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M

B

=

J n

9.55 t

B

M =

d

0

F

U

2 10

3

=

9.55 10

3

P

n

=

d

0

P

2 v

J = 98.2 10

-15

B (d

k

4

- d

4

)

P =

M n

9,55 10

3

=

F

U

d

0

n

19,1 10

6

=

F

U

v

10

3

L

B

= 2a + d

0

= 2a + z t

d

0

=

z t

t

02

K

2

02

1

U1

K

2

d

d

z

2

F F v

n

n

d

d

Z

Z

B

,L

B

1

adm

z

e

2

a

02

K

2

d

Z

1

02

K

2

d

d

n

2

1

n

d

d

z

2

1

d

d

1

d

d

F

U

=

2 10

3

M

d

0

=

19.1 10

6

P

n d

0

=

10

3

P

v

=

n

30

n =

19.1 10

3

v

d

0

v =

d

0

n

19,1 10

3

The recommended minimum number of teeth and/or the

minimum diameter for a malfunction-free operation depends

on the selected belt type. Take especially into consideration

that the minimum number of teeth and/or the minimum

diameter is higher when using a belt arrangement with

contraexure (e.g. due to a tension roller).

The selection of the minimum number of teeth and/or mini-

mum diameter of the pulleys as well as tension and return

rollers is based on a large number of different parameters.

In the applications of the belt is to taken into consideration

the belt versions and the exibility of the tension members.

1. Tooth shear strength

Specic tooth shear strength

The specic tooth shear strength depends on the rotational

speed. The maximum specic tooth shear strength is the

limit load the belt tooth can bear in continuous operation.

The values are stated in tables for each timing belt type. The

timing belt drive is correctly designed, when not exceeding

the admissible tooth shear strength. Generally, a special safety

surplus is not necessary, see chapter Safety factors .

The high specic tooth shear strength of the ATP prole,

for example, is achieved by the optimised force and load

distribution. The effective force is distributed to two tooth faces.

The working loads can be distributed the more effective the

more belt teeth are meshing in the pulley. Maximum number

of teeth in mesh (BRECOFLEX

timing belts): z

emax

=12

Due to the high pitch accuracy of BRECOFLEX

timing belts

generally, it can be calculated with 12 belt teeth in mesh,

should the number of teeth in mesh be respectively high

enough.

The timing belt is designed correctly, when the maximum

admissible tensile load in the steel cord tension members is

not exceeded under operation conditions. The table values

for F

adm

refer to the constant loading.

3. Flexibility

Minimum number of teeth, minimum pulley diameter

2. Tension cord tensile strenght

Admissible tensile load on belt cross section

Terms, denitions

Circumferential force F

U

[N]

specic tooth force F

Uspec

[N/cm]

admissible tensile load F

adm

[N]

Pre-tension force F

V

[N]

Shaft force F

W

[N]

Torque M [Nm]

Acceleration torque M

B

[Nm]

specic torque M

spec

[Ncm/cm]

Power P [kW]

p

specic power P

spec

[W/cm]

Load bearing torque J [kgm

2

]

Load m [kg]

Density [kg/dm

3

]

Speed v [m/s]

Rotational speed n [min

-1

]

Angular speed [s

-1

]

Frequency f

e

[s

-1

]

Centre distance a [mm]

Belt length L

B

[mm]

Belt width b [mm]

Pulley width B [mm]

Bore, pulley d [mm]

Pitch circle diameter d

o

[mm]

Crown diameter d

K

[mm]

Span length L

T

LL [mm]

Pitch t [mm]

Number of belt teeth z

B

Number of teeth with i = 1 z

Number of teeth in mesh z

e

No. of teeth, small pulley z

1

No. of teeth, large pulley z

2

Transmission i

Acceleration time t

B

[s]

Apply all equations with the

dimensions mentioned here.

Providing the following conditions of tooth strength (1st),

tension member tensile strength (2nd) and exibility (3rd)

are met, then a maintenance-free timing belt operation can

be expected.

