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CAOIOA' I BIPDA.

IIOBYIlIAm

BIIABIIPI JOBAROBBhl,

'Y". fJep .. eBe ouapae Vp6eBe.

Y HOBOME CMY

n~ATOHOBA mT&KnA!R3L

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HoxymajH sa CJ[o6o~ H sapoa XOjH cy y OBY XlLury caopaaa , rresaraaa cy y Bpe:MeBY o~ 1861. ~o 1868. Y pasHHM nOBpeMeHHM J[HCTOBHMa, HJIH Y 3ace6BHM XlLH-. amn;aMa, na ca~ ce caxo ca BeKBll H3MeBaMa y S6i1PXH npenesarasajy,

3a mTO je y OBOj XlLHSH osaaaeao , ~a je HS "CJ[o6o~e" npenesaraao, TO je nesaraao H sa Cp6CKOM H H3 <ppaBn;YCXOM jesHXY. CaCTaB: "Cp6CXH Bapo~ H lICTOllBO nHTaH.e" nexaraa je aajnpe na HHrJIeCKCIM jeSHKY, na OB~3 cy ~a Cp6cxa H9~alLa HSHllJIa, jeaao y HOBOM Ca~ 3 ~yro y Beorpaay ; ca~ ce Tpeliu nyT

, Ba Cp6CKOM mT3Mn3.

OCD lIJIaBKa: C 3 r JI a C HOC T Y B a p 0 ~ H 0 j n p HB P e ~ H, mTO je aspasea no KOXJIeBY H no Bacrajy ; ~e, lIJIaBxa: 3 a K 0 B H T 0 C T, aspaheaor no EaCTHjy; H BajnOCJI6, lIJIaBKa : H e K 0 JI H Ken; pTe H C TOp H jc x o r xtHBoTa Cp6CKor, HS ac r o p aj e Cp6CX6 K1LHxte B HOCTH KOjy j e a a n a cao U. J. IIIa~ap a X: CBH ~pyrB noxymaja, y osoj XlLHSH, jeoy H3BOPBH (opui;HBaJlHH) IIoKymajH noanaoaaora.

AKo ce OBa KlLHra jaasocra npezaje, TO ce lIHRH eaao 1I.a 6H ce H9aSBaJI6 yje1l.HlLelLe uap;e CHJIe Cp6CKe sa noKymaje sa CJIo60~ H aapoa, y lIeMY je npa'9o H AYxtHOCT CBHjy JhYAH, na H p;ocTOjaHcTBo H cnara llJla~Or Cp60TBa.

Ha Rpajy ODe RlLlII'e 1DITao~ lie' HaH acnpaaae r.I3BHBjUX nrraxnapcxax norpemasa , xoje oy na rrpBU )fax y osa IIacTU Ilor.]('. Sa He~OOJ[e,I{HOOTH y npaaoIIHOY U jeaaxy, xoje oy TaRO 'IOOTe y OBOj RlLUSB, aesa je aa SBaH.e, ~a ce BeMajy rrpUIIHca.TH UOAIIHcaHOIl.

HOD OA,ll; 1. lW'A 1868.

BJL&ADDIP JOB&B:oBJr1i..

e 1I

C.lOOOA3 SHag, 1I.a je C~O B.laCTaH 01I. ceoe, BHTH BJIaCTHHM 01I. cede, TO 00 SOBe 68TH 1I0BeKO .. Baacra, 1I.OCTojaHcTBo 1I0BeKa HeKome 08TH lIB Y lIeKy

JqlyroMe, Hero y car JIaCUOIl pasBHTKy u.erOBHX CDO~ HOCTH, u.erOBHX ocehaaa, 1LerOBHX MHCJIH, aerosax reacaa, 1LerOBe P31I,lD6, u.erOBor JlHlIHOr mHBOTa. A Momt!.IH 1I.9. 00 TaRO passaje 1I0BeK, aKO HHje azaoraa 0,11; oo6e? Ko HHje aaacran 01I. ce6e, Taj HeCMe 1I.a 0Y1I.e HspaSOJ( oo6e caaor ; KO HeCMe 1I.a 6Y1I.e HSpasOM ceoe caaor, Taj aeaozse M 00 sa 1I0BeKa pasaaje, He1I.aTH 1I0BeKY 1I.a 0Y1I.e BJIaCTHHM 01I. ce6e, SHallH He1I.aTH My KoryhuocTH 1I.a uy,ll;6.. co6oM y oo6H, 1I.9. 6Y1I.e 1I0BeKOK.

IIOlleK o.406o1I.a SHallH, 1I.9. je CB9.KO BDCTaH 01I. ce6e:

TO 6H 00 rpeIUHJIO, 9.KO 6H 00 MHCJIHJlO, 1I.a 00 CJIoOO,1J;OIl jeaaora amrehaaa cJI06<11I,a 1I.pyrora. TaRo norpeurao MH- 1ILl&61Le 14mKe 1I.OJIasHTH caao 01I. Dpe1I.DOCTaBKe, 1I.a cy .IH1IHH HHTepOOH je1I.HO 1I.pyrOM.e npoTHFP.!!. Ho Ka1I. ce sa. .IJI1IHe aarepece YSMe OHO IUTO OHH Y HCTHHH jeoy: 1I.0- OHja ce ysepeae, 1I.a cy npaaa JIHlIHH HHrepeCH CBB

lIeljy C060M carJI3CHH. .

mT9. je JlHlIHH aarepec ?

JIHlIHHM anrepeoox Mome ce HasBaTH oaxo OHO, 'IDe ee n01I.DOMame 06CTaH9.K H R9.npe1I.aK JIHI.\3 •

.> saeao JIB, 1I.a je ORO ·1IHMe 00 n01I.nOKalKe 060TaUaK H Ranpe1I.aK je1I,Hora npOTHBHO OOcTaHKY H Hanpe1I.KY APYrora, OH1I.a CJIe1I.Yje OBO: IUTO ce BHIUe rlDelle H ID~ BBJIle po6yjy jep;HH, THM je CHl'YPHHjH 06cTauaK H H3- up6AaK APyrn::·

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AJIH HCKYCTBO H BPCMC caeaose , ,lI;a je TUM M3JLe CHI'ypHOCTH sa CBe DITO BHDIe jc,lI;HH nparacayjy ,lI;pyre. A Harrponm, DITO je BHDIC ysajMHor nonrroaaaa H no,ll;noxaraaa , TUM je BHDIe noryhaocra sa CHaKOra, ,lI;a pasBHje CHJIe DITO ra 'IOBCKOM '1HHe, ,lI;a TC CH.llC nrro 60JLC yrrOTJ>OOH na CBOjy C06CTBCHY KOPHCT, H oner ,lI;a DITO BHDIe ,lI;06pa BH,lI;H O,ll; CjC,lI;H1LeHHX CHJIa CBHjy.

'I'azo ncropaja y'lH, ,lI;a OHO DITO je na DITCTY je,ll;HOlle, na DITeTJ je H Jq)yrollC.

Ey,ll;yhH ce HHTepec jeanora yjaM'Iyje HHTepeCOM Apyrora: saro ce nexa ICY,lI;, Hero ,lI;a oe saKJLJ"DI OBO: npaBH .llH'IHH HHrepecu aecaxo ,n;a HHCY nporaana je,ll;HO APyr01le,Hero OHH CBH YKYIIHO ca'lH1L3.Bajy je,ll;HJ carncHY ' ~e.llHHy, ~eJIHHy xoja oe SOBe 06DITH aarepec,

OuH KojHMa ce xohe, ,n;a HlI Jq)yrH po6yjy, ynamhe 1'1 Y pea , BH'lyhH: "na zeno , nesa 'IOBaK aajnpe caspe, I¥J. YMC pa3JIHKOBaTH OHO DITO jecre JIH'IHH HHTePOO, op; onora DITO mj anrepec aaje , na he MY ce p;aTH

c~o6op;a." ,

Ha TO MH ozrosapaxo : 'IOBaK ce HCTna Hepai;a pa9BHT, aD OH HOCH Y cOOH K.lIHl.{y csor pa3BHTKa. Kaxo p;a caspe crsopeae xoje je onpeaezeno ,n;a ce HS oe6e pasBHja? HHKaKo OKHBa:a.eM, Hero C.llo6oAHHlI ynO'l'pOO-

JIoe:a.eH :a.erOBHX npHpO,n;HHX p;apOBa H CrrOc06HOCTH. I

MB HecMeiiello C YMa paasaxe xoje BJIal¥J.jy HeJjy "'Y,n;IDla, MH npasnajeao, ,n;a je sa ,lI;CTe BO,n;HJLKa B sa , 60raJL3 DITaKa. AJIH lWI Ba.llHlIO, ,lI;a TO nrro c.rymu: sa DOp;1I0PY CJIo6oP;H, caCBHlI je rrpOTHBHO OHOMe DITO oe 9000 japax. Iloanopa 1I0,n;Hme AeTe H yonpaasa 60raJLa; japaM HX o6oje r:a.e'lH H ,n;aBH.

Ho ,n;a pexaexo , ,lI;a JLY,n;H rrpe Hero DITe AoJjy AO nop;IlYHe cJloOO,n;e, lIopajy 6HTH no,n;'IH:a.eHH je,II;HOMe OA :a.HX: XH nHTaHO: KO je Taj CHpTHH DITO CBa saa , nrro Cite BH,lI;H, DITO je caBpDIeH H CBeMOryiul, Te ,n;a CMC rrpHcBajaTH rrpaBO H BncT, ,lI;a OH npecyJjyje Ka,n; cy APyrH speJIH, H ,n;a OH Jq)yrHlIa 0JI060,n;y ,n;eJIH?

eBB MH JLY,n;H, CBB ,n;o jC,lI;HOr, CTBOpe:a.a CliO Heeaapmeaa H OrpaHH'ICHa, CBH rrO,ll;JICmHMO c.u6ocTHlIa H JIorpeIJIKalla, H TeK HCKYCTBOH AOKYlIyjello, IIITa. BL1I»3,

a. IIITa sesasa, Ho HCK'fCTBO HBje 1I.e1l.0 je~or lIo:sen, Hero je uao 1I.eJIO csera 'IOBemTBa., 1I.e.110 ROj~ oe IIOOTHsana C.IIOOO1I.01l YMHe H il>HSJIlIHe pa1J.ll>e. Ca1l0 TO 118- "tIHH01l xorao ce p01I. "tIOBe1flljH 01I. paTa CBujy IIpOTHBY cnaxora, H csaxora rrpoTHBy CBujy, yaBHCUTH 1I.O oaor 1I.PymTileHor eraaa, xoje rrpezasa y cases aapoza H 1I.P>RaBa.

J ecr , aKO je HeKa1I.a "tIOBeK nanazao aa 1I0Beo H ja1lH ru.e"tlHO CJIaonje, HCRYOT1io je cjeAHHH.IIO c.IIa,;, oHje rrpOTHBy 1LHXOBoryrH>eTa'Ia, H OH1I.a cy o6e CT{)3He IIOCTaJIe YBepe~e, 1I.a J.L Y1I.H BHOY CTBOpeHH 1f,a rrsexe je,ll;HO ,u;pyro, neh )l;a ce yaajMHO 1I0,ll;II01lamy. Jep KO je1J.HOlle MHpa aeaa , onacan je 'H ,u;pyro1le; a 1I.3 ROMe ,ll;o()pa 0Y,ll;e, aexa 1I0YS1I.aHHjer ope1I.OTBa, Hero

,ll;a OH npanoaaace ,ll;Oopy ,ll;pyrux. '

Ka,ll; je TaRO jacno , -1I.a CJIOOO1I.a caszaaaa OHO IIITO ce SOBe JII£IIHH aarepec , H 1I.a aa OOHOBY .0.llo6oAe HOKYOTBO lIHHH cnaaora 01J.I'OBOPHHM sa OHO lIeMY je oayspox : OH,1J;a naje HCTHHa, ,ll;a ce I CJIOOO1I.OM je,ll;Hora TJIa1lH c.IIooo,ll;a Iq)yrora.

Hanporaa, oam oe O.llOOO1I.01l passaja 1IYCTBO ysajliIioCTH(OOJIH1I.aPHOOTH) Meljy J.LY1J.HMa. l£oBexy je ypoheaa .)f,y"" 6aB IIpeMa ceoa, Jby6aB xoja 06YXBaTa CBe Y 'IeMY .IIH"t1- HOOT eeoe oasnaje. JIo MH CMO rrORa5aJIH RaRO je c.II0601I.a TO y "tIe1lY CBaKa JIH'IHOCT eerie BH,ll;eTH Mome •. ITa Ka1I. je TO TaKO, xaaje cJI0601I.a jeaaaxo jeMGTBo sa CBe JIH'IHOCTH: OH,u;a je c.IIooo,u;a H OHO na 'IeMY ce OCHHBa 06mTa Jb yoaB "tIOBeDITBa. CJlo60p;a y'IH 'IOBeRa 1I.a He'IHHH ,u;p'yroMe MO, jep ce SJIO sa SJIO npaha ; cJI060,u;a yrrpaBJba JbY1I.CKe CHJIe 06- . mrea anrepecy, jep je y 06mTeM HHTepecy CBa'IHjH HHTepec; cJIo60,u;a npHBJIallH 1I0Be1(a 'IOBeRY, jep 'IOBeR 600 noznope "tIOBeKa 06cTaTH H aanpeaoaara aeaozae; cJIo(}o,ll;a pa3- BHja CBeCT 0 rrpaB1I.H, cJI06o,u;a BO,ll;H jenaaxocra H 6paTcTByi

Y Ti"l'J\';'I;lOlO 'IOBeKa cTapor nexa oa ,ll;aHa:um.HM uoBeKOM , yrrope1I.HMO cJIooo,ll;He H HesaBHCHe seHJbe Hamer BpeMeHa ca 1I.eCrroTHjcrurn 1I.P'KaBaMa, HJIH ca SeMJbalia y KojHMa ryljHHan; rocrro,u;apH, H HaliHheMO HCKYCTBHMa OCB6- mTaHO TO IIITO Y OCHOBY aanpea HspeROCMO.

HahHheMo, 1I.a cnyrae r,u;e cJIo(}o1I.a BJIa1I.a, cnocooaoera JbYAoxe pasBujajy ce, lIYCTBO nonrreaa 1?ll.W&~ ~, ~~ .. \-

.ta'QOlJe .. p.MIJle jaCDpQCTHPY ee, ~ lfA6.ia EJIlIIapa. 00, ~Hl uy~ lIJIO_ ce , 3H&1I>a KaO ooIllTe A06po OIC OJ 06l1.Paaa, p~ oe Be.IH.qa, auIBOT nOCTaje nJIeMeJIilI'l'a;.., 1I0~ ce yeallpllla_, V,OBelJITBO Hau.pe~je.

.. A, CBy~ J1/f1) H3CJla,5e ~yje, 'lOBeJ( je .me o6a.~QJ'dJt, ~ OOJJl7.'eIf, 3JIC CTpaCTII pasys.r,aaa.jy ce 0 1'pQIUJCY 08.BeQQ, _~ nOJlllallua fliYX, ]I npe,l@3.cy).l;e DOCTajy .j.1Kenrlia C~ J& YACRO. pa3BIITKY H y~p.alI·Y·

taRo je CJIoOOAA OHQ nrro soaesa 1I0BeKOM 1IIIHH ;

~_ je npJiPO,IUIO H Be'lHO UpaBO 1I0BeQ.

KAA ~BeR caao CJloOo).l;OM: 6HBa 'IOBex: OHAa je /I:YiK-. ~ C:Q8lCOJ: 1I0BeRa, II sa,u;a.TaK csaaor 'IOBe'laHCKOr 3aKOHOA3BCTBa, ).I;a CJIo6oAY sacryna y CBHlla O)l;HOmajoa ""YACKHM: y {taJIJURjI, Y oomTHHH, Y AP)l(i\BH, Y. npHBpe).l;H, jeAHo)l peg. Jl Y AO.u.ex II Y jaBHo11 mooy, na K'y ](ei)yJJ8.po,lr;HllJl QAHomajUMa.

Oryll Ii CJIO.60Ia JIH'IHa, ~JIo6o).l;a ~aXHJIHje, . cJIo6o).l;a npHBpe).l;Ha H nOJIHTHlIHa, cAQ60Aa . • ~ P Q,II; H a H 06 III T a. jeer mama KojHMa ce osoqyjy ~ .... A'JH<HPCTJI 1l0BCXa y ,Ilpym'CBy »uIBeii.er.

Rp.C'l'yII upe,ll,8BaH.y HaJ'Be·o ·_peABQi"_,.: . BpeAB y .eJlllBoj DIBO.DI y BeorPI'AT (y ,"'_

- TelIl6py 1888 .. ).

Moma llBTH, ABo 00 HeKap, us OBoj BeIlJbB ~ caao POABTB, na A3 ce aoIBH'. !raxo pajcKB ~iI8.roBa_ xorao je lIOBeK CaIIO p,OKJle My je lIau.e 'q)00a.m, aero mro My je npapoaa op, ceee p,OHOCllJla. Ho .. lBlIIBBMO V . C3CBDlP,pyrOM Bpe)leily. Aa oe jom HCa.l;.'IIJle6 Hae. IIJlOp, 6epe", TO je H'SySCTaK. no IlpaBH.ay, 88)lJ&a jeAaHac .J)YABMa TOJlBKO HaOOJl>eRa, H "'y.a;CKe .Iio~OOe TaKO cy J4HOrocTpYllROpaSBHTe, ~ A3Ham .. CJI 1I0BeKy, RBTH je p,OCTa OHO mTO npBpo,ll;8 calla npoBlB~., ·]HIT. OR 1I0lKe CBe nenocpeaao ynOTpOOBTK. lJOB8K 'Y oao npexe lIopa 6YAHTH npUPOAY, Da 'A& '011& sa 1fIeN,' I(),QI, )lOpa npB,u,pylKBTH csoje CBJle u.eDll CB .... , m ,. OHB sa u.era pS,IOl; OH lIopa oe;.rH, na. _ :Ho.e ~T", Mopa sHojell HCKynJ.LBBaTH SeMJ.LY aa KOjOj he oejam, lIopa npepai;BBaTH npoaaaoze Koje .iiefamB8TR. i'aKO je aa TPYA R aa MyKy OCyi;eH AaHamJloU 11\)001:! 0,11; DB· Tallta KaKO he OJlaxmaTR CBOjy CYAlly, H_a 'Dpe1Jel' na-

, TaJl,a sa litera. Hapoaaoj DpHBpe.-R, Rojr hellO M ,. ..... 0, Bap,8TaR je p,8 DpollaT}l&, orsapae YCJlOBe, o,u; lCOjBX 911- BUCR rpemallte Tora IIRTa~ Y TY HaYRY, HJI1lID1 oe Hellome 6oJBO JB6CTH, Hero nperJlep;Oll oaora, IllTO je .,.. BeK p,o caaa lIHHHO sa OJlaKDI8Be osoje CYAOO •. ,lI;8·~ crynBlfO TO][ nper~.

Bparo. 0 OJl8KmaHt Y CYA6e 1I0BellBje, DpBpO,lI;1IO lor CBOAK B8 OBf '!'emILy: A8 co 'mTO BHUle ~~ ~.,'\\. ,



xyxa, a mTO SHaTHHjc noaeha yanma:u.e. Y rrpBO speae OOXYP;OCTH,' p;oue oe jom aesaahame sa AOCTOjHuje Y:

JIOTpe6J1e:u.e 1I0Be1lHjHX caza ,. rJIaA aaaeae JbYAe, lI.3. aume jeAaH 0 TpomKY APyrora. rpa6em H ocsajaae, pas60jHHmTBo H paT 6exy HSBOPH :u.HXOBor ymHBa:u.a. "'IoBeK y6ujame R nzasxame 1I0BeKa, H.n:H ce BOijaxy paTOBH, y xojaaa n06cijcHH noorajary P060BHMa, a noneABTe.lbH rocrroaapaaa, P060BH ce TPyijaxy H MYlIaxy, a rocnozapa ce Hac.n:aijoaxy llJIOAOBHMa OA Tyijera pOAa. AJIH y 6cAH yr:u.eTeHHX Haijome najnocze H yr:u.eTallH cDOjy 6ep;y, H Kap; ce nosasa Aa je ".llYA3 CH~a 6psa JIon6uja", .a;a je "OTeTO nposzero": oznose apeaeaoKYCTBa, npexe ,ll;pymTB3 H BaYKe, speae aarrpezsa, HCKYCTBO rrpo6YAH CBCCT: Aa JbYAH BeMory 06CTaTH p;pyralluje, aero aKO je CBaKR BJlaCTaH op; ceoe II OA osora mTO CBORM SHojeM crese ; Aa. BaJb3 IllTe)I;HTH crape ~AOBe R :u.RMa co K30 KaIlHTaJIOM,· IIPORSBOAHO OJrylEllTll, p;OlCJle ce ,ll;oije ,11;0 HOBHX, R Aa T3KBe mre.u;:u.e Bellome 68TH ,ll;oue ce CBaKOMe lieYJa:M1lH aeoaxo - no,ll;JIYlIo .IJI1IBO YmHB3H.e Pap;BHx npoaaaoaa , neh H :u.HXOBO IIpeB3mlULe aa HajMlIJlHje, na ,ll;en;y R ~a:MH.n:ujy. J1ClCYCTBO OTBOpH 01lH, ~. H YBHAe ce,,II;a ce BaMBomaBa:u.y JbYAH B 01l3IC11A3lI1lLell 06H3BJba:u.y :u.HXOBHX norpeda HeHome o.-o,I,8B3TH p;pyralluje, Hero aKO ce ylll1BH, ,ll;a RSBOPH IIpOBSDOACTBa HerrpelCR,ll;HO TeKY, lI.3. co Cpe,ll;CTB3 sa jKHBOT npOH8BO,II;e, TJK>me R OBeHaHOBO npoaaaose , a ~TO ce BBHClCyje 6.n:ume oasaarse IIpRpOAHRX saaoaa npoasDOAOTBa.

TalCO oe p;oi)e AO nojMa 0 cOOoTBeHocTH, H noorame p;pymTBa pap;R samrare cJI060p;e R c06CTBepOOTH, TalCO ce YBBp;e nOTPe6a, Aa ce CBe Ay6Jbe npoMaTPaji sasoaa JIpIIpO.a;e, R p;a oe CBe same caaaaje , lCaKO :lie ce RSBOPH IIpOHSDO,II;OTB3 mTO nOAnyuuje, mTO cHamHHje R KOPHCTRaje ylIOTpe6Jb3BaTR sa .lbY,ll;cxe nOTPe6e. PasBJIja:u.eM H HB.OmelLell TaXBOr rrpoaarpeaa R C38HaBa:u.a nocTaBJI ce

TeII~ B3YX3Ma H Banpep;xy. .

Hapasao , HR ApymTBa HR oyxe Be6exy 0 110- lIeTK& OBO mTO oy p;3Hac. .lI;pymTB3 Be6exy TODRO jasa, ,.a ()& y CDOjoj CpeAUHR 1I0rn 06YSP;3TB TelIULY sa jKH-

,

BJLell>eH 0 T,"Oj ~. Ta TemH.a YRasBBame ce y C":

RojaRlDI 06.JDmHlla: 'lac RaO 6eSB.lIamTHHa (aHapXBja) , 'lac ROO npeB3pa (jesYHTCTBO), xac ROO HaCHJbe H THpaHCTBO (p;ecnoTHja ca 6i1poRpaTHjo!f, ozarapxaja, apHCTORpaTHja~ ~YA3.lIHSaM ca Ry.lIy'lapCTBOM, MOHOnO.lI H pasHe noB.lIacTHD;e). C .u;pyre crpaae, rOMH.lIa .u;HBJLaRa -.DaROllHIIIe

I 00 na TeROBHHY apymraaa H Hana.u;axy crrozsa ua OBa. Hs HCTopHje SHaMO, RaRO cy H. up. 6.lIara Ilepcaje, ErHnm B Paxcse napeaaae nocze TOJIHKHX YHYTPanm.ax 6op6a,· nOCTa.lI3 nJbeHOM B3pBapa.

ITa H Hayxe cy TeR nocze .u;yre 6op6e .u;OCDe.lIe 11.0 lI.3Hamu.er upaBD;a,' C nosersa je CBe 0,11;, op;xpOBeu.a saBHCH.lIO. CHaTPa.lIO ce .u;a je CBaT rajaa soja 00 calIO "Be.DeAycna" H no MH.lIOCTH o.u;!tpBBa. TaRaB nyT HeBoi;ame HapaBHO npOMaTpau.y, Hero MO.lIHTBB. Heacnaraae cue npapoae 6exy H.lIH .u;06pB H.lIH S.DH 6oroBH, a 1JOBeK po6 ILHXOB. Y CBeTOM sasopy OH ce HeycyijHBame.u;a npapozae CIs.lIe npoaarpa , .u;a HX paS'l.lIau.yje H aa CBOjy KOPHCT HaBO.u;H, ILera caxo o.u;ymeBJLaBame zenora, H.lIH ra ylKaoo casame CTpaXOTa ILHXOBa. Y 'lYBCTBY csoje HeMORH H saaaceaa op; ILHX OH Tpamame, .u;a HX mpTB3M3 nplf.u;06Hje UH MOJIHTBaMa y6.lI3mH. ,l.I;oD;HHje yBH.u;e ce , .u;a O.u;KPOBelLe Roje .u;OBO)J;H rrojane o.u; y.u;aJLeHBX neuosaarar ysposa, ocraje Be'lHTO y rpaHBD;aMa nepe , a sHaJi,e nOCTHSaB3 oe TeR . npoxarpaaea , y ROM 00 CB3ROj rrojaaa Haj6.lIBlRl(

, H3BOp, a CBaKOM HSBOPY CBe .u;y6JLH OCHOB nponaxe, ~._ H DOOJIe rora .u;yro ce jom Hooeme Ha'lHCTO ca HSBopn3 ma:e.a. Ilosaaro je H. np., RaRO ce .u;o cKopa o,lOJaj:une ~HJIOOO~Hja o.u; HCRYCTB3: SHa ce , RO.lIHKO ce y ~H.lIOOO- . ~HjH nOKymaBa.lIO, .u;a ce MDO HCKycTBa (a6cTPaRTHo) onpeaeze saROHH MHm.lIe:e.a, sao .u;a .u;y60RO 1rIHm.lIeM HooB 6B.lIO y aepaazysao] CBeSH ca 11Y60RHM HCRYCTBOM B SHa:e.eM. BHa ce, KaRO je TaRB3 je.u;HOCTpaHOCT sa TOJIHRO BeROB3 SaHOCH.lIa a.lIXHMHCTe, acrpozore H zexape , re ce HSHOCaxy aa BB.u;e.lIO CBaROja.xH saana H .lIeKOBH, a DB je.u;3H saROH. BHa ce , RaRO je eopxaraa .lIoijHRa caaTpaHa no Ruyn IDKO.lICR.Or IlYAPoBa:e.a, .u;OR HajnOCJIeB OHB xojH je CROB3me, npasaame .u;a je OHa XpmeBHTr "CTP3Dnyr~" sa 1JOBe1JHjH YH. 3Ha 00, RaRO ce II. D



T_eKaTHKa CJ43,TPa.n:a KaO npOHSBOIl; roaora JlHmJIe:a.a, npo- d BSBOP; HCSaBIICaH oa HCKYCTBa, a HeYB~e ce~ KaKO .t p,eTe _p;ooHja nojaM - 0 ~eJIOMe H 0 ,u;eJlOBUJla, TeK - a ~om'l'O je BllP;eJIO, KaKO ce H. np. jaOYKa nozoaa B xernpra, SHa ce , xaxo cy npocropaja II Bp611e lieRJf>YllBBaHH op; BCKYCTBa H npOMaTpaaa, P;OKJIC ce jep;Ba 'fBIIp;eJlO, lIP ce OHB npne lIYBCTBeHIIM onamaaell je,ll;Bora nopea p;pyror, II jeaaora sa ,ll;pyrnM. SHa C6, KO.lBKO ce rOBOpIIJlO, p;a ce upoaarpaaex aecasaajy CTBapH sa cooc, Beh caxo OHaKo, KaKO ce OHe oanoce aa 1I0BelIBja lIYCTBa, p;OKJle ce naje ooaBCCTHJlO, lIP anarse npe,ll;cTaBJ&a SH~a, ,ll;a OHO BaBCTa H Huje nanrra p;pyro, Hero O,ll;Homaj CTBapH npeaa npOMaTpallY, II ,ll;a CTBaP «Sam no CBOMe O,lJ;Homajy, rrpeMa p;pyrlDl rrpe,II;MeTlDIa,

B .• np. npesa rrpoMaTpallY, OBBa CTBap sa ceoe. HajnoOJIe, nOSBaTO je KOJIHKO ce rrpeOa~HBaJlO, p;a HaYKa oxax-

. maBa 06MaBY H npe:sapy, p;OK.ne ce HHje npHSHaJlO, p;a ce BaYKO. H O,ltKpHBa OOMaHa II npeaapa, H no TOMe lIP 0,11; oomTer pacnpOCTpaHelLa aayxe, neaa OOJDera cpeacrsa npoTHBy oo.aHe II npesape,

AKO H jeey y llpBa BpCMeHa CTpap;a.n:a ,ll;pymT:sa II ~yKe: BeJlBKH p;ap 110BeKa ,ll;a casaaje eerie II oser OKO eeoe , HeyrymH ce y TOM CTpa,ll;aa y; HanpOTIIlJ, OH ce CTpap;alLeJ4 jour OOJDe BsomTpB. IToKpeTaH HYJK)J;OJ4 110':' BeK pasaajame CBOj IJ.3.p CBe ,ll;aJDe, ,ll;OKJIe ce HajnocJle BeYSBHCR P;O CBeCTH 0 p;aHamIL6M IIpaB~y HaYKe II p;pymT.Ba. YBHP;6 C6 T. j., p;a ce y npuMaTpalLY H casHaBaB>Y CBOjCT3Ba CTBapH, xoja na passara 11YCTBa yne11aTaK rrpaue, caoroja npOMaTpalLe H casaaaaae caae CTBapH. HSBoljelDeJ4 OOmTeTa HS caojoraaa MHorn crnapa, HD npeaoheaeJl cB"jcTaBa y je,ll;Hy oomTY xacao, y jep;aH 06mTH 0,11;aonra] npeaa qYCTBHMa H xosry , p;olje oe P;O saaoaa, SaKOHII oexy rroro1]eHH: aKO ce {}.naraxy ca HCKYCTBOM He je,ll;HOr nexa II qOB.?-J{a, Beh CBHjy speaeaa II osera 110- semrsa,

TeK raxo, TeK oomTH~ HCKycTBeHKM p;OKyqHBaaeK 9aKOB3 O,lJ;IIoqe oe aOCOJIYTHa HaYKa, HayKa Bap; KOjOH uexa B3YKe. HaYKOM 0 ceOK H D npapoaa , 1I0BeK CBe 6o.1lte ca.!J'fI'aBame EaKO he CJlooop;(."I~ y p;pymTBY OJlaK-



maaara CBOjy cY1I.6y. H Ka1I. ce He:Ma1I.e mra OqeEJm!\,TlI sa o.ll0601I.Y 0.0; rOp1I.HX SaMKOBa, KOjH CBOjJDI rrOB.IIaCTH~all3 OKHBaxy KYJIYlIape- H poooae-aa SeM.n>y: o.ll0601I.a ce HH1I.YCTPHjOH H TprOBHHOH Y BapOIIlHHa salle. Ty ce OCHOBa. 06II1THHa xao rrpaaa KO.lleBK::l 1I.aHaIIlH>er 1I.pymTBa H pasBBTKa rseroaor. HSHei;y paSHHX 06II1THHa, HarrpaBHme 00- casesa xao ysajMHO jeacrso sa o.ll0601I.Y H C06CTBeHOCT. C.lo601I.aH JI.3 yrroTpe6H CBe, II1TO je HHao y CBOjOj BJIaOTH, H ysepea 1I.a he YmHBaTH rr.l101I.OBe csor TPY1I.a, 110- BeIC jI,aJI,e BeM nozer CBOjUM crrOC06HOOTHMa H rrOIIlHpH OCHOBY CBOjOj pa1I.H>H, 'OH nponahe naxaae H cpe1I.CTBa, 1I.a

I mTO 60.1&e ouyaa CBOjy TeKOBHHY U II1TO 6piKe HaMHOiKH ~ IIpOUSB01I.e HOBe paaae, XpHIIIhaHCTBO aacra, H YKasame I' ce 6AaroCJ[0~u JbY1I.CKe je1I.HaKOCTH H 6paTCTBa. Ilponahe

Ice 6apyT, H 'lOBeK noora jallu 01I. aapsapaaa, H curyp. HBjH Hero HKa)!; rrpe. Ilpoaahe ce II1TaMrra, H 1I.oi;e ce , If,O HallHHa 1I.a 00 Ha1I.B.IIai;yje r .IIyrrocT H cyjeaepcrao, ~a

Ice OBaKO -rrpoMaTpaH>e, CBaKa Mucao, CBaKH rrpoaanasaa aeorpaaaseao rrpOHSB01I.H H pasasja , H lI.a oe aaarsa C~ Ka.J[O rpomsa II ca He06HtIHOM 6PSHHOM pacnpocrapy, 1I.a. l ce OA je1I.Hor napamraja na II.pyru KpOS HoopojeHe BeI KOBe, ca. npaaoaoa rrpeaoee, 01I.KpU ce AMepHKa, U CTBOPH , ce HOB CBeT sa. TeKOBUHY H HarrpelI.aK. II poaahe ce yrro-

rpOOHBocT napae CHJIe H ezexrpaxe, H nocraronre ce TO-

, .mICe MexaHHlIHc YC.IIyre, xoje ce HH .1&Y1I.CKOM HH iKHROTHH.CROll CHarOM HeCiu rrOCTHI'.IIe. TaKo napodpoa , raoszeaa up H rezerpae lI.a1I.ome 1I0BeKY BJIaCT Ha)l rrpocTOpBjoM H BpeHeHOM, II1TO 1I.OTJIO 1I0BeKa oKHBaxy; OHH ra nOCTa.BHIIIe y craae , 1I.a nerpecraao II1HpH KPyr BH1I.eJ13

r esora , 1I.a. ca 6PSHHOM MylLe X01I.H no seM.n>H H USDO)!; , 36)(JI)e, 1I.a nperehe II 1I.O.nHHC H 6perOBe H ropY' H BOAY, ua 1I.a aajnocze H HCrr01I. Mopa rrpOHOCH cnoje MHC.IIH! A I ,Il;06pGTBOPCTBO napaax IlaIIlHHa y He6pojeHJDI npeayseI kuMa HH HSMepHTH ce He MOiKe. Ca rrponaaacxox KOMnaca qOBeK 1I.06H aajaepanjer Boi;y y TaMHoj noha H He-

I nOSHaTOIi npelI.eJIY, aa CHH>eM MOPY, Y 1I.y60KHM ryAYpalla, Y HOOaUeAHHM nFTHH>aMa, CByr1I.e II CBaKa1I.. Ilpoaalje oe y»ehaBajyhe CTaKJIO, HaOllapII, Te.llOOKOrr H MHXpOC1tOn, H rrpll1I.alI.e ce 1I0Be1lHjeM OK:Y C\\J\.ao 'I\~ 'I\~~1~~

to

H uaj,u;3JJ)a ue6ecKa TeJIa, ,u;a BH)(H Sr.MJb y KaO je)(HHH~y y I pe,u;y aeopojeaax CBeTOBa, ,u;a saBHpH y aajoxpaseaaje )l{~e ~ SeM3.JbCKOr CBeTa, rra ,u;a H y CPO,u;HOCTH K.n~a Hal;e 1:

CPO,ll;HOCT HSMeijy paCTH1La, mHBOTlme H JbYll)l! Ilpo- ~ Haijome ce SaKOHH TemHHe (rpaaarannje) H ,u;06Hme ce f cpe,u;CTBa sa HajTO'lHHjy Mepy, H sa ,u;OKas Be'lHOCm CBeT8. t Ilponahe -00 6apOMeTap, npezyse ce MepHTH npHTHC3K i aT1loc~epe H BHCHHa 6peroBa, H Taj nponasasaa nocxyam Ii X30 TeMeJb MHorHMa p;pyrHM rrposaaacnaaa , xao -~naJb- ~ XII Bas,u;yxa, cnpaBJr sa r:e. ypa:e.e y Mopcxe p;y6JbHHe, cnpaBH sa yaaeraae no Bas,u;yxy (6a.noHY) H T. 1f.. Ys ~

- npoaasacse MO)l{e ce cnoMeHYTH jom H npenHTOIlJbaBaH.e ~ crpaaor pacraaa H mHBOTHn.e, H yo6mre paonpoerpa- I aerse cpep;CTaBa sa )KHBOT HS jeP;Hor upeaeaa y ,u;pyrH, I X30: CTPMHHX )KHTa, KyKypysa, xpoxmrpa H BHHOBe zose, llac.nHHe, CO.nH, xaaenor yrJbeBa, nallyxa, ruoad)a, I H T. n, ,li;aJbO ce HOJKe cnOMeBYTH npoaazasaa HODna, pop; . Rpe,ll;HTa,OTBapa:e.e BOBHX nYTOBa sa 06pT. Oraapaae CBeT- • CKOj TprOBHBH XHBe, Janaaa H Eranra, II eeponoxo naceJ.&aBa:e.e HH1f.Hje, op;KpoBen.e SHaTHHX Maj,u;aHay Ka.nHWpBHjH H AYCTpaJlHjH, CP;PY)KeHO ca HaCeJbaBan.eM osora neTor p;eJI3 CBeTa, 6aHKepCKa npeaysaaaaa, HOBH rrpeo6pa)Kaj

y ~PHHCKOM H ~HHaHcHjcKOM CHCTCIlY, Op;roBOPHOCT BJlap;e npea Hap0,jl;OIl, H ocrasa cpeacrsa , xojaaa ce 'lOBO'IRja C.IIo6op;a, TCKOBHHa H Hanpep;aK nomoxazse R CHa)KH.

rOMHJla:e.eM npoaaaacsa na npoaaaasax , MHome:e.eJl ~ opyija sa aaopyzsaae CBOj~X 'lYCTaBa, sa pasBHTaK H sa paonpocrpaaeae CBOjHX rrpoaarpaaa H saaaa, H sa 01lJBa:e.e H rrpHHaDJban.C CBOjC HMaOBHHe, 'lOBeR CBe 6pme H rro ysp;aHHje nanpezoaame. H aeoeme cxerrse xoja 6H 110- rD OP;OJleTH CH.nH HCRycTBa H npeaeaa l Iloz TOil CHJlOM MOMH ce BapBapCTBO H passa y JbY,lI;JDIa 1JYCTBO 6paTCTBa H p;pymTBeHe comaapnocra, Oa caaesa 06- mTHHa H sapoma rrpeije ce aa cases aapoaa H ,Ilpmaua, aa Be.mKH CHCTeM enponcxax H allepHRaHCKJIX seMaJ.&a! HsMeijy cje,u;H:e.eHHx Hapop;a H seMaJ.&a pasBH co npaaarao caoenrraaaae, CBaRH caoomraaame ,u;pyroMe H BpHliame 0,11; :e.era IIUC.nH H saaaa, TaRo ce rrOCTaBH OCHOB yjeIPDlsy 1JOBemTBa y 06mToj cseora,

11

Ca 06mTOM cBemliy YBe,lle ce pasxesa : upnTISBO,If;a sa npoasaoae, Y SpaSMeHY npoaaaoaa ,lloi]e ,lleo6a HeCpO,lllila, H cjeA}fHe:e.e CpO,llHHX lIOCJIOBa H nocra ysajMHOCT. YCJIYra. CBaKH npcayse pa,llHTH OHO, mTO y cnoae rrOJIOatajy Baj60Jbe Mome, OCTaBJbajyliH Aa ,llpyrH _pa,lle OHO, mTO OHH 60Jbe Mory. Ty ce O,lleJIH rrpOHSBO,llCTBO CHpOBDe 011. saaara (npepahanaaa CHp0:BHHe) , H O,ll rpronaae (pasxeae CHP0:BHX HJIH npepaheaax npoaseona}, rra ce . oAemme sa ce6e H HaYKe, H YMeTHocTH, H rrOCJIOBH BJIaAe H T. 11.., a y cnaxoj rzaaao] CTpy~H paA:e.e oaaojmne ce oner sacecae rpaae. H aKO HeKaAa 'lOBeK HJIH HapoA, IlBe/l,eH na caoje jeAHHt'l aasope , aaarsa H rrpOHSBOACTBa, TeK je/l,HOCTPaHO paanajame osoje onocodaoora , H He- 1I0,llnyHO npoaeaahaure Ope,llCTBa sa mHBOT: ca,ll paAH CBaKO

, sa CDe H CBH sa CBaKOra. TaKo narrpesna, xoje je 'lOBeK I ILIH HapO,ll y caaoha OCTBapHo, nocTajy AHBHO ,lleJIO, 06- nrre A06po H Be'lHO HaCJIe,llf)TBO. 'I'axo ce HaYKe H YMeTHOCTH HS I'psae , C:OOOT 0 rrpaBy H 0 saKoHOAaBCTBY HS PHMa, XpHmhaHCTBO HS JYAeJe, pacnpoorpeme no OCTa.lOMe COOTy. TaKo ce ynpKoc HHKBH3~HjH H jeSYHTCTBY, TOMe KpBlUlHaJIy npoTHBy qOBelJaHCTBa, PHMCKH paSBHTaK .IIOAllJlaAH H HaCTaBH y HTaJIHjH, a HS HTaJIHje npehe y (flpaH~ycKy, 1jepMaHHjy, B .. BpHTaHCKY, H y cenepay !Kepuy. TaKo Espona paAH.sa AMepHKY, AMepHKa sa EBpony, je,llBa omoxaae, a ,llpyra ,llonpmyje npOHSBO,110 sa xoje ce HsycKyje 'lHTaB HHS nOCJIOBa. SHa ce, H. np. IaRO cy ,llaHaIlIn.H naHY'lHH· ecnamr npoasaoz sajeAuHlllor p8/l,a CeOOPO-AMepHKaHa~a H Esponaaaa,

Haaparxo, y CBOMe o6mTe¥ nOKpeTY nanpeaaa xoI BellITBa ynoTpe6Ho je .,llpymTBeHY oneay TaKo, ,lla ,llaHac i OHO, mTO ueaocraje jeaaoxe 'lOOOKY H npe,lle.n:y, BaRBa: ~yje ~e.n:o 'lOBemTBO H cser, To je caesa HS xoje ce HHo lojH .m.:BBH 'lOBeK HSByliH BeMome, csesa ,llHBHa, y KOj8j I je jellcTBo sa caaaunsocr H 6Y,llyliHOCT xoaenrrsa!

, Ilaraae je: je JIH ,lloCa,llamI:LHM Banpe/l,KOM nOCTHr-

IIJTa OBa TeX{I:La xonexa , ,lla mTO sanre CM.a:e.H TPYA, a D:OBelia ym~a:e.e cnoje? ,lJ;a nor.n:e,llHMO aa Hur.n:eCKY, IOjOj ce- De TOJIHKO CJIaBH. Cperae OKO.n:BOCTH y'lHBH.n:e or, 1'e je y TOj SeMJLH nOHaj60JDe OOTBa;~11. ()()'\ll,Tl\. "'iI.~~

AaR 1J:ooourrBa. Hesa HCTHRe H nayxe, xoja ce SHa, a II AS ILOlle naje aanroheaa aaponaa -CBOOT y HHl'.I00KOjj J HeMa paaae, KOjOj IfHTe.mreHT8H HHrJIe3 HHje pteo ,lI;aTII I WTO KOpHCHBjH npaBan;; neaa HSBopa npOHSBO,lI;CTBa, B9 xora ce Hen;pnejy Cpe,ll;CTBa S8 HHrJIOOKe nOT})El6e. 'l'y ~ je BpeMe OJI8rO; Ty je HajnoSHTHBHHj8 HaYKa y,ll;pymeHa oa pa,u;HOM O,ll;B8mHOCTH, Ty je H8jnpoHSBO,ll;HHja mTe,ll;ll>8, - Ty Maj,ll;aHB K8nHTaJIa, Ty CBB OJI8rOCJlOBH Kpe,ll;JIT8, TY i 6.18rajmm;a CBeTa, TY cy y nORpeTY coo M8mHHe,· ROjDa ce ymTeljyje pa,u;Ha cnara H pa,ll;HO BpeMO, Ty ce CBHM npoHaJIaC-D;HMa H BemTalJKHM opeacraaaa CH8am I npOHSBO,ll;CTBO SeMJLe. Y 1I0JLCROj npHBpe,ll;H, na up., 1fen yrapH, neh ce SeMJLa ljy6peH>CM H AYOOKHM OpalI>ell, npecywHBalLeM H HaBO,ll;lL8BalLOM aenpeoraao y nJIO,ll;OBIITOCTB ,lI;pmH, B pacraae na HSMeHn;e na Thoj rrpoasaoaa,

.8 ,lI;Olla:liH cojean CTOKe ycaapmena cy nanre Hero ~,lI;e;

y .58HaTHMa yBO,ll;H ce HenpeCTaHO HOBa rpalja sa HspaljHB8lLe H HOBe (Hap01J:HTO napne) xannrae , H CBe ce 60Jbe ynpaBJLa nOCJIOBHMa ; sa TprOBHHY H rryTOB811>e paSBHTa je aa CBe CTpaHe Mpema O,ll; npOCe1J:eHBX RaH8JIa, y6pOljeHHX pexa , oarpahenax ,lI;PYMOBa, rBOS,lI;eHHX rryTOBa , aa nOJlpmjy 3eMJbe xao H HClIO,ll; TOra; CBH ,lI;e.IIOBH ,lI;pmaBe croje y aenpesamoj CBesH jezaa C ,!!;pyrBM, a 6p0,ll;apcTBo cseeyje Be.nHKO OCTPBO, IfHrJleory,

, ca ClJHlla ,lI;CJlOBHlla CBeTa. Jom je 'y HHrJIOOKOj H H8- pOARa O,ll;6paHa TBp,ll;O yjaM1JeBa, a DJla,ll;a HerJI06H'H HerlLe1JH rpaljaHe, Hero HX sanrraaase O,ll; rpa6emH H Henpanze ; OHa YOODITe ,lI;06po H no capasxepaoora jeBTHHO 5ellr1JbOM ynpaasa, Je,ll;HOM pe1JH, y HHr.IIecKoj r;y yje)l;HlLeHH . CBH YCJIOBH nanpezxa sa xoje ce ,lI;aHac SHa, H 1J:HHH ce cae , mTO caxo HCKYCTBO H ,lI;p)I(aBHH1J:KO OAYmeBJIClLe y car JI8CHOCT ,lI;OBeCTH Mory. AD jom H ,lI;aHac ycpe,ll; SBHiR,lI;aILa napaax MamHHa no MOPY, no peKaMa H KaHaJIHMa, no rBOS,lI;eHHM JIYTOBHlla, no ~a6pHxaaa H y nOJLHMa, ycpe)l; BpeBe xoja na C·Be ('.TpaHe OrJIamyje 1I0KpeT H iRHBOT, jom H A~Hac jese tq>HR SR)l;OBH CBCTCKe naponra 0)1; 01J:ajHH1JKe necse: "Ox Bozae, KaKO je cxyn JIe6 a jeBTHHO lJOBetrHje MOOO H RpB!" ESIl· De TaKa neoxa OpB ,,110 BeJIHRoj" EPHTaHCKoj, no

se • .1LH ".aIIIJIBapOKe HB,II;YCTpHje", ,,6amcepoRo cnesyaal\Hje" H "CBeTCKOr o(}pTa", mra ,ll;a MHOJDDlO 0 OCT8..IJD[ BaBa,ll;HHH SeHJ&alIa? 3aHCTa, H HajnoBpDIBHjH rrorJIO,ll; aa ,ll;all3mJi.e ,ll;pmaBO OJUCpHBa,,II;a 1I0BemTBY jour MHoro Bp.IO JUloro ooraje M yllHHH sa O.laRmaJLe OBOjO cy,ll;6e.

