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Chemistry Engineer

Material Balance
Eng. Javier Ramiro Morales Hernndez
COMPUTE OF MASS FRACTION AND MOL FRACTION



1. The off gases from a gasoline stabilizer are fed to a steam reforming plant to produce
hydrogen. The composition of the off gas, molar%, is:

Component Molar %
Methane 77.5
Ethane 9.5
Propane 8.5
Butane 4.5

Determine the mass fraction and volume fraction.
Note: suppose 100 kg how basis of calculation for volume fraction.

2. In the manufacture of aniline, the condensed reactor products are separated in a
decanter. Typical product stream composition, including impurities and byproducts,
weight%:
Component weight %
Water 23.8
Aniline 72.2
Nitrobenzene 3.2
Cyclo-hexylamine 0.8

Determine the volume fraction and mol fraction.
Note: suppose 100 kg how basis of calculation for volume fraction.

3. The feed to an ammonia synthesis reactor contains 25 mole% nitrogen and the
balance hydrogen. The flow rate of the stream is 3000 kg/h. Calculate the rate of flow
of nitrogen into the reactor in kg/h.

4. A suspension of calcium carbonate particles in water flows through a pipe. Your
assignment is to determine both the flow rate and the composition of this slurry. You
proceed to collect the stream in a graduated cylinder for 1.00 min; you then weigh the
cylinder, evaporate the collected water, and reweigh the cylinder. The following
results are obtained:

Mass of empty cylinder: 65.0 g
Mass of cylinder + collected slurry: 565 g
Volume collected: 455 mL
Mass of cylinder after evaporation: 215 g

Calculate
a) The volumetric flow rate and mass flow rate of the suspension.
b) The density of the suspension.
c) The mass fraction of CaC03 in the suspension.

5. A mixture is 10 mole% ethyl alcohol, 75 mole% ethyl acetate (C
4
H
8
0
2
), and 15
mole% acetic acid. Calculate the mass fractions of each compound. What is the
average molecular weight of the mixture?
Chemistry Engineer
Material Balance
Eng. Javier Ramiro Morales Hernndez
COMPUTE OF MASS FRACTION AND MOL FRACTION


6. A mixture of methane and air is capable of being ignited only if the mole percent of
methane is between 5% and 15%. A mixture containing 9 mole% methane in air
flowing at a rate of 700 kg/h is to be diluted with pure air to reduce the methane
concentration to the lower flammability limit. Calculate the required flow rate of air in
mol/h and the percent by mass of oxygen in the product gas.
(Note: Air may be taken to consist of 21 mole% O2 and 79% N2 and to have an
average molecular weight of 29.0.)

7. A gas mixture consists of three components: argon, B and C. The following analysis
of this mixture is given:

40 mol% argon
18.75 mass% B
20 mol% C

The molecular weight of argon is 40 and the molecular weight of the C is 50. Find:
a) The molecular weight of B
b) The average molecular weight of the mixture