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COMPLEMENTATION OF VERBS AND ADJECTIVES

- exercises-
1. Indicate te s!ntactic "#ncti$n and te se%antic r$&e $" te i'&i'ted c&a#se
e&e%ents (e&$)*
1 It feels cold today.
2 The cold affects me badly.
3 The cold killed the trees.
4 It is turning quite cold.
5 The bell rang loudly.
6 I heard it ring, too.
7 Youve got brains.
!se your brains.
" She lay in his ar#.
1$ We found the house e#%ty.
11 They left the house e#%ty.
12 I dont like toast burnt.
13 I had those books burnt.
14 Who o&ns this hat'
15 The table is shaking.
16 Who is shaking it'
17 (e laid him on the sofa.
1 (e #ade him some tea.
1" These shoes cut my feet.
2$ )ll give you the ans&er.
+. Identi"! te se%antic r$&e $" c&a#se e&e%ents ,S- O- C. in te sentences (e&$)*
1 *he +ri#e ,inister &as critici-ed by #any ,+s.
2 *his bo. contains #atches.
3 /renda is her roo##ate.
4 0o& #uch did you %ay hi#'
5 *he dinner is cooking.
6 ,y a.e has felled the tree.
7 *o#orro& &ill be sunny and &ar#.
0is &ife #ade hi# a cake.
" ,artha &as a good student.
1$ )t1s t&o oclock.
11 *he ha##er s#ashed the &indo&.
12 2ohn cut the bread &ith a knife.
13 ,y roof is leaking &ater.
14 *he book is on the table.
15 0urricanes devastated the region.
1
16 *he bag holds seven %ounds.
17 *he #eeting is at si. oclock.
1 )# tasting the sou%.
1" ) liked the #ovie.
2$ *he driver turned the corner too quickly.
21 )ts free-ing outside.
22 *here is so#e beer in the refrigerator.
23 *he tunnel &as see%ing &ater fro# its roof.
24 ,y guitar broke a string.
25 (ill you call #e a ta.i'
26 2ohn 3u#%ed fro# the table.
27 2ohn fell do&n.
2 *he heat suffocated hi#.
2" 0e teaches the# linguistics.
3$ *he ne& #anager has #ade #any &orkers redundant.
31 *he a%%le fell fro# the tree.
32 *he +resident has sent the (hite 0ouse a #essage.
33 *he &ind ble& the %a%ers fro# the table.
34 *he ene#y surrounded the city.
35 2ohn is easy to %lease.
36 *his %an fries three steaks.
37 ,ary &as scared by the dog.
3 0e died a #iserable death.
3" 4ive the car a %ush5
4$ 0e is lying on the floor.
41 (hen is the &edding'
42 6agreb is the ca%ital of 7roatia.
43 *he %lay a%%ealed to #e.
44 ) have a headache.
45 8ets %ay the# a visit.
46 ) thought you &ere #istaken.
47 (ho invented the tele%hone'
4 ) can taste salt in this sou%.
4" 0e received a letter fro# his &ife.
5$ 4ive #e a kiss.
51 (hich song did you sing'
52 *he %ath is s&ar#ing &ith ants.
53 )# cold.
54 *he helico%ter crash killed five %eo%le.
55 *his knife cuts everything.
56 9rent you tired'
57 :hall &e buy the# an e.%ensive %resent'
5 *his sou% tasted good.
5" *he %olice held hi# against his &ill.
6$ :he holds a /ritish %ass%ort.
61 *he bridge ble& u%.
62 ) disliked this sort of e.ercise.
2
3. Acti/e-0assi/e c$rres0$ndence. 1i/e te 0assi/e trans"$r%ati$n $" te "$&&$)in'
sentences i" 0$ssi(&e- s#00&!in' te by-0rase $n&! i" it c$ntains re&e/ant and essentia&
in"$r%ati$n. I" te 0assi/e is i%0$ssi(&e s0eci"! te c$nstraint.
1 *he #anage#ent has al#ost co#%letely changed the arrange#ent of food at the
su%er#arket.
2 +eo%le still s%eak 4aelic in so#e %arts of :cotland.
3 ,otorists have not yet used the ne& section of the #otor&ay.
4 *he rules of the 8eague %ro#oted the club to the ;irst <ivision at the end of the season.
5 (ork#en have e.%ertly laid our ne& car%et.
6 9nyone #ay 3ustly critici-e teachers if they do not listen to their students.
7 ,echanics should be servicing #y car this &eek.
:o#eone #ust have stolen your fur coat.
" :o#eone ought to have re%orted it to the %olice.
1$ <ecorators &ill have %ainted the &alls &hite by the ti#e you co#e here again.
11 :o#ething or other thoroughly disorientates #any long=distance 3et travelers by the ti#e
they reach their destination.
12 *hat boys calculating ability &ould du#bfound the average %erson.
13 /ored=looking dancing=girls &ere titillating the tired business#en.
14 :o#ething or so#eone has grossly distorted #y vie&s on this sub3ect.
15 *he fact that he had forgotten to change his shoes vitiated the effect of his disguise as a
&o#an.
16 >e& regulations &ill soon su%ersede the old ones.
17 9n odour of incense does not %ervade #ost 9nglican churches.
1 *he lo&ering of i#%ort duties abroad #ay boost overseas sales.
1" )ll=health has been greatly ha#%ering #e for the last t&o #onths.
2$ *heir ene#ies annihilated the ?o#an legions in the forests of 4er#any.
21 *he incoherent #anner in &hich you are endeavouring to refute #e e.e#%lifies #y
argu#ent about #odern education.
22 0e &anted to tell the story, but the sense that it #ight cause e#barrass#ent te#%orarily
inhibited hi#.
23 +eo%le believe that so#ebody has sighted a flying saucer over 0endon.
24 )# sorry &e left you out &hen &e sent the invitations.
25 (hats causing that odd noise, do you think'
26 0as anyone done anything about that large bo. so#eone left on our doorste%'
27 ) have often heard %eo%le assert that the /ritish are the #ost unsociable %eo%le in the
&orld@ but can one %rove such a state#ent'
2 <on1t &orry@ theyll look after you &ell in hos%ital.
2" (ho &rote that'
3$ 0ave they #ade any allo&ance for inflation'
31 *his college is already full. (e are turning a&ay students all the ti#e.
32 *he 4reat +yra#id contains over t&o #illion blocks of stone.
33 Aach block &eighs over t&o tons.
34 0as anyone &eighed the# recently'
35 +eo%le usually o%%ose ne& o%inions.
36 0e hid hi#self behind one of the %illars.
37 :o#eone had ad#itted hi# by accident.
3 0e #ust have dyed his hair.
3" 0is coat did not fit hi# %ro%erly.
4$ *his %icture rese#bles the one in your dra&ing roo#.
3
41 ) have a %icture like it in #y house, too.
42 :i. ti#es nine equals fifty=five.
43 >o one has ever equalled your record.
44 ) &ould like you to #easure #e for a suit.
45 (ould this #aterial suit you'
46 *his %iece of cloth #easures 3ust t&o #etres.
47 (e ad#itted that a #istake has been #ade.
4 Averyone considered the #istake to be very serious.
4" (e consider you to be one of our #ost loyal su%%orters.
5$ (e fully recogni-ed that you have had great difficulties.
51 (e find you innocent of all the charges.
52 (e kno& your co#%anion to be a trouble #aker.
53 (e have %roved your story co#%letely accurate.
54 (e e.%ect you to sho& a little #ore tact.
55 (e regret that &e #ust #ake this criticis#.
56 +oor old :#ith kicked the bucket last night.
57 *he car holds five adults.
5 ,ary #akes a good teacher.
5" *he children &alked over the flo&erbed.
6$ *he ants &alked over the flo&erbed.
61 *he children 3u#%ed over the flo&erbed
62 *he children 3u#%ed all over the flo&erbed
63 2ohn left the city.
64 0alf of its inhabitants left the city.
65 :everal investigators arrived inde%endently at that conclusion.
66 :everal co#%etitors arrived si#ultaneously at the stadiu#.
67 0is students look u% to 2ohn.
6 *he sunbathers looked u% to the sky.
6" )ts raining cats and dogs.
7$ 2ohn took advantage of ,ary.
71 Averyone #ade fun of 2ohn.
72 0is friends say that he has no chance.
73 *he soldiers killed five %eo%le.
74 *he accident killed five %eo%le.
75 ,y guitar broke a string.
76 2ohn &alked u% this hill.
77 4enerations of schoolchildren have &alked u% this hill.
2. Passi/e trans"$r%s #sin' te in"initi/e. Re)rite te sentences in an a&ternati/e
0assi/e "$r%- (e'innin' !$#r sentence )it te )$rds in ita&ics.
1 )t is said that he is an honest, hard=&orking #an.
2 )t is considered that this surgeon is a brilliant %ractitioner.
3 )t is no& thought that some redundancies in the Company are inevitable.
4 )t &as %roved that the statements he had made &ere false.
5 )t &as understood that the delegation &as keen to #eet the /ritish +ri#e ,inister.
6 )t is believed that the Chancellor is thinking of i#%osing ne& ta.es to raise e.tra revenue.
7 )t is e.%ected that the electricity supply industry &ill be running into sur%lus ca%acity by
ne.t year.
4
)t is re%orted that several Japanese manufacturers are %lanning to set u% %lants overseas.
" )t is e.%ected that brewers &ill raise the %rice of beer in the near future.
1$ )t &as clai#ed that the drug %roduced no undesirable side=effects.
12 )t &as alleged that the Prime Minister had #isled the 0ouse.
13 )t is believed that the overnment has had second thoughts on this %roble#.
14 )t &as believed that the e!plosion had been caused by a #ine.
15 )t is %resu#ed that the ship"s radio e#uipment &as %ut out of action during the fire.
16 )t is thought that the driver had both legs broken in the crash.
5. Have/get 3 n$#n 3 0ast 0artici0&e. Re)rite te sentences #sin' a "$r% $" have $r get
)it te 0ast 0artici0&e $" a s#ita(&e /er(- %a4in' an! $ter necessar! can'es.
1 Bou should arrange to install central heating before &inter co#es. ChaveD
2 0e is arranging for an artist to %aint his &ifes %ortrait. ChaveD
3 *hey &ere #an and &ife in 1"$. CgetD
4 ;ive years later, they &ere no longer #an and &ife. CgetD
5 <rive carefully if you dont &ant to risk the %olice endorsing your license again. ChaveD
6 *he tree &as so diseased that &e had to ask so#eone to cut it do&n. ChaveD
7 *he authorities are encouraging #others to arrange for the vaccination of their children.
CgetD
:o#eone has &ritten all the ans&ers in this book. ChaveD
" :he #ade an a%%oint#ent &ith the o%tician for an e.a#ination of her eyes. ChaveD
1$ >obody &ould ever have beaten the cha#%ion if he had retired after his last fight. CgetD
5. Re)rite in te 0assi/e te sentences $r c&a#ses c$ntainin' a /er( in ita&ics.
1 *he fact that the ne& sche#e raised such a stor# of disa%%roval #eans that no one can have
e.%lained it %ro%erly to the %ublic.
2 0is father warned hi# not to let others lead hi# astray.
3 *he chair#an of the co##ittee co#%lained that they &ere ta$ing up too #uch ti#e in
discussing trivialities.
4 +eo%le put down the boys rudeness to his %arents having s%oiled hi#.
5 >ot until later did they discover that so#eone had stolen the %icture.
6 >ever before had they sent anyone to %rison for that %articular cri#e.
7 *hey could ma$e the la& effective only in this &ay.
+eo%le said that no one could reach any agree#ent in this question.
" *he ar#y put down the rebellion and declared #artial la&.
1$ 0e &anted the# to treat the infor#ation as confidential.
11 0ad they told #e that so#eone &as to bring up the sub3ect of finance at the ne.t #eeting, )
&ouldnt have #entioned it.
12 0e dislikes his fello&=&orkers thin$ing hi# a fool.
13 *he %ublic having ignored hi# for #any years, the &riter suddenly beca#e fa#ous.
CE9fter...D
14 :hould so#eone prove beyond doubt that an accident caused the fire, the %olice will,
naturally, release the #an they are at %resent holding on sus%icion of arson.
15 Fn their informing hi# that the %olice wanted hi#, the #an reali-ed that his acco#%lice
had betrayed hi#.
5
6. Passi/e t$ acti/e trans"$r%s. Re)rite in te acti/e te sentences $r c&a#ses c$ntainin'
a /er( in ita&ics. 7ere te a'ent is n$t stated- a s#ita(&e s#(8ect "$r te sentence $r
c&a#se s$#&d (e in"erred "r$% te c$ntext.
1 *he fire was finally got under control, but not before e.tensive da#age had been caused.
2 <ont let yourself be depressed by your failure.
3 )n vie& of the &ides%read concern that is felt by the co##unity, at the %lan for a #ain road
to be built through the village, it has been decided by the local 7ouncil that a s%ecial inquiry
should be held.
4 *he house had been bro$en into, and t&o thousand %oundss &orth of 3e&ellery had been
stolen.
5 Fnly after it had been sub%ected to searching laboratory tests by the scientists was the ne&
vaccine put on the #arket by the 7o#%any.
6 *he %lan hadn"t been at all &ell thought out by the leader.
7 )t ought to have been made quite clear to the shareholders before the annual #eeting was
held that they &ould not be allowed to vote for ne& /oard by %ro.y.
