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CO2 Emissions by Diet

avg american vegan lacto-ovo mad meat eater


tonnes CO2 % of tonnes CO2 % of tonnes CO2 % of tonnes CO2
/yr calories /yr calories /yr calories /yr
chicken 0.12 5.2% 0.12
milk 0.44 11.4% 0.92 23.6% 0.19
eggs 0.06 1.4% 0.17 4.2%
beef (grain fed) 0.61 3.2% 3.81
pork 0.70 5.6% 2.49
lamb 0.06 0.2%
fish (avg value) 0.06 0.8%
animal total 2.05 27.7% 0.00 0.0% 1.08 27.7% 6.60

veg (avg value) 0.14 72.3% 0.19 100% 0.14 72.3% 0.10

total 2.19 100% 0.19 100% 1.22 100% 6.70

Assumptions
3,774 Kcal a day 1,377,510 Kcal a year

CO2 Emissions by Food Type

Kcal protein gr CO2 gr CO2 gr CO2


Kcal FF /Kcal food Kcal FF (FF) (methane) (total) tonnes CO2
/Kcal protein (% protein) /Kcal food /Kcal food /Kcal food /Kcal food /Kcal food
chicken 15.9 34.5% 5.52 1.53 0.14 1.67 0.0000017
milk 18.9 25.6% 4.85 1.35 1.47 2.82 0.0000028
eggs 27.8 32.3% 8.93 2.48 0.45 2.93 0.0000029
beef (grain fed) 34.5 43.5% 15.63 4.34 9.48 13.82 0.0000138
pork 66.7 40.0% 27.03 7.51 1.52 9.03 0.0000090
lamb 200.0 43.5% 83.33 23.15 2.82 25.97 0.0000260

fish (avg value) 21.74 6.04 6.04 0.0000060


herring 2.0 45.5% 0.91 0.25 0.25 0.0000003
tuna 20.0 83.3% 17.24 4.79 4.79 0.0000048
salmon (farmed) 40.0 43.5% 17.54 4.87 4.87 0.0000049
shrimp 142.9 76.9% 111.11 30.86 30.86 0.0000309

veg (avg value) 0.50 0.14 0.14 0.0000001


corn 0.40 0.11 0.11 0.0000001
soy 0.24 0.07 0.07 0.0000001
apple 0.91 0.25 0.25 0.0000003
potatoes 0.81 0.23 0.23 0.0000002

FF = Fossil Fuels gr CO2 = grams CO2 equivalence

Assumptions + Conversions
3.97 btu/kcal 1000000 gr/ton
0 ton co2/btu ff 0.28 gr co2/kcal ff
0 ton co2/kcal ff

Table 2 from Report (underlying values from Pimentel)


100 x 100 x
Kcal protein Kcal protein Kcal output
/Kcal input /Kcal total /Kcal input
chicken 6.3 2.9 18.1
milk 5.3 3.9 20.6
eggs 3.6 3.1 11.2
beef (grain fed) 2.9 2.3 6.4
pork 1.5 2.5 3.7
lamb 0.5 2.3 1.2
fish (avg) 4.6 (table 3)
herring 50 2.2 110
tuna 5 1.2 5.8
salmon (farmed) 2.5 2.3 5.7
shrimp 0.7 1.3 0.9
veg (avg) 200 (figure 3)
corn 250
soy 415
apple 110
potatoes 123

http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/downloads/emissionsfactorsbrochure2004.pdf
lbs co2 tons co2
/mmBtu /mmBtu
natural gas 116.39 0.0528 0 lbs to tonnes
fuel oil 159.66 0.0724
motor gasoline 154.91 0.0703
diesel 160.3 0.0727
bituminous coal 203.99 0.0925

http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ind_assumptions.html
National average emissions factor for electricity is 1.37 pounds CO2 per kilowatt-hour
mad meat eater avg american on diet chicken lover
% of tonnes CO2 % of tonnes CO2 % of
calories /yr calories /yr calories
5.0% 0.080 5.2% 0.64 0.28
5.0% 0.291 11.4%
0.037 1.4%
20.0% 0.402 3.2%
20.0% 0.462 5.6%
0.038 0.2%
0.042 0.8%
50.0% 1.35 27.7% 0.64 27.7%

50.0% 0.091 72.3% 0.14 72.3%

100% 1.44 100% 0.78 100%

kg CO2 lbs CO2


(total) (total)
/100 Kcal /100 Kcal
food food
0.167 0.368
0.282 0.620
0.293 0.645
1.382 3.040
0.903 1.986
2.597 5.713

0.604 1.329
0.025 0.056
0.479 1.054
0.487 1.072
3.086 6.790

0.014 0.031
0.011 0.024
0.007 0.015
0.025 0.056
0.023 0.050