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Group number: 4
Name: 1. Corky Philip M. Zeta
2. Royce Roger F. Yan
3. Simon Juleovenz L. Garnace
1. Recognize potential issues and major topics in the case. What is it about?
Underline and list terms or phrases that seem to important. Then list 3-4 earth science
related topic or issues in the case.
2. What specific questions do you have about this topic? List what you already know
about this case in the What Do I Know? column. List questions you would like to learn
more about in What do I Need to Know? column.
3. Put a check mark by 1-3 questions or issues in the What Do I Need to Know? list
that you think are most important to explore.
4. What kind of references or resources will help you answer or explore this
questions? Identify two different resources and explain what information each resource is
likely to give that will help you answer the question(s). Choose specific resources or types
of resources.

The website(s) contain crucial data that we can analyze and learn from. Considering, the
website is of validity regarding the fact that the website is of PHIVOLCS property, we can
say the information we have here is not only important, but also accurate. Accuracy and
Essentiality of information is of utmost importance in a case analysis, for legitimacy is
everything in research.

What Do I Know? What Do I Need to Know?
- The 15 October 2013 (8: 12 am event
occurrence time) BOHOL Earthquake
possessed a magnitude of 7.2
- Focal depth: 12 km
- Epicenter was located approximately by
the boundary of the municipalities of
Sagbauan and Catigbian in Bohol
- Generated by the North Bohol Fault (NBF)
3900 aftershocks were recorded (100
were reported felt, as of 09-30-2013)
- Surface rupture, Strong ground shaking,
Liquefaction, Landslides, Sinkholes were
associated with the earthquake
- Death and destruction of property was
witnessed throughout Bohol, post-
earthquake reaching 200 deaths (600,
000 affected families) and 2 Billion Pesos
- Bohol is a seismically active area; local
offshore faults, active faults, nearby
trenches (Earthquakes in Bohol)
- Quality of the infrastructures which
crumbled upon the earthquake?
- Characteristics of land/soil mass
present in Bohol?
- Factors that triggered the earthquake
(how its magnitude reached 7.2)?
- Ecological impact upon the
environment of Bohol?

- Level of activity for the nearby faults,

The rationale behind the quake: There is an unknown, unnamed fault which is
found on the northern part of Bohol. The reason for the faults condition for being unnamed
earlier is because there was no manifestation of the fault on the surface. Although,
PHIVOLCS was already aware of the faults existence and caused some minor earthquakes,
they did not expect an earthquake with a magnitude this massive. They assured that the
fault will no longer trigger a powerful earthquake in the near future. Since the fault
generated a very strong 7.2 magnitude earthquake, it will take centuries for the fault to
move and generate the same power.
The exegesis of the destruction: The historical infrastructures among Bohol were
defaced due to their antiquity, which over time has proven the structures frail and
frangible. The proximity of the structures to the epicenter was also a factor in the
destruction of the edifices (nearer to epi-center = more damage).
The state of the environment: Over the course of time, through landslides, turmoil,
environmental imbalance, and geological alteration of the mainland, Bohol has grew and
mended its milieu to verdure once more. Landslides in some of Bohols iconic Chocolate
Hills, for instance, have exposed what the locals jokingly describe as white chocolates
actually high-grade limestone after the swaying grasses that normally cover the mounds
got scraped off. This has revealed crucial information regarding the history of Bohol, having
revealed fossils from the newly-exposed land. Tours have returned to normalcy and piece
by piece, Bohol is reclaiming its economy.