Quadratic Equations

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

9 Aufrufe

Quadratic Equations

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- Math 119 Study Guide/Review
- Nature of Roots of a Polynomial
- Technique in Math
- SHAHID LATIF (06-0125)Digital Signal Processing LAB Manual
- algebra-ii-advanced-algebra-standards
- Polynomial Points
- Avalon Graduation Standards List
- Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation_M. K. Jain, S. R. K. Iyengar and R. K. Jain
- Past Year Functions STPM Math M
- What to Review on College Entrance Exams
- Quadratic Equation Paper 01
- syllabus mat1033 t 530 - 815 xpress fall 2014
- Solutions to Sign Diagrams Class Handout
- 2010 HMMT Algebra Practice Solutions
- Programming-with-TI-Nspire--final
- Armando Polinomios de Grado n
- 2015 Specialist Maths Exam 1 Solutions
- Math7 Curriculum Map
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD)
- Lecture 17

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

The zeros of a polynomial function P(x) are the same as the roots of the polynomial

equation P(x) 0. Remember that one of our main goals in algebra is to keep

expanding our knowledge of solving equations. In this section we will learn several

facts that are useful in solving polynomial equations.

The Number of Roots to a Polynomial Equation

In solving a polynomial equation by factoring, we nd that a factor may occur more

than once.

Multiplicity

If the factor x c occurs n times in the complete factorization of the

polynomial P(x), then we say that c is a root of the equation P(x) 0 with

multiplicity n.

For example, the equation x

2

10x 25 0 is equivalent to (x 5)(x 5) 0.

The only root to this equation is 5. Since the factor x 5 occurs twice, we say that

5 is a root with multiplicity 2. Counting multiplicity, every quadratic equation has

two roots.

Consider a polynomial equation P(x) 0 of positive degree n. By the funda-

mental theorem of algebra there is at least one complex root c

1

to this equation. By

the factor theorem P(x) 0 is equivalent to (x c

1

)Q

1

(x) 0, where Q

1

(x) is a

polynomial with degree n 1 (the quotient when P(x) is divided by x c

1

). By the

fundamental theorem of algebra there is at least one complex root c

2

to Q

1

(x) 0.

By the factor theorem P(x) 0 can be written as (x c

1

)(x c

2

)Q

2

(x) 0, where

Q

2

(x) is a polynomial with degree n 2. Continuing this reasoning n times, we get

a quotient polynomial that has 0 degree, n factors for P(x), and n complex roots, not

necessarily all different. We have just proved the following theorem.

n-Root Theorem

If P(x) 0 is a polynomial equation with real or complex coefcients and

positive degree n, then counting multiplicities, P(x) 0 has n roots.

Note that the n-root theorem also means that a polynomial function of positive

degree n has n zeros, counting multiplicities.

E X A M P L E 1 Finding all roots to a polynomial equation

State the degree of each polynomial equation. Find all of the real and imaginary

roots to each equation, stating multiplicity when it is greater than 1.

a) 6x

5

24x

3

0 b) (x 3)

2

(x 4)

5

0

Solution

a) The equation is a fth-degree equation. We can solve it by factoring:

6x

3

(x

2

4) 0

6x

3

0 or x

2

4 0

x

3

0 or x

2

4

x 0 or x 2i

10.2 The Theory of Equations (10-9) 537

10.2

I n t h i s

s e c t i o n

G

The Number of Roots to a

Polynomial Equation

G

The Conjugate Pairs

Theorem

G

Descartes Rule of Signs

G

Bounds on the Roots

The roots are 2i and 0. Since 0 is a root with multiplicity 3, counting multi-

plicities there are ve roots.

b) If we would multiply the factors in this polynomial equation, then the highest

power of x would be 7. So the degree of the equation is 7. There are only two dis-

tinct roots to the equation, 3 and 4. We say that 3 is a root with multiplicity

2 and 4 is a root with multiplicity 5. So counting multiplicities, there are seven

roots to the equation. I

The Conjugate Pairs Theorem

The solutions to the quadratic equation x

2

2x 5 0 are the complex numbers

1 2i and 1 2i. These numbers are conjugates of one another. The quadratic

formula guarantees that complex solutions of quadratic equations with real coef-

cients occur in conjugate pairs. This situation also occurs for polynomial equations

of higher degree.

