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Heat exchangers
This color indicates a link available via Clarkson University (off-campus
access)

General information
Equations
Thermodynamic models
List of heating methods, temperatures, costs
Design of plate and frame heat exchangers
Predicting and accounting for heat exchanger fouling
Water-steam All properties, in tables, graphs, interactive tables, and
calculator.
Heuristics
For pressure drops, approach temperatures, utilities, refrigerants, etc.
Heuristics
HVAC See section 21.01 for standard steam pressures.
Table 9.11 in Turton et al.
Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, 2
nd
edition, Carl Branan (1998)
Gulf Publishing Company: 660 R935 Clarkson Library.
ChEResources Updated online.
Appendix E in Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers,
5
th
edition, by M.S. Peters, K.D. Timmerhaus and R.E. West (McGraw-Hill,
NY, 2003).
Appendix C in Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics: A
Practical Guide, 2
nd
edition, by G.D. Ulrich and
P.T. Vasudevan (Process Pubishing, Durham, N.H., 2004)
Access Engineering (McGraw-Hill books, available free
for AIChE members through their site)
Heat Transfer in Process Engineering
Perry's Chemical Engineers Handbook, 8th edition
Marks Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 11th Edition
Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, 3rd Edition
Working Guide to Process Equipment, 3rd Edition
Typical heat transfer coefficients
WARNING: The values of U originating from Walas are extremely
misleading and confusing. They should not be used. (That is, the
heuristics posted here, those in Turton et al., and those from
AIChE.) Use instead one of the following sources:
Table 11-3 on p 11-25 of Perry's (free access through AIChE for members)
Typical U values
Excellent nomograph: Figure 12.1 on p 799 of Chemical Engineering
Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process
Design by Gavin Towler and Ray Sinnott
Comprehensive tables: Table 4-15, pp 206-209 in Chemical Engineering
Process Design and Economics: A Practical Guide, 2
nd
edition, by G.D.
Ulrich and P.T. Vasudevan (Process Publishing, Durham, N.H., 2004).
Table 13.5 on p 431 of Product and Process Design Principles: Synthesis,
Analysis, and Evaluation, 2
nd
edition, by W.D. Seider, J.D. Seader and
D.R. Lewin(Wiley, NY, 2004).
Heat transfer fluids
Knovel Steam Tables
Heat transfer liquids from Perrys 5
th
edition (right click and Save Target As
to download to your computer)
HITEC heat transfer salt
Dow: High temperature liquids; Low temperature liquids
Paratherm heat transfer fluids (Operating ranges for heating and cooling.)
Sasol heat transfer fluids (Operating ranges for heating and cooling.)
Therminol heat transfer fluids (Operating ranges for heating and cooling.)
MultiTherm heat transfer fluids (Operating ranges for heating and cooling.)
Simulation using HYSYS or UniSim
It is a very serious error to show a pressure increase for a stream
going through a heat exchanger
Refrigeration and heating fluids built into HYSYS and UniSim
For the initial Level-1 simulation, use heaters and coolers. To find the heat
exchanger areas and utility requirements needed for economic analysis,
use the following methods:
Heat exchanger sizing using HYSYS or UniSim
Reboiler and condenser sizing using HYSYS or UniSim
Heat exchanger design using UniSim
If UniSims Heat Exchangers is also installed along with UniSim
Design, then heat exchanger details can be calculated rather than
estimated. The following methods are available:
Shell and tube exchangers can be designed in UniSim Design as
follows. Open a heat exchanger and click on Design/Parameters/Heat
Exchanger Model and select UniSim STE Engine.
The following types of heat exchangers can be designed using the Heat
Exchanger engine:
CFE: CrossFlow Exchanger
FPH: Fired Process Heater
FWH: FeedWater Heat exchanger
PFE: Plate-Fin Exchanger
PHE: Plate Heat Exchanger
STE: Shell & Tube Exchanger

Last revised September 15, 2012. Please email questions, comments
and suggestions to W.R. Wilcox

Disclaimer: The material on these pages is intended for instructional
purposes by Clarkson University students only. Neither Clarkson
University nor Professor Wilcox are responsible for problems caused by
using this information.

Wilcox home ChE design home Professional General Properties Equipment Separation HYSYS &
UniSim Costs Safety Case studies Excel MATLAB Data Analysis