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Aluminium

Rollformed
Purlin Solutions

The durable solution for the Limit State design data


toughest conditions.
with multiple spanning and
lapping options.
Wide range of rollformed
sections with downturn lip Aluminium EZY-LOK
bridging system.
option.
PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Table of Contents

Page

1.0 Permalite Aluminium Purlins

1.1 Eco-friendly and recyclable

1.2 Material Specification

2.0 The Standard C Purlin Product Range

3.0 The Standard Z Purlin Product Range

4.0 The Standard Downturn Lip Product Range

5.0 Non Standard Purlin Options

6.0 Hole, Cleat & Fastening Details

6.1 Punching of Purlins

10

6.2 Holes & Cleats

11

7.0 Ezy-lok Bridging installation

12

7.1 Purlin Splicing Details Sheet

14

8.0 Accessories

15

9.0 Design Criteria

17

10. Index to Capacity Tables

18

11. Limit State Load Tables - Permalite Purlins

19

12. Order Forms

41

13. Engineering Certification Letter

45

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

1.0 PERMALITE
rollformed aluminium purlins

Permalite have created a range of rollformed aluminium sections.


Some of the advantages of rollformed purlins and girts versus
extruded sections are:

Applications
PERMALITE purlins and girts are commonly used in commercial,
industrial and rural buildings, reserviors and severe marine
environments.
Although the PERMALITE purlins and girts sections have been
designed for this specific application, due to their versatile shape
there is a vast range of other applications where these sections
are equally useful and commonly used. Some of these other
applications are:
Structural frame of small and medium sized buildings
Floor joists
Rafters and beams
Posts
Other special shapes may be produced using extrusion versatility to
either omit the flange lips by using thicker flanges, using bulb ends or
with downturned lips.

Sections maybe punched and cut to length during the rollforming


process, thus eliminating high post processing costs.

Packing

Many areas of Australia experience very adverse conditions such


as marine or severe industrial corrosive environments. In these
situations, building structures and cladding can benefit from the
corrosion resistance feature of aluminium alloys. Light weight also
provides a structural benefit.
Coastal bulk material handling plants such as coal, sugar and
grain loaders, as well as water storage reservoirs, agricultural
storage sheds, power stations et cetera all have high corrosion risk
structures. Now architects, builders and engineers can extend the
application of aluminium beyond the external cladding and windows
to include the support framing as well.

There is some flexibility in section sizes and smaller production


runs are possible eliminating costly waste.
Lead times are significantly reduced ensuring smoother project
completions
A range of aluminium purlin sections and dedicated accessories
are available from PERMALITE and can be cut to length and prepunched if required.
The next section of this design manual provides all the information
you need to put PERMALITE rollformed aluminium purlins to work
for you.
Scope
This publication has been prepared with a view of providing
designers, specifiers, fabricators, builders and erectors the relevant
data to enable easy selection, specification and detailing of a roof or
wall system using the PERMALITE aluminium purlin range.
The information contained herein includes:

Product features, applications and benefits

Product ordering

Product handling

Product detailing, installation and assembly

Capacity tables

Information on design, construction and installation issues
including profile orientation and bridging

Product dimensional data and section properties
The standard range of rollformed purlin products available is:

Standard (traditional) and down-turn lip Zeds & Cees purlin
profiles. Contact your local sales office for product availability.

PERMALITE Zed and Cee sections are delivered in strapped


bundles. The actual quantity in each bundle will vary with section size,
order and length. The bundle mass is generally approximately one
tonne. PERMALITE accessories are delivered in strapped or wired
bundles, bags, or packages as appropriate.
Storage On-site
Product that has become wet in transport is to be unpacked
immediately and each section dried thoroughly prior to repacking.
Bundled sections and accessories should not be left exposed in
the open for any period as water staining may result between any
aluminium surfaces in contact with each other. Mill finish aluminium is
particularly susceptible to this type of staining. Contact with moisture,
cement dust, lime or abrasive dust is to be avoided. If not required
for immediate use, sections should be neatly stacked off the ground,
covered and on a slight slope so that water can drain away.
It should be noted that whilst water staining is unsightly it will not
affect the structural integrity or durability of the product in any way.
Permalite will accept no responsibility or returns for water stained
product.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

1.1 Eco-friendly & recyclable


Choosing the optimum material for your next project should
take account of the full lifetime of the material. This will include
construction, use, maintenance and disposal. Materials which can
be recycled easily and economically and which do not require landfill
disposal should be preferred.
Aluminiums formability, high strength-to-weight ratio, corrosion
resistance, and ease of recycling makes it the ideal material for a
wide range of building applications. It is almost uniquely suited for
harsh industrial and marine projects.

1.2 Material Specification


The standard Cee and Zed purlin shapes listed in Table 2.1 and 3.1
are all roll-formed in a well proven marine grade structural aluminium
alloy 5052 H36 which combines the properties of high strength with
excellent resistance to atmospheric corrosion and is particularly suited
to marine structures and water reservoir roofing applications.
Mechanical properties according to AS/NZS1664.1:1997.
Yield
179MPa
Ultimate Tensile Strength
255MPa
Elastic Modulus (for deflection calculations) 69.3GPa
Other tempers would be recommended if members require
subsequent bending for curved structures.
Fasteners
Grade 316 SS A4 70 Stainless Steel bolts, nuts and washers (M12
and M16 x 45mm) are recommended. Permalite offers 316 SS bolts
with a Fluoropolymer coating to provide Electrolytic isolation.
In highly corrosive environments additional isolation is recommended
via the use of PVC or similar isolation washers. This combination will
give the best results in environments in which aluminium purlins are
most suited.

Zeds can also be used over single or double spans in the same
manner as C sections and the load tables shows the different
capacities for each of these arrangements. C sections can be lapped,
back-to-back or joined with a separate splicing piece behind the
joint, which is not a lapped joint. It is worth evaluating both C and
Z designs for each application to determine the most economical
solution.
Extruded purlins, for special applications, are also available as custom
orders with extended lead times and minimum order quantities.
Available Lengths
PERMALITE purlins are available custom-cut in any transportable
length, however there are some limitations. Minimum length is
1200mm and maximum length is 17000mm. Length tolerance for all
sections is +/- 5mm. Contact your nearest PERMALITE office.
Terminology
In the building industry the terms purlin and girt apply to the
structural member that spans between frames onto which cladding
is attached. When the member is used in the roof is called a
PURLIN, and when used in the wall it is called a GIRT.
The purlins span horizontally and at right angles to, and spanning
across, rafter supports or roof truss supports. The roof cladding is
fixed to the outside or top face.
The girts spans across horizontally and at right angles to the column
supports. The cladding is fixed to the outside face. The purlins and
girts are traditionally fixed to the fabricated steel frame supports by
the use of cleats.
Bridging are stiffening members between the purlins/girts to limit the
lateral and rotational movement of the purlins/girts. This movement
is a form of buckling, and limitation of this buckling can dramatically
increase the load carrying ability of the section.
Bridging (2 rows)

Aluminium Standard Purlin Size Range


These profile shapes are the traditional Zed and Cee (or channel).
These are the most versatile and economic sections to use for
purlin and girt applications.
Traditional Zed and Cee shapes features:
Single web
Top & Bottom flange
The Zed profile has the flanges facing in opposite
direction and one flange is wide and one is narrow to allow
lapping (Cee profiles cannot be lapped)
All shapes are available with self-draining downturn lips
The majority of the current standard PERMALITE purlins and girts
shown in Table 2.1 and 3.1 are closely related to the traditional sizes
of steel C and Z shapes and a similar code numbering system is used
e.g. C20030 is a 200mm deep C shape 3.0mm thick.

Bridging (1 row)

pa

S
nd

l
na
er n
Int Spa

rli

Pu

a
Sp

n
pa

dS

En

Purlin
spacing

ding

wid

th

En

a
Sp

rt

Gi

an

an

Sp

gth

en

Girt
spacing

d
En

l
na
er an
t
In Sp

Building height

Buil

l
ing

ild

Bu

Sp

Figure 1.1: Drawing is taken from Fig. 5.2 of


AS/NZS 1170.2 2011.

The range of C sections shown in Table 2.1 are suitable for


constructions in which spans are simply supported. They can also
be used over two or more spans, if length is available, to help reduce
deflection. The range of lipped Zeds shown in Table 3.1 are designed
to nest with themselves to enable end lapping. This produces a
structurally continuous line of purlins or girts for multiple bay buildings.
This is more economical and gives extra strength when lapped over
the support beams improving the load capacity.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Section Properties
2.0 The Standard C Purlin Product Range
Section Properties of Permalite Zeds

The standard range of C purlin products and the


associated section properties are detailed below.

Section Properties

Principal Axes
Product
Code

Second Moment of
Dimensions
Radius of
Section Modulus
Area
Gyration

Area

Section

Product of
Second Moment
of Permalite
Standard
Cees
Moment of Section Modulus
of Area

t
Alpha
mm

D
Ix'
Iy'
mm
6
4
6

Area

A
Ix
Iy
Zx
Zy
rx
ry
Ix'y'
mm
mm ( degree) 10 mm 10 mm 4 10 6 mm 4
mm2 10 6 mm 4 10 6 mm 4 10 3 mm 3 10 3 mm 3 mm
AC10025
2.5
102
62
AZ10025
605.0
1.484
0.175 20.400 5.904 49.53 17.01 36.25 1.026
0.633
0.624
AC10030
3.0
102
62
AZ10030
726.0
1.736
0.204 24.090 6.928 48.90 16.76 36.07 1.205
0.735
0.729
AC15025
2.5
152
62
AZ15025
755.0
3.128
0.268 34.650 7.826 64.37 18.85 23.45 2.675
0.721
1.044
AC15030
3.0
152
62
AZ15030
906.0
3.684
0.313 41.060 9.202 63.77 18.60 23.28 3.157
0.840
1.224
AZ17525
755.0
3.666
0.205 38.090 6.329 AC17525
69.68 16.47 16.24
0.476
0.930
2.5 3.395 175
56
AZ17530
906.0
4.320
0.238 45.130 7.411 AC17530
69.05 16.20 16.08
0.551
1.086
3.0 4.007 175
56
AZ20025 1007.5 7.494
0.625 61.790 13.710 AC20025
86.25 24.90 22.81
1.657
2.455
2.5 6.462 203
82
AZ20030 1209.0 8.868
0.734 73.450 16.190 AC20030
85.64 24.64 22.68
1.943
2.894
3.0 7.658 203
82
AZ25025 1137.5 11.940
0.712 84.100 14.890 102.45 25.01 17.01 10.970 1.673
3.140
AC25025
2.5
254
82
AZ25030 1365.0 14.150
0.836 100.100 17.600 101.82 24.75 16.90 13.030 1.962
3.704
AC25030
3.0
254
82
AZ30025 1387.5 21.090
1.394 122.800 23.140 123.29 31.70 18.51 19.100 3.378
5.929
Figure
2.1:
Standard
C
purlin
range
AC30025
2.5
300
104.5
AZ30030 1665.0 25.060
1.645 146.300 27.430 122.68 31.43 18.42 22.720 3.982
7.018

AC30030

3.0

Column

Axes Perpendicular and Parallel to Web

300

The shear centre and monosymmetry constant deviations can be disregarded, that is, taken as zero.
Properties have been computed on the basis of mean flange
width. 2.1:
The introduced
error
is negligible.C
Table
Standard
Permalite

104.5

Zx'

L
Zy'
mm
3
3

10 3 mm 10 mm 3
21.0
20.630 10.630
24.35021.0
12.460
35.79026.0
12.120
42.38026.0
14.230
39.36020.5
8.888
46.59020.5
10.400
64.46031.0
20.840
76.58031.0
24.600
87.270 21.040
31.5
103.800 24.840
128.40031.5
33.120
153.00036.0
39.230

36.0

Radius of
Gyration

M
rx'
ry'
kg/m

mm
mm
1.627
41.18 32.34
1.95231.82
40.74
2.03130.90
59.52
2.43730.44
59.03
67.06
2.03125.10
66.50
2.43724.66
80.09
2.71040.55
79.59
3.25240.09
98.20 38.35
3.059
97.70 37.91
3.67149.34
117.33
3.72548.90
116.81

4.470

Torsion
Constant

mm4
1276.0
2183.0
1589.0
2723.0
1589.0
2723.0
2115.0
3632.0
2386.0
4100.0
2906.0
5000.0

Purlins Range

Dimensions of Permalite Standard Zeds

Standard
C Purlin of
Section
Properties
Section Properties
Permalite
Cees

Section

Section
Properties
AZ10025

Product
Code

Area

Second Moment of
Area

Ix
2

AC10025
AC10030
AC15025
AC15030
AC17525
AC17530
AC20025
AC20030
AC25025
AC25030
AC30025
AC30030

mm
605.0
726.0
755.0
906.0
755.0
906.0
1007.5
1209.0
1137.5
1365.0
1387.5
1665.0

10 mm
1.026
1.205
2.675
3.157
3.395
4.007
6.462
7.658
10.970
13.030
19.100
22.720

Iy
4

10 mm 4
0.330
0.384
0.422
0.493
0.308
0.358
0.984
1.156
1.067
1.254
2.125
2.508

t
mm

2.5
AZ10030
3.0
AZ15025
2.5
Section Modulus
Radius of Gyration
AZ15030
3.0
AZ17525
2.5
Zx
Zy
rx 3.0 ry
AZ17530
3
mm 2.5 mm
10 3 mm 3 10
mm 3
AZ20025
20.630
8.855
41.18 3.0 23.36
AZ20030
24.350
10.370
40.74 2.5 23.01
AZ25025
35.790
10.630
59.52
AZ25030
3.0 23.64
42.380
12.490
59.03
23.32
AZ30025
39.360
7.962
67.06 2.5 20.20
AZ30030
46.590
9.313
66.50 3.0 19.87
64.460
76.580
87.270
103.800
128.400
153.000

18.300
21.600
18.880
22.290
29.500
34.940

80.09
79.59
98.20
97.70
117.33
116.81

31.25
30.92
30.63
30.31
39.13
38.81

D
mm
102
102
152
Centroid
152
175
xc
175
mm
203
22.22
203
21.96
254
19.80
254
19.56
300
14.82
300
14.59
25.75
25.50
23.00
22.77
29.98
29.74

E
mm
66
66
66
Shear
Centre
66
60
x o60
mm
86
54.04
86
53.43
86
50.60
86
50.01
108.5
39.24
108.5
38.68
65.74
65.16
60.51
59.95
77.96
77.40

F
mm

L
mm

M
kg/m

21.0
Mono26.0
Symmetry
Section
26.0
Constant
20.5
20.5y
mm
31.0
138.0
31.0
136.9
31.5
164.4
31.5
163.6
36.0
183.3
36.0
183.0

1.627
1.952
2.031
2.437
2.031
2.437
2.710
3.252
3.059
3.671
3.725
4.470

Column
58 Properties
21.0

58
Torsion 58Warping
Constant58Constant
52
J 52 Iw
mm4 7810 6 mm 6
1276.0 78 843
2183.0 78 965
1589.0
78 2259
2723.0
2607
100.51907
1589.0
100.52195
2723.0
2115.0
3632.0
2386.0
4100.0
2906.0
5000.0

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

9058
10560
14510
16940
39950
46910

220.8
220.1
264.4
264.0
317.4
316.8

AC20025
2.5
203
AC20030
3.0
203
AC25025
2.5
254
3.0 The Standard Z Purlin Product
Range3.0
AC25030
254
AC30025
2.5 properties300
The standard range of Z purlin products and the
associated section
are
AC30030
3.0
300
detailed below.

82
82
82
82
104.5
104.5

31.0
31.0
31.5
31.5
36.0
36.0

2.710
3.252
3.059
3.671
3.725
4.470

Dimensions of Permalite Standard Zeds

Section

t
mm

D
mm

E
mm

F
mm

L
mm

M
kg/m

AZ10025
AZ10030
AZ15025
AZ15030
AZ17525
L
AZ17530
F
AZ20025
AZ20030
AZ25025
Figure 3.1: Standard Z purlin range AZ25030
AZ30025
AZ30030

2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0

102
102
152
152
175
175
203
203
254
254
300
300

66
66
66
66
60
60
86
86
86
86
108.5
108.5

58
58
58
58
52
52
78
78
78
78
100.5
100.5

21.0
21.0
26.0
26.0
20.5
20.5
31.0
31.0
31.5
31.5
36.0
36.0

1.627
1.952
2.031
2.437
2.031
2.437
2.710
3.252
3.059
3.671
3.725
4.470

L
D

Table 3.1: Standard Permalite Z Purlins Range

SectionDProperties

Standard Z Purlin Section Properties


Section Properties of Permalite Zeds

Section Properties

Principal Axes
Product
Code

AZ10025
AZ10030
AZ15025
AZ15030
AZ17525
AZ17530
AZ20025
AZ20030
AZ25025
AZ25030
AZ30025
AZ30030

Second Moment of
Section Modulus
Area

Area
A
mm2
605.0
726.0
755.0
906.0
755.0
906.0
1007.5
1209.0
1137.5
1365.0
1387.5
1665.0

Ix
Iy
10 6 mm 4 10 6 mm 4
1.484
0.175
1.736
0.204
3.128
0.268
3.684
0.313
3.666
0.205
4.320
0.238
7.494
0.625
8.868
0.734
11.940 0.712
14.150 0.836
21.090 1.394
25.060 1.645

Radius of
Gyration

Zx
Zy
rx
10 3 mm 3 10 3 mm 3 mm
20.400 5.904 49.53
24.090 6.928 48.90
34.650 7.826 64.37
41.060 9.202 63.77
38.090 6.329 69.68
45.130 7.411 69.05
61.790 13.710 86.25
73.450 16.190 85.64
84.100 14.890 102.45
100.100 17.600 101.82
122.800 23.140 123.29
146.300 27.430 122.68

ry
Alpha
mm ( degree)
17.01 36.25
16.76 36.07
18.85 23.45
18.60 23.28
16.47 16.24
16.20 16.08
24.90 22.81
24.64 22.68
25.01 17.01
24.75 16.90
31.70 18.51
31.43 18.42

Product of
Second Moment
Moment of Section Modulus
of Area
Area

Ix'

10 6 mm 4
1.026
1.205
2.675
3.157
3.395
4.007
6.462
7.658
10.970
13.030
19.100
22.720

Column Properties

Axes Perpendicular and Parallel to Web

Iy'

Ix'y'

10 6 mm 4 10 6 mm 4
0.633
0.624
0.735
0.729
0.721
1.044
0.840
1.224
0.476
0.930
0.551
1.086
1.657
2.455
1.943
2.894
1.673
3.140
1.962
3.704
3.378
5.929
3.982
7.018

Zx'

10 3 mm 3
20.630
24.350
35.790
42.380
39.360
46.590
64.460
76.580
87.270
103.800
128.400
153.000

Zy'

10 3 mm 3
10.630
12.460
12.120
14.230
8.888
10.400
20.840
24.600
21.040
24.840
33.120
39.230

Radius of
Gyration

rx'

ry'

mm
41.18
40.74
59.52
59.03
67.06
66.50
80.09
79.59
98.20
97.70
117.33
116.81

mm
32.34
31.82
30.90
30.44
25.10
24.66
40.55
40.09
38.35
37.91
49.34
48.90

Torsion Warping
Constant Constant

Iw

mm4 10 6 mm 6
1276.0
1030
2183.0
1184
1589.0
2895
2723.0
3348
1589.0
2587
2723.0
2981
2115.0 11810
3632.0 13790
2386.0 19430
4100.0 22710
2906.0 53670
5000.0 63070

The shear centre and monosymmetry constant deviations can be disregarded, that is, taken as zero.
Properties have been computed on the basis of mean flange width. The introduced error is negligible.