Bour la&yers advice should have been obtained before any decision &as made by you for
the #atter to be ta$en further.
" 0e neednt have been caused so #uch distress by being told by the ar#y authorities that his
brother had died in action, as it was later discovered that a #istake had been made as to the
#issing #ans identity.
1$ )nfor#ation about the source fro# &hich the startling ne&s had been obtained was
withheld by the re%orter.
8. Re0rase te sentences (e&$) s$ tat O
A""ected
(ec$%es S
A""ected
.
1 *errorists ble& u% the da#.
2 )ve broken #y glasses.
3 *he frost killed #y roses.
4 :o#eone has #oved that %icture.
5 9 visitor rang the bell.
6 (e rolled the car do&n the hill.
7 *he doctor set #y broken ar# easily.
*he guard shut the gate quickly.
" *he driver sto%%ed the train.
1$ ) cant turn this scre&.
11 *he sun #elted the ice in ten #inutes.
12 ) cant iron this #aterial.
13 *he ene#y sank the shi%.
14 *he #an o%ened the door quickly.
9. In te "$&&$)in' sets $" sentences- c$%%ent $n te can'es $" transiti/e and
intransiti/e #se and c$rres0$ndin' can'es in %eanin'.
1 *heyre gro&ing. *heyre gro&ing bigger. *heyre gro&ing bigger cabbages.
2 )# &riting. )# &riting a letter. )# &riting hi# a letter.
3 :ave #e. :ave #e so#e. :ave #e, so#ebody5
6
4 *hey called #e. *hey called #e a doctor. *hey called #e a good doctor.
5 :he teaches. :he teaches #e. :he teaches #e the violin.
1:. O%it te direct $(8ect i" tis is 0$ssi(&e )it$#t seri$#s&! can'in' te %eanin'.
1 )# afraid &eve 3ust eaten our #eal. /ut ) think 9ndre& is still cooking so#ething in the
kitchen. (ill you have so#ething to drink' = Fh thanks, )d love so#ething. = (ell, theres
&hisky, red or &hite &ine... = ) dont really drink alcohol. *here isnt any coffee, is there'
)# afraid ) drink coffee all day long. = Ff course you can have so#e coffee.
2 +lease ans&er #y question. = (hy can1t you hel% #e' G )# asking &hether you are still
borro&ing #oney fro# the bank. Bou really should sto% s%ending #oney the &ay you do. 9t
your age ) saved #oney regularly. Bou see# to s%end a fortune on rubbish. = *hats not true.
) dont acce%t that. ) need a lot of things, a car for a start. = Fh, co#e5 Bou dont need a car.
Bou #ean you &ant a car. ) think you should &rite a letter to your bank #anager and... = )f )
dont get a ne& car, you &on1t be able to borro& it, &ill you'
3 ) arrived hot and tired. )1d been driving the car all day and then ) had a 3ob trying to %ark it.
9fter )1d un%acked #y suitcase, &ashed #yself and changed #y clothes, ) lay on the bed
reading a book until it &as ti#e for dinner. >e.t #orning ) &ent out looking for a bank,
because ) needed to change #oney. /ut ) couldnt find a bank any&here.
11. Deter%ine )ic $" te "$&&$)in' c$0#&as c$#&d "i&& te 'a0 in eac $" te sentences
(e&$)*
a%%ear be beco#e feel get go gro& look #ake re#ain
see# s#ell sound taste turn
1 ,arie 7urie HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a fa#ous scientist.
2 :he HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH devoted to her &ork.
3 *he &ork HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH #ore and #ore interesting.
4 *his chair HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH co#fortable.
5 *he #ilk HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH sour.
6 ,y coffee HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH rather s&eet.
7 2ohn HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a very good husband.
*he &eather HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH #uch &ar#er.
" *he %oor old &o#an HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH #ad.
1$ :he HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH thin and &i-ened.
11 *hese four books HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH for you.
12 *he concert HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH at si. o1clock.
13 0e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH rather a fool.
14 Averyone HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH in the garden.
15 *hat he crossed the desert alone HHHHHHHHHHHHHH unbelievable.
1+. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' )it /er(s "r$% te &ist*
7
go get turn gro& fall
1 +oor +eter is in hos%ital@ he HHHHHHHHHHH ill last #onth.
2 Fh5 0o& is he' = (ell, he HHHHHHHHHHHHH better no&, but its a slo& business.
3 (atch out5 *hat dog looks as if he #ay HHHHHHHHHHH nasty.
4 Avery one &ould like to HHHHHHHHHHH old gracefully.
5 )# afraid the #eat HHHHHHHHHHHH bad@ you should have %ut it in the refrigerator last night.
6 <r /randenburg HHHHHHHHHHHHH sick and died.
7 9fter 0a#let re3ected her, F%helia HHHHHHHHHHHHHH #ad.
8ook at ,ary@ she HHHHHHHHHHHHH terribly fat these days.
" *he leaves of decidious trees HHHHHHHHHHHHHH bro&n in autu#n.
1$ 9s it HHHHHHHHHHH dark, lights began to t&inkle in the valley belo& us.
13. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' /er(s "r$% te &ist- and like i" necessar!.
get gro& feel s#ell look go taste turn sound
1 2ohn HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH %leased &ith life@ he1s got a broad s#ile on his face.
2 ) really like this %ie@ it HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH the %ies #y #other used to #ake.
3 *he &eather HHHHHHHHHHHHHH &orse all the ti#e, )# afraid@ &e shant be able to go out.
4 ) can hear so#eone calling@ it HHHHHHHHHHHHHH /rian.
5 *his #ilk HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH sour@ lets #ake so#e cottage cheese &ith it.
6 0old your nose5 *his roo# HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a stable.
7 8it#us %a%er HHHHHHHHHHHHH red &hen it is %ut in acid.
*his #aterial is very soft to the touch@ it HHHHHHHHHHHH velvet.
" ,rs ;inch, &ho died last &eek, &as born in the village and HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH old here.
1$ ,any of the /orgia fa#ily1s guests HHHHHHHHHHHH sick and died.
12. Re)rite te "$&&$)in' sentences- can'in' te "$r% $" te c$%0&e%ent "r$% n$%ina&
t$ ad8ecti/a&- $r /ice /ersa- as te case %a! (e. Identi"! eac &in4in' /er( as eiter
c#rrent $r res#&tin'.
1 :he see#s lonely.
2 0e beca#e athletic.
3 0e &ound u% i##ensely rich.
4 0is hair turned grey.
5 *he %arty turned out a success.
6 :he #akes hi# feel an idiot.
7 (hen ) beco#e #iddle=aged, )ll gro& a beard.
*he day see#s fine.
" *he arrange#ent %roved a #oney=s%inner.
1$ *hey re#ained ene#ies all their lives.

