Sie sind auf Seite 1von 9

April - Nisan, Abreel

August - Ab, Aghustus


RETURN TO INDEX
Big - (m): Kebir, (f): Kebira
Black - Aswad
Blue - Azrak
Bread - Khubz
Breakfast - Iftar
Brother - Akh
Brown - Jauzi, Buni
RETURN TO INDEX
Coffee - Qahwa
Cold - (m): Barid, (f): Baridah
RETURN TO INDEX
Daughter of! - Bint
Da" - Yom
Dece#$er - Kanun Illau'wal, esember
Dinner - Ashaa
RETURN TO INDEX
Eight - !hamani"a
Engineer - #ohandis
RETURN TO INDEX
%ather - Ab
%e$ruar" - $hbat, %ebra"er
%ish - $amak
%i&e - Khamsa
%our - Arba'a
%rida" - Yom alJuma'ah
RETURN TO INDEX
'od - Allah
'od knows $est - Allah alim
'od willing - Insha'allah
'od(s will - #asha'allah
'ood$"e 'o in peace! - #a'assalama Reply: %i aman Allah or #a'assalama
'ood Afternoon)E&ening - #asa alkhair Reply: #asa alnur
'ood *orning - $abah alkhair Reply: $abah alnur
'ood Night - &eila $a'eeda
'randfather - Jadd
'rand#other - Jaddah
'reen - Akhdar
're" - 'amadi
RETURN TO INDEX
+app" Birthda" - (id #ilad $a'eed
+a&e a safe ,ourne" - Bissalama
+e - )uwwa
+ello - #arhaba
+ot - )arr
+ow are "ou- - (m): Kaif halak, (f): Kaif halik
RETURN TO INDEX
I a#!... - Ana
I a# fine - Ana bekhair
I a# sorr" - Ana asif
I don(t know - Ana la a'arif
RETURN TO INDEX
/anuar" - Kanun Ittani, Yana"ir
/ul" - !ammuz, Yul"u
/une - )uzairan, Yun"u
RETURN TO INDEX
0i$rar" - #aktaba
0unch - *adaa
RETURN TO INDEX
*arch - Adar, #aris
*a" - A"ar, #aa"o
*ilk - )aleeb
*onda" - Yom alIthnain
*onth - $hahr
*other - +mm
*useu# - #atihaf
*" na#e is... - Ana ismi,,,
RETURN TO INDEX
Nine - !is'a
No - &a
No&e#$er - !ishrin Ittani, Nofember
RETURN TO INDEX
Ocean - #ohit
Octo$er - !ishrin Ilau'wal, -.tober
One - /ahid
Onion - Basal
Orange - Burdukali
RETURN TO INDEX
1eace $e upon "ou - Assalamu alaikum Reply: /alaikum assalam
...and #erc" - wa rahmatullahi
...and $lessings - wa barakatuhu
1lease - (m): #in fadlak, (f): #in fadlik
1urple - +r0uwani, Banafsa0i (violet)
RETURN TO INDEX
Red - Ahmar
RETURN TO INDEX
2alad - $alata
2aturda" - Yom al$abt
2chool - #adrassa
2epte#$er - Ailul, $e1tember
2e&en - $ab'ah
2he - )i""a
2ister - Akht
2i3 - $itta
2#all - (m): $agheer, (f): $agheerah
2on of! - Ibn
2tudent - (m): !alib, (f): !aliba
2u##er - Al $a'if
2unda" - Yom alA'had
RETURN TO INDEX
Tea - $haa"
Ten - 'Ashra
Thank 'od - Alhamdulillah
Thank "ou - $hukran
The" - )umma
Thousand - Alf
Three - !halatha
Tuesda" - Yom al!hulutha'
Thursda" - Yom alKhamis
Toda" - Al Youm
Tourist - (m): $a'ih, (f): $a'iha
Two - Ithnan
RETURN TO INDEX
4alle" - /adi
RETURN TO INDEX
5ater - #a'a
5ednesda" - Yom alArba'a
5eek - +sbuu'
5elco#e - Ahlan wa sahlan Reply: Ahlan bekum
5hat do "ou want- - (m): #atha tureed2, (f): #atha tureedeen2
5here - Ain
5here is...- - A"na,,,2
...the $athroo# - al)ammam
...the hotel - al%undu3
...the li$rar" - al#aktaba
...the police station - Qism al$hurtah
...the post office - #aktab alBareed
...the telephone - al)atif, al!ilifoun
5hite - Ab"ad
RETURN TO INDEX
6ellow - Asfar
6es - Na'am
6ou... - (m): Inta, (f): Inti, (pl): Intu
Basic Words
Yes: na,am, aiwa
No: la
Hello: al salaam a' Laykum/marhaba
Hello: (reply) WA alaykum al salaam
Good ye: ma salaama
Why!: lain!
Who!: meen!
When!: ma"a!
How!: kai#!