HapaBHO, Ra,ll; rrpOMoTpHHO rryT aarrpeaxa IIITO je QOBemTBO ,ll;Ooa,ll; rrpomJIO, H T01lRY sa KOjOj ce OHO ca,a;. 1I8,IaS1i : MomeHO xso HSBeCHO ClIaTpaTH, "a lie 11000- mTBO KOje HOYIIHpe, Be'lHO aanpezoaara. A.Jm je .lq)yroja1JJlje ca JbY,ll;JUI3 H aapO,II;HHa, KOjH, xao H CBe mTO j~ orpaHH1IOHO ,U caHpTao, HOCO y oe6H YSPOR C.pTH U nponacra, 3HaMO, ,ll;a co ,11;003,11; TOJIbKO aapO,ll;a II TOJlHRO J&YACKHX uapam'l'aja na OBOj BeIlJDH HSlleHIIJIO, a ,ll;a je CBaKII 0,11; TUX napoza a aapanrraja OBe ,ll;yme Tpajao K AOOTojHHje mHBHO, mTO je nanre OCTBaPHBaO 06mTH aaIlpeA3K Y ,ll;pymTBeHO. mHBory H HayxaMa. CBaRH HBOCTaaaR 0,11; Tora aanpeasa 6HO je npar-H caMpTHH y,ll;ap sa Hapo,ll;e a aapamraj. To HCRYCTBO BO,ll;a Hac pepeu.y:

AA H C3BpeMOHHH aapoaaxa seooraje HHmTa ,ll;pyro, Beli ,Ita CTBaP 1I0BemTBa npaxe sa CBOjy CTBap, na ,ll;a oa QOBemTBOM nanopezo Hanpe,ll;yjy, aKO xohe ,ll;a OJIaRmajy lRJIBOT a npo,ll;yme BOR CBOj.

)l;a ce sanaraao can, Ra!CaB HSrJIe,ll; HMaMO lUI Cp6x y pe,lif oaspeaeaax aapoaa, Mome ce 600 sasopa peha, , It& ee y I)epMaHari;a, y <.l>paun;ysa H yEar.nasa :oeh yB6.IBKO yxasyjy SHaD;H pasBpaTHocTH . (,II;ellopa.msaD;Hje) I aammeB>a lKBBOTa, ,ll;OR.ne co y Oaaseaa onamajy OBI[ !I~ uaijaHocTH.· Jom npaaaase aa ce Oc06UTY naam.y cesepo-aaepasaacsa aapO,ll;u, xoja y Haj60JLoj CBaBII YOTame, .,II;a je,II;HoH sa CBar,ll;a' y1J:HHe Rpaj po6- cmy. Jaoao je ,ll;aKJIO, aa ROMe CBeT ocraje, )l;a cy CJ!&... H8,JJ;eJKAa eBponCKe 6yAfliaOCTa, TO O,a;aDHO rrpa ..

I 3Bajy a OHa, ROjH lIlleY CJIaBelIB. )l;a 0,11; pHi)3.BHOOTB:

C.l8BeHa H COBepo-AMepHKaH~a saBHCH npepoijaj .qoBeJDTBa, TO je nooraao jaaao, H CBe mTO je crapo C'I'p01III _ B 0,11; caHOr norosopa 0 PYORo-oopHXaHCROM caBesy. OA CBBjy CJJaBeHOKIIX aapoaa PYCH oY HajBHme Aymm,

a 01' Cp6a ee OAROCHO HajBHille OqeKyjfl. ;,

Axo :Bur "., 0,,0. C'I'8pu. CUiS.x C~"'1 "'\)~

sahe, Aa CY AOpaCJIH, Aa ca BpeMeHOM Hanpe)(fjy1 Rap- 1 HaPCKH npHTHCaK AyrO Hac je HCTHEa AaHry6Ho, am l! KO je YMOO jYHallKH ynoTpeoHTH oapYT sa CJIOOOAY, Tpe6a t Aa YMe nOC)lYR<HTH ce H llITaMnOM, H napHOM CHJIOM,· B' i eJIeKTpHKOM ,. H KO:tlDaCOM, H CBDa CaBpeMeHHII Cpe~- i CTBHMa sa aanpeaax , Te ~a nocrane OHO, llITO Tpe6a i Aa 6YAe. '

~OBellITBO je npOKpllHJIO crasy OOllITeM HanpeARY, a HaIIIe je Aa caSHaMO, AOKJIe je Taj aanpezax AOllIao, H mra ocraje Aa.1Le Aa ce ,1IHBH sa JI.YAOKO cnacerse, Ty OJ HaM HaYKe HajBepHHjH Boi;a. XBaJIa Eory, HapOA 0p6- OKH pasyaeo je norpeee npeueaa; OH lIHHH CBeKoJIHice' mpTBe, Aa 6H ce YlIHJIe H llIHpHJIe Hajxe, 600 ltOjHX ce aexolKe sanpeaoasra. CaA CTOjH caxo AO OHHX, KOjH ce Ha~ noonere, Aa OnpaBAajy iKpTBe H cnacy 0YAyhHocT csora aapoaa, OHH oy sa TO OArOBopHH; HeTpe6a Aa 0 YD OlleTHY, aa llITO oy nOSBaHH. Cp60Ka .q>mana jom je y csoxe nOOTaHKY; saaarax je Hall, Aa paaBHTKy H.eHRX CHJIa AaMO OHaKaB npaBa~, KaKO he OHa -AOM y peA HajHanpeAHHjHx ApmaBa, H 0 OBHMa aanopezo nanpea KOpallaTH.

HH npeser HH OAOYAHHjer sanarsa I Kaxo ,II;a ra

pellIHllO? .

SaHOTa, HHKaKO 4PyrallHje, aero ocraapersea sanp6AaKa 'sa xoje 1I0BellITBO SHa, H nerrpecraao HX C8SHaje. Hanpeana TH OBOAe ce aa TaKO Ha3HaHe .aTepBjaJIHe H ApYlliTBeHe nanpegae, MaTepHjaJIRK Hanpe.J;lQl ooHHBajy ce na OBe AY6.1LeM H OBe nOAnfHHjeM npoxaTpaH.y H Ca3HaB.m.y rrpHpOAHHX H3BOpa npOH3BOAO'fBa, B CpeAC'l'ana, sa H.HXOBO CTaJIHO H aajaopaoaaje yn0Tpe6JLaBaH.e; a APYmTBeHH aanpeana HM.ajy xopeaa y CBe aepHRjeM H CBe npOCTpaHHjCM npOMaTpaH.Y aamera APY.CTBeHOr lKHBOTa H ozaomaja,

HapOAHa npaapeaa 06YXBaTa oaao jesrpo ~a.'repBjUBn H ApymTBeHHX aanpeaaaa, ORa je Hayxa 0 saKOHDa CTBapHOr lKHBorn, xoia ce upeACTaBJDa Y UPOH9- BOP;eH.Y, Y pasaeaa H AeOt)H, y TpOllIeH.Y H oner upoHSBOAeH.Y BpeAHOOTH, H KOMe cy nOJLOKa upHBpe,ll;a, py-

'PCJ'BO I BaBaTH, T}>rOBBHa (ea 6POA&pcTBOII) r.JaBBe

15

rpaae. OHa rrpoxarpa csesy THX rpaaa TeKOBHHe ca ~PYDITBeHHM craaex , rrpoMaTpa ysajMHe oznomaje CBHjy peaoaa, KOjH HMajy Y'lemlia Y rrpoHsBo~cTBy H TpomelL y BpeP;HOCTH, Y 06IIITHHCKHM H ~pYIIITBeHHM reperaaa, y Hapo~HoM pap;y H mHBoTY. Haxparso , OHa Heo6YXBaTa caao CTBapHe KOPHCTH, seh H Jby~e ca ILHXOBHM norpe- 6aMa, ca ILHXOBOM ~eOOOM H cje~HHelLeM pa~lLe, ca ILHXOBOH paSMeHOM IIpOH3Bo~a, H ca ILHXOBHM ysajMHHM YCJIyraMa. H TaKO aeaa HH xarepajamor HH ~pyIIITBenor aarrpeasa, KOjH y caeaapoaaoj npxspeaa HetlH HMao csora YCJlOBa, KOO IIITO aeaa HH 'IOBeKa, KOjH Mome pas-

I BBj~TH csoja JIJleMeHHTa ~BOjCTB~, a ~a He y6J1amaBa CBOJY r JIa~, ~a HeIIO~MHpYle csoje reaecae norpeoe,

HaYKa 0 aapoxaoj rrpHBpe~H 06YXBaTa H sa Hac YC.lOBe, O~ KOjHX saBHCH paSBHjTaK npOHSBO~CTBa CHpOBHHe, saHam H TprOBHHe opocae, YCJlOBe 'napozaor 60- raTCTBa, YCJlOBe CBeKOJlHKe cnare H HaIIpe~Ka cpnoxor. CasaaMo JIH re YCJlOBe, oRAa HaM ce oTBapa rrpaKTH'IHO UOJDe sa HajBaiRHHjH paa, sa HarrJloljaBalLe napoaao cseera sAPaBHM O~HoBHMa HaYKe, sa npauoaaraae, ~a ce H HajcKpHBeHHjH HSBOPH SeMaJbCKOr 6J1ara oTBope BeJlHKoj

I CBeTCKOj TproBHHH, ~a ce ~OCKO'IH ocernoj OCK.yp;aOCTH y pap;HHM· CHJIaMa, y KaIIHTaJlHMa, Y cpe~cTBHMa o6pTa, A3 ce npaapeaoa yqHHH xpaj cHpoMamTBY H nocrasa CTalaH TeM.eJb 6y~yliHocTH aapona.

To je je~HHH rryT KOjHM Cpdaja Mome ~OCIIeTH p;o ORe BeJDI'lHHe, KOjoM lie o6yxnaTHTH H M.OpCKa npaoraaamra, ITa Ka~ caao TaKO CpoHja MOiRe HC~YHHTH CBOj II09HB Y CBeTY: KO O~ Hac Mome ~a ce CBOM ~ymoM. He

I sayme sa HayKy 0 aapoaao] npaspeaa?

Basa, 6palio, ooraje, ~a ~eJIOM ozronopare na TO lhrI.'a~, a ja, KOMe je saca~ rrOBepeHo, ~a Hapy 0 napop;aoj npaspeaa rrpe~ajeM, HMaM. rrpe cnera HarrOMeHYTH I Ball, p;a je Hapop;Ba npaapeaa, soja, sao H onaxa HaYKa, Tamil CDe BelieM YCaBpIIIalL Y» y OBO BpeMe paSBHTa aeh TO.lJlRO, 1l1J. ce lLeHO BSY'laBalLe orrpaB~aBa HCTHHCIttUI KO-

I pHCTHlIa Y X<HBOTY· Ilpoaerpaao caxe rrpHpo~e CTBaPH, TO je JISBOp re HaYKe; a ,,0'11.(, xoje ;I~y~e sa HCKYCTBOM,

J aajlSo.u "l' upoeeoopa= lWHB I

10 Ii. sa all. :lUl';.'l1bt J!VBaO·,. ~ .. _~ .... , -Ay.\ne pa~&t. ua ~ 1IIl~. q_'~ .. t'aI' ..... ..,..y ....... ~e c IIU._.... .. Ut j1J 'I!!" QJD III'pa • .1 Taaa 'Y~ ..... 18 ~~lII -.t.um "It ~ nanjuo ysp .. ewu: • .... e_ ~.1I1lhf-. It" -- ......... ,.,. .... ~ ..-.rer iI ..... SQ,j .. Iitt. IItl' p ...... ,que .,.,rDIIOCD!

A..- IIml lID II~ lI8:X IIRM,p uo plLlt'J • ~ 'N ce y .\10~M It""", '1a&'1 yS33}"je ese Y TeWlLOj 0Na, AeLie ce ujll~·.W ~II'" Be'lBa tar.ucBOeT y qt ......... ".e ... .,..lIt.

O;\~ 'WWS .. aa ee6e • ee6. paBat •• e.~ ••

~. IWU '" Y .pupeABIDI OAJlOlDjUI .. rAe ....

T,- ~Lt jill ll&Q'Uo K e. ' a e a (clJpaIlIIya). Oa

y r.M1IIMW :

. • ... r.w.\Ij- uso erie • Baut.e... AI "YA.. 6.... on ,.n')'pftll ~ .. 't~ • 08'\", 6.... IIPDya.6eBR Y atApa .Ipom., .VIEyjl "' ... U.'t lI.pope .pupeAe, "I .. OHI cBlsor Alaa AeIlf\'\t .'N U 'IpeN sa nop.pe.e .nosu ae6pojeRBJ: 1Ifl~; • u,upella aeupeen80 6 ... H.A ..... OBI 0pUH .. BO 0.\1'0..... ..XO... ucrrpe6ua, a BDIA IIIPOMaWI. MILIIMoa. aouo... ~ .... "",.'lIUIX jeABo OA Apyron, nyue BI CDe C1'pIBe • .. \'I";)' lI,..peA~ ... opa pyse 0P.BspeARBKI, • Te PYRe __ ~ lItUIleBeplN,JY uC-'oae HI •• Je cy OOIB8Re. T. 00- .... )'I .... 'ltjy ee jeAHo e Apr"", .... ee • Delyjy jeARo

• Q~N; WIll ee Y~MH~ Aouy aaj)' a C.II-,. ce y o6mTB

..... ,. .peAl TIB.WJy JeA.a ae eplB .. aBaq, y sOlie ce

.. un lIelllO_ pac ... YT., I AI ce TH.e H CDe OCTI .. e ....... 110 Tej ....... HIlT. ee paC •• AI, BHTH ce 11.,~ •••• AI .... ~.a cu ........ 6A. R HenpeCTIHo .......... MAl-IIM..... Haj.oc .. e, CIUOII pu.eae

....,. A8 Tely HNeQuao HI ese CTpaBe, •

..-A qt 8. 6ea AIU'Y6f', OpeRO ae6p.oje&llx

..... N'c.a~."

17

CAy~aj8 8 KpOS Be6pojeHe PYRe, RAe 6es oceTBor sacraasa OROMe soja 'Iesa Aa r.a YROTpe6R •

• CBe TO 6BBa aa name O'lR, 6HBa CBaKH AaR B 06HaB.La ce spOSCBe BeROBe.·

.00peA TaKHX nojaaa, KO jom Aa CYMILll 0 CarJlaCHOCTIl Y HapoABoj opBBpeAH? rAe ce cae Y ysajMHoj CBeSH nospehe, rAe CDaRB AaB CBe Pl'AOUBO 6HBa: TY ce Mopa opBsHaTH BeR" o6mT. saKOR •

• A 6am H Aa ce ooaSB nOBeB8A B Y _Be'leMY BeRH asyseTas, Bela CJlY'IajHoCT: je-JIB TO AocTa, na ,11,8 ce OApe'le npaBBABGCT B C8rJlaCROCT ~eJlBRH, Aa ce HeUpHIJH8 OthriTB S8BOB I~. YBYOBO. BapoABo. opBupeAoM DJlIAa?

.Oo ... e CJlY'Iaja, UeAB Aa.l>e K 0 K' A e R, MHoro je y*e, aero mTO ee 06B'IBO saMBm ... a; g,erOBe Me~e CBe cy 'l'emlLe, DlTO ce Aa ... e mRpa Kpyr aanrer SHalLa". Ha RHTalLe: Aa-JlB f ap.upeA8uAaAlljy bYA B CJlY'I8jBOCT, a Be C8rJlaCHaCT, 0,11,rOBlpa OR: ,,'RYAB 8 CJlY'lajHocTB BMa B Y paSBRTIY jesHK8, 118 aDaK Y jeaHKY BJla,J.8 carAaCROCT. Ta je CarJlaCBOCT '1'0- .lUI, AI cy OCROB8 rpaM8THle je,ll,RaKB Y CBBjy Hapo,ll,8 B y

! CBI spe.eRa. Ma 10ABIO Aa RMI, RJlH Aa ce 'IBHH AI 8M8, I .lFIBJIX hYAB BAli' CAf'lajBoCTH, 68.10 Y rouopy BJIH Y 0PRI BPeAH, CSI '1'8 CAY'IIJROCT, CBe re bYAH Teare AI ce cueAY B8 · BeKH peA. Y paasHTIy jeBala CBaKOM je 0r,T8U.I>eRO A8 RSRa, .1188 pe'lB; 8AH BajBBm8 K08TpOAa opHoaAa CBHMa. ABq8 H8- 1 RUaae pe'la, B8H8Jl88e 8ace6He 06J1Rle~ aspaae, a eaaso BOCR I caoj AaBIR jesHRY: O'I'YA BeBcqpnHBo 60rnCTBO H AHBHa paa-

IOCTpY'IHOCT 06AB18, 10jHMa.ce O,ll,JlHIYjy .l>YACKH je8RqR. AAH

I WI 1KYOBO BOBTpoAawy, 'IBCTe a HCUpaBJiajy ORO, WTO aeOAl'OBapa HSBeCB8M aaHORHMa, a TO ORB 'IBRe ca OHRM CT8ABD HarOHOM 10jR Y a.BMa B,aAa, B CBIIRO ce KJl8a.8 OHOMe .... 0 CBH ylYOHO YCBoje, ISO aehe ,11,8 6YAe MHMO .l>YAB: OTYA IpIBIUROCT a C8rJlICBOCT Y .lLYACKHM jesHqHM8.

I .T8BO je R y HapoARoj 0pHupeAH. CUIKOM je OC!8B.lLeHO 'AlIlp8AAa.e, a eBa yaYOHO ROHTpOAHDly. CBIHOM je OCTa-

~ "RO, ,11,8 paAB HI CBojy PYIY, DO CBOjoj aasera, 8AH a CBI-

i e je CTIJIO SI THII, AIOHO WTO OR npoHsBeAe 6YAe npaa-

• 112'0 B npBM.I>eBO 0,11, APyrRx, A8 a.erOBa DpHupeAa 6YAe y I eMS. ca opBBpeAolI APyrBx "'YAa, 6es KojBX 08 HHWTa He· ... e; B TIIO CBalO RMa aarepeca AI BAe S8 jaBHoM CBeCTB. I 0" A. 'I Be C A 060 A e R 06 m Tel 0 B T pO A e nocTaje AIBJle I e jeARe crpaae paSBOCTpY'IBOCT DP~HSBOA8, I C AP),:re earaa-

CIOCT yly088 p8Aa.e, a y TOMe je rAaBH. SHI'I8J HapOAHe lpaBpeAe."

Aa 'IyjeMo jom H cI> p. B aCT Hj I, 10jR (y CBOMe AeJlY : lIIJ'IIIonies Eeonomiques) pasjaca.aB8 npBpoARa peA H ysajMlOOT y BlpOJl,Boj npBBpeAB OBHMnpRMepOll:

.j •• L.;.~.!apll: ," .. 11 .~. :iii .1: ~dIJ( :~lflY:B(lr UkBa .J.pr- i !.I.: ::.s. -. :~ sa .':.~.:!.,t" :~3.,~t:.1r:: :.- ~..:..J<r. !::.;:r:nflj t'BPOII-:

.114'. ,"&:1.,,11,1 •. 1 lp 1 ~II:·!.I : ~~ _ .. r'"":: J:<:~ (.£ 1IJr.EE lPY-

117 ,,', :0:'. ::1: :-~ JI.;,", :P: lC"J .Ii.-:y~ 'UIBI!. Tr ~e .

~II_" ': ':""1:.1.;1 'is .~~iI ,.~" .. IH~ k·:·.l:,,>.:'t.-::tt-tt:':-t:

•. -. _?l>I.I..i,O:'''II: i",8 •. :..i,A ':a3t: ~~::r::ll ~r~. IrplIBl!'hl ;'C',.I.I,itr. ,I :~~1~' :pi>t:tiil lui , ': •• H :': :sL3 :I.! :J.;(. ~ n-a.e. I. h:i.;'i,l." . ura :"';ilJiI .h .. .:. :;:.:!.I.:-::a :: ?a;",,~ iii! (·B(lmTO .Ii A. .pll~" .'

ftilpo: ,,1:111 •. ;',,:i.1 _iU1 luJlll'! :-.~a.:-= }:; ::: (ofI..Il'III ••

',Ii ''''Jt: '.I"jj,JI:o""PtiDilu .~aJ ":"J':::t' :zat~ .:~ ';-=,;!'l Gcr.le .... . \.111 'os :·11 .i:i ;UHI ... -; ... ":"';iI ,OJ i.lt:.lcl. :of! D..I:+ Oo{i("1"\l ORO :.111.:'" r (J1I:.'~il.l" : ': :~iiui"·.' ?d':~. ,ill":': :2. =~B<-{,l. I:!.Mulilsa. lpt:Ga.loj :-= .; a . ,~t:pUiBlli1 :.~uiUE~~'· ~~~'-L Ih.lru... .... - .>i1C: '':»I'IUi~!iil ,,:n: it Z:.;.rO:i:i. Di-'iiH.iBjIW lI(o('ru! (S(l.Y)i ; "c,.iLlu ~ t: .!i .: -:.:'11: : II: .: r iHipil luat1:~· ~. P;'iBe BI.""_ 8 AI ce r~ ifi"ilJ.~. :';i.it"-':~Y. ':·IIiaj~· .• iooje B T. A •

• []Oi11TO ce :.~.~ 'k . .!P;;l'~t-.w iI.1e J.l jUt'. 11 :._ ~)' .Ie6 :llIoj '!Ii je ;e ~i4.ii." .:~·Tpv !O.l.IiI(I. ~OpL11 ce ~lII.IoI. ('Ep'lIlTll, :luOpdTii. iI ':iluaiil. 'h~'ilO ~ ~'C~B 6p ..... BO :-Iju ... O'lf'iilIlI. '1up~.l1 L~ 3!kIN cpe iars. B.11t'je oBpb. ipI!(' t'BfjITl • ':.~.lt:rl.. ~p.iil1liv Y~~IlTIl II TetTO BeueL.: lIopa.u ('y ee ,];\ rsui6i~. l.pi>l" ra ot "a,.~aa HaUpaBlITIII UITJ( il pa.u.y: 110- p;Ll.oI. ,,~. ll .. i>c,,·hA ,l>~.!a Dpt:llnvlllllH II 06)-'1111. nr.lfLr MOIEY, \p~rll OUt'T liJil .. ':TtI ,;..,.!~- 3a B(·J.~lIWIly B T . .J..: I TG ry ese llOC.1IJBIl ".1 !h·.;.~ ,'saSL sa c~~~ yser, Upl!'.1uo("TI~ I'\.llllLly piI.l,iI. l+.t'" ol"" ~ :ll~ N(NIJII Hera • y spexeay.