1;. In te "$&&$)in' <#$tati$ns- identi"! te &in4in' /er(. C$n"ir% tat te s#(8ect and
c$%0&e%ent re"er t$ te sa%e 0ers$n $r tin'. Identi"! te c$%0&e%ent as n$%ina&-
ad8ecti/a& $r ad/er(ia&- and decide )eter te &in4in' /er( is c#rrent $r res#&tin'.
1 +ainting is a blind #ans %rofession. C+ablo +icassoD
2 *he &heel is co#e full circle. C(illia# :hakes%eare, Iing 8earD
3 8ie heavy on hi#, Aarth, for heJ8aid #any heavy loads on thee. C9bel Avans, e%ita%h on :ir
2ohn Kanbrugh, architectD
4 )ve gro&n accusto#ed to her face. C9lan 2. 8erner, ,y ;air 8adyD
5 +erha%s it #ay turn out a song,J+erha%s turn out a ser#on. C?obert /urns, e%istle to a Boung
;riendD
6 (e &ill grieve 3ot, rather findJ:trength in &hat re#ains behind. C(illia# (ords&orth, Fde,
)nti#ations of )##ortalityD
7 0e %referred to be rather than see# good. C:allust, 7atilineD
9 critic is a #an &ho kno&s the &ay but can1t drive the car. CIenneth *ynan, >e& Bork
*i#es #aga-ineD
16. Identi"! te /ari$#s t!0es $" that-c&a#ses in te "$&&$)in' <#$tati$ns "r$% Voss (!
Patric4 7ite. N$te )ere that as (een $%itted.
1 EFh, ) kno& ) a# ignorant, 8aura *revelyan laughed.
2 /ut #ake sure, ?ose, that you do not &ait too long.
3 *hat strange, foreign #en should co#e on a :unday &as quite e.as%erating.
4 )t &as %rivate, like her recent decision that she could not re#ain a convinced believer.
5 :he noticed thoughtfully that his heels had frayed the ends of his trousers.
6 ) &as so young that ) cannot re#e#ber.
7 *hen it &as learnt he &ould beco#e a great botanist instead.
)t &as obvious that %ity did not e.ceed concern at her nieces indiscretion.
" ) a# of every assurance that ) can lead an e.%edition across this continent.
1$ it did a%%ear #o#entarily that %er#anence can be achieved.
17. That-c&a#ses. Tr#e $r "a&se=
1 That=clauses are finite clauses, starting &ith a subordinating con3unction.
2 *hese include relative clauses.
3 (e often use that=clauses after #ental state verbs like believe.
4 That=clauses co#%le#ent so#e ad3ectives, so#eti#es after introductory it.
5 That=clauses are co##on in indirect declaratives and i#%eratives.
6 *hey are so#eti#es used in indirect interrogatives.
7 *hey are co##only found after re%orting and thinking verbs.
(e often o#it that fro# the beginning of its clause.
" That=clause can be one kind of no#inal clause.
1$ 9 that=clause in front=%osition #ay start &ith -ero con3unction.
18. Identi"! te t!0e $" te /er( in te "$&&$)in' exa%0&es $" %$n$transiti/e
c$%0&e%entati$n (! that-c&a#ses.
1 Bou &ill soon find out that you are in good co#%any.
"
2 *he 3udge decreed that he should s%end five years in %rison.
3 ) &ish he &ere here.
4 *he doctor assured hi# that one day he &ould recover.
5 ) regret that &e &ere so rude.
6 Fver the years )1d learned that flying saucers, abo#inable sno&#en, %oltergeists, 8och >ess
#onsters, and other #ysterious %heno#ena rarely a%%ear in front of re%orters.
7 (e &ondered that %lankton = so beautiful, so essential to all life in the sea, so abundant, and
so fascinating in their behaviour = should be so %oorly kno&n5
(e found that %articles of dye &ill stick to delicate ani#als.
19. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' sentences (! #sin' te a00r$0riate "$r%,s. $" te /er(s in
(rac4ets*
1 0e conceded that his organisation HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH C#akeD a certain nu#ber of errors.
2 E9re you insinuating that ) HHHHHHHHHHHHHH C#akeD huge %rofits out of #y charity &ork'
he asked angrily.
3 *he solicitor advised us that &e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH CsellD the house.
4 ) reco##end that you HHHHHHHHHHHH CconsultD <r /ro&n.
5 ) suggest that &e HHHHHHHHHHHHH C#oveD this table to the other side of the roo#.
6 (hen ) %ointed out that she HHHHHHHHHHHHHH CdoD it all &rong, ,ildred retorted that )
HHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cnot kno&D &hat ) &as talking about.
7 ,artin didnt say it in so #any &ords, but he i#%lied that 0u#%hreys activities
HHHHHHHHHHHH CbeD illegal.
9t the ne&s conference the +resident declared that this country HHHHHHHHHHHHH CbeD ready
for any e#ergency.
" :i#on esti#ated that they HHHHHHHHHHHHH CneedD four tins of %aint.
1$ ,r /ea#ish arranged that the bank HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH C%ayD the #oney to his daughter.
11 *he general co##anded that the flag HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe lo&eredD.
12 0e insisted that nobody else HHHHHHHHHHHH CbeD %resent.
13 ) &ish ) HHHHHHHHHHHHH CtellD her &hen she &as here yesterday.
14 ,any residents &ould rather that the bus service HHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe subsidi-edD.
15 *he %risoners de#anded that their conditions HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe i#%rovedD.
16 ) %ro%ose that the best student in the class HHHHHHHHHHH CgetD a s%ecial %ri-e.
17 ) &ould %refer that so#eone sober HHHHHHHHHHHH C%utD #y car in the garage.
1 ) &ish the children in the street HHHHHHHHHHH Cnot screa#D at the to% of their voices.
1" ) noticed that :i#on HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cfro&nD &henever 7harlottes brother &as
#entioned, and ) sur#ised that they HHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cnot getD on &ell.
2$ *he co##ittee intended that the %lay HHHHHHHHHHH Cbe %roducedD at the festival.
21 *he #ayor requested that the head#aster HHHHHHHHHHHHHH CgiveD the children a holiday.
22 ) infer fro# your letter that you HHHHHHHHHHHH Cnot &ishD to see us.
23 *he students advocated that they HHHHHHHHHHH Cbe givenD an e.tra holiday to celebrate the
anniversary.
24 *he teacher urged that the students HHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cnot #issD any o%%ortunity of
i#%roving their Anglish.
25 :u%%ose a lion HHHHHHHHHHH Cco#eD out of the forest' (hat &ould you do then'
26 *he custo#ers instructions s%ecified that the delivery of all letters to hi#self
HHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe doneD by hand.
27 *he regulations sti%ulated that a %ause of one #inute HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe givenD by
the oral e.a#iner.
