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CEO / Chief Editor
Dr. Htet Zan Linn
Director
Dr. Hein Thu Aung, Tin Tun Kyaw
Executive Editor
Phyo Wai
Editors
Hein Zaw, Khin Win, Khaing Minn Nyo
Contributors
Hein Zaw, Myitmakha, Dr. Tin Maung Kyi,
Naing Thit, Mikael Knudsen,
Khaing Minn Nyo
Cover
Hatt Kawt
Designers
Aung Aung (AN Computer), Thaw Tar Oo
Computer Operator
Zin Wai Wai Shein
Marketing Department
January Khine Mon, Naw Keziah, Yadanar,
Nan Mo, May Hsu Mo Mo
Photographers
Aung Kyaw Moe (New Image)
Hein Zaw, Khaing Minn Nyo
Publisher and Copyright
Dr. Htet Zan Linn
Printer
Editorial Board
ACUMEN
myanmarb2b@gmail.com
ceo@myanmarb2bmagazine.com, management@myanmarb2bmagazine.com,
editor@myanmarb2bmagazine.com, marketing@myanmarb2bmagazine.com,
Advisors Advisors Advisors Advisors Advisors
Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet (President's Economic Advisor)
Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than (Rector (Ret), Yangon Institute of Economics Yangon)
Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung (Special Consultant for Advocacy, PSI Myanmar)
Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin (Consultant, Myanmar Climate Change Watch,Tun Lwin Foundation)
Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin (Deputy Governor (Ret), Central Bank of Myanmar)
Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw (Principal, Device Business Management Academy)
Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik (Media Advocacy Advisor, PSI Myanmar)
Office
No. 24/26, 4B-C, Race Course Condo, South Race Course Street, TAMWE TOWNSHIP, YANGON
Tel : (+959) 420033355
~
66
~
77 (Hot Line), (+959) 73045140, 49317457, 73143313, (+951) 8603886, 8603887
Editors Note
It is hard to say with any certainty what changes the next month will bring. But
it is our commitment to try our best to make the readers get the best documen-
tation and analyses of the developments in Myanmar. This South East Asian
nation has been undergoing profound and rapid changes in the past couple of
years. Still there are several issues that need to be addressed urgently and the
crucial thing are the good faith and efforts of all the stakeholders. On top of
them is the issue of 2008 Constitution followed by national reconciliation and
rule of law. To create an investor- friendly business environment, it is no doubt
that political stability is a pre-requisite. The world today is experiencing an
ever-greater need for energy. Developed and developing countries are compul-
sively looking for energy sources worldwide and Myanmar has been an obvi-
ous nation rich in natural resources. This issue of Acumen looks at this politi-
cally important energy sector in-depth from many different angles including the
use, management, transparency, people's rights and federal system of natural
resources. It has also discussed how the natural resources are impacting on the
peace and constitution of this nation of 60 million people. Myanmar will be
busier at least in the next two years. She will be hosting SEA Games in 2014
and taking the Asean chair the following year. Tourism industry will definitely
see far better opportunities as well as challenges. This month, we have included
an interesting tourism piece called the Trend of Riverine Cruise in Myanmar.
It was quite a coincidence that all major competitors in this industry happen to
be all women entrepreneurs while women representation has been quite low in
other areas including politics. Other interesting stories include How free can
Myanmar be?" and Is Myanmar a mysterious country for foreign investors?"
among others. We do hope you will enjoy reading this November issue like the
previous ones.
Thank you! A
Masthead.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:08 PM 1
ACUMEN 11
The mindset of leadership is the determination to serve,
not to lead, and it is the determination and the commit-
ment to serve that decides who is the real leader, and
not the desire to be a leader.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
Chairperson
National League for Democracy Party
The remaining two years of this Parliamentary term of
five years will be up soon. But land issues will remain in
the next term of parliament and government. At present,
we are trying to be better administration all the issues
from previous military government.
U Khine Maung Yi
Member of Land Confiscation Investigation Commission
oices
V
To reform for the development of a country, one or two years is not enough. We are
trying hard for democracy transformation in these two years that we never have before.
To reach better development, we have to try hard for next four or five years.
U Moe Myint Kyaw
Secretary-General
Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI)
United States of
America was one of the
countries holding
sanction on Myanmar for
a long time. It will be a
miracle that they did not
notice that US$11 billion
is in the bank.
U Ye Htut
Deputy Minister of Information
List of ownership by each governmental official includes
house, land, vehicle, jewelry, and money in banks, have to
report in sealed envelope to the President.
U Soe Thein
Union Minister at President Office
Voices.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:49 PM 11
CEO / Chief Editor
Dr. Htet Zan Linn
Director
Dr. Hein Thu Aung, Tin Tun Kyaw
Executive Editor
Phyo Wai
Editors
Hein Zaw, Khin Win, Khaing Minn Nyo
Contributors
Hein Zaw, Myitmakha, Dr. Tin Maung Kyi,
Naing Thit, Mikael Knudsen,
Khaing Minn Nyo
Cover
Hatt Kawt
Designers
Aung Aung (AN Computer), Thaw Tar Oo
Computer Operator
Zin Wai Wai Shein
Marketing Department
January Khine Mon, Naw Keziah, Yadanar,
Nan Mo, May Hsu Mo Mo
Photographers
Aung Kyaw Moe (New Image)
Hein Zaw, Khaing Minn Nyo
Publisher and Copyright
Dr. Htet Zan Linn
Printer
Editorial Board
ACUMEN
myanmarb2b@gmail.com
ceo@myanmarb2bmagazine.com, management@myanmarb2bmagazine.com,
editor@myanmarb2bmagazine.com, marketing@myanmarb2bmagazine.com,
Advisors Advisors Advisors Advisors Advisors
Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet Prof. Dr. Aung Tun Thet (President's Economic Advisor)
Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than Prof. Maw Than (Rector (Ret), Yangon Institute of Economics Yangon)
Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung Soe Tint Aung (Special Consultant for Advocacy, PSI Myanmar)
Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin Dr. Tun Lwin (Consultant, Myanmar Climate Change Watch,Tun Lwin Foundation)
Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin Than Lwin (Deputy Governor (Ret), Central Bank of Myanmar)
Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw Tin Zan Kyaw (Principal, Device Business Management Academy)
Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik Grace Swe Zin Htaik (Media Advocacy Advisor, PSI Myanmar)
Office
No. 24/26, 4B-C, Race Course Condo, South Race Course Street, TAMWE TOWNSHIP, YANGON
Tel : (+959) 420033355
~
66
~
77 (Hot Line), (+959) 73045140, 49317457, 73143313, (+951) 8603886, 8603887
Editors Note
It is hard to say with any certainty what changes the next month will bring. But
it is our commitment to try our best to make the readers get the best documen-
tation and analyses of the developments in Myanmar. This South East Asian
nation has been undergoing profound and rapid changes in the past couple of
years. Still there are several issues that need to be addressed urgently and the
crucial thing are the good faith and efforts of all the stakeholders. On top of
them is the issue of 2008 Constitution followed by national reconciliation and
rule of law. To create an investor- friendly business environment, it is no doubt
that political stability is a pre-requisite. The world today is experiencing an
ever-greater need for energy. Developed and developing countries are compul-
sively looking for energy sources worldwide and Myanmar has been an obvi-
ous nation rich in natural resources. This issue of Acumen looks at this politi-
cally important energy sector in-depth from many different angles including the
use, management, transparency, people's rights and federal system of natural
resources. It has also discussed how the natural resources are impacting on the
peace and constitution of this nation of 60 million people. Myanmar will be
busier at least in the next two years. She will be hosting SEA Games in 2014
and taking the Asean chair the following year. Tourism industry will definitely
see far better opportunities as well as challenges. This month, we have included
an interesting tourism piece called the Trend of Riverine Cruise in Myanmar.
It was quite a coincidence that all major competitors in this industry happen to
be all women entrepreneurs while women representation has been quite low in
other areas including politics. Other interesting stories include How free can
Myanmar be?" and Is Myanmar a mysterious country for foreign investors?"
among others. We do hope you will enjoy reading this November issue like the
previous ones.
Thank you! A
Masthead.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:08 PM 1
ACUMEN 11
The mindset of leadership is the determination to serve,
not to lead, and it is the determination and the commit-
ment to serve that decides who is the real leader, and
not the desire to be a leader.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
Chairperson
National League for Democracy Party
The remaining two years of this Parliamentary term of
five years will be up soon. But land issues will remain in
the next term of parliament and government. At present,
we are trying to be better administration all the issues
from previous military government.
U Khine Maung Yi
Member of Land Confiscation Investigation Commission
oices
V
To reform for the development of a country, one or two years is not enough. We are
trying hard for democracy transformation in these two years that we never have before.
To reach better development, we have to try hard for next four or five years.
U Moe Myint Kyaw
Secretary-General
Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI)
United States of
America was one of the
countries holding
sanction on Myanmar for
a long time. It will be a
miracle that they did not
notice that US$11 billion
is in the bank.
U Ye Htut
Deputy Minister of Information
List of ownership by each governmental official includes
house, land, vehicle, jewelry, and money in banks, have to
report in sealed envelope to the President.
U Soe Thein
Union Minister at President Office
Voices.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:49 PM 11
12 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
September 2013
Photo Feature
Photo Feature.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:03 PM 12
ACUMEN 13
Photo Feature.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:03 PM 13
12 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
September 2013
Photo Feature
Photo Feature.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:03 PM 12
ACUMEN 13
Photo Feature.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:03 PM 13
News in Brief
14 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Japanese airline starts
Tokyo - Yangon
direct flight
The Japanese major airline, All Nippon
Airways (ANA), has begun Yangon-To-
kyo route since early September, an offi-
cial said at the Myanmar-Japan Associa-
tion celebration at Sedona in Yangon.
The airline used Boeing 767-300 ER
airplane which can carry 202 passengers
of which 35 are business class. After 12
years' suspension, ANA was recommenc-
ing the regular direct flight between To-
kyo and Yangon thrice a week. There
are a total of 22 international airlines fly-
ing to Myanmar and eight airlines are
operating domestically. A
German helps three
sectors of Myanmar
development
During a visit to Myanmar in February
last year, German Federal Minister Niebel
announced that German International Co-
operation (GIZ) would further expand sus-
tainable economic development in three
sectors-promoting vocational training,
strengthening the private sector and de-
veloping financial sector.
In promoting vocational training sec-
tors, in strengthening the TVET system
project aims innovative strategies for vo-
cational training have been tested in prac-
tice and incorporated into the reform pro-
cess of Myanmar's vocational training and
education system.
To help develop the financial sector,
GIZ will offer a loan of 4.5 million Euros
(US$5.82 million) to Myanmar small and
medium enterprises (SME) realizing that
SMEs play a key role of country's sustain-
able economic development. GIZ believes
that SMEs will be able to drive economic
growth and social development in Myan-
mar.
Last August, GIZ had a discussion with
Myanmar businessmen for technical help
of Myanmar tea development and its in-
ternational market. Now, the GIZ is imple-
menting two projects- Strengthening the
TVET System and Financial Sector De-
velopment in Myanmar and it will be fin-
ished in 2015. A
Government pledges
for Kyauk Phyu SEZ
security
Myanmar government has been identify-
ing the economic potentials to contribute
to the country's economic development
and is committed to develop Kyauk Phyu
Special Economic Zone in Rakhine State.
The SEZ is under the new law in-
cluding free trade zones, tax incentives
and other attractive offers for the inves-
tors.
Dr. Mg Maung Thein, Deputy Finance
Minister and Vice Chairman of the Kyauk
Phyu SEZ Bid Evaluation and Awarding
Committee, said: The conflict is not huge,
not a gigantic problem. So there are some
problems but I think that they are not
insurmountable problems. It can be tack-
led in due course. That is one part. An-
other part is that this area is quite im-
mune from those crises."
The SEZ is one of the most important
investment zones of the country. Thilawa
and Dawei SEZs in southern part of the
country are well known projects. The
government will ensure to be stable and
peaceful for investors. The clashes be-
tween Bengali Muslims and ethnic Ra-
khine are under the control of Martial Law
but effects of the law impact more than
northern part of the state.
The Kyauk Phyu SEZ expects to see
an initial investment of US$277 million,
with the first phase of development due
for completion in 2016. The government
calls open tenders since last year. A
KBZ wins two awards
this year
The Ministry of Finance announced the
list of top 100 highest taxpayers in Myan-
mar on 14 September. Among those, Kan-
bawza Bank was awarded the highest
taxpayer for 2012-2013 financial year.
Last June, Kanbawza Group was cho-
sen the Best Corporate Governance award
for 2013 by World Finance Magazine for
the first time to a Myanmar bank along
with AECOM from USA, South Korea-
based Samsung, Phillips from the Nether-
lands and Glaxo Smith Kline from UK.
Best Corporate Governance is an an-
nual award given out by World Finance
and selection criteria includes the man-
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 14
ACUMEN 15
agement quality, the equal treatment on
the stakeholders, transparency and hon-
esty and Corporate Social Responsibility
(CSR).
KBZ Bank has been operating through
120 branches in Myanmar. Its 121
st
branch
has been opened in Mandalay since 20
September. KBZ Group is not only doing
banking but also in other sectors such as
construction, garment industry, insurance,
oil industry, communication, cement, avi-
ation business and mining under U Aung
Ko Win, the Chairperson. A
Myanmar sees
investment growth
in construction sector
Realising the need to upgrade Myanmar
infrastructure, a number of foreign con-
struction companies has entered Myan-
mar this year.
Last August, a Japanese Minister for
Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tour-
ism (MLIT), Mr Akihiro Otha met with
Myanmar Minister for Construction,U
Kyaw Lwin, in Naypyitaw. The Japanese
minister pledged to help Thakayta (Pa-
zundaung-Dawbon) bridge construction as
Japan-Myanmar friendship-bridge: to give
necessary expertise for road safety of
Yangon-Mandalay Expressway and con-
struction for housing development. On
September 17, in Naypyidaw, the delega-
tion lead by Mr. Shin Hnoto, Deputy Di-
rector General from MLIT also had a
meeting with Myanmar official from Di-
rectorate of Investment and Company Ad-
ministration to cooperate in construction
industries.
To invest in high-rise building con-
struction, Soilbuild Construction Group
Ltd. (SBCG) has inked a contract to pro-
vide project management and professional
consulting services for construction of 24-
storey residential towers in Myanmar. Mr
Ho Toon Bah, Executive Director of SBCG,
said: Myanmar holds enormous poten-
tial as the country opens its doors to the
rest of the world. We look forward to
extending our construction arm in Myan-
mar and delivering our high standard of
professional services to our clients."
According to Myanmar officials, there
are K 713 billion worth of local invest-
ment in construction industries. Myanmar
Investment Commission has been invit-
ing more international companies to in-
vest in construction sectors. A
Food giant Nestle
enters Myanmar
groceries market
The Switzerland-based food giant, Nestle
has entered Myanmar groceries market via
Thailand. The company has been operat-
ing in Thailand for more than 120 years.
Nestle Myanmar Co., Ltd. has been formed
to tap Myanmar market after getting per-
mission from the DICA (Directorate of In-
vestment and Company Administration)
last September.
Nestle will produce and market cof-
fee, bottled water, milkshakes and other
beverages, breakfast cereals, infant nutri-
tional foods, seasonings, soups and sauces,
frozen foods and pet food for Myanmar
consumers.
Nestle Myanmar is also looking for
local marketing and manufacturing em-
ployees through local job agencies.
A consumer said, Most of foods pro-
duced in Myanmar and exported from oth-
er neighboring countries have no account-
ability for healthcare and consumer rights.
Nestle is an international company. So, I
hope that Nestle will value consumer rights
depending on the demand from Myanmar
consumers." A
Hotel construction in a
rush to be ready
for Sea Games
The countdown is coming on until the
opening ceremony of the 27
th
Southeast
Asian Games (SEA) in Myanmar on 11
December for the first time. To manage
the hotel rooms demand by Sea Games
participants, Myanmar is in a rush to com-
plete new hotels construction in Nay Pyi
Taw in time, according to the Ministry of
Hotels and Tourism.
U Htay Aung, Union Minister of Ho-
tels and Tourism, said, Sea Games com-
mittee will take full responsibility for play-
ers and invited persons" in a meeting with
hotel construction personnel in Naypyitaw.
They expected 4,200 rooms in 53 new ho-
tels are able to accommodate 3,700 peo-
ple especially special guests, players, and
jurors, team managers as well as other Sea
Games tourists.
At present, 40 hotels have been com-
pleted in the Naypyitaw Hotel Zone, with
13 still under construction, according to
the ministry.
It is expected that about 1.5 million
tourists will visit Myanmar this year. More
licenses for the hotel and tourism indus-
tries are thus being allowed, to cater to
the increase in arrivals. A
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 15
News in Brief
14 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Japanese airline starts
Tokyo - Yangon
direct flight
The Japanese major airline, All Nippon
Airways (ANA), has begun Yangon-To-
kyo route since early September, an offi-
cial said at the Myanmar-Japan Associa-
tion celebration at Sedona in Yangon.
The airline used Boeing 767-300 ER
airplane which can carry 202 passengers
of which 35 are business class. After 12
years' suspension, ANA was recommenc-
ing the regular direct flight between To-
kyo and Yangon thrice a week. There
are a total of 22 international airlines fly-
ing to Myanmar and eight airlines are
operating domestically. A
German helps three
sectors of Myanmar
development
During a visit to Myanmar in February
last year, German Federal Minister Niebel
announced that German International Co-
operation (GIZ) would further expand sus-
tainable economic development in three
sectors-promoting vocational training,
strengthening the private sector and de-
veloping financial sector.
In promoting vocational training sec-
tors, in strengthening the TVET system
project aims innovative strategies for vo-
cational training have been tested in prac-
tice and incorporated into the reform pro-
cess of Myanmar's vocational training and
education system.
To help develop the financial sector,
GIZ will offer a loan of 4.5 million Euros
(US$5.82 million) to Myanmar small and
medium enterprises (SME) realizing that
SMEs play a key role of country's sustain-
able economic development. GIZ believes
that SMEs will be able to drive economic
growth and social development in Myan-
mar.
Last August, GIZ had a discussion with
Myanmar businessmen for technical help
of Myanmar tea development and its in-
ternational market. Now, the GIZ is imple-
menting two projects- Strengthening the
TVET System and Financial Sector De-
velopment in Myanmar and it will be fin-
ished in 2015. A
Government pledges
for Kyauk Phyu SEZ
security
Myanmar government has been identify-
ing the economic potentials to contribute
to the country's economic development
and is committed to develop Kyauk Phyu
Special Economic Zone in Rakhine State.
The SEZ is under the new law in-
cluding free trade zones, tax incentives
and other attractive offers for the inves-
tors.
Dr. Mg Maung Thein, Deputy Finance
Minister and Vice Chairman of the Kyauk
Phyu SEZ Bid Evaluation and Awarding
Committee, said: The conflict is not huge,
not a gigantic problem. So there are some
problems but I think that they are not
insurmountable problems. It can be tack-
led in due course. That is one part. An-
other part is that this area is quite im-
mune from those crises."
The SEZ is one of the most important
investment zones of the country. Thilawa
and Dawei SEZs in southern part of the
country are well known projects. The
government will ensure to be stable and
peaceful for investors. The clashes be-
tween Bengali Muslims and ethnic Ra-
khine are under the control of Martial Law
but effects of the law impact more than
northern part of the state.
The Kyauk Phyu SEZ expects to see
an initial investment of US$277 million,
with the first phase of development due
for completion in 2016. The government
calls open tenders since last year. A
KBZ wins two awards
this year
The Ministry of Finance announced the
list of top 100 highest taxpayers in Myan-
mar on 14 September. Among those, Kan-
bawza Bank was awarded the highest
taxpayer for 2012-2013 financial year.
Last June, Kanbawza Group was cho-
sen the Best Corporate Governance award
for 2013 by World Finance Magazine for
the first time to a Myanmar bank along
with AECOM from USA, South Korea-
based Samsung, Phillips from the Nether-
lands and Glaxo Smith Kline from UK.
Best Corporate Governance is an an-
nual award given out by World Finance
and selection criteria includes the man-
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 14
ACUMEN 15
agement quality, the equal treatment on
the stakeholders, transparency and hon-
esty and Corporate Social Responsibility
(CSR).
KBZ Bank has been operating through
120 branches in Myanmar. Its 121
st
branch
has been opened in Mandalay since 20
September. KBZ Group is not only doing
banking but also in other sectors such as
construction, garment industry, insurance,
oil industry, communication, cement, avi-
ation business and mining under U Aung
Ko Win, the Chairperson. A
Myanmar sees
investment growth
in construction sector
Realising the need to upgrade Myanmar
infrastructure, a number of foreign con-
struction companies has entered Myan-
mar this year.
Last August, a Japanese Minister for
Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tour-
ism (MLIT), Mr Akihiro Otha met with
Myanmar Minister for Construction,U
Kyaw Lwin, in Naypyitaw. The Japanese
minister pledged to help Thakayta (Pa-
zundaung-Dawbon) bridge construction as
Japan-Myanmar friendship-bridge: to give
necessary expertise for road safety of
Yangon-Mandalay Expressway and con-
struction for housing development. On
September 17, in Naypyidaw, the delega-
tion lead by Mr. Shin Hnoto, Deputy Di-
rector General from MLIT also had a
meeting with Myanmar official from Di-
rectorate of Investment and Company Ad-
ministration to cooperate in construction
industries.
To invest in high-rise building con-
struction, Soilbuild Construction Group
Ltd. (SBCG) has inked a contract to pro-
vide project management and professional
consulting services for construction of 24-
storey residential towers in Myanmar. Mr
Ho Toon Bah, Executive Director of SBCG,
said: Myanmar holds enormous poten-
tial as the country opens its doors to the
rest of the world. We look forward to
extending our construction arm in Myan-
mar and delivering our high standard of
professional services to our clients."
According to Myanmar officials, there
are K 713 billion worth of local invest-
ment in construction industries. Myanmar
Investment Commission has been invit-
ing more international companies to in-
vest in construction sectors. A
Food giant Nestle
enters Myanmar
groceries market
The Switzerland-based food giant, Nestle
has entered Myanmar groceries market via
Thailand. The company has been operat-
ing in Thailand for more than 120 years.
Nestle Myanmar Co., Ltd. has been formed
to tap Myanmar market after getting per-
mission from the DICA (Directorate of In-
vestment and Company Administration)
last September.
Nestle will produce and market cof-
fee, bottled water, milkshakes and other
beverages, breakfast cereals, infant nutri-
tional foods, seasonings, soups and sauces,
frozen foods and pet food for Myanmar
consumers.
Nestle Myanmar is also looking for
local marketing and manufacturing em-
ployees through local job agencies.
A consumer said, Most of foods pro-
duced in Myanmar and exported from oth-
er neighboring countries have no account-
ability for healthcare and consumer rights.
Nestle is an international company. So, I
hope that Nestle will value consumer rights
depending on the demand from Myanmar
consumers." A
Hotel construction in a
rush to be ready
for Sea Games
The countdown is coming on until the
opening ceremony of the 27
th
Southeast
Asian Games (SEA) in Myanmar on 11
December for the first time. To manage
the hotel rooms demand by Sea Games
participants, Myanmar is in a rush to com-
plete new hotels construction in Nay Pyi
Taw in time, according to the Ministry of
Hotels and Tourism.
U Htay Aung, Union Minister of Ho-
tels and Tourism, said, Sea Games com-
mittee will take full responsibility for play-
ers and invited persons" in a meeting with
hotel construction personnel in Naypyitaw.
They expected 4,200 rooms in 53 new ho-
tels are able to accommodate 3,700 peo-
ple especially special guests, players, and
jurors, team managers as well as other Sea
Games tourists.
At present, 40 hotels have been com-
pleted in the Naypyitaw Hotel Zone, with
13 still under construction, according to
the ministry.
It is expected that about 1.5 million
tourists will visit Myanmar this year. More
licenses for the hotel and tourism indus-
tries are thus being allowed, to cater to
the increase in arrivals. A
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 15
News in Brief
16 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Prospect of two groups'
MoU: to Myanmar
Economic potential
Last October, a Singapore Exchange Main
Board Listed Company, Yoma Strategic
Holdings Co., Ltd. signed a MoU (Memo-
randum of Understanding) with Mitsub-
ishi Corporation, Japan's largest general
trading company, to jointly explore busi-
ness potential in Myanmar. This MoU
makes firmly strong the current opera-
tion of two groups and opened the gate
of upcoming business potential opportu-
nities in Myanmar.
Yoma Stretegic Holdings Ltd. is one
of flagship companies of SPA (Serge Pun
& Associates) Group together with First
Myanmar Investment Co., Ltd. Yoma Stra-
tegic has started to operate Mitsubishi's
first after sales service centre in Yangon
as a first step of alliance with Mitsubishi
Corporation. Not only Yoma Strategic but
also SPA, it has been the exclusive dis-
tributor of Mitsubishi elevators and esca-
lators in Myanmar market since 1998.
This alliance with Mitsubishi Corpo-
ration will be instrumental to further col-
laboration between the parties and en-
sure that our ongoing projects will con-
tinue to progress well." Andrew Rickards,
Yoma Strategic's chief executive, said.
Singapore listed Yoma Strategic has
operation in real estate, agriculture, the
automotive industry and luxury tourism
in Myanmar. Mitsubishi Corporation runs
as its global business with more than
60,000 employees in about 90 countries
worldwide.
Myanmar is on the way of economic,
political and social reforms which means
much potential - its economy to over
US$200 billion by 2030, according to a
recent report by McKinsey Global Insti-
tute. A
eYangon will be ready
soon
eYangon is founded since 2012 by the
Government of Yangon in the form of PPP
(Public-Private Partnership). The policies
were laid out by the Government of
Yangon and developed by the Private
Computer firms who also are the mem-
bers of Myanmar Computer Industry As-
sociation (MCIA).
Room No. 219 of Yangon Parliament
is used as the head-quarter for eYangon
Project. Operations will start on 30 Sep-
tember 2013. eYangon will start by devel-
oping a web portal with its own url,
www.eyangon.gov.mm. One of the features
of Web Portal is creating opportunities for
people of Yangon.
eYangon Web Portal will provide the
services by government agencies, news,
announcements and other useful informa-
tion to people. Generally saying, it started
as web presence then later develops step
by step through the seamless online web
portal stage.
International ICT Exhibition will be
host in Yangon on 17 October 2013.
eYangon Web Portal has plan for Soft
Launch' at that exhibition. People can then
visit the portal at www.eyangon.gov.mm.
As soon as the development stage is
completed then it will transferred to
Yangon Government. The committee of
eYangon is chaired by Chief Minister of
Yangon with about 20 members. The
project is planned to develop in three stag-
es. At first, Web Portal will provide the
information services from Yangon Govern-
ment ministries, Yangon City Development
Committee and any other organizations
under Yangon Government.
Secondly, the portal is planned to be
interactive such as forms fillings, asking
questions, call for requests, complaints,
eCall Center services. Finally, the portal is
targeted to serve the online transactional
interactive services such as applying li-
cense, paying tax, retrieving information
by searching through provided databases,
Live Updated traffic information and so
on.
eYangon will act as the platform ser-
vice for other infrastructure development
programme. So, it will support in develop-
ment of eGovernment systems of Myan-
mar.
eYangon portal will not only serve for
the people of Yangon and Myanmar but
also to foreigners. It will also serve the
inter-governmental department communi-
cations. Mr. U Min Oo, Chariman of MCIA,
is one of the responsible persons for the
development of eYangon. He also men-
tioned that he cannot confirm the project
finishing date as it depends on many fac-
tors such as HR and financing issues. It
also depends on participation, readiness
of other organizations connecting to
eYangon.
Digital Yangon 2008 was planned since
2003 by the eGovernment Implementing
Committee chaired by the then Prime Min-
ister General Khin Nyunt but suspended
in 2005. eYangon is similar to it but updat-
ed and adopted to the current technolo-
gies. A
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 16 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:16 PM 11
News in Brief
16 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Prospect of two groups'
MoU: to Myanmar
Economic potential
Last October, a Singapore Exchange Main
Board Listed Company, Yoma Strategic
Holdings Co., Ltd. signed a MoU (Memo-
randum of Understanding) with Mitsub-
ishi Corporation, Japan's largest general
trading company, to jointly explore busi-
ness potential in Myanmar. This MoU
makes firmly strong the current opera-
tion of two groups and opened the gate
of upcoming business potential opportu-
nities in Myanmar.
Yoma Stretegic Holdings Ltd. is one
of flagship companies of SPA (Serge Pun
& Associates) Group together with First
Myanmar Investment Co., Ltd. Yoma Stra-
tegic has started to operate Mitsubishi's
first after sales service centre in Yangon
as a first step of alliance with Mitsubishi
Corporation. Not only Yoma Strategic but
also SPA, it has been the exclusive dis-
tributor of Mitsubishi elevators and esca-
lators in Myanmar market since 1998.
This alliance with Mitsubishi Corpo-
ration will be instrumental to further col-
laboration between the parties and en-
sure that our ongoing projects will con-
tinue to progress well." Andrew Rickards,
Yoma Strategic's chief executive, said.
Singapore listed Yoma Strategic has
operation in real estate, agriculture, the
automotive industry and luxury tourism
in Myanmar. Mitsubishi Corporation runs
as its global business with more than
60,000 employees in about 90 countries
worldwide.
Myanmar is on the way of economic,
political and social reforms which means
much potential - its economy to over
US$200 billion by 2030, according to a
recent report by McKinsey Global Insti-
tute. A
eYangon will be ready
soon
eYangon is founded since 2012 by the
Government of Yangon in the form of PPP
(Public-Private Partnership). The policies
were laid out by the Government of
Yangon and developed by the Private
Computer firms who also are the mem-
bers of Myanmar Computer Industry As-
sociation (MCIA).
Room No. 219 of Yangon Parliament
is used as the head-quarter for eYangon
Project. Operations will start on 30 Sep-
tember 2013. eYangon will start by devel-
oping a web portal with its own url,
www.eyangon.gov.mm. One of the features
of Web Portal is creating opportunities for
people of Yangon.
eYangon Web Portal will provide the
services by government agencies, news,
announcements and other useful informa-
tion to people. Generally saying, it started
as web presence then later develops step
by step through the seamless online web
portal stage.
International ICT Exhibition will be
host in Yangon on 17 October 2013.
eYangon Web Portal has plan for Soft
Launch' at that exhibition. People can then
visit the portal at www.eyangon.gov.mm.
As soon as the development stage is
completed then it will transferred to
Yangon Government. The committee of
eYangon is chaired by Chief Minister of
Yangon with about 20 members. The
project is planned to develop in three stag-
es. At first, Web Portal will provide the
information services from Yangon Govern-
ment ministries, Yangon City Development
Committee and any other organizations
under Yangon Government.
Secondly, the portal is planned to be
interactive such as forms fillings, asking
questions, call for requests, complaints,
eCall Center services. Finally, the portal is
targeted to serve the online transactional
interactive services such as applying li-
cense, paying tax, retrieving information
by searching through provided databases,
Live Updated traffic information and so
on.
eYangon will act as the platform ser-
vice for other infrastructure development
programme. So, it will support in develop-
ment of eGovernment systems of Myan-
mar.
eYangon portal will not only serve for
the people of Yangon and Myanmar but
also to foreigners. It will also serve the
inter-governmental department communi-
cations. Mr. U Min Oo, Chariman of MCIA,
is one of the responsible persons for the
development of eYangon. He also men-
tioned that he cannot confirm the project
finishing date as it depends on many fac-
tors such as HR and financing issues. It
also depends on participation, readiness
of other organizations connecting to
eYangon.
Digital Yangon 2008 was planned since
2003 by the eGovernment Implementing
Committee chaired by the then Prime Min-
ister General Khin Nyunt but suspended
in 2005. eYangon is similar to it but updat-
ed and adopted to the current technolo-
gies. A
News in Brief.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:40 PM 16 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:16 PM 11
18 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cover Story
18 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:34 PM 18
ACUMEN 19 ACUMEN 19
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:34 PM 19
18 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cover Story
18 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:34 PM 18
ACUMEN 19 ACUMEN 19
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:34 PM 19
20 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cover Story
T
he world today is experiencing an
ever-greater need for energy. De
veloped as well as developing
countries are scrawbling for energy
sources worldwide. Energy fuel supply
has now become part of a country's secu-
rity and national interest. Powerful coun-
tries for their own national interests, have
now come to adopt various approaches
to gain access to global energy sources
such as oil, natural gas, hydropower coal,
etc., particularly those in smaller coun-
tries.
