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Expected Descriptive Questions for IAS main

Exam
These questions are very usefull for Civil Services and others UPSC exams as well as State Civil Services exams.
This section will be update from 20th September, 2013 to December 31, 2013. You can take advantage of these
question through practice for your forthcoming examinations.
Sample Questions
TOPIC : INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Question No -1 : Discuss the meaning and scope of international relations.
Question No -2 : Enumerate the patterns of global terrorism.
Question No -3 : What is disarmament ? What measures have been taken by the International community to
achieve it ?
Question No -4 : Critically analyse the impact of the New International Information Order on the international politics.
Question No -5 : Critically evaluate the concept of imperialism.
Question No -6 : Assess the features of Vienna Declaration on Human Rights.
Question No -7 : Discuss the impact of Bolshevik revolution on international politics.
Question No -8 : Analyse the causes for the outbreak of World War II.
Question No -9 : Explain the characteristics of the third world countries.
Question No -10 : Critically examine the achievements of the SAARC.
Question No -11 : Discuss the significant developments in the field of international economy after the Post-Bretton
woods period.
Short Notes on the fallowing :
(a) Dependency Approach.
(b) The Rebirth of the Cold War
(c) The IMF'
(d) Sustainable Development
Test Questions - 1
TOPIC : INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Analyse the role of business groups in shaping India's foreign policy.
2. Examine the major foreign policy developments during the NDA government.
3. Critically examine India-Russia relations in the post-cold war period.
4. Describe the basic characteristics of the South Asian regional state system. Give suitable examples.
5. Examine India's policy towards West Asian countries bringing out political economic and strategic interests.
6. Critically examine the role of Multinational Corporations in contemporary international economic relations.
7. Indo-US relations in the post-cold war period.
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8. Examine India's position on the issues of human rights at the United Nations.
9. Significance of Iran for India's relations with Central Asia Nehruvian Consensus.
10. Assess the role of :
(i) Prime Ministers Office (PMO) and National Security Council (NSC) in shaping India's foreign policy.
(ii) Role of NGO's in promoting and protecting human rights.
Test Questions - 2
TOPIC : ECONOMY
1. Discuss the nature of rural and urban economy as it existed in British India. How would you describe the status of
its development during the early 20th century.
2. Explain the role of population in economic development.
3. How does foreign trade contribute to economic development ? What could be the major 'barriers to trade' in
obstructing its role as an 'engine of growth' to an economy ?
4. Briefly outline any three determinants of economic development.
5. Outline the areas of deficiency in the planning process in India which taken together amount to 'failures of
planning'.
6. Explain the importance of agriculture in Indian economy.
7. Explain briefly the causes of unemployment in India.
8. Explain the concept of liberalisation. What are its gains ?
9. Outline briefly the specific problems faced by the Indian economy that necessitated the introduction of economic
reforms.
10. What do you understand by the 'concept of industrialisation ? What role was assigned to the public sector in
India's growth process ?
Test Questions - 3
RELATED TO ADMINISTRATION
1. Define development administration and discuss its genesis and scope.
2. Discuss the rationale of District Planning & highlight the role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in local planning.
3. Define bureaucracy and discuss its expanding role.
4. Define Public Enterprises and discuss the features of Departmental undertaking and statutory corporation.
5. Discuss the functions of the planning commission.
6. 'Growth and significance of Public and Private sectors is the essence of mixed economy'. Discuss.
7. Write a note on Grass roots planning in India.
8. 'Social background of bureaucracy affects administration'. Discuss.
9. Define decentralization and discuss its needs.
10. Critically examine the problems faced by Panchayati Raj Institution.
11. 'Voluntary Agencies' play an important role in development'. Discuss with reference to the methods of voluntary
action.
12. Highlight the major problems faced by Public sector in India.
13. Discuss the need of Planning.
14. Write a note on the problems of bureaucratisation.
15. What do you understand by Political heritage ?
16. Define Organizational Development.
Test Questions - 4
INDIAN ECONOMY
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1. What do you understand by Dematerialisation Of securities ? Explain the procedure adopted for this purpose
and its advantages. Who can sponsor a securities depository in India ? Discuss.
2. What is meant by Statutory Liquidity Ratio? Why are commercial banks required to maintain it ? Explain the
provision of section 24 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 in this regard, India prescribed restrictions on the
investments made by Mutual funds ? Give details of such restrictions.
4. Briefly discuss the main functions, organisational structure and financing schemes of International Finance
Corporation. How does the International Development Association differ from the International Finance Corporation
? Discuss.
5. What do you understand by Non-Performing Assets of a bank ? Describe the sub-classification of such assets.
Why are provisions required to be made for such assets ? Give details of such provisions.
6. What is meant by Insider Trading ? What restrictions have been imposed on insider trading by Securities and
Exchange Board of India and why ?