1$
2 *he la& requires that every #otorist HHHHHHHHHHHHH Cblo&D into a big bag &hen asked to
do so by the %olice.
2" *he 3udge ordered that the %risoner HHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cbe releasedD i##ediately.
3$ (ilfred asked that his sister HHHHHHHHHHHH Cco#eD and see hi# in hos%ital.
+:. Finite c&a#ses as direct $(8ects. C$%(ine eac $" te "$&&$)in' 0airs $" sentences s$
as t$ 0r$d#ce $ne sin'&e sentence )it a "inite c&a#se as $(8ect- $%ittin' )at is in
(rac4ets.
1 ) have #ade a #istake. ) ad#it CitD.
2 0ave ) #ade a #istake' ) &onder.
3 0ave ) given you the right figures' ) doubt CitD.
4 Bou have checked the figures carefully. ) dont doubt CitD.
5 Bou &rote #e a cheque. ) agree.
6 Bou %ay #e ne.t &eek. ) agree Cto thatD.
7 Bou &ere going to %ay #e half the #oney today. (e agreed Con thatD.
(e decided Con one thingD. (e had gone far enough.
" :hould &e continue ne.t day or not' (e could not decide.
1$ 0o& could &e find the &ay' (e had to decide CthatD quickly.
11 Bou go ahead to get hel%. (e have all decided Con that course of actionD.
12 0el% &ill arrive at any #o#ent. C9t leastD, ) e.%ect CsoD.
13 (hat do you intend to do ne.t' ,ay ) ask CthatD'
14 9re &e to stay here all night' ,ay ) ask CthatD'
15 +lease tell us the truth. 9ll ) ask is that.
16 (hy not divide ourselves into t&o grou%s' C*hat is &hatD ) suggest.
17 *his is &here &e &ere t&o day ago. ) re#e#ber.
1 <id &e take the u%%er %ath or the lo&er one' <o you re#e#ber'
1" (here did &e go &rong' 9h, ) no& kno&.
2$ Bou no longer trust your leader. ) sincerely regret that.
+1. Re0&ace te )$rds in ita&ics (! an in"initi/e c$nstr#cti$n.
1 *he %olice ho%e that they will solve the crime soon.
2 *he defeated cha#%ion s&ore that he would have his revenge.
3 0e clai#ed that he was an e!pert in such matters.
4 *he accused %retended that he didn"t understand the lawyer"s #uestion.
5 *he chair#an threatened that he would resign if his policies were not adopted.
6 *he student resolved that he would do better ne!t time.
7 ) vo&ed that I would never follow his advice again.
>o teacher &ould %rofess that he $nows all the answers.
" *he #anage#ent %ro#ised that they would loo$ into the wor$er"s grievances.
1$ *hey couldnt, ho&ever, guarantee that they would meet all the men"s demands.
11
++. C$%0&ete te sentences- #sin' an in"initi/e c&a#se.
1 *he question is &hether anyone &ill volunteer...
2 :urely you &ould never consent ...
3 Fur re%orter has 3ust tele%honed to say that rescue tea#s &ill to#orro& endeavour...
4 9s soon as the volcano first sho&ed signs of activity, the entire %o%ulation of the village
%re%ared...
5 Bou neednt bother ... )ve already arranged...
6 )ts #any years since ) &ent to #y ho#e to&n. )# longing...
7 ) hesitated ..., since ) didnt kno& hi# very &ell.
)t tends ... in &inter in the north of Angland.
" 9 rather officious %olice#an de#anded...
+>. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' )it /er(s "r$% te &ist*
for#, re#ain, &in, enter, govern, kno&, reduce, hold, find, begin
1 *he 4overn#ent has decided HHHHHHHHHHHHHH elections on :e%te#ber 5th.
2 *he <e#ocratic %arty ho%es HHHHHHHHHHHHHH a bigger #a3ority this ti#e.
3 *he +ri#e ,inister e.%ects HHHHHHHHHHHHHH for another four years.
4 *he %arty has %ro#ised HHHHHHHHHHHHHH the inflation and une#%loy#ent.
5 )f the %arty &ins by only a s#all #a3ority, it &ill offer HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a coalition &ith
the s#aller 8iberal :ocialist +arty.
6 *he last ti#e this ha%%ened, the 8iberals refused HHHHHHHHHHHH into integrations &ith the#
7 *he ruling %arty #anaged HHHHHHHHHHHHH the country for three years des%ite the %roble#s.
*he 4overn#ent &ants HHHHHHHHHHH a quick solution to the countrys econo#ic %roble#s.
" *he F%%osition has de#anded HHHHHHHHHHHHH the e.act si-e of the foreign debt.
1$ *he trade unions are threatening HHHHHHHH a national strike at #idnight on :e%te#ber 3rd.
+2. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' )it /er(s "r$% te &ist*
#eet, go, grant, negotiate, #ove, %ay, close, increase, invite, &in
E4ood evening. *his is the " oclock ne&s. *his afternoon the >ational !nion of 7ar#akers
decided HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH on strike if their e#%loyers do not agree HHHHHHHHHHHHHH their
&ages by 2$L. *he /ir#ingha# local union headquarters has threatened HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
all the factories in the /ir#ingha# area unless the e#%loyers re%resentatives %ro#ise
HHHHHHHHHHH a 37=hour &eek and a nu#ber of fringe benefits in addition. *he !nion
confidently e.%ects HHHHHHHHHHHH this battle, according to the general secretary, ,r (ally
0ar#er. )t is understood that industry re%resentatives &ant HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH &ith union
leaders before ne.t ,onday1s deadline, but they &ill %robably only offer HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
car &orkers 1$L #ore. !nofficial sources say they ho%e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a 4overn#ent
re%resentative to the #eeting as &ell. *his afternoon ,r 0ar#er saidM E(e &ill de#and
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH *he +ri#e ,inister if necessary. ,anage#ent #ust learn
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH &ith the ti#es...
12
+;. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' &etter )it /er(s "r$% te &ist*
attend, think, %lay, &rite, stay, read, travel, s%eak, cover, give
<ear ,r and ,rs. (illia#s,
)t &as very kind of you to invite #e to :cotland for Aaster &eek, and ) gratefully acce%t the
invitation. ) really en3oy HHHHHHHHHHH in your beautiful cottage, and )# already %ractising
HHHHHHHHHH &ith a :cottish accent so that ) can talk to the local %eo%le5
2a#es has gone on another of his business tri%s. 0e dislikes HHHHHHHHHHH round the country,
but this ti#e he 3ust couldnt avoid HHHHHHHHHHHHHH a #eeting of co#%any re%resentatives in
,anchester. C/y the &ay, about your kitchen floor@ 2a#es suggests HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH it &ith
thick linoleu#D.
)ve 3ust finished HHHHHHHHHHHH 2ohn ;o&les latest book. 0ave you read it' ) can really
reco##end it. ) finished last night and ) havent sto%%ed HHHHHHHHHHHH about it ever since. )t
really #ade an i#%ression on #e.
