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PCTEL, RF Solutions Group

SeeGull

LX
User Manual, Rev. K
April 2005
CERTIFIED
ISO 9001:2000


i
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

















































































SeeGull

LX
High-Speed Scanning Receiver
User Manual
Single Receiver
Protocols and Bands
Supported:
GSM 850MHz
GSM 900 MHz
GSM 1800 MHz
GSM 1900 MHz
GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz
GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 MHz
UMTS WCDMA 2100 MHz
UMTS WCDMA 1900 MHz
Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA
900/1800/2100 MHz
Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-
DO 800/1900 MHz



UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900
MHz
cdma2000 800 MHz
cdma2000 1900 MHz
cdma2000 Dual-Band 800/1900 MHz
EVDO 800 MHz
EVDO 1900 MHz
EVDO Dual-Band 800/1900 MHz

Document Number:
100004-00
Rev. K

Release Date:
April 2005
Dual Receiver
Protocols and Bands
Supported:
SeeGull LX Manual: Table of Contents

ii
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

Preface................................................................................................................................... iii
Purpose.............................................................................................................................. iii
Applicability ........................................................................................................................ iii
References......................................................................................................................... iii
Trademarks........................................................................................................................ iv
Notices and Warranty Information ...................................................................................... iv
Restrictions ........................................................................................................................ iv
1. Overview and System Requirements ................................................................................. 1
General Description............................................................................................................ 1
System Requirements........................................................................................................ 4
Software Requirements...................................................................................................... 5
2. Installation ......................................................................................................................... 7
Integration.......................................................................................................................... 7
DBS Option Installation ...................................................................................................... 8
3. Operation........................................................................................................................... 9
Calibration.......................................................................................................................... 9
Software Upgrades............................................................................................................. 9
Operation: Controlling the Scanner and Acquiring Data..................................................... 9
CDMA2000 HoldOver Option Operation............................................................................. 9
DBS Operation................................................................................................................... 9
4. Troubleshooting................................................................................................................11
5. Support .............................................................................................................................15
Contact Information...........................................................................................................15
Calibration Notice..............................................................................................................15
Procedure for Returning a SeeGull

LX for Repair: ...........................................................16


6. PCTEL, RF Solutions Groups Product Offering................................................................17

SeeGull

LX Manual: Preface

iii
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Preface
Purpose
This document is a users manual for the SeeGull


LX high-speed, demodulating scanning receiver. It is
available along with other documentation that
describes PCTELs SeeGull

and SeeGull

DX
products and related applications.
Applicability
This manual covers PCTELs SeeGull

LX receivers.
The SeeGull

and SeeGull

DX receivers are
described in other manuals. For more information
please contact your sales or marketing representative
(contact information provided in section 5).
The SeeGull

LX receivers are used globally to


optimize wireless network performance via drive test
and measurement, perform tower site surveys,
provide base station monitoring, demodulate RF
signals and analyze wireless market data.
The SeeGull

LX receiver is capable of supporting


multiple protocols and frequency ranges as listed
below. The differences between the various LX
models concern the operating frequency range,
bandwidth, modulation type, and measurement
features. The SeeGull

LX receiver is a software-
defined receiver, providing our customers with
numerous advantages from the receivers flexibility
and upgradeability.
SeeGull

LX scanning receivers will support the


following Third Generation (3G) protocols:
! GSM 850, 900, 1800 and 1900
! GSM Dual-Band, 850/1900
! GSM Dual-Band, 900/1800
! UMTS WCDMA 2100 and 1900
! UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band, 850/1900 MHz
! cdma2000 1900 and 800
! cdma2000 Dual-Band 800/1900
! Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 850/1900/2100
! Dual-Band GSM/WCDMA 850/1900
! EV-DO 1900 and 800
! EV-DO Dual-Band 800/1900
! Dual-Band cdma2000/EVDO 850/1900

Please contact the factory for information on PCTELs
scanning receivers supporting all non-3G protocols.
The SeeGull

LX receivers have these features:


GSM
! Fast Scanning Speed
! BCCH Decoding Option
! BSIC Decoding Option
! C/I (Co-Channel Interference) Measurements
! Spectrum Analyzer
! Distance Based Sampling Option
! RSSI Frequency Scan
! Concurrent Measurements
! Built-in GPS Option

WCDMA
! Fast Scanning Speed
! Distance Based Sampling Option
! Time Slot Scan
! Pilot Scan
! PSCH & SSCH Scans
! Top N Scan
! Signal to Interference Ratio (SIR) Measurements
! Multiple Simultaneous Functions
! Multiple Concurrent Frequency Scans
! Spectrum Analyzer
! Rake Finger


cdma2000
! HoldOver Option
! Fast Scanning Speed
! Spectrum Analyzer
! Pilot Zoom
! Pilot Scan
! Distance Based Sampling Option
! RSSI Frequency Scan
! Top N Pilot Scan
! Multi-Frequency PN Scans
! Code Domain Option
! Built-in GPS