Section Properties of Permalite Cees


Column Properties

Section Properties
Product
Code

Area
A

Ix

AC10025
AC10030
AC15025
AC15030
AC17525
AC17530
AC20025
AC20030
AC25025

Second Moment of
Area

mm
605.0
726.0
755.0
906.0
755.0
906.0
1007.5
1209.0
1137.5

Section Modulus

Zx

Zy

Centroid

MonoTorsion Warping Symmetry


Constant Constant Section
Constant

rx
ry
xc
xo
J
Iw
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm4
10 mm 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm
10 6 mm 6
1.026
0.330
20.630
8.855
41.18
23.36
22.22
54.04
1276.0
843
1.205
0.384
24.350
10.370
40.74
23.01
21.96
53.43
2183.0
965
2.675
0.422
35.790
10.630
59.52
23.64
19.80
50.60
1589.0
2259
3.157
0.493
42.380
12.490
59.03
23.32
19.56
50.01
2723.0
2607
3.395
0.308
39.360
7.962
67.06
20.20
14.82
39.24
1589.0
1907
4.007
0.358
46.590
9.313
66.50
19.87
14.59
38.68
2723.0
2195
6.462
0.984 64.460
18.300
80.09
31.25
25.75
65.74
2115.0
9058
Purlins
Manual 2013
7.658 PERMALITE
1.156
76.580 Design
21.600
79.59
30.92
25.50
65.16
3632.0
10560
10.970
1.067
87.270
18.880
98.20
30.63
23.00
60.51
2386.0
14510
6

Iy

Radius of Gyration

Shear
Centre

mm
138.0
136.9
164.4
163.6
183.3
183.0
220.8
220.1
264.4

D
L

L
4.0 The Standard
Downturn Lip Purlin Product Range
F

B range is shown below.


The standard

Figure 4.1: Standard downturned lip


purlin range

Table 4.1: Standard Permalite Downturn Lip Purlins Range

Dimensions of Permalite Cees


(Standard Downturned Lips)
Section
AC10025
AC10030
AC15025
AC15030
AC17525
AC17530
AC20025
AC20030
AC25025
AC25030
AC30025
AC30030

t
mm
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0

D
mm
102
102
152
152
175
175
203
203
254
254
300
300

M
kg/m
1.627
1.952
2.031
2.437
2.031
2.437
2.710
3.252
3.059
3.671
3.725
4.470

Dimensions of Permalite Zeds


(Standard Downturned Lips)
Section
AZ10025
AZ10030
AZ15025
AZ15030
AZ17525
AZ17530
AZ20025
AZ20030
AZ25025
AZ25030
AZ30025
AZ30030
8

t
mm
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0

D
mm
102
102
152
152
175
175
203
203
254
254
300
300

L
mm
21.0
21.0
26.0
26.0
20.5
20.5
31.0
31.0
31.5
31.5
36.0
36.0

M
kg/m
1.627
1.952
2.031
2.437
2.031
2.437
2.710
3.252
3.059
3.671
3.725
4.470

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

5.0 Non-Standard purlin options


Non-Standard purlin options are available subject to enquiry. These
non-standard options are available on special projects only and will
be subject to minimum order quantities and extended lead times.
The non-standard purlin options include:

variation of material specifications

variation of profile dimensions

variation of material thickness
These options could be considered to tailor a profile specifically for
project needs.
For special projects please contact your local PERMALITE
sales office and provide all the relevant project details and design
information.
The Cee profile is also available with unequal flanges to allow
boxing of members.

72-105

75
(nom.)

Up to 250

Figure 5.2: Conveyor sections available as non


standard product.

Additional Permalite Structural Shapes


In addition to the standard purlin shapes there are many other
structural alloy geometric extrusions, mesh and plate which can be
used for other parts of the structure such as:

Figure 5.1: Boxed Cee section with unequal flanges

Industrial Floor Planks


Bridging channels or angles
Sag Rods
Tubular shapes for columns
Surround framing for access openings
Stairways, railings, bracing anchor brackets etc.
Please check with your PERMALITE Sales representative for
availability.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

6.0 HOLE, CLEAT & FASTENING DETAILS


PERMALITE purlins may be supplied with punched elongated holes
for fastening to cleats and lapping. These holes are normally made
to the Australian Institute of Steel Construction recommended sizes
and gauge lines. They are intended for use with12 or 16mm diameter
Grade 316 Stainless Steel bolts (M12 or M16 x 45mm) with washers
at both the head and nut. Reaction loads at fixing points may need
checking to determine size of bolt required as, in some cases, larger
holes may be required.

Table 6.1: Bolt sizes and holes

Purlin shapes are also available unpunched if preferred for site drilling
which is much easier than steel. Slotting for expansion of purlins is
recommended as thermal movements of approximately 0.25mm per
metre per 10 C is often encountered.

316 Stainless Steel


Fluoropolymer
Coated Bolt Size
M12
M12 with plastic
grommet washer
M16
M16 with plastic
grommet washer

Recommended
Slotted Hole
18 x 22mm
18 x 22mm
20 x 24mm
20 x 24mm

Fixings
The Permalite range of purlin bolts are available in both M12 and
M16 sizes in structural grade A4-70 316 stainless steel. For maximum
electrolytic protection these bolts, nuts and washers are coated with
a fluro-polymer coating to a thickness of 15-25 microns. Rigid plastic
grommet washers under bolt heads or washers are recommended to
reduce thermal movement, noise and any risk of crevice corrosion in
highly corrosive environments. The use of PVC isolation tapes, e.g.
any good quality adhesive PVC tape (minimum 250 microns thick)
to the full width of the flange should be used to separate dissimilar
materials.

Figure 6.2: Standard Holes for


PERMALITE Cee sections

Figure 7:

Figure
PlasticWasher
grommet washer
Plastic6.1:
Grommet
Examples of HIGHLY corrosive environs that will require the use of
PVC washers to the purlin bolts are:

Ammonium Nitrate storage facilities

Sulpha storage facilities

Fertilizer storage facilities

Effluent Holding tanks

Over-water ship loading conveyors such as for coal or sugar

Swimming pool roofs


Examples of every day corrosive environments where PVC washers
are NOT required are

Potable water storage roofing

Desalination Plants

Sewer treatment plants,

Paper mills and Pulp mills

Sugar storage facilities?

Surf lifesaving clubs

Enclosed marina buildings

10

Figure 6.3: Standard Holes for


PERMALITE Zed sections

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

6.1 PUNCHING of purlins


General
PERMALITE aluminium purlin profiles can be supplied punched or
unpunched.
Where holes are required, these are done to industry standards at
cleats supports (where the purlin is bolted through the web to the
cleat at end supports and internal supports), at ends of laps and at
bridging points.
Non-standard holing may be available subject to enquiry.
Negotiation for special projects will be subject to minimum order
quantities and extended lead time. This non-standard holing can
consist of no holes (un-punched) or some limited variation of:

Hole size
Hole location

Hole quantity
Hole pattern
Standard Hole Size
The purlin hole sizes are in accordance with the requirements of
Australian Standard AS/NZS1664.1:1997 Aluminium Structures.
For holes at bridging and lapping location, dimension is either
18x22mm or 20x24mm.

Standard Hole Patterns & Locations


There are two standard punching patterns available and the
locations along the length of the purlin will depend upon the purpose
of the holes. The patterns/location of the holes are;
Two (2) holes in the web located at the gauge lines. This is for
fixing of the purlin at cleats and for installation of bridging.
Two (2) holes in the web located at the gauge lines, and two (2)
holes in the flanges (one hole per flange). This is largely for fixing
at ends of laps, however this is also the standard hole punching at
the ends of all purlins. The minimum edge distance of the holes
(add centres) from the ends of purlins is 35mm as shown in diagram
at right.
Table 6.2: Hole details and gauge lines for PERMALITE Zed
and Cee section connections to steel cleats.
Purlin punching for cleats

Nominal section
X (mm)
size (mm)

100
150
175
200
250
300

40
70
70
110
160
210

DH

for bridging

18
18
18
18
18
18

22mm (24)
=
x

18mm
(20)

=
35mm

Figure 6.3: Hole Details and Guage lines


STAINLESS
STEEL PURLIN BOLTS
18mm
WITH INTEGRATED WASHERS

80mm

PLASTIC GROMMET WASHERS


PERMALITE
ALUMINIUM
PURLIN
HEAVY DUTY 0.25mm
250 MICRON THICK SELF
ADHESIVE PVC TAPE
STEEL PURLIN
CLEAT

STAINLESS STEEL
NUTS WITH
WASHERS

STEEL
RAFTER

PURLIN
TO CLEAT
CONNECTION
Figure 6.4:TYPICAL
Typical
purlin
to cleat
detail DETAIL

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

11

6.2 Holes & Cleats

PVC tape required to isolate


aluminium purlin from steel cleat

PERMALITE Zed and Cee sections are normally supplied with


holes punched to the Australian Institute of Steel Construction
(AISC) gauge lines, except the 150 series sections, which are
punched to the Structural Steel Fabricators Association, Victoria,
recommended gauge lines.
Table 6.3: Nominal purlin size

Nominal
Purlin
22mm
(24) Size

18mm
(20)

Z Y

100mm
150mm
175mm
200mm
250mm

40
70
70
110
160

40
50
55
55
55

95
145
170
195
245

300mm

210

65

295

=
x
=

35mm
Note: 1. Cleat thickness recommended
is 8mm steel, minimum.
2. When using down turned lipped shapes, longer cleats are
needed for clearance.
18mm

80mm

Figure 6.5: Cleat Details

Figure 6.6: Fastening to Cleats


NOTE
To minimise collection of corrosive materials
within the Purlins the top flange of C purlins
should be oriented down the roof slope as
shown above. Special design consideration
may be required for concealed fix roof
claddings.

12

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

7.0 Ezy-Lok Bridging Installation

Girt Bridging

Purlin Bridging
There are a number of ways to install the Ezy-Lok bridging system
when erecting a PERMALITE purlin design. A common approach is
to begin at the ridge and work down the slope. A typical installation
procedure may adopt the following steps. (See the Bridging Order
Form at the back of the Manual.)
Step 1: (see Option 1) Install the bolted-bolted ridge tie by bolting
each end plate into place.
Step 2: Following the slope of the roof in the downwards direction,
place a female bolted strut at the ridge. Once bolted in place, lock the
opposing female end into the punched holes of the next purlin down the
slope.
Step 3: With the female or locator end of the strut inserted into the
holes of the purlin, take the male or clamp end of the next strut, a
male-female strut and place the hooks into the hole of the installed
female end. The next strut should be at right angles to the adjoining
strut before it is swung around and locked into place. The strut should
now be in a continuous direction and the opposing female end placed
into the holes of the next purlin. In this instance, the end plates are
offset in alignment to accommodate the expansion joint in the roof.
Step 4: Continue locking in female to male end plates down the
slope until a male bolted strut is required to attach the fascia purlin
and the bridging installation is complete.
Other methods of bridging exist and include different ridging and
adjustable option (see the bridging order form for more information).
Consideration should be given to the direction of the channels in the
bridging (facing up or down the slope) but are primarily a decision
based on the aesthetics of the roof as seen from below.

The recommended procedure is to commence at floor level and


work towards the eaves. A typical installation procedure is:
Step 1: Install the girt foot assembly by engaging the female end
into the holes of the bottom girt. Due to the loads transferred to the
bridging from the girts, the girt foot assembly must be anchored to
the slab.
Step 2: Adjust the girt foot assembly to level off the bottom girt.
Where the slab is not yet poured, a temporary support is required to
keep the bottom girt level.
Step 3: Install standard intermediate bridging assemblies as
described in Step 3 for purlin bridging, working towards the eaves.
Step 4: At the top girt, the angle bracket is secured into position with
two bolts.
If appearance is a consideration ensure the girt and purlin bridging
are installed facing the same direction.
Where a girt hanger is used it is installed by fitting the male end
over the last installed female end and swinging the bridging around,
then bolting the turnbuckle to the fascia bridging.
In projects where no girt foot assembly is used, particular care in
design and construction is required.
We recommended the following precautions during construction:
1. The roof sheeting should be installed before the turnbuckle of the
girt hanger is used to level the girts, which would impose loads on
the fascia system; and
2. Provide a temporary girt support under the bottom girt until the
installation of the wall cladding is complete for that section.

Option 1

Suitable for purlins up to 250mm.


For 300mm purlins use AC15025 purlins with
bolted general purpose brackets or similar with
M12 Fluropolymer coated 316 Stainless Steel
bolts.
FEMALE BRACKET
THROUGH
STANDARD GAUGE
LINE HOLES

MALE
BRACKET

BOLT FIX ANGLE


BRACKET TO PURLIN
WEB USING 2xM12 BOLTS
STANDARD
NOTE: 18x22mm HOLES
INTERMEDIATE REQUIRED FOR END LAP
BRIDGING
CONNECTIONS

FEMALE
BRACKET

MALE BRACKET WITH STANDARD BRIDGING


CHANNEL, INSERT INTO GUIDE HOLES IN FEMALE
BRACKET, THEN ROTATE TO SECURE IN PLACE

Figure 7.1: Bridging design

ADJUSTABLE BRIDGING
CHANNELS WITH
ELONGATED SLOT HOLES
BOLTED TO STANDARD
ANGLE BRACKET USING
M12 ALUMINIUM BOLT

Figure 7.2: Permalite Ezy-lok Bridging System

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

13

Figure 7.3: C-section bridging for 300 purlins

Figure 7.4: Bridging Holes and Cleat Holes

Figure 7.5: Location of Bridging Holes


14

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

7.1 PURLIN SPLICING DETAILS SHEET


Lap Splicing Details
Three typical splicing methods are described in these data pages.
Some are more effective, or suit the structure more than others and
careful evaluation needs to be made, whilst determining the size of
the member from tables 3 or 4.

75

00

25
Method 1
Non Structural Stiffening Splice for C Sections
Extra load capacity can be achieved subject to engineering judgement. Roofing screw lines are kept in line.

75

P
LA

Method 1

PERMALITE
EZY-LOK
bridging

LIC

SP

PURLIN

Method 2
Non-Structural Lap Splice for C Sections
Extra load capacity can be achieved subject to engineering judgement. Roofing screw lines are staggered to pick up the alternate
lines of purlins.

CLEAT

Method 2

P
LA

LIC

SP

PURLIN

Method 3
Structural Lap Splice for Zed Sections
This is the most effective splice as the sections are designed to nest
into themselves so screwlines are continuous. The lapped span
tables of Table 4 are used when this method is adopted.

PERMALITE
EZY-LOK
bridging

CLEAT

Method 3
NOTE: Use rigid plastic grommet washer to separate stainless
steel bolt from aluminium in highly corrosive environments

Figure 7.6: Splicing details

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

15

8.0 Accessories
There is a range of PERMALITE accessories available for use with
the PERMALITE purlins. These accessories are an integral part of
the PERMALITE purlin and girt system.

3) Angle connectors
The angle connectors are detailed to allow connections of sections
of the same size or one size smaller.

Angle connectors
90 mm for Size 100
140 mm for Size150

70
70

100
150

25

Figure 8.1: Bolt, nut and washers

1) Purlin bolts with PVC Washers/Grommet Washer


Structural Grade A4-70 316 Stainless Steel (M12 x 40mm, M16 x
45mm) with washers at both the head and nut shall be used for all
types of connections described in this manual as required by AS/
NZS 1664:1:1997. Fluoro-polymer coated bolts, nuts and washers
are recommended to provide electrical isolation between stainless
steel and aluminium.
Rigid PVC washers under bolt heads or washers are recommended to
reduce thermal movement, noise and any risk of crevice corrosion in
highly corrosive environments.

70

2) General Purpose brackets

40

35
35
240

70
70

Size

250
70

50

Figure 8.3: Angle connectors

6 holes
18 mm diameter

Size

200

15
35

Purlin trimming brackets


A variety of aluminium brackets are available for trimming around
wall and roof penetrations such as doors, windows and services.
These brackets are for lightly loaded applications, not for highly
loaded structural connections.

190

70

B
C
F
E

70

Nom. Size

35

Figure 8.2: General purpose bracket

Table 8.1: General purpose brackets

Figure 8.4: Clamp plates

Product
Size
100
150
200
250
16

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

18

STAINLESS STEEL WASHERS


STAINLESS STEEL
PURLIN BOLTS
PERMALITE
ALUMINIUM
PURLIN

ANGLE CONNECTOR
STAINLESS STEEL WASHER
STAINLESS STEEL NUTS

Figure 8.5: Typical purlin to general purpose bracke/ angle connector connection detail mildly corrosive environments

STAINLESS STEEL WASHERS


STAINLESS STEEL PURLIN BOLTS
PLASTIC GROMMET WASHERS
IN HIGHLY CORROSIVE
ENVIRONMENTS
PERMALITE
ALUMINIUM
PURLIN

ANGLE CONNECTOR
STAINLESS STEEL WASHER
STAINLESS STEEL NUTS
PLASTIC FLAT WASHER
IN HIGHLY CORROSIVE
ENVIRONMENTS
Figure 8.6: Typical purlin to general purpose bracke/ angle connector connection detail highly corrosive environments

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

17

9.0 DESIGN CRITERIA

Design Notes For Capacity Tables

Limit State Design

When determining a design, consideration should be given to load


combinations for both strength and for serviceability.

The recommended Load tables have been calculated in accordance


with AS/NZS 1664:1:1997, Aluminium Structures Part 1: Limit State
Design.
Clause 1.3 of AS/NZS 1664:1.1997 on the increase of the capacity
factor for secondary matters, such as purlin and girts, for wind and
earthquake loads, has been adopted in deriving the limit state loads.
The design engineer may use personal judgement in decreasing the
Limit State loads in accordance with this Clause where considered
appropriate to do so.
Aluminium Roof Purlins
For both inwards and outwards loading, it has been assumed that
PERMALITE aluminium roofing is screw fastened at a maximum
of 254mm centres along each purlin or girt outer flange and is an
integral part of the system providing torsional and diaphragm restraint.
For both C and Z shapes, the radius of gyration about the axis parallel
to the web was used to determine effective length for each span/
bracing combination. Design tables can also be used where roof
cladding is concealed (LITE-LOK or similar).
The full range of our purlins are available with self-draining downturned lips, which avoids collection of corrosive material within the
purlin.
Purlin systems without braces are not recommended except for short
spans as the bracing serves to both align the purlins after installation
and prevent twisting during application of the roof cladding.
Aluminium Wall Girts
Maximum height of walls should be checked independently to avoid
damage to bridging working as compression struts during wall
erection before cladding is attached to wall girts.
Cladding fastened
to this flange

20% Lap

The limit state capacity tables have been compiled allowing for different
buckling modes of the purlin system.
The purlin buckling analysis assumes that:
All purlins bend about the axis which is perpendicular to the web
There is continuity at the laps - 20% laps is assumed
There is minor axis translation and twisting restraint at the bridging
points
There is lateral stability in the plane of the roof at internal supports and
the ends of cantilevers
Lateral and rotational restraint provided by cladding is ignored.
All design calculations for both strength and serviceability are in
accordance with AS/NZS 1664:1:1997 Aluminium Structures Standard for
Limit State Design.

Deflection
There are no specific rules governing acceptable deflections, though
structural codes give guidance. You need to consider the specific
requirements of any structure. It may be necessary to design for deflection
under more than one load combination. See also Assumptions used in
tables.

Axial loads
Where a section is not loaded to its full capacity in bending, it has a reserve
of strength to carry some axial load. This reserve in purlins and girts can be
used to transmit forces due to wind loading on end walls, or to resist forces
due to bracing of wall and roof structures.
Where required, the combined bending and axial load capacity should be
calculated using AS/NZS 1664:1:1997 Aluminium Structures Standard for
Limit State Design. Advice is available - please contact PERMALITE for
guidance.

Point Loads

Rafter
or steel
frame
Bolt in web at
end of lap

Design Philosophy

Bolt in flange
at end of lap

Lapped continuous joint with two bolts

Figure 9.1: Lapped continuous joint with two bolts

The values in this publication assume uniformly distributed loading.


However, in many applications (like the mounting of services and
maintenance equipment) the loads applied to a structure are point loads.
Thus, to use these tables for point loadings, the loads must be converted to
equivalent distributed loads.

