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Define the following;

Painting- It is a branch of the visual arts in which color, derived from any numerous organic or
synthetic substances, is applied to various surfaces to create images with decorative value,
representational value, or both.
Sculpture- It is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard and/or plastic
material, sound, and/or text and or light, commonly stone (either rock or marble), metal, glass, or
wood. Aesthetic art of modeling shaping single block or mash materials into a 3 dimensional form
out of rock, wood, and metal.
Architecture- the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings or structures.
Landscape Architecture- the art and practice of designing the outdoor environment, especially
designing parks or gardens together with buildings and roads.
Music- as an academic discipline can take a number of different paths, including music
performance, music education (training music teachers), musicology, ethnomusicology, music
theory and composition.
Dance- (from Old French dancier, perhaps from Frankish) generally refers to human movement
either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting.
Dance is also used to describe methods of non-verbal communication between humans or
animals (bee dance, mating dance), and motion in inanimate objects (the leaves danced in the
Practical Arts- an art or craft, as woodworking or needlework that serves a utilitarian purpose.
2. What are the mediums of the following;
Painting- includes acrylic, pastels, fresco, gouache, oil tempura, water color and water miscible oil
Sculpture- clay, steel, stone, wax, glass, ice, wood, recycled material, and food.
Architecture- wood, stone, ferro, steel, and bricks.
Music- vocal and instrumental medium.
Dance- human body
Practical Arts- ceramics, weaving, woodwork and needlework.
3. What are the styles/movements? Give examples for each.
Abstract Art

Twisted created by artist Stef Goovaerts

Conceptual Art

Pop Art


Halim Ghodbane


Robin Eley



(Image Source: Klaur Brgle)

Fauvism- Maurice de Vlaminck


Claude Monet. I mpression: Sunrise. 1873.

Tree of Life
Evelyn Rosenberg: Tree of Life, 2006, detonograph
Relief- Egyptian relief sculpture

Art deco

Union Terminal (1933)
Designed by Alfred T. Fellheimer, Steward Wagner, Paul Philippe Cret, and Roland Wank
Cincinnati, Ohio


Napraforg Street Experimental Housing (1932, various architects)

The Metropol Parasol in Seville, Spain, designed by J. Mayer H. Architects was completed in

The Orange County Government Center in Goshen, N.Y., designed by Paul Rudolph and built in 1967.


Los Angeles, CA. The Walt Disney Concert Hall, c.2003. Architect Frank Gehry.

Einstein Tower in Potsdam near Berlin, 1919-22 (Erich Mendelsohn)

The Leslie L. Dan Pharmacy Building at the University of Toronto


Ferrohouse in Zurich (Justus Dahinden, 1970)
Post modernism

Music- Baroque music, Galante music, Groupe des six, Impressionist music, Minimalism,
Minimalist music, Modernism (music), Neoclassicism (music), Neoromanticism (music), Post-
minimalism, Postmodern music, Renaissance music, Romantic music
Dance- ballet, jazz, ballroom dancing, Dance Discussion Forum, Belly Dancing, Country and
Western Dancing, Flamenco Dance, Folk Dance, Hip-Hop, Latin Dance, Modern Dance, Swing
Dance, Tango, Tap, Zumba
Practical Arts- industrial arts, agricultural arts, business or commercial arts, homemaking arts,
fishery arts, distributive arts
4. Who are the masters and their works? at least 5.
GIOTTO (1266-1327)

Giotto was a painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages. He is generally
considered the first in a line of great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance.


Di Giovanni, known as il Sassetta, was known for his fusion of traditional and contemporary
elements in his paintings, transitioning from Gothic to Renaissance style. Berenson owned three
Sassetta panels, including Saint Francis in Ecstsy, pictured to the left, as part of his collection.

UCCELLO (1397-1475)

Uccello was known for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. Unlike his contemporaries
who used perspective as a means to narrate stories, Ucello employed perspective to create a
feeling of depth in his paintings. He also belonged to the Late Gothic tradition, emphasizing color
and pageantry over Classical realism that was beginning to take hold of the art movements.
MASSACIO (1401-1428)

Massacio was the first great painter of the Quattro Cento period of the Italian Renaissance.
Masaccio was considered the best painter of his generation because of his skill at recreating
lifelike figures and movements as well as a convincing sense of three-dimensionality.

della Francesca was an artist of the Early Renaissance. He was also known as a mathematician
and geometer, and his paintings are known for their use of geometric forms in relation to
perspective and foreshortening.

Bronze David
Made in the 1440s, by Donatello (1386-1466), Bronze David is one of the
most famous sculptures today. It is notable as the first unsupported
standing work in bronze cast during the Renaissance period, and the first
freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity.

Savannah Bird Girl Statue

The sculpture, known as the Bird Girl, was created in 1936, by sculptress Sylvia Shaw Judson (1897-1978)
in Lake Forest, Illinois. It achieved fame when it was featured on the cover of the 1994 novel, Midnight
in the Garden of Good and Evil.
The Discus Thrower

The Discus Thrower, or the Discobolus, is a famous lost Greek bronze original. The sculpture of it is still
unknown. The Discobolus was completed towards the end of the severe period (460-450 BC).
The Kiss

The Kiss is an 1889 marble sculpture by the French sculptor, Auguste Rodin (1840-1917). This sculpture
has a interesting story to it. it depicts the 13th-century Italian noblewoman immortalized in Dantes
Inferno, who falls in love with her husband, Giovanni Malatestas, younger brother Paolo.
Tom Wright
His Work: Burj Al Arab

At 321 m (1,053 ft), Burj Al ArBurj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from Jumeirah
beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is
designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge.
The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship.
Jean Nouvel
Torre Agbar Barcelona

Torre Agbar reaches the sky at 34 stories tall and 142 meters (466 feet) in height. The sructure was
inspired by the belief a distant echo of old Catalan obsessions, carried on the winds that blow in from
Montserrat, inspired by the architectural legacy of Antoni Gaud.
Louis Kahn
Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban

Construction began in 1961 by the Construction began in 1961 by the Government of Pakistan as a
permanent building for the federal legislature and was completed after the countrys war of
independence and several decades on 28 January, 1982. It was also featured in the movie My
Renzo Piano
Marie Tjibaou Cultural Center New Caledonia

Approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northeast of the historic centre of approximately 8 kilometres (5.0
mi) northeast of the historic centre of Nouma, the capital of New Caledonia, celebrates the vernacular
Kanak culture. The formal curved axial layout, 250 metres (820 ft) long on the top of the ridge, contains
ten large conical cases or pavilions (all of different dimensions) patterned on the traditional Kanak Grand
Hut design. It was constructed between 1993 and 1998.
Philip Johnson
Crystal Cathedral in California, USA

The Crystal Cathedral in California, USA is one of his famous work.The Crystal cathedral is a church
building in garden grove, orange county, California, USA. This wonderful master piece was completed in
1981, it can seat 2,736 people. the church is also known to be one of the largest musical instruments in
the world, the hazel wright memorial organ.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart- was a prolific composer and wrote in many genres. Perhaps
his best-admired work is in opera, the piano concerto and sonata, the symphony, and in the
string quartet and string quintet. Mozart's most famous piece is the marriage of the Figaro.
It is a comedy in five acts written in 1978 by Pierre Beaumarchais.
Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig
Van Beethoven
Practical arts