Conjugate Pairs Theorem

If P(x) 0 is a polynomial equation with real coefcients and the complex

number a bi (b 0) is a root, then the complex number a bi is also a

root.

E X A M P L E 2 Finding an equation with given roots

Find a polynomial equation with real coefcients that has 2 and 1 i as roots.

Solution

Since the polynomial is to have real coefcients, the imaginary roots occur in con-

jugate pairs. So a polynomial with these two roots actually must have at least three

roots: 2, 1 i, and 1 i. Since each root of the equation comes from a factor of the

polynomial, we can write the following equation:

(x 2)(x [1 i])(x [1 i]) 0

(x 2)(x

2

2x 2) 0 (1 i)(1 i) 1 i

2

2

x

3

4x

2

6x 4 0

This equation has the required solutions and the smallest degree. Any multiple of this

equation would also have the required solutions but would not be as simple. I

Descartes Rule of Signs

None of the theorems in this chapter tells us how to nd all of the n roots to a poly-

nomial equation of degree n. The theorems and rules presented here add to our

knowledge of polynomial equations and help us to solve more equations. Descartes

rule of signs is a method for looking at a polynomial equation and estimating the

number of positive, negative, and imaginary solutions.

When a polynomial is written in descending order, a variation of sign occurs

when the signs of consecutive terms change. For example, if P(x) 3x

5

7x

4

8x

3

x

2

3x 9, there are sign changes in going from the rst to the second

terms, from the fourth to the fth terms, and from the fth to the sixth terms. So

538 (10-10) Chapter 10 Polynomial and Rational Functions

You can check Example 1 by

examining the graphs shown

here.

c a l c u l a t o r

c l o s e - u p

5

50

50

5

The roots tothe equations cor-

respond to the x-intercepts.

5

15,000

6000

10

You can check Example 2 by

examining the graph shown

here. The graph should cross

the x-axis only once because

the function has only one real

root.

c a l c u l a t o r

c l o s e - u p

5

50

50

5

there are three variations in sign for P(x). Descartes rule requires that we also count

the variations in sign for P(x) after it is simplied:

P(x) 3(x)

5

7(x)

4

8(x)

3

(x)

2

3(x) 9

3x

5

7x

4

8x

3

x

2

3x 9

In the polynomial P(x) the signs of the terms change from the second to the third

terms, and then the signs change again from the third to the fourth terms. So there

are two variations in sign for P(x).

Descartes Rule of Signs

If P(x) 0 is a polynomial equation with real coefcients, then the number

of positive roots of the equation is either equal to the number of variations of

sign of P(x) or less than that by an even number. The number of negative

roots of the equation is either equal to the number of variations in sign of

P(x) or less than that by an even number.

E X A M P L E 3 Discussing the possibilities for the roots

Discuss the possibilities for the roots to 2x

3

5x

2

6x 4 0.

Solution

The number of variations of sign in P(x) 2x

3

5x

2

6x 4 is 2. According to

Descartes rule, the number of positive roots is either 2 or 0. Since P(x)

2(x)

3

5(x)

2

6(x) 4 2x

3

5x

2

6x 4, there is only one varia-

tion of sign in P(x). So there is exactly one negative root. If only one negative root

exists, then the other two roots must be positive or imaginary. The number of imag-

inary roots is determined by the number of positive and negative roots because the

total number of roots must be three. The following table summarizes these two

possibilities.

Number of Number of Number of

Positive Roots Negative Roots Imaginary Roots

2 1 0

0 1 2

I

E X A M P L E 4 Discussing the possibilities for the roots

Discuss the possibilities for the roots to 3x

4

5x

3

x

2

8x 4 0.

Solution

The number of variations of sign in P(x) 3x

4

5x

3

x

2

8x 4 is two.

According to Descartes rule, there are either two or no positive roots to the equa-

tion. Since P(x) 3(x)

4

5(x)

3

(x)

2

8(x) 4 3x

4

5x

3

x

2

8x 4, there are two variations of sign in P(x). So the number of negative

roots is either two or zero. Each line of the following table gives a possible distrib-

ution of the type of roots to the equation.

