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msa BA2 2011|2012

Project 3.3

White Water

msa BA2 2011|2012 Project 3.3 White Water Programme + general requirements You are to design a

Programme + general requirements

You are to design a canoe and kayak centre with associated ancillary spaces and to include a multipurpose meeting room/social space.

The structure and finishes should be ‘sustainable’, robust, and have minimum environmental impact in their manufacture, acquisition, transportation, construction, re-use and maintenance. Building on the knowledge you have acquired from Projects 3.1 and 3.2 about 3D conceptual physical expression, the relationship between concept and site, environment, materials, structure and construction and passive environmental systems you will aim to resolve and make general arrangement drawings, models [of scheme and of details], montages and sequential sketches.


There are two sites for this project, one in Graz and one in Ironbridge. All those travelling to Graz should use the site on the Neutorgasse. You should consider the surrounding physical context carefully. Access will be a key concern especially on the Ironbridge site, located on the riverbank and car park adjacent to The Museum of the Gorge. Both sites will need a significant amount of investigation and you are welcome to form your own groups to do this. Obviously while on location either in Graz or in Ironbridge the quality of your site analysis is paramount as it is not practical to return to these sites. This will be a considerable test of your site analysis skills.

Assessment + Analysis

This location is a managed and processed landscape. Both cultivated, their ecosystems are relatively stable. There is an emphasis on the ‘sustainability’ of this resource both in terms of the resource production and visitor activities that take place. Your assessment and analysis should take account of these facts. Remember the conditions of scale, pattern, land use and vegetation, colour, buildings and other objects that you have previously recorded and considered. Obviously the site orientation, river swells and views are critical here, as are the climatic conditions. How do you use and analyse this data, rather than simply recording and recounting it?

User Requirements

You are to design a canoe and kayak centre with associated ancillary spaces, capable of going ‘off grid’. It must include the following elements:

Main ‘club’ area/multifunctional space to include bar + adjacent kitchen. This area could be double height [lighting + vertical circulation may be a key consideration here] Meeting Rooms x2 Bar/kitchen storage rooms Service areas for canoe/kayak equipment + storage Office that can be used to service events, visitors, security Race office incorporated into the design with 180 degree safety visibility [approx. 10m², base 3m above ground, vertical circulation will be a key consideration] Wet changing area, toilet facilities inc. disabled facilities One additional programmatic element as determined by your studio tutor

You are to consider and demonstrate how your proposal responds to and facilitates the following issues:

The multipurpose space should accommodate up to 60 visitors. It must have excellent daylight provision and you must consider the ventilation, insulation, issues of glare, finishes, and storage. The office / staff room need only contain one desk and one office chair with comfortable seating for three, space for a fresh water cylinder and storage of materials/promotional information.

The centre should be functional, welcoming, practical and flexible, allowing for the hosting of formal events as well as providing an informal environment to its users/members.

The centre will need to cater for the extremes of wet canoeists at lunch time or between races through to formal events.

The design should aim to reduce potential consequences of a flood - ways of making cleaning up afterwards easier and quicker should be explored.The design and construction of the building should be robust enough to withstand environmental conditions, and must be capable of being easily cleaned and maintained or repaired.

The multifunctional space may be enclosed or partially open to the elements during the year.

The building should be capable of going ‘off grid’ [with the exception of water and sewage]. You should make provision for no mains electricity supply. Low energy safety lights must be used where necessary at night in addition to domestic lighting needs.

How will you power the building?

How will your design resolve heating, cooling, ventilation?

How will your design negotiate public / private /shared spaces, and facilitate /adapt to changes of use?

You should provide toilet facilities that satisfy the dimensional requirements for a user with mobility problems. The public access toilets should be accessible from both within the building and from the outside when the building is closed.

The building will be used throughout the year; as such you must maximise the insulative and heat absorbing / retaining qualities of your scheme demonstrable in the winter, in addition to the solar shading + cooling qualities in the summer. You should consider access and security to the building as a whole.

You may provide sheltered outdoor space as you see fit.


