Sie sind auf Seite 1von 40


NEW home of
Our mailing address is the same .

DESERT Magazine 7 4 1 0 9 LARREA

Palm Desert, California 92260

(Site of New \
When you come to see us, Safeway \
Shopping \
or to visil our nice book shop,
Center) \
be sure to come to our


Wtiftlake. • .
FOLLOWING THE PUBLICATION of the May issue we felt we had
been hit on the head by The Balanced Rock in Arches National Monu-
CONTENTS ment near Moab, Utah. Many sharp-eyed readers informed us the
spectacular two-page color photograph in the center of the May issue
was The Balanced Rock and not Monument Valley as the caption
Volume 28 Number 6 stated. We realized the mistake as soon as we saw the first copy. We
do have a photograph of Monument Valley and somehow the printers
June, 1965 used the wrong picture. So if you want to see The Balanced Rock be
sure to go to Moab, Utah. We will print the Monument Valley photo-
graph later.
This Month's Cover
Oak Creek, Arizona


4 New Books for DESERT Readers
Elta Shively Al Merryman Rose Holly Marvel Barrett Lois Dougan
6 Saint or Sinner? Executive Secretary Staff Artist Circulation Business Subscriptions
By BOB and JAN YOUNG Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. 92260 Telephone 346-8144
8 Odd Form or Art Form? National Advertising Representative
3959 W. Sixth Street. Los Angeles, Calif. 90005 Telephone 387-71X1
10 Big Fun at Little Lake
DESERT is published monthly by Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. Second Class Postage paid at
By DOROTHY ROBERTSON Palm Desert, Calif., and at additional mailing offices under Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered
No. 358865 in U.S. Patent Office, and contents copyrighted 1965 by Desert Magazine. Unsolicited
manuscripts and photographs cannot be returned or acknowledged unless full return postage is enclosed.
12 Searchlight, Nevada Permission to reproduce contents must be secured from the editor in writing. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE:
By ROYCE ROLLINS $5.00 per year in U.S., Canada and Mexico. $5.75 elsewhere. Allow five weeks for change of address.
Be sure to send both old and new address.

16 Just Below the Border


20 The Man Who Came First


26 Shorty's Sorrow NAME

ADDRF<;<; 7IP rnnF
28 Monsters of the West • SEND GIFT SUBSCRIPTION TO:
29 Mysterious Woodpile
31 Desert Dispensary

32 Where to Order Maps ADDRESS

33 Archeology in the Desert

34 DESERT Cookery
By LUCILLE I. CARLESON Sign Gift Card: "From . "

One Year $5.00 Two Years $9.50 Three Years $13.00

35 Ghost Town (Or 2 One Years) (Or Three One Years)
38 Letters from our Readers (includes tax and postage)

39 Photo Contest Date Binder(s) with Year(s) . • Undated

Contains All the Best Experience and Ideas
Gleaned From 17 Years of the
This is the fastest


California Career of Thomas Robert CALIFORNIA
Any ftockhound
Ever Wanted To
Bard Reprinted from a report of the
Know . . . All In By W. H. Hutchinson State Mineralogist of 1893, this in-
One Book1. teresting paperback is limited to
This boxed, two-volume book re- 1000 copies. Areas covered are all
• 240 PAGES counts the life of one of the giants desert-mountain-coastal areas includ-
• 160 TITLES ON $395 of West Coast business and politics. ing the Calicos, San Gabriels, Salton
POSTPAID One January in 1865 a 24-year-old Sea area, Colorado River district and
($4.11 IN CALIF.)
Civil War railroader arrived in San southern counties. Fault systems of
This book has been 1 sensational s e l l e r . . . over 16.500 copies sold in the
first three months alter publication. Now in third printing. Contains com-
Francisco. Fifty years later the Hon- important lodes and geological maps
plete gem cutting instruction for everyone from the beginner to the more
advanced . . . ten chapters on GEM CUTTING INSTRUCTION FOR THE-BEGIN-
orable Thomas R. Bard, former U.S. and studies are presented from a time
NER; SAWING; GRINDING; SANDING; POLISHING; DIAMOND TOOLS; DRILLING; senator from California, was buried in when things were popping in these
VIDUAL GEMSTONES and 6EM0L0GY FOR THE AMATEUR. HUNDREDS OF ILLUS- the luxurious garden of his home. Be- areas in the mining industry. Any-
TRATIONS AND DRAWINGS . . . HOW-TO-MAKE YOUR OWN EQUIPMENT. tween those times, the ripples he set one scouting Southern California for
FREE: 4 8 - P A G E B O O K LIST in motion are still compounding. Im- old mines, camps, bottles or any other
in stock over 170 gem and mineral, fossil, silvercraft
portant and colorful California names reason will find data published in
and trail guide books for all ages. Send for our BOOK of this era are brought into the nar- this reprint that may not be found
LIST... It's FREE!
rative—Hearst, Pioche, Pringle, Ca- elsewhere. Used with imagination,
< net subscribe now
$5 25 f o r 12 ISSUES
- brillo, to name a few—and vivid this book can provide both fun and
not mvjcrwe now . . .
iH „ s o n d POSSESSIONS
character portraits are painted in de- information. DESERT has reserved
WORLD'S tail. This book was an ambitious about half of the 1000 of this limited
LARGEST undertaking and the subjects—land, edition for its readers and we recom-
GEM oil and politics—as they applied to the mend it. $2.50.
CUTTING life of Tom Bard leave little of Cali-
MAGAZINE fornia's history untouched. Two vol-
umes, boxed, 368 and 392 pages, il- Books reviewed may be ordered
lustrated, maps, bibliography. $11.95. from the DESERT Magazine Book
Order Department, Palm Desert
California 92260. Please include
MODERN PLANTS IN HIS PACK 25c for handling. California resi-
MINERAL By Janice J. Beaty dents must add 4% sales tax.
PROCESSING Enclose payment with order.
This is a "first book" by one of
DESERT's popular young writers.
Over 100 flowsheets It's the story of Edward Palmer, a THE WESTERN HERO
-data on over 200 important
minerals-mill designs, metallurgical summaries.
long-forgotten scientific collector who By Kent Ladd Steckmesser
A one-volume encyclopedia! Year's most useful dedicated his life to gathering plants,
book! Available in two editions: Deluxe edition animals, birds and Indian artifacts In analyzing the processes by which
$10.00; student's edition $6.60 per copy (plus post-
from Western frontiers and Mexico. heroes are created, this author dug
age). Unconditional money-back guarantee. Book
sent postpaid anywhere in the world, if payment He was the first scientist to explore up old newspaper accounts and re-
accompanies order. Mail order to:
remote Guadalupe Island off Baja liable records about the escapades of
Technical Publication Dept. D M
California and dig into the ancient Wild Bill Hickok, Kit Carson, Bill
Denver Equipment Co.
1400 - 17th St., Denver, Colorado B0217 Indian ruins of Utah and Arizona. Cody, Billy the Kid and other villains
and heroes of the West and further
In spite of a brilliant career, Pal- analyzed the report in order to get
mer was posthumously known as a true story. Then he put the rumors
R little more than a "nice old man who and publicity all back together again
puttered around the Smithsonian" so today's reader could share in the
A until a botanist for the Department fun of seeing legends in the making.
At lost! An all-weather, C of Agriculture came across a plant in The system really works and by ap-
completely enclosed lug-
the National Herbarium collected by plying it to today's colorful person-
gage compartment for
your luggage rack. Travel K Palmer. In order to acquire more in- alities you can predict pretty well
with safety and com-
fort. No more flying, formation, he chased down a com- those who will shine tomorrow.
flapping canvas. Self-
contained reinforced R plete set of Palmer's notes. This in-
In concluding his study of what
straps. Just fasten down terested him, but what of the man
straps to luggage rack
rail and forget about
E himself? That required a lot of de- makes the American hero, Steckmes-
rain-dust-sleet and snow! G tective work, but the results finally ser finds that courage, self-reliance
From $39.95. Write for
found their way into this book. and physical prowess rate high and
free brochure.
E much of the heroes' appeal seems to
GR 33479 N Hardcover, 182 pages, it is illus- be connected with a sentimental nos-
trated with fine drawings by Joan talgia for the freedom of a vanished
11008 W. Pico Blvd.
West Los Angeles, T Berg. Recommended for y o u n g frontier. "The gigantic figure of the
California 90064
adults. $3.75. legendary hero standing in bold re-
4 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965
lief against a picturesque backdrop
represents the perennial drama of NEW—Just Off the Press !
man facing the unknown." "HIGH
He also found that the basic ap-
peal of legendary heroes is that they ADVENTURE"
HISTORY AFIELD served good causes and, because Am- For All Lovers of Adventure-Travel
ericans generally cast themselves in By ODMUND HYDLE
To striking, marked PANORAMAS and maps idealistic roles, they are able to iden- OVER 100 PAGES — 16 BEAUTIFUL
esp, S. W., appealing human interest is con- tify with heroic representatives of a LIVES UP TO ITS NAME !
cisely added. 200 pp., cloth, postpd. $2. national character. Seven thrilling chapters by a long-time Sierra
Check, N.Y. draft or cash regd. to: Illustrated with old prints and bill- Club member, who takes you through the scenic
B. F. Johnson, Poste A. Admon. Correos 31 beauties of the West.
Esquina Balderas y Ayuntamiento
board photos, the book also has a
City of Mexico good bibliography and index. Hard- $2.50 PER COPY
cover, 279 pages. $5.95. Other books by the author:
Book Catalogue now available at Desert
GHOST TOWN GUIDE Magazine Book Shop, Palm Desert, Calif.
SPECIAL — for a limited time only, the above
3 books for only $5.00
New guide to over 100 California ghost towns ORDER TODAY
Unique and authentic guide to over 100
ghost towns in California's deserts and moun- GOLDEN CHECKERBOARD O. L. HYDLE PUBLICATIONS
tains with complete directions on how to P. O. Box 476 Sunland, Calif. 91040
reach them. Shows you the way to little- By Ed Ainsworth
known and intrigue-filled towns that provide
hours of interest for those seeking buried This fast-moving, up-to-date book
treasures, old guns, western relics, purple
bottles aged by the sun, and antique objects.
about the Cahuilla Indians of Palm
Satisfaction guaranteed or monev back. Springs, the richest Indian tribe in
Order Now! Only $1.95 the world, tells how a happy solution Lowest Photo Print Prices
A. L. ABBOTT was finally achieved in the use and
Dept. D-16 disposition of Indian lands after a Highest Quality
1513 West Romneya Drive — Anaheim, Calif.
half-century of selfishness and des- Dev. & print 8 Jumbo prints
pair. The author tells his dramatic from Kodacolor film $1.78
story authoritatively, but with a light Dev. & print 12 Jumbo prints
GHOST TOWNS hand which makes for entertaining from Kodacolor film $2.42
reading. Prominent desert dwellers Dev. & print 12 Jumbo prints and
AND GOLD played important roles in solving the new roll of Kodacolor film $3.30
LEARN ABOUT THE COLORFUL GHOST Indian land dilemma—Judge Hilton Reprints from Kodacolor negs $ .16
TOWNS OF THE WEST - DIRECTORY CON- McCabe, Floyd Odium, David Sallee
TAINS INFORMATION ON OVER 340 GHOST Send for price sheets
among them. Indians of the Agua
and envelopes
INSTRUCTIONS ON PANNING GOLD. Caliente band, both of the present
PRICE: $1.00 and of the past, are described with All other
WRITE TO: sensitivity and understanding. This Photo prices are
PIERCE PUBLISHING COMPANY is a good gift or reference book for comparably low
BOX 5221
Palm Springs devotees. Hardcover.
ABILENE, TEXAS 195 pages. Forward written by Jus- MARKET BASKET PHOTO CO.
tice Tom C. Clark of the Supreme P. O. Box 370, Yuma, Arizona or
P. 0. Box 2830, San Diego, California
Court. $6.00.
The fantastic adventures of American fami-
lies driving from South Africa to the Medi-
terranean Sea towing self-contained trailers
as homes for the seven-month journey. How
they found food, built roads, tended the sick
fl/ie ^esenfs finest
and repaired equipment on this incredible
safari. Complete with maps and 60 pictures.
Pufetrmed by Caxton.
Shade j/iee
ONLY $6.95
Include 25c for postage and handling. • ^ • ' ^ • ' • s •->*•"

California residents add 4% sales tax.

Order from CHILEAN MESQUITE d m •
11820 Mayes Drive (Prosopis Chilensis) ,,^0
Whittier, California
Only $4.00 Mm * y j q f i
Order a
Desert-Southwest Book Catalog Long Lived • Fast Growing • Evergreen Leaves Year 'Round • Transplant Year 'Round, Best
More than 75 Southwestern titles. His- In Winter • Leaves Never Drop • Container Grown • Deep Rooted • Impervious to Disease.'
tory, lost mines, Indian lore, adventure,
gunmen, nature subjects, art of the area, 3 to 4 Foot Trees Only $4.00—Up to 7 Feet 50 cents per foot additional
guide books, travel, ghost towns, desert SPECIAL PRICES IN LARGE QUANTITIES
LEO BAUMSTARK, 37974 Vineland Avenue, Cherry Valley, California 92223
For your free Desert-Southwest Book
Area Code 714 BEAUMONT 845-1936
Catalog, send your name and address to:
(Located 3 miles north of Beaumont, Calif, on Beaumont Avenue,
Desert-Southwest Book Store just off the San Bernardino Freeway.)
P.O. Box 757 Palm Desert, California (F.O.B. Beaumont, Small Mail Shipping Charge)

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 5

JOME SEE in it a spiritual light, credit its common name, Joshua, to where trees were actually humans in
with its twisted arms reaching to- Mormon pioneers who were reminded eternal torment. Despite their con-
ward heaven. Others, such as explor- of Joshua, the Hebrew leader, who volutions, the trees average 15 to 35
er John C. Fremont, regard it as held his arms upward in beseeching feet in height, and some reach 50
" . . . stiff and ungraceful . . . the victory in battle. The Book of Exo- feet. After being seeded by vagrant
most repulsive tree in the vegetable dus says that it was Moses who held desert winds, the shoot is an impu-
kingdom." up his arms, however, not Joshua, dent stem which eventually forks at
But this desert tree, a member of so another explanation seems needed. the tip, forks and forks again, bear-
the lily family, has found wide uses ing green leaves only at the extreme
Perhaps it may be found in the ends. Through a curious self-prun-
by man, animal, bird, and reptile- unrest of 1857 when the Mormons ing process, the lowest leaves wither
ranging from fibres, dyes, food, nests, and the United States differed. To and fall away, leaving a scarred,
weapons and once even an instru- consolidate his armed forces, Brig- gnarled old trunk which, because it
ment to cheat land buyers! ham Young recalled an outpost of lacks growth rings, defies dating.
First mention of the strange trees Saints from San Bernardino. Since Hence desert enthusiasts credit it
was recorded by Captain Pedro Fages most of these pioneers had arrived by with age not always its due, though
in 1772 when he saw them while in sea, few knew the way to Zion. As it does attain magnificent stands
pursuit of deserters who had led him they moved into the desert through with trunks 4 feet in diameter in
into the Antelope Valley. Fages set Cajon Pass the distended grotesquely high desert sections of Nevada, Ari-
them down at "date palms." About pointing arms of the curious tree zona, Utah and California.
70 years later, Fremont, also crossing might have suggested a latter-day
the Mojave desert, encountered the Joshua showing the way, an idea fos- Naturally the Yankee couldn't see
trees and called them "repulsive." tered in the Book of Mormon. such forests go to waste, so set about
making use of them. The soft fibrous
This curious plant's scientific name When limned by waning sun, con- wood didn't lend itself to use as lum-
is yucca brevifolia (which refers to tortions of the Joshua's limbs bring ber nor fuel, but finally a visionary
its short leaves), but most historians to mind Dante's enchanted forest built a small pulp mill in Soledad
6 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965
Pass to manufacture paper from the spiny leaves to guard their homes.
trunks. A few editions of the London Perhaps more fascinating is the APACHE LAND
Daily Telegraph were printed on the cycle of the Yucca moth and its pol-
stock, but it proved too expensive for lination of the flowers, which is the BEAUTIFUL
large commercial use. complete symbiosis between flower SCENERY
Panamint Indians of Death Valley and insect. Yucca flowers appear to FISHING
be completely dependent upon the HUNTING
use the flower buds which occur
moth for fertilization. FREE
within a rosette of stiff leaves—a sort CAMP GROUNDS
of desert cauliflower—for food. Draw- Long before the benefits of Sou- MODERN CABINS
ing the leaves over the bud, they thern California were appreciated
twist and snap, then discard the throughout the world, there were a Vacation Land
leaves and roast the bud in hot coals. people who lived without shame or
It is sugary and nutritious. Its seeds sweat, principally by selling real es- to Remember
and dried fruit are milled into tate to guileless rubberneckers from
flour and become an important bar- the East. These rascals, with a gleam
ter item between tribes. Early In- in their eye, a cheery note in their
dians also used pigments from a red voices and a touch of larceny in their
strand taken from the inner bark of hearts, promoted "Widneyville by
the Joshua rootlets to dye baskets. the Desert," which they modestly
Joshuas have no great tap or inter- claimed to be no less than a modern
Elysium. Cement sidewalks w e r e

locking root system and many topple
over from moderate desert zephyrs. poured, spur lines laid and townsites
Though the tree is considered a nor- cut uj) into lots. As a final touch, a
mal desert flora, its distribution is little judicious trimming and prun-
erratic and found only where there ing was applied to the Joshua trees
and on each spine and spike a cull The White Mountain Apache Indians welcome you.
is usually 10 to 15 inches of moisture Come and enjoy the wonderful mountain climate,
available to supply its thirsty roots. orange impaled. "These beautiful
the beautiful primitive scenery, clear, cold streams
Thriving in areas where it is often trees, so prolific of oranges, are a and the best trout fishing in the Southwest.
the only tree, the Joshua is frequently natural growth," the spieler said.
the center of desert life. Flickers and "Their fruit will grow as big as pump- FOR INFORMATION AND MAPS, WRITE
woodpeckers drill its trunk for nests
Joshua trees are many things to WHITE MOUNTAIN
and when they are abandoned, owls,
wrens and fly-catchers take over. The many people, but that was the only RECREATION ENTERPRISE
Scott oriole suspends its nest from time they evfir produced pumpkin- P.O. BOX 218
branches and wood rats gnaw its sized citrus fruit! /// WHITERIVER, ARIZONA