10.2 The Theory of Equations (10-11) 539

The following graph shows us

that there are actually two

positive roots, one negative

root, and no imaginary roots

to the equation in Example 3.

c a l c u l a t o r

c l o s e - u p

5

50

50

5

Number of Number of Number of

Positive Roots Negative Roots Imaginary Roots

2 2 0

2 0 2

0 2 2

0 0 4

I

Descartes rule of signs adds to our knowledge of the roots of an equation. It

is especially helpful when the number of variations of sign is zero or one. If there

are no variations in sign for P(x), then there are no positive roots. If there is one

variation of sign in P(x), then we know that one positive root exists.

Bounds on the Roots

The next theorem on roots has to do with determining the size of the roots.

Theorem on Bounds

Suppose P(x) is a polynomial with real coefficients and a positive leading

coefcient, and synthetic division with c is performed.

If c 0 and all terms in the bottom row are nonnegative, then no number

greater than c can be a root of P(x) 0.

If c 0 and the terms in the bottom row alternate in sign, then no number

less than c can be a root of P(x) 0.

If there are no roots greater than c, then c is called an upper bound for the roots.

If there are no roots less than c, then c is called a lower bound for the roots. If 0 ap-

pears in the bottom row of the synthetic division, we may consider it as positive or

negative term in determining whether the signs alternate.

E X A M P L E 5 Integral bounds for the roots

Use the theorem on bounds to establish the best integral bounds for the roots of

2x

3

5x

2

6x 4 0.

Solution

Try synthetic division with the integers 1, 2, 3, and so on. The rst integer for

which all terms on the bottom row are nonnegative is the best upper bound for the

roots:

By the theorem on bounds no number greater than 4 can be a root to the equation.

Now try synthetic division with the integers 1, 2, 3, and so on. The rst

4

2 5 6 4

8 12 24

2 3 6 28

3

2 5 6 4

6 3 9

2 1 3 5

2

2 5 6 4

4 2 16

2 1 8 12

1

2 5 6 4

2 3 9

2 3 9 5

540 (10-12) Chapter 10 Polynomial and Rational Functions

From the graph it appears that

there are actually two positive

roots, no negative roots, and

two imaginary roots to the

equation in Example 4.

c a l c u l a t o r

c l o s e - u p

5

50

50

5

s t u d y t i p

When studying for a big test,

such as a midterm or nal

exam, review the material in

the order it was originally pre-

sented. This strategy will help

you to see connections be-

tween the ideas and will give

top priority to material that

you might have forgotten.

negative integer for which the terms on the bottom row alternate in sign is the best

lower bound for the roots:

By the theorem on bounds no number less than 2 can be a root to the equation. So

all of the real roots to this equation are between 2 and 4. I

In the next example we will use all of the information available to nd all of the

solutions to a polynomial equation.

E X A M P L E 6 Finding all solutions to a polynomial equation

Find all of the solutions to 2x

3

5x

2

6x 4 0.

Solution

In Example 3 we saw that this equation has either two positive roots and one

negative root or one negative root and two imaginary roots. In Example 5 we saw

that all of the real roots to this equation are between 2 and 4. From the rational

root theorem we have 1, 2, 4, and

1

2

as the possible rational roots. Since

there must be one negative root and it must be greater than 2, the only possible

numbers from the list are 1 and

1

2

. So start by checking

1

2

and 1 with syn-

thetic division:

Since neither 1 nor

1

2

is a root, the negative root must be irrational. Since there

might be two positive roots smaller than 4, we check

1

2

, 1, and 2:

Since

1

2

is a root of the equation, x

1

2

is a factor of the polynomial:

x

1

2

(2x

2

4x 8) 0

(2x 1)(x

2

2x 4) 0

2x 1 0 or x

2

2x 4 0

x

1

2

or x 1 5

There are two positive roots,

1

2

and 1 5 . The negative root is 1 5 . Note that

the roots guaranteed by Descartes rule of signs are real numbers but not necessar-

ily rational numbers. I

2 4 4 (1 )( 4)

1

2

2 5 6 4

1 2 4

2 4 8 0

1

2 5 6 4

2 7 1

2 7 1 3

1

2

2 5 6 4

1 3

3

2

2 6 3

1

2

1

2 5 6 4

2 14 16

2 7 8 12

1

2 5 6 4

2 7 1

2 7 1 3

10.2 The Theory of Equations (10-13) 541

Because all x-intercepts are

between 2 and 4, the graph

supports the conclusion that

all of the roots to the equation

are between 2 and 4.

c a l c u l a t o r

c l o s e - u p

4

25

25

2

True or false? Explain your answer.