~.lil""t'. ~rih'.\ ... .Io.l ~ csor caaa y mSO.lr. Ha BlySY, Koja. 'I." UK.' ~.' :c' ,'r~Rirft:e~. lIl't"lU(I("TaB.L1 Bl!'lip(ljtBI UPOUl·P":<·.t. :ll"c't..laJ""'" lI.j\y"I.~.t". JRII ... sojl ("I!' (,BI OB,\e R. 1U1'C,'t..l t. S.c' ""~ \

., lllo4 iIUo.l.,,a !:Cot ~.r .:1~': II H8.l8311 .il!' SII.l.\p.RURY.

II\:Kc:' r ... "M.\

yll~' ""..t .l.at.II..~ II Ra.lI'. I.\Bosan sojR ')1Y sacTyna I&~ " .. ,.a ..... ,,~ ,"_ c' 1"'.: •• ~y\yh npaORI\Y. n IBIB8 ... HII18 ".u. IIW'r:.li~ I~ ,'\ \d,~ IIrn'~' r,~' : CBI!' TO nrunOrTlB.LI 8HI •• \ ... ,\\1'" .-ot \,,~., ... ur.'·!ilc'Tl''I II ,'lW'l(,TBIlMI iI& ....... e ... e.

,,"- .. '" ~ ~'Ii:;'~ ~\H.a ~t l.ltR. CDOMI!'R.B. I BILHra ••

"Io'J" ,,< ~~'\ '01.,"' • .','::l ,~(' ",'X,' ('IITII .lllIlHR,i1l CllOMI!'HHB , •• "",,,"l·. It,,,,,\U~:., ,,~ ,·t 'II! "l'U. n~(,IIt't.IBR ce ~yx, Y8- ,~ ,~ \,\ OM.\ "'~'''')l~: .a \I ('!If' 'I'CI 11~·.'t'. Mopao Je. APyr. ,,,.~~ \.a ~'II\\. _" •• 'h'S,' • ,111.1",-". "I upne lIa cOHJY HS'" _. .-.\.\,~"", :i~l.~w ... \l .h' 1I,'fall Il\RBt'TH He6aBehu ee

~"'" ./6" """.~ .. ~I'r '1\"."

.M~ "". ,,~,(· a 1101 .~., Ih'~t'. 1.'8 H8.1ISH, Aa My je

...... ,· lll~·1E1 !'Uf, mTO cy APyrR "'YA.

19

apoceu. APY., .Sp8BRUH AOARBe, Cpy6HAH 6perOBe, y6poAII.III pese, YDBTO.IIA. BOlLe, BSRaDUH DOBpeTBY CBAY nape B T. A •

• RRje MoryhBo Aa TY BeyoBABe Y O'iB aeeapasaepaeer 88.e\y YCAyra Roje APymTBo TOMe APBOAMB 'IBBB, H YCAyra Boje 6. oBaj call ce6R y'lBHRTR Morao, RaA 6R CBe caM CO• plABTB 1I0pao·. Moze ce cA060ARO pehB, A8 OH sa jeAaH A8B 8GTpOmB OROARBO, BOARKO C8M c0601l Re6M Morao DpoBsoecT. HI 8a AeceT BeBOBa •

• mT .. je jom AH8Bnje, CBB APyrB "YAB Y TIROM BCTOM cY n8AOaajy. Co an 0,1, ORHX RojR CaCTaB.Lajy APymTBo, DO..._ !pOIIIIIO je .UBOJlBJla uyra BHDIe, Rero mTO 6B OR call C060M 1IpO.8B8CTIl 1I0rao; a lIe)yrB. u jeAas saje SBmTI 0,1, APY- 1'01' eree. K8A ee CTB8PB' Bs6Allare DpO.OTpe, ODaza ce, Aa je A,BOAe .. a, 0 BOlle RaopeA rOBop8CMO, CBOjHM YCAyrllM8 HC.... T.O CM YOA1re Boje cy ILellY Y'IRILeHe. A RO 6a BOABO 'IO'IIS pa'lys, OK 6H ce YBepHo Aa Haje npHMHo SHUlT8,. mTO 186H DUTKO nOllohy CBor CBpOMBor 8aBaT8, B. Aa je CHBO 10 je ILellY yuyry Y'lRBHO, DpBII.O BAH he opaMBTR CBOjy

airplAY· -

"Jom Aa Y811e.0 8a npoep, BeAB A&.Le B aCT Bj e, jeABor upoCTor )au y napBSY. Illra paAH, H BalO .HBB Taj ~? RelloJle ee oApehH AI lIy APYDITBO ReCTaBA>a Ba yCAyry "BY, OA8.l0, 06BT8ABUlTe, BILHre, -cpeACTBa 88 BaYBY, B MRore APyre CTBap •• .A RaBe YCAyre USB APYWTBY Tlj )aR, y HaRIlAY aa CBe Te CTBap", 8a Roje ce B8BCRBBaAO TOABRO paAILe, 'fO.l8BO 8Roja, YIIOP82 reaecaer B YMHor yc .... 8B8IL8, npeaeea, npORaA881KI B T. A.? RHKaRY; OR ee cano capeaa Aa APYmTBY 0,1, YCAyre 6YAe. OARYA AaRAe AOA8SB TO, Aa TOJlBRB "YAB YCTYoajy TOile )aBY nAoAoBe oA ILHXOBe CTBapRe B .poBBBoARe paAlf>e? EBO' OARYA: oTall Tor \aKa, Aa peRReMO 180 aABORaT, Rao AeBap, BAB Bao TprOB81l, y'lHHBO je HeBaA yuyre, - MOJKe 6BTB APymTBY XBBeCKOM, - B yseo je y BUR8AY, Be BenoepeABe YCAyre, Hero n p 8 B a Ba yeayre Roje he lIohB 88neBaTB RaA, rAe B KIKo xohe. U T8KO sa Te oAalBO npHM .. eae YCAyre APyruTBO AaBac oADAahyje IjIBY. ABO ee y MHCA.lla npolje nyT Be6pojeBHx paaaeaa, Boje cy npeaJ:OAQe TOj OAOAITH, YBHAehe ce , Aa je CB8RO 88 CBOj_ TpYA B8DA8heB, Aa cy pe'leBa npaBa. npeAaSBJla BS PYRe y PYRY, we nOAe.LeHa, 'lac npHRynA>eBa, AORJle ce HHCY CBa HSMBpHAa 'a1lKRII TpomROM. RBje-A. TO ABBRO '/

.An mTO je jom AHBBBje, y peAY TBX Re6pojeR.x pasHesa ruTO cy npeAXOAHJle )a'lBOII TPOmBy, RHje MOJKe 6HTH BB jeAaB MRAHOBHTR Aeo Y'IHll>eB BenocpeAJIt). CTBapB Boje je Taj )aB YUOTpe6Bo AIBac, AeAo cY .LYAH 0,1, Kojllx je MHoro ... X oAaBHo BeCT8AO ea AHlla sell .. e. H ener OBB cy CBII 6HJlII