The unique hydraulic mechanism which raises the The Alaskan Camper is quickly transformed from the comfort and convenience of a weathertight,
camper top can be safely operated even by a small its compact low silhouette on the road to roomy high ceiling, home away from home complete with
child. Locks prevent accidental lowering. The top walk-in living quarters. Drive safely at any speed three burner stove, sink, cabinets, ice box, beds,
is lowered quickly by the simple turn of a valve. with minimum drag and sway. Moments later,enjoy and many other luxury features. EVERY NEW
Write today to the factory nearest you for free folder describing the most advanced camper on the road.
R. 0. HAH MFG. INC., 9847 Glenoaks Blvd., Sun Valley (San Fernando Valley), MOBILE LIVING PRODUCTS (B.C.) LTD., P.O. Box 548, Red Deer, Alberta, Dept. D
California, Dept. D MOBILE LIVING PRODUCTS (B.C.) LTD., (Sales Office Only),
CAMPERS, INC., 6410 South 143rd Street, (Tukwila), Seattle, Washington, Dept. D 500 • 20th St., New Westminster, B.C., Dept. D
PENNACAMP, INC., 401 West End Ave., Manheim, Penna., Dept. D R. D. HALL MFG., INC., Texas Division.5761 Cullen Blvd., Houston, Texas, Dept. D
CANADIAN CAMPERS, 77 Pelham Ave., Toronto 9, Ontario, Canada, Dept. D FORT LUPTON CAMPERS, 420 Denver Ave., Fort Lupton, Colorado, Dept. D

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 7

Six toes at Chaco Canyon in New
WiU With*™'
TAG-A-LONG Art Fotm i
—Completely Air Conditioned—
Now furnishing a variety of tour-
Odd Form? ~)
guide services into the fabulous
Canyonlands of Southeastern Utah,
including: by Lynn and Willis Kinneat
Grand, San Juan, Emery, Wayne, 1
Garfield and Kane Counties
FIRST encounter with the
• •

six-toed people of the Southwest oc-

NATIONAL PARK cured alter a chance conversation
with a ranger at Pueblo Bonito, the more impressed after we came upon
great ruin at Chaco Canyon Na- another specimen on a canyon wall
tional Monument in north central below the Puerco Indian ruin at Pet-
New Mexico. rified National Park. In this case,
Thoroughly intrigued, we follow- ihe pair of feet differed. One had
ed his directions along a path beside five toes, the other six. We told our
the high circular wall of the Pueblo. selves it was probably due to erosion,
At a point about one-third of the way but as soon as we reached home we
around, northeast from the center, a looked up a scientific paper we'd
small ruin sat by itself. On the cliff previously ignored which reported
against which the ruin was built, we on the occurrence of extra fingers
saw our first petroglyph of feet with and toes in groups of people—a trait
six toes. Masonry of the ruin ap- known as polydactylism. It seems
peared to antedate that of Pueblo that this is an inherent characteristic
Bonito, so a date of 700 A.D. isn't often associated with dwarfism. Such
Arch Opening is 190' High arid 163' Wide
improbable. distortion of the genes may apply to
feet, hands, or both. We hadn't no-
TWO DAILY TRIPS We were impressed with the six-
toed petroglyph here, but grew even ticed any six-fingered hands in the
HORSEBACK TRIPS petroglyphs, but we decided that
what we had found might warrant
CAMPING TRIPS further attention.
ALL EXPENSE PACKAGE TOURS This led to another article on the
subject which stated polydactylism



156 North First West
Moctb, Utah
Phone: Area Code 801, 253-4346
Send Tag-A-Long Trips Information to:



City _

State Zip Code

Handsome, six-toed couple from Mexico at Los Angeles County Museum.

8 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

can be chemically induced in mice. Sifi toed fool from Southern Nevadah
Had these prehistoric people been Valley of Fire.
plagued with a faulty diet? Our curi-
osity fully aroused, we set about
studying a collection of petroglyph
photos we'd taken on previous trips
throughout the West. Among a group
from famous Newspaper Rock in
Utah's Indian Creek State Park, we
made our first find. At the time
the photos were printed we'd been
so interested in the different styles
depicting man that we'd overlooked
some extraordinary six-toed foot- form had been copied from the
prints. Further research turned up Mexico artists, why wouldn't it have
photos from the Valley of Fire near appeared in pottery further north,
Las Vegas, Nevada where another rather than having been depicted in
trace of the six-toed people was evi- petroglyphs through Arizona, Nev-
dent. By this time we were inclined to ada and Utah? In my opinion, the
art form did not travel, but the
believe the occurrence was more than people did. Whether the people with Explore the West
the accidental slip of the artist's their odd genes went from north to
chisel, but not until we made a call south or vice versa, is impossible to at its best in an
to the Los Angeles County Museum determine, but timewise, indications
did we hit pay dirt. are loosely contemporary. AVION Travel Trailer
In their time, if they actually exist- Find new fun at unspoiled spots in a
ed as portrayed, were these six-toed go-anywhere Avion. This travel trailer
people considered oddities, or did likes to tame back trails. Its riveted
their uniqueness exalt their status? aluminum construction is tough,
This may be only the start in a long featherlight and Lifetime Guaranteed.
search, for we are convinced, at this Highest rated by test reports.
writing, anyway, that the polydac- Inside, enjoy deluxe accommodations:
tylic Indians portrayed in glyphs and hot and cold running water, heat,
pottery were more than a transitory lights, complete kitchen, modern bath.
art form. Many self-contained conveniences
available. *£&
Whenever you come across a pet- / V .„,_
roglyph site depicting humans, study Choose from 5 / ,.
the figures closely and see what you models — family
can find. Many have looked before, engineered by
but lew have noticed the carefully America's travel Write for travel
delineated feet pecked into rocks by vehicle Specialists. trailer catalog " D "
Six-toed feet in petroglyphs at Utah's a unique people who some 1200 years
Indian Creek State Park ago wandered the Southwest on six NEW Avion Camper Coach
Dr. Robert Ariss, museum anthro- toes. It's a mystery everyone can help
pologist, broadened the area of our to solve—and a "different" sort of
confusion by suggesting we come vacation fun. After all, how many
down to examine some pottery fig- friends do you have who spend their
ures on display which were endowed free time searching for six-toed men?
with six toes. He could not state / /
whether the extra toe was an actual
representation or merely an artistic
development, but the figures came
from Mexico and were finely executed
and well colored. A definite date or World's lightweight champion camper for
locale cannot be established, but they easier hauling, butter gas mileage. Same Avion
may be placed at approximately 700 quality construction and superior features.
A.D., and from around Jalisco in Completely self-contained. For those who
appreciate the finest.
west central Mexico. One figure is
of a man, the other a woman and
each has feet with six toes—with one Send for camper
exception. On her left foot, the wo- coach catalog "D 2"

man has seven!

Askaboutourexclusive Travelcade
Authorities state that it is impos- TRAVEL
Club program. Fun, fellowship and
sible to determine whether these six- BONUS adventure for Avion owners.
toed representations were actual oc-
currences in nature, or artistic im-
agery. This question you will have
to solve for yourself. My own per-
sonal opinion is that it was a matter This one is at the Petrified Forest SAN JACINTO, CALIFORNIA
of genes. For, if the pottery art National Monument in Arizona. BENTON HARBOR, MICHIGAN

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 9

by Dorothy Robertson

LAKE'S shimmering wa-

ters have the same effect upon tired
Lake, giving Owens Valley its long- nif&- _a _ % _ KERN
coveted rail connection to the south.
travelers journeying through arid It was necessary to lay the rails upon 5.
Mojave desert land as had the swamps trestles in order to "navigate" the
of a century ago upon plodding pros- tule swamps. At long last Little Lake
pectors. Where wind-ruffled wavelets the stage stop, became Little Lake the
lap against basalt cliffs formed mil- whistle stop.
leniums ago when molten lava oozed
down their dark flanks, gold-seeking In the early '20s, Bill Bramlette, a
Mexican miners once paused to re- well-known auto racer of the era, saw Invokern— —
fresh themselves at swamps they
named Lagunita. This was the first
Little Lake while participating in a
load race from Los Angeles to Bishop.
Envisioning possibilities in these %TO MOJAVE - TO SAN BERNARDINO
Ridgecres l
water to be found within 20 miles
after leaving the valley of the Indian swamps, he purchased various home-
steads around the area, aggregating down to raising cattle. He dammed
Wells. up the south end of the swamps to
some 1200 acres. Then he settled
Following the discovery of precious irrigate his pasture lands and, to keep
metals, white miners, settlers and down the tule growth, he imported
store-keepers risked Indian depreda- muskrats. The resultant mile-long
tion to build up businesses that netted lake, he stocked with fish. Very short-
one merchant as much as 550,000 an- ly afterwards delighted fishermen ar-
nually. It was during this period, in rived from Southern California cities.
the mid-sixties, that the melodic name For years Bill Bramlette's son, Tom,
of Lagunita was changed to prosaic and his family ran Little Lake as a
Little Lake, California. fishing and boating resort. Tom
From 1865 to 1883, Cerro Gordo's put in two campgrounds at the north
famous silver-lead mines kept south- end of the lake, a snack bar and
ern roads bus) with freightwagons a trout rearing pond and rented
and Little Lake flourished as an im- boats. Fish are bluegill, bass, catfish,
portant stage stop. With the waning crappie and trout.
of Cerro Gordo, however, road traffic- Today Little Lake is owned by the
began to slow. In 1910 the Southern Jack Morehart Land Company of
Pacific Railroad came through Little Upper Fossil Falls and mesa. Los Angeles, but it has been sub-
leased to Bob Whiting of the Mt.
Whitney Game Club. Bob opened
Little Lake to public fishing on May
16, 1964. Prices are reasonable. Boat
rentals are S3.50 per day and fish-
ing fees are $2.50 or, for children
under 12, $1.50 per day. No license
is required and there's no limit. One
lucky fisherman recently came away
with a catch of 40!
The campgrounds are in operation
all of the time and on weekends and
holidays a snack bar is open. These
facilities are at the lake, but Little
Lake hamlet lies a mile or so south
where there is a large hotel with din-
ing room, coffee shop and post office.
In 1947 Little Lake became the
scene of much archeological excite-
ment when Duane and Margaret
Mack of China Lake discovered a cave
with a human skeleton which was
later identified by Dr. M. R. Har-
rington of the Southwest Museum as
that of a Pinto Man some 3000 years
Southwest end of Little Lake. Petroglyphs are on face of basalt rocks. old!

10 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

The Bramlettes had known for
years that their property was once
the site of an extensive Indian camp, SINCE 1 9 3 1 "
but they attributed the artifacts to
"modern" Indians. In 1948 the South-
west Museum began serious excava- tttcbile
tions of the Little Lake Pinto basin.
Uncovered were house sites of a large
prehistoric village with underlying
Jfh Travel Trailer
layers holding stone implements, shell
beads, hunting points and household
MODEL 17 with WATER-GARO p u r i f i e r ;
The area's other points of interest STANDARD EQUIPMENT ON ALL
are the Upper and Lower Fossil Falls. Write for free literature HLF-CONTAINM MODELS
Lower Fossil Falls in on Little Lake TRAVELEZE TRAILER CO., INC. D.P. D
property, but Upper Fossil Falls is
11473 Penrose Street Sun Valley, California TRiangle 7-5587
on public domain. These fantastic
lava flows were scoured and ground
into potholes of every size and depth
by the Owens Lake overflow thou-
sands of years ago. To reach Upper
Comes with
natural gold nugg
Fossil Falls, drive two miles up the
highway to a bright, orange-splashed
that it will detect
boulder on the right side of the road. 5 % discount for cash MODEL S63
A half-mile drive brings you to the The new GOLD-MASTER Mineral,
first road on your right, now turn Metal and Treasure finder can detect
small Gold and Silver nuggets, Rings, Coins,
south and go to the end. You will Mineral float, Veins and Treasures. NO EAR-
have a 3A mile hike over to the lip PHONES. A powerful speaker is used. Comes
with two loops, one for small nuggets and one
of the deep chasm, but watch your for treasures and veins. SIMPLE TO OPERATE.
Comes with samples, instructions and fresh batteries.
step—you come to the edge suddenly.
$29.50 down, Balance at $10.57 per month
An easier way is to follow the red — FREE LITERATURE — WHITE'S
cinder road at the base of the Cinder
Hill east until you come to a large Detects: Gold, Silver, Copper, Coins, ELECTRONICS
Rings, Treasure, Metals and other 1011 Pleasant Valley Rd., Dept. DM,
dry lake on your right. Turn and Mineral Deposits. GUARANTEED! Sweet Home, Oregon
follow the west side which angles
southward. Follow the tracks that
turn west again, for this leads you to
the mesa which overlooks Little Lake
canyon. You can't miss it, for the
When the work's done and it's time for fun —put a
whole area glitters with obsidian chips Camper on your versatile DATSUN Pickup and head for
brought down by the Indians from the high country. There's nothing like DATSUN for per-
"glass" mountain, to the east. formance, economy and rugged dependability. Delivers
This ancient campsite holds a with 4-speed stick shift, big 6' bed, WSW tires, heater,
wondrous display of house circles and vinyl interior and torsion-bar suspension. TAKE IT TO
secluded rock shelters. It has caves TASK AT YOUR DEALER!
and, if you are lucky, you may even del. pickup only —
find desert diamonds—clear quartz Camper tops
and feldspar that have leached out available locally.
•plus lie. tax, D.&H.
from the basaltic rock. Cut and and local freight, if any.
polished, these "diamonds" sparkle
like dewdrops and make beautiful
Strangely enough, although the
busy highway is only a short distance
westward, there is an illusion here of
being in another age. The country is
wild, rugged and arid, yet during
spring and early summer it turns
into a vivid patchwork of shining
white pygmy poppy, blue desert lu-
pine and glowing paintbrush. Here
in this unspoiled region, within a Send me literature and name of nearest dealer.
safe distance from civilization for Mail to:NISSAN MOTOR CORP.IN U.S.A., DM-6
137 E. Alondra Blvd., Gardena, Calif.
the timid, city-jaded travelers may send information on • DATSUN Pickup
hunt desert diamonds, wander in a Name
prehistoric art gallery, fish, boat, or
simply marvel at the frozen, swirling DATSUN Address
City- _State-
mass of California's geologic past. ATTENTION CAR DEALERS-Add DATSUN to your
present line, inquire on a DATSUN Dealer Franchise!
June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 11
The Light is Green in Searchlight

OEARCHLIGHT, Nevada is my tains to the east; or maybe it's the or Searchlight's lusty reputation. It's
town. undulating terrain punctuated with something more intangible than that.
Such reasoning defies all natural Joshuas and mining scaffolds; or it And I'd never, until a recent week-
laws of the dust-ridden, sand-blasted, might be the rare turquoise and gold end, spent more than a few hours in
wind-driven desert and is more than ore spilling from mine tailings in the the town.
I can explain, but it's so. Maybe it's center of town. Whatever it is, it isn't Searchlight today has a permanent
the snaggle-tooth New York Moun- Willie Martello's new gambling joint population of less than 200, but it's


Map shows old government road to Piute Spring. Fred Carleson uses detector at his father's old mine.

