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Mathematics 54: Conics, Parametric Equations and Polar Curves Exercises

1. Find the vertex, focus and directrix of the parabola given by


y
2
= 6x and sketch its graph.
2. Find the vertex, focus and directrix of the parabola given by
4y = x
2
2x + 5.
3. Find the equation of the parabola with vertex at (3,2) and focus
(1,2).
4. Find an equation for the parabola whose axis is parallel to the
y-axis and passes through the points (0,3), (3,4), (4,11).
5. Find the center, foci, vertices, eccentricity and directrices of the
following.
(a) 9x
2
+ 4y
2
+ 36x 24y + 36 = 0
(b) 12x
2
+ 20y
2
12x + 40y 37 = 0
(c)
(x1)
2
4
(y + 2) = 1
(d) 9x
2
y
2
36x 6y + 18 = 0
6. Find the equation of the ellipse with (a.) vertices (5,0) and (0,-5)
and eccentricity
3
5
; (b.) vertices (3,1) and (3,9) and minor axis of
length 6.
7. Find an equation of the hyperbola (a.) with vertices (-1,0) and
(1,0) and whose asymptotes are given by y = 3x; (b.) such that
for any point on the hyperbola, the dierence of its distances from
the points (2,2) and (10,2) is 6.
8. For the parametric equations x = 2t and y = 3t 1, nd
dy
dx
and
d
2
y
dx
2
and evaluate the two derivatives when t = 3. Do the same for
x = 2 + sec , y = 1 + 2 tan for =

6
.
9. Find an equation of the tangent line to the graph of x = 2 cot ,
y = 2 sin
2
at =

4
.
10. Find all points (if any) of horizontal and vertical tangency on the
graph of x = 1 t, y = t
3
3t.
11. Find an equivalent polar equation for the following rectangular
equation x
2
4ay 4a
2
= 0.
12. Find the rectangular equation having the polar equation r =
6
23 sin
.
13. Find the slope of the graph of r = 3 3 cos at =

2
. Do the
same for r = at = .
14. Find the horizontal and vertical tangent lines to the polar curve
r = 1 + sin .
15. On the cardioid r = 1 + cos , nd (a.) the highest point and (b.)
the leftmost point on its upper half.
16. Find the points of intersection of the given curves.
(a) r = 4 5 sin and r = 3 sin
(b) r = cos and r = 1 cos
(c) r
2
= sin and r = sin 2
(d) r = 4 sin 2 and r = 2
17. Find the area of the region
(a) within the inner loop of the graph of r = 1 + 2 cos .
(b) between the loops of the graph of r = 1 + 2 cos .
(c) that lies inside both curves r = sin 2 and r = sin .
(d) common to the interiors of the graphs of r = 4 sin and
r = 2.
18. Find the length of the following polar curves.
(a) r =
1

, [, 2]
(b) r = 5 cos , [0,
3
4
]
(c) r = e
2
, [0, 2]
(d) r =
2
, [0, 2]
19. For the following, (i.) nd the eccentricity, (ii.) identify the conic,
(iii.) write an equation of the directrix corresponding to the focus
at the pole, and (iv.) sketch the curve.
(a) r =
4
1+cos
(b) r =
5
2+sin
(c) r =
4
13 cos
(d) r =
6
32 cos
(e) r =
1
2+sin
(f) r =
9
56 sin
(g) r =
1
12 sin
(h) r =
1
53 sin
(i) r =
10
4+5 cos
20. For the following, nd a polar equation of the conic having a focus
at the pole and satisfying the given conditions.
(a) parabola; vertex at (4,
3
2
)
(b) ellipse; e =
1
2
; corresponding vertex at (4, )
(c) hyperbola; e =
4
3
, r cos = 9 is the directrix corresponding
to the focus at the pole
(d) hyperbola; vertices at (1,

2
) and (3,

2
)
(e) ellipse; vertices at (3, 0) and (1, )
(f) parabola; vertex at (6,

2
)
21. (a.) Find a polar equation of the hyperbola having a focus at the
pole and the corresponding directrix to the left of the focus if the
point (2,
4
3
) is on the hyperbola and e = 3. (b.) Write an equation
of the directrix corresponding to the focus at the pole.
22. (a.) Find a polar equation of the hyperbola for which e = 3 and
which has the line r sin = 3 as the directrix corresponding to
the focus at the pole. (b.) Find the polar equations of the two
lines through the pole that are parallel to the asymptotes of the
hyperbola.
23. Find the area of the region inside the ellipse r =
6
2sin
and above
the parabola r =
3
1+sin
.
aaoropeza 11/11/11