~ aarpa'eBB, 118 Aa oRaj RpjB AaRac ¥arJl8a nVOlla\\a~ 1l>'lt. ...... \\,~ ,_

~~"' ... ~ ~ ~ 'Nfl "' ..... 0. un u je BIA OOB-

,...,.~.,.,. WfI .. ~ Wt ft. Ba .... j nj. ORe BpcTe

~~~" " ~ 'AA~ wr 'CC.-. ... euy. BpeJlAI _0_ 6.T. 6es 'i'lffNo~'. -." ';'l'A" ~-Iff"1' "-rAe n.jr se ...... ; OR ee CJlyml. ~"~!f.h)roltM.\;t> .... ~"'Ijax ..... m .. u .cnpe6a~ plAlLo_ Rapa"f1II~~1I ~J'tI ~. ,_' .. -,eJOlllf.l ••• aapamjl BojB he T~I 'c-1I ~~, .; ~ ~ ..... ABI CILU AUla. lIJ OTfAI, BlTO Je '_'_ofolI~ .,.~ ,...... .eKaA. YC.lyre AP)TBJI "YA"', ROjl ~ _..,. ~i! 1III1Kft ao_emaBO ca OB... 'I-.j11 je paAlLa ~~. .. _ttl. Me'yn. .aBpmeaa je TIKI pa.BOTe.a y .~~. __ ~- 'pec1'OpIIj., AI je CBlKO B.rpa'e ... CBOjy YCKfry •

.. ,'" C'~r. TOn RB'Ien Be6. 6 ... 0, KIA Y APyorray ~ ~h\ ".lIor OpBpoABor saBOBa • peAl." -

f •• a je jiCBo, Aa BlpoAB. opDpeAI RBje lII'pa c.lenor ,,",\~-~. lIero je AUO Clr.aICBOCTil ".'IIID BBTepeCI, Ae.lo ~" lIojH_ ee "'YAR Bao jeABua cnOpeIU Y 6PITCSY

~ .. , .... oa'r AORoAe, BlBOBI Be'lBor. BeBpuea.uor, II.... I •• OAHor.

I

i

I ;

8aBOHHTOCT. *) .' (no BacTHjy.)

8aRoB ce R8sphe! 8aBoB - na A8BAe R CBa yjeARa.eBa OPOAH8 CBara - aecaeo mTO BeCAYJK. CBOjOj qeAR, seh ee yuoTpe6.6yje 8a Apyry, eaCBRM npOTB8By qeA! 8aRoB nocTaje opne CSRllla CaMOSAaCBJlqBM8, Ba.eCTO Aa 6YAe Y8Aa aa a.BX!

I 3aRoB je CaM RaBOp BenpasAe, BaMeCTO Aa 6YAe opyarje opoTRsT BeDpasAe! SaBcTa, rAe ce TaRO BaROB BAoYDoTpe6 ... yje, Tf Je opaS8 6AAa, Rojy heMO IIIB OBAe B86 ... JKe npO.OTpIlTD.

MR CillO CSB CTBopeBB Aa ZBBDO, .....;. Aa JKHSalllO Te-'

.. ecBO, yMHO R 1II0pUBO. . .

.!AR ZRSOT ce Mopa 06AP2KaSaTH, paBBBjaTa R ycaspmasau.

PaAR Tora AaTe cy 88M O,ll,AR'IBe cnoc06ROCTR H ospy.eBR CillO paBBRM cpeACTSRlla. YnoTpe6.6asaa.elll THLcnoc06- ROCTB R TRX cpeACT8Ba, M02l(elli AaBAe nOAlIlJp.BaTR csoje DOTpe6e 2IOIB0Ta.

iKBSOT, cDoc06BOCTa, ynoTpe6.6aBaa.e, - APyrRIII pe'IDa Aa'lBOCT, cA060Aa, c06CTBeBOCT, - TO je

'10BeR. .

Te TpR CTSSPR cTapaje cy OA caasor BasoBoII,aaCTsa

~YACRor. . .

HRCY AH'IROCT, cA060Aa H C06CTBeHOOT nOCT8Ae oTYAa, lITO oy "'YAB BaoaOUB BaKOBe. HanpoTH8, "'YA8 cy &anHCUR BaSOBe BaTO, Jirro je Bor R8jnpe OTBOPHO "''1aOCT, CAOI 60AY H·006cTseaOCT.

Illra je AaBAe 8asoa? 8aRoB je 06WT8, npaBB~ OA6paBa ~BqaOCTa, oA060Ae B c06CTBeBOCTa.

CBaSOM '1osesy opHnall,a no npRpOAH npaso, Aa 6pao CBOjy A8'1HOCT, CBOjy CA060AY H CBOjy c06CTseHOCT, jep TO oy TpR rABSBa YOAosa JKHSOTa, YCAOS8, soja ee YBajMHO Aonyu.aBajy a soja ee BeMory jeAaa 6ea II,pyrora paaYMeTB. Jep

22

Bra cy APyro lIUIe c.oc06J1OeD, aere BpoAJ1RM .... e.lft- ' aGeD; a IIITa je APyro eo6eTIIeBeeT. aero .,.A~ IIUID ~ eBoc:06BOCTII ? f

Da DA e ...... 01lelE lOla ........ 6 ....... CUOll, eMj, t .I .... OCT. eBojy C.l060AY a co6craeBon: 0BA. B· BOle .. y~ .... DpIBO YAPymrn ee , CoIomrn ee • eac:ftII8D 0611T)'

cBary aa BpUUIIJ""81 OA6paIlJ· ,

06mTe DpaBO 0CIIIIBa ee AU.le sa 'P1B1 .lII'I"lI, laT.. E

06mn caan Be.o..o p .... puJIIJ' ..au APyry .e.a, aero !f

OByBcry.lEojy uajy ce6Be cue_njuje ~. I

Kao mTO ,AUUe BOO Bell "''0 ., , ... e"JeB ,

.I''IBO. CBlro. aaup .1 TJ1y BecT, c.u6eAY, ~ •

aOCT: TaIEO Be.o_ 6n11 .,. r OCIIOBa, .. AI ee 06..... i

CBlro. BaDaAlBa .I''lBOCI', C.lo6elY • eo6eTaeaOCT "JAB .... 'IIT.BHI peAOU.

Jep lEO 6 •• orao AODUTII, ...... can nje AID ..... oA6J11se CBojU BpaBa. Bero P.... nae .. jP.A,".u qua cBoJe 6plhe? Da IEI,\ ce I'd Be.o_e AOlEaUTa .. CBaJEy .III'IIl}' CI.l1. soja ycalLltt"Bo pl»l. OAJEyA 6B ee ft .or ... AOIEHaft .1 061DTJ caary. lEoja je CUlo yje...-.e&.e .nun eua ,

CaCB.. je j.CBO. A8 je luoa 060m .. usa OA6pa ..

• "'IBOnl, c.l060A8 • co6CTBtBOCT'. yjeA"'e.e .D'IIIID: eau y 06mTY caary, plAR yncrrpe6 .. e .. a DO oao. IICTOJI .... y. DO .0. ee B .IB'Iae clUe •• ce6e 1no7pe61lTB .ery, pq. yjaJI'Ie.a AnaOCTI, CA060Ae 1 c06CTBeBocT., plAB ca'lyaa.. CBIsora 'IOBeSI J eao.e IIpIBy, paAR 060rre n p I B 'IH.

rAe je la.OB apl80 jelCTBo la .IB'IBOCT. ue6qy. co6- CTBeBOCT, rAe ee "POA HI OCHOBY TalEBOr ... 088 ~ B paBR.jl, TY lOp. 611" peAa Y Au .. a • y "c.JllJla; Tf • BJlaAR 1I0pa ISIITH HaJnpOCTljl, HajypeAD,j., BajjeBTllJlllja, ujcHocDHja, BajnpaBH'IsJljI, oa "PIBBO B sajlEpen'ilQa.

Jep calif 0 nOA TUBOII B .. IAo. CBaBR lIo_e palylleo, un .ellfY calloll I ae BJlaAII np"n.Aa .. erOB _UOT 1 eBOj 1JR0b CBOJoj. KaA 68 ee J1H'IROCT OOWTOBI .. a, BaA 61 paA 6.0 uo- 60Aaa • PIAHH IIJIOA 06ea6ebeH, OA CBuor .eopaBeABor BallIA8..... OHAI HHKO Helhr "MIO nee .. 1 01 UI,I,OI. HCTIIIII, Y cpeb IIH HeliR ISIIAR HAIA' AY.HR 8a Hlme H8opeAKe; ua y a8- cpe"" Jlf!1I0Jl8 HH OHa "a~HT' acp .... qy Ha aae CDe, DO roA DITO II lip. HM OeA'.lal1 Hellnry KpHBRTH B .. IAY, lElA OA TY'l8 RAR IIplBa nocTpIAlljy. HI •• B"IAI HH 88 ruTO APyro ReTpe6a lIeh CIMO plAII ., e II 6 e A a 0 C T H.

Jow ce MOJle Ao.aaaTH, Aa ee "'YAcse IIOTpe68 .ory np.poAHO l,asHHj8TH H nOAMHpaBITa callo OHAI, BIA ce B.IIAa

.. WI y upHBaTHe CTB.P.. Callo TIAI HehellO BRA .... , Aa IIOI.RI HlPOAsl npecaera, Aa ce CBPOTIIIIoB nOllyje 0 ,.apoIITlHIIO- ope Hero WTO ORa Ae6a Hila; CillO TaAa Hehello WII, ~ O •• 'Iom DO laDOaeoTB WRpa a OOAI. aa WTeT)'

"I CUI, U. oe.IO BI mTeTY BapOIDB; - CIMO TlAa aehe.o u~ AIR osaae laO.leTe y .aouu •• a, Y piAoBDa, y BIPOAY •

IIDII uocTljy oA .8BeCBU BAaABuJ: .epa , •• ojnl ce H r • CIJIII B8BOPB mBBOTa OocTIB.I>ajy Y BeBBBeCHO H SAO CTaa.e, " .... e ee B BAaABHa oAroBopHocT Y BeJlHsoj .epB oremsaaa,

. BamlAocT, aese B.laAe paAe caCRBIII npOTRBHO: OHe BIIO-

unlaajy ,,8JI 8aKORI: HIMeCTO Aa 818080. 'I)'Bajy B 6plHe Up88."y, OBe 8asOOOlll YOBmT8Bajy upaBAY H nmpy npaBUY .~y; ORe CAyme 06mTOIII CHarOIl OR8Ma, soja 681 sa80pa B

I Cl1I8CTB rase TY~Y AR'IOOCT, c.l060AY B c06cTseHocT; ooe rpa-. 118 •• BIAesajy oe "apaBO", na je oHAa 'Iysajy H 6paBe; OHe aI80B.TY oA6paBY Ba8HBajy: "npecT)'n.6ea.e", ,,8AO'lBOCTSO", na oBAa al Illy BI8He, RaA 111011 "HSADajy CRY CTporOCT 81-

10Ha!" .

OAsYA AOAalB TaBBO BIIBpTallle 8 8.loynoTpe6 ... elLe aa- . , 10Ba, B HI mTO 000 BajnoCJIe B8BAI8R'1 .....

B8BpTaILe 8asooa OCORRa ce 06B'IHO na ABoja8011 yapoKy:

Ha HepaSYII-Boj e a a e a a a c e r a H HI AaarHoj 'IOBe- 10"'y 6HRO C TB.

,4a npOMOTpRMO HepasylllRY caMomBROCT.

CRIKOM 'IOBesy yp~eHa je TearlLa, Aa arRBB B Aa ce pUB.ja. KaA 6B CBB8B 'lOBeS MOfao CA060A80 ynOTpe6BTR cBoje CDoc0600CTB B CA0.60AOO paeneaarara ca CBOjBIII npOBISOAHMa, oHAa liB APYWTBO HeapeMjeHo HenpeKBAoo RanpeAoB8AO.

AA • .l>YA8I11a je ypo~eHa B Apyra aeaa Temu.a, a HllleHO:

AI arue B Aa ce pasBBjajy 0 TpODlBy Ty)elll, BaAroA Mory.

'loBes no npaO,ll,B HtlMOJKe Apyra'lBJe EBReTB HB ymHBIT., seh aa OCOOBY aenpecraaer npBcllajau.a, T. j. aenpecraHor pIsBBjalLa C R 0 j H X CUOC06HOCTR H a DO.l>Y CnO.6aWILD C'l'BBPIl - ,lI,06apa, jeAHoM pe'lB BI OCHOB)" P 8 A 8. OTYA C a 0- C06HOCT.

AAB y CTS8p. 'lOBeS Mome mBReTB H na OCOOBY apBcsaj8ILR nAoAORa Oil. T Y ~ H][ cnoc06HOCTB. OTYA r P a 6 e m.

Klo WTO je pa,ll, DO ce6H IIIY'laa, a 'lOBeS ce no npBpeA. KAOOH Myse, Taso ._ no cBeAo'laHcTBY HCTopaje - CByrAe, rae je AaSwe rpa6BTH Hero P8A.TII, TY rpa6em RaABa.6fje, na ce ooa HB Bepo. HB 1I0p8 .. 0M Cllpe'lHTB oeMome.

KaKo A8BAe DpecTlje rpa6ez '1 KIA OHa DocTaje .Y'IRHjl • onacoBja Oil. aemreae p8AlLe'1

Do ce6H ce paayMe, AI je a8sooy ue .. , Aa 06mTo. (ApymT8800.) CRarOM ca'lysa R oA6paHM co6cTBeHocT oil. rpa6earR.

AAR '1eCTO callo jeAaB 'lOBes, HAH C8110 oe.OARKo "'YAIi opase aaBOR. A. Kao nrro aRSOH RUKBA. HHje 6es OCBemT81L8 B 6el 0AcYAHe CUAe - BJl8eTH: Taso ce ILM.e .9me Henpe.jeHo opeoeTa:ra CRAa - BAIOT - Y PYRe OHRX, soju H npaae S8KOH.

B BaA ce y TaS8011 CAY'Iajy AorOAK, AaTH .l>yAB - Bojr i8KOR • opase, B nOCAe ra y CBojOj BJUU~'U\ 1l1l.~\'i - ..... ,\

i4.

Aa zoe 0 TpOJUKy Tf\e., OBAA .IBpTlir.e SHOD DOCT.je KOA HtR1: CROPO oehme opaB."O. B OQ8 je .uso pIl16paT., aB. "aBOR, BIJleCTO AA cope'lf,je BenpHAY, CAY •• SIO HljOIllCB.je opyJ)e SI HeapaBAY. B eRAI je .... 0 pUY.eTII, •• SO OBI, .RojR B npaae • Ba CBO. paCDOAOzea.y •• ajy saROB, Bpm CBoj hej. BaA OCTU .. a .. yAIOIa, puopaBajyh. IItUOBY A.'I- l-' ROCT P06CTBOH , a.UOBY CAo60AY yra.na.aMII, IItUOBY c06- CTBeROCT rpI~RBO~y .

.LYAllla je YPOIjeBO, AI ee Dpeuae BenpaBA. BOJOJ Cf 1 .pTBa. KaA ce B. Bp. rpa6e. ypeAB 1ID0(l., sa .OpBCT OBU ~ BOjB BOBOO npase, oHAa CBB APYI'II 0,1, Koju ce rpa6R, paAe _j' .... lI.pO •• , u. 6YBTOBBB"IK.H (peBO.lY~ROB") nyTeIl, AI nocTRrRY jeAoo OA OBOra ABora: .... Aa y'IIIRe .,aj yaaso-

u.eHoj rpa6e.B, Aa • OBa caM. rpa6e.

Hecpeha Be 18 BapoAe, sojall. ouaAl Ta OOeAeA .. I

MMcao, III ce AO'lenajy aa.OOOA_BBe cue, paAB 06morer RIBpmllB.llta H BAoyn0Ype.6ellta laBoBa!

Ope Tora .a .. Boa je oOllohy llIEOBa rpa6ua 0,1, BehBoe.

AAK nOCAe Tora rpa6em DOCTaje 061DTa. Ha.ecTo Aa ce BCBOpeaa HenpaBAa BS ApymTBa, OBa ce CBe A8.6e mapa.

MorAe 6. oe Bao.caTH .. naBe Blltll1'e 0 y.acollII DOcAeAllqlllla Tor npeTBapa .. a SaKORa y opy~e rpa6emB, 00 ... heMo cllolleoYTB OBAe oajoosRaTRje OA T.X OOCAeA.qa.

Ope csera TaKOB.. aaBpTaa.ell H s.loynOYpe ... t>a.ell saKOHa yrywaBI ce CBeCT 0 np8B,lI,H a aenpasAa.

H.jeARo ApymTBO BeJlo.e 06CTaTa, aso ce saBOO aenoUlTyje; IAK AI 6H ce BaSOB oomToBlo, Mopa DB 6uII BpeAlo UOmTOBallta. KaA je BIiBOB OpOTBBaB .0p&.lY, rpa~aoaB BeaBI RISO Aa ce BAIAI, Aa AB Aa oorlaH IroPIA, Aa Aa Aa ueooUlTyje 81S0H, I TemBO je npecYAII'J'H, soje je 0,1, Tor ABor. rope.

CBaBojaso, BaBOO DO CBOjOj npBpoAa _OPI 6BT. zaBO C .. OBO npaBAe, jep no "fBCTBY R IIBw ... ea.y oapoAa BIBOH B npaBAa, TO je cse jeAHo. Ma CMO CSR oaBHKoIB, AI OBO mTO ce BaSOHOM olpe~yje, CIl8Tp'_O KIO aiRooBTO, I alia BJ: MRoro Koja AaaeRO AOBoAe CDy OPIBAY OA aIBOBa. HeBl ee AasAe callo 1I8KOROM Rape~R R OCBemTI rpa6ear, Da he ORa IIBorBlla 'IBBIITJI ce upaBeAH8 II CBeT8. P06CTBO, yra.eTea.e, 1I0H01I0 .. H CBaKO Hac lI ... e RlAase eneje 6paBao~e He CIMO y OOBlla, soja OTYA KOPHCTH BM ah', Beh H y MHoraMI 0,1, OBRX, Boja 011. Tora cTpaA8jy. ARO JlK RO nOKyma, AI OCBeT .. H HenpaBAY, Roja ce ~.HH: oRAa lIy ce nOAMehe: Aa oa HIla nODaCHe B DpeBpaToe H8J11t>pe", Aa je "YCHjsRa rAaBa", ,1,8 Y "ABHy cHRBa", AI je "BOBAYXOII.'OBBJ\", Aa je "TeOpeTBK" a Hella "ApmlsHa'isor HCKyCTS8 H npaRTaBe", Aa "Bpe~a B .. acT", AI je "IIPOTHDR" aaKOHRTor peAl", AI 1:ohe, "cBe Aa PymB" , na "AI.ynpooa-

I a callY ,\p.asy·, AI je "YTBOPI", .Mllaror-, .y.np8.l.6e'11-, .BprOr.IU.q", .6YKI'I" &TA. BTA. OAsa.H .. a ee KO, Aa

25

I11'e. IUI,lUKeBBOCTB lIJopua BAH nOMlTB'IBe eSOBOlIJaje - 100D0Jl82Be jaBHY CBeCT, oHAa ce OH Ka8HH, mTO ce no nesaj.j CMB8111B BeAPJKB caMO "CBpweHBX 41aICTa", ·B .. a WTO ce DpeADOCTaB.La, Aa he OH "npeTpec8Ta D .. aARHe uocrynae"; na 'lIAa ce B BBaBB'IHO onOIllHlLe, Aa eae caMO "ca BBBeCHor nor.leAa" npeaarpa , a HaSaKO Aa ce "He)'nywTa y ne .. HTBsy" (T. j; BBRaRO Aa RenBTa8a "H'IUY B co6cTBeuB'IKY cA060AY I 6ei6eABocT, - sa npaBAY!) - HaspaTlo, KaA ce 8aSOROli OCOemTaBa P06CTBO, yrlLeTaBalLe , rpa6em a cBasojasa BenpaBAa, ORAa ee 0 TOllle .ReCMe rOBflpBTB; jep salCo 6H ce CMMO rOBopBTH 0 ReupaBAB, saA ce TBMe np06yljyje CReCT 8a npaBAY I npaBRIlY? mTa same, RHje AocTa HB TO, Aa ce calllo aereBOp. 0 HenpaBAB, .Beh ce jom Mopajy B HOB aae a KILBre nRcaT. ca norae.ta "lIocTujeher aaxeaa" - HenpaBAe - T. je, la OCROBY npeanecrasse : Aa je nocTojehu 8aKOB, Aa je BeDpaBAa caMO 8aTO npascaaa, mTO je 88S0B! -

.!\pyra Becpeha Koja AOAa8a 0,11, HSBpTaJLa 8aKOHa • caereja ee y eaone: mTO ce CTpaCTHJlJa H no .. uTH'IBIU160p6allla, yo6mTe nOABT~a, A8je nperepaaa H8J1,III0buOCT,

To ce Mome Aosa8aTB na H.LaAY PYSY; BO Aa ee orpaIIII'IBIIO oBAe caMO aa ORO, ORO xera ce call. CBB AYXOBB eaae, a TO 6 06 m T B r .. a c (le suffrage universelle).

EBo nrra ce BMa RaBeCTB 0 TOMe:

Dpe esera, pex: "0 6 m T B" espana Kpyuuy C04lHSMY. H.

Dp. Y Cl»pauqycK.Dj BMa 36 MBADOBa JKltTe.La; Aa npase r .. acau.a 6YAe 06 m T e, Tpe68A0 6R Aa ranpBsuajy CBB 36 MB ... HBI 6lpatia • .AAB ra upHBBajy uajBHwe 9 MH .... Ha 'I e T H P u mB-

t Tu.a AaKAe ce Tp B BCS.LY'lyjy. Ha '1eMY ce eeaaaa TO I!c. u.Y'IelLe? OBO ce OCBBBa aa Be C n 0 C 0 6 u 0 C T D. 06mTu ruc BBa'lB ynpaBo: 06 m T Dr .. 8 C COO C 0 6 B B X • .A .. R je

DRTaa.e: BojB cY CUOC06UH: Sap cy rOADBe, no .. , cYAcse npeerAe jeABBB 8BaIlB, no KojHMa ce Mome pacB08BaT. aeeneeoCiBocT?

RaA ce crsap H86 .. Bme npolioTpH, OAMa ce YBRl)a 8amTO ee opaBo r .. acaa.a OCBRBa aa n peA no C TaB .L e a 0 j cnocod~OCTII, Koja ce BepallAHKyje no OCHOBY, Beh no MepR. - To le 8aT(!, mTO IIs6Rpa'lB BepaAe sa ce6e, aeh sa cas BapoA.-

SamTo ce H. up. meHe H Aeqa DCS.LY'lyjy 0,11, npasa r .. aI cau.a? Baro mTO ce cM8Tpajy sao Becuoc06BB. .A 8aUlTO ae-. cDoco6HOCT cAyma sa OCHOB BCS.LY'lea.y? Jep a86apa'iR BeyI sB.ajy aa ce6e oAroBopaocT aa CBOj r .. ac; jep a.HXOB rxae upe,ll,cT8n.La BO.LY csera aapoaa ; jep BapoJl,y npHul'Aa npaao I TpaarHTa jf'MCTRa sa ,lI,eAa, O,ll, sojBx saBIICH !LerOB }KUBOT B 6AaroCT8a.e. -

RaA liB ce 8aSOH esee aa DODlTOBa!Le cBa'lBje "tB'IBOCTB, I CBa'lBje cA060,ll,e a CBa'luje CUOC06HOCTH, oHAa ee liD Be6B .Boro npen.paAIl OKO rora , Aa eU1 ie o6m:t1l n.at. "\\\\l.~"\\

"'1Il'rJI. - ~ D.l ee .U nro..,.l1 .pe"I· .• pery.le·, .... nrr.re- •• T • .1. V.1e.aaa AKO • ..asll. aBO AI ee a.ne 0- A y'.lla .1 0 6 po 0.1 j e l •• x •• I .1 Ij e "p y r.:!II a : OBAI e.... ea OCBOBIl. Tp'" .II lII!'T'e C'sojy pm HI .... OB , AI yacrrpe6. l'soje apaso _"pi • r.Y~a.a ; 01l,\1 l'BU. Bne B.l1n'1IIIqmr1. h.l .. _~ lIO Basell hej.y _ Ra Amy

,yKy BpojllTW JOlla. JlJE]lO ~ • lIB l'.lymmr ~.BO.Oll; I OIUI je CBUII reres, ~ C'BY .lPDBy apeBpllyU. Bero Ol'TITJI ~ ... r.Y~ Y JllEOB0.lUCTBt' ...

B TUO • lO ... tNl ce JUOB' Dsplle, lOB,Uro,\ je 11- BO. opr¥ ~ ~w .l.'1B04."n. c.lo6o.le • C'o6eTBeROl'TII: AOT.I~ .., l"BaU l'pUDIT. la ee ]lema y JUOBO.\aanBo, ..... pi;!'. 0.16pue 0.1 ~r •• CLW. B.t_ Pl.18 Y.leJIII .. 1U .. aSOBI Ba (,S4)JY PYSY. aso ~ • OB lpyre ra.e~IITB, KlO mTO !Lera .... ese ; lor.le t.e JIeIlpeCTIBO BO.\II1'. ce spABa 6op6a B Ba SPIY.lI. aaSOBO.\IBBor ,\BOp., • Y CIllIOJl <lISOIIO.\aBBOli ,\BOpy.

Ha .. so .\1 ce lOCBO'IB TOJle uy'!

.\BO ee OCTU. CillO BeIEO,III1~D. opaBO, Aa Byjy B BI CBOjy PYBY uBpmyjy <laBOB : ORla ee 0,1, IItJlIOBer CIlIOB.lICT.ja a Blcu.a DpCA8<1B BljOOl'.le 6eilB.1ImTDft. Tall DJT8. cBaBojlBo ce ca:wo 06WTOj B(>Cpeh. AOJla3ft.

Dope" aae .... a AaB.le, na BpDIB.to ce OBO Ol cTpaBe HeKO"~HBe Ra" CBlIlIa, UK aa 06mTell raacy - Hella .. - BOTa, HeJla Clluea.1 aa APJllITBO.

CillO KIA OpeCTIBe CBaBO Hac .... e, eBaSI CllIOB.lamTlOlI, CIMO BaA ce T B p.\ H oft W TID P a B A a , jelRoli pe'lll, caJlo Hft OCROlY D PI" H e j e A H a K 0 C T H Mo_e APYWTBO eperao 611T11.

Da 8Rp ee a Mo_e APyro BITO Tp._1ITII Ol 811BORI '! Sap ".OH, loj" ce Mopa OCBemTITIl B-'lmhy, lIo_e pasYJlRO c.ly_"'r" 88 APYro HernTO, I He 88 c8'lyaaa.e B ol6paBY CBaBora y CaOM OPI"Y? Ta 18K OR ee H8Moace HCT.CHYTft ns TOr npasHor .pyrl, I AI ee IJlICT HeyopasB npOTBBy npasa •.•

H"plTlCo. IIpllH MIIP, IIpaBIl P~A, npaso nOllBpea.e, r"orl:" (\PIT('TIIO, IIpliRP rnICl'a.e I\pymTB8 clCTOjH ce y USD UPUt'TO pe'lHIIII: y T 8 P 1) e H I II" 8 A a n pi B 1\ e, TO j e ".UH,

