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1.
3 Marks
Solve graphically.
The midpoints of the adjacent sides of a triangle are joined. The midpoints of the adjacent sides of the resultant triangles are also joined.
The ratio of the area of the central small triangle to the original triangle is:
1) 1 : 4
2) 1 : 8
3) 1 : 12
4) 1 : 16
5) 1 : 24
Solution:
By joining the mid-points of adjacent sides of a triangle, we get 4 equal small triangles as shown below.

Now, by joining the midpoints of the adjacent sides of the resultant triangles, each of the four small triangles is divided into 4 equal small
triangles as shown below.

So the total number of small triangles = 4 4 = 16
The ratio of area of the central small triangle to the original triangle is 1 : 16.
Hence, option 4.
2.
3 Marks
Diagonals AE, BD and FC of regular hexagon ABCDEF are drawn. AE intersects FC in G.
P and Q are the midpoints of sides AB and ED respectively and PQ intersects FC at O.
If the area of the regular hexagon ABCDEF is sq. cm and A(EFG) = sq. cm, find the area of quadrilateral APOG.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Solution:
Let DB intersect FC in M, so as per the detail given in the question, we get the following diagram
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Extra Practice 1
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Let DB intersect FC in M, so as per the detail given in the question, we get the following diagram

Hexagon ABCDEF is a regular hexagon; FC bisects EA, QP and DB at points G, O and M respectively.
EG = GA, QO = OP and DM = MB.
Also, Q and P are the midpoints of ED and AB respectively.
EQ = AP = QD = PB

Also, A((EFG) = A((AFG) = A((BCM) = A((DCM)
A(EABD) = A(hexagon ABCDEF) 4A((EFG)


Hence, option 4.
3.
3 Marks
BE and AD are the medians of an equilateral triangle ABC and intersecting at O. Find the area of quadrilateral DOEC. A(ABC) = 156 sq.
cm.
1) 26 sq. cm
2) 39 sq. cm
3) 52 sq. cm
4) 65 sq. cm
5) 78 sq. cm
Solution:
Let CF be the third median of the equilateral ABC intersecting medians AD and BE at O.

E, F and D are the mid-points of a sides AC, AB and BC respectively,
A(AOE) = A(COE) = A(AOF) = A(BOF) = A(BOD) = A(COD)

Now, A(DOEC) = A(COD) + A(COE) = 2A(COD) = 52 sq. cm
Hence, option 3.
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4.
3 Marks
GHI is a right angle triangle, right angled at H. Seg HJ side GI. Find the values of x, y and z.
1) x = 32, y = 16 and z = 48
2) x = 35, y = 20 and z = 45
3) x = 18, y = 12 and z = 32
4) x = 30, y = 24 and z = 40
5) x = 24, y = 30 and z = 36
Solution:
In GHI and GJH,
GHI = GJH (Right angle)
HGI = JGH (Common angle)
GHI ~ GJH (i)
Similarly, in GHI and HJI,
GHI = HJI (Right angle)
HIG = JIH (Common angle)
GHI ~ HJI (ii)
From (i) and (ii)
GJH ~ HJI

HJ
2
= GJ IJ

In right angled triangle GJH, HJG = 90
GH
2
= GJ
2
+ HJ
2
(Pythagoras theorem)
x
2
= 18
2
+ y
2
= 18
2
+ 24
2
(5)
Similarly, in right angled triangle HJI, HJI = 90
HI
2
= JI
2
+ HJ
2
(Pythagoras theorem)
z
2
= JI
2
+ y
2
= 32
2
+ 24
2

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x = 30, y = 24 and z = 40.
Hence, option 4.
5.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, seg EQ is the bisector of FEG. Seg EQ side FG, seg QP side FE and seg QR side EG. Find EP PF, if
ER = 23 cm and RG = 13 cm.
1) 299
2) 210
3) 310
4) 449
5) 229
Solution:
In EFG, seg EQ is the bisector of FEG.
seg QP = seg QR (i) (any point on the angle bisector is equidistant from the sides of the angle)
In right-angled triangle EQF,
seg QP side FE
EPQ ~ QPF
QP
2
= EP PF (ii)
Similarly, in right-angled triangle EQG,
seg QR side EG
ERQ ~ QRG
QR
2
= ER RG (iii)
From (i), (ii) and (iii)
EP PF = ER RG = 23 13 = 299
Hence, option 1.
6.
3 Marks
In the given figure, ABCD is a trapezium, side AB side DC. Find AB.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
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5)
Solution:
In CYB, Y = 90, B = 45,
YCB = 45

