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Humans are a social creature and throughout time they have depended upon each other for leisure and jobs.

This relationship between them has bound societies for millennia. One of these types of relationships is

between people of higher social class with others of lower social standing; in other words the relationship

between a master and a servant. During the play “The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov one can clearly

see this phenomenon. Lopakhin treats Lyubov like a person of higher social status even though he is now free

from serfdom and much wealthier than she is. Their master and servant relationship is ever changing as one

can see as the play progresses, their relationship begin to normalize, but Lyubov does not seem to care about

Lopakhin. Overall their relationship is an allusion to the different classes in Russian during that time

At the beginning of the play Lopakhin is waiting for Lyubov at the train station. Through this stands for a

sign of respect, one can also relate it a relationship between a master and a servant. Lopakhin has the option

to wait for her at her house. This is followed by the quote “how late is the train, anyway? A couple of hours

at least.” In this quote one can deduce from the sentence structure that Lopakhin is nervous at the arrival of

Lyobov. Normally because of the mistreatment of serfs during Russia, they were extremely nervous in front

their masters fearing they might hurt them. The action of Lopakhin clearly shows that he has not gotten over

the former relationship as a master and a servant. As the play progresses Lyobov returns to her home and

Lopakhin also again pays her a visit. As the conversation ensues between Lyobov and her friends and also

Lopakhin it is becoming clearly evident that he is not comfortable in front of Lyubov. It is seen when

Lopakhin answers Lyubov in small sentences such as “yes, time passes.” This is probably most likely

because he finds is disrespectful to speak his mind out in front of a once powerful person even though he is

now free and that there is a build-in characteristic that Lopachin just cannot avoid. After some analysis of

Lo’s statement that “time passes” it can be seen from a revolutionary perspective where it alludes to the days

the of former aristocracy being numbered and also that Lyubov is detached from the real world and does not

count her expences.

Another characteristic that one sees between Lopakhin and Lyubov is that they never engage in a hearty

conversation with each other. Every time that they only talk about practical matters such depicted by

Lopakhin’s statement that about dividing the cherry orchard into smaller plots to rent (325). This may in fact

refer to a upper-lower class situation where the servant does not engage in any conversation with his/her

master out of respect. From the reply that Lyubov gives him it is evident that she does not respect him the

way that he does. When she states “cut it down (324)” after he again made the proposal about cutting their

plot into smaller pieces it can be seen the Lyubov threats Lopakhin somewhat like a child. A child

symbolizes someone weak and they are least important member of the family after the parents and other adult

relatives. Furthermore Lyubov states that Lopakhin does not make sense and that his proposals are quite silly.

As seen by the example where she states “you don’t know what you are talking about (325).” Lyubov’s quote

“silly” symbolizes a weak, yet expendable thing such as a stray cat. This shows that Lyubov does not treat

Lopakhin as her equal, but as a plaything.

Not only does Lyobov not take Lopakhin’s proposals seriously but also does not pay attention to them. This

is seen when Lyubov decides to reply to Firs instead by stating “what has become of the method now (326)?”

From this scenario it can be deduced that it is Lyubov whose words matters the most and it is her choice to

choose whom to reply to. This is clearly evident of the master and servant relationship between Lyuov and

Lopakhin. It is becoming obvious that the master and servant relationship is further accentuated later in the

play when Lyobov not only decides to answer to someone based on their priority, but also altogether avoids

Lopakhin as seen in page 327 when Lopakhin again proposes about diving their cherry orchard. This

symbolizes a powerful position much like a medieval king. The fact that Lyubov is already seen in the

further examples where it is again seen that Lyobuv does not care about Lopakhin at all and decides to carry

on a conversation with Pishchik (328) making Lopakhin less of an important person each time. This is an

allusion to the serfs when the aristocrats never paid any attention to their problems and demands.

As the play progresses the relationship between the characters are now slowly beginning to shift where

Lopakhin is about equal in status in that of Lyubov. One would recall earlier that Lopakhin would respond

with small sentences, but now at the middle of the play he is using longer and freer flowing sentences when

he states “if you make up your mind about the summer cottages and come to a decision, le me know; I will

get you a fifty thousand or so loan (329).” This exemplifies that he is more confident and that he is not as

nervous as he once was. This also has a commanding tone and is an allusion to the serfs standing up for

themselves and might also allude to the general theme of the play where one can see that the lower classes are

now making progressions. With a increasing repetition in Lopakhin’s speech where he states “going (329)”

three times. Repetition in this sense means power much like a mother repeating worlds several times to her

child; the mother is a more powerful person that the child. At last the serfs are making their voices heard.

Furthermore Lopakhin is introduced in the second act and his speech contain an increasing amount of

repetition as seen again where he states “one” several times “answer in one word; yes or no? Only one word

(339).” Thought one would not say that Lopakhin is now in a higher position, but would definitely observe

that Lopachin does not have the obedient manners that he did earlier.

Lopakhin’s days of outspokenness are short lived but now there is an improvement and they start to engage

in a conversation especially when he talks about a potential buyer for the estate (340). This may also seem to

a turning point because as the aristocrat’s attitudes has not changed, Lopakhin’s importance has somewhat

increased. It is now seen that Lopakhin’s style of speaking changes over time, and that Lyobov’s attitudes

remains unchanged. Lyubov’s statements alludes to the aristocracy in Russia where the author of the play

Chekhov uses Lyubov on as a character to show that the aristocracy is out of date, but more than this they are

ignorant and they do not want to learn anything new. Even as Lopakhin wants to tell Lyubov that they might

hove to lose everything because of their heavy indebtedness. Their indebtedness alludes to the aristocracy’s

harsh treatment of the serfs when they were in bondage.The attitude shows where Lyuhov is indifferent about

Lopachin’s earlier proposals about dividing her property as this quote clearly shows “that rich man is

prepared to buy the estate” and Lyobov replies “cottages, summer people – forgive me, but it’s so vulgar

(341).” At the end of the play Lyubov does indeed lose her estate to Lopakhin but he is too shy to show his

joy (350). This again alludes to the nature of the members of the former serfdom where they act differently in

front of the aristocracy and that finally the serfs have taken their rightful place in Russian society as the

property owners. The ownership of the estate by Lopakhin shows the serfs have “won” over the ignorant


Anton Chekhov’s play is a complete allusion of the suffering of the serfs and their relationship with

aristocrats shows that finally it is the common man through their hard work and dedication that they finally

attainted what they desired. This play would later motivate the Bolsheviks to abdicate their king and replace

Russia with a system where everyone is equal.