Myanmar is unquestionably rich in
natural resources ranking number 42 on
the International Energy Agency's list of
countries rich in natural resources. Un-
fortunately, however, inept management
seems to have made Myanmar one of
those countries which, though amply
blessed with natural resources, do not
achieve as much progress as they should.
Following the country's transition
from military rule to democracy a grow-
ing number of foreign business people
have expressed interest in making an in-
vestment in Myanmar, mostly in the en-
ergy sector. China has the largest share
of foreign investment in this country. Chi-
nese companies have been here since the
days of the military government.
Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s
Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove
Natural gas is being extracted in
Yetagon, Yadana, Shwe and Zawtika sites.
It is sold to Thailand and China. The larg-
est in terms of supply is from Shwe site.
Most of the business the people in the
Rakhine State do is export business, par-
ticularly to neighbouring Bangaladesh and
upstream by the Kaladan river to Mizuram
in India. The Rakhine state produces ag-
ricultural and animal husbandry goods.
There are fisheries and sun-dried salt in-
dustry by the Bay of Bengal.
As regards foreign investment, the
state has investors in its 27 off-shore Shwe
(means Gold) gas project with China,
South Korea and India operating in blocks
1, 2 and 3. To meet the energy needs of
China, gas from the Gold gas project area
is conveyed through the pipeline at
Kyaukphyu. Oil purchased from the
Middle East and Africa is to be refined at
Kyaukphyu and then sent to China's
Yunan province through the oil pipeline
at the rate of about 200,000 barrels a day.
The Gold gas project and the oil pipeline
project have some multi-national share-
holders: Daewoo International Corp (51
per cent). Mumbai-based OVL (17pc),
Myanmar MOGE (15pc), India's GAIL
(8.5pc) and Korea's KOGAS (8.5pc).
At Kyaykphyu, which is a deep-sea
port, a railway track, an airfield and a
special economic zone comprising indus-
trial zones are projected to be constructed.
The initial investment would be in the
order of US$8.3 billion and it would be
89.2 billion for a period of 35 years. The
project comprises the construction of a
800 ki l omet re l ong rai l road f rom
Kyaukphyu to Shweli in China at an es-
timated cost of US$ 20 billion. It is stipu-
lated in the MOU that the constructions
are to be under China's control for 30
years before being handed over to
Myanmar. The Rakhine Oil Watch says
there is a plan to build a highway be-
tween Kyaukphyu and Shweli.
India has its own chunk of invest-
ment in Myanmar in the form of Kaladan
Multi-modal Transit Transport Project
being carried out by ESSAR under the
aegies of the Ministry of External Affairs
of India. The Indian government had
meant it for the development of its North-
east frontier areas as part of the agree-
ment the two countries signed during Vice
Senior General Maung Aye's visit to In-
dia in 2008. The project is expected to
cost US$200 million and to be completed
by 2015.
The hydropower projects include the
Lay Myo Project and the Tha-htay-chaung
project which is still under way. There is
an agreement with Vietnam's MYSICO on
the extraction of decorative marble from
the Nay Pu Taung mountain at Taungup.
The project starting in 2013 is expected
to produce a total of 7850 metric tons of
20 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:07 PM 20
ACUMEN 21 ACUMEN 21
Oil container tanks construction site
in Kyauk Phyu to load purified oil
and gas to China / Thet Naing Htun
Upgradation Sittwe port of Kaladan
Multimodal Transit Transport Project
/ Khaing Minn Nyo
Sittwe port construction site of
Kalandan Multimodal Transit
Transport Project / Khaing Minn Nyo
Stand-by position of a ship at Kyauk
Phyu sea port construction site /
shwe.org
Impact of digging the hills in
Ramree Island by CNPCs construc-
tional heavy vehicles / shwe.org
870 kilometers long Pipe line to
Yunan / shwe.org
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 21
20 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cover Story
T
he world today is experiencing an
ever-greater need for energy. De
veloped as well as developing
countries are scrawbling for energy
sources worldwide. Energy fuel supply
has now become part of a country's secu-
rity and national interest. Powerful coun-
tries for their own national interests, have
now come to adopt various approaches
to gain access to global energy sources
such as oil, natural gas, hydropower coal,
etc., particularly those in smaller coun-
tries.
Myanmar is unquestionably rich in
natural resources ranking number 42 on
the International Energy Agency's list of
countries rich in natural resources. Un-
fortunately, however, inept management
seems to have made Myanmar one of
those countries which, though amply
blessed with natural resources, do not
achieve as much progress as they should.
Following the country's transition
from military rule to democracy a grow-
ing number of foreign business people
have expressed interest in making an in-
vestment in Myanmar, mostly in the en-
ergy sector. China has the largest share
of foreign investment in this country. Chi-
nese companies have been here since the
days of the military government.
Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s Rakhine State: Myanmar' s
Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove Treasure Trove
Natural gas is being extracted in
Yetagon, Yadana, Shwe and Zawtika sites.
It is sold to Thailand and China. The larg-
est in terms of supply is from Shwe site.
Most of the business the people in the
Rakhine State do is export business, par-
ticularly to neighbouring Bangaladesh and
upstream by the Kaladan river to Mizuram
in India. The Rakhine state produces ag-
ricultural and animal husbandry goods.
There are fisheries and sun-dried salt in-
dustry by the Bay of Bengal.
As regards foreign investment, the
state has investors in its 27 off-shore Shwe
(means Gold) gas project with China,
South Korea and India operating in blocks
1, 2 and 3. To meet the energy needs of
China, gas from the Gold gas project area
is conveyed through the pipeline at
Kyaukphyu. Oil purchased from the
Middle East and Africa is to be refined at
Kyaukphyu and then sent to China's
Yunan province through the oil pipeline
at the rate of about 200,000 barrels a day.
The Gold gas project and the oil pipeline
project have some multi-national share-
holders: Daewoo International Corp (51
per cent). Mumbai-based OVL (17pc),
Myanmar MOGE (15pc), India's GAIL
(8.5pc) and Korea's KOGAS (8.5pc).
At Kyaykphyu, which is a deep-sea
port, a railway track, an airfield and a
special economic zone comprising indus-
trial zones are projected to be constructed.
The initial investment would be in the
order of US$8.3 billion and it would be
89.2 billion for a period of 35 years. The
project comprises the construction of a
800 ki l omet re l ong rai l road f rom
Kyaukphyu to Shweli in China at an es-
timated cost of US$ 20 billion. It is stipu-
lated in the MOU that the constructions
are to be under China's control for 30
years before being handed over to
Myanmar. The Rakhine Oil Watch says
there is a plan to build a highway be-
tween Kyaukphyu and Shweli.
India has its own chunk of invest-
ment in Myanmar in the form of Kaladan
Multi-modal Transit Transport Project
being carried out by ESSAR under the
aegies of the Ministry of External Affairs
of India. The Indian government had
meant it for the development of its North-
east frontier areas as part of the agree-
ment the two countries signed during Vice
Senior General Maung Aye's visit to In-
dia in 2008. The project is expected to
cost US$200 million and to be completed
by 2015.
The hydropower projects include the
Lay Myo Project and the Tha-htay-chaung
project which is still under way. There is
an agreement with Vietnam's MYSICO on
the extraction of decorative marble from
the Nay Pu Taung mountain at Taungup.
The project starting in 2013 is expected
to produce a total of 7850 metric tons of
20 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:07 PM 20
ACUMEN 21 ACUMEN 21
Oil container tanks construction site
in Kyauk Phyu to load purified oil
and gas to China / Thet Naing Htun
Upgradation Sittwe port of Kaladan
Multimodal Transit Transport Project
/ Khaing Minn Nyo
Sittwe port construction site of
Kalandan Multimodal Transit
Transport Project / Khaing Minn Nyo
Stand-by position of a ship at Kyauk
Phyu sea port construction site /
shwe.org
Impact of digging the hills in
Ramree Island by CNPCs construc-
tional heavy vehicles / shwe.org
870 kilometers long Pipe line to
Yunan / shwe.org
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 21
22 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
marble for a period of 25 years. Some
foreign companies are said to be doing a
feasibility study of Rakhine coastal sand
for extraction of titanium.
The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re-
sources? sources? sources? sources? sources?
Every undertaking produces good
results as well as bad results. If all par-
ties involved are working together in an
open and transparent manner each get-
ting a just and fair share
of the benefit there will
be a harmonious relation-
ship. Any undertaking
that only benefits a cer-
tain elite group control-
ling it while the rest of
the stakeholders are left
to suffer is simply an un-
just and unfair business.
A 30 year deal with
China on the sale of 12
billion cubic metres of
Rakhine offshore natural
gas earns Myanmar a
yearly income of about
US$2 billion. There is yet
another income expected
as natural gas pipeline
passage fees at the rate
of $13.81million a year
amounting to a total of $
414.3 million for a 30-
year period. Crude oil
pipeline passage fee one
dollar per ton, which
means an income for
Myanmar of over $6 mil-
lion for 22 million tonnes
of crude oil for 30 years, according to a
report prepared by the Gold gas activists.
It is only natural that an economic
undertaking results either in loss or profit,
but one has the right to sell or not to sell
Myanmar's natural gas sale is of the na-
ture of black market sale, but a country's
natural resources are not to be treated as
things to be put on the black market.
Myanmar's sale of natural gas is an
advance sale, which puts the price at a
disadvantage against international prices.
A Rakhine businessman said This ad-
vance sale to China makes the prices less
in worth when compared to prices in the
next 20 or 30 years''.
Though the Chinese companies had
assured that their investment in that part
of the country would create jobs for the
local people, yet what it all results is losses
for the people. There have been damages
to the natural environment and the eco-
local fishing industry suffers because of
restrictions on fishing grounds. The for-
ests that used to serve as natural dike
against flooding are all but depleted. All
that lack of accountability produces a
damaging effect on the social life and
human rights of the local people as well
as the natural environment.
The jobs they give us are manual
jobs such as carrying bricks and stones
and that only on a short-term basis and
system all along the 30 metre wide and
870 kilometre long Gold gas pipeline pas-
sage through such parts of the country as
the Rakhi ne State, Magwe regi on,
Mandalay region and Shan State, where
irresponsible earth digging and dumping
had occurred. The local people were ren-
dered landless and jobless. Marine life is
also being threatened with gradual ex-
tinction as a result of underwater detona-
tion in prospecting for natural gas. The
low-paid'' said U Maung Aye Naing of
Maday Kyun whose land was taken away
by the local authorities, adding, A con-
siderable number of our villagers, includ-
ing my son, left for Thailand. From there
he'll go on to Malaysia where his brother-
in-law is staying''.
There is a demand by the local
people for necessary corrective action for
damaged social and environmental life of
the people. The people there consider
Cover Story
Local Fishermens livelihood in Kaladan River, Rakhine State / Khaing Minn Nyo
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 22
ACUMEN 23
their local natural resources not as a bless-
ing but rather as a curse. We do not see
any protective measures for the environ-
ment in the project'' said U Oo Hla Myint.
If that natural gas does make a wreak of
a farmer's life it might be taken as some-
thing of a curse''.
In its web page the Energy Ministry
speaks about accountability' and trans-
parency' regarding its implementation of
socio economic projects China's CNPC on
balance rather than focusing on the good
results alone. The project now under
implementation in the Rakhine State has
flaws: a case in point is a gas leakage in
September with the resultant outbreak of
fire; the Chinese people in Kunming them-
selves took to the street in an anti-pipe-
line demonstration, and there were also
protests by Myanmar people abroad in
2012 and 2013. The entire gas pipeline
project is full of challenges not only for
makes or does not make necessary
changes in its development programmes.
In Alaska, which the US purchased from
Russia for $7.2 million the US govern-
ment managed to exploit its oil resources
producing over 21 million barrels of oil
and 34 billion cubic feet of natural gas
monthly. Alaska receives income from the
federal government as land lease charges
as well as a proper share of financial gain.
The US constitution stipulates that the
country' s natural re-
sources must be treated
as natural heritage be-
longing to all the US citi-
zens. Income from a sale
of natural resources are
kept as permanent re-
serve fund, of which 25
percent is used as invest-
ment. From 1982 to 2009
payment by cheque to
the people amounted to
$17.5 million. In 2008,
they recurred $2, 000
each.
In 2010 Norway, one of
the world's top-ten natu-
ral gas producers had a
total of 2 trillion cubic
centimetres of natural
gas still untapped. With
a view to meeting the
economi c chal l enges
likely to result from the
eventual depletion of its
oil reserves, the govern-
ment set aside its rev-
enue from oil and natu-
ral gas as a reserve fund
called Norwegian pension fund. There are
a number of restrictions on the use and
management of that fund to ensure that it
is used in an effective way. It can be trans-
ferred to the state budget account only
with the approval of Parliament and if
cannot be used for any personal or pri-
vate purpose.
Countries the world over have laws
that curb the indiscriminate extraction of
natural resources. They have strategies
its part said it has earmarked $10 million
for regional development and two mil-
lion yearly as compensation for losses and
damages incurred during the project op-
eration. But U Tint Htoo Aung of the
Rakhine National Congress said that the
authorities concerned are remiss in ful-
filling their obligations.
Every economic project has its mer-
its and demerits. It is a standard interna-
tional practice to weigh them in proper
the Rakhine State in Myanmar but also
for China as well.
How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re-
sources sources sources sources sources
There are many instances of misman-
agement regarding Myanmar's natural re-
sources from the viewpoint of the way
other countries do it. Every country has
inadequacies or deficiencies. Progress of
a country varies according to how it
Marine Life on Rakhine Coast in Danger of Extinction from Mine Blasts /
narinjara.com
Marine Life on Rakhine Coast in Danger of Extinction from Mine Blasts /
narinjara.com
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 23
22 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
marble for a period of 25 years. Some
foreign companies are said to be doing a
feasibility study of Rakhine coastal sand
for extraction of titanium.
The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re- The Curse of Natural Re-
sources? sources? sources? sources? sources?
Every undertaking produces good
results as well as bad results. If all par-
ties involved are working together in an
open and transparent manner each get-
ting a just and fair share
of the benefit there will
be a harmonious relation-
ship. Any undertaking
that only benefits a cer-
tain elite group control-
ling it while the rest of
the stakeholders are left
to suffer is simply an un-
just and unfair business.
A 30 year deal with
China on the sale of 12
billion cubic metres of
Rakhine offshore natural
gas earns Myanmar a
yearly income of about
US$2 billion. There is yet
another income expected
as natural gas pipeline
passage fees at the rate
of $13.81million a year
amounting to a total of $
414.3 million for a 30-
year period. Crude oil
pipeline passage fee one
dollar per ton, which
means an income for
Myanmar of over $6 mil-
lion for 22 million tonnes
of crude oil for 30 years, according to a
report prepared by the Gold gas activists.
It is only natural that an economic
undertaking results either in loss or profit,
but one has the right to sell or not to sell
Myanmar's natural gas sale is of the na-
ture of black market sale, but a country's
natural resources are not to be treated as
things to be put on the black market.
Myanmar's sale of natural gas is an
advance sale, which puts the price at a
disadvantage against international prices.
A Rakhine businessman said This ad-
vance sale to China makes the prices less
in worth when compared to prices in the
next 20 or 30 years''.
Though the Chinese companies had
assured that their investment in that part
of the country would create jobs for the
local people, yet what it all results is losses
for the people. There have been damages
to the natural environment and the eco-
local fishing industry suffers because of
restrictions on fishing grounds. The for-
ests that used to serve as natural dike
against flooding are all but depleted. All
that lack of accountability produces a
damaging effect on the social life and
human rights of the local people as well
as the natural environment.
The jobs they give us are manual
jobs such as carrying bricks and stones
and that only on a short-term basis and
system all along the 30 metre wide and
870 kilometre long Gold gas pipeline pas-
sage through such parts of the country as
the Rakhi ne State, Magwe regi on,
Mandalay region and Shan State, where
irresponsible earth digging and dumping
had occurred. The local people were ren-
dered landless and jobless. Marine life is
also being threatened with gradual ex-
tinction as a result of underwater detona-
tion in prospecting for natural gas. The
low-paid'' said U Maung Aye Naing of
Maday Kyun whose land was taken away
by the local authorities, adding, A con-
siderable number of our villagers, includ-
ing my son, left for Thailand. From there
he'll go on to Malaysia where his brother-
in-law is staying''.
There is a demand by the local
people for necessary corrective action for
damaged social and environmental life of
the people. The people there consider
Cover Story
Local Fishermens livelihood in Kaladan River, Rakhine State / Khaing Minn Nyo
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 22
ACUMEN 23
their local natural resources not as a bless-
ing but rather as a curse. We do not see
any protective measures for the environ-
ment in the project'' said U Oo Hla Myint.
If that natural gas does make a wreak of
a farmer's life it might be taken as some-
thing of a curse''.
In its web page the Energy Ministry
speaks about accountability' and trans-
parency' regarding its implementation of
socio economic projects China's CNPC on
balance rather than focusing on the good
results alone. The project now under
implementation in the Rakhine State has
flaws: a case in point is a gas leakage in
September with the resultant outbreak of
fire; the Chinese people in Kunming them-
selves took to the street in an anti-pipe-
line demonstration, and there were also
protests by Myanmar people abroad in
2012 and 2013. The entire gas pipeline
project is full of challenges not only for
makes or does not make necessary
changes in its development programmes.
In Alaska, which the US purchased from
Russia for $7.2 million the US govern-
ment managed to exploit its oil resources
producing over 21 million barrels of oil
and 34 billion cubic feet of natural gas
monthly. Alaska receives income from the
federal government as land lease charges
as well as a proper share of financial gain.
The US constitution stipulates that the
country' s natural re-
sources must be treated
as natural heritage be-
longing to all the US citi-
zens. Income from a sale
of natural resources are
kept as permanent re-
serve fund, of which 25
percent is used as invest-
ment. From 1982 to 2009
payment by cheque to
the people amounted to
$17.5 million. In 2008,
they recurred $2, 000
each.
In 2010 Norway, one of
the world's top-ten natu-
ral gas producers had a
total of 2 trillion cubic
centimetres of natural
gas still untapped. With
a view to meeting the
economi c chal l enges
likely to result from the
eventual depletion of its
oil reserves, the govern-
ment set aside its rev-
enue from oil and natu-
ral gas as a reserve fund
called Norwegian pension fund. There are
a number of restrictions on the use and
management of that fund to ensure that it
is used in an effective way. It can be trans-
ferred to the state budget account only
with the approval of Parliament and if
cannot be used for any personal or pri-
vate purpose.
Countries the world over have laws
that curb the indiscriminate extraction of
natural resources. They have strategies
its part said it has earmarked $10 million
for regional development and two mil-
lion yearly as compensation for losses and
damages incurred during the project op-
eration. But U Tint Htoo Aung of the
Rakhine National Congress said that the
authorities concerned are remiss in ful-
filling their obligations.
Every economic project has its mer-
its and demerits. It is a standard interna-
tional practice to weigh them in proper
the Rakhine State in Myanmar but also
for China as well.
How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re- How they use their natural re-
sources sources sources sources sources
There are many instances of misman-
agement regarding Myanmar's natural re-
sources from the viewpoint of the way
other countries do it. Every country has
inadequacies or deficiencies. Progress of
a country varies according to how it
Marine Life on Rakhine Coast in Danger of Extinction from Mine Blasts /
narinjara.com
Marine Life on Rakhine Coast in Danger of Extinction from Mine Blasts /
narinjara.com
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 23
24 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
to cope with the eventual depletion of their
natural resources. Their open and trans-
parent style of management ensures that
all those involved gets a just and fair share
of the profit from the exploitation of natu-
ral resources. That contributes a lot to the
development of the country.
Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage-
ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency
Natural resources are not a curse.
Rather, under open and transparent man-
agement, they can be treasures of im-
mense value. That kind of management
calls for a good understanding of relevant
i nt ernat i onal management norms.
Myanmar has expressed its wish to be a
member of Extractive Industries Trans-
parency Initiative (EITI) and President U
Thein Sein is trying to get it realized. EITI
plays a supportive role in the sustainable
development of countries rich in natural
resources by helping promote financial
management public awareness and par-
ticipation, transparency and accountabil-
ity regarding how the governments handle
the finances of their extractive industries.
At present transparency is lacking not
just in the Rakhine State alone. The
people of the Rakhine State get nothing
from the gas sale'' said U Aye Thar Aung.
In fact, I don't know how and where those
gas sale proceeds are used in Myanmar
as a whole. This utter lack of openness is
just undesirable''.
Countries can gain benefit by acting
in conformity with the norms and guide-
lines set down in the Natural Resources
Charter that aims at creating a better un-
derstanding between people and their
governments, thereby contributing to eco-
nomic growth.
Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the
Rights Rights Rights Rights Rights
Minister for Electrical Power U Khin
Maung Soe said in one of the First Na-
tional Assembly that the natural gas was
solely for sale to China and for the devel-
opment of Central Myanmar not for use
in the Rakhine State. That remark gave
rise to protest among the people of the
Rakhine State. The Rakhine political par-
ties and social organizations. Our state,
one of the poor in Myanmar producing
natural gas that really makes us happy,
but the fact that the Rakhine people
haven't got any benefit from it to this day
makes us feel unfairly treated'' said U Aye
Thar Aung, chairman of the Arakan
League for Democracy as well as Secre-
tary of CRPP.
It is not the Rakhine State alone that
is denied their rightful share of the bo-
nanza. The Mon State, that has Mottama
offshore projects Yetagon and Yadana has
its people suffering losses and damages
due to the projects. Mon Democratic Party
chairman U Naing Ngwe Thein said, All
that have been extracted are sold to Thai-
land with none of the people benefitting
from it''. He added True federal system
is the only way to ensure equitable distri-
bution wealth and the rights of the indig-
enous people.
The matter of sharing the natural
resources brings in the question of the
2008 constitution of the country regard-
ing power sharing and sharing of natural
resources. The provisions in the constitu-
tion as regards these issues should re-
flect a fair and just compromise between
the central government and the provin-
cial governing bodies.
Cover Story
Lack of equitable
distribution of wealth
generated by the
country's natural
resources is said to be
one of the causes of
civil war. Civil wars
hamper progress of a
country. Myanmar's
protracted civil war
is closely related to
the sharing of natural
resources.
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 24
ACUMEN 25
Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con-
stitution stitution stitution stitution stitution
The existing constitution was drawn
up at the Nyaung Hnapin Convention and
approved in a reference. It was preceded
by 1947 constitution drawn up by the
AFPFL government and the 1974 consti-
tution by the BSPP under U Ne Win Po-
litical parties legal experts and civil soci-
eties point out some flaws and loopholes
in the constitution. Article 37, for instance,
calls for reviewing, it says to the effect
that the government is the bona fide
owner of all the natural resources that
exist in water, air and on land. It also
invests the government with the power
to enact laws on exploitation of the
country's natural resources. That's just
unfair'' commented the Gold gas activists.
There are two groups of people with
different approaches to amending the con-
stitution. One group wants to do it in Par-
liament and the other one outside. Mon
Democratic Party chairman U Naing Ngwe
offshore natural gas platform in the troll gas field off the west coast of Norway
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:09 PM 25
24 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
to cope with the eventual depletion of their
natural resources. Their open and trans-
parent style of management ensures that
all those involved gets a just and fair share
of the profit from the exploitation of natu-
ral resources. That contributes a lot to the
development of the country.
Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage- Natural Resources and Manage-
ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency ment and Transparency
Natural resources are not a curse.
Rather, under open and transparent man-
agement, they can be treasures of im-
mense value. That kind of management
calls for a good understanding of relevant
i nt ernat i onal management norms.
Myanmar has expressed its wish to be a
member of Extractive Industries Trans-
parency Initiative (EITI) and President U
Thein Sein is trying to get it realized. EITI
plays a supportive role in the sustainable
development of countries rich in natural
resources by helping promote financial
management public awareness and par-
ticipation, transparency and accountabil-
ity regarding how the governments handle
the finances of their extractive industries.
At present transparency is lacking not
just in the Rakhine State alone. The
people of the Rakhine State get nothing
from the gas sale'' said U Aye Thar Aung.
In fact, I don't know how and where those
gas sale proceeds are used in Myanmar
as a whole. This utter lack of openness is
just undesirable''.
Countries can gain benefit by acting
in conformity with the norms and guide-
lines set down in the Natural Resources
Charter that aims at creating a better un-
derstanding between people and their
governments, thereby contributing to eco-
nomic growth.
Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the Natural Resources and the
Rights Rights Rights Rights Rights
Minister for Electrical Power U Khin
Maung Soe said in one of the First Na-
tional Assembly that the natural gas was
solely for sale to China and for the devel-
opment of Central Myanmar not for use
in the Rakhine State. That remark gave
rise to protest among the people of the
Rakhine State. The Rakhine political par-
ties and social organizations. Our state,
one of the poor in Myanmar producing
natural gas that really makes us happy,
but the fact that the Rakhine people
haven't got any benefit from it to this day
makes us feel unfairly treated'' said U Aye
Thar Aung, chairman of the Arakan
League for Democracy as well as Secre-
tary of CRPP.
It is not the Rakhine State alone that
is denied their rightful share of the bo-
nanza. The Mon State, that has Mottama
offshore projects Yetagon and Yadana has
its people suffering losses and damages
due to the projects. Mon Democratic Party
chairman U Naing Ngwe Thein said, All
that have been extracted are sold to Thai-
land with none of the people benefitting
from it''. He added True federal system
is the only way to ensure equitable distri-
bution wealth and the rights of the indig-
enous people.
The matter of sharing the natural
resources brings in the question of the
2008 constitution of the country regard-
ing power sharing and sharing of natural
resources. The provisions in the constitu-
tion as regards these issues should re-
flect a fair and just compromise between
the central government and the provin-
cial governing bodies.
Cover Story
Lack of equitable
distribution of wealth
generated by the
country's natural
resources is said to be
one of the causes of
civil war. Civil wars
hamper progress of a
country. Myanmar's
protracted civil war
is closely related to
the sharing of natural
resources.
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:08 PM 24
ACUMEN 25
Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con- Natural Resources and the Con-
stitution stitution stitution stitution stitution
The existing constitution was drawn
up at the Nyaung Hnapin Convention and
approved in a reference. It was preceded
by 1947 constitution drawn up by the
AFPFL government and the 1974 consti-
tution by the BSPP under U Ne Win Po-
litical parties legal experts and civil soci-
eties point out some flaws and loopholes
in the constitution. Article 37, for instance,
calls for reviewing, it says to the effect
that the government is the bona fide
owner of all the natural resources that
exist in water, air and on land. It also
invests the government with the power
to enact laws on exploitation of the
country's natural resources. That's just
unfair'' commented the Gold gas activists.
There are two groups of people with
different approaches to amending the con-
stitution. One group wants to do it in Par-
liament and the other one outside. Mon
Democratic Party chairman U Naing Ngwe
offshore natural gas platform in the troll gas field off the west coast of Norway
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:09 PM 25
26 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Thein said, There's little chance of suc-
cess if we do it with the government.
We'll do it outside Parliament only when
necessary, we'll present it to Parliament''
U Hla Myint, a Rakhine businessman
expressed his views, saying It's just not
feasible to amend the 2008 constitution.
It'd be like trying to alter a rather tight
jacket. Just a little alteration here and there
won't do. We should do the whole thing
over, based on the best model of democ-
racy and federation in the world that suits
our country''
Thura U Shwe Mann, Speaker of
Pyithu Hluttaw said,''We've formed a com-
mittee to review the constitution. It'll start
working soon. When it will finish its work
depends on its effort and the extent of
participation by the MPs''.
Myannar's current political process
consists of several interdependent phases
from ceasefire to peace from constitution
amendment to a genuine democracy, and
from power sharing to a genuine federal
union. Federal system will play an im-
portant role in deciding on matters of
rights for the individual constituent states
of the Union.
Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal
System System System System System
Now with the democratization efforts
going on under President U Thein Sein
the people have come to see that federal-
ism does not mean the right of cession.
They have begun to demand the right of
self-determination, after having been dis-
trustful of the governments that have de-
nied them this right for nearly 60 years.
So they are now unanimous in voicing
their demand for self-determination.
Federal system is best-suited to
Myanmar with its eight major ethnic
groups. Power sharing is a requisite for
a federal system'' said Dr. Tu Ja If pro-
vincial governments are allowed to exer-
cise the right of self-determination all the
rest of the problems will solve itself''.
Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace
President U Thein Sein has achieved
a certain measure of progress in doing
what his predecessors failed to do. Some
of the armed groups have agreed to a
ceasefire as part of their effort to get a
political solution to political problems. An
all inclusive conference like the historic
Pang Long conference is expected.
Lack of equitable distribution of
wealth generated by the country's natu-
ral resources is said to be one of the causes
of civil war. Civil wars hamper progress
of a country. Myanmar's protracted civil
war is closely related to the sharing of
natural resources. There are similar cases
Sudan for instance, had been engaged in
civil war over the question of sharing the
oilfields in its southern region until 2005
when both sides signed a peace agree-
ment. Indonesia also had for so many
years experienced a similar situation in
connection with oil and natural gas until
an agreement was reached in 2005.
As the examples of the international
study regarding with natural resource,
fairly ratio allocation to producing region
is a tactic to end civil war and implement
for peace. 60 years long civil war in
Myanmar is based on the rights because
ethnic armed groups and ethnic political
parties believe in equality, self-determi-
nation and genuine federal union. That is
why, fairly ration allocation of natural
resource to producing region would be
an acknowledgement of trust-building for
peace and genuine federal union.
In the end, natural resource will run
out of the land. By the future plan of some
countries for their national security and
national interest, at the time they are strug-
gling to own energy from other countries
in various ways, it is invaluable Myanmar
is full with natural resources. That would
be out of question which is called
Myanmar Resource Curse'. If it is an ad-
ministration which is able to guarantee
for transparency, fairly ratio allocation,
priority for internal sufficient profit - re-
specting to international standards such
as EITI (Extractive Industries Transpar-
ency Initiative), NRC (Natural Resource
Charter), EIA (Environment Impact As-
sessment), SIA (Social Impact Assess-
ment), FPIC (Free and Prior Informed
Consent). A
Cover Story
Sudanese Vice-President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha,
left, and the Countrys main rebel leader John
Garang shake hands after signing the long awaited
peace accord / AFP
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:09 PM 26
26 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Thein said, There's little chance of suc-
cess if we do it with the government.
We'll do it outside Parliament only when
necessary, we'll present it to Parliament''
U Hla Myint, a Rakhine businessman
expressed his views, saying It's just not
feasible to amend the 2008 constitution.
It'd be like trying to alter a rather tight
jacket. Just a little alteration here and there
won't do. We should do the whole thing
over, based on the best model of democ-
racy and federation in the world that suits
our country''
Thura U Shwe Mann, Speaker of
Pyithu Hluttaw said,''We've formed a com-
mittee to review the constitution. It'll start
working soon. When it will finish its work
depends on its effort and the extent of
participation by the MPs''.
Myannar's current political process
consists of several interdependent phases
from ceasefire to peace from constitution
amendment to a genuine democracy, and
from power sharing to a genuine federal
union. Federal system will play an im-
portant role in deciding on matters of
rights for the individual constituent states
of the Union.
Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal Natural Resources and Federal
System System System System System
Now with the democratization efforts
going on under President U Thein Sein
the people have come to see that federal-
ism does not mean the right of cession.
They have begun to demand the right of
self-determination, after having been dis-
trustful of the governments that have de-
nied them this right for nearly 60 years.
So they are now unanimous in voicing
their demand for self-determination.
Federal system is best-suited to
Myanmar with its eight major ethnic
groups. Power sharing is a requisite for
a federal system'' said Dr. Tu Ja If pro-
vincial governments are allowed to exer-
cise the right of self-determination all the
rest of the problems will solve itself''.
Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace Natural Resources and Peace
President U Thein Sein has achieved
a certain measure of progress in doing
what his predecessors failed to do. Some
of the armed groups have agreed to a
ceasefire as part of their effort to get a
political solution to political problems. An
all inclusive conference like the historic
Pang Long conference is expected.