Design Optimisation
The capacity tables provide economical design solutions for most projects.
Designs can be optimised by varying:
Bolt specifications and number
Non-standard purlin profile
Reduced or enlarged end spans
Span range
Cantilevers at one or both ends
Lap length
Bridging quantity
Load distribution

Bridging
The capacity tables give solutions for an equal number of rows of bridging
in each span. Provision is made for 1 or 2 rows of bridging.
With regard to wall heights and girt spans, please contact PERMALITE for
guidance.
18

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

10.0 Index to capacity tables


TABLE Description
11.1
Single spans

Pages
20-22

11.2

Double Span Continuous 23-25

11.3

Double Span Lapped

26-28

11.4

Three Span Lapped

29-31

11.5

Four Span Lapped

32-34

11.6

Five Span Lapped

35-37

11.7

Four Span Lapped Mixed 38-39

11.8

Five Span Lapped Mixed 40-41


Loading Conditions

Outward load

Inward load

Figure 10.1: Loading conditions


General Notes to capacity tables
1. Loads are assumed to be uniformly distributed (see also Point Loads).
2. The capacities assume the use of approved Permalites sections,
bridging system and bolts.
3.The column, Load for deflection span/150, is the load that will
produce this deflection. It is not a design capacity.
4. Forces acting to hold cladding against a structure are defined as
inward. Forces acting to remove cladding from a structure are defined
as outward.
5. For lapped continuous spans, use continuous span tables.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

19

11.0 Limit State Load Tables - PERMALITE Purlins


Table 11.1 Single Span
Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Cee/Zed Single Spans
Single Span: AC/AZ10025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000

1
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.06
0.86
0.71
0.60
0.51
0.44

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000

3
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.06
0.86
0.71
0.60
0.51
0.44

1
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.67
1.17
0.84
0.62
0.45

OUT
2
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.79
1.37
1.08
0.83
0.65
0.51
0.41

3
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.79
1.37
1.08
0.88
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.42

5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.06
0.83
0.65
0.51
0.41

4.05
2.07
1.20
0.76
0.51
0.36
0.26
0.20
0.15
0.12
0.09

Single Span: AC/AZ10030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.06
0.86
0.71
0.60
0.51
0.44

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def.()
2

1
8.02
5.14
3.57
2.62
2.01
1.59
1.28
1.06
0.89
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.40

IN
2
8.02
5.14
3.57
2.62
2.01
1.59
1.28
1.06
0.89
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.40

3
8.02
5.14
3.57
2.62
2.01
1.59
1.28
1.06
0.89
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.40

1
7.47
4.46
2.87
1.95
1.37
0.98
0.72
0.53

OUT
2
8.05
4.97
3.30
2.31
1.68
1.26
0.97
0.76
0.60
0.48

3
8.05
5.15
3.55
2.53
1.88
1.43
1.12
0.90
0.72
0.59
0.49
0.41

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def.()
2

8.02
4.97
3.30
2.31
1.68
1.26
0.97
0.76
0.60
0.48

5.24
2.68
1.55
0.98
0.66
0.46
0.34
0.25
0.19
0.15
0.12
0.10
0.08
0.07
0.06

Single Span: AC/AZ15025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

1
11.18
7.16
4.97
3.65
2.80
2.21
1.79
1.48
1.24
1.06
0.91
0.80
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.41

1
14.07
9.00
6.25
4.59
3.52
2.78
2.25
1.86
1.56
1.33
1.15
1.00
0.88
0.78
0.70
0.62
0.56
0.51
0.47
0.43

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500

3
11.18
7.16
4.97
3.65
2.80
2.21
1.79
1.48
1.24
1.06
0.91
0.80
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.41

1
11.05
6.62
4.28
2.91
2.05
1.48
1.08
0.80
0.59
0.44

OUT
2
11.23
7.19
4.88
3.43
2.50
1.88
1.45
1.13
0.90
0.72
0.58
0.47

IN
2
14.07
9.00
6.25
4.59
3.52
2.78
2.25
1.86
1.56
1.33
1.15
1.00
0.88
0.78
0.70
0.62
0.56
0.51
0.47
0.43

3
14.07
9.00
6.25
4.59
3.52
2.78
2.25
1.86
1.56
1.33
1.15
1.00
0.88
0.78
0.70
0.62
0.56
0.51
0.47
0.43

1
13.04
7.80
5.03
3.42
2.40
1.73
1.26
0.93
0.69
0.50

OUT
2
14.13
8.67
5.76
4.04
2.95
2.21
1.70
1.33
1.05
0.84
0.68
0.55
0.44

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

20

3
11.23
7.19
4.99
3.67
2.78
2.12
1.66
1.33
1.08
0.89
0.74
0.62
0.52
0.44

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def.()

2
11.18
7.16
4.88
3.43
2.50
1.88
1.45
1.13
0.90
0.72
0.58
0.47

11.45
5.86
3.39
2.14
1.43
1.01
0.73
0.55
0.42
0.33
0.27
0.22
0.18
0.15
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.08

Single Span: AC/AZ15030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
11.18
7.16
4.97
3.65
2.80
2.21
1.79
1.48
1.24
1.06
0.91
0.80
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.41

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

3
14.41
9.19
6.20
4.42
3.28
2.51
1.96
1.57
1.27
1.04
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.44

IN, OUT Load


for
Def.()
2

with M12

14.07
8.67
5.76
4.04
2.95
2.21
1.70
1.33
1.05
0.84
0.68
0.55
0.44

13.75
7.04
4.08
2.57
1.72
1.21
0.88
0.66
0.51
0.40
0.32
0.26
0.22
0.18
0.15
0.13
0.11
0.10
0.08
0.07

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

1
11.98
7.67
5.32
3.91
3.00
2.37
1.92
1.58
1.33
1.13
0.98
0.85
0.75
0.66
0.59
0.53
0.48
0.44
0.40

1
15.29
9.79
6.80
4.99
3.82
3.02
2.45
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.76
0.68
0.61
0.56
0.51
0.46
0.43

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000

IN
2
11.98
7.67
5.32
3.91
3.00
2.37
1.92
1.58
1.33
1.13
0.98
0.85
0.75
0.66
0.59
0.53
0.48
0.44
0.40

3
11.98
7.67
5.32
3.91
3.00
2.37
1.92
1.58
1.33
1.13
0.98
0.85
0.75
0.66
0.59
0.53
0.48
0.44
0.40

1
11.62
6.85
4.35
2.89
1.98
1.39
0.98
0.69
0.48

OUT
2
12.09
7.74
5.13
3.56
2.57
1.91
1.44
1.11
0.86
0.68
0.53
0.42

Span
Load
with M12 for
(mm)
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

3
12.09
7.74
5.37
3.95
2.92
2.22
1.73
1.37
1.10
0.89
0.73
0.61
0.50
0.42

11.98
7.67
5.13
3.56
2.57
1.91
1.44
1.11
0.86
0.68
0.53
0.42

Single Span: AC/AZ17530 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

Single Span: AC/AZ20025 (kN/m)

Single Span: AC/AZ17525 (kN/m)

Span

IN
2
15.29
9.79
6.80
4.99
3.82
3.02
2.45
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.76
0.68
0.61
0.56
0.51
0.46
0.43

3
15.29
9.79
6.80
4.99
3.82
3.02
2.45
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.76
0.68
0.61
0.56
0.51
0.46
0.43

1
13.68
8.05
5.10
3.38
2.31
1.61
1.13
0.78
0.55
0.40

OUT
2
15.09
9.17
6.04
4.19
3.02
2.24
1.69
1.30
1.01
0.79
0.62
0.48

3
15.85
9.85
6.60
4.67
3.44
2.61
2.03
1.60
1.29
1.05
0.86
0.71
0.59
0.49
0.41

14.44
7.39
4.28
2.69
1.81
1.27
0.92
0.69
0.54
0.42
0.34
0.27
0.23
0.19
0.16
0.14
0.12
0.10
0.09

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000

1
15.08
9.65
6.70
4.93
3.77
2.98
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.07
0.94
0.84
0.75
0.67
0.60
0.55
0.50
0.46
0.42

Span
IN, OUT Load
(mm)
with M12 for
Def. () Bridging >
2
14.46
9.17
6.04
4.19
3.02
2.24
1.69
1.30
1.01
0.79
0.62
0.48

17.62
9.02
5.22
3.29
2.20
1.55
1.13
0.85
0.65
0.51
0.41
0.33
0.28
0.23
0.19
0.16
0.14
0.12
0.11
0.09
0.08

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
19.27
14.20
9.86
7.25
5.55
4.38
3.55
2.93
2.47
2.10
1.81
1.58
1.39
1.23
1.10
0.98
0.89
0.81
0.73
0.67
0.62
0.57

IN
2
15.08
9.65
6.70
4.93
3.77
2.98
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.07
0.94
0.84
0.75
0.67
0.60
0.55
0.50
0.46
0.42

3
15.08
9.65
6.70
4.93
3.77
2.98
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.07
0.94
0.84
0.75
0.67
0.60
0.55
0.50
0.46
0.42

1
15.26
9.77
6.78
4.98
3.82
3.01
2.44
1.90
1.49
1.17
0.93
0.74
0.59
0.47

OUT
2
15.26
9.77
6.78
4.98
3.82
3.01
2.44
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.07
0.90
0.76
0.65
0.55
0.47
0.40

IN, OUT

3
15.26
9.77
6.78
4.98
3.82
3.01
2.44
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.95
0.85
0.75
0.68
0.61
0.55
0.48
0.43

Load
for
Def. ()

with M12

2
12.05
9.64
6.70
4.93
3.77
2.98
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.07
0.90
0.76
0.65
0.55
0.47
0.40

25.12
12.86
7.44
4.69
3.14
2.21
1.61
1.21
0.93
0.73
0.59
0.48
0.39
0.33
0.28
0.23
0.20
0.17
0.15
0.13
0.12

Single Span: AC/AZ20030 (kN/m)


IN
2
19.27
14.20
9.86
7.25
5.55
4.38
3.55
2.93
2.47
2.10
1.81
1.58
1.39
1.23
1.10
0.98
0.89
0.81
0.73
0.67
0.62
0.57

3
19.27
14.20
9.86
7.25
5.55
4.38
3.55
2.93
2.47
2.10
1.81
1.58
1.39
1.23
1.10
0.98
0.89
0.81
0.73
0.67
0.62
0.57

1
20.29
14.27
9.91
7.05
5.10
3.80
2.89
2.24
1.75
1.38
1.09
0.87
0.69
0.55
0.44

OUT
2
20.29
14.27
9.91
7.28
5.57
4.40
3.49
2.78
2.24
1.84
1.52
1.27
1.06
0.90
0.76
0.65
0.55
0.47
0.40

IN, OUT

3
20.29
14.27
9.91
7.28
5.57
4.40
3.57
2.95
2.48
2.11
1.77
1.50
1.29
1.11
0.96
0.84
0.73
0.64
0.57
0.50
0.44
0.40

with M12

2
14.46
11.56
9.64
7.25
5.55
4.38
3.49
2.78
2.24
1.84
1.52
1.27
1.06
0.90
0.76
0.65
0.55
0.47
0.40

Load
for
Def. ()

31.92
16.34
9.46
5.96
3.99
2.80
2.04
1.54
1.18
0.93
0.75
0.61
0.50
0.42
0.35
0.30
0.26
0.22
0.19
0.17
0.15
0.13

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

21

Single Span: AC/AZ25025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
16.06
12.85
9.20
6.76
5.17
4.09
3.31
2.74
2.30
1.96
1.69
1.47
1.29
1.15
1.02
0.92
0.83
0.75
0.68
0.63
0.58
0.53

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
19.27
15.42
12.85
9.96
7.62
6.02
4.88
4.03
3.39
2.89
2.49
2.17
1.91
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.22
1.11
1.01
0.92
0.85
0.78

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

3
16.06
12.85
9.20
6.76
5.17
4.09
3.31
2.74
2.30
1.96
1.69
1.47
1.29
1.15
1.02
0.92
0.83
0.75
0.68
0.63
0.58
0.53

1
16.91
13.39
9.30
6.83
5.23
4.13
3.28
2.53
1.98
1.56
1.23
0.98
0.78
0.61
0.49

OUT
2
16.91
13.39
9.30
6.83
5.23
4.13
3.35
2.77
2.32
1.98
1.71
1.43
1.20
1.01
0.86
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.45

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()
2

3
16.91
13.39
9.30
6.83
5.23
4.13
3.35
2.77
2.32
1.98
1.71
1.49
1.31
1.16
1.03
0.93
0.83
0.73
0.64
0.57
0.50
0.45

12.05
9.64
8.03
6.76
5.17
4.09
3.31
2.74
2.30
1.96
1.69
1.43
1.20
1.01
0.86
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.45

43.75
22.40
12.96
8.16
5.47
3.84
2.80
2.10
1.62
1.27
1.02
0.83
0.68
0.57
0.48
0.41
0.35
0.30
0.26
0.23
0.20
0.18

Single Span: AC/AZ25030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
16.06
12.85
9.20
6.76
5.17
4.09
3.31
2.74
2.30
1.96
1.69
1.47
1.29
1.15
1.02
0.92
0.83
0.75
0.68
0.63
0.58
0.53

IN, OUT

IN
2
19.27
15.42
12.85
9.96
7.62
6.02
4.88
4.03
3.39
2.89
2.49
2.17
1.91
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.22
1.11
1.01
0.92
0.85
0.78

3
19.27
15.42
12.85
9.96
7.62
6.02
4.88
4.03
3.39
2.89
2.49
2.17
1.91
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.22
1.11
1.01
0.92
0.85
0.78

1
20.29
16.23
13.53
9.48
6.85
5.10
3.87
2.98
2.33
1.83
1.45
1.14
0.91
0.71
0.57
0.46

OUT
2
20.29
16.23
13.53
9.99
7.65
6.01
4.69
3.73
3.01
2.46
2.03
1.69
1.42
1.20
1.01
0.86
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.45

IN, OUT

3
20.29
16.23
13.53
9.99
7.65
6.05
4.90
4.05
3.40
2.84
2.39
2.02
1.73
1.49
1.29
1.12
0.98
0.86
0.76
0.67
0.59
0.53

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()
2

14.46
11.56
9.64
8.26
7.23
6.01
4.69
3.73
3.01
2.46
2.03
1.69
1.42
1.20
1.01
0.86
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.45

55.33
28.33
16.39
10.32
6.92
4.86
3.54
2.66
2.05
1.61
1.29
1.05
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.44

Single Span: AC/AZ30025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
16.06
12.85
10.71
8.86
6.78
5.36
4.34
3.59
3.01
2.57
2.21
1.93
1.70
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.90
0.82
0.75
0.69

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
19.27
15.42
12.85
11.01
9.38
7.41
6.00
4.96
4.17
3.55
3.06
2.67
2.35
2.08
1.85
1.66
1.50
1.36
1.24
1.14
1.04
0.96

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

3
16.06
12.85
10.71
8.86
6.78
5.36
4.34
3.59
3.01
2.57
2.21
1.93
1.70
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.90
0.82
0.75
0.69

1
16.91
13.53
11.27
8.92
6.83
5.40
4.37
3.61
3.03
2.59
2.23
1.90
1.57
1.31
1.09
0.91
0.76
0.63
0.52
0.44

OUT
2
16.91
13.53
11.27
8.92
6.83
5.40
4.37
3.61
3.03
2.59
2.23
1.94
1.71
1.51
1.35
1.21
1.09
0.99
0.88
0.78
0.68
0.60

IN
2
19.27
15.42
12.85
11.01
9.38
7.41
6.00
4.96
4.17
3.55
3.06
2.67
2.35
2.08
1.85
1.66
1.50
1.36
1.24
1.14
1.04
0.96

3
19.27
15.42
12.85
11.01
9.38
7.41
6.00
4.96
4.17
3.55
3.06
2.67
2.35
2.08
1.85
1.66
1.50
1.36
1.24
1.14
1.04
0.96

1
20.29
16.23
13.53
11.59
9.44
7.46
6.04
4.99
4.13
3.34
2.73
2.24
1.86
1.54
1.28
1.07
0.89
0.74
0.61
0.51
0.43

OUT
2
20.29
16.23
13.53
11.59
9.44
7.46
6.04
4.99
4.19
3.57
3.08
2.68
2.36
2.09
1.81
1.57
1.36
1.19
1.04
0.92
0.81
0.71

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT =Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

22

IN, OUT

3
16.91
13.53
11.27
8.92
6.83
5.40
4.37
3.61
3.03
2.59
2.23
1.94
1.71
1.51
1.35
1.21
1.09
0.99
0.90
0.83
0.76
0.70

with M12

2
12.05
9.64
8.03
6.88
6.02
5.35
4.34
3.59
3.01
2.57
2.21
1.93
1.70
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.88
0.78
0.68
0.60

Load
for
Def. ()

73.41
37.59
21.75
13.70
9.18
6.45
4.70
3.53
2.72
2.14
1.71
1.39
1.15
0.96
0.81
0.69
0.59
0.51
0.44

Single Span: AC/AZ30030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
16.06
12.85
10.71
8.86
6.78
5.36
4.34
3.59
3.01
2.57
2.21
1.93
1.70
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.90
0.82
0.75
0.69

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

IN, OUT

3
20.29
16.23
13.53
11.59
9.44
7.46
6.04
4.99
4.19
3.57
3.08
2.68
2.36
2.09
1.86
1.67
1.51
1.37
1.25
1.14
1.04
0.94

with M12

2
14.46
11.56
9.64
8.26
7.23
6.42
5.78
4.96
4.17
3.55
3.06
2.67
2.35
2.08
1.81
1.57
1.36
1.19
1.04
0.92
0.81
0.71

Load
for
Def. ()

91.17
46.68
27.01
17.01
11.40
8.00
5.84
4.38
3.38
2.66
2.13
1.73
1.42
1.19
1.00
0.85
0.73
0.63
0.55
0.48
0.42

Table 11.2 Double Span Continuous


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Cee/Zed Double Spans Continuous
Span

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ10025 (kN/m)

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000

Span

3
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.06
0.86
0.71
0.58
0.48
0.40

1
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.79
1.37
1.08
0.88
0.72
0.61
0.50

OUT
2
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.79
1.37
1.08
0.88
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.45

3
5.47
3.50
2.43
1.79
1.37
1.08
0.88
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.45

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()
2

4.82
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.04
0.81
0.64
0.51
0.42

9.76
5.00
2.89
1.82
1.22
0.86
0.62
0.47
0.36
0.28
0.23

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ10030 (kN/m)

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000

1
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.69
1.22
0.90
0.68
0.52
0.41

IN
2
5.37
3.44
2.39
1.76
1.34
1.04
0.81
0.64
0.51
0.42

IN, OUT

1
7.15
4.34
2.85
1.98
1.42
1.05
0.79
0.61
0.47

IN
2
7.54
4.65
3.11
2.20
1.62
1.22
0.95
0.75
0.60
0.49
0.40

3
7.71
4.85
3.28
2.34
1.74
1.34
1.05
0.84
0.68
0.56
0.47

1
8.05
5.15
3.58
2.63
2.01
1.59
1.29
1.03
0.77
0.58
0.43

OUT
2
8.05
5.15
3.58
2.63
2.01
1.59
1.29
1.06
0.89
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.47

3
8.05
5.15
3.58
2.63
2.01
1.59
1.29
1.06
0.89
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.50
0.45
0.40

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()

2
5.78 12.63
4.63 6.47
3.11 3.74
2.20 2.36
1.62 1.58
1.22 1.11
0.95 0.81
0.75 0.61
0.60 0.47
0.49 0.37
0.40 0.30
0.24
0.20
0.17
0.14

Span

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ15025 (kN/m)

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

Span

3
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.46
2.58
1.98
1.56
1.25
1.02
0.84
0.70
0.59
0.50
0.43

1
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.67
2.81
2.22
1.80
1.49
1.17
0.89
0.67
0.51

OUT
2
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.67
2.81
2.22
1.80
1.49
1.25
1.06
0.92
0.80
0.70
0.59
0.48

IN, OUT

3
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.67
2.81
2.22
1.80
1.49
1.25
1.06
0.92
0.80
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.41

with M12

Load
for
Def. ()

2
4.82 27.59
3.86 14.13
3.21 8.18
2.75 5.15
2.40 3.45
1.82 2.42
1.41 1.77
1.12 1.33
0.90 1.02
0.73 0.80
0.60 0.64
0.49 0.52
0.41 0.43
0.36
0.30
0.26
0.22
0.19

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ15030 (kN/m)

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

1
6.42
5.14
4.23
2.94
2.12
1.57
1.19
0.92
0.71
0.56
0.44

IN
2
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.26
2.40
1.82
1.41
1.12
0.90
0.73
0.60
0.49
0.41

