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Ludwig van Beethoven

Lists of classical music


composers by era
Medieval (4761400)
Renaissance (14001600)
Baroque (16001760)
Classical era (17301820)
Romantic era (18151910)
20th century (19002000)
21st century (since 2000)
List of Romantic-era composers
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Romantic-era_composers
This is a list of Romantic-era composers. Note that this list is
purely chronological, and also includes a substantial number of
composers, especially those born after 1860, whose works cannot
be conveniently classified as "Romantic".
Contents
1 Classical-era/Romantic-era composers (born 177099)
2 Early Romantic-era composers (born 180019)
3 Middle Romantic-era composers (born 182039)
4 Late Romantic-era composers (born 184059)
5 Romantic-era/20th-century classical composers (born
186080)
6 Timeline
7 See also
8 References
Classical-era/Romantic-era composers (born 177099)
Name
Date
born
Date
died Nationality Comments
Ludwig van
Beethoven
1770 1827 German composer and pianist,
regarded by many as the
first Romantic-era
composer, best known for
Symphony No. 5 and Fr
Elise among others
Ferdinando
Carulli
1770 1841 Italian composer for the guitar, wrote concertos and chamber
music
douard Du Puy
Anton Reicha
douard Du
Puy
1770 1822 Swiss composer, singer, director
and violinist
Peter Hnsel 1770 1831 German-
Austrian
composer and violinist
James Hewitt 1770 1827 American composer, conductor and music publisher
Anton Reicha 1770 1836 Czech-born
French
composer who
experimented with
irregular time signatures in
his keyboard fugues,
composed a large number
of significant works for
wind quintet
Christian
Heinrich Rinck
1770 1846 German composer and organist
Jan August
Vitsek
1770 1839 Bohemian composer
Adam Valentin
Volckmar
1770 1851 German composer
Friedrich Witt 1770 1836 German composer and cellist
Johann
Baptist
Cramer
1771 1858 English musician of German origin
Ferdinando
Paer
1771 1839 Italian composer
Vclav Tomek
Maria Frances
Parke
1773 1822 English composer, pianist and soprano
Franois-
Louis Perne
1772 1832 French composer and musicographer
Josef
Triebensee
1772 1846 Bohemian composer and oboist
Johann
Wilhelm
Wilms
1772 1847 Dutch-
German
composer, best known for writing Wien Nerlands
Bloed, which served as the Dutch national anthem
from 1815 to 1932
Sophie Bawr 1773 1860 French composer, writer and playwright
Pietro
Generali
1773 1832 Italian composer of operas and vocal music
Wenzel
Thomas
Matiegka
1773 1830 Bohemian composer
Bartolomeo
Bortolazzi
1773 1820 Italian mandolin and guitar virtuoso and composer
Pierre Rode 1774 1830 French composer and violinist
Gaspare
Spontini
1774 1851 Italian opera composer and conductor
Vclav
Tomek
1774 1850 Czech composer and music
teacher
Christoph
Ernst
Friedrich
Weyse
1774 1842 Danish composer in the Danish Golden Age
Johann Anton
Andr
1775 1842 German composer and music publisher
Franois-Adrien Boieldieu
Johann Nepomuk Hummel
Franois-
Adrien
Boieldieu
1775 1834 French composer
Joo
Domingos
Bomtempo
1775 1842 Portuguese composer, pianist and pedagogue
Bernhard
Crusell
1775 1838 Finnish composer and clarinet player
Sophia
Dussek
1775 1847 Scottish composer of Italian descent, singer, pianist and harpist
Franois de
Fossa
1775 1849 French composer and guitarist
Ernst Theodor
Amadeus
Hoffmann
1776 1822 German composer, author of fantasy and horror, jurist, music
critic, draftsman and caricaturist
Joseph
Kffner
1776 1856 German composer and musician
Philipp Jakob
Riotte
1776 1856 German composer
Ignaz von
Seyfried
1776 1841 Austrian composer, musician and conductor
Ludwig Berger 1777 1839 German composer, pianist and piano teacher
Pauline
Duchambge
1778 1858 French composer and pianist
Johann
Nepomuk
Hummel
1778 1837 Austrian composer and pianist, his
music bridged the
Classical era of music and
Romantic era of music
Mauro Giuliani
Sigismund
von Neukomm
1778 1858 Austrian composer and pianist
Fernando Sor 1778 1839 Spanish composer for the classical guitar who is credited with
elevating the guitar to the level of concert instrument
William
Knyvett
1779 1856 British composer and singer
Louise
Reichardt
1779 1826 German composer and songwriter
Luigi Antonio
Calegari
1780 1849 Italian opera composer
Conradin
Kreutzer
1780 1849 German composer and conductor
Louis Franois
Dauprat
1781 1868 French composer, horn player and music professor at the
Conservatoire de Paris
Anton Diabelli 1781 1858 Austrian composer, music publisher and editor
Mauro
Giuliani
1781 1828 Italian composer and virtuoso
guitarist
Anthony Philip
Heinrich
1781 1861 American composer
Sophie Lebrun 1781 1863 German composer and pianist
Franois
Joseph
Naderman
1781 1835 French composer, harpist and teacher
John Field
Niccol Paganini
Daniel Auber 1782 1871 French opera composer, noted for La muette de Portici
Carlo Coccia 1782 1873 Italian opera composer
John Field 1782 1837 Irish composer and pianist,
notable for cultivating the
nocturne
Niccol
Paganini
1782 1840 Italian composer and virtuoso
violinist, wrote the 24
Caprices for violin, five
concerti for violin, string
quartets and works for
violin and guitar
Charlotta
Seuerling
1782 1828 Swedish composer, concert singer, harpsichordist and poet
Friedrich
Dotzauer
1783 1860 German composer and cellist
Teresa Belloc-
Giorgi
1784 1855 Italian composer and contralto
Martin-Joseph
Mengal
1784 1851 Belgian composer and instructor
Francesco
Morlacchi
1784 1841 Italian composer
George
Onslow
1784 1853 Anglo-
French
composer
Ferdinand Ries
Louis Spohr
Ferdinand
Ries
1784 1838 German composer, friend and pupil
of Ludwig van Beethoven
Louis Spohr 1784 1859 German composer, violinist and