:ince )# to be your guest again, youll be ha%%y to kno& that )ve given u% HHHHHHHHHH the
violin. )t is really difficult an instru#ent for #e, and any&ay the neighbours &ere
co#%laining5
) #ust go no& or )ll be late for &ork. *hank you again for the invitation. :ee you soon.
Bours
:te%hanie
+.:. (ould you #ind HHHHHHHHHHHH #e 0elens address' )ve %ut off HHHHHHHHHHHHH a letter
to her for #uch too long.
26. C$%0&ete te sentences- #sin' -ing c&a#ses )it s#ita(&e /er(s. N$te tat te
0er"ecti/e c$nstr#cti$n is re<#ired in s$%e sentences.
1 *he +ri#e ,inister said he &as looking for&ard to HHHHHHHHHHHHH the !: +resident.
2 *he %olice#an couldnt s&ear to HHHHHHHHHHHHH the accused #an at the scene of the cri#e.
3 <o you think your father &ould ob3ect to HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH'
4 0aving al#ost run out of #oney, &e &ere reduced to HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH in a chea% hotel.
5 0e tried to li#it hi#self to HHHHHHHHHHHH ten cigarettes a day.
6 (e shant be going. ,y &ife doesnt feel u% to HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH so far.
7 *he ne&s%a%ers financial editor advised his readers not to buy s%eculative shares unless
they &ere %re%ared to risk HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH their #oney.
*his roo# &ill look very cheerful once youve finished HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH it.
" ) &ish you &ouldnt kee% HHHHHHHHHHHHHH #e &hat ) already kno& all too &ell.
1$ )t is difficult to see ho& the co#%any can avoid HHHHHHHHHHHH another loss this year.
+6. C$%0&ete te "$&&$)in' #sin' te c$rrect n$n"inite "$r% $" te /er( 'i/en.
1 <o you &ant C&inD HHHHHHHHHHH friends and CinfluenceD HHHHHHHHHHHH %eo%le'
2 9void Ccritici-eD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH %eo%le.
3 <ont hesitate C%ayD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH co#%li#ents.
4 9i# CdoD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH so#e kind action every day.
5 <ont %ost%one CdoD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH so#ething 3ust because its difficult.
13
6 +ractise ClistenD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH to &hat others say.
7 ?esolve CbeD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a good listener.
<ont s%end ti#e C&orryD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH about things that #ay never ha%%en.
" 7arry on CtryD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH. Boull succeed sooner than you think.
1$ >ever fail Cs%eak u%D HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH in a good cause.
11 >ever threaten CdoD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH so#ething unless youre %re%ared to carry out
your threat.
12 >ever agree CdoD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH so#ething you kno& to be &rong.
13 >ever sto% CtryD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH.
14 /e %re%ared to ad#it C#akeD HHHHHHHHHHHHH #istakes.
15 <ont deny CbeD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH in the &rong = if you are.
16 8earn CunderstandD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH other %eo%le1s %oints of vie&.
17 <ont offer CdoD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH #ore than is reasonable.
1 *ry Creali-eD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH ho& the other %erson feels.
1" <ont even consider Csto%D HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH.
2$ 2ust kee% on CtryD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH.
21 Bou &ill deserve CsucceedD HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH.
+?. Ex0and te "$&&$)in' sentences s$ as t$ c&ari"! te di""erence in %eanin' (et)een te
t)$ %e%(ers $" eac 0air*
1 a ) re#e#bered to fill u% the for#.
b ) re#e#bered filling u% the for#.
2 a ) forgot to &ake you this #orning.
b ) forgot about &aking you this #orning.
3 a ) regret to tell you this story.
b ) regret telling you that story.
4 a ) tried to turn the key another &ay.
b ) tried turning the key another &ay.
5 a Bou deserve to shot first.
b Bou deserve shooting first.
6 a *hat boy &ants to &atch.
b *hat boy &ants &atching.
29. Re0&ace te ita&ici@ed "inite c&a#ses (! -ing c&a#ses. Te s#(8ect ,NP- te $(8ecti/e
"$r% $" a 0ers$na& 0r$n$#n- $r a 0$ssessi/e 0r$n$#n. )i&& (e re<#ired (e"$re te -ing
"$r% in s$%e cases.
1 0e didnt even ackno&ledge that the had received the invitation.
2 *he &itness re%orted that he had seen a dark saloon car %arked outside the bank at the ti#e
of the robbery.
3 *he accused ad#itted that he had received the stolen goods.
4 *he head#aster suggested that ) should try the e.a#ination again the follo&ing year.
5 ) dont recollect that ) actually %ro#ised to hel% you.
6 9 grou% of ,+s has advocated that the 4overn#ent should set u% a s%ecial co##ission of
inquiry.
7 <o you antici%ate that there &ill be any real %roble# in getting su%%ort'
14
:urely he &ont deny that he &as there on that occasion.
" >o one doubted that he &as sincere in his belief.
1$ ) cant i#agine that he &ould ever agree to such a %ro%osition.
>:. Re0rase eac $" te "$&&$)in' sentences #sin' te 0attern* ,s#(8ect. 3 /er( 3 direct
$(8ect 3 0re0$siti$na& 0rase- (#t $n&! )en s#c re0rasin' is ad%issi(&e*
Tr! $%ittin' te indirect $(8ect )ene/er s#c $%issi$n can (e %ade )it$#t detri%ent
t$ te sense. In )ic $" tese sentences c$#&d te direct $(8ect (e $%itted=
1 *he to&nsfolk accorded us a &ar# &elco#e.
2 ) have asked you a great favour.
3 (e booked you a double roo# &ith bath.
4 /ring #e your essay this afternoon.
5 :o#eone has brought us so#e gra%es.
6 7all #e a ta.i right a&ay.
7 7an anyone cash #e a cheque'
(e have caused you so #uch trouble.
" *his suit only cost #e forty dollars.
1$ *hese %ills havent done #e #uch good.
11 ) &ill give you all the necessary infor#ation.
12 :o#eone has 3ust handed #e this #essage.
13 )ll leave you your dinner in the oven.
14 9n uncle left her a s#all fortune.
15 <o &e o&e the #ilk#an anything'
16 ) have %aid 4eorge the &hole su#.
17 Bou #ust sho& #e your ticket.
1 ) have told you the truth.
1" *hro& #e that to&el, &ill you'
2$ ) &ish you good luck.
31. A. S#00&! te %issin' 0re0$siti$ns. B. Read te sentence- e&&i0tin' te
0re0$siti$na& 0rase )ere 0$ssi(&e. C. 1i/e te 0assi/e trans"$r%ati$n $" te )$&e
$ri'ina& sentence.