12 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965




busy with tourists following U. S. 95

between Las Vegas and Blythe, or en-
route to the Amboy Junction cutoff
to Palm Springs. It is also the gate-
way to Cottonwood Cove, a resort on
Lake Mojave that caters to boaters,
fishermen and campers (DESERT,
Aug. '63). Ghosts almost inherited
the town a few years ago when Wil-
lie Martello's bistro burned to the
ground and employment opportuni-
ties dropped to nil, but Willie open-
ed a grand new "cantina" five
months ago and the town is going
full throttle again.
Even so, the action today is mild
compared to that of Searchlight's
hedonic past. In 1906 when it reach-
ed boom height, whiskey splashed
from 35 saloons and 10,000 people
trod Main Street's wooden walks.
Over $6 million in ore was gutted
from its rocky terrain.
Duplex, the first big claim, was
discovered in 1898 by the Col ton
brothers who named the new camp
Searchlight to commemorate an occa-
sion when a scoffer said, "If there's
any gold there, it'll take a search-
light to spot it!" But there were other
miners who delved equally deep into
the peculiar turquoise and gold ore
distinctive to the district. One of
them sold a promising claim for
$1500, a team of mules, a buckboard
and a double-barreled shotgun. And NEVADA'S TRAIL OF GOLD.
the claim was good for its promise.
It produced more than $1 million in A glance at this map of Nevada, shows the relative position
gold! Another famous claim coughed of the proven gold camps of Southern Nevada. The great mineral zone
up $150,000 after it had changed exterlds in a southeasterly direction from Virginia City through Tonopah,
hands for a pint of whiskey. Goldfield, Lida, Bullfrog, Eldorado, Dupont, Searchlight and Empire
camps, and across the Colorado River into Gold Roads District, Arizona.
Among Searchlight's best produ- One by one the new districts have been discovered from Virginia City,
cers were the Duplex, Pompei, Blos- on through Searchlight district.
som, Good Hope, Cyrus Noble, New
Era, Fourth of July and the Quar- Rare old mining promotion brochure to promote the Golden Terra Nevada
tette. The Quartette went 1500 feet Mining Company, published in 1905.
deep with miles of underground
workings. First located by prospector
Charley Swigheart, it was sold for share before the mine ever paid a cars back to the mines. In 1903 water
S500 and a team of mules to a miner dividend. was struck at the 300-foot level in
named McCready (his son later gain- In 1902 the Quartette built a 16- Searchlight so a mill was erected there
ed fame in setting high-altitude air- mile narrow-gauge railroad to the and the rails and rolling stock of the
plane records). McCready resold the Colorado River where a mill was one on the river were sold to the
mine soon after purchasing it to constructed to refine the ore. Both Yellow Pine Mine at Goodsprings.
Charles Dunn of San Bernardino for mules and ore were loaded in cars Characters have always been a liv-
$60,000. In a six-year period it pro- at Searchlight from where they coast- ely part of Searchlight's history. One,
duced over $2 million, but fame of ed 18 miles downhill to the river. a camp cook named Sam Yet, inheri-
its gem quality turquoise studded There the ore was dumped and the ted the rich New Era mine for past
with gold jumped stock to $15 a mules hitched up to pull the empty due wages and became one of the

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 13

D. R. Scholfteld shows Fred how he has remodeled the house built by Fred's to run into Fred A. Carleson of Salt
father in 1906. The almond tree was only tree in Searchlight when Fred Lake City and Palm Desert. Fred's
started it from a seed when he was a boy. father had a number of mines in the
area—at one time he leased the Quar-
tette— and Fred spent about five
years of his boyhood in Searchlight
right when the boom was at its peak.
He had his young grandson in tow
and invited us to join them on a tour
of the old mines.
The house the Carleson family
lived in is now occupied by a retired
engineer named D. R. Schofield. We
stopped to visit Mr. Schofield and he
invited us inside, hoping Fred could
solve a couple of things that had mys-
tified him. When remodeling, he was
surprised to find the house built of
solid redwood and held together en-
tirely by screws. Not a nail in the
whole job! Fred explained this very
simply. The house was built for his
father by a coffin-maker whose bus-
iness was located across the street.
Coffin makers used redwood because
it wouldn't rot and, apparently, that
kind of carpentry didn't require a
stock of nails!
We've been lost on the desert our-
selves and lost mines are legion, so
we hardly expected Fred to be able
to trace his way back to the old fam-
ily mines—especially considering that
he hadn't been near them for over
half a century. But we were wrong.
Right as radar, he walked directly to
each site. Some were 100-foot work-
ing shafts with rusty relics still recog-
nizable. At one we picked up the
distinctive square cans of curved cut
English tobacco his father always
smoked and at several others we
found sun-purpled glass in the camp
Visiting these mines with someone
wealthiest citizens of the town. But His history-making began with a fam- who had worked them as a boy was
probably t h e greatest character ily photo of the seven little Martellos quite a revelation to our luxury-
Searchlight ever produced is today's dressed in Indian costumes. All were spoiled generation. Courage was cer-
Willie Martello. A native Califorian, barefoot—except one. That was Wil- tainly not wanting in boys of Fred's
handsome Willie crossed the border lie. This historic photo rests behind time. While we drove to one mine
into Nevada right at the close of the bar of his El Rey Club today. located 20 miles southeast of Search-
World War II with only $13 in his Just as Willie refused to be a bare- light Fred told us of a time he and
pocket. The reason he stopped at foot Indian, he has refused to bow his father arrived by buckboard at
Searchlight was because two of his to other obstacles that inhibit pro- the site only to discover they'd for-
seven brothers had gone broke try- gress. Before a telephone line was gotten the dynamite caps. The next
ing to resurrect an old hotel there established to Searchlight he relayed morning Fred's father dispatched
and the empty building provided a supply orders to Las Vegas by means him by horseback to pick them up
free place to board. Today, having of carrier pigeon. Willie likes to "eat and return the same day. Fred re-
run his $13 into a tidy fortune ex- good." When he opened his new called that the storekeeper tied the
ceeding §2 million, Willie quite place and couldn't find a cook in explosives around his waist inside his
frankly credits his financial success to Searchlight, he imported one of the shirt so they wouldn't accidentally
genius, but whether or not, to make famous Luigis from Los Angeles. break loose from the saddle and ex-
that kind of a fortune in Searchlight Now everybody in his place eats plode before he reached the mine!
requires genius. good! The Martello enterprises may This is the only shaft Fred almost
It's kind of too bad Willie didn't not be especially uplifting, but they failed to locate . . . the reason being
color the past instead of the present. are important to the economy of the that it now holds a windmill. We
Searchlight's early history escaped community and there are few, if any, loaned him our mineral detector to
recording and there isn't much we local residents who don't appreciate test a few outcrops and the beeps
can learn about it, but Willie's es- that. sounded so excited we were tempted
capades will live long in the future. We were fortunate in Searchlight to jump the claim. It is now owned
14 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

FROM $75.00 TO $165.00


Top guarantee.
Easy to operate.
f Sensitive and stable.
Light and compact.

Write for
free brochures
Arizona Treasure Hunters Ghost
Town Guide, Fox $1.50
Buried Treasures and Lost Mines,
Fort Piute ruins still stand with gun Fish $1.50
ports intact. Lost Mines of Old Arizona, Weight....$1.50
Lost Mines of Death Valley, Weight $1.50
Ghost Town Directory of the West....$l .00
roads. We rounded a curve of a hill Lost Desert Bonanzas, Conrotto $6.75
Nevada Treasure Hunters Ghost
and found ourselves surrounded by Town Guide, Fox $1.50
Boy Scouts from Las Vegas. With Lost Mines and Buried Treasures
of California, Pierce $2.50
fishing in the stream, exploring the Superstition Treasures, Marlowe $2.50
old fort and following Indian trails Please add posctage.
California residents add 4 % sales tax.
through a gallery of petroglyphs, Also Lapidary Equipment, Gems and
these boys had a heavy agenda. Huge Minerals, Books, Jewelry, Tools.
bisnaga marched up the hill, each For Information Write
fat barrel ready to explode into COMPTON ROCK SHOP
bloom and groves of cottonwood 1405 S. Long Beach Blvd., Compton, Calif.
trees spread shade along the banks Telephone. 632-9096
by a Las Vegan who has sunk other
shafts in the area and the tailings of the bubbling stream. From the
looked mighty rich. Appraising the hard rock floor of this borderland
between Nevada and California des-
results ol the hard work that had
gone into hand-digging his old 100-
foot shaft, Fred commented that he
ert land it was a refreshing and un-
expected retreat.
The sturdy fort still stands in ruin, HISTORIC MINING AND
was glad someone was able to make
use of it. They had taken out only its gun ports framing the twists of GHOST TOWNS OF
enough ore to encourage them to Old Government Road as it winds OWENS VALLEY
keep digging, but the new owners toward Dead Mountain. Established
must have dug deeper because the in the early 1860s, there is little pub-
lished about this interesting redoubt
Carlesons didn't hit water there.
in spite of its important proportions.
In fact, they had to go to Piute Most references refer to it as Fort TRIP ONE 11 Hours
Springs for their water, some eight Piute, but we found one that called Monday, Wednesday, Friday
miles west. It used to be Fred's job it Fort Beal. The most logical reason $22.50 person, minimum 3 fares
to drive the buckboard over to the for its existence was to provide
spring and fill the water barrel. A TRIP TWO 5 Hours
asylum for soldiers constructing the
tribe of Indians lived there and, al- Old Government Road, a route in- Tuesday, Thursday,
though they weren't particularly stituted to protect Western migrants Saturday, Sunday
friendly, they didn't ever give the and to maintain open supply lines $12.50 person, minimum 3 fares.
Carlesons any trouble. Fred said they between Camp Cady to the east and
just sort of looked at him and grunt- TRIP THREE 5 Hours
Fort Mojave on the Colorado River.
ed the first time he came, but after Apparently Indian troubles ceased Tuesday, Thursday,
they grew accustomed to his visits soon after its construction and, as its Saturday, Sunday
they ignored him completely. role was short-lived, history forgot it $8.50 person, minimum 3 fares.
Fred hadn't explored the area of fast. Special Rates to groups of 15 or
the spring while the Indians were in As we turned to leave, fearing we'd more on all trips.
residence, so we followed the Old have to navigate the winding dirt Charter Service Available
Government Road leading from the roads back to the highway in dark-
mine to abandoned Irwin Ranch and ness, the sun faded behind the moun- Write for detailed information on
on to Piute Springs to see if there tains. With ruins to explore, petro- these and other trips
was anything left of an old fort des- glyphs to photograph and a lazy, CHUCK AND EVA WHITNEY
cribed in an article that appeared in shady stream enticing us to relax, Owners
DESERT Magazine in October, 1962. it wasn't easy to step on the throttle. Phone: TRipoly 6-34S1 or TRipoly 6-2281
The road was in fairly good condi- But one thing for sure, we'll be back. P. O. Box 327
tion, if you don't object to rough Ill

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 15

by choral pepper
Editor of DESERT Magazine

IFTY YEARS ago anyone ventur- chicken or Mexican food (we do) and
ing south of the border took his life because it's owned by our friend Tijuana and on the left hand side of
in his hands. This is still true today Ricardo Castillo and his brothers the highway are the adobe ruins of
it you're looking for trouble. But if Ricardo is known to DESERT readers La Mision. This was not the original
your interests are legitimate and as the amateur archeologist who ac- site of mission San Miguel de la
you re looking for nothing more vio- companies many of the Erie Stanley Frontera founded in 1787 by Domini-
lent than the strum of a guitar or Gardner adventures recounted in his can friar Luis Sales. That was seven
healthful relaxation, you have about books and on these pages. miles inland, but probablv didn't
asmuch chance of getting bumped consist ol much in the way of con-
off by a bandit in Baja as you would Polio de Castillo restaurant is on struction as the mission was moved
by the mafia in Las Vegas. the far end of the main thoroughfare to this location only a year later.
of Tijuana at a turn of the main high-
Our most recent expedition to Baia way to Ensenada. It's on the right- In a letter written to a friend in
was with Henrietta and Slim Barnard hand side of the street and you have Spain, Fr. Sales mentioned that after
the Happy Wanderers" of television to look hard to see it because it's a Heavy rains he often walked beside a
renown, who invited us to join them tiny place. Usually a pair of Senor- stream bed and picked up nuggets of
as guests on their weekly travelogue itas are patting tortillas in the win- gold. Whether he referred to this
Slim planned the trip-* triangle tour dow and inside there are counters location or the former is unknown
lrom Tijuana to Ensenada and back where barbecued chicken may be pur- but the fact that we never seem to
to the border town of Tecate where chased to take with you, or eaten have time to explore this area with
we had reservations at the European- lamily style at one of the long tables a metal detector is one of our bi&e
type spa, Rancho La Puerta. It isn't a fancy place, but it's clean I lustrations.
To avoid congestion at the border and the Mexican food is superb. Father Sales was an interesting let-
P e i i m ^ t h ^ B a r n a r d s for lunch at There's a lot to do in this lively- ter writer and his epistles sent to
Polio de Castillo in Tijuana. We border town, but our interests run Spain provide the only information
chose this restaurant because it's a more toward exploring old missions relative to early days in this area. Al-
good place for lunch if you like and watching fishermen drag in lob- though he seems to have nourished
ster traps, so we sped toward En- a rather low opinion of the natives
senada. About 37 miles south of he was impressed with their adapta-
Left: Senonta pats tortillas in win-
dow of Polio de Castillo restaurant
Center: Old Hotel Iturbide was lively
spa for the British. Right: Only its
foundation remain today.
Cartographer Howard Durke's map shows Happy Wanderer's triangle trip from Tijuana to Ensenada and to Tecate.

lion to the arid land and commented that the Spanish gave the Russians the gold placers. Nevertheless, Brit-
in one letter that by holding the much competition in rendering the ish made history here. The first golf
pulpy leaf of an agave in their otter extinct, which had just about course on the whole American conti-
mouths they were able to travel for been accomplished by 1911. Today, nent was established to keep them ac-
many days without tasting water. happily, sea otters thrive in protected tive during the 14 years their wives
The sea, he wrote, compensated waters further south along the coast. sipped tea on the broad verandas of
for the sterile land and yielded an the luxurious Hotel Iturbide, now an
Ensenada, about 27 miles south of empty
abundant supply of otter, the skins La Mision and on the north shore foundation overlooking the
of which were in demand by the Chi- of Bahia de Todos Santas (Bay of bay.
nese and Japanese. Russia had de- All Saints) , was once the jumping off Today Ensenada enjoys another
veloped a lucrative trade in this mar- place for Baja's most nefarious spe- boom. Cantinas, vendors, shops,
ket by the 18th century, until Spain, culators. Far enough from the U.S. hotels, motels and trailer parks line
eager to obtain Chinese quicksilver border to evade exposure by honor- the streets and highways in lively pro-
necessary to their mining industry, able businessmen and distant enough fusion. Modern port facilities are
urged its missionaries to go into com- to glamorize potential investors, it equipped to handle 4000 bales of cot-
petition by trading Indian fishermen experienced an early boom unequal- ton trucked in annually from Mexi-
useful goods for the precious skins. led by any other Baja community. cali as well as other export cargo, and
For a celibate priest, Father Sales Shipping at this time actually rivaled private yachts and fishing boats
possessed a jolly imagination. "The that of San Francisco. bobble in the harbor. But tourism
otter skins are used to create long In 1882 the International Company ber is the big business. There are a num-
gowns for the Chinese and Japanese of Mexico launched a grand coloniz- cansofneedn't
good places to stay and Ameri-
worry about the food
and short capes for their ladies," he ing scheme. Streets were laid out
wrote to his friend in Spain. "They for a "city of the future," rich with in first rate restaurants. After all,
make a lovely sight, are warm, soft extravagant promises. Then money our Mexican friends want us to
and serve to make generation more ran short and the whole hysterical come back.
active!" project was sold to a British syndicate Hussong's Cantina is one of the
It later letters he lamented that which was developing a mining in- few remaining landmarks of the great
a mining industry here could never dustry at El Alamo. By 1889 Ensen- "British Concession." Like celebrated
be successful due to lack of funds, ada had become little more than a Harry's Bar in Paris or Sloppy Joe's
supplies and water so it's doubtful way station for miners en route to in old Havana, it's a stop visiting