1
7.71
6.17
4.99
3.46
2.49
1.85
1.40
1.07
0.83
0.65
0.51
0.40

IN
2
7.71
6.17
5.14
3.84
2.83
2.14
1.66
1.31
1.05
0.85
0.70
0.58
0.48
0.40

3
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.09
3.04
2.33
1.83
1.47
1.20
0.99
0.82
0.69
0.58
0.50
0.43

1
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.60
2.85
2.31
1.81
1.36
1.03
0.77
0.58
0.45

OUT
2
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.60
2.85
2.31
1.91
1.60
1.36
1.18
1.03
0.84
0.68
0.56
0.45

IN, OUT

3
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.60
2.85
2.31
1.91
1.60
1.36
1.18
1.03
0.90
0.80
0.71
0.64
0.58
0.51
0.44

with M12

Load
for
Def. ()

2
5.78 33.15
4.63 16.98
3.86 9.82
3.30 6.19
2.83 4.14
2.14 2.91
1.66 2.12
1.31 1.59
1.05 1.23
0.85 0.97
0.70 0.77
0.58 0.63
0.48 0.52
0.40 0.43
0.36
0.31
0.27
0.23
0.20

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

23

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000

Span

1
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.01
2.14
1.56
1.15
0.86
0.65
0.49

IN
2
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.42
2.49
1.87
1.44
1.12
0.89
0.71
0.57
0.46

3
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
2.72
2.08
1.62
1.29
1.04
0.85
0.71
0.59
0.49
0.42

1
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.02
2.39
1.92
1.39
0.99
0.72
0.54
0.41

OUT
2
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.02
2.39
1.93
1.60
1.34
1.14
0.99
0.79
0.63
0.49

Span
Load
(mm)
with M12 for
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

3
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.02
2.39
1.93
1.60
1.34
1.14
0.99
0.86
0.76
0.67
0.60
0.54
0.46

4.82 34.81
3.86 17.82
3.21 10.32
2.75 6.50
2.41 4.35
1.87 3.06
1.44 2.23
1.12 1.67
0.89 1.29
0.71 1.01
0.57 0.81
0.46 0.66
0.54
0.45
0.38
0.33
0.28

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000

Bridging >

1
7.71
6.17
5.14
3.53
2.50
1.82
1.34
1.00
0.75
0.57
0.42

IN
2
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.02
2.93
2.20
1.69
1.32
1.04
0.83
0.67
0.54
0.44

3
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.34
3.21
2.45
1.91
1.52
1.23
1.00
0.83
0.69
0.58
0.49
0.41

1
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.96
3.11
2.23
1.60
1.14
0.83
0.61
0.47

OUT
2
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.96
3.13
2.54
2.10
1.76
1.47
1.16
0.91
0.72
0.56
0.45

1
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.41
1.98
1.58
1.28
1.05
0.86
0.71
0.59
0.49
0.41

Span
Load
(mm)
with M12 for
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

3
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
3.96
3.13
2.54
2.10
1.76
1.50
1.29
1.13
0.99
0.88
0.76
0.64
0.53
0.44

5.78 42.47
4.63 21.74
3.86 12.58
3.30 7.92
2.89 5.31
2.20 3.73
1.69 2.72
1.32 2.04
1.04 1.57
0.83 1.24
0.67 0.99
0.54 0.81
0.44 0.66
0.55
0.47
0.40
0.34
0.29

IN
2
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.06
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.57
0.49
0.43

3
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.41
1.99
1.68
1.43
1.23
1.07
0.94
0.84
0.75
0.67
0.59
0.52
0.46
0.41

1
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.44
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.95
0.85
0.75
0.62
0.51
0.42

OUT
2
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.44
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.95
0.85
0.75
0.68
0.61
0.55
0.50
0.46
0.42

IN, OUT

3
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.44
2.02
1.70
1.45
1.25
1.09
0.95
0.85
0.75
0.68
0.61
0.55
0.50
0.46
0.42

with M12

2
4.82
3.86
3.21
2.75
2.41
2.14
1.93
1.75
1.61
1.43
1.23
1.06
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.57
0.49
0.43

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
2.97
2.34
1.87
1.51
1.24
1.02
0.84
0.70
0.58
0.48
0.40

IN
2
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.67
2.17
1.79
1.49
1.26
1.07
0.91
0.78
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.44

3
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.37
1.97
1.66
1.41
1.21
1.05
0.91
0.80
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.49
0.43

1
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.48
2.11
1.82
1.59
1.38
1.11
0.90
0.72
0.59
0.48
0.40

OUT
2
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.48
2.11
1.82
1.59
1.39
1.23
1.10
0.99
0.89
0.81
0.74
0.65
0.56
0.48

60.56
31.01
17.94
11.30
7.57
5.32
3.88
2.91
2.24
1.76
1.41
1.15
0.95
0.79
0.67
0.57
0.48
0.42
0.36
0.32
0.28

IN, OUT

3
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.48
2.11
1.82
1.59
1.39
1.23
1.10
0.99
0.89
0.81
0.74
0.67
0.62
0.57

with M12

2
5.78
4.63
3.86
3.30
2.89
2.57
2.31
2.10
1.93
1.78
1.49
1.26
1.07
0.91
0.78
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.44

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT =Outward load capacity
() = Deflection
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

24

Load
for
Def. ()

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ20030 (kN/m)

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ17530 (kN/m)

(mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ20025 (kN/m)

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ17525 (kN/m)

Span

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Load
for
Def. ()

76.96
39.40
22.80
14.36
9.62
6.76
4.93
3.70
2.85
2.24
1.80
1.46
1.20
1.00
0.85
0.72
0.62
0.53
0.46
0.41
0.36
0.32

Span

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ30025 (kN/m)

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ25025 (kN/m)

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Span

1
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.12
1.71
1.40
1.15
0.95
0.79
0.65
0.54
0.45

3
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.14
1.96
1.69
1.47
1.29
1.15
1.02
0.90
0.79
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.49
0.44

1
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
1.98
1.71
1.49
1.31
1.16
1.00
0.81
0.66
0.54
0.45

OUT
2
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
1.98
1.71
1.49
1.31
1.16
1.03
0.93
0.84
0.76
0.69
0.63
0.58
0.54

3
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
1.98
1.71
1.49
1.31
1.16
1.03
0.93
0.84
0.76
0.69
0.63
0.58
0.54

4.82 105.47
3.86 54.00
3.21 31.25
2.75 19.68
2.41 13.18
2.14 9.26
1.93 6.75
1.75 5.07
1.61 3.91
1.48 3.07
1.38 2.46
1.29 2.00
1.21 1.65
1.03 1.37
0.88 1.16
0.76 0.98
0.66 0.84
0.57 0.73
0.50 0.63
0.43 0.56
0.49
0.43

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Bridging >

1
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.50
2.02
1.65
1.35
1.11
0.92
0.76
0.63
0.53
0.43

IN
2
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.57
2.37
2.01
1.69
1.43
1.22
1.04
0.90
0.78
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.44

3
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.57
2.37
2.20
1.90
1.63
1.41
1.22
1.07
0.94
0.83
0.73
0.65
0.58
0.52

1
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
1.81
1.46
1.17
0.94
0.77
0.63
0.52
0.44

OUT
2
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
1.91
1.70
1.51
1.36
1.22
1.11
1.00
0.86
0.73
0.62

1
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.14
1.98
1.84
1.71
1.61
1.45
1.24
1.06
0.91
0.79
0.68
0.59
0.51
0.44

Span
Load
for
(mm)
with M12
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

3
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
1.91
1.70
1.51
1.36
1.22
1.11
1.01
0.93
0.85
0.78

5.78 133.38
4.63 68.29
3.86 39.52
3.30 24.89
2.89 16.67
2.57 11.71
2.31 8.54
2.10 6.41
1.93 4.94
1.78 3.89
1.65 3.11
1.54 2.53
1.43 2.08
1.22 1.74
1.04 1.46
0.90 1.25
0.78 1.07
0.67 0.92
0.58 0.80
0.51 0.70
0.44 0.62
0.55

IN
2
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.14
1.98
1.84
1.71
1.61
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.90
0.80
0.71
0.63

3
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.14
1.98
1.84
1.71
1.61
1.50
1.34
1.20
1.09
0.98
0.90
0.82
0.75
0.69

1
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
2.08
1.93
1.80
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.21
1.09
0.99
0.90
0.83
0.76
0.65

OUT
2
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
2.08
1.93
1.80
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.21
1.09
0.99
0.90
0.83
0.76
0.70

IN, OUT
with M12

3
6.76
5.41
4.51
3.86
3.38
3.01
2.71
2.46
2.25
2.08
1.93
1.80
1.69
1.51
1.35
1.21
1.09
0.99
0.90
0.83
0.76
0.70

Load
for
Def. ()

2
4.82 176.98
3.86 90.61
3.21 52.44
2.75 33.02
2.41 22.12
2.14 15.54
1.93 11.33
1.75 8.51
1.61 6.56
1.48 5.16
1.38 4.13
1.29 3.36
1.21 2.77
1.13 2.31
1.07 1.94
1.01 1.65
0.96 1.42
0.92 1.22
0.88 1.06
0.80 0.93
0.71 0.82
0.63 0.73

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ30030 (kN/m)

Double Span Continuous: AC/AZ25030 (kN/m)

(mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
6.42
5.14
4.28
3.67
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.34
2.14
1.96
1.69
1.43
1.21
1.03
0.88
0.76
0.66
0.57
0.50
0.43

Span
Load
for
(mm)
with M12
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.57
2.37
2.20
2.06
1.93
1.72
1.46
1.25
1.08
0.93
0.80
0.69
0.60
0.52

IN
2
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.57
2.37
2.20
2.06
1.93
1.81
1.71
1.56
1.37
1.20
1.06
0.94
0.84
0.75

3
7.71
6.17
5.14
4.41
3.86
3.43
3.08
2.80
2.57
2.37
2.20
2.06
1.93
1.81
1.71
1.62
1.50
1.36
1.23
1.11
0.99
0.90

1
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
2.03
1.91
1.80
1.67
1.51
1.37
1.25
1.06
0.89
0.76

OUT
2
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
2.03
1.91
1.80
1.67
1.51
1.37
1.25
1.14
1.05
0.97

IN, OUT

3
8.12
6.49
5.41
4.64
4.06
3.61
3.25
2.95
2.71
2.50
2.32
2.16
2.03
1.91
1.80
1.67
1.51
1.37
1.25
1.14
1.05
0.97

with M12

Load
for
Def. ()

2
5.78 219.78
4.63 112.53
3.86 65.12
3.30 41.01
2.89 27.47
2.57 19.30
2.31 14.07
2.10 10.57
1.93 8.14
1.78 6.40
1.65 5.13
1.54 4.17
1.45 3.43
1.36 2.86
1.29 2.41
1.22 2.05
1.16 1.76
1.10 1.52
1.05 1.32
0.94 1.16
0.84 1.02
0.75 0.90

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

25

Table 11.3 Double Span Lapped


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed Double Spans Lapped
Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000

Span
(mm)

Double Span Lapped: AZ10025 (kN/m)


1
8.29
5.31
3.69
2.62
1.89
1.41
1.07
0.82
0.64
0.50

3
8.29
5.31
3.69
2.71
2.07
1.64
1.33
1.09
0.89
0.73
0.61
0.51
0.43

1
8.44
5.40
3.75
2.76
2.11
1.67
1.31
0.98
0.74
0.56
0.42

OUT
2
8.44
5.40
3.75
2.76
2.11
1.67
1.35
1.12
0.94
0.80
0.66
0.53
0.44

3
8.44
5.40
3.75
2.76
2.11
1.67
1.35
1.12
0.94
0.80
0.69
0.60
0.53
0.47
0.42

8.29
5.31
3.69
2.71
2.07
1.60
1.24
0.98
0.79
0.64
0.52
0.43

11.89
6.09
3.52
2.22
1.49
1.04
0.76
0.57
0.44
0.35
0.28
0.23
0.19
0.16
0.13

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

Double Span Lapped: AZ10030 (kN/m)

1
2000 11.08
2500 6.74
3000 4.43
3500 3.08
4000 2.22
4500 1.64
5000 1.24
5500 0.96
6000 0.74
6500 0.58
7000 0.46
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500

Bridging >

IN
2
8.29
5.31
3.69
2.71
2.07
1.60
1.24
0.98
0.79
0.64
0.52
0.43

Span
Load
with M12 for
(mm)
Def. () Bridging >
2

IN
2
11.60
7.16
4.79
3.38
2.48
1.88
1.46
1.15
0.92
0.74
0.61
0.50
0.41

3
11.97
7.45
5.03
3.59
2.66
2.04
1.60
1.28
1.04
0.85
0.71
0.60
0.50
0.43

1
12.42
7.95
5.52
3.98
2.83
2.06
1.52
1.14
0.86
0.65
0.48

OUT
2
12.42
7.95
5.52
4.05
3.10
2.45
1.93
1.51
1.19
0.95
0.77
0.62
0.50
0.41

Double Span Lapped: AZ15025 (kN/m)

IN, OUT

1
12.55
9.97
6.57
4.57
3.30
2.46
1.86
1.44
1.12
0.88
0.69
0.55
0.43

Span
Load
with M12
(mm)
for
Def. () Bridging >
2
11.29 15.40
7.16
7.88
4.79
4.56
3.38
2.87
2.48
1.93
1.88
1.35
1.46
0.99
1.15
0.74
0.92
0.57
0.74
0.45
0.61
0.36
0.50
0.29
0.41
0.24
0.20
0.17
0.14

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500

3
12.55
10.04
7.42
5.30
3.94
3.02
2.37
1.90
1.54
1.27
1.06
0.89
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.41

1
13.21
10.57
7.70
5.66
4.23
3.09
2.29
1.73
1.31
0.99
0.75
0.57
0.44

OUT
2
13.21
10.57
7.70
5.66
4.33
3.42
2.77
2.25
1.79
1.43
1.16
0.94
0.77
0.63
0.51
0.42

IN, OUT

3
13.21
10.57
7.70
5.66
4.33
3.42
2.77
2.29
1.93
1.64
1.42
1.22
1.03
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.40

with M12

2
9.41
7.53
6.27
5.01
3.68
2.79
2.17
1.71
1.37
1.11
0.91
0.75
0.62
0.52
0.43

1
15.06
11.76
7.75
5.38
3.89
2.88
2.19
1.68
1.31
1.02
0.81
0.64
0.50

IN
2
15.06
12.05
8.36
5.90
4.34
3.29
2.55
2.01
1.61
1.30
1.07
0.88
0.73
0.60
0.50
0.42

3
15.06
12.05
8.77
6.26
4.65
3.57
2.80
2.24
1.82
1.50
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.41

1
15.85
12.68
9.89
6.98
4.96
3.62
2.68
2.01
1.52
1.15
0.86
0.66
0.51
0.40

OUT
2
15.85
12.68
9.89
7.26
5.56
4.39
3.38
2.64
2.09
1.68
1.35
1.10
0.89
0.73
0.59
0.48

IN, OUT

3
15.85
12.68
9.89
7.26
5.56
4.39
3.56
2.94
2.47
2.06
1.72
1.44
1.21
1.03
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.40

with M12

33.64
17.22
9.97
6.28
4.21
2.95
2.15
1.62
1.25
0.98
0.79
0.64
0.53
0.44
0.37
0.31
0.27
0.23
0.20

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Load
for
Def. ()

2
11.29 40.42
9.03 20.69
7.53 11.98
5.90
7.54
4.34
5.05
3.29
3.55
2.55
2.59
2.01
1.94
1.61
1.50
1.30
1.18
1.07
0.94
0.88
0.77
0.73
0.63
0.60
0.53
0.50
0.44
0.42
0.38
0.32
0.28
0.24
0.21

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

26

Load
for
Def. ()

Double Span Lapped: AZ15030 (kN/m)

IN, OUT

3
12.42
7.95
5.52
4.05
3.10
2.45
1.99
1.64
1.38
1.18
0.98
0.82
0.69
0.59
0.50
0.42

IN
2
12.55
10.04
7.08
5.01
3.68
2.79
2.17
1.71
1.37
1.11
0.91
0.75
0.62
0.52
0.43

Double Span Lapped: AZ17525 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
12.55
10.04
6.84
4.69
3.34
2.44
1.81
1.36
1.03
0.78
0.59
0.45

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

1
15.06
12.05
8.04
5.51
3.91
2.85
2.11
1.59
1.20
0.90
0.68
0.52
0.40

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

3
12.55
10.04
7.93
5.63
4.16
3.17
2.47
1.96
1.58
1.29
1.06
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.52
0.44

1
13.21
10.57
8.29
5.98
4.17
2.97
2.14
1.55
1.12
0.81
0.60
0.46

OUT
2
13.21
10.57
8.29
6.09
4.66
3.68
2.88
2.22
1.73
1.35
1.07
0.84
0.66
0.52
0.41

3
13.21
10.57
8.29
6.09
4.66
3.68
2.98
2.47
2.07
1.77
1.46
1.21
1.01
0.84
0.70
0.58
0.49
0.41

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
9.41
7.53
6.27
5.25
3.83
2.87
2.20
1.72
1.36
1.08
0.87
0.71
0.57
0.46

Double Span Lapped: AZ17530 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
12.55
10.04
7.49
5.25
3.83
2.87
2.20
1.72
1.36
1.08
0.87
0.71
0.57
0.46

IN, OUT

IN
2
15.06
12.05
8.82
6.18
4.50
3.37
2.58
2.01
1.59
1.27
1.02
0.82
0.66
0.54
0.43

3
15.06
12.05
9.36
6.64
4.90
3.73
2.90
2.30
1.86
1.51
1.25
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.44

1
15.85
12.68
10.42
7.00
4.87
3.45
2.48
1.79
1.28
0.93
0.69
0.52
0.40

OUT
2
15.85
12.68
10.57
7.98
6.00
4.45
3.37
2.59
2.01
1.57
1.24
0.97
0.76
0.60
0.48

IN, OUT
with M12

3
15.85
12.68
10.57
7.98
6.11
4.83
3.91
3.18
2.56
2.08
1.71
1.42
1.17
0.97
0.81
0.67
0.56
0.47

42.44
21.73
12.57
7.92
5.31
3.73
2.72
2.04
1.57
1.24
0.99
0.81
0.66
0.55
0.47
0.40

Double Span Lapped: AZ20025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
5.82
4.60
3.72
3.08
2.48
2.01
1.64
1.36
1.12
0.94
0.78
0.65
0.55
0.46

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Span
Load
for
(mm)
Def. () Bridging >

2
11.29 51.77
9.03 26.51
7.53 15.34
6.18
9.66
4.50
6.47
3.37
4.55
2.58
3.31
2.01
2.49
1.59
1.92
1.27
1.51
1.02
1.21
0.82
0.98
0.66
0.81
0.54
0.67
0.43
0.57
0.48
0.41
0.36

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
5.82
4.60
3.72
3.08
2.59
2.20
1.90
1.63
1.38
1.18
1.01
0.87
0.75
0.65
0.57
0.50
0.43

3
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
5.82
4.60
3.72
3.08
2.59
2.20
1.90
1.66
1.46
1.29
1.15
1.02
0.90
0.79
0.70
0.62
0.55
0.49

1
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
5.89
4.65
3.77
3.11
2.62
2.23
1.92
1.61
1.31
1.06
0.86
0.70
0.57
0.47

OUT
2
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
5.89
4.65
3.77
3.11
2.62
2.23
1.92
1.67
1.47
1.30
1.16
1.04
0.94
0.81
0.69
0.59
0.51
0.44

IN, OUT

3
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
5.89
4.65
3.77
3.11
2.62
2.23
1.92
1.67
1.47
1.30
1.16
1.04
0.94
0.85
0.78
0.71
0.65
0.60

with M12

2
9.41
7.53
6.27
5.38
4.71
4.18
3.72
3.08
2.59
2.20
1.90
1.63
1.38
1.18
1.01
0.87
0.75
0.65
0.57
0.50
0.43

Load
for
Def. ()

73.83
37.80
21.87
13.78
9.23
6.48
4.73
3.55
2.73
2.15
1.72
1.40
1.15
0.96
0.81
0.69
0.59
0.51
0.44
0.39
0.34
0.30

Double Span Lapped: AZ20030 (kN/m)

1
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
5.96
4.62
3.65
2.92
2.37
1.94
1.60
1.32
1.10
0.92
0.77
0.64
0.53
0.44