conductor, renowned for
chamber music and
compositions for violin and
harp
Alexandre
Pierre
Franois
Boly
1785 1858 French composer, organist and pianist
Bettina von
Arnim
1785 1859 German composer, writer and novelist
Catherina
Cibbini-
Kozeluch
1785 1858 Austrian composer of Bohemian ancestry and pianist
Isabella
Colbran
1785 1845 Spanish composer and opera singer
Karol
Kurpiski
1785 1857 Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue
Marie Bigot 1785 1820 French composer and piano teacher
Henry Bishop 1786 1855 English composer
Friedrich
Kuhlau
1786 1832 German-
Danish
composer
Pietro
Raimondi
1786 1853 Italian composer
Carl Maria von Weber
Carl Czerny
Carl Maria
von Weber
1786 1826 German composer, conductor,
pianist, guitarist and critic,
one of the first significant
Romantic opera
composers
Alexander
Alyabyev
1787 1851 Russian composer, conductor and pianist
Michele
Carafa
1787 1872 Italian opera composer
Johann Peter
Pixis
1788 1874 German composer and pianist
Simon
Sechter
1788 1867 Austrian prolific composer, renowned music theorist, teacher,
organist and conductor
Elena Asachi 1789 1877 Romanian composer of Austrian birth, pianist and singer
Nicolas
Bochsa
1789 1856 French composer and musician
Frederic
Ernest Fesca
1789 1826 German composer of instrumental music and violinist
Maria Agata
Szymanowska
1789 1831 Polish composer and virtuoso pianist
Harriet
Browne
1790 1858 English composer and writer
Carl Czerny 1791 1857 Austrian composer, teacher and
pianist
Ferdinand Hrold
Giacomo Meyerbeer
Franz Xaver Wolfgang
Mozart
Ferdinand
Hrold
1791 1833 French operatic composer
Giacomo
Meyerbeer
1791 1864 German composer for grand opera
(Il crociato in Egitto, Les
Huguenots, L'Africaine)
Franz Xaver
Wolfgang
Mozart
1791 1844 Austrian composer, pianist,
conductor and teacher
Carlo Evasio
Soliva
1791 1853 Swiss-
Italian
composer
Jan Vclav
Voek
1791 1825 Bohemian composer, pianist and organist
Gioachino Rossini
Ignaz Moscheles
Gioachino
Rossini
1792 1868 Italian prolific opera composer,
best known for The Barber
of Seville
Hedda
Wrangel
1792 1833 Swedish composer
Gertrude van
den Bergh
1793 1840 Dutch composer and pianist
Bernhard
Klein
1793 1832 German composer
Caroline
Ridderstolpe
1793 1878 Swedish composer and singer
Princess
Amalie of
Saxony
1794 1870 German composer
Ignaz
Moscheles
1794 1870 Czech composer and piano
virtuoso, head of the
Leipzig Conservatory after
Felix Mendelssohn
Josif
lezinger
1794 1870 Serbian composer
Saverio
Mercadante
1795 1870 Italian composer
Nikolaos
Mantzaros
1795 1872 Greek composer
Franz Berwald 1796 1868 Swedish composer, little known in his lifetime, but his works,
including his four symphonies are better known today
Helene
Liebmann
1796 1835 German composer and pianist
Carl Loewe
Gaetano Donizetti
Franz Schubert
Carl Loewe 1796 1869 German composer, baritone singer
and conductor
Mathilda
d'Orozco
1796 1863 Swedish composer, noble, salonist, poet, writer, singer, amateur
actress and harpsichordist
Giovanni
Pacini
1796 1867 Italian composer
Emilie
Zumsteeg
1796 1857 German composer, pianist, songwriter and choir conductor
Luigi
Castellacci
1797 1845 Italian virtuoso on the mandolin and guitar, instrumental
composer and author of popular French romances with
guitar and piano accompaniments
Gaetano
Donizetti
1797 1848 Italian opera composer, known
for Lucia di Lammermoor
and L'elisir d'amore
among others
Franz
Schubert
1797 1828 Austrian composer, best known for
his more than 600 lieder,
chamber music, piano
works and symphonies.
Fromental Halvy
Annette von
Droste-
Hlshoff
1797 1848 German composer and writer
Antonio Rolla 1798 1837 Italian composer and violin and viola virtuoso
Olivia Buckley 1799 1847 English composer, harpist and organist
Maria
Frederica von
Stedingk
1799 1868 Swedish composer and courtier
Fromental
Halvy
1799 1862 French composer
Repertoire key: B=In Classical Net's basic Timeline of Major Composers 1600present
[1]
Early Romantic-era composers (born 180019)
Name
Date
born
Date
died Nationality Comments
Vincenzo Bellini
Adolphe Adam
Vincenzo
Bellini
1801 1835 Italian opera composer, known
for I Puritani, Norma and
La sonnambula among
others
Jean-Baptiste
Duvernoy
1802 1880 French composer and pianist
Amde
Mreaux
1802 1874 French composer, his works are somewhat known for their
immense difficulties
Cesare Pugni 1802 1870 Italian prolific composer of ballet music
Eliza Flower 1803 1846 English composer
Adolphe Adam 1803 1856 French composer, best known for
his ballet score Giselle
Hector Berlioz
Mikhail Glinka
Hector Berlioz 1803 1869 French composer, famous for his
programmatic symphony
Symphonie Fantastique
Henri Herz 1803 1888 Austrian composer and pianist
Franz Lachner 1803 1890 German composer and conductor, brother of Ignaz Lachner
Louise Farrenc 1804 1875 French composer of three symphonies and many chamber
works including the earliest known sextet for piano and
wind quintet (1852)
Mikhail Glinka 1804 1857 Russian nationalist composer
whose works include the
opera A Life for the Tsar
Johann Strauss I
Felix Mendelssohn
Johann
Strauss I
1804 1849 Austrian dance music composer,
famous for Radetzky
March
Fanny
Mendelssohn
1805 1847 German composer and pianist, sister of Felix Mendelssohn,
mainly known for her vocal compositions and chamber
music
Leopold von
Zenetti
1805 1892 Austrian composer, mainly known for being one of Anton
Bruckner's masters
Juan
Crisstomo
Arriaga
1806 1826 Spanish composer who died at nineteen and by which time he
had already been nicknamed the "Spanish Mozart" for
his Symphony in D and three string quartets
Johann
Kaspar Mertz
1806 1856 Hungarian composer, known for his guitar pieces.