Lack of equitable distribution of
wealth generated by the country's natu-
ral resources is said to be one of the causes
of civil war. Civil wars hamper progress
of a country. Myanmar's protracted civil
war is closely related to the sharing of
natural resources. There are similar cases
Sudan for instance, had been engaged in
civil war over the question of sharing the
oilfields in its southern region until 2005
when both sides signed a peace agree-
ment. Indonesia also had for so many
years experienced a similar situation in
connection with oil and natural gas until
an agreement was reached in 2005.
As the examples of the international
study regarding with natural resource,
fairly ratio allocation to producing region
is a tactic to end civil war and implement
for peace. 60 years long civil war in
Myanmar is based on the rights because
ethnic armed groups and ethnic political
parties believe in equality, self-determi-
nation and genuine federal union. That is
why, fairly ration allocation of natural
resource to producing region would be
an acknowledgement of trust-building for
peace and genuine federal union.
In the end, natural resource will run
out of the land. By the future plan of some
countries for their national security and
national interest, at the time they are strug-
gling to own energy from other countries
in various ways, it is invaluable Myanmar
is full with natural resources. That would
be out of question which is called
Myanmar Resource Curse'. If it is an ad-
ministration which is able to guarantee
for transparency, fairly ratio allocation,
priority for internal sufficient profit - re-
specting to international standards such
as EITI (Extractive Industries Transpar-
ency Initiative), NRC (Natural Resource
Charter), EIA (Environment Impact As-
sessment), SIA (Social Impact Assess-
ment), FPIC (Free and Prior Informed
Consent). A
Cover Story
Sudanese Vice-President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha,
left, and the Countrys main rebel leader John
Garang shake hands after signing the long awaited
peace accord / AFP
Coverstory.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:09 PM 26 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:17 PM 11
28 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
28 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 28
ACUMEN 29
The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer
In September, there was a rampage
of news, concerning food dangers in
Myanmar. The most serious problem con-
cerned not, as before, imported packed food
stuffs from abroad but one traditional food
called fish paste, that most Myanmar people
have enjoyed for generations. Fish paste
(that is boiled into a light gruel) which is
an essential dish in most Myanmar's daily
meal is very much a Myanmar peoples own
product. It i s mai nl y a product of
Ayeyawady Region where there are sev-
eral rivers, creeks, lakes and ponds. Many
people were amazed when the Consumer
Protection Association of Myanmar in early
September announced that urea fertilizer
was found in the fish paste sold in the
market. In the simple production system
where the fish is pounded to pulp and
potted in jars, the report said that urea fer-
tilizer was added to make the bones de-
composition faster. But in the report sub-
mitted by the Food and Drug Administra-
tion (FDA) before October it was stated
that though urea was found in the sample
fish paste sent to be tested it could not
confirm if it was the fertilizer up until the
time this feature was written on 10 Octo-
ber, it still remains controversial.
Whether there is urea fertilizer mixed
in the fish paste or not, the news has cre-
ated suspicion between the consumer and
producer. In a case relevant to fish paste
that occurred about four years ago, the FDA
had banned ready-made fish paste because
dangerous dye was used in making the
food. Currently the ratio of chemical sub-
stances in basic food stuffs of Myanmar
remains high. As dye is used in various
cooking stuffs such as chilli powder, tur-
meric, bamboo-shoots, etc. it is also used
with fruits to speed up ripeness.
Some have labeled such dangerous
foods as silent killers. Due to those chemi-
cal induced foods cancer disease is on the
rise at an alarming rate and the WHO data
said Myanmar is one of the highest cancer
rates countries in South East Asia.
Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles
When talking about consumers rights
in Myanmar, other than speaking about
dangerous foods, it should be mentioned
about inconvenient and unqualified services
and environment. In this under-developed
country, travelling and communication are
still difficult. Most citizens commuting daily
are frustrated. In Yangon, the business city
which has to depend on the bus, because
railway service is ineffective and traffic
jams are everywhere and every day. The
commuters are packed in buses like sar-
dines in a can. That is why the passengers
refer to the bus service as stuffed like fish
paste'.
Goods that lack quality and unsafe
work sites are a challenge to the Myanmar
social community. Mainly it is said that
some goods that arrive through border
trade especially goods such as cement, fer-
tilizers are fakes and of low quality. Con-
cerning those goods of low quality, U Win
Myint the Union Minister for Commerce
himself told the media that There are in-
stances of import of counterfeit fertilizers,
counterfeit pesticide and counterfeit liqueur.
We are reporting the matter to the presi-
dent and thinking of how to deal with it".
The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa-
bility bility bility bility bility
Myanmar, which has been out of touch
with the rest of the world for about 20
years did not get the chance to choose
modern products as they like. Myanmar
was especially far from reputable western
goods that had quality and social account-
ability. That Myanmar had to mainly im-
port from Asian countries that included
neighbours such as China, Thai and Ma-
laysia. And importing, there was legal as
well as illegal border trades daily. The
matter is mentioned in the Commerce Jour-
nal.
According to the Union Minister the
amount of goods imported from Myawadi
border trade between 2012 April 1 to July
31 was worth US$36 million while accord-
ing to the figures available from Thailand,
the amount was $520m. Thus it indicates
that the legal and illegal trade difference
ACUMEN 29
Fish paste which is an essential dish in
most Myanmar's daily meal
The ratio of chemical substances in
basic food stuffs of Myanmar remains
high
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 29
28 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
28 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 28
ACUMEN 29
The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer The Silent Killer
In September, there was a rampage
of news, concerning food dangers in
Myanmar. The most serious problem con-
cerned not, as before, imported packed food
stuffs from abroad but one traditional food
called fish paste, that most Myanmar people
have enjoyed for generations. Fish paste
(that is boiled into a light gruel) which is
an essential dish in most Myanmar's daily
meal is very much a Myanmar peoples own
product. It i s mai nl y a product of
Ayeyawady Region where there are sev-
eral rivers, creeks, lakes and ponds. Many
people were amazed when the Consumer
Protection Association of Myanmar in early
September announced that urea fertilizer
was found in the fish paste sold in the
market. In the simple production system
where the fish is pounded to pulp and
potted in jars, the report said that urea fer-
tilizer was added to make the bones de-
composition faster. But in the report sub-
mitted by the Food and Drug Administra-
tion (FDA) before October it was stated
that though urea was found in the sample
fish paste sent to be tested it could not
confirm if it was the fertilizer up until the
time this feature was written on 10 Octo-
ber, it still remains controversial.
Whether there is urea fertilizer mixed
in the fish paste or not, the news has cre-
ated suspicion between the consumer and
producer. In a case relevant to fish paste
that occurred about four years ago, the FDA
had banned ready-made fish paste because
dangerous dye was used in making the
food. Currently the ratio of chemical sub-
stances in basic food stuffs of Myanmar
remains high. As dye is used in various
cooking stuffs such as chilli powder, tur-
meric, bamboo-shoots, etc. it is also used
with fruits to speed up ripeness.
Some have labeled such dangerous
foods as silent killers. Due to those chemi-
cal induced foods cancer disease is on the
rise at an alarming rate and the WHO data
said Myanmar is one of the highest cancer
rates countries in South East Asia.
Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles Violent life styles
When talking about consumers rights
in Myanmar, other than speaking about
dangerous foods, it should be mentioned
about inconvenient and unqualified services
and environment. In this under-developed
country, travelling and communication are
still difficult. Most citizens commuting daily
are frustrated. In Yangon, the business city
which has to depend on the bus, because
railway service is ineffective and traffic
jams are everywhere and every day. The
commuters are packed in buses like sar-
dines in a can. That is why the passengers
refer to the bus service as stuffed like fish
paste'.
Goods that lack quality and unsafe
work sites are a challenge to the Myanmar
social community. Mainly it is said that
some goods that arrive through border
trade especially goods such as cement, fer-
tilizers are fakes and of low quality. Con-
cerning those goods of low quality, U Win
Myint the Union Minister for Commerce
himself told the media that There are in-
stances of import of counterfeit fertilizers,
counterfeit pesticide and counterfeit liqueur.
We are reporting the matter to the presi-
dent and thinking of how to deal with it".
The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa- The right of choice and capa-
bility bility bility bility bility
Myanmar, which has been out of touch
with the rest of the world for about 20
years did not get the chance to choose
modern products as they like. Myanmar
was especially far from reputable western
goods that had quality and social account-
ability. That Myanmar had to mainly im-
port from Asian countries that included
neighbours such as China, Thai and Ma-
laysia. And importing, there was legal as
well as illegal border trades daily. The
matter is mentioned in the Commerce Jour-
nal.
According to the Union Minister the
amount of goods imported from Myawadi
border trade between 2012 April 1 to July
31 was worth US$36 million while accord-
ing to the figures available from Thailand,
the amount was $520m. Thus it indicates
that the legal and illegal trade difference
ACUMEN 29
Fish paste which is an essential dish in
most Myanmar's daily meal
The ratio of chemical substances in
basic food stuffs of Myanmar remains
high
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 29
30 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
is over 14 times amounting to $484m more
in illegal trade."
In illegal border trade most goods are
imported from Thailand and China. As they
are illegal goods there is no safety or qual-
ity warranty for the consumers in Myanmar,
especially the illegal goods from China. As
they are illegal goods there is no safety or
quality warranty for the consumers in
Myanmar. Especially illegal goods from
China are notorious for their quality. Last
year after rumours that sewage oil had
been imported from China there is more
hearsay that perilous animal oil is getting
into the country.
Beside the existence of such illegal
traffic, the weak inspections of officials
seem to be neglecting the danger. In rel-
evant to the matter the parliamentarian Dr
Than Win has told the Kamayut media as
follows.
The Administrators in charge lack
transparency. They also lack accountabil-
ity. And as so too in monitoring. Besides
that it also lacks rule of law. I am very
much amazed that the government has not
viewed this as a national danger and dealt
with it effectively.
Besides that in Myanmar where busi-
ness competition is not strong yet some
internal business man in their greed have
ignored the rights of the consumers. Many
Myanmar entrepreneurs who have tradi-
tionally assumed that rightful trade is not
beneficial have only started to hear about
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in
recent years. Due to these internal traders
cum brokers illegal goods have been able
to enter the country.
As the Myanmar can produce low
quality goods only even the Myanmars
themselves avoid the Made in Myanmar'
goods as much as they can. Due to low
development as there is shortage in tech-
nology resource and skill, when void of
business ethics, the internal products and
services even cannot compete to its flow
into a low quality region.
Doing business as a crony of the pow-
erful and ignoring the benefit of the con-
sumer is what makes the Myanmars hate
the entrepreneur.
The other problems is that the
Myanmar themselves lack knowledge of
consumer rights. Even in buying goods at
a store there are very few who look at the
items' expire date. Most follow the drift of
low price than quality. This is a natural
phenomenon that Myanmars who lack
health knowledge and suffer low income
have to endure. The Myanmar citrzens
have become quite used to consuming dyed
food stuff and hazardous edible oil.
Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities
A person cannot strenghten consumer
protection individually, all need to partici-
pate. The government organization needs
to truely do their job. There is criticism
Feature
Travelling is still difficult in
Yangon
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 30
ACUMEN 31
that though officials declare they have
found out it lacks effective penalties. Re-
ferring to the condition of official regula-
tion, U Kan Nyunt the former vice-chair-
man of the Consumer Protection Associa-
tion of Myanmar has summarized as fol-
lows.
I don't have to say anything of their
findings. What would they do about their
findings? How will it be destroyed. There
must be transparency in laws and follow
ups."
Currently the consumer protection law
is still at the discussion stage and it is esti-
mated that it could be issued at the begin-
ning of 2014. A solicitor says that though
there is no pure consumer protection law
in Myanmar there are over 30 relevant
laws such as the National Drug Law (1992)
and National Food Law (1996). Though
there are such laws it is said that they
need to be modified to suit the situation of
today. Mainly there needs to be strict ac-
tion taken in safety food measures that are
the most dangerous to life. At present, the
FDA is functioning with only over a hun-
dred personnel, as criticized, it may lack ac-
countability. Dr Htun Zaw the director of FDA
himself has frankly admitted as follows.
Please do not compare the FDA of a
least developed country with 60 million
people functioning with a work force of
only 100 with efficiency of the FDA of a
developed country like the US.'
As a tradition of transformation pe-
riod, most people put the blame on the
authorities. That attitude can clearly be seen
in Myanmar that has been transforming
for two years. Most criticisms concerning
with the consumers right show that it is
directly relevant to the administration in
charge. That it is mainly the government's
responsibility is quite true to a certain limit.
There can be the former regimes ineffec-
tive influence such as weak laws, non-per-
formance of present laws ,corruption and
weak vitality. But in this transformation
time as today, not only the officials but
civil societies, media and the entire popu-
lation should participate together. U Than
Maung, an advocate has summarized as
follows.
In truth, consumer protection is not
simply just the government's job. In other
countries, the NGOs work. And that NGO
needs to be a very strong NGO."
In Myanmar the NGO organizations
that are active are the consumer Protec-
tion of Myanmar and Myanmar Consum-
ers Union that were formed, respectively
in 2012. During the military government's
regime the difficulty of forming civilian
societies was a hindrance for the consumer
protection case. Though the current two
organisations are being active as much as
they can they need much to disperse within
the citizens. The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of
trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations
and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to
interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations
bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not
work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern-
ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi-
zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though
joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been
earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu-
sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation.
It is not a surprise that it is so with
Myanmar in the current state of sudden
wake up from its long sleep. This matter
which cannot be immediately transformed
needs a certain amount of time to be
achieved. It is especially necessary to edu-
cate consumers themselves and the inter-
nal businessmen. Though low income is a
hindrance for consumer, only when citi-
zens realize consumer rights and subtly
make the right choice would suitable pro-
tection be possible. One opportunity is that
the time when competition will be fierce
between foreign direct investment and
Asean business community is approach-
ing. At that time of free competition the
local entrepreneur will have to head qual-
ity standard and for the consumer also
there would be many to choose. Gradually
goods and services that lack standard qual-
ity will certainly be decided by the con-
sumers.
As for Myanmar, that has lived a se-
cluded life for decades the present time is
a struggle in every factor as there are many
challenges faced in the consumer protec-
tion factor that is most important for the
social life. To overcome those challenges,
the country needs good governance in the
law enforcement and for the civilian orga-
nizations and citizens to be enthusiastically
active. A
A person cannot strenghten
consumer protection individually,
all need to participate
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:52 PM 31
30 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
is over 14 times amounting to $484m more
in illegal trade."
In illegal border trade most goods are
imported from Thailand and China. As they
are illegal goods there is no safety or qual-
ity warranty for the consumers in Myanmar,
especially the illegal goods from China. As
they are illegal goods there is no safety or
quality warranty for the consumers in
Myanmar. Especially illegal goods from
China are notorious for their quality. Last
year after rumours that sewage oil had
been imported from China there is more
hearsay that perilous animal oil is getting
into the country.
Beside the existence of such illegal
traffic, the weak inspections of officials
seem to be neglecting the danger. In rel-
evant to the matter the parliamentarian Dr
Than Win has told the Kamayut media as
follows.
The Administrators in charge lack
transparency. They also lack accountabil-
ity. And as so too in monitoring. Besides
that it also lacks rule of law. I am very
much amazed that the government has not
viewed this as a national danger and dealt
with it effectively.
Besides that in Myanmar where busi-
ness competition is not strong yet some
internal business man in their greed have
ignored the rights of the consumers. Many
Myanmar entrepreneurs who have tradi-
tionally assumed that rightful trade is not
beneficial have only started to hear about
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in
recent years. Due to these internal traders
cum brokers illegal goods have been able
to enter the country.
As the Myanmar can produce low
quality goods only even the Myanmars
themselves avoid the Made in Myanmar'
goods as much as they can. Due to low
development as there is shortage in tech-
nology resource and skill, when void of
business ethics, the internal products and
services even cannot compete to its flow
into a low quality region.
Doing business as a crony of the pow-
erful and ignoring the benefit of the con-
sumer is what makes the Myanmars hate
the entrepreneur.
The other problems is that the
Myanmar themselves lack knowledge of
consumer rights. Even in buying goods at
a store there are very few who look at the
items' expire date. Most follow the drift of
low price than quality. This is a natural
phenomenon that Myanmars who lack
health knowledge and suffer low income
have to endure. The Myanmar citrzens
have become quite used to consuming dyed
food stuff and hazardous edible oil.
Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities Inviting opportunities
A person cannot strenghten consumer
protection individually, all need to partici-
pate. The government organization needs
to truely do their job. There is criticism
Feature
Travelling is still difficult in
Yangon
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:51 PM 30
ACUMEN 31
that though officials declare they have
found out it lacks effective penalties. Re-
ferring to the condition of official regula-
tion, U Kan Nyunt the former vice-chair-
man of the Consumer Protection Associa-
tion of Myanmar has summarized as fol-
lows.
I don't have to say anything of their
findings. What would they do about their
findings? How will it be destroyed. There
must be transparency in laws and follow
ups."
Currently the consumer protection law
is still at the discussion stage and it is esti-
mated that it could be issued at the begin-
ning of 2014. A solicitor says that though
there is no pure consumer protection law
in Myanmar there are over 30 relevant
laws such as the National Drug Law (1992)
and National Food Law (1996). Though
there are such laws it is said that they
need to be modified to suit the situation of
today. Mainly there needs to be strict ac-
tion taken in safety food measures that are
the most dangerous to life. At present, the
FDA is functioning with only over a hun-
dred personnel, as criticized, it may lack ac-
countability. Dr Htun Zaw the director of FDA
himself has frankly admitted as follows.
Please do not compare the FDA of a
least developed country with 60 million
people functioning with a work force of
only 100 with efficiency of the FDA of a
developed country like the US.'
As a tradition of transformation pe-
riod, most people put the blame on the
authorities. That attitude can clearly be seen
in Myanmar that has been transforming
for two years. Most criticisms concerning
with the consumers right show that it is
directly relevant to the administration in
charge. That it is mainly the government's
responsibility is quite true to a certain limit.
There can be the former regimes ineffec-
tive influence such as weak laws, non-per-
formance of present laws ,corruption and
weak vitality. But in this transformation
time as today, not only the officials but
civil societies, media and the entire popu-
lation should participate together. U Than
Maung, an advocate has summarized as
follows.
In truth, consumer protection is not
simply just the government's job. In other
countries, the NGOs work. And that NGO
needs to be a very strong NGO."
In Myanmar the NGO organizations
that are active are the consumer Protec-
tion of Myanmar and Myanmar Consum-
ers Union that were formed, respectively
in 2012. During the military government's
regime the difficulty of forming civilian
societies was a hindrance for the consumer
protection case. Though the current two
organisations are being active as much as
they can they need much to disperse within
the citizens. The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of The worst fact is the loss of
trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations trust between government organizations
and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to and civilian organizations. According to
interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations interviews, some civilian organizations
bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not bellow that the government does not
work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern- work, while some officials from govern-
ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi- ment organizations view civilian organi-
zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though zations as vile. It can be said that though
joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been joint activity between the two have been
earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu- earnestly called for, there are more accu-
sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation. sations than cooperation.
It is not a surprise that it is so with
Myanmar in the current state of sudden
wake up from its long sleep. This matter
which cannot be immediately transformed
needs a certain amount of time to be
achieved. It is especially necessary to edu-
cate consumers themselves and the inter-
nal businessmen. Though low income is a
hindrance for consumer, only when citi-
zens realize consumer rights and subtly
make the right choice would suitable pro-
tection be possible. One opportunity is that
the time when competition will be fierce
between foreign direct investment and
Asean business community is approach-
ing. At that time of free competition the
local entrepreneur will have to head qual-
ity standard and for the consumer also
there would be many to choose. Gradually
goods and services that lack standard qual-
ity will certainly be decided by the con-
sumers.
As for Myanmar, that has lived a se-
cluded life for decades the present time is
a struggle in every factor as there are many
challenges faced in the consumer protec-
tion factor that is most important for the
social life. To overcome those challenges,
the country needs good governance in the
law enforcement and for the civilian orga-
nizations and citizens to be enthusiastically
active. A
A person cannot strenghten
consumer protection individually,
all need to participate
Warning; Testing Needed.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:52 PM 31
32 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
32 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:53 PM 32
ACUMEN 33 ACUMEN 33
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:53 PM 33
32 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
32 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:53 PM 32
ACUMEN 33 ACUMEN 33
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:53 PM 33
34 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Mr Antony, about 30 years of age, from
Germany is taking pictures of Shwedagon
pagoda looking up to it in amazement.
He has never seen such a splendid
pagoda before and he has visited Myan-
mar after hearing that there are a large
number of pagodas and other interesting
places to hang out.
But he definitely was not happy with
the room rates in Yangon.
It's OK for me to pay hotel fees to
stay in it, but the downtown Yangon is
rather a long way from here," he said.
He continued to explain that he had to
stay in a cheap hotel at North Okkalapa
Township as the rate of a decent hotel in
downtown Yangon was too high although
he wanted to be there.
The number of international travelers
has increased up to four times over that of
2011 in Myanmar.
Daw Aung San Su Kyi was released
from house arrest in November 2011. Then
political prisoners were released. Tourists
are entering the country because of such
political changes. Certain number of for-
eign businessmen are here as economic
sanctions on Myanmar have been lifted by
the US and the EU," said a tour guide in
Yangon.
The entry of tourists into Myanmar
has been dramatically increasing since
2011 and about 1.8 million of tourists have
entered the country during the fiscal year
2012-2013 that ended on March 31.The
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism has fore-
casted three million will come in 2014/
2015 fiscal year.
Tourist arrivals in Myanmar during
this year's open season have increased
thanks to political reforms, according to
the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.
The 1.06 million tourists visited the
country last year (from January to Decem-
ber). There are over 900,000 foreign visi-
tors who have entered the country from
January to August. More than two million
arrivals are expected by December," said
an official from the Mnistry of Hotels and
Tourism adding that such tourism boom is
due to permission to enter the country
through the border checkpoints.
That depends on political reforms.
The situation is not like before. The num-
ber of tourist arrivals has risen not only
because of political reforms but also be-
cause of allowing them to enter the coun-
try via the borders," said the official.
Hotels in Myanmar should be pre-
pared to provide better services for many
tourists expected to enter the country and
the international standard rooms should
be developed to accommodate the influx
of foreign visitors coming to Myanmar,
according to a source from Myanmar Ho-
teliers Association.
Hotel construction is being expanded
in major cities such as Yangon, Mandalay,
Naypyitaw and Mawlamyine and the in-
teresting tourist attraction spots such as
Bagan-Naung U and Inlay.
A two-star floating hotel is under con-
struction in Ayeyarwady River near Man-
dalay and will be completed by the time
of SEA Games to be held from 11 to 22
December in Myanmar, according to con-
struction manager U Lay Myint there.
The floating hotel has 70 rooms of which
40 are double rooms, four suites and two
meeting rooms.
We've given top priority to safety of
visitors. Bio tank with recycling system,
KTV, Internet, library, sport hall, auto-fire
extinguisher and recreation centers will
be equipped in this floating hotel," U Lay
Myint added.
Despite influx of foreign visitors to
Myanmar, they are facing some difficulties
and one is lack of enough international
standard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates, a tour guide said.
The cost of a visit to Myanmar is high-
er compared to the cost of a visit to neigh-
boring countries such as Thailand, Lao,
Cambodia and Malaysia and the expenses
of a ten-day travel to Myanmar are higher
than two or three times to neighboring
countries, said U Aye Kyaw, Managing
Director of Ruby Land Travel Agency of
Yangon.
Some of the foreign travel agencies
become fed up with our country. Some
34 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
Feature
Visitors are facing some difficulties
such as the lack of international stan-
dard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates.
Visitors are facing some difficulties
such as the lack of international stan-
dard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates.
agents from abroad no longer even adver-
tise Myanmar giving the reasons that their
tickets are not in demand even though they
have to spend much on advertisement.
They say they are afraid that customers
may misunderstand them. Customers may
think it's a daylight robbery to charge pro-
hibitive cost for a visit to Myanmar if they
keep selling tickets at these high costs. In
fact customers have to pay such exorbi-
tant prices not because the foreign agents
have not raised travel cost a lot but be-
cause hotel fees are too expensive here,"
U Aye Kyaw said.
It is said that in other countries in
Southeast Asia, a customer can stay in a
hotel paying only US$ 10 but Myanmar
hoteliers want around at least $80 to at
most $250 for a room.
Although room charges of most of the
hotels in Myanmar and those of the four-
star or five-star hotels in some of the neigh-
boring countries are the same, hotel ser-
vices here have not caught up with the
standards of the services that hotels in those
countries are offering, a tour guide said.
In Thailand, a customer can stay in a
hotel paying only $10 or less than $15 for
two-star hotel and about $30 with a swim-
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/11/2013, 12:06 PM 34
ACUMEN 35 ACUMEN 35
The number of international traveler
has increased since 2011
The number of international traveler
has increased since 2011
ming pool and buffet breakfast. Although
Myanmar hoteliers want around $60 or
$70 for a room when their hotels start
opening, they can't try to make their ser-
vices meet the international standards. So,
it can be said that tourists' entry rate has
risen along with bad reputation," said U
Aye Kyaw of the Ruby Land Travel Agen-
cy.
He advised that Home Stay Service
being practiced in some neighboring coun-
tries should be applied in Myanmar where
there is not enough hotel accommodation
in addition to expensive charges for ho-
tels.
Home Stay Service means about two
or three tourists are lodged at houses, or
flats, or condos refurbished and such pri-
vate home-based accommodations not only
may partly fulfill the requirement of hotel
rooms but also may be advantageous to
reducing charges of hotel rooms, he ex-
plained.
Full board and lodging may be do-
ing well. But in view of security, suppos-
ing that tourists were lodged at a condo,
who would deal with the protection of
them? Is it sure the government will per-
mit such lodging house? We heard last year
Home Stay Service would be given per-
mission in the area outside Yangon hop-
ing that it could partly fulfill needs of hotel
accommodation. We haven't seen it to be
shaped up as of today for want of security
measures. Such home-based accommoda-
tions may be good for tourists, but I think
it is unlikely for overnight stays," said U
Myo Thant, an assistant manager of Sweet
Hotel in Yangon.
However, there is no need to concern
about safety of tourists who will be lodged
at home-based accommodations as tour-
ism police forces have been already formed
in Myanmar, said Daw Yin Min Lwin, a
tour guide for the last 19 years in Yangon.
There are a few criminal cases in
our country. So, I think we needn't worry
about it. It will be Ok if we all take care of
the visitors. I think Home Stay Service will
shape up sooner or later," she added.
Myanmar has already formed tourism
police tasks and female police have been
also reinforced among them.
The assignment of female tourism
police can make tourists safer than before,
according to chairman of Bagan Zone of
Myanmar Tourist Guides Association.
High rate of accommodation charges
and poor services in Myanmar are due to
a long term economic sanction imposed
on Myanmar once, said an hotelier.
As there used to be economic em-
bargoes on trading with our country, we
have missed the boat in trading with in-
ternational community. Hotel room charg-
es are expensive. But I think the rate are
reasonable during such transitional peri-
od," he said.
Hotel fees are high because demand
exceeds supply and there are not enough
hotels here in spite of influx of foreign vis-
itors to the country, said another hotelier.
"Hotel business is a long term investment.
Hotel services are totally different from
commodity sales. Of course, they should
control room charges for the long term.
Customers hesitate to visit here on account
of the high cost of hotel fees," said a travel
agent.
Across Myanmar, there are currently
859 hotels, 40 of which are in Naypyitaw,
the capital city of Myanmar and 217 are in
Yangon, the commercial city, according to
figures of Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.
Myanmar government has already allowed
tourists including Thai people to enter the
country with the temporary border-pass
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:54 PM 35
34 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Mr Antony, about 30 years of age, from
Germany is taking pictures of Shwedagon
pagoda looking up to it in amazement.
He has never seen such a splendid
pagoda before and he has visited Myan-
mar after hearing that there are a large
number of pagodas and other interesting
places to hang out.
But he definitely was not happy with
the room rates in Yangon.
It's OK for me to pay hotel fees to
stay in it, but the downtown Yangon is
rather a long way from here," he said.
He continued to explain that he had to
stay in a cheap hotel at North Okkalapa
Township as the rate of a decent hotel in
downtown Yangon was too high although
he wanted to be there.
The number of international travelers
has increased up to four times over that of
2011 in Myanmar.
Daw Aung San Su Kyi was released
from house arrest in November 2011. Then
political prisoners were released. Tourists
are entering the country because of such
political changes. Certain number of for-
eign businessmen are here as economic
sanctions on Myanmar have been lifted by
the US and the EU," said a tour guide in
Yangon.
The entry of tourists into Myanmar
has been dramatically increasing since
2011 and about 1.8 million of tourists have
entered the country during the fiscal year
2012-2013 that ended on March 31.The
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism has fore-
casted three million will come in 2014/
2015 fiscal year.
Tourist arrivals in Myanmar during
this year's open season have increased
thanks to political reforms, according to
the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.
The 1.06 million tourists visited the
country last year (from January to Decem-
ber). There are over 900,000 foreign visi-
tors who have entered the country from
January to August. More than two million
arrivals are expected by December," said
an official from the Mnistry of Hotels and
Tourism adding that such tourism boom is
due to permission to enter the country
through the border checkpoints.
That depends on political reforms.
The situation is not like before. The num-
ber of tourist arrivals has risen not only
because of political reforms but also be-
cause of allowing them to enter the coun-
try via the borders," said the official.
Hotels in Myanmar should be pre-
pared to provide better services for many
tourists expected to enter the country and
the international standard rooms should
be developed to accommodate the influx
of foreign visitors coming to Myanmar,
according to a source from Myanmar Ho-
teliers Association.
Hotel construction is being expanded
in major cities such as Yangon, Mandalay,
Naypyitaw and Mawlamyine and the in-
teresting tourist attraction spots such as
Bagan-Naung U and Inlay.
A two-star floating hotel is under con-
struction in Ayeyarwady River near Man-
dalay and will be completed by the time
of SEA Games to be held from 11 to 22
December in Myanmar, according to con-
struction manager U Lay Myint there.
The floating hotel has 70 rooms of which
40 are double rooms, four suites and two
meeting rooms.
We've given top priority to safety of
visitors. Bio tank with recycling system,
KTV, Internet, library, sport hall, auto-fire
extinguisher and recreation centers will
be equipped in this floating hotel," U Lay
Myint added.
Despite influx of foreign visitors to
Myanmar, they are facing some difficulties
and one is lack of enough international
standard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates, a tour guide said.
The cost of a visit to Myanmar is high-
er compared to the cost of a visit to neigh-
boring countries such as Thailand, Lao,
Cambodia and Malaysia and the expenses
of a ten-day travel to Myanmar are higher
than two or three times to neighboring
countries, said U Aye Kyaw, Managing
Director of Ruby Land Travel Agency of
Yangon.
Some of the foreign travel agencies
become fed up with our country. Some
34 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
Feature
Visitors are facing some difficulties
such as the lack of international stan-
dard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates.
Visitors are facing some difficulties
such as the lack of international stan-
dard hotels, poor hotel services and
expensive rates.
agents from abroad no longer even adver-
tise Myanmar giving the reasons that their
tickets are not in demand even though they
have to spend much on advertisement.
They say they are afraid that customers
may misunderstand them. Customers may
think it's a daylight robbery to charge pro-
hibitive cost for a visit to Myanmar if they
keep selling tickets at these high costs. In
fact customers have to pay such exorbi-
tant prices not because the foreign agents
have not raised travel cost a lot but be-
cause hotel fees are too expensive here,"
U Aye Kyaw said.
It is said that in other countries in
Southeast Asia, a customer can stay in a
hotel paying only US$ 10 but Myanmar
hoteliers want around at least $80 to at
most $250 for a room.
Although room charges of most of the
hotels in Myanmar and those of the four-
star or five-star hotels in some of the neigh-
boring countries are the same, hotel ser-
vices here have not caught up with the
standards of the services that hotels in those
countries are offering, a tour guide said.