EVDO
! HoldOver Option
! Fast Scanning Speed
! Spectrum Analyzer
! Pilot Zoom
! Pilot Scan
! RSSI Frequency Scan
! Top N Pilot Scan
! Multi-Frequency PN Scans
! Built-in GPS
References
1. The SeeGull

LX Applications Programming
Interface (API) Specification; document number
120008-00M.
2. SeeGull

LX Enhanced Interface Control


Document (eICD); document number 121000-
01M.
3. PCTEL, RF Solutions Groups Terms & Conditions
of Sale
For more information please visit www.pctel.com,
and click on the RF Solutions Group link.
SeeGull

LX Manual: Preface

iv
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Trademarks
2005 PCTEL, Inc. All rights reserved.
PCTEL, SeeGull

, InSite

, CLARIFY
TM
, the
CLARIFY
TM
logo and the PCTEL logo are trademarks
of PCTEL, Inc. All other trademarks are property of
their respective owners. Specifications are subject to
change without notice.
Notices and Warranty Information

The information in this document is subject to change
without notice and should not be construed as
commitment by PCTEL. PCTEL assumes no
responsibility or makes no warranties for any errors
that may appear in this document and disclaims any
implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a
particular purpose.
Copyright Information

No part of this document may be used or copied in
any form or any means without prior written consent
of PCTEL.
All Rights Reserved

Copyright 1997-2005 by
PCTEL, Inc.
RF Solutions Group
12810 Wisteria Drive
Germantown, MD 20874 USA
Phone: +1 (301) 515-0036
Fax: +1 (301) 515-0037
Restrictions
This document contains proprietary information that is
protected by copyright; it is intended for internal use
only, it is not to be disclosed to a third party. All rights
reserved. No part of this document may be
photocopied or reproduced in any way without the
prior written permission of PCTEL, Inc. The
information contained in this document is subject to
change without notice. PCTEL, Inc. makes no
warranty of any kind with regards to this document.
PCTEL, Inc. shall not be liable for errors or omissions
contained herein or for incidental or consequential
damages in connection with the use of this document.
















SeeGull LX Manual: Overview and System Requirements

1
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
1. Overview and System
Requirements

This section describes the SeeGull

LX
receiver, including the applicable system
configuration and software requirements.
General Description

The SeeGull

LX (Figure 1-1) is a dual-


conversion super-heterodyne receiver that
includes a Digital Signal Processor (DSP)
for signal detection, demodulation, and data
acquisition. It uses a control processor for
control functions messaging. It was
designed for the planning, installation, and
maintenance of wireless networks. It is a
test tool for signal strength and modulation
measurement, engineered for the rigors of
the mobile test equipment market.




The DSP processor controls the RF front
end, including tuning to the desired
channels, and acquires two channels of
baseband data. Depending on the protocol
and the type of measurement, the SeeGull

LX receiver can provide the user with critical
measurements for managing the quality of
the network. See Figure 1-2 for details.
The raw data is further processed in the
DSP processor to yield the averaged RSSI
(Received Signal Strength) data and the
base station identifier, statistics of the
signal, and various other RF measure-
ments. The unit can also be customized to
do various levels of protocol analysis.

The serial communication link allows the
host (IBM PC or a proprietary computer with
an Ethernet or an RS-232 interface) to
control the operation of the scanner and to
receive the measurement results. The RS-
232 interface comes standard with 115.2k
Baud speed, but can also be factory
configured for 38.4k Baud. (Refer to section
3 for more details). If the host is an IBM PC
or another Windows 2000 computer, the
Applications Programming Interface (API),
available from PCTEL, makes writing the
host software easy. An optional description
known as the Interface Control Document
(ICD) of the low-level serial protocol
development is also available for non-PC
applications. For copies of the API and/or
the ICD, please contact your PCTEL sales
or marketing representative.
Figure 1-1: SeeGull LX Receiver with GPS
Control
Processor
DSP
Digital
Downconverter
Data &
Address
Busses
Data &
Address
Busses
DB9
DC/DC
Converter
+12 VDC
RS-485
RS-232
Control
GPS
Antenna
RF
Antenna
RF
Front End
Internal
GPS
Figure 1-2: Top-Level Block Diagram
SeeGull LX Manual: Overview and System Requirements

2
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Note that the Tri-Band and Dual-Band units
provide a USB interface that is supported by
Windows PC platforms.

Initial Inspection

Inspect the shipping container and verify
that the contents are complete and match
the packing list. The single receiver should
look similar to the picture in Figure 1-3. If
the contents are incomplete or the SeeGull


LX appears damaged, please call the
Technical Support line at 866-384-7877.
















The following is a list of options available for
the SeeGull

LX product line. Please


contact your PCTEL sales or marketing
representative for pricing and delivery
information.