Johann
Friedrich
Franz
Burgmller
1806 1874 German composer and pianist, brother of Norbert Burgmller
Ignaz Lachner 1807 1895 German conductor, composer and organist, a prolific composer,
notable for his chamber music such as his string
quartets and trios
Michael
William Balfe
1808 1870 Irish conductor and composer, remembered for his opera
The Bohemian Girl
Sebastin
Iradier
1809 1865 Spanish composer, best known for La Paloma
Felix
Mendelssohn
1809 1847 German conductor, music-director,
composer and pianist,
brother of Fanny
Mendelssohn, best known
for Wedding March from A
Midsummer Night's
Dream
Otto Lindblad 1809 1864 Swedish composer
Frdric Chopin
Robert Schumann
Frdric
Chopin
1810 1849 Polish composer and virtuoso
pianist, his output includes
nocturnes, ballade,
scherzos, etudes, and a
number of Polish dances
such as mazurkas,
polonaises, and waltzes
(including Minute Waltz)
Ferenc Erkel 1810 1893 Hungarian composer of grand opera
Otto Nicolai 1810 1849 German opera composer and conductor, best known for The
Merry Wives of Windsor
Norbert
Burgmller
1810 1836 German composer, praised by Robert Schumann
Robert
Schumann
1810 1856 German composer and pianist,
husband of Clara
Schumann, a significant
lieder writer, a prolific
composer, wrote many
short piano pieces, four
symphonies, concerti and
chamber music
Ludwig
Schuncke
1810 1834 German composer and pianist
Ferdinand
David
1810 1873 German composer and violinist
Wilhelm
Taubert
1811 1891 German pianist, composer and conductor whose early works
received praise from Felix Mendelssohn
Franz Liszt
Ambroise Thomas
Franz Liszt 1811 1886 Hungarian composer and virtuoso
pianist, wrote a number of
tone poems and extended
piano technique, best
known for his Hungarian
Rhapsodies and other
solo piano works, one of
the most influential and
distinguished piano
composers of the
Romantic era
Ferdinand
Hiller
1811 1885 German composer, conductor, writer and music-director, close
friend of Felix Mendelssohn
Ambroise
Thomas
1811 1896 French composer, best known for
the operas Mignon and
Hamlet
Spyridon
Xyndas
1812 1896 Greek opera composer and guitarist
Sigismond
Thalberg
1812 1871 Austrian composer and one of the most distinguished pianists of
the Romantic era
Louis-Antoine
Jullien
1812 1860 French conductor and composer of light music, king of
promenade concerts in England
Emilie Mayer
Friedrich von Flotow
Emilie Mayer 1812 1883 German composer of eight
symphonies as well as
overtures, lieder and
numerous chamber works
Friedrich von
Flotow
1812 1883 German composer, chiefly
remembered for his opera
Martha
Alexandre
Dubuque
1812 1898 Russian-
French
composer, known for teaching
Joaqun Espn
y Guilln
1812 1881 Spanish major opera and zarzuela composer and musician,
best known for Padilla, Carlo Broschi and El encogido
y el estirado
Stephen Heller 1813 1888 Hungarian composer, highly effected the late Romantic
composers
Alexander
Dargomyzhsky
1813 1869 Russian composer
Charles-
Valentin Alkan
1813 1888 French composer and virtuoso pianist
Ernst
Haberbier
1813 1869 German composer
George
Alexander
Macfarren
1813 1887 English major opera composer, best known for Robin Hood,
She Stoops to Conquer and Helvellyn, also known as
a teacher
Richard Wagner
Giuseppe Verdi
Richard
Wagner
1813 1883 German major opera composer,
best known for his cycle of
four operas Der Ring des
Nibelungen
Giuseppe
Verdi
1813 1901 Italian major opera composer,
best known for Nabucco,
Rigoletto, La Traviata and
Aida
Andonios
Liveralis
1814 1842 Greek opera composer and conductor
Giuseppe Lillo 1814 1863 Italian composer, best known for his operas amongst which is
worth noting Odda di Bernaver and Caterina Howard
Adolf von
Henselt
1814 1889 German composer and pianist
Josephine
Lang
1815 1880 German composer and pianist
Robert
Volkmann
1815 1883 German composer, companion of Johannes Brahms
William
Sterndale
Bennett
1816 1875 English composer, conductor, and editor
Charles
Dancla
1817 1907 French violinist, composer and teacher
mile Prudent 1817 1863 French pianist and composer
Kroly Thern 1817 1886 Hungarian composer, conductor and teacher
Niels Gade 1817 1890 Danish composer, violinist and organist
Henry Litolff 1818 1891 British pianist, composer and music publisher, best known for
his Concerto Symphoniques
Charles Gounod
Jacques Offenbach
Franz von Supp
Charles
Gounod
1818 1893 French composer, best known for
his operas Faust and
Romo et Juliette
Antonio
Bazzini
1818 1897 Italian violinist, composer and teacher, best known for The
Dance of the Goblins
Jacques
Offenbach
1819 1880 French opera and operetta
composer, known for The
Tales of Hoffmann and
Orpheus in the
Underworld
Franz von
Supp
1819 1895 Austrian composer and conductor,
notable for his operettas
Stanisaw
Moniuszko
1819 1872 Polish composer, best known as the Father of Polish National
Opera
Henri Vieuxtemps
Joachim Raff
Csar Franck
Clara
Schumann
1819 1896 German composer and pianist, wife of Robert Schumann, one
of the leading pianists of the Romantic era
Middle Romantic-era composers (born 182039)
Name
Date
born
Date
died Nationality Comments
Henri
Vieuxtemps
1820 1881 Belgian composer and violinist
Giovanni
Bottesini
1821 1889 Italian conductor, composer and double bass virtuoso
Josif Runjanin 1821 1878 Serbian composer
Emilie
Hammarskjld
1821 1854 Swedish composer, concert pianist and organist
Joachim Raff 1822 1882 Swiss-born
German
composer, best known for
eleven symphonies, most
of them program music
Csar Franck 1822 1890 Belgian-
born
French
composer, noted for his
Symphony in D minor, also
a significant composer for
the organ
Anton Bruckner
Bedich Smetana
Luigi Arditi 1822 1903 Italian composer, violinist and conductor
douard Lalo 1823 1892 French composer, remembered for his Symphonie Espagnole
for violin and orchestra and his Cello Concerto
Theodor
Kirchner
1823 1903 German composer and pianist, he wrote over 1,000 piano
pieces.