IN
2
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.51
5.12
4.10
3.34
2.75
2.29
1.93
1.63
1.39
1.19
1.03
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.44

3
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
5.46
4.41
3.62
3.01
2.53
2.15
1.84
1.59
1.38
1.21
1.06
0.93
0.82
0.73
0.65
0.58

1
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
6.80
5.51
4.55
3.66
2.92
2.35
1.89
1.53
1.24
1.00
0.81
0.66
0.54
0.45

OUT
2
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
6.80
5.51
4.55
3.82
3.26
2.81
2.45
2.12
1.79
1.52
1.30
1.11
0.95
0.81
0.70
0.60
0.51

IN, OUT

3
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
6.80
5.51
4.55
3.82
3.26
2.81
2.45
2.15
1.91
1.70
1.53
1.38
1.25
1.13
1.00
0.89
0.79

with M12

2
11.29
9.03
7.53
6.45
5.65
5.02
4.52
4.10
3.34
2.75
2.29
1.93
1.63
1.39
1.19
1.03
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.44

Load
for
Def. ()

93.82
48.04
27.80
17.51
11.73
8.24
6.00
4.51
3.48
2.73
2.19
1.78
1.47
1.22
1.03
0.88
0.75
0.65
0.56
0.49
0.43
0.38

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

27

Double Span Lapped: AZ30025 (kN/m)

Double Span Lapped: AZ25025 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
4.99
4.14
3.31
2.68
2.19
1.80
1.49
1.24
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.60
0.50
0.42

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
4.99
4.22
3.55
3.02
2.60
2.18
1.85
1.58
1.35
1.16
1.00
0.87
0.75
0.66
0.57
0.50

3
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
4.99
4.22
3.55
3.02
2.61
2.27
2.00
1.77
1.57
1.37
1.20
1.06
0.93
0.83
0.73
0.65

1
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.16
4.27
3.59
3.06
2.64
2.13
1.73
1.39
1.12
0.91
0.74
0.61
0.50
0.42

OUT
2
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.16
4.27
3.59
3.06
2.64
2.30
2.02
1.79
1.59
1.43
1.25
1.07
0.91
0.78
0.67
0.57

3
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.16
4.27
3.59
3.06
2.64
2.30
2.02
1.79
1.59
1.43
1.29
1.17
1.07
0.98
0.90
0.83

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
9.41 128.57
7.53 65.83
6.27 38.10
5.38 23.99
4.71 16.07
4.18 11.29
3.76
8.23
3.42
6.18
3.14
4.76
2.90
3.75
2.60
3.00
2.18
2.44
1.85
2.01
1.58
1.68
1.35
1.41
1.16
1.20
1.00
1.03
0.87
0.89
0.75
0.77
0.66
0.68
0.57
0.60
0.50
0.53

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
5.02
4.53
3.95
3.47
3.07
2.73
2.44
2.20
1.94
1.67
1.44
1.24
1.07
0.93
0.81
0.70

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
4.89
3.91
3.17
2.59
2.13
1.76
1.46
1.21
1.01
0.84
0.70
0.58
0.48
0.41

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
5.48
4.48
3.69
3.07
2.58
2.18
1.86
1.59
1.37
1.18
1.02
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.58

3
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
5.48
4.88
4.05
3.41
2.89
2.48
2.14
1.85
1.62
1.42
1.25
1.10
0.98
0.87
0.77

1
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
4.88
3.89
3.11
2.51
2.02
1.63
1.31
1.06
0.86
0.71
0.59
0.49
0.41

OUT
2
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
5.25
4.47
3.86
3.36
2.83
2.39
2.02
1.72
1.47
1.25
1.07
0.91
0.78
0.66

3
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
5.25
4.47
3.86
3.36
2.95
2.62
2.33
2.09
1.89
1.71
1.51
1.34
1.18
1.04

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
11.29
9.03
7.53
6.45
5.65
5.02
4.52
4.11
3.76
3.48
3.07
2.58
2.18
1.86
1.59
1.37
1.18
1.02
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.58

3
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
5.02
4.53
3.95
3.47
3.07
2.73
2.44
2.20
1.99
1.80
1.64
1.50
1.38
1.27
1.16
1.07

1
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.28
4.80
4.40
3.99
3.44
3.00
2.63
2.33
2.08
1.87
1.67
1.42
1.20
1.01
0.85
0.73

OUT
2
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.28
4.80
4.40
3.99
3.44
3.00
2.63
2.33
2.08
1.87
1.69
1.53
1.39
1.28
1.17
1.08

with M12

3
13.21
10.57
8.81
7.55
6.60
5.87
5.28
4.80
4.40
3.99
3.44
3.00
2.63
2.33
2.08
1.87
1.69
1.53
1.39
1.28
1.17
1.08

2
9.41 215.75
7.53 110.47
6.27 63.93
5.38 40.26
4.71 26.97
4.18 18.94
3.76 13.81
3.42 10.37
3.14
7.99
2.90
6.29
2.69
5.03
2.51
4.09
2.35
3.37
2.20
2.81
1.99
2.37
1.80
2.01
1.64
1.73
1.50
1.49
1.37
1.30
1.22
1.14
1.08
1.00
0.96
0.88

162.60
83.25
48.18
30.34
20.33
14.28
10.41
7.82
6.02
4.74
3.79
3.08
2.54
2.12
1.78
1.52
1.30
1.12
0.98
0.86
0.75
0.67

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
5.48
5.02
4.63
4.30
3.75
3.16
2.69
2.30
1.97
1.70
1.47
1.27
1.10
0.95
0.82

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
5.48
5.02
4.63
4.30
4.02
3.62
3.15
2.74
2.39
2.09
1.84
1.63
1.44
1.28
1.14

3
15.06
12.05
10.04
8.60
7.53
6.69
6.02
5.48
5.02
4.63
4.30
4.02
3.62
3.21
2.86
2.57
2.32
2.10
1.87
1.68
1.50
1.36

1
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
5.28
4.88
4.53
4.14
3.64
3.23
2.76
2.33
1.97
1.67
1.41
1.19
1.00
0.85

OUT
2
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
5.28
4.88
4.53
4.14
3.64
3.23
2.88
2.58
2.33
2.11
1.93
1.76
1.61
1.42

with M12

3
15.85
12.68
10.57
9.06
7.93
7.04
6.34
5.76
5.28
4.88
4.53
4.14
3.64
3.23
2.88
2.58
2.33
2.11
1.93
1.76
1.62
1.49

2
11.29
9.03
7.53
6.45
5.65
5.02
4.52
4.11
3.76
3.48
3.23
3.01
2.82
2.66
2.51
2.38
2.09
1.84
1.63
1.44
1.28
1.14

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

28

Load
for
Def. ()

Double Span Lapped: AZ30030 (kN/m)

Double Span Lapped: AZ25030 (kN/m)


Span

IN
2
12.55
10.04
8.37
7.17
6.27
5.58
5.02
4.53
3.95
3.47
3.07
2.73
2.44
2.20
1.99
1.80
1.64
1.50
1.37
1.22
1.08
0.96

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Load
for
Def. ()

267.94
137.18
79.39
49.99
33.49
23.52
17.15
12.88
9.92
7.81
6.25
5.08
4.19
3.49
2.94
2.50
2.14
1.85
1.61
1.41
1.24
1.10

Table 11.4 Three Span Lapped


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed Three Spans Lapped
Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500

Span
(mm)

Three Span Lapped: AZ10025 (kN/m)


1
8.96
5.73
3.98
2.93
2.24
1.77
1.35
1.01
0.75
0.56
0.42

3
8.96
5.73
3.98
2.93
2.24
1.77
1.43
1.18
1.00
0.85
0.73
0.63
0.53
0.45

1
9.11
5.83
4.05
2.87
2.03
1.47
1.08
0.81
0.61
0.45

OUT
2
9.11
5.83
4.05
2.98
2.28
1.80
1.43
1.12
0.89
0.71
0.57
0.47

3
9.11
5.83
4.05
2.98
2.28
1.80
1.46
1.21
1.01
0.86
0.71
0.60
0.50
0.43

8.96
5.73
3.98
2.93
2.24
1.77
1.43
1.12
0.89
0.71
0.57
0.47

9.06
4.64
2.68
1.69
1.13
0.80
0.58
0.44
0.34
0.26
0.21
0.17
0.14
0.12

Three Span Lapped: AZ10030 (kN/m)

1
2000 13.37
2500 8.56
3000 5.80
3500 4.05
4000 2.95
4500 2.13
5000 1.57
5500 1.16
6000 0.87
6500 0.65
7000 0.48
7500
8000
8500
9000

Bridging >

IN
2
8.96
5.73
3.98
2.93
2.24
1.77
1.43
1.18
1.00
0.82
0.67
0.55
0.46

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

IN
2
13.37
8.56
5.94
4.31
3.17
2.40
1.86
1.47
1.18
0.96
0.78
0.65
0.54
0.45

3
13.37
8.56
5.94
4.37
3.34
2.55
2.00
1.59
1.29
1.06
0.88
0.73
0.62
0.52
0.45

1
12.67
7.60
4.92
3.36
2.37
1.71
1.26
0.94
0.70
0.52

OUT
2
13.41
8.49
5.65
3.96
2.89
2.17
1.67
1.31
1.03
0.83
0.67
0.54
0.44

IN, OUT

3
13.41
8.58
5.95
4.24
3.15
2.41
1.89
1.51
1.22
1.00
0.83
0.70
0.59
0.50
0.43

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()

2
13.03
8.49
5.65
3.96
2.89
2.17
1.67
1.31
1.03
0.83
0.67
0.54
0.44

11.73
6.01
3.48
2.19
1.47
1.03
0.75
0.56
0.43
0.34
0.27
0.22
0.18
0.15
0.13

Three Span Lapped: AZ15025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
14.48
11.59
8.28
6.02
4.38
3.20
2.37
1.77
1.33
1.00
0.75
0.57
0.44

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

1
17.38
13.90
10.13
7.09
5.16
3.75
2.77
2.06
1.54
1.15
0.86
0.65
0.50
0.40

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

3
14.48
11.59
8.28
6.09
4.66
3.68
2.96
2.37
1.92
1.58
1.31
1.10
0.93
0.79
0.67
0.57
0.49
0.43

1
15.25
11.27
7.32
5.00
3.55
2.58
1.90
1.42
1.07
0.80
0.60
0.46

OUT
2
15.25
11.98
8.32
5.88
4.30
3.23
2.49
1.95
1.55
1.24
1.01
0.82
0.67
0.55
0.45

IN, OUT

3
15.25
11.98
8.32
6.11
4.66
3.57
2.80
2.24
1.82
1.49
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.41

with M12

2
10.86
8.69
7.24
5.88
4.30
3.23
2.49
1.95
1.55
1.24
1.01
0.82
0.67
0.55
0.45

Load
for
Def. ()

25.62
13.12
7.59
4.78
3.20
2.25
1.64
1.23
0.95
0.75
0.60
0.49
0.40
0.33
0.28
0.24
0.21
0.18

Three Span Lapped: AZ15030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
14.48
11.59
8.28
6.09
4.66
3.57
2.77
2.19
1.76
1.43
1.17
0.97
0.81
0.67
0.56
0.47
0.40

IN
2
17.38
13.90
10.42
7.53
5.54
4.20
3.26
2.58
2.07
1.68
1.38
1.14
0.94
0.79
0.66
0.55
0.46

3
17.38
13.90
10.42
7.66
5.83
4.46
3.49
2.79
2.26
1.86
1.54
1.29
1.09
0.92
0.79
0.67
0.58
0.50
0.43

1
18.29
13.28
8.62
5.88
4.16
3.02
2.22
1.66
1.24
0.93
0.69
0.52
0.40

OUT
2
18.29
14.64
9.86
6.93
5.06
3.81
2.93
2.29
1.82
1.46
1.18
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.52
0.42

3
18.29
14.64
10.38
7.40
5.50
4.21
3.30
2.64
2.14
1.76
1.46
1.22
1.03
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.48
0.41

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()
2

with M12

13.03
10.43
8.69
6.93
5.06
3.81
2.93
2.29
1.82
1.46
1.18
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.52
0.42

30.79
15.76
9.12
5.74
3.85
2.70
1.97
1.48
1.14
0.90
0.72
0.58
0.48
0.40
0.34
0.29
0.25
0.21
0.19

3 Span Lapped
Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

29

Three Span Lapped: AZ17525 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
14.48
11.59
8.87
6.23
4.32
3.05
2.18
1.56
1.11
0.80
0.60
0.45

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000

1
17.38
13.90
10.58
7.30
5.04
3.55
2.52
1.79
1.27
0.92
0.69
0.52
0.40

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

3
14.48
11.59
8.87
6.52
4.99
3.94
3.07
2.44
1.96
1.59
1.31
1.08
0.90
0.76
0.63
0.53
0.45

1
15.25
11.71
7.48
5.01
3.47
2.45
1.75
1.25
0.89
0.65
0.48

OUT
2
15.25
12.20
8.79
6.11
4.42
3.29
2.50
1.92
1.50
1.18
0.93
0.74
0.58
0.46

3
15.25
12.20
8.95
6.58
4.91
3.73
2.91
2.31
1.86
1.51
1.24
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.43

2
10.86
8.69
7.24
6.11
4.42
3.29
2.50
1.92
1.50
1.18
0.93
0.74
0.58
0.46

32.33
16.55
9.58
6.03
4.04
2.84
2.07
1.55
1.20
0.94
0.75
0.61
0.51
0.42
0.36
0.30
0.26

Three Span Lapped: AZ17530 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
14.48
11.59
8.87
6.52
4.89
3.68
2.83
2.21
1.75
1.40
1.13
0.92
0.75
0.61
0.50
0.41

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()

IN
2
17.38
13.90
11.24
7.89
5.75
4.32
3.32
2.59
2.05
1.64
1.32
1.07
0.87
0.71
0.57
0.46

3
17.38
13.90
11.33
8.31
6.12
4.65
3.61
2.86
2.30
1.87
1.53
1.27
1.05
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.52
0.44

1
18.29
13.77
8.77
5.87
4.05
2.85
2.03
1.44
1.02
0.74
0.55
0.42

OUT
2
18.29
14.64
10.35
7.19
5.19
3.85
2.92
2.25
1.75
1.37
1.08
0.85
0.67
0.53
0.42

3
18.29
14.64
11.06
7.84
5.78
4.39
3.42
2.71
2.18
1.77
1.46
1.21
1.01
0.84
0.71
0.59
0.49
0.41

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

13.03
10.43
8.69
7.19
5.19
3.85
2.92
2.25
1.75
1.37
1.08
0.85
0.67
0.53
0.42

39.43
20.19
11.68
7.36
4.93
3.46
2.52
1.90
1.46
1.15
0.92
0.75
0.62
0.51
0.43
0.37
0.32
0.27

Three Span Lapped: AZ20025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.21
6.28
4.97
4.02
3.32
2.79
2.38
2.05
1.65
1.33
1.07
0.86
0.69
0.56
0.46

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.30
5.92
4.83
3.80
3.01
2.41
1.93
1.55
1.25
1.00
0.80
0.66
0.54
0.45

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

3
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.21
6.28
4.97
4.02
3.32
2.79
2.38
2.05
1.79
1.57
1.39
1.24
1.11
1.01
0.91
0.83
0.76
0.67
0.60

1
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.30
6.36
5.02
4.07
3.29
2.59
2.06
1.65
1.33
1.07
0.86
0.69
0.56
0.45

OUT
2
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.30
6.36
5.02
4.07
3.36
2.83
2.41
2.08
1.81
1.56
1.32
1.12
0.96
0.82
0.71
0.61
0.52
0.45

IN, OUT

3
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.30
6.36
5.02
4.07
3.36
2.83
2.41
2.08
1.81
1.59
1.41
1.26
1.13
1.02
0.92
0.82
0.72
0.64
0.57

with M12

2
10.86
8.69
7.24
6.21
5.43
4.83
4.02
3.32
2.79
2.38
2.05
1.79
1.56
1.32
1.12
0.96
0.82
0.71
0.61
0.52
0.45

IN
2
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.30
5.92
4.89
4.11
3.50
2.94
2.47
2.10
1.79
1.54
1.33
1.15
1.00
0.87
0.76
0.66
0.58

3
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.30
5.92
4.89
4.11
3.50
3.02
2.63
2.29
1.98
1.71
1.49
1.31
1.15
1.01
0.90
0.79
0.71

1
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
8.74
6.53
4.99
3.88
3.05
2.42
1.94
1.56
1.25
1.00
0.80
0.65
0.53
0.43

OUT
2
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
7.34
5.95
4.77
3.86
3.16
2.62
2.19
1.84
1.56
1.32
1.13
0.96
0.83
0.71
0.61
0.52
0.45

56.23
28.79
16.66
10.49
7.03
4.94
3.60
2.70
2.08
1.64
1.31
1.07
0.88
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.45
0.39
0.34
0.30
0.26
0.23

IN, OUT

3
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
7.34
5.95
4.91
4.13
3.52
2.99
2.53
2.17
1.87
1.62
1.42
1.24
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.76
0.67

with M12

2
13.03
10.43
8.69
7.45
6.52
5.79
5.21
4.74
3.86
3.16
2.62
2.19
1.84
1.56
1.32
1.13
0.96
0.83
0.71
0.61
0.52
0.45

3 Span Lapped
Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

30

Load
for
Def. ()

Three Span Lapped: AZ20030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.21
6.28
4.97
4.02
3.32
2.79
2.38
2.05
1.79
1.57
1.39
1.24
1.11
0.98
0.85
0.74
0.65
0.57
0.50

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Load
for
Def. ()

71.46
36.59
21.17
13.33
8.93
6.27
4.57
3.44
2.65
2.08
1.67
1.36
1.12
0.93
0.78
0.67
0.57
0.49
0.43
0.38
0.33
0.29

Three Span Lapped: AZ25025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.52
4.56
3.83
3.26
2.72
2.18
1.75
1.40
1.12
0.90
0.73
0.60
0.50
0.42

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.52
4.56
3.83
3.26
2.82
2.45
2.16
1.91
1.70
1.50
1.30
1.13
0.98
0.86
0.75
0.65

3
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.52
4.56
3.83
3.26
2.82
2.45
2.16
1.91
1.70
1.53
1.38
1.25
1.14
1.01
0.90
0.80

1
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
5.58
4.39
3.45
2.74
2.18
1.75
1.40
1.12
0.90
0.72
0.59
0.48
0.40

OUT
2
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
5.58
4.61
3.87
3.30
2.85
2.48
2.08
1.76
1.49
1.27
1.09
0.93
0.80
0.68
0.59
0.50

IN, OUT

3
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
5.58
4.61
3.87
3.30
2.85
2.48
2.18
1.93
1.72
1.55
1.39
1.24
1.09
0.97
0.86
0.76

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
10.86
8.69
7.24
6.21
5.43
4.83
4.35
3.95
3.62
3.26
2.82
2.45
2.08
1.76
1.49
1.27
1.09
0.93
0.80
0.68
0.59
0.50

97.93
50.14
29.02
18.27
12.24
8.60
6.27
4.71
3.63
2.85
2.28
1.86
1.53
1.28
1.08
0.91
0.78
0.68
0.59
0.52
0.45
0.40

Three Span Lapped: AZ25030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.06
4.01
3.19
2.55
2.04
1.63
1.30
1.05
0.85
0.70
0.58
0.49
0.41

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.65
4.73
3.94
3.32
2.81
2.40
2.06
1.77
1.53
1.33
1.16
1.01
0.88
0.77

3
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.65
4.81
4.15
3.60
3.08
2.65
2.30
2.00
1.75
1.53
1.35
1.19
1.06
0.94

1
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
6.69
5.18
4.07
3.22
2.57
2.05
1.64
1.31
1.05
0.84
0.69
0.56
0.47

OUT
2
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
7.32
6.41
5.18
4.24
3.51
2.93
2.46
2.07
1.76
1.50
1.28
1.09
0.94
0.80
0.68
0.58

IN, OUT

3
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
7.32
6.65
5.67
4.78
4.02
3.41
2.92
2.51
2.18
1.90
1.66
1.46
1.29
1.14
1.01
0.90

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
13.03
10.43
8.69
7.45
6.52
5.79
5.21
4.74
4.35
4.01
3.51
2.93
2.46
2.07
1.76
1.50
1.28
1.09
0.94
0.80
0.68
0.58