7. Distinguish between any three of the following :
(a) Bank rate and Repo rate
(b) Cash Credits and Term Loans
(c) Commercial Banking and Development Banking
(d) Closed - end schemes and open-end schemes of Mutual funds.
8. What do you understand by Term Structure of Interest Rates ? Explain the Liquidity Preference Theory.
9. Explain any three of the following :
(a) Supplier's Credit and Buyer's Credit
(b) Priority Sector Advances
(c) Selective Credit Controls
(d) Special Drawing Rights
(e) Nationalised Banks
Test Questions - 5
INDIAN POLITY
1. Analyse the impact of colonialism on the Indian peasantry.
2. Critically examine the essential features of the constitution of India.
3. Discuss the features of the parliamentary system of government.
4. Compare the main features of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
5. Discuss the factors which led to the growth of modern industry in India.
6. Analyse the composition of the Constituent Assembly.
7. What were the essential features of the Government of India Act of 1935 ? Explain.
8. Discuss the states reorganisation of 1956.
9. Why do we call certain parties as regional parties ? Explain.
10. Evaluate the role of women in the social movements in India.
11. Comment on the cultural impact of globalisation in India.
12. What are the main challenges to secularism ? Explain.
13. Write short notes on any two of the following in about 100 words each. Each part carries 6 marks.
(a) The Finance Commission
(b) The Right to Freedom.
(c) Election Commission.
(d) Communalism.
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Test Questions - 6
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
1. Critically evaluate the Fei Ranis labour surplus economy model. How do Fei and Ranis distinguish between
redundant labour and surplus labour ? What are model's implications in terms of balanced growth ?
2. Explain the concept of export-driven model of economic development. Critically evaluate the experience of Asian
tigers in this regard.
3. What is market socialism ? Explain the Lange model of market socialism.
4. Explain the role of technology in enhancing the growth and overall economic performance. Examine the special
place of information technology in this context.
5. Explain the impact of economic reforms on trade and investment in India.
6. What is present global trading system ? Explain.
7. What is the difference between neoclassical growth theory and new growth theory when both incorporate the
fact of technological progress ?
8. What do you think of population rise in the context of development ?
9. Write a note on globalisation and the African Development experience.
10. Distinguish between any three pair of the following.
(a) Hicks neutrality and Harrod neutrality of technological progress.
(b) classical economics and nen-classical economics.
(c) Finance capitalism and monopoly capitalism.
(d) Capitalism and Mercantilism.
(e) Competitive advantage and comparative advantage.
11. Attempt any three of the following.
(a) Global economic depression.
(b) WTO.
(c) G-7 (Group of Seven).
(d) Socialist economy.
(e) Underdevelopment.
Test Questions - 7
SOCIETY
1. Discuss the evolution of social work and social service tradition in India.
2. Discuss the generic principles of social work.
3. Define social change. Discuss the role of social change in formation of social attitude and social values.
4. Discuss the significance of psycho-sexual stages for development of human personality as stated by Freud.
5. Answer any two of the following in about 250 words each :
(a) Compare the concept and characteristics of social movement and social reform.
(b) Explain the reasons for the need for ethical behaviour in social work.
(c) Discuss any three types of defence mechanisms giving examples.
(d) Enlist the relevance of social psychology for social workers.
6. Answer any four of the following in about 150 words each :
(a) The concept of social justice.
(b) Scope of social work.
(c) Social welfare in the tenth plan.
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(d) Primary groups and secondary groups.
(e) Functional approach to the family.
(f) Characteristic's of Indian caste system.
7. Write short notes on any five of the following in about 100 words each :
(a) Charity
(b) Social security
(c) Socialisation
(d) Civil society
(e) Social control
(f) Social perception
(g) Schizophrenia
(h) Propaganda
Test Questions - 8
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
1. Discuss the major types of fire that occur in India.
2. Explain the importance and essential requirements of Search and Rescue (S & R).
3. Write a note on purification methods of drinking water.
4. Highlight important measures to restore 25 agricultural activities in the aftermath of disasters.
5. Highlight the lessons learnt from past experiences of earthquakes in India.
6. What issues at the national, regional and local levels play an important role in land - use zoning for disaster
management ?
7. Explain livestock problems in a disaster situation.
8. Define disaster medicine and explain its Mandatory components to be followed during disasters.
9. Discuss the traditional methods of construction of buildings.
10. Explain the components, significance and types of evaluation.
Test Questions - 9
INDIA & WORLD
1. Describe the major determinants of the Indian foreign policy.
2. Social movements and private business both influence the making of Indian foreign policy. Comment.
3. Discuss India's foreign policy under Jawaharlal Nehru.
4. Make a historical survey of India - China relations.
5. Discuss India's economic and trade relations with Latin America and the Caribbean.
6. Realist approach to the study of Indian foreign policy.
7. India's relations with Nepal
8. Highlight the importance of India's economic relations with ASEAN.
9. India - Israel relations
10. India and GCC
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