Days of the Week
$a"urday: al saba"
$unday: al ahad
%onday: al i"hnain
&uesday: al "hala"ha
Wednesday: al arba
&hursday: al khamees
'riday: al (uma
&oday: al youm
Yes"erday: ams
&omorrow: bukra, )hadan
A#"er "omorrow: baad bukra
*n "he mornin): #e al sabah
*n "he a#"ernoon: baad al dhuar
&oni)h": #el al massa
Eating
read: +hub,
reak#as": *#"ar
-inner: Ashaa
Lun.h: Gadaa
/o0ee: 1ahwa
'ish: $amak
%ilk: Haleeb
2nion: asal
2ran)e: urdukali
$alad: $ala"a
Colors
la.k: Aswad
lue: A,rak
rown: 3au,i, uni
Green: Akhdar
Grey: 4amadi
5urple: 6r(uwani, ana#sa(i (7iole")
4ed: Ahmar
Family
ro"her: Akh
-au)h"er (o#): in"
'a"her: Ab
Grand#a"her: 3add
Grandmo"her: 3addah
%o"her: 6mm
$is"er: Akh"
$on (o#): *bn
5hrases in Arabi.
In the street
5lease: min #adlak (m) iki (#)
&hank You: shukran
You are wel.ome: a#wan, ahlan wa sahlan
89.use me / sorry: assi#
-o you speak 8n)lish!: "a"akalam *n)lesi!
* don'" unders"and: anna mush #ahim
Wha" is "his!: shu ha"ha!
Introducing yourself
How are you!: khei# halak (m) iki (#)
:ery Well: "amam, bikhair
%y name is;;;: ismee
Wha" is your name!: ma ismiki (#)
Shopping
How mu.h is "his!: bikam ha"ha! Wha" do you wan"! < (m): %a"ha "ureed!, (#): %a"ha
"ureedeen!
Wha" is "he dis.oun"!: kam il khasem!
* wan" "o buy;;;;: Anna ureed ish"arai"i
*" is "oo e9pensi7e: )halia ka"heer
*" is "oo .heap: ha"ha rakhees (edan
Travels & directions
Where is;;;: wain
"he bank: *L masri#
"he res"auran": *L ma"aam
"he "elephone: *L ha"i#
"he airpor": *L ma"ar
"he pos" o=.e: mak"ab *L bareed
"he "oile"s: *L hamam
"he hospi"al: *L mus"ash#a
"he poli.e s"a"ion: dar al shur"a
"ra=. poli.e: *L murur
Go;;;: rouh
"o "he le#": ala al yassar
"o "he ri)h": ALA al yameen
Go s"rai)h" on: ala"ool
&he road: al shar'e
Arabi. Grammar
-ue "o "he rapid e9pansion o# *slam in "he >"h .en"ury many people learned Arabi. as
a lin)ua #ran.a; 'or "his reason, "he earlies" )ramma"i.al "rea"ises on Arabi. are o#"en
wri""en by non<na"i7e speakers;
&radi"ionally, "he )ramma"i.al s.ien.es are di7ided in"o #our bran.hes:
al<lu)ah (le9i.on) .on.erned wi"h .olle."in) and e9plainin) 7o.abulary;
a"<"a<ri# (morpholo)y) de"erminin) "he #orm o# "he indi7idual words;
an<na<w (syn"a9) primarily .on.erned wi"h in?e."ion (i<rab) whi.h had already been
los" in diale."s;
al<is"i@a@ (deri7a"ion) e9aminin) "he ori)in o# "he words;
oun!
&he Arabi. noun .an "ake one o# "hree s"a"es o# deAni"eness: deAni"e, indeAni"e or
.ons"ru." s"a"e; &he deAni"e s"a"e is marked by "he ar"i.le al<; &he indeAni"e s"a"e is
marked by an endin) <n (nuna"ion); &he .ons"ru." s"a"e is unmarked and o..urs in
"he Ars" member o# a )eni"i7e .ons"ru."ion;
"ra#ic $ersonal $ronouns!
$in)ular:
* < anaa, #or e9ample: anaa ka"ab"u < * wro"e;
"hou (mas.uline) < an"a, #or e9ample: an"a ka"ab"a < "hou wro"es";
"hou (#eminine) < an"i, #or e9ample: an"i ka"ab"i < "hou wro"es";
he (mas.uline) < huwa, #or e9ample: huwa ka"aba < he wro"e;
she (#eminine) < hiya, #or e9ample: hiya ka"aba" < she wro"e;
5lural:
we < naHnu, #or e9ample: naHnu ka"abnaa < we wro"e;
you (pl; mas.uline) < an"um, #or e9ample: an"um ka"ab"um < you wro"e;
you (pl; #eminine) < an"unna, #or e9ample: an"unna ka"ab"unna < you wro"e;
you "wo (dual mas. and #em) < an"umaa ka"ab"umaa < you "wo wro"e;
"hey (mas.) < hum, #or e9ample: hum ka"abuu < "hey wro"e;
"hey (#em) < hunna, #or e9ample: hunna ka"abna < "hey wro"e;
"hey "wo (dual mas.) < humaa < humaa ka"abaa < "hey "wo wro"e;
"hey "wo (dual #em) < humaa < humaa ka"aba"aa < "hey "wo wro"e;
T%o Types of "ra#ic Sentences!