In Thailand, a customer can stay in a
hotel paying only $10 or less than $15 for
two-star hotel and about $30 with a swim-
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/11/2013, 12:06 PM 34
ACUMEN 35 ACUMEN 35
The number of international traveler
has increased since 2011
The number of international traveler
has increased since 2011
ming pool and buffet breakfast. Although
Myanmar hoteliers want around $60 or
$70 for a room when their hotels start
opening, they can't try to make their ser-
vices meet the international standards. So,
it can be said that tourists' entry rate has
risen along with bad reputation," said U
Aye Kyaw of the Ruby Land Travel Agen-
cy.
He advised that Home Stay Service
being practiced in some neighboring coun-
tries should be applied in Myanmar where
there is not enough hotel accommodation
in addition to expensive charges for ho-
tels.
Home Stay Service means about two
or three tourists are lodged at houses, or
flats, or condos refurbished and such pri-
vate home-based accommodations not only
may partly fulfill the requirement of hotel
rooms but also may be advantageous to
reducing charges of hotel rooms, he ex-
plained.
Full board and lodging may be do-
ing well. But in view of security, suppos-
ing that tourists were lodged at a condo,
who would deal with the protection of
them? Is it sure the government will per-
mit such lodging house? We heard last year
Home Stay Service would be given per-
mission in the area outside Yangon hop-
ing that it could partly fulfill needs of hotel
accommodation. We haven't seen it to be
shaped up as of today for want of security
measures. Such home-based accommoda-
tions may be good for tourists, but I think
it is unlikely for overnight stays," said U
Myo Thant, an assistant manager of Sweet
Hotel in Yangon.
However, there is no need to concern
about safety of tourists who will be lodged
at home-based accommodations as tour-
ism police forces have been already formed
in Myanmar, said Daw Yin Min Lwin, a
tour guide for the last 19 years in Yangon.
There are a few criminal cases in
our country. So, I think we needn't worry
about it. It will be Ok if we all take care of
the visitors. I think Home Stay Service will
shape up sooner or later," she added.
Myanmar has already formed tourism
police tasks and female police have been
also reinforced among them.
The assignment of female tourism
police can make tourists safer than before,
according to chairman of Bagan Zone of
Myanmar Tourist Guides Association.
High rate of accommodation charges
and poor services in Myanmar are due to
a long term economic sanction imposed
on Myanmar once, said an hotelier.
As there used to be economic em-
bargoes on trading with our country, we
have missed the boat in trading with in-
ternational community. Hotel room charg-
es are expensive. But I think the rate are
reasonable during such transitional peri-
od," he said.
Hotel fees are high because demand
exceeds supply and there are not enough
hotels here in spite of influx of foreign vis-
itors to the country, said another hotelier.
"Hotel business is a long term investment.
Hotel services are totally different from
commodity sales. Of course, they should
control room charges for the long term.
Customers hesitate to visit here on account
of the high cost of hotel fees," said a travel
agent.
Across Myanmar, there are currently
859 hotels, 40 of which are in Naypyitaw,
the capital city of Myanmar and 217 are in
Yangon, the commercial city, according to
figures of Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.
Myanmar government has already allowed
tourists including Thai people to enter the
country with the temporary border-pass
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:54 PM 35
36 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
permission (TBP) via cross-border check-
points such as Myawady, Tachileik, Kaw-
thaung and Htikhi, all of which are close
to Thailand from the start on 28 August
2013 and 28-day visit TBP and 70-day com-
mercial TBP will be issued.
Moreover, the new cross-border
checkpoints between Myanmar-China are
to be opened as the second border gate-
way to the country.
It is reported that tourists enter the
country from Yangon International Airport,
or from Mandalay International Airport, or
from cross-border checkpoints that have
been opened between Myanmar-Thai and
Myanmar-China.
The kinds of foreign visitors to Myan-
mar vary with foreign independent travel-
ers, package tours, business travelers, visit
friends and relatives and other visitors.
It is known that many tourists from Tai-
wan, Japan, France, the US, Germany, the
UK, Italy, Thailand, Singapore and Malay-
sia and because most of the foreign travel-
ers here come from European countries
and Eastern Asia, those countries are the
main market of Myanmar tourism.
Myanmar has reportedly made prep-
aration for not only frequent tourists but
also foreign visitors who will enter the
Feature
Parkroyal Yangon /
www.parkroyalhotels.com
country to enjoy 27th SEA Games, which
will be hosted in December 11-22 here.
The 33 hotels with two-star and five-
star rating in Yangon will be prepared and
we've negotiated with the hoteliers. We've
done so that foreigners entering the coun-
try to participate in SEA Games can stay
at reasonable prices," said U Myint Tun
Oo from the Ministry of Hotels and Tour-
ism.
As tourism plays a critical role in shap-
ing the trajectory of the transition, hote-
liers should be far-sighted businessmen
instead of seeing short-term benefits, said
a businessman of Yangon. A
Peacock Lounge of Treaders Hotel
Yangon
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:54 PM 36
36 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
permission (TBP) via cross-border check-
points such as Myawady, Tachileik, Kaw-
thaung and Htikhi, all of which are close
to Thailand from the start on 28 August
2013 and 28-day visit TBP and 70-day com-
mercial TBP will be issued.
Moreover, the new cross-border
checkpoints between Myanmar-China are
to be opened as the second border gate-
way to the country.
It is reported that tourists enter the
country from Yangon International Airport,
or from Mandalay International Airport, or
from cross-border checkpoints that have
been opened between Myanmar-Thai and
Myanmar-China.
The kinds of foreign visitors to Myan-
mar vary with foreign independent travel-
ers, package tours, business travelers, visit
friends and relatives and other visitors.
It is known that many tourists from Tai-
wan, Japan, France, the US, Germany, the
UK, Italy, Thailand, Singapore and Malay-
sia and because most of the foreign travel-
ers here come from European countries
and Eastern Asia, those countries are the
main market of Myanmar tourism.
Myanmar has reportedly made prep-
aration for not only frequent tourists but
also foreign visitors who will enter the
Feature
Parkroyal Yangon /
www.parkroyalhotels.com
country to enjoy 27th SEA Games, which
will be hosted in December 11-22 here.
The 33 hotels with two-star and five-
star rating in Yangon will be prepared and
we've negotiated with the hoteliers. We've
done so that foreigners entering the coun-
try to participate in SEA Games can stay
at reasonable prices," said U Myint Tun
Oo from the Ministry of Hotels and Tour-
ism.
As tourism plays a critical role in shap-
ing the trajectory of the transition, hote-
liers should be far-sighted businessmen
instead of seeing short-term benefits, said
a businessman of Yangon. A
Peacock Lounge of Treaders Hotel
Yangon
Hotel Tourism-Myitmakha(next design).pmd 10/10/2013, 8:54 PM 36 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:25 PM 11
38 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
38 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:27 PM 38
ACUMEN 39 ACUMEN 39
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:27 PM 39
38 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Feature
38 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:27 PM 38
ACUMEN 39 ACUMEN 39
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:27 PM 39
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Kyaw Thet, 44, who works for a construc-
tion company in Singapore, said he was
reluctant to come back to Myanmar.
As a construction engineer, he under-
stands well that he should come back to
work in his home country though there is
rarely skilled workers in Myanmar.
We can work for our country and
we want to. But the maximum salary that
employers can offer for me in comparison
wi th i ncome that I can earn here
[Singapore] is one single major thing to
consider," he said.
It is not strange that most of the edu-
cated people working in foreign countries
make such comment as many educated
young men in Myanmar left for abroad such
as Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand
and Dubai in late 1990s.
It can be said that such brain drain is
a great loss for the country during the re-
construction period.
There are a lot of challenges that the
statesmen are facing in Myanmar, a new
democratic country that was once ruled
by the military regime for decades.
With the progress in some recent sig-
nificant reforms,
the i nterna-
tional commu-
nity including the United States of America
and the European Union has already lifted
economic sanction imposed against
Myanmar.
Recently, Daw Aung San Su Kyi, a
representative of Hluttaw [Congress] has,
during her visit to Singapore, encouraged
all Myanmar people scattered all over the
world to come back to work in their coun-
try Myanmar as has done the President U
Thein Sein during his previous visits to
the United States and the European Union.
For the time being, some foreigners
are doing business at a loss and now they
are considering whether they should in-
vest in Myanmar or not though there are
enough natural resources. The civilian gov-
ernment has been implementing reforms
during the transitional period, which can
attract a great number of investors from
all over the world if handled properly.
CEO Ross Cormack of Ooredoo
Myanmar, one of the tender winners for
telecom network contract said at the meet-
ing held in Naypyitaw from 10 to 11 Sep-
tember that they had found there were both
opportunity and challenges in investing in
Myanmar.
Myanmar is a suitable country where
businessmen should invest. On the other
hand, there are challenges and deterrents
here. So, we should think of how to pre-
pare for overcoming them," he said.
Foreigners interested in investing in
Myanmar say that major challenges for in-
vesting here are lack of adequate electric
power supply and shortage of skillful work-
ers.
Instability of rules and regulations be-
ing practiced at home and prohibitive
prices of the property are a deterrent to
those interested in Myanmar.
Dr Nyo Nyo Thin, a Hluttaw repre-
sentative from Yangon Region said that
foreign investments have not yet flooded
into the country as expected.
They [potential investors] want firm
laws when they are here to invest as the
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
U
Feature
Ooredoo is one of the tender winners for
telecom Network contract
Shortage of skillful workers
is one of the challenges in Myanmar
Shortage of skillful workers
is one of the challenges in Myanmar
High land prices may be a major
obstacle to foreign Investors
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:31 PM 40
ACUMEN 41
first step. And the second, they are con-
cerned that there are not enough infra-
structures such as adequate electric power
supply, water supply and reasonable land
price in our country. Land prices have gone
up. Such outrageous land prices may be a
major obstacle to them. That's why, our
country cannot attract so many foreign in-
vestments as expected," she concluded.
Although it is true that land prices in
Myanmar are prohibitive, that is not a de-
terrent to foreign investment and as those
interested in investing in Myanmar are gi-
ants, they will not go back being afraid of
land prices, said Mr. Joseph Schapz, an
American economic analyst.
In my opinion, high land prices are
not a problem for giants, but we've found
it is obstacle to middle-class firms that want
to invest in Myanmar," he added.
Although global giants such as Coca-
Cola Company, Ford Car Company and GE
Company have entered the country to in-
vest, middle-class firms hesitate to invest
here seeing exorbitant land prices.
Lack of international banks linked
with global community in managing mon-
etary affairs in Myanmar is a problem for
those interested in investing in Myanmar,
said U Lu Maw Myint Maung, a rice ex-
porter.
Foreign giants are running their busi-
ness linking with international banks. They
do business making a contract with such
banks. They can't do business carrying a
huge volume of cash in a country where
there is no international bank. They may
consider that it has no guarantee to de-
posit their money in the banks at home,"
he said.
Moreover, domestic companies linked
with foreign firms running business at
home are facing inadequate electricity and
very poor internet connection and these
poor infrastructure hindering operating
business, said a person of the company
associated with Japanese firm.
We have a contract to get software
ACUMEN 41
from a company of Hong Kong. We can't
use internet as the power goes out every
now and then. Internet connection is so
poor that we cannot contact the firm from
Hong Kong. So, they are incapable of send-
ing software they have promised us to. This
problem affects not only companies at
home but also their associate foreign firms,"
he said.
In addition to those obstacles, weak-
ness of legal system and rule of law, ad-
ministration and judiciary may be other
main causes of the inability of foreigners
to invest here, some economists say.
Furthermore, political situation that
will be changed in 2015 are taken into
consideration by the potential foreign in-
vestors, said U Myint Zaw, one of the ex-
ecutive members of UMFCCI (The Union
of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of
Commerce & Industry).
They are watching whether or not
real reforms will come out in 2015 elec-
tions. For the time being, both we and
potential foreign investors are playing a
match to test the ability of players and the
government is taking part in that match as
well. It is important to see the facts whether
real reformists will be able to lead the gov-
ernment and they will link current progress
in reforms with long term reforms. I think
foreigners are considering they should in-
vest here depending on these two facts,"
he said.
Economy and development activities
will be able to be accelerated and employ-
ment opportunity can be created on con-
dition that huge amount of foreign invest-
ments have entered the country, Dr. Nyo
U.S Ambassador to Myanmar
Derek Mitchell speaks during an event by Ford
in Yangon on April 30 , 2013
U.S Ambassador to Myanmar
Derek Mitchell speaks during an event by Ford
in Yangon on April 30 , 2013
Globel gaint is now every where
in Myanmar
Globel gaint is now every where
in Myanmar
United Amara Bank (UAB) in Myanmar are now
connected to Western Union / Aung Kyaw Moe
United Amara Bank (UAB) in Myanmar are now
connected to Western Union / Aung Kyaw Moe yanmar yanmar
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:31 PM 41
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Kyaw Thet, 44, who works for a construc-
tion company in Singapore, said he was
reluctant to come back to Myanmar.
As a construction engineer, he under-
stands well that he should come back to
work in his home country though there is
rarely skilled workers in Myanmar.
We can work for our country and
we want to. But the maximum salary that
employers can offer for me in comparison
wi th i ncome that I can earn here
[Singapore] is one single major thing to
consider," he said.
It is not strange that most of the edu-
cated people working in foreign countries
make such comment as many educated
young men in Myanmar left for abroad such
as Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand
and Dubai in late 1990s.
It can be said that such brain drain is
a great loss for the country during the re-
construction period.
There are a lot of challenges that the
statesmen are facing in Myanmar, a new
democratic country that was once ruled
by the military regime for decades.
With the progress in some recent sig-
nificant reforms,
the i nterna-
tional commu-
nity including the United States of America
and the European Union has already lifted
economic sanction imposed against
Myanmar.
Recently, Daw Aung San Su Kyi, a
representative of Hluttaw [Congress] has,
during her visit to Singapore, encouraged
all Myanmar people scattered all over the
world to come back to work in their coun-
try Myanmar as has done the President U
Thein Sein during his previous visits to
the United States and the European Union.
For the time being, some foreigners
are doing business at a loss and now they
are considering whether they should in-
vest in Myanmar or not though there are
enough natural resources. The civilian gov-
ernment has been implementing reforms
during the transitional period, which can
attract a great number of investors from
all over the world if handled properly.
CEO Ross Cormack of Ooredoo
Myanmar, one of the tender winners for
telecom network contract said at the meet-
ing held in Naypyitaw from 10 to 11 Sep-
tember that they had found there were both
opportunity and challenges in investing in
Myanmar.
Myanmar is a suitable country where
businessmen should invest. On the other
hand, there are challenges and deterrents
here. So, we should think of how to pre-
pare for overcoming them," he said.
Foreigners interested in investing in
Myanmar say that major challenges for in-
vesting here are lack of adequate electric
power supply and shortage of skillful work-
ers.
Instability of rules and regulations be-
ing practiced at home and prohibitive
prices of the property are a deterrent to
those interested in Myanmar.
Dr Nyo Nyo Thin, a Hluttaw repre-
sentative from Yangon Region said that
foreign investments have not yet flooded
into the country as expected.
They [potential investors] want firm
laws when they are here to invest as the
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
U
Feature
Ooredoo is one of the tender winners for
telecom Network contract
Shortage of skillful workers
is one of the challenges in Myanmar
Shortage of skillful workers
is one of the challenges in Myanmar
High land prices may be a major
obstacle to foreign Investors
40 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:31 PM 40
ACUMEN 41
first step. And the second, they are con-
cerned that there are not enough infra-
structures such as adequate electric power
supply, water supply and reasonable land
price in our country. Land prices have gone
up. Such outrageous land prices may be a
major obstacle to them. That's why, our
country cannot attract so many foreign in-
vestments as expected," she concluded.
Although it is true that land prices in
Myanmar are prohibitive, that is not a de-
terrent to foreign investment and as those
interested in investing in Myanmar are gi-
ants, they will not go back being afraid of
land prices, said Mr. Joseph Schapz, an
American economic analyst.
In my opinion, high land prices are
not a problem for giants, but we've found
it is obstacle to middle-class firms that want
to invest in Myanmar," he added.
Although global giants such as Coca-
Cola Company, Ford Car Company and GE
Company have entered the country to in-
vest, middle-class firms hesitate to invest
here seeing exorbitant land prices.
Lack of international banks linked
with global community in managing mon-
etary affairs in Myanmar is a problem for
those interested in investing in Myanmar,
said U Lu Maw Myint Maung, a rice ex-
porter.
Foreign giants are running their busi-
ness linking with international banks. They
do business making a contract with such
banks. They can't do business carrying a
huge volume of cash in a country where
there is no international bank. They may
consider that it has no guarantee to de-
posit their money in the banks at home,"
he said.
Moreover, domestic companies linked
with foreign firms running business at
home are facing inadequate electricity and
very poor internet connection and these
poor infrastructure hindering operating
business, said a person of the company
associated with Japanese firm.
We have a contract to get software
ACUMEN 41
from a company of Hong Kong. We can't
use internet as the power goes out every
now and then. Internet connection is so
poor that we cannot contact the firm from
Hong Kong. So, they are incapable of send-
ing software they have promised us to. This
problem affects not only companies at
home but also their associate foreign firms,"
he said.
In addition to those obstacles, weak-
ness of legal system and rule of law, ad-
ministration and judiciary may be other
main causes of the inability of foreigners
to invest here, some economists say.
Furthermore, political situation that
will be changed in 2015 are taken into
consideration by the potential foreign in-
vestors, said U Myint Zaw, one of the ex-
ecutive members of UMFCCI (The Union
of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of
Commerce & Industry).
They are watching whether or not
real reforms will come out in 2015 elec-
tions. For the time being, both we and
potential foreign investors are playing a
match to test the ability of players and the
government is taking part in that match as
well. It is important to see the facts whether
real reformists will be able to lead the gov-
ernment and they will link current progress
in reforms with long term reforms. I think
foreigners are considering they should in-
vest here depending on these two facts,"
he said.
Economy and development activities
will be able to be accelerated and employ-
ment opportunity can be created on con-
dition that huge amount of foreign invest-
ments have entered the country, Dr. Nyo
U.S Ambassador to Myanmar
Derek Mitchell speaks during an event by Ford
in Yangon on April 30 , 2013
U.S Ambassador to Myanmar
Derek Mitchell speaks during an event by Ford
in Yangon on April 30 , 2013
Globel gaint is now every where
in Myanmar
Globel gaint is now every where
in Myanmar
United Amara Bank (UAB) in Myanmar are now
connected to Western Union / Aung Kyaw Moe
United Amara Bank (UAB) in Myanmar are now
connected to Western Union / Aung Kyaw Moe yanmar yanmar
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:31 PM 41
42 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Myanmar have nurtured some
businessmen as National Economic
Heroes, they have difficulties
in making joint venture
with foreign investors since
they are recognized asblack list
inthe United States and
the European Union
Nyo Thin said.
If foreign investments are flooding
into the country, there will be many em-
ployment opportunities at home. Besides
we may be getting familiar with new tech-
nology they will bring with them. I say
that in theory. But in practice, we haven't
seen many foreign investments carrying
such employment opportunities have en-
tered the country as all have known," she
added.
It is said that Myanmar people be-
lieve that they can reach technology and
employment opportunities provided that
foreign investments have entered the coun-
try and there are some people at home
want to work in foreign firms that will of-
fer a good salary and some scattered all
over the world wish to come back to work
at home if they have the opportunity of
getting a nice salary.
I hope foreign investments. Influx of
foreign investments can encourage our
spirits. There will be many employment
opportunities, new high technology if they
have entered the country. Moreover, our
outlook will be broader. On the other hand,
we need to have learnt things required to
be able to work in their firms," said a young
man learning IT in Yangon.
Although Foreign Investment Law
was enacted on 2 November 2012 under
the new civilian administration, there are
some restrictions and exception in this law,
according to the analysts on economy and
law.
Legal experts point out that there are
some weaknesses such as calculation of
capital brought in by official exchange rate,
lack of dispute settlement mechanism, no
description on land use policy and less
protection in the foreign investment law.
Some of the economists say that for-
eign investments have not entered the
country because they are still watching
rules and regulations that they focus on
rather than the foresaid weaknesses.
As foreign firms interested in invest-
ing in Myanmar are from different coun-
tries, their concern over policy of Myanmar
will be different from one another.
The government should step up the
momentum of the state development by
providing necessary assistances for foreign
investors releasing tax for those who are
likely to invest in the sectors that are ben-
eficial to the country in which business-
men at home are incapable of investing, a
local businessman said adding that if for-
eign investments have entered the coun-
try, local businessmen will have to com-
pete or cooperate with them.
Several countries that practice social-
ist system often nurture local businessmen
or cronies called National Economic Hero
encouraging them to improve their busi-
ness and providing them with necessary
assistances and the rich man from Russia
who has bought Chelsea football club is a
National Economic Hero of Russia.
Although Myanmar have nurtured
some businessmen as National Economic
Heroes, they have difficulties in making
joint venture with foreign investors since
they are recognized as black list in the
United States and the European Union, said
Mr. Joseph Schapz, an American economic
analyst.
As foreign investments can often bring
both good and bad, they can be turned
into opportunity for the country providing
that the government has made prepara-
tions for civil projects, rule of law and en-
vironmental conservation that can support
the development for the country, said U
Myint Zaw of UMFCCI.
Foreign investment tax can reinforce
revenues of Myanmar and good invest-
ments can support the sectors of educa-
tion and public health, said Mr. Joseph
Schapz, the American economic analyst.
Analysts conclude that foreign invest-
ments will enter Myanmar on condition
that there are a stability of economy and
politics and rule of law although the gov-
ernment is carrying out political and eco-
nomic reforms. A
Feature
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:31 PM 42
42 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Myanmar have nurtured some
businessmen as National Economic
Heroes, they have difficulties
in making joint venture
with foreign investors since
they are recognized asblack list
inthe United States and
the European Union
Nyo Thin said.
If foreign investments are flooding
into the country, there will be many em-
ployment opportunities at home. Besides
we may be getting familiar with new tech-
nology they will bring with them. I say
that in theory. But in practice, we haven't
seen many foreign investments carrying
such employment opportunities have en-
tered the country as all have known," she
added.
It is said that Myanmar people be-
lieve that they can reach technology and
employment opportunities provided that
foreign investments have entered the coun-
try and there are some people at home
want to work in foreign firms that will of-
fer a good salary and some scattered all
over the world wish to come back to work
at home if they have the opportunity of
getting a nice salary.
I hope foreign investments. Influx of
foreign investments can encourage our
spirits. There will be many employment
opportunities, new high technology if they
have entered the country. Moreover, our
outlook will be broader. On the other hand,
we need to have learnt things required to
be able to work in their firms," said a young
man learning IT in Yangon.
Although Foreign Investment Law
was enacted on 2 November 2012 under
the new civilian administration, there are
some restrictions and exception in this law,
according to the analysts on economy and
law.
Legal experts point out that there are
some weaknesses such as calculation of
capital brought in by official exchange rate,
lack of dispute settlement mechanism, no
description on land use policy and less
protection in the foreign investment law.
Some of the economists say that for-
eign investments have not entered the
country because they are still watching
rules and regulations that they focus on
rather than the foresaid weaknesses.
As foreign firms interested in invest-
ing in Myanmar are from different coun-
tries, their concern over policy of Myanmar
will be different from one another.
The government should step up the
momentum of the state development by
providing necessary assistances for foreign
investors releasing tax for those who are
likely to invest in the sectors that are ben-
eficial to the country in which business-
men at home are incapable of investing, a
local businessman said adding that if for-
eign investments have entered the coun-
try, local businessmen will have to com-
pete or cooperate with them.
Several countries that practice social-
ist system often nurture local businessmen
or cronies called National Economic Hero
encouraging them to improve their busi-
ness and providing them with necessary
assistances and the rich man from Russia
who has bought Chelsea football club is a
National Economic Hero of Russia.
Although Myanmar have nurtured
some businessmen as National Economic
Heroes, they have difficulties in making
joint venture with foreign investors since
they are recognized as black list in the
United States and the European Union, said
Mr. Joseph Schapz, an American economic
analyst.
As foreign investments can often bring
both good and bad, they can be turned
into opportunity for the country providing
that the government has made prepara-
tions for civil projects, rule of law and en-
vironmental conservation that can support
the development for the country, said U
Myint Zaw of UMFCCI.
Foreign investment tax can reinforce
revenues of Myanmar and good invest-
ments can support the sectors of educa-
tion and public health, said Mr. Joseph
Schapz, the American economic analyst.
Analysts conclude that foreign invest-
ments will enter Myanmar on condition
that there are a stability of economy and
politics and rule of law although the gov-
ernment is carrying out political and eco-
nomic reforms. A
Feature
Is Myanmar a Mysterious-Myitmakha.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:31 PM 42 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:23 PM 11
44 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
44 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 44
ACUMEN 45
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have
arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'.
In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in
our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be
about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million
next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can
offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and
religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a
section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty
of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it.
The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw
Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce
Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.)
and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin-
cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the
three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel-
opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing
of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many
firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also
enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser-
vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of
Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: It has been 10 years that we've worked
with Amara River Group since 2003. It was a tourism business
when we started it. When we gave service for tourism in the
rivers like the Ayeyarwady and the Chindwin, including the
Yangon River we found demands of tourists from our main
market, German market. When we were about to begin the
business, there was a ship plying first as Road to Mandalay'.
The volume of their business was extensive. We intended to
build a cruise ship and run a family business. Then we could
start it. When the travel arrangements of the tourists were learnt
it was found that theirs were Yangon-Mandalay-Bagan tour,
Upper Myitkyina tour and the mountain climbing tour for their
interest of risk-taking tours. Similarly, they were also inter-
ested in folk concerts of indigenous people. When they went to
the Naga festival, the Ayeyarwady and the Chindwin rivers
became their interest. Then our interest in this business began
when we ourselves went there with the guests to arrange the
Naga festival. It was a trip down the Chindwin River. Although
we liked the Chindwin, we had difficulties when we transported
the tourists there. As we found the Ayeyarwady in a position to
support the business like a highway of Myanmar, we started
from it. The first ship we started with was Amara River Cruise I'.
ACUMEN 45
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44 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
44 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 44
ACUMEN 45
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: The aim of the talk we have
arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'. arranged today is to discuss The trend of cruise services'.
In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in In fact we can find tourism industry improving gradually in
our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be our country. We estimate the number of tourists would be
about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million about a million this year. It is estimated to be three million
next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can next year. When a lot of tourists come in, the service we can
offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and offer to the tourists will include not only the pagodas and
religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a religious edifices of our traditional culture but also cruises, a
section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty section of tourism industry where extraordinary natural beauty
of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it. of our country can be shown. So we are going to discuss it.
The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw The three persons who are going to discuss with me are Daw
Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce Kalayar Moe (Managing Director, Amara Group), Daw Ce Ce
Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.) Htwe (Managing Director, Aung Su Paing Group Co., Ltd.)
and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin- and Daw Tint Tint Lwin (Managing Director, Irrawady Prin-
cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the cess II River Cruise). It's interesting and cheerful that all the
three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel- three MD-s are ladies. It is also a sign of the economic devel-
opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing opment of our country. In doing business, a remarkable thing
of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many of our country different from others is that there are many
firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also firms headed by ladies. I'm very satisfied with it. It 's also
enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser- enviable that all the three entrepreneurs handling cruise ser-
vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of vices are ladies. First of all, may I invite Daw Kalayar Moe of
Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business? Amara Group to explain how you started your business?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: It has been 10 years that we've worked
with Amara River Group since 2003. It was a tourism business
when we started it. When we gave service for tourism in the
rivers like the Ayeyarwady and the Chindwin, including the
Yangon River we found demands of tourists from our main
market, German market. When we were about to begin the
business, there was a ship plying first as Road to Mandalay'.
The volume of their business was extensive. We intended to
build a cruise ship and run a family business. Then we could
start it. When the travel arrangements of the tourists were learnt
it was found that theirs were Yangon-Mandalay-Bagan tour,
Upper Myitkyina tour and the mountain climbing tour for their
interest of risk-taking tours. Similarly, they were also inter-
ested in folk concerts of indigenous people. When they went to
the Naga festival, the Ayeyarwady and the Chindwin rivers
became their interest. Then our interest in this business began
when we ourselves went there with the guests to arrange the
Naga festival. It was a trip down the Chindwin River. Although
we liked the Chindwin, we had difficulties when we transported
the tourists there. As we found the Ayeyarwady in a position to
support the business like a highway of Myanmar, we started
from it. The first ship we started with was Amara River Cruise I'.
ACUMEN 45
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46 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
It has a total of seven cabins. We renovated a Myanmar tradi-
tional cargo ship in the Ayeyarwady so that it could be used for
transportation and the guests could stay and eat on board. In
this way we started with a seven-cabin ship. The second ship
'Amara River II' was built during 2008-2009 and launched in
2009. The operation of Boat I and Boat II has gained 10 year
experience so far.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is
not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin-
ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Our major company is Royal Marine Engi-
neering Company'. Aung Su Paing is run as a subsidiary com-
pany. The construction and renovation of the ships were started
at Sinmalite Dockyard in 1998. The business was carried out
under a contract. As we wanted to build a ship of our own, we
bought a design of a ship body from Australia and Myanmar
engineers of our company built the DORA Luxury Boat' with
international standards under the guidance and supervision of
Myanmar Dockyard. The construction finished in 2010. Then
we started the river cruise in the Yangon River from the 2011-
2012 season. It's only two years now. Royal Irrawady' is a ship
built with the standards of Myanmar Dockyard in January, 2013
and it has a capacity of 150 passengers. The first ship, DORA
holds only 30 people. As this ship can accommodate 150 people,
wedding receptions and dinner parties can be held in the Yangon
River.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint
Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: The business has been started since our
childhood. Our father owned a small boat at that time. It some-
times carried goods such as timber. Sometimes our family took
vacation trips in this ship. I had a natural bent for travelling by
ship when I was in my second and third standards at school. I
was very happy when I took vacation with my parents during
my summer holiday. My father wanted to expand this business
but he failed due to various factors and conditions of that time.
It's more than 14 or 15 years until now that I've been working
as a German language tour guide since the time before the
founding of this company. At that time, most of the guests for
whom I took responsibility came from Europe. Many of them
were Germans and those from Switzerland. When most of these
Europeans buy a program, it includes not only a classic tour of
visiting pagodas but also adventure, tracking or river cruise.
The types they like best are soft tracking and river cruise com-
bined with a partial classic tour. When I worked as a German
tour guide in a Swiss company, most of the programs I received
were those with a cruise. I hardly had to get off the ship 13 or
14 years ago. I saw the needs of the guests while travelling by
ship. Most of the foreigners wanted to get off the ship and see
the daily life of Myanmars taking a partial of time along the
river. They wanted to meet people friendly. After working as a
tour guide for long, I told the company that I wanted to stop
working there and that I was going to establish my own com-
pany. Then I first founded a travels and tours company. As I
didn't have a large background in Myanmar, I started with a
small ship built of teak which I could afford. It's just a day
cruise and had no cabins. It plied between Mandalay and Bagan
but it had a bar, a souvenir shop and a restaurant on board as
luxury items. We made comfortable places for the guests on the
ship. As home stays were not allowed at that time, the ship had
to take from 8 to 10 hours for sailing between Mandalay and
Bagan as a day cruise. The majority of the guests demanded
that one or two night-stays on the way would be better. I con-
sulted with my husband about the demand and bought a large
cruise ship after working one or two years with a day cruise.
There were two ships, Irrawaddy Princess I and II. As Irrawaddy
Princess I needed a lot of repair, I took Irrawaddy Princess II.
It had 22 cabins. I reserved two rooms for the guide and the
tour leader and operated with the remaining 20 cabins. Al-
though Cruise II superficially looked like iron work, all its inte-
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 46
ACUMEN 47
rior was made of teak. I made all the renovation of decoration
and all other things in European taste to meet the liking of the
guests. Now, nearly all the cabins have been booked until 2016.
As we couldn't meet the demand, we built another cruise ship.
Now we have three river cruise ships. We operate them by
accepting Travels and Tours, other tours and all our agents. As
I myself worked as a tour guide, I myself prepare programs,
creating events to avoid monotony by putting demonstrations
like playing cane ball on the bank on the way between enter-
tainments. Now we have achieved success to a certain extent.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that
you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi-
ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third
has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want
to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were
very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar
and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young.