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 17

Americans rarely fail to make and
one, like its counterparts, likely to
prove disillusioning to the fastidious.
Nevertheless, seated beside the dere-
lict you're likely to see your town's
most respected citizens. The string
quintette it worth any amount of
time you put in waiting for them to
"catch the spirit." This spirit, inci-
dentally, is caught more efficiently if
a tip is passed in advance of the re-
quest—and don't forget there are five
of them! We were fortunate in that
Slim Barnard had been there before
and knew exactly the amount to
bring on one of the finest and most
moving concerts I've ever witnessed—
so great that the shabby walls dis-
appeared from my conscious mind
and tears flooded by eyes. These men
are truly gifted. One is blind and,
perhaps, has a natural talent, but
there must be a strange story behind
the highly trained genius of the violin-
ist leader. The composition they Above: Primitive art along route has great appeal now, but is destined to
played for us was by Tchaikovsky. grow more commercial with popularity. Below: Slim Barnard and Choral
Pepper learn how to use the hula board. Teacher (at right) is pretty La Puerta
After spending the night in En- directress, Jessica Simmons-
senada, we headed back to the north
end of town and turned onto Mex- grunts of the Molokayne sect, a reli- to Baja California where their de-
ico # 3 to Tecate. This route was gious movement escaping the dog- sires for both communal property
paved in 1961 and winds through matic Greek Orthodox Church of and a salubrious climate were rea-
pleasant villages shaded by cotton- their homeland. First these people lized. After acquiring 13,000 acres
wood trees, ranches and vineyards. had gone to Canada, but after suf- for $50,000, the sturdy Russians
At a left turn from the highway we fering through a cold winter they settled down to getting their roots
followed a divided dirt road to Gua- moved to Southern California. There into the land. At first they appeared
dalupe, a community settled in 1905 they found our "acre" plan of farm- odd, wearing high-visored hats and
by a group of bearded Russian emi- ing disagreeable, so migrated again long black, beards, but as the original
20 families increased in number they
moved their samovars into the
cocinas of easy-going mestizos and to-
day the only dramatic sign of Rus-
sian occupation lies in pointed roofs
of old farm houses and austere wood-
en markers in the cemetery.
These latter paint such a startling
picture of temperamental difference
that it's astonishing the twain ever
met. Black painted markers with
Russian inscriptions dominate the
older part, but toward the fringes
they mingle with paper-flower decked
crosses—a solemn testimony to inte-
Back on the highway we watched
for a village called El Testerazo
where, Ricardo had told us in Ti-
juana, a group of farmers were do-
ing interesting wood carving. It
wasn't hard to find, as their work was
displayed along the road for a couple
of miles in each direction. A primi-
tive artist with the surname of Arco
started this project by carving figures
from stumps, letting the natural
shapes of the wood dictate the sub-
jects. An American admired them
and suggested Arco train his country-
men to manufacture similar figures
and create a volume market. Now
there are more "artists" along this
route than there are farmers and
some of the figures are truly remark-
able. We came home with a 4-foot
tall sculptured creature that defies
identification, but we think it's a
prehistoric bird.
The final lap of our weekend
journey led us through the plaza of
Tecate, along the main business
street and out the other end toward
Raneho La Puerta, a few miles west
of town.
This place is an enigma to me—
a potpourri of cult, cosmetic and calis-
thenic. Its founder, Edmond Bor-
deau Szekely, who formerly operated Old cemetery was all Russian, but as
a spa in the south of France, came integration set in wreathed crosses
here around the time of World War ##&& pA KOMltf
II and established La Puerta in Te- appeared. i EAO
cate and, more recently, fashionable
Golden Door in Escondido, Cali- We were there during a cold spell
in January and didn't participate in
the outdoor activities, but this time
of year should be an ideal season to
go on a health kick at La Puerta.
Horseback riding is included in the
rate, as are meals, which are strictly
vegetarian. (There's a good restaur-
ant in Tecate called Manuel's). The
gymnasium is equipped with the
latest in body building and spot re- Raneho La Puerta. Slim Barnard ex-
ducing machines and the staff is well perienced his first facial and left
trained. feeling like a new man, which proves
that beauty is more than superficial!
Surrounding the resort facilities Henrietta and I spent a brilliant
are 1000 acres of riding and hiking hour leaping and swinging in a danc-
trails into country once occupied by ing class (called Jaz/.ex) and Jack
the Cochimi Indians. Campsites and our son, Trent, galloped on
with potsherds are still evident and horseback up to the hill where boys
above the ranch is a ceremonial hill became men—it worked in reverse on
where boys were sent to become men Jack. All in all, the trip was a smash-
by spending three nights alone in ing success. Jt isn't often I return
spiritual communion with their an- from a weekend as abloom as an or-
cestors. ganically grown tomato and as lithe-
We enjoyed our brief visit to some as a chorus girl. ///
Barry Weinstock, Happy Wanderer's
associate producer, canters with Trent Slim and Henrietta Barnard stroll through Russian farm. Bath house on
Pepper at Raneho La Puerta. right was Russian version of steam bath.

fornia. The big difference in the two

is in price—the Golden Door costs
$500 per week and La Puerta a mini-
mum of $10 per day. Also, families
frequent La Puerta en masse while
the more elite establishment caters
only to women, with the exception
of a special session for men. All the
best of famous European spas is rep-
resented in the treatments available
here—herbal vapor baths, dry heat
baths, body building, reducing, sci-
entific diet, irrigation—along with
some innovations that include the
"romance of gastro-archeology," or-
ganically grown vegetables (even the
cows and goats are fed organic food
so their products won't contaminate!),
some Aztec games instituted by Pro-
fessor Szekely and an exclusive line
of cosmetics sold only through La
Puerta or the Golden Door.
'F THE EARLY Franciscan missionary priests Pitiaque near Casa Grande on the Gila River. As
who arrived on the American continent, few were he went, he preached to the Indians through an
so colorful as the intrepid Fray Francisco Garces. interpreter and displayed the banner that he was
The explorations of this pioneer "Grey Robe" west many times to carry into unknown lands. On one
of the Colorado River opened the way for the side of the banner was a picture of the Virgin
great westward movement from Sonora, Mexico, Mary with Jesus in her arms and on the other was
to the present site of Los Angeles, California. Al- that of a lost soul engulfed in eternal fires. The
together, Padre Garces' pathfinding led him over Indians displayed a preference for the picture of
more than 1000 miles of Colorado desert without the Virgin and this never failed to please the
the assistance of a single white companion. good padre.
Padre Garces was but 28 years old when the On his explorations Fray Garces always studied
Jesuit missionaries were ordered out of New Spain the country with an idea of extending the mission-
and replaced by Franciscans. Assigned to Mission ary frontier to the Gila. In 1771, he undertook an
San Xavier del Bac, the northernmost mission in ambitious expedition dedicated to selecting sites
Pimeria Alta (in what is now Arizona, nine miles for new missions and preparing the Indians for
south of Tucson) Garces' outpost afforded him an the coming of the friars. Leaving Xavier in Aug-
opportunity to explore lands hitherto untouched ust with one horse and three Indian guides, he
by white men. headed west to Sonoita, an outpost established ear-
Padre Garces was at San Xavier less than three lier by Father Kino. There he left his guides and
months before friendly Indians offered to guide continued alone to the foot of the Gila range, still
him to other tribes so he could better know his following the road that Kino had traveled. The
neighbors and. the lands they occupied. In August, trail from Sonoita to the Colorado River has since
1768, the "Old Man," as the Pima Indians affec- been called Camino del Diablo (Devil's Highway).
tionately called him, although he was not yet 30 Having reached the Gila mountains at Tinajas
years old, set out on his first expedition. His Altas, he left Kino's trail and crossed the moun-
travels carried him north to the Pima village of tains, intending to go west across the then un-



'^%-^. Tube


20 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

Drawing by linda Bull

known Yuma Desert directly to the Colorado in search of new tribes—and the Colorado. He
River, but was persuaded by some Pimas to go traveled parallel to the Cocopah Mountains to a
first to the Gila River. Swinging north, he paid point west of the Cajuenche village of San Jacome,
a short visit to the Pima people, then continued then returned to the Yumas at San Pablo. Having
downstream along the Gila looking for its junction been "entertained" through a sleepless night by a
with the Colorado. However, because the Gila pow wow, Garces again set out to the west. Trav-
was greatly swollen and did not show its usual eling alone across the August desert he passed a
increase where the two rivers met, Garces passed black hill, which he appropriately called Cerro
this point without recognizing it and for 13 days Prieto, and continued to the foot of the Santa
continued down what he believed to be the Gila. Rosa mountains. Here he discovered the San
Enroute, he met some Yuma Indians and asked Felipe Creek Pass which later contributed to the
their chief, later known as Salvador Palma, to take success of the Anza expedition and established the
him to the Colorado. Twice Palma took him down land route from Sonora to the California coast.
the river as far as Cerro de San Pablo (now Pilot On his journey back to Sonoita, Garces again cross-
Knob), but Garces still refused to believe he was ed the Yuma Desert, apparently unalterably con-
on the Colorado River and Palma would go no vinced that he had failed to find the Colorado
further into enemy territory. River!
Traveling under great difficulties, Garces con- By the time Garces returned from his exploits,
tinued down the Colorado alone and reached tide- he had traveled over 780 miles, crossed the desolate
water, but was forced to return north because of Yuma Desert in two places, opened a new trail from
lagoons and swamps. With the aid of some Caju- the Gulf of California to Alta California and in
enche Indians, he finally crossed the Colorado, still so doing became the first white man to cross the
believing it to be the Gila, and headed northwest dreaded Colorado Desert. ///

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 21

Sunshine, SerenityandSiesta
by Jack (Delaney

Poo/ Palm Desert Country Club. Background shows carefree homes along the fairway.

N O MORE girl-watching around a mellow ogre in retirement. If he Dublin, the average life of prehis-
the water-cooler. No more clock- has been withdrawn and anti-social toric man was only 18 years. About
watching and half-hour coffee breaks all of his life, he is free to crawl into 2000 years ago in Rome it was 22
on company time. After many years his shell when he bows out of the years, and during George Washing-
of service a faithful employee is about job. ton's time it was only about 35 years.
to hear the boss's final command, There are predictions now of a 150
"At Ease!" There are now some 23 million year life span for our grandchildren.
employees covered by private pens-
Every indispensable man in in- ions in the United States, with an With the coming population ex-
dustry becomes an ex-indispensable estimated one million added each plosion of the "clover crowd" (which
man someday. When an eager bea- year. These employee benefit plans promises to be a block-buster), there
ver's job develops a "lived-in" quality, have one fault in common—they are will be a continuing need for senior
it's time for him to turn in his wash- all set up in terms of dollars. There's citizen centers offering an active ex-
room key, shake hands with his fel- nothing wrong with money, we all istence at reasonable prices. Many
low employees and walk out into a like to have it around; but "Man outstanding retirement communities,
new world of happiness and satisfy- does not live by bread alone." His adult condominiums, cooperative
ing experiences. At this point he has urgent need is for guidance and pre- apartments, mobile home parks, etc.,
the opportunity to change the popu- paration for a full measure of worth- are available in Southern California.
lar expression of a prominent labor while living during his latter years. These popular villages tempt mem-
leader from, "Too old to work and In fact, there are so many important bers of the geriatric set with every
too young to die," to "Too old for things that money can't buy, it's a type of recreational facility. The
the job, but young enough to have wonder the commodity is so popular! physical menu consists of all kinds of
a ball!" games, with the possible exception
From the National Council On The of leapfrog. A newcomer is over-
The initiate into the unregimented Aging (New York) we learn that the whelmed for a while, like a kid in a
regime should realize that retirement ranks of the relaxed in the U. S. are room full of toys. Eventually he picks
does not really change anyone—but it bursting at the seams—with over 18 up his favorite "toys" and settles
does have a mellowing effect on the million in the "sunset group" at pre- down to a satisfying routine of play
individual. This is a gradual process sent and an increase of more than ;md social activity.
rather than an abrupt modification one thousand each day. A contribut-
of the person. For example; if one ing factor is the longer life span medi- When one is let out to pasture he
has been an ogre throughout his years cal science has achieved for us. Ac- is free to choose his own "grazing
of employment, he will slowly become cording to statistician Dr. Louis I. field." Those who select the desert
22 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965
When your career comes to rest there are many places on or near the desert to enjoy retirement—mobile
home parks, homesteads or planned retirement communities, to name a few. From time to time DESERT
will endeavor to cover the pros and cons of each type of retirement residence.

for their golden age grazing will find and a motel provides the opportun- The author noted a slight indica-
a relaxed, health-giving atmosphere ity for retirees to "try before they tion of class distinction between the
that is unequalled elsewhere. The fol- buy." two levels while chatting with some
lowing information on some of the Although the accepted retirement of the residents. A woman pointed
attractive senior citizen "pastures" on age in industry is 65, the citizens of out that, "The old folks live over
or within a short driving distance of Sun City average only 62. According here in these beautiful homes, but
the Southern California desert, may to the management, the only prob- up in that section anyone can live."
be helpful to active retirees who are lems they've had are the natural ones However, the policy of allowing fam-
searching for just the right spot. of adjustment. It takes time for some ily groups to enjoy carefree living in
people to fit into a new way of this beautiful setting is a good one.
Coachella Valley at Palm Desert, en- life after many years of strict routine. ROSSMORE LEISURE WORLD (Lagu-
joys an ideal warm climate conducive Because of the age restriction the na Hills) is about seven miles from
to year-round use of its recreational residents are all senior citizens, but Laguna Beach. Although it is less
facilities. The population is about visiting friends and relatives add a than a year old the population is
1600 and there are now no age re- touch of youthfulness to the scene, 2500, with a prediction of 30,000
strictions. Originally named Palm which is refreshing. for the future. The age requirement
City, with a 50 year age requirement, RANCHO BERNADO, located in the
is over 52 years. Prices for apart-
it was California's first large-scale ac- rolling hills on the outskirts of San ments are $11,095 to $13,795 and
tive retirement community. Prices Diego, has beauty and charm. The up. Monthly payments, around $175,
for homes and apartments range architecture, in most cases, subtly include the membership fee and
from $13,500 to $21,000. Membership compliments the setting while echo- many other items. There is a stock
in P.D.C.C. Association is mandatory ing the Rancho's Spanish heritage. purchase arrangement in connection
and costs $2.00 per month per per- The present population is 2500, with with the occupancy of an apartment.
son. Motel accommodations are a projection to 37,000 at some future This community is one of three
available for guests and temporary date. A unique feaure is the age "Leisure Worlds" in California.
residents. limit of 50 years or over for one sec- Others are planned for New Jersey,
tion, with no age requirement in the Maryland, Chicago, and even Swit-
Richard R. Oliphant, Vice President zerland.
and Project Manager of P.D.C.C, re- other sections. Homes range in price
ports that since the 50-year age re- from SI6,600 to $23,600. Apartments The first impression one has upon
quirement was dropped (in 1964) a and motel units are also available. entering is that this is a World's
change has occurred in the type of Both the prestige area for the "old Fair! At the entrance is a mammoth
residents. As before, they are afflu- folks" and the family section have globe, slowly rotating on an axis of
ent and most of them are over 50 their own recreational facilities. cascading water fountains, with the
years of age, but, instead of sitting
around playing cards and counting
their money, they are enjoying the
fine recreational facilities of the
"Club." Numerous activity groups
have been formed by the residents on
their own initiative.
The only problem experienced by
newcomers, according to Mr. Oli-
phant, is the acceptance of a de-em-
phasis of the living quarters. The
new retiree, who formerly enjoyed
luxury items in a high-priced home,
must now adapt himself to a new
way of life wherein the home itself
represents a small portion of the to-
tal living regime.
DEL WEBB'S SUN CITY is a haven
located 22 miles south of Riverside
on Highway 395. It is less than 60
miles from Palm Springs. It has
5000 residents at present and is think-
ing in terms of 100,000 people some
day. The age requirement is over 50
years. Prices for homes range from
$10,950 to $22,500. Membership fees
of $20 per year per person cover
use of all of the recreational facili- Active retirees have fun at Del Web's well-planned Sun City, near Riverside,
ties. Apartments are also available, California.
June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 23
for a loaf of bread, it's necessary for
him to drive to the market; and, in
returning to his apartment, line up
for clearance by the guard at the
gate. By the time he arrives with the
bread, his dinner is cold.
The one threat to the peace and
tranquility of any of these self-con-
tained communities is progress. As
they grow it is natural for traffic to
increase, bringing noise and confu-
sion. The original concept of a re-
laxed spot for 2000 retirees turns into
a tremendous complex with 50,000
people milling around wondering why
they ran away from a busy city in the
first place. Fortunately, one can en-
joy many happy years before the
growth reaches this stage. On the
desert it is still possible to thrill to
the matchless glory of the sunrise and
the fiery magnificence of the sunset
without having to peek between
high buildings and neon signs!
The newly retired, planning to re-
Living is easy at Rossmore Leisure locate in a golden age village, should
Worlds near Laguna Beach. be reminded of the possible need for
(please excuse the expression) money.
The recipe for a happy retirement
water shooting half way up South buildings, and a shopping plaza. The includes a dash of it. One of the
America. A short distance from this latter is unique in that the decor of early highlights in this new way of
spectacular emblem is a tremendous, all of the shops, even that the U. S. life is the grand opening of the piggy
beautiful building, resembling the Post Office, is of the Gay '90s era. bank, and an audit of its contents.
Los Angel* Music Center. This is The individual who failed to put
the international headquarters for Alter years of building homes and away his spare nickels and dimes
all of the "Leisure Worlds." The liv- retirement cities, the developer de- through the years soon learns that
ing area of apartments is walled, cided to build worlds for the retirees. happiness won't buy money!
with uniformed guards at each gate It is hoped that his worlds will be Fortunately, it is possible for an
24 hours a day. Surrounding the better than the old one we're all alert retiree to supplement his in-
"inner sanctum" is the business and stuck with! The only complaint,
come by accepting some form of
professional section, with an im- gleaned from a resident, is that when work, preferably on a free lance or
pressive medical center, many office dinner is ready and he has to run out part time basis. Light sales work
will provide interesting contacts and
a few dollars, advisory, or other ser-
vices related to his former occupa-
tion is a natural; or just "minding
the store" a day or two a week can
be a pleasant experience.
Someone once said, "If you're go-
ing out for a canter you've gotta have
a horse." In planning to break the
harness of employment for a happy
life on the desert, or anywhere else,
you've gotta have several "horses."
Among these are: a moderate income,
reasonably good health, an enthusi-
astic attitude toward the future and
a determination to season your re-
laxed existence with service to
others. According to Nehru, the late
prime minister of India, "Life is not
merely a question of years, but of
what is put into it." (Oops! There
goes the women's bicycling club put-
ting everything into their ride toward
Rancho Bernardo near San Diego is spread over rolling hills rich in history. the desert sunset!) ///