BY = CY = 18
Seg CY side AB, seg DX side AB. DC XY
DCYX is a rectangle.
XY = DC = 21
And DX = CY = 18
In DXA, A = 30, X = 90
D = 60
DXA is 30 60 90 triangle



Hence, option 4.
7.
3 Marks
In STU, STU = 90, ST = 10, TU = 24 and seg TR is a median. Find TR.
1) 18 units
2) 15 units
3) 13 units
4) 8 units
5) 10 units
Solution:
In STU, STU = 90
SU
2
= ST
2
+ TU
2
(Pythagoras theorem)

Seg TR is the median on the hypotenuse

Hence, option 3.
8.
3 Marks
In JKL, seg KT is a median, KT = 11 and JK
2
+ KL
2
= 530, then find JL.
1) 14 units
2) 18 units
3) 32 units
4) 44 units
5) 24 units
Solution:
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Solution:
In JKL, seg KT is a median,
JK
2
+ KL
2
= 2(KT
2
+ JT
2
)

(Apollonius principle)
530 = 2[(11)
2
+ JT
2
]
11
2
+ JT
2
= 265
JT
2
= 144
JT = 12
JL = 2 JT = 24 units
Hence, option 5.
9.
3 Marks
Adjacent sides of a parallelogram are 21 cm and 27 cm. One of its diagonals is 24 cm in length. Find its other diagonal.
1) 25 cm
2) 42 cm
3) 32 cm
4) 22 cm
5) 45 cm
Solution:
Let PQRS be the required parallelogram.

Diagonals PR and SQ bisect each other at T.
i.e. QT = TS and PT = TR
In PQS, PT is the median.
By Apollonius principle,
PQ
2
+ PS
2
= 2(PT
2
+ ST
2
)
27
2
+ 21
2
= 2 (12)
2
+ 2 ST
2
729 + 441 = 288 + 2 ST
2
882 = 2 ST
2
ST
2
= 441
ST = 21
SQ = 2 ST = 2 21 = 42
Length of the other diagonal is 42 cm.
Hence, option 2.
10.
3 Marks
In the equilateral triangle PQR shown below, point A is on the base QR such that;

1)
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2)
3)
4)
5)
Solution:
Draw seg PE side QR, (Q - E - R).

Altitude PE of equilateral triangle bisects the base.


EA = ER AR = 9 6 = 3 cm

In right-angled PEA, mE = 90
PA
2
= PE
2
+ EA
2
(Pythagoras theorem)

Hence, option 1.
11.
3 Marks
In the figure given, diagonal LN is the perpendicular bisector of diagonal MO. MO = 16 cm, LN = 21 cm, NO = 17 cm. Find LM.

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1) 8 cm
2) 10 cm
3) 12 cm
4) 15 cm
5) 5 cm
Solution:
Diagonal LN is the perpendicular bisector of diagonal MO.
MP = PO = 8 cm
In OPN, mP = 90
ON
2
= OP
2
+ PN
2
(Pythagoras theorem)
PN
2
= ON
2
OP
2


LN = LP + PN
LP = LN PN = 21 15 = 6 cm
In right-angled LPM, mP = 90
LM
2
= LP
2
+ MP
2
(Pythagoras theorem)

Hence, option 2.
12.
3 Marks
In trapezium ABCD, side AB || side DC, seg BD seg AD and seg AC seg BC. If AD = 24, BC = 24, AB = 40, find the area of ABCD.
1) 291.52 sq. cm
2) 391.52 sq. cm
3) 491.52 sq. cm
4) 591.52 sq. cm
5) 941.52 sq. cm
Solution:
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Solution:
Draw seg DE AB and CF AB.