The aims of this project are to build upon your existing knowledge of architecture with minimum environmental impact [structure / material / form] and to look at the idea of experiencing a building as a sequence of spatial events over the course of the year. You will be assigned two sub-briefs during this project that will test your response to each of these issues. You will be assessed on the analysis, design process, the formal quality of your intervention, the understanding you demonstrate of materials and structure and the quality of your finished outputs.

your intervention, the understanding you demonstrate of materials and structure and the quality of your finished


You are required to produce the following finished work for this project:

Drawing pack

Site Plan 1:500 to show roof and context

Building Plan 1:100 ground floor with finishes and any external treatment

Section(s) 1:200 to show topographical context

Section 1:50 to show technology / structure / envelope / finishes

Elevations 1:100 including context

Concept + proposition communication

Site analysis

Perspectives [Developed from project 3.3.1 – sequential experience]

Hybrid concept schematic drawing

3D montage showing your proposal in the landscape. Consider this when visiting the site and

taking your site photographs, you may wish to take a tripod and other equipment. Diagram the program and energy resource flow of your scheme. Indicate the seasonal and

occupational activity phases of the building Short video presentation of your proposal [3mins max to be assessed by tutors after uploading to blog] [key stills to be presented in portfolio with brief narrative]

Vertical circulation

1:50 section through tower to show structure, linings and finishes, methods of fixing,

openings, detail to stair etc. Developed from project 3.3.2 – Vertical circulation 1:5/1:10 model [physical or CAD] or cutaway axonometric/isometric drawing of detailed junction between stair, structure and skin.

Design process + methodology

Design process and methodology - project development sheet to show key processes, model

experimentation, research + outcomes, engagement with feedback + peer involvement, changes to design, detail resolution, concept execution. This will be a graphical summary from your project journal. A4 Project Journal to be included in design report. [Design report submitted in Jan 2012]

Models + experimentation [photographed / presented in portfolio]

Model 1:100 to show external form + immediate context

Detail models as required by studio tutors.

This will be supported by research and analysis, which you will record in your sketchbooks. The research and development work will be formalised and assessed as part of your Design Report 3 and portfolio submission. Your peer engagement, feedback, critical review skills and activity should be recorded. Use the online blog and review pin up processes as evidence of this, to be included and reflected upon in both your portfolio and design reports.

Critical Dates

26 th October – Project 3.3 Briefing Note Introduction

Week of 31 st October -5 th November Graz | Ironbridge Study tour + site visit

17 th November – Issue Sub-brief 3.3.1

17 th November – Issue Sub-brief 3.3.2

29 th November – Interim Critical Review

13 th December – Final Project Review

12 th January – DS3 Portfolio + Design Report Submission [A4 format, to include digital copy on CD]


Aldersey-Williams, Hugh, Zoomorphic: New Animal Architecture, (London: Laurence King, 2003)

Baker, Geoffrey, Design Strategies in Architecture: An Approach to the Analysis of Form, (London:

Spon Press, 1996)

Ballard Bell, Victoria, Rand, Patrick, Materials for Architectural Design, (London: Laurence King, 2006)

Blundell-Jones, Peter, Dialogues in Time: New Graz Architecture, (Graz: Haus Der Architektur, 1998)

Bougdah, Hocine, Sharples, Stephen, Environment, Technology and Sustainability, Technologies of Architecture Volume 2, (London: Taylor & Francis, 2009)

Chan, Yenna, Contemporary Design in Detail: Sustainable Environments, (Gloucester, Mass: Rockport Publishers, 2007)

Ching, Francis, Building Construction Illustrated, (London: John Wiley & Sons, 2008)

Costa Duran, Sergi, Eguaras, Marina, 1000 Ideas by 100 Architects, (Beverly Mass: Rockport Publishers, 2009)

Deplazes, Andrea, Constructing Architecture: Materials, Processes, Structures, A Handbook, (Basel:

Birkhauser, 2005)

Drake, Scott, The Elements of Architecture: principles of environmental performance in buildings, (London: Earthscan, 2009)

Dunn, Nick, Architectural Modelmaking, (London: Laurence King, 2010)

Edwards, Brian, Rough Guide to Sustainability, (London: RIBA Enterprises, 2005)

Farrelly, Lorraine, Representational Techniques, (Lausanne: AVA Academia, 2007)

Farrelly, Lorraine, The Fundamentals of Architecture, (Lausanne: AVA Academia, 2007)

Hauslanden, G., et al. Climate Design: Solutions for Buildings that can do more with Less Energy, (Basel: Birkhauser, 2005)

Horden, Richard, Micro Architecture: Lightweight, Mobile and Ecological Buildings of the Future, (London: Thames & Hudson, 2008)