24 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

the two waddies merely indulging in
the time-honored Western custom of
telling tall tales? It's anybody's guess.
The other creature was even more
unbelievable, if that's possible. It
apparently was at home either under
water or in the air and lived in Lake
Elizabeth, California. It was seen
many times by various people and
last was sighted in 1886 or 1887. Were
it and the Arizona monster one and
the same creature? I think not, as the
descriptions are quite different.
One eye witness described it as
larger than the largest whale with
enormous bat-like wings which it
kept folded next to its body when
on the ground or in the water. It
was equipped with six legs or flippers
and had a head resembling that of a
Monsters of the West bulldog.
A Don Felipe Rivera is said to have
come across it while it was out of the
by he Pmitb water and to have chased it back into
the lake, firing at it with an old
Colt .44 revolver as it waddled
legends of ihe Thunderbird, an
I found the story in an unidenti-
fied newspaper clipping dated June
clumsily across the the mud flats.
The bullets bounced off the creature
with a ringing, metallic sound and
enormous Hying creature, based on 7, 1890, which quotes the Tombstone the next day he picked up four of
fact? Epitaph. the slugs that had been flattened like
If reports of two amazing monsters "After the first shock of wild coins.
seen in modern times are true, they amazement (the story said), the two It led off ranch stock, gobbling up
may indicate that the fabled Thun- men, who were on horseback and cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and, it is
derbird was an actual living creature. armed with Winchester rifles, re- said, an occasional human. One re-
But the Indians must have scaled gained courage to pursue the monster, port said the monster once tried to
the "bird" down in their stories to and alter an exciting chase of several swallow a full-grown Texas longhorn
make it more believable, because the miles succeed in getting near enough steer, which, however, put up quite
creatures said to have been seen to wound it with their rifles. The a fight and got away.
barely three-quarters of a century ago creature then turned on the men, but
were so huge, so incredible as to To rid the area of the thing, Don
owing to its exhausted condition, Felipe is said to have gone into Los
stagger the imagination. the\ were able to keep out of its way Angeles and negotiated with the Sells
It was- early summer of 1890. and after a lew well-directed shots Brothers Circus to sell it to them for
Tombstone, A.T., was in an uproar. I he monster rolled over and remained S20,000. Their agreement is reported
Two cowboys had ridden in and motionless." to be in the public records of Los
were buying implements to skin an Angeles County.
enormous flying creature which they It had an elongated eel-like body,
said they had killed on the desert be- some 92 feet long and 50 inches in But before arrangements could be
tween Whitsone and the Huachuca diameter at its largest point. Its two made to capture the creature, it
Mountains. feet were attached to the body in emerged from the lake with a roar
front of the wings. The head was and flew away to the east, never to
Their description of the thing about eight feet long with jaws thick- be seen again. The full story can be
tallies roughly with the fossilized re- ly set with strong sharp teeth and found in On'the Old West Coast by
mains of those weird flying dino- giant protuding eyes the size of din- Major Horace Bell.
saurs, the pterodactyls — except for ner plates. The 80-foot wings were
size. The largest pterodactyl, the Lake monsters of the Loch Ness
of thick, translucent membrane de- type have become sort of run-of-the-
pteranodon, had a wingspread of 24 void of hair, scales or feathers.
feet, making it the largest known mill these days. In the Western
aerial animal. But the pteranodon The men are reported to have cut United States there are monsters re-
was a pygmy compared to the Ari- cut off a small portion of the tip of ported in Walker Lake (DESERT
zona creature, which the cowboys one wing as a souvenir, and to have September '64) and in Pyramid Lake
measured at about 160 feet—more made preparations to ship the hide Nevada, and still another in Payette
than half a city block—from wingtip east for scientific examination. Lake, Idaho. The numerous cold
to wingtip! water lakes of Western Canada ap-
That's all there is. I've found no
other references to this incredible pear to be infested with the things,
When they had first seen the crea- according to recently published ar-
ture, they related, it evidently was event.
ticles. But the unknown lake crea-
exhausted from a long flight, be- Was the thing skinned and the tures and the thunderbird and piasa,
cause it was able to fly only a short hide sent east? Or did the carcass re- pale into insignificance beside the in-
distance at a time, resting on the main there to be burned into dust credible desert monsters of Tombstone
ground between hops. by the blazing Arizona sun? Or were and Lake Elizabeth. ///

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 25

Here's a lost lode

true story . . .

guaranteed to

bring out the

prospector in any

red-blooded man!

Shorty's Sorrow
by Kenneth Marquiss
BEFORE STARTING, I think it the opening of lunch boxes when I He said, "Okay, next go-home
would be wise to make two things heard Shorty holding forth. He weekend, you drive over to my place
clear. First, it is no fun to be remind- probably never in his life had given and see for yourself, but I'm telling
ed of something painful—particularly a whoop about the Einstein theory, you, it's too remote to mine." Be-
in print—and I have no desire to step but he was chopping on the same log cause we were working on a big pre-
on toes, as I have some corns of my with a home made axe. He was tell- war California desert job, we got
own. I lost track of him years ago, ing a man beside him he didn't care home only every other weekend.
but he is of the rawhide breed who how rich gold ore was, there were
could very easily still be alive. So times when it couldn't be mined; and As soon as I drove into his yard
let's just call him "Shorty." he could prove what he was talking and parked, Shorty handed me a
about—he knew where such ore was! piece of milk white quartz about the
Second, I had nothing to do with Lunch hour was almost over before size of my palm and approximately
the naming of those mountains that I had a chance to side-track him to two inches thick. One side was slick
fringe the area where I saw Shorty arrange a coffee pow-wow after work. faced, the other rough. It was bro-
"lose" his vein of shining rock. Those I wasn't about to let him drift away ken in two places, but the pieces just
ranges were named by early "moun- without including me in on his wobbled—they were held together by
tain men"—basic gents who used apt "proof." In the cafe, as soon as the a mesh of gold wires running through
tags. Map makers who came to Ari- noise of stirring subsided (he liked • the rock. We shook hands on the deal
zona later could hardly change es- sugar) , I put it flat "and blunt. Just right then because I had an angle.
tablished place names and they how rich, and why co^dn't it be The year before, on a Nevada
couldn't use the impolite words, so mined? He said it "was way up on prospecting trip, I had met a north-
they substituted initials. These desig- a mountain in Arizona, in^anyon ern mining executive. He had the
nations are on today's maps and any country, and 20 miles from a ^ road. personal charm of a rogue elephant
friendly forest ranger will explain The pay streak was about six inches and a ruthless, obstacle-smashing
what they mean! wide (half of the one foot vein width) drive I admired. He also had plenty
and it was 'hang-together' ore." I of cash, hard hands, and equipment
The raucous clamor of a big con- just looked at him.
struction job had been silenced by to back it up. If anybody could jerk

26 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

heed rock out nf really rugged ThGs6 occurred in walnut to crab- quartz that cut "square across the
wilds, he was the man. He had told apple-sized crystals, generally in and canyon like a chalk line." Because it
me any time 1 couldn't swing a deal around the pegmatite dikes that cut showed no black spots indicating tung-
to let him know (for a hoggish cut!). the formations underlying the lava sten, he disregarded it until he was
Our own concrete-form erection job rim rock in this area. The price per dressing. Then he spotted the gold.
looked to be about three weeks from unit had gone so high they were able He knocked off a chunk (the one I
windup, so I sent a hasty letter north to operate on a "poor-boy" basis; saw) and put it in his knapsack. He
that is, to sift and pick up by hand gleefully told me he "could find the
outlining the situation. The answer and sack the erosion-exposed ore ledge at midnight with one eye
was typical: "Only problem is in be- pebbles below the ledges. These closed."
lieving you. Find it. Stake it. Wire gleanings of "black tungsten" ore, to-
gether with the crystals showing on At the partners' campfire council
the rock surface (that could be the night of the tungsten bad news,
knocked out with chisel and single the subject of the gold came up as a
jack), were sent by pack mule to the possible alternate. Although the
nearest dirt road and trucked to the sample Shorty found was admittedly
railroad loading docks. The opera- bonanza ore, its depth and width be-
tion required only a minimum of hind the lace was unknown and it
equipment and money outlay, but would be a mountain-encased hard-
gave a quick cash return. rock mining operation to get it out.
It was a gamble involving several
They were just beginning to do thousand dollars (which they didn't
well when the partner handling pack have) for jack hammers, rail, drill
Paul Shutttleworth, partner for 1st mules returned from town with a long steel, pipe, tools and heavy engines.
trip after Shorty, waits for the road to face, a short sack of groceries, and a This equipment would have to be
clear at Camp Wood. Yes, it snows newspaper. Back of the front page moved in and it would be long weeks
in Arizona! war news was an item telling of the before the money started flowing
seaport arrival of shiploads of Chi- back. All these factors were magni-
where to send engineers. Buy-out or nese and Malay tungsten ore. Pro- fied by existing war shortages. Shorty
said the combine dissolved without
royalty. You know terms. Get busy." his partners ever seeing the ledge.
The answer upset Shorty's theories
and he was jubilant. He didn't like Upon our arrival in Arizona, we
the size of the cut, but we were just tilled the grub box in Prescott, drove
stepping out of the ebb of the de- north to Simmons, swung west on the
pression, so even a part of a pie road through the mountains to Camp
looked rosy. Wood; and then headed south to the
picturesque Anderson Ranch nestled
In essence, all we had to do was in a beautiful cove of rim rock. There
go to the ledge, plant our posts, have we got pack horses and headed into
a surveyor anchor it to the nearest the rough country. We passed B.T.
section or township corner as a Mountain and Shorty showed me
safety measure and send a telegram. the first of the old campsites. Later,
After that, we could just stand back north of Sycamore Creek, we dis-
and watch the big, hard guy do his mounted at the second camp and he
stuff—and keep an eye on the kitty. pointed out the dilapidated remains
of the old wire-tied branch and twig
On our way to Arizona, Shorty beds where the tent had stood. He
filled me in on details. He had grown then began to circle, like a wise old
up in Arizona and New Mexico and hound cutting for tracks, and shortly
had worked underground, cut tim- called out to me. Cached in behind
ber and punched cows. The convex a large boulder, where he had left it
cant of his levis, penchant for high so many years before, was a half-
heels, and the "Tucson crimp" of empty, rotting canvas sack of wol-
his stetson brim showed which dose framite.
had been the greatest. He related
that about the time the Lusitania This trip was made with a pack mule. In spite of these good omens
was torpedoed and the first World Shorty was beginning to worry. It had
War was looming, the market price duced at coolie wages, this ore had
of antimony and tungsten had begun knocked the props from under the
to skyrocket. These metals are as im- domestic tungsten market. The
portant to armor plate, machine tools "poor-boy" sacks of ore were hardly
and shrapnel shells as baking powder worth loading on'the mules.
is to biscuits. With two companions,
Shorty had been on a prospecting Shorty said that a couple of days
trip into the rugged malpais country before the bad news, he had been
at the headwaters of the Santa Maria scavenging on a high hill about
River. They were after "black tung- three h^Grs out of camp. He cut
sten," the miner's name for the wol- across the rim rock and dropped into 1
framite and heubnerite crystals and a narrow canyon. There was a trickle
nodules which are important ores of of water so he stopped to bathe in Starting down old Yolo Ranch trail
tungsten. a hip-deep pool. He piled his clothes into Sycamore Canyon. This was 2nd
beside a foot-wide ledge of milky trip, with Blanco doing the work.

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 27

over 20 years smcc lie Jidi} been
Uncover the secrets of the there and the country looked differ-
West's romantic history... ent. New line fences blocked the old
trails and these, with the natural
gem-minerals and cultural barriers of the criss-crossing canyons,
artifacts of past ages lie made miles of detours. It took us
hidden in these legendary days to find the third camp.
areas of lost mines and Shorty's fears were justified. We
never did find the last one—"the bad
buried treasure... news camp." As the days moved on
he grew silent and desperate. He
Follow the old trails of the Spaniards, Padres, Indians and Prospectors with routed me out of the blankets by
starlight and there wasn't a supper
GOLDAK METAL/MINERAL LOCATORS fire that was started before dark. I
wanted to quit, but Shorty persisted.
Finally I called a halt when the pack
model 520- B horse broke his hobble and escaped
toward home. With only two horses,
The "CHAMPION" this meant we would have to take
The lightest and most sensitive
metal/mineral locator of its
turns walking to get our gear back
type ever developed, the to the ranch. To top that off, the
"Champion" instantly detects
buried metal objects, gold, silver grub box was almost empty.
and minerals to a depth of
eight feetl Our last night in camp Shorty
Fully transistorized, yet of simple,
easy-to-operate design, the wouldn't eat; just sat by the fire star-
"Champion" is equipped with a
tunable detection head for maximum
ing into the flames. I turned in early.
sensitivity over mineralized ground, When he thought I was asleep, he
as well as a special, curved, folding
aluminum handle for lighter weight, pillowed his head on his arms and
ease of storage and balanced,
one-hand operation. - $127.50 wept like a child while his bright
dreams of a new car, education for
Write or phone today
for FREE Literature!
the kids, good clothes for the family,
new dentures and a paid-off home
THE GOLDAK COMPANY, INC. mortgage died like the embers of the
Dept. DD-3, 1544 Glenoaks Blvd., Glendale, Calif. • Cl fire. A strong man's tears have melan-
choly echoes. I slept little that night.
In the years that followed I made
six more trips to Shorty's ledge. Five
were by foot with pack animal. The
sixth was in the open cockpit of a
wobbly-winged two-place monoplane
with more faith than engine. I was
flown, at rim rock elevation, by a
grinning kid with little chance of
ever reaching his alloted three score
and ten years. We saw a lot of can-
yons, but nothing that looked like
Pearl Harbor, gas rationing and a
Presidential order that broke the back
of the gold mining industry cancel-
led any extensive war-time prospect-
ing. Since then I've been busy else-
THE FAMILY VEHICLE FOR YEAR-ROUND FUN! where. You can do only what you
Exclusive Sliding Canopy Top can.
Only Pullman Camper features this exclusive and patented Canopy Top which adds 36 square Shorty's sample was the only proof
feet of area and can be completely enclosed with special fitted curtains. It takes only a I ever saw of the ledge. Yet, I know
minute to unsnap the tension latches and roll out on rugged nylon rollers. Guaranteed not in my heart it must be there. Some-
where, high up under the rock; in
the area roughly bounded by B.T.
Other Pullman Features Mountain, Sycamore Creek, and the
STRONG LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION. Tubular aluminum framework provides greater R.A. and S.H. Mountains must be
strength yet reduces over-all weight and gas costs. Safety glass in all stationary windows. a narrow little canyon. It will be in
LOADING MADE EASY. Extra-wide four-foot rear door.
ruggedly beautiful country, more
SPACE SAVING. Door table cabinet provides storage space and doubles as table or work area. vertical than horizontal, with much
CLEAN, DRY INTERIOR. Water-tight and dust proof Neoprene gaskets around all windows,
doors and underside.
wild life. It's the one where water
trickles over rocks toward the west
Prices Start at Only $375.00
and pauses at a shallow pool where
TELEPHONE TOpaz 2-7968 or SPruce 3-5686.
gold threads that lace a narrow band
of milky quartz. ///
by Keith Wright

Woodstack might pose a mystery to strangers, but it makes sense to miners of Copper Globe.

w, HEN MOUNTAIN climbers

are asked why they spend years at-
This certainly could be true, for Old
Joe pioneered into Castle Valley as
to distinguish him from Skinny
Chris—no relation) and Jezreel Fu-
tempting to conquer a particular early as 1784 and knew the country gate. Jez probably spent more time
peak, they fall back on the classic intimately while it was still unknown at the mine as a hired assessment
reply: "Because it's there." But try territory to most of his neighbors. worker than did all others combined.
to figure out why miners spend years He was a hard-rock miner by nature
Back when years were still prefixed and had tried his hand at many
and years—yea, even generations- by 18, the two men came upon an
digging at the same old hole without phases of mining. His interest in
interesting deposit of copper during prospecting and mining is well-re-
showing a cent of profit. They cannot their horseback travels. Old Joe want-
say, " Because it's there," because flected in the fact that a son, who put
ed to stake it out and come back later in his mortal appearance at the time
they do not know that it —meaning to develop it, but Sam gave the whole
the big strike—is there. of a widely-known gold strike, was
idea the hee-haw and swore that all named Yukon Fugate.
One such enigma is the old Copper copper there could be carried out on
Globe Mine, located in a remote part one pack horse. So the two went Each winter Jez packed up his
of the San.Rafael Swell in Utah. Old- about more pressing affairs without camp gear and tools and moved to
timers, who say the mine has been bothering to stake a claim. Perhaps Copper Globe where he patiently
going for 60 to 75 years, aver that no they were so free-hearted with their advanced the mine. Much of the ex-
one has made any money from the discovery as to tell others of it. In isting drift is due to his efforts, and
any event, someone else moved in he is generally given full credit for
operation—well, almost no one. The the development of the shaft which
original claimant is supposed to have and laid claim to what soon became
kown as the Copper Globe Mine. descends from the drift—a shaft
sold out for $1700 cash, which wit- which came very near to claiming the
nesses swear is the only profit ever The present owners, who have had life of its maker. Jez went back into
made from the mine. Yet scarcely a control of the mine for a couple of the tunnel one day and apparently
year has gone by since its inception generations, spend each summer at forgot just where the shaft was locat-
that someone has not worked it for the mine doing their own work, but ed, or perhaps stumbled near its
at least a short time. for many years they hired others to edge. In any event, he fell headfirst
Royal Sweeney, now in his 70s, be- do the assessment work, or leased it for 25 to 30 feet of free fall before
lieves that his father, "Old" Joe (to to enterprising individuals who striking the very solid bottom with
distinguish him from his son, Joe) figured they could make it pay. his head and shoulders. Fortunately
and a side-kick, Sam Caldwell, were Two who worked for wages were he was not alone and was soon
first to discover the copper deposit. Chris Jensen (known as Long Chris brought to the surface, although