A .... "1,\1 IIpRBAl' Mo.e ee YTBPA"TH y S8KOHY caae ny" .. oOm1'9 l'IIPt'TIl.

A oOlUTR OUPCT 1111'118 ce p18BIIT" eaao nYTeM jlBHor "I'PI II jlBRl' BOHTpO .. P: 1I)'Tl'lI eKynmTHRcKor _HBOTa H~ .", l'.,o(\pAl' Y H8C1pIIY (,1C)'UII1TIIHllpl H Y rKynwTIIHCK~J ~ •• 1 p('ROIIV t'..oCltIAt' IllT81111ll' H 01\rOBopHOCTH OBIIX KOJft

Ii M.IIIIWyh! . .

__ ."1 .. ' II l'pRth'. Y ""AY saSORI RMaJY AB~JaBH BnpeH: • ",'Al'IU'j \'RMOIIIUIO\'T", APY!'H Y JlaacHOJ '10aeKO.LY-

__ ..,..1 AI l~C c.Yf"e • Y CBaBO Aob cT8je HI

IJT CUK611 Hac y, cBaKoj rpI6~,IUf. AAB KaA ce ~IKOKOlll

uOAuollaary HaC e H rpa6ear, aa MeCTO AI ce CDpe'lYJY, OHAII

; oje o,l,roOapaH OHlj, Boja ce THMe RopacTB, Beh je .p.B salOB, sa.oBoAIOII\ B APYWTBO, - OTYA AOAaSH cna nOABTB'IBa OBICHOCT.

Ho II. RellAeMO HI TO, Aa ocy,yjeMo He'lltje Hlllepe BAH )10,8.1. MB ocnyjeMo eaao Halllepay Aa2K, CBCTeMaTH'IRY He-

.plB,I,y. ,

CIA AI BHAHMO, OAKYA AOAaa" H Ha run BI.lSSH TI '1YAHOBaTI ftarlLa, Aa ce 06wTell 6J18rOCTSIbY RAe nYTell CIIcTella' •• He aeopaBAe.

HeRB seae : saWTO Aa ce saKOHOM "R e per Y JI Bpi" II paA, B Haysa B Beps?

BawTo? Bare, DlTO ee saKOBOIi He.02Ke .perYJlRpaTH" piA, Ha)KI H aepa, I AI ce TOil .p e r y JI 0 M" BenopelleTB upaBAa H DpaB~.

BLlta SanIMTBTB, Aa je SIBOH CRJla, na ce HB "'erOBa .AIAa HeM02Ke npOCTHpaTR npeRO S8KORBTe Mepe CHAe.

KaA ce CHAOM saSOHa BeRO AparB Y Me'aMa upaBAe, oHAa ce 0,11, lLera HeTpaar" HHmTa sanre, Hero npOCTO YSAparaBsn.e 0,1, mTeTe. TaAa ce CHAOM SISOHa HeBpeJ)a B. lLerOBa JI.'lHOCT, 1ft lLerooa CJl060AI, BB aerosa C06CTBeBOCT; Hero ce COIcaoa CillO ~I AB'IIIOCT, TyJ)a cJl060Aa H TyJ)a c06CTBeHO(Jlf. C.... saSOHa CBOAR ee AaSJle aa 0 A 6 P a H y; 1L0ile ce j eAHISO 6paB8 CB8'lHje npano. Cuo. sascaa AaBAe Rcnya.aBB ce saAlTaK, KOR O'leBHAHO BYKOMe Haje Oil. WTeTe, SOB je cBaSOlie I" BOPHCTH, Y SOB je HeocoopHO saSOHRT.

Alia saA ce aaSOHOIi - nOMohy CBAe - Hallehe IIsoeCTIB DUH paAB>e, RsoeCTIH npIBal\ Hayse, RIBeCTBa sepa, ISB8CTHO .npOCBemTeHaje": ORAl ce 0,11, "'YAB HeTpiarB caMO JlAp.aBalLe 0,11, mT8Te, Beh ce xohe, Aa ORR no BSBeCTROM IUYOY arRBe a paAe. Ty ce saSOROM oOCTaB ... a JlB'IHa Bo ... a ",oAa~qa, Ha MeCTO 06mTe pasyue Bo ... e; Ty S8ICoHOAaBal\ - WTO-HO Ka2KY - COJIH naaer CBaKOM rp.,aHBBY Y lLeroBO. up.BaTBOM 2KRBOTY R paAY! Ty rpaJjaBB HeMajy HHmT8 CIJOI HR opOMaTpaTH, DB pacyljaBaTB; HeMajy ce B8 sa IDTO

I .e'y c06011 caBeTOBaTB 0y AorOBapITB: CBe je TO saSOD, BJIH 6.,..e, ~aKOBoAaBaq SI ILRX npe6pBHYO. JeAHOIi pe'lH, TY "BOB Pl8YM DocTaje CTBap Henotpe6Ba; Ty ODB He.ajy cBoje rAalle; 'f OHII opecTajy 68TH "'YAH; Ty OH" ynpase ry6e CBOjy AH'J.OCT, eBojy CA060AY, CBojy c06CTBeHOCT!

Hllla-AB H j'AHor Ra1JYDa paAILe, Koa 6B CC MoraoJ'8~o-.

BOil DIMe~YTH , a AI ce HenoBpeAB cA060Aa; aMa-Jl •• J8- ABor Ha'l.Ra yuoTpe6.1>elu c06CTBeHOCTB, KOH 6B ee lIorao 88ROROII .SHYABTa, a AI ce Tue HenoBpeAw C06CTBt?OCT? H I'A D. jeAHDr TIBor Ba'lpa Bellla, 111ft" ee \)\\, 1l \\B1l~''ft

--: .BAI ce • 100 ... -1IflIIGI'Y .pery.l~ PQ ."11:' i .peJ,l. QyD • ~ a J,I ce 1'IIR ~e -UPUAl· l

IIA lIeD ,I,y6.uBe eIIIju u6lmen _e-

noj .. r.H,\ .,.,..., oo.aajy faae&f ftje,l,JI .. OCT

111",1, -. •. 00 >:I ... ~-r 360r ('Tpa,I,~ TO.IJII[e 6,. 1IIJIIe! ' "'r c-.,..A.... J[o)e je ..... .a.IOCIDIJe, lITO HI apcmDBol npau (n eTpIo )'I'IIoeTI'II) ~1II1'W eBBoja .. .IJftYC. u06u.e.

Tpe6.... 611, .... ,1,1.' AI Be.lBD. aaJlD'ljy AI TO 1.10 APf1ITatRO er.m.e B~,I,oAas. 0,1, JlI~ B rpa~.OA o~ n. alloBa' Bo BUn'" 06nBo • aeeu.ajy 0 'l'8l1e. 1ItJ[- 1M "C,IO eu ee .p3e .n "perfAe". PB 60M .J[. e ........ (.'UIII,.,,) .. eft, J[ojo. ee JqtBe ."00 Y ...... 03. UII "a .. oj TJ1oj, - uoepemoj ~P" •• ' H TUO, HI.ecTO Aa .. - .ajy Aa.ap. ,J,a .1IITJ,J,IIp.jy· BpB coor 6o.111UI. ua AI Dpelil

To.e .ltKa Tpme: ae.lnaDlB ce caJlO •• p ..... jy "" .

TI Doe.ae • sa ora..mTJ ('8oje se • .I.e PIeBlAyjy Blp e Be-

.as 60AeCTB. .

Sa CTpaBJ Alue CBaJ[Y .peryAY·, .00 upaBAe! Rao WTO e.o BIIAe.D, oplD ... a ce caCTOIl ca.o Y .eT1IIIIITO. JlAP....... y 0,\ 1IITeTf'; a CI. APyra .. 1lj1 .pery .. a· JlOC. Y ee6B ...... y Bac .... a • Beop.DAe. J[JI~y Be'IIITe syre AP .. BBe.

Ho BeARBlJOB B"'Y: "Rao AYAB, J[O. BID'Ae B~ Be.ajy. - H OBR 0A.a opeA.lamy IIBOB. A.a saBOB lIIIJe B .... y loje 6R ee BaJ[YDA8.l0 BJleBO 0,\ eeee , • .. 0 APymna. Y Ap.&BBY 6.18rajHBqy BeAlje ce llIIIIITa BI J[0p.CT jeABora ... Be.OARIO R.n, OCRB J[aA ee TO CR .. O. 0,1, Be'rme Ba J[opaCT II0jeABRD OTRIJa. ABO HR jeAIB rpl~B8B Be Ao6Hje _ 0,1, AP- 1I .. se OHwe Hero OBOAIII[O •• 0AR1i0 je y .. o .. o y AplllBay ney: 011,1,8 aU08 HCT •• I Hllje IJICBa rpa6earB, UH .... e ce BeltOeTlllI. IIIIDlTa aa T8 ."YAe, Boj. IUIl'Ae BalOTa Bellajy.- "Be e. HIIuoCT •• e J e A B a • 0 C ... !BO -.18 ee saBOBO. oAyaoa j"A811 •• , aa AaJe Apy .... I, oBAa je aaBOB UP'BO opy\e rpa- 6ellll, opa ... lIeopaBAI. TUBe oy B. up. CBe .CJ[Af'I.Be no- 1IA10TIIqe (.olloao ... , OpHBBAel'Jlje, 6ypyaTllje liT. A.)

DUII."UIII •• "Y Aa.6e: .EBO "'YAR, .011 aeBajy .8pOCB8U1'r8HIljI"" , - H oaH OAMa opeA.la.y sasea. ABa laBOR lIIIje ,,6Y~'J'H"'1 OPOOBeDlTeBHja" Bojl Ha AIJlesa • aa CBe CTpIBe CflPJ8 ."Ylle" plc.naTB 1I0.e. SaBOB 06YXBITa APYDITBO, Y .". II •• "YAB ROB cy y .. eBB, Rao R AYAR 10. aacy f'lfO, 11.1 "YAH BOH HMajy n01'pe6y y"HTH ce, Bao. "'YA. Boa cy y o" ... y APyre yllIl'l'H. SalOBOII ce Jl,aJ.Ie .o.e y".IIHTB caBO

I) 0" OIiOf. Allora: B". OCTaBBTa Aa ce BaYlia c",06o,I,B0, f'OAJloj nOTpe6. paaBllja; .... B8TepBBaTII BI Baysy • :a"l PA BeRlIlt OBO, WTO COlo D.laha sa HayRy APYru . .. ". DOO""" .. 8. CAY'lajy, alBOHolI ce BaWlAa HI C.,t0-

. 11I160r.B.OCT, .aBoRo. ee Col.,... \lae.,I .. Y • r~a6e2KB.

BeAnamB seae, aajnoeae : "EBo oLYAB RojB Hellajy HB Bepe-, - • ~HB OAM8 npel\.taacy S3ROB. AAB saKOH je CRAa; na sap ce Bepa R MOP8A Mory CBAOM HSHY~HBaTR?

CBallojaKo AasAe, Ta p8A&.a BeJlHK8Dla RSJlaSB H8 HacBoLe • rpa6e2K. Hapaaan, BeARKamR Mopajy aajneoae H C8!18 'fO B~eTI1. ITa oHAa DlTa p8Ae OHR? OHB BemTO samasyjy O'iR C8DI, na B ee6B c8111RMa, OBRIII 06ceHapCKBlII pe'108: ,,6 p a TC T B 0 -, "e 0 A B A a P HOC T ", • peA", "c .II 0 r a ". H KaA liB KlUKellO, Aa TalBe CToapB HeTpa2KBIiO aenocpeaao 0,11, aaaoaa, Beh ,11,8 0,11, S8KOHa Tp8mHMO C8MO D P a BAY: oHAa HaM BeABRaWB nOAliehy Aa liB ",11 a 6 8 B B M 0 6 p a r e s e C B e a e ", Aa "p y_ m B 111 0 C 0 ,II H A a p HOC T, peA B e .II 0 r r'. Aa CillO "c a II 0-

I .BB~H" B T. A.

Au BeRa SRIAY BeJiRsalirB, Aa IIIB He PYDlHIIIO npHpoAHB peA. Beh caMO oA6HjaMo &.HXOBO HaCBoLe R HenpaBAY.

• Hes8. SB3AY, AI OHB HeCT~apajy CJl060ABY cAory, Bel'. j~ KOJeKaKBBM 4>OpMa1l8 yrymaB8JY.

HeKa SR8AY, Aa OHa HeBJlaAajy y ApmaBB Kao 6palla, Beh .ao Be~paha.

HeK88R8AY,,lI,8 &.HXOBa "CoJlHA8paOcT", Baje HUWTa APyro Bero rOAO AOBBja&.e, KOBiII OHU Tpame AI ce BSBYKY RSDoA eaue oAroBopBoCTB sa cBoja Hacua B cBoje HeopaBAe.

BeABKamB 00 cT8POj no.tHTHqR Kojoj OHB CAY2Ke, lIIemajy B.lIAY B APymTBo. C Tora, KaA. IIIU sameHo, Aa HemTO aerpa"'0 0,11, BAlAe: ORB saKoLY'IYJY, Aa IIIB TO HeTplantlllo HII 0,11, APymTBa. TaKo KaA IIIB KamelllO, Hetpe6a Aa ce BAaAa aeae!:peABo MeDIa Y HayKY: OHR BeAe Aa liB RBKaKO ~eheMOBaylly. KIA liB Ka2KeMO, ApmaBa HeTpe6a AI ee lIIema Y sepy :

OD neae, Aa MB aRRaKO BeheMo aepy, B T. A. AAB TO HII nplUB'IB eaaao, Kao K8A 6H BHRUB sa Hac, AI liB· sebello'

, Ai "'YAB jeAY, ~o'lell 6B MR rOBOpBAH, Aa s8je BA8Aa DOSBIsa, ',' AI osa HenocpeAso oIeMoLY ope H _BTO npoBsBoAB!

Aasam&'B Be.tHKamB AeAe ApmaBY Sl ABoje. Y npBB Aeo AOA8SB eaa RapoA, a Y APyrB calllB BeABKaDlB, HO na-

paBBo BeABKama ce6e Apme sa sajBaacBBje Y AP_aBB. .

IIsa8cTa, BeJlBKaDlB OAOO'l8&'Y CBOjy opaKTBKy no'opeAnOCTaBqB, Aa CBB OHB oLYAB, Koja. ysyuso opeACT8BoLajy aaPOA, Belllajy BB raaae HB oall~TB, B Aa nen HapoA aeaa CJJOD oceha&.a sa cBoje Ter06e B nOTpe6e; HaspaTRo, Aa BapoA seop.oaAa ce6u eaMoM, B Aa ee OK Mome callo Kao HeRa AYTsa OA BOCSI 111011 P YROM lIIecuTa, a Hello_e HMaTS HUKaso nplBa Aa calli BOAB 6PHrY 0 CBOllle acBBOTf aa caoae or&.8mTY.

B TaKo, CBaKB BeABsam aaaasa , Aa je OH jeABB. "opfaBBlaTOp, 0pocBeTUTe.l>, 8106peTaTe.l>, saKoHoAaBaq, yCTaSOBft.,..., oCBOBaTe.l>, Aa je OB CBa 6esAHa OOABTB'IRe spe.lOCTB, AP_aBBB'lKe IIIYAPOCTB B same BSTe.tBreHqBje", B 00- To.e, Ai je Callo OR B8p,J.e_aB Aa no A,a"ll ... ~ l~~ ,.\)"'~

80

;ap. • 1IUB! Ha BaO mTO R. R. je,\IB 6amTOBaR no CBOjoj ..... CBDOj8J(O capeayje BOIlBe • .I01e: TUO. Be.lDlml l 6ea CBalEOr laaopa DO CBO. t.ej+y Temy RapoA U:' 0881E0 u' ) 0BI1E0 - cBa.ojaBo BaOD8BO ! Kao IIlTO 61111T0B8BJ Tpe6a 1'B00AeBB 8.laT paAB capeaRBalLa Bohasa • .Iosa: TalEO • Be.IOamB B.ajy DOTpe6y TPaZllTB "jeABf r Boa A e B y P Y .Y-, A8 ypery.lajy BapoA. A DO re6. ce paar-e, AI OBB Tpure. - auale cpeACTBa sa Ty CBOjy D0Tpt!6y Y C • .I. I •• 0 .. 1, DO.'0 laBOB yjAYPBmy TaBO, A8 OB aaBCTa ope,\cT8B.1oa coo Ii .jeABY rBolAeBY PYB1~' a Be OBO y 'laKY ce cacTOj. iI DpaBa aaBOB.TOCT, - T. J. Be ... BY 06mTY paay.ay 80Aty.

Tpe6a ee caMO CeTHTB HBBeCHBX Ap_aBa 'y RaBeClia spelIeua; na Aa ee npasaa , BOARBO je _'10BemTBO nItaAUo 011. opanne, no sojoj B.laCT xohe Aa OpBBaTBR ZIIBOT B PM BfDoopeABo AHsTapa. -

AAR liMa Hesa 60maBCTBeBB CRAa, SOjOM ce 1)'0BemTBO coacaBa. Ta cRAa npo6Rja sao lIIylLa KpOS CBe APymTBeBe CTBXt1je, Ttl eJleKTpRme OITpROTe R BapoA. SBaTe-A. BUla je TO cua? To je CBeCT 0 UOARTR'IBOj cA060A8.

Call. Ren '1BTaO~R caMR cYAe, BaBO ce Ta cua pacopocTBpe no RapoAY, Kaso ce ILOMe crsapa jaBB. paBrOBop B AorOBOp a npersapa saKOB y OBO, mTO Tpe6a AI' 6YAe.

A JIB hellO caMO jom BeKOARso pe'lB lI,a Ba_e.o Oll1lJla, BOBMa ce BnBTO Bpse no rJlaBR TaRaB salOR, 00 Ro.e CI8 aapOA npeACTaB.La MPTBY MamRHY, KOjy jeAaH .BHCOIR '10- BeK" CBOjOM "fBOSAeBOII PYIOII" KaKO xobe DOKpehe.

MH OHTaMO re "RBC OKe ,If, YAe" ca "fB 0 B Ae BOR pylE 0 II":

Illra je BaKoB? WTa Tpe6a Aa tiYAe BaKoH? Koje je 06- .. aCT BaKORa ? Boje cy lLerOBe Me~e ? rAe je 'Ipaj TRM JIe,aM8, AOBAe AOMama BAaCT BaKoRoAaB~a?

HapaBHo, pemelLe Tor BajrAaBBRjer AparaBHor naTalL. "peAcTa .... a ~BeT 10RM ce IpyHRme Hay I a 0 0 0 A II T • 'I B 0 j e K 0 H 0 II R j R, BB Boje ce OOCAe panaja Bay B a 0 n 0 A RTBIU. It)

MB AaBAe OArOBapaMO Ha TO nBTalLe OBaBO:

SaKOR je 06mTa ca a r a , ype'eHa TaKO, AI ceIL 0 M e cop e If y j e Hen p a • A a , - BAR Kpabe: 0 p a B A a - T 0 j e B a K 0 H.

HHje BCTHHa, AI je BaKoHoA8Ba~ BeRaKBa 16co.lYTRa C&I.

R a A RaUU1M AH~BMa H Hall. BamHM naOBBRaMa. HaopOT.B,

• ) Do.urrB'IHa eKoHoMlja cJlY2IUI la TeMe .. aOJl~B. Jep aOABTII'IIII eKoHoMaja DPORl1'p. AI-JIB cy "rACKe KOPKC"B DpBpOARO c~r"l. CHe.... DCr; DI TeK HI OCROJlf TOri apOMI1'pu.a ,.IDJI ee IIcwnaa .10 "fill.

Bama .lBIta, Hame 8IIaOBBHe: TO je It e a , a saHOBOA8BaIt je CIllO C.l Y r a, ROMe je neeao , Aa jeMcl'BHMa orpall.H alma ~ • Rame HllaOBHHe.

Baje HOTHHa, AI ce aaKOHOM Mopajy "perY.laTH" aama caBOOT, Dame MHW.Ioelbe , same nerpeee , nama BaYRa, aama 'IYCTBa, B8m paA, Hama p8SMeHa (TprOBBBa,) Bama HMaOBH~a, aame yaum8lLe.

BaAaTas je aaseay, caMO cOpe'laS8TR Aa ce y TBM crsapua apaae jeAHora HeBmTeTB SAoyuoTpe6J1eu.eM npasa APYfOfa.

D DO'IeM ee saKOHOM Mopa OCBemTaBaTH 'CBAa, TO sasos ael102Ke RMaTH APyre 06AaCTH OCRM 06J1aCTR saSOBBTe cue, T. j. CBAe npasAe •

.A Kao mTO CBaso ABIte HIla opaso CJlyacHTB ce CBAOII COO Y C.lY'Iajy saROHBTe 0A6paHe: TaRO ce R 06WT8 (YAPY.esa) eaara, soja RBje HBWTa APyro nero cjeABB.elLe JlB'IHHX cua, 1I0ze yuoTpe6BTB caMO aa IteA S8:1'OHHTe T. j. npaaae oA6paBe.

SaRoS Aaue Baje HBmTa Alyro, Hero jeABHcTBeBo ype~e AB'IROr apasa,

Bas 0 B j e j e ABO III P e 'I B n pas A a.

Baje BCTHH8, AI ce DO aaSOHY Mory 1KpTBosaTH BIta .... rpa6BTB OpBB8THe BMaOIlBHe, na Masap ce yaMo , Aa acpTBa B rpa6e. cJly.e sa K8SSY 'IOBe80 ... y6aBY Ite.l; aaSOHOM ce .lM1l8 H npBs8THe HilaOB8He Hlllajy caMO 6paHHTB, a HuaKO B BB DOA SOjBM HsrosopoM mpTSOBaTH HAH HaDaAaTB!

KaA ce saare: aaKOH je opasAa, OHAR je TO TaKO [acne, YDqlSHO II DOI\OYHO, Aa HBTH ce BMa mTO AOAaTB TOMe HBTH DlTO 0AyseTH OA rera , jep je npasAa nesara. HSB~BTe 8S Tor spyra opasAe, npersepare saSOR y "perYJlY" aepe , 1II0paJIa, 'IOBeK~y6BBocTB, HaYKe. saHaTa, !prOBaHe 8 APyrHx np.BaTBBX CTBapH, ua here ee Halia aa no ... y cBaRoj_aS8X caaapRja B 8JIoyooTpe6AelLa saROH8; jep "peryn" npBB8THor •• - BOTa B paAa HeMa OHaRO jacBor 8 CTaJiBOr Rpyra Rao npaBAa, Beli. je ORa ORaKO aeonpeae ... eaa , OHaKO npOlllelLBBa, sa~ B on hYA .IoYAcsa mTO ce Ii e 8 4> SOBe!

MB 8 ener sameMO, caao opaBJI,a aaaasa ce SaKOH.

Y TaSBolII Kpyry saaeaa B.-BAa je BapaBBO npoera B He- 06op.B8. KaMo, 8Ma-.HI BrAe aa CBeTY JJP8Mepa, Aa ce BapoA 006fBBO BAH caMo UPOCTO YSHelUBpRO npoT8BY BAaAe, Roja ce JaBHOIII BAaCTH HBje cJlyaBJIa HH sa WTO Jl,pyro, Reli eaao aa Cnpe'laB .. u.e HeupaBAe? DopeA TaRBor - SaSOHBTOr YDO. 1'p86.Leu.a jasHe BAaCTH, saBCTa je csyrAe caMO 06mTe COoKojCTBO B.laAa.lo! A. aso je uapoA rAe YCTal' npOTBB BAaAe, TO je 'IIIHHO caao YSP080111 rora , IUTO BJlaAa _uecalllo Raje CDpe'laB8.la, Beli je jom H caMa SBaOB'IHO RerOBlAa BenpaBAJ a raaB.l8 8aHOH opaBAe! -

32

AMB K~A ce cnpe'lyje aenpasaa , OHAI lie HapoA DOOTI'I1l cA060AaR y CROMe npaBROM Rpyry. AKaI'. HapoA nOCTaae C.lO- 60A8H, sap OR Hebe npecrara paAHTH? H KaA HeMa "perY.le" Aa ee HapoA narepyje HR sepy , Ha HaYKY, R T. A. 0ABYA 1Ie 6HTB Y HapoAY DOKpeT8 sa aepy, sa.Hayxy, sa pall. H T. A.?

MH H aa TO 0AroBapaMO: eano upaBAa Moace 6BTB saSOHOM.

C8MO JlOA aaKOHOM DpaBAe, caMO Y Kpyry npaBI, caMo Ha OCHOBY cA060Ae, 6ea6eAHoCTH, CTaABOCTH H 0AfOBOpROCT. DocTHBaBa 'lOBeK CBY CBojy BPeAHOCT, CDe AocTojaHcTBo ODOr acftBOTa. Te ce H'IOBe'laHCTBO Mo*e ypeAHo, DoysAaHo B .ao mTO Tpe6a pasBBjaTH.

HcnutajTe aApaBH paaya , npcacrpare HOKYCTBO, na lieTe ee yBepHTB, Aa je CBe cnaeeise 'IOBeRa H APymTBa eaMO Y C A 0 6 0 A H? Ileraeaajre aa xojy xohere CTpaBY oaer eaera, na Sa2KHTe, KOB cy HapOAH HajcpeTHHjH, HajMopaJlHHjR R HajMRPBRjR? SaRCTa, oRAe cy HapoAH aajepernaja, HRjMopaAHllj. R HajMRpHHjR, rAe ce BAaAa HajMau.e MelUa Y npHBaTHR acBBOT H p,aA, rAe ja AH~HOCT ,Haj2KHB.I>B DOKpeT8'l a jaBHo MBDl.l>ell>e HaJJa'lH CYA; rAe Je H8JMall>e aJl,MHHHCTpaTHBHHx )18WHHa, tI rAe cy re MBmMae HajnpocTuje; rAe je nopeaa Haj.laKml H RajnpaBRQHRjR; rAe ce HapoAHH rAac HajBBDle nODlTyje; rAe cy jeMCTB8 sa O,l\fOBOPHOCT BJlaAe npeA Hapo/l,OIll HljDoAnyaBja; jeAHoM pe'lB, rAe ce Y rpaBH~8Ma npana paAH CBe cA060AHO. II paaYMHoM B0.60M 'IOBeSa; a S8S0BOM IUR CRAOM HBDlTa ce

-- APyro Hep8AB, OCIIM IUTO ce eaao 'IyBa R 6paBH Be'lRTa npaBAa !

Hallla ce Belllo.e upe6a~HTB, Aft ce B IIIH OBIIM pasroBOPOM HalleheMo HapoAY sa Y'IRTe.6e, aao WTO ce H. up. oaR "BRCOKB .l>YAIl", SOH ce 0,1\ HapoAa oAMeliy, HaMehy BapoAY 81 ,,8aKOHoAIB~e, opraHH8aTope, PYROBOART(>.I>e, enene , TyTope", R T. A, Jep TB "BRCOSII .l>YAH" Tpa2Ke ,Aa BAaAalY HIli. HapoAoM Rao HeSH BRAoBRTH AyxOBII, KOJH eroje "cBepxy" CBara 'IOBemTBa. A Mil OBO Henma.o Aa BaA APYfHM BAIAallo, Beli AI ee jeAaa C APYrBM nOSHIMO y AYXy OBor CAaBHor uyTHBBa, ° ROllle ce npenoBeAa OBaso: OH Ao~e y cpe,l\RBy jeABor AHB.6er O.AeMeH8. H Ty ee pOAB jeAHo AeTe. ORO Tor AeTeTI caByoe ee CBB "Bp8'lapB, 'IapoA,jejIlB, BOAme6HRIlH,