DE = CF (Perpendicular distance between two parallel lines)
In right-angled ADB,
DB
2
= AB
2
AD
2
= 40
2
24
2
= 1024
DB = 32


Now, in right-angled ADE,
AE
2
= AD
2
DE
2
= 24
2
(19.2)
2
= 207.36
AE = 14.4
CFB ADE
BF = AE = 14.4
EF = AB AE EF = 11.2
CD = 11.2

Area of ABCD = 491.52 sq. cm
Hence, option 3.
13.
3 Marks
In the figure, ABC is an equilateral triangle. The point D is on ray BC such that BC = CD. Find the value of AD
2
if AC = 6 cm.
1) 118 cm
2) 36 cm
3) 72 cm
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4) 108 cm
5) 54 cm
Solution:
BC = CD
AC is the median of a ABD.
By Apollonius principle,
AB
2
+ AD
2
= 2AC
2
+ 2CD
2
AD
2
= 2AC
2
+ 2CD
2
AB
2

AD
2
= 2AC
2
+ 2AC
2
AC
2
( AC = CD = BC = AB)
AD
2
= 3AC
2
= 3(6)
2
= 108 cm
Hence, option 4.
14.
3 Marks
PSQ is an isosceles triangle in which side PS = side QS. Side PS is extended to meet point R such that P-S-R and RQ = SQ. Also,
TQR = 108 is an exterior angle of a PQR. Find QRS
1) 108
2) 54
3) 72
4) 48
5) 36
Solution:
As per the information given in the question, we get the following figure.

In PQS, seg PS = seg QS
SPQ SQP
Let mSPQ = mSQP = x
QSR is an exterior angle of a PQS.
mQSR = mSPQ + mSQP = x + x = 2x
In QSR, seg QS = seg QR
mQSR = mQRS = 2x
TQR is an exterior angle of a PQR
mTQR = mQRP + mQPR = 2x + x
108 = 3x
x = 36
mQRS = 2x = 72
Hence, option 3.
15.
3 Marks
In the given figure, PQRS is a rectangle and SAB is a triangle whose vertices lie on the sides of PQRS. PS = 70, PA = 24, AQ = 6 and QB
= 54. Find the length of the line joining the mid-points of the side SA and AB.
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= 54. Find the length of the line joining the mid-points of the side SA and AB.
1) 17
2) 28
3) 8
4) 14
5) 21
Solution:
PQRS is a rectangle.
SR = PQ = PA + AQ = 24 + 6 = 30
Also, PS = QR = QB + BR = 54 + BR
BR = 70 54 = 16
In RSB, R = 90
SB
2
= BR
2
+ SR
2


The line joining the mid-points of the sides SA and AB will be exactly half the side SB.

Hence, option 1.
16.
3 Marks
In the figure, AP is parallel to SF and MS NT OU PV, and AM : MN : NO : OP = 5 : 7 : 9 : 8. If it is known that VF = 1.2 AM. Find the
ratio of AB : BC : CD : DE : EF.
1) 9 : 8 : 9 : 7 : 5
2) 5 : 7 : 9 : 8 : 5
3) 5 : 7 : 9 : 8 : 9
4) 9 : 8 : 9 : 7 : 6
5) 5 : 7 : 9 : 8 : 6
Solution:
Draw a line passing through A and parallel to SM.
AM : MN : NO : OP 5 : 7 : 9 : 8
Let AM, MN, NO and OP be of length 5x, 7x, 9x and 8x respectively.
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SM || TN || OU || PV, AP and AF are transversals
By properties of parallel lines and transversals
AB : BC : CD : DE 5 : 7 : 9 : 8
Let AB, BC, CD and DE be 5k, 7k, 9k and 8k respectively.
Now, VF = 1.2 AM = 1.2 5x = 6x
AMB ~ FVE


FE = 6k
AB : BC : CD : DE : EF = 5 : 7 : 9 : 8 : 6
Hence, option 5.
17.
3 Marks
A metal wire when bent in the form of a square encloses an area of 121 sq. cm. Now if the same wire is bent to form a circle, the area
enclosed by it would be
1) 121 sq. cm
2) 154 sq. cm
3) 242 sq. cm
4) 100 sq. cm
5) 196 sq. cm
Solution:
Area of the square = 121 sq. cm
Side of the square = 11 cm
Perimeter of the square = Length of the wire = 4 11 = 44 cm
The same wire is bent in the form of a circle.
Perimeter of the circle = Length of the wire = 44 cm
i.e. 2r

