Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

9/15/2014

50/60Hz motors on 60/50Hz

Search

Home

Forum (Q&A)

3 Phase Motor

Electrical Motor

Induction Motor

Magnetic Motor

Running Induction Motors on frequencies other than their Design Frequency.

Home
Automation
Energy Savers
FAQ
Genset
Linux
Motor Control
Motor Starters
Power Factor
Single Phase Motors
Slip Ring Motors
Soft Starters

Induction motors use an iron core and require flux in the


iron to operate. In order to achieve the commercial goals
of smallest size and lowest price at best efficiency,
induction motors are designed to operate at a high level
of flux in the iron. The flux is determined by the turns,
voltage and frequency. In a modern motor, if the flux is
increased by a small amount, the iron losses increase and
the iron tends towards saturation. At saturation, the
inductance begins to fall and the current increases
further. To reduce the flux at a given voltage and
frequency, the turns on the stator are increased. This
reduces the Iron loss, but a longer length of thinner wire
is used and the copper loss increases. Design becomes a
balancing act between copper loss and iron loss and so
the design is optimised for a given voltage and frequency.

Motor Protection Relay


genuineautomation.com

Multifunction Motor & Genset


Protection Relays with Wide Range

Variable Speed
AC Drives
DC Drives
Ventilation
Forum (Q&A)
Contact Us

If the voltage applied to the motor is held constant and the frequency is increased, the inductive
reactance increases and so the flux reduces. This effectively reduces the maximum torque capacity
of the motor and so the motor power rating at the higher frequency remains the same.
If the voltage applied to the motor is held constant and the frequency is reduced, the current will
increase and in theory, the torque will also increase. The motor should be able to deliver the same
power also, BUT the flux in the iron is now too high resulting in excessive iron loss, and the motor
will fail prematurely. Above a very low frequency, (5 - 10Hz) the impedance of the magentising
circuit of the motor is primarily inductive and so in order to keep the flux within limits, it is
important to keep a linear V/F ratio (Voltage to Frequency ratio). If the frequency is reduced by
10%, the voltage must also be reduced by 10%. Because the flux in the iron remains the same, the
torque capacity remains the same and so the power rating of the motor also drops by 10%.
Motor Generator

Motor Winding

Small AC Motor

High Speed Motor

60Hz rated motor on 50Hz


Provided the voltage is dropped by the same proportion as the frequency, it is OK to run a 60Hz
motor on 50Hz. The speed will be reduced by the reduction in frequency and the power capacity
will also reduce by the ratio of the reduction in frequency.
60 Hz

50 Hz

Line Voltage

Line Voltage

480

400

460

383

440

367

230

191

50Hz rated motor on 60Hz


Provided the voltage is increased by the same proportion as the frequency, it is OK to run a 50Hz
motor on 60Hz. The speed will be increased by the increase in frequency and the power capacity
will also increase by the ratio of the increase in frequency.
50 Hz

http://www.lmphotonics.com/motor_50Hz_60Hz.htm

60 Hz

Line Voltage

Line Voltage

415

498

400

480
1/3

9/15/2014

50/60Hz motors on 60/50Hz

380

456

230

276

Bookmark This Page! and/or


Please post a link to this page using the following HTML coding...
<FONT FACE="arial, helvetica" SIZE="-1">50Hz motors on 60Hz
and 60Hz motors on 50Hz<BR>
by <A
HREF="http://www.LMPhotonics.com/motor_50Hz_60Hz.htm">50Hz
motors on 60Hz</A></FONT>

Questions and/or comments on this page

Motor Control Mailing List.


Join the Motor control mailing list to discuss motor control technology and problems with like minded experts.

Motor Control Forum


Online forum for discussion of motor control technologies.

Visits since 10 Aug 2008


[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Home Books Software Power factor Motor Control Motor Starters Soft Starters Variable Speed Advertise Energy Savers

http://www.lmphotonics.com/motor_50Hz_60Hz.htm

2/3

9/15/2014

50/60Hz motors on 60/50Hz


L M Photonics Ltd | P.O. Box 13 076, Christchurch, New Zealand | phone : (NZ) +64 274 363 067

http://www.lmphotonics.com/motor_50Hz_60Hz.htm

3/3