Anton
Bruckner
1824 1896 Austrian composer of nine large-
scale symphonies (one
incomplete) and two more
unacknowledged
Bedich
Smetana
1824 1884 Czech nationalist composer, best
known for his cycle of six
symphonic poems, M
vlast and his opera The
Bartered Bride
Carl Reinecke 1824 1910 German composer, conductor and pianist, best known for his
attachment to classical forms and conducted
Gewandhausorchester for nearly 35 years
Jean-Baptiste
Arban
1825 1889 French composer and virtuoso cornetist, wrote the "Grande
mthode complte pour cornet pistons et de saxhorn"
now referred to as the "Trumpeter's Bible"
Johann Strauss II
Karl Goldmark
Johann
Strauss II
1825 1899 Austrian composer known as "The
Waltz King", son of
Austrian dance music
composer Johann Strauss
I and elder brother of Josef
Strauss and Eduard
Strauss, best known for
Blue Danube Waltz and
his opera Die Fledermaus
Richard Hol 1825 1904 Dutch organ composer
Ivar Hallstrm 1826 1901 Swedish opera composer
Ludwig
Minkus
1826 1917 Austrian composer of ballet music
Josef Strauss 1827 1870 Austrian composer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II
Adolphe
Blanc
1828 1885 French composer of chamber music
Johann
Dubez
1828 1891 Italian composer and mandolinist
Jacques
Blumenthal
1829 1908 German composer
Louis Moreau
Gottschalk
1829 1869 American composer, famous for performing his own romantic
piano works
Anton
Rubinstein
1829 1894 Russian conductor, composer and pianist
Karl
Goldmark
1830 1915 Hungarian composer
Hans von
Blow
1830 1894 German conductor, composer and virtuoso pianist
Ivan Larionov 1830 1889 Russian composer, writer and folklorist
Johannes Brahms
Amilcare Ponchielli
Kornelije
Stankovi
1831 1865 Serbian composer
Jan Gerard
Palm
1831 1906 Dutch
Antillean
composer, best known for his mazurkas, waltzes,
danzas, tumbas, fantasies and serenades
Hiromori
Hayashi
1831 1896 Japanese composer, known for the Japanese national anthem
Kimigayo
Joseph
Joachim
1831 1907 Hungarian composer, violinist, conductor and teacher
Eduardo
Mezzacapo
1832 1898 Italian mandolin virtuoso, composer and teacher, known for
Aubade for Mandolin, Violin and Guitar and Tarantella
"Napoli"
August
Sderman
1832 1876 Swedish composer, best known for his lieder and choral works
Francis
Edward
Bache
1833 1858 English composer and organist
Alexander
Borodin
1833 1887 Russian chemist and nationalist composer, wrote the opera
Prince Igor, and part of the Russian Five
Johannes
Brahms
1833 1897 German composer, one of the
leading musicians of the
Romantic period, best
known for his four
symphonies, Violin
Concerto, two piano
concertos, and Double
Concerto for Violin, Cello
and Orchestra
Amilcare
Ponchielli
1834 1886 Italian opera composer, known for
La Gioconda
Tekla
Bdarzewska-
Baranowska
Julius Reubke
Tekla
Bdarzewska-
Baranowska
1834 1861 Polish composer
Julius Reubke 1834 1858 German piano and organ
composer, known for
Sonata on the 94th Psalm
Peter Benoit 1834 1901 Flemish composer
Giuseppe
Branzoli
1835 1909 Italian mandolinist, violinist, composer and music historian
Felix
Draeseke
1835 1913 German composer
Camille Saint-Sans
Henryk Wieniawski
Csar Cui
Camille Saint-
Sans
1835 1921 French music critic, composer,
pianist and an exceptional
organist, best known for
his biblical opera Samson
et Dalila
Henryk
Wieniawski
1835 1880 Polish composer and violinist,
famous for two concertos
and character pieces of
exceptional difficulty
Eduard
Strauss
1835 1916 Austrian composer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II
and Josef Strauss
Csar Cui 1835 1918 Russian army officer, music critic
and composer of the
Russian Five
Davorin Jenko 1835 1914 Slovenian-
born
Serbian
composer and conductor
Friedrich
Baumfelder
1836 1916 German piano, choral, and orchestra composer, in his day
known for his 'Tirocinium musicae' and today known for
his 'Melody in F major'
Lo Delibes 1836 1891 French composer, one of the first significant ballet composers
since the Baroque music, known for Copplia, Sylvia,
and Lakm
mile Waldteufel
Mily Balakirev
Georges Bizet
Antnio
Carlos Gomes
1836 1896 Brazilian opera composer, praised by Franz Liszt and Giuseppe
Verdi whose Il Guarany premiered at La Scala in 1870,
a first opera ballo for the composer from the New World
Bertha
Tammelin
1836 1915 Swedish composer, concert pianist and opera singer
Julius
Weissenborn
1837 1888 German bassoonist, composer and music teacher, famous for
his Practical Bassoon School
mile
Waldteufel
1837 1915 French composer of light music
Mily Balakirev 1837 1910 Russian nationalist composer and
the leader of the Russian
Five
Georges Bizet 1838 1875 French composer, best known for
