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Procdures for the oprations

of the Chandler Static Gel Strength Analyzer


TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. OBJECTIVE 1
2. APPLICATION RANGE 1
3. LOCATION OF THE DOCUMENT 1
4. INTRODUCTION 3
5. OTHER PROCEDURES. 3
6. SAFETY 3
7. PROCEDURE 4
8. MAIN TROUBLES 7
9. NOTE OF REVISION 7


1. Objective This procedure describes the operation to follow to perform a static gel strength
analysis on a cement slurry.
2. Application range Only for the Chandler static gel strength analyzer.
3. Location of the document: Cement lab.
4. INTRODUCTION
Measurements performed with the Chandler static gel strength analyzer allow the laboratory to
determine the static gel strength as well as the compressive strength development of a cement
slurry under pressure and temperature conditions versus time. The measurements are static and
the results are displayed on a graph.

5. OTHER PROCEDURES.
Description Reference of the procedure
Chandler UCA & Dual Cell UCA Procedure :
Halliburton UCAs rebuilt by Chandler Procedure :
6. Safety
1. 1. Wear personal protective equipment
2. 2. Asbestos gloves or other heat protective equipment must be used to handle the cells over
120 F.
3. 3. Equipment :

Chandler Static Gel Strength analyzer
Chandler cell for the analyzer
Fluid level indicator for cell
Silicone grease for cell
High temperature grease for cell lids
Cell wrench and vice for tightening lids
High and low temperature O rings for cell lids
De-ionized water and plastic pipette
5/8
th
open end wrench
High temperature gloves
7. PROCEDURE
1. Check and replace (if necessary) both cell lid O ring seals.

2. Grease the inside of the cell as well as the top and bottom lids with a thin coat of the
Silicone grease.

3. The calibration of the unit must be checked with the steel bar before each test.

4. Place the steel bar with both ends greased in the cell, screw down the lids, lower the cell
into the gel strength analyzer and attach the lower and upper transducer wires. The
standard reading should be 7.925 with a plus or minus reading of 0.02. Recalibrate if
necessary.

5. Return the cell to the vise for final assembly.

6. Coat the threads on both lids with high temperature grease.

7. Use the wrench and vice to tighten the bottom lid on the cell, then tighten the cell in the
vice right side up.

8. If the slurry is to be run at low temperature, pre-chill the cell and chamber by turning on
the coolant switch on the front of the analyzer, open the valves on the back of the
analyzer to the chiller, turn on the chiller and set the controls for the desired temperature.

9. Insert fluid level indicator in top of cell and fill with cement to the middle of the first
mark.

10. Add de-ionized water on top of the cement slurry to the second mark on the fluid level
indicator.

11. Remove fluid level indicator and tighten top lid on cell with the cell wrench.

12. The water level should be visible in the two holes in the top of the cell when the lid is
tight. If not then water can be added or removed (if too much) with a plastic pipette.

13. Lower the cell into the analyzer and install the U shaped pressure pipe to the back of
the lid and top of the analyzer making sure that the pipe seals are properly aligned in the
center of their threads.

14. Coat temperature probe with grease, check alignment of its seal, insert and tighten it in
the front hole of the cell. Attach transducer cables to the analyzer.

15. Turn off the main electrical switch on the front of the analyzer for approx. 1 minute to
clear the old transit time.

16. Program temperature controller for the desired temperatures and temperature ramps
according the API curing schedules or appropriate well simulation schedules.

17. Close pressure release valve on front of analyzer, turn on the water switch and
check for leaks.

18. Turn on pump switch and adjust the pressure using the small black pressure adjust valve
on the front of the machine. Slightly over shoot the desired pressure (approx. 100-200
psi) and set to the desired pressure using the large blue pressure relief regulator on the
front of the machine.

19. Then turn the blue knob slightly higher to allow for pressure fluctuations in the pump (the
high pressure relief valve is used instead of the blue pressure regulator for pressures over
10,000 psi).

20. Turn on main heater switch on front of machine and activate the temperature controller
by pressing the button on the left of the controller to run and pressing the right button to
auto.

21. Enter the 5270 program in the computer for the static gel strength analyzer. Click on the
static gel strength analyzer icon, check the transit time (it should read somewhere
between 12 and 16 for most normal slurries, if the memory has been cleared from the last
run).

22. It may be necessary to turn off the UCA again in order to clear the transit time. All four
lights for the temperature, pressure, transit time & gel value should show green.

23. Then click on the Start Test, ok.

24. Then click Prepare Instrument for Test, ok and input the appropriate data on the form
that comes up on the screen, click ok.

25. Select the correct cement algorithm for the slurry density. To display multi runs at the
same time click on window, then click on tile.

26. After the end of the test stop the recorder by clicking on the small black square in the
menu bar.

27. Click on the print icon to print the Gel and UCA graphs.

28. Turn off the temperature and pressure switches on the analyzer. Turn off the
temperature controller by pushing the left button to manual and holding down the right
button until the icon turns off (approx. 3 seconds)

29. Cool the unit to a temperature of less than 180 F before removing the cell (see Safety
note 2). The cement specimen can then be removed from the cell, cut with the EDCO
shale saw and crushed on the hydraulic press. Note that this result will be different from
data obtained using standard API cubes and is not to be reported as API strength.

30. Clean the cell for reuse (making sure to thoroughly clean the threads and groves in the
lids and cell).

8. MAIN TROUBLES
Description Solution/explanation
Transit time too low or too high. Turn off analyzer for 1 minute, restart & check
transit time again.
Leaks at the fittings. Take off fittings, clean & adjust seal, retighten
fittings.
Pressure pump continues to run. Big blue pressure bleed valve on front of
analyzer is set too low, adjust higher.
9. NOTE OF REVISION
Revision MODIFICATION(S) Date
1 First version of the procedure 1-aug-01