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 29

thought to be dead. But those old- ably shipped nut by wagnn nvrr the run, the entire furnace l
timers were tough, sometimes exceed- the rugged and lengthy trail between dragging dreams of wealth to irre-
ing credibility in recovering from the mine and civilization. So May- coverable destruction in the smoke
what seemed to be fatal injuries. Jez nard reasoned that the ore should be of the ruin.
was hauled home with only the faint- smelted at the site; then only high- Maynard had sunk his last cent in
est signs of life still evident. After a grade copper would have to be ship- the venture and had nothing left to
determined battle, he recovered. ped out. start over. In fact, he had nothing
Fred Zwahlen, another oldtimer, He hired Eli Fredrickson to con- left with which to pay his hired help,
figured actively with the mine op- struct a smelter of native rock, bond- a point well-remembered by his three
eration when a man remembered as ed and lined with clay from a not- sturdy woodchoppers—who, incident-
Maynard, a lessee of the property, too-distant deposit, believed to be ally, are all still living. He did, how-
had a brainstorm for making the fire clay. He also hired Fred Zwahlen ever apologize in a gentlemanly way
mine pay. It was obvious to everyone to stack up 100 cords of cedar (juni- for the outcome, and the three can
that the low-grade ore, which kept per to the purists) for fuel. Fred got now look back—at least from the
tantalizing dreams of a rich deposit a couple of young men, Clive Kill- soothing distance of 50 years—with a
always evident, could not be profit- pack and Manuel Wayman, to help chuckle over their unpaid efforts.
with the contract, and the three of Most of the wood they gathered is
them labored part of a summer un- still neatly stacked in a huge, wea-
COOL COMFORT der the intense desert sun to procure therbeaten rick which is about 95
wood from scattered groves. Clive feet long, 15 feet wide, and 8 feet
and Manuel cut it and Fred hauled high.
it in, using a four-horse team as in- Another heroic effort has left its
surance against getting stuck in loose lasting remains just a few feet off
sand which alternated with patches the Copper Globe property. Early in
CUSTOM MADE of barren rock. this century, three Snyder brothers-
AUTO SUN SHADES By the time the wood was stacked, Doc, Biddy and Dayt— became en-
"Take the sizzle out of the sun." Eli had finished the furnace—complete amored with the possibly of a copper
Block sun's rays yet allow excellent with towering smokestack—and May- fortune lying under the protecting
visibility. nard had a sizeable pile of ore ready cover of dozens of feet of sandstone.
Improves air conditioning efficiency. for the great experiment. There is With only a hard drill and a bucket
Keeps car up to 15 cooler.
Ideal for campers, travelers, and ordinary some lack of agreement as to what lifted by a hand-operated winch, they
driving. actually happened when the furnace sunk a shaft 700 feet into sandstone—
Easily installed with enclosed instructions. was fired. One maintains that the without finding any kind of ore. Dis-
Custom made for sedans, hardtops, and day was not fire clay at all, but merely illusioned and broke, their prospect
wagons 1955-1965.
Free catalog and prices. Give make and
bentonite clay, common in the area. hole was finally abandoned, but it
model of 2 or 4 door wagon, sedan, or Another maintains that the method will remain for a long time as a sort
hardtop. of firing was at fault, that Eli was in- of inverted monument to their in-
SIDLES MFG. CO structed to increase the heat slowly, tense belief in the Copper Globe
Box 3537D Temple, Texas but became carried away with en- country.
thusiasm and shoved in chunk after The copper is there. Traces also
chunk of wood with all his might. have been found in other parts of
Give your jriends a treat On the final result there is agreement; the San Rafael Swell. Perhaps the
Send them DESERT! as the molten metal was beginning to completion of new Interstate 70 will
make it feasible to ship the low-grade
ore at a profit. Or perhaps someone
Finest Camper Ever Made! with enough determination will
someday uncover a deposit of nearly-

MACDONALD pure copper. Royal Swasey showed

me a piece of float he had picked up
somewhere in the Swell during his
ramblings there and pounded his fist
against his forehead as he talked
about it because he had no idea as
to where this particular bit had been
JUST A FEW HOURS with simple hand
found. It was just a dark-colored
tools and you'll own the finest camper
"rock" with some interesting projec-
of its class! Everything is supplied
tions when he picked it up. But later,
with easy to follow instructions . . .
when he rubbed off some of the dark
anyone can assemble it!
exterior, the inner part shone as cop-
pery as a penny.
FACTORY ASSEMBLED CAMPERS AVAILABLE So there are those who believe that
COUPON NOW!ajH*aaMl somewhere lies a mother lode of pure
LOOK AT THESE AMAZING FEATURES: MACDONALD CAMPER KIT CO. Gl 2-5301, CU 3-5201 copper from which has come the low-
Welded Steel Tubing Frame • Extra 11015 E. Rush St., El Monte grade deposits and the occasional bits
Large Windows • Large Rear Door Please send me free information and brochure on of float. And there are others who,
with Door Support, Chrome Lock • the Camper Kit. DM 5
Durable Chrome Hardware • Extra
like old Sam Caldwell, believe that
Heavy Scored Aluminum for Extra NAME - all the copper in the Swell could be
Strength • Complete Unit, Extra
carried out on one pack horse.
light • All Screws, Bolts, Molding.
So far, Sam's prediction stands
pretty well unchallenged. ///

30 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

by Sam Hicks
Part of a series of articles relating Sam Hicks' first-hand observations
fo the uses made by primitive peoples of nature's products.

Chuchupati: the root is crushed on a

metate then placed directly on the
JL HESE POPULAR m e d i c i n a l * '
area affected by scorpion stings, bee
plants grow in the mountain regions and spider stings. If the victim is
of Northern and Central Mexico at particularly allergic, a tea cooked
elevations over 4000 feet. Their from Chuchupati is drunk to reduce
standard uses are well known by all swelling in the throat resulting from
people living on ranches and in the insect stings. The tea, very bitter, is
mountain pueblos of the Sierra also taken for biliousness.
Of the many beneficial native
plants depended upon by these people,
the plants shown here are by far the
most widely used. Their names are
common household words; and at
least some, if not all, of these dry Oregano: Leaves and small stems of
medicinal roots, or leaves, or blos- this plant are cooked into a tea for
soms may be stored in fruit jars. All coughs and colds and a disinfectant
of the herbs mentioned here have Yerba Colorado,: Crushed and cooked
for washing wounds, burns and skin into a tea for chest and back pains,
their medicinal qualities contained irritations. Its leaves are used as a
in the roots, with the exception of and flu. Tea is very red in color and
spice in cooking and, when finely has a good taste. Crushed root is
Manzanilla and Oregano. The use- ground, are mixed into a healing
ful portions of these two plants grow cooked with sugar to make a cough
salve. syrup.
above ground. All the plants seek
partial shade and grow rapidly after
seasonal rains.
In the U.S., Oregano is used for
seasoning, but in Mexico it is cher-
ished as a curative plant. Oregano
tea is drunk as a remedy for coughs
and colds. It is used as a disinfectant
and healing agent for burns, pimples,
skin irritation and infected wounds.
In the home, women add liberal
quantities of the flavorful leaves to Escorcioncra: Tea from crushed root
chili sauces and other spicy dishes, Manzanilla: The round to co?iical- is drunk in large, regular doses for
while their ranchero h u s b a n d s shaped buds of this plant are brewed curing stomach ulcers. Poultices of
mix finely ground Oregano leaves into a popular tea for upset stom- the crushed root heal open sores, and
with lard or tallow and use the salve achs. It is used almost universally by reduce, swelling and discoloration
to heal wounds on livestock. the mothers of small babies through- from bruises.
out Northern Mexico as a stomach
Almost every baby in Northern tonic.
Mexico has been fed Manzanilla tea
by its mother. It has long been the
standard home treatment for babies
who have difficulty digesting milk.
As they grow older, the babies are
given bottles of Manzanilla tea be-
tween regular feedings. Manzanilla
buds, or blossoms, have always been
a popular item in Mexican drug Yerba de la Vibora: Mexico's stan-
stores and they can be picked almost dard rattlesnake bite remedy. The
anywhere once a year while the Totolmeca: The root of this herb root is crushed on a metate, or some-
ground is moist. The plant's round, is broken in small pieces and cooked. times cooked, then placed on snake
yellow buttons always appear ready The tea is taken for female disorders. bite after it has been bled and suck-
to burst into flower, but they never It is also considered an excellent kid- ed. Crushed herb is cooked to make
do. Picked and eaten fresh, their ney medicine and relieves severe a pleasant tea which tastes like Ma-
mint-like flavor is delicious, especially back pains. It is carefully avoided by tariquc. Snake-bite victims are urg
after meals. /// pregnant women. to drink this tea in quantity.

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 31

Kent Frost's Hout to md&t
Canyonland Tours
See the superb wilderness scenery in &
the nation's newest ROBBERS
X "X
1954 [J
, 1954 Jy <i,' <<,
For additional information write:
• X
? x. •x * sA
295 Blue Mt. Drive
Monticello, Utah
Phone 587-2787 EW PEOPLE realize that detailed state. The largest scale (those that
maps of the West are available from cover the greatest area) are to the
the federal government at very nomi- scale of 1:250,000. About 15 of these
New transistor models 1Q95 nal cost. Californians can choose are needed to cover a state the size
detect buried gold, 1 0 up from almost 2000 different maps; the of Arizona. They are 50c each. More
silver, coins, ancient KITS, Islands of Hawaii alone have over detailed are the (15 minute) maps
firearms. For land
or underwater
UNDERWATER 100. published at a scale of 1:62,500 or
exploration. Explore AVAILABLE These maps are of the multicolored about 1 inch to the mile which cost
beaches, ghost 30c. For extreme detail, somewhat
towns, walls of
tor tree
topographical variety, showing ter-
abandoned catalog rain, roads, buildings, and streams. larger 7V4 minute maps are pub-
shacks. Works Unusual features such as geologic lished to a scale of 1:24,000 or almost
mud, water,
RELCO formations, old mining districts, ruins, 3 inches to the mile. These are also
D e p t . D-18
and little known roads and trails are 30c. In addition, special maps are
wood. BOX 10563 identified and the quality of roads is listed on the index sheet that cover
TEXAS plainly marked. They are especially national monuments, rivers and the
useful for finding off-beat vacation like. These are a bit more expensive
spots for 4-wheel drive travelers and than the others. The best procedure
TRIANGLE TOUR backpackers. Use them also if you are lor obtaining maps is to first order
MONUMENT VALLEY buying property, particularly in un- the free index sheet of the state that
RAINBOW NATURAL BRIDGE interests you, then select the parti-
improved areas, to ascertain drainage,
THE GREAT GOOSENECKS LAKE POWELL and access roads, as section markers cular maps you need.
(Bench markers) are accurately Although these maps are available
FLY IT — JEEP IT — BOAT IT shown. Even for a casual Sunday
ALL 3 WAYS IN 3 DAYS ON THIS from most blueprint and photostat
drive, these maps will direct you to
COMFORTABLE COMBINED TOUR houses, it is less expensive to order
nearby historic or scenic points.
CHOICE OF STARTING DATES them from the government if your
AND PLACES Finally, unlike road maps, these are need isn't immediate. The address for
Write for Brochure rectangular and adjoin at the same both index sheets and maps is:
Glen Canyon Boating scale. For an unusual den you can
WHITE CANYON, UTAH fit them together to form a compo- Denver Distribution Section
site map as large as you wish and U.S. Geological Survey
the total cost would not exceed that Denver Federal Center, Bldg. 25
IUST PUBLISHED! of a good wallpaper. Denver, Colorado 80225
1965 Four Wheel Drive Several sizes and types of maps are Large orders are shipped rolled,
Parts and Accessories Catalog available. Index maps of each state but an order of only one or two may
Most complete publication ever printed, this
are free of charge. These list all come folded unless you request
34-page, illustrated, 8x11, slick paper cata- maps available for your particular otherwise. ///
log is packed with detailed facts and prices
on every part, accessory and safety device
manufactured. To really make your 4 wheeler
tops in performance and appearance send
one dollar for catalog to
1625 S. Harbor Blvd.
Fullerton 7, California


BOX 3 7 , LAKEWOOD, CALIFORNIA "/ don't like it. I'd rather have it done in Brontosaurus"

32 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

The Desert and Archeology First of a series by DR. CARLOS MARGAIN,
University of Mexico

H A T HAS the desert to do the most thrilling problems that in- toric ethnography, he was able to de-
with the rise of civilization on our terests Man: How and why did civili- termine and establish one of the most
continent? T o begin with, such in- zation and high culture come to be? remarkable sequences of man's cul-
terrelation sounds odd. Was the des- Especially interesting, and complete- tural evolution, daily life and settle-
ert the place where civilization made ment in a desertic area during a con-
its first steps in its development in ly unknown, is the question of how, tinuous lapse of some 9000 years.
the New World? Surely not all of where and when civilization in Am- States R. S. MacNeish, "It became
them, if at all. Nevertheless, were erica started. apparent that the desert valley of
it not for the desert we would not Tehuacan was the region in which
Among scholars of all nationalities
be able to know, as we do now, a evidence could most likely be uncov-
who have been interested in this
number of facts related to the history ered about the beginnings of the do-
problem, Mr. R. D. MacNeish, an
of man in this part of the world. To- mestication of corn."
American, must be especially men-
day it is possible to say—with suffi-
tioned. For years he worked in the MacNeish's reasons for selecting
cient elements to prove and substan-
U. S., Mexico and Central America the Tehuacan Valley area derived,
tiate it—that the fundamental and
systematically going from one area first, from excavations and findings
basic step in the beginning and rise
to the next in search of a solution he and others had made in Northern
of civilization on our continent most
to this issue. From many possibili- and Southern Mexico and in caves in
certainly took place in a desert.
ties, he at last selected a few areas in New Mexico, as well as one discovery
Yes, it is now known beyond doubt Mexico which he considered most in the deep sub-soil of Mexico City
that about 5000 B.C., people living likely to yield- data relevant to the that revealed fossil pollen of maize
in a small valley 150 miles southeast questions. Of these carefully select- belonging to the "last interglacial
of Mexico City discovered that by ed regions, all had one thing in com- period, estimated by geologists to
dropping a seed into the ground (in mon: they were deserts! Why would have occured about 80,000 years ago"
this particular case, corn or maize) MacNeish select deserts in general —that is, long before the populating
a plant containing edible seeds would oppostion to most of his colleagues? and first arrival of Man in the New
grow. They had discovered the basic World. The pollen was thought to
The answer is simple. Complete, or
principle of agriculture. nearly so, lack of rain in desertic be that of wild maize which once
Were it not for the desert, we areas permits the preservation of or- grew in the valley of Mexico and has
would not know, either, that about ganic material in an incredible man- since become extinct. This settled
9000 years ago a group of people ner. Findings of man-made products an important question in that it
occupying a region now called Mex- of perishable materials hundreds and proved corn, or maize, was undoubt-
ico had already acquired the custom thousands of years old remain in a edly a plant of exclusive and typical
of eating hot chili peppers. Ever remarkable state. That was why Mac- American origin.
since then those hot peppers have Neish selected desert areas. What he After other surveys in Central Am-
constituted one of the basic elements was able to find in the course of erica and Mexico, MacNeish narrow-
in the food habits of the population three continuous seasons of work is ed to a reduced area the once vast
of that area. This 9000 years of truly fantastic. With the help of spe- territory of regions where he could
planting and eating chili hot peppers cialists in botany, zoology, physical find the beginning of cultivation of
explains the fact that today, when anthropology, geology, and pre-his- corn in the New World. This prob-
anyone of the 40-million Mexicans lem, about the when, where and how
who eat chili says "Esta salsa no es corn was first domesticated, is one
pica," (this sauce is not hot) you had that has puzzled people interested in
better be careful. A tongue and plants ever since the discovery of
throat with less long tradition is America 500 years ago.
liable to find the concentrated fire
of 9000 devils burning within! On the other hand, one has to con-
sider that the problem is intimately
Were it not for the desert, we would related to the beginning and rise of
not be able to try to disclose, as is civilization on our continent. Corn
being done now by a number of spe- was totally unknown outside the New
cialists, the different steps man fol- World before its discovery, and yet
lowed to become a highly-cultured it was the basic and most important
sedentarist with an intensive agri- food among all highly developed Am-
culture, after he had covered our con- erican civilizations before Columbus.
tinent for thousands and thousands In fact, it still is the basic staple food
of years as a low-cultured hunter and in many Latin American countries,
food-gathering nomad. particularly those where pre-Colum-
bian civilizations developed.
It has been precisely the desert, or
more specifically, characteristics typi- So, every investigator and, of course,
cal and peculiar to the desert, which MacNeish with them, believes that
has revealed that the ancient and when we locate the origins, the place
highly developed civilizations of Am- and the first steps in the domestica-
erica had an independent beginning tion of corn we will be well on our
from those of the old world. These View from bottom of cave excavated way toward finding out where and
few known facts allow us of the 20th by MacNeish shows great quantity of how civilization evolved in America.
Century to speculate about one of refuse left by man in 10,000 years.

