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Colorado Desert. Superstition Mountains in background. Photo by Arthur Burdick.


Sweet Home, Oregon Desert Hot Springs, California
Black buttes in the desert waste. They come! Who knows the call that brings
Why do you call to me? Los Angeles, California
Have you delved for gold in the treacherous them here?
Why do the pines on your shattered slopes, Some vibrant note must lead them true and
Where the whispering winds go free hills, led on by an eager hope?
Have you felt the thrill of the "desert rat" clear!
In the sultry heat of a haze-veiled sun.
Touch the lute of my memory? in the "color" along the slope? Aglow and radiant with friendly thoughts
Have you staggered over the arid sands to They place their stones from dear, remem-
Was there a day in a life long gone, the desert-phantom's gleam. bered spots.
When 1 scaled your wind-worn height. With a dry canteen and a swollen tongue, And pause a moment in unconscious praise
While the desert burned red in the setting sun. toward a mocking, fading stream? Of Him who made the plan for desert ways!
And dreamed through the purple night? Have you camped at night when the full • • •
Did I watch 'til the flaming stars grew dim
In the gold of the morning light? moon rose, and silvered the buttes hard THE DESERT DREAMS
Only the desert gods can know— Have you felt that desolate, lonely hush at Portland, Oregon
They of this haunted land; the coyote's quavering cry?
If you have, you know of the desert's lure, The desert dreams in silence for the day
For the winds of the years have buried deep When evolution shall restore the way
The mark of my feet in the sand. and the spell of the blistering range.
That grips and holds with a magic hand, Of ancient Times: A palm shall wave its
And swept from the memory of weathered plume
stone where the sand-dunes shift and change.
And brilliant flowers shall once more per-
The touch of my slim brown hand. TO A VlLDFLOWER fume
By HETTIE O. GOODMAN The tropic air, and every breeze be mild.
A contrast this of barren acres—wild.
NEW MEXICO SPRING Thermal, California No sound is here but bare, dead nothingness;
O lovely little flower wild. No song of bird, a terrain blossomless.
San Antonio, Texas Exquisite in your beauty! Begun in glacial ages Time holds fast
Like tufts of yellow worsted I'd love to pick you for my own. The many secrets hidden in the past.
On a grey-green counterpane. But then, remember duty. The wind arises with a whispering sigh
The cactus dots the waste land As if a world of ghosts were passing by.
Even if 1 gently plucked
Now that Spring has come again. You'd still soon fade and die; • • •
And underneath the dusty sage And I'd be robber, thief and cheat DESERTED BY THE SANDS OF TIME
The wild verbenas run To others passing by. By CHESTER KENNISON
Cushioned clumps of vivid pink
In the hot and glaring sun, So. dear wee bloom, just as you are Orlando, Florida
Like a great forgotten garden I'm leaving you today, Perhaps you too can see into my lonely
Where centuries ago, To live but in my memory; Desert,
Some heavenly God of Nature Tis better far this way. Beyond the campfire's glow;
Kept his flower beds here below. A world that seems more beautiful to me.
New lacy leaves have gracefully Peopled with those I used to know.
Bedecked the gnarled mesquite 1 love the red rocks, the twisted sage.
And flutter lazily and slow The gnarled shrub that makes a fight
In the early summer heat, By TANYA SOUTH For Life; the shafts of moonlight on my
Where Spanish daggers rich with bloom Let us not seek in other ports, Sandy bed tonight; for I feel the still
Stand watchfully to hold For greatness dwells within our hearts. Sublimity which you taught me to see.
The safety of the desert. Nor need we roam so far and wide I have loved these nights they cannot
While it's flecked with heaven's gold. Take from me. I want no more than just
For learning. God is ready guide to meet
And perhaps if this wasteland is left Wherever we may be. And more— You there, between those snowy peaks
to lie An eagerness to give and do That scratch the sky—created just for you
In its brilliance untramelled by men. Inspires the Inner Man to soar and me.
The God of Nature will pass this way To higher crests and ways more true. The embers grow cold, the golden coals
And claim his garden again. Flicker—then smile a while and die.

March 30—De Anza Trail Caballeros
annual trek from Riverside to Cal-
exico, California.
April 1-30—Special exhibit continued,
sandpaintings of the Hopi and Nav-
ajo Indians made by David Via-
Senor. Southwest Museum, High-
land Park, Los Angeles.
April 1-30—Exhibit of paintings of
Mojave Desert wildflowers by Jane
S. Pinheiro. Plates to be changed
as different varieties come into
bloom. Los Angeles County Li-
brary, Lancaster, California. Volume 15 APRIL. 1952 Number 4
April 2-5—Desert Circus Week, Palm
Springs, California. Desert Colors. Photography by Josef Muench, Santa
April 2-11—Ride of the Desert Ca- Barbara, California
balleros, Wickenburg, Arizona.
April 3-5 — Ride of Las Darnas, POETRY Lure of the Desert, and other poems . . . . 2
Wickenburg, Arizona.
CALENDAR April events on the desert 3
April 5-6—Fourth Annual Anza Jeep
Cavalcade and Barbecue; from We Explored the Valley of Thundering Water
Hemet, California to Terwilliger EXPLORATION
Valley. By BETTY WOODS • 4
April 5-6—Bandollero Trip to Reeky Garnets Aplenty at Stanley
Point, Sonora, Mexico, from Yuma, FIELD TRIP By FENTON TAYLOR 10
April 5-13 — Southern California Recovering Gold the Hard W a y
Chapter, Sierra Club, exploration INDUSTRY
trip to desert Southwest and Mex- By POWELL and EDNA JENKINS . . . . 14
Forecast for April 16
April 6 - - Dons Club Travelcade ADVENTURE
to Southwestern Aboretum, from Prisoners of the Paiutes
Phoenix, Arizona.
April 6— Desert Sun Rancher Rodeo. EXPERIENCE Life on the Desert
Rancho de Los Caballeros, Wicken-
burg, Arizona. By REEVE SPENCER KELLEY 21
April 11—Taos Passion Play, Peni- PHOTOGRAPHY
tente Chapel, Taos, New Mexico. Pictures of the Month 23
April 12-13 — Yermo Third Annual FICTION
Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 24
Mineral, Rock and Gem Show, CLOSE-UPS
Yermo, California. About those who write for Desert 24
April 12-13—Desert Museum over- LETTERS
night trip to Borrego Desert and Comment from Desert's readers 25
Palomar Observatory from Palm NEWS
Springs, California. From Here and There on the Desert 27
April 13-16 — Indian ceremonial A test of your desert knowledge 30
dances at Cochiti, San Felipe, CONTEST
Santo Domingo and other pueblos Prizes for camera pictures 32
near Santa Fe, New Mexico. MINING
Current news of desert mines 35
April 13-27—Second Annual Tucson LAPIDARY
Festival, Tucson, Arizona. Amateur Gem Cutter, by LELANDE QUICK . . 36
April 19-20—Desert Gem and Min- Gems and minerals 37
eral Society Third Bi-annual Show, COMMENT
Just Between You and Me, by the Editor . . . 42
St. Joan of Arc Parish Hall, Blythe, BOOKS
California. Reviews of Southwestern Literature 43
April 19-20—Second Annual Grub-
stake Days, Yucca Valley, Cali-
fornia. The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
April 19-20 — Imperial Valley Rock California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1952 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
and Hobby Show, National Guard must be secured from the editor in writing.
Armory, El Centro, California.
April 24-27—International Cavalcade BESS STACY, Business Manager MARTIN MORAN, Circulation Manager
Pistol Matches, Calexico Gun Club, E. H. VAN NOSTRAND, Advertising
Calexico, California.
Los Angeles Office (Advertising Only): 2635 Adelbert Ave., Phone NOrmandy 3-1509
April 26—Hike to 49 Palms in Josihua Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
Tree National Monument. Desert unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
Museum trip from Palm Springs, damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
California. scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.

April 26-27—Desert Peaks section of SUBSCRIPTION RATES

Southern California chapter, Sierra One Year $3.50 Two Years $6.00
Club, hike to Owens Peak, near Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
Inyokern, California. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

APRIL, 1952
We Explored
the Valley of
Thundering Water

Spider Rock in the Valley of Thundering Water.

By BETTY WOODS In a remote corner of the Navajo reservation in New Mexico Betty
Map by Norton Allen Woods found many strange things—fantastic rock formations, garnets
that lay exposed on the ground, the dwellings of prehistoric Indians, and
Photos by Clee Woods most interesting of all, a Navajo family which has adjusted itself to the
white man's civilization. With Betty Woods you will explore some amaz-
ing places, and meet some delightful people in this story.
my husband, and I
stood at the base of a fantastic
obelisk in the Valley of Thun- It is a lonely land and utterly wonder- hewn sandstone blocks. Beside it was
dering Water. We looked up and up. ful. a hogan built of the same material. In
This mighty sliver of red sandstone Back in the cedar-grown valleys one the neat yard a tiny apron of lawn
projected into the sky 260 feet above can see only an occasional hogan on spread in front of the house. The
us. Aeons of wind and weather had this remote part of the Navajo reserva- place was Navajo with prosperous
worn the slab to a giant's toothpick. tion. We had come here to explore the touches of Anglo-American.
Spider Rock, the Navajos called it. valley and to learn more of its history When we stopped in front of the
They say if a spider ever reaches the and legends. And to find the Great hogan a genial, middle-aged Navajo
top the world will fall to pieces. Eye. This Eye is a natural bridge that came out. "Get down and come in,"
We were to find many fanciful won- is hidden somewhere beyond in the he said. He told us he was John
ders in this almost unknown bit of maze of canyons, arches and strange Watchman. We knew about the Watch-
New Mexico, 50 miles northwest of nature-carved cliffs. man family. For many years they had
Gallup. It was a lonesome land of We left Spider Rock and drove been reservation leaders.
hills and mesas and sandstone bul- down the road to see more of this Poncho explained, "We'd like to
warks. A land of extravagant rock colorful land. Two miles beyond we see the valley and to find the Great
formations which one's imagination saw a tree-fringed ranch hugging a Eye. Do you know where this is?"
can visualize as owls, drums or ghosts. low hill. There was a house made of With his lips John pointed to a


The Eye—a sacred spot to the Navajo Indians.

APRIL, 1952
HE '••!* *% j
, - ' ;

' f ; f3P many sheep had worn a narrow zigzag

trail which was easy to follow.
When we reached the top of this
pinyon-and-cedar-clad mesa we had a
maplike view of the valley below—the
• •

deep arroyo that was once a cattle

J trail, Priest rock, the cliff-dwellers'
caves, the place where Kit Carson
swam the lake. And far across the
valley we could see the Great Eye.
Beyond were the mesas stepping back
into the sky.
John looked at the sun low in the
west. It was just right, he said. He
took us to a point marked by a scrub
cedar. There on the ground lay tiny

i\ glowing drops of red and rose and

crystal pink! Arizona rubies, some
people call them. Every rain uncovers
more garnets. The children gather them
for Navajo friends who combine the
gems with turquoise in their silver-
smithing. Today the Indians are using
. ' » ' •>-
c'. ' • v garnets in the same way artisans did
in Hellenic times.
Flora, whose people had lived in
Watchman at the entrance to an old sweat house. In the background, the valley for generations, said her
the Valley of Thundering Water spreads out to the mountains beyond. mother used to find green garnets.
Now no one ever finds them any
more. We were all down on hands and
mass of red cliffs in the east. "Over had heard a whispered hiss of warning knees looking. Then Poncho and I
there," he said. from a snake that perhaps was too had an idea. We were old hands at
John's two-room house was com- cold to rattle. In the beam of the flash- hunting prehistoric beads on anthills.
fortable. Books were in easy reach of light it lay coiled just six inches from Why not garnets? And sure enough,
deep-cushioned chairs. On the walls where my feet had been. the largest gem we found came from
hung many family photographs. "At Poncho told me in his everything-is- an anthill a few feet away.
Indian school they told us to go home under-control voice to hand him the John and Flora said the Navajos
and make our houses like the white gun from under the bed. So, trying to have a myth about garnets. They be-
people's. My wife and I did this. Now be calm about the whole thing, I lieve the gods send them up through
our children with good educations like handed the gun. He lined up his sights the earth to seed it with beauty. And
to come home and see us." Then John in the dim light and pulled the trigger. the gods send seeds in the raindrops
called Flora, his wife. The smell of gun smoke filled the tent. and hailstones to plant the earth.
She came in quietly bringing their Then came the pungent odor of the Flora laughed and said, "They're
ten-year-old daughter and two visiting dead snake. pretty legends we like to tell the chil-
grandchildren. Flora Watchman is a The next afternoon we told John dren." Then we told her garnets are
small gentle woman with a soft voice and Flora about the night's experience. a symbol of true friendship among
and humor-filled eyes. She is a gradu- John said they had an herb called white people. And wasn't Noah sup-
ate of Haskell, a nurse, and a niece of Nabee which Navajos use to keep posed to have used garnets to light the
Mrs. Chee Dodge who raised her. snakes away. Flora went to her sew- Ark?
ing machine and came back with a How lucky we were to have found
The three children stood back and piece of dried root. It had a strong John and Flora! They understood Anglo
appraised us. Loretta, the daughter, aromatic scent. She told me to make people better than any Navajos we'd
had a madonna face with a touch of a powder or a tea of it, then sprinkle ever known. Because of this under-
pixie. She cradled in her arms a it over the ground around the tent. standing they were willing to share
speckled kitten named Patricia. The She said sometimes medicine men with us legends close to the hearts of
two grandchildren stayed behind a make a tea out of it to treat snakebite. their people. Years of teaching and
mongrel they called, Dog. Gratefully we took the herb. We working with Anglo-Americans have
John told us of unusual places we scattered pieces of it all over camp helped John and Flora figure out some
could see. Of a garnet-covered knoll, and saw no more snakes. But to make of our complexities.
of cliff dwellings, Navajo shrines. The sure, we carefully looked the place Just beyond where we found the
place where Kit Carson swam across over every night. garnets John showed us something
the lake—and the Great Eye. He Sundown was only an hour away else. There, facing west were ruins of
would show us all of them. when we left the hogan to hunt garnets. old hogans and sweat baths. John
It was dark when we got back to John said late afternoon was the best said that in times of stress the Navajos
our tent that night. We didn't have our time to find them. The slanting sun built their hogans and sweat baths
trailer this time. Just a tent pitched rays picked up the color and made with doors facing west rather than east,
on a wind-blown loma that gave us a the gems easier to see. John led the the traditional frontage of an Indian
view of this vast Navajo land. At the way to a round sandstone bluff back hogan. These were built during the
tent door, I stooped to untie the mos- of his home. Until we reached its years the Indians were fighting the
quito netting screen. Suddenly Poncho base it was hard to figure out how Anglo soldiers. We felt the sadness of
knocked me through the door onto the we'd get to the top. The sides seemed these ancient places. We could picture
bed. "Rattlesnake!" he exclaimed. He too smooth for footholds. But hoofs of whole Navajo families hurrying up here

into the timber to hide from pursuing The sheep camp lay cupped in a we found. Up a narrow brush-grown
white troops. Anxiety and the worried tiny valley hidden by mesas. In a canyon about a half mile from the
planning must have taken place within sunny low-hanging cave an ice-water tent we had discovered a small cliff
these log walls! spring seeped out of the rock floor. ruin on a sandstone shelf. It looked
In front of us stood split logs partly Live oak and pine, pinyon and cedar like a pulpit tucked under that over-
tumbled down, like little woodpiles. grew in a protecting hedge against the hanging cliff. Along the ledge we saw
Long ago rain had washed away the wind. On the north side of this en- the ashes of many fires but we found
earth that had banked them. Beside chanting spot aspen stayed close to the no evidence of permanent dwellings.
each sweat bath was a pile of dis- hillsides. And at the valley's narrow "That's the Witch's Nest," said
carded rocks which had been used for entrance, facing east, stood two giant Flora. "We don't go there."
heating the enclosure. John told us a rock formations that resembled the We never mentioned it again.
man takes only a valued friend with fantasy people in Navajo legends. John told us that winter is legend-
him to share a sweat bath. At such These, John explained, were the telling time. Navajos tell their children
times stories are recounted and legends Medicine Man and the Yeibichai. We how things are named, like the Valley
passed on. Occasionally old men sit were the only Anglos he'd ever shown of Thundering Water and Spider Rock.
in with the younger ones to relate what them to. We stood in quiet respect to John laughed when he mentioned the
happened to the Navajos many years marvel at these stone figures. They rock.
ago. rose above us 30 or more feet high. "Some white people call it Cleo-
We walked among the old pinyons We could easily understand why the patra's Needle. Priest Rock they call
and cedars to look at other hogan ruins. Navajos worship these rock beings. No Venus's Needle. Some Navajos call
When we passed a great cedar tree person could live here among Nature's this whole valley Todilto. Now white
bent by years of twisting winds, we remarkable manifestations and not be people call it Todilto Park."
saw on the ground a pair of weathered moved by what he sees. The Navajo name of Priest Rock
cradle boards. "We do not touch Flora had started a campfire to warm for Venus's Needle was apt. On the
them," John said. "I first saw the a Dutch oven filled with stew. She and shoulder of this 207 foot obelisk Na-
cradle up in this tree when I was a I had planned a picnic lunch for the ture carved out a perfect santo-like
young man. Long ago the Navajos day. When we each had our food un- figure of a priest. The two Needles are
used to dispose of babies like that. packed and spread out on the table- about two miles apart. By following
They put the little one on its cradle cloth there was no room left for dishes. car tracks that took out across the
and found a tree with branches to Woman-like we had both brought too desert we found we could drive up to
keep it safe." much food. But that didn't bother both of these great slabs.
On the way back to the house Flora Chute No. 2. "Now we can stay out Geologists say the valley floor is
said they would take us to their sheep for supper," he said. We called this underlaid by the Chinle formation
camp tomorrow. And John would four-year-old grandchild by that strange which they explain is made up of a
show us something no Anglo had ever name because he was always playing series of alternating layers of shale,
seen. We wanted to know how far rodeo and saying, "Here I come out sandstone, siltstone and limestone.
away the sheep camp was. of Chute No. 2." Characteristically, These layers were put there in a shal-
"Not far," John laughed. "Only a the family picked up the name. low sea 100 million years ago. A close
few Navajo miles. You white people During the meal we talked about look at Priest Rock reveals many dif-
say our miles are longer than yours, names and legend-making places. Pon- ferent rock layers. The lower part is
and they never are the same." cho told about the little cliff dwelling many colored, tiny-banded siltstone.



APRIL, 1952
*.i * •a


. -*-«*;'

Watchman, Loretta and the author gather garnets on the hillside above the
Valley of Thundering Water.

The upper part, geologists say, is mas- books. On this part of the reservation changed, there was feasting and speech-
sive fine-grained Entrada sandstone. the famous frontiersman was called making.
Here in Todilto also are highly col- Red Shirt. Other places the Navajos Carson said all white men wanted
ored shales similar to those found in gave him different names. It was just to live peacefully with the Navajos.
the Painted Desert. Too, there are before the Long Walk, John explained, "We are strong people," he told them.
petrified trees much like those in the when there were many Navajo hogans "The Navajos are strong people."
Petrified Forest. About 10 or 12 miles along the edge of the lake. There was "Navajos are stronger," challenged
out of Ft. Defiance on the road to the trouble between the Indians and the old Calico Breeches.
valley are the weird lava formations Anglo-Americans. The government Then Carson did a strange thing.
of the Green Knobs, the Beast and sent Kit Carson to Todilto on a peace He stripped off his clothes and jumped
Beelzebub. mission. into the lake. The Indians stood qui-
Below the mesa where we found We could picture what happened etly watching the swimmer's progress
the garnets the land many years ago on that day so long ago. Far up the across the half-mile course. Carson's
was covered with a lake. Now there's road the Indians saw Kit Carson com- white arms flashing in and out of the
ing in a mule-drawn coach, for Carson water looked odd to the Navajos.
only that deep arroyo. A prolonged
had sent ahead word of his visit. It When he reached the other side, Car-
rain and heavy flood washed away the son got out and waved at his amazed
was to be a big feast day. Cautious
natural dam that held the lake. Old Navajos gathered from all over the audience.
men's grandfathers said when the water reservation to hear what Carson had "Owooo — Owooo — Owooo." The
rushed out it made a noise like thun- to say. In past years there had been Navajos gave this approving call, for
der. That is why the Navajos call this many broken treaties. But the Indians Carson had demonstrated to the In-
place the Valley of Thundering Water. would listen. So they waited in quiet dians that he was strong. Then to as-
John told us about Red Shirt, or Kit skepticism for the stagecoach to stop tound them further, he plunged into
Carson, as he is known to us in history beside the lake. After gifts were ex- the lake and swam back.


John and Flora Watchman, both school graduates, have adjusted themselves to the
civilization of the white man.