123.85
63.41
36.70
23.11
15.48
10.87
7.93
5.96
4.59
3.61
2.89
2.35
1.94
1.61
1.36
1.16
0.99
0.86
0.74
0.65
0.57
0.51

Three Span Lapped: AZ30025 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

1
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.79
5.27
4.83
4.28
3.69
3.21
2.83
2.50
2.23
2.00
1.70
1.43
1.20
1.01
0.85
0.72

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.79
5.35
4.97
4.45
3.91
3.38
2.83
2.38
2.00
1.68
1.41
1.18
0.99
0.84

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

3
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.79
5.27
4.83
4.28
3.69
3.21
2.83
2.50
2.23
2.00
1.81
1.64
1.49
1.37
1.26
1.16

1
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
6.10
5.54
5.06
4.31
3.72
3.24
2.75
2.30
1.93
1.62
1.37
1.15
0.97
0.81
0.68
0.58

OUT
2
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
6.10
5.54
5.06
4.31
3.72
3.24
2.85
2.52
2.25
2.02
1.82
1.65
1.51
1.35
1.19
1.05

IN, OUT

3
15.25
12.20
10.16
8.71
7.62
6.78
6.10
5.54
5.06
4.31
3.72
3.24
2.85
2.52
2.25
2.02
1.82
1.65
1.51
1.38
1.26
1.17

with M12

2
10.86
8.69
7.24
6.21
5.43
4.83
4.35
3.95
3.62
3.34
3.10
2.90
2.72
2.50
2.23
2.00
1.81
1.64
1.49
1.35
1.19
1.05

Load
for
Def. ()

164.34
84.14
48.69
30.66
20.54
14.43
10.52
7.90
6.09
4.79
3.83
3.12
2.57
2.14
1.80
1.53
1.32
1.14
0.99
0.86
0.76
0.67

Three Span Lapped: AZ30030 (kN/m)

Span
(mm)

IN
2
14.48
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.79
5.27
4.83
4.28
3.69
3.21
2.83
2.50
2.23
2.00
1.81
1.64
1.49
1.37
1.26
1.16

IN
2
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.79
5.35
4.97
4.45
3.91
3.46
3.09
2.77
2.50
2.27
2.07
1.86
1.65
1.47

3
17.38
13.90
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.72
6.95
6.32
5.79
5.35
4.97
4.45
3.91
3.46
3.09
2.77
2.50
2.27
2.07
1.89
1.74
1.60

1
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
7.32
6.65
6.10
5.63
4.74
3.92
3.26
2.72
2.28
1.91
1.61
1.35
1.13
0.95
0.80
0.68

OUT
2
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
7.32
6.65
6.10
5.63
5.14
4.47
3.93
3.48
3.11
2.71
2.36
2.06
1.81
1.59
1.40
1.24

IN, OUT

3
18.29
14.64
12.20
10.45
9.15
8.13
7.32
6.65
6.10
5.63
5.14
4.47
3.93
3.48
3.11
2.79
2.52
2.28
2.08
1.90
1.75
1.59

with M12

2
13.03
10.43
8.69
7.45
6.52
5.79
5.21
4.74
4.35
4.01
3.72
3.48
3.26
3.07
2.90
2.71
2.36
2.06
1.81
1.59
1.40
1.24

Load
for
Def. ()

204.08
104.49
60.47
38.08
25.51
17.92
13.06
9.81
7.56
5.95
4.76
3.87
3.19
2.66
2.24
1.90
1.63
1.41
1.23
1.07
0.95
0.84

3 Span Lapped
Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

31

Table 11.5 Four Span Lapped


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed Four Span Lapped
Four Span Lapped: AZ15025 (kN/m)

Four Span Lapped: AZ10025 (kN/m)


Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500

1
9.46
6.06
4.21
3.09
2.24
1.63
1.21
0.91
0.69
0.52

IN
2
9.46
6.06
4.21
3.09
2.37
1.86
1.45
1.14
0.92
0.74
0.61
0.50
0.42

3
9.46
6.06
4.21
3.09
2.37
1.87
1.51
1.25
1.01
0.83
0.69
0.58
0.49
0.41

1
9.63
6.16
4.28
3.11
2.21
1.61
1.20
0.90
0.68
0.52

OUT
2
9.63
6.16
4.28
3.14
2.41
1.90
1.49
1.17
0.93
0.74
0.60
0.49
0.40

3
9.63
6.16
4.28
3.14
2.41
1.90
1.54
1.27
1.07
0.91
0.75
0.63
0.53
0.45

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

9.46
6.06
4.21
3.09
2.37
1.86
1.45
1.14
0.92
0.74
0.60
0.49
0.40

9.86
5.05
2.92
1.84
1.23
0.87
0.63
0.47
0.37
0.29
0.23
0.19
0.15
0.13

Span
(mm)

1
13.76
11.01
7.84
5.49
3.91
2.86
2.13
1.60
1.21
0.92
0.70
0.53
0.41

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

(mm)

1
2000 13.06
2500 7.99
3000 5.29
3500 3.69
4000 2.62
4500 1.90
5000 1.41
5500 1.06
6000 0.80
6500 0.60
7000 0.45
7500
8000
8500
9000

Bridging >

IN
2
13.46
8.31
5.56
3.93
2.89
2.19
1.70
1.34
1.07
0.87
0.71
0.58
0.48
0.40

3
13.80
8.58
5.79
4.12
3.06
2.34
1.83
1.46
1.19
0.97
0.81
0.68
0.57
0.48
0.41

1
13.61
8.19
5.32
3.64
2.59
1.88
1.39
1.04
0.79
0.59
0.45

OUT
2
14.16
8.91
5.92
4.16
3.03
2.28
1.75
1.37
1.08
0.87
0.70
0.56
0.46

3
14.16
9.07
6.29
4.48
3.33
2.54
1.99
1.59
1.29
1.06
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.53
0.45

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()

2
12.39
8.31
5.56
3.93
2.89
2.19
1.70
1.34
1.07
0.87
0.70
0.56
0.46

3
13.76
11.01
8.55
6.10
4.53
3.47
2.72
2.17
1.76
1.45
1.20
1.01
0.85
0.72
0.62
0.53
0.46

1
14.49
11.59
7.91
5.43
3.87
2.82
2.10
1.58
1.20
0.91
0.69
0.52
0.41

OUT
2
14.49
11.59
8.77
6.16
4.51
3.39
2.61
2.04
1.62
1.30
1.05
0.86
0.70
0.57
0.47

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()
2

with M12

3
14.49
11.59
8.79
6.46
4.92
3.77
2.96
2.36
1.92
1.58
1.31
1.10
0.93
0.79
0.68
0.58
0.50
0.43

10.32
8.26
6.88
5.82
4.28
3.25
2.52
2.00
1.60
1.30
1.05
0.86
0.70
0.57
0.47

27.89
14.28
8.27
5.21
3.49
2.45
1.79
1.34
1.03
0.81
0.65
0.53
0.44
0.36
0.31
0.26
0.22
0.19

Four Span Lapped: AZ15030 (kN/m)

Four Span Lapped: AZ10030 (kN/m)


Span

IN
2
13.76
11.01
8.22
5.82
4.28
3.25
2.52
2.00
1.60
1.30
1.07
0.88
0.73
0.61
0.51
0.43

12.77
6.54
3.78
2.38
1.60
1.12
0.82
0.61
0.47
0.37
0.30
0.24
0.20
0.17
0.14

Span
(mm)

1
16.52
13.21
9.25
6.46
4.59
3.35
2.49
1.87
1.41
1.07
0.80
0.61
0.47

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

IN
2
16.52
13.21
9.70
6.86
5.05
3.83
2.97
2.35
1.88
1.52
1.25
1.03
0.85
0.71
0.59
0.50
0.42

3
16.52
13.21
10.09
7.20
5.34
4.09
3.20
2.56
2.08
1.71
1.42
1.19
1.00
0.85
0.72
0.62
0.53
0.46
0.40

1
17.39
13.91
9.31
6.39
4.54
3.31
2.46
1.85
1.39
1.06
0.80
0.60
0.47

OUT
2
17.39
13.91
10.35
7.27
5.31
3.99
3.07
2.40
1.90
1.52
1.23
1.00
0.81
0.66
0.54
0.44

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()
2

with M12

3
17.39
13.91
10.96
7.82
5.81
4.45
3.49
2.79
2.26
1.86
1.54
1.29
1.09
0.93
0.79
0.68
0.58
0.50
0.43

12.39
9.91
8.26
6.86
5.05
3.83
2.97
2.35
1.88
1.52
1.23
1.00
0.81
0.66
0.54
0.44

33.52
17.16
9.93
6.25
4.19
2.94
2.15
1.61
1.24
0.98
0.78
0.64
0.52
0.44
0.37
0.31
0.27
0.23
0.20

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in
the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

32

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Four Span Lapped: AZ20025 (kN/m)

Four Span Lapped: AZ17525 (kN/m)


Span
(mm)

1
13.76
11.01
8.21
5.54
3.86
2.75
1.98
1.44
1.04
0.75
0.56
0.43

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000

IN
2
13.76
11.01
8.70
6.10
4.45
3.35
2.57
2.01
1.59
1.27
1.03
0.83
0.68
0.55
0.45

3
13.76
11.01
9.12
6.46
4.77
3.63
2.82
2.24
1.80
1.47
1.21
1.00
0.83
0.70
0.59
0.50
0.42

1
14.49
11.59
8.12
5.47
3.81
2.72
1.96
1.42
1.03
0.75
0.55
0.42

OUT
2
14.49
11.59
9.22
6.41
4.63
3.44
2.61
2.01
1.57
1.23
0.97
0.77
0.61
0.48

3
14.49
11.59
9.46
6.95
5.19
3.95
3.07
2.44
1.96
1.60
1.32
1.09
0.91
0.76
0.64
0.54
0.45

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

10.32
8.26
6.88
5.90
4.45
3.35
2.57
2.01
1.57
1.23
0.97
0.77
0.61
0.48

35.19
18.02
10.43
6.57
4.40
3.09
2.25
1.69
1.30
1.03
0.82
0.67
0.55
0.46
0.39
0.33
0.28

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.64
5.25
4.25
3.51
2.88
2.30
1.85
1.50
1.22
0.99
0.80
0.65
0.53
0.43

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

(mm)

1
16.52
13.21
9.64
6.48
4.51
3.20
2.30
1.66
1.19
0.86
0.64
0.49

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

IN
2
16.52
13.21
10.25
7.19
5.24
3.93
3.01
2.35
1.86
1.48
1.19
0.96
0.78
0.63
0.51
0.41

3
16.52
13.21
10.76
7.62
5.62
4.27
3.32
2.63
2.11
1.72
1.41
1.17
0.97
0.81
0.68
0.57
0.48
0.41

1
17.39
13.91
9.53
6.41
4.46
3.16
2.27
1.64
1.18
0.85
0.64
0.48

OUT
2
17.39
13.91
10.85
7.54
5.44
4.04
3.06
2.35
1.83
1.43
1.13
0.89
0.70
0.55
0.43

3
17.39
13.91
11.59
8.28
6.11
4.64
3.61
2.86
2.30
1.87
1.54
1.27
1.06
0.89
0.74
0.62
0.52
0.43

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

12.39
9.91
8.26
7.08
5.24
3.93
3.01
2.35
1.83
1.43
1.13
0.89
0.70
0.55
0.43

3
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.64
5.25
4.25
3.51
2.95
2.51
2.17
1.89
1.66
1.47
1.31
1.16
1.02
0.90
0.79
0.70
0.62
0.55

1
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
6.72
5.31
4.30
3.55
2.84
2.27
1.83
1.48
1.20
0.98
0.79
0.64
0.52
0.43

OUT
2
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
6.72
5.31
4.30
3.55
2.99
2.54
2.19
1.91
1.63
1.38
1.17
1.00
0.86
0.74
0.63
0.54
0.47
0.40

with M12

3
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
6.72
5.31
4.30
3.55
2.99
2.54
2.19
1.91
1.68
1.49
1.33
1.19
1.08
0.98
0.86
0.76
0.68
0.61

2
10.32
8.26
6.88
5.90
5.16
4.59
4.13
3.51
2.95
2.51
2.17
1.89
1.61
1.38
1.17
1.00
0.86
0.74
0.63
0.54
0.47
0.40

Load
for
Def. ()

61.22
31.34
18.14
11.42
7.65
5.37
3.92
2.94
2.27
1.78
1.43
1.16
0.96
0.80
0.67
0.57
0.49
0.42
0.37
0.32
0.28
0.25

Four Span Lapped: AZ20030 (kN/m)

Four Span Lapped: AZ17530 (kN/m)


Span

IN
2
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.64
5.25
4.25
3.51
2.95
2.51
2.17
1.89
1.61
1.38
1.18
1.02
0.88
0.77
0.67
0.58
0.51
0.45

42.93
21.98
12.72
8.01
5.37
3.77
2.75
2.06
1.59
1.25
1.00
0.81
0.67
0.56
0.47
0.40
0.34
0.30

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.15
5.50
4.29
3.39
2.71
2.18
1.76
1.42
1.15
0.93
0.75
0.61
0.51
0.42

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
5.95
4.77
3.88
3.20
2.67
2.25
1.91
1.63
1.40
1.20
1.04
0.90
0.79
0.69
0.60
0.52

3
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.25
5.06
4.15
3.45
2.90
2.46
2.11
1.81
1.57
1.37
1.20
1.06
0.93
0.83
0.73
0.65

1
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.09
5.44
4.24
3.35
2.67
2.15
1.74
1.41
1.14
0.92
0.75
0.61
0.50
0.41

OUT
2
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.27
5.00
4.04
3.31
2.74
2.29
1.92
1.63
1.38
1.18
1.01
0.86
0.74
0.63
0.54
0.47

with M12

3
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.28
5.19
4.36
3.72
3.15
2.68
2.29
1.98
1.71
1.50
1.31
1.15
1.02
0.90
0.80
0.71

2
12.39
9.91
8.26
7.08
6.19
5.51
4.96
4.50
3.88
3.20
2.67
2.25
1.91
1.63
1.38
1.18
1.01
0.86
0.74
0.63
0.54
0.47

Load
for
Def. ()

77.80
39.83
23.05
14.52
9.72
6.83
4.98
3.74
2.88
2.27
1.81
1.48
1.22
1.01
0.85
0.73
0.62
0.54
0.47
0.41
0.36
0.32

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in
the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

33

Table 11.5 Four Span Lapped


Four Span Lapped: AZ25025 (kN/m)
Span
(mm)

1
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
4.82
3.83
3.06
2.45
1.98
1.60
1.30
1.05
0.84
0.69
0.57
0.47

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Four Span Lapped: AZ30025 (kN/m)

Span
Load
for
with M12
(mm)
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

IN
2
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
4.82
4.05
3.45
2.97
2.55
2.16
1.84
1.58
1.36
1.18
1.02
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.59

3
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
4.82
4.05
3.45
2.97
2.59
2.28
2.02
1.78
1.55
1.36
1.20
1.06
0.93
0.83
0.74

1
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
4.80
3.79
3.02
2.43
1.96
1.58
1.28
1.03
0.83
0.68
0.56
0.46

OUT
2
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
4.87
4.09
3.49
3.01
2.59
2.18
1.84
1.56
1.33
1.14
0.97
0.83
0.71
0.61
0.52

3
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
4.87
4.09
3.49
3.01
2.62
2.30
2.04
1.82
1.63
1.47
1.31
1.15
1.02
0.91
0.81

10.32
8.26
6.88
5.90
5.16
4.59
4.13
3.75
3.44
3.18
2.95
2.55
2.16
1.84
1.56
1.33
1.14
0.97
0.83
0.71
0.61
0.52

106.61
54.59
31.59
19.89
13.33
9.36
6.82
5.13
3.95
3.11
2.49
2.02
1.67
1.39
1.17
1.00
0.85
0.74
0.64
0.56
0.49
0.44

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
5.01
4.59
4.07
3.60
3.20
2.86
2.57
2.17
1.83
1.55
1.32
1.11
0.94
0.80
0.68

Four Span Lapped: AZ25030 (kN/m)


Span

3
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
5.01
4.59
4.07
3.60
3.20
2.86
2.57
2.32
2.10
1.91
1.73
1.58
1.44
1.33
1.22

1
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
5.27
4.83
4.46
3.93
3.42
3.01
2.55
2.15
1.81
1.54
1.30
1.10
0.93
0.79
0.67

OUT
2
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
5.27
4.83
4.46
3.93
3.42
3.01
2.66
2.37
2.13
1.92
1.74
1.59
1.41
1.24
1.10

with M12

3
14.49
11.59
9.66
8.28
7.24
6.44
5.80
5.27
4.83
4.46
3.93
3.42
3.01
2.66
2.37
2.13
1.92
1.74
1.59
1.45
1.34
1.23

1
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
5.74
4.52
3.60
2.89
2.33
1.88
1.51
1.22
0.98
0.80
0.66
0.55
0.46

Bridging >

IN
2
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
6.01
5.22
4.30
3.58
3.01
2.55
2.18
1.86
1.60
1.39
1.20
1.04
0.91
0.79
0.69

3
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
6.01
5.51
4.64
3.90
3.31
2.83
2.44
2.11
1.84
1.61
1.41
1.25
1.10
0.98
0.87

1
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
5.67
4.47
3.56
2.85
2.30
1.86
1.50
1.21
0.97
0.79
0.65
0.54
0.45

OUT
2
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
6.32
5.43
4.44
3.67
3.06
2.57
2.17
1.84
1.56
1.33
1.14
0.97
0.83
0.71
0.61

3
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
6.32
5.80
5.05
4.25
3.60
3.08
2.65
2.30
2.00
1.75
1.54
1.36
1.20
1.07
0.95

12.39
9.91
8.26
7.08
6.19
5.51
4.96
4.50
4.13
3.81
3.54
3.01
2.55
2.17
1.84
1.56
1.33
1.14
0.97
0.83
0.71
0.61

2
10.32
8.26
6.88
5.90
5.16
4.59
4.13
3.75
3.44
3.18
2.95
2.75
2.58
2.43
2.29
2.10
1.91
1.73
1.58
1.41
1.24
1.10

Load
for
Def. ()

178.90
91.60
53.01
33.38
22.36
15.71
11.45
8.60
6.63
5.21
4.17
3.39
2.80
2.33
1.96
1.67
1.43
1.24
1.08
0.94
0.83
0.73

Four Span Lapped: AZ30030 (kN/m)

Span
Load
for
with M12
(mm)
Def. () Bridging >
2
IN, OUT

(mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN, OUT

IN
2
13.76
11.01
9.18
7.86
6.88
6.12
5.51
5.01
4.59
4.07
3.60
3.20
2.86
2.57
2.32
2.10
1.91
1.73
1.58
1.42
1.27
1.13

134.83
69.03
39.95
25.16
16.85
11.84
8.63
6.48
4.99
3.93
3.15
2.56
2.11
1.76
1.48
1.26
1.08
0.93
0.81
0.71
0.62
0.55

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

1
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
6.01
5.51
5.08
4.72
4.35
3.63
3.04
2.56
2.16
1.83
1.55
1.31
1.11
0.93
0.79

IN, OUT

IN
2
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
6.01
5.51
5.08
4.72
4.40
4.13
3.66
3.19
2.78
2.44
2.15
1.90
1.69
1.50
1.34

3
16.52
13.21
11.01
9.44
8.26
7.34
6.61
6.01
5.51
5.08
4.72
4.40
4.13
3.66
3.26
2.93
2.64
2.39
2.13
1.91
1.71
1.54

1
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
6.32
5.80
5.35
4.97
4.30
3.59
3.01
2.53
2.14
1.81
1.53
1.29
1.09
0.92
0.78

OUT
2
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
6.32
5.80
5.35
4.97
4.64
4.15
3.68
3.27
2.83
2.47
2.16
1.89
1.66
1.47
1.29

with M12

3
17.39
13.91
11.59
9.93
8.69
7.73
6.95
6.32
5.80
5.35
4.97
4.64
4.15
3.68
3.28
2.95
2.66
2.41
2.20
2.01
1.85
1.68

2
12.39
9.91
8.26
7.08
6.19
5.51
4.96
4.50
4.13
3.81
3.54
3.30
3.10
2.92
2.75
2.61
2.44
2.15
1.89
1.66
1.47
1.29

Load
for
Def. ()

222.17
113.75
65.83
41.46
27.77
19.51
14.22
10.68
8.23
6.47
5.18
4.21
3.47
2.89
2.44
2.07
1.78
1.54
1.34
1.17
1.03
0.91

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in
the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

34

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Table 11.6 Five Span Lapped


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed Five Spans Lapped
Five Span Lapped: AZ15025 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ10025 (kN/m)


Span
(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500

1
9.20
5.89
4.09
3.01
2.30
1.70
1.26
0.95
0.71
0.54
0.41

IN
2
9.20
5.89
4.09
3.01
2.30
1.82
1.47
1.19
0.96
0.78
0.64
0.53
0.44

3
9.20
5.89
4.09
3.01
2.30
1.82
1.47
1.22
1.02
0.85
0.71
0.59
0.50
0.43

1
9.36
5.99
4.16
3.01
2.14
1.56
1.16
0.87
0.65
0.49

OUT
2
9.36
5.99
4.16
3.06
2.34
1.85
1.47
1.15
0.91
0.73
0.59
0.48

3
9.36
5.99
4.16
3.06
2.34
1.85
1.50
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.73
0.61
0.52
0.44

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()
2

9.20
5.89
4.09
3.01
2.30
1.82
1.47
1.15
0.91
0.73
0.59
0.48

9.61
4.92
2.85
1.79
1.20
0.84
0.62
0.46
0.36
0.28
0.22
0.18
0.15
0.13

Span
(mm)

1
13.97
11.17
8.07
5.65
4.09
2.98
2.21
1.66
1.26
0.96
0.72
0.55
0.42

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

(mm)

1
2000 13.45
2500 8.23
3000 5.45
3500 3.81
4000 2.73
4500 1.99
5000 1.47
5500 1.10
6000 0.83
6500 0.62
7000 0.46
7500
8000
8500
9000

Bridging >

IN
2
13.74
8.59
5.75
4.07
2.99
2.27
1.76
1.39
1.12
0.91
0.74
0.61
0.51
0.42

3
13.74
8.79
5.95
4.24
3.15
2.41
1.89
1.50
1.22
1.00
0.83
0.69
0.59
0.50
0.42

1
13.20
7.94
5.16
3.53
2.50
1.82
1.34
1.01
0.76
0.57
0.43

OUT
2
13.78
8.74
5.81
4.08
2.98
2.24
1.72
1.34
1.06
0.85
0.69
0.56
0.45

3
13.78
8.82
6.11
4.36
3.24
2.48
1.94
1.55
1.26
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.44

Span
IN, OUT Load
(mm)
with M12 for
Def. () Bridging >
2
12.57
8.59
5.75
4.07
2.98
2.24
1.72
1.34
1.06
0.85
0.69
0.56
0.45

Five span lapped


Span (mm)

12.44
6.37
3.69
2.32
1.56
1.09
0.80
0.60
0.46
0.36
0.29
0.24
0.19
0.16
0.14

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

Lap

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

3
13.97
11.17
8.51
6.25
4.66
3.57
2.80
2.23
1.81
1.49
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.74
0.64
0.54
0.47
0.40

1
14.70
11.76
7.66
5.26
3.74
2.73
2.03
1.52
1.15
0.87
0.66
0.50

OUT
2
14.70
11.76
8.55
6.05
4.42
3.33
2.56
2.01
1.60
1.28
1.04
0.84
0.69
0.56
0.46

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()

with M12

3
14.70
11.76
8.55
6.28
4.79
3.67
2.88
2.30
1.87
1.54
1.28
1.07
0.91
0.77
0.66
0.56
0.49
0.42

2
10.48
8.38
6.98
5.99
4.42
3.33
2.56
2.01
1.60
1.28
1.04
0.84
0.69
0.56
0.46

27.19
13.92
8.06
5.07
3.40
2.39
1.74
1.31
1.01
0.79
0.63
0.52
0.43
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.22
0.19

Five Span Lapped: AZ15030 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ10030 (kN/m)


Span

IN
2
13.97
11.17
8.50
6.02
4.44
3.37
2.62
2.08
1.67
1.36
1.11
0.92
0.77
0.64
0.54
0.45

1
16.76
13.41
9.52
6.66
4.80
3.49
2.59
1.94
1.46
1.11
0.83
0.63
0.49

IN
2
16.76
13.41
10.04
7.10
5.23
3.97
3.09
2.44
1.96
1.59
1.31
1.08
0.90
0.75
0.63
0.53
0.44

3
16.76
13.41
10.39
7.40
5.50
4.21
3.30
2.63
2.13
1.75
1.46
1.22
1.03
0.87
0.74
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.41

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

span + 70 mm + (Lap)

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

1
17.64
13.87
9.02
6.18
4.39
3.20
2.37
1.78
1.34
1.01
0.76
0.58
0.45

OUT
2
17.64
14.11
10.14
7.13
5.21
3.92
3.01
2.36
1.87
1.50
1.21
0.98
0.80
0.66
0.54
0.44

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()

with M12

3
17.64
14.11
10.67
7.61
5.65
4.33
3.39
2.71
2.20
1.81
1.50
1.26
1.06
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.57
0.49
0.42

2
12.57
10.06
8.38
7.10
5.21
3.92
3.01
2.36
1.87
1.50
1.21
0.98
0.80
0.66
0.54
0.44

32.66
16.72
9.68
6.10
4.08
2.87
2.09
1.57
1.21
0.95
0.76
0.62
0.51
0.43
0.36
0.31
0.26
0.23
0.20

Bold Capacities Require


M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section
is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

35

Five Span Lapped: AZ20025 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ17525 (kN/m)


Span
(mm)

1
13.97
11.17
8.45
5.78
4.02
2.86
2.06
1.49
1.07
0.78
0.58
0.44

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000

IN
2
13.97
11.17
9.01
6.33
4.62
3.48
2.68
2.10
1.66
1.33
1.08
0.88
0.71
0.58
0.48

3
13.97
11.17
9.12
6.65
4.91
3.73
2.90
2.30
1.85
1.51
1.24
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.60
0.51
0.43

1
14.70
11.76
7.86
5.29
3.68
2.62
1.89
1.36
0.98
0.71
0.53
0.40

OUT
2
14.70
11.76
9.04
6.29
4.55
3.38
2.57
1.98
1.55
1.22
0.96
0.76
0.60
0.47

3
14.70
11.76
9.20
6.76
5.05
3.84
2.99
2.37
1.91
1.56
1.28
1.06
0.89
0.74
0.63
0.53
0.45

IN, OUT Load


with M12 for
Def. ()

2
10.48
8.38
6.98
5.99
4.55
3.38
2.57
1.98
1.55
1.22
0.96
0.76
0.60
0.47

34.30
17.56
10.16
6.40
4.29
3.01
2.20
1.65
1.27
1.00
0.80
0.65
0.54
0.45
0.38
0.32
0.27

Span
(mm)

1
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.46
5.10
4.13
3.42
2.87
2.39
1.93
1.56
1.26
1.02
0.83
0.67
0.54
0.45

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Five Span Lapped: AZ17530 (kN/m)


Span
1
16.76
13.41
9.95
6.77
4.70
3.33
2.39
1.72
1.23
0.89
0.66
0.50

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

IN
2
16.76
13.41
10.61
7.45
5.44
4.09
3.14
2.45
1.94
1.56
1.26
1.02
0.83
0.67
0.55
0.45

3
16.76
13.41
11.06
7.84
5.78
4.39
3.41
2.70
2.17
1.77
1.45
1.20
1.00
0.83
0.70
0.59
0.50
0.42

1
17.64
14.11
9.22
6.20
4.30
3.05
2.19
1.57
1.12
0.82
0.61
0.46

OUT
2
17.64
14.11
10.64
7.40
5.34
3.97
3.01
2.32
1.80
1.41
1.11
0.88
0.69
0.54
0.43

3
17.64
14.11
11.37
8.06
5.94
4.52
3.52
2.79
2.24
1.82
1.50
1.24
1.03
0.87
0.73
0.61
0.52
0.43

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()

2
12.57
10.06
8.38
7.18
5.34
3.97
3.01
2.32
1.80
1.41
1.11
0.88
0.69
0.54
0.43

Five span lapped


Span (mm)
Overall purlin length =
span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

36

Span (mm)

Span (mm)

1
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
6.53
5.16
4.18
3.46
2.75
2.19
1.76
1.42
1.15
0.94
0.76
0.61
0.50
0.41

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()

with M12

3
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
6.53
5.16
4.18
3.46
2.90
2.47
2.13
1.86
1.63
1.45
1.29
1.16
1.05
0.95
0.84
0.74
0.66
0.59

41.84
21.42
12.40
7.81
5.23
3.67
2.68
2.01
1.55
1.22
0.98
0.79
0.65
0.55
0.46
0.39
0.34
0.29

Span
(mm)

1
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.36
5.74
4.48
3.54
2.82
2.26
1.83
1.48
1.20
0.97
0.78
0.63
0.52
0.43

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Lap

End span

3
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.46
5.10
4.13
3.42
2.87
2.45
2.11
1.84
1.61
1.43
1.28
1.15
1.03
0.92
0.81
0.72
0.64
0.57

OUT
2
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
6.53
5.16
4.18
3.46
2.90
2.47
2.13
1.86
1.61
1.36
1.16
0.99
0.85
0.73
0.62
0.54
0.46
0.40

2
10.48
8.38
6.98
5.99
5.24
4.66
4.13
3.42
2.87
2.45
2.11
1.84
1.61
1.36
1.16
0.99
0.85
0.73
0.62
0.54
0.46
0.40

59.66
30.55
17.68
11.13
7.46
5.24
3.82
2.87
2.21
1.74
1.39
1.13
0.93
0.78
0.66
0.56
0.48
0.41
0.36
0.31
0.28
0.24

Five Span Lapped: AZ20030 (kN/m)

IN, OUT

(mm)

IN
2
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.46
5.10
4.13
3.42
2.87
2.45
2.11
1.84
1.61
1.43
1.24
1.07
0.93
0.81
0.70
0.62
0.54
0.47

IN
2
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.08
4.94
4.03
3.33
2.78
2.34
1.99
1.70
1.46
1.26
1.09
0.95
0.83
0.72
0.63
0.55

3
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.08
5.02
4.22
3.55
2.98
2.53
2.16
1.87
1.62
1.41
1.23
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.75
0.67

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

span + 70 mm + (Lap)

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

1
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
6.86
5.26
4.10
3.24
2.58
2.07
1.67
1.35
1.09
0.88
0.71
0.58
0.48
0.40

OUT
2
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.54
6.11
4.91
3.97
3.26
2.70
2.25
1.89
1.60
1.36
1.16
0.99
0.85
0.73
0.63
0.54
0.46

IN, OUT Load


for
Def. ()

with M12

3
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.54
6.11
5.05
4.24
3.61
3.07
2.61
2.23
1.92
1.67
1.46
1.28
1.12
0.99
0.88
0.78
0.69

2
12.57
10.06
8.38
7.18
6.29
5.59
5.03
4.57
3.97
3.26
2.70
2.25
1.89
1.60
1.36
1.16
0.99
0.85
0.73
0.63
0.54
0.46

75.82
38.82
22.47
14.15
9.48
6.66
4.85
3.65
2.81
2.21
1.77
1.44
1.19
0.99
0.83
0.71
0.61
0.52
0.46
0.40
0.35
0.31

Bold Capacities Require


M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section
is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Five Span Lapped: AZ30025 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ25025 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
4.68
3.94
3.18
2.55
2.06
1.66
1.34
1.08
0.87
0.71
0.58
0.48
0.41

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
4.68
3.94
3.35
2.89
2.52
2.21
1.92
1.65
1.42
1.23
1.07
0.93
0.82
0.71
0.62

3
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
4.68
3.94
3.35
2.89
2.52
2.21
1.96
1.75
1.57
1.40
1.23
1.08
0.96
0.85
0.76

1
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.73
4.64
3.66
2.91
2.34
1.88
1.52
1.23
0.99
0.80
0.65
0.53
0.44

OUT
2
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.73
4.74
3.98
3.39
2.92
2.55
2.14
1.81
1.54
1.31
1.12
0.96
0.82
0.71
0.60
0.52

3
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.73
4.74
3.98
3.39
2.92
2.55
2.24
1.98
1.77
1.59
1.43
1.27
1.12
0.99
0.88
0.78

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()

2
10.48
8.38
6.98
5.99
5.24
4.66
4.19
3.81
3.49
3.22
2.89
2.52
2.14
1.81
1.54
1.31
1.12
0.96
0.82
0.71
0.60
0.52

103.90
53.20
30.79
19.39
12.99
9.12
6.65
5.00
3.85
3.03
2.42
1.97
1.62
1.35
1.14
0.97
0.83
0.72
0.63
0.55
0.48
0.43

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
5.08
4.66
4.20
3.70
3.29
2.90
2.57
2.26
1.91
1.61
1.36
1.15
0.97
0.82
0.70

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
5.99
4.72
3.75
3.00
2.42
1.95
1.57
1.26
1.01
0.83
0.68
0.56
0.47
0.40

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
6.09
5.42
4.47
3.73
3.14
2.66
2.27
1.95
1.68
1.45
1.26
1.10
0.96
0.84
0.73

3
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
6.09
5.59
4.78
4.01
3.40
2.91
2.50
2.17
1.89
1.65
1.45
1.28
1.13
1.00
0.89

1
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.05
5.48
4.32
3.43
2.75
2.21
1.78
1.43
1.15
0.93
0.76
0.62
0.52
0.43

OUT
2
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.06
6.42
5.33
4.37
3.61
3.01
2.53
2.14
1.81
1.54
1.32
1.13
0.96
0.83
0.71
0.60

3
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.06
6.42
5.82
4.92
4.13
3.50
3.00
2.58
2.24
1.95
1.71
1.50
1.32
1.17
1.04
0.92

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
12.57
10.06
8.38
7.18
6.29
5.59
5.03
4.57
4.19
3.87
3.59
3.01
2.53
2.14
1.81
1.54
1.32
1.13
0.96
0.83
0.71
0.60

Five span lapped

Span (mm)
Overall purlin length =
span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

Span (mm)

Span (mm)

1
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.88
5.35
4.90
4.43
3.82
3.33
2.92
2.45
2.07
1.75
1.48
1.25
1.06
0.89
0.75
0.64

with M12

3
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.88
5.35
4.90
4.43
3.82
3.33
2.92
2.59
2.31
2.07
1.87
1.70
1.55
1.41
1.30
1.20

131.40
67.28
38.93
24.52
16.43
11.54
8.41
6.32
4.87
3.83
3.07
2.49
2.05
1.71
1.44
1.23
1.05
0.91
0.79
0.69
0.61
0.54

Span

2
10.48
8.38
6.98
5.99
5.24
4.66
4.19
3.81
3.49
3.22
2.99
2.79
2.62
2.47
2.29
2.06
1.86
1.69
1.54
1.39
1.22
1.08

Load
for
Def. ()

174.36
89.27
51.66
32.53
21.80
15.31
11.16
8.38
6.46
5.08
4.07
3.31
2.72
2.27
1.91
1.63
1.40
1.21
1.05
0.92
0.81
0.71

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
6.09
5.59
5.16
4.79
4.47
3.78
3.17
2.67
2.25
1.90
1.60
1.35
1.14
0.96
0.82

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Lap

End span

3
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
5.08
4.66
4.20
3.70
3.29
2.90
2.57
2.29
2.06
1.86
1.69
1.54
1.41
1.29
1.19

OUT
2
14.70
11.76
9.80
8.40
7.35
6.53
5.88
5.35
4.90
4.43
3.82
3.33
2.92
2.59
2.31
2.07
1.87
1.70
1.55
1.39
1.22
1.08

Five Span Lapped: AZ30030 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ25030 (kN/m)


Span

IN
2
13.97
11.17
9.31
7.98
6.98
6.21
5.59
5.08
4.66
4.20
3.70
3.29
2.90
2.57
2.29
2.06
1.86
1.69
1.54
1.41
1.29
1.18

IN
2
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
6.09
5.59
5.16
4.79
4.47
4.02
3.56
3.17
2.85
2.54
2.24
1.99
1.76
1.57
1.40

3
16.76
13.41
11.17
9.58
8.38
7.45
6.70
6.09
5.59
5.16
4.79
4.47
4.02
3.56
3.17
2.85
2.57
2.33
2.12
1.94
1.76
1.58

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

span + 70 mm + (Lap)

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

1
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.06
6.42
5.88
5.43
5.01
4.15
3.46
2.90
2.44
2.06
1.74
1.47
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.75

OUT
2
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.06
6.42
5.88
5.43
5.04
4.60
4.04
3.58
3.19
2.79
2.43
2.12
1.86
1.64
1.45
1.28

with M12

3
17.64
14.11
11.76
10.08
8.82
7.84
7.06
6.42
5.88
5.43
5.04
4.60
4.04
3.58
3.19
2.86
2.59
2.35
2.14
1.96
1.80
1.63

2
12.57
10.06
8.38
7.18
6.29
5.59
5.03
4.57
4.19
3.87
3.59
3.35
3.14
2.96
2.79
2.65
2.43
2.12
1.86
1.64
1.45
1.28

Load
for
Def. ()

216.53
110.86
64.16
40.40
27.07
19.01
13.86
10.41
8.02
6.31
5.05
4.11
3.38
2.82
2.38
2.02
1.73
1.50
1.30
1.14
1.00
0.89

Bold Capacities Require


M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section
is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

37

Table 11.7 Four Span Lapped Mixed


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed Four Spans Lapped Mixed
Four Span Lapped: AZ17525/AZ17530 (kN/m)

Four Span Lapped: AZ10025/AZ10030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)
Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000

1
9.88
6.32
4.39
3.23
2.36
1.77
1.35
1.03
0.78
0.59
0.44

IN
2
9.88
6.32
4.39
3.23
2.47
1.92
1.49
1.18
0.95
0.77
0.63
0.52
0.43

3
1
9.88 10.05
6.32 6.43
4.39 4.47
3.23 3.28
2.47 2.51
1.95 1.85
1.58 1.37
1.29 1.02
1.04 0.77
0.86 0.58
0.71 0.43
0.60
0.50
0.43

OUT
2
10.05
6.43
4.47
3.28
2.51
1.99
1.61
1.33
1.07
0.86
0.69
0.56
0.46

3
10.05
6.43
4.47
3.28
2.51
1.99
1.61
1.33
1.12
0.95
0.82
0.72
0.61
0.52
0.44

Load
with M12 for
Def. ()

2
9.88
6.32
4.39
3.23
2.47
1.92
1.49
1.18
0.95
0.77
0.63
0.52
0.43

12.54
6.42
3.72
2.34
1.57
1.10
0.80
0.60
0.46
0.37
0.29
0.24
0.20
0.16
0.14

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.22
12.17
8.07
5.66
4.12
3.09
2.36
1.83
1.38
1.04
0.78
0.59
0.46

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

IN
2
15.22
12.17
8.47
5.99
4.41
3.35
2.60
2.06
1.65
1.34
1.10
0.91
0.75
0.63
0.53
0.44

3
15.22
12.17
8.80
6.28
4.66
3.57
2.80
2.24
1.82
1.50
1.24
1.04
0.88
0.75
0.64
0.55
0.47
0.41

mixed

38

1
16.02
12.82
9.16
6.28
4.46
3.25
2.41
1.81
1.36
1.03
0.77
0.59
0.45

OUT
2
16.02
12.82
9.17
6.74
5.16
3.95
3.04
2.38
1.89
1.51
1.22
0.99
0.81
0.66
0.54
0.44

3
16.02
12.82
9.17
6.74
5.16
4.08
3.30
2.73
2.23
1.83
1.52
1.28
1.08
0.91
0.78
0.67
0.58
0.50
0.43

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
11.41 32.91
9.13 16.85
7.61
9.75
5.99
6.14
4.41
4.11
3.35
2.89
2.60
2.11
2.06
1.58
1.65
1.22
1.34
0.96
1.10
0.77
0.91
0.62
0.75
0.51
0.63
0.43
0.53
0.36
0.44
0.31
0.26
0.23
0.20