Kolarevic, Branko, Malkawi, Ali, eds., Performative Architecture: Beyond Instrumentality, (London:

Routledge, 2004)

Leach, Neil, ed., Rethinking Architecture: A Reader in Cultural Theory, (London: Routledge, 1997)

Littlefield, David, Metric Handbook: Planning and Design Data, (Oxford: Architectural Press, 2007)

Marjanovic, Igor, Ruedi Ray, Katerina, Lokko, Lesley, The Portfolio: An Architecture Student's Handbook, (Oxford: Architectural Press, 2003)

McDonough, William, Braungart, Michael, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the way we make things, (London: Vintage, 2009)

Neufert, Ernst, Neufert Peter, Architects’ Data, (London: Wiley Blackwell, 2002)

O Cofaigh, Eoin, The Climatic Dwelling: Introduction to Climate-Responsive Residential Architecture, (London: James and James, 1996)

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Princeton University Press, 1963)

Owen Lewis, J., ed., A Green Vitruvius: Principles and Practice of Sustainable Architectural Design, (London: James and James, 1999)

Richards, Brent, Gilbert, Dennis, New Glass Architecture, (London: Laurence King, 2006)

Slavid, Ruth, Extreme Architecture: Building for Challenging Environments, (London: Laurence King,


Weston, Richard, Materials, Form and Architecture, (London: Laurence King, 2008)

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Yeang, Ken, Woo, Lillian, Dictionary of Ecodesign, (London: Routledge, 2010)

msa BA2 11|12

Project 3.3 White Water

Sub Brief 3.3.1 | Sequential Drawings

3.3 White Water Sub Brief 3.3.1 | Sequential Drawings You should develop a series of 6

You should develop a series of 6 images that define the visual and spatial experience you are trying to give to the visitors and users of your scheme. These should include:

Approach to your site

Approach to building

Entering the building

View | experience of multifunctional space | bar | kitchen areas

Vertical circulation | highest accessible point to Race Office

View from within the Race Office | highest accessible point

Include interior architectural detail in addition to the framing of perspective view.

Your images should show a progressive narrative, e.g. throughout the day, year or over time to indicate changes of use, light, weathering etc. You may use any medium to communicate the sense of light, control of views, structure, materiality, drama, tranquillity or any other emotion or sense that you are trying to invoke with your proposal.


The aim of this task is to consider the experience / emotion of the visitor as a continuous event that you (the designer) may control. This task will also assist in the development of a series of images for final submission and the selection of a suitable perspective for your 3D montage.

Critical Dates

17 th November - Sub-brief issue 3.3.1

29 th November - 3.3.1 - Submission + studio interim review

msa BA2 11|12

Project 3.3 White Water

Sub Brief 3.3.2 | Vertical Circulation

‘Of all the elements of architecture, the staircase is for a building what the veins and arteries are for the human body. In the same way as they convey blood to every limb, so the stairs, laid out in a similarly elaborate and ramified form, are essential for communication’. Vincenzo Scamozzi, 1615

The stair and its atrium space are intrinsically linked to the structure and form of your scheme. You must develop this element of your scheme in detail. In order to do this you should make the following:

1:50 section through tower/key vertical stair section to show structure, linings and finishes, methods of fixing, openings, detail to stair etc. 1:5|1:10 physical model and cutaway axonometric/isometric drawing of detailed junction between stair, structure and skin.

You may assume that these are considered as a public stair and the dimensions, length of flight, width of landings etc. must reflect this. You must consider the appropriate regulations for both fire and disabled access. However, your scheme may include additional/alternative fire elsewhere in the building. It is necessary to have disabled access only where appropriate, for example, it is not necessary to have a ramp to the top of the tower/race office.


The aim of this task is to examine the materiality and detail of your scheme and how this is affected by your ideological approach. The relationship between idea and detailed resolution can be poetic or practical or anywhere in between; you should consider how your overall approach affects your material and technological decisions. You will have to make reference to Approved Documents K and M of the Building Regulations. This task will also assist in the development of your final submission. You may manufacture as many models as you see fit to develop your ideas.

Critical Dates

17 th November – Sub-brief 3.3.2 issued

29 th November - Submission and interim review

ideas. Critical Dates 17 t h November – Sub-brief 3.3.2 issued 29 t h November -