his opera Carmen
Max Bruch
Modest Mussorgsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Max Bruch 1838 1920 German composer, known for his
Violin Concerto No. 1,
Scottish Fantasy, and Kol
Nidrei for cello and
orchestra
Modest
Mussorgsky
1839 1881 Russian nationalist composer and
the member of the Russian
Five, best known for his
piano suite Pictures At An
Exhibition
John Knowles
Paine
1839 1906 American first native-born American composer to acquire fame for
his large-scale orchestral music
Josef
Rheinberger
1839 1901 German composer and organist, born in Liechtenstein, primarily
noted for his organ music including 20 sonatas
Late Romantic-era composers (born 184059)
Name
Date
born
Date
died Nationality Comments
Pyotr Ilyich
Tchaikovsky
1840 1893 Russian composer, best known for
his three ballets The
Nutcracker, Swan Lake and
The Sleeping Beauty, his
opera Eugene Onegin, his
1812 Overture, his Piano
Concerto No. 1, his Violin
Concerto and his six
symphonies
John Stainer 1840 1901 English composer and organist
Antonn Dvok
Arrigo Boito
Johan
Svendsen
1840 1911 Norwegian composer, conductor and violinist
Emmanuel
Chabrier
1841 1894 French composer who influenced Maurice Ravel, Les Six, Jean
Franaix and many other French composers, known for
the opera L'toile
Antonn
Dvok
1841 1904 Czech composer, best known for
New World Symphony
Giovanni
Sgambati
1841 1914 Italian composer, conductor and pianist
Giuseppe
Silvestri
1841 1921 Italian composer and mandolin virtuoso
Arrigo Boito 1842 1918 Italian composer and librettist,
known as a composer for
his opera Mefistofele
Johann
Nepomuk
Fuchs
1842 1899 Austrian composer, conductor, teacher and editor
Jules Massenet
Arthur Sullivan
Edvard Grieg
Jules
Massenet
1842 1912 French composer, best known for
his two operas Manon and
Werther and the Mditation
for violin from the opera
Thas
Felipe
Pedrell
1842 1922 Spanish composer of opera, zarzuela and church music who
taught and influenced Isaac Albniz, Enrique Granados
and Manuel de Falla
Arthur
Sullivan
1842 1900 English composer, known for his
operettas in collaboration
with William Schwenck
Gilbert
mile
Bernard
1843 1902 French composer and organist, known for his Divertissement for
Doubled Wind Quintet
David
Popper
1843 1913 Czech composer and virtuoso cellist, known for his 40 etudes,
4 concerti and Hungarian Rhapsody for cello and
orchestra
Edvard Grieg 1843 1907 Norwegian composer, known for his
incidental music to Peer
Gynt
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Gabriel Faur
Nikolai
Rimsky-
Korsakov
1844 1908 Russian composer and the member
of the Russian Five, best
known for Flight of the
Bumblebee from The Tale
of Tsar Saltan
Pietro
Armanini
1844 1895 Italian composer, virtuoso mandolinist and teacher, known for
his performances and two dances La cigale polka pour
(The Grasshopper Polka) and L'ventail polka-mazurka
(The Range Mazurka)
Pablo de
Sarasate
1844 1908 Spanish virtuoso violinist and composer, best known for
Zigeunerweisen
Charles-
Marie Widor
1844 1937 French composer, known for his works for the organ
Ion Ivanovici 1845 1902 Serbian-
born
Romanian
composer, known for his waltz Waves of the Danube
Gabriel
Faur
1845 1924 French composer, known for his
chamber music and a
requiem among other
pieces
Ignaz Brll 1846 1907 Austrian composer and pianist
Luigi Denza 1846 1922 Italian opera composer, composed and played for mandolin
and guitar
Ferdinando
de Cristofaro
1846 1890 Italian mandolin virtuoso, pianist, composer and music teacher
Zygmunt
Noskowski
1846 1909 Polish composer, conductor and teacher
Augusta
Holms
1847 1903 French composer of Irish descent
Robert
Fuchs
1847 1927 Austrian composer and music teacher
Philipp
Scharwenka
1847 1917 German-
Polish
composer and music teacher, brother of Franz Xaver
Scharwenka
Henri Duparc 1848 1933 French composer, noted for seventeen melodies
Hubert Parry
Vincent d'Indy
Hubert Parry 1848 1918 English composer, wrote choral
song Jerusalem
Benjamin
Godard
1849 1895 French composer and violinist
Ernesto
Khler
1849 1907 Italian flautist and composer, known by flautists for his
instructional work Progress in Flute Playing
C. A. Bracco 1850 1903 Italian mandolinist, violinist, composer and conductor, known
for I mandolini a congresso
Xaver
Scharwenka
1850 1924 German-
Polish
composer, pianist and music teacher, brother of Ludwig
Philipp Scharwenka
Alexandre
Luigini
1850 1906 French composer and conductor
Josif
Marinkovi
1851 1931 Serbian composer
Vincent
d'Indy
1851 1931 French composer, teacher of Erik
Satie and Darius Milhaud
among others
Francisco
Trrega
1852 1909 Spanish composer and virtuoso classical guitarist, known as the
'Father of modern classical guitar playing'
Hans Huber 1852 1921 Swiss composer
Charles Villiers Stanford
Bernard Zweers
Charles
Villiers
Stanford
1852 1924 Irish composer
Ciprian
Porumbescu
1853 1883 Romanian composer
Teresa
Carreo
1853 1917 Venezuelan composer
Engelbert
Humperdinck
1854 1921 German opera composer, influenced by Richard Wagner,
famous for Hnsel und Gretel
Leo
Janek
1854 1928 Czech composer, known for his two operas Ka Kabanov
and Jenfa and his two orchestral pieces Sinfonietta
and Taras Bulba
Alfredo
Catalani
1854 1893 Italian composer, known for the operas Loreley and La Wally
Moritz
Moszkowski
1854 1925 German composer and pianist who wrote prolifically for the
piano, also composed a piano concerto and a violin
concerto
John Philip
Sousa
1854 1932 American composer known as "The March King", best known for
The Stars And Stripes Forever
Bernard
Zweers
1854 1924 Dutch composer
George
Whitefield
Chadwick
1854 1931 American composer
Ernest
Chausson
1855 1899 French composer, influenced by Csar Franck and Richard
Wagner, seen as a bridge from them to Claude Debussy
Jean
Pietrapertosa
1855 1940 Italian-
French
composer and mandolin virtuoso
Anatoly Lyadov
Sergei Taneyev
Christian Sinding
Julius
Rntgen
1855 1932 German-
Dutch
composer, influenced by Johannes Brahms, close friend
to Edvard Grieg
Anatoly
Lyadov
1855 1914 Russian composer, teacher and
conductor
Arnold
Mendelssohn
1855 1933 German composer and music teacher
Stevan
Stojanovi
Mokranjac
1856 1914 Serbian composer
Giuseppe
Martucci
1856 1909 Italian composer and music teacher
Sergei
Taneyev
1856 1915 Russian composer, pianist and
music teacher
Christian
Sinding
1856 1941 Norwegian composer
Edward Elgar
Ruggero Leoncavallo
Edward
Elgar
1857 1934 English composer, wrote oratorios,
chamber music, concerti
and symphonies, best
known for his Enigma
Variations and his Pomp
and Circumstance Marches
Ccile
Chaminade
1857 1944 French composer and pianist
Ruggero
Leoncavallo
1857 1919 Italian opera composer, known
almost exclusively for
Pagliacci
Giacomo Puccini
Eugne Ysae
Giacomo
Puccini
1858 1924 Italian opera composer, known for
La bohme, Tosca and
Madama Butterfly
Eugne
Ysae
1858 1931 Belgian composer
Mikhail
Ippolitov-
Ivanov
1859 1935 Russian composer, conductor and teacher
Sergei
Lyapunov
1859 1924 Russian composer and pianist
Per Lasson 1859 1883 Norwegian composer, brother of Norwegian painter Oda Krohg
Robert
Tolinger
1859 1911 Czech-born
Serbian
composer and conductor
Romantic-era/20th-century classical composers (born 186080)
Name Date born
Date
died Nationality Comments
Isaac Albniz
Gustave Charpentier
Isaac Albniz 1860 1909 Spanish composer, known for
nationalist piano
works such as Iberia
and a 'set of 12 piano
pieces'
Valborg Aulin 1860 1928 Swedish pianist and composer
Gustave
Charpentier
1860 1956 French composer, best
known for his opera
Louise
Gustav Mahler
Edward MacDowell
Hugo Wolf
Gustav
Mahler
1860 1911 Austrian composer, one of the
most important late-
Romantic/early-
Modernist
composers, his works
include nine
innovative large-
scale and sometimes
programmatic
symphonies, and
many lieder
Edward
MacDowell
1860 1908 American composer, best
known for his piano
concertos and piano
suites, his works
include his most
popular short piece
"To a Wild Rose"
Hugo Wolf 1860 1903 Austrian composer of lieder,
influenced by
Richard Wagner
Ignacy Jan
Paderewski
1860 1941 Polish pianist and composer
Claude Debussy
Frederick Delius
Anton
Arensky
1861 1906 Russian composer, pianist and music teacher
Spyridon
Samaras
1861 1917 Greek opera composer, widely known for his
composition of the song "Olympic Hymn"
Wilhelm
Berger
1861 1911 German composer, pianist and conductor
Georgy
Catoire
1861 1926 Russian composer
Vclav Suk 1861 1933 Czech-born
Russian
composer, violinist and conductor
Claude
Debussy
1862 1918 French composer, one of the
most prominent
figures working within
the field of
Impressionist music,
best known for Clair
de Lune from Suite
bergamasque
Frederick
Delius
1862 1934 English composer, used
chromaticism in
many of his
compositions
Edward German
Pietro Mascagni
Edward
German
1862 1936 English composer of Welsh
descent, known for
his three comic
operas Merrie
England, A Princess
of Kensington and
Tom Jones
Alberto
Williams
1862 1952 Argentine composer and conductor
Pietro
Mascagni
1863 1945 Italian opera composer,
known for Cavalleria
Rusticana
Gabriel
Piern
1863 1937 French composer, conductor, and organist
Ricardo
Castro
1864 1907 Mexican composer, works include piano music
Alberto Nepomuceno
Clarence L. Partee
Alberto
Nepomuceno
1864 1920 Brazilian composer
Clarence L.