Bases of cal cul ati on Li st of formul ae

F

adm

Tensile strength

ATP

AT

T

Force distribution Load distribution

Drive layout without

contraexure

Drive layout with

contraexure

Belt length for i =1

Circumferential force Torque Power Pitch circle diameter

Angular speed Rotational speed Peripheral speed

Acceleration torque Load bearing torque

146 147

Antriebsberechnung

Task: A roll table drive must be designed for heavy conveying duties. Under start-up conditions

the 2.5 times the running torque is exerted on the timing belt.

The application conditions are:

Given: Power P = 10 kW

Nominal speed n = 800 min

-1

Start-up torque M = 300 Nm

Transmission, number of teeth i = 1, z = z

1

= z

2

= 25

Centre distance a = 625 mm

Required: The timing belt pitch is to be determined and the belt width is to be designed.

Prole preselection: AT10. Calculation of the belt length with formula:

Calculation of the belt width under start-up torque when rotational speed n = 0.

The belt width is to be determined from the least favourable load conditions.

Selected: the next larger standard belt width b = 100 mm.

2. Tension cord strength

The corresponding circumferencial force can be calculated from the general data supplied:

The tabular value F

adm

for AT 10 with 100 mm belt width is 16000 N. Thus, there is a

sufcient tension member safety factor.

3. Flexibility

The design is a drive without contraexure . The minimum number of teeth according

to the table is adhered to.

The drive is correctly designed with a belt width of 100 mm. A maintenance-free

operation can be expected.

Ordering code: BRECOFLEX

How to proceed

Belt length:

Calculation of the

belt width:

Result:

F

U

[N]

F

U

=

2 10

3

M

d

0

[mm] L = 2 a + z t

[mm] d

0

=

z t

M[Nm]

b =

100 M

z

1

z

e

M

spec

Formulae:

P[kW]

b =

1000 P

z

1

z

e

P

spec

1. Tooth shear strength

In the calculation it will be used z

e

= 12 (see basis of calculation).

Calculation of the belt width with the nominal speed of the power equations.

Cal cul ati on exampl e power transmi ssi on Cal cul ati on exampl e power transmi ssi on

b =

1000 P

z

1

z

e

P

spec

=

1000 10

25 12 6,96

= 4,79 cm = 47,9 mm ,

b =

100 M

z

1

z

e

M

spec

=

100 300

25 12 11,70

= 8,54 cm = 85,4 mm ,

F

U

=

2 10

3

M

d

0

=

2 10

3

M

79,58

= 7539 N < 16000 N

Calculation power transmission

L = 2 a + z t

= 2 625 + 25 10

= 1500 mm

148 149

S1 S2

F

V

> 0,5 F

U

F

U

[N]

Transport timing belts are to be designed preferably as head drive. The goods to be transported can consist of one or more

individual loads. A lot of individual loads can be seen as line load.

From the overall transport load, the required haul-off force or the circumferential force F

U

for the drive pulley assemblies can be derived:

Circumferential force in the drive pulley station F

U

[N]

Mass of the items to be transported m [kg]

Friction factor of the timing belt in relation to the bed plate

As friction factor (slide friction), the following values can be assumed:

Steel/PUR 92 Shore A 0,6 - 0,7

Steel/PAZ 0,2 - 0,4

PE/PUR 0,3 - 0,4

In general, friction factors show large ranges. Trials should be carried out, if necessary.

Information without obligation.

Calculation of the

circumferencial force F

U

Head drive

Load bearing sequence in a timing belt

The grid surface in the picture shows the force/elongation behaviour in the timing belt under

operating conditions. The individual spacing between the transported products increase

towards to the drive pulley assembly.

We recommend to set the pre-tension force in the transport timing belt such that a residual

pre-tension force is always maintained on the slack span side under operating conditions.

The following pre-tension force is required:

Calculation of the

belt width b

F

U

: Circumferencial force (calculated)

F

Uspec

: Specic load of the belt teeth

z

e

: Number of teeth in mesh

z

emax

: Maximum number of teeth in mesh for endless joined

BRECO timing belts (V): z

emax

= 6

Information on the force/

elongation behaviour

Pre-tension force

Cal cul ati on exampl e transport technol ogy Cal cul ati on exampl e transport technol ogy

F

U

= 9,81 m

Space s

1

< s

2

BRECO

and BRECOFLEX

b =

F

U

F

z

e

F

Uspez

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