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 33

Food Editor 61c^ Jl~H d<JL


2 onions, chopped 3 slices bacon, fried crisp and 1 eggplant, peeled and cut in Vi-
2 garlic cloves chopped fine drained inch slices
1 green pepper, chopped 1 lb. cooked cubed ham 2 zucchini, cut in Vi-inch slices
Saute onion, garlic and pepper in 1 can mushrooms 1 cup uncooked spaghetti, broken
Vi cup cooking oil. Add: 1 8-oz. package spaghetti, cooked into 1-inch pieces
1 cup tomato paste and drained 1 cup sliced celery
2 cups tomato soup 1 can whole kernel corn, drained 1 green pepper, thinly sliced
1 can whole kernel corn 1 can lima beans, drained 1 clove garlic thinly sliced, or
Juice of 1 lime 1 cup tomato juice garlic powder to taste
1 8 oz. can mushrooms, drained. Combine all but the bacon; heat, 8 oz. Mazzarella cheese, sliced
reserve liquid. and after placing in serving dish, 2 8- oz. cans tomato sauce
Mix all ingredients together. Cook sprinkle the crumbled bacon over Vi cup water
2 lbss. ground lean beef in mush- the top. Serves 8. 2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
room liquid for a few minutes. Cook V2 teaspoon salt
I 8 oz. package spaghetti in boiling Pinch oregano
water until tender. Add the meat to BANANA YAM CASSEROLE Layer vegetables, spaghetti a n d
sauce and place in alternate layers 3 large yams boiled in their cheese in order listed in greased 3
with spaghetti in buttered casserole. jackets until tender, but firm qt. casserole. Combine other ingre-
Top with 3A 1b. grated American Peel and slice crosswise
cheese. Bake at 300 degrees for Vi dients and pour over all. Cover and
Slice 3 bananas crosswise, and
hour. pour juice of 2 lemons over them bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour or
1 cup brown sugar until vegetables are tender. Makes
Vi cup butter 8 servings.
STUFFED CREAMED EGGS Vi cup chopped pecans or almonds
8 hard-cooked eggs Butter casserole and alternate layers
Vi cup butter of yams and bananas. Sprinkle each EGGPLANT CASSEROLE
] V2 teaspoons prepared mustard layer with sugar and dot with but- 1 medium egg plant
V2 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce ter. Sprinkle with pecans. Add more 2 slices bacon
1 teaspoon minced parsley lemon juice if needed. Bake until 1 tablespoon chopped onion
V2 cup cooked chopped ham potatoes are soft and top lightly 1 tablespoon chopped green
Cut eggs lengthwise in half. Remove browned, about 25 min. in moderate pepper
yolks. Mash yolks and mix with oven.
2 tomatoes
softened butter and seasonings. Stuff Salt and pepper to taste
whites with mixture, and place in Bread crumbs
shallow baking dish. HOMINY AND ALMOND
Parmesan cheese
3 tablespoons butter CASSEROLE V2 cup water
3 tablespoons flour
% teaspoon salt 1 cup mushroom soup Cut bacon into small pieces and fry
Vi teaspoon pepper V2 cup thin cream until crisp. Remove bacon from
Vi teaspoon cayenne pepper grease in pan. Saute onion and
1 cup bouillon or stock 1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
% cup thin cream green pepper in bacon fat until ten-
1 teaspoon celery seed der, not brown. Dice eggplant and
1 cup grated processed cheese V2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper add to onion and pepper. Add to-
Melt butter, add flour, salt and pep- 1 teaspoon salt matoes cut up into pieces, and the
per and blend. Add liquids stirring Mix and simmer over low heat un- water. Cook gently for about 5 min-
constantly until sauce boils. Cook til blended. Drain 1 No. 2V2 can of
for about 2 minutes, add grated hominy and place in buttered cas- utes. Add seasoning and bacon bits
cheese and blend. Pour sauce over serole. To soup mixture, add V2 lb. and turn into shallow baking dish.
toasted, blanched almonds which Top with bread crumbs. Cover and
eggs in casserole. Top with 1 cup have been halved. Poured this over bake in 375 degree oven for about
soft bread crumbs mixed with 3 hominy. Cover with 1 cup buttered 25 minutes. Remove from oven and
tablespoons melted butter. Bake for crumbs. Bake 30 to 40 minutes in sprinkle Parmesan cheese over top.
30 minutes at 375 degrees. 350 degree oven. Serves 4.
34 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965
A monthly feature by
the author ot
Ghost Town Album,
Ghost Town Trails, and
Ghost Town Shadows.

Broken Hills,

HEN JOSEPH Arthur saw the agreed to give up. On their final admirer caught her alone in the kit-
chunk of float glinting with streaks of day's search, Jim took the high ridge chen and unsuccessfully attempted to
pure metallic silver, he could hardly while Joe followed the gully. It was force his attentions upon the girl.
believe his eyes. It was exactly what then he picked up the piece of glit- Repelled, he raged from the build-
he was looking for, but the search tering rock. ing, sweeping a kerosene lamp off of
had proven fruitless for so many As soon as Joe stopped trembling, a table and spilling oil. In moments
years he could hardly believe the he located the outcropping from the entire building burst into flame.
evidence now. He picked it up. It which his chunk of silver had rolled Ross, not far away, rushed into the
was real. Bonanza awaited under the and staked three claims—the Bel- building to save his daughter.
sagebrush covering of the Broken mont, Grand Prize and Butler. Then "Scotty" McLeod, now in his 80s
Hills. he took the chunk, went back to and living in Yerrington, related the
The Arthur family came to this camp, made a big pot of coffee and story to me. "The girl was dead,
raw Nevada country when Joe was a awaited his partner. When Jim walk- likely from suffocation," he said,
small boy. Mrs. Arthur pined for her ed into camp, discouraged and ready "and Ross was so badly burned you'd
native England, but her husband ad- to give up, Joe handed him the rock hardly know him. My wife and I
justed immediately and took a job in without saying a word. attended the double funeral in Yer-
I he mines in Nevada's Ruby Moun- On the strength of the sample, the rington. It was the saddest thing
tains. Often he took his son with two men raised enough capital to we ever knew."
him and little Joe grew up in an at- begin operations. They worked hard Rice's speculative purchase of
mosphere of metallurgy, rocks, ores, at their mines for five years, taking Stratford and Arthur's mines didn't
silver and gold. Determined to be a out some S60,000, then George Gra- pay off, partly because of disinterested
prospector, the boy headed for the ham Rice, notorious promoter from and inefficient operators, partly be-
rock hills with a burro and a few Rawhide, came along and bought cause the best ore already had been
supplies while still in his teens. them out for $75,000.' removed. Smaller outfits moved in
Broken Hills enjoyed a moderate and also failed. During the depression
Success was elusive, though, and a number of unemployed men work-
young Arthur had come close to giv- period of prosperity during the years
the mines produced, roughly from ed the dumps and shafts, taking out
ing up the search when he met an- a respectable §197,195 in five years.
other Englishman prospecting alone. 1910 to 1940. About 1918 Messrs.
Daniels and Ross of Yerrington, Nev- Since then the town has steadily
This was James M. Stratford who had laded away. Maury Stromer stayed
ada, built a substantial hotel which
previously made a small strike, work- furnished a social center for the town. for years all by himself, but fell ill
ed it out, and was now again becom- Ross had a young, attractive daughter and went to live with his daughter in
ing discouraged. The two bucked each who helped in the kitchen and was Paso Robles where he died in 1956.
other up by joining forces and work- much admired by single men in His cabin and many others stand
ing all winter and into spring, with camp. Most of them kept their dis- bleached and lonely in the shadows
nothing to show for it. At last they tance but one evening a persistent of Broken Hills. ///


Direct From Australia

Metal Detectors
This Month's Best Buy
Lapidary — rockhounding — jewelry making.
Dealer For add up to a fascinating creative art! SPECIAL OFFER
Value Never Offered Before
Detectron, Fisher, Goldak, GET CRAFT'S BIGGEST CATALOG
Pretumbled Opal Medium and Smaller Size
Rayscope, GeoFinder, Metrotech World's largest selection - over 10,000 items Colourful Pieces ready for final Polish.
offered...imports from all parts of the world. 1 Whole Pound $14.00 5 Pounds $60.00
ON DETECTORS, BOOKS AND MAPS. MACHINERY—SUPPLIES —ETC. Send personal cheque, international money
order, bank draft. Free 16 page list of all
BILL'S SERVICE CENTER Australian Gemstones.
15502 So. Paramount Blvd. AUSTRALIAN GEM TRADING CO.
Paramount California 294 Little Collins Street

June, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 35

• Mail your copy and first-insertion remit-
tance to: Trading Post, Desert Magazine,
Palm Desert, Calif.
CLASSIFIEDS • Classified rates are 25c per word, $5
minimum per insertion.


BACK COUNTRY traveler? Investigate National NEW BOTTLE publication, "Redigging the West," C-BAR-H GUEST Ranch—Rest or play—a real
Four Wheel Drive Association. Find out what for old time bottles, close-up photographs of western holiday. American plan includes three
it is doing. National Four Wheel Drive Asso- over 700 bottles and articles, all embossing delicious meals each day, horseback riding,
ciation. Box 527, Dept. D, Indio, Calif. on bottles traced in black and white for comfortable cottages, swimming pool, ranch
easy, positive identification, pricing, complete lodge activities, hay rides, sports galore.
index. For limited time only—Map 2 2 " x l 7 " P.O. Box 373D, Lucerne Valley, Calif.
• BOOKS-MAGAZINES 1897 reproduction, showing 9 western states,
listing approximate locations of 516 mines.
OUT-OF-print books at lowest prices! You name • EQUIPMENT-SUPPLIES
Price $4.25 post paid. Old Time Bottle Pub.
it—we find it! Western Americana, desert and
Co., Dept. D, 3916 Rivercrest Dr., Salem, Ore.
Indian books a specialty. Send us your wants. QUALITY CAMPING and mountaineering equip-
No obligation. International Bookfinders, Box "GEMS & Minerals Magazine," largest rock hobby ment. Down sleeping bags, lightweight tents,
3003-D, Beverly Hills, California. monthly. Field trips, " h o w " articles, pictures, boots. Free catalog. Highland Outfitters, P.O.
ads. $4 year. Sample 25c. Box 687J, Mentone, Box 121, Riverside, Calif.
LEARN ABOUT gems from Handbook of Gems California. DESERT WEAR—warm or cool. Boots, casuals,
and Gemology. Written especially for ama-
ARIZONA TREASURE Hunters Ghost Town Guide, hats, deerskins. Rockhounds' Paradise—In-
teur, cutter, collector. Tells how to identify
large folded map 1881, small early map, 1200 formation Center. "Big Horn," 4034 Paradise
gems. $3 plus tax. Gemac Corporation, Box
place name glossary, mines, camps, Indian Road at Flamingo, Las Vegas, Nevada.
808J, Mentone, California.
reservations, etc. $1.50. Theron Fox, 1296-E
110 VAC 60 cycle from car generator. Power,
READ "BURIED Treasure and Lost Mines" by Yosemite, San Jose, California.
lights, refrigerator, transmitter, receiver, etc.
Frank Fish, 93 bonafide locations, photos and "THE PAST In Glass" Newly revised. Identify the Simple, easy to convert. Plans: $2. Tedco,
illustrations. Research done by Fish, treasure unknown bottles in your collection with this Box 12098B, Houston, Texas 77017.
hunter who made it pay. Large 19x24" color- complete book on bottle collecting. Utilize the
ed map, pinpointing book locations. Book ENJOY LIGHTWEIGHT camping. Free catalog of
hints on how to collect, identify, and categor-
$1.50, map $1.50. Special: both $2.50 post- tents, packs, sleeping bags. Gerry, Dept. 90,
ize your bottles. $3.25 from authors Pat and
paid. Publisher: Erie Schaefer, 14728 Peyton Boulder, Colorado.
and Bob Ferraro, 465 15th Street, Lovelock,
Drive, Chino, California. Nevada.
GHOST TOWN Bottle Price Guide, 1965 revised • FOR WOMEN
NEVADA TREASURE Hunters Ghost Town Guide.
Large folded map. 800 place name glossary. edition, enlarged to 72 pages, $2.25 postpaid. LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifler."
Railroads, towns, camps, camel trail. $1.50. Wes Bressie, Route 1, Box 582, Eagle Point, Your whole beauty treatment in one jar.
Theron Fox, 1296-C Yosemite, San Jose 26, Oregon 97524. Write: Lola Barnes, 963 North Oakland, Pasa
California. DESERT MAGAZINES for sale, years 1937-1938- dena 6, California.
1939, complete, bound. Make offer. Also 1941
Mule Hill—hundreds of interesting little known
not bound, all perfect. Edna J. Blaine, 875 • GEMS, DEALERS
Fiske St., Pacific Palisades, Calif. 90272.
historical sites including locations, photo- RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA. We have everything
graphs, map, and descriptions. 121 pages. ARIZONA HIGHWAYS magazines 1938-1964, 50c
for the rock hound, pebble pups, interesting
$3.95. Miracle Enterprises, 1825 Miracle Mile, to $2.50 per copy plus 9c postage. Some
gifts for those who are not rock hounds.
Tucson, Arizona. bound volumes. Girls Ranch Inc., Box 16283
Minerals, slabs, rough materials, lapidary sup-
Indian School Station, Phoenix, Arizona.
plies, mountings, equipment, black lights. Why
"THE BOTTLE Trail" volumes one through five, WANTED: BACK issues or complete run of not stop and browse? Shamrock Rock Shop,
pioneer bottle histories, $1.65 each prepaid. Desert Magazine since 1937. State price and 593 West La Cadena Drive, Riverside, Calif.
May Jones, Box 23, Nara Visa, New Mexico condition. R. Slaughter, 1901 Euclid, San OVerland 6-3956.
88430. Marino, California.
CHOICE MINERAL specimens, gems, cutting ma-
"SUN-COLORED GLASS, It's Lure and Lore," 50 "BACKWARD THROUGH a Bottle"—Ghost towns, terial, machinery, lapidary and jeweler's sup-
pages, illustrated, $2.75 postpaid. Mary J. homesteads, bottles & relics of Arizona Ter- plies, mountings, fluorescent lamps, books.
Zimmerman, Dept. D., Box 2641, Amarillo, ritory. History, sketches, photos. $2. Kay Dev- Sumner's, 21108 Devonshire, Chatsworth, Cal.
Texas. ner, 8945 E. Twentieth, Tucson, Arizona.
DESERT "NATURE-RHYMES" for c h i l d r e n —
HARD-TO-FIND Books located through world- "Randy the Roadrunner and Larry the Lizard."
wide contacts. All fields Americana to Zoology. Two rhymed nature stories in one book. MINERAL SPECIMENS and Gem Rough, for the
Book Lance, 6631 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood, Authentic educational material on fascinating discriminating collector or lapidarist. Abso-
Calif. 90028. desert animals. Amusing, cleverly illustrated, lutely guaranteed. Two free lists, which do
hard cover. $1.25 postpaid. Desertopics Pub- you want? The Vellor Co., P.O. Box 2344 (D),
LOST MINES and Buried Treasures of California, lishing Co., P. O. Box 3, Palm Springs, Calif. St. Louis, Missouri 63114.
1964 edition; 160 locations, $2.50. R. A. 92263. POCKET GOLD, $2. Placer gold, $2. Gold dust,
Pierce, P. O. Box 3034, Berkeley 5, Calif.
TREASURE HUNTERS monthly publication. Facts, $1. Attractively displayed. Postpaid. Money-
GHOST TOWN Guide: Complete guide to over news, leads. $2.00 yearly; sample 25c. The back guarantee. Lester Lea, Box 1125D, Mt.
100 ghost towns in California, only $1.95. W. Gold Bug, Box 88, Alamo, California. Shasta, California.
Abbott, 1513 West Romneya Drive, Anaheim,
BOOK HUNTING is our business, service is our SUPERIOR AGATES, VA to % inches, $1 Ib. 1/2 to
DESERT LIVINGCOLOR, Wildlife, Roadrunner,
product. No charge for search. Satisfaction 1 % in. banded, $2.50 Ib. Tumble polished
Homestead and Flower notes, 12 assorted
guaranteed. D-J Book Search Service, P. O. $3.50 Ib. Send postage. Frank Engstrom, Grey
$1.50, illustrated brochure. 59 Desert Vari-
Box 3352-D, San Bernardino, Calif. 92404. Eagle, Minnesota.
eties $5.90. Artist Henry Mockel, Box 726,
"1200 BOTTLES PRICED"-well illustrated, com- Twentynine Palms, Calif.
plete description, covers entire field, 164 • INDIAN GOODS
pages, by J. C. Tibbitts, first president of • DUDE-GUEST RANCHES AUTHENTIC INDIAN jewelry, Navajo rugs, Chi-
Antique Bottle Collectors Association and edi- mayo blankets, squaw boots. Collector's items.
tor of the "Pontil," $4.25 post paid. The DESERT HILLS Guest Ranch, Lucerne Valley, Cali-
Closed Tuesdays. Pow-Wow Indian Trading
Little Glass Shack, 3161 56th St., Sacramento, fornia. Housekeeping cottages, single units
Post, 19967 Ventura Blvd., East Woodland
Calif. 95820. with bath, meals available, beautiful view,
Hills, Calif. Open Sundays.
heated pool, quiet, ideal for honeymooners,
METAL DETECTOR Handbook. Complete guide to writers, artists, etc. Write for brochure. Joe SELLING 20,000 Indian relics. 100 nice ancient
electronic treasure finders. $2.00. The Gold and Janice Horst, owners, P.O. Box 444, arrowheads $25. Indian skull $25. List free.
Bug, Box 88, Alamo, California. Lucerne Valley, California. CH 8-7444. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas.