Partee
1864 1915 American composer for banjo,
mandolin and guitar
Guy Ropartz 1864 1955 French composer and conductor
Richard Strauss
Paul Dukas
Alexander Glazunov
Richard
Strauss
1864 1949 German composer, known for
Also Sprach
Zarathustra (based
on the book Thus
Spoke Zarathustra by
Friedrich Nietzsche),
wrote many tone
poems, operas and
lieder
Eduardo di
Capua
1865 1917 Italian composer, known for his song "O sole mio"
Paul Dukas 1865 1935 French composer, known for
his piece of program
music The Sorcerer's
Apprentice
Herbert J.
Ellis
1865 1903 English musician (banjo, mandolin and guitar), wrote
method books, more than 1000 compositions
Paul Gilson 1865 1942 Belgian musician and composer
Alexander
Glazunov
1865 1936 Russian composer, influenced
by Richard Wagner
and Franz Liszt
Albric Magnard
Carl Nielsen
Jean Sibelius
Albric
Magnard
1865 1914 French composer
Carl Nielsen 1865 1931 Danish composer, renowned
for his six
symphonies and
concerti
Jean Sibelius 1865 1957 Finnish nationalist composer
of seven
symphonies, known
for the symphonic
poem Finlandia and
Violin Concerto
Ferruccio Busoni
Ferruccio
Busoni
1866 1924 Italian composer and
pianist, known for his
opera Turandot and
his many
transcriptions and
arrangements of
Johann Sebastian
Bach
Francesco
Cilea
1866 1950 Italian composer, particularly known for his two operas
L'arlesiana and Adriana Lecouvreur
Vladimir
Rebikov
1866 1920 Russian composer and pianist
Erik Satie 1866 1925 French composer and pianist, best known for Les Trois
Gymnopdies
Johann
Strauss III
1866 1939 Austrian composer, son of Eduard Strauss
Samuel
Maykapar
1867 1938 Russian composer
Amy Beach
Enrique Granados
Amy Beach 1867 1944 American composer and pianist
Umberto
Giordano
1867 1948 Italian opera composer
Enrique
Granados
1867 1916 Spanish composer and
pianist, known for his
piano works and
chamber music
Wilhelm Peterson-Berger
Scott Joplin
Wilhelm
Peterson-
Berger
1867 1942 Swedish composer, wrote
symphonies, operas,
vocal and piano
music
Charles
Koechlin
1867 1950 French composer, teacher and writer on music
Scott Joplin c.
1867/1868
1917 American composer and pianist
known as "The
Ragtime King", best
known for Maple Leaf
Rag (1899) and The
Entertainer (1902)
Granville
Bantock
1868 1946 British composer
Hermann
Bischoff
1868 1936 German composer
Hamish
MacCunn
1868 1916 Scottish composer, conductor and teacher
Vittorio Monti 1868 1922 Italian composer, violinist and conductor, only famous for
Csrds
Juventino Rosas
Seth Weeks
Juventino
Rosas
1868 1894 Mexican composer, known for
his song "'Sobre las
Olas"
Jan Brandts
Buys
1868 1933 Dutch-
Austrian
composer
Tokichi
Setoguchi
1868 1941 Japanese composer, music educator, conductor and
clarinetist, famous for Warship March
Seth Weeks 1868 1953 American composer, music
educator, jazz
bandleader and
mandolinist
Demetrios
Lialios
1869 1940 Greek composer of chamber music
Julius Conus 1869 1942 Russian composer and violinist
Albert Roussel
Albert
Roussel
1869 1937 French composer
Zygmunt
Stojowski
1870 1946 Polish composer and pianist
Franz Lehr 1870 1948 Hungarian composer, mainly known for his operettas
Florent
Schmitt
1870 1958 French composer
Luigi von
Kunits
1870 1931 Serbian-
born
Austrian
composer and conductor, founder of the Pittsburg
and Toronto symphony orchestras
Guillaume
Lekeu
1870 1894 Belgian composer, known for his violin sonata
Giacomo
Balla
1871 1958 Italian futurist composer and artist
Henry
Kimball
Hadley
1871 1937 American composer and conductor, known for the opera
Cleopatra's Night
Oreste
Ravanello
1871 1938 Italian composer, known for works for choir and for organ
Wilhelm Stenhammar
Alexander von Zemlinsky
Hugo Alfvn
Wilhelm
Stenhammar
1871 1927 Swedish composer, conductor
and pianist
Alexander
von
Zemlinsky
1871 1942 Austrian composer and music
teacher, his students
include Arnold
Schoenberg and
Erich Wolfgang
Korngold
Stanislav
Biniki
1872 1942 Serbian Composer
Hugo Alfvn 1872 1960 Swedish composer, known for
Swedish Rhapsody,
works include choral
music, and five
symphonies
Julius Fuk
Alexander Scriabin
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Julius Fuk 1872 1916 Czech composer and conductor
of military bands, known
for Entrance of the
Gladiators
Rubin
Goldmark
1872 1936 American composer, pianist, educator and nephew of Karl
Goldmark
Alexander
Scriabin
1872 1915 Russian composer and
pianist, known for his
harmonically
adventurous piano
sonatas and
theatrical, orchestral
works
Ralph
Vaughan
Williams
1872 1958 English composer, his works
include nine
symphonies,
Fantasia on a Theme
by Thomas Tallis and
other orchestral
poems
Salvator
Lonardi
1872 1938 Italian composer, performer and teacher, known for
Souvenir de Catania, Souvenir de Napoli,
Souvenir de Sicile and Angeli e Demoni
William Henry
Bell
1873 1946 English composer, conductor and lecturer
Leo Fall 1873 1925 Austrian composer of operettas
Pascual
Marquina
Narro
1873 1948 Spanish prolific orchestral and operatic composer
Sergei Rachmaninoff
Gustav Holst
Sergei
Rachmaninoff
1873 1943 Russian composer, conductor
and virtuoso pianist,
wrote three
symphonies, four
piano concertos,
Rhapsody on a
Theme of Paganini
and solo piano music
Max Reger 1873 1916 German prolific composer, known for his Variations and
Fugue on a Theme by Mozart
Reynaldo
Hahn
1874 1947 Venezuelan composer, known for his strikingly beautiful and
unabashedly tonal melodies
Gustav Holst 1874 1934 English composer, best
known for his
orchestral suite The
Planets
Charles Ives 1874 1954 American composer, member of the American Five, best
known for The Unanswered Question and his
Concord Sonata
Arnold Schoenberg
Josef Suk
Arnold
Schoenberg
1874 1951 Austrian composer, whose
early works (e.g.