Accessories
Option Description
OP 021
Power/RS-232 cable with car
lighter termination
OP 022
Power/RS-232 cable with battery
pack termination
OP 024
Universal input AC/12 VDC
adapter
OP 025 SeeGull

battery pack and charger






Hardware Options
Option Description
OP 028 Distance Based Sampling Option
OP 056
cdma2000/EV-DO Holdover
Option

Software Options
Option Description
OP 010
GSM BCCH Decoding (Single-
Band)
OP 011 GSM BCCH Decoding (Dual-Band)
OP 012 GSM C/I (Single-Band)
OP 013 GSM C/I (Dual-Band)
OP 043
CDMA2K Code Domain (Single-
Band)
OP 044
CDMA2K Code Domain (Dual-
Band)

Antennas
Option Description
OP 039
Antenna, 1700-2500 MHz, Mag
Mount
OP 042
Antenna, 806-960 MHz/1.71-1.99
GHz Dual-Band Mag Mount
OP 034 Antenna, GPS, Mag Mount
OP 065
Antenna,806-960 MHz/1710-1990
MHz Dual-Band MAG MOUNT w/
GPS

Support Agreements
Option Description
OP S05
Annual Calibration & Software
Support: SeeGull

LX Single-Band
OP S06
Annual Calibration & Software
Support: SeeGull

LX Dual-Band
OP S14
1 Additional Yr Extended
Warranty: SeeGull

LX Single-
Band
OP S15
1 Additional Yr Extended
Warranty: SeeGull

LX Dual-Band
Figure 1-3. Front View of SeeGull LX Receiver Showing
Connections

GPS Antenna
Input
RS-232
Data/Power
Connector
RF Antenna
Input
Power On
LED
SeeGull LX Manual: Overview and System Requirements

3
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
HoldOver option for cdma2000/EV-DO

The HoldOver for cdma2000 and EV-DO
scanners enables users to collect
measurements even when a GPS signal is
not present. Examples include indoor
applications, driving through tunnels or in
urban areas where maintaining GPS (which
is used by the scanner for both location
and CDMA timing) is difficult.

Distance Based Sampling Option

The Distance Based Sampling (DBS) option
(part number OP 028) is available for the
SeeGull

LX scanning receiver. See Figure


1-4 for details. It provides both model
tuning and optimization capability in one
tool.

Traditionally, two separate tools were
needed for these functionalities. The DBS
option is a cost-effective and user-friendly
approach to distance based sampling. For
more information, please contact your sales
or marketing representative.















The Distance Based Sampling option
includes a kit containing the following:

! Sensor
! DBS Interface Cable
! Magnetic Mount



GSM BCCH Decoding Option

This option is available on the GSM LX
scanners and it provides decoding of BCCH
(Broadcast Control Channel) type 3
messages which contain Cell Identity and
Local Area Identification. These messages
include MCC (Mobile Country Code), MNC
(Mobile Network Code), and LAC (Location
Area Code). The SeeGull

LX receiver
supports numerous BCCH frequency
channels.

GSM BSIC Decoding

This feature is included with the GSM LX
scanners. The BSIC (Base Station
Identification Code) is decoded in the
receiver and can be used for identifying the
transmitting base station. The SeeGull

LX
platform has the best performance yet
regarding the detection sensitivity of the
transmitting base stations.

GSM C/I Option

This option is available with the GSM LX
scanners and it provides co-channel
interference (C/I) measurements as well as
decoding of BSIC (Base Station
Identification Code).

CDMA2000 Code Domain Option

This option is available on the CDMA2000
LX scanners. For each RF channel, Code
Domain Scan allows the determination of
where the signal energy is into the code-
separated channels. The Ec/Io is reported
for each Code Channel in a list user, using
integer values from 0 to 127.




Figure 1-4. Distance Based Sampling Option

Mount Magnetically or
Mechanically to Vehicle...
SeeGull LX Manual: Overview and System Requirements

4
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Built-In Spectrum Analyzer

The built-in spectrum analysis feature
provides an effective means to detect and
troubleshoot frequency related problems.
The scanner measures and reports power
spectral density using frequency domain
techniques. Frequency span in the RF
Band, resolution bandwidth (5, 10, 20, 40,
and 80 kHz), and sweep averaging (1, 2, 4,
8, and 16) are adjustable.

System Requirements

Typical System
Depending on a users requirements,
various hardware and software components
may be used in the scanning system along
with the SeeGull

LX scanner. However, in
most cases, a typical configuration will
include a host IBM or compatible PC
connected to the scanner via a serial cable
and running the users application software.
This configuration is illustrated in Figure 1-5.


Antenna Requirements
Use a 50 Ohm impedance antenna with an
SMA male connector at the end of the
cable. Refer to PCTELs product offering
matrix in section 6 for part number
information.

Power Source Requirements
Use one of the following voltage levels:
+12 VDC @ 2.4 A (Tri-Band & Dual
Receiver)
+12 VDC @ 1.0 A all others

Use a car battery, a 12-volt battery, or an
AC/DC adapter. It is imperative that the
power source be capable of supplying the
receiver with the voltage and current levels
as above. It is HIGHLY recommended that
the power supply not exceed the working
range of the receivers. Applying excessive
voltage to the receiver will void the units
warranty. See Figure 1-6 for the location of
the power and ground pins on the RS-232
power/connector.