And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has
not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total
length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like
you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur-
rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the
targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd
like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic
market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like
you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service.
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: As you have said earlier, our main focus is
on tourism. As a service, we especially focus on foreigners who
come to visit our country, Myanmar. If people are interested in
water-ways, take time for that and choose the water-ways to
travel, it is cheerful. Why? They come here out of their way
from foreign countries to see the beauties here. To come and
see so, they have to travel thousands of miles. It's more than
five thousand miles from Germany. Then they have to take
more time to go on a cruise here. For example, if their normal
fixed time is two weeks, they have to take three weeks for a
cruise and if it is three weeks, they have to take four weeks for
it. They have to take more time from their timeline. They enjoy
the natural environment by going on a cruise, taking more time.
They must also spend more money for cruising than for their
normal classic tour. Why do they want to cruise by taking more
time and spending more money? It is a question all of us should
take interest in. They cherish beauty. If Myanmar people value
beauty, they can also enjoy these beauties cheaply. It will be
beyond measure if Myanmars spend their time in these river
cruises. The market will become larger. Sightseeing can be com-
bined with culture. It's the strength of the Ayeyarwady. For
example, they can do sightseeing while making a pilgrimage.
They can also set a target to go on a family recreation tour. To
be able to do so, we need to operate our cruises more exten-
sively than we are doing now. To be able to do so, we will have
to increase the investment if it is required in the private sector.
But the assistance of the government is also necessary. If these
two things are combined, what you said earlier will happen.
For example, the Chao Phya River is in Thailand. There is daily
cruise in that river. It is for foreigners as well as for local people.
In addition they have things like line boats. In Venice in Italy,
there are line boats for example. Daily and weekly return tick-
ets are available there. For every day trip to the office, monthly
return tickets are also available. Such things are not only in
London but also in Paris. They are arranged both for foreigners
and for local people. When they are learnt, it is found that all
the cruises there are arranged neither only by the government
nor only by the private businesses. The government arranges
the business by running cruises where they can afford and the
private businessmen also make arrangements. Even if such
cruises are to be arranged for only one tenth of our 60 million
people, how many will our requirement be? We can consider
and see how many cruises the government will have to ar-
range and how many cruises the private sector will have to
arrange? It will be beyond measure if the uses and needs in-
crease in this way.
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 47
46 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
It has a total of seven cabins. We renovated a Myanmar tradi-
tional cargo ship in the Ayeyarwady so that it could be used for
transportation and the guests could stay and eat on board. In
this way we started with a seven-cabin ship. The second ship
'Amara River II' was built during 2008-2009 and launched in
2009. The operation of Boat I and Boat II has gained 10 year
experience so far.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Ten-year experience is
not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin- not a small thing. Then could you please present your begin-
ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? ning, Daw Ce Ce Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Our major company is Royal Marine Engi-
neering Company'. Aung Su Paing is run as a subsidiary com-
pany. The construction and renovation of the ships were started
at Sinmalite Dockyard in 1998. The business was carried out
under a contract. As we wanted to build a ship of our own, we
bought a design of a ship body from Australia and Myanmar
engineers of our company built the DORA Luxury Boat' with
international standards under the guidance and supervision of
Myanmar Dockyard. The construction finished in 2010. Then
we started the river cruise in the Yangon River from the 2011-
2012 season. It's only two years now. Royal Irrawady' is a ship
built with the standards of Myanmar Dockyard in January, 2013
and it has a capacity of 150 passengers. The first ship, DORA
holds only 30 people. As this ship can accommodate 150 people,
wedding receptions and dinner parties can be held in the Yangon
River.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: May I request Daw Tint Tint
Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business? Lwin to tell us how you started your business?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: The business has been started since our
childhood. Our father owned a small boat at that time. It some-
times carried goods such as timber. Sometimes our family took
vacation trips in this ship. I had a natural bent for travelling by
ship when I was in my second and third standards at school. I
was very happy when I took vacation with my parents during
my summer holiday. My father wanted to expand this business
but he failed due to various factors and conditions of that time.
It's more than 14 or 15 years until now that I've been working
as a German language tour guide since the time before the
founding of this company. At that time, most of the guests for
whom I took responsibility came from Europe. Many of them
were Germans and those from Switzerland. When most of these
Europeans buy a program, it includes not only a classic tour of
visiting pagodas but also adventure, tracking or river cruise.
The types they like best are soft tracking and river cruise com-
bined with a partial classic tour. When I worked as a German
tour guide in a Swiss company, most of the programs I received
were those with a cruise. I hardly had to get off the ship 13 or
14 years ago. I saw the needs of the guests while travelling by
ship. Most of the foreigners wanted to get off the ship and see
the daily life of Myanmars taking a partial of time along the
river. They wanted to meet people friendly. After working as a
tour guide for long, I told the company that I wanted to stop
working there and that I was going to establish my own com-
pany. Then I first founded a travels and tours company. As I
didn't have a large background in Myanmar, I started with a
small ship built of teak which I could afford. It's just a day
cruise and had no cabins. It plied between Mandalay and Bagan
but it had a bar, a souvenir shop and a restaurant on board as
luxury items. We made comfortable places for the guests on the
ship. As home stays were not allowed at that time, the ship had
to take from 8 to 10 hours for sailing between Mandalay and
Bagan as a day cruise. The majority of the guests demanded
that one or two night-stays on the way would be better. I con-
sulted with my husband about the demand and bought a large
cruise ship after working one or two years with a day cruise.
There were two ships, Irrawaddy Princess I and II. As Irrawaddy
Princess I needed a lot of repair, I took Irrawaddy Princess II.
It had 22 cabins. I reserved two rooms for the guide and the
tour leader and operated with the remaining 20 cabins. Al-
though Cruise II superficially looked like iron work, all its inte-
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 46
ACUMEN 47
rior was made of teak. I made all the renovation of decoration
and all other things in European taste to meet the liking of the
guests. Now, nearly all the cabins have been booked until 2016.
As we couldn't meet the demand, we built another cruise ship.
Now we have three river cruise ships. We operate them by
accepting Travels and Tours, other tours and all our agents. As
I myself worked as a tour guide, I myself prepare programs,
creating events to avoid monotony by putting demonstrations
like playing cane ball on the bank on the way between enter-
tainments. Now we have achieved success to a certain extent.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that Thanks. Now it is found that
you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi- you are different from each other as one has ten year experi-
ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third ence, another has only short term experience and the third
has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want has long term experience. There are still some things I want
to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were to know. The Ayeyarwady is a highway and the British were
very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar very much interested in the upper parts like Bamaw, Kathar
and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young. and Myitkyina during the colonial era when we were young.
And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has And the next is the Chindwin. But it was long ago. What has
not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total not been included in the talk is the Thanlwin River. Its total
length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like length is almost like that of the Ayeyarwady. What I'd like
you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur- you to discuss in the second part is about the service cur-
rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the rently offered. The next thing I want to discuss is about the
targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd targets. It is found that only foreign tourism is targeted. I'd
like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic like you to discuss whether you have an idea for the domestic
market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like market at the time when the economy improves. I'd also like
you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service. you to discuss route and service.
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: As you have said earlier, our main focus is
on tourism. As a service, we especially focus on foreigners who
come to visit our country, Myanmar. If people are interested in
water-ways, take time for that and choose the water-ways to
travel, it is cheerful. Why? They come here out of their way
from foreign countries to see the beauties here. To come and
see so, they have to travel thousands of miles. It's more than
five thousand miles from Germany. Then they have to take
more time to go on a cruise here. For example, if their normal
fixed time is two weeks, they have to take three weeks for a
cruise and if it is three weeks, they have to take four weeks for
it. They have to take more time from their timeline. They enjoy
the natural environment by going on a cruise, taking more time.
They must also spend more money for cruising than for their
normal classic tour. Why do they want to cruise by taking more
time and spending more money? It is a question all of us should
take interest in. They cherish beauty. If Myanmar people value
beauty, they can also enjoy these beauties cheaply. It will be
beyond measure if Myanmars spend their time in these river
cruises. The market will become larger. Sightseeing can be com-
bined with culture. It's the strength of the Ayeyarwady. For
example, they can do sightseeing while making a pilgrimage.
They can also set a target to go on a family recreation tour. To
be able to do so, we need to operate our cruises more exten-
sively than we are doing now. To be able to do so, we will have
to increase the investment if it is required in the private sector.
But the assistance of the government is also necessary. If these
two things are combined, what you said earlier will happen.
For example, the Chao Phya River is in Thailand. There is daily
cruise in that river. It is for foreigners as well as for local people.
In addition they have things like line boats. In Venice in Italy,
there are line boats for example. Daily and weekly return tick-
ets are available there. For every day trip to the office, monthly
return tickets are also available. Such things are not only in
London but also in Paris. They are arranged both for foreigners
and for local people. When they are learnt, it is found that all
the cruises there are arranged neither only by the government
nor only by the private businesses. The government arranges
the business by running cruises where they can afford and the
private businessmen also make arrangements. Even if such
cruises are to be arranged for only one tenth of our 60 million
people, how many will our requirement be? We can consider
and see how many cruises the government will have to ar-
range and how many cruises the private sector will have to
arrange? It will be beyond measure if the uses and needs in-
crease in this way.
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 47
48 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal
Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Our DORA Cruise has only short trips. The
cruises we are operating are sightseeing cruise, sunset cruise,
morning cruise, dinner cruise and within the day Twante cruise.
The capacity of the boat is about 30 and it runs every day. We
run the survey trips of international business groups studying
along the Yangon River as chartered boats. Royal Irrawaddy is
made by targeting events. We launched it in the Yangon River
in January, 2013, on account of the demand of the customers.
The local market emerged at that time, sir. They emerged as
wedding receptions, birthday parties and annual dinners. We
will also use it for sightseeing. Many people began to take in-
terest in the Yangon River after we targetted events and local
market. Then as they began to hold wedding receptions and
recollection events as an unusual thing, we got our local mar-
ket.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during
the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Of course, there are. We have to suspend our
operations for three months during the rainy season. During the
suspension, the ships are docked and maintenance is carried
out.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service
extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: For the time being, the service given to
the foreigners is not alone. Sometimes, if local people make the
booking, we issue a special rate for their tours. Local people
frequently charter the ships. Sometimes, if a banking family of a
bank or a factory family charters the ship as a group, we do
things like allowing three or four persons to stay in a double
cabin unlike foreigners, putting up tents for those who want to
sleep on the sun deck, making extra beds in the cabin for the
families. We want to give local price to all local people. We
want them know these programs extensively. If local people
make advance booking, we make it by charter. If they arrange
the charter as companies, we give them a special rate as an
incentive. We are now presenting unusual programs. We don't
let foreigners get off to drink toddy at the villages as we are
concerned that they might have diarrhoea. But for local people
we prepare such special programs of their liking as letting them
have toddy with fried sparrow. Regarding discount, as the pe-
riod from October to April is the tour season, the tourists have
a habit of making the booking six or seven months in advance.
It's not true that we don't accept local people because of the
tourists. It is because the cruises are full of bookings. Local
customers make the booking only a month in advance. So no
vacancies are left for them and that's why we are unable to
accept them. When local customers make the booking, we give
them the same price as the tourist service. As we accept local
customers, they can see where to conserve the natural environ-
ment and what kind of business might work well in which
market along the river. There are places along the river where
there is no hotel or inn or line boat. But businesses can prosper
there. Such places can get sophisticated. One's own children or
company staff may gain experience in the villages during the
holiday.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the
beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government
assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to
overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't
do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs
government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest-
ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles
are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run,
the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus-
try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we
know something from those know something from those know something from those know something from those know something from those
who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi-
ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the
responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons.
Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : If I have
to talk about the Ayeyarwady
again according to my ex-
perience, it will be more
correct if we say they are
difficulties and needs instead
of obstacles. The departments
concerned issued business
licenses to us in accordance
with the specifications. We
have to get two business li-
censes from Tourism and
Waterways Departments.
For example, ships have
specifications. Are ships built
to these specifications? Ser-
vice staff and all the techni-
cians who operate the ship
including the captain have
specified licenses. This busi-
ness is to be run with the
said two specified licenses.
There are not only full co-
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 48
ACUMEN 49
operation but also encouragement in this respect. And that's
why we can run the business. It's an undeniable fact. Our ship
is based in Mandalay. We go up until we reach Bamaw. We go
down until we reach Bagan. The guests take more interest only
in such things. If the ship is chartered, we go up to Salay and
Magway. Regular cruises are Mandalay-Bamaw and Bamaw-
Mandalay-Bagan cruises. An additional cruise is Magway cruise.
If you go on a Magway cruise, you will be transported to Yangon-
Pyay-Magway by car from Yangon highway. You will have to
get on the ship there and go upward to Bagan. Previously as
there were no direct flights to Bamaw, we had to transport the
guests from Yangon to Mandalay and from Mandalay to
Myitkyina and the customers go down by boat or by car to
meet each other in Bamaw. Then they go down from Bamaw.
Regarding the present problems with update information, wa-
terway maintenance is necessary. Erosion of river banks is
changing from year to year according to the nature of rivers.
The flow of water also has changes. Those changes are caused
by the changes of natural environment. There are also changes
of waterways caused by human beings. Although the
Ayeyarwady seems great, it has weaknesses too. From our point
of view, it has a specified size like a motor road as it is wide. As
a motor road has potholes, the Ayeyarwady also has sand-
banks. Potholes on the road are visible. In the waterways are
sandbanks and shallows. We can't handle ships at our will. If a
ship's draught is three feet, we can sail it only when the depth
of water is more than three feet. If the ship runs aground at an
invisible shallow, there will be consequences. Ships and boats
plying through that passage will be blocked. It is dangerous for
them because they can't dodge the place they must dodge. If a
bigger ship moved toward us, it is dangerous for us. It is not
easy to put a ship to a stop. If the ship is aoil tanker or a log
carrier or a cement carrier, the difficulty will be the greatest.
It's only one of many difficulties faced in the waterway. There's
another difficulty too. For example, let's see a trip between
Bamaw and Mandalay. If it is a five day trip, as it is a luxury
cruise, food for the clients, their daily excursion and all the
services to enable them to reach the specified places in time
have already been arranged in a complete program. As the
booking of the programs is made by our clients at least two
years in advance, we have to issue our tour package two years
in advance. Or we have to upload it on our website at once. All
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 49
48 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What kinds of service Royal
Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe? Marine is offering? Could you please discuss, Daw Ce Ce Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Our DORA Cruise has only short trips. The
cruises we are operating are sightseeing cruise, sunset cruise,
morning cruise, dinner cruise and within the day Twante cruise.
The capacity of the boat is about 30 and it runs every day. We
run the survey trips of international business groups studying
along the Yangon River as chartered boats. Royal Irrawaddy is
made by targeting events. We launched it in the Yangon River
in January, 2013, on account of the demand of the customers.
The local market emerged at that time, sir. They emerged as
wedding receptions, birthday parties and annual dinners. We
will also use it for sightseeing. Many people began to take in-
terest in the Yangon River after we targetted events and local
market. Then as they began to hold wedding receptions and
recollection events as an unusual thing, we got our local mar-
ket.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Are there effects if it is during
the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season? the rainy season?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Of course, there are. We have to suspend our
operations for three months during the rainy season. During the
suspension, the ships are docked and maintenance is carried
out.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How are you giving service
extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? extensively, Daw Tint Tint Lwin?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: For the time being, the service given to
the foreigners is not alone. Sometimes, if local people make the
booking, we issue a special rate for their tours. Local people
frequently charter the ships. Sometimes, if a banking family of a
bank or a factory family charters the ship as a group, we do
things like allowing three or four persons to stay in a double
cabin unlike foreigners, putting up tents for those who want to
sleep on the sun deck, making extra beds in the cabin for the
families. We want to give local price to all local people. We
want them know these programs extensively. If local people
make advance booking, we make it by charter. If they arrange
the charter as companies, we give them a special rate as an
incentive. We are now presenting unusual programs. We don't
let foreigners get off to drink toddy at the villages as we are
concerned that they might have diarrhoea. But for local people
we prepare such special programs of their liking as letting them
have toddy with fried sparrow. Regarding discount, as the pe-
riod from October to April is the tour season, the tourists have
a habit of making the booking six or seven months in advance.
It's not true that we don't accept local people because of the
tourists. It is because the cruises are full of bookings. Local
customers make the booking only a month in advance. So no
vacancies are left for them and that's why we are unable to
accept them. When local customers make the booking, we give
them the same price as the tourist service. As we accept local
customers, they can see where to conserve the natural environ-
ment and what kind of business might work well in which
market along the river. There are places along the river where
there is no hotel or inn or line boat. But businesses can prosper
there. Such places can get sophisticated. One's own children or
company staff may gain experience in the villages during the
holiday.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Now we've talked about the
beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government beginnings, the given service and the need of government
assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to assistance. Then I'd like to know what obstacles you have to
overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't overcome in striving to survive. Seasons are natural. We can't
do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs do anything about it. Apart from the seasons, which part needs
government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest- government assistance? Where is it needed regarding invest-
ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles ment? And we've talked about home stay. What obstacles
are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run, are there regarding home stay? If this industry is to be run,
the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus- the obstacles of this indus-
try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we try must be known. If we
know something from those know something from those know something from those know something from those know something from those
who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi- who actually do the busi-
ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the ness, we can submit it to the
responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons. responsible persons.
Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : Daw Kalayar Moe : If I have
to talk about the Ayeyarwady
again according to my ex-
perience, it will be more
correct if we say they are
difficulties and needs instead
of obstacles. The departments
concerned issued business
licenses to us in accordance
with the specifications. We
have to get two business li-
censes from Tourism and
Waterways Departments.
For example, ships have
specifications. Are ships built
to these specifications? Ser-
vice staff and all the techni-
cians who operate the ship
including the captain have
specified licenses. This busi-
ness is to be run with the
said two specified licenses.
There are not only full co-
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:46 PM 48
ACUMEN 49
operation but also encouragement in this respect. And that's
why we can run the business. It's an undeniable fact. Our ship
is based in Mandalay. We go up until we reach Bamaw. We go
down until we reach Bagan. The guests take more interest only
in such things. If the ship is chartered, we go up to Salay and
Magway. Regular cruises are Mandalay-Bamaw and Bamaw-
Mandalay-Bagan cruises. An additional cruise is Magway cruise.
If you go on a Magway cruise, you will be transported to Yangon-
Pyay-Magway by car from Yangon highway. You will have to
get on the ship there and go upward to Bagan. Previously as
there were no direct flights to Bamaw, we had to transport the
guests from Yangon to Mandalay and from Mandalay to
Myitkyina and the customers go down by boat or by car to
meet each other in Bamaw. Then they go down from Bamaw.
Regarding the present problems with update information, wa-
terway maintenance is necessary. Erosion of river banks is
changing from year to year according to the nature of rivers.
The flow of water also has changes. Those changes are caused
by the changes of natural environment. There are also changes
of waterways caused by human beings. Although the
Ayeyarwady seems great, it has weaknesses too. From our point
of view, it has a specified size like a motor road as it is wide. As
a motor road has potholes, the Ayeyarwady also has sand-
banks. Potholes on the road are visible. In the waterways are
sandbanks and shallows. We can't handle ships at our will. If a
ship's draught is three feet, we can sail it only when the depth
of water is more than three feet. If the ship runs aground at an
invisible shallow, there will be consequences. Ships and boats
plying through that passage will be blocked. It is dangerous for
them because they can't dodge the place they must dodge. If a
bigger ship moved toward us, it is dangerous for us. It is not
easy to put a ship to a stop. If the ship is aoil tanker or a log
carrier or a cement carrier, the difficulty will be the greatest.
It's only one of many difficulties faced in the waterway. There's
another difficulty too. For example, let's see a trip between
Bamaw and Mandalay. If it is a five day trip, as it is a luxury
cruise, food for the clients, their daily excursion and all the
services to enable them to reach the specified places in time
have already been arranged in a complete program. As the
booking of the programs is made by our clients at least two
years in advance, we have to issue our tour package two years
in advance. Or we have to upload it on our website at once. All
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 49
50 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
these things are arranged in advance. It is not easy to change
them. How do we adjust it if the waterway reaches this situa-
tion? If the trip is from Mandalay to Bamaw, we must find
where the guest will go from Bamaw. Does he want to head for
Mandalay or Bagan or Ngapali? We have to continue giving
service. At that time, we have to co-operate with tour agencies
which are also our colleagues. In doing so, if the guest doesn't
arrive at the airport at the specified time, there will be no plane
there. Previously airlines were very limited, sir. Only Myanmar
Airways and Air Bagan were there at that time. Now there are
many lines including those which run twice a week. But if the
name' Bamaw' is said, the main problem is the importance of
reaching the airline in time. Another problem is that when they
reach Bamaw, they want to see Myitkyina. Why must they go
there by car or by airdespitethe flowing river?" The tourists
often argue so. The draught of our ship doesn't allow us to go
upstream. The river is narrow and the flow of water is strong in
the north of Bamaw. As there are also rocks, our ship can't
continue its upstream journey. Previously, arrangements were
made to reach there by local boats within a day. But now we
can no longer do it. From Bamaw to Myitkyina is a 5 or 6 hour
journey. The motor road is also the same. But we make an
arrangement to go from Bamaw to Myitkyina and from Myitkyina
to Bamaw by air as an alternative. Otherwise we make ar-
rangements to charter a flight depending on the financial situa-
tion of our guests. It is a difficulty regarding airlines.
The next one is health service. Throug out the history of
our ship, the majority of the guests are old-aged and middle-
aged. As they are pensioners, they have free time. They have
also money to spend. We must care for old-aged people. Al-
though they are in good health today, they are not sure to be so
the next day. We have experience. A tourist was not well then.
The whole body couldn't move. He got a panic attack. At that
time, we were told to hire a helicopter. It was because he had
fully comprehensive insurance in his native country. A fully
comprehensive insurance cover includes carrying him from the
place wherever he is to the hospital recognized as the best via
an airfield. It has already been paid for taking action within an
hour or half an hour. At that time, our ship was moored to a
sandbank. We had to call a helicopter to come and fetch him
from the sandbank. We had information provided by the Minis-
try of Tourism. We had telephone numbers to call helicopters
in emergency cases. But unfortunately, it coincided with a pub-
lic holiday and we reached nowhere then. So we wish to get
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 50
ACUMEN 51
such a helicopter service not only for our tour but also for all
others. There's one more thing. As we have to promote tourism,
we will run the operation as adventure instead of cultural tour.
In that case, such a service is vital if some accident happens. It
is not easy to build a large airfield but it is possible to build a
small helicopter field. As it is the need of only one or two
individuals instead of a group of people, the State will have an
income if it runs a small helicopter service. If private business-
men do it, they will earn money. It is our actual need and it is
also one of the questions raised at every meeting.
Another one is miserable. It was a thing we wanted to do
for the guests. We wanted to give them necessary service in
time but it was sorrowful when it was impossible to do so. That
day, we hired a motor boat for a sick guest at once. We made
things in the boat comfortable for him as much as possible and
sent him to Mandalay. For that purpose, we made preparations
about where cars, boats and telephones were available in the
towns, nearest towns along the river. If we go to Bamaw, they
are the towns like Mandalay and Myitkyina for example. We
have addresses and phone numbers of clinics and their avail-
able doctors in large cities and we also have contracts made
with them. An ambulance is also arranged to come from the
nearest place in Mandalay. Then we could
make arrangements to carry him from
Mandalay to Bangkok via Yangon as soon
as possible. The guest survived and things
were okay. I'm discussing it as it's one of
the precautions tour agencies must take
expecting that something may happen some
time in the future.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce
Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But
still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you
please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: The difficulty is the short-
age of jetties. Some are under repair. Some
have already been leased by individuals and
we can use only one or two jetties at
Botahtaung. If possible, we'd like to have
separate jetties which are safe and clean so
that passengers can get on and get off the
ship free from loading and unloading. We'd
like to get this assistance. Another difficulty
is the scarcity of inland riverine waterway
captains and chief engineers. As skillful cap-
tains are getting old now, new generations
should be nurtured and produced in a large
number. Next difficulty is sandbank forma-
tions in the rivers. Near Yangon, foreigners
love to visit villages along Panhlaing River. They are on the
other side of Kyimyindaing. As sandbanks formed in Panhlaing
River last year, we had to stop all programs beginning from
December. There are a few problems in maintaining the water-
ways in the rivers. The main difficulty is boarding and getting
off. Sometimes the passengers have many difficulties when they
have to walk across the ships being loaded up with rice bags.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you
are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some
advice? advice? advice? advice? advice?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: The difficulties are not the ones we are
facing in the waterways. The difficulties we are facing now are
that Myanmar's economy has become an open economy and
Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) enter the country. They are
incomparably far better than us in terms of financial strength
and background. Their finance, their international service, their
service on board and their technology are far better than ours.
But they have weaknesses too. If local businessmen are pro-
vided with financial assistance by the government, we can eas-
ily compete against their strengths. They also have weaknesses.
They will catch up with local businessmen only after remedy-
ing these weaknesses by taking time. It's because local busi-
nessmen have worked here for many years and they have ex-
perience. They know every part of business in detail. Experi-
ence speaks depending on time and circumstance. A person
with riverine experience knows more than them. He can easily
solve the problems in detail. Presently, foreigners with better
technology, finance and facilities must take many years of time
to remedy their weaknesses. There are many young skillful
technicians and businesspersons in this country. As they have
no financial strength, they have to work for those foreigners. If
the government knows these professional businesspersons thor-
oughly and banks can provide them with financial assistance,
Myanmar doesn't need many FDI-s. It doesn't mean that the
entrance of FDI-s is not good. It's good. Human resources may
develop regionally. Poverty may be eradicated gradually. Short-
age of job opportunities may be lessened. They will offer good
salaries. But there are difficulties between local people and them.
Their ships are Five Stars. The number of workers who con-
form with Five Star standards is very small. In the villages
along the river are a lot of young people who cannot continue
their education after finishing matriculation and who haven't
learnt anything since childhood. They earn their living by
working in their parent's traditional farming. If the government
takes responsibility, conducts free training courses for all such
young people giving them free boarding and produces techni-
cians, it will be conducive to the skilled worker requirement of
these FDI-s. It is impossible for the local businesses to pay Five
Star level salaries. There are also many requirements to sup-
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 51
50 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
these things are arranged in advance. It is not easy to change
them. How do we adjust it if the waterway reaches this situa-
tion? If the trip is from Mandalay to Bamaw, we must find
where the guest will go from Bamaw. Does he want to head for
Mandalay or Bagan or Ngapali? We have to continue giving
service. At that time, we have to co-operate with tour agencies
which are also our colleagues. In doing so, if the guest doesn't
arrive at the airport at the specified time, there will be no plane
there. Previously airlines were very limited, sir. Only Myanmar
Airways and Air Bagan were there at that time. Now there are
many lines including those which run twice a week. But if the
name' Bamaw' is said, the main problem is the importance of
reaching the airline in time. Another problem is that when they
reach Bamaw, they want to see Myitkyina. Why must they go
there by car or by airdespitethe flowing river?" The tourists
often argue so. The draught of our ship doesn't allow us to go
upstream. The river is narrow and the flow of water is strong in
the north of Bamaw. As there are also rocks, our ship can't
continue its upstream journey. Previously, arrangements were
made to reach there by local boats within a day. But now we
can no longer do it. From Bamaw to Myitkyina is a 5 or 6 hour
journey. The motor road is also the same. But we make an
arrangement to go from Bamaw to Myitkyina and from Myitkyina
to Bamaw by air as an alternative. Otherwise we make ar-
rangements to charter a flight depending on the financial situa-
tion of our guests. It is a difficulty regarding airlines.
The next one is health service. Throug out the history of
our ship, the majority of the guests are old-aged and middle-
aged. As they are pensioners, they have free time. They have
also money to spend. We must care for old-aged people. Al-
though they are in good health today, they are not sure to be so
the next day. We have experience. A tourist was not well then.
The whole body couldn't move. He got a panic attack. At that
time, we were told to hire a helicopter. It was because he had
fully comprehensive insurance in his native country. A fully
comprehensive insurance cover includes carrying him from the
place wherever he is to the hospital recognized as the best via
an airfield. It has already been paid for taking action within an
hour or half an hour. At that time, our ship was moored to a
sandbank. We had to call a helicopter to come and fetch him
from the sandbank. We had information provided by the Minis-
try of Tourism. We had telephone numbers to call helicopters
in emergency cases. But unfortunately, it coincided with a pub-
lic holiday and we reached nowhere then. So we wish to get
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 50
ACUMEN 51
such a helicopter service not only for our tour but also for all
others. There's one more thing. As we have to promote tourism,
we will run the operation as adventure instead of cultural tour.
In that case, such a service is vital if some accident happens. It
is not easy to build a large airfield but it is possible to build a
small helicopter field. As it is the need of only one or two
individuals instead of a group of people, the State will have an
income if it runs a small helicopter service. If private business-
men do it, they will earn money. It is our actual need and it is
also one of the questions raised at every meeting.
Another one is miserable. It was a thing we wanted to do
for the guests. We wanted to give them necessary service in
time but it was sorrowful when it was impossible to do so. That
day, we hired a motor boat for a sick guest at once. We made
things in the boat comfortable for him as much as possible and
sent him to Mandalay. For that purpose, we made preparations
about where cars, boats and telephones were available in the
towns, nearest towns along the river. If we go to Bamaw, they
are the towns like Mandalay and Myitkyina for example. We
have addresses and phone numbers of clinics and their avail-
able doctors in large cities and we also have contracts made
with them. An ambulance is also arranged to come from the
nearest place in Mandalay. Then we could
make arrangements to carry him from
Mandalay to Bangkok via Yangon as soon
as possible. The guest survived and things
were okay. I'm discussing it as it's one of
the precautions tour agencies must take
expecting that something may happen some
time in the future.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Ce Ce
Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But Htwe, you are plying in Yangon River. But
still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you still you may have difficulties. Could you
please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it? please discuss it?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: The difficulty is the short-
age of jetties. Some are under repair. Some
have already been leased by individuals and
we can use only one or two jetties at
Botahtaung. If possible, we'd like to have
separate jetties which are safe and clean so
that passengers can get on and get off the
ship free from loading and unloading. We'd
like to get this assistance. Another difficulty
is the scarcity of inland riverine waterway
captains and chief engineers. As skillful cap-
tains are getting old now, new generations
should be nurtured and produced in a large
number. Next difficulty is sandbank forma-
tions in the rivers. Near Yangon, foreigners
love to visit villages along Panhlaing River. They are on the
other side of Kyimyindaing. As sandbanks formed in Panhlaing
River last year, we had to stop all programs beginning from
December. There are a few problems in maintaining the water-
ways in the rivers. The main difficulty is boarding and getting
off. Sometimes the passengers have many difficulties when they
have to walk across the ships being loaded up with rice bags.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: What are the difficulties you
are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some are facing, Daw Tint Tint Lwin? Would you like to give some
advice? advice? advice? advice? advice?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: The difficulties are not the ones we are
facing in the waterways. The difficulties we are facing now are
that Myanmar's economy has become an open economy and
Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) enter the country. They are
incomparably far better than us in terms of financial strength
and background. Their finance, their international service, their
service on board and their technology are far better than ours.
But they have weaknesses too. If local businessmen are pro-
vided with financial assistance by the government, we can eas-
ily compete against their strengths. They also have weaknesses.
They will catch up with local businessmen only after remedy-
ing these weaknesses by taking time. It's because local busi-
nessmen have worked here for many years and they have ex-
perience. They know every part of business in detail. Experi-
ence speaks depending on time and circumstance. A person
with riverine experience knows more than them. He can easily
solve the problems in detail. Presently, foreigners with better
technology, finance and facilities must take many years of time
to remedy their weaknesses. There are many young skillful
technicians and businesspersons in this country. As they have
no financial strength, they have to work for those foreigners. If
the government knows these professional businesspersons thor-
oughly and banks can provide them with financial assistance,
Myanmar doesn't need many FDI-s. It doesn't mean that the
entrance of FDI-s is not good. It's good. Human resources may
develop regionally. Poverty may be eradicated gradually. Short-
age of job opportunities may be lessened. They will offer good
salaries. But there are difficulties between local people and them.