Verklrte Nacht) are
influenced by
Richard Wagner, but
subsequently
developed atonalism
and serialism with
such watershed
works as Moses und
Aron
Josef Suk 1874 1935 Czech composer and
violinist
Franz
Schmidt
1874 1939 Austrian composer, influenced by Anton Bruckner and
Johannes Brahms
Franco Alfano 1875 1954 Italian composer and pianist
Julin Carrillo 1875 1965 Mexican composer, conductor, violinist and music theorist
Samuel
Coleridge-
Taylor
1875 1912 English composer, known for his trilogy of cantatas The
Song of Hiawatha
Mikalojus
Konstantinas
iurlionis
1875 1911 Lithuanian painter and composer
Reinhold Glire
Albert Ketelbey
Reinhold
Glire
1875 1956 Russian composer
Albert
Ketelbey
1875 1959 English composer, conductor
and pianist
Fritz Kreisler 1875 1962 Austrian composer and violinist
Maurice Ravel
Manuel de Falla
Maurice
Ravel
1875 1937 French composer, best
known for Bolro
Henriette
Reni
1875 1956 French harpist and composer
Edgar Bara 1876 1962 French mandolinist and composer, conducted mandolin
orchestra
John Alden
Carpenter
1876 1951 American composer
Manuel de
Falla
1876 1946 Spanish composer, best
known for The Three-
Cornered Hat
Mieczysaw Karowicz
Carl Ruggles
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari
Mieczysaw
Karowicz
1876 1909 Polish composer, his style is
of late-Romantic and
nationalist character
Filippo
Tommaso
Marinetti
1876 1944 Italian futurist composer, poet, and editor
Fermo Dante
Marchetti
1876 1940 Italian composer, best known for the song "Fascination"
Ludolf
Nielsen
1876 1939 Danish composer, violinist, conductor and pianist
Carl Ruggles 1876 1971 American composer, painter
and the member of
the American Five,
best known for his
orchestral work Sun-
Treader
Ermanno
Wolf-Ferrari
1876 1948 Italian composer and music
teacher, known for
his comic operas
Petar Krsti 1877 1957 composer
and
conductor
Gabriel Dupont
Frank Bridge
Antonio
Russolo
1877 1942 Italian futurist composer and brother of Luigi Russolo
Elisabeth
Kuyper
1877 1953 Dutch composer and conductor
Ern
Dohnnyi
1877 1960 Hungarian conductor, composer and pianist
Isidor Baji 1878 1915 Serbian composer, conductor, pedagogue and publisher
Gabriel
Dupont
1878 1914 French composer, known for
his operas and
chamber music
Joseph
Holbrooke
1878 1958 English composer, conductor and pianist
Franz
Schreker
1878 1934 Austrian conductor, composer and music teacher, primarily
a composer of operas
Frank Bridge 1879 1941 English composer, best
known as the teacher
of Benjamin Britten;
compositions include
Oration for cello and
orchestra, The Sea
for orchestra and four
string quartets
Viggo
Brodersen
1879 1965 Danish composer and pianist
Joseph Canteloube
Ottorino Respighi
Joseph
Canteloube
1879 1957 French composer, primarily
known for Chants
d'Auvergne
Hamilton
Harty
1879 1941 Irish composer and conductor, best known for An Irish
Symphony
John Ireland 1879 1962 English composer, whose Piano Concerto is
representative
Alma Mahler 1879 1964 Austrian composer and wife of Gustav Mahler
Otto Olsson 1879 1964 Swedish composer
Ottorino
Respighi
1879 1936 Italian composer, known for
his two symphonic
poems The
Fountains of Rome
and The Pines of
Rome
Rudolf Sieczyski
Rentar Taki
Ernest Bloch
Rudolf
Sieczyski
1879 1952 Austrian composer
Cyril Scott 1879 1970 English composer, writer and poet
Rentar Taki 1879 1903 Japanese composer and pianist
Ernest Bloch 1880 1959 Swiss-born
American
composer, best
known for Schelomo
for cello and
orchestra
Edgar
Thomas
Cook
1880 1953 English organist and composer
John Foulds 1880 1939 English composer
Jan Kubelk 1880 1940 Czech violinist and composer
Nikolai Medtner
Nikolai
Medtner
1880 1951 Russian composer, known for
his piano sonatas
and concerti
Ildebrando
Pizzetti
1880 1968 Italian composer, best known for his opera Assassinio
nella cattedrale
Francesco
Balilla
Pratella
1880 1955 Italian futurist composer and musicologist
Timeline
See also
List of Renaissance composers
List of Baroque composers
List of Classical era composers
List of classical music composers by era
List of 20th-century classical composers by birth date
List of piano composers
References
Notes
1. ^ Classical Net
Sources
Classical Net, Timeline of Major Composers 1600-Present (PDF), retrieved 2009-05-06 from
Classical Net - Composers and Their Works - Timelines
Classical Composers Database: Composers timeline (1800-1900). Retrieved 5 July 2006.
Machlis, Joseph and Forney, Kristine. The Enjoyment of Music: Seventh Edition, W.W. Norton &
Company, 1995, ISBN 0-393-96643-7
Moss, Charles K. Claude Debussy and Impressionism at the Wayback Machine (archived
February 9, 2008). Retrieved 17 January 2009.
Sadie, Julie Anne and Rhian Samuel. The Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers, W.W.
Norton & Company, 1995, ISBN 0-333-51598-6
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