PC Requirements




















Figure 1-5. Typical SeeGull LX System

Figure 1-6. RS-232 Power/Connector Cable

12 VDC
SeeGull LX
Receiver
PC
Com Port
SMA
SMB
DB9
OP 021 or OP 022
Power/Data Cable
RF
Antenna
GPS
Antenna
Figure 1-7. Typical System Configuration Block Diagram



Pin 2: XMIT
Pin 3: RCV
Pin 5: GND
Pin 6: +12 VDC
Pin 2 Pin 3
Pin 5
Pin 6
SeeGull LX Manual: Overview and System Requirements

5
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Software Requirements

Option 1:
Windows Based Control

If the user is planning to develop proprietary
software to control the SeeGull

LX receiver
using the Windows OS, PCTEL can provide
your software developers with the LX
Applications Programmers Interface (API) or
Enhanced Interface Control Document
(eICD) to communicate with the scanner.

Option 2:

If the user does not want to develop
software, PCTELs InSite

LX, a data
collection software package, can be
purchased. InSite

LX (Figure 1-8) allows


for control of PCTELs receivers and data
acquisition. Contact your PCTEL sales
representative for more information.










Other System Configurations
In some cases, users connect the SeeGull


LX scanner to computers other than IBM-
compatible PCs. In these cases, optional
low-level serial communication protocol
information (Enhanced Interface Control
Documents, eICDs) can be furnished with
the scanner. This allows the user to write
the communication drivers necessary to
operate their system.

Figure 1-8. Display from InSite LX Software Package
(Option)
SeeGull LX Manual: Installation

7
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
2. Installation

This section describes how to set up the
SeeGull

LX receiver.

Integration

There are eight (8) mounting holes (6-32
screw) on the chassis of the unit that are
used for mounting in the users
enclosure/rack. See Figure 2-1 for details.

When installing the unit in a system
enclosure, rack, or case, there should be
good dissipation of heat in order to prevent
the unit from overheating. Unobstructed
convection airflow is recommended. The
use of carefully designed, thin-walled
pouches for carrying the unit is allowed, but
thorough testing of the temperature regime
is highly recommended.






















Note:

Maximum Depth of Screw
Insertion from Chassis Exterior
0.110 inches (0.28 cm)


The following steps explain how to connect
the unit to the host PC and power source
and to begin collecting data.

1. Connect the antenna to the antenna SMA
connector on the unit (if purchased from
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group, the RF
Connector color will match the antennas
colored tag.
See Figure 2-2.





















2. Connect the GPS antenna (or input) to
the SMB connector. See Figure 2-3.

















Figure 2-1. Mounting Holes for Rack Mounting
SMB Connector from
GPS Antenna
Figure 2-2. Attaching the Antenna to Receiver
Figure 2-3. Attaching the GPS Antenna to Receiver
(Note: Make Sure that Antenna
Color Code Matches Receiver
Color Code
SMA Connector
from Antenna

RF Input Power Data
Mounting Holes
(8 Total)
Front of Receiver
Side of Receiver
(Typical Both Sides)
Rear of Receiver
Mounting Holes
(8 Total)
SeeGull LX Manual: Installation

8
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

Note the colored band around the
RF connector. This denotes the RF
frequency range and PCTEL, RF
Solutions Groups antennas have
matching colored bands. PURPLE
denotes the 2100 MHz band and
YELLOW denotes the Dual-Bands
from 806-1990 MHz.

Not pictured is the Tri-Band
GSM/WCDMA unit or the Dual-Mode
cdma2000/EV-DO unit. These units
have two RF connectors. RF1 is for
WCDMA or EV-DO, coded PURPLE
and RF2 is for GSM of cdma2000,
coded YELLOW.

3. Connect the scanner to a PC serial
port and to the car cigarette lighter
adapter using the optional
power/data cable (OP 021), as
illustrated in Figure 2-4. After the
power is applied, the LED on the
receiver illuminates in orange. After
a short delay, the light turns green.
If the light turns dark red, the unit
has failed the power-up test. Please
consult the factory.

4. Note the Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA
and the Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-
DO units interface to a PC using a
USB interface. Two virtual COM
ports will be available to the
application software and functionality
is the same as that with RS232.
See USB Driver Installation
Instructions for more information.
(document #100029-00)






























5. Install and start the PC program. If you
are using InSite

LX, refer to the InSite


LX manual for specific instructions.

6. The system is ready for use.


DBS Option Installation

To install the Distance Based Sampling
option, plug the cable provided into the
sensor. For mounting and placement of
the sensor, refer to the installation
instructions (Document 130016-00M)
provided in the DBS kit.



Lighter Adapter, Connects
to Car Cigarette Lighter
PC Serial Port
Start Up (Orange)
Normal Operation (Green)
System Failed (Red)
Figure 2-4. Connection of Scanner to PC, Power Supply
and Startup
Scanner Power Connector
(RS-232)
SeeGull LX Manual: Operation

9
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
3. Operation

This section discusses calibration, software
upgrades, and integrating the SeeGull

LX
receiver into the users test system.