1. The number 3 is a root of x

2

9 0 with multiplicity 2. False

2. Counting multiplicities, the equation x

8

1 has eight solutions in the set of

complex numbers. True

3. The number

2

3

is a root of multiplicity 4 for the equation

(3x 2)

4

(x

2

2x 1) 0. True

4. The number 2 is a root of multiplicity 3 for the equation

(x 2)

3

(x

2

x 6) 0. False

5. If 2 3i is a solution to a polynomial equation with real coefcients, then

2 3i is also a solution to the equation. False

6. If P(x) 0 is a polynomial equation with real coefcients and 5 4i and

3 6i are solutions to P(x) 0, then the degree of P(x) is at least 4. True

7. Both 1 i2 and 1 i2 are solutions to 7x

3

5x

2

6x 8 0.

False

8. If P(x) x

3

6x

2

3x 2, then P(x) x

3

6x

2

3x 2. False

9. The equation x

3

5x

2

6x 1 0 has no positive solutions. True

10. The equation x

3

5 0 has two imaginary solutions. True

542 (10-14) Chapter 10 Polynomial and Rational Functions

W A R M - U P S

E X E R C I S E S 10. 2

Reading and Writing After reading this section, write out the

answers to these questions. Use complete sentences.

1. What is multiplicity?

Multiplicity of a root c is the number of times that x c

occurs as a factor.

2. What is the n-root theorem?

The n-root theorem states that a polynomial with real or

complex coefcients and positive degree n has n roots

counting multiplicities.

3. What is the conjugate pairs theorem?

The conjugate pairs theorem states that for a polynomial

equation with real coefcients if a bi (b 0) is a root,

then a bi is also a root.

4. What is Descartes rule of signs?

Descartes rule of signs states that for P(x) 0 the number

of positive roots is either equal to the number of variations

of sign of P(x) or less than that by an even number. The

number of negative roots is either equal to the number of

variations in sign of P(x) or less than that by an even

number.

5. What is an upper bound for the roots of a polynomial?

If there are no roots greater than c, then c is an upper bound

for the roots.

6. What is a lower bound for the roots?

If there are no roots less than c, then c is a lower bound for

the roots.

State the degree of each polynomial equation. Find all of the

real and imaginary roots to each equation. State the multiplicity

of a root when it is greater than 1. See Example 1.

7. x

5

4x

3

0

Degree 5, 2, 2, 0 multiplicity 3

8. x

6

9x

4

0

Degree 6, 3i, 3i, 0 multiplicity 4

9. x

4

2x

3

x

2

0

Degree 4, 0 multiplicity 2, 1 multiplicity 2

10. x

5

4x

4

4x

3

0

Degree 5, 0 multiplicity 3, 2 multiplicity 2

11. x

4

6x

2

9 0

Degree 4, 3 multiplicity 2, 3 multiplicity 2

12. x

4

8x

2

16 0

Degree 4, 2 multiplicity 2, 2 multiplicity 2

13. (x 1)

2

(x 2)

2

0

Degree 4, 1 multiplicity 2, 2 multiplicity 2

14. (2x 1)

2

(3x 5)

4

0

Degree 6,

1

2

multiplicity 2,

5

3

multiplicity 4

15. x

4

2x

2

1 0

Degree 4, 1 multiplicity 2, 1 multiplicity 2

16. 4x

4

4x

2

1 0

Degree 4, multiplicity 2,

2

2

multiplicity 2

2

2

Find a polynomial equation with real coefcients that has the

given roots. See Example 2.

17. 3, 2 i x

3

7x

2

17x 15 0

18. 4, 3 i x

3

2x

2

14x 40 0

19. 2, i x

3

2x

2

x 2 0

20. 4, i x

3

4x

2

x 4 0

21. 0, i2 x

3

2x 0

22. 3, i3 x

3

3x

2

3x 9 0

23. i, 1 i x

4

2x

3

3x

2

2x 2 0

24. 2i, i x

4

5x

2

4 0

25. 1, 2 x

2

3x 2 0

26.

1

2

, 1 2x

2

x 1 0

27. 1, 2, 3 x

3

4x

2

x 6 0

28. 2, 3, 2 x

3

3x

2

4x 12 0

Discuss the possibilities for the roots to each equation. Do not

solve the equation. See Examples 3 and 4.