• 06ceBapB B.AoB.TH , Hc.yeTBeB •• npaKT.'IHH MajCTopaDlR"

• T. U. HIOpyDBB aBI.Jap.lla, ces.palll R .AlH~.IIII. SaTH. jeAIH 011. u.IIX pese : OBO aere Hebe BallA BaCAa~.BaTH ee XHpHCO. ~BeTa, aRO My jl HeH8Ay611. Hoe R HeBanpIBH. Be'e BecAPBe. Apyn pexe : OBO AeTe Helie BUIll. '1JT11, alo.y ja BepaCDopD ymll AO pallleHa. Tpeu pe'le: OBO AeTe Helie HUlA •• AeT1I CBeTAOCTB CYHIlI, aso ja BeyopallD .. erese 0 ... TUO, Aa soco l'.Ie,l\ajy. '18TBpTl pe'le: OBO AeTe Relie ce HUlA AP..,.. HI CBojo HorUI, alo .y ja BeJlCSpU •• scueHI. n8TII

'V6: 0110 A,:re BeM BillA III1C.U1TJ1, 110 II)' jl aepI.BpI"

33

IBII lIosalC. A ... nyTRHK HM pne, ReAHpajTe., 60aulje 'pelloe. Bor je onone Ael'eTY aao cae WTO My Tpe6a. Hee DB eano RBapltTH TO 601KHje Ae .. o, Beh OCTaBHTe All ee

aeenpesae pasaaje , ua here BHAeTH RaRO he TO c .• aw aere c .. 060AHH~1 pasRHj8",e~1 1I0AOYHO oja'laTH a OCHaiI ce."

II '10BeWTRY je Bor Aao cue nrre 1JOUflIU1'BY Tpe6a sa ,gelLe csor OOSHBa. II '100eIllTBO Hilla CBOj IIpHpoABH upap8SBaTKa, sao H '10BeR. B OHO ce M01K~ neanyao paauacaMO na OCHOOY c .. 0 6 0 A e. OACTYUOTe A:I" .. e "DI)81\-

1" H "opr8RHsaTopH"! Aa"f,e C BalllBM R01KenHM8, aauaI" ceKapaMa H .. aH~HMa! H Aa,l,e C BaJIlHlI J,le .. ncKHM 'BMa II MajcToIIHjaM8! Aa"f,e ca BRwaM "CRCTl'MHMa" KOKlIl8 lylUo OHO, WTO Tpe6a Aa ce passHje ! - "oAuYHa 00""'fa CAo60Aa, cAo6oAa Y "paSHOM Kpyry, l'sl\alhe y Bera

eene , CRMO je TaRBa cAo60Aa nyr pasBIiTRy H CBlIKoj all 'IOBeRa!

c,

- f·

Sa "B e p y, M Hp H npaBp;y" :. ca TOM pe1JH opeTowe 00 "eBponCKe CHJIe" na Mei;papOp;HOM no.lL y npe 50 roaaaa.

illTO y npHpop;H lIopa p;a 6yp;e, H y HCTHHH P;pyra'lHje 6HTH HeMOiKe: SOBe ce npHpop;HH saKOH.

Kao aspas HYiKHOCTH, xao saKOH JD yp;~Ke npapoae, npanaa p;aj e .. CBaKOM CBOj e."

ITo sasoay .rrpaaae, o.rotio aa, xoja SHa'lH BJIaoT OA ce6e caaor H OA npoaaeoza csor nonrreaor Tpyp;a H paAIDe, jeer 1I6'IHO npaao 'IOBeKa - KOJIHKO jep;uor TOJIHKO H p;pyror.

JOAHaKOCT .lLYP;H npeA saKOHOM rrpaaae p;OHOCH co- 60M I All H JDY,ll;CKa apymrea HMajy CBa jeP;HaKo npaso AQ. (lUt1oM yupaasajy, p;a ce as ceoe pasnajajy H y caBpWu.Bajy xao WTO Haj60Jbe yMejy H MOry.

Y HCTHHH, rrpaBHe jeP;HaKocTH HSMei;y P;PYWTBa H .laYA" HeUOiKe 6HTH p;pyra'lHje_ Hero OBaKO:

CBaKO je p;YiKaH nOiliTOBaTH rrpaBO p;pyrora, re p;a H p;pyrH HCTY ,D;y;KHOCT crrpaM :e.era HMajy. Ta ysajMHOCT HCTe P;YiKHOCTH yjaM'Iyje 00 y p;pymTBy 0 P; rOB 0 p H 0 III t. Y caasora npep; CBHHa H CBHjy npea CBaKHll. - B.IIaoTHTOCT p;pYiliTBa op; ce6e caMor HSpaJKaBa 00 BOJDOM CBBjy - 06I1ITOM BOJbOM, a He BO~OM jezaora HJIH HeKOJIH-

., IIeuTaHo Y ,,3aCTaBR· y ,lI;exeMCSpy 1866. R Y lauy"P1 t867.

I

1_. - o~ H yroBOp.O TJlODD<Y H Ba Illl:' , HeRora, 663 CJIoOO.u;Hor caH3BOJIea.a .a.eroBa, jeey HenpaBJJ;a,

Koja ce DpaB.u;OH noxajaaa. Pes H 06eha.a.e sa.u;aHHO,lJ; C.lo60.u;Hora CJlo60,lJ;Holfe - 683 WTeTe II aenpaaae sa rpe:hera - 3Ha'le ysajUKf aepy y BCTBHY. HSHeBepaBalDelI re sepe HaHOCB ce yBpe,lJ;a sa KOjOM OCBeTa ,lJ;O~asH.

MBp je y IIpaB,IJ;8.

IIo saKOHY npapo,lJ;e, i\lHp ,lJ;O.JIaaH 0,lJ; P a B HOT e jl{ e caaa.

PaBHOTeiKa nOCTII3aBa oe , Ka,lJ; ce jeaaaxe CHJle je.a;Ha .q>yroj npoTRBYCTaBe. IIpaB,IJ;a DpOTBBYCTaBJDa je,lJ;HaKOM npaBy je,lJ;HaKY JJ;y1KHOCT, jemaxoj CJlo60,lJ;B je,lJ;HaKY o.a;roBOPHOOT. OTY.a; paBHOTe;Ra R HBp Y npaB.a;8.

Be p a (xpanrhaacsa) ocsehaea npaB,IJ;y B .MHp. OHa yllll, ,lJ;a je ,lJ;yrna '1oBellHja CJl060,lJ;Ha, aJlII O,lJ;rOBOpHa ; ,!{a cy eBB CBHOBR 60LKB 6palia, na cy II CBB HapO,lJ;8, KaO JbY,lJ;CKa ',IJ;pYWTBa, je,lJ;HaKII upe,lJ; Borox , KOjB je calla npaB,IJ;a.

TaKo oy cJlo60,lJ;a, ,je,lJ;HaKOCT B 6paTO TBO 83- paa .a;pYlllTBeHe H Jb Y ,lJ;CKe HYiKHOCTB, HJlH OHO III1'O ce I Y BCTRRB 30Be 3aKOH npaB,IJ;e, MBpa B aep e.

Ilpea aaaa oy yrOBOPII H llOCJlOBR, "CJIOBO H AeJlO" 1, "eBponCKBX CRJla" o,a; neaeoer rO,IJ;HRa;,IJ;a BHJJ;8.M0 KODEO cy OHB "sa npaB,IJ;y, MHp II sepy."

YrOBopH o,a; 1815. 6exy OCHOBHa onpeAeJbe.a.a TUX CHJIa; Ty je R3BOP .. jaaaou eaponcaou UpaBy"; Ty " HaIq)TaH "CRCTeH esponose paBHOTe1Ke B MBpa - aexaI:' Tora opa"; TY IIcnOBeCT Bepe "y HalleD u ,a;YLKHOCTH ,. KojRMa je 60JRaHcKH orracare.e JbY,IJ;e YlIBO." IIpOyqUMO re yroBope._

ORB ocneurraaajy "caBea BC'l'HHH'l'Or H nepaaryaaor

I 6paTOTBa" B311el;y - CHJla.

li CaBe3 Taj BBAB MHp Y pasaoream ; a.m HeTpaiKll r: paBHOTe,KY y je,lJ;HaKoj CJI060,lJ;H H o,a;rOBopHOCTH CBHjy, :! Hero je OCRBBa aa ynopesea y j a '1 II X.

',. Ynopel;eH>y janax CJlyiKH xao npaBBJIO: IlITO aaure

:iellaJDa, xoje ,lJ;ajy BojHBKe H opezcrsa sa B3JJ;pLKaBaILe BOjcKe, WTO sanre nO,ll;aHBKa B nopese : TO sanre 6ajoaera B ronosa, TO aeha CBJla. ITo 'l'O11 llpaBBJIY, II no- 3H113jyiiH oe na ooaojaxxe ycnexe opYiKja, nOCTaBBJIeey

l'l

D

~ y rrpBU pe~: Bezaxa BpHTaHCKa, AYOTpuja, Ilpycaja, aPyoaja, Mei;y HtHX ce 1818. yBpCTBJIa U WpamzycKa • . Te oaae Ha3BaJIe cy ce "BeJIUKe", 33. pasJIHKy o~ "cnope~Hux H Ma.nux."

y "cIlope~e" palfYHaxy: IIIIIaHcKY, Ilopryrazesy H IIIBe~cKY.

- OCTaJIe - "Ma.ne" ~PJKaBe mt:ai;axy ce CTB3paTH

u "pery.nucaTu" "ysajMHHM cilopasYMJDeHteM H IIoro~6oM BeJIHKHX caaa.' ,

"CH.na Bora HeMO.nu, a npaB~e HeIIHTa," H r,lJ;e ce caao 0 Ta.nOBHMa cnopasyxeao H IIOrO~HJlO, Ty cy 36H.1&a "y lIMe csere HepaS~eJlHe rpoane" na Tpoje IIO~eJbeHe OOM.1&e. u . IIo~aH1IIW. Op; Bezraje H Xo.naHp;uje OKpIl.1&eHa je Kpa.1&eBHHa "H H p; e p .n a H p;." 1I3 cxece HHTepeca p;Bejy Be.nHKHX H He6pojeHHX Mamx p;HHaCTuja HellalJKHX OTBOpeH je "C a s e 3 1) e P M a H o K H." IIpHTBpi;eHa je pas~p06.1&eHOOT II T a .n H j e; OIIpep;e.1&eHe rpaHUn;e M3.lOj KpaJbeBUHH C a· P P; u H C K 0 j; ozsojeae . oy JIoll6apABja u M.neTalJKa op; osoje aapomre nezaae ; nospahea CU.nOM H a II 0 .1& C K 0 j ~epp;uHaHp;o IV. Kpa.1& o6ejy Can;umja; 3aKJbyqeHo p;a Ilapaa , Mop;eHa H TOCK a a a OOTaHY OBaKa sa ceee, HaKpaTKO, ~OBep;eHa je CBa Esporra y "CHCTeM IIO.nHTHlJKU," OOmt: je~e TypCKe.

TypOKa upezcraazarrre OC06Hry reroriy , He mTO 6H OHa jep;Ha 6H.na jasa op; rrer "Be.nHKHX cu.na," Hero mTO "ysajMHo Cilopaspl.1&eHt6" 0 Htoj 6eme TemKO. ,lI;a cy.nTaH 6y~e q.naHoMcaBesa y HMe "rOCIIop;a Hcyca XpHoTa," 0 TOMe HU cnoaena 68TU nexorame, ,lI;a oe TypCKa rroaem , KaKO 0 TOMe p;a ce IIorop;6a Y'IHHH, Kap; ner "B6JIHKHX caza," a caxo j e p; a H, I( a p H r pap;, H3 xora ce Ha~ n;e.nHM TPrOBalJKHM, IIa H IIO.mmqHRM CBeTOM n;apoBaTH p;aje?

"I{a~ HBje MeHR, HeK HBje HH re6H" peKJIo ce najnocae ; H OCTaBH.no ce "II 0 T 0 q H 0 II H T a Ht e" xao jom seaen n.no~, KOjU Ba.7.ba aeroaara, p;a 6H ysp6o, H Tap;a. p;a oe y6epe.

Y "IIOJ.rRTlPIHH cHoTeM" "Be.nHKHX oH.na" Heyl;e caxo 0HOJLaIlliI>H pacnopea H ozaomaj seaazsa, Hero ce T3j "CUOTe." paCIIpoc1'pe jom H na YHYTPamu. y ynpaBy

·IT

nOCJle~HX. "lliT01r1e (~H.mSOBaHe) sanaaae," KOO H "CypoBe oesepae" cue rrpHCTalle na "rrpaBH.iJ:o BJIa~aJL3, y ~HCTPa~H" OCHOBaHO aa ,,60maHcKoj BJIaCTH" BJIa,u;ajyliHX. "CaBesHH~, peKJIO ce , oaarpajy ce KOO 0,11; npOBJdjeH.a nOCJIaHH ,ll;a BJIa;:J;ajy Ha;:J; HapO,ll;HMa", H OHH "ea HajooiiOM 6PlITOM npenopyxyjy ," p;aHapO,D;H "OO3yC.lOBHO c;rymajy OHe, KOjH HMajy BJIaCT op; Bora, y xora je CBa npaaaa, CBa HaYKa H MY,ll;pOCT," TaKOp;a THM aapo~ H aaje HYmHo, P;3. eaMH 0 Ce6H paamnuJbajy H

coOOJrl ynpaBJbajy: .

Y rropeheae : no HMeHY ("ooJIHRe"), IIO nOJIomajy (HBMei;y CBeCHJlHOr Bora aa He6y H CJIa6HjHx - "cnope,ll;HHX II JrlaJmX"-Ha SeMJDH), H no "HCTOM ,ll;yxy" (rocnoaape:a,a Hap; aapozmra): ner aajjaxax CHJIa caarpaxy, JI.3. JD[ ocraje jom caao ,ll;a ce je,ll;Ha 0,11; ,ll;pyre ocarypajy , na IlIJ. 6yp;e nop;rrya H.HXOB "CHCTeM paBHOTe)Ke." H TaKO 6eme yroBopeHO p;a OBaKa OBHMa H OBe caaxoj jaM'Ie sa O,ll;pJKaILe oaora , 0 'IeMy cy ce cnopaayxeze H noroaaze ; p;a je,ll;Ha p;pyry ysajMHo IIO,ll;nOMamy H nop;ynHpy "y OBaKOj rrpHJIH~ H na OBaKOM MeCTY. ,,3a oJIYllaj, ,ll;a 6H xoja op; "Be.lHKHX cua" nOKymaJIa,ll;a ce mHpH onacno no APyre, HMaJIO ce y naxera, ,ll;a joj ce CJIOmHO op;ynpy· coo OCTaJIe KOHMa 6H onacaa 6HJIa.

TaKH 6exy yroBopn H casea op; 1815. r.

XoiieMo .m IIHTaTH, KOJIHKQ oy "sa npaaay,' KO:JIHKO "sa Bepy" yroBopn H eaBOO KOjH mpTByjy: rrpaBO CHB, op;roBopHY CJI060,l(f "HeOrpaHH'IeHoj BJIaOTH", BOJb y CBHjy eaMOB9JDH jasax , jeaaasocr' HU_i?j.J;a npc,II; Borox H 6paTCTBO 60mHx OHHOBa O,ll;eJDHBall> y H llHpell> y "BeJDlKHX" 0 TP0mKY H aa llTeTY "cnopep;HHx H MaJIHX?" Ta caxo ce TO Kame.

BHJIO je OOTaJIO HOKYCTBY p;a rroxasee , Moa<e .m 6HTH Y Jb yP;CKOM P;pyIIIXBy "MHpa 600 Bepe H npaB,Il;e. ,n;aHac H TO HCKYOTBO rOBopH. EBO mra OHO IIt>p; DJIa,ll;OM yroBOpa 0,1; 1815 Kame':

Hanacaaa 00Boja1lKoM orpanrhy yrOBOPH TH nenaaa or "nap'Ie no napse," TO Ma'IeM HapO,ll;a nporaay llHjHX rrpaBa 6exy, TO 6ajoHeTHMa "BeJIHKHX CHJIa", capesrsaso TapyhHX ce.1I sa mHpell>ell rpaxsyaax. AKo Ha~OlQl

CBOjOM ·60p60:\l ,ll,aBaxy ,ll,OKaaa, iI,a Eapona aeooxyaeaa J DJleMeHHToj lCPBII, Koja lie nosajara norarsena tJOBe'l3HCK3 npaBa: care ca csoje crpane ocaeaouaaaxy , ,lI;3 nesa mra H>IIXOBOj ~eJIH sa ope,ll;CTBO C.IY)KHJIO. He6H. ,ll.auac saBepa rrponray cJI06o,ll;e uezor 'lOBeIIITBa, cyTpa 3aIIlTBTa npasa noje,ll;HHOr HapO,ll;a; zaaac CBe'IaHO crynaae sa lIe.l111KO Ha'leJIO Hapo,zr,HOOTH", cyTpa ,zr,pe'lylia "aHeKcHja"; Jt;8Hac sa "KPCT CBeTH H Bepy xpIlIIIliaHCKY", cYTPa cases ca "nOJIyMece~Oll" npoTHBy oanecra H cnera ODeTOr; ,zr,aHac 3aje~HH'lKO oceajarsc , cyTpa MeijYcOOHO RpBJl>eILC OKO nzseaa! Ho aexa ,zr,eJIa H ~oraijajll caim ronope :

Y 1820. H 1§21. HanOJl>CKa H Ilajeaoar YCTajy aa caoja napoaaa npaBa: Pycaja , AycTpnja II Ilpyeaja

. 3aKJI>Y'lyjy, na KOHrpecy y Tponamr J[ y J.by6Jb3HH, .zr.a ce y,zr,yxy caneea o~ 1815. anas OIlJIOM nOBpaTH aa npeOTO Hano.soae KpaJl> sora je Hapo,zr, oTepao, a o6opH Hapo,zr,HH YCTaB y Ilajexorrry, ~aH~cKa ce HeupoTHBH TOMe 3aKJ.&Y'lelLY; ayc·TP. nojcxa lISBPIIIU ra. A.I1I1, Hur..le-

. esa nporeoryje CBe'laHO (pacnacou ox 19. jaayapa 1821.) npOTHBy MeIIIaILa CTpaHIIX caza y Hapo,zr,He nOCJIOBe HanOJDCKe II IIlIjeMoHTa, H ,zr,oKasyje rrpnpO,lJ;HO npaBo Hapo.zr.a ,zr,a CJIOOo,zr,HO H HC3aBHCHO COOOM ynpaBJb3. BanaaTH110 raj nporecr HHI' JICCKe, He IIITO 6H 6HO IIpQTHBaH lI.yxy caaesa 0,lJ; 1815. K01le je H OHa rrpHcryrrHJIa, Hero, ,zr,a 6H ra yrropelI.HJIH ca nOTOlLBM ,lJ;oraijajna,' aapo-nrro aa HOTOKY, mTO hellO HHJKe HanoMeHYTB._

Y 1822. caBe3HHll.H o,zr, 1815. pemasajy , na KOHrpecy y Bepoaa , .zr.a ce yrymH "orracaH npaaep Hapo,lJ;nor rzaoa" y Hluaacxoj. HHrJIooKa jom BaTPeHBje Hero y 1821. saoryna npaBO aapozne caxoyrrpaae. ~mzyCKU sojcsa asapmyje peIIIelLe KOHrpeoa, H Illnaacsa, aa ~IOOTO YCTaBa aapozoa nporzanreaor , yrJIe.zr.a HaHOBO Ha npooTo.IIY ifleplI.HHaH,lJ;a VII. sora aapozna BOJDa «Seme 36a~n.

Here, 1822., Ilopryraacsa oTPCca ca oeee rocno,ll,apcTBo H H r.II e (' K 0, II calla ,zr,OHOCH YCTaB sa CBOjy yapaBY. iflpaH~yoKa aacxopo 06apa Taj YOTaB, H noapahe HeoJU'OBOpHy BJIaOT KpaJLa, y Ilopryraacsoj. Y 1825 . .HIJI'.Ieon mHJ&e cBOjy BOjOKY pa.zr.B o.zr.6paHe ycTUHor

89

npaBa· IIopT}T8JIcKe op; npOTBBHor .. pa~CKO:P pycKor B ayc-rpBjcKor HCmaJDa. Y 1834. ~paHxzycKa B y9 ILy Illnaaosa jaHlIe sajep;Ho ca IlHrJICCKOJl sa Hapo~o npaBO Ilopryraaoze. Y 1841. DpH3Hajy, najnocze , TO npaBO B Ayc-rpaja, Pycaja B IIpycHja- Jla P.3. 6eme cacBIDl APyrallBjB caaeao "nO.IBTH1IHOr CBCTCHa" op; 1815.

Y 1830. BCJIrBja pasaaja n06cp;oHOCHO sacTaBY oBOj~ Q.lo6o.u;c ,B HesaBHCHOCTB. OAQ;enJLelLe ILellO op; XO.l8H~e «Seme I18.pymeILc yrOBOpa 9P; 1815.; am ~paHIq'. ORa, AycTpHja, HII1'JIeCKa, Ilpycaja B PycBja CJIOlKllO npBBlI8.jy B jom jaHlIe (JIOHP;OHCKBM: yrOBOPO)( op; 1839.) sa caKOCTaJIHY KPaJLCBBHY EaJIrHjy. Pacmrryjeao JIB sa rapoR TOHe, p;osHalieHO: p;a je 6eJIrHjQKa He9aBHCHOCT npe B 6ep;eH npOTHBy "ocBojallKOr mapeHoa" ~paHXZYCKe, B p;oxas OBOj npoTHBy ILeHHX nOoop;BTCJLa op; VU5., Hero mTO je B HajHalLB SBaK op;ymeBJbeHoa "Be.uKBX CILIa" sa npaap;y.

Y 1859. HTaJIBja ca nOHoliy ~paHIzycKe pacK~ OKOBe Y soje je 6exy BprJIB yrOBOPH op; 1815. Ilapxa, Mop;eHa, TOCI(aHa, JIo1l6app;Hja H HanOJLCKa pyKyjy oe ca CapABHCKOH aa no.l& y aapozaor jeP;BHCTBa; ,,604(aHCKB nOO.l8.HHK" ~epp;HHaH)l;O IV. YCTyna npep; HapOP;HBll jyHaKOJl rapH~OJl. A.1llI, "aHeKcHja" Caaojcae H Haue o,AKpBBa rpaH3HBY Te)K1LY OHe "BeJIHKC cue", soja 111'3- Jmjy llop;llO!laramc.

ABe "BeJIHKe cue" HeJlaUe ocsajajy sajeP;HH'lKH y 1864. Hlzeaaar B XOJICTHH op; ,ll;aHCKe: Ilpycaja ce AeD OP; erapor caaesnasa y nBTaILY 0 llJ&CHY. Y 1866. llpycBja y caBesy ca HTa.mjOJl YAApa aa AYCTpBjy. Ha pasBaJIBHalla "i)epM.aHCKOr oaaesa" OCHHBa 00 MHac yje,AHJLeHa Heaasxa, Ha H nop; rocnozaporsoa npycKHJl ; OOTBapyjyiuI HalleJIO sapozaor jep;HHCTBa H HosaBJICHOCTH, HTaJIBja nOKajaBa HeBepy B HenpaBp;y "CBeTor caneaa-' 0,1; rop;. 1815.

MOrJlII 6H join HaIIOM.eHfTB: jymjcKY "peBoJIYl.\lfjy" y Ilapasy op; 1830.,CJl06oAHoa1lKB nOKpeTY M3.ApHTy op; 1840; "peBOJIy~je" : y Ilapasy , yEallY, Y BepJIHHY, no CBOj l)CpHaHHjH, no HTaJIHjH, H no neaoj onecaoj Espona - y 1848.; AAJLC "peBOJIfl.\Hjy" Y PHHY 0p;1849; "peBOJIY~jy'~

, .. \hUl_JllT'· t'4.}-&:: !'G'Rant' ',':'I11'!1 ;i"pi1~ U·\.VKt"'-amBt' 1I;i\ i;t'Ht': a.ur .la ,'l' . "jtJHt'\l" 'Ii:! Illl ·,.!',:Y.I. ,'r>- I'YUllt" palja~ Jolt'-;lt:'.m Ha,' I' ·~·I' '·Tt)"IH'· ·qJt'jaTtTt'l'il..L1:lP:l:IR na..;xe r I"io~ "U.l<l ... 10.1 l:It'[J'-. 11lI!) :[ -I l-'OIlI.l!".--

Ha Ikr"Kv "J..i,juja. :r rp<t:':l m:njy .i~H"d'lKr uooe.l~ Iia.l. :~y.lV'J.llll l'-':"P'UI:£:l: r~iIB:!..."'Y'::".:1 II Ilaraecsa 33- .i~;lHtl ra Pvcujox "u:u,~-j~- !tl).I. H:.IIrJ.plI!£1. :- 13-26. rypl··"~· ~.lvTy - 1;.\ . ur .t;l ijl! !IP''''CBl:'T..IJU~ t1Ipi:"ErY..IIDI iL.-pTlIa 11a 8<.\ l'B<l J.-ll' K"l' 'f.I:JlU".1 Y lLYXOlI.1[t".];lBl'E'.-.j II3pt"BDHll? Hen' ._ l.~~I),) rt).I.l!He Pyl:~.l,:;_mrmYr (y :IO.l3TKf .hl'!Hl.aHt·K,lr ~T"Bapa;\ ~-~'::lmH.:: R"~\t»xmy JapaBY Gptlll.il': v 18t!:l. :urnt1rr.:s l~f"~ ~""'t.lll __ } .1a rt" ITBPi;yje H<I.~ l 'p()lIjtl)l~ HeP.' (>t: ~,:p~ ,~ :r!3 R13mE..--Y 11 )lO..IAaBn:y (vrcsapox _UpHjaH"U'_l..vJ:ln,;.. y 1~23 ()paHI{'fcxu, Ilur.teexa if Py('uja 33j~.lH3'n;u .FllI'lt" (yn.)~_)POll .10Hl;\IHCKHlI.) sa Ht?8aIH(_"H'~ \!.I:U(' "1~u>t"Bmtt" Tpsxe. HncT .ur ro (:a\J:I.' !,,:.l~To:' ,. .-;;l Rt"PY' \mp if Iq'lB~y··? :hplrnexu l"l T (1.1.1"(181)1' .it" na 1'1 mrraue. ::J:mfT\l ee I.:PBlIllIt' ~~8(",1HKI;' 1.'IUt:>:· :\It"i;y ".)("\I.,t y TIllie- p;.lTY? Ty here 0,11; 4>tJaHuyr'KI' If IlHr.lt"t.·Kt' '1~ln~ ~:l p~'\''';l 3allITIITa UCTO'l)lUX .X 1'ltmlUlHa ,iHa'lI! jeauno, .ra ('t' ~lt.'.136u Typcxa, TC ~a .}t';lHI,r .iana .. :\I,_"'K\lHt'Ka KHyra~~ ,l;.Ult'Ht' ,~TypcIUI tly:-ii~()H<'H:; y Ilap!lrpa.lY. t ' .lpyn· ('Tp..1Ht' sasahe Ball 1'(', A" <l>l'aHuyc .. a II Ilar.tecsa lIrryjy ~,naplITpa~IWr '-KI.lHHK(l;;, rauo .:ta 011 IITt'.1\' H:W.lt·_l.l'TB(l Ifcroxa O~ nplll'0.:tHIIX HaC.U'jf.HIIRa II.{'fOBIIX. 'I ytlt'Tt' Ha..:paTRO, ,n;a (~I' Y !\lmlll'l\ml pa1')' tKlpn.m Pycnja ~~3.1 'IanHU xpcr", 11 POTII n)' q)pitlHI~r('l\t' II Ilnraecxe - eaBeSHUUa "no;ryllt)(:{Il\a", a C!»paHUP'l\a II Humeexa , 33. "IJ,lIBUJOI3a~jy II ~BpolleKy paUHOl't')K-Y" , OptlTIID)' "O(}Boja'lI,e" Py('. 1I.i I' • BUJlO KaKO 6ft.l(l, ese noxaaa.ro ce , ,n;a HII je,ll;Ha o,~ "D(\mKIIX ('Iua" I1ujc TOJlIIKa, ,ll;a MO;KC calla rocno~lapllTII y 1(..1 pHrpn,ll;y , " OH,II;n HCTO'IHO IIHTalLe 0- '~TaJJ;ll jOIl1 ,,:IO.lWII JI.Jl0JJ;. ,; HOaHllT je nnpllCIm yroBop oJJ; IH5(i. 110 xosre cl.>paHI~yCI\a, AyeTpuja, IIHrJIeoKa, Pycuja, Ilpycaja u CapJJ;IIHCKa - cue a3.je,ll;HlI'IKH: H