1
15.22
12.17
8.45
5.86
4.21
3.11
2.25
1.62
1.16
0.84
0.63
0.47

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

Four Span Lapped: AZ15025/AZ15030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

IN
2
15.22
12.17
8.96
6.29
4.59
3.45
2.65
2.07
1.64
1.31
1.06
0.86
0.70
0.57
0.46

3
15.22
12.17
9.39
6.66
4.91
3.74
2.91
2.31
1.86
1.51
1.24
1.03
0.86
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.43

1
16.02
12.82
9.36
6.29
4.37
3.10
2.22
1.60
1.15
0.83
0.62
0.47

OUT
2
16.02
12.82
9.87
7.25
5.39
4.00
3.03
2.33
1.82
1.42
1.12
0.88
0.69
0.54
0.43

with M12

3
16.02
12.82
9.87
7.25
5.55
4.39
3.56
2.82
2.27
1.85
1.52
1.26
1.05
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.52
0.43

Load
for
Def. ()

2
11.41 42.15
9.13 21.58
7.61 12.49
6.29
7.87
4.59
5.27
3.45
3.70
2.65
2.70
2.07
2.03
1.64
1.56
1.31
1.23
1.06
0.98
0.86
0.80
0.69
0.66
0.54
0.55
0.43
0.46
0.39
0.34
0.29

Four Span Lapped: AZ20025/AZ20030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
6.93
5.48
4.44
3.67
3.08
2.54
2.10
1.72
1.39
1.12
0.91
0.73
0.60
0.49
0.41

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
6.93
5.48
4.44
3.67
3.08
2.63
2.26
1.96
1.66
1.42
1.22
1.05
0.91
0.79
0.69
0.60
0.53
0.46

3
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
6.93
5.48
4.44
3.67
3.08
2.63
2.26
1.97
1.73
1.54
1.37
1.20
1.05
0.92
0.82
0.72
0.64
0.57

1
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
7.01
5.54
4.49
3.71
3.12
2.62
2.11
1.70
1.38
1.11
0.90
0.73
0.59
0.49
0.40

OUT
2
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
7.01
5.54
4.49
3.71
3.12
2.66
2.29
2.00
1.75
1.55
1.37
1.17
1.00
0.86
0.74
0.63
0.54
0.46

with M12

3
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
7.01
5.54
4.49
3.71
3.12
2.66
2.29
2.00
1.75
1.55
1.39
1.24
1.12
1.02
0.93
0.85
0.78
0.70

Load
for
Def. ()

2
11.41 76.39
9.13 39.11
7.61 22.63
6.52 14.25
5.71
9.55
5.07
6.71
4.44
4.89
3.67
3.67
3.08
2.83
2.63
2.23
2.26
1.78
1.96
1.45
1.66
1.19
1.42
1.00
1.22
0.84
1.05
0.71
0.91
0.61
0.79
0.53
0.69
0.46
0.60
0.40
0.53
0.35
0.46
0.31

Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)


IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in
the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed - Four Spans Lapped Mixed
Four Span Lapped:AZ25025/AZ25030 (kN/m)
Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
5.99
5.03
4.17
3.40
2.81
2.27
1.83
1.47
1.18
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.53
0.44

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
5.99
5.03
4.23
3.60
3.11
2.63
2.23
1.90
1.63
1.40
1.21
1.05
0.92
0.80
0.70
0.61

3
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
5.99
5.03
4.23
3.60
3.11
2.70
2.38
2.11
1.84
1.60
1.40
1.23
1.09
0.96
0.86
0.76

1
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.15
5.08
4.27
3.49
2.80
2.25
1.81
1.46
1.17
0.94
0.77
0.63
0.53
0.44

OUT
2
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.15
5.08
4.27
3.64
3.14
2.73
2.40
2.13
1.83
1.55
1.33
1.13
0.97
0.83
0.71
0.60

with M12

3
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.15
5.08
4.27
3.64
3.14
2.73
2.40
2.13
1.90
1.70
1.54
1.40
1.27
1.16
1.05
0.94

2
11.41
9.13
7.61
6.52
5.71
5.07
4.57
4.15
3.80
3.51
3.11
2.63
2.23
1.90
1.63
1.40
1.21
1.05
0.92
0.80
0.70
0.60

Load
for
Def. ()

132.39
67.78
39.23
24.70
16.55
11.62
8.47
6.37
4.90
3.86
3.09
2.51
2.07
1.73
1.45
1.24
1.06
0.92
0.80
0.70
0.61
0.54

Four Span Lapped: AZ30025/AZ30030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
6.09
5.45
4.75
4.16
3.68
3.27
2.93
2.63
2.38
2.11
1.78
1.51
1.27
1.07
0.90
0.77

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
6.09
5.45
4.75
4.16
3.68
3.27
2.93
2.63
2.38
2.16
1.97
1.80
1.65
1.47
1.31
1.17

3
15.22
12.17
10.15
8.70
7.61
6.76
6.09
5.45
4.75
4.16
3.68
3.27
2.93
2.63
2.38
2.16
1.97
1.80
1.65
1.51
1.39
1.28

mixed

1
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.41
5.83
5.34
4.75
4.10
3.57
3.14
2.78
2.48
2.09
1.77
1.50
1.26
1.06
0.90
0.76

OUT
2
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.41
5.83
5.34
4.75
4.10
3.57
3.14
2.78
2.48
2.23
2.01
1.82
1.66
1.52
1.39
1.29

with M12

3
16.02
12.82
10.68
9.15
8.01
7.12
6.41
5.83
5.34
4.75
4.10
3.57
3.14
2.78
2.48
2.23
2.01
1.82
1.66
1.52
1.39
1.29

2
11.41
9.13
7.61
6.52
5.71
5.07
4.57
4.15
3.80
3.51
3.26
3.04
2.85
2.63
2.38
2.16
1.97
1.80
1.65
1.47
1.31
1.17

Load
for
Def. ()

218.16
111.70
64.64
40.71
27.27
19.15
13.96
10.49
8.08
6.36
5.09
4.14
3.41
2.84
2.39
2.04
1.75
1.51
1.31
1.15
1.01
0.89
Bold Capacities Require M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section is used in
the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

39

Table 11.8 Five Span Lapped Mixed


Limit State Capacity Tables - Permalite Zed - Five Spans Lapped Mixed
Five Span Lapped: AZ10025/AZ10030 (kN/m)
Span

Five Span Lapped: AZ17525/AZ17530 (kN/m)

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
2000 10.18
2500 6.51
3000 4.52
3500 3.32
4000 2.44
4500 1.83
5000 1.40
5500 1.05
6000 0.79
6500 0.59
7000 0.44
7500
8000
8500
9000

Bridging >

IN
2
10.18
6.51
4.52
3.32
2.54
2.00
1.55
1.23
0.99
0.80
0.66
0.55
0.45

3
10.18
6.51
4.52
3.32
2.54
2.01
1.63
1.32
1.07
0.88
0.73
0.61
0.52
0.44

1
10.35
6.63
4.60
3.38
2.46
1.79
1.32
0.98
0.74
0.55
0.41

OUT
2
10.35
6.63
4.60
3.38
2.59
2.05
1.66
1.34
1.06
0.85
0.68
0.55
0.45

3
10.35
6.63
4.60
3.38
2.59
2.05
1.66
1.37
1.15
0.98
0.85
0.72
0.60
0.51
0.44

Load
for
with M12
Def. ()

2
10.18 12.22
6.51 6.26
4.52 3.62
3.32 2.28
2.54 1.53
2.00 1.07
1.55 0.78
1.23 0.59
0.99 0.45
0.80 0.36
0.66 0.29
0.55 0.23
0.45 0.19
0.16
0.13

Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500

1
15.44
12.36
8.33
5.83
4.25
3.19
2.44
1.85
1.39
1.05
0.78
0.59
0.46

Bridging >

Span
Load
(mm)
with M12 for
Def. () Bridging >
2

IN
2
15.44
12.36
8.77
6.22
4.58
3.48
2.71
2.15
1.73
1.40
1.15
0.95
0.80
0.67
0.56
0.47
0.40

3
15.44
12.36
9.06
6.47
4.80
3.68
2.88
2.31
1.87
1.54
1.28
1.07
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.56
0.48
0.42

1
16.26
13.01
8.92
6.10
4.32
3.14
2.32
1.74
1.31
0.98
0.73
0.56
0.43

OUT
2
16.26
13.01
9.45
6.95
5.18
3.90
3.00
2.34
1.86
1.49
1.20
0.98
0.80
0.65
0.53
0.43

3
16.26
13.01
9.45
6.95
5.32
4.20
3.39
2.71
2.20
1.81
1.50
1.26
1.06
0.90
0.77
0.66
0.57
0.49
0.42

11.58 32.08
9.27 16.42
7.72 9.50
6.22 5.99
4.58 4.01
3.48 2.82
2.71 2.05
2.15 1.54
1.73 1.19
1.40 0.93
1.15 0.75
0.95 0.61
0.80 0.50
0.65 0.42
0.53 0.35
0.43 0.30
0.26
0.22
0.19

Five span lapped mixed

Span (mm)
Overall purlin length =
span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

Span (mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

Lap

End span

40

1
16.26
13.01
9.10
6.10
4.22
2.98
2.13
1.52
1.08
0.79
0.59
0.44

with M12

3
16.26
13.01
10.17
7.47
5.72
4.51
3.51
2.78
2.24
1.82
1.50
1.24
1.03
0.86
0.73
0.61
0.51
0.42

Span (mm)

Load
for
Def. ()

2
11.58 41.09
9.27 21.04
7.72 12.17
6.53 7.67
4.78 5.14
3.60 3.61
2.77 2.63
2.17 1.98
1.72 1.52
1.38 1.20
1.10 0.96
0.87 0.78
0.68 0.64
0.54 0.54
0.43 0.45
0.38
0.33
0.28

IN, OUT

IN, OUT

(mm)

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000

3
15.44
12.36
9.67
6.86
5.06
3.85
2.99
2.37
1.91
1.56
1.28
1.06
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.53
0.44

OUT
2
16.26
13.01
10.17
7.36
5.32
3.95
2.99
2.30
1.79
1.40
1.10
0.87
0.68
0.54
0.43

Five Span Lapped: AZ20025/AZ20030 (kN/m)

Five Span Lapped: AZ15025/AZ15030 (kN/m)


Span

1
15.44
12.36
8.72
6.04
4.35
3.18
2.27
1.63
1.16
0.84
0.63
0.47

Bridging >

IN
2
15.44
12.36
9.30
6.53
4.78
3.60
2.77
2.17
1.72
1.38
1.12
0.91
0.74
0.61
0.50
0.41

1
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.14
5.64
4.57
3.78
3.17
2.63
2.16
1.74
1.40
1.13
0.91
0.73
0.60
0.49
0.41

IN
2
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.14
5.64
4.57
3.78
3.17
2.70
2.33
2.03
1.74
1.49
1.28
1.11
0.96
0.84
0.73
0.64
0.56
0.49

3
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.14
5.64
4.57
3.78
3.17
2.70
2.33
2.03
1.79
1.58
1.41
1.23
1.08
0.95
0.84
0.74
0.66
0.59

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

span + 70 mm + (Lap)

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

1
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
7.23
5.71
4.62
3.82
3.18
2.53
2.03
1.63
1.32
1.06
0.85
0.69
0.56
0.46

OUT
2
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
7.23
5.71
4.62
3.82
3.21
2.74
2.36
2.06
1.81
1.59
1.35
1.15
0.99
0.85
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.46

with M12

3
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
7.23
5.71
4.62
3.82
3.21
2.74
2.36
2.06
1.81
1.60
1.43
1.28
1.16
1.05
0.96
0.87
0.78
0.69

2
11.58
9.27
7.72
6.62
5.79
5.15
4.57
3.78
3.17
2.70
2.33
2.03
1.74
1.49
1.28
1.11
0.96
0.84
0.73
0.62
0.53
0.46

Load
for
Def. ()

74.45
38.12
22.06
13.89
9.31
6.54
4.77
3.58
2.76
2.17
1.74
1.41
1.16
0.97
0.82
0.70
0.60
0.52
0.45
0.39
0.35
0.31

Bold Capacities Require


M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section
is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Five Span Lapped:AZ25025/AZ25030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.17
5.18
4.31
3.51
2.86
2.30
1.85
1.48
1.18
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.53
0.44

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.17
5.18
4.35
3.71
3.20
2.74
2.33
1.99
1.71
1.48
1.28
1.11
0.97
0.85
0.74
0.65

3
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.17
5.18
4.35
3.71
3.20
2.79
2.45
2.17
1.89
1.65
1.44
1.27
1.12
0.99
0.88
0.78

1
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.34
5.24
4.24
3.37
2.69
2.16
1.73
1.39
1.11
0.90
0.73
0.60
0.50
0.42

OUT
2
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.34
5.24
4.40
3.75
3.23
2.82
2.48
2.12
1.80
1.53
1.31
1.12
0.96
0.82
0.70
0.60

with M12

3
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.34
5.24
4.40
3.75
3.23
2.82
2.48
2.19
1.96
1.76
1.58
1.44
1.31
1.17
1.04
0.92

2
11.58
9.27
7.72
6.62
5.79
5.15
4.63
4.21
3.86
3.56
3.20
2.74
2.33
1.99
1.71
1.48
1.28
1.11
0.96
0.82
0.70
0.60

Load
for
Def. ()

129.04
66.07
38.23
24.08
16.13
11.33
8.26
6.21
4.78
3.76
3.01
2.45
2.02
1.68
1.42
1.20
1.03
0.89
0.78
0.68
0.60
0.53

Five Span Lapped: AZ30025/AZ30030 (kN/m)


Span

IN, OUT

(mm)

1
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.18
5.62
4.89
4.29
3.79
3.37
3.01
2.71
2.45
2.14
1.80
1.52
1.28
1.07
0.90
0.77

Bridging >

2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000
10500
11000
11500
12000
12500

IN
2
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.18
5.62
4.89
4.29
3.79
3.37
3.01
2.71
2.45
2.22
2.03
1.85
1.70
1.54
1.37
1.23

3
15.44
12.36
10.30
8.83
7.72
6.86
6.18
5.62
4.89
4.29
3.79
3.37
3.01
2.71
2.45
2.22
2.03
1.85
1.70
1.55
1.43
1.32

1
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.50
5.91
5.42
4.90
4.22
3.68
3.23
2.84
2.39
2.01
1.69
1.43
1.20
1.01
0.85
0.72

OUT
2
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.50
5.91
5.42
4.90
4.22
3.68
3.23
2.86
2.55
2.29
2.07
1.88
1.71
1.56
1.44
1.27

with M12

3
16.26
13.01
10.84
9.29
8.13
7.23
6.50
5.91
5.42
4.90
4.22
3.68
3.23
2.86
2.55
2.29
2.07
1.88
1.71
1.56
1.44
1.32

Five span lapped mixed

Span (mm)

212.63
108.87
63.00
39.68
26.58
18.67
13.61
10.22
7.88
6.19
4.96
4.03
3.32
2.77
2.33
1.98
1.70
1.47
1.28
1.12
0.98
0.87

Lap

End span
Span (mm)

2
11.58
9.27
7.72
6.62
5.79
5.15
4.63
4.21
3.86
3.56
3.31
3.09
2.90
2.71
2.45
2.22
2.03
1.85
1.70
1.54
1.37
1.23

Load
for
Def. ()

Span (mm)

End span
Span (mm)

Span (mm)

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

Overall purlin length =

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

span + 70 mm + (Lap)

span + 70 mm + (Lap/2)

Bold Capacities Require


M16 bolts (316 SS A4 70)
IN = Inward load capacity
OUT = Outward load capacity
() = Deflection/150
In mixed spans, the thicker section
is used in the end span.
Values of <0.4 have been deleted.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

41

Purlin Order Form


Lysaght Design & Construction Pty Ltd
t/a Permalite ABN: 34 0994 21333
Ph: 1300 850 389 Fax: 1300 850 481
Manchester Road (West),
Auburn NSW 2128 (Locked Bag 104 Silverwater)

Delivery Date:__________________________

Purlin
Section

Client:

Sheet____of____

Project:

Painted
Colour

Drn:

Checked:

Date:

Holes:

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Broad
flange

Broad
flange

Broad
flange

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Broad
flange

42

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

Downturn Lip Purlin Order Form


Lysaght Design & Construction Pty Ltd
t/a Permalite ABN: 34 0994 21333
Ph: 1300 850 389 Fax: 1300 850 481
Manchester Road (West),
Auburn NSW 2128 (Locked Bag 104 Silverwater)

Delivery Date:__________________________

Purlin
Section

Client:

Sheet____of____

Project:

Painted
Colour

Drn:

Checked:

Date:

Holes:

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Mark No.:

Length

No. Of

Mark No.:

Length

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

No. Of

43

Bridging Order Form

(For use with Permalite purlins)


Lysaght Design & Construction Pty Ltd
Metalform
ABN:
61 103
t/a Permalite ABN:
34 0994
21333232 444
2Ph:Zilla
Dandenong
VIC 3175
1300 Crt.
850 389
Fax: 1300 850 481
Ph:
03 9792
Manchester
Road 4666
(West), Fax: 03 9794 0536
Auburn NSW 2128 (Locked Bag 104 Silverwater)

Delivery Date:_______________________________
Project:_______________________________________

Customer:

Sheet

Address:
Drawn:

of

Job No:
Finish:

Intermediate Fixed
Bridging Assemblies
Part No.: 1

Date:

Holes:

Instructions:
Part No.

Purlin
Size

Purlin
Centres

No.
Reqd

Purchase Order No:

Roof
Pitch
Mark
No.

Fascia Bridging Assemblies


Fascia Size:_____________
Part No.: 6

MALE

Adjustable
Bolted-Bolted

FEMALE

Male-Female

Part No.: 9

Part No.: 2

Female Bolted

Girt Foot
Part No.: 10

Part No.: 3

G P Bracket
150, 200, 250

Male Bolted
Part No.: 4

Part No.: 11

Bolted-Bolted

Angle
Connector

Part No.: 5

Part No.: 12

Bolted-Bolted (alt.)

44

NOTES: Ends can be ordered individually.


Turnbuckles can be ordered for adjustment also.
All end combinations can be manufactured adjustable to suit.
Additional accessories details/advice available on request
- please contact Metalform directly. Details above.

Clamp Plate

Install bridging in
direction of locator.

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

45

Aluminium
Extruded
ns
Purlin Solutio

PERMALITE

s
est condition1
h
g
u
to
e
th
to
2013
ble solution
The duanra
ual

rlin Design

Extruded Pu

2013

Also available. Contact your Permalite


sales representative for full details.

46

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013

47

Product Descriptions
All descriptions, specifications, illustrations, drawings, data, dimensions and weights contained this
catalogue, all technical literature and websites containing information from BlueScope are approximations
only.
They are intended by BlueScope to be a general description for information and identification purposes and
do not create a sale by description. BlueScope reserves the right at any time to:
(a) supply Goods with such minor modifications from its drawings and specifications as it sees fit; and
(b) alter specifications shown in its promotional literature to reflect changes made after the date of such
publication.

Disclaimer, warranties and limitation of liability


Terms and conditions of sale available by contacting the PERMALITE office. PERMALITE is a wholly
owned subsidiary of BlueScope Limited.
Except to the extent to which liability may not lawfully be excluded or limited, BlueScope Limited will not
be under or incur any liability to you for any direct or indirect loss or damage (including, without limitation,
consequential loss or damage such as loss of profit or anticipated profit, loss of use, damage to goodwill
and loss due to delay) however caused (including, without limitation, breach of contract, negligence and/or
breach of statute), which you may suffer or incur in connection with this publication.
Copyright BlueScope Limited October 10, 2013

Permalite Aluminium Roofing Solutions, 20 Fairbairn Place, Eagle Farm Qld 4009

Ph: 1300 850 389 Fax: 1800 850 481 web: www.permalite.com.au
blueScope, PERMALITE, v-rib, lt7, alspan are registered trademarks of BlueScope Steel Limited, ABN 16 000 011 058. Tek is a registered trademark of ITW
Buildex. EZY-LOK is a registered trademark of The PERMALITE range of products is made by Lysaght Design and Construction Pty Ltd trading as Permalite Aluminium
Roofing Solutions. 50 PM 10/10/13

48

PERMALITE Purlins Design Manual 2013