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Lesson 8

4. the type
The types of Nouns
Nouns are of two types in regards to definiteness:
1. ( Nakirah) indefinite.
2. ( Marifah) definite.

1. - An indefinite noun is a word which refers to an


unspecified thing. Indefinite nouns end with "Tanween"
().
The word ()
a man, does not refer to any specific
person. It can refer to any person. The word ( )does
not refer to any particular good thing. Every good thing
can be called (). All the examples till now were
indefinite nouns.
2. - A definite noun refers to a proper names given to
certain person, place or an object. Zaid ()
is the name of
a particular person. Makkah ()
is the name of a specific
city. ()
the man - refers to a specific person. ()
he
- refers to a specific person. ()
this - refers to a specific
thing pointed at.

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The Types of Definite Nouns


is seven types:

( proper noun), e.g. (),


().

( pronoun), e.g. ( )he, ( )you, ( )- I.


( demonstrative pronoun), e.g. () ,this, (



)that.


( relative pronoun), e.g. ( ) the one who (m),
( ) the one who (f).

5.
( noun having ()) , e.g. (
) the horse, ( )
the man.
6.

( noun which is related to any of the above
mentioned definite nouns), e.g. (
)Zaids book,

(

)this persons book, (
)the book of the
man.

In the above examples, the word (


)has become definite
because its related to one of the .

7. ( vocative), e.g. ( ) O man, ( ) O boy.


1.
2.
3.
4.

Besides the above-mentioned 7 types definite nouns all other


nouns are indefinite.
The definite article of Arabic is ( ) it means The. It is called
() .
When ( ) is prefixed to any indefinite noun it becomes definite.

Now the word is termed as (
) a noun made definite by
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( ) a horse, is indefinite while ( ). The noun, (


) the
horse, is definite.
having Tanween, the Tanween falls ) is prefixed to a ( When
and Tanween do not come together. off.
are definite by nature. , The proper nouns like
cannot be added to them. Therefore
Examples:
nouns and with single



with
nouns and ) (dual

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nouns and ) (sound plural with

nouns and ) (broken plural with













(ghair munsarif) nouns do not We have learnt that
case. accept kasrah in
Examples:

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But when is added to ( ghair munsarif) nouns they will


accept kasrah in case.
Examples:

with nouns

with nouns

When any word precedes a word having () , the first word is


joined to the Laam of the second word and pronounced by
joining. The Hamzah of the ( ) is known as ( Hamzatul
wasl). It is not pronounced. e.g.

If there is a Saskin letter before the () , the Saakin letter is


=
normally read with a kasrah, e.g.

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is read with a fathah, e.g.


=
) ( However the word

)( ) the ( In
sometime is read and sometime it is not read for
example

-


There are two groups of the Arabic letters.
1.

2.


)( If the letter after
is from
will be read.
)( then
)( If the letter after
is from
) will not be read.( then

Examples:




- -
- -

-
-
-


- -
- -
-

- -

-
-
- -
-
- -
-


- -
-
- -


-

- -


-
- -
- -

- -

-

-
-

-
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