29. x

3

3x

2

5x 7 0

3 negative, or 1 negative and 2 imaginary

30. 2x

3

3x

2

5x 6 0

3 positive, or 1 positive and 2 imaginary

31. 2x

3

x

2

3x 2 0

1 positive and 2 negative, or 1 positive and 2 imaginary

32. x

3

x

2

5x 1 0

1 positive and 2 negative, or 1 positive and 2 imaginary

33. x

4

x

3

x

2

x 1 0

4 positive, or 2 positive and 2 imaginary, or 4 imaginary

34. x

4

1 0

1 positive, 1 negative, and 2 imaginary

35. x

4

x

2

1 0

no positive, no negative, 4 imaginary

36. x

6

3x

4

2x

2

6 0

no positive, no negative, 6 imaginary

37. x

3

x 1 0

1 positive and 2 imaginary

38. x

4

3x

3

5x 5 0

1 positive, 1 negative, and 2 imaginary

39. x

5

x

3

3x 0

4 imaginary and 0

40. x

3

5x

2

6x 0

2 positive and 0, 2 imaginary and 0

Establish the best integral bounds for the roots of each equation

according to the theorem on bounds. See Example 5.

41. x

4

5x

2

7 0 Between 3 and 3

42. 2x

3

x

2

7x 7 0 Between 3 and 3

43. 2x

3

5x

2

9x 18 0 Between 1 and 3

44. x

2

7x 16 0 Between 2 and 9

45. x

2

x 13 0 Between 5 and 4

46. x

3

15x 25 0 Between 5 and 4

47. 2x

3

13x

2

25x 14 0 Between 1 and 7

48. x

3

6x

2

11x 6 0 Between 1 and 6

10.2 The Theory of Equations (10-15) 543

Use the rational root theorem, Descartes rule of signs, and

the theorem on bounds as aids in nding all solutions to each

equation. See Example 6.

49. x

3

x 10 0 2, 1 2i

50. x

3

7x

2

17x 15 0 3, 2 i

51. 2x

3

5x

2

6x 4 0

1

2

, 1 5

52. 3x

3

17x

2

12x 6 0

1

3

, 3 3

53. 4x

3

6x

2

2x 1 0

1

2

,

54. x

3

5x

2

20x 42 0 7, 1 7

55. x

4

5x

3

5x

2

5x 6 0 1, 1, 2, 3

56. x

4

2x

3

5x

2

8x 4 0 1, 2i

57. x

4

7x

3

17x

2

17x 6 0 1, 2, 3

58. x

4

7x

3

17x

2

17x 6 0 1, 2, 3

59. x

6

x

5

2x

4

2x

3

15x

2

15x 0

0, 1, i5, 3

60. 2x

6

4x

5

x

4

2x

3

x

2

2x 0

0, 2, , i

Solve each problem.

61. Willard is designing a cylindrical tank with cone-shaped

ends. The length of the cylinder is to be 20 feet (ft) larger

than the radius of the cylinder, and the height of the cone is

2 ft. If the volume of the tank is 984 cubic feet (ft

3

), then

what is the radius of the cylinder?

6 ft

F I G U R E F O R E X E R C I S E 6 1

62. Dr. Hu is designing a chemical storage tank in the shape of

a cylinder with hemispherical ends. If the length of the

cylinder is to be 20 ft larger than its radius and the volume

is to be 3,321 ft

3

, then what is the radius?

9 ft

F I G U R E F O R E X E R C I S E 6 2

x + 20

x

x + 20

2

x

2

2

2 2

2

63. A box of frozen specimens measures 4 inches by 5 inches

by 3 inches. It is wrapped in an insulating material of uni-

form thickness for shipment. The volume of the box in-

cluding the insulating material is 120 cubic inches (in.

3

).

How thick is the insulation?

1

2

in.

64. An independent marketing research agency has determined

that the best box for breakfast cereal has a height that is

6 inches (in.) larger than its thickness and a width that is

5 in. larger than its thickness. If such a box is to have a

volume of 112 in.

3

, then what should the thickness be?

2 in.

544 (10-16) Chapter 10 Polynomial and Rational Functions

GRAPHI NG CALCULATOR

EXERCI SES

Find all real roots to each polynomial equation by graphing the

corresponding function and locating the x-intercepts.

