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Tutorial 6

1. During a cold winter day, wind at 55 km/h is blowing parallel to a 4-m-high and 10-m-long wall of a house.
If the air outside is at 5C and the surface temperature of the wall is 12C, determine the rate of heat loss
from that wall by convection. What would your answer be if the wind velocity was doubled?

2. The top surface of the passenger car of a train moving at a velocity of 70 km/h is 2.8 m wide and 8 m long.
The top surface is absorbing solar radiation at a rate of 200 W/m
, and the temperature of the ambient air is
30C. Assuming the roof of the car to be perfectly insulated and the radiation heat exchange with the
surroundings to be small relative to convection, determine the equilibrium temperature of the top surface of
the car.

3. Solar radiation is incident on the glass cover of a solar collector at a rate of 700 W/m2. The glass transmits
88 percent of the incident radiation and has an emissivity of 0.90. The entire hot water needs of a family in
summer can be met by two collectors 1.2 m high and 1 m wide. The two collectors are attached to each
other on one side so that they appear like a single collector 1.2 m x 2 m in size. The temperature of the
glass cover is measured to be 35C on a day when the surrounding air temperature is 25C and the wind is
blowing at 30 km/h. The effective sky temperature for radiation exchange between the glass cover and the
open sky is -40C. Water enters the tubes attached to the absorber plate at a rate of 1 kg/min. Assuming the
back surface of the absorber plate to be heavily insulated and the only heat loss to occur through the glass
cover, determine (a) the total rate of heat loss from the collector, (b) the collector efficiency, which is the
ratio of the amount of heat transferred to the water to the solar energy incident on the collector, and (c) the
temperature rise of water as it flows through the collector.

4. A transformer that is 10 cm long, 6.2 cm wide, and 5 cm high is to be cooled by attaching a 10 cm x 6.2
cm wide polished aluminum heat sink (emissivity = 0.03) to its top surface.The heat sink has seven fins,
which are 5 mm high, 2 mm thick, and 10 cm long. A fan blows air at 25C parallel to the passages
between the fins. The heat sink is to dissipate 20 W of heat and the base temperature of the heat sink is not
to exceed60C. Assuming the fins and the base plate to be nearly isothermal and the radiation heat transfer
to be negligible, determine the minimum free-stream velocity the fan needs to supply to avoid overheating.

5. Air at 25C and 1 atm is flowing over a long flat plate with a velocity of 8 m/s. Determine the distance
from the leading edge of the plate where the flow becomes turbulent, and the thickness of the boundary
layer at that location.
6. Consider the flow of a fluid across a cylinder maintained at a constant temperature. Now the free-stream
velocity of the fluid is doubled. Determine the change in the drag force on the cylinder and the rate of heat
transfer between the fluid and the cylinder.
7. The components of an electronic system are located in a 1.5-m-long horizontal duct whose cross section is
20 cm x 20 cm. The components in the duct are not allowed to come into direct contact with cooling air,
and thus are cooled by air at 30C flowing over the duct with a velocity of 200 m/min. If the surface
temperature of the duct is not to exceed 65C, determine the total power rating of the electronic devices that
can be mounted into the duct.

8. 10. An isothermal cylinder having a diameter of 2.0 cm and maintained at 50C is placed in a helium flow
system having free-stream conditions of 200 kPa, 20C, and u =25 m/s. Calculate the heat lost for a
cylinder length of 50 cm.