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CMS Number:

CMS-830-06-FM-40004

Safe Working Distances for Hearing Protection During


Pneumatic Testing of Piping

Revision:
0
Approval Date:
24-May-10

Data required
- Input the test pressure Pg (psig) in the appropriate pipe size row.
- Input the allowable overpressure DP (psig) of 1.0 psig without hearing protection or;
2.0 psig with hearing protection. Output is the exclusion distance shown as D (ft).
Pipe Size
Nom. (in.)
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72

Pg
Pipe
200 x dia.
3
I.D.(in) Volume (ft ) (psig)
2.067
0.80
4.026
5.93
6.065
20.28
143
7.981
46.21
10.020
91.45
12.000
157.08
143
13.250
211.46
15.250
322.39
17.250
466.60
19.250
648.44
21.250
872.27
23.250
1142.47
25.250
1463.39
27.250
1839.40
29.250
2274.86
31.250
2774.13
33.250
3341.57
35.250
3981.56
37.250
4698.45
39.250
5496.61
41.250
6380.40
43.250
7354.18
45.250
8422.32
47.250
9589.18
49.250 10859.13
51.250 12236.52
53.250 13725.71
55.250 15331.09
57.250 17057.00
59.250 18907.81
61.250 20887.88
63.250 23001.58
65.250 25253.27
67.250 27647.32
69.250 30188.08
71.250 32879.92

(ft-lbs)
0
0
688348
0
0
5331624
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

DP

(lbs. of TNT) (psig)


0.00
0.00
0.46
1
0.00
0.00
3.55
1
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

D
(ft.)
#NUM!
#NUM!
25.62
#NUM!
#NUM!
50.69
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!

Notes
1)
2)
3)
4)

Output is the exclusion distance shown as D (ft).


Minimum safe clearance distance for pneumatic testing shall be 25 feet
Testing medium is air or nitrogen gas
The calculations are based on the overpressures created from the explosion of an equivalent mass of TNT. The
equation used to determine the equivalent mass of TNT is is the same as that used in the "Archie" model and also
by EPA in Risk Management studies. The equation is valid for an explosion at ground level at 68F (20C) ignoring
any redirection of the overpressure by structures and terrain. The equivalent mass of TNT is calculated based on
the "batch availability" energy of a volume of pipe equal in length to 200 diameters of the pipe. Neither isothermal
nor isentropic expansion of the escaping gas represents an accurate model of the available energy contained within
the pipe. The actual available energy based on the batch availability model lies between the isothermal and
isentropic expansion model energies. These safe Distances are based upon inccident pressure, resulting from
Failre of pipe, decaying to 1 psi.

Foem number: CMS-830-06-FM-40004

Issued for use: 24 May 2010

Page 1 of 1

CMS Number:
CMS-830-06-FM-40004
Revision:
0
Approval Date:
24-May-10

Safe Working Distances for Hearing Protection


During Pneumatic Testing of Piping

Data required
- Input the test pressure Pg (kPag) in the appropriate pipe size row.
- Input the allowable overpressure DP (kPag) of 6.89 kPag without hearing protection or;
13.78 kPag with hearing protection. Output is the exclusion distance shown as D (m).
Pipe Size
Nom. (in.)
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72

Pipe
200 x dia.
3
I.D.(in) Volume (m )
2.067
0.02
4.026
0.17
6.065
0.57
7.981
1.31
10.020
2.59
12.000
4.45
13.250
5.99
15.250
9.13
17.250
13.21
19.250
18.36
21.250
24.70
23.250
32.36
25.250
41.44
27.250
52.09
29.250
64.43
31.250
78.56
33.250
94.64
35.250
112.76
37.250
133.06
39.250
155.67
41.250
180.70
43.250
208.27
45.250
238.53
47.250
271.57
49.250
307.54
51.250
346.55
53.250
388.72
55.250
434.19
57.250
483.06
59.250
535.48
61.250
591.56
63.250
651.42
65.250
715.19
67.250
782.99
69.250
854.94
71.250
931.18

Pg

(kPag)

(Btu)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(lbs. of TNT)
(kg. of TNT)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

DP

(kPag)

(m)
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!
#NUM!

Notes
1) Output is the exclusion distance shown as D (m).
2) Minimum safe clearance distance for pneumatic testing shall be 7.62 meters.
3) Testing medium is air or nitrogen gas
4) The calculations are based on the overpressures created from the explosion of an equivalent mass of TNT. The equation used
to determine the equivalent mass of TNT is is the same as that used in the "Archie" model and also by EPA in Risk Management
studies. The equation is valid for an explosion at ground level at 68F (20C) ignoring any redirection of the overpressure by
structures and terrain. The equivalent mass of TNT is calculated based on the "batch availability" energy of a volume of pipe
equal in length to 200 diameters of the pipe. Neither isothermal nor isentropic expansion of the escaping gas represents an
accurate model of the available energy contained within the pipe. The actual available energy based on the batch availability
model lies between the isothermal and isentropic expansion model energies. These safe Distances are based upon inccident
pressure, resulting from Failre of pipe, decaying to 1 psi.

Form number: CMS-830-06-FM-40002

Issued for use: 24 May 2010

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