65. x

4

12x

2

10 0

3.3315, 0.9492, 0.9492, 3.3315

66. x

5

x

4

7x

3

7x

2

12x 12 0

2, 1.7321, 1, 1.7321, 2

67. x

6

9x

4

20x

2

12 0

2.4495, 1.4142, 1, 1, 1.4142, 2.4495

68. 4x

5

16x

4

5x

3

20x

2

x 8 0 4.0042

G R A P H S O F P O L Y N O M I A L F U N C T I O N S

In Chapter 3 we learned that the graph of a polynomial function of degree 0 or 1 is

a straight line and that the graph of a second-degree polynomial function is a

parabola. In this section we will concentrate on graphs of polynomial functions of

degree larger than 2.

Symmetry

Consider the graph of the quadratic function

f (x) x

2

shown in Fig. 10.1. Notice that both (2, 4)

and (2, 4) are on the graph. In fact, f (x) f (x)

for any value of x. We get the same y-coordinate

whether we evaluate the function at a number or

its opposite. This fact causes the graph to be

symmetric about the y-axis. If we folded the paper

along the y-axis, the two halves of the graph would

coincide.

Symmetric about the y-Axis

If f (x) is a function such that f (x) f (x) for any value of x in its domain,

then the graph of the function is said to be symmetric about the y-axis.

Consider the graph of f (x) x

3

shown in Fig. 10.2. It is not symmetric about

the y-axis like the graph of f (x) x

2

, but it has a different kind of symmetry. On the

graph of f (x) x

3

we nd the points (2, 8) and (2, 8). In this case f (x) and

f (x) are not equal, but f (x) f (x). Notice that the points (2, 8) and (2, 8)

are the same distance from the origin and lie on a line through the origin.

Symmetric about the Origin

If f (x) is a function such that f (x) f (x) for any value of x in its domain,

then the graph of the function is said to be symmetric about the origin.

10.3

I n t h i s

s e c t i o n

G

Symmetry

G

Behavior at the x-Intercepts

G

Sketching Some Graphs

1

1

2

2

1

3

4

5

y

x 3 4 2 1 3 2 4

f (x) = x

2

F I G U R E 1 0 . 1

4

5

6

7

8

2

1

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

y

x 3 4 2 1 3 2 4

f (x) = x

3

(2, 8)

(2, 8)

F I G U R E 1 0 . 2

- Math 119 Study Guide/ReviewHochgeladen vonSameer Qadri
- Nature of Roots of a PolynomialHochgeladen vonmeenu7823
- Technique in MathHochgeladen vonJasper Asna
- SHAHID LATIF (06-0125)Digital Signal Processing LAB ManualHochgeladen vonShahid latif
- algebra-ii-advanced-algebra-standardsHochgeladen vonapi-408373869
- Polynomial PointsHochgeladen vonE Frank Cornelius
- Avalon Graduation Standards ListHochgeladen vonTim Quealy
- Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation_M. K. Jain, S. R. K. Iyengar and R. K. JainHochgeladen vonRishabh Singhal
- Past Year Functions STPM Math MHochgeladen vonmasyati
- What to Review on College Entrance ExamsHochgeladen vonAngelaGabayeron
- Quadratic Equation Paper 01Hochgeladen vonRohit Kumar Yadav
- syllabus mat1033 t 530 - 815 xpress fall 2014Hochgeladen vonapi-261843361
- Solutions to Sign Diagrams Class HandoutHochgeladen vonMarc Lambert
- 2010 HMMT Algebra Practice SolutionsHochgeladen vonAlex Yu
- Programming-with-TI-Nspire--finalHochgeladen vonMr. Milky
- Armando Polinomios de Grado nHochgeladen vonNticMicchelange
- 2015 Specialist Maths Exam 1 SolutionsHochgeladen vonSHINeeXInfinite
- Math7 Curriculum MapHochgeladen vonRica Care
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD)Hochgeladen vonIJERD
- Lecture 17Hochgeladen vonsadyehclen
- 2018Hochgeladen vonapi-373634605
- Polynomial Derivative PredictorHochgeladen von440grafix
- Lecture 18Hochgeladen vonAnil Yvs
- (56-4)391Hochgeladen vonNeoXana01
- Lemi 1.pdfHochgeladen vonAnonymous xImtV0xO
- base1Hochgeladen vonnishamurugesan
- MATH 2311 SyllabusHochgeladen vonmacguvyer2k14
- This is the math yolsHochgeladen vonleserdrac333
- Lesson4 Partial FractionsHochgeladen vonEdgar Alan Poe
- DemoHochgeladen vonLizlette Ianne Sable

