Bucana MAEdMathematics
1. SmartArt The Real Number System
1. Equation
a. Linear Algebra matrix
System
Augmented Matrix Coefficient Matrix
b. Number theory Summation
Expand the following:
1.
4
1
( 3)
i
i
M
=
+
2.
1
3
3
(X )
i
i
=
3.
4
1
(4 2)
i
i
X
=
+
c. Algebra
Simplify the inequalities. Draw the graph of their solution on the number line.
1.
2.
3.
d. Calculus
Calculate
2
(5 2 3) x x dx +
}
2
(5 2 3) x x dx +
}
=
2
5 ( 2 ) 3 x dx x dx dx + +
} } }
=
2
5 2 3 1 x dx xdx dx +
} } }
=
2 1 0
5 2 3 x dx x dx x dx +
} } }
=
2 1 1 1 0 1
1 1 1
5 2 3
2 1 1 1 0 1
x x x C
+ + +
+ +
+ + +
=
3 2
5
3
3
x x x C + +
Rational
9/2 11.23 3/4
Integers
1 2 3 4
Whole
0
Natural
1,2,3,...
Irrational
22/7,
sq.root of 2
e. Trigonometry
Evaluate the following:
1. sin
6
t  

\
=
1
sin
6 2
t
=
2.
( )
2 2
tan tan 3 3
3 3
t t  
= = =

\
3.
2
cos cos
4 4 2
t t  
= =

\
2. Geoemtry
Undefined terms
1. Line l
l
2. Segment AB or BA A B
3. Point A  B 
4. Planes
Kinds of polygons
1. Triangle 4. Hexagon
2. Quadrilateral
3. Pentagon
P  Q 
R 
Name: Kenny Joy T. Bucana MAEdMathematics
Statistics Probability and Inferential Statistics
Statistics is any numerical data or quantitative analysis. It is also a certain kind of measure
used to evaluate a selected property of the collection of item under consideration. As a
branch of science it is concerned with the scientific methods of collecting, organizing,
summarizing, presenting and analyzing data, as well as drawing valid conclusions and
making reasonable decisions on the basis of such analysis.
Types of statistics
1. Descriptive statisticsis the method of collecting, organizing, and utilizing numerical
data derived from the empirical world. It is the phase of statistics that seeks to
describe and analyze a given group without drawing any conclusions or inferences
about a larger group. It is concerned with
a. Characterizing what is typical or common in a group
b. Indicating how widely the individuals in the group vary
c. Presenting other aspects of the distribution values with respect to the
variable(s) being considered.
Examples: mean, percentages, proportions, standard deviation, regression and correlation
coefficient, construction of tablets, charts and graphs.
2. Inferential Statistics comprises some methods concerned with the analysis of a
subject of data leading to predictions or inferences about the entire set of data.
Among the common types of analysis are:
a. testing for the existence of an association between variables
b. identifying the form of an observed relationship
c. refining observed associations into causal relationships
d. generalizing and predicting on the basis of observed data.
Examples: estimation, hypothesis testing
Population and sample
Population is a totality of all actual or conceivable objects of a certain class under
consideration. It can be finite or infinite.
Sample is a finite number of objects or persons selected from the population. It is a set of
measurements that constitute part of the totality of all possible measurement of the same
quantities.
Sampling selection of part but representative cross section of the population
Representative property of the proportion of the population if that portion reflects the
characteristics of the population
Survey the collection from a population distribution
Statistic a value calculated from a sample distribution
Sampling frame a complete list of all units from which the sample is drawn
Variable is any quantity or measure or characteristics which may possess different
numerical values or categories
Kinds of statistical variables
1. continuous variables a variable which can theoretically assume any value between
two given values or a specified range. It can answer a question How much...
2. discrete variable a characteristic which can only assume designated values. It can
answer How many...
Variables may also be classified as qualitative [ differ in quality] or quantitative [differ in
magnitude] or may be dependent [criterion variables] or independent [predictor
variables].
Some criteria in the selection of variables
1. appropriateness
2. clarity
3. measurability
4. comparability
Levels of measurements
1. Nominal measurement
2. Ordinal measurement
3. Interval measurement
4. Ratio measurement