'TIriiauajy npana "CnpOTIflLt' paje" npoTIIBy TypI H ja!'4'lo aa I\CJIUKYIlHoeT rOCllo,n;apcTBa TypBaA "pajOK" I lIOp6~HIIO, A& je TalCO no-

L'T3BJLa:If>e CTpaHHX CHJIa. HS.Mei;y ynMTaqa H yr.a.eT6HHX, na HCTOKY, ,lJ;BOJIHqHje KOjHM 6H ce ,lJ;oJIasHJlo Y onaj srO,11;aH IIOJIOiU:aj, Y KOM CBaKa caaa MOX(e HelIOCp6JJ;HO aa CBOjy pyKy II sa CBOj paqyH HerOBaTH "HeSpeJIO lIHTaH>6 Hcrouao", a CBe yKylIHO npHIIOMaraTH, ,lJ;a ce je,lJ;nor ,lJ;aHa H pajnaa npana H CYJITaHOBO rocrrozapcrso y napJLHBHH Ha;a;alta paCna,lJ;Hy - aepenaao TO; aMa je jaeao , ,lJ;a "Bepa, MHp H npasaa" HeMory OfrrH JODlO H npoTHBy CJIOOO,lJ;e je,lJ;HaKOCTH H 6paTCTBa lICTo'lHllX XpHmliaHa. Ilararse je ,lJ;aKJle: sanrroaa ce HSMei;y cede KpOO "BeJIHKe cuze" Y HCl'OqHOM nHTa:If>Y; sanrro yroBOp 0,11; 1856. HIIje HspeKao nO,lJ;nYHo OOJIoooi;elLe CTpa.u;ajylie- 6pai;ie y TypCKOj, Ka,11; je HSBeCHO, ,lJ;a cy mOOT "xpumliaHCKHX CHJla" jase 0,lJ; jeaae TypCKe cue? 0,11;Ky,lJ; ,lJ;a OHa HCTa IIHrJIecKa., xoja 6paILaIUe HalIeJIO HapOJJ;He cJI060J);e II HesaBHCHOCTH: sa HanOJDCKY H Ilajeaoar y 1821., sa IIInaHcKY y 1822., sa IIOpryraJICKY Y 1825., - H OHe HCTe cue, soje aajezao ca lIHrJIeCICOM TO H3- seao OCBeIUTaIUe sa IIopTyraJICKY, na y 1839. H sa Bezl'Hjy, - H OHa 1I0Ta <I>paHI~ycKa, xoja TO nasezo 113. Hra.mjy npHMeHY, O,lJ;Ky,lJ;, BeJIHlIO, ,lJ;a re HCTe care He6y,lJ;y je,lJ;HaKO O,lJ;YIUeBJDeILe sa HCTO HalIeJIO HHa HCTOKY? 0,lJ;KY.u;, Ilf1 IIHrJIecKa H <I>paHIzyCKa, xoje y 1832. sajeABo ca PYCHjOM np1I3HaIUe y Tpnaaa 6paliy, oy,lJ;y na CTpaHH KpBHHKa osoje 6palie necaao y I{pUMCKOli paTy, Hero H y 1I0000e,lJ;lLeM paTy Ilpae rope H Xepneroaaae, H y ,lJ;oral)ajUlia Y Cp6uju 186? H Y ,lJ;aHalUlLeM nOKpeTY KaHJJ;Hje?!

Ha HCTOKY, ,lJ;aKJIe, xao H na OCTaJIHM xpajenaaa Eapoue H)J;e ce RpoJ caMY KpB H BaTpy 0,lJ; ,lJ;orai;aja ,lJ;ora\ajy 1 O,lJ; ,lJ;eJIa .u;eJIY, sa npoIIIJIHX neaeoer rO,1J;HHa caaeea CJUa sa "Be'IHTH MHp". 3arJIe.u;HIlo JIH jOIU Y paTUY OTaTHOTHKY EBpOlIe, aahaheac, ,lJ;a Ta.j caaea caza - rraj ,,00- 'IHTH MHp" caxo 0,lJ; 1815. na ,lJ;0 1864. 6pOjH He MaILe Hero 2,148,000 j.KpTaBa y JDY,lJ;HMa, a TO 'IHHH 110 43,80P aa CBaKY rO)J;llHY! IIo yxsaheaou pa'lYHY;

rplIRo-ryPC.KII pal' 1821. - 1829. ... YAe.ax r.ll8 ••.
O,lJ; crao je 148,000
PYCKO-TYPCRlI " " 1828. H 1829. " " 193,000
YCTaHaK IIOJI.CKe " 1831. " " 190,000
PeBOJI. y illnaBHjH " 1833.-.1840 " " 172,000 Mai)apoKH pa1.' o,a; 1848. - erao je 142,000 I

HTaJlHjaHcKH pa'l' " 1859. II 1860. " ,,129;874 i

YCTaHaK IIoJ&CKe ,,1862. " " 30,000

KaMO jom KpBaBH ~KPTBeHH~ sapaapcraa no ~e.loj TypcKOj; KaJlO paT sa oCJIo6oi;elLe Cp6Hje, KaJlO Be1lllT3 6op6a Ilpae Tope sa Hapo,a;Hy HesaBHOHOOT; KaJlO TO.ane JHYTpaIlllLe peBOJI~Hje no Espona; xaao, najnooze, JleTOIIIlWI IIpycKo-AyoTPHjoKH H AYCTPHjCKO-HTaJIBjaHcKH paT?

Map je y npaB,a;H; upaB,a;a y CJI060,a;H, Y je,a;HaKOOTH B 6paTOTBY: CHJIe o,a; 1815 norasmne HpaB,D;y, H 6TO BOXYCTBO , sa neaecer roaaaa BJIa,a;e lLHXOBe, nOTBp,IJ;H :

At. r,a;e Haje CJlo6o,a;e, je,a;HaKe sa cse , r,a;e HaMOOTO ysajlDlor nOmTOBaH>a n 6paTCKe JLy6aBH, ja'lH rlLeu H rJl06u o.m6Hjera: Ty H JlHpa 68TH HeMOjKe. '

Haje npasze B Mapa Y caaesy "BeJIHKHX CHD"; a je JIB oaaesa 6es JlJIpa H IIpaB,IJ;e?

Ky,a; OKOAl lIorJle,a;aJlO H YBOM noozyuraao , Haiumello .o:msa ,a;a TOra casesa Haje. Ilfra BH,II;DO H qyjei}lO, noese TOJDII(Or - ne,a;eoeToro,ll;HmlLer - KpBHor HelIpHjaTeJbCTJJa H CBHpeIIHX parosa ? IIo,lJ;HrHyrn "MaJIH" Mpqe CBeCT noHWKeHHIl "BCJIHKDa"; rJIa,ll;HH "COHH" 6poje saJIoraje 'l'pelieMY "CHJIHOMe" KOjH ryTa CJIa6Hje 0,11; ce6e. Y HCTO Bp6l1e, HeBll'Je .m ce rpoxso HS Ilapasa : "no~elIaHH cJ yroBOpH o,a; 1815."; HenO,ll;BHKyje .71' ce rJIaOHO HS Ilerporpa,a;a: "r,a;e yroBopk o,a; 1815., Ty H yroBop 0,11; 1856." 11 Bepma 'ry1l31lH, H "BojeHe peeopae" IIO CBOj EBpoIIH IIOTBpi;yjy: rlt,e cy yroeopa o,a; 1815. H 1856., Ty je H oases CBJIa.

CBJle cy norasase IIpaB,a;y, HenpaB,II;a je HaopY>Ra.&a CTpaCTH, CBJIa npoTHBy CHJle paryje, - aeaa caaesa "BeJDIRJIX." - Oaaesa HeMa, aJD[ lID "C JI 0 6 O,ll;e c a n e a a" OAI'OBapa napaosa ",II;HUJlOH8TBja" - jean H yCTa "juRor eaponceor npua."

• CaDeS o,a; 1815. noorao je, xao mTO je IIOSRaTO, HS CDe 6JIH>Rer npHKyUJ&aBoa "MoHapxHcKHX" CHJIa npoTHBy ~H~ycKe, xoja rposame cTpaHHM ,lJ;HBRCTHjao, RO.llmO CJIOOO)J;lDa'IKHM Ha'leJIHMa rrporaamemra y peBo.1IJ~B 1789., TO.mJIO oCBoja'IKD Ma'leMHanoJIOOHa I. Yupa· '." Taj cues saKJbyqeH je HSMei;y B. BpHTaHcKC, AYCT-

II'

'.

pKje, Ilpycaje H PyCHje yCJLe,a; no6e,a;e Ba,a; ~R~yCkOJ(. Kao no6ei;eBa OM HapaBHO BHje MOrJIa CJI06o,D;BOM BOJI>OJ( yroBapaTH ca CHJIalla sa xoje paTHH ycneoa rosopaxy ;

,\ jeABa 1818. - (na xoarpecy y Aaxesy) ycnMa je OHa,

A3. joj ce OkHHe C BpaTa cTP8Ha nooaza BojllJl1Jka, R cxa'i ILB paTHa rJI06a (o,a; 700 IIHJIl10Ha aa 265 HHJlHOHa ~pa-

:_"I" BUa) IDTO 6exy aa :a.y HaBaJlHJIll caBe9~ o,a; 1816. , YBpnrlieHa 1818. y pe,a; Tax caBe9HHICa, ~pamzyOKa BR-

je HorS DaTU npapoaaaje jKeJI>e, Hero ,a;a IDTO Rpaiie rpaje oasee y ROMe He6eme' 'no CJI060,D;Boj B(U)H CBOjoj.

Ory,a;, ,a;aRJIe, caaxojaeo ycu.1.&8JIa1Le y IIapH3Y nponmy yrosopa O,il; 1815. Ory,ll; "aJIHjaHcuja sana,D;BHX CH-

!; .Ia" IIpOTHBy "OUJIe oeaepae." OTy,a; npH6eraBa:&.e ,,1mqwry Hapo,D;HOCTH U oprallH3OBa:a.y esponoae ,a;eMoRpaTuje." 0Ty,ll; "H,lI;eja esponcxor xonrpeoa," ROjU 6u ytmmIo Rpaj "lzyaalOCTHHa 6e9 npasaaa , npaBUlla 009 HMeRa, OCBOjauoj rpaHSHBOCTH 6es YS,ll;e", mTO OBe ,ll;OJIaSH 0,11; ,,~ena:a.a

i oaplle no naplle yronopa , na Kojoa ce OCHHBa nO.lB- 13 TnHa crpaaa Espone , xoja 00 ca CBujy CTPaHa PyIDH"; ~ rtryp; npeazor 0 "HOBOM pe,ll;y CTBaPU, _ OCHOBaHOll Ha it CBOOHOII aarepecy MOHapxa H HapO,ll;a" (6eOO,ll;a ~pa [i HanOJlOOHa 0,11; 5 HOBeAI. 1~63). OTy,ll; H YOllu aeronnsee ~~ npyoRO-HTaJIHjaHcKor paTa ca AYCTPujOll oaaj ,ll;OllUUI.lf.8JI~ CXB HanO.lOOHOB npeazor' 0 cBeo6mTeH ,ll;OOHTKY CHJIa, IIpe,ll;:1 lor p;a y jeaao HCTO npeae: H IIpyouja ce ,,~eorpMujoKB" ~ lIomHpu H noseha , H MalLe HeOllKe ,ll;pmaBe ,11;0 "jalle

~ opraHHsa~je H Ba>KHuje pOJIe" ,a;o~y, H ~pamzyCRa , CBOjy mel; y PajHH aaraca, H IlTuuja M.l&eTa1lKY ,a;06uje, u D AyCTpuja 6y,a;e y "BeJl1fROll nOJIomajy" y Heo1lK0j! :" 0Ty,a;, najrrocze, H ,a;aHam:a.a yOKJIHK sa "CJI06o,ll;y oaaesa." ,,3an8,ll;Ha aJIHjaHcaja" Y96R "OOBepHor ropooraoa",

~ y 1856.; - "eBponoRa ,ll;eHOKpamja a HaqeJIO Hapo,a;HOCTH" nOAHrome HTaJIHjy, KOO rpehy rrpoTHBy Tpoj~e Roja, y OKT06py 1866., Y Bapnraaa npa9HoBaxy cnoxea CBeTe rpojane 0,11; 1815.j-"u,II;eja eBponcKor xoarpeoa"

I HooH nomoaorayra 0,11; ,a;pyre aarraaae CUJIe, UH saro H "BeJIHKe oaanaraje" OBe sa ,lI,aHCKY ocrame 6e9 110,11;nope H 1iRCTHj - HanOJIeOHOB npe,ll;.1I0r 0 C B e 0 6 m T e • II:06HTICY 6H o,a;6HjeH 0,11; ,,6esaHTep6CHe" He.allKe oJIJle,

.. op BelII)rame oojUTII CBC.j .... ..u:o no.IO:uj:' y ry6JL6- ay OBOr mru .x{.yra .loC..r..jaIjy: B npyCE3 .!IOIIUepKa" 1 llC3M1i oap_tJror .lo()UmWIQ - ..\..m: ID.T3 Aa B3Jd}e .113 !!l'.ll'&.u.e QB€Sa'.!'

,~IIa:peo&'l _ 6e3mrrepecaa c.rorao; ozroeapajy 113 TIe~ - 1\0 u aa_una D ee C..I.)arn? - To nO.llozaj • AOI'3\ajll D3Yir. «PpamtyCEa ca ::c.IoUoAOll Y llAejB" , Pyraja ~ ~,6e3mrrepecBonrlir n BCKpeBOmhy" aa jesaJ,."J, "'faIT, IIpBa sa aaJIaAy, qyra na cesepy, ROO .... .opmoma 1IO.IfC3 sa 6YAyiia "CReTell paBIlOTeare" • llPTt:'aja ca ,,~P)(Oll" r pyroI nocraasa ce xao "paB~ •• l1311eJjy H>RX. OC1'3.IHlI caaaxa oeraje J,a ce pel;ajy: 1.'0 6.mare paBHHTCJLY, TO 6.!IGKe je.uoll B.iIII .lq)Yroll n0.IYcy. liy.A jasera npeACTaBJLU3 on OCOBmry oso ROje ce ,,)la.IH" If "Be.;IHlrn:: 06pTaTD nxajy. TaKaB 6H 6uo nOBpmHH Hal\PT "ROBOr peA3 crsapn."

Y J,aHaIIIHoel1 BeKy oB.lai;yje reaosa 53 yjeAHHoaBaB.ell 1UaHOBa jeaaor UCTOr HapoAa, n sa CaBe30K sapoAa KOjR oe csarpajy xao cTf60Bu jeaaor ncror cTa6.D. (pace). Y TOj TelKlLH TpaiKU ce U cnara sa HOBn "Clare. paBHOTe)Ke."

HaYKa 0 saKOHDMa roBOpa II yIIOpei;e1L r paSHBX jeSHKa (KO)[napaTHBHa <JHJlOJlornja) p;e.m nezo 1J:OBemTBO sa T}>H rJlaBH3 OTa()JIa, TaKOHaSB. pac e. Te TpH pace jeoy: e THO II 0 J( a, HJlH l\PHaj U 0 H r 0 JI c x a , HJIH )l(y1'3; H J( a B K a He a HJllI oo.lla.

CaB pa3BBTaK U HRIIpeAaK AaHamlLer sosenrraa npHUHoyjy ce KaBKa9KOj (6eJIoj) pacH; na OBY ce CBOp;H H ROBa "OHOTeH paBHOTe)Ke COJIa."

KaBK3llKO cTa6Jlo (paoa) UKa ABa rJIaBHa cTy6a, TaKO rOJlell& p;a ce OBaKO sa ceoe Ha3HBa paCOM. Ta ABa cTy6a, T6 ABe pace sony oe : 0 e M H T 0 j C K a H H It A 0 e B p 0-nej OKa (IIOOJIeAlL3: H jaeerajcaa WlH HHAO-~epMaHCKa).

CellHTujoJ(oj paca npHnap;ajy: Enpeja , ApaIIH, ~BuiuLHU U Apyra aesa WIeMeHa, IIOSHaTa BRIDe aa (iB- 6,pje Hero Y nOJlHTB~.

" Y B8AQ-6BponejcKy pacy pa'lyuajy ce CROPO CBD

.,p ca.-aILe Eapone, Mei;y OBnlla rJIaBBH cy:

1) JIaTHHcKH Hapop;H (<JlpaH~ycKa, IIInaH"Ka., llopryra.mja, Iha..mja.)

2) 1) e p M a H C K 11 Hapop;H (Hexaxsa, ,lI;aHcKa, mB6,11;CKa, Hm.necKa. - Y ljepMaHcKe Hapop;e pa'lyHa oe R , C. AIl6pHKa.)

3) C.n a s e H C K H HapO,ll;U (Pycn , Cp6H ca XPBaTH-, sa, IIoJDa.~, 1Ie('.H, Byrapa, Czosann H CJlOBeH~H

1 CBK CJlaBeHH KaO llITO BX saaao),

4) I'pn;H.

, Ha T~ xerapa cTy6a lIH,II;O-eBponejcKe pace RIl3.Jl3. ~ 61 ce, ,ll;axJle, upeRoBHTII "nO.nHTlflma crpaaa Eapone." i- A ORR H3po,II;H Y Espomr , KOjH HIICY rpaRe HH je,II;Hor r 0,11; TUX cTy60Ba (R. np. Typl~, Ma~apH, H T. n.) He)(ajy

,j A3B3TH xepe sa Bary "eBponcKe panaorezae," .

.: q>paHn;ycKa Meijy .naTImCK1IM 11 Py caja lIeijy

C-JIaBeRCKH14 HapO,ll;HlIa, oaaano ce caarpajy xao onpe,ll;e,.;..IJelLe p,a ()YAT ua 'Ie.I)". Ilaraae 6eme, IW j~ rxasa w- ~aHCK1IM Hapo,ItH:Ma. Beh CBOj1lM ljeorpa~HjcKHM ycaM:.1 .lleH>eM HHrJlecKa je H3yseTa 0,11; Tor IIHl'aH>3; 11 TaRO ce ':: oa.no BH,II;eTH: je aa I~apCTBO na AYCTPHjR H.nH na Ilpy-

CHjK. To naraae pemeao je aa I\pa.7LeBrpap;:o;Y, TY jr BeHan; n06e,q;e H3. r.naBH Ilpycaje xpynaca r.naBY ijep- 1> xaHCKlIX napoaa, (Hapasao , 1IsysHllajylm C. AMepHKY·) iq ~ p n; H HMajy p;a jYHaqI\HM p;e.noll. nOTBpp;e CBOj non: .IomaJ y peAT eaponcxax Hapop;a q1lJa HMeRa TYMaqe

; "CJI060AT caaesa." Haaue 6u 6R.1IO II C lLHMa mTO H ca " MaljapnIa, H.nH 1I0CMPTHHOM ,,:o;apHrpap;cKor 6oJIHHKa." ~~. Caaxojaxo , "c.n06op;a oanesa" aaauaza 6H: "HcKpeHY l'~ tmry" H norop;6y H311eijy: P y C H j e, II p y C R j e H q> P a H-

i llyCR e.l{yp; q>paHI~ycKa 11 Ilpycaja, T y p; H T a.n aj a; IIR~ ~' r.le C K a ocraaa 6R "npocTR r.ne,q;a.nan;"; A y C Tp Hj a 6HJIa 0.;. fiJ CBa po p;a qyje noc.ne,ll;lL Y npecYAT jasax ; a "cno-

I I', pe,II;HH" H "MaJIH" Beli oy oryraam aa BO.7LY "Be.nHKHX." ''': 3aHcTa, nopep; 6pojHe U pHe rrpeTemHocTH JIaTHH~? C11IX, ijepMaHcKHX H o.naBeHCKHX Hapop;a Hap; n.neMeHHMa 0- i~ C'l'8JIHX paca, He6H (iR.nO cyMH>e 0 yonexy casesa H3Meliy q>paH:o;yCKe , Ilpycnje H Pycaje , sa OCTBapelLe H3qeJIa Bapo,II;HOOTH. A.lIB je mrrarse : Jlo)Re .nIl ce pallJRaTH na ~11f(,KpeHo CIlOPasyllJl>ClLC" THX TPBjy,' neJIHKHX oasa "?

...

OoTBape:u.e Halle.ra HaPO~ BRa'IItJIO (SB: ~ ee . cje~e sa oomry CJlo6o,l{f, na cOOeTBeHoM 36l1.1bBmry, i lLIe.eHa Roja lDIajy : RCTY RCTOPRjy, RCTO nopesao , Hen ; ,jesHK, RCTe RapaBH - jep;Ro. pellH, RCTe OCROBe nOJIHTH'lnor atHBOTa R UCTe YCJlOBe 6yp;yhHOCTH. TaRa sajep;HHJla, . TaKO cjeAHB>eJLe, sao cseea caera mTO je npRpoP;O. opo~o, MOpajy 6HTU Y cp~y H Y ,i(fIIIH CBaKOlI.e CBecHO. Hapop;y. AKo 6R Pycaja, Ilpycaja H ~pa1lI{fCRa HBpaataBaJIe ~mTy - pasyMRY BOJby' uapop;a, o~ 6& KSBOOHO 6uo H.HXOBO oA-ymeBJ&eHoe sa HalleJlO HapoAHooTH.. Am, ,ll;ooe re se)(JLe croje nop; rBOSp;eHHM "iKea.110. cue" 0,11; llpoBHl;eH.a op;pei;eHe 1J..a Hap; HapoAJIMa rocno.a;apH, AO'l'JIe je BaSp;a nHTaJLe 0 "HCKpeHOCTH" casesa ~slle);y ~pa~CKe, PYCHje R Ilpycaje. ITa U lIH HllaHO )l.a BlfAIIKO I KaRH cy HSrJIep;R sa "cnopasYl1JbelLe TUX TpHjy caza.

Beh nyrosaae ~pa AJleKcaHJq>a IJ. t HH~y, Y 1865. rop;. Tpla1lHJIo ce op; HeKHX xao SHaR cnopaayxulloa ca ~apeH HanOJIOOHOM III. A cnopasYMJbeu,e ITpycxor p;Bopa ca OOaMa ~peBH~la cHaTpaxy nuora KOO USBeCHO, Rap; ce BH,II;eJIO p;a Pycuja sao II ~aH~yCI,a - ca DpeRpmTeHHM pyxaMa rJIep;a, RaRO Ilpycaja yroBopa caBeS ca IITaJIlljoM npOTUB AYCTpuje, H KaKO OBa, ycauUHa sa 60jHOM nOJl>Y, cTPap;a. Iloaepyjxo , p;a ce paT sa yjep;HJLelLe HTaJIUje H Heaaxxe aaje xorao IIOBeQTII APYraquje I aero no cnopas'flLlI>6H.Y TPHjy "BeJIIIKHX caza"; aJIH RaKO oe Ha p;eJl"f OCBe,lJ;O'laBa TO crropaspLlbelLO?

ITpycllja 06apa sao cnonise MaJIe p;HHacTujc HeMa'lKe; lLeHa BojcKa jypu KOO lIYlLa Kp03 llecKY II MopaBCKY, na R KPOS Mai;apCRY, H ynpaBJl>a ce Bevy. I(ap; na rrpary AYCTPHjCKe npeorozaane, xors Ilpycaja npea COOOIl p;a BH,lI;H? HanOJIeOHa III.! ITpeHepai1WH3 IIpllMa OHa op; osor YCJIOBe aapa ca AYCTpHjOM., jep "He)lOiI{C y jep;Ho HCTO apexe npoTHBY A]lejy BeJIURHX CIIJIa paT BOAHTH." Y HanOJICOHoBoj BJIaCTU je H MUTa'lKa, xoja jour rpeoame HTaJIHju, rra p;a o~a 6yp;e "CJI060p;Ha, op; AJIna AO Jaapaacsor Mopa"! lJYJIIICMO 113 BH3MapIWBe 6ecep;e (6p. 90 ,,3acTaBe." 1866) KaKO Hilje ,,3aMepHTU ~paH~yCKOj, , mTO je nocze Kpa.searpaana HSHWJla aa cpe,a;y ca

4T

paqymnm cBOje co6oTBeHe nO.IIITHKe"j a HS Ilapas« ,wJ.&jy jom, ~ je ,,~amzyOKa nOOJIe KpaJ.r.ElBrpa,ll;~a Bparu3 IIpyoBjR OHO, mTO joj je OBa ysajMBD noose CoJlI»epllJl8,. T. j. HanOJleOH m. peKao je jom 1859. ,11;3 1IT8JlBja 6yp;e OJlo6oAHa 0,11; AJIIIa ,11;0 J ap;paHOKor xopa , a.JIH TO ce TaAa HeMOrame BSBpmBTR mTO JIpycBja aa PajHB rposame ~CKQj, a OBa He6eme cnpeMHa, p;a Y Jep;aH ox

! ,I;Ba BeJDlKa para BO,l1;R." •

,zr;y6~R n.OrJIe,ll; y o,ll;Homaje TPHjy "BeJIBKBX cua" 0ARPBBa: ,ll;a "HapO,l1;HOOT" K "paca" y yCTHMa :e.RXOBBlI Dey . HBIIlTa p;pyro, Hero mTO K "Bepa ,. HBp K npaaJ1I." y YCTJDIa caBeSHHKa 0,11; 1815. a HaBMe: 3aMKa sa aapop;e KOjK Teme sa npHpO~ rrpasox, SaMeTa:e.e rpara saaepa npoTHBy o.ll060,l1;e, aarosop ea oosajaae B "aHeKCK~ jy", capeaaaso rapeae y nHTaH. y 0 nJr.eHY. Y TOKe je CBa TajHa ,I1;oralJaja KojHMa y 1866. OBe,n;o~ 6ooMo.

C.lolRlle npoTHBy C.II060,l1;e TPR "BeJIBKe CUll" npu\ieraBajy HalleJIY Hapo,l1;HOOTH u pace, caxo ,n;a 6u xarHeroKY cTPyjy KOjOM ce opozaa nzeaeaa npanzase, ,11;0- I HMe no,n; CBOjy rBos,n;eHY pyKy. Banrro 6u Pyoaja K llpycBja ,ll;6.IIHJle nararse 0 je,n;HHoTBY napoaa K pace o,n; IIHTaH>a 0 0.11 0 6 0 ,n; H, aKO je,n;HHcTBo npoTKBY o.llooo,n;e ) yn0TPe6HTK He6K naaepasaze ? Banrro 6K CflpamzyoKa

.l IBTaJIa ,n;a y,n;em MJleTallKY xao MHJIOCTHILY IITaJIHjK, aKO He6K pavyaaza , ,n;a ,n;pyroM PYIWM same o,n;YSMe, Hero WTO je,n;HOM ,n;aje ? Banrro 6K , HajnOOJIe, K y ~paHI{fCKOj, H Y Ilpycaja , H Y Pycaja poi;eHs 6paiia yrn.eTaBaHa 6KJla, SKO 6K ce y cp~ HOCKD cJIo60,n;a jom AaJLHX poi;sKa?

IIsBecTHOCT ycnexa aa no.lLY saje,ll;Hlf'IKor YOK.lLaBaH>a lUIITe, ,n;a ce TpH "BeJIHKe cue" H npOTHBy OOTaJIHX - e.m6HjHX onopasyxejy. Yje,n;HlLelLe rpnjy paca : .IISTHHCKe, i;epM.SHCKe H CDBeHCKe (caase sa ce6e) xozse ce OOTBSpHTH caxