctly
is
7
12
. If a student solves the first problem correctly, the probability of solving the
second problem correctly is
3
5
.
A student is chosen at random.
(i) Find the probability that the student solves both problems correctly. 
(ii) Find the probability that the student solves at least one problem correctly. 
(iii) Given that the student solves the second problem wrongly, find the probability
that the first problem is solved correctly. 

A student makes multiple attempts until he solves both problems correctly in the same
attempt. For each new attempt, the student has to solve a new pair of problems.
Find the least value of n if the probability that he needs to make at most n attempts
until he solves both problems correctly exceeds 0.999. 

9. Mr Gru claims that the average height of his minions is k cm. A random sample of
100 minions is chosen and the height, X cm of each minion is measured. It is found
that
( ) 50 96, x =

and

( )
2
50 1879. x =

(i) Find unbiased estimates of the mean and variance of X. 
(ii) What do you understand by the term unbiased estimate? 

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Based on this sample, a hypothesis test is carried out and it was found that there is
significant evidence at 5% significance level that Mr Gru had underestimated the
average height of his minions.
(iii) Find an inequality satisfied by k. 
(iv) Is there a need to make the assumption that the height of a randomly chosen
minion is normally distributed? J ustify your answer. 

Based on another sample of 10 minions, a t-test is conducted and it is found that there
is insufficient evidence at 5% significance level that the mean height of the minions
differs from
0
cm. State, with reasons, if the following statements are necessarily
true, necessarily false, or neither necessarily true nor necessarily false.
(I) There is insufficient evidence at 2.5% significance level to conclude that the
minions are taller than expected.
(II) There is insufficient evidence at 5% significance level to conclude that the mean
height differs from
0
cm if the researcher had carried out a z-test instead. 

10. A study comparing the number of hotspots detected in Indonesia each day and the
average 24-hour PSI reading in Singapore was conducted. The results over 7 days were
given below:
Number of hotspots (x) 50 97 128 150 170 189 215
Average 24-hour PSI reading (y) 45 98 160 205 263 341 400

(i) Draw a scatter diagram and find the value of the product moment correlation
coefficient between x and y. Hence comment on the suitability of the linear model. 
(ii) Can we conclude that an increase in the number of hotspots will lead to an increase
(iii) A few alternative models, in the form of w ax b = + , were proposed to describe the
relation between x and y. State, with a reason, which model is the most appropriate.
Model A: ln w y =
Model B: w y =
Model C:
2
w y = 

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It was decided that the data for an additional day should be included in the study. After
inserting the data for the additional day, it was found that the equation of the regression
line of w on x is 0.082742 2.1735 w x = + and the equation of the regression line of x on w
is 12.004 25.106 x w = based on the most appropriate model in part (iii).
(iv) Find the product moment correlation coefficient between w and x. 
(v) Find the average 24-hour PSI reading on this additional day, correct to the nearest
integer. 
In estimating the number of hotspots when the average 24-hour PSI reading was m,
where 100 <m <200, Tarzan used the regression line of w on x for the estimation and
J ane used the regression line of x on w for the estimation. It was found that both of
them had approximately the same answer. Explain why this was observed. 

11. Over a period of 120 days, the number of serious accidents in a day along a certain
expressway are recorded as follows:
No. of serious
accidents in a day
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 or more
No. of days 21 36 32 18 9 3 1 0

Find the mean and variance of the data and hence suggest why a Poisson model may be
valid. 

The number of minor accidents in a day along this expressway is a random variable with
the distribution Po(3). The number of serious accidents in a day along the same expressway
is a random variable with the distribution Po(1.76). It can be assumed that the accidents
occur independently.
(i) In a randomly chosen week, find the probability that there are 9 serious accidents
from Monday to Friday and 7 of them occur from Monday to Wednesday. 
(ii) In a given day, at least 2 accidents have occurred. Find the probability that all are
minor accidents. 
(iii) Find, by using suitable approximations, the probability that the number of days with
exactly 2 serious accidents exceeds the number of days with exactly 2 minor
accidents in a randomly chosen 50-day period. 
(iv) Explain why a Poisson distribution may not be a good model for the number of
serious accidents in a year. 
END OF PAPER