Calibration

SeeGull

LX receivers are calibrated at the


factory. The calibration data is stored in the
internal non-volatile memory for each 1 dB
step for the whole input signal dynamic
range. Recalibration is recommended every
year in order to maintain the specified
accuracy levels. Please refer to the
Calibration Notice in section 5 for more
information. Re-calibration is available as
an optional service from PCTEL, RF
Solutions Group.

Note:
Recalibration is Recommended
Every Year


Software Upgrades

SeeGull

LX scanner stores the application


program in internal non-volatile memory,
and accordingly, is capable of being
upgraded via software. Upgrades may be
needed to incorporate new features or bug
fixes. Please note that some upgrades can
only be performed at PCTELs factory.

Operation: Controlling the Scanner and
Acquiring Data

A unit is controlled, and the measurement
data is received via the RS-232
communication link running at 115.2k Baud
(factory standard) or 38.4k Baud (please
request at time of order). For instructions
on how to change the baud rate, please
refer to the eICD, or the API. Depending on
the PC software used to work with the unit,
the following is applicable:

If the user incorporates the scanner into
their test system running Windows 2000,
use the Application Programming Interface
(API) described in References, Item 1
(Preface Section).

In case the user has a system that runs an
operating system other than Windows, use
the description of the serial interface and
messages. See References, Item 2
(Preface Section).

cdma2000/EV-DO use of GPS
During collection, the cdma2000 and EV-
DO scanners utilize a GPS signal to provide
accurate timing for measurements of Pilot
Delay, Delay Spread, Pilot Number,
Aggregate and Peak Ec/Io. If the GPS
signal is lost, inaccuracies in these
measurements may occur within minutes,
unless the HoldOver option is used.
HoldOver Option Operation

When a GPS signal is present, the
CDMA 2000 and EV-DO scanners use the
GPS data for timing information to decode
the CDMA Signals. With the HoldOver
option, the CDMA2000 and EV-DO
scanners will continue accurate decoding of
pilots for a period of 2 -4 hours in the
absence of any GPS signal. To get the best
performance of the HoldOver option during
indoor measurements, we recommend that
the GPS be locked for at least 45 minutes
before using the scanner in an unlocked /
holdover mode. (with power maintained).

DBS Operation

If you are developing proprietary software to
control the SeeGull

LX receiver, please
refer to the LX Applications Programmers
Interface (API) or Enhanced Interface
Control Document (eICD) for how to control
and use the Distance Based Sampling
option.
SeeGull LX Manual: Troubleshooting

11
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

4. Troubleshooting

This section describes a few suggestions for
several common problems that might occur.
These suggestions are user serviceable.

No Power: Receiver LEDs Not
Illuminated

Should there be no power displayed on the
Power LED located on the face of the
receiver, please check the connection first,
then the fuse, which is located in the
cigarette lighter end of the power cord.

Note:

Check The Fuse in the Cigarette
Lighter Plug First!



The fuse can be blown by a surge in the
portable or mobile battery system. A
temporarily shorted wire can also cause
other problems.

If the fuse is not operating normally, it will
open up, thereby disconnecting the input
power from the SeeGull

LX Receiver. The
fuse is the first line of defense should any
short, large spike, or other problems occur
within the power wiring circuitry. When the
fuse blows, there will be no power to the
receiver.


Changing the Fuse in the Power Plug

If it is necessary to change the fuse in the
power plug, remove the cigarette lighter
plug end from the power source. See
Figure 4-1 for an illustration of the power
plug.

Loosen the fuse-holding finger nut by
turning it counter-clockwise until the plug
comes apart. The fuse is inside the power
plug housing and can be removed.















Replace the fuse with an identical 10-amp,
3 AG fuse. ONLY USE a 10-amp 3 AG
fuse! Any other fuse value may cause
severe problems with the unit and void the
warranty. Insert the new fuse in the housing
and re-assemble the plug by turning the
knurled finger nut in a clockwise direction.
Tighten this nut as tight as you can with
your fingers.

Note:

Dont Use Tools to Tighten


Received Signal Strength Appears Low

If the received signal strength appears to be
lower than expected, it is likely that (1) an
incorrect antenna is being used, (2) an
antenna is not properly connected or (3) the
antenna or antenna cable is damaged.

Check the antenna to be used with each
receiver to be sure that the correct
frequency antenna is being used or that one
is even connected. Figure 4-2 shows a
chart for PCTELs color-coding.

Note:

Antennas Sold by PCTEL, RF Solutions
Group Look Very Similar and Can only be
Identified by the Supplied Color Antenna
Tag

Figure 4-1: SeeGull

LX Power Plug
Pressure Clips
Positive Connection
Fuse Holding Nut
(Turn Counter-Clockwise to Open)
SeeGull LX Manual: Troubleshooting

12
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

































Each antenna is labeled with a tag that
identifies the frequency with which it is to be
used (see Figure 4-3). This information
must not be lost or mixed up. Verify that all
the necessary antennas are included in the
shipment and that each is marked.
Antennas cannot be identified by length,
shape, or other physical characteristics.


