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Concordia

U N I V E R S I T Y


COURSE : Electrical power engineering NUMBER: ELEC 331 SECTION: W

EXAMINATION : Midterm DATE : 24-02-14 TIME : 13:15 - 14:30 # OF PAGES: 2
INSTRUCTOR: Luiz Lopes

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
- Answer all questions. No crib sheets. In cascaded questions, you can assume suitable values for
parameters you are not able to calculate in previous sub-questions.

1) A 220 V / 60 Hz three-phase -connected generator supplies two loads. Load 1 presents an
impedance of 2.5 -36.87 while Load 2 consists of a resistance of 3 in series with an inductance
of 4 mH. Compute:
a. The rms value of the line voltage across the loads
b. The (three-phase) reactive power consumed by Load 1.
c. The rms value of the phase current in Load 2 (I
2
).
(30 marks)


2) Consider the magnetic structure shown below. The DC current (i) is equal to 8 A.
a. Draw the analogous magnetic circuit, clearly showing the MMF, and its value, the flux
(direction) and the reluctance(s).
b. Determine the flux density (B) in the (metal) core. Neglect the fringing effect of the air-gap.
(ELEC-275 final 2012)
(20 marks)


?
220
220
220
3) The linear DC machine shown below presents the following parameters: V
B
= 100 V, R = 0.2 , l =
5 m and B = 0.5 T. Consider the steady-state condition when the switch is closed and the bar is
moving with a speed of 32 m/s. Compute:
a. The power supplied by the battery to the DC machine
b. The required external force (magnitude and direction, i.e. right-to-left or left-to-right) on the
bar for this operating condition.

(20 marks)

4) A 75 kVA 14.4 kV:240 V single-phase transformer has the following parameters: R
eq
= 7.68 m
and X
eq
= 38.4 m, seen from the low voltage side and R
c
= 100 k and X
M
= 250 k, seen from the
high voltage side.
a. Draw the per-unit equivalent model showing all impedances and their magnitudes.
b. Using the pu equivalent model, compute the voltage regulation of the transformer when
supplying 75 kVA to a resistive inductive load with power factor of 0.85 and at rated (load)
voltage.
c. How much power could this transformer supply to a load if connected as a step-up auto-
transformer?
(30 marks)

Magnetic field out of the page












v

Formula sheet
Ac circuits:

Magnetic Circuits:
( ) l B v e
ind
= ( ) B l i F =

Transformers:
SC SC
SC
SC
SC
SC
SE SC SE eq eq SE
OC OC
OC
OC
OC
OC
E OC E
M C
E
V I
P
I
V
Z Z jX R Z
V I
P
V
I
Y Y
X
j
R
Y

cos , ,

cos , ,
1 1
= = = + =
= = = =



( )
C
p
core eq S Cu
Cu core out
out
in
out
fl S
fl S nl S
R
a V
P R I P x
P P P
P
x
P
P
x
V
V V
VR
2
2
,
, ,
/
, %, 100 % 100 % 100 = =
+ +
= =

=




autotransformers:
SE
C SE
Wind
IO
C
C SE
H
L
C SE
C
H
L
SE SE C C
SE
C
SE
C
N
N N
S
S
N
N N
I
I
N N
N
V
V
I N I N
N
N
V
V +
=
+
=
+
= = =

pu system:


cos /
) sin (cos
2 2
*
= = + =
+ = + = =
S P PF Q P S
j I V Q j P I V S
) (VA I V S
rms rms
=
) ( sin VAr I V Q
rms rms
=
) ( cos W I V P
rms rms
=

=

P
Q
1
tan
Z I I V S
Z I I V Q
Z I I V P
L L L
L L L
L L L
2
3
2
3
2
3
3 3
sin 3 sin 3
cos 3 cos 3
= =
= =
= =



3 /

= Z Z
Y
turn/m) - (Ampere , ,
c
c net
l
i N
H i N l H I dl H = = =

H/m 10 x 4 , ,
7
0 0

= = =
r
H B
Wb) (Weber , , = = =

c A
l
A i N
BA dA B


A
l
i N
c

, ,

=

= = =
dt
d
N e
ind

=
L in out in out in out in
P
S
S
P
S
P
S
P
Z a Z S S Q Q P P
a N
N
t i
t i
a
N
N
t v
t v
2
, , ,
1
) (
) (
,
) (
) (
(ideal)
= = = =
= = = =
dt
d
N e
ind

=
VP
IP
Ideal
Transformer
Approximate equivalent
Transformer Model
C V
X
V
Q
P P P Q Q Q S S S
C
Cap
L L T L L T T

2
2
2 1 2 1 2 1

, ), power! (complex
elements multiple with System
= =
+ = + = + =
p
M
ss
p
M
p
M
N
V
t
N
V
t dt t v
N
t t V t v

= = = =

cos ) ( ) (
1
) ( sin ) (
quantity of value Base
Value Actual
(pu) Quantity =