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Electrical power engineering Midterm Exam

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U N I V E R S I T Y

COURSE : Electrical power engineering NUMBER: ELEC 331 SECTION: W

EXAMINATION : Midterm DATE : 24-02-14 TIME : 13:15 - 14:30 # OF PAGES: 2

INSTRUCTOR: Luiz Lopes

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:

- Answer all questions. No crib sheets. In cascaded questions, you can assume suitable values for

parameters you are not able to calculate in previous sub-questions.

1) A 220 V / 60 Hz three-phase -connected generator supplies two loads. Load 1 presents an

impedance of 2.5 -36.87 while Load 2 consists of a resistance of 3 in series with an inductance

of 4 mH. Compute:

a. The rms value of the line voltage across the loads

b. The (three-phase) reactive power consumed by Load 1.

c. The rms value of the phase current in Load 2 (I

2

).

(30 marks)

2) Consider the magnetic structure shown below. The DC current (i) is equal to 8 A.

a. Draw the analogous magnetic circuit, clearly showing the MMF, and its value, the flux

(direction) and the reluctance(s).

b. Determine the flux density (B) in the (metal) core. Neglect the fringing effect of the air-gap.

(ELEC-275 final 2012)

(20 marks)

?

220

220

220

3) The linear DC machine shown below presents the following parameters: V

B

= 100 V, R = 0.2 , l =

5 m and B = 0.5 T. Consider the steady-state condition when the switch is closed and the bar is

moving with a speed of 32 m/s. Compute:

a. The power supplied by the battery to the DC machine

b. The required external force (magnitude and direction, i.e. right-to-left or left-to-right) on the

bar for this operating condition.

(20 marks)

4) A 75 kVA 14.4 kV:240 V single-phase transformer has the following parameters: R

eq

= 7.68 m

and X

eq

= 38.4 m, seen from the low voltage side and R

c

= 100 k and X

M

= 250 k, seen from the

high voltage side.

a. Draw the per-unit equivalent model showing all impedances and their magnitudes.

b. Using the pu equivalent model, compute the voltage regulation of the transformer when

supplying 75 kVA to a resistive inductive load with power factor of 0.85 and at rated (load)

voltage.

c. How much power could this transformer supply to a load if connected as a step-up auto-

transformer?

(30 marks)

Magnetic field out of the page

v

Formula sheet

Ac circuits:

Magnetic Circuits:

( ) l B v e

ind

= ( ) B l i F =

Transformers:

SC SC

SC

SC

SC

SC

SE SC SE eq eq SE

OC OC

OC

OC

OC

OC

E OC E

M C

E

V I

P

I

V

Z Z jX R Z

V I

P

V

I

Y Y

X

j

R

Y

cos , ,

cos , ,

1 1

= = = + =

= = = =

( )

C

p

core eq S Cu

Cu core out

out

in

out

fl S

fl S nl S

R

a V

P R I P x

P P P

P

x

P

P

x

V

V V

VR

2

2

,

, ,

/

, %, 100 % 100 % 100 = =

+ +

= =

=

autotransformers:

SE

C SE

Wind

IO

C

C SE

H

L

C SE

C

H

L

SE SE C C

SE

C

SE

C

N

N N

S

S

N

N N

I

I

N N

N

V

V

I N I N

N

N

V

V +

=

+

=

+

= = =

pu system:

cos /

) sin (cos

2 2

*

= = + =

+ = + = =

S P PF Q P S

j I V Q j P I V S

) (VA I V S

rms rms

=

) ( sin VAr I V Q

rms rms

=

) ( cos W I V P

rms rms

=

=

P

Q

1

tan

Z I I V S

Z I I V Q

Z I I V P

L L L

L L L

L L L

2

3

2

3

2

3

3 3

sin 3 sin 3

cos 3 cos 3

= =

= =

= =

3 /

= Z Z

Y

turn/m) - (Ampere , ,

c

c net

l

i N

H i N l H I dl H = = =

H/m 10 x 4 , ,

7

0 0

= = =

r

H B

Wb) (Weber , , = = =

c A

l

A i N

BA dA B

A

l

i N

c

, ,

=

= = =

dt

d

N e

ind

=

L in out in out in out in

P

S

S

P

S

P

S

P

Z a Z S S Q Q P P

a N

N

t i

t i

a

N

N

t v

t v

2

, , ,

1

) (

) (

,

) (

) (

(ideal)

= = = =

= = = =

dt

d

N e

ind

=

VP

IP

Ideal

Transformer

Approximate equivalent

Transformer Model

C V

X

V

Q

P P P Q Q Q S S S

C

Cap

L L T L L T T

2

2

2 1 2 1 2 1

, ), power! (complex

elements multiple with System

= =

+ = + = + =

p

M

ss

p

M

p

M

N

V

t

N

V

t dt t v

N

t t V t v

= = = =

cos ) ( ) (

1

) ( sin ) (

quantity of value Base

Value Actual

(pu) Quantity =

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