"You are strong like the Navajos," at one of the strangest spectacles in enjoy driving over those covered-
they said. this valley of strange formations. wagon roads that take you straight to
However, peace promises were short- The hole-in-the-rock was a few long hours of adventure.
lived. There was more soldier and In- hundred feet above us. How many
dian trouble. Then the Long Walk million years ago had a tiny drop of THOUSANDS ANNUALLY VISIT
and Bosque Redondo. Finally lasting water started the erosion that finally ARIZONA BOTANICAL GARDEN
peace. But old men still tell the Kit bored out this big hole? The Eye itself Desert plants, ranging from cactus
Carson legend.* is about 20 feet in diameter. Standing as small as a shirt button to the giant
Days passed. We still had to find under it, I felt I was looking into the saguaro, which sometimes tower 50
the Great Eye. "We'll start early to- eye of a great monster. The Navajos feet, annually draw 100,000 visitors
morrow," John said. The next morn- worship this place. In fact, they wor- to the Desert Botanical Garden of
ing the sun had just cleared the eastern ship most natural wonders. Arizona. More than 10,000 species
mesas when we left the Watchmans' "This place means a god to us," of desert plants grow in state-owned
house. On the way John showed us John explained. "Sometimes we bring Papago Park, a 360-acre tract eight
the government diversion dams—a few a medicine man here and make prayer miles out of Phoenix. Although the
of which had withstood floods. All offerings to it." world's largest collection of desert
over the valley grass was good. Fat Below the Eye on a ledge was a little plants, the garden has only about one-
horses and sheep grazed on prosperous cliff dwelling. An enterprising Navajo third of the 30,000 species known to
allotments. was using it for a sheep corral. In fact, exist. New ones are discovered every
"This," said John, "shows the people we saw many of these old cliff homes year.
what controlled grazing can do. When turned into sheep shelters against win- W. Taylor Marshall, director of the
other Navajos see my good grass they ter storms. Some of the open caves garden, always is anxious to point out
know Washington was right in not had primitive pictures painted on the that cacti, which have a common an-
letting us have too many sheep." walls. Others had symbols pecked out cestry with the rose, aren't the only
Soon we abandoned the road and in the sandstone. type of desert plant. In fact, they don't
took off across sagebrush flats slashed We hated to leave this valley of even form a majority.
by arroyos. Now we saw clearly the many secrets yet unrevealed. Few
Great Eye in the rimrock just ahead. places in the desert have so much to "Most trees and shrubs of the desert
But a new fence blocked the way. We give you. If you're an artist or pho- belong to the pea family," Marshall
struck out on foot. The narrow trail tographer, its rugged beauty is yours explains. He lists the palo verde, mes-
wound past a huge flat rock on which to take. If you're a geologist and rock- quite, catsclaw and ironwood in this
the Navajos do their thrashing. Horses hound, the hills and mesas are yours category. These are four prominent
tramp out the grain and the wind blows to explore. If you're an archeologist, trees of desert districts.
away the chaff. Over to the right we the cliff ruins are there to intrigue you. Desert plants developed from nat-
saw a little cluster of hogans close to If it's history you want, there's legend ural families which were stranded in
some cornfields. The path went up for you. If you want to see the Nava- areas which became progressively drier.
past big pines and weathered cedar jos living in primitive peace, Todilto is All, except the mushroom and a few
trees. It took us to the base of the the place to go. others, are flowering plants.
Great Eye. At last we were looking Even if you're just an ordinary hu- The Desert Botanical Garden was
man being fed up with strikes, Russian started in 1937 by Gustave Starck, a
*The feat of swimming the lake has been Swedish botanist. — Gallup Independ-
credited to Capt. Henry Dodge, but the vetoes and inflation, the Valley of
Navajos of Todilto insist it was Kit Carson. Thundering Water is for you. You'll ent.

APRIL, 1952
Stanley Butte rises in the distant sky. This picture was taken south of the San
Carlos Indian reservation fence. The road becomes much rougher farther on, and
requires a truck or jeep to travel safely.

Garnets Aplenty at Stanley

By FENTON TAYLOR The road to the old ghost mining camp at Stanley Butte is rough
Map b y Norton Allen and rocky. But there's a rock hunter's paradise at the end of it. Here
is the story of a mineralized area in Arizona which contains not only
yellow garnets, but also quartz crystals, fluorite, calcite, magnetite,
ARIZONA maps still pyrite, malachite, azurite—and even agatized coral. And there's a bit
show the thin line of an unim- of interesting history in this region also.
proved road extending from
the thread of Highway 70 to a tiny
circle labeled Stanley. The town of
found on slopes surrounding the town- —and gather some of these garnets
Stanley is gone, fallen victim to a
site. for my own collection.
shutdown of mining activity in the
area 33 years ago; but the road is still I learned of this famous garnet lo- Five other collectors joined me, and
used as an access route to several cality on my first rock hunt. "There we started with the sun one fine spring
ranches in the section. It leads to one are beautiful yellow garnets at Stanley morning. In a little more than an hour
of the most remarkable and beautiful Butte," reported an enthusiastic ama- we reached the turn-off point on High-
areas in southeastern Arizona — the teur geologist. Later, a rancher told way 70, a distance of 56 miles from
Stanley mining district. me, "Just above the old postoffice site Safford and about eight miles from
Located in Graham County, Ari- at Stanley, you can kick the rotten Coolidge Dam.
zona, the Stanley mining district is rocks apart and find odd pieces about The Stanley road is easy to miss. It
bounded on the north by the San the size of walnuts. They're curious turns south from the highway just at
Carlos Indian reservation, on the west square-shaped rocks." the top of a long mesa and appears at
by the Pinal County line and on the
A U. S. Conservation worker showed first glance to be nothing more than an
south by Old Deer Creek. The eastern
boundary is an indefinite line in the me a garnet he had found in a mine extra wide shoulder at the side of the
wilderness area between the Santa dump near Stanley. Small and dark, asphalt.
Teresa Range and Stanley Butte. It the crystal clung to the side of a fist- Three good markers indicate the
is a highly mineralized region, con- sized rock. Light flashed from its geo- turn-off: to the south of the highway
stantly drawing prospectors and rock- metrical faces. I held it in my hand, a rectangular yellow "Watch for Cattle"
hounds within its borders, and is noted and immediately I wanted to visit this sign; on the north side, a motel sign.
for the fine andradite garnet specimens location—practically in my back yard Both are situated right at the junction.

On top of the hill, scattered foundation
stones and heaps of rusty cans clutter
the site of a one-time "last chance"
gas station, now in ruin. Since the
hills in this region look almost alike,
this last landmark helps identify the
correct one.
We made the trip in Rex Layton's
old truck. Rex is an enthusiastic col-
lector and lapidary of Thatcher, Ari-
zona. The roughness of the road makes
a truck or jeep almost imperative. The
tortuous way becomes progressively
rougher, with narrow dugways wind-
ing up and down the faces of steep
hills. Rock outcrops and bluffs crowd
the way, and late-model automobiles
could not escape the many high cen-
ters. Once started on the last part
of the trip, there is no turning back
until the townsite is reached.
Lyle Grant of Safford, also in our
party, can testify to the roughness of
the route. Lyle has done some pros-
pecting at Stanley and has filed a num-
ber of claims in the region. Once he
drove his sedan to the end of the road.
Proceeding carefully, he still came out
with fenders bent and sides scratched.
Four miles from the highway we
stopped to look around. Ahead, thrust-
ing up from a welter of hills cut by
thousands of gullies, Stanley Butte
reared a knife-like peak into the pale
morning sky.
Behind us was a spectacle indeed.
We hadn't realized what a grade we
had climbed until we looked back. Far
below, stretching out in breathtaking
panorama, was the San Carlos Res-
ervoir, created by the waters of the
Gila River, impounded by the triple-
domed Coolidge Dam for irrigating
fertile lands around the cities of Cool-
idge and Casa Grande. The reservoir
once was a lovely expanse of water—
an emerald in the circle of yellow des- Above—One of the garnet specimens, showing clearly the granular structure
ert hills. Now it is almost dry from of the massive garnet matrix and the perfect rhombic dodecahedral faces
years of drouth. that shine out from the crystal mass. About natural size.
Looking about, I noted occasional Below—A specimen of dark garnets, so entwined as to show only a few
chunks of massive garnet float. Surely, rhombic faces, some of which are distinct in their appearance.
I thought, any mineral collector want-
ing a few garnet specimens in a mini-
mum of time could drive out five or continued exploring, unable to resist rocks and cacti, even though the ve-
six miles on the Stanley road and find such promising country. Finally, in hicle was barely crawling along.
in the float at least one specimen 1896, the southern part of the reserva-
worthy of his display case. This 12-mile drive presented wild
tion, a mountainous strip of land, was desert scenes of rare beauty. A recent
As we continued our journey, flash- removed from Indian control, and the spring rain had sprouted green grass,
ing needles of sunlight from rocks reservation boundary shifted north to and ocotillo stems were velvety masses
along the route betrayed hundreds of its present location. of tiny leaves. Saguaro towered over
crystal bearing boulders. Some of the landscape. Cacti of many varieties
Some people still refer to this land
them, judging by their scintillation, covered the hills along the road, and
must have contained fine crystal groups. as "the strip." The San Carlos Apache
Indians are hoping someday it will be some of the smaller ones bore brilliant
We stopped at the steel gate and returned to them. magenta blossoms.
barbed wire fence which marks the
southern boundary of the San Carlos On the other side of the gate the We crossed a deep gulch and fol-
Indian reservation. At one time the road soon displayed its rough nature. lowed a narrow canyon into cedars,
Stanley Butte region was part of the We who were riding on the flat bed scrub-oak, a few pinyons and syca-
reservation and was closed to mineral of the truck had to hang on to keep mores. We approached the corrals of
exploitation. Nevertheless, prospectors from being bounced out among the the Hidden Haven Ranch, huddled in

APRIL, 1952 11
crops on the half-acre of mountain soil
when he lived on his ranch.
We could see the branches of leaf-
less sycamore trees down in Garden
Gulch. They marked our destination.
In low gear, we wound slowly down
the steep, narrow dugway into Lewis
Canyon, and from there between nar-
row, tree-lined canyon walls to Garden
In normal times Garden Gulch runs
a foot or more of water during the
spring months. The trickle that oozed
out of the sand was scarcely enough to
wet our tires as we crossed it.
Through the bare white branches of
the sycamores, we could see about an
acre of fairly level, grassy land caught
in the horseshoe bend of the creek.
Off to one side and surrounded by a
high fence was the Green House, still
wearing the color for which it was
A prospector named J. Flaherty
once lived in the house. He raised
such a fine garden in the canyon that
other settlers named the creek Garden
Gulch. We were delighted to see the
white blossoms on apple trees still
^'^^^ / alive around the house.
The Green House was once the ap-
proximate center of Stanley, a town
credited in the 1910 census with 139
inhabitants. By 1920 this figure had
shrunk to 54, for in 1918 the two
largest mines of the region ceased
activity. A full-time teacher taught 12
children in 1920. Three times a week
that year, mail was carried in to the
The road—rough, rocky and nar-
row—continued up Garden Gulch. We
followed it about a mile and a half to
another frame house, once the home
of Abe Reid, a rancher-prospector who
lived in the country for many years.
His weather-beaten house was situated
just above a clear cold spring, around
the bottom of the canyon, just in time without any regard for property." He which apple trees were bursting with
to see "Stumpy" Lewis, the lone cow- doesn't care how many rockhounds bloom. Like the Green House, this
hand working there, brand a bawling invade the area so long as they show place is empty but for occasional over-
calf. This ranch, owned by Sheriff H. proper courtesy while there. night occupancy by prospectors and
"Skeet" Bowman of Graham County, From the ranch the road climbed cowboys. Here we left the truck and
includes 20 sections of land of which over a divide and onto the southern began our hike.
the northern portion of Stanley Butte shoulder of Quartzite Mountain to Bright yellow pieces of garnet, some
and the old settlement site are a part. give us our first full view of Stanley in beautiful crystal-filled vugs, were
Bowman, who now lives in Safford, Butte. It is a steep-sloped mountain scattered among limestone boulders
visits the ranch occasionally. with cedar trees, oaks and various all along Garden Gulch. I picked up
"The best garnets," Stumpy told us, types of bushes feathering its sides. two of my most brilliant specimens by
"are found just north of the Green The deep incision at its foot is Gar- examining every likely chunk I saw.
House. You'll have to dig for good den Gulch, the canyon which skirts it These garnets were of a lighter color
ones." He asked us to keep the gates like a northern boundary. Cut through than those we found up on the hill
closed so that the wild range cattle the heavy limestone strata, Garden later.
could not stray. We weren't to camp Gulch continues west to join the big- Garden Gulch slices through well-
near the springs, as the stock would ger, deeper Hawk Canyon. bedded Tornado limestone of Missis-
not come in to water if we did. One of the inhabitants of the old sippian and Pennsylvanian age. Since
Sheriff Bowman told me later that town, Al Lewis, for whom Lewis Can- little argillaceous material is found in
he has considerable trouble with rock- yon was named, discovered a natural this bluish-gray rock, it is very resist-
hounds and prospectors who leave the basin on top of the Butte and raised ant to weathering. It has formed sheer
gates open. "Some of them," he added, an excellent potato crop there. Bow- walls for the most part along the south
"come in and even cut my fences man also planted and harvested potato side of the canyon. We saw a brown

Ly/e Grant stands in the mouth of an abandoned prospect hole which we examined
for mineral specimens.
scorpion crawling about in a cavity very distinctly the circular, radiating various shapes and sizes in the cavities.
back in the rock. We were careful coral markings. Indians, I learned, I found one perfectly formed quartz
after that, for these sharp-tailed deni- gathered this material to make pink crystal standing proudly erect in a vug,
zens of the desert are plentiful in beads which they used as separators a specimen which was the find of the
Stanley country. between the blue stones of their tur- day.
The north side of the canyon is a quoise necklaces. We explored ore heaps around pros-
series of steep giant stair-steps. The After an hour or more of stiff climb- pect holes. The list of minerals ob-
limestone stands up in prominent bare ing, we topped out in the garnet zone, served in the Stanley region by others
outcrops. Hundreds of dry, dead cen- a contact-metamorphic area in which is very impressive: actinolite in masses
tury plant stalks are standing on the brown andradite garnet is plentiful. It of groups of radiating needles from a
hillside. Many others were beginning occurs in massive granular form, with common center; chlorite in masses of
to send up the asparagus-like shoots grains as coarse as river sand. Crystals flakes of various sizes; epidote in small
which soon would bear yellow blos- do not occur individually but as com- crystal groups; fluorite, calcite, specu-
soms. plicated, interwoven clusters wherever larite, magnetite, pyrite; and copper
cavities have permitted them to grow. ores such as malachite, azurite, and
Our search for the garnet veins led cuperite. What more could a collector
us up this steep slope. There were The crystals are of the common desire from one region?
many detours around thorny cacti, rhombic dodecahedron form, but they
Spanish Dagger, and ocotillo traps. We are so closely packed together they None of us was ready for the day's
had to stop often and catch our breath. seldom show more than two or three adventures to end, but a lowering sun
Up ahead we could see the brown complete faces. Now and then with threw long, warning shadows. Reluct-
earth which indicated garnet country. the aid of my magnifying glass, I antly we headed for the truck and
This characteristic color makes it easy found crystals that exhibited the com- food. For the first time in six hours
to trace garnet-bearing rocks for two bination of rhombic dodecahedron and we noticed that we were hungry.
or three miles along the surface of the tetragonal trisoctahedron faces. Our hunt was ended for this time.
hills. We looked over our specimens and
We did not take time to dig for the wondered about the unfound ones left
Fossils and chert concretions have large crystals. The small clusters were behind. And by the time the evening
been found in this limestone formation. good enough. We hammered the blocks campfire was blazing brightly, we were
We didn't hunt for any, but I've heard of massive garnet matrix. In the un- planning another trip to this fascinat-
that the Stanley country is very fine covered vugs, we found beautiful crys- ing land of up and down, of desert and
for such material. I did pick up a tals showing perfect rhombic faces. mountain, of geology and mineral
piece of pink agatized coral. It showed Often we discovered quartz crystals of treasure.

APRIL, 1952 13
Arrastre at Garlock, California. The vertical sluiceway in the near wall controlled
the flow of thin mud, and the four wooden arms below the bevel gears dragged the
grinding stones around on the pavement inside. Ruins of Garlock in the background.

Recovering Gold the Hard Way

Rude drag-stone mills known as arrastres once were a familiar ert, but someone too smart for future
sight in the mine fields of the Southwest. But, after their usefulness had historians' benefit realized that between
passed, these old mills fell prey to highgraders who dismantled their the paving blocks of those abandoned
machinery and swept the stone basins clean of escaped gold dust. arrastres lay escaped trickles of gold.
Built near an unproductive lode, the arrastre at Garlock, California, So, for $50 or $100 worth of dust,
promised no such dregs and so survives today as a reminder of the gold the mills were uprooted, the stones
heydays of the past. flung about and the wooden sweeps
chopped to warm a can of beans.
In spite of the pessimistic observa-
Phcrographs by the authors tion of one modern historian who said,
"There were some (arrastres) to be

7 HREE HUNDRED fifty years was given the name, arrastre. In 1850 found as late as the 1920's," several
ago, a burro plodded around a arrastres appeared in Grass Valley, still stand today in moderately good
30-foot circle, drawing a weath- California, and as early as 1855 they condition on the Mojave Desert.
ered wooden sweep around with him. had become important to miners One is at Garloek, California, hardly
The sweep operated a grinding mill, throughout the Southwest. During the 100 feet from a paved highway and
and the prospectors who fed ore to years they were used, their circular only a few miles from Last Chance
be pulverized under its revolving stones basins ground out a large proportion Canyon, a site familiar to rockhounds.
were as excited as the burro was in- of the world's silver and much gold. Its fortunate survival is the result of
different. Then, by the 1920's, they were factors which, at the time, must have
The first of these mills was built gone. seemed decidedly unfortunate. It was
350 years ago in barren Mexico and There might be many yet in the des- built after a prospector picked up a

handful of ore flecked with gold. Un-
fortunately the ore pocket soon pinched
out and the mill never was used enough
for any amalgam to filter down between
the paving rocks. This saved it from
later high graders. It remains now very
much as it was left, minus a few of
the more portable parts, carried off by
souvenir hunters.
The Garlock arrastre is so typical
it might serve as a textbook illustra-
tion of a drag-stone mill. It has a
stone and cement basin 13V2 feet
across inside and two feet deep.
Wooden arms pulled heavy granite
blocks around on the flat pavement
inside. The blocks are still there, com-
plete with thick iron eyes wedged with
wood into holes in the stones. Some
of the tow chains remain attached. The
blocks, the paving and the walls are
scoured smooth, and circular scratches
indicate the path of the cumbersome
grinding stones.
The eyes in the stones were placed
so that the blocks slid on the largest
plane side and tended to lift over the
small, hard pieces of ore. The front
edges of the drag stones were rounded
also to aid efficient grinding action.
The drag-stone chains generally
were spaced on the wooden arms so
that one stone swept a current inward
and the following one swept outward.
Working at from four to a dozen rev-
olutions per minute, the stones might
have lasted a couple of months; the
pavement itself commonly did not last
more than twice that long.
Ore was fed in a little at a time, in
pieces % of an inch or smaller, and
water was added until, after about six
hours, a thin uniform mud was pro-
duced. Sufficient mercury to amalga-
mate all the free gold was mixed in,
and grinding continued for several
more hours.
Finley Buhn, who came to the re-
gion even before gold was found at
Randsburg, guessed that the present
Garlock arrastre was built about 20
years ago. There had been a very old
one on the same site however, prob-
ably constructed when gold was dis-
covered in Goler Wash. One of the
handworked iron straps has "Made in
U.S.A. 1840" stamped on it, suggest-
ing that some pieces of the oldest ar-
rastre were salvaged for successive
Another easily accessible arrastre
stands today in the south end of Pana-
mint Valley seven miles south of Bal-
larat. It is not as well preserved as the Above—Little more than the paving remains of this arrastre in Panamint
one at Goler, and there is evidence that Valley. There is evidence it was rebuilt after last being used.
it has been rebuilt since it was last Below—Although some rocks have been torn up, the pavement in the
used. Four or five of the drag-stones Garlock arrastre remains almost as level as the day it was laid. Heavy
are within a few feet of the 12-foot granite drag-stones lie beneath the wooden arms which pulled them around.
basin, but the drag arms, braces, sweeps Several tow chains still are attached to iron eyes firmly pegged into the
and sluice have all vanished. stones.

APRIL, 1952 15
season, palo verde trees probably will
Indicate not flower before April."
Antelope Valley—Jane S. Pinheiro,
well-known in Southern California for
her wildflower paintings, reports on
the wildflower fields near Lancaster,
California. The almond orchards on
Over most of the desert area pros- wrote late in February. "The prim- Quartz Hill reached their blossoming
pects continue bright for an exceptional roses, phacelia, golden hills and mallow peak March 9 and currant bushes and
wildflower display this season. In are out, and flowering will become manzanita show full flowers. Still in
southern Arizona and along Highway more profuse later in the season." Also the green plant stage, poppies, gilia
80 in California between El Centro anticipated in abundance in April are and buckwheat hold promise for April.
and Yuma, verbena and evening prim- yellow and white evening primroses, Thistle sage, also called Persian Prince,
rose were blooming early in March, desert marigold, golden hills, sand ver- hugs the south slope of Quartz Hill,
but in Coachella Valley and on the bena, desert senna, phacelia, desert and the best poppy fields in Southern
Mojave desert continued cold winds chicory, desert dandelion, four o'clock, California—in the Fairmont Hills to
have retarded the growth until it ap- desert mallow, creosote bush, stickleaf, the west of the valley—should offer
pears unlikely there will be a general lupine, sun-ray, bearpaw poppy, yucca, another brilliant carpet this year. To
display of color before the end of beavertail cactus, barrel cactus and the east, the Hi Vista area promises
March or early in April. As this fore- cholla. desert candles or squaw cabbage and
cast is written, early in March, the Mojave Desert — "Although I am large yellow and white primroses, while
dunes in the Coachella area are green still hopeful for a fine wildflower dis- northern fields beyond Rosamond play
with the sprouts of flowering annuals, play, it is not easy to predict the time," host to masses of verbena, larkspur,
but peak display of color appeared to writes Mary Beal, desert botanist of primroses and gilia. "There will indeed
be at least three weeks away. Daggett, California. "We have had too be many flowers," Mrs. Pinheiro prom-
much wind and chilly weather to en- ises, "but visitors will have to walk a
Desert lilies were reported in blos- little farther this year to see the best
som in the Borrego Badlands early in courage growth; the young plants just
snuggle down and wait for warmth. A ones. Miles of new subdivisions have
March, but a few miles farther north destroyed many of the most accessible
in the Mecca area it appeared unlikely shower or two would help them along."
Miss Beal predicts April and May will fields."
the lily would be in general blossom
before the end of March. be good wildflower months in the Dag- Mojave Desert—Clark W. Mills of
gett area. Trona, California, also cautions wild-
Desert Magazine's correspondents in flower seekers they will have to hunt
various sectors of the Southwest have harder this year. "Extreme increases
furnished the following data which in population have nearly ruined wild-
will be helpful to those who are plan- flower crops along the main highways.
ning trips into the desert for the wild- With motorists stopping to pick the
flower display. plants, little is left for seeding subse-
Saguaro National Monument—Brit- quent years. However, any of the non-
tle bush, desert marigold, bladderpod, restricted roads off Highway 395 from
jewel flower, alfileria, glogemallow and Kramer's Four Corners north to Brown
goldpoppy are reported in blossom. will take the traveler to a bonteous
Although very little precipitation oc- display." Late in February Panamint
curred during February, Superintend- Valley slopes showed sprouts of sand
ent Samuel A. King is confident sev- verbena, thistle and desert candles.
eral varieties of cholla as well as the The Randsburg area between Rands-
hedgehogs will flower during April. burg and Saltdale promises abundant
"No buds have made their appearance blossoms of coreopsis, sand verbena,
on any of the various species of cacti," thistle, rock asters and mariposa lilies.
he admits, "but the first flowers of the Reports from Wildrose Canyon indicate
blue yucca were observed February Lily of the Desert that wild roses and Panamint daisies
19." Wastelands will be at their height from April 15 to
Casa Grande National Monument— May 15. The best display of cactus
February weather was normal in the Mesa, Arizona — Julian M. King, blooms will be found in the canyons
Coolidge, Arizona, area, reports A. T. Desert wildflower correspondent at off Searles and Panamint Valleys,
Bicknell, park superintendent, and Apache Junction, and Fred Gibson of where at least 25 varieties of cactus
prospects for a good display continue. the Southwestern Aboretum agree the are budding, including the deerhorn,
Expected to be in fullest flower in 1952 season, at least three weeks early, cholla, pear and cottonball.
March were the California poppy, will be one of the best in years. "The Joshua Tree National Monument—
brittle bush, apricot mallow, ocotillo, desert slopes are covered with wild "In late February and early March the
scorpion weed, gold fields, gordon mustard, more than I have ever seen," wildflower display was particularly
bladderpod, evening primrose, fiddle- writes King. "In the Superstition good near Cottonwood Spring," re-
neck and crownbeard. April should Mountains Indian paint brush is bloom- ports Frank R. Givens, superintendent
bring blossoms to the staghorn cholla, ing, also wild hyacinths, scarlet bugler, of Joshua Tree National Monument.
prickly pear, palo verde, lupine, des- poppies, wild sweet peas and lupine. "However, the plants were rather small
ert marigold, mesquite and devil's claw. Many of these varieties are in the open in stature, and it was necessary for
Hedgehogs are expected to bloom by desert and along the road. I expect to visitors to walk some distance from
late April. see the first cactus blooms by late the highway to see the best blooms."
Lake Mead Recreational Area — March. Hedgehogs will be first, Barring severe weather in March,
"We already have a good flower show," promptly followed by staghorns, prickly Givens assured flower seekers a good
Russell K. Grater, park naturalist, pears and barrels. In spite of the early display in April.

Ben was positive we were going
to be killed. He hung back."

Prisoners of the Paiutes

For three days and four nights two American archeologists were of the party—and of course I would
imprisoned on the top of a mushroom rock while their Indian captors go along. I was no novice in South-
negotiated for the ransom money that would release them. Here is the west exploring. I had met my future
true story of an amazing episode which took place in a remote sector of husband some years before when he
the Navajo reservation 55 years ago. had guided my father and our family
on similar jaunts. My practical pioneer
By MARIETTA WETHERILL mother-in-law had made me two pairs
as told to Mabel C. Wright of full blue denim bloomers, that
stretched modestly to the ankle, where
Art sketch by Charles Keetsie Shirley, Navajo artist they buttoned. This was long before
the day of levis! I topped them off
N THE early days of the South- in January, 1897, as members of our with a curly lamb-skin coat. I was
west that I knew, the term, "kid- party at Wetherill's Alamo ranch near short and roly-poly and I know I
napping" was never heard. To Mancos, Colorado, made preparations must have looked like a plump toad
be sure, the Indians took women and for a scientific expedition to Grand atop my horse.
children, along with horses, sheep and Gulch on the San Juan river in Utali. There were 25 in the expedition,
cattle, when they went on raids, but Richard Wetherill and I had just including a professor from the Pea-
just as part of the loot. There were returned from our wedding-trip to body Museum in Cambridge, Massa-
no forebodings of such an adventure Mexico. Richard was to be a member chusetts; a group of students in arche-

APRIL, 1952 17
so I was always on the scene when
• • f " V * <i
something was discovered. My nat-
ural curiosity would have placed me
there anyway. We had not been in
camp long when we came upon an
especially nice cave. Richard started
the men to work, but soon grew im-
patient, and took a shovel himself. He
could throw dirt farther and faster than
the Yale and Harvard boys, but they
had not been doing this sort of thing
for years at Mesa Verde and other
Finally, we had the dirt all cleared
out of a circle perhaps eight feet in
diameter, which was enclosed by a
stone wall two feet high. This seemed
to be only a pen for domesticating
turkeys, such as we had often found
before. However, the digging was re-
sumed and was soon rewarded by the
J/ze Wetherills' Alamo Ranch home near Mancos, Colorado. It was from uncovering of a most remarkable
here that the archeological expedition of 1897 started. Picture was taken mummy. He was wrapped in three
in 1894. Seated in front of the veranda are Mr. and Mrs. Ben Wetherill. feather blankets. The first had just the
Standing, is their daughter, Mrs. Charlie Mason. The hand-hewn log wing gray turkey feathers; the second, gray
on the right was the original home, built by Ben Wetherill and his son, feathers polka-dotted with blue-bird
Richard in 1880. feathers; the third was polka-dotted
with canary feathers. The last wrap-
ping was a rare piece of cotton weav-
ology and anthropology from Eastern began. They were hidden in the sides ing of intricate design in red, yellow,
universities; extra guides to help Mr. of the narrow canyon, not very high black and white.
Wetherill and his brother, Clayton; up, as they were water-formed caves. But the thing that distinguished this
packers, cooks, and I, the only woman. We could distinguish the water line on ancient gentleman from so many others,
We expected to be away at least six the cliffs, 50 feet above us. There was was a deep scar from hip to hip, neatly
months, camping the entire time. No evidence of vandalism, but apparently sewn together with human hair. Heal-
less than a hundred animals were no scientific excavating had preceded ing had started, and we wondered why
rounded up for the trip—horses, mules us. the surgery had not been successful,
and burros. Twenty-two of these horses
never saw Mancos again. My duties were comparatively light. until we gently turned him over and
I kept notes and took measurements, found a flint-point in his pelvic bone,
Snow was still on the ground when two inches from the spine. The sur-
we started. Travel as far as the little geon had failed to locate this foreign
Mormon settlement of Bluff, on the This photograph of Richard body in his exploratory operation, and
San Juan, was filled with the usual Wetherill was taken in 1894 •— the patient had died. He now rests in
delays and mishaps. We camped there three years before his wife was the American Museum of Natural His-
for several weeks while trying to get captured by the Paiutes. tory in New York. Years later I took
information on the country ahead. delight in showing the curator there
Nothing was known at Bluff about a the reason for the deep incision. They
route to Grand Gulch. Scouts were had always kept him right side up!
sent out, only to return with the news After several months we began
that beyond Butler Wash there were planning our departure. Many valu-
no trails. So, as we had often done able finds were ready for the difficult
before, we charted our own way. Into job of transportation out of the can-
Grand Gulch, to the bottom of the yon. We were running out of canvas
canyon, the going was tough. Pack- for wrapping, and more than once we
loads had to be repacked repeatedly, shared our night canvases with a
and in spite of all skill and caution, mummy, like the one described above.
some animals were lost. I can still hear Science makes strange bed-fellows!
the piercing scream of a horse, whose
pack was too wide to clear a rocky Having nothing to do one afternoon,
ledge, as he plunged to his death I got on my horse and rode up on the
below. mesa. As I was coming down the trail
toward camp, seven mounted Indians,
Once down, the campsite was care- all young bucks, appeared suddenly
fully selected. At this season of the from behind rocks and joined me.
year the possibility of flash-floods from They asked where I was going, and
arroyos had to be considered. In the when I answered that I was headed
three months we were down there, for our camp, they said they would
camp was moved numerous times, gen- come along. I thought nothing of it
erally because our work took us farther until we came to a place where the
afield. When we were comfortably trail divided. Then the rider nearest
settled, reconnoitering for cave-sites to me threw a rope around my horse's

In May, 1951, this picture was taken in Albuquerque of Mrs. Richard Wetherill
and Joseph Schmedding, whose recent book, Cowboy and Indian Trader, tells
about his early life as a cow-puncher for the Wetherills. Photo by C. E. Redman,

neck, slipped my Colt .45 from the significantly, "if you fall off you will 1 did as 1 was told, but when I had
holster strapped to the saddle-horn, get hurt." scrambled to the top, I saw I was not
and jerked my horse onto the trail to be alone. Ben Bolton, one of our
going away from camp. I tried to slip Harvard students, had already been
off, but they tied my feet under the Marietta Wetherill. now 76, is there several hours. He had been
horse and away we went! a well-known personality in Al- snatched in much the same way as I,
They spoke Navajo but we always buquerque, New Mexico, where and if ever there was a frightened lad,
thought that they were Paiutes. I kept she makes her home. So rich it was he! We were both in our early
asking them where they were taking are her reminiscences of life in twenties, but in the four nights and
me. the Old West, and so valuable three days on our rocky perch, I had
to history, that Mabel Wright to assume the protective role. My com-
"To our camp, for money" was the decided to preserve them. This
answer. We rode fast, far down along plete confidence in Richard Wetherill's
story is one episode in the bi- ability to handle any situation gave me
the Elk Mountain Fault. Toward sun- ography she now is writing.
down, at the base of a huge mushroom- courage and, unlike Ben, I was at
Richard Wetherill was killed by home among Indians. But this was a
shaped rock, we came upon their camp. the Navajos at Pueblo Bonito,
I could see a fire and women cooking long way from the background of that
June 22, 1910, but circumstances gently nurtured Boston boy. Every
but was not given much time to look of her husband's death have
around. My horse was led over to the book either of us had ever read was
never embittered Mrs. Wether- retold, every bit of verse recited, every
rock and I was ordered to climb up. ill against the Navajo; she in- song resung, and we exchanged many
"But I will be cold and hungry!" I sists the Indians were inspired experiences from our, so very different,
protested. by the7 jealousy of persons in young lives.
"You will get sheep-skins and food. the Indian Service.
Get up there and stay there" and, Ben was beginning to calm down a

APRIL, 1 952 19
dark and I did not return, Clayton
Wetherill started off to find me. He
followed my horse's shoe-prints up
the trail and back again to where they
mingled with the prints of the unshod
Indian ponies. Then we went on to
the spot where the trail divided and
saw moccasin marks. (They were
made when a couple of Indians dis-
mounted to tie my feet.) He made a
fast dash back with his story. In the
meantime, it was noted that Ben also
was missing. Two strange Indians
quietly joined the excited group in
camp and volunteered to race us. They
did not want Richard to go with them
and it was quite evident they were
emissaries. They returned with the
ransom demand, $1000 in silver dol-
lars for each of us. Richard told them
he had no such sum on hand but that
he would go away and get it. He made
it very plain that not one peso would
change hands until we were back un-
At once he and Clayton started for
Mancos, riding hard, with fresh horses
at every stop. At Mancos $700 was
all that could be raised. They went to
Durango, where there was a bank.
Johnny Kirkpatrick, a well-known min-
ing man, quickly arranged for $900
more. Back to Grand Gulch rode the
two Wetherill brothers with 1600 sil-
ver dollars in striped ticking sacks.
The $400 difference was made up in
horses, 22 of them. The Indians did
not even count the money, but they
did much palavering over the horses!
Ben's family later repaid the ransom.
As they rode away with their ill-
gotten gains that evening, one young
buck whose hands I had been sorely
tempted to step on as he swung him-
self off of our rock after bringing up
food, (I thought better of it just in
time), leaned over from his horse and
hissed at me, in passing, "Lah, chindi
yazhe!" (Goodbye, you little devil!)
We left in a few weeks during which
every effort to trace this bunch of
Picture taken in 1890 at Jemez Pueblo of Marietta Palmer, who later renegades was made. My husband had
became Mrs. Richard Wetherill, and her Indian friend, Rita Ramada. the cooperation of his good friend,
Hoskinini, Chief of the Western Nava-
jos, who was deeply chagrined and
bit by the fourth morning, when we our camp the way we had come, along upset over the incident. They hoped
were aroused by shouts from the camp the tse istqal (rocks). Our horses that a clue would come through the
below. needed no urging and hours later we horses, but riders and horses had van-
"Throw down your sheep-skins and rode into camp. My husband appeared ished. There was no F.B.I. 54 years
come down!" We could see our horses to be alone except for one young buck ago, and the long arm of the law would
saddled and waiting. Ben was positive from our gang of captors. In front of never have been long enough to reach
that we were going to be killed. He him, Richard asked us both if we had into that territory.
hung back. been well-treated or had been hurt in I wonder if, somewhere, some time,
"Come on, let's go down. I am any way. We assured him that we were Ben Bolton has told this tale to his
sure that it is all right," I told him. all right, but that it had been no picnic! little grandson, and when Georgie
The Indians gave us a good break- Then the buck rode out a short dis- asked — "But weren't you turrubly
fast of corn pone, hand-ground on a tance, signalled to two others, and scared, Grandfather?" perhaps he re-
stone metate and baked in ashes, to- they came in for the ransom. plied—"No, indeed, Georgie, Grand-
gether with some weak Arbuckle cof- Then I learned of the events since father was not a bit scared. After all,
fee, and said we were to go back to the day of our capture. When it grew what was there to be scared about?"

Life on the Desert...
Water-witching is a highly
controveisial subject. Some folks
think it works. Others are skep-
tical. In the files of the Desert
Magazine are records of some
rather amazing discoveries by
water dowsers. Also some rec-
ords of failure. We're not taking
sides. And the accompanying
story does not prove anything,
although it is a dramatized ver-
sion of an incident which actu-
ally occurred in the Southwest.
This is another of the "Life on
the Desert" series submitted in
Desert's 1951 contest.


Sketch by Margaret Gerke
"Suddenly Ed stopped. His face became distorted and he seemed to be tug-
V FATHER didn't believe in ging back at the stick. Betty was determined to pull toward the ground."
water divining, but he finally
had to call in Ed Salby any- "Yep—darndest thing!" depended on a peach fork!" exclaimed
way; there was nothing else to do. Our He turned his back on us, reached my father.
back acre was pock-marked with holes, into the rear of his truck and came "It does though, it does," said Ed,
reminders of Father's vain attempts to up with a battered peach limb, shaped ignoring the pride in my father's voice,
dig a well. A young college professor in a fork. The bark had been knocked "doesn't it, boy?"
had promised we'd find water no far- off in places, and the long end of the The question startled me, and I said
ther than 20 feet down, close as we fork was covered with dried oil near "yes sir" before I thought. My father
were to the river, and he even sug- its tip. Embarrassed, Ed wiped it off looked at me in quick surprise.
gested where to dig. But he didn't with his gloved hand and explained,
return to the farm when my father "Had to use Betty to measure the oil Suddenly Ed Salby was holding the
wrote him that there was no water on in my car the other night. Sure hope peach fork in both hands, the stubby
the site he picked. she'll forgive me!" part of the limb, below the fork, away
Ed Salby got out of his battered old "Mr. Salby," my father snapped, from his body. Slowly, not talking, he
pick-up truck slowly. He looked "can we get down to business?" walked past my father, brushing him
around our farm and sniffed the air "This ain't costin' you a cent, not as he passed so that my father had to
as my father and I walked down from a cent," said Ed. He looked my step back. Out onto the dry land he
the house to meet him. father straight in the eyes, his faded walked, slowly, carefully, holding the
"Mr. Salby?" said my father. blue ones surprisingly steady and fork in advance, his elbows away from
"That's right! Heard you wanted to strong. "Either I find water or no his body. My father took a few short
find some water up here. Be $25, money changes hands!" steps and stood beside me. Together
after we hit it." He glanced down at My father backed down a little, "All we watched Ed, his body bent slightly,
me, "Hello, boy!" right, all right, sorry!" the wind at his shirt tails, go down the
I liked him immediately. "Now, suppose you and the boy field.
Ed sniffed the air again. here," he gave me a quick little wink, "Craziest thing I ever did, telling
"You got water here!" he affirmed. "lead Betty and me back to the place Clark down at the store to send him
"Where?" my father asked, his voice where you want to find water." up here!"
sharp with mistrust. My father went ahead, around the "I don't know," I said, "Tommy
"Soon as I get Betty we'll know. corner of our adobe barn, through a O'Brien, at school, says he found water
Right now I can only smell it. Good thin strip of tamarisk trees and out for his uncle at Taos."
water, too. Betty is my peach tree onto the dry field. As we followed "You don't believe this stuff, do
fork, and she sure can find water! through the trees Ed put his hand on you, son?"
Once she located it, and you ain't my shoulder. He didn't say anything, "Well—sure! What did you have
never going to believe this, on a map, just placed it there. I felt very proud. him up for if you didn't think he could
a hundred miles from this farm. It "The river gets down too low in do it."
was old Thompson's place, 'way up the summer," my father said as we "I don't know! 1 just don't know!"
in the hills, and I had the lumbago. So came up, "I can irrigate in the spring, Two hours later Ed was still walking
I spread a map of his farm out on the but later on the water level gets too around the field. As my father and I
living room table and Betty almost low. It would cost me a good deal to watched, seated on a log now, we
broke out of my grasp a-pointing to pipe it over from the river." heard a twig snap behind us and saw
where water was on that map!" "You mean it's either Betty here, a man in a brown business suit come
I could feel my father's distrust, and or vou lose the farm?" asked Ed. through the tamarisk trees.
see it in his eyes. "I wouldn't say my staying here "Howdy! My name is York, Sam

APRIL, 1952 21
York. I heard Ed Salby—Oh—there "That close? Are you sure? I'd like my mother about the improvements
he is. Mind if I have a word with to dig, just the same!" he had planned for the place. He
him?" Finally Ed Salby sat up and brushed turned to me.
"Help yourself," said my father. the dust from his mouth. His blue "You thought he'd do it, didn't
Mr. York walked out to Ed, and eyes found my father's brown ones you?"
they began to talk quietly. Mr. York and held. "I sure did!" I said.
pulled some papers from his pocket "You won't be gambling any to He put his hand on my shoulder
and showed them to Ed. Ed looked pay me now. Didn't you see? Betty and it felt as good as Ed's.
back at us several times, rubbed his pulled me down to it, down as close It was a good well, a wonderful
chin and then seemed to agree to some- as she could without dragging me into well, and neither my father nor Mr.
thing. Mr. York shook his hand and, the earth. You saw, didn't you boy?" Tidly, who brought the mail, could
nodding to us, disappeared in the di- He turned his eyes on me, and there figure how we could have missed it;
rection of the barn, where he probably was a kind of magic in them. my father had dug all around the spot
had parked his car. at one time or another.
"I saw, Dad," I said, "I'll pay him
After that Ed walked our land with
from my 4H money, if I can!" A year went by, and one day my
even greater care, especially a little
patch of ground where my father hadn't The odds were against my father. father came back from Taos with a
tried for water. Suddenly he stopped. He looked back and forth, first at me, funny smile on his face, a queer little
His face became distorted, and the then at Ed. pleased smile that I didn't like. He
muscles in his arms knotted tight. His "Okay, come up to the house," he smiled that way all evening, and then
hands were trembling and seemed to sighed. that night, after I had gone to bed
be tugging back at the stick. We could Again we went through the tamarisk and was supposed to be asleep, I
see it was taking all his effort to hold trees, my father first, then Ed and I, heard him say to mother as they passed
it level. Betty was determined to pull his hand on my shoulder. Father went down the hall from the kitchen to the
toward the ground. into our house and came out with a living room.
We ran to Ed's side. He was on his small Indian bowl. From it he took " . . . the fellow that came that day,
knees, groaning and straining. Finally some bills and counted the money into Mr. York, came to tell Ed Salby that
the peach fork won, and he fell on his Ed's tough palm. I looked up and saw he owed $25 on his car, and if he
face in the sand. His muflled voice my mother looking through a window, didn't get in at the office at Taos this
came up to us. a worried expression on her face. Ed Mr. York was going to take the car
"It's here, your water's here! You took the money, holding the peach away. Looks like he found water just
can give me the $25, your water is fork between his knees, counted it and in time." My mother laughed, pleased
here!" shoved it into his right jacket pocket. with Father's joke. "Don't tell the
My father and I knelt beside him. "What if I don't hit water back boy." He suddenly began talking in
"Well—ah, shouldn't we dig? Wasn't there?" my father asked. whispers just as he closed the living
that the agreement?" "You'll hit it!" Ed looked at me, room door.
"You don't have to wait, it's here, "help him with the hole, boy, you It took me a day to figure that out,
and close. Maybe 15 feet!" know there's water down there." and it was a month before I saw Ed
My father was impressed, but not So Ed was gone and my father and Salby again and then only by luck. I
enough. I went back with shovels and started had never seen him in Taos before.
to dig. Five, ten, 15 feet, the land He was leaning against a barber shop
was as dry as powder and we had gone wall paring his nails.
DEATH VALLEY TOURS down exactly where Ed had been
2-DayWeek-End Economy Tours "Hello, boy. How's the well? Hear
4-l)ay Expense Paid Luxurious Tours forced to the earth by Betty, the peach you got plenty of water out there!"
See your Travel Agent — Write for Folder fork.
A. L. "AL" RIDDLE "You go in," my father said, "and "Yeah," I said, more than a little
operator—Kiddle Scenic Tours surprised that he knew me.
Phone VA 3261 get yourself some supper. Tell your
Mezzanine—Ha.yward Hotel, I..A. 14 mother I'll be along." He poked the point of his knife
"I—I—I'm sorry," I said. gently against my jacket.
My father smiled at me and when he "I also hear your Dad thinks I was
said what he did, I felt very proud of sort of guessing about water on your
him, "it may be down here yet." land!"
So I went in and ate and darkness I kicked a stone up the sidewalk.
came and my mother lit the lamps and "I guess he does," I said.
finally ate a little food herself. "What counts to me, boy is—what
"Do you think he will find water?" do you think?"
"Maybe Dad has, already," I said. "Well—you did find water!"
"You liked Mr. Salby, didn't you?" "Betty found it boy." He put his
I nodded. hand on my shoulder and his pale
"I don't know. I hope so, but I blue eyes came alive. "It's magic, boy,
don't know." magic! You believe in magic, don't
Then the door opened, and there you?"
stood my father, a big smile on his I looked into Ed's eyes and its was
face. He wouldn't say a word, just as easy as pie to believe in magic.
stood there as though we were sup- "Sure do!"
posed to tell what he was smiling about. "See that field over there—If there
And then I saw. His whole pants legs was water in that field, I could find it
from the knees down were wet! anywhere! You know that, boy—don't
"Water, Mother, water! Dad's pants! you."
Water!" I knew it as sure as I know any-
Suddenly we were all dancing thing today, and I know it still—"1
around the room and Dad was telling sure do!" I said.

of the

Hopi Dancer...
This beautiful Hopi maiden,
costumed for the butterfly dance
of her tribe, was photographed by
Andre de Dienes of Hollywood,
California, first prize winner in
this month's photo contest. The
picture was taken with a Graflex
camera, panchromatic film, Kl
filter, l/40th of a second at F 11.

A rude cross, symbol of
the Easter season, stands
on a New Mexico hillside.
In the background is
Chapel Chimayo. The
composition won second
prize for David L. De Har-
port of Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts, who used a 3Vi
x 4 Vi R. B. Graflex camera
and Isopan film.
"Lots of 'em over in the Pan-
MardKock Skorty amints, too, but Bill don't go
over there any more. Lost all his
swarms one spring up in Wild
of Rose canyon, an' when he got
more bees and started again he
Reeve Spencer Kelley remembers put 'em up Eight Ball crick in
liking to write imaginative pieces in Death the Funerals. An' down at the
school. He recalls also that he liked mouth of the canyon he's got a
little else about those institutions.
Kelley was born in Willoughby,
Valley sign that reads 'Artists Keep
Ohio, in 1912 and, after high school, "Bill's had a special grudge
wrote reviews for the Willoughby news- agin artists since he lost all them
paper as well as a few unsuccessful On the shelf in the Inferno bees. Happened this way: Bill
short stories. When his health failed store stood a row of fruit jars had eight hives up there and them
several years ago, he came west to with crudely hand-lettered labels bees wuz bringing in honey
Colorado Springs and again settled bearing the information, "Death enough to supply all the prospec-
down to write, this time trying his hand Valley Honey." tors in Death Valley and Nevada.
at verse. He moved to Albuquerque, The tourist who had wandered "One day an artist came up in
New Mexico, and his poems began to into the store while the clerk was Wild Rose to paint flowers.
sell; New Yorker Magazine, The Sat- out in front servicing his car was Pitched a tent up there an' wuz
urday Evening Post and other publica- curious. "Where'd you find any gonna stay two months he said.
tions liked their light touch of humor. honey in this god-forsaken coun- He wuz a good painter too. Purty
Only a year ago, Kelley discovered try?" he asked. "What do the soon he had pictures o' them
he could write prose—both fiction and bees use for flowers?" Panamint daisies an' lupine and
factual articles—which was acceptable Hard Rock Shorty was seated all the other varieties strung all
to editors. Latest proof that he has on the counter with a fly-swatter over that tent.
reached his writing stride is the story in his hand, and woe to the fly "Then one day them bees dis-
of Betty the peachfork and Ed, which that made a landing within range covered the flowers. Looked so
won for its author an honorable men- of his weapon. Shorty did not natural the bees came swarmin'
tion in Desert's recent Life on the Des- like to hear strangers make un- in an' they wuz so thick the artist
ert Contest. complimentary r e m a r k s about got scared and cranked up his
• • • Death Valley. But he kept silent jalopy an' left. Said he'd come
Famous for its wines in the old days, until the visitor repeated his ques- back an' get the pictures later.
and for its writers and artists today, tion. "Them painted flowers looked
the old Spanish settlement of Corrales, "Plenty o' bees around here." more like flowers than the real
New Mexico, is home to Mabel C. he replied curtly. things, and them dumb-headed
Wright, author of "Prisoner of the "Ol' Pisgah Bill has lot o' hives bees wouldn't leave. Wuz three
Paiutes." The story was told to her up Eight Ball crick. Lots o' mes- weeks before that artist returned
by Mrs. Richard Wetherill, who sur- quite trees up there. Mesquite —an' them gol-derned bee's 'd
vived four days on a rocky platform honey's the best in the world," stayed there an' tried to get honey
guarded by Indian kidnappers. he declared. "Plenty o' flowers outta them paintin's 'till they all
Mrs. Wright is fascinated by the up there, too. starved to death."
life of Marietta Wetherill. "So many
have written about the Wetherill men,"
she says, "it is about time someone
wrote a biography of this pioneer in all phases of his writing and camera work, plastering and kitchen cabinet
woman—who has character and per- work—from on-location picture taking construction on the new Taylor home
sonality all her own." to darkroom processing and final typ- in Thatcher, Arizona. Now comfortably
At present the book is still in note ing of manuscripts. settled, he hopes to find more time
form. Mrs. Wright interviews Mrs. Both the Jenkinses love to tramp to enjoy and write about the geology,
Wetherill whenever she can, recording the desert country, and occasionally botany, wild life and history of the
the latter's knowledge of Navajo arts, they stumble on material like that American desert land.
beliefs, customs and manner of living. which inspired "Recovering Gold the Taylor's first Desert story was his-
"The writing will come later," she Hard Way," the arrastre story which tory ("So They Built Fort Bowie,"
promises. appears in this issue. Library research August 1951). In this issue he enters
Mrs. Wright, a Wellesley graduate, follows initial picture and note-tak- the field of mineralogy with "Garnets
and her husband, an eye specialist, ing. But this comes easily to two for- Aplenty at Stanley," which will di-
have a ranch in Corrales, which is 11 mer University of North Carolina rect rock hunters to one of the most
miles north of Albuquerque. students. Powell received his degree in interesting mineral regions to be found
• • • chemistry in 1943. anywhere.
Powell Jenkins, Jr., and his wife, • • • • • •
Edna, have lived in, photographed and Architect, contractor, carpenter,
written about the desert since the Navy Next month's field trip in Desert
plumber, surveyor, bricklayer, electri- Magazine will be another of Harold
first sent him to China Lake Naval cian, roofer and painter—these are a Weight's stories — about an area in
Ordnance Training Station, in Inyo few of the jobs Fenton Taylor has had Arizona not far from the Colorado
County, California, eight years ago. to keep him busy since he last appeared River where he found an ancient beach
He is now a civilian chemist at the base. in Desert Magazine. line strewn with pebbles and small
Powell started by writing a column Taylor, a school teacher by profes- boulders which contain many varieties
for a Navy paper and progressed to sion, did everything but the metal duct of hard cutting material.
free lance travel features. Edna shares
For Want of a Horse . . . Moonlight Rainbow . . .
Santa Ana, California Yucca Valley, California
Desert: Desert:
I wish I could be in Blanche Brad- Dropping into the Coachella Valley
bury's shoes when her friend next wants from the canyon below Morongo, we
to "drag" her off on a field trip! (Let- often stop to admire the string of bright
ters, January, 1952.) It is very hard jewels which adorns the valley at night
She Likes Color Covers . . . for me to read about these wonderful —lights of her baby cities.
Los Angeles, California desert excursions and not be able to We were driving north from Desert
Desert: go, for want of transportation. There Hot Springs the night of February 9,
When I read John M. Thomas' let- are so many places I should like to about 8:45 p.m., when a most un-
ter in the March issue, in which he visit! usual phenomenon appeared to delight
says the new full-color Desert covers I love Desert and I love the desert us—a rainbow by moonlight!
"don't add a cent of value to your country. I only wish I could see more The widest rainbow I have ever seen,
publication," I immediately sat down of it! of softly glowing pastel colors, formed
to pen an answer. I most heartily dis- HELEN L. BROUGH a perfect arch from the base of snow-
agree with Reader Thomas! capped San Jacinto to the foot of even
I think most subscribers who, like • • •
whiter San Gorgonio. It bridged the
myself, love the desert will join me in She'd Heard the Story Before . . .
Devil's Cactus Garden at the north end
complimenting you on the color inno- Valyermo, California of the valley.
vation. It adds greatly to the joy of Desert: Behind us the bright moon rode
receiving each month's issue. I have Evalyn Slack Gist's story, "Forgot- high, casting fascinating shadows on
the January cover—that lovely sunset ten Mill of the Joshuas," recalled an the foothills. Ahead, the stormclouds
—on my living room wall, and every- incident of my first visit to the place were advancing from the coast, to en-
one who sees it comments on the mag- where I have lived for 41 years — velop the San Gorgonio range. Against
nificent color. Valyermo, California. the background of black clouds and
For Mr. Thomas' sake, I do hope In March, 1910, traveling by train white mountains, the gorgeous night
the addition of color won't boost the from Los Angeles to what is now the rainbow shone. It remained until we
subscription price. But for the sake bustling town of Palmdale, we were disappeared into the narrow, twisting
of many other of your readers, please met at the station by a lawyer named canyon.
keep up the good work! William Petchner, who drove us by JENNIE VEE EMLONG
MRS. LESLIE SMITH buckboard to the valley which is now
• • • our ranch. He knew all the local lore. • • •
Petrified Face on Cover . . . When I asked why Palmdale was Impish Indian Mermaid . . .
San Bernardino, California so named — there wasn't a palm in Yuma, Arizona
Desert: sight — Mr. Petchner explained. It Desert:
Have you noticed the great stone seemed that in the early days, the tree On a hot Sunday afternoon last June,
face on the March cover of Desert now commonly known as Joshua was while walking through the brush to-
Magazine? called "yucca palm." The bare desert ward the Colorado River, I was startled
Hold the magazine flat, upside down, around the railroad depot had been to hear what sounded like a cry for
and see the face peer up at you from studded with them, and they gave the help. I rushed to the water's edge and
the center of the log end, about six town its name. saw a tiny brown figure apparently
inches from the top. One ear is a Our informant then told us the story struggling in the center of the river—
lily. Mrs. Gist related in the January issue at a spot which I knew to be at least
HARRY M. COOK of Desert: how a London firm had six feet deep and more than 75 feet
• • • devastated the region to obtain Joshua from either shore.
Whar in Tarnation . . . wood for paper pulp. Mr. Petchner Clad in trunks, I had but to slip off
Mountain View, California was so outraged by this destruction, my shoes before diving into the warm
Desert: and his language so vivid, that the story water. I swam as fast as I could, but
The $64 question is: "Where is has stayed in my memory all these by the time I reached the spot where
Hard Rock Shorty?" years. the youngster had been, I saw that I
Did someone put an atomic charge DOROTHY EVANS NOBLE might as well have saved my breath;
in his pipe? Did the porch of the • • • the young swimmer was already across
Inferno store fall down on him? Maybe on the other side, clambering onto a
Traveler Likes Desert Best . . .
he got himself drowned by the heavy sand bar to join her Indian friends.
rainfall in the Valley — or has he Scott Air Force Base, Illinois That was my first introduction to
merely gone with his friend, Pisgah Desert: Carolyn Curran, whose picture appears
Bill, to see about filling the Ubehebe It certainly is a pleasure to receive with that of the "Padre of the Papago
Crater for a swimming pool? my Desert Magazine each month. Hav- Trails" in the February issue of Desert.
Call out the Marines! We want him ing been reared on the desert, and a She had not called for help at all.
back! resident of Winslow, Arizona, for many When I reached the sand bar, she, her
JAMES B. DOYLE years until my entry into military serv- older brother, Jerome, 12, and the
Yu needn't git so durned het up ice in 1936, the desert holds many brothers Rudolph and Randolph Yuma,
about it. Me an' Pisgah Bill jes dear and pleasant memories. Although ages 11 and 12, were busy construct-
bin settin' here waitin' fer the U. I have visited quite a few countries ing a small tower of rich sandy river
S. an' A. mailman t' come an' throughout the world, I can't get the silt. They were just upstream and in
collect more of my mer-moirees desert out of my system. the shadow of the Highway 80 bridge.
fer Desert Magazine. Tain't our If any of my friends happen to read Here the river is especially dangerous,
fault he got stuck up there at th' this, I would appreciate hearing from due to treacherous whirlpools caused
National Monument — plantin' them, particularly Eon C. Lucas, who by large rocks under the water's sur-
mail order wildflower seeds fer first introduced me to Desert Magazine. face.
the spring tourists!—H.R.S. FRED L. STOUT All summer long these children

APRIL, 1952 25
spend about half their time in the magazine, June 1951 issue, under the trict headquarters of the Metropolitan
river. Little Dana (Junior), whose title, "Black Gold." The author, Rus- Water District, can supply mileage fig-
toothsome grin also is prominent in sell K. Grater, reported that Harold ures.
the picture, swims with his sister, who Carpenter of Boulder City, Nevada, PAUL J. LINSLEY
at that time was just rive years old. discovered the cave and explored it • • •
Being only four, Junior hasn't tried to quite extensively. Walter Swartz of Boulder City, Nevada
swim across the river—not yet. How- Boulder City is present operator of the Desert:
ever, on a number of occasions I have project. Harry Carpenter, of guano caves
seen him swimming alone in deep HERMAN B. KEYS fame, now operates a tire repair shop
water as far as 25 feet from shore. • • • at Indian Springs, Nevada.
If you don't believe this, come to Los Angeles, California TIM HARNEDY
Yuma in the summer, and I'll have my Desert: Mr. Husava received more than
young friends give you a swimming John Husava inquired about one 28 replies to his letter. To settle
lesson. Or just ask Father Bonaventure, Harry Carpenter and his guano proj- all doubts, a postcard came from
and he will tell you that many of the ect on the Colorado River. A Harold Harold Carpenter himself. He
Indian babies learn to swim as they Carpenter should be remembered by wrote — "/ have heard someone
are learning to walk. Their mothers workmen at the boat docks on Lake was looking for me."—R. H.
come to the river to bathe them and, Mead, where he worked on a sailing • • •
at the same time, to swim as relief from boat, the Loki. Remembers Governor Hunt . . .
the heat. The similarity of given names is Orange, California
P. A. BIRDICK probably a trick of memory. Desert:
• • • EARL A. TAYLOR I was much impressed with the story,
Mr. Carpenter Is Found . . . • • • "Padre of the Papago Trails" in the
Huntington Park, California Mill Valley, California February issue of Desert. I lived in
Desert: Desert: Globe, Arizona, before Arizona be-
There is an abandoned guano mine came a state, and I knew Governor
In the February issue of Desert Mag-
very close to the power line road run- Hunt, whose picture appears with the
azine appeared a letter from John A.
ning from Parker Dam north to Boul- story, very well. At that time he ran
Husava of Monrovia, California. Mr.
der City. It is not far from the west the Old Dominion store and bank.
Husava asked for information about
bank of the river, a short distance After becoming governor, he visited
a certain Harry Carpenter, who dis-
south of Chemehuevi Valley, approxi- Globe often.
covered some guano caves along the
mately 600 feet from the road. When GEORGE BICKFORD
Colorado River.
traveling north, it is on the left, in • • •
The article Mr. Husava referred to plain view of the road.
was published in Arizona Highways Pardon Us. Philadelphia . . .
Any lineman in Gene Camp, dis- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Each month when Desert Magazine
arrives, 1 become restless and home-
pftaca sick for California. My toes just itch
for the warm desert sand, and I long
to be under those sunny blue skies.
Pardon me, Philadelphia, but this is
a dreary, damp, smoky, noisy place.
City folks miss so much in life and
yet seem unaware of it.
But I don't need to sell you on the
and now is the season. desert! 1 only wish I could be there
Swim, play or loaf in the heart of the great Anza KATHARINE W. GEARHART
• • •
Desert State Park and enjoy better-than-ever cuisine Answers an Old Question . . .
and service . . . easy on your budget. Double rates El Cajon, California
from $10 European. Quite a while ago, I read in Desert
about someone finding evidence of a
See your favorite travel agent, write direct, or phone house and corral in Painted Gorge,
north of Coyote Wells in California's
Borrego 10. Coyote Mountains. (Letters, January
1945.) He wondered what they meant.
In 1916, and for a few year follow-
ing, a company in Fullerton, California,
took sand from Coyote Mountain to
Coyote Wells and from there shipped

formerly Hobergs
BOKREQO it to Fullerton to make glass. A cook
house and a corral were built at the
head of the canyon, and there was a
well. Another canyon went north into
the open desert, with a marble quarry
up it about 2 miles.
Petrified wood could be found in
B O R R E G O S P R I N G S , C A L I F O R N I A side canyons off Painted Gorge.
ARIZONA Renew Labor Agreement . . .
Mountain Park Plans Ready . . . WASHINGTON — Less than 24 on the train... as at home
TUCSON—Final plans have been hours before it was scheduled to expire,
completed for the Arizona Desert Bot- the migratory labor agreement between
anical and Zoological Gardens, and the United States and Mexico was re-
work on the first phase of the half- newed for 90 days. Mexican farm la-
million dollar project is scheduled to borers are brought to this country
start April 1. The institution will be under terms of the pact, and the re-
located in the Tucson Mountain Park. newal was urged by both governments
Initial concern will be construction of so that there would be no interruption
the small-animals section. in the program. The U. S. State De-
When completed, the park will con- partment has indicated it will not ne-
tain a complete collection of living gotiate a new pact until Congress en-
desert plants, ranging from trees and acts legislation imposing stiff penalties
shrubs to cacti, and a cross-section of for importing or harboring Mexicans
living animals including mammals, in this country illegally. The Senate
birds, reptiles and insects. There will already has passed a bill making it a
be mineral, rock and mining exhibits felony to aid or abet a wetback's entry
and a Papago Indian display. The and a felony to shelter or move wet-
finished project will cover all 30,000 backs once they are across the border.
acres of the park.—Tucson Daily Citi- —Riverside Enterprise.
zen. • • •
* • • Yuma Sunshine 94 Percent Perfect...
Stahnke Asks Scorpion Sum . . . YUMA—With 249 clear days, 73
PHOENIX—Dr. Herbert L. Stahnke partly cloudy and 43 cloudy days,
has asked the Arizona legislature for Yuma enjoyed 94 percent of possible
$2,710 to manufacture scorpion serum. sunshine during 1951. Thefigurewas
With the money, Stahnke told com- calculated by Sherd T. Baldwin, mete- Only on the train can you enjoy the rest-
mitteemen, it will be possible to blan- orologist at the U. S. Weather Bureau ful pleasure of a roomy, full-length bed,
ket the state with scorpion serum by Station on the Yuma Mesa. Total rain-
summer and begin manufacture of next fall was 2.95 inches, there were 10 in your berth or private room . . . as you
year's supply. "Dozens of Arizona thunderstorms and three days on which roll swiftly through the night to your des-
children's lives may be saved," he said. heavy fogs were recorded. — Yuma tination. Daytime, your room becomes
The sting of certain species of scor- Daily Sun. your home—or office! . . . another reason
pion, if untreated, is often fatal to for making your next trip East by train
• • •
children, only painful to adults.
To Change Papago Law Code . . . . . . by Union Pacific!
In listing his expenses, Stahnke told
of the need for scorpion caretakers,
tegration comes, the Papago must not
who feed the insects cockroaches and
be at a loss to understand the laws of
look to their general welfare; scorpion
the nation and the state. If he has
milkers, who perform the delicate and
lived for a period under similar laws "CITY OF LOS ANGELES"
somewhat dangerous operation of ex-
administered by his own people and
tracting the venom; processors who "CITY OF ST. LOUIS"
the Papago tribal court, there will be
inject the venom into cats and extract •
little friction when the laws become
the cats' antivenom, and animal care-
takers who care for the cats. Nearly
one law—that of any American citi- LOS ANGELES LIMITED
half of the requested appropriation
would be used to purchase supplies.— With these words, Thomas Segundo, 16 Ticket Offices in Southern California
Tucson Daily Citizen. chairman of the Papago tribal council, to serve you, including —
« • • opened conferences directed toward
LOS ANGELES: 434 West Sixth Street or
10-Year Dry Spell About Over . . . making tribal laws conform more
PHOENIX—With run-off from Ari- closely to criminal and civil codes of Union Station • TRinity 9211
zona streams one of the greatest the white Americans. The law and order HOLLYWOOD: 6702 Hollywood Blvd.
state has enjoyed since 1916, the agri- committee of the Papago tribal court Hillside 0221
culture department predicted that Ari- is revising the code with assistance BEVERLY HILLS: 9571 Wilshire Blvd.
zona's 10-year dry spell was nearly at from William Benge, director of law CR 1-7167, BR 2-1633
an end. H. B. Peterson of the federal and order for the U. S. Bureau of In-
department of agriculture said the run- dian Affairs.—Tucson Daily Citizen. Be Specific—Go
off which is indicated for the spring • • •
months would add about 400.000 acre- Study Three Indian Bills . . . UNION
feet of water to that already stored in PHOENIX — Three bills affecting
Arizona reservoirs. Rain and snow- the lives of Arizona Indians have been
fall during December and January introduced in the 20th state legislature.
would revive long-dry springs and raise One would allow Indians to obtain and
the groundwater table considerably.— use firearms off the reservation; a sec-
Tucson Daily Citizen. ond would repeal state laws prohibiting

APRIL, 1952 27
the sale of liquor to Indians, and the
third would create a commission of
THE DESERT TRflDMG POST Indian affairs to study ways of absorb-
ing the Indian people into the economy
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 8c a Word, $1.00 Minimum Per Issue of the state.
The old statute prohibiting the sale
of guns and ammunition to Indians
INDIAN GOODS REAL ESTATE was enacted during the time of the
Apache wars. "The law should be re-
FOUR PERFECT AND FINE Indian Arrowheads HOT MINERAL WATER! Imagine your own
$1.00. 2 large arrowheads $1.00; extra fine swimming pool—heated by Nature! Five acres pealed now that the Indians and the
stone tomahawk $2.00; 4 beautiful bird ar- of beautiful desert land, near surfaced road,
rowheads $1.00; 2 flint knives $1.00; fine with a good Hot Well—only $5000. Doctors government are at peace and have been
effigy peace pipe $8.00; bone fish hook $2.00; and arthritics, especially, should investigate for more than 70 years," declared Sen.
6" or over spearhead $5.00, thin and perfect. this. Located just 13 miles Northeast of Palm
List Free. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas. Springs. R. H. McDonald, Desert Hot Springs, William A. Sullivan, who sponsored
WILL SELL 5-acre patented Jackrabbit Home- the proposed substitute bill. Repeal
WE SEARCH UNCEASINGLY for old and rare stead 15 miles from Palm Springs, 4 miles of the liquor law has long been urged
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate a from Palm Desert, 2 miles from Palms-to-
large assortment. Collectors seem as eager to Pines Highway in Section 36. Elevation about by Indians, who claim it is "outright
possess them as their original owners. To 1000 feet. Has good 22-foot house trailer on
those who like real Indian things, a hearty cement block foundation. Two double beds. racial discrimination and forces In-
welcome. You too may find here something On hillside overlooking lower Cat canyon. No dians to obtain their liquor illegally."
you have long desired. We are continually electricity, necessary to haul water. $1600
increasing our stock with the finest in Navajo terms. Discount for cash. Address Owner, —Tucson Daily Citizen.
rugs, Indian baskets, and hand-made jewelry. Box HR, c/o Desert Magazine, Palm Desert,
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill Blvd., California. • • •
Fontana, California.
SCENIC VIRGIN DESERT and mountain area, WINDOW ROCK — Hildegarde
FOR SALE: Finest collection of Indian baskets, 26 miles west of El Centro on Highway 80. Thompson, former director of Navajo
beaded bags, ivory cribbage boards etc. 2319 Abundance of sunshine and good water. Two
Henry St., Bellingham, Washington. highway junctions, 1 to Calexico
border, the other to Agua Caliente Hot
on Mexican schools, took office in February as
Springs. Railroad; Cafe started, Motel and Chief, Branch of Education, Bureau
Trailer Court needed. Residential lots $200. of Indian affairs. Mrs. Thompson was
Business from $300 up. Mutual water rights
BOOKS — MAGAZINES $50.00. Send for circular. John C. Chalupnik. appointed by Secretary of the Interior
Alpine, California.
BOOKS FOUND: Any subject, any author. Fast
Oscar L. Chapman to succeed Willard
service. Send wants—no obligation. Interna- W. Beatty.
tional Bookfinders. Box 3003-D, Beverly Hills. MISCELLANEOUS
California. • • •
Desert woods for sale. Fascinating, beautiful,
PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for Rock different. Ironwood, screwbean mesquite, ca- Strange Fish Protected . . .
Hounds and Desert Roamers. A new booklet, talpa, cholla cactus. All wood is personally
"What the Beginner Needs to Know," 36 pages selected and best grade obtainable. All grow DEATH VALLEY —The govern-
of instructions; also catalogue of mining books in desert only. Excellent for use as veneer,
and prospectors' supplies, maps of where to go inlays, lamps, book-ends, bowls and many ment has acted to preserve a unique
and blue prints of hand machines you can other things. I use it to make the above species of minnows, described as "des-
build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or stamps. things myself and have seen no other woods
Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk 5, Lodi, Calif. to compare with these. Ironwood $2.00 sq. ft. ert pupfish," which has lived in a Ne-
All other including cholla cactus veneer ready
to apply $1.00 sq. ft. F.O.B. Minimum order vada desert pool since the end of the
$5.00. Specializing in woods from the desert.
If it grows in the desert I have it or can get Ice Age. Presidential proclamation re-
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES it. David R. Jones—the Woodologist, P. O. cently established the pool, Devils Hole
Box 1028, Palm Springs, California.
FOR SALE: Gold mine near Riverside, Cali- in Southwestern Nevada, as part of
fornia. Have $3222.00 in it. What am I
offered? B. C. Dawson, 13353 Gager St., SAVE Free
50% on New Binoculars! Free catalog
book, "How to Select Binoculars." Write
Death Valley National Monument.
Pacoima, California. today! Bushnell's 43-D 34, 43 E. Green Street, Dr. Carl Hubbs, professor of biology
Pasadena 1, California.
at the University of California Scripps
Too much other business is reason for selling. DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar postpaid. School of Oceanography, La Jolla, said
Located at Amboy, California. Inquire at Greasewood Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow, the pool is a remnant of a prehistoric
140E 4th St., San Bernardino, California. California
Janie Baker. chain of lakes which in the moist late
SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS: One dollar glacial, or Pleistocene epoch formed
each postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses, Len-
ROCKHOUNDS ATTENTION — Best growing wood, Barstow, California. the Death Valley lake system. The
business location for sale with full stock of
finest specimens—over 4000 varieties from Scripps biologist is convinced that the
all over the world. Good home with finest COLOR SLIDES: Photomicrographs of rare
water and plentiful. World's best climate. types of Agate. World Travelogs; Grand pupfish have the smallest range of any
Over five years in business. Disabled WW I Canyon, Petrified Forest, Yosemite, Carlsbad distinct species of vertebrate animals,
veteran, needs money. See or write H. P. Caverns, White Sands, Indian Ruins, Big Bend,
Williams, Box 36, Quartzite, Arizona. Brice, Zion, Wild Flowers, cacti, reptiles. the pool in which they live measuring
Four samples 2x2 or stereo and literature,
$1.00. Dave Harris, 2401 Pittsburg, El Paso, only 40 feet long and 15 feet wide. The
FABULOUS EARNINGS — Fascinating pastime. Texas.
Growing Genuine, living miniature (Ming) little fish are believed to be one of the
Trees.. New Sensational Business or Hobby. PEN AND INK sketch of your own house or least populous of any species, their
Astounding information FREE. Dwarf Gar- other subject on your personal stationery.
dens, Box 355N, Briggs Station, Los Angeles Samples 10c credited on order. Tifft, 411 total number ranging between 50 and
48, California. Tifft Road, Dover, New Hampshire. 100. The population presumably has
not changed in size in the 11,000 years
To join the newly incorporated United Pros- since the end of the Ice Age.
FOR SALE pectors Organization. If you are experienced
or beginners the articles in our magazine are Glen Vargas, amateur naturalist and
bound to help you enjoy your hobby and the geologist of Tnflio, California, has
Excellent Income Property outdoors. Send your name for our new bro-
chure and literature. United Prospectors, Box found fish also in the hot mineral well
Includes six apartments, com- 729, Lodi, California.
near Mecca and at Dos Palmas spring
pletely furnished, one bedroom FIND YOUR OWN beautiful Gold nuggets! It's in the Coachella Valley. The largest
home-office. fun! Beginners illustrated instruction book
$1.00. Gold pan, $2.00. Where to go? Gold specimen he studied measured no more
Near Shadow Mountain Club placer maps, Southern California, Nevada,
Arizona, $1.00 each state. All three maps
than two inches long. "Its ancestors
Located right on highway 111 in $2.00. Desert Jim, Box 604 Stockton, Calif. were originally inhabitants of the
Palm Desert California. waters of the Colorado River," ex-
Write to LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier." plained Vargas. "As these lakes dried
For women who wish to become beautiful, for up the fish took refuge in the springs in
Box 53 women who wish to remain beautiful. An
Palm Desert, California outstanding desert cream. For information, Death Valley and elsewhere in the
write or call Lola Barnes, 963 No. Oakland,
Pasadena 6, Calif, or phone SYcamore 4-2378. Southwest.—Indio News.

Secession Move Gains Support . . .
PALM SPRINGS —Warning Coa-
chella Valley residents if they want to
secede from Riverside County, "the
time to act is now, while tax conditions
are favorable to such a move," Homer
Varner, Riverside County supervisor
of the desert area, addressed a general
meeting of the Palm Springs. Civic
League. The league, and representa-
tives of other desert communities, had
gathered to discuss the possibilities of
forming a new Desert County. "The
first part—getting 65 percent of the
desert area vote—is easy," said Var-
ner, "but getting 50 percent of the
population around Riverside to favor
our secession will require a lot of
sound educational work." The desert
area includes 75 percent of Riverside
County land, pays 40 percent of its
taxes and has about 33 percent of its
population. Yet this area has but one
supervisor whereas the remainder of
the county has four supervisors.—Des-
ert Sun.
• • •
Salton Park Lands Leased . . . USE LOW
1ND1O—After four years of delay,
investigation, lease negotiations and
correspondence between state and fed- JUDD HOLDEN TAKES HIS CAR UP THE FARGO STREET HILL IN LOS ANGELES-A 32%
eral governments, the State Division BECAUSE HE FOLLOWED TWO SIMPLE RULES.
of Beaches and Parks has announced
execution of a lease on a section of
land for development as Salton Sea
State Park. However, unless develop-
ment money can be inserted in this
If every motorist would test his car's performance as Judd Holden is doing
year's budget, it will be necessary to
wait until the 1953-54 budget is above, America's automobiles would be kept in better shape. Today's cars
adopted before work is begun. If the normally perform well even at 75% of their capability. As a result, thousands
item is given approval by the 1953 of car owners are driving the streets completely unaware, that their engine is
legislature, money would be available not giving them full performance. You paid for 100% performance, so why
July 1, 1954. Thus, conceivably, work not get it? Just follow the two simple rules demonstrated below.
could be delayed until 1955.—Date
• • •
Choose River Park Sites . . .
BLYTHE—Three sites on the Colo-
rado River have been chosen by the
State Division of Parks and Beaches
for park development. Selected are the
area around Quien Sabe Point, 24
miles north of Blythe; a section of
river frontage just north of the Blythe-
Ehrenberg bridge; and an area near
the Palo Verde irrigation district in-
take.—Palo Verde Valley Times. RULE NO. 1 for 100^ performance: RULE NO. 2: Use the finest motor oil
• • • Take your car to your car dealer's for money can buy. Leading car manu-
Date Pioneer Passes . . . frequent checkups—at least every 2,000 facturers specify heavy-duty type oils.
INDIO—Dr. Walter Swingle, who miles. His mechanics are factory- The finest of these is Royal Triton—
introduced early importations of date trained experts. the famous purple oil recommended
palms to the Coachella Valley, died by leading car dealers.
January 19 in Washington, D. C. As
a result of importations made by Dr.
Swingle, an agricultural explorer, an
experimental garden was established at
Mecca in 1904. In 1907 the U. S.
ROYAL Royal Triton is available at leading car
dealers' in most areas of the United States.

Date Gardens were established near

Indio, and for 25 years studies were America's finest
Motor Oil!
Los ANGELES, Union Oil Bldg. • NEW YORK,
conducted at both stations. Swingle 4904 RCA Bldg. • CHICAGO, 1612 Bankers
was in charge a good part of that time. Bldg. • NEW ORLEANS, 917 National Bank
—Indio News. of Commerce Bldg.

APRIL, 1952 29
Mojave Indians Let Lands . . . Cancel Mecca Easter Pageant . . .
NEEDLES — At a meeting in INDIO—Due to flood damage, de-
Needles, the Mojave Indian Tribal creased financial support and lack of
Council signed final papers leasing 11 ,- technical assistance, the Mecca Civic
000 acres of tribal lands to the Mojave Council contemplated cancelling the
Valley Farms Company. The 10-year 1952 Easter Pageant in Box Canyon.
lease carries water rights of Indian "Flood water damage to the perman-
lands, which insures water from wells ent installations at the site has been
and the Colorado River. A 30,000- heavy this year," said Shaler Wilder,
Palm Desert acre program is planned. The tribe council secretary, "and, although in
will receive $5,500 per year for the past years excellent support had been
VIEW LOTS first five years and a more substantial obtained among volunteer actors and
sum for the latter half of the lease directors, an apparent lack of technical
$MOO.oo period.—Desert Star. assistance and a decrease in financial
• • • support have thrown a heavy burden
Just above Art Gallery Oldest Resident, 127, Dies . . . on those responsible for the 1952 pro-
East of Shadow Mountain Club INDIO — Louis Levi, Indian who duction." The pageant "The Master
Near School, Church, Shops claimed to be Coachella Valley's oldest Passes By," was first presented April
Paved Streets, Water, Electricity, inhabitant and perhaps the world's old- 21, 1946.—Indio News.
Gas. Many homes already built. est human, died in January on the
Torres Indian Reservation. Levi, a NEVADA
Overlooking Coachella
member of the Mission Tribe, claimed Water Picture Bright . . .
Valley Date Gardens to be 127 at the time of his death. Rev. BOULDER CITY—Expecting one
for Information write Felix Collymore of Our Lady of Sole- of the largest Colorado River spring
CARL HENDERSON dad Church, who conducted funeral run-offs on record, the Bureau of Rec-
Pioneer Realtor services, said he had every reason to lamation stepped up power production
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA believe Levi was that old since his at Boulder, Davis and Parker power
parents had been converted to the plants in order to provide ample flood
Catholic faith through the works of storage capacity in Lake Mead and, at
Father Junipero Serra, who died in the same time, to generate hydroelec-
"EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER" 1784.—Date Palm. tric energy for the Pacific Southwest.

SLEEPING BAGS This month's True or False will

TRUE OR FALSE not be especially difficult for
those who have an intimate
knowledge of the desert and its history. But the tenderfoot who gets 12
of them correct will be doing very well. Twelve to 14 is a fair score, 15 to
and many other items 17 is good, 18 or more is excellent. The answers are on page 34.
1—A stand of beehives is known as a lapidary. True . False .
VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT 2—The fangs of a rattlesnake are in its lower jaw. True False
717 West Seventh Street 3—The Hassayampa River in Arizona is a tributary of the Gila River.
4—Chief Winnemucca was an Apache Indian. True False
5—Barstow, California, is on the banks of the Mojave River. True.__
Rest a n d p l a y in 6—Largest city in Arizona is Tucson. True False
ENCHANTMENT C BAR H 7—The trading post at Cameron, Arizona, overlooks the Grand Canyon
Write direct to any of DOUBLE J of the Colorado. True False
the Four Guest Ranches Pk.;!!.^?,-..^..-.. .,
for Information. MUFFIN MOUNTAIN 8—The commanding officer of the Mormon battalion on its trek to the
Illustrated folders MOTEL West Coast was Capt. Cooke. True . . _. False
Address: Lucerne Valley, California 9—Showlow is the name of a town in New Mexico. True __ . False
10—The only difference between an amethyst crystal and a quartz crystal
is its color. True False
HAVASU CANYON 11—A Navajo hogan generally faces east. True . False
"GEM OP THE GRAND CANYON" 12—The blossom of the mescal or wild century plant is-yellow. True— _ .
Land of the Havasupai Indians—the natural wil-
derness beauty of an enchanting land—off the False
beaten track. Mixed parties being organized 13—Homes of the pueblo Indians are never more than one story high.
now for Spring.
Minimum Trip, 8 days, Including Transportation True False
Prom $115
Write for literature, details & reservations 14—A horned toad is a reptile. True False
WAMPLER TRAIL TRIPS 15—Raton Pass is one of the gateways into Death Valley. True _ . .
1940 Hearst Ave. Berkeley 9, California
16—A U. S. mint was once located at Carson City, Nevada. True
17—George Wharton James wrote the book, Wonders of the Colorado
Desert. True False
"'•'1iliL_ 1000 TRAVEL SCENES

18—Furnace Creek Inn is the home of Death Valley Scotty. True

VACATION RECORD 19—Dinosaur National Monument is approximately east of the Wasatch

Mountains. True False

^^fSAMPLES 30c WRITE TODAY 20—The Evening Primrose which grows on the desert is an annual which
^ KELLY D. CHODA reseeds itself. True False

As a result of heavy snowfall through- Stages could not get through for sev- vada made application in 1941 for
out the state, Nevada's 1952 water eral days, and by Thursday noon 4,000,000 kilowatt hours of power,
picture is the brightest it has been in Austin still was hopefully waiting for and that in 1952 it applied for 263,-
years. In February surveys, Donner Saturday's mail.—Reese River Rev- 000,000 KWH, indicating a tremen-
Summit snow showed almost triple the eille. dous growth in population. "There
30-year average of water content; • • • wasn't anyone, back in 1941, who
Spring Mountains hold more than twice Power Hopes Dim . . . thought the state of Nevada ever would
as much as normal; and water content LAS VEGAS—"All power available be able to use the amount of power
in the upper Humboldt courses is at to the state of Nevada from Boulder which was allocated to the state by the
least double normal. "Extended drouths and Davis Dams is now under contract Boulder Canyon pact," he said.—Pi-
in east-central and southern Nevada to lessees at Basic Magnesium Plant oche Record.
have at least been interrupted," re- and the three prime contractors. No • • •
ported the Nevada Cooperative Snow more can be secured unless the Bridge Supplies Dropped to Indians . . .
Committee.—Las Vegas Review-Jour- and Glen Canyon Dams can be un- FALLON—A group of Paiute and
nal. hooked from the Central Arizona proj- Shoshone Indians, isolated since early
ect, or power is brought in from Cali- fall at Summit Lake in northern Hum-
Deepest Snow in 20 Years . . . fornia sources." This was the state- boldt County, had the coast guard to
AUSTIN—Deepest snow drifts in ment made by A. J. Shaver, chief en- thank for food, clothing and medical
20 years along highways and roads in gineer for the Colorado River Com- supplies dropped by plane when pro-
January briefly shut Austin away from mission, at a hearing by the Southern visions ran low. A four-engine craft
travel, supplies and mail. Every avail- Nevada Power Company before the dropped more than 400 pounds of
able piece of road working equipment Public Service Commission. Shaver supplies to the 12 snowbound Indians.
was put to work clearing highways. pointed to the fact that Southern Ne- —Tucson Daily Citizen.

Under the Sun"
. . . and I'm not kiddin'.

You should see our beautiful BORREGO SPRINGS

Really, it's the desert that's different.
The home of health and relaxation.
Now is the time for you to become part of
BORREGO'S golden future.

And you can still buy

Insure a secure, happy future of inexpensive luxury.
Where nature is kindest . . . in beautiful BORREGO
SPRINGS. For a colorful folder that tells ALL about
BORREGO, Write or phone—



APRIL, 1952 31
Ancient Indian Basket Found . . . who formerly was personnel and labor Service administration building at Lake
BOULDER CITY—An ancient In- relations director for Haddock Engi- Mead National Recreational Area was
dian basket—large, with a cupped rim neers, Ltd., which previously had let late in January. George Baggley,
and made of coarse materials—was charge of the site. Revelation of the park superintendent, expected building
found in a cave on the shore of Lake transfer came during an inquiry re- to begin in mid-February.—Las Vegas
Mojave by Murl Emery of Eldorado. garding labor conditions at the site. Review-Journal.
Denying reports of labor difficulties,
Exact location of the find is not being
McGrath said the Nevada Company
revealed, pending arrival of Al Schroe- NEW MEXICO
was paying overtime wages in accord- Students Hunt Villa's Gold . . .
der, National park service archeologist,
ance with union contracts and was ALBUQUERQUE—Equipped with
who will classify it. After Schroeder's
having no trouble whatever in main- a map which a physician told them he
examination, the basket will be brought
to the Park Service museum at Bouldertaining sufficient working staffs.—Las had received from a grateful Mexican
City. Russell Grater, naturalist at Lake
Vegas Review-Journal. patient, seven University of New Mex-
Mead Recreational Area, said the bas- • • • ico students set out to find Pancho
ket may be either Paiute or Mojave, as
Trailer Accommodations . . . Villa's buried gold. History records
the tribes interlapped in this area.— BOULDER CITY—To provide fa- that the famous guerrilla army leader
Las Vegas Review-Journal. cilities in the Lake Mead National accumulated an immense gold fortune
• • 9 Recreational Area for an ever-increas- in several raids, including the 1916
New Test Site Operators . . . ing number of trailer visitors, the Na- raid on Columbus, New Mexico. It
YUCCA FLAT — A new concern, tional Park Service is planning a new was at that time that Americans under
The Nevada Company, has taken over trailer camp in the Boulder Beach area. General John J. Pershing unsuccess-
operation and maintenance of the Ne- Superintendent George F. Baggley has fully chased Villa through the Mexican
vada test site of the Atomic Energy called for applications from persons badlands for four months. Periodic
Commission at Yucca Flat. The new interested in establishing a conces- searches have been made since Villa
company is headed by John McGrath, sioner owned and operated trailer was shot from ambush at Parral, Mex-
camp. It is expected that the initial ico, in 1923. — Las Vegas Review-
development will provide for 50 trailer Journal.
VACATION sites, with provision for expansion as • • •
in the demand requires. Rain-Making Declared Failure . . .
WAYNE WONDERLAND • • © GALLUP—Man-made rain experi-
with BOULDER CITY — Contract for ments in the eight western states were
JACKSON'S SCENIC TOURS construction of the new National Park failures, according to reports made to
Sightseeing, picture taking, rock hunting,
camping and deer hunting in October.
Regular weekly tours over Thousand Lake
Mt. to Cathedral Valley, Painted Desert,
Pinto Hills, Dirty Devil R., Land of the
Goblins, and San Rafael Swell or Capitol
April Best Month for Pictures...
Spl. Tours—Standing Rock Basin, Colo. April is always a good month for taking pictures on the desert—
River or anywhere in Scenic Southern Utah. and this year, with the promise of a gorgeous display of wildflowers,
For information or reservations write to: it will be better than normal. While it is true that the wildflower display
J. WOKTHKN JACKSON on the desert lowlands probably will have passed the peak by April 1,
Fremont, Utah
at elevations between 2000 and 4000 feet the blossoms will be at their
best. Flowers are just one of many subjects available for desert pho-
tographers. Any typically desert setting is eligible — landscapes,
ghost towns, sunsets, wildlife, human interest and unusual rock
Spectacular formations.
Rainbow Bridge Desert Magazine's Picture-of-the-Month contest is designed to se-
cure for publication the best of the pictures taken in the desert country
Take the thrilling ride
on horseback into the each month by both amateur and professional photographers. All
scenic desert wilderness Desert readers are invited to enter their best work in this contest.
of southern Utah — to Entries for the April contest must be in the Desert Magazine
America's greatest nat-
ural bridge. Comiortable office. Palm Desert, California, by April 20, and the winning prints
lodging. Good food. will appear in the June issue. Pictures which arrive too late for one
For rates and information write to
contest are held over for the next month. First prize is $10: second
prize $5.00. For non-winning pictures accepted for publication $3.00
Season opens April 1
I—Prints for monthly contests must be black and white. 5x7 or larger, printed
on glossy paper.
2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled a s to subject, time and
place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour of day, etc.
4—All entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest
5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert
See Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures.
BUSHNELL'S 6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the
NEW FREE desert Southwest.
CATALOGI 7—ludges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made
Guaranteed to give you more ai immediately after the close of the contest each month.
save you money on every popular r^odel
Don t overpay! Compare BUSHNEU'S before Address All Entries to Photo Editor
you buy Send for FREE CATAIOG and

free Book'HowToSelect Binoculars1' IDed&tt PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA

the annual meeting of the American UTAH will be the longest over-water structure
Meteorological Society in sessions in "Blind" Sheep Puzzle Ranchers . . . on the Utah highway system—a new
New York. E. J. Workman of the SALT LAKE CITY—Big, rugged $1,000,000 bridge over the Colorado
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Rambouillet sheep have long been a River—has been completed by the
Technology, said that silver iodide had favorite breed with western range men. State Road Commission. The con-
failed to increase rain; in fact, it actu- But among their weaknesses is a sus- crete-and-steel span will cross the river
ally decreased precipitation. Workman ceptibility to "wool blindness" caused north of Moab on U. S. Highway 160.
advocated much more research into by a heavy growth of wool around the "Since the development of uranium
the practicability of rain-making. — eyes. The blindness makes it difficult deposits in southeastern Utah and the
Humboldt Star. for the sheep to find feed, and it upsets increase in heavy truck travel on the
• • e them emotionally, making them flighty highways serving the area, the old 16-
and nervous. All this has an adverse ton capacity bridge has become in-
Asks Indian Fund Hike . . . creasingly dangerous and inadequate,"
effect on wool, meat and lamb produc-
WASHINGTON—In his budget re- tion. In an effort to produce an open- said E. G. Johnson, commission chief
quest to Congress, President Truman faced strain which will not be troubled engineer. Although funds for the Moab
asked $121,350,000 for the Indian Af- with blindness, the Utah State Agricul- bridge have not yet been allocated,
fairs Bureau to spend during the year tural College bought a handsome Ram- engineering specifications are being
beginning July 1. This is $50,979,088 bouillet ram for a special research rushed to completion by the commis-
more than the $70,370,912 appropri- project. Highly interested in the proj- sion.—Moab Times-Independent.
ated during the year ending June 30. ect are Utah wool growers who ex-
Largest request is for $61,905,000 for amined the animal during their annual
Indian health, education and welfare
services, $20,080,250 more than the
convention in January. — Salt Lake
amount spent last year. More money
will be needed, the bureau said, "for
• • •
Drouth Relief Forseen . . .
placing more children in school, serv-
ing more patients in hospitals and ac-
SALT LAKE CITY—Further indi-
cations that current precipitation rec-
celerating relocation of Indians away ords will materially relieve drouth con-
from overcrowded reservations." More ditions in southern Utah were noted in
than $30,000,000 was asked for the January flow records of the San Juan
Navahopi rehabilitation program. — River. Run-off of the San Juan at
Gallup Independent. Bluff was 223 percent of normal. "This
• O • is the first time in two years the river
Training Program Launched . . . has developed above normal run-off
for a full month," said Milton T. Wil-
WINDOW ROCK — The first son, U. S. Geological Survey district
American apprenticeship system in his- engineer. Stream flow in northern Utah
tory has been launched for Navajos continued above normal.—Salt Lake
and Hopis in the Window Rock area. Tribune.
The plan is part of the 10-year, $88,-
000,000 Navajo and Hopi rehabilita- Plan Longest Span Bridge . . .
tion program. It will provide on-the- MOAB—An artist's sketch of what
job training for qualified Navajos and
Hopis at various construction sites in LOST DESERT GOLD SAN JUAN and COLORADO
the area. In addition, the government
will sponsor parallel courses of Instruc-
A 72 pp. science-fiction booklet on the
Colorado Desert and Pegleg's gold RIVER EXPEDITIONS
tion at night, to fill in background for Postpaid $1.10 Seven-day voyage through the scenic
the Indian students. The training per- RALPH L. CAINE canyon wonderland of Utah and Arizona.
P. O. Box 17162. Foy Sta.
iods will last from a few months to two Los Angeles. California Boats leaving Mexican Hat, Utah, May 1,
years.—Gallup Independent.
May 11, May 26, June 4, June 16, June 26.
• • • Trips end at Lee's Ferry. One post-season
Navajo End Record Session . . . run between Hite, Utah and Lee's Ferry,
WINDOW ROCK —Setting a new Arizona.
record for the number of days spent Fare: $200 for one person. $175 each for
in one session, the Navajo tribal coun- two. Larger group prices, also rates (or
cil ended an 11-day meeting with plans other trips given on request.
for a Washington visit. A 10-man dele-
gation will travel to the capitol to keep " . . . A flight on the magic carpet of
Navajo problems before Congress and adventure into a canyon wilderness of
to attempt to obtain more funds. indescribable beauty and grandeur."
Among resolutions passed on the final wrote Randall Henderson in the Desert
day of the session were: action to ob- Magazine.
tain a business manager; move to buy Mother Lode Map — Plus Gold Nuggets For detailed information write to—
$45,000 worth of radio equipment to Gold nuggets panned from streams in Cali-
fornia and Old Hank's colorful, unusual story I. Frank Wright. Blanding, Utah, or
be used by forestry and law enforce- map — "The Golden Trail of the Mother
Lode." Stories of the '49ers, ghost towns,
ment officers on the reservation; and
discussion of possibilities for reactivat-
over 45 pictures and illustrations. Explore
this amazing trail taken by the early gold
seekers in their search for treasure. The
Mexican Hat Expeditions
ing the chapter system, which was map is $1.00. One gold nugget and map,
$2.00; four gold nuggets and map, $3.00. (Successors to Nevills Expeditions, world-
started in the late 1930's to give the Postpaid prices. A "dlfferPnt" gift from the
West. Send order to— famous River exploration trips)
Navajos an opportunity to make their
individual views known.—Gallup In- OLD HANK P. O. BLUFF, UTAH
P. O. Box 2462, San Francisco 26, California

APRIL, 1952 33
Tribe Accepts Oil Bonus . . . presented until approved by the Bur-
SALT LAKE CITY — The Ute- eau of the Budget. According to
Grand Vacations Ouray Indian Tribal Council has ac-
cepted a $456,414 bid by oil and gas
Granger, Bureau of Reclamation offi-
cials are backing the dam, and Secre-
companies for rights to explore on tary of the Interior Oscar L. Chapman
Into a Land of Great Beauty
7019 acres of tribal property in east- remains in support in the absence of
Journeys by Boat — Wyoming, ern Duchesne County. It was the big- an equally favorable substitute site.
Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada. gest bonus money offering for such Stumbling block among administration
Rendezvous: Richfield. Utah small tribal acreage ever made in the agencies which might force rejection
162 miles oi Colorado River history of the state. The land is near by the Budget Bureau is the objection
NO RAPIDS the Duchesne area where two wildcat of the Army Engineers, who believe
HITE. Utah to LEE'S FERRY. Arizona
companies have made commercial dis- the project is economically unfeasible
coveries of oil.—Salt Lake Tribune. because of "unrealistic estimates of
• • • prospective irrigation revenues." Even
April 27 to May 3
To Introduce Echo Bill . . . if the authorization bill is passed, no
May 11 to May 17
VERNAL — Representative Walter appropriation for actual construction
May 25 to May 31
K. Granger of Utah has announced he could be made until next year.—Vernal
June 8 to June 14
will introduce a bill to authorize con- Express.
$125.00 Fare on above • o •
struction of Echo Park Dam as soon
Rendezvous: For fast water run. CLIFF as possible in the current Congres- Nuisance Deer Doomed . . .
DWELLERS LODGE, Arizona. Through OREM — Everybody agreed they
Monument Valley by cars, a 230 mile sional session. The plan cannot be
overland trip. had to go. Sportsmen, landowners and
members of the state fish and game
Down San Juan-Colorado Rivers. BLUFF,
Utah to LEE'S FERRY, Arizona. 225 miles "OVERLOOKED FORTUNES" department had discussed the problem
by water in row boats. In the Rarer Minerals thoroughly and reluctantly decided
Find war minerals! Here are a few of the there was nothing else to do. The
Schedule: 40 or more strategic rarer minerals which nuisance deer at the foot of Mt. Tim-
June 22 to June 30 you may be overlooking in the hills or in panogos were doing thousands of dol-
$175.00 Fare for 9-days that mine or prospect hole: columbium, tan-
talum, uranium, vanadium, tungsten, nickel,
lars worth of damage to orchards and
Above trips visit RAINBOW BRIDGE cobalt, bismuth, palladium, iridium, osmi- crops. For weeks eight herders hired
Announcing: GRAND CANYON TRAVERSE um, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, tilan- by the fish and game department with
ium, tin, molybdenum, selenium, germanium, orchard owners and volunteer sports-
July 15 to August 14 manganese, cadmium, thallium, antimony,
mercury, chromium, etc. Prices booming;
men had attempted to drive the deer
LEE'S FERRY to BOULDER CITY out of the orchards at night. The
many much more valuable than a gold
Announcing: GREEN-COLORADO RUN mine: cassiterite now $1000 a ton; bismuth marauders always returned. Finally
August 24 to September 30 $1500 a ton; columbite $2500 a ton; tanta- Warden Charlie Breeder of Provo or-
lite or microlite $5000 a ton; tungsten $3 ganized an execution party. Nine men
Launch: GREEN RIVER, Wyoming pound; platinum $90 ounce, etc. Now you
Land: LEE'S FERRY, Arizona. can learn what they are, how to find, iden- went out several nights one week and
tify and cash in upon them. Send for free killed approximately 100 of the in-
LARABEE AND ALESON copy "overlooked fortunes"—it may lead truders. Next year it is expected that
to knowledge which may make you rich! an extended hunt of some type will be
WESTERN RIVER TOURS A penny postcard will do.
RICHFIELD. UTAH held in the area to allow sportsmen to
Duke's Research Laboratory take more deer and in this more ideal
manner reduce the nuisance problem.
—Salt Lake Tribune.


Questions are on page 30
RED CINDER BLOCKS 1—False. A lapidary is one who cuts
and polishes gem stones.
2—False. The fangs of a rattler are
You'll hove year in its upper jaw.
around comfort 4—False. Chief Winnemucca was a
with Paiute Indian.
"Precision Built" 6—False. Phoenix is the largest city
in Arizona.
RED CINDER OR 7—False. Cameron Trading Post
overlooks the Little Colorado
(Homes of Distinction 9—False. Showlow is in Arizona.
10—True. 11—True. 12—True.
are built with 13—False. Pueblo Indians often build
two or three stories high, or even
DESERT HOMES 15—False. Raton Pass is in New
18—False. Death Valley Scotty's
3464 E. Foothill Blvd., Pasadena 8 home is a little cabin near Scotty's
RYAN 1-6329 or Corona Phone 1340 19—True. 20.—True.

Goldiield, Nevada . . .
A 20-ton silver-lead custom mill is
reported under construction at Silver
Peak, 32 miles west of Goldfield. The
mill, owned by E. R. Hines of Chicago,
replaces one that burned a few years
ago. Mines active in the area include
the Nivloc and the Argentite. The
Tucson, Arizona . . . Tonopah, Nevada . . . McNamara shaft, which has been in-
Plans for mining a large deposit of A strike of silver ore at the Mohawk active for some time, is being put back
low-grade copper ore in the Catalina mine, at Argentite out of Silver Peak, into operation and is showing an aver-
Mountains have been announced by has been drifted on for a length of age of 15 percent lead and .8 ounces
officials of the newly organized Ari- more than 150 feet. The vein is the of silver.—Humboldt Star.
zona Copper Mines, Inc. The mining full width of the six-foot tunnel all of
property, located in the Old Hat min- the way, and where it has been cross- • • •
ing district 20 miles north of Tucson, cut it is more than 12 feet wide. It is Delta, Utah . . .
is expected to develop into an exten- said to average 42 ounces of silver for An access road to Staats Fluorspar
sive operation. The total ore body is the entire length and includes some mine, Juab County, will soon be built,
believed to contain approximately 100,- lead.—Pioche Record. according to information received by
000,000 tons of low-grade ore.—Min- • • • Fred Staats, who operates the property
ing Record. Tonopah, Nevada . . . in partnership with Frank Lowder and
• • • With the initial trial run producing Harold A. Stephensen. The area to be
Winnemucca, Nevada . . . 27 tons of lead bullion, operation was serviced by the road is 50 to 55 miles
One of the important ore strikes begun recently of the Lippincott lead northwest of Delta, and the principal
made in Nevada in past years is the smelter at Bonnie Clare in Nye County. mineral is fluorspar.—Millard County
discovery of pitchblende ore, a rich Capacity of the plant is 100 tons of ore Chronicle.
uranium product, made by Ed Bot- per 24 hours, and bullion recovery is • • •
tomley, Lovelock metallurgist, and Gus one ton per hour. Operation of the
Vernal, Utah . . .
Rogers, veteran Winnemucca mining smelter is said to be the preliminary
step in construction of a $250,000 Oil and Gas Journal, publication of
operator. Prospecting and development the petroleum industry, has estimated
work was carried on for nearly three plant, which eventually will include a
100-ton selective flotation mill for lead- 71 new wells will be drilled in Utah in
years before any public announcement 1952. This figure includes wildcats
was made. The discovery was at once silver ores, sintering plant for heavy
sulphide ores and facilities for smelting and field wells drilled at Red Wash,
covered with six mining locations, which Roosevelt Pool and Duchesne Field,
have been transferred to the recently mill concentrates to produce lead-silver
bullion.—Mining Record. all in the Uintah Basin. The Journal
organized Nevada Uranium Company. said the forecast is based on drilling
Development work now is following a Salt Lake City, Utah . . . schedules of oil companies and indi-
30-inch vein of high grade pitchblende- Contracts have been signed between vidual operators. The 71-well program
uranium ore.—Pioche Record. Morgan-Walton Oil and Gas, Inc., and may be compared with 39 wells com-
• o •
Three States Natural Gas Company pleted in 1951. Of these, eight were
Washington, D. C. . . . for multi-million dollar development of successful in finding oil, one found
More than a quarter of a million natural gas properties in Carbon, Em- natural gas and 30 were dry holes.—
dollars was paid out last year to ur- ery and Sanpete counties. Production Vernal Express.
anium ore producers under the new would be allotted to the Utah Natural • • •
incentive bonus program of the Atomic Gas Company, which plans a $32,000,-
Energy Commission. The graduated Winnemucca, Nevada . . .
000 transmission line from Boundary
bonus arrangement, based on uranium Buttes, San Juan County, to Salt Lake Development of one of Nevada's
oxide content of the ore, was estab- City. The three-year program calls most historic mines is being pushed by
lished in June, retroactive to March 1, for wildcat tests on the Clear Creek, a group of Salt Lake mining men after
1951. Payments have resulted in a Carbon County, gas field; the Flat surface stripping uncovered a 210-foot
sizeable increase in the income of many Canyon structure in Carbon and Em- long vein of cinnebar. The property,
small mining operators and have ery counties; the Northeast Scofield being developed by the Dutch Flat
stepped up output of this raw material structure, Carbon county; and two Mines, Inc., consists of 19 unpatented
for the atomic energy program. The tests, one to the north and the other lode claims and two unpatented placer
money is paid directly to the producers to the south, on the 70,000-acre Joes claims. The claims lie in the bottom
and is in addition to established prices Valley structure in Sanpete and Car- and sides of Idaho Gulch in the Para-
paid by the various processing plants bon counties.—Salt Lake Tribune. dise mining district of Humboldt
and purchasing stations. — San Juan • • • County, 29 miles northeast of Winne-
Record. Benson, Arizona . . . mucca. Although worked primarily as
• • • Coronado Copper and Zinc Com- a placer and lode gold producer, the
Golconda, Nevada . . . pany has plans to continue its Moore properties were worked during World
A 7 5-foot ledge of high grade man- shaft at Johnson Mine, east of Benson, War II for the mercury content with
ganese ore has been uncovered at the another 200 feet. The 3-year-old shaft an estimated 30,000 pounds being re-
Black Diablo property, 21 miles south already has been sunk 500 feet. Only covered. Officers of the company plan
of Golconda. Announcement of the the Moore and the old Republic shaft, to develop the cinnebar deposits im-
find was made by C. G. Brailey, super- down 1600 feet, are now being worked mediately by sinking an inclined shaft
intendent and vice-president of the at Johnson, a former copper and zinc to connect with two present shafts
Charleston Hill National Mining Com- boom town. A mill is in operation, which have been used to work deposits
pany, owners of the site. Manganese making copper and zinc concentrates; at the intersections of a series of north-
has been shipped from the Black Di- the former is shipped to Inspiration, east-trending fissures with a northwest-
ablo to Geneva, Utah, since 1939.— the latter to Bartlesville, Okla.—Tomb- trending fault zone about 100 feet in
Humboldt Star. stone Epitaph. width.—Humboldt Star.

APRIL, 1952 35
E-10 — TABLE MODEL By LELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal
Complete with 8-in. Felker Dia-
mond saw, IMi-in. 100-grit and 220- We are happy to report the splendid suc- The bragging rock table was a happy
grit grinding wheels, leather covered cess of the Midwinter Desert Rockhound idea and enjoyed by many. Many unusual
buff, sanding disc and vise with Fair held at our Pueblo Art Gallery and items were exhibited there. It is a good
lV^-in. cross-feed. printing plant on February 23 and 24. idea that other shows should adopt. Give
Complete (without motor). . . $135.00 Everyone and everything smiled at us. the visitor from another society a chance
Elsewhere in this issue the reader will find to show your own members the rock he
1/3 h.p. motor 18.54 ihinks is just about the best.
Crating charge 3.00 names and facts relative to the Shadow
Mountain Gem & Mineral Society's Fair. We now feel that we could, if we wished,
Shipping weight about 120 pounds. We wish to report some of the human fac- promote this Midwinter Desert Rockhound
This is perfect economy machine tors that do not get into news items. Fair idea into the biggest annual affair of
for sawing, grinding, sanding and First we wish to thank the friends who the rockhound fraternity — but we don't
polishing. Built for long trouble-free brought the beautiful cases of thousands of want to do it. We'd like to repeat the
their wonderful gems and rocks; the people friendly fair every year but we don't par-
who did not think the trouble was too great ticularly care if no more than 7000 come, as
or the invitation delayed. And we thank they did this year. We'd rather just show
those who wrote nice letters of declination the neighbors the possibility for happiness
offering reasonable excuses for not coming. in our hobby and do it all without politics
or heartbreak. It could be too big to be
For those who came the rewards were nice.
great. The desert climate was at its best;
| those who attended were high in their ap-
preciation and the dealers reported without
The affair for our desert neighbors could
not have been held without the unselfish
cooperation of the leaders in the rock hobby
exception that the crowd was good to them.
Fully a third of them stated it was the in Southern California. We shall never for-
best show they have ever attended. get a single one of them and we thank them
for reciprocating their present favors for our
Our little show proved many things and past support.
here are a few of them. First of all we
I 1 drew an accurate clocked attendance of
7017 people into an area 130 miles from
Having a wide reputation for being a
wag ourself we were particularly alert to
the chuckle department of the hobby. There
Los Angeles that had almost no available was the old gentleman who came into our
sleeping accommodations of any kind. It office and picked up a rough Brazilian agate
was accomplished without television, radio, from one of our cabinets. The agate was
E-12 — STAND MODEL metropolitan newspaper publicity, "big polished on one side and he turned to his
names," private gem collections or any wife and said "Look Ma, how can they tell
Same specifications as E-10, but supposedly necessary hoorah. We merely
with steel 34-inch high stand. Price that this ugly old rock is so beautiful in-
asked the rockhounds to come through an- side?" She replied, "Well Joe, you know
complete with all accessories, stand nouncements in the Desert Magazine and
and motor, ready to plug in $179.00 how that's done. They do it with these
the Lapidary Journal. Then our members here geeker counters."
Crating charge 5.00 got busy and worked on their own neighbors
Shipping weight about 220 pounds. all through the Coachella Valley and ex- Then there was the elderly lady who was
tended personal invitations. We didn't spend looking at our "petrified potato;" a rock
a dime for decorations and we have no bills we found many years ago in the Nipomo
to pay now that it's over. The members bean fields, and polished on one side. The
worked so smoothly in taking care of our polished side has a lot of white freckles
large attendance that no confusion existed in the agate and the lady wanted to know
at any time and our quarters were large what they were. "They're vitamins," we
enough so that at no time did we seem too said. Well what do you know!" she replied.
crowded. There were no door prizes, no "Let me see 'em. I've taken a lot of them
admissions, no raffles, no donations re- but I've never seen one." Completely awed
quested—and no ribbons. we made no attempt to disturb her amaze-
MODEL E-20 ment. Let her argue with her doctor. And
Designed for the lapidary artist Many people came to us during the show then there was the visitor who left a note
who wants an economical, easy-to- and said they were so glad there were no on our desk asking us to drop him a line
operate unit — compact, quiet run- ribbons and then they cited instances of and let him know where he could obtain
ning and sturdy. Will give years of where ribbon awards had raised more fuss some garnets with the natural "faucets"
satisfactory service. in their society than Korea has in world showing. Of course so many visitors to our
Complete with 6-in. Felker Dia- affairs. As one man said "when I went to office display asked us how we get the pat-
mond Saw, 1-in. 100-grit and 220-grit terns and designs in the rocks that we no
my country school any girl who wore a hair longer chuckle over that. We just pretend
grinding wheels, sanding disc and ribbon invited a hair pulling contest and
leather-covered buff. we don't hear the question, for if we told
that's what happens in society shows." An- them that the rocks come that way they
C o m p l e t e (without m o t o r ) . . . . $85.00 other said "the best lapidary we ever had wouldn't believe it anyway.
1/3 h.p. motor 18.54 in our club was friends with everyone. Then
Crating charge 3.00 he exhibited his material and when the Our own collection has been greatly en-
Shipping weight about 90 pounds. judges rightly placed all the ribbons on his hanced by generous donors who contributed
displays no one was his friend anymore. many valuable specimens while they were
All above prices are f.o.b. South Pasadena, here. We have a large and interesting per-
California He couldn't stand it and he resigned when
we needed his guidance, for he had taught manent display here at all times and we
Write for free literature urge the visitors coming through our area
(And mention Desert Magazine) many of us how to polish stones."
Of course people did come from all over to stop and see it and rest a while.
HIGHLAND PARK the United States. "Uncle" Billy Pitts, the
"Dean of the Lapidaries," came from Flor-
Randall Henderson and myself thank all
the folks who drove in to see the fair, in-
ida. Dr. Hudson (mentioned here last cluding both dealers and exhibitors. Many
LAPIDARY & SUPPLY CO. month) flew out from Dayton, Ohio. Two
elderly ladies drove over from Santa Fe,
were amazed at what has been accomplished
in the middle of the desert at this fountain
1009 Mission Street New Mexico and bought all the doodads for head of information and publishing center
South Pasadena. California a happy lapidary career. We doubt if more for the rockhounds. And we feel certain
than five states were without visiting repre- that quite a few who came will come back
PY 1-2022 sentatives because of the great number of and be living here with us when the next
winter tourists in the area. fair is held.