- 01 Binomial TheoremHochgeladen vonVivek Yadav
- Monster ScooterHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Aadhaar-seeding-process.pdfHochgeladen vonR Kumar
- Prashna UpanishadHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Essentials of Hindutva - Veer SavarkarHochgeladen vonsatyabhashnam
- Pension Regulation Army Pt IHochgeladen vonnaveenhs18
- Schedule_i-b Stamp DutyHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Upload a Document _ ScribdHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Scope of Work for Pan City Solutions.docxHochgeladen vonblogs414
- time-limits-actions-flow-chart-001-fidic-red-book-1999.pdfHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Terms and ConditionsHochgeladen vonblogs414
- JustHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Imp DraftStart UppolicyforJharkhand2016Hochgeladen vonblogs414
- Network HospitalsHochgeladen vonblogs414
- LlbHochgeladen vonblogs414
- 2001 Urology VoidedvolumesHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Imp StartupPolicy UttarakhandHochgeladen vonblogs414
- KM Seminar2Hochgeladen vonShehbaz Thakur
- Coursework DP2bHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Brochure Phd 201809 MarchHochgeladen vonblogs414
- BidderHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Haryana StartUp ActionPlanHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Indias Implicit Pension Debt on Account of Civil Service EmployeesHochgeladen vonblogs414
- 6275922-FIDIC-CONDITIONS-OF-CONTRACT.pptHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Fidic Red Book 4th Edition Vo Flowchart 1Hochgeladen vonthessamhan
- Responsibility of an Engineer in a Construction ProjectHochgeladen vonAruna Jayamanjula
- Resolution on pensionary matter on recommendation of 7th CPC.pdfHochgeladen vonblogs414
- Engineering Bernoulli Equation.pdfHochgeladen vonkhairul hisyam
- NationalAnthem(E)Hochgeladen vonbharathpatriot

- Beam Forming a VersatileHochgeladen vonSoumya Maulik
- garsboy Decesion MakingHochgeladen vongarsboy
- Cepstrum Based Algorithm for Motor Imagery ClassificationHochgeladen vonSumanta Bhattacharyya
- Fatemi Chapter07Hochgeladen vonJason Eddins
- 129355176-BM2-ch-11-12-pdf (1).pdfHochgeladen vonSam Anjar Hero S
- Ansys WorkbenchHochgeladen vonAryan Gupta
- chapter9_11Hochgeladen vonSangwoo Kim
- Assignment1 SolutionHochgeladen vonAlexa Mouawad
- CBR Statistika matematika print.docxHochgeladen vonAnonymous 4RwBcIr
- 4Hochgeladen vonscribdwaleed
- nomenclHochgeladen vonkrish_kshir
- Transmission Lines and E.M. Waves Lec 25Hochgeladen vonVishnu Shashank
- Sample PaperHochgeladen vonAniket Singh
- uk09_jannHochgeladen vonMichael Ray
- CFS Menus 2Hochgeladen vonRaul Becerra Falomir
- advanced calculix tutorialHochgeladen vonvttrlc
- Higher Order ThinkingHochgeladen vonLailey Ali
- SAT Article 15 - Backsolving, Pt. 1Hochgeladen vonChirag Arya
- ThesisHochgeladen vonSevrin
- 1-s2.0-S0304393200000106-mainHochgeladen vonPalwasha Malik
- 8th grade hpb learning targets poster-2Hochgeladen vonapi-307493085
- LDPC - Low Density Parity Check CodesHochgeladen vonpandyakavi
- Pressure MeterHochgeladen vonwadalarbab
- Lot sizingHochgeladen vonSuzana Kardum
- Simple Queuing Models PDFHochgeladen vonSanthosh Kumar
- Sicuro and Oliveira - Skull Morphology and Functionality of Extant Felidae 2010Hochgeladen vonGil Iack
- BSN 17.0 M02Hochgeladen vonCheyenne
- REPORT LEVELLINGHochgeladen vonAida Azhari
- Chapt 3 Part 3Hochgeladen vonMohd Azwan
- Modeling Extreme Wave Sequences for the Hydrodynamic Analysis of Ships and Offshore StructuresHochgeladen vonsm8575