1 *hey accused /arlo& HHHHHHH a certain cri#e.
2 +eo%le ad#ired 9squith HHHHHH certain qualities.
3 (e have assigned you HHHHHH a %articular task.
4 Averyone bla#es you HHHHHH a certain #istake.
5 Averyone bla#es you the #istake HHHHHH so#ebody.
6 *he %olice charged ,anson HHHHHHHHH the #urder.
7 (e can co#%are this &riter HHHHHHHHH a &ell=kno&n novelist.
) a# confining you HHHHHHHHH certain li#its.
" *hey congratulated 0enry HHHHHHHHH his #edal.
1$ *hey &ill consult us HHHHHHHH the %lan.
11 (e have credited you HHHHHHHH a fi.ed a#ount
12 *he guards de%rived the visitors HHHHHHHHH certain &ea%ons.
15
13 *his card entitle us HHHHHHHHH certain %rivileges.
14 ) shall e.e#%t the# HHHHHHHHH certain duties.
15 (e have freed you HHHHHHHHHH a great an.iety.
16 (e have already infor#ed the# HHHHHHHHH the decision.
17 *he treasurer has invested our #oney HHHHHHHH stocks.
1 ) have only #entioned this #atter HHHHHHHHH one of the %rofessors.
1" *hey have %rovided blankets HHHHHHH so#e of the refugees.
2$ (e have %rovided so#e of the refugees HHHHHHHH blankets.
21 (e have su%%lied food HHHHHHHHH certain fa#ilies.
22 (e have su%%lied those fa#ilies HHHHHHHH food.
23 ) a# thanking you HHHHHHHHHH your kindness.
>+. Indicate (! a- (- $r c- int$ )ic $" te "$&&$)in' tree sentences te /er(s (e&$)
c$#&d "it*
a 2ohn said that there &ould be trouble.
b 2ohn told #e that there &ould be trouble.
c 2ohn e.%lained to #e that he had been ill.
1 ad#it 5 convince " #ention
13 re#ark 17 state
2 announce 6 declare 1$ %ersuade 14 re#ind
1 suggest
3 assure 7 e.%lain 11 %oint out 15
re%ort 1" tell
4 confess infor# 12 %ro#ise
16 say 2$ &arn
>>. Re0rase te sentences (e&$)- )ere 0$ssi(&e- (! #sin' te 0attern* V 3 Oi 3 t$-
in"initi/e.
1 ) %ersuaded 2ohn that he should see a doctor.
2 ) %ersuaded hi# that his &ife should take a holiday.
3 ) convinced hi# that he should be #ore careful.
4 ) advised hi# that he should stay in bed.
5 ) &arned hi# that he should not go out.
6 ) assured hi# that he &ould get %neu#onia.
7 ) re#inded hi# that he should take his #edicine.
) re#inded hi# that he had been over&orking
" ) requested hi# that he should kee% #e infor#ed of his condition.
1$ ) assured hi# that he &ould have %ro%er care.
>2. Can'e te sentences- inc&#din' te )$rds in (rac4ets.
1 *he surveyor reco##ended buying the house. Cthe cou%leD
2 *hey dont allo& dancing. C%eo%leD
3 *he la&yer advised %leading guilty. Chis clientD
16
4 *hey forbid s#oking. Ctheir childrenD
5 *he hi3acker intends flying to :outh 9#erica. Cthe %ilotD
6 *hey advised going to a language school. Cthe au=%air girlD
7 *he attendants dont %er#it the taking of %hotogra%hs. CvisitorsD
*hey intended getting #arried. Ctheir sonD
" *he teacher advised using an Anglish=Anglish dictionary. Cthe studentsD
1$ *hey forbid the &earing of #ake=u%. Ctheir daughtersD
11 *he &aiter reco##ended trying the roast=beef. Cthe custo#ersD
12 *hey dont allo& %arking there. C#otoristsD
13 *he doctor advised going on diet. Cthe %atientD
14 *hey dont %er#it the feeding of ani#als. C%eo%leD
15 *he guide reco##ended visiting the *ate 4allery. Cthe touristsD
16 *hey dont allo& talking during the e.a#. CcandidatesD
17 *he la& forbids stealing. C%eo%leD
1 *hey intend going to !niversity. Ctheir sonD
1" *he travel agent reco##ends going to )taly. Cthe holiday #akersD
2$ *hey dont %er#it &atching television. Ctheir childrenD
35. Re)rite te sentences- re0&acin' te i'&i'ted )$rds (! an in"initi/e $r -ing
str#ct#re*
1 0e %referred that ) should say nothing at %resent.
2 :he couldnt bear that he should think of her in that &ay.
3 0e &as sur%rised to find the door o%en. 0e distinctly re#e#bered that he had locked it
before going to bed.
4 0is doctor reco##ended that he should try taking slee%ing %ills for a &hile.
5 0is la&yer advised hi# that he should dro% the case, since it &as unlikely to succeed.
6 *he %ublishers &ithdre& the offending %assages in the book, and %ublicly regretted that they
had caused anyone e#barrass#ent.
>5. C$%0&ete tese sentences #sin' te $(8ects "r$% te &ist (e&$)*
the club the #e#bershi% the %resent state of the club the 3ob
the bar 2anet everyone her herself it
1 (e1ve a%%ointed HHHHHHHHHHHHH treasurer.
2 (e e.%ect her to #ake HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a success.
3 :he called HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a #ess.
4 :he declared HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH honoured to have been chosen.
5 :he finds HHHHHHHHHHHHHH challenging.
6 :he ho%es to kee% HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH ha%%y.
7 :he %lans to #ake HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH larger, to raise subscri%tion inco#e.
:he &ants HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH o%en at lunch=ti#e.
" (e think HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a good idea to i#%rove the bar.
1$ ) call HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH a su%er %erson.
17
>6. Indicate (! a- (- c- etc.- )ic $" te "$&&$)in' /er(s c$#&d "i&& te 'a0s in te
sentences (e&$)*
a acce%t g elect # %ush
b a%%oint h find n %ut
c call i hold o recogni-e
d consider 3 intend % regard
e declare k #ake q take
f describe l #istake r treat
1 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH 2ohn chair#an.
2 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH 2ohn as their leader.
3 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH hi# as a true friend.
4 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH hi# reliable
5 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH hi# very ha%%y.
6 *hey HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH his a%%oint#ent to be %er#anent.
7 (e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH the door o%en.
(e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH your roo# for the library.
" (e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH the %ole straight.
1$ (e HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH the incident closed.
11 2ohn &as HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH chair#an.
12 2ohn &as HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH Cchair#anD.
13 0e &as HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH as reliable
14 Bour roo# &as HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH for the library.
15 *he incident &as HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH closed.
>?. Sa! )eter eac $" tese sentences is ,a. %$n$transiti/e $r ,(. c$%0&ex transiti/e.
Ten 0#t eac %ain c&a#se int$ te 0assi/e*
1 (e ad#itted that a #istake had been #ade.
2 Averyone considered the #istake to be very serious.
3 (e consider you to be one of our #ost loyal su%%orters.
4 (e fully recogni-ed that you have had great difficulties.
5 (e find you innocent of all the charges.
6 (e kno& your co#%anion to be a trouble #aker.
7 (e have %roved your story co#%letely accurate.
0o&ever, &e think you, at ti#es indiscreet.
" (e e.%ect you to sho& a little #ore tact.
1$ (e regret that &e #ust #ake this criticis#.
11 *he 9ir ;orce has re%orted t&o %lanes #issing.
12 *he authorities #eant you to co#%lete this for#, and return it to the *o&n 0all.
39. Re)rite te "$&&$)in' #sin' a 0assi/e /er( 3 a to-in"initi/e. O%it te a'ents.
1 Averyone su%%oses so#e %rogress has been #ade.
2 Averyone considers that the chair#an is an e.%ert.
3 *he ru#our is that so#e #e#bers are unha%%y.
4 (e understand the findings are fair.
5 +eo%le %resu#e the reco##endations are radical.
6 (e believe that te#%ers ran high.
1
7 +eo%le re%orted that the discussions had been tough.
+eo%le say the results are far=reaching.
" +eo%le think so#e %ro%osals have been dro%%ed.
1$ (e kno& that so#e #e#bers disagree.
2:. Sa! )ic $" te i'&i'ted ite%s can (e re0&aced (! te 'eniti/e /ariant.
1 *he %olice caught (ilson cli#bing the &all.
2 ) dont a%%rove of you cli#bing cliffs.
3 <o you #ind #e o%ening the &indo&'
4 <ont let #e find you o%ening this door again.
5 0o& can ) sto% you biting your nails'
6 ) re#e#ber 2ohn telling #e that story.
7 ) often find #yself re%eating it.
<o you ever re#e#ber that ha%%ening to you'
" Bou &ont kee% us &aiting, &ill you'
1$ (e ob3ect to the# being given %referential treat#ent.
41. A. M$/e te $(8ect c$%0&e%ent- i" it is 0$ssi(&e. B. Re0&ace te $(8ect (! te
c$rres0$ndin' 0r$n$#n- ten )rite $#t te ne) sentence.
1 4eorges conduct #ade ,ary very angry.
2 0e had broken o%en her &ardrobe.
3 8et us set free all the %risoners.
4 (ill this agree#ent #ake the end of all the fighting %ossible'
5 7an you have ready for to#orro& the #inutes of our last t&o #eetings'
6 ) &ould like you to leave clear those t&o cu%boards over the &indo&'
7 (e shall not a%%oint officers of the society those #e#bers &ho do not attend regularly.
42. Re0rase tese sentences #sin' a "$r% $" have $r get.
1 :o#eone stole ?osanna1s %ass%ort and #oney in the su%er#arket.
2 0as a #aga-ine ever acce%ted an article of yours'
3 *ony is an active %erson and usually #akes sure that things are done.
4 *hey are doing 8aura1s hair a different &ay to#orro&.
5 ) didn1t recognise her chair because so#eone had recovered it.
6 ) e.%ect they are &eighing and checking Kictor1s luggage about this ti#e.
7 *he bank %re%ared and sent a s%ecial state#ent to 2eff.
2>. Identi"! te t!0e $" c$%0&e%entati$n in te "$&&$)in' sentences*
1 Averyone considered the #istake to be very serious.
2 ) &ould like you to #easure #e for a suit.
3 ,ay ) ask &hat you intend to do ne.t'
4 (e fully recogni-ed that you had had great difficulties.
5 *he >avy has re%orted t&o boats #issing.
6 (e ad#itted that a #istake had been #ade.
1"
7 (e kno& your co#%anion to be a trouble #aker.
*he %olice ho%e that they &ill solve the cri#e soon.
" ) &ouldnt like to disturb hi# if hes &orking.
1$ ) like looking round antique sho%s.
11 0ave you ever tried driving in 8ondon'
12 ) vaguely re#e#ber hi# saying so#ething like that.
13 *he search %arty s%otted the cli#bers clinging to a rock face.
14 0ed %refer you going to his %lace, if thats convenient.
15 :cientists found the theory to be incorrect.
16 *he #an &as seen to board the train at Aaston.
17 0e left his bicycle %ro%%ed against the &all.
1 *he doctor &ill soon have you &alking again.
1" (e have our central heating boiler serviced every year.
2$ *he &o#an caught her husband kissing his secretary.
21 Fur corres%ondent re%orts the situation to be no& under control.
22 ,y neighbour let #e borro& his car.
23 Bou #ust have been very late last night. ) didnt even hear you co#e in.
24 ) al&ays try to be %unctual, but ) dont al&ays succeed.
25 ) didnt recall hi# saying any such thing.
26 <o you #ind #e co#e as &ell'
27 ) doubt &hether the landlord &ill insist on our %aying the rent in advance.
2 (e ob3ect to the# being given %referential treat#ent.
2" (e have %roved your story co#%letely accurate.
3$ (e regret that &e #ust #ake this criticis#.
31 *he brides sister %re%ared the food for &edding breakfast.
32 <ecoraters &ill have %ainted the &alls &hite by the ti#e you co#e here again.
33 Fne of the best 3ockeys in the country rode the horse that ca#e second.
34 )vy is often regarded as the ene#y of trees.
35 *hey tell #e the %olice have closed that club do&n no&.
36 :o#eone #ust teach that boy a lesson.
37 (e shall send you the goods as soon as they are available.
3 *he &hite sno& of the #orning had beco#e a sort of un%leasant bro&n sou%.
3" 9 ?o#an e#%eror #ade his favourite horse a senator.
4$ (hat did they %ay you for doing the 3ob'
41 *hey denied access to the secret docu#ents to all but a fe&.
42 :o#eone told the child ho& to use the tele%hone.
42 *ravelling in a car #akes so#e %eo%le quite sick.
44 (e shall offer a high salary to a really suitable a%%licant.
45 *hey deny the %eo%le freedo# of s%eech.
46 *he 3udge ordered the #an to %ay the fine or to go to %rison.
47 *hey declared the #urderer guilty and sentenced hi# to death.
4 *hey refused the foreign student a &ork %er#it.
4" *hey %roved the sus%ect innocent.
5$ *he doctor has reco##ended the %atient to take a long holiday.
51 Fur neighbour is #anaging director of a very i#%ortant fir#.
52 *he boss &arned the secretary not to be late again.
53 *he %atient asked the doctor if it &ould hurt.
54 0e heard his na#e called by the visitor.
55 0e found hi#self chosen for the 3ob.
56 *hey dont allo& visitors to touch anything.
2$