Their ships are Five Stars. The number of workers who con-
form with Five Star standards is very small. In the villages
along the river are a lot of young people who cannot continue
their education after finishing matriculation and who haven't
learnt anything since childhood. They earn their living by
working in their parent's traditional farming. If the government
takes responsibility, conducts free training courses for all such
young people giving them free boarding and produces techni-
cians, it will be conducive to the skilled worker requirement of
these FDI-s. It is impossible for the local businesses to pay Five
Star level salaries. There are also many requirements to sup-
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 51
52 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
port them to do so. Presently in Myanmar, river cruise can be
operated only from October to April. Sometimes during the rainy
season, there are many difficulties because of heavy rains. Sail-
ors have to work only one season for their living. Foreign in-
vestors don't pay when there is no work. There are some cases
in which they give half pay. We realize these difficulties as we
are local businesspersons. We know that they will leave for
other jobs if they are given half pay. So we give them full pay.
But we make them work on the ship alternatively. It is neces-
sary for those from the cruise to support them sufficiently dur-
ing the rainy season. It is not true that young people in the
villages are lazy. They have no job opportunities and there is
also nobody to guide them. If we lead to give them three-or-
four- month training courses free of charge, skilled workers
will easily be available when FDI-s enter or local companies
develop.
Another difficulty is that in Myanmar waterways, ships are
not convenient to be operated by navigators as in other coun-
tries. Waterways change every day. In the rivers, there are
signs that show the depth of water. As the waterway changes
daily and weekly, the signs are poor. There are cases in which
signs of previous week haven't been changed. So ships run
aground unnecessarily. In such situations, it is not convenient
for local cruises to make phone calls to the nearest station, call
a tugboat and pull down the ship or blow the sand or hire a
boat to send the guests to the nearest village. Although we have
enough lifeboats, they are not comfortable for the guests. It will
be convenient if there are nearest small stations along the river.
As Daw Kalyar discussed earlier, helicopter service will be
better. But now the number of tourists who will enter in one or
two years cannot be estimated definitely. As how the situations
will change is not known definitely, it may take a long time to
do it. But there are ways to solve the current problem. For
example, some villages don't have even a nurse. Some have no
clinic. If the government assigns at least a first aider or a nurse
or a doctor in each village as part of a health care program, we
can ask for help in an emergency case. For example, four major
cases which commonly occur in places like Pakokku are stroke,
heart attack, dehydration or accidents like falling from slipping.
When such cases happen, all the managers and sailors have
experience and there is at least one person who has completed
a relevant training course among them. Although we can give
assistance temporarily in such a case, the hospital does not
accept the patient because he is a foreigner. There were cases
in which we have to come back in a life and death situation.
Regarding this, I had many difficulties when I worked as a tour
guide and I still have such difficulties now. A woman tourist
once suffered from heart attack. It coincided with the time when
telephone connections broke down. Only a ship telephone was
serviceable. There are weaknesses in communication. As we
have to use Chinese-made devices which are easily available,
things are not convenient in reality. As a local solution, with the
help of sailors, we have acquired the phone numbers of hotels
and guest houses of near-by towns, village heads and so on. As
another one, we acquired the phone numbers of specialists in
Yangon and designed programs to explain the situation to them
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 52
ACUMEN 53
and get their advice. Then we will have to carry the patient via
the nearest jetty to Mandalay, Yangon or Bagan as they are
entitled to receive treatment only there. It will be very conve-
nient if foreigners are accepted by the hospitals in near-by town-
ships.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of
you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their
own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your
insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen?
Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: We tell our guests to take out fully compre-
hensive insurance when they left Germany. Insurance here is
beginning now. But to talk about the past experience, the insur-
ance didn't cover the guests as there was no government insur-
ance at that time. But we have life insurance for our staff. We
do it as a stipulation. I don't know in detail what arrangements
our colleagues have made.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce
Htwe? Htwe? Htwe? Htwe? Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: We have insurance for the ship and the crew
but not for the guests for the time being. It must be done defi-
nitely later.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you
also the same? also the same? also the same? also the same? also the same?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Of course, a little similar. Generally, all
foreigners have taken out health insurance before they come to
Myanmar. But it is necessary to give them assistance from our
side. Once there was a crack in the tiling of a bathroom on our
ship. A guest tripped over it and cut his foot. When we had his
wound treated with some medicine, he was satisfied with our
treatment. But another one was not satisfied with our treatment
at all. As he had an insurance cover, he can receive a refund for
a document from the clinic to which he was brought or for a
receipt of his expenses. From our side too, we refunded him his
cabin charges as a special arrangement but he didn't accept it.
In fact, we need to be ready to respond by taking responsibility
because the injury is caused on our ship. Only then, will they be
safe on the ship. As the injury was caused due to the weakness
of the ship, the ship assumed the responsibility depending on
the extent of the injury.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no
insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: We're going to start now. We'll start tak-
ing out all kinds of insurance with Kanbawza Bank.
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: We've already done the part that must be
done with the government. There are insurances which will
come out in Myanmar as next step. We'll do it with co-opera-
tion.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have
hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to
what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Amara River Cruise has two ships and we
are now giving service in the Ayeyarwady River. But the Yangon
River will be the next and if public transportation develops in
the Chindwin River, which is my dream and my great interest,
we are willing to go there first and make investments. In the
similar way, if we are allowed to say further about how we can
offer service in rivers like the Thanlwin and the Mekong, we,
the cruise runners, have an idea and a desire to give service
with sailing boats in the southern seas of Myanma like the
sailing boats you saw in Indonesia as you said earlier.
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: We're now studying the market of the ship,
Royal Irrawaddy. If the market needs we expect to run daily
river cruise in the Yangon River like those of the Chao Phya
River in Thailand. As the time we've run the business is not
very long, only after studying everything will we proceed to
build more ships according to the market requirement.
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 53
52 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
port them to do so. Presently in Myanmar, river cruise can be
operated only from October to April. Sometimes during the rainy
season, there are many difficulties because of heavy rains. Sail-
ors have to work only one season for their living. Foreign in-
vestors don't pay when there is no work. There are some cases
in which they give half pay. We realize these difficulties as we
are local businesspersons. We know that they will leave for
other jobs if they are given half pay. So we give them full pay.
But we make them work on the ship alternatively. It is neces-
sary for those from the cruise to support them sufficiently dur-
ing the rainy season. It is not true that young people in the
villages are lazy. They have no job opportunities and there is
also nobody to guide them. If we lead to give them three-or-
four- month training courses free of charge, skilled workers
will easily be available when FDI-s enter or local companies
develop.
Another difficulty is that in Myanmar waterways, ships are
not convenient to be operated by navigators as in other coun-
tries. Waterways change every day. In the rivers, there are
signs that show the depth of water. As the waterway changes
daily and weekly, the signs are poor. There are cases in which
signs of previous week haven't been changed. So ships run
aground unnecessarily. In such situations, it is not convenient
for local cruises to make phone calls to the nearest station, call
a tugboat and pull down the ship or blow the sand or hire a
boat to send the guests to the nearest village. Although we have
enough lifeboats, they are not comfortable for the guests. It will
be convenient if there are nearest small stations along the river.
As Daw Kalyar discussed earlier, helicopter service will be
better. But now the number of tourists who will enter in one or
two years cannot be estimated definitely. As how the situations
will change is not known definitely, it may take a long time to
do it. But there are ways to solve the current problem. For
example, some villages don't have even a nurse. Some have no
clinic. If the government assigns at least a first aider or a nurse
or a doctor in each village as part of a health care program, we
can ask for help in an emergency case. For example, four major
cases which commonly occur in places like Pakokku are stroke,
heart attack, dehydration or accidents like falling from slipping.
When such cases happen, all the managers and sailors have
experience and there is at least one person who has completed
a relevant training course among them. Although we can give
assistance temporarily in such a case, the hospital does not
accept the patient because he is a foreigner. There were cases
in which we have to come back in a life and death situation.
Regarding this, I had many difficulties when I worked as a tour
guide and I still have such difficulties now. A woman tourist
once suffered from heart attack. It coincided with the time when
telephone connections broke down. Only a ship telephone was
serviceable. There are weaknesses in communication. As we
have to use Chinese-made devices which are easily available,
things are not convenient in reality. As a local solution, with the
help of sailors, we have acquired the phone numbers of hotels
and guest houses of near-by towns, village heads and so on. As
another one, we acquired the phone numbers of specialists in
Yangon and designed programs to explain the situation to them
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 52
ACUMEN 53
and get their advice. Then we will have to carry the patient via
the nearest jetty to Mandalay, Yangon or Bagan as they are
entitled to receive treatment only there. It will be very conve-
nient if foreigners are accepted by the hospitals in near-by town-
ships.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: I'm wondering whether all of
you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their you have health insurance as companies. Tourists have their
own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your own insurances, right. Then do your companies have your
insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen? insurances when these things happen?
Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: Daw Kalyar Moe: We tell our guests to take out fully compre-
hensive insurance when they left Germany. Insurance here is
beginning now. But to talk about the past experience, the insur-
ance didn't cover the guests as there was no government insur-
ance at that time. But we have life insurance for our staff. We
do it as a stipulation. I don't know in detail what arrangements
our colleagues have made.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: How about you, Daw Ce Ce
Htwe? Htwe? Htwe? Htwe? Htwe?
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: We have insurance for the ship and the crew
but not for the guests for the time being. It must be done defi-
nitely later.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Daw Tint Tint Lwin, are you
also the same? also the same? also the same? also the same? also the same?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Of course, a little similar. Generally, all
foreigners have taken out health insurance before they come to
Myanmar. But it is necessary to give them assistance from our
side. Once there was a crack in the tiling of a bathroom on our
ship. A guest tripped over it and cut his foot. When we had his
wound treated with some medicine, he was satisfied with our
treatment. But another one was not satisfied with our treatment
at all. As he had an insurance cover, he can receive a refund for
a document from the clinic to which he was brought or for a
receipt of his expenses. From our side too, we refunded him his
cabin charges as a special arrangement but he didn't accept it.
In fact, we need to be ready to respond by taking responsibility
because the injury is caused on our ship. Only then, will they be
safe on the ship. As the injury was caused due to the weakness
of the ship, the ship assumed the responsibility depending on
the extent of the injury.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: You mean companies have no
insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance? insurance although tourists have their own insurance?
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: We're going to start now. We'll start tak-
ing out all kinds of insurance with Kanbawza Bank.
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: We've already done the part that must be
done with the government. There are insurances which will
come out in Myanmar as next step. We'll do it with co-opera-
tion.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: It's the last one. We must have
hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to hopes and dreams for our future. Could you please tell me to
what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future? what extent you have ideas for your future?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Amara River Cruise has two ships and we
are now giving service in the Ayeyarwady River. But the Yangon
River will be the next and if public transportation develops in
the Chindwin River, which is my dream and my great interest,
we are willing to go there first and make investments. In the
similar way, if we are allowed to say further about how we can
offer service in rivers like the Thanlwin and the Mekong, we,
the cruise runners, have an idea and a desire to give service
with sailing boats in the southern seas of Myanma like the
sailing boats you saw in Indonesia as you said earlier.
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: We're now studying the market of the ship,
Royal Irrawaddy. If the market needs we expect to run daily
river cruise in the Yangon River like those of the Chao Phya
River in Thailand. As the time we've run the business is not
very long, only after studying everything will we proceed to
build more ships according to the market requirement.
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:47 PM 53
54 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: As you know there are altogether four
major rivers. River cruises are overlapping in Myanmar's
Ayeyarwady River. In fact there are many places where river
cruises are required. We can't operate it all by ourselves either.
Successful local entrepreneurs haven't reached this business
only because they still don't realize it. And river cruise can't be
run on the spot. Only those in the tourism field and those in the
service field can establish it depending on experience. If entre-
preneurs want to extend their business into this field, we are
ready to help them by sharing our experience. Presently the
place of the worst weakness is Mrauk-U. The ships plying be-
tween Sittwe and Mrauk-U along the Kispanady River are low.
They are even lower than the local ones. It's not very conve-
nient. They can hold only three passengers. And they are very
dangerous too. Inspection is also necessary. Enough life jackets
must be available. They must have contact phone numbers for
rescue in emergency cases like cyclones. But they have many
weaknesses. It is possible to build safe and reliable ships of
high standard in that part of the country. Then another well-
known part is Kawthoung. Around the Sellore islands near Myeik
are Bushby Islands. Boats are also required there. Another river
is Thanlwin waterway. There is a lot of demand in Hpa-an and
Mawlamyine. The Thanlwin cruise between Hpa-an and
Mawlamyine is very beautiful. It's an unusual thing as only very
few foreigners have been there. River cruises should be ex-
panded with a required standard. Then ships of shallow draught
should be built in Chindwin River as Daw Kalyar Moe said
earlier.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en-
courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in
your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and
between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me
about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: We are not the only one in our operations.
All are inter-related. We have our tour agency. We use evening
service like Daw Ce Ce Htwe's. We also like it. And we encour-
age many of such agencies to come out. These are really the
needs of Myanmar. In the same way, we and Irrawaddy are
colleagues. If they hire us due to their need, we get job and we
have to rely upon each other when there are things to discuss
regarding the business. We have interest when they expand
their business. For example, the choice of clients is vital for us.
Although we have these businesses and hotels , if the guest has
the name of the hotel he wants to stay in, the name of the boat
he wants to take and the name of service he wants to get, we
are not reluctant to offer service. We are working for that too.
As we are working in the scope of tourism instead of working
for our own ship or own hotel, we must go on only in this way.
In the same way, such businesses that are related to this busi-
ness as banking, insurance and health care will gain strength
when the government gives support. Private sector seeks and
gives jobs to near-by ones. The extent private sector can do
and what the government can do are incomparably different.
The more effort the government put in it, the more the country
will benefit. As we are tourism, we hear all news. When we
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:48 PM 54
ACUMEN 55
hear it, we want to share it. We want our country to develop in
a positive way. Together with this flow of development, as the
native businesspersons of the country, we ourselves want to
develop too, creating jobs and avoiding the loss of our own
business as Daw Tint Tint Lwin discussed earlier.
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: As we run short cruises, we have to give
lunch on board at places like Twante. In this respect, we make
all connections with restaurants. And we also make connec-
tions with such services as decoration, model agency and en-
tertainment. In addition, hotels make connections with us for
their guests. We also do it.
Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: I think, presently, experienced
businesspersons who are caught in this circle like Daw Kalayar
Moe and Daw Ce Ce Htwe, will need to share their experience
with other businesspersons. We want to share it with those
financially strong businesspersons through B2B. Businesspersons
who have skills but no connections can make contact with B2B
and contact us at any time to get our experience. As a young
person doing business with foreign contacts, I'm ready to share
my experience for the emergence of native entrepreneurs, for
penetrating international market and for abiding by interna-
tional laws. So outsiders can rely on B2B magazine. By receiv-
ing the assistance of B2B, I'm also ready to share my experi-
ence through B2B.
Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading
the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in
the discussion. the discussion. the discussion. the discussion. the discussion.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe,
Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in
this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole,
there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop-
ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector
and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we
understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've
said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un-
usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun.
People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun
or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have
snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll
find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all
the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied
with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it
is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com-
panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to
divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a
big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then
there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier.
What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec-
tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance,
airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con-
clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B
although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus-
sion. sion. sion. sion. sion. A
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:48 PM 55
54 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: Daw Tint Tint Lwin: As you know there are altogether four
major rivers. River cruises are overlapping in Myanmar's
Ayeyarwady River. In fact there are many places where river
cruises are required. We can't operate it all by ourselves either.
Successful local entrepreneurs haven't reached this business
only because they still don't realize it. And river cruise can't be
run on the spot. Only those in the tourism field and those in the
service field can establish it depending on experience. If entre-
preneurs want to extend their business into this field, we are
ready to help them by sharing our experience. Presently the
place of the worst weakness is Mrauk-U. The ships plying be-
tween Sittwe and Mrauk-U along the Kispanady River are low.
They are even lower than the local ones. It's not very conve-
nient. They can hold only three passengers. And they are very
dangerous too. Inspection is also necessary. Enough life jackets
must be available. They must have contact phone numbers for
rescue in emergency cases like cyclones. But they have many
weaknesses. It is possible to build safe and reliable ships of
high standard in that part of the country. Then another well-
known part is Kawthoung. Around the Sellore islands near Myeik
are Bushby Islands. Boats are also required there. Another river
is Thanlwin waterway. There is a lot of demand in Hpa-an and
Mawlamyine. The Thanlwin cruise between Hpa-an and
Mawlamyine is very beautiful. It's an unusual thing as only very
few foreigners have been there. River cruises should be ex-
panded with a required standard. Then ships of shallow draught
should be built in Chindwin River as Daw Kalyar Moe said
earlier.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en- Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: At last the talk means to en-
courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in courage B2B. While we are changing our layout, I noticed in
your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and your discussions connections between a car and a ship and
between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me between a ship and a helicopter. Could you please tell me
about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B? about such performances as B2B?
Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: Daw Kalayar Moe: We are not the only one in our operations.
All are inter-related. We have our tour agency. We use evening
service like Daw Ce Ce Htwe's. We also like it. And we encour-
age many of such agencies to come out. These are really the
needs of Myanmar. In the same way, we and Irrawaddy are
colleagues. If they hire us due to their need, we get job and we
have to rely upon each other when there are things to discuss
regarding the business. We have interest when they expand
their business. For example, the choice of clients is vital for us.
Although we have these businesses and hotels , if the guest has
the name of the hotel he wants to stay in, the name of the boat
he wants to take and the name of service he wants to get, we
are not reluctant to offer service. We are working for that too.
As we are working in the scope of tourism instead of working
for our own ship or own hotel, we must go on only in this way.
In the same way, such businesses that are related to this busi-
ness as banking, insurance and health care will gain strength
when the government gives support. Private sector seeks and
gives jobs to near-by ones. The extent private sector can do
and what the government can do are incomparably different.
The more effort the government put in it, the more the country
will benefit. As we are tourism, we hear all news. When we
B2B Talk
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:48 PM 54
ACUMEN 55
hear it, we want to share it. We want our country to develop in
a positive way. Together with this flow of development, as the
native businesspersons of the country, we ourselves want to
develop too, creating jobs and avoiding the loss of our own
business as Daw Tint Tint Lwin discussed earlier.
Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: Daw Ce Ce Htwe: As we run short cruises, we have to give
lunch on board at places like Twante. In this respect, we make
all connections with restaurants. And we also make connec-
tions with such services as decoration, model agency and en-
tertainment. In addition, hotels make connections with us for
their guests. We also do it.
Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: Daw Ti nt Ti nt Lwi n: I think, presently, experienced
businesspersons who are caught in this circle like Daw Kalayar
Moe and Daw Ce Ce Htwe, will need to share their experience
with other businesspersons. We want to share it with those
financially strong businesspersons through B2B. Businesspersons
who have skills but no connections can make contact with B2B
and contact us at any time to get our experience. As a young
person doing business with foreign contacts, I'm ready to share
my experience for the emergence of native entrepreneurs, for
penetrating international market and for abiding by interna-
tional laws. So outsiders can rely on B2B magazine. By receiv-
ing the assistance of B2B, I'm also ready to share my experi-
ence through B2B.
Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading Acumen Magazine would like to express its special thanks to Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet for leading
the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in the discussion and to Daw Kalayar Moe, Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in
the discussion. the discussion. the discussion. the discussion. the discussion.
Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe, Professor Dr. Aung Tun Thet: Thank you, Daw Kalayar Moe,
Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in Daw Ce Ce Htwe and Daw Tint Tint Lwin for participating in
this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole, this talk by taking time. In fact, if we think on the whole,
there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop- there's hope in our country. If we think about the develop-
ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector ment of our country, some people talk about energy sector
and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we and some talk about oil sector. On the other side, what we
understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've understand is 'tourism' which is in the service sector. As I've
said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un- said again and again, if we think about tourism which is un-
usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun. usual in Myanmar, what is attractive is 3S, Sea, Sand and Sun.
People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun People from the west come to the sea, to the sand and to sun
or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have or sunbathe. What is unusual in our country is that we have
snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll snow which south-east Asia lacks. Go to Myitkyina and you'll
find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all find snow there. Opportunities are the most in tourism. In all
the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied the discussions of participants, there is one thing I'm satisfied
with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it with. The industry of tourism needs to be large. Only when it
is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com- is large, will all of them rise. Sometimes, it happens that com-
panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to panies see only their own benefit. People tend to think to
divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a divide a pie into many slices. What I want it to be is to be a
big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then big pie. The bigger the pie, the bigger the slice you get. Then
there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier. there's another thing I noticed last. I didn't think of it earlier.
What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec- What was discussed first is about cruise. Then B2B connec-
tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance, tion became extensive. I think it involves banking, insurance,
airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con- airlines, health, education and capacity building. May I con-
clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B clude thanking all three of you as you could highlight B2B
although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus- although we are talking about 'River Cruise' in this discus-
sion. sion. sion. sion. sion. A
The Trend of Cruise Services.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:48 PM 55
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:17 PM 11
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:17 PM 11 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:18 PM 11
58 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
58 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
M
yanmar is in a critical stage of transitional period towards democratization
process after five decades ruled of military dictatorship. With firm promises
for peaceful transformation, President Thein Sein leads this current miracle
reform at home since he took power in March 2011. President Thein Sein had
been cheered up by nationwide public for his decision to halt Myit-Sone dam
project in Kachin State as a major step to win people's hearts. The hydro-power
project becomes a center for political topic on the road to 2015 elections, and the
growing of anti-Chinese sentiments will be a trigger for another political trap that
will invite a new military coup.
Now China See Myanmar-NathanMg.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:42 PM 58
ACUMEN 59
After two and a half years, Myanmar
Spring, which President himself recognized
the term as a change in Myanmar, sent a
message to the outside world that the
change is taking off. Meeting with Nobel
Peace Laureate at his presidential palace
in Naypyidaw in August 2011 confirmed
to the international community that political
opening has been started. The international
community, especially the United States
and the European Union, lifted some
sanctions against Myanmar as rewards, but
claimed that they will respond actions by
actions to the current quasi-civilian regime.
Myanmar is now a hot spot for foreign
investors and seems as the last frontier of
the market in the Southeast Asia, and the
transition believes to be a gradual move.
Now China Power Investment -CPI
expresses that they will not be giving up
to build a mega dam in Kachin State and
waiting the upcoming general election
result with a hope to restart the billion
dollar hydro power project that Thein Sein
suspended for five years.
Wang Qiyue, director of the CPI
unfolds a message at an energy investment
summit in September that negotiation
process with Naypyidaw is taking place at
present, the Wall Street Journal reported.
"The next incoming government will
hopefully do what is best," Wang Qiyue
says. However, the CPI hopes to resume
the project that postponed for almost two
years by offering to renegotiate the contract
with Myanmar government over the
percentage of the stake. The copper mine
in Monywa becomes a case study.
Myanmar witnesses a series of
sectarian violence across the nation that
erupted in western Myanmar, Rakhine
State where Chinese oil and gas dual
pipeline constructed across the Myanmar
to Yunan. The Shwe gas pipeline finished
its construction during the sectarian
violence for one and half years and started
to run the gas to China last August as
planned. There were no major protest
against the pipeline, and
activists were arrested. A
few Myanmar educated
understand that the
government had been used
the anti-Muslim movements
to cover up an outrage of
public over pipeline project
in Rakhine State. Diverting
public attention from anti
Chi nese proj ects i n
Myanmar into the sectarian
vi ol ence agai nst anti -
Muslim activities, public
failed to question over the
mega projects that made
agreements under Snr. Gen.
Than Shwe with China.
Now Myit-Sone dam
project is an unfinished
game in Myanmar, and
CPI's persistence makes public fear against
the project. Residents in Kachin State noted
renewed activity around the proposed
Myit-Sone Dam even though the project is
officially suspended by the President. CPI
says the Chinese would invest at least US
$1 billion more for the project if it is
restarted. The original US$ 3.6 billion mega
project causes financial suffering for CPI
during the suspension, and the company
eager to renegotiate the contract terms with
government.
The question is whether the dam
project anytime soon restarted after the
2015 elections when the new civilian
administration took office. The current
administration will hold their public
promise until they reached a truce with
ethni c troops especi al l y Kachi n
Independent Organization - KIO. Resources
sharing will be the hottest topic in the
process of peace talks for power sharing
within the union. Another mega hydro
power projects with China on the Salween
River to produce huge amounts of power
electricity is queuing in the line to build
after pipeline project and Myit-Sone project
ACUMEN 59
Nathan Maung is a prominent writer and journalist who was born in Myanmar. He published two historical and geopolitical
books on Myanmar in 2012 and 2013 in Yangon. After he left from North Carolina, he is currently working as executive
producer of Kamayut Media - the first private independent online television of Myanmar.
were successfully completed, and the public
aware that there are many to come.
Myanmar is facing a danger of sec-
tarian violence that Physicians for Human
Rights report warned a catastrophic level
of violence if "these conditions go unad-
dressed." The report said there was evi-
dence showing the current regime's role
in violence against Muslims in Myanmar.
It is a significant fact that government forces
were standby near when violent mobs
waged wars and attacks in several towns
where Muslims were targeted, leaving
about 250 deaths.
Major projects on natural resources
with China designed by former military
regime. The current players inherited of
legacy and run the show in their own stage
for Myanmar Spring. Toward 2015
elections and political slogans will not be
undermined the problems ahead. If
something goes wrong, Myanmar's fragile
transition will end up with another military
coup to restart the show again. It is a test
for Myanmar in two years. Myanmar is
seen by everyone in the world for its beauty
and dark-side. Which part will win? A
Now China See Myanmar-NathanMg.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:42 PM 59
58 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
58 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
M
yanmar is in a critical stage of transitional period towards democratization
process after five decades ruled of military dictatorship. With firm promises
for peaceful transformation, President Thein Sein leads this current miracle
reform at home since he took power in March 2011. President Thein Sein had
been cheered up by nationwide public for his decision to halt Myit-Sone dam
project in Kachin State as a major step to win people's hearts. The hydro-power
project becomes a center for political topic on the road to 2015 elections, and the
growing of anti-Chinese sentiments will be a trigger for another political trap that
will invite a new military coup.
Now China See Myanmar-NathanMg.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:42 PM 58
ACUMEN 59
After two and a half years, Myanmar
Spring, which President himself recognized
the term as a change in Myanmar, sent a
message to the outside world that the
change is taking off. Meeting with Nobel
Peace Laureate at his presidential palace
in Naypyidaw in August 2011 confirmed
to the international community that political
opening has been started. The international
community, especially the United States
and the European Union, lifted some
sanctions against Myanmar as rewards, but
claimed that they will respond actions by
actions to the current quasi-civilian regime.
Myanmar is now a hot spot for foreign
investors and seems as the last frontier of
the market in the Southeast Asia, and the
transition believes to be a gradual move.
Now China Power Investment -CPI
expresses that they will not be giving up
to build a mega dam in Kachin State and
waiting the upcoming general election
result with a hope to restart the billion
dollar hydro power project that Thein Sein
suspended for five years.
Wang Qiyue, director of the CPI
unfolds a message at an energy investment
summit in September that negotiation
process with Naypyidaw is taking place at
present, the Wall Street Journal reported.
"The next incoming government will
hopefully do what is best," Wang Qiyue
says. However, the CPI hopes to resume
the project that postponed for almost two
years by offering to renegotiate the contract
with Myanmar government over the
percentage of the stake. The copper mine
in Monywa becomes a case study.
Myanmar witnesses a series of
sectarian violence across the nation that
erupted in western Myanmar, Rakhine
State where Chinese oil and gas dual
pipeline constructed across the Myanmar
to Yunan. The Shwe gas pipeline finished
its construction during the sectarian
violence for one and half years and started
to run the gas to China last August as
planned. There were no major protest
against the pipeline, and
activists were arrested. A
few Myanmar educated
understand that the
government had been used
the anti-Muslim movements
to cover up an outrage of
public over pipeline project
in Rakhine State. Diverting
public attention from anti
Chi nese proj ects i n
Myanmar into the sectarian
vi ol ence agai nst anti -
Muslim activities, public
failed to question over the
mega projects that made
agreements under Snr. Gen.
Than Shwe with China.
Now Myit-Sone dam
project is an unfinished
game in Myanmar, and
CPI's persistence makes public fear against
the project. Residents in Kachin State noted
renewed activity around the proposed
Myit-Sone Dam even though the project is
officially suspended by the President. CPI
says the Chinese would invest at least US
$1 billion more for the project if it is
restarted. The original US$ 3.6 billion mega
project causes financial suffering for CPI
during the suspension, and the company
eager to renegotiate the contract terms with
government.
The question is whether the dam
project anytime soon restarted after the
2015 elections when the new civilian
administration took office. The current
administration will hold their public
promise until they reached a truce with
ethni c troops especi al l y Kachi n
Independent Organization - KIO. Resources
sharing will be the hottest topic in the
process of peace talks for power sharing
within the union. Another mega hydro
power projects with China on the Salween
River to produce huge amounts of power
electricity is queuing in the line to build
after pipeline project and Myit-Sone project
ACUMEN 59
Nathan Maung is a prominent writer and journalist who was born in Myanmar. He published two historical and geopolitical
books on Myanmar in 2012 and 2013 in Yangon. After he left from North Carolina, he is currently working as executive
producer of Kamayut Media - the first private independent online television of Myanmar.
were successfully completed, and the public
aware that there are many to come.
Myanmar is facing a danger of sec-
tarian violence that Physicians for Human
Rights report warned a catastrophic level
of violence if "these conditions go unad-
dressed." The report said there was evi-
dence showing the current regime's role
in violence against Muslims in Myanmar.
It is a significant fact that government forces
were standby near when violent mobs
waged wars and attacks in several towns
where Muslims were targeted, leaving
about 250 deaths.
Major projects on natural resources
with China designed by former military
regime. The current players inherited of
legacy and run the show in their own stage
for Myanmar Spring. Toward 2015
elections and political slogans will not be
undermined the problems ahead. If
something goes wrong, Myanmar's fragile
transition will end up with another military
coup to restart the show again. It is a test
for Myanmar in two years. Myanmar is
seen by everyone in the world for its beauty
and dark-side. Which part will win? A
Now China See Myanmar-NathanMg.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:42 PM 59
60 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
60 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:04 PM 60
ACUMEN 61
It was Napoleon Bonaparte, the outcast cor-
sican corporal, that later became the em-
peror of 18
th
century France, who said a
leader is a dealer in hope" and his success
vindicates his words. Believing his vision
the people enthusiastically followed him and
he was raised to the crest of power.
Currently in Myanmar, on it's political
stage there seem to be players following
Bonaparte's philosophy. A lot of Myanmar
leaders are scattering hope right and left as
if they are scattering popcorn and timsels
at a wedding, promising better days and
nights and better lives for one and all. How
much of their I have a great dream" bom-
bast will become words of honour and how
much will fall flat no one knows. To or not
to believe them is the dilemma most is fac-
ing at the moment. If past performance is
supposed to be the gauge of one's ability it
certainly is hard to guess who has the qual-
ity to make the Myanmar dream come true.
Because almost all the current leaders, even
those that are labeled as opposition are still
tethered to the previous regimes colours.
There are very few who can declare they
have no stains on them, their reputation is
clean.
And as for being pure, for people and
country, the conduct of the one and only,
extraordinary and exceptional Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi, has been casting doubt in the
minds of many for quite some time. Consid-
ered a political novice or rather a green-
horn at the beginning of the democracy
movement over two decades ago, she seems
to have emerged as a maestro who can
make the whole world dance to her tune. It
can't be denied that she has been the key-
stone in opening the doors of Myanmar.
Her endorsement of the 2010 elected con-
gregation, president as well as the govern-
ment and the whole lot that makes up the
parliament, was what got green lights flash-
ing in the east and west, or rather it may be
rightful more to say, in the four corners of
earth. Myanmar came to get visitors from
rarely heard of places and the flow of visi-
tors in and out, seemed to mean that been
to Myanmar was the fad of the day.
Let's say Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has
been the best sales promoter of Myanmar.
