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CALCON 2014

ENERGY SAVING CALCULATION OF D.C. DRIVES


OPERATION
A. Chattopadhyaya
Department of Electrical Engineering P.Chatterjee
Supreme Knowledge Foundation Group of Department of Electrical Engineering
Institutions, Supreme Knowledge Foundation Group of
Mankundu, Hooghly, West Bengal. Institutions,
aveek_chatterjee40@yahoo.com Mankundu,Hooghly,West Bengal.
prosenjitchatterjee39@gmail.com





Abstract In this paper it is been emphasised on the scheme proposing for cope on the planetary
scarcity of conventional energy resources trends to be conscious or rather logical and economic to
use the energy optimized form in Electrical drives utilization in industrial applications. Electrical
drives like motors (dc shunt motor )are specially introduced as the eminent drives for industrial
applications; specifically where speed and diligence are required.

Key word : Energy saving, speed control , energy optimization, power saving, operating
point, stability, simulation


1. INTRODUCTION:


With the increase of complexity and diversity of energy sector, simultaneous application of different
types of motors in industry has become a common feature. Among different types of drives, dc shunt
motor is also an important because of its wide range of operational characteristics. With the increase of
solid-state device, application of dc machines has increased to a great extent. Dc machines can be made
suitable for various application of variety of volt-ampere and speed torque characteristics in both dynamic
and steady state environment by different circuit connections like shunt, series, and separately excited
field winding.

The specification of the motor used is: Rating: 5HP

3-point starter: 5HP, 240V, 16.2A Voltage: 240V
Insulation Class: F Winding: Shunt
Current: 2.9A (armature), 0.25A (field) Speed: 1220rpm
MATLAB Simulation:


















Results: Data for DC machine under no-load condition:


VOLTAGE SPEED %OF %OF SPEED CURRENT POWER %OF POWER %OF SPEED
VOLTAGE CHANGING CHANGING CHANGING
REDUCTION

240 1211.2 2.08%
0.74%
8 1920 14.3% 0.74%

235 1193.6 7.41% 7.41% 7 1645 28.1%
7.41%
230 1148.1 8.14% 8.14% 6 1380 36.9%
8.14%
225 1145.3 11.48% 10.37% 1237.5 38.12%
5.5 10.37%
220 1141.1 14.81% 40.65%
11.48% 5.4 1188 11.48%
215 1098.1 15.55% 1139.5 42.03%
15.55% 5.3 15.55%
210 1088.6 16.30% 16.30% 44.4%
5.3 1113 16.30%
205 1079.6 17.03% 45.8%
17.85% 5.2 1066 17.85%
200 1059.5 17.85% 1040 48.2%
18.51% 5.2 18.51%
CALCON 2014

A. Chattopadhyaya,Fellow,IEEE,and P.chatterjee,Fellow,IEEE(STUDENT)









RESULT:














Fig-1(Variation of % of power saving with % of speed reduction) Fig-2(Variation of % of power saving vs
voltage reduction)




195 1050.2 18.85% 49.5% 19.26%
19.26% 5.1 994.5
190 954.9 25.92%
20.5% 5.1 969 50.8% 20.5%
185 907.2 29.63%
25.92% 5.04 943.5 52.84% 25.92%
180 902.4 30% 905.4 29.63%
29.63% 5.03 55.64%
170 883.4 31.48% 851.7
31.48% 5.01 59.1% 31.48%
160 849.8 34.08% 784 36.29%
36.29% 4.9 63.2%
150 778.2 36.29% 4.7 705 65.8% 37.40%
37.40%


Conclusion:
In this work an attempt has been made to calculate the energy savings of a dc shunt motor in no load and
under load condition by sacrificing its speed. In no load condition it has been found that 38% reduced of
speed of a dc shunt motor, power savings can be achieved 66% which is very much optimistic in
case of energy saving operation. In this work energy savings have been calculated in operation of a dc
shunt motor and for this purpose one circuit have been developed in MATLAB environment.
(Specification of dc shunt motor which is used for this purpose: 5 hp, 240V, 16.2 A, 1220 rpm.)



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