Note:

Some Receivers Require Multiple Antennas.
cdma2000 and EV-DO Receivers Require
Two Antennas (RF & GPS) for Proper
Operation.




















































Figure 4-3: Typical Antennas and Labels
SeeGull LX Receiver
Model
RX Band
(Frequencies in MHz)
Part
Number
Color Code
System
GSM 850 869 894 OP 042 YELLOW
GSM 900 925 959 OP 042 YELLOW
GSM 1800 1805 1880 OP 042 YELLOW
GSM 1900 1930 1990 OP 042 YELLOW
GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 869-894/1930-1990 OP 042 YELLOW
GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 925-959/1805-1880 OP 042 YELLOW
cdma2000 - 800 869 894 OP042 YELLOW
cdma2000 - 1900 1930 - 1990 OP042 YELLOW
cdma2000 Dual-Band 800/1900 869-894/1930-1990 OP 042 YELLOW
UMTS WCDMA - 1900 1930 1990 OP042 YELLOW
UMTS WCDMA - 2100 2110 2170 OP039 PURPLE
UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 869-894/1930-1990 OP 042 YELLOW
Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 OP042/OP039 YELLOW
Dual-Mode GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 OP042 YELLOW
EV-DO - 800 869 894 OP042 YELLOW
EV-DO - 1900 1930 - 1990 OP042 YELLOW
EV-DO Dual-Band 800/1900 869-894/1930-1990 OP 042 YELLOW
Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-DO 850/1900 OP042 YELLOW

Figure 4-2: SeeGull

LX Antenna Color Coding Matrix
SeeGull LX Manual: Troubleshooting

13
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

PCTELs website provides an up-to-date list
of Frequency Asked Questions (FAQ). To
see this list go to www.pctel.com, click on
the RG Solutions Group link, then Support,
then FAQ. At the time of release of this
manual the following FAQ questions were
available:

SeeGull

LX FAQ
Q
What would be the effects of using the
scanner indoors?
A
For Top N Pilot Scan or Pilot Scan to
measure Pilot Delay and Pilot Number
accurately, the cdma2000 and EVDO
scanners must be locked to a GPS signal.
In case of measurements taken while GPS
signal is lost, measurement accuracy is
dependent on Clock Card Hold Over
frequency stability. Pilot Number and Peak
Ec/Io will be reported correctly as long as
detected Pilot Delay is within peak window
search limits. For indoors measurements
we recommend the center pilot window
mode be used (one of the three peak
search modes the scanner supports.)

For other technology scanners, they are
not affected by this issue and this is not a
requirement.

Q
What is the difference between the
"RSSI scan" and "Spectrum Analyzer"
mode in the SeeGull

LX WCDMA
Scanner?
A
The differences lie in the corresponding
objectives and ways of implementation of
the two modes. "RSSI scan" modus, on
one hand, is used for obtaining average
power in one of the two signal bandwidths
of the scanner. Accordingly, measures are
taken to ensure high accuracy and stability
of the results.

The Spectrum Analysis is intended to
provide a tool that shows a wealth of
information about the signal spectrum that
is not obtainable from the channel power
measurement. Using Spectrum Analysis,
one can analyze a fast-changing spectrum
of an unstable transmitter, as an example.
The RSSI measurement in this case will
most often show a normal smooth picture,
but the spectrum display, if used with an
appropriate resolution bandwidth, will show
an erratic behavior due to the fast update
rate and lack of averaging.

In terms of implementation, the RSSI
measurement uses analog and digital
filters to select the right frequency band
and subsequently measure total power.
The SA measurement uses a segmented
FFT approach that ensures various
resolution bandwidths and fast update
rates.
Q
Is the built-in GPS receiver needed for
WCDMA?
A
No. As is indicated in the product
documentation, the scanner will work in
areas without GPS coverage, continuously.
However, with the coverage, the scanner
provides an absolute time-offset
measurement as well as navigation data
for mapping.

In order to avoid any possible confusion,
let us emphasize that the GPS receiver is
always included in the scanner, whether or
not it is being used by the customer.
Q
Are the secondary sync channels also
detected and measured in top N mode
for WCDMA?
A Yes.
Q
For the PSCH detection you are
distinguishing between "detectable"
and "discernable". What is the
difference?
SeeGull LX Manual: Troubleshooting

14
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
A
The difference is as follows. The
"detectable" signal is a signal that is
positively found in virtually every scan. The
definition also implies the intrinsic step of
(nonlinear) detection (decision, as in Top-
N). In practice, the criterion we use is 95%
probability of detection.