36 / Desert Magazine / June, 1965

FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo, Zuni, Hopi DOLLARS—1878 CC Mint $3.50, very good. 1878- FIND LOST or hidden treasures with new tran-
jewelry. Old pawn. Many fine old baskets, 79-80-81-82 S Mint, 1883-84-85-99-1900-01- sistor metal detector, underwater metal de-
moderately priced, in excellent condition 04 O Mint uncirculated $3 each. 100 page tectors, scintillation counters, etc. Free litera-
Navajo rugs, Yei blankets, Chimayo blankets, catalog, Coins, 50c. Schultz, Salt Lake City, ture. Gardiner Electronics, Dept 5 1 , 4729
pottery. A collector's paradise! Open daily Utah 84110. North 7th Ave., Phoenix, Arizona.
10 to 5:30, closed Mondays. Buffalo Trading
Post, Highway 18, Apple Valley, California. EARLY HALF dollars over 100 years old, only FINEST TRANSISTOR metal locators, $34.95 to
$8., in very good or better. Brilliant uncir- $275. Find coins, souvenirs, treasure. Informa-
SELLING INDIAN artifacts: Pottery, boatstones, culated silver dollars before 1900, only $4 tive folder, "Metal Locating Kinks," 25c.
spearheads, ceremonial flints, axheads, maces, each, my choice. The Coin Company, Inc., 315 IGWTD, Williamsburg, New Mexico.
pipe tomahawks, baskets, also Aztec pottery East Second South, Suite 308, Salt Lake City,
and figurines. Vince's, 18 West Downs, Stock- Utah 84111. POWERFUL METROTECH locators detect gold, sil-
ton, California 95204. ver, coins, relics. Moneyback guarantee. Terms,
• PHOTO SUPPLIES free information. Underground Explorations,
CUSTOM FILM finishing by mail since 1932. Dept. 3A, Box 793, Menlo Park, California,
Morgan Camera Shop "The complete photo-
GENUINE TURQUOISE bolo ties $1.50, 11 stone DISCOVER BURIED loot, gold, silver, coins, battle-
graphic store," 6262 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood-
turquoise bracelet $2. Gem quality golden field and ghost town relics, with most power-
California 90028.
tiger-eye $1.75 pound, beautiful mixed agate ful, sensitive transistorized metal detectors
baroques $3 pound. Postage and tax extra. available. Two Year Warranty. Free literature.
• PLANTS, SEEDS Goldak, Dept. DM, 1544 W. Glenoaks, Glen-
Tubby's Rock Shop, 242O'/2 Honolulu Ave.,
Montrose, California. 1965 WILDFLOWER and Wild Tree Seed Catalog, dale, California 91201.
lists over 700 choice varieties including many
EXCITING ADVENTURE locating hidden loot,
NEW 1965 JEWELRY, very smart. Never has bonsai. Scientific name, common name. In-
treasure, relics, etc., with powerful, electron-
there been such lovely pieces of jewelry, the formative, artistic, trade secrets revealed. 50c.
ic M-Scope locator. Lightweight. Guaranteed.
type you can wear with any article of attire. Clyde Robin, Collector of Wildflower and
Very easy terms. Send for free booklet, in-
Yes, from casuals to the most formal, com- Wild Tree Seeds, P.O. Box 2091-D, Castro
teresting customer reports. Fisher Research,
pliments all colors. It's the most beautiful Valley Calif. For beautiful spring blooms
Dept. JY, Palo Alto, California.
jewelry ever created, be the first to wear plant wildflower seeds in early winter.
this winner. Send only $3.99 to receive a set EUCALYPTUS TREESi Big^ beautif^ fragrimt, NEW SUPERSENSITIVE transistor locators detect
of necklace and earclips to match, gift healthy, pest free, evergreen. Excellent shade buried gold, silver, coins. Kits, assembled
boxed. Free gift to all ordering. Cool and windbreak trees. Extremely fast growing models. $19.95 up. Underwater models avail-
jewelry to acquaint you with our Summer from seed. To ten feet first year. Seed packet able. Free catalog. Relco A-18, Box 10563,
Jewelry, a special $4 value for only $2.99, $1.00. Eucalyptus, 1739 San Miguel Canyon, Houston 18, Texas.
necklace and earclips to match, gift boxed. Watsonville, Calif.
These are originals, no two alike, as lovely TREASURE-FONE AUTOMATIC—a new principle
as fresh spring. Be first to have a specially HI-DESERT'S AFRICAN Violets. Hi-Desert's bed- in electronic metal detection. Patent pending.
made set for summer. Genuine. Tax and ding plants. Hi-Desert's Smoketrees and other $129.50. Write: Highlander Co., Dept. 25,
postage paid by us. Give color choice. A & A natives. Hi - Desert's unusual ornamentals. 10308 Brenda Way, Rancho Cordova, California
Rock Shop, 3930 South Wilton PI., Los Angeles, Rancho Environmental Nursery, 71554 Samar- ELECTRONIC METAL detector. BuiTcT this sensi-
California 90062. kand Drive, Twentynine Palms, Calif. 92277. tive detector for less than the low priced kits.
Full plans and instructions $2. Special Services,
APACHE TEARS—beautifully polished and made • REAL ESTATE Box 1751, Phoenix, Arizona 85001.
into jewelry for the perfect gift. Pendant FOR INFORMATION on desert acreage and par-
with 18" chain $2.00; Bracelet with single
tear $1.50; Seven-tear Bracelet $5. Unmount-
cels for sale in or near Twentynine Palms, • WESTERN MERCHANDISE
please write to or visit: Silas S. Stanley, Realtor,
ed tears $5 per dozen. Special Services, Box 73644 Twentynine Palms Highway, Twenty- GHOST TOWN items: Sun-colored glass, amethyst
1751, Phoenix, Arizona 85001. nine Palms, California. to royal purple; ghost railroads materials,
NOTICE: IF you are interested in making extra tickets; limited odd items from camps of the
400,000,000 ACRES government land in 25
money selling our summer jewelry, contact '60s. Write your interest—Box 64-D, Smith,
states. Some low as $1 acre. 1965 report. Nevada.
us by mail, send $2 for samples and details.
Details, send $1 to National Land, 422-DM,
A&A, 3930 South Wilton PI., Los Angeles, Cali-
Washington Building, Washington, D.C.
fornia 90062.
7T~nTr power, oiled • MISCELLANEOUS
streets, $495 complete, $10 down, $10 month,
TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS, western states. Stamp
• MAPS no interest. Free pictures, map. Write: Box
appreciated for each state indexes. Silva
486, Kingman, Arizona 86401.
SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps - San Bernardino compasses, $2.50 to $14.95, free brochure.
$3; Riverside $ 1 ; Imperial, small $ 1 , large $2; CORNER LOT, 200 feet on highway, 200' on Campers "Dri-Lit" foods, free list. Flint-Stick,
San Diego $1.25; Inyo $2.50; Kern $1.25; paved side street, large house, 13A baths, 1000 fire match, $1 postpaid. Flint-Stick
other California counties $1.25 each. Nevada tennis court, garage. Small house adjacent, dealers wanted. Jacobsen Suppliers, 9322
counties $1 eac'i Include 4 percent sales tax. 2V2 lots vacant. Ethel Barker, Box 745, Cot- California Ave., South Gate, California.
Topographic maps of all mapped western tonwood, Arizona. 1000 NAME, address labels, or pocket rubber
areas. Westwide Maps Co., 114 West Third SPECTACULAR SCENERY where desert and stamp, $1 each. Top quality. West Coast La-
Street, Los Angeles 13, California. mountains meet. "Indian Springs" near Lone bels, Dept. 6, 1184 Belleview, San Bernar-
Pine, at foot of Mt. Whitney. Small ranchos dino, Calif. 92410.
WYOMING GHOST town map with stage sta- with paved roads, electricity. For weekend
tions, forts, modern towns and highways, $3. WANTED: USED quicksilver or mercury, $2 to
home, horsebreeding, retirement, investment. $2.25 Ib. Containers to ship furnished. Calor-
Oklahoma treasure map $2. Wyoming Fort Great outdoor fun: fishing, hunting, riding,
plans, stamp for for list. H. Johnson, 1731 ami Enterprise, 525 Bond St., Fresno 2, Calif.
exploring. Brochure, R. F. Oyler, Dept. H,
West Coffman, Casper, Wyoming. 124 Main Street, Lone Pine, Calif.
NORTH IDAHO, Priest Lake. Lakeshore cottages, / " • I l l A seed. Scouts, historic U.S. Army
• MEX|CANAUTO INSURANCE acreage and home. Fishing, hunting, water I H I A Mission Fathers' and Explorers'
^ * " • • • ^ accounts, as far bock as Pliny,
sports. Jim Low, Nordman, Idaho. Phone at the dawn of Christianity, with M.D.'s in
GET INSURANCE in Mexico's largest casualty Hickory 3-2322. botanic data and current hardy habitues of
company through San born's—by mail or at the deserts, remark on Chia as an unusual
affiliated service offices in El Centro, Yuma, FOR SALE: Good gas station, well equipped, energy-sustaining cereal.
Nogales, El Paso. Write for daily insurance good car hoist, good title, center of town,
$5500. Box 192, Chloride, Arizona. "BEAUTIFULLY CLEAN" CHIA
rates—and ask for free Mexico Travel-Aid 2V2 lbs. $5.00
packet, very helpful in planning your Mexico INVEST NOW in small growing village. Church,
motor trip. Sanborn's, McAllen, Texas 78502. store, pest office, big school, 4000 feet up, Trial 12 ozs. $2, 6</2 lbs. $12, 12 lbs. $21,
postpaid with complete 10,000-word Chia
delightful climate. Write Real Estate Agent, Story. Story alone 50c. Basic recipes, cultivat-
Box 222, Chloride, Arizona. ing data, and Pollen Story included.
(Uncleaned, seed grade Chia suitable for
ROGUE RIVER Valley, Oregon ranch sites near gardens, sprouting, or wonderful bird food.
ASSAYS. COMPLETE, accurate, guaranteed. High- Grants Pass and Medford, 5 to 40 acres low as 10 lbs. $15. f.o.b.)
est quality spectrogrephic. Only $5.00 per $150 down and $35 monthly. Free catalog. POLLEN CHIA Commerce
sample. Reed Engineering, 620-R So. Ingle- Cal-Ore Ranches, 1054-DX South Riverside, 854 Ninth St., Santa Monica, California 90403
wood Ave., Inglewood, California. Medford, Oregon.

June, 1965 / Desnrt Mnnn^

Back Issue Salo LETTERS
ALL 12

1964 ISSUES For the Birds . . . To the Man Who Found

To the Editor: Thank you for the splendid Pegleg's Gold . . .
$3.50 article about the condor in your April
issue. As was summed up for us at a To sell $314,650 worth of nuggets in small
recent National Audubon Society conven- lots of not more than 15 ounces at a time,
Offer Good Only tion, "The success of conservation efforts you would have had to dig up some 2000
will be the measure of the level of our gold buyers. Are there that many in Alaska?
As Long As civilization." Again, thank you; we native ROBERT BUCK,
They Last Westerners appreciate tremendously all you Stockton, California
are doing to preserve the best of the West
as we have known and loved it. Readers have stopped to look at the
black nuggets displayed in the DESERT
BETTY JENNER, Magazine office and some have comment-
Los Angeles, California. ed that laws regarding the selling of placer
ALL 12
gold are not the same as those for selling
Who Is Sandora? . . . gold taken from mines. We have been told
1959 ISSUES To the Editor: While driving around the
west side of Panamint Range, somewhere
that it is possible to sell placer gold any-
where without all the falderal of filling
south and east of Trona, we came upon a out government forms. Is this true?
$2.00 sign which read—Sandora 11 mi., or at
lease we thought it said 11 miles. The sign
was weather-beaten until it was hardly I am doing my term paper on Pegleg's
Offer Good Only legible. We wonder if a DESERT reader Lost Mine and read your articles in the
can tell us something about the name March and May issues of DESERT with
As Long As "Sandora." Was it a mine or someone's interest. Will you please answer the fol-
desert dwelling and where did the name lowing questions?
They Last originate? Gold found in nature (free) is usually
NED SKINNER, of a much higher concentration than that
Capitola, California. stated in your article. Can this be explained?
The fact that no claim was filed,
Sour Dough Recipe . . . coupled with your reluctance to engage in
10 ISSUES of 1963 To the Editor: Just received the May issue
of DESERT and find an error in my sour
mining operations, suggests the possibility
that your "mine" was on private property
(All except Jan. and Feb. dough recipe. Where it states, "add Vi level or within a State Park. No mention is
teaspoon of warm water," it should have made in the article of efforts to determine
read "Vz teaspoon of baking soda in a small this information. Why?
$3.00 amount of warm water. Pancakes without
soda would be a miserable failure.
I believe that gold dealers are required
by law to keep records of gold bought
HARRY MURPHY, and sold. Yet you allude to no record of
Green River, Wyoming. such transactions. Wouldn't the govern-
ment have been interested?
The Coal Canyon Ghost . . .
Remember Father. To the Editor: \ have known of women to
Although these questions tend to dis-
credit your story, I personally feel such
faint over a similar phenomenon as de- a mine could exist and your story is prob-
with a Subscription to scribed in your May issue. It is called Will- ably true. I do believe, however, that you
o-the-Wisp and is a gas released along with should substantiate your claim to have
DESERT Magazine dew that gets its glow from organic de- solved the Pegleg puzzle with more facts.
compostion that is unbalanced by lack of JORDAN STEPHENS,
$5.00 heat.
El Centro, California.
Alta Loma, California. If this deposit exists—and we see no
reason why it should not—it will be found,
Origin of Mr. Thing . . . and soon. For everyone will be there look-
DESERT BINDERS ing for it, from the Little Old Lady who
To the Editor: The article Pai Pai Land in owned all the used cars to the elves from
Keep your DESERT Magazines the April issue mentions a Mexican guide the Black Forest. And not all of them will
by the name of Ambrosio Thing. Here is be amateurs. You have very kindly told
for years as a reference and a story about his surname. Some years ago us where to look by telling us where not
guide to future trips. Special an Indian decided to have his name changed, to look and stalling on a couple of ques-
so he went to court in San Diego to make tions. In recovering some $300,000 with
12-Issue Binders only . . . it legal. When the Judge asked what he'd a metal detector, you have probably passed
rather be known as, the Indian replied, up about $30 million in easily recoverable
$3.50 "Any Damn Thing," which became his
legal name. Today at the Poterero, Califor-
nia cemetery his tombstone reads A. D.
gold by telling the world about it. You
speak of finding gold the size of match
heads, but do you realize this was prob-
Thing. ably a concentration point and the soil
(incl. tax and postage) HAL SCHOFER, there was perhaps 54 gold? I also want to
Campo, California. add, you're a darned good writer.
All may be ordered from TO OUR READERS . . . we are con- ED KIRKLAND,
cerned that the Man Who Found Peg- Red Mountain, California.
leg's Mine did not answer the letters Editor's Note: I'd also like to add that
printed in the May issue before this you're a darned good writer. Another one,
one went to press. We hope he is E. S. Gardner, guesses you've made more
Palm Desert, California 92260 money selling manuscripts than you have
alright and that we will hear from selling nuggets! Our editorial deadline is
him in time for the July edition. C.P. the 18th of each month incidentally. C.P.

fir^rtr^rr\r,s\ I Ti lr-





During the summer months the

Photo Contest will be suspend-
ed. Next month DESERT Maga-
zine will start a new and in-
formative page entitled "You
Name it!"

First Prize

I i.
William W. Simpson Torrance, Calif.
This interesting study of sand and shadows was
taken at the Joshua Tree National Monument
and captures a certain feeling of the desert.
DATA: Homemade camera, 170 mm. Kodak
Anastigmat, Verichrome Pan.

Second Prize
SPIDER WED Sam Hicks Temecula, Calif.
A dewy morning and early sunlight created this
fantasy near Temecula, California. DATA: Not

Actual view of New Eingman Addition Unit #6

Some of Mobile Homes on Unit #5, adjoining Unit #6



$495 FULL
10 DOWN,

PERSONAL Write ELMER L. BUTLER, Box 486, Eingman, Arizona TRACT OFFICE

Park your Trailer Build your Home Hold for Investment

Write to P. O. Box 486, KINGMAN, ARIZONA for free maps, brochures, and the California. Real Estate Report.