= 44


Hence, option 2.
18.
3 Marks
The sides of a triangle are 8, 13 and 15 cm. Find the area of the smaller triangle into which the given triangle is divided by the perpendicular
upon the longer side from the opposite vertex.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Solution:
Let BD be the perpendicular drawn upon the largest side AC, as shown below.
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In ADB,
a
2
+ b
2
= 64 (i)
In BDC,
a
2
+ (15 b)
2
= 169
a
2
+ 225 30b + b
2
= 169
30b = 64 + 225 169 From (i)
b = 4 cm

Hence, option 3.
19.
3 Marks
Two persons start walking from point B along roads BA and BC at the rate of 4 km/h and 5 km/h respectively. Find the distance between
them after 3 hours.
1)
2)
3) 36 km
4)
5) 42 km
Solution:
Assume that after 3 hours, the person walking along road BA reaches point A while the person walking along road BC reaches point C.
l(AB) = 12 km and l(BC) = 15 km

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As shown in the diagram, the distance between the two persons is equal to the length of side AC.
Now, draw AP BC as shown below,


In APB, APB = 90,
PB
2
= AB
2
AP
2
= 144 36 = 108

PC = PB + BC = 10.38 + 15 = 25.38 km
In APC, APC = 90
AC
2
= AP
2
+ PC
2
= 36 + 644 = 680

Hence, option 4.
20.
3 Marks
A garden is in the shape of a triangle PQR. It has a swimming pool MNQP at the base of the triangle such that M lies on RP and N lies on
RQ. P = 105 and MNQ = 75. RM = 6 km, PQ = 4 km and MN = 3 km. Find the length of side RQ.
1) 6 km
2) 4 km
3) 16 km
4) 12 km
5) 8 km
Solution:
As per the information given in the question, we get the following figure.

mRNM = 180 75 = 105 ... (mRNM and mQNM are supplementary angles)
In RNM and RPQ,
RNM RPQ
MRN QRP ...(Common angle)
RNM RPQ (By A-A test of similarity)

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Hence, option 5.
21.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, M is the mid point of side QR. Find the length of side PR.
1) 16
2) 26
3) 14
4) 28
5) 18
Solution:
In PQS,
M is the mid-point of side QR

Since PM is the median, we can apply Apollonius principle,
PQ
2
+ PR
2
= 2PM
2
+ 2QM
2
(18)
2
+ PR
2
= 2(4)
2
+ 2(22)
2
324 + PR
2
= 32 + 968 = 1000
PR
2
= 1000 324 = 676
PR = 26
Hence, option 2.
22.
3 Marks
In the given figure, ABL is a quarter circle of radius 4 cm and M is the mid-point of seg AC. AMB = ABM. Find LC.
1)
2)
3)
4) 4 cm
5) 3 cm
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5) 3 cm
Solution:
In the given figure, AB = BL = BM = 4 cm (Radii of the same circle)
In ABM, AMB = ABM
Side AB = side AM = 4 cm
As M is the mid-point of seg AC,
Applying Apollonius principle,
AB
2
+ BC
2
= 2(BM
2
+ AM
2
)
(4)
2
+ BC
2
= 2(4
2
+ 4
2
)
16 + BC
2
= 64
BC
2
= 48


Hence, option 3.
23.
3 Marks
In ABC, mABC = 110 and mACB = 55. Seg BP is the angle bisector of ABC and it intersects side AC in P. If AP = 16 cm and BP
= 9 cm, find AB.
1) 18 cm
2) 24 cm
3) 28 cm
4) 20 cm
5) 21 cm
Solution:
As per the information given in the question, we get the following figure.

mABC = 110 and mACB = 55
Ray BP is the bisector of ABC
mABP = mPBC = 55
ABP PBC ACB (i)
In PBC,
PBC PCB [From (i)]
seg PB seg PC
PC = 9 cm
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AC = AP + PC = 16 + 9 = 25 cm
In ABP and ACB
ABP ACB [From (i)]
BAP CAB (Common angle)
ABP ~ ACB (AA test of similarity)


Hence, option 4.
24.
3 Marks
In isosceles LMN, P and K are the mid-points of sides LM and LN respectively. LM = MN. Find the ratio KP : PN.
1) 3 : 5
2) 1 : 3
3) 1 : 4
4) 2 : 3
5) 2 : 5
Solution:
LMN is an isosceles triangle.