She has been able to place Myanmar with
all its flaws and defects, blemish and weak-
ness in the top lot. And in doing so and in
dealing with all those controversial elements
that make up the present structure of My-
anmar, she seems to show that in the years
in detention she honed the political talent
she inherited from her father. And because
she has become so can the people assume
now, that at least, they have gained a full-
fledge proponent they can completely de-
pend on?
There are many laws of life that can't
be denied and one is that man, survived by
adapting to his environment. This is not
dragging Darwin and his evolution theory
into this discussion but it will be a fallacy to
say that his survival of the fittest logic which
is rather like a catch all phrase in every
matter is not in accord with political situa-
tions.
To get along with one's surroundings
or environment mean need to be able to do
the appropriate feature and Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi has been for the past years doing
so, in and out of the country. And often her
adaptation has seemed to be so much over-
blown it has made frowns grow on the fore-
head of political analysts. Seeing her danc-
ing with those whom the people consider
the devil and often hearing her sing their
tune has made many doubt her sincerity.
But, still, there are those who see her
actions as political maneuvers that Myan-
mar's drastic condition necessitates and
points out that as she seems to be, in some
situations, straddling the fence, so are those
of the regime. And no accusation could be
truer than that.
The most reverberant sound that has
been rising to a crescendo in Myanmar
nowadays is the bellow of the people, with
the people, to the people' by various band-
wagon riders, both of the administration and
opponent. Offering the people a mixture of
EI dorado and Shangrila to mesmerize them
to vote for them in the coming election, their
real motive is to get the people by hook or
by crook. As the old song Promises, Prom-
ises.' it is certainly promises galore. Enough
to choke you!
Taking all these matters in mind it will
be rightful to conclude that all the king's
men, the present administration, dissident
and army, are doing their best to be seen
as a helping hand in reconstructing the
humpity-dumpity, here, Myanmar, that had
taken a resounding fall. And the people's
momentous duty is to be able to foresee the
true saviour.
At the top there are the four major
contenders, i.e, the opposition leader Daw
Aung San Suu Kyi, the president U Thein
Sein, the house speaker Thura Shwe Mann
and the army chief, senior general Min Aung
ACUMEN 61
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech at the National League
for Democracy (NLD) headquarters in Yangon on
27 September 2013 / Hein Zaw
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech at the National League
for Democracy (NLD) headquarters in Yangon on
27 September 2013 / Hein Zaw
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:05 PM 61
60 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
60 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:04 PM 60
ACUMEN 61
It was Napoleon Bonaparte, the outcast cor-
sican corporal, that later became the em-
peror of 18
th
century France, who said a
leader is a dealer in hope" and his success
vindicates his words. Believing his vision
the people enthusiastically followed him and
he was raised to the crest of power.
Currently in Myanmar, on it's political
stage there seem to be players following
Bonaparte's philosophy. A lot of Myanmar
leaders are scattering hope right and left as
if they are scattering popcorn and timsels
at a wedding, promising better days and
nights and better lives for one and all. How
much of their I have a great dream" bom-
bast will become words of honour and how
much will fall flat no one knows. To or not
to believe them is the dilemma most is fac-
ing at the moment. If past performance is
supposed to be the gauge of one's ability it
certainly is hard to guess who has the qual-
ity to make the Myanmar dream come true.
Because almost all the current leaders, even
those that are labeled as opposition are still
tethered to the previous regimes colours.
There are very few who can declare they
have no stains on them, their reputation is
clean.
And as for being pure, for people and
country, the conduct of the one and only,
extraordinary and exceptional Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi, has been casting doubt in the
minds of many for quite some time. Consid-
ered a political novice or rather a green-
horn at the beginning of the democracy
movement over two decades ago, she seems
to have emerged as a maestro who can
make the whole world dance to her tune. It
can't be denied that she has been the key-
stone in opening the doors of Myanmar.
Her endorsement of the 2010 elected con-
gregation, president as well as the govern-
ment and the whole lot that makes up the
parliament, was what got green lights flash-
ing in the east and west, or rather it may be
rightful more to say, in the four corners of
earth. Myanmar came to get visitors from
rarely heard of places and the flow of visi-
tors in and out, seemed to mean that been
to Myanmar was the fad of the day.
Let's say Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has
been the best sales promoter of Myanmar.
She has been able to place Myanmar with
all its flaws and defects, blemish and weak-
ness in the top lot. And in doing so and in
dealing with all those controversial elements
that make up the present structure of My-
anmar, she seems to show that in the years
in detention she honed the political talent
she inherited from her father. And because
she has become so can the people assume
now, that at least, they have gained a full-
fledge proponent they can completely de-
pend on?
There are many laws of life that can't
be denied and one is that man, survived by
adapting to his environment. This is not
dragging Darwin and his evolution theory
into this discussion but it will be a fallacy to
say that his survival of the fittest logic which
is rather like a catch all phrase in every
matter is not in accord with political situa-
tions.
To get along with one's surroundings
or environment mean need to be able to do
the appropriate feature and Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi has been for the past years doing
so, in and out of the country. And often her
adaptation has seemed to be so much over-
blown it has made frowns grow on the fore-
head of political analysts. Seeing her danc-
ing with those whom the people consider
the devil and often hearing her sing their
tune has made many doubt her sincerity.
But, still, there are those who see her
actions as political maneuvers that Myan-
mar's drastic condition necessitates and
points out that as she seems to be, in some
situations, straddling the fence, so are those
of the regime. And no accusation could be
truer than that.
The most reverberant sound that has
been rising to a crescendo in Myanmar
nowadays is the bellow of the people, with
the people, to the people' by various band-
wagon riders, both of the administration and
opponent. Offering the people a mixture of
EI dorado and Shangrila to mesmerize them
to vote for them in the coming election, their
real motive is to get the people by hook or
by crook. As the old song Promises, Prom-
ises.' it is certainly promises galore. Enough
to choke you!
Taking all these matters in mind it will
be rightful to conclude that all the king's
men, the present administration, dissident
and army, are doing their best to be seen
as a helping hand in reconstructing the
humpity-dumpity, here, Myanmar, that had
taken a resounding fall. And the people's
momentous duty is to be able to foresee the
true saviour.
At the top there are the four major
contenders, i.e, the opposition leader Daw
Aung San Suu Kyi, the president U Thein
Sein, the house speaker Thura Shwe Mann
and the army chief, senior general Min Aung
ACUMEN 61
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech at the National League
for Democracy (NLD) headquarters in Yangon on
27 September 2013 / Hein Zaw
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi delivers a speech at the National League
for Democracy (NLD) headquarters in Yangon on
27 September 2013 / Hein Zaw
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:05 PM 61
62 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Hlaing, standing there like com-
rades, but all assume that it is just
a facade to pacify the country's
various dissidents. And observing
them one can't ignore a glaring
fact. That is of those four, three
are those who enjoyed and still
are enjoying the prosperity and
potentiality of the arms force.
Going down to the second
or third or fourth rank of leader-
ship, the situation seldom differs.
It can be said that the 25 percent
army ratio declared in the consti-
tution is of little consequence out
in the field, where in reality the
army ratio of dominance is 75
percent and in some places more
so. In short it can be said that the
ruling class of Myanmar mostly
comprises former and ex and pre-
vious and present servicemen and
it can't be denied that whatever
differences those may have, true
to the motto, birds of a feather
stick together,' when required,
they are certain to discard their
internal friction and stand united
against those they consider as
their opponent. If as before, if the
people end up as their opponent,
just accept that god has forsaken
them.
It was Nehru, the first prime
minister of independent India
who said that you can judge the
growth of a nation by finding out
which class of that nation, in a
particular period of history, is held
in honour and reputed more than
the other."
And there are also words that seem
relevant to the above quote. "The first pan-
acea for a mismanaged nation is inflation
of the currency; the second is war. Both
bring a temporary prosperity; both bring a
permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of
political and economic opportunists," said
the great American author Ernest Heming-
way.
Any person who seriously studies
Myanmar, the country at this phrase, is cer-
tain to see whom were those that had been
honoured in its previous and present pre-
dicament and who were blessed with the
opportunity to milk the mismanaged nation.
So on whom should the people stack their
hope?
On whom should the people stack their
hopes, especially when all those that seem
to have the means to pave the people's way
to paradise are those who had fleeced the
country's treasures?
Some like to feel that
there are possibilities of a bet-
ter tomorrow in Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi strategy but others feel
that she hasn't the guts to dis-
rupt the present tranquility of
power sharing gained by her en-
dorsement and acceptance of
the present government with
warts and all.
But would the 75 per-
cent veteran stand stock-still and
let her carry on movement that
is certain to have percussion on
their previous activities. And
more so would Myanmar's great
neighbours, China, India, Bang-
ladesh and Thailand sit back
and let a hugh economic oppor-
tunity slip out of their hands.
Hope is what keeps the
world turning round. How it
turns and for who it turns and
who can counter act its motion
for the better of his kind is still
a hang-up question. The people
may be preparing to cast their
lot, in the coming election, with
the candidate they prefer. And
the way things are going the
constitution may be amended to
make Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
participation valid. But in the
after math how much of the
people's hope will be realized?
How long and how democrati-
cally free will the people be?
That is the question that haunts
the Myanmar of today.
It was also Napoleon Bonaparte who
said, Impossible is not a word in my dic-
tionary." Meaning any and everything is pos-
sible. And it was also his way, when choos-
ing his generals, to give preference to those
that are lucky. Try as much as the Myan-
mar may to get a good democratic leader,
may be, due to the current situation going
on, they may have to fall back to their Bud-
dhist philosophy and leave the matter to
fate or luck. A
Impossible is not a word
in my dictionary. Meaning
any and everything is possible.
And it was also his way, when
choosing his generals, to give
preference to those that are
lucky.
Napoleon
Opinion
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:24 PM 62 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:25 PM 11
62 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Hlaing, standing there like com-
rades, but all assume that it is just
a facade to pacify the country's
various dissidents. And observing
them one can't ignore a glaring
fact. That is of those four, three
are those who enjoyed and still
are enjoying the prosperity and
potentiality of the arms force.
Going down to the second
or third or fourth rank of leader-
ship, the situation seldom differs.
It can be said that the 25 percent
army ratio declared in the consti-
tution is of little consequence out
in the field, where in reality the
army ratio of dominance is 75
percent and in some places more
so. In short it can be said that the
ruling class of Myanmar mostly
comprises former and ex and pre-
vious and present servicemen and
it can't be denied that whatever
differences those may have, true
to the motto, birds of a feather
stick together,' when required,
they are certain to discard their
internal friction and stand united
against those they consider as
their opponent. If as before, if the
people end up as their opponent,
just accept that god has forsaken
them.
It was Nehru, the first prime
minister of independent India
who said that you can judge the
growth of a nation by finding out
which class of that nation, in a
particular period of history, is held
in honour and reputed more than
the other."
And there are also words that seem
relevant to the above quote. "The first pan-
acea for a mismanaged nation is inflation
of the currency; the second is war. Both
bring a temporary prosperity; both bring a
permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of
political and economic opportunists," said
the great American author Ernest Heming-
way.
Any person who seriously studies
Myanmar, the country at this phrase, is cer-
tain to see whom were those that had been
honoured in its previous and present pre-
dicament and who were blessed with the
opportunity to milk the mismanaged nation.
So on whom should the people stack their
hope?
On whom should the people stack their
hopes, especially when all those that seem
to have the means to pave the people's way
to paradise are those who had fleeced the
country's treasures?
Some like to feel that
there are possibilities of a bet-
ter tomorrow in Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi strategy but others feel
that she hasn't the guts to dis-
rupt the present tranquility of
power sharing gained by her en-
dorsement and acceptance of
the present government with
warts and all.
But would the 75 per-
cent veteran stand stock-still and
let her carry on movement that
is certain to have percussion on
their previous activities. And
more so would Myanmar's great
neighbours, China, India, Bang-
ladesh and Thailand sit back
and let a hugh economic oppor-
tunity slip out of their hands.
Hope is what keeps the
world turning round. How it
turns and for who it turns and
who can counter act its motion
for the better of his kind is still
a hang-up question. The people
may be preparing to cast their
lot, in the coming election, with
the candidate they prefer. And
the way things are going the
constitution may be amended to
make Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
participation valid. But in the
after math how much of the
people's hope will be realized?
How long and how democrati-
cally free will the people be?
That is the question that haunts
the Myanmar of today.
It was also Napoleon Bonaparte who
said, Impossible is not a word in my dic-
tionary." Meaning any and everything is pos-
sible. And it was also his way, when choos-
ing his generals, to give preference to those
that are lucky. Try as much as the Myan-
mar may to get a good democratic leader,
may be, due to the current situation going
on, they may have to fall back to their Bud-
dhist philosophy and leave the matter to
fate or luck. A
Impossible is not a word
in my dictionary. Meaning
any and everything is possible.
And it was also his way, when
choosing his generals, to give
preference to those that are
lucky.
Napoleon
Opinion
How Free Can Myanmar Be.pmd 10/11/2013, 12:24 PM 62 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:25 PM 11
64 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
This article will address the issues of
Traditional Management and the skills that
are involved in Change Management.
Myanmar is now facing enormous
challenges with the country opening up to
the outside world economy. This will im-
pact the way Myanmar companies do busi-
ness in the future, and in particu-
lar raise questions about leader-
ship and management. It will be
necessary to revalue current
management styles and see new
management and leadership
emerge. Organizational transfor-
mation will be necessary to en-
sure that Myanmar companies
can compete both on domestic markets and
internationally.
The tradi ti onal pri nci pl es of
management can be categorized into the
four maj or functi ons of Pl anni ng,
Organizing, Leading and Controlling (The
P.O.L.C framework).
All of these functions require solid
management and leadership skills, both on
strategic and operational level. Management
relationship with Leadership is interesting
in as much as it involves some fundamental
differences. Some of those differences can
be summarized by directly comparing the
1. Vision & Mission 1. Organization Design 1. Leadership 1. Systems/Processes
2. Strategizing 2. Culture 2. Decision Making 2. Human Resources
3. Goals & Objectives 3. Social Networks 3. Communications
4. Groups/Teams
5. Motivation
Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Organizing Organizing Organizing Organizing Organizing Leading Leading Leading Leading Leading Controlling Controlling Controlling Controlling Controlling
64 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:02 PM 64
ACUMEN 65
roles of both roles
- Managers administer, leaders
innovate
- Managers ask how and when,
leaders ask what and why
- Managers focus on systems, leaders
focus on people
- Managers do things right, leaders
do the right things
Whatever these differences are, an
organization needs both leaders and
managers to achieve an effective running
of the business. But for most organizations
its usually about managing and leading an
existing business and try optimize the
results of doing business, whatever way it
is measured. Financial Rations, Shareholder
Value, Market Value Organizational
Performance Measures etc.
But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization
need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate?
This article will look into the need
for adapting the traditional management
and leadership functions and skills to deal
with changes. What we can refer to as
Change Management.
Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't
for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be
relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing,
Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would
be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no
di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. So why do So why do So why do So why do So why do
Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change?
Organizations need to change and
adapt both for Internal and External
reasons. We can evaluate these changes
by using the well-known SWOT analysis,
which give us a tool to look at the internal
factors (Strength, Weakness) and the
external factors (Opportunities, Threats).
But there are a wide range of tools
available to management to access the
organization's current competitive position.
Some of these are PEST (Political,
Economic, Social Demographic, and
Technology), EFAS (External Factor
Analysis Summary), IFAS (Internal Factors
Analysis Summary), Value Chain, Balanced
Scorecard, Strategic Canvas, Kaizen, 6
Sigma etc. All of these indicators will help
management to evaluate the current
competitive position of the company. So if
those indicators show that the company is
not in an optimal position, it is maybe time
for changes and innovation. This is where
the traditional management skillsets will
be challenged. Change Management
requires a whole new set of skills to guide
the organization through uncertainty and
often fear. Good leadership and good
implementation management skills are a
must in order to succeed.
The first thing is for management to
accept the role they play in organizational
change. They act like a kind of catalyst for
the change. Like a change agent.
After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity
and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the
status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers
effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to
changes? changes? changes? changes? changes?
Here are some suggestions:
1. 1. 1. 1. 1. Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change
Is the organization ready for changes?
Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal
and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve
Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization,
Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc.
But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does
management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h
changes? changes? changes? changes? changes?
Changes usually involved increased
stress level and uncertainty on the
organization. People often tend to react to
changes by first reject, being upset, angry
until it is accepted and then corporation.
It i s therefore i mportant that
management have a strong change process
in place so it can effectively deal with
resi stance and stress and provi de
stimulation for changes and innovation.
So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their
Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills?
Management needs to ask several questions
and the more affirmative answers they get
the more likely it is that change efforts
will succeed.
Some questions will involve whether
the driver of the changes is powerful
enough to effectively deal with resistance.
Other questions relate to the senior
management's commitment to the change,
and their ability to convey the need for
change and share it with others in the
organization. Some questions will address
the vision and the future of the organization
and do management have clear SMART
objectives in place to evaluate the change
effort and reward systems. The
management also needs to be clear about
if a specific change effort is consistent with
other changes going on in the organization.
And very importantly is the question about
ACUMEN 65
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 65
64 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Opinion
This article will address the issues of
Traditional Management and the skills that
are involved in Change Management.
Myanmar is now facing enormous
challenges with the country opening up to
the outside world economy. This will im-
pact the way Myanmar companies do busi-
ness in the future, and in particu-
lar raise questions about leader-
ship and management. It will be
necessary to revalue current
management styles and see new
management and leadership
emerge. Organizational transfor-
mation will be necessary to en-
sure that Myanmar companies
can compete both on domestic markets and
internationally.
The tradi ti onal pri nci pl es of
management can be categorized into the
four maj or functi ons of Pl anni ng,
Organizing, Leading and Controlling (The
P.O.L.C framework).
All of these functions require solid
management and leadership skills, both on
strategic and operational level. Management
relationship with Leadership is interesting
in as much as it involves some fundamental
differences. Some of those differences can
be summarized by directly comparing the
1. Vision & Mission 1. Organization Design 1. Leadership 1. Systems/Processes
2. Strategizing 2. Culture 2. Decision Making 2. Human Resources
3. Goals & Objectives 3. Social Networks 3. Communications
4. Groups/Teams
5. Motivation
Planning Planning Planning Planning Planning Organizing Organizing Organizing Organizing Organizing Leading Leading Leading Leading Leading Controlling Controlling Controlling Controlling Controlling
64 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/13/2013, 2:02 PM 64
ACUMEN 65
roles of both roles
- Managers administer, leaders
innovate
- Managers ask how and when,
leaders ask what and why
- Managers focus on systems, leaders
focus on people
- Managers do things right, leaders
do the right things
Whatever these differences are, an
organization needs both leaders and
managers to achieve an effective running
of the business. But for most organizations
its usually about managing and leading an
existing business and try optimize the
results of doing business, whatever way it
is measured. Financial Rations, Shareholder
Value, Market Value Organizational
Performance Measures etc.
But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization But what happens when an organization
need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate? need to Change and Innovate?
This article will look into the need
for adapting the traditional management
and leadership functions and skills to deal
with changes. What we can refer to as
Change Management.
Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't Why is change important? If it weren't
for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be for changes a manager's job would be
relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. relatively easy. Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing, Planning, Organizing,
Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would Leading and Controlling (P.O.L.C) would
be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no be easier because tomorrow would be no
di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. di f f erent t han t oday. So why do So why do So why do So why do So why do
Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change? Organizations need to change?
Organizations need to change and
adapt both for Internal and External
reasons. We can evaluate these changes
by using the well-known SWOT analysis,
which give us a tool to look at the internal
factors (Strength, Weakness) and the
external factors (Opportunities, Threats).
But there are a wide range of tools
available to management to access the
organization's current competitive position.
Some of these are PEST (Political,
Economic, Social Demographic, and
Technology), EFAS (External Factor
Analysis Summary), IFAS (Internal Factors
Analysis Summary), Value Chain, Balanced
Scorecard, Strategic Canvas, Kaizen, 6
Sigma etc. All of these indicators will help
management to evaluate the current
competitive position of the company. So if
those indicators show that the company is
not in an optimal position, it is maybe time
for changes and innovation. This is where
the traditional management skillsets will
be challenged. Change Management
requires a whole new set of skills to guide
the organization through uncertainty and
often fear. Good leadership and good
implementation management skills are a
must in order to succeed.
The first thing is for management to
accept the role they play in organizational
change. They act like a kind of catalyst for
the change. Like a change agent.
After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity After all changes represents ambiguity
and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the and uncertainty and can threaten the
status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers status quo. So how can managers
effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to effectively overcome this resistance to
changes? changes? changes? changes? changes?
Here are some suggestions:
1. 1. 1. 1. 1. Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change Carefully assess the climate for change
Is the organization ready for changes?
Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal Changes can be related to both internal
and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve and external factors. It can involve
Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization, Structure, Technology, Organization,
Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc. Products, R&D, Marketing and Sales etc.
But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does But the common denominator is how does
management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h management ef f ect i vel y deal wi t h
changes? changes? changes? changes? changes?
Changes usually involved increased
stress level and uncertainty on the
organization. People often tend to react to
changes by first reject, being upset, angry
until it is accepted and then corporation.
It i s therefore i mportant that
management have a strong change process
in place so it can effectively deal with
resi stance and stress and provi de
stimulation for changes and innovation.
So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their So how can managers develop their
Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills? Change Management Skills?
Management needs to ask several questions
and the more affirmative answers they get
the more likely it is that change efforts
will succeed.
Some questions will involve whether
the driver of the changes is powerful
enough to effectively deal with resistance.
Other questions relate to the senior
management's commitment to the change,
and their ability to convey the need for
change and share it with others in the
organization. Some questions will address
the vision and the future of the organization
and do management have clear SMART
objectives in place to evaluate the change
effort and reward systems. The
management also needs to be clear about
if a specific change effort is consistent with
other changes going on in the organization.
And very importantly is the question about
ACUMEN 65
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 65
66 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
risk? Are employees being rewarded for
taking risks, being innovative and looking
for new and better solutions? Does
communication flow both down and up in
the organization, and do employees happy
and trust the management? These are just
some of the many questions management
need to ask to effectively manage the
change process.
2. 2. 2. 2. 2. There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management
can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he
resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six
examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with
resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change:
- Education &Communication. This
can clear up misunderstanding
- Participation which can increase
involvement and acceptance
- Facilitation and support which is
useful when there is a high level of
anxiety and fear
- Negotiation which is useful when
management need to "buy"
commitment
- Manipulation can be used as an
inexpensive and easy way to get
support
- Coercion as a strategy when a
powerful group's support is needed.
3. 3. 3. 3. 3. The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management
i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of
communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees
regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management
is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place
both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is
being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the
change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important
that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning
from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid
making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. A close study A close study A close study A close study A close study
of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice
is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable
So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change
Happen? Happen? Happen? Happen? Happen?
We can look at this question by using
two kinds of metaphors. There is the so
called "calm waters" metaphor which kind
of look at the organization as a large ship
sailing in calm waters. The management
(captain and crew) know exactly where
they are going because they done it so
many times before. Changes are only
needed when a sudden storm or brief
distraction occur. The other scenario is
referred to as the "white-water rapids"
metaphor where the organization is like a
small raft running down a wild raging river
with uninterrupted white-water rapids. On
board are people who might never have
worked together before and perhaps are
unfamiliar with the river (business
environment).
an indebt exploration of both the accounts
of organizational success that have been
provided by noted practitioners, and the
accounts that have been provided by
academics utilizing a range of empirical
and theoretical approaches to research.
There are numerous accounts of
l eaders and managers who have
successfully transformed their business and
perfected the fine art of Transformational
and Change Management. Perhaps one of
the most successful is Jack Welch the
former CEO of General Electric, who over
a period of 20 years increased GE's market
So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of
constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change?
No, not every manager faces such a
world. However, the number who doesn't
is getting smaller. The stability and
predictability of the calm waters metaphor
don't really exist. This is very true for the
new business environment that Myanmar
is now facing. So therefore the need for
good Change Management skills is so
important now.
There will be challenges of personal
and professional development that confront
those who wi sh to i ncrease thei r
effectiveness as business leaders.
What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to
strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management
skills? skills? skills? skills? skills?
Well first of all they can undertake
capitalization over 20 fold, from 13 billion
$ to 200 billion $. It was through his vision
and change management that he guided
GE though new times and took opportunity
of a changing world. His 7-Point Program
for Management by Leadership can be
summarized are very simple:
1. Develop a vision for thebusiness
2. Change the culture toachieve
the vision
3. Flatten the organization
4. Eliminate bureaucracy
5. Empower individuals
6. Raise quality and efficiency
7. Eliminate boundaries
Here are some examples of his
messages to other leaders. These messages
are applicable for any industry and any
market whether a developed western
country or emerging markets in Asia, like
Opinion
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 66
ACUMEN 67
Myanmar.
- Business is simple.
- Don' t make busi ness overl y
complicated.
- Face reality; then act decisively.
- Don't be afraid of change.
- Change before you have to.
- Fight bureaucracy.
- Use the brains of your workers.
- Discover who has the best ideas,
and put those ideas into practice.
Jack Welch's transformation of GE is
a clear example of a leader creating a story
for the future of the organization based on
leadership and organisational success.
Although there are some academics who
question the claim that leadership is crucial
to organisational outcomes, the majority
view certainly holds that it is effective
leadership that constitutes one of the key
competitive advantages for successful
organisations.
Now let us turn to the many accounts
that have been provided by academics
uti l i zi ng a range of empi ri cal and
theoretical approaches to research.
These are textbooks with a numerous
theories on how to handle Change
Management and create a winning
organization.
There are two books I like to introduce
in this article. One is the book Blue Ocean
written by W. Chan Kim & Renee
Mauborgne. The book talks about the way
companies can create a competitive
advantage by using the concept of
swimming (doing business) in Blue Oceans
(create barriers for competitors) as opposed
to Red Oceans (where there are a lot of
competition)
they studied had no or little relationship
to superior business performance.
In their opinion what does matter, it
turned out, is having a strong grasp of the
business basics. Without exception,
companies that outperformed their industry
peers excelled at what we call the four
primary management practices-strategy,
execution, culture, and structure. And they
supplemented their great skill in those
areas with a mastery of any two out of
four secondary management practices-
talent, innovation, leadership, and mergers
and partnerships.
So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question?
Are Leaders Born? Or Are They
Made? Or Both
Many think that Leaders are simply
born with the DNA to lead. Many others
think that "Leadership" can be learned and
grown wi th proper educati on and
experience.
Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination
of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest
the elements of his own 'who I am' story.
Welch loves to compete. He knows
what it's like to win and lose, and he likes
winning better.
When he became CEO he began to
author a story about GE becoming a
winner: he proposed that GE should
become the most competitive company on
the planet.
Jack Welch is just one of many leaders
who have successfully transformed their
business and even industries. Others have
included Carlos Gnosh of Nissan, Sir
Richard Branson, Michael Dell, Larry Page
and Sergey Brin the founders of Google,
Lee Kuan Yew, the charismatic leader of
modern Singapore.
All of these leaders and many more
are a testimony to the theory pointing out
the connecti ons between effecti ve
The other book is "What Really
Works" by byNitinNohria, William Joyce,
and Bruce Roberson.
They carefully examined more than
200 well-established management practices
as they were employed over a ten-year
period by 160 companies to try determining
which management practice work best. The
conclusion came as a bit of surprise. Most
of the management tools and techniques
Red Ocean versus Blue Ocean Strategy
Compete in existing market space. Create uncontested market space.
Beat the competition. Make the competition irrelevant.
Exploit existing demand. Create and capture new demand.
Make the value-cost trade-off. Break the value-cost trade-off.
Align the whole system of a firm's Align the whole system of a firm's activities in
activities with its strategic choice of pursuit of differentiationand low cost.
differentiation or low cost.
Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy
leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think?
Whatever the answer is we must
accept that the way we manage our
business in the future in Myanmar, will
change simply due to the new challenges
we are facing, both internally and
externally. To be truly competitive in the
new business environment, Myanmar
leaders and managers must adapt and
master the art of Change Management. A
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 67
66 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
risk? Are employees being rewarded for
taking risks, being innovative and looking
for new and better solutions? Does
communication flow both down and up in
the organization, and do employees happy
and trust the management? These are just
some of the many questions management
need to ask to effectively manage the
change process.
2. 2. 2. 2. 2. There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management There are several ways management
can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he can approach and manage t he
resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six resistance to change. Here are six
examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with examples of strategies for dealing with
resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change: resistance to change:
- Education &Communication. This
can clear up misunderstanding
- Participation which can increase
involvement and acceptance
- Facilitation and support which is
useful when there is a high level of
anxiety and fear
- Negotiation which is useful when
management need to "buy"
commitment
- Manipulation can be used as an
inexpensive and easy way to get
support
- Coercion as a strategy when a
powerful group's support is needed.
3. 3. 3. 3. 3. The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management The final stage of Change Management
i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of i nvol ves t he i mport ance of
communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees communication with the employees
regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management regarding what support management
is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place is able to provide. This must take place
both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is both during the time the change is
being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the being implemented and after the
change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important change is completed. It is important
that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning that the organization takes learning
from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid from previous changes to avoid
making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. making same mistakes. A close study A close study A close study A close study A close study
of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice of other organizations Best Practice
is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable is also valuable
So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change So How Does Organizational Change
Happen? Happen? Happen? Happen? Happen?
We can look at this question by using
two kinds of metaphors. There is the so
called "calm waters" metaphor which kind
of look at the organization as a large ship
sailing in calm waters. The management
(captain and crew) know exactly where
they are going because they done it so
many times before. Changes are only
needed when a sudden storm or brief
distraction occur. The other scenario is
referred to as the "white-water rapids"
metaphor where the organization is like a
small raft running down a wild raging river
with uninterrupted white-water rapids. On
board are people who might never have
worked together before and perhaps are
unfamiliar with the river (business
environment).
an indebt exploration of both the accounts
of organizational success that have been
provided by noted practitioners, and the
accounts that have been provided by
academics utilizing a range of empirical
and theoretical approaches to research.
There are numerous accounts of
l eaders and managers who have
successfully transformed their business and
perfected the fine art of Transformational
and Change Management. Perhaps one of
the most successful is Jack Welch the
former CEO of General Electric, who over
a period of 20 years increased GE's market
So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of So does every manager face a world of
constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change? constant and chaotic change?
No, not every manager faces such a
world. However, the number who doesn't
is getting smaller. The stability and
predictability of the calm waters metaphor
don't really exist. This is very true for the
new business environment that Myanmar
is now facing. So therefore the need for
good Change Management skills is so
important now.
There will be challenges of personal
and professional development that confront
those who wi sh to i ncrease thei r
effectiveness as business leaders.
What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to What can managers and leaders do to
strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management strengthen their Change Management
skills? skills? skills? skills? skills?
Well first of all they can undertake
capitalization over 20 fold, from 13 billion
$ to 200 billion $. It was through his vision
and change management that he guided
GE though new times and took opportunity
of a changing world. His 7-Point Program
for Management by Leadership can be
summarized are very simple:
1. Develop a vision for thebusiness
2. Change the culture toachieve
the vision
3. Flatten the organization
4. Eliminate bureaucracy
5. Empower individuals
6. Raise quality and efficiency
7. Eliminate boundaries
Here are some examples of his
messages to other leaders. These messages
are applicable for any industry and any
market whether a developed western
country or emerging markets in Asia, like
Opinion
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 66
ACUMEN 67
Myanmar.
- Business is simple.
- Don' t make busi ness overl y
complicated.
- Face reality; then act decisively.
- Don't be afraid of change.
- Change before you have to.
- Fight bureaucracy.
- Use the brains of your workers.
- Discover who has the best ideas,
and put those ideas into practice.
Jack Welch's transformation of GE is
a clear example of a leader creating a story
for the future of the organization based on
leadership and organisational success.
Although there are some academics who
question the claim that leadership is crucial
to organisational outcomes, the majority
view certainly holds that it is effective
leadership that constitutes one of the key
competitive advantages for successful
organisations.
Now let us turn to the many accounts
that have been provided by academics
uti l i zi ng a range of empi ri cal and
theoretical approaches to research.
These are textbooks with a numerous
theories on how to handle Change
Management and create a winning
organization.
