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Trip circuit what its functions

A trip circuit should be always ready to trip or disconnect an electrical system or

mechanical system. Trip circuit receives signal from the protection system watch dog
like relays, PLC etc. After receiving a signal trip circuit initiates the opening or
disconnecting means of a circuit by opening or disconnecting a circuit breaker by means
of actuating some mechanical or electrical systems. This electrical or mechanical
systems might be spring, motor. As to open a circuit breaker it will require some
strength. o a relay as a watch dog is always activated also the trip circuit but on the
other hand the circuit breaker is always inactive.
Why the trip circuit is required to be live always:
As the trip circuit has some important purpose the functionality or health of it must be
ensured. !hat happens if a trip circuit is open or damaged" #n this case the circuit will
be totally unprotected. The relay$ PLC will send out signal after happening a fault but as
trip circuit is dead , the breaker will not open or disconnect.
In a protection system the tripping of a circuit breaker is crucial. If an interruption
occurs in the trip circuit, the possible network fault will not be disconnected and the
fault would have to be cleared by another protection upstream in the power system.
The supervision function is particularly important when there is only one tripping coil
and CB tripping is vital. (For instance, in the case of generator circuit breakers or any
other important circuit breaker in distribution networks.
Functions of a typical trip circuit supervision relay
%alvaa&Below is trip circuit supervision relay function described based on a specific
model! the settings and data might varied to models but the core principle is same.
The supervision function is based on a low'level () * mA+ current in,ection principle.
The in,ected current is sensed by two opto'couplers. The supervision function in three
steady states of circuit breaker'trip circuit is below image.#n normal condition the
indicator L-. glows green and output relays are in /picked'up0 condition. #n the event of
a fault, the measuring current goes below the operating value of the relay (1.* 2 1.3 mA+
or completely stops flowing.
The supervision relay operates (drops'off+ after a delay of 1.4 sec and the indicator L-.
turns red. The supervision relay, for its functioning requires an au5iliary voltage (AC or
.C+ of a rated value . This voltage can be the same as that of the supervised circuit or it
could be a separate source with same magnitude (AC or .C+. hould a fault occur in the
au5iliary voltage supply, the L-. does not glow and the output relay drops off. 6elays
with differing rated voltage for supervision circuit and au5iliary supply can be supplied
as a special e5ecution.
p circuit supervision relay function