B; :erbal sen"en.e: "he sen"en.e s"ar"s wi"h "he 7erb and sub(e." #ollows; &he 7erb is
always in "he sin)ular #orm e7en #or "he .ases where "he sub(e." is dual or plural;
89amples #or "he 7erbal sen"en.e:
dhahaba abiy ila /airo < li"eral "ransla"ion < has )one my #a"her "o /airo; u", i" really
means < my #a"her has )one "o /airo;
ra(a'a abiy min /airo < li"eral "ransla"ion < re"urned my #a"her #rom /airo; u", i" really
means < my #a"her re"urned #rom /airo;
la'iba al<waladaani < "he "wo boys played (dual);
la'iba al<awlaadu < "he boys played;
As you see, "he 7erb is always in "he sin)ular #orm e7en "hou)h "he sub(e." is in dual
or plural;
C; Nominal sen"en.e: "he sen"en.e s"ar"s wi"h "he noun or sub(e." and "he o"hers
#ollow; &he 7erb mus" a)ree wi"h "he sub(e." in number and )ender; 89amples #or "he
nominal sen"en.e:
abiy ra(a'a min /airo < %y #a"her re"urned #rom /airo;
akhiy ka"aba < my bro"her wro"e;
al<waladu la'iba < "he boy played;
al<waladaani la'ibaa < "he "wo boys played (dual);
al<awlaadu la'iboo < boys played (boys is plural D E"heyE so "he e@ui7alen" 7erb #or
E"heyE is Ela'ibooE);
As you see, "he 7erb a)rees wi"h "he sub(e." in number;
anaa wa akhiy wa abiy dhahabnaa ila /airo < * and my bro"her and my #a"her wen" "o
/airo; *n "his sen"en.e, *, and my bro"her and my #a"her are e@ui7alen" "o Eus;E
&here#ore, "he 7erb mus" a)ree wi"h "he Eus,E e;);, dhahabnaa;
&ender!
Arabi. has "wo )enders, e9pressed by pronominal as well as by 7erbal a)reemen";
A)reemen" wi"h numerals shows a pe.uliar 'polari"y'; &he )enders are usually
re#erred "o as mas.uline and #eminine, bu" "he si"ua"ion is more .ompli.a"ed "han
"ha"; &he '#eminine' )ender is also used "o e9press 'sin)ula"i7es';
&he marker #or "he #eminine )ender is a <"< su=9, bu" some nouns wi"hou" "his
marker also "ake #eminine a)reemen" (e; ); umm 'mo"her', ard 'ear"h'); Already in
/lassi.al Arabi., "he <" marker was no" pronoun.ed in pausa; *" is wri""en wi"h a
spe.ial le""er ("a marbu"a) indi.a"in) "ha" a " sound is "o be pronoun.ed in sandhi bu"
no" in pausa;
Tenses!
&here are "wo main "enses in "he Arabi. lan)ua)e; B;5er#e." &ense, C;*mper#e." &ense
or "he 5resen" &ense; &he a."ion is .omple"ed in "he per#e." "ense; You may also .all
"his as "he pas" "ense be.ause "he a."ion is .omple"ed be#ore "he presen" so i"
belon)s "o "he pas"; 'or e9ample, one may say, E* a"eE; &he a."ion o# ea"in) was
Anished in "he pas"; &he pas" .ould be a #ew minu"es or a #ew de.ades be#ore "he
presen" "ime; Al"erna"ely, in "he se.ond "ense, i;e;, "he imper#e.", "he a."ion is s"ill
.on"inuin); 'or e9ample, you kno.k on "he door and walk in; You see he is ea"in) his
meal; He says "o you, E* am ea"in)E; &he a."ion is s"ill .on"inuin), he is s"ill ea"in)
while "alkin) "o you; &his is "he presen" "ense in 8n)lish; *" is also "he Eimper#e."
"enseE in Arabi.; You look a" "he "able abo7e and lo.a"e "he pronoun E*E on "he le#"
.olumn and #ollow i" "o "he ri)h" "o "he Eimper#e."E .olumn; You will see "he 7erb,
EakuluE; *" means, E* am ea"in)E or E* ea"E; Wha" abou" "he #u"ure "ense! Well, "here is
no" su.h a "hin) as "he #u"ure "ense in Arabi.; &his is done by addin) "he preA9 EsaE
"o "he imper#e." #orm o# "he 7erb; 'or e9ample, le"'s look a" "he "able abo7e "o And
ou" "he imper#e." #orm o# "he 7erb EakalaE; *" is Eya'kuluE; Add "he preA9 EsaE "o "he
Eya'kuluE you )e", Esaya'kuluE whi.h means EHe will ea"E;