There are two books I like to introduce
in this article. One is the book Blue Ocean
written by W. Chan Kim & Renee
Mauborgne. The book talks about the way
companies can create a competitive
advantage by using the concept of
swimming (doing business) in Blue Oceans
(create barriers for competitors) as opposed
to Red Oceans (where there are a lot of
competition)
they studied had no or little relationship
to superior business performance.
In their opinion what does matter, it
turned out, is having a strong grasp of the
business basics. Without exception,
companies that outperformed their industry
peers excelled at what we call the four
primary management practices-strategy,
execution, culture, and structure. And they
supplemented their great skill in those
areas with a mastery of any two out of
four secondary management practices-
talent, innovation, leadership, and mergers
and partnerships.
So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question? So let us ask the question?
Are Leaders Born? Or Are They
Made? Or Both
Many think that Leaders are simply
born with the DNA to lead. Many others
think that "Leadership" can be learned and
grown wi th proper educati on and
experience.
Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination Some others think that it is a combination
of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest of the two that breeds the greatest
the elements of his own 'who I am' story.
Welch loves to compete. He knows
what it's like to win and lose, and he likes
winning better.
When he became CEO he began to
author a story about GE becoming a
winner: he proposed that GE should
become the most competitive company on
the planet.
Jack Welch is just one of many leaders
who have successfully transformed their
business and even industries. Others have
included Carlos Gnosh of Nissan, Sir
Richard Branson, Michael Dell, Larry Page
and Sergey Brin the founders of Google,
Lee Kuan Yew, the charismatic leader of
modern Singapore.
All of these leaders and many more
are a testimony to the theory pointing out
the connecti ons between effecti ve
The other book is "What Really
Works" by byNitinNohria, William Joyce,
and Bruce Roberson.
They carefully examined more than
200 well-established management practices
as they were employed over a ten-year
period by 160 companies to try determining
which management practice work best. The
conclusion came as a bit of surprise. Most
of the management tools and techniques
Red Ocean versus Blue Ocean Strategy
Compete in existing market space. Create uncontested market space.
Beat the competition. Make the competition irrelevant.
Exploit existing demand. Create and capture new demand.
Make the value-cost trade-off. Break the value-cost trade-off.
Align the whole system of a firm's Align the whole system of a firm's activities in
activities with its strategic choice of pursuit of differentiationand low cost.
differentiation or low cost.
Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Red Ocean versus Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy Blue Ocean Strategy
leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think? leaders... What do you think?
Whatever the answer is we must
accept that the way we manage our
business in the future in Myanmar, will
change simply due to the new challenges
we are facing, both internally and
externally. To be truly competitive in the
new business environment, Myanmar
leaders and managers must adapt and
master the art of Change Management. A
Managing Change-Mikael.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:35 PM 67
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:26 PM 11
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:26 PM 11 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:27 PM 11
70 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture
70 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:32 PM 70
ACUMEN 71 ACUMEN 71
Myanmar army at Ayutthaya went home by two routes. One
went east towardsToungoo, They carry only light arms and
loads. They were to make rapid march to reach Ava and meet
Chinese forces.
Another route to home was towards south of Ayuttaya and
then towards Dawae. They were slow in their march as they
carry heavy loads and weapons such as guns. They would take
months on the way From Dawae, they would proceed by sea to
Yangon and then sailed up the Ayeyarwaddy river to Ava.
An officer in charge of a detachment was found struggling
with a load put on beasts of burden. He was from Thin-baung-
gyin village,(See map) north-west of Ava. He is still called by
his native villagers as Thin-baung-gyin Bo'.
His soldiers were also equally laden with loads entrusted
to each by a Myanmar general. Mostly they were carrying war
booty- like guns and arsenals. These they were to deliver at the
capital Ava. They also took Thai captives with them.
It was a real hardship on the way. There were many untold
stories. Both Myanmar soldiers and Thai captives, many were.left
behind exhausted or with illness and the heavy loads were
piled on the road side. Some joined them later on. Some loads
so heavy and unable to carry on, the General decided to abandon
them at secret places. Few detachments were purposely left
behind to settle new villages near the secret sites.
The Myanmar soldiers carefully marked the spot where
they hid the treasures. But treacherous jungle covered all the
posts and marks in no time with vines and trees and the
carnivores prowled the area making it a no-man's-land. With
time, treasures were lost but not forgotten and their tales or
rumors continued even now, added with myth, magic and make-
ups.
Since then, rumors spread along the road about fabulous
treasures hidden at several places in the jungle all along the
road to Dawae.
In 1933, Thuriya magazine in Yangon published an article
about a Yodaya Thike' (Ayutthaya Tressures) by Myo Tha, from
0-loke quarter, Dawae. It says the treasures were left behind by
the Myanmar army on its way back home via Dawae. It is
reasonable that few 'Thike' really exist and there are secret
surveys made from Thai side. Few years ago, a sounding was
even made by a Thai Princess visiting Dawae.
Coming back by Dawae route, few lucky ones with robust
health did reach their home within 3 or 4 months. Those affected
by malaria, fatigue and other illness reach Ava after 6 months
or so.
A lucky one who came home was Thin-baung-gyin Bo' or
captain and his soldiers recruited from the villages around. His
name was mentioned in a chronicle, the fourth volume of ' Thu-
tho-dita Maha Y arzawin-daw-gyi.
On his way back he was to escort a group of Thai plus a
load of trophy which his general entrusted him to deliver at
Ava. He also carried back three wooden standing Buddha statues
each about three cubits high. Thin-baung-gyin villagers said
that he was a pious man, offering flowers to the Buddha images
at every camp they rested for a night and always prayed to the
Lord that he would behave fairly towards his men and Thai
captives he was taking along with him and that the Deva should
help all of them to reach their home, Ava safely. And they did.
Arriving Ava, he delivered the Thais to the officers
concerned plus the war booty both he and his soldiers had
carried all the way back. But the three Buddha images, he
carefully packed and carried all the way, he took them to his
village.
His village is far in the interior, now-a-day in Kant-balu
township. (See Map) Soon he and his men found themselves
warmly welcomed by his native villagers. They all rejoiced
more so because he had carried back three standing Buddha
statues to worship at the village.
Immediately they all carried them to the village monastery.
The abbot received them humbly and put them on a high alter.
Years passed. Abbots of the village changed one after
another. Thin-baung-gyin Bo passed away. But the Thai images
remained in the monastery.
Since then for over 200 years, the three standing images
are here. Miraculously the three images escaped destruction
from the Second World War. The villagers believed that the
Buddha statues would protect them. When Japanese soldiers
came, they did not give any trouble. So the statues were highly
revered and respected by the villagers.
Again in a hard time under the rule of socialism, all people
turned to black market for a survival. Many Buddha images of
wood, marble, and bronze and art objects disappeared from
everywhere but these statues from this village escaped looting.
Discovery Discovery Discovery Discovery Discovery
It has been never observed by any scholar of history and
art before. So we can rather say their existence was unknown
even to the Myanmar scholars.
On 16 July 2013, U Win Maung, a scholar of traditional
architecture, and his team visited the village. All village
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 71
70 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture
70 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:32 PM 70
ACUMEN 71 ACUMEN 71
Myanmar army at Ayutthaya went home by two routes. One
went east towardsToungoo, They carry only light arms and
loads. They were to make rapid march to reach Ava and meet
Chinese forces.
Another route to home was towards south of Ayuttaya and
then towards Dawae. They were slow in their march as they
carry heavy loads and weapons such as guns. They would take
months on the way From Dawae, they would proceed by sea to
Yangon and then sailed up the Ayeyarwaddy river to Ava.
An officer in charge of a detachment was found struggling
with a load put on beasts of burden. He was from Thin-baung-
gyin village,(See map) north-west of Ava. He is still called by
his native villagers as Thin-baung-gyin Bo'.
His soldiers were also equally laden with loads entrusted
to each by a Myanmar general. Mostly they were carrying war
booty- like guns and arsenals. These they were to deliver at the
capital Ava. They also took Thai captives with them.
It was a real hardship on the way. There were many untold
stories. Both Myanmar soldiers and Thai captives, many were.left
behind exhausted or with illness and the heavy loads were
piled on the road side. Some joined them later on. Some loads
so heavy and unable to carry on, the General decided to abandon
them at secret places. Few detachments were purposely left
behind to settle new villages near the secret sites.
The Myanmar soldiers carefully marked the spot where
they hid the treasures. But treacherous jungle covered all the
posts and marks in no time with vines and trees and the
carnivores prowled the area making it a no-man's-land. With
time, treasures were lost but not forgotten and their tales or
rumors continued even now, added with myth, magic and make-
ups.
Since then, rumors spread along the road about fabulous
treasures hidden at several places in the jungle all along the
road to Dawae.
In 1933, Thuriya magazine in Yangon published an article
about a Yodaya Thike' (Ayutthaya Tressures) by Myo Tha, from
0-loke quarter, Dawae. It says the treasures were left behind by
the Myanmar army on its way back home via Dawae. It is
reasonable that few 'Thike' really exist and there are secret
surveys made from Thai side. Few years ago, a sounding was
even made by a Thai Princess visiting Dawae.
Coming back by Dawae route, few lucky ones with robust
health did reach their home within 3 or 4 months. Those affected
by malaria, fatigue and other illness reach Ava after 6 months
or so.
A lucky one who came home was Thin-baung-gyin Bo' or
captain and his soldiers recruited from the villages around. His
name was mentioned in a chronicle, the fourth volume of ' Thu-
tho-dita Maha Y arzawin-daw-gyi.
On his way back he was to escort a group of Thai plus a
load of trophy which his general entrusted him to deliver at
Ava. He also carried back three wooden standing Buddha statues
each about three cubits high. Thin-baung-gyin villagers said
that he was a pious man, offering flowers to the Buddha images
at every camp they rested for a night and always prayed to the
Lord that he would behave fairly towards his men and Thai
captives he was taking along with him and that the Deva should
help all of them to reach their home, Ava safely. And they did.
Arriving Ava, he delivered the Thais to the officers
concerned plus the war booty both he and his soldiers had
carried all the way back. But the three Buddha images, he
carefully packed and carried all the way, he took them to his
village.
His village is far in the interior, now-a-day in Kant-balu
township. (See Map) Soon he and his men found themselves
warmly welcomed by his native villagers. They all rejoiced
more so because he had carried back three standing Buddha
statues to worship at the village.
Immediately they all carried them to the village monastery.
The abbot received them humbly and put them on a high alter.
Years passed. Abbots of the village changed one after
another. Thin-baung-gyin Bo passed away. But the Thai images
remained in the monastery.
Since then for over 200 years, the three standing images
are here. Miraculously the three images escaped destruction
from the Second World War. The villagers believed that the
Buddha statues would protect them. When Japanese soldiers
came, they did not give any trouble. So the statues were highly
revered and respected by the villagers.
Again in a hard time under the rule of socialism, all people
turned to black market for a survival. Many Buddha images of
wood, marble, and bronze and art objects disappeared from
everywhere but these statues from this village escaped looting.
Discovery Discovery Discovery Discovery Discovery
It has been never observed by any scholar of history and
art before. So we can rather say their existence was unknown
even to the Myanmar scholars.
On 16 July 2013, U Win Maung, a scholar of traditional
architecture, and his team visited the village. All village
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 71
72 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture
Hand gestures of the Standing Buddha Images in Thin-
baung-gyin village
monasteries were the centre of social and cultural activities.
The team went straight to the only monastery. Here to their
surprise and joy, they discovered the three Buddha images.
Each is about three cubits high, all in standing posture.
In spite of a sign of restoration once or twice like putting
on new gold leaves and glass mosaic, the last time being in the
last 90 years or so, the three images are found to retain originality.
The most prominent are decoration on the chest and a
broad cover around the waist and buttock, a common Thai
decoration but a very unusual feature in Myanmar standing
Buddha images.
The Bo (captain) of this village could not have taken the
thrones or pedestals on which the statue were standing; he had
to leave them behind as the images were most important for
him. The pedestals are now a simple block rather than their
original truncated triangular shape.
Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference
Regarding the tapering crown, there are two types in
Myanmar tradition. 1- Makuda or Magite (Makut in Thai) and 2-
Tharafu (Saraphu).
Makuda has a flat band around the forehead with receding
tiers with (5, 7 or 9) of Tamarind leaves as it goes up, topped
with a small bulb known as Baung'.
Tha-ra-phu has a bulbous base around the forehead with
receding bulbous ring as it goes up to end on a spire.
Myanmar Kings rarely used Tharaphu (Saraphu) and so
also it was the same on Buddh' s head. Maghite was always the
choice both for Buddha and the King.
However here in all Thai style Buddha images, only
Tharaphu crowns the head.
These are found to be 'repelling danger' gesture. In Laos
this repelling gestures is popularly known as Phra Bang'.
P PP PPhra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image
When a standing Buddha displays his palm up and another
with index pointing towards worshipper, it conveys a meaning
You! Don't Worry, Don't Fear' . In other words, it repels danger
and gives protection.
If two palms are held up, it was known as Double Phra
Bang image. This Phra Bang image was so popular and most
revered in the whole of South-east Asia.
In Laos, Laotian people offer the most profound respect
and honor to Phra Bang' image. The whole nation and people
Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is
conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous
Very well, the ear piece (a decoration flap behind the ear)
is either Myanmar design or Thai. (See figures and King Thibaw's
Maghite) Both types are fpound in Myanmar.
Tha-ra-phu
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 72
ACUMEN 73
believe that this image would protect them
from all dangers.
In ancient time, this image was kept in Luang Pra Bang,
the northern capital. The capital itself derived its name from
this image. Now this sacred mage is kept in Vien Chan, the
present capital.
Ancient Myanmar documented this capital as Mai Long
Kha Bin which derived etymologically from Muang Luang Phra
Bang!
In conclusion, the standing Buddha images with danger
repelling' gestures were still revered in the distant village, deep
in the interior of Myanmar, revealing their deep faith and respect
to the religion.
What the captain of the village did in the bygone past was
a good example that Myanmar soldiers in Ayutthiaya battle
respected Buddha images. It was a standing witness against
what few Thai scholars wrote in their history books.
There are many such examples as we can still find Buddha
images with Thai design. These images are now found on high
alter in monasteries as the families which revered them
generation after generation fmally handed over to abbots. (See
two photos of Thai Buddha images.) A
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 73
72 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Culture
Hand gestures of the Standing Buddha Images in Thin-
baung-gyin village
monasteries were the centre of social and cultural activities.
The team went straight to the only monastery. Here to their
surprise and joy, they discovered the three Buddha images.
Each is about three cubits high, all in standing posture.
In spite of a sign of restoration once or twice like putting
on new gold leaves and glass mosaic, the last time being in the
last 90 years or so, the three images are found to retain originality.
The most prominent are decoration on the chest and a
broad cover around the waist and buttock, a common Thai
decoration but a very unusual feature in Myanmar standing
Buddha images.
The Bo (captain) of this village could not have taken the
thrones or pedestals on which the statue were standing; he had
to leave them behind as the images were most important for
him. The pedestals are now a simple block rather than their
original truncated triangular shape.
Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference Thai and Myanmar Difference
Regarding the tapering crown, there are two types in
Myanmar tradition. 1- Makuda or Magite (Makut in Thai) and 2-
Tharafu (Saraphu).
Makuda has a flat band around the forehead with receding
tiers with (5, 7 or 9) of Tamarind leaves as it goes up, topped
with a small bulb known as Baung'.
Tha-ra-phu has a bulbous base around the forehead with
receding bulbous ring as it goes up to end on a spire.
Myanmar Kings rarely used Tharaphu (Saraphu) and so
also it was the same on Buddh' s head. Maghite was always the
choice both for Buddha and the King.
However here in all Thai style Buddha images, only
Tharaphu crowns the head.
These are found to be 'repelling danger' gesture. In Laos
this repelling gestures is popularly known as Phra Bang'.
P PP PPhra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image hra Bang Image
When a standing Buddha displays his palm up and another
with index pointing towards worshipper, it conveys a meaning
You! Don't Worry, Don't Fear' . In other words, it repels danger
and gives protection.
If two palms are held up, it was known as Double Phra
Bang image. This Phra Bang image was so popular and most
revered in the whole of South-east Asia.
In Laos, Laotian people offer the most profound respect
and honor to Phra Bang' image. The whole nation and people
Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is Difference of the Makuda and Tharaphu is
conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous conspicuous
Very well, the ear piece (a decoration flap behind the ear)
is either Myanmar design or Thai. (See figures and King Thibaw's
Maghite) Both types are fpound in Myanmar.
Tha-ra-phu
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 72
ACUMEN 73
believe that this image would protect them
from all dangers.
In ancient time, this image was kept in Luang Pra Bang,
the northern capital. The capital itself derived its name from
this image. Now this sacred mage is kept in Vien Chan, the
present capital.
Ancient Myanmar documented this capital as Mai Long
Kha Bin which derived etymologically from Muang Luang Phra
Bang!
In conclusion, the standing Buddha images with danger
repelling' gestures were still revered in the distant village, deep
in the interior of Myanmar, revealing their deep faith and respect
to the religion.
What the captain of the village did in the bygone past was
a good example that Myanmar soldiers in Ayutthiaya battle
respected Buddha images. It was a standing witness against
what few Thai scholars wrote in their history books.
There are many such examples as we can still find Buddha
images with Thai design. These images are now found on high
alter in monasteries as the families which revered them
generation after generation fmally handed over to abbots. (See
two photos of Thai Buddha images.) A
Culture-Buddha Images-Dr.TinMgKyi.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:13 PM 73
74 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
October 2013
Dining Out
74 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Dining Out- Marrybrown.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:57 PM 74
ACUMEN 75 ACUMEN 75
Dining Out- Marrybrown.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:57 PM 75
74 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
October 2013
Dining Out
74 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Dining Out- Marrybrown.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:57 PM 74
ACUMEN 75 ACUMEN 75
Dining Out- Marrybrown.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:57 PM 75
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:28 PM 11
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:28 PM 11 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:27 PM 11
78 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
SUN 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
Guangzhou - Yangon
MON CZ - 3055 14:45 16:35
TUE 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
WED CZ - 3055 8:40 10:30
THU 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
FRI CZ - 3055 14:45 16:35
SAT CZ - 3055 8:40 10:30
SUN 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
Yangon - Phnom Penh
WED 8M - 403 16:50 19:15
SAT 8M - 403 16:50 19:15
Phnom Penh - Yangon
WED 8M - 404 20:15 21:40
SAT 8M - 404 20:15 21:40
Yangon - Teipei
MON CI -7916 10:50 16:15
TUE CI -7916 10:50 16:15
WED CI -7916 10:50 16:15
THU CI -7916 10:50 16:15
FRI CI -7916 10:50 16:15
SAT CI -7916 10:50 16:15
Teipei - Yangon
MON CI -7915 7:00 9:55
TUE CI -7915 7:00 9:55
WED CI -7915 7:00 9:55
THU CI -7915 7:00 9:55
FRI CI -7915 7:00 9:55
SAT CI -7915 7:00 9:55
Yangon - Kunming
MON MU - 2012 12:20 18:35
TUE CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
WED CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2012 12:20 18:35
TUE TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
WED TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
THU TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
FRI MI - 520 22:10 23:35
TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
SAT TR- 2826 13:15 14:45
SUN MI - 520 22:10 23:35
TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
Yangon - Bangkok
DAILY FD - 2752 08:30 10:20
FD-2756 12:15 14:05
FD - 2754 17:50 19:35
Bangkok - Yangon
DAILY FD - 2751 07:15 08:00
FD - 2755 11:10 11:45
FD - 2753 16:35 17:20
Yangon - Kuala Lumpur
DAILY AK - 1427 8:30 12:50
MH - 741 12:15 16:30
MH - 743 15:45 20:00
MON 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
WED 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
SAT 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
Kuala Lumpur - Yangon
DAILY AK - 1426 06:55 08:00
MH - 740 10:05 11:15
MH - 742 13:30 14:40
MON 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
WED 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
SAT 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
Yangon - Guangzhou
MON CZ - 3056 17:40 22:15
TUE 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
WED CZ - 3056 11:20 15:50
THU 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
FRI CZ - 3056 17:40 22:15
SAT CZ - 3056 11:20 15:50
D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI
Yangon - Bangkok
DAILY TG - 302 14:55 16:50
TG - 306 19:45 21:40
TG - 304 09:50 11:45
PG - 702 10:30 12:25
PG - 704 18:20 20:15
PG - 706 07:15 09:30
8M - 331 16:30 18:15
8M - 335 8:20 10:05
Bangkok - Yangon
DAILY TG - 301 13:00 13:45
TG - 303 07:55 08:50
TG - 305 17:50 18:45
PG - 701 08:50 09:40
PG - 703 16:45 17:35
PG - 705 00:15 21:30
8M - 332 19:15 20:00
8M - 336 11:30 00:15
Yangon - Singapore
DAILY 8M - 231 08:00 12:25
8M - 6232 11:30 16:05
SQ - 997 10:25 14:45
MI - 517 06:40 21:15
3K - 586 11:30 16:05
MON TR - 2827 15:35 20:05
MI - 509 00:25 05:00
TUE TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
WED TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
THU TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
FRI TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
SAT TR - 2827 15:35 20:05
MI - 509 00:25 05:00
SUN TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
Singapore - Yangon
DAILY 8M - 232 13:25 14:50
8M - 6231 09:10 10:40
SQ - 998 07:55 09:20
MI - 518 14:20 15:45
3K - 585 09:20 10:45
MON TR- 2826 13:15 14:45
International Flight Schedules
Flight Schedule.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:48 PM 78
ACUMEN 79
D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI
THU CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
FRI MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
SAT CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
SUN CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
Kunming - Yangon
MON MU - 2011 8:20 11:30
TUE CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
WED CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2011 8:20 11:30
THU CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
FRI MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
SAT CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
SUN CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
Yangon - Beijing
TUE CA - 906 14:15 21:55
WED CA - 906 14:15 21:55
THU CA - 906 14:15 21:55
FRI CA - 906 14:15 21:55
SUN CA - 906 14:15 21:55
Beijing - Yangon
TUE CA - 905 8:05 13:15
WED CA - 905 8:05 13:15
THU CA - 905 8:05 13:15
FRI CA - 905 8:05 13:15
SUN CA - 905 8:05 13:15
Yangon - Chaing Mai
SUN W9 - 9607 14:20 16:10
Chaing Mai - Yangon
SUN W9 - 9608 17:20 18:10
Yangon - Hanoi
MON VN - 956 19:10 21:30
WED VN - 956 19:10 21:30
FRI VN - 956 19:10 21:30
SAT VN - 956 19:10 21:30
SUN VN - 956 19:10 21:30
Hanoi - Yangon
MON VN - 957 16:35 18:10
WED VN - 957 16:35 18:10
FRI VN - 957 16:35 18:10
SAT VN - 957 16:35 18:10
SUN VN - 957 16:35 18:10
Yangon - Ho Chi Minh City
TUE VN - 942 14:25 17:10
THU VN - 942 14:25 17:10
SUN VN - 942 14:25 17:10
Ho Chi Minh City- Yangon
TUE VN - 943 11:40 13:25
THU VN - 943 11:40 13:25
SUN VN - 943 11:40 13:25
Yangon - Seoul
DAILY OZ - 770 0:35 9:10
THU KE - 472 23:35 08:05+1
SUN KE - 472 23:35 08:05+1
Seoul - Yangon
DAILY OZ - 769 19:50 23:25
WED KE - 471 18:40 22:30
SAT KE - 471 18:40 22:30
Yangon - Doha
MON QR - 619 8:15 11:15
THU QR - 619 8:15 11:15
FRI QR - 619 8:15 11:15
Doha - Yangon
WED QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
THU QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
SUN QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
Yangon - Tokyo
DAILY NH - 914 21:45 PM06:50+1
Tokyo - Yangon
DAILY NH - 913 10:30 15:30
Yangon - Hong Kong
MON KA - 251 1:10 6:00
TUE KA - 251 1:10 6:00
THU KA - 251 1:10 6:00
SAT KA - 251 1:10 6:00
Hong Kong - Yangon
MON KA - 250 21:45 23:30
WED KA - 250 21:45 23:30
FRI KA - 250 21:45 23:30
SUN KA - 250 21:45 23:30
Mandalay - Bangkok
TUE TG-781 7:25 08:50
WED TG-781 7:25 08:50
FRI TG-781 7:25 08:50
SAT TG-781 7:25 08:50
SUN TG-781 7:25 08:50
Bangkok - Mandalay
TUE TG-782 9:30 11:55
WED TG-782 9:30 11:55
FRI TG-782 9:30 11:55
SAT TG-782 9:30 11:55
SUN TG-782 9:30 11:55
Flight Schedule.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:48 PM 79
78 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
SUN 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
Guangzhou - Yangon
MON CZ - 3055 14:45 16:35
TUE 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
WED CZ - 3055 8:40 10:30
THU 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
FRI CZ - 3055 14:45 16:35
SAT CZ - 3055 8:40 10:30
SUN 8M - 712 4:15 15:50
Yangon - Phnom Penh
WED 8M - 403 16:50 19:15
SAT 8M - 403 16:50 19:15
Phnom Penh - Yangon
WED 8M - 404 20:15 21:40
SAT 8M - 404 20:15 21:40
Yangon - Teipei
MON CI -7916 10:50 16:15
TUE CI -7916 10:50 16:15
WED CI -7916 10:50 16:15
THU CI -7916 10:50 16:15
FRI CI -7916 10:50 16:15
SAT CI -7916 10:50 16:15
Teipei - Yangon
MON CI -7915 7:00 9:55
TUE CI -7915 7:00 9:55
WED CI -7915 7:00 9:55
THU CI -7915 7:00 9:55
FRI CI -7915 7:00 9:55
SAT CI -7915 7:00 9:55
Yangon - Kunming
MON MU - 2012 12:20 18:35
TUE CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
WED CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2012 12:20 18:35
TUE TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
WED TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
THU TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
FRI MI - 520 22:10 23:35
TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
SAT TR- 2826 13:15 14:45
SUN MI - 520 22:10 23:35
TR - 2826 17:00 18:25
Yangon - Bangkok
DAILY FD - 2752 08:30 10:20
FD-2756 12:15 14:05
FD - 2754 17:50 19:35
Bangkok - Yangon
DAILY FD - 2751 07:15 08:00
FD - 2755 11:10 11:45
FD - 2753 16:35 17:20
Yangon - Kuala Lumpur
DAILY AK - 1427 8:30 12:50
MH - 741 12:15 16:30
MH - 743 15:45 20:00
MON 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
WED 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
SAT 8M - 501 7:50 11:50
Kuala Lumpur - Yangon
DAILY AK - 1426 06:55 08:00
MH - 740 10:05 11:15
MH - 742 13:30 14:40
MON 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
WED 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
SAT 8M - 502 12:50 13:50
Yangon - Guangzhou
MON CZ - 3056 17:40 22:15
TUE 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
WED CZ - 3056 11:20 15:50
THU 8M - 711 8:40 13:15
FRI CZ - 3056 17:40 22:15
SAT CZ - 3056 11:20 15:50
D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI
Yangon - Bangkok
DAILY TG - 302 14:55 16:50
TG - 306 19:45 21:40
TG - 304 09:50 11:45
PG - 702 10:30 12:25
PG - 704 18:20 20:15
PG - 706 07:15 09:30
8M - 331 16:30 18:15
8M - 335 8:20 10:05
Bangkok - Yangon
DAILY TG - 301 13:00 13:45
TG - 303 07:55 08:50
TG - 305 17:50 18:45
PG - 701 08:50 09:40
PG - 703 16:45 17:35
PG - 705 00:15 21:30
8M - 332 19:15 20:00
8M - 336 11:30 00:15
Yangon - Singapore
DAILY 8M - 231 08:00 12:25
8M - 6232 11:30 16:05
SQ - 997 10:25 14:45
MI - 517 06:40 21:15
3K - 586 11:30 16:05
MON TR - 2827 15:35 20:05
MI - 509 00:25 05:00
TUE TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
WED TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
THU TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
FRI TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
SAT TR - 2827 15:35 20:05
MI - 509 00:25 05:00
SUN TR - 2827 19:05 23:35
Singapore - Yangon
DAILY 8M - 232 13:25 14:50
8M - 6231 09:10 10:40
SQ - 998 07:55 09:20
MI - 518 14:20 15:45
3K - 585 09:20 10:45
MON TR- 2826 13:15 14:45
International Flight Schedules
Flight Schedule.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:48 PM 78
ACUMEN 79
D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI D DD DDA AA AAY YY YYS SS SS FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT FLIGHT DEP DEP DEP DEP DEP ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI ARRI
THU CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
FRI MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
SAT CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
SUN CA - 906 14:15 17:35
MU - 2032 14:40 18:00
Kunming - Yangon
MON MU - 2011 8:20 11:30
TUE CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
WED CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2011 8:20 11:30
THU CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
FRI MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
SAT CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
SUN CA - 905 12:40 13:15
MU - 2031 13:30 13:55
Yangon - Beijing
TUE CA - 906 14:15 21:55
WED CA - 906 14:15 21:55
THU CA - 906 14:15 21:55
FRI CA - 906 14:15 21:55
SUN CA - 906 14:15 21:55
Beijing - Yangon
TUE CA - 905 8:05 13:15
WED CA - 905 8:05 13:15
THU CA - 905 8:05 13:15
FRI CA - 905 8:05 13:15
SUN CA - 905 8:05 13:15
Yangon - Chaing Mai
SUN W9 - 9607 14:20 16:10
Chaing Mai - Yangon
SUN W9 - 9608 17:20 18:10
Yangon - Hanoi
MON VN - 956 19:10 21:30
WED VN - 956 19:10 21:30
FRI VN - 956 19:10 21:30
SAT VN - 956 19:10 21:30
SUN VN - 956 19:10 21:30
Hanoi - Yangon
MON VN - 957 16:35 18:10
WED VN - 957 16:35 18:10
FRI VN - 957 16:35 18:10
SAT VN - 957 16:35 18:10
SUN VN - 957 16:35 18:10
Yangon - Ho Chi Minh City
TUE VN - 942 14:25 17:10
THU VN - 942 14:25 17:10
SUN VN - 942 14:25 17:10
Ho Chi Minh City- Yangon
TUE VN - 943 11:40 13:25
THU VN - 943 11:40 13:25
SUN VN - 943 11:40 13:25
Yangon - Seoul
DAILY OZ - 770 0:35 9:10
THU KE - 472 23:35 08:05+1
SUN KE - 472 23:35 08:05+1
Seoul - Yangon
DAILY OZ - 769 19:50 23:25
WED KE - 471 18:40 22:30
SAT KE - 471 18:40 22:30
Yangon - Doha
MON QR - 619 8:15 11:15
THU QR - 619 8:15 11:15
FRI QR - 619 8:15 11:15
Doha - Yangon
WED QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
THU QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
SUN QR - 618 21:05 07:00+1
Yangon - Tokyo
DAILY NH - 914 21:45 PM06:50+1
Tokyo - Yangon
DAILY NH - 913 10:30 15:30
Yangon - Hong Kong
MON KA - 251 1:10 6:00
TUE KA - 251 1:10 6:00
THU KA - 251 1:10 6:00
SAT KA - 251 1:10 6:00
Hong Kong - Yangon
MON KA - 250 21:45 23:30
WED KA - 250 21:45 23:30
FRI KA - 250 21:45 23:30
SUN KA - 250 21:45 23:30
Mandalay - Bangkok
TUE TG-781 7:25 08:50
WED TG-781 7:25 08:50
FRI TG-781 7:25 08:50
SAT TG-781 7:25 08:50
SUN TG-781 7:25 08:50
Bangkok - Mandalay
TUE TG-782 9:30 11:55
WED TG-782 9:30 11:55
FRI TG-782 9:30 11:55
SAT TG-782 9:30 11:55
SUN TG-782 9:30 11:55
Flight Schedule.pmd 10/13/2013, 1:48 PM 79
80 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
80 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cartoon.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:06 PM 80
80 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
80 ACUMEN www. mya nma r b2bma ga z i ne. c om
November 2013
Cartoon.pmd 10/10/2013, 7:06 PM 80 adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:29 PM 11
adv.pmd 10/10/2013, 8:29 PM 11