New Address:
Box 19, Lavecn Stage, Phoenix, Arizona
New Location:
South 19th Ave., V4 Mile North of Base Line
Lapidary Equipment Manufacture & Design
In-IK inch Power Feed Slabbing Saw
Belt Sanders & Trim Saws
(Send Postal for free literature)


Rocky Mountain Federation of Mineral Sid Frank Sanders, re-elected president of
Societies will hold its ninth annual conven- Dona Ana County Rockhound Club, and
tion June 26 to 29 in Canon City, Colorado, his new board were installed at a banquet
the American Federation of Mineralogical held in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Other
Societies convening in conjunction. Main new officers are: Shilo T. Smith, vice-presi-
concern of delegates will be to determine dent; Mrs. G. T. McQuillen, treasurer;
instruments of incorporation of the federa- Dorothy D. Smith, recording secretary; Mrs.
tion. A. G. Bardwell, corresponding secretary,
For visitors' entertainment, conducted and James T. Kilgore, historian. Plans for
tours are planned through a local cement the year's activities were announced. Each
plant; to the Cripple Creek District and meeting will center a different gem stone,
Molly Kathleen gold mine and to Wet and display cases will offer specimens as
Mountain Valley, cattle country of the examples. Allow for Postage and Insurance
Royal Gorge area. Each tour will be led • • •
by a lecture guide. Emphasizing huge natural springs and Covington Ball Bearing Grinder
Other convention attractions are a chuck their geological causes, R. H. Jordan of and shields are
wagon buffalo barbecue, a program by Colorado College delivered before the Colo- furnished in 4
Koshare Indian dancers and a banquet. rado Springs Mineralogical Society an illus- sizes and price
trated lecture on the geology of Florida. He ranges to s n i t
NEW CLUB OFFICERS showed specimens and maps.
• • • your require-
ELECTED, INSTALLED Members of the Everett (Washington) ments. Water and
At an installation banquet in San Fran- Gem and Mineral Club searched their col- grit proof.
cisco, Robert White assumed presidency of lection cases and attic boxes for fossils to
the Northern California Mineral Society. display at the March meeting. Speakers for
Also taking office were Alden Clark, vice- the evening program were Bill DeFeyter, COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW
president; Dave Friedman, treasurer, and Russ Haggard and Peter Krogh. and motor are coin-
Bertha Sanders, secretary. One of the new • • • pact and do not
projects contemplated by the society this According to Hollywood Sphere of the splash. Save blades
year is a series of mineralogy classes on Hollywood Lapidary Society, asbestos, be- and clothing with
crystallography and mineral analysis. cause of its fibrous texture, was once this saw.
thought to be fossilized flax. BUILD YOUR OWN LAP
The third club of its kind in Kansas, the ALLEN Kit. We furnish every-
Wichita Gem and Mineral Society was or- JUNIOR thing you need. Send
ganized early this year. At the first meeting, for free catalog.
A. C. Carpenter gave a talk on "This Hobby GEM
of Geology." Election results named CUTTER
Stephen B. Lee, president; Brace A. Hel- COVINGTON
frich, vice-president; Mrs. Walter J. Broder- Multi-Feature
son, secretary, and J. Walter Fisher, treas- A Complete Lapidary Shop 16" Lap Unit
urer. Only $43.50 everything
• OS for you.
An illustrated story of the Mojave Desert • Ideal for apartment house dwel- COVINGTON
entertained Pacific Mineral Society when 12" 14"
lers. or 16"
Dr. P. A. Foster appeared as guest speaker. Power Feed
Colored slides pointed out outstanding geo- • Polish rocks into beautiful gems. Diamond
logic features, some of the rarer flowers • Anyone can learn. Saws
and desert animals. A. R. Swaschka is new
club president. • Instructions included. SAVE
• • • BLADES
Write for Catalog, 25c
For their February "field trip," San Diego
Lapidary Society traveled to Palm Desert, ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT
California, where they exhibited facet stones, COMPANY —Dept.D
Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE
rough facet material, polished cabochons,
slabs, geodes and silver work at the First 3632 W. Slauson Ave., Los Angeles 43. Cal. COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY
Annual Desert Mid-Winter Rockhound Fair Phone Axministet 2-6206 Redlands, California
sponsored by Shadow Mountain Gem and
Mineral Society.
• • •
Two movies, one on Oregon and one on
Arizona, were shown for Minnesota Mineral
Club members by Hazen Perry. Speakers
of the evening were Nathan Stuvetro, who
told of his experiences hunting rocks in the
West; Lawrence Jensen, who suggested how BEFORE Y O U BUY
to figure pulley sizes to obtain correct speeds
for saws and grind wheels, and Paul San-
dell who discussed amber. The world-famous HILLQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
• • • LAPIDARY EQUIP. C O . 1545 w. 49 ST., SEATTLE 7, WASH
Newly-organized Columbia Basin Rock-
hounds Club had 112 members present at
its third meeting in Vantage Ferry, Wash-
ington. The group plans numerous field
trips along the Columbia River and in
Gingko petrified forest.

APRIL, 1952 37
Dan White, president of the Lapidary
Association, showed colored slides of rock

8c a Word . . . Minimum $1.00
R A T E sections for members of Pasadena Lapidary
• • •
Six years of activity were celebrated by
Chicago Rocks and Mineral Society at a
TEXAS CALCITE, that fluoresees a beautiful FOR SALE: Beautiful purple Petrified Wood birthday meeting February 9. Guest speaker
blue, also phosphoresces. Send $1.00 for a with Uranium, Pyrolusite, Manganite. Nice was Dr. George H. Otto, consulting geolo-
large specimen post paid. B. & H. Gem Shop, sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie Baker, Wen- gist, who discussed "Where Florida Beaches
2005 N. Big Spring St., Midlands, Texas. den, Arizona.
Come From." Dr. Otto formerly was affili-
PEANUT PITCHSTONE (Alamasite)—Mexico's BERYL CRYSTALS, Columbite, Tantalite, Pur- ated with the Illinois State Geological Sur-
oddest semi-precious stone, for polishing or purite, Andalusite Crystals, Rose Quartz, Hell's vey, the United States Soil Conservation
collecting, 3-lb. chunk $5 postpaid. Or, Rock- Canyon Agates. Mac-Mich Minerals Co., Cus- Program and did oceanographic research for
hound special, 1-lb. fragments $1. Also Flor ter, So. Dakota.
de Amapa (pink crystalized edidote) rare. the Navy during World War II.
Same prices. Alberto E. Maas, Alamos, Sonora, "TUNGSTEN PROSPECTORS," Fluorescent Col- • • •
Mexico. Send checks only. lectors. Mineralights at Superior Gems & Mrs. D. H. Clark of Orange Belt Mineral
Minerals, 4665 Park Blvd., San Diego 16, Calif. Society spoke on "Rainbow Iris Agate" at
IMPORTANT NOTICE—1. Special—all for $6.00: Write for free literature.
1 Uralian Emerald cabochon, about 1 carat; 1 the second anniversary meeting of Twenty-
small genuine Siamese brilliant cut Zircon; 1 ROCK COLLECTORS ATTENTION! Back in nine Palms Gem and Mineral Society.
brilliant cut light to medium Amethyst; 1 ring desert for winter—new rocks—new Trailer
blank India Bloodstone; 1 small rough piece Rock Store, The Rockologist, Box 181, Cathe- • • •
Australian Opal and 1 colorful Mexico unpol- dral City, California. Forty or more minerals have been noted
ished Agate slab. 2. Thousands of Uralian
Emerald caboehons in light and medium color DESERT TEA: Picked fresh from the Mohave as petrifying agents and inclusions in fossil
$1.00 per carat; dark grade $2.00 to $3.00 per Desert natural tea gardens. Healthful, in- wood. Most common are various forms of
carat. 3. Genuine Burma carved Jade ovals vigorating. $1.00 per lb. postpaid. Desert silica. A. L. Inglesby of Fruita, Utah, dis-
for brooches or pendants. Light and medium Tea Co., 125 Erin Drive, Needles, California.
green, approximately lxl'A", $4.00 each. Mini- covered several specimens of silicified wood
mum mail order $5.00 plus postage. Satisfac-
tion guaranteed or money promptly refunded. BEAUTIFUL THULITE SPECIMENS: Delicate heavily permeated with yellow carnotite.
Southern Gem & Mineral Co., 2307 North pink, grey and green, cuts beautiful gems. Occurrences of this nature are considered
Mesa (Highways 80 & 85), El Paso, Texas. Specimens in $2.00, $3.50 and $5.00 sizes. Ask rather rare.
for list of many fine specimens and cutting
materials, also fluorescent types. Jack The • • •
BEAUTIFUL PINK Taffy Rhodoeiasite from Rockhound, P. O. Box 86, Carbondale, Colo. Glendale Lapidary and Gem Society took
Patagcn'a, 60c a sq. in. in slices or $4.50 a
lb. in chunks, including 20% excise tax. LARGE STOCK of rocks, relics, antiques, re- time out from show planning to hear a pro-
Please add California sales tax and postage. leased for sale. 5 miles east of Banning, Cali- gram on the geology of Death Valley, Cali-
Eden Valley limbs 35c up. 20% excise tax fornia on highway 99, Cabazon, California. fornia. Speaker, Professor Clemens of the
extra, add California sales tax and postage.
Eldon E. Soper, 433 So. Central, Glendale 4, University of Southern California geology
California. SELLING OUT—fine large rock and mineral department, traveled more than 10,000
collection. Located one mile from Jamestown,
VARIEGATED AGATES mined at the Arizona California, on Hwys 49 and 108 at the Wig- miles last year surveying desert conditions
Agate mines contain many beautiful colors wam. Forced to sell out as the highway left for the U. S. Army. He illustrated his talk
and the world's most unusual blends. Come me. Twin Pines Trailer Court, Box 78, James- with slides. The society's show will be held
in Royal Flowers, Fern, Plume, Moss and town, California. May 17 and 18 in Glendale Civic Audi-
many other designs. No orders please. Charles
E. Hill, of the Arizona Agate Mines, Cave FOR SALE: Lapidary equipment and rocks. torium, Glendale, California.
Creek, Arizona. Write G. C. Goodin, Box 363, Needles. Calif. • • •
• " \

FLUORITE CRYSTAL ORE from an Old Mex- New president of Sacramento Mineral
WRITE FOR DESCRIPTION—Rocks and Peri- ico mine in clear or beautiful colors. Mine Society is John Baierlein, who presided over
dots. Box 101, Pima, Arizona. run rough in 4 inch pieces or larger. 5 lbs. the February meeting. Baierlein will be as-
$1.50 or 10 lbs. $2.50 plus postage. Also have
IF YOU ARE A ROCKHOUND you need the Smoky Quartz and Calcite. Please remit by sisted through the club year by Raulin Sil-
Lapidary Journal. Tells how to cut and polish Post Office order. C. P. Hiebert, Box 814, veira, recording secretary, and Henry Sti-
rocks, gives news of all mineral-gem groups. Fort Stockton, Texas. dum, financial secretary.
Tells how to make jewelry, carries ads of
dealers in supplies, equipment, gems, minerals CLENOZOISITE, NEPHRITE JADE, Garnet, • • •
from all over the world. Well illustrated, Nevada Black Diamond, Siliceous Sinter, Pet- Jack Reed will head the Yuma Gem and
beautifully printed. Subscription $2.00 a year rified Wood, Chalcedony nodule. All for $1.00
—back numbers 50c. Sample Copy 25c if you Postpaid. Frey, Box 9350, Reno, Nevada. Mineral Society again this year. His new
have never subscribed or been sampled. board includes Pauline Lohr, vice-president;
LELANDE QUICK, Editor, Palm Desert, 20 ASSORTED COLORFUL 2x3 cabinet speci- Monica Baker, secretary-treasurer; Marion
California. mens. Good for a beginner or to add to your
present collection. This beautiful selection Koogler, parliamentarian, and Elmer Sipes,
only $8.00 postpaid. L. M. Jones. Box 56, trek chairman. Vice-President Lohr will
CABOCHONS: genuine Imported Agates, Carne- Bell Gardens, California.
lians, Rose Quartz, Lapis Lazuli, Tiger Eye, guide the Juniors.
etc., beautifully cut and polished. Oval stones HYALITE (Fluoresees green—short wave), Or- • • •
in sizes from 10 mm. to 16 mm. 25c each. piment and Realgar, Rhodonite. All three
Minimum order $1.00. Pacific Gem Cutters, from Nevada. Postpaid $1.00. Frey, Box 9350, Another good field trip map appeared in
424 So. Broadway, Los Angeles, California. Reno, Nevada. the February issue of Delvings, publication
FLUORESCENT MINERALS: Complete line of CYCADS (PARTIALLY AGATIZED) $1.25 per of Delvers Gem and Mineral Society,
the fluorescent and rare minerals from the slice, 5 sq. in. up, postpaid. Floyd L. Man- Downey, California. It directed Delvers to
famous Franklin, N. J. mines. Complete line gum, 780 W 4 N., Orem Utah. Last Chance Canyon, a well-known rock-
of Mineralights, $12.50 up. Set of 10 fluores- FROM THE CAVES of New Mexico—Polished hound site which still yields petrified palm
cent minerals, mounted in Styrofoam, labeled. pieces of cave rock suitable for paper weights specimens, some agate and petrified wood.
Specify wave length, $2.50. SPECIAL: 5 bril- $1.00 each. Cut and Polished book ends—
liant specimens of Willemite and Calcite (2x2) $4.00 up per pair. T. B. Perschbacher, 303 N.
$4.00. Fred W. Morris, 200 Red Maple Drive, Mesa, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Dealer inquiries'
Levittown, New York. invited.
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting material of
"DON'T MISS" Fine rough gems, Minerals, Sil- MINERAL SETS: 24 Colorful Minerals (identi- all kinds. Gold and Silver jewelry made to
ver and Lapidary supplies at Superior Gems & fied) in lxl compartments, $3.25 postpaid. order. Your stones or ours. 5 lbs. good cut-
Minerals, 4665 Park Blvd. San Diego 16, PROSPECTOR'S SET — 50 minerals (identi- ting material $4.00 or $1.00 per lb. J. L.
California. (Sorry, no lists.) fied) in lxl compartments in cloth reinforced, James, Battle Mountain, Nevada.
sturdy cartons, $5.50 postpaid. Elliott Gem
RADIOACTIVE ORE COLLECTION: 6 wonder- Shop, 235 East Seaside Blvd. Long Beach 2, McSHAN'S GEM SHOP—open part time, or find
ful different specimens in neat Redwood chest, California. us by directions on door. Cholla Cactus Wood
$2.00. Pretty Gold nugget, $1.00, four nug- a specialty, write for prices. 1 mile west on
gets, $2.00, choice collection 12 nuggets, $5.00. WE HAVE at all times a fine selection of cut- U. S. 66. Needles, California, Box 22.
Uranium Prospectors, Box 604, Stockton, Calif. ting material and specimens. Specializing in
Australian cutting fire opal. West Coast Min- DESERT GEM AND MINERAL SHOP: Set of
eral Co., 1400 Hacienda Blvd. (highway 39) 16% to 1" Specimens in box, $1.00 and post-
TITANIA GEMS $5.00 per carat for stones over La Habra Heights, California
3 carats. Also mounted in 14K gold rings. age. Many larger specimens 25c up. Wyom-
All precious gems at lowest prices. Ace SCOTT'S MINERAL MUSEUM closing out at ing Jade, olive green 75c per sq. in. Nodules
Lapidary Co., Box 67, Jamaica, New York. sacrifice. Cut stones including 150 carat Kun- from Oregon, New Mexico and California.
zite—wonderful specimens at terrific bargains Our shop is 2 miles West of Salome (where
FIFTY MINERAL SPECIMENS, %-in. or over, —about $5000 worth of all kinds. Fluorescents she danced) Arizona. L. C. Hockett, Box 276,
boxed, identified, described, mounted. Post- already sold. Many cut sapphires. Will trade Salome, Arizona.
paid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 729 Lodi, minerals for violins. Scott's Mineral Museum,
California. Lake Drive, Encinitas, California. Route 2, WANTED: old mining and oil stock certificates.
Box 2400. Phone 8763. Books, letters, papers, pictures of the West
ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS. It will pay and Southwest, Exploration, mining, survey-
you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock Roost. We buy, STOP—LOOK—BUY—Specimens, slabs — rough, ing, etc. Will trade Franklin, N. J. fluores-
sell, or exchange mineral specimens. Visitors from A. L. Jarvis, Route 2, Box 125, Watson- cent minerals, or pay cash. Send description
are always welcome. Ken-Dor Rock Roost, ville, California. On Salinas Highway State and price. Fred W. Morris, 200 Red Maple
419 Sutter, Modesto, California. No. 1, 3 miles South of Watsonville. Drive, Levittown, New York.

Agate Jewelry
7000 U Palm Vewit Wholesale
Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains
Brooches — Ear Rings
Desert Magazine's Pueblo in Palm Des- caused much comment, as did Kerschner's Bracelets — Matched Sets
ert, California, was a busy place February thunderegg from the Hauser geode beds. —Send stamp for price list No. 1—
23 and 24 when more than 7000 persons The four cavities of this huge specimen
contain seven different minerals.
visited the First Annual Midwinter Desert
Rockhound Fair. For the Compton Gem and Mineral Club,
Blank Mountings
George Merrill Roy, president of the Jim and Veryle Carnahan displayed min- Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains
Shadow Mountain Gem and Mineral So- erals from their collection; John Orman, Cuif Links —Neck Chains
ciety, host to the fair; Don Butterworth, cabochons; Al Cook, Art Melonas and Bob Bezel — Clevices — Shanks
show chairman, and Lelande Quick, exhibit Laurence, polished slabs; Mr. and Mrs. Solder — Findings
chairman, agreed the show was successful Wilson Christian, facets; Ida Coon, Dru —Send stamp for price list No. 2—
beyond expectations. Benefiel, Earl Williams, Arlo Lasley and
Exhibits, open to all with no admission Don McClain, jewelry; Henry Hart, copper O. R. JUNKINS & SON
charge, were arranged throughout the Des- minerals. 440 N.W. Beach St.
ert Magazine publishing plant. Mineral, From the host society, Shadow Mountain Newport, Oregon
gem and lapidary displays lined art gallery exhibitors were: Leora Lizer, minerals; Al
walls, the cases standing beneath canvases Gierok, cabochons; Alicia Lizer, chalcedony
of leading painters of the desert scene. rose buttons; Mrs. Omar Kerschner, jewelry;
Henry Dupske and Stone and Betty Wright, NEW CATALOGS AVAILABLE
Dealers showed their wares and operated
demonstration machinery in the mailing geodes. Susie Kieffer showed jewelry from If you want Choice Cutting Material, Fine &
her silver classes at Coachella Valley Union Rare Materials, Geiger Counters, Miner-
room and bindery; lapidary equipment was alights, Books, Trim Saws, Fluorescents,
displayed in Desert's outdoor garages. High School. Ores, Gems, Ring Mounts, or advice, write
Lelande Quick, editor of the Lapidary to . . .
Los Angeles Lapidary Society was the
largest single exhibitor, filling six cases with Journal, displayed his collection in the MINERALS UNLIMITED
members' specimens. Contributors to its Journal offices. This room also provided a 1724 University Ave., Berkeley 3, California
facet display were E. T. McLean, Harold gallery for the paintings of Katherine F.
Meachen, C. D. Maples, T. L. Daniel, A. Clarke of Pasadena, California. Mrs. Clarke
B. Meiklejohn, Dr. F. W. Burcky and R. W. used mineral crystals as themes for her oil
Mitchell. Jewelry by Alpha Evans, Charles compositions.
Cook, Elsie McLean, Mrs. George McPhee- Many fine mineral specimens and demon- 18.000 ACRES MINERAL RIGHTS
ters, Ted Schroeder, Walter Sommers and strations were offered by dealers. Out- In beautifully timbered area Taos Co., N. M.
Thurston Ruddy was arranged in another standing was the fluorescent display of Ul- Many minerals known in region, including
case. Bert Monlux showed his cabochons. tra-Violet Products Company. radio-active. Definitely priced to sell for
health reasons.
Unusual art work produced by Los Ange- Special entertainment was provided Sun-
les lapidary members included carved agate day by Mexican musicians and dancers from CHAS. CAliDWKM., BATTLE MTN., NKV.
animals of Harry Ringwald; after dinner the Desert Cavalcade of Calexico, California.
coffee spoons with agate handles, Charles A non-professional group under the direc-
E. Cook; silver salad set with cabochon in- tion of Mrs. Ernest Chavez and Ma Keller, "You'll love"
sets, Alpha Evans; bookends, Lewis Humble; the entertainers sang and played Mexican
cameo shell, Clara Hueckell; and a silver songs. CONLEY MOUNTINGS
filigree tree made by Willella Gunderson, Beautiful, enduring, easy setting
blossoming with faceted gems cut by her Write for FREE catalog
Walt Shirey displayed part of his collec- A COLLECTION OF MINERALS SUPERIOR GEMS & MINERALS
tion of petrified wood from Western United you will be proud to own. Price $1.25 post 4665 Park Blvd. San Diego 16, California
States, and Leo D. Berner showed a num- paid anywhere in the U.S. 1—One Pyrite
ber of his polished spheres in an individual Crystal Group %"x\" or larger. 2—One
display case. Martite Crystal Group %"xl" or larger. FAMOUS TEXAS PLUMES
Mrs. D. H. Clark of Orange Belt Society 3—One Topaz. 4—One Limonite Pseudo- Red Plume, Pom Pom and many other types
provided two interesting displays. On a morph Cube %" to 1". 5—One Chalcedony of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate,
(Botryoidal). 6—One Selenite Crystal. 8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on
large table in one corner of the gallery Mrs. request.
Clark had arranged a dinner table offering W. T. ROGERS WOODWARD RANCH
"petrified food"—rock specimens which re- 1230 Parkway Ave.—Salt Lake City. Utah 17 miles So. on Hwy 118
sembled various dishes. Her iris rainbow Box 453, Alpine. Texas
agate collection, on an adjoining table, was
illumed from within a revolving frame

which showed to best advantage the slabs
mounted on it.
H. W. Proctor's fine display filled the
exhibit case of Coachella Valley Mineral
Wete site 7Ae t^U
William and Florence Stephenson of the
tyouue See* AOJLK? JO*!
Hollywood Lapidary Society showed facets Petrified Wood, Moss Agate. Chrysocolla
and polished slabs. Cabochons and polished Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry
slabs of Joseph H. Rogers and L. L. Bergen
occupied two cases of Delvers Gem and HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER
Mineral Society, Downey, California. Jew-
elry, mineral specimens and cabochons Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings
formed the Banning Mineral Society exhibit.
Victor Valley Gem and Mineral Society, and Brooches
Victorville, was represented by the mineral SPECIALLY SELECTED STONES WITH
collections of Helen Pratt and Gwen Holmes CHOICE COLORS AND PICTURES
and the cabochon and jewelry work of Walt
and Mary Pilkington. Jewelry, cabochons, Write for Folder With Prices
facets and minerals shared the display space
of San Diego Lapidary Society.
An unusual arrangement of limb casts
was brought to the show by Mrs. A. E. 235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2, CALIF.
Thiel of Montpelier, Idaho, who showed Across from West End of Municipal
ceramic elves sawing logs from a woodpile Auditorium Grounds
of petrified branches. The giant smoky Hours 10 A. M. to 9 P. M. Daily Except Monday
quartz crystal of Omar Kerschner, Indio,

