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Future directions for Nursing

Introduction:-
The future is not the result of choices among alternative paths offered; it is
a place that is a place that is created, first in the mind and will created next in the
activity. The future is not some place we are going, but one we are creating the
paths to it are not found but made and the activity of making them changes both
the maker and destroyer.
Definition of Nursing:-
Nursing is the unique function of the nurse that is to the individual in the
performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery that he would
perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.
(ndian council of Nurses!
Need for improvement in nursing:-
"s #ouglas and $urphy have stated %&losure is not necessary; continued
growth is' either (! what is known is not well understood or )! there is not enough
known.
*irst it is clear that the profession is beset by multiple problem which are
recogni+ed by some but need more attention by all if they are to be resolved
satisfactorily. $any of the problems are caused by rapid change in the profession
and as such are symptoms of growth rather than stagnation ,whatever the cause
though we all know that too many problems at once means trouble. The
profession will be in trouble unless it solves some of these problems.
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1) Education:-
a) Building toward unity (Educational preparation):-
$any studies about nursing are done by researchers outside the
profession; each study strongly recommends that preparation for nursing
be in institutions of higher learning.
The education process is crucial because it establishes the base around
which a profession can fully its strength and plan for advancement.
The power and influence of nurses has stuck compared to other health
care professionals as a result of the relative deprivation in education.
,ithout a uniform educational base, it may be impossible to
nform the publics about what nurses do
-tabili+e collegial slips with other professionals
-et clear standards of care
"ssure adequate funding of the profession
) !elf governance./
-elf governing is another means of consolidating professional pride, self
imagery and clinical visibility.
Nurse faculty members generally function under self governance, staff
organi+ations as an organi+ational device to consolidate the strength of nursing
management with that of the clinical vigor of the nursing staff.
") #ecruitment of t$e Best candidates into nursing:-0ob opportunity and
potential for income growth are probably the two biggest basic attractions that
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must be present to recruitment .Nursing doctorates will need to have a strong
background in the clinical aspect of the profession.
II) %ractice:-
$any nursing activities are already being done by technology./
1ital signs will be monitored more accurately by machines that by
clinician
$echanisms will be built into monitoring devices to warn health care
team members about deterioration changes alert they automatically
affect changes in health status.
Teaching machines will be available for patients to learn about their
disease process and how it manages.
a) "omputer &ssistance./
&omputer assisted patient care can reduce the error and give certitude to
the clinical planning process. t can also used to evaluate patient care. t will be
possible to develop methods to access the quality of performance of each
practitioner and the cumulative performance of the staff.
&dvantage:-
t conserve the nurses time
ncrease productivity
2equired more competence
3ower the costs charged against the nursing budget.
2educe the total number of employees.
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'ses of computer in $ospital:-
4iving full information about the patient
n billing section
n pharmacy
n administrative office
"dmission and discharge summary of the patient.
) #oots:-
2obots are also being used in clinical settings at the beginning of (556,
the university of 1irginia hospital was reported to have developed robots to
conduct blood analysis. The blood analyses have mechanical arms that handle
blood specimens so that health care workers have lower exposure. The robots
also save time and taking only ) or 7 mts to perform analysis that normally take
)8 minutes.
&dvantages:-
(! t is mainly used in intensive care unit
)! t is not only saving time and money but also cuts down human exposure
to blood borne infections.
($e #easons for t$e c$anges in Nursing:-
There are so many reasons which needs changes in present nursing system,
it includes,
(! 9opulation trend of the country
)! :xpansion of community health services
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7! New advancement that are taking place in the science of medicine and
also in technology
6! ncreased industriali+ation
;! Nursing education is strived to be brought in parity with the general level
of education .There are the international trends in the nursing profession
and education.
<! The availability of =obs and education to abroad
>! The growing needs for speciali+ation.
?! #evelopment of nursing research
5! &hanging role of women in society
(8!ncreasing number of private nursing homes
((! Nursing and medical facilities for military services
()!4overnment support to health programme
Future trends in nursing Education:-
:ducation is a life long process and an empowering force that enables an
undivided to achieve higher goals. -tudent@s access to educational
opportunities is paramount to nursing education.
(! "$anging student)s profile:-
*uture nursing programs will need to be flexible to meet the learning
needs of changing student population. t has previously been stated that there
is a growing population of traditional student@s individuals who are making life
changes. *oreign students are looking toward nursing education for career
opportunities. These changes mean the nurse educators will have to address
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further the needs of the adult learner. $ore programs will be needed that
permit part time study and allow students to work while attending school.
*) Educational moility:-
t will need to be addressed further. " growing number of individual in
health care are seeking more education. The issue is not one of entry into
practice, but rather of how best to facilities the return of these individuals to
nursing school for educational advancement.
+) & s$ortage of ,ualified nursing faculty:-
There is shortage for baccalaureate and higher degree nurses. -tudent
access to educational opportunities will depend on the availability of qualified
instructors. *ederal government financial assistance will be needed to help
increases the supply of nurse with masters and doctoral degrees.
-) (ec$nology and Education:-
:ducational learning will continue to change with technological advances
in telecommunication and computer assisted education instruction. Nurses and
nurse educators will need education to implement these advances in the
curriculum and is to nursing practice.
.) !$ift away from &cute care settings:-
There has been a ma=or shift from inpatient to out patient nursing services
society is now developing a variety of now health care settings.
/) ($e &ging population:-There is growing aging population. Ay )878, people
over the age of <; will represent )(B of population. Nursing needs to address
the provision of health care to the elderly and include it in the curricula.
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!'00&#1:-
-o far we have discussed about the further directions of nursing in detail.
The future trend in nursing education, practice also was discussed.
"2N"3'!I2N:-
,ith the nursing and society becoming in increasingly diverse, nurses of
the future must become more tolerant of differences and work hard to find
common ground with their colleagues in the profession.
BIB3I24#&%51./
(! $c closkey %&urrent ssues in nursing' <
th
edition lippincott page No. <>5.
)! 9otter and perry ()88)! %*undamentals of Nursing' <
th
edition, $osby
publication, 9hiladelphia. 9age No. )).
7! Cay C.& ()88(! %9rofessional Nursing &oncepts and challenges', 7
rd

edition, ,A sawnders company, 9hiladelphia. 9age. ;;( D ;;7.
6! 0oann. E ((55>! %Nursing Today' )
nd
edition, , saunders company.
9hiladelphia.
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