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Medical Tourism in India

1. Growth Rate
1.1. 19%
1.2. 1.1 million by 2012

2. Advantages in India
2.1. Treatment is 30% cheaper than other countires
2.2. Indian doctors trained abroad
2.3. hospitals are well equipped, offer interaationai standard rooms
2.4. Offer in house translators, tourist packages
3. Hospitals in Pune
3.1 linked by air, railways and road
3.2 Pleasant weather all year
3.3. hospitable environment, good roads, shopping malls, multicuisine restaurant
3.4. local tourism makes it attractive
3.5. Almost no waiting period
4. Problems in other countires
4.1. Lack of medical insurance
4.2. long waiting list
4.3. High cost of surgeries
5. Ruby Hall Clinic
5.1. exclusive ward for needs of foreign patients
5.2. ward is equipped with e-maii facility, translators
5.3. Offers Iraqi and Nigerian meals
Medical tourism in India
Medical tourism in India is expected to grow by 19%. The cost of medical treatme
nt in India is 30% cheaper than other countires. Also , India doctors are now tr
ained abroad and hospitals are very well equipped. Pune is linkled by air, railw
ays and road. It has a pleasant weather all year round with a hospitable environ
ment. All these factors make Pune a Attractive to foreign patients.the lack of m
edical insurance facilities and high cost of surgeries makes people come to Indi
a for medical treatment.According to the chief executive officer at Ruby Hall Cl
inic, the cost and quality of treatment and promixity of Pune to Mumbai are the
reason why patients flock to Pune.
Before you doubt the title of this article, ask yourself: Is technology an absol
ute blessing to mankind? No one on earth can deny the improvements of humans live
s brought by technology. If technology is so perfect, everyone will spare no pai
ns to advance it and make our world an ever-better place. But why is it not the
case? The answer is the secret code PPP- Pollution, Power of destruction and Poten
tial hazards of technology. Some scientific advances have caused new, complicate
d and even dangerous problems which have no easy solutions. Technology can be mo
re a curse than a blessing.
Technology will invariably result in various kinds of pollution problems which t
hreaten our life. Although it improves efficiency of factory work and our living
standard, it creates numerous pollutants at the same time. Chemical pollution,
refrigeration, air-conditioning systems and cars, which damage the ozone layer a
nd emit unavoidable pollutants, are the evil crystallization of technology. Toxi
c wastes are being dumped into rivers, lakes and even the atmosphere. Fishes and
other marine lives cannot survive in polluted oceans. And we are breathing a lo
t of polluted air which may make us ill or may even cause death. So acute is the
threat of pollution generated by technology that all living things may be affec
Apart from the pollution problem, what is more terrifying is the harm caused by
the abuse of technology. Undoubtedly, when technology is wrongly used, its destr
uctive power is uncontrollable and deadly. Some technology is used by politician
s for the purpose of war. For example, some countries make use of atomic energy
to produce atomic bombs that can destroy millions of lives instantly. Another ex
ample is radium which will threaten the human race if it is used in nuclear war.
The wicked intention to use technology brings us nightmares instead of benefits
. The second P- Power of destruction- triggers a living crisis of human beings i
The word potential suggests the possibility of something being developed in the fu
ture. The potential hazards of technology are still not well-known or well-resea
rched. In the past, man studied technology because he wanted to understand natur
e. But today, to study technology is to master nature. Human beings have been tr
ying hard to change nature more and more. Even the basic rules of nature can als
o be controlled. Since the first sheep Dolly was cloned by scientists, the door to
the human cloning technique has been opened. Perhaps someday someone will contr
ol the cloned people to commit crimes. Like nuclear power, it is advanced but al
so has brought us so many disasters. No one expects cloning to play the same rol
e as nuclear power. Cloning is just one of the many examples showing that techno
logy will pose a menace to mans future due to its unknown potential hazards.
Scientists and experts always try their best to upgrade technology. When they targ
et their technological goals skywards, they may easily overlook the simple but s
erious 3Ps which threaten our existence. We human beings, though being praised as
the King of Wisdom, cannot totally control or the harm brought about by technolo
gy. Rather than putting all manpower and efforts into the development of technol
ogy, we should also keep the ill effects of technology to a minimum.