MN = 6
P and K are the midpoints of sides LM and LN respectively.

In LMN, PN is a median.
Applying Apollonius principle,
LN
2
+ MN
2
= 2(PN
2
+ PL
2
)

PN = 5
KP : PN = 3 : 5
Hence, option 1.
25.
3 Marks
As shown in the figure below, EP is the tangent of the circle with centre O. Find the area of AEJ.

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1) 224 sq. cm
2) 164 sq. cm
3) 144 sq. cm
4) 120 sq. cm
5) None of these
Solution:
OJ = JP
EJ is the median of EOP.
Let the radius of the circle be x cm.
Now, OP = 2x, and EOP is right angle triangle hence OPE = 30
Hence, EOP = 60
As, OE = OJ and EOP = 60 hence OEJ is equilateral triangle.
Hence OE = radius of a circle = x = 10
Now, AJE = 90
Hence AJ
2
+ EJ
2
= AE
2
As, AE = 2x = 20, and EJ = 10,
AJ
2
= 300


Hence, option 5.
26.
3 Marks
In the given figure, RFKJ is a parallelogram with length of sides and diagonal given. Also, ST = TF. Find the area of JFS.
1) 125 sq. units
2)
3)
4) 221.5 sq. unit
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5) 150 sq. unit
Solution:
RFKJ is a parallelogram.
RF= JK = 20 units, RJ = FK = 10 units
mJFK = mFJR = 90



In JFT,
mJTF = 90
JF
2
= JT
2
+ FT
2


Hence, option 2.
27.
3 Marks
In the given figure, ABCDEF is a regular hexagon of side 18 cm and OPCE is a trapezium. O and P are the mid-points of sides AF and AB
respectively. Find the area of the shaded region.
1) 1242 sq. cm
2) 1116 sq. cm
3)
4)
5)
Solution:
Draw FS OM and DL EC.

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Consider AFB,
mFAB = 120 and AB = AF = 18 cm.
mAFB = mABF = 30
i.e. mOFS = 30
In OFS,
mOFS = 30 and mOSF = 90
mFOS = 60
Using 30 60 90 theorem in AON,

Similarly, in DEC
mEDC = 120 and ED = CD = 18 cm.
mDEC = mDCE = 30


FSME is a rectangle.

OM = OS + SM = 4.5 + 18 = 22.5 cm

Hence, option 3.
28.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, PQRSTU is a regular hexagon.

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1)
2)
3) 1764 sq. cm
4)
5)
Solution:
PQRSTU is a regular hexagon.
Diagonal UR is the perpendicular bisector of TP and angle bisector of TUP.

mUTJ = 30
Using 30 60 90 theorem in UTJ,


Side of hexagon PQRSTU = 84 cm
In JTS,
mJTS = 120 mUTJ = 120 30 = 90

SJ is the median of TSP ( TJ = JP)
Area of JTS = Area of SPJ (1)
SK = KP (Diagonals of a regular hexagon bisect each other)
JK is the median of JSP



Hence, option 5.
29.
3 Marks
In the figure given below KN || JM || BA and PJ || QK || AC. mAQK = 70 and mNKC + mQBK = 80. Find mQKB and mAMJ.
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1) 70, 30
2) 110, 70
3) 60, 30
4) 30, 70
5) 40, 70
Solution:
KN || AB
mQBK = mNKC (Corresponding angles)
But mQBK + mNKC = 80 (Given)
mQBK = mNKC = 40
mAQK = mBQK = 180 (Supplementary angles)
mBQK =180 70 = 110
In BQK,
mQKB = 180 (mBQK + mQBK)
mQKB = 30
QK || AC
mNCK = mQKB = 30 (Corresponding angles)
mQAC + mKQA = 180 ... (Consecutive interior angle)
mQAC = 110

mABC = 180 (mBAC + mACB) = 40
mNKC = mABC = 40 ...(Corresponding angles)
In NKC,
mKNC = 180 (mNCK + mNKC) = 110
mKNC + mKNM = 180 (Supplementary angles)
mKNM = 70
KN || JM
mAMJ = mKNM = 70 (Corresponding angles)
Hence, option 4.
30.
3 Marks