The notion of a "discernable" signal, on the
other hand, is more analog in nature. It
hails from the era of CRT-based radars,
where the phosphorescence of the screen
served as the video integrator. The
decision was made by the eye of the
operator. So, averaging is inherent in this
definition, as well as a relatively subjective
nature of the decision. In our case, we call
a signal "discernable" in the case when we
can "see" the presence of the signal over
noise after averaging a few scans. No
threshold is being applied to the
measurement before averaging, which
makes this parameter suitable in the case
of "Pilot Scan" (as opposed to Top-N).

If the FAQ list does not answer your
question or resolve the problem, please
contact our customer support, at +1 (240)
460-8833.
SeeGull LX Manual: Support

15
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
5. Support

This section provides support information,
including PCTEL, RF Solutions Groups
contacts, warranty information, calibration
notice, and technical specifications.
Contact Information

Phone Numbers
Departments Contact Information
Marketing/Product
Feedback
301-444-2048
Customer Support
866-384-7877 or
240-460-8833
Quality Manager 301-444-2045
North American Sales 301-444-2007
Government Sales 301-444-2021


Email Addresses
Departments Contact Information
Product
Feedback
productfeedback@pctel.com
Customer
Support
support.rfsg@pctel.com
RMA
Coordinator
rma@pctel.com
Quality
Manager
quality.rfsg@pctel.com
North
American
Sales
nasales@pctel.com
Global Sales globalsales@pctel.com



Warranty Information

Terms of Warranty

Refer to PCTEL, RF Solutions Groups
Terms & Conditions of Sale for warranty
terms.

Calibration Notice

PCTEL recommends a yearly re-calibration
of its scanning receivers. This
recommendation is based on our
understanding of various factors that may
affect accuracy of the measurement results.
The following factors have been identified
as potential sources of accuracy
degradation: crystal oscillators aging;
amplifier stages gain drift; LC and ceramic
filters part value change (due to aging, as
an example).

Although our experience has been that in
most cases the units coming back for re-
calibration are still well in the specified
accuracy margin, in some cases re-
calibration is necessary.

The SeeGull

scanning receivers are


calibrated for several sources of variations
including amplitude levels, ambient
temperature, input frequency, and internal
noise levels for narrow and wide channel
bandwidths. The calibration parameters are
stored as single values or arrays in the
scanners non-volatile memory. At our
factory floor, automated test and calibration
stations use proprietary software which
performs the process with no or minimum
human intervention. The calibration
process is followed by a full-automated
production test. The test results are stored
in a central quality database and they are
extracted and used for periodic quality
audits.

Every unit that passes the calibration and
test process successfully receives a
Certificate of Calibration. This Certificate is
shipped back with the unit.
SeeGull LX Manual: Support

16
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

The complexity of the calibration process
precludes field calibration. It is highly
recommended that PCTELs scanning
receivers be returned to the Factory
annually to maintain the units exceptional
measurement capability.

Procedure for Returning a SeeGull

LX
for Repair:

1. Complete the RMA form on the website
at www.pctel.com Click on RF Solutions
Group, then Support, then RMA Support
from the table. Alternatively, you can
provide the information (your name and
contact information, the companys
name and address, the serial number
and protocol of the unit, and a
description of the problem) via fax at +1
(301) 515-0037.

2. A response including an RMA number
and in-warranty or out-of-warranty
information will be provided within 24
hours, or the next working day.

3. Please ship the unit to:
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Attn: Returns Department
12810 Wisteria Drive,
Germantown, MD 20874
(301 515-0036)

4. Reference PCTELs RMA number on all
shipping documentation. Units
shipped without an RMA number can
be returned to the customer without
the unit being repaired.

SeeGull LX Manual: Product Offering

17
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
6. PCTEL, RF Solutions Groups
Product Offering

This section describes all of the different
receivers that PCTEL offers in its product
line along with Software options, Hardware
options, Accessories, and Support. For
further information please contact your
PCTEL sales or marketing representative.

Scanning Receivers


SeeGull

DX Receivers
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
02008 IS-136 (800 MHz) DX
02009 IS-136 (1900 MHz) DX


CDMA SeeGull

Receivers
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
03001 CDMA 800 DX
03002 CDMA 1900 DX


DUAL-BAND SeeGull

Receivers
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
040XX
Custom Dual-
Band***
DX
06012
CDMA 2000
800/1900 Dual-
Band
LX
06020
GSM 850/1900
Dual-Band
LX
06023
GSM 900/1800
Dual-Band
LX
06004
UMTS WCDMA
850/1900 Dual-
Band
LX
06052
EVDO 800/1900
Dual-Band
LX


Tri-Band SeeGull

Receivers
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
06030
Tri-Band
GSM/WCDMA
900/1800/2100
LX
06032
Dual-Mode
CDMA/EVDO -
CDMA 800/1900
EVDO 800
LX
06033
Dual-Mode
CDMA/EVDO -
CDMA 800/1900
EVDO 1900
LX
06034
Dual-Mode
CDMA/EVDO -
CDMA 800/1900
EVDO 800/1900
LX


SeeGull

LX Receivers
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
06001
UMTS WCDMA
2100
LX
06002
UMTS WCDMA
1900
LX
06010 CDMA 2000 800 LX
06011 CDMA 2000 1900 LX
06021 GSM 850 LX
06022 GSM 1900 LX
06024 GSM 900 LX
06025 GSM 1800 LX
06050 EVDO 800 LX
06051 EVDO 1900 LX



Notes:
1. Standard Lead-time is 30 Days
2. *** Please Check with Your PCTEL
Sales Representative for Lead-time
Information.