A gadget is a device or appliance having a unique purpose and function. At the t
ime of invention, a gadget is often way ahead of its peers in terms of novelty a
nd uniqueness. This is what makes them, so desirable and 'cool'!
The top ten gadgets that changed the world are debatable. Nevertheless, popular
choices would be the television, telephone, camera, movie camera, microwave oven
, video cassette player and recorder, video gaming consoles, Sony's Walkman, IBM
's personal computer or PC and the first cell phone released in 1996, by Motorol
a. The latest gadgets include superior versions of DVDs, smart phones, camcorder
s, laptops, iPods, iPhones, the Blackberry, PCs, computer notebooks, pedometers
That modern gadgets have changed the world, is a gross understatement. No one wa
nts to go back to the days of no television, no washing machines and certainly,
no cell phone. Hi-tech gadgets are proliferating by the dozen, as companies vie
with each other to catch the eyes of gadget freaks or just time-pinched consumer
Yet, rising from the din of MP3 players, DVD film premiers and podcasts is an ev
er increasing evidence, braced by scientific work, of the ill-health effects of
modern gadgets.
The study done by Carnegie Mellon University found that spending one hour a week
on the Net led to an average increase of 1 percent on depression scale, a loss
of 2.7 members of the Net users social circle and increase of 0.4% on the loneli
ness scale.
Intel Apple computer along with Hawlett Packard has kick-started US 1.5 million
US dollar- study on the effects of Internet on society. According to a spokesper
son of the companies, 'People who use the Net lose more of their friends, are lo
nelier and more inclined to depression than non-Net users. Greater use of the Ne
t is associated with a decline in size of the social circle, social contact and
family communication'.
A brief outline of how these gadgets and their hazards to health are described b
Electromagnetic fields (EMFs)
Almost all modern gadgets produce electromagnetic fields or EMFs, be they powere
d by electric, electronic or battery sources.
According to scientists, EMR (electromagnetic radiation) from EMFs, can be disru
ptive to the human body's own natural energy fields. Like x-rays, these waves ar
e not blocked or weakened by objects in their way. They pass into our bodies ups
etting normal cellular function and biological processes. EMR can cause headache
s, tiredness and even immune system disorders. Scientists believe that appliance
s such as electric hair dryers, shavers and bedside digital alarms are more dang
erous due to their proximity to the human head.
According to the World Health Organization, 'electronic smog', created by electr
icity is 'one of the most common and fastest growing environmental influences'.
New evidence has linked 'electropollution' with a rise in cancer, birth defects,
fibromyalgia, Alzheimer's disease, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, depression, learni
ng disabilities and even Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
Some persons like Kathleen Lucas, of Glasgow are so sensitive to electromagnetic
fields that they are actually incapacitated by modern gadgets.
Lucas, 55, could not go anywhere near a microwave oven, cell phone, iPod, etc.,
without getting sick. Confined to her home for decades as a result of this, an E
MF-shielding costume sold by an innovative company, Hitek, finally came to her r
escue. The suit contained a silver thread, which helped conduct electricity away
. For Lucas it was a lifeline from years of suffering with brain fog, digestive
problems and extreme fatigue.
According to scientist and EMF expert, the late Dr. George Yao, the typical Amer
ican is hit by electromagnetic radiation up to 200 million times more intense th
an what his ancestors absorbed from the sun, stars, and other natural sources.
Cell Phones- Can 'Fry Your Brains'
For those who believe in the perils of the mobile phone, the fact that graver si
de-effects like cancer take years to show up after exposure to cell phone radiat
ion, is solely responsible for the free run of these gadgets.
A recent study by Finnish scientists found a 40 percent increase in the risks of
brain tumor for those who use these phones for more than 10 years. The brain tu
mor was most likely to be located on the side of the head where the phone was he
ld. In addition, a Swedish study has found that brain cells could be destroyed b
y mobile phone radiation, which means that the present generation of teenagers r
un the risk of going senile before their middle-age!
In India and the US, clinical trials have raised the possibility that men who us
e mobile phones very frequently have reduced sperm counts.
Obviously there is also some media hype on some of these issues. However there i
s no question about the ill-effects of EMF and especially the radiation released
by cell phones and their effects on the brain of children. The scientists are t
o some extent underplaying its ill-effects. At present most scientists are agree
able that children under eight should not be permitted to use mobile phones; a w
arning sidestepped by most lawmakers.
Stress at home, at work
Hi-tech gadgets created to supposedly reduce stress, often result in the opposit
e. Jarring ring tones, high-decibel tunes on iPods and headsets, as well as blar
ing music from the television's pricey sound systems account for noise pollution
, which in turn cause headaches and hearing loss.
Like the ear, the eye too gets hit badly by modern gadgets. Hours of computer wo
rk, or computer play such as games have created a boom time for optometrists and
eye ware stores.
Slouching in front of the television or any screen for that matter, coupled with
the continuous use of computer keyboards or phone keys for text messaging has b
rought about its own share of orthopedic problems.
All these problems result in bodies beginning to function less and less efficien
tly, in the process causing more stress.
Meanwhile, manufacturers are trying to create ergonomically better-designed gadg
ets which cause less health problems and which can accomplish more functions in
a lesser time. Sadly, this ultimately backfires in the form of more workload per
worker. More work translates into more sedentary lifestyle, less recreation and
exercise and ultimately, more stress.
Safety Hazards
Modern gadgets come with many risks. As most are electrical or electronic, there
are chances of electricity leaking causing minor shocks, burns and even electro
cution. Faulty appliances can even set off electric fires. Toddlers with their i
nane curiosity are especially vulnerable to electric hazards.
Battery-operated devices such as mobiles phones can also be dangerous. A battery
can overheat or explode resulting in third-degree burns or even start a fire. N
okia has recalled 46 million of the BL-5C batteries manufactured between Decembe
r 2005 and November 2006 by the Matsushita Battery Industrial Co. Ltd for this v
ery reason. They recorded approximately 100 incidents of over heating globally b
ut reported no serious injuries or property damage.
(For a list of phones with such recalls go to medindia blogs)
Modern gadgets can also compromise road safety. Hi-tech gadgets or gizmos like i
Pods, iPhones and cell phones etc come with multimedia facilities. This means th
at users can jive to their favorite tunes, watch movies or even browse the Inter
net all while answering a call or even, driving. Unfortunately the human body ma
y not always be that efficient. This multitasking can translate into car acciden
ts or even distracted pedestrians walking right into oncoming traffic.
Social Repercussions
Gadgets like the Internet-enabled PC, satellite TV and mobile phone have created
a unified international audience. Though the benefits are many, technology has
grabbed its pound of flesh too.
For one, it is now easier for anti-social elements and crime to spread its tenta
cles. Anti-social lyrics in popular songs, which spill out of ear phones and hea
dsets can subtly bring about a rise in racial differences and hate-crimes. The y
oung, impressionable mind can get influenced by the lyrics and this can lead to
alteration in their outlook and lifestyle. The hard rock and metal music is ofte
n criticized for this very reason.
The television, Internet and gaming consoles can leave their addicts strapped to
the screens for countless hours, creating a host of personal and social problem
s. One such is loss of communication in families. In addition to the wave of con
sumerism and materialism created by hi-tech gadgets, the obsessive desire to pos
sess these gadgets has boosted the incidents of thefts and crimes.
Gadget Disposal
Hi-tech gadgets have come with the added burden of their disposal. Modern applia
nces such as PCs, laptops, mobile phones, fax machines, TVs etc., dumped into la
ndfills are creating mountains of electronic waste or e-waste. Every year 2.2 mi
llion PCs, 3 million fax machines and over 6.5 million telephones, both fixed an
d mobile are discarded.
Most of these devices contain lead, platinum and other heavy metals. They pollut
e the environment and create the increased risk to the health of all living orga
nism as most of the pollutants creep into drinking water, crops and affect the f
ood pyramid.
The search for safe and eco-friendly methods of e-waste disposal and recycling s
till remain one of the major challenge of the millennium.
Hazards to the Ecosystem
Humans are not the only victims of hi-tech gadgets, which modernization has let
loose.One vivid example is the mysterious 'colony collapse' of honeybees rampant
now in US and continental Europe. According to concerned scientists, clinical t
rials with mobile phone handsets have proved their theory that the radiation giv
en off by hi-tech gadgets and cell phones disrupt the navigation systems of the
honeybees. This would prevent the inhabitants of the hive from being able to ret
urn to it.
