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SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

11 hours

1. You MUST use this answer booklet when responding to the questions. For each question, write your answer in the space provided and return the answer booklet at the end of the examination .

2. ALL WORKING MUST BE SHOWN in this booklet, since marks will be awarded for correct steps in calculations.

Copyright © 2002 Caribbean Examinations Council . All rights reserved.

1. Table 1 shows the relationship between the temperature ,

T , of the measuring junction

of a

t h ermocouple and the thermocouple emf , E , that is measured by a millivoltmeter.

Thermocouple emf Elm V

0.1

0.4

0.7

1.0

1.4

1.8

Temperature T O le

44

118

163

202

247

293

Use the values in the table to plot E against T . Draw your BEST straighfline. (10 marks)

 

Use your straight line graph thermocouple emf E = O.

to

determine To ' the temperature

at which the

(ii)

Use you r straight line graph

to determine, Ex ' the thermocoupl e

emf when

T = 200°C

+.;.

···r·

:T:~:· ;··T· i:j:::

::t::.:: ··

· . :

••

t -

i

!

t · ·

1

t

#- ··i

~

 

J.

r

.

.;-

.

:

,

!

j-

:.;

;

;.

t·

i

t

.

.

!

-'··+··~··f

f·· t · ·

t

:

:

:

:~T··;:·r·

T

T·· : ··T

(iv)

Determine the difference between the experimental value as given in Table 1 and that obtained using the formula in Part (iii) , and explain the significance of this difference.

(v)

Compare a thermocouple and a laboratory mercury in glass thermometer in term s of (i) range (ii) speed of response (iii) sensitivity.

Feature

Common Dry Cell

Car Battery

Size/weight

 

Large

Heavy

Electrolyte

Ammonium

 

Chloride paste

Emf

   

Electrodes

 

Lead,

Lead Dioxide

Current

Small to

 

Capacity

moderate

(b) A generator and a battery of secondary cells are connected through an ammeter as shown in the circuit of Figure 1 .

(ii) Show, on the diagram, the polarity of the ammeter for it to properly measure the

current

( 1 mark)

(c)

A calcu lat o r b a t tery of t erm i na l voltage 3 V s u pplies a current of 0.1 mA to the calculator

ci r cuit .

Wri t e down t he formula th a t define s the moment of a forc e , giving the meaning of EACH symbol and the u nit in which it is usually expressed.

(c) Security gu a rd posts in the Caribbean are usually equipped with a boom and counterweight arrangement as sho w n in Figure 2. It allows the securit y guard to use a relatively small force to raise the hea v y boom .

Counterweight

FA

A

(

Force

applied

here

O.3m

Path followed by end of boom

,

\ ,

- ~ .

.

·

·

·

·

·

/////////////////

(e) Use the results of (c) (i), (ii) and (d) above to find t he mass of the counterweight that must

be used if FA = 25 N is just enough to sta r t raising the boom.

( 3 marks)

(b )

Figures 3 and 4 below are r e p r e se n ta tion s of c urr ent-carryi n g cond uct o r s. Sketch the magnetic field associated with the cond u cto r in e a ch o f t he ca s e s de s crib ed below

( ii)

The conductor is tightl y wo und i nt o a sol en oi d c a rr yin g current i n the directions indicated

(c)

A flat coil is connected to a small bulb and a diode. The assembly fixed in position near a current-carrying solenoid is shown in Figure 5 below.

(i) What will be the effect on the magnetic flux inside the flat coil if the current through the solenoid is steadily increased?

(iii)

If the diode is removed so that the flat coil is connected to the bulb alone, indicate

by use of a tick ( '. /) which of more br i ghtly .

the fol l owing effects will cause the bulb

to glow

EFFECT

YES

NO

Increasing the number of tu r ns on the flat coil

   

Placing a piece of soft iron in the core o f the solenoid

   

Decreasing the rate of change of the current through the solenoid

   

State the nature of the unbalanced force which is responsible for circular motion in the following:

(b) A small bob of mass 0.2 kg is attached to a string oflength 0.5 m and whirled in a vertical circle with a speed of 2.5 m/s as in Figure 6.

A Bob in position A

B

Bob attached to string

(i)

Indicate on the d i agram the forces acting on the bob when it is in position C. (2 marks)

(iv)

If the . string is released when the bob i s at C, what is the tension immediately after the r elease of the string?