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JKLMNOP is a regular heptagon. Calculate its area if the radius of the inscribed circle is 4.2 units.
(tan = 2.1)
1) 8.4 sq. units
2) 16.8 sq. units
3) 58.8 sq. units
4) 27.4 sq. units
5) 50.4 sq. units
Solution:


Area of the heptagon = 7 8.4 = 58.8 sq. units
Hence, option 3.
31.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, COSPNMJY is a regular octagon with centre B. T and F are the mid-points of sides CO and YJ respectively. Area
of triangle TBF is 128 sq. units and CO = 13.26 units. Find the area of COSPNMJY.
1) 872.68 sq. units
2) 848.64 sq. units
3) 858.64 sq. units
4) 278.54 sq. units
5) 288.66 sq. units
Solution:
Since B is the centre of the regular octagon, it is equidistant from the sides.
BT = BF
Also, since T and F are the midpoints of the sides of a regular octagon, BT and BF are the perpendicular bisectors of sides CO and JY
respectively.
In TBF, mTBF = 90
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TB = 16 units
Perpendicular distance from the centre to any side of COSPNMJY = 16 units
Now, CO = 13.26
Perimeter of COSPNMJY = 8 13.26 = 106.08 units.


Hence, option 2.
32.
3 Marks
In the given figure, ABCDEF is a regular hexagon with centre G. L and J are the mid-points of sides AF and DE respectively and EF || IH. All
the following statements are incorrect except:
1)
HM
2
= (GL GI) + GM
2
2)
HM
2
= MI + GM
2
3)
HM
2
= MI
2
+ 2GM
4)
HM
2
= GI
2
+ GM
2
GL
2
5)
HM
2
= (HI HK) + GM
2
Solution:
Draw GF and extend it to meet IH at point K.
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Draw GF and extend it to meet IH at point K.

ABCDEF is a regular hexagon,
mEGF = 60 (EGF is an equilateral )
L and J are the mid-points of sides AF and DE respectively.
mLGF = mEGJ = 30
mMGH = mIGK = 90 and mJGL = 120 (i)
Using Pythagoras theorem in GHM,
HM
2
= HG
2
+ GM
2
(ii)
EF || IH
GKM GFE and GMK GEF
mGKM = mGMK = 60
GMK is an equilateral triangle.
mGKH = 180 mGKM = 120
In HGI,
mGHI = 30 and mHGI = 120 [Given and From (i)]
In HGI and HKG,
HGI HKG
GHI KHG
HGI ~ HKG (A-A test of similarity)

HG
2
= HI HK (iii)
From (ii) and (iii),
HM
2
= (HI HK) + GM
2

Hence, option 5.
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33.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, the centres B and D of the given circles lie on a straight line. BA and BC are tangents to the circle with centre D.
mABC = 60 and AB = 14 cm. Find the area of the circle with centre D.

1) 405.33 sq. cm
2) 205.33 sq. cm
3) 305.33 sq. cm
4) 105.33 sq. cm
5) 215.33 sq. cm
Solution:
Draw AC, BD and AD.

BA = BC (Tangents drawn to a circle from an external point)
BAC = BCA
Now, mABC = 60 (Given)
mBAC = mBCA = 60
ABC is an equilateral triangle.
In ADB,
mDAB = 90
mDBA = 30 (BD bisects ABC)
ADB is a 30-60-90 triangle.


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Hence, option 2.
34.
3 Marks
PQSR is a square of side 6 cm. I and K are the mid-points of sides QS and RS respectively. L is the centre of square PQSR. LMN is an
isosceles triangle. Find the area of the shaded region.
1) 21 sq. cm
2) 24.33 sq. cm
3) 14 sq. cm
4) 12.22 sq. cm
5) 22.3 sq. cm
Solution:
I and K are the mid-points of sides QS and RS respectively and L is the centre of square PQRS.
LISK is a square and mISK = 90


Area of square LISK = 3
2
= 9 sq.cm



Base of triangle = 2 height of triangle (Isosceles right angled triangle)

Area of the shaded region = Area of LMN Area of the circle (Area of square LISK Area of sector S-KI)

Hence, option 5.
35.
3 Marks
In the given figure, mABE = 140, mBDC = 80, BDE + EGF = 110, AD || GH and GF bisects EFH, find mEDF.
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1) 50
2) 40
3) 30
4) 20
5) 10
Solution:
AD || GH
ADC = GHD = 80
and
ADH = GHJ = 100
Let BDG = x and EGF = y
We have the following:

Now,
x + y = 110
In GDF,
100 x + (70 + 40) + y = 180
x y = 30
Solving,
2x = 140
x = 70
EDF = 30
Hence, option 3.
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36.
3 Marks
In the figure given below, ATD is an equilateral triangle. CF DB, TB = 16 cm, CD = 14 cm and BTD = DAC. What is the area of circle
inscribed by the equilateral triangle ATD?
1) 3.14 sq. cm
2) 26.21 sq. cm
3) 35.12 sq. cm
4) 16.36 sq. cm
5) 4.22 sq. cm
Solution:
ATD is an equilateral triangle (Given)
mADT = 60
mFDC = mADT = 60 (Vertically opposite angles)
In DCF,
mDFC = 90 and mFDC = 60
mDCF = 30
Using 30 60 90 theorem,

In TDB and ADC,
BTD CAD (Given)
TD = AD (Sides of an equilateral triangle)
TDB ADC (Vertically opposite angles)
TDB ADC (ASA test for congruency)
TB = AC
AC = 16 cm
Now in AFC,
mAFC = 90
AC
2
= AF
2
+ CF
2
(Pythagoras theorem)

AF = 10.44 cm
AD = 10.44 7 = 3.44 cm
Side of ATD = 3.44 cm
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Hence, option 1.
37.
3 Marks
In the following diagram, not drawn to scale, ABC is an equilateral triangle and BOC = 90. If OC = 12 and CD = 20, then find the
approximate area of shaded region.
1) 108 sq. cm
2) 27 sq. cm
3) 72 sq. cm
4) 36 sq. cm
5) 104 sq. cm
Solution:
As, ABC is an equilateral triangle, hence ACB = 60
Hence, BCO is 30-60-90 triangle with BC as a hypotenuse.
Hence, BC = 2 OC = 24

Now, we can easily observe that height of ABC and ACD are same.


Now, BC = AC = 24, and CO = 12
Hence, OA = AC CO = 24 12 = 12
Hence, OD is median of ACD.
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Area of DCO = Area of DOA = (Area of ACD)/2 = 208/2 = 104
Hence, option 5.
38.
3 Marks

If the side of square EGIJ is 16 cm, find the area of the shaded region.
1) 72 sq. cm
2) 48 sq. cm
3) 54 sq. cm
4) 84 sq. cm
5) 96 sq. cm
Solution:
Area of square EGIJ = 256 sq. cm


FG = EG EF = 16 4 = 12 cm

GH = 16 4 = 12 cm


Area of the shaded region
= Area of square EGIJ Area of EFK Area of FGH Area of square trapezium KHIJ
= 256 16 72 96 = 72 sq. cm
Draw HL such that HL is parallel to IJ.
Hence, option 1.
39.
3 Marks
Which of the following has the largest area?
1) A circle of radius 2 units
2) An equilateral triangle of side 4 units
3) A square of side 2 units
4) A triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5units
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4) A triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5units
Solution:


Area of the square with side 2 units = 2
2
= 4 sq. units

The circle with radius 2 units has the largest area.
Hence, option 1.
40.
3 Marks
A ladder 65' long is leaning against a straight wall. Its lower end is 25' from the bottom of the wall. How much further away will it be if the
upper end is moved down by 8'?
1) 8'
2) 10'
3) 14'
4) 52'
Solution:
In the figure shown below,
A
1
B
1
is the initial position and AB is the final position of the ladder.
AB = A
1
B
1
= Length of the ladder = 65', OA
1
= 25' and BB
1
= 8'

In OA
1
B
1
,
(A
1
B
1
)
2
= (OA
1
)
2
+ (OB
1
)
2

(OB
1
)
2
=65
2
25
2
= 3600
OB
1
= 60'
OB = 60' 8' = 52'
In OAB,
(AB)
2
= (OA)
2
+ (OB)
2

(OA)
2
= 65
2
52
2
= 1521
OA

= 39'
AA
1
= OA OA
1
= 39' 25' = 14'
i.e. The lower end of the ladder will move further away by 14' if the upper end is moved down by 8'.
Hence, option 3.


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