APRIL, 1 952 39
Elected unanimously by El Paso Rock- Installed as new officers of Fallon Rock Members of East Bay Mineral Society
hounds were A. L. Patterson, president; and Gem Club were Oscar Engebretson, were urged to bring questions to the Feb-
Edwin S. Masters, vice-president; Mrs. Kath- president; Mrs. Ruth Gilbert, vice-president; ruary meeting in Oakland, California. A
leen Miller, secretary; Mrs. Mary Vogel, Mrs. Mabelle Robinson, secretary-treasurer, panel of experts was chosen to review ques-
treasurer, and Mrs. Jane Cook, librarian. and Mrs. Eva Miller, historian. Harry tions and deliver answers. The month's
• • • Ringstrom is retiring president. field trip was to the old Tesla coal mining
Foregoing lapidary discussion for one • • • district where aragonite, petrified wood,
meeting, the Los Angeles Lapidary Society With shutters clicking left and right on manganese, bementite, rhodochrosite, coal,
explored a series of caves on a colored slide field trips and at meetings, Compton Gem serpentine and silicon molding sand are to
trip conducted by Hugh L. Mills and Kip and Mineral Club should have dozens of be found.
Porter of Pasadena Grotto of the National entries in its current photo contest. Object • • •
Speleological Society. Among the slides of the competition is to assemble pictures A priceless collection of carved jade and
were pictures of the aragonite crystals in for the historian's scrapbook. Prizes, to be jade jewelry, most of it brought to this
Titus Canyon Cave, colorful Soldiers Cave awarded at the July meeting, will honor the country for the San Francisco World's Fair,
in Sequoia Park and the Devil's Hole in best all-around picture, group picture, in- will be displayed at the 15th Annual Show
Nevada. dividual snapshot and color composition. of Southwest Mineralogists, April 26 and
27 at the South Ebell Club, 7101 South
Menlo Avenue, Los Angeles.
• • •
F/RE OPAL Explaining the theory, adaptation and
technique of the microscope, Dr. Ellis Rob-
erts spoke on "Rock Thin Sections and the
MEXICO Polarizing Microscope" at a meeting of the
San Diego Mineral and Gem Society. Since
10 Small Pieces Average V4" $1.00 the cost of a polarizing microscope is pro-
5 Larger Pieces Average %"—1" 1.00 hibitively high, the speaker, professor of
12 Nice Pieces Cherry & Honey Opal 1.00 geology at San Diego State College, de-
1 Small Vial Clear Fire Opal 1.50 scribed how an ordinary one might be
1 Large Vial Clear Fire Opal 3.00 converted. According to Dr. Roberts it can
be accomplished quite reasonably.
$7.50 • • •
Entire Lot Postpaid ior $5.00 At a recent meeting of the Western Ne-
braska Mineral Society, members examined
EXCHANGE: Agate or other cutting rock and mineral specimens under micro-
material, rough or polished, ior good
postage stamps.
• • •
Satisfaction Guaranteed Election of officers was held early this
year by the Fort Worth Mineral Club. Miss
RALPH E. MUELLER & S O N Millicent Renfro was chosen president. One
1000 E. Camelback Road of her first duties was to appoint committees
Phoenix, Arizona for the 1952 Texas State Mineral Show to
be held in Fort Worth May 2-4.

490914 Eagle Rock Blvd. — CL. 6-2021
Los Angeles 41, California
0 Put the Hillquist Gemmaster beside any lapidary
machine — cheaper, flimsy "gadgets" or units that
sell at twice the price. Compare construction! Com- WORK SHOP
pare ease of operation! Compare how much you 1112 Neola St. — CL. 6-7197
get for your money and you'll say, "I'll take the Los Angeles 41, California
Here is a worthy companion for our larger and Custom sawing and polishing—24" saw
more expensive Hillquist Compact Lapidary Unit. Slabs, bulk stone, Mineral Specimens
Tho smaller in size, the Hillquist Gemmaster has Polished Specimens & Cabochons
many of the same features. It's all-metal with spun Machinery & Supplies
aluminum tub. You get a rugged, double-action rock We rent polishing machinery by the hour
clamp, not a puny little pebble pincher. You get a
full 3 babbitt sleeve bearing and ball thrust bear- INSTRUCTION AT NO EXTRA COST
ing. You get a big 7" Super Speed diamond saw Call CL. 6-7197 for Appointment
and all the equipment you need to go right to work.


You can use all the regular Hillquist accessories
with the Gemmaster: The Hillquist Facetor, Sphere
Cutters, Laps, Drum and Disc Sanders, etc.


Genuine Navajo Rugs
Ideal for Desert, Beach and
Ideal for field w o r k o r shop u s e . Full Line of Lapidary
* E q u i p p e d w i t h excellent wide field
optics e q u i v a l e n t i n quality to those
• provided in pedestal t y p e microscopes. Equipment and Supplies
H a s v e r y h i g h l i g h t efficiency a n d
BIG 7 " Diamond Saw • 6 " x 1 " Grinding
• gives n o c h r o m a t i c a b e r r a t i o n . Offers Catalogue 50c which will be credited
Wheel • 6 "Fell Buff • 6 " Backing Wheel
adjustable magnification for a n y on the first purchase amounting to £5.00
p o w e r b e t w e e n 20X a n d 60X. All
6" Disc Sander • Double-action Rock
* parts are made from brass or steel or more.
Clamp • Oil Feed Cup • Water Feed
Hose & Clamp • Dop Sticks & Dop W a x *
plated. Has dulite finish. 'Instrument
* comes complete with genuine grained
Polish, Compound, Etc.
cowhide leather case. An excellent Open House Tuesday Evening
• value at this price—$12.75 net.
No other low-cost lap unit
Till 10:00 P.M.
gives you full 3 " sleeve
bearing, ball thrust bearing
and pressure lubrication.
L #JL LOS ANGELES 64, CALIFORNIA 1409 S. Long Beach Blvd.
Compton, Calif.

Seattle Gem Collectors Club heard State Mineral Society of Texas and the
Adolph Kietz, retiring president, speak on Fort Worth Mineral Club are cooperating
processes of dyeing agate. He exhibited spe- on plans for the former group's annual
cimens he had dyed himself and several meeting and mineral show May 2-4 at Pi-
dyed in Germany. Following the evening oneer Palace on grounds of the Fort Worth
program, elections were held. Mrs. Ralph Municipal Auditorium. (
U. Gustafson is new president; C. G. Nel- • • •
son, vice-president; Mrs. R. H. Allen, secre- Rainbow Rock, near Travertine Point, than the Diamond I
tary; Clarence L. Spear, treasurer, and California, was the recent field trip des-
Herman Witte, board member. Continuing tination of Coachella Valley Mineral So-
board members are Mrs. W. L. Larson, ciety. Members found good cutting material FACETED ROUND GEMS
Mrs. R. C. Goodman and R. H. Allen. and numerous garden specimens.
• • • • • • OF SYNTHETIC
In its second edition, out in February, the Plans for an exhibition in April are being
Midwest Federation of Mineralogical So- made by the Nebraska Mineral and Gem
cieties changed the name of its monthly Club. Mrs. Harold Bergquist, chairman of
publication to Midwest News Bulletin. Big- a committee on initial arrangements, re- have five times more ability than the
gest news was announcement of the federa- ported a gallery at Joslyn Memorial Hall Diamond to break light into its component
tion's 1952 convention and exhibition July is available for the show. colors producing a magnificent rainbow
1-3 at Macalester College, St. Paul, Minne- effect.
• • •
sota. The convention will be sponsored by St. Louis Gem and Mineral Society cele- SEND FOR A FREE PRICE LIST describing
the Minnesota Mineral Club and Minnesota brated its first anniversary with a 15-day
Geological Society.
• • • gem and mineral exhibit at Webster Grove
Public Library. Exhibits included mineral
Titania Rainbow Jewelry
Al Parr will preside over 1952 meetings
of Shasta Gem and Mineral Society of Red- specimens, both rough and polished, fin-
ished cabochons, polished slabs and silver
ding, California. Other officers elected with JEWELRY REPAIR SERVICE
President Parr are H. E. Bauer, vice-presi- jewelry. GEM STONE CUTTING
dent; Mrs. Donald Carlson, secretary, and
Mrs. Fred Saunders, treasurer. GEM CUTTING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS
Tungsten-Mercury' AND SUPPLIES
• • •
"Crystals—the Flowers of the Mineral JEWELRY MAKING TOOLS AND MATERIALS
World" was the topic of Dr. Anthony R.
Ronzio when he returned as guest speaker FLUORESCENT LAMPS, GEIGER COUNTERS
Ronzio discussed both natural and syn-
thetic crystal forms. FIELD TRIP GUIDE BOOKS
• • •
With most probable destinations covered find ROUGH AUSTRALIAN OPALS

with snow, the field trip committee of Colo-

rado Mineral Society is looking forward
to summer excursions. To aid planning,
vital war metals! GRIEGER'S
questionaires were sent to club members for with Ultra-Violet 1633 EAST WALNUT STREET
preferences and suggestions. PASADENA 4 , CALIFORNIA

MINERALIGHT instantly identifies

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PRECIOUS ROUGH FACETING MAT. Scheelite (tungsten) full to save C.O.D. Write for free catalog on treasure finders for
V* lb. Precious Topaz, mine run 1.25 with Ultra-Violet." gold, silver, etc. and larger, more elaborate Geiger Counters.
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V* lb. Amethyst (for faceting), Mex... 5.00

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145 Pasadena Ave.. South Pasadena, Calif.
(Genuine) Priced per carat
Tourmaline (Pala—(State Colors) $5.00
Amethyst (Mex.)—very fine 1.50
Golden Topaz (Mex.)—very fine 4.00
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SLABS—5c per square inch.
Consists of a mixed lot of 10 or more mineral identification. Signs, posters, pictures, fabrics, house numbers . . . anything
different types, a few of which are painted with fluorescent paint glows with eye-appealing fluorescence under black light.
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11669 Ferris Road, El Monte. California C & H SALES COMPANY


APRIL, 1 9 5 2 41
Hetween If on and Me


/f S THIS is written early in March, the dunes on the "Let me say that I still enjoy your magazine, and
9*£ Southern California desert are covered with the have time to admire the wonders of Nature on my trips
green sprouts of verbena and evening primrose. into the woods and deserts. If you have never had the
Normally they would have been in full bloom by this time. thrill of hunting you have missed something!
But desert weather has been erratic this season and this "I have five acres in Morongo Valley and wouldn't
has made precise forecast as to the date of the wildflower trade them for this entire city."
display almost impossible. * * *
Next Sunday, Cyria and I will be going down near the
shore of Salton Sea to look for desert lilies. These ex- That is a fair presentation in behalf of the sportsmen
quisite flowers seem to do best in the badland areas—as who like to hunt.
if to compensate with their beauty for the aridity of their I should make clear that I am not crusading against
environment. hunters or hunting. My ancestors, a few hundred years
Their bulbs remain deep in the sand, generally from ago, would not have survived had it not been for the
eight to twelve inches, and it is only when heavy rains game they killed. For them it was a necessary pursuit.
come that the moisture seeps down and starts that miracu- Today it is optional—but the primitive instinct is still
lous process of germination. One cannot live close to the strong, and I am not condemning it.
desert without acquiring a deep reverence for the works However, this is a changing world, and the evolution
of the Creator—and desert lily is one of the rarest of in my own thinking is made clear in the letter I wrote the
God's creations. young student, as follows:
* * * "The difference between your attitude and mine is
One of the letters which came to my desk during the merely the result of a transformation which time and en-
past week is from a law student in Los Angeles who takes vironment have brought to me. At your age, just out of
issue with views which I expressed last month on the school, my home was in the Palo Verde valley where I
subject of hunting. It is a reasonable letter, and I want could go out, and within the Blythe townsite limits, shoot
to quote from it. He wrote: enough quail for a meal. And I did that many times. I
"In the March issue of Desert under 'Just Between was an avid hunter—quail, ducks, geese and doves.
You and Me,' you made certain comments regarding "Forty years on the desert in close association with
hunting and hunters to which I feel I must take exception. its wildlife have brought a gradual change in my feeling
"I believe the wild sheep in California should be pro- toward the birds and animals with which I have been in
tected, yes, but too many areas where the hunting for contact—just as it will in yours, I am sure, if some day
deer would be good, are closed due to the complaints of you move out to that jackrabbit homestead in the Mo-
persons whom I have heard many hunters call the 'Bambi' rongo and learn to know and respect the quail which will
school of outdoorsmen. come to your doorstep, if you give them a little encour-
"What these people fail to understand is that in our agement. After while you will resent anyone wanting to
present social order, where it no longer is necessary to shoot those quail, just as you would resent anyone killing
kill in order to live—except each other—wildlife is a your pet dog. You will learn that wildlife on the desert
crop to be harvested just like any other crop. has a terrific and continuous struggle for survival—and
the friendship of those hardy little pioneers of the bird
"Each sportsman in California pays an average of
and animal world will mean more to you than wild meat
$10.00 a year to maintain and support wildlife in Cali-
on your table.
fornia, while the people who seek to do away with the
sport of hunting spend nothing for the preservation of "I am not trying to change your views, or condemn
the wildlife. you for being a hunter. I merely am telling you what time
"My second argument is directed at those of the and the desert have done to me so you will understand
'Bambi' school who are not vegetarians. Let me suggest why I am always on the side of those who would protect
that the living counter-part of the T-bone steaks which and conserve the wildlife. The same thing could happen
these people enjoy had a much less sporting chance of to you.
remaining alive than do the deer sought by the hunter. "If I were a rancher in the Imperial Valley and great
"One does not have to go into the woods on the open- flocks of ducks were coming in—as they sometimes do—
ing day of the hunting season to discover the killer instinct and devouring the young grain in my field, I would do as
in one's fellow man. The term 'killer instinct,' by common you would do—I would make war on the ducks. But as
usage has acquired an implication of recrimination which long as they do not interfere with my way of living, I will
I do not feel should be associated with the grand sport not interfere with theirs. To me that is a practical applica-
of hunting. tion of that good old rule—live and let live."

Isolation in the Great Basin," by Dr.
A. R. Mortensen, executive secretary-
editor of the Utah State Historical So-
Of especial interest is the journal of
Robert Chalmers, edited by Charles
Kelly, and a companion article by Mr.
Kelly which actually serves as an intro-
NEW COLOR HANDBOOK these people have developed over cen- duction to the Chalmers journal. En-
FOR WILDLIFE STUDENTS turies of experience in their natural and titled "Gold Seekers on the Hastings
Illustrated with 450 full color plates, human environment in the American Cutoff," these two articles serve to
Wildlife in Color, by Roger Tory Peter- Southwest. Perhaps the most graphic complete the picture of travel over the
son, is a picture book for anyone who description ever presented of an Ameri- Hastings Cutoff to the end of 1850 as
loves the outdoors. can Indian people is Navaho Means told in Volume 19, West From Fort
The paintings, by 18 of America's People, a photographic case history Bridger.
leading wildlife artists, first appeared published in November by the Harvard
University Press. Together with these full-length arti-
as a series of poster stamps. Here in cles, and in keeping with the society's
book form for the first time and ac- Leonard McCombe, Life photogra- new policy, appear several book re-
companied by Peterson's expert com- pher-journalist, took the photographs views, a list of publications dealing
mentary, they offer the nature student while living on the New Mexico-Ari- with the history of the West and a sec-
an excellent field handbook. zona reservation. He has captured, tion devoted to historical notes.
Unlike most books of its kind, with startling reality, The People (as
Wildlife in Color is arranged by wild- the Navajo call themselves) at work,
life communities, not by family rela- at play, participating in their secret Rockhunters, geologists, historians
tionships. Thus, animals, flowers, rep- ceremonials of burial, puberty and and archeologists will find interesting
tiles and birds of the desert region are healing—the Navajo living the life they reading in Bulletin 154 of the Califor-
grouped in one section. The varied understand. nia Division of Mines. Geologic Guide-
habitats of North America are de- Evon Vogt and Clyde Kluckhohn, book of the San Francisco Counties is
scribed in terms of the trees and flowers Harvard University a n t h r o p o l o g i s t s a collection of essays by various auth-
that grow there; the mammals, birds, who have had years of research ex- ors who describe the history, geology,
butterflies, fish and other wildlife that perience with the Indian people, sup- minerals, fossils, landscape, industry
live there. plied the commentary. The collabora- and travel routes of the region. Num-
Author Peterson, an all-round nat- tion has produced more than 180 su- erous illustrations are included, draw-
uralist, is best known for his bird perb photographs with excellent ex- ings and photographs of California
studies. His Field Guide to the Birds pository captions and a final analysis
is used by almost all bird watchers, Indian artifacts being particularly in-
of the culture and its dramatic conflict
beginners and experts alike. The Peter- with the white man's ways. teresting. Bulletin 154 may be pur-
son system of field identification, revo- chased from the Division of Mines,
The pictorial essay produced by ex- Ferry Building, San Francisco, Cali-
lutionary when it first appeared in perts McCombe, Vogt and Kluckhohn fornia.
1934, is now accepted as standard and is at once an important document and
has made quick, accurate identification a fascinating picture of a people and a
possible. way of life.
Wildlife in Color presents a vivid If You Like the Desert You Will Like
and informative cross section of out- Published by Harvard University
door America. Press, 1951, 159 pp. 181 halftone By William Caruthers
Sponsored by the National Wildlife illustrations. $5.00. "Holds the interest from cover to cover,
Federation. Published by Hough ton • • • without one dull moment."
Mifflin Company. 450 color illustra- UTAH HISTORICAL SOCIETY At Better Book Stores Everywhere
tions, 191 pages. $3.00. RETURNS TO QUARTERLIES
• • •
After many years of publishing book-
length monographs, the Utah State
Historical Society has returned to its
Keep Your Back
In 1868 there were 15,000 Navajos.
Today these Indians number at least
original quarterly schedule. The
change will permit publication of more
Copies of Desert
68,000 — America's largest Indian
tribe, and major Indian problem.
varied topics bringing to the reader a for Quick Reference
balance between source documents Attractive loose-leaf binders
How shall this small nonliterate so- and interpretive articles by present- in Spanish grain leather, gold-
ciety be brought into satisfactory ad- day writers. The four issues will be embossed, are available for
justment with Western industrialized published in January, April, July and those Desert readers who want
civilization? Can any ethnological har- October. to keep their back copies for the
mony be accomplished without utterly maps and travel information
Volume 20, Number 1, the first issue
destroying the human values held by they contain. Each binder holds
the minority group? If a solution is to appear under this program, was re-
leased January 1. It contains several 12 issues. Easy to insert, and
attempted will the individuals involved they open flat.
emerge in a state of personal disor- articles of value to the history of Utah
and the Intermountain West, among Mailed postpaid for
ganization? $2.00
To understand the "Navajo prob- them "Coin and Currency in Early
lem" and to realize the possibilities and Utah," by Leonard J. Arrington, assist-
limitations involved in attempting to ant professor of economics at the Utah
solve it, one must understand the Nav- State Agricultural College, and "A PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA
ajo culture—the ways of life which Pioneer Paper Mirrors the Breakup of

APRIL, 1952 43
Motorists who plan to come to the desert for the wildilower season in
March and April are urged to write or phone for reservations



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