Now, what makes this ill effect of the modern gadget so scary is that bees are i
ndispensable to the pollination of crops, and hence the production of food for h
uman consumption. Albert Einstein once quoted "If the bees disappear, man would
have only four years of life left'.
Lifestyle Disorders
Modern gadgets have quietly taken away the 'spring in our steps.' For one we har
dly need to step-out for any of our wants and a modern fully equipped apartment
can do away with almost any chore mentionable. As these gadgets lure us with mor
e rest and less stress, we pay for it with lifestyle disorders such as obesity,
diabetes, heart ailments, hypertension and infertility problems to name a few.
For in his attempt to create a more convenient world, man is unwittingly paying
the highest price - his health.
We live in a technologically advanced world, where more and more electronic gadg
ets are going wireless. We have mobile phones, wireless computers and even mobil
e television! However, is technological development more of a blessing or a curs
e to mankind?
It is obvious to know how much technology has helped us in our daily lives. Last
time, people had to walk miles just to go to school or work. However, thanks to
the advancement of technology, people now can either take bus or drive a car to
reach their destination. Thanks to the advancement of technology, it is now ver
y convenient to move from places to places.
If you look around, technology is almost everywhere! Now, we can send email to o
ur friends rather than the old fashioned letters which take so long to reach the
receivers. Personally, technology helps out a lot in my life. Now, I can easily
message to my parents after school to reassure them that I am alright or search
for information needed for my school project with just a click on the button. H
owever, despite the many benefits, there are many problems caused by technology
as well. For example, in the past, u seldom sees people wearing spectacles where
as now, almost every teenager is wearing spectacles. The reason is because many
teenagers now use the computers for so long to the extent that they spoil their
own eyes.
Also, humans nowadays have relied on technology too much. Teenagers complain whe
n they could not use a computer for a day. Parents complain when the computer cr
ash and that they did not save the file which they were working on. Humans have
depended on technology so much that no one would survive if there is no technolo
gy in the world.
In conclusion, I personally felt that technology is more of a blessing than a cu
rse. It gives us choices which we do not have before and improved the human livi
ng conditions. Technology may causes us harm but that should not deter us from i
mproving it..........
Photography is the process of creating still or moving pictures by recording rad
iation on a sensitive medium like film or an electronic sensor. The products of
photography are called negatives and photographs, the latter being developed fro
m the negatives. Light patterns reflected or emitted by objects activate a sensi
tive chemical or electronic sensor during a timed exposure usually through a pho
tographic lens in a camera. The camera stores the resulting information chemical
ly or electronically.
Photographers control the camera and lens to expose the light recording material
to the required amount of light to form a latent image (on film) or raw file (i
n digital camera) which, after due processing, is converted to a usable image. I
n digital cameras, instead of film, an electronic image sensor based on light-se
nsitive devices is used.
Photography can also be called an art and good photographers often exhibit their
oeuvre like artists exhibit their paintings. In fact, the Greek word for photog
raphy means drawing with light. Photography has many applications in business, sci
ence and filmmaking, fashion, tourism, advertising, etc.
Thus, there is fashion photography where people specialize in taking pictures of
models in such a way that it highlights the designer costumes and accessories t
hey sport. To promote tourism to a particular place, attractive brochures have t
o be designed. These will feature photographs of the tourist spots. Many industr
ies too prepare brochures and catalogues featuring pictures of their products.
In films, still photographers take stills of certain scenes to promote new films
in the media. The movie camera is different from still cameras. It takes a rapi
d sequence of photographs on strips of film. Each series of images forms a frame
. The frames are played back later on a movie projector. In the advertising indu
stry, photo shoots are very common.
The products to be advertised have to be shot and sometimes models are also part
of the shoots. Good photographers are much in demand and charge hefty fees for
their services. A talented photographer can also make a models career by helping
them to put together a good portfolio. Professional courses are available for th
ose who aspire to become photographers.
Good jobs in the media also await them in prestigious magazines like the National
Geographic. Newspapers also have staff photographers who accompany reporters to
cover events. Photographers are also hired to cover weddings, birthdays and othe
r important personal occasions.
Some of the world famous photographers include Henri Cartier-Bresson who is cons
idered as the greatest photographer of the last century and Alfred Eisenstaedt o
f Life magazine. Photography is a lifelong hobby for many people.