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Chemical engineering equipment types, descriptions, design, selection

This color indicates a link available via Clarkson University (off-campus access)

See also Safety considerations in design, separation techniques and HYSYS.
General sources of information
HEURISTICS (Also called Rules of Thumb and Experience-Based Rules)
From Walas (Rules of Thumb in the Front Matter of Walas); (Same via AIChE student
member site)
Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 2
nd
edition, Carl Branan (1998) Gulf
Publishing Company: 660 R935 Clarkson Library.
ChEResources Updated online.
Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants (Ch 0)
HVAC
Appendix E in Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers, 5
th
edition, by
M.S. Peters, K.D. Timmerhaus and R.E. West (McGraw-Hill, NY, 2003).
Appendix C in Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics: A Practical
Guide, 2
nd
edition, by G.D. Ulrich and P.T. Vasudevan (Process Publishing, Durham,
N.H., 2004)
Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design (The best book for initial equipment
selection, sizing and costing. By Walas. Has commercial reactor data, overall heat transfer
coefficients)
Handbook of Chemical Processing Equipment (edited by Clarkson alum)
Thomas Net Useful for locating suppliers of materials and equipment. Can often obtain
information describing equipment. Unless you are a potential customer, however, you are
unlikely to obtain prices. Also Thomas Register in the library: Ref 658.9058 T454
Access Engineering (McGraw-Hill books, available free for AIChE members through their
site)
Perry's Chemical Engineers Handbook, 8th edition
Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11th Edition
Chemical Process and Design Handbook
Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, 3rd Edition
Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations, 2nd Edition
Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, Third Edition
Heat Transfer in Process Engineering
Pump Handbook, 4th Edition
Working Guide to Process Equipment, 3rd Edition
Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization and Scaleup
Materials Selection
HYSYS and UniSim : Note that the equipment palette in shows only some of the equipment that it
can model. Click on Flowsheet, Add Operation (or press F12) to see a complete list, part of which
is shown at HYSYS/UniSim.
Reactors
Distillation, absorption, stripping columns
Heat Exchangers
Pressure changes, pumps, compressors and piping systems
Vessels
Sizing of flash drums, surge tanks and accumulators
Liquid-liquid extraction
Use LLE heuristics to size equipment. See also Perry's chapter 15, particularly equations 15-65
and 15-66. The delta P for a LLE column is approximately the weight of the two phases in the
column per cross-sectional area. Note that the pressure drop is not nearly as important for LLE
as for distillation because liquid-liquid equilibria are not sensitive to pressure.
Instrumentation and control
Instrumentation
Process Control
Control valve selection
Process/Industrial Instruments and Controls Handbook (5th Edition)
Design of Distillation Column Control Systems
Bioprocessing
Green factories Biomanufacturing of pharmaceuticals; fermentation & filtration.
Scaleup
Example designs
Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Technology - Fermentation, Biocatalysis, and Bioseparation
Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook - Principles, Process Design, and
Equipment
Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Encyclopedia
Biotechnological Innovations in Chemical Synthesis
Separation and Purification Techniques in Biotechnology
Separation Processes in the Food and Biotechnology Industries
Separation and Purification Techniques in Biotechnology
Separation Processes in Biotechnology: 660.6 S479
Bioseparations: Downstream Processing for Biotechnology: 660.63 B453b
Bioseparations Engineering: Principles, Practice, and Economics, M.R. Ladisch, Wiley, NY
(2001) ISBN 0471244767.
Methods of protein separation: 574.19245 M592
Microfiltration and ultrafiltration : principles and applications: 660.284245 Z53m
Membrane separations in biotechnology: 660.284245 M533
Biotechnology Progress
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Journal of Biotechnology
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Trends in Biotechnology
Protein Expression and Purification
"Purifying Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies," (Must have first logged in
to http://www.aiche.org/CEP/) Chemical Engineering Progress, S14 (May 2008)
Bioreactor selection
Optimize Power Consumption in Aerobic Fermenters, (Must have first logged in
to http://www.aiche.org/CEP/) G.T. Benz, Chemical Engineering Progress(May 2003) 32-35.
Miscellaneous
Free design manuals for mist eliminators, coalescers, column packing and trays; from ACS
Industries.
Liquid Filtration (2nd Edition) (edited by Clarkson alum)

Clarkson's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering