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Reaction Quotient

Name: ___________________
Directions: For questions 1 - 6:
a) show the set up and calculation of the reaction quotient (Q).
b) predict whether the reaction will shift right (toward more products), left (toward more reactants),
or not shift (already at equilibrium).

1) According to the following reaction, 0.10 M nitrogen gas is mixed with 0.20 M hydrogen gas and
0.0039 M ammonia gas: N
2
(g) + 3 H
2
(g) ! 2 NH
3
(g). The K
eq
for the reaction is 0.0602.









2) Using the above reaction, 1.63 M ammonia gas, 3.00 M hydrogen gas and 1.00 M nitrogen gas are
mixed.









3) The following reaction has an equilibrium constant of 4.34. A 1.2 M sulfur dioxide gas and a 2.0
M oxygen gas are mixed with a 3.0 M sulfur trioxide gas: 2 SO
2
(g) + O
2
(g) ! 2 SO
3
(g)









4) After a period of time, the concentrations in question number 3 change. The new concentrations
of the gases are 1.0 M for both of the reactants and 2.5 M for the product.







5) PCl
5
(g) ! PCl
3
(g) + Cl
2
(g): Suppose that 0.19 M concentrations of the products are added to
0.040 M concentration of the reactant. If the K
eq
= 0.903, will the reaction head toward the reactants
or the products?








6) 4 NH
3
(g) + 5 O
2
(g) ! 6 H
2
O (g) + 4 NO (g), K
eq
= 12.4. Which direction will the equilibrium shift if
a flask were mixed with the following concentrations: [NH
3
] = 0.35 M, [O
2
] = 0.50 M, [H
2
O] = 0.75 M
and [NO] = 0.45 M?








7) Predict the direction of the shift in equilibrium as to the right (to make more product), to the left
(to make more reactant) or no change for the following changes applied to the system:
2 SO
2
(g) + O
2
(g) ! 2 SO
3
(g)

a) Oxygen is added to the reaction.




b) SO
3
is added to the reaction.



c) SO
3
is removed from the reaction.




d) SO
2
is added to the reaction.




8) Consider the following reaction: Carbonated beverages contain carbonic acid in solution which is
involved in the following equilibrium:
H
2
CO
3
(aq) + heat ! H
2
O (l) + CO
2
(g)

What changes would occur in a carbonated drink when:

a) The temperature is increased?




b) The temperature is decreased?


c) The pressure is increased?




d) The volume is increased?




9) Consider the following reaction: 2 N
2
O
5
(g) + heat ! 4 NO
2
(g) + O
2
(g); What changes would
occur when
a) The pressure is decreased?




b) NO
2
is removed from the system?




c) The volume is decreased?






d) The temperature is increased?




e) Oxygen is added to the system?




f) Heat is removed from the system by cooling?