SeeGull LX Manual: Product Offering

18
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K

Options & Accessories

Software Options
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
OP 001
BSIC Decoding
(Single Band)
LX
OP 005
BSIC Decoding
(Dual Band)
LX
OP 002
DVCC Decoding
(Single-Band)
DX
OP 006
DVCC Decoding
(Dual-Band)
DX
OP 010
GSM BCCH
Decoding (Single-
Band)
LX
OP 011
GSM BCCH
Decoding (Dual-
Band)
LX
OP 012 C/I (Single-Band) LX
OP 013 C/I (Dual-Band) LX
OP 043
CDMA2K Code
Domain
(Single-Band)
LX
OP 044
CDMA2K Code
Domain
(Dual-Band)
LX


Hardware Options
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
OP 004 Navigation Option DX, LX
OP 007
CDMA Holdover
Option
DX
OP 056
CDMA2000
HoldOver Option
LX
OP 028
Distance Based
Sampling Option
LX







Accessories
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
OP 021
Power/232 Cable;
Car-Lighter
Termination
SG, DX,
LX
OP 022
Power/232 Cable;
Battery Pack
Termination
SG, DX,
LX
OP 060
Power/232 Cable;
car-lighter
termination 6
SG, DX,
LX
OP 024
Universal Input
AC/12VDC Adapter
SG, DX,
LX
OP 025
Battery Pack &
Charger 120V
SG, DX,
LX
OP 026
Battery Pack &
Charger 230V
SG, DX,
LX
OP 034
Antenna,
GPS,
Magnetic Mount
DX, LX
OP 035
Antenna,
1850-1990 MHz,
PCS PORTABLE
SG, DX,
LX
OP 036
Antenna,
1710-1880 MHz,
PCS PORTABLE
SG, DX,
LX
OP 039
Antenna,
1700-2500 MHz,
(4 dB)
SG, DX,
LX
OP 041
Antenna,
806-896 MHz,
PORTABLE
SG, DX,
LX
OP 042
Antenna,
806-960 MHz/
1.71-1.99 GHz
Dual-Band
Magnetic Mount
DX, LX
OP 065
Antenna,806-960
MHz/1710-1990
MHz Dual-Band
MAG MOUNT w/
GPS
DX, LX


Notes:
1. Standard Lead-time is 30 Days
2. ** Please Check with Your PCTEL Sales
Representative for Lead-time Information.

SeeGull LX Manual: Product Offering

19
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
Rev. K
Support Options
Ordering
Code
Product Name Platform
OP S01
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

/
SeeGull

DX
Single-Band
SG, DX
OP S11
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

CDMA
DX
OP S02
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

Dual-
Band
DX
OP S05
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

LX
Single-Band
LX
OP S06
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

LX Dual-
Band
LX
OP S48
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

LX Tri-
Band / Dual-Mode
LX
OP S50
Annual Calibration
+Software Support:
SeeGull

UMTS TX
UMTS
TX
OP S03
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty:
SeeGull

/
SeeGull

DX
DX
OP S13
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty:
SeeGull

CDMA
DX
OP S04
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty:
SeeGull

Dual-
Band
DX, LX
OP S14
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty:
SeeGull

LX
LX
OP S15
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty: SeeGull


LX Dual-Band
LX
OP S47
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty: SeeGull


LX Tri-Band / Dual-
Mode
LX
OP S51
1 Additional Yr
Extended
Warranty: SeeGull


LX UMTS TX
UMTS
TX







Notes:
1. Standard Lead-time is 30 Days
2. *** Please Check with Your PCTEL
Sales Representative for Lead-time
Information.













Specification Subject to Change Without Notice.
PCTELs RF Solutions Group (formerly
DTI) is a leading supplier of high-speed,
multi-standard receivers as well as test
and measurement solutions to the
Wireless Industry Worldwide.
PCTELs RF Solutions Group maintains
its world headquarters in the technology
corridor located in Germantown,
Maryland, on the USAs East Coast.
Our products are recognized for World-
class speed and quality that help our
customers thrive in a competitive
environment.
Wireless Solutions
Interference & Propagation
Measurements
Data Collection Systems
Scanning Receivers
Transmitters
Market Analysis
Base Station Monitoring
Custom & OEM Solutions
Wireless Applications
Network Optimization
Co-channel Interference
Indoor Test & Measurement
Coverage Testing
PCTEL, RF Solutions Group
12810 Wisteria Drive, Germantown, MD 20874 USA
Voice: +1 301.515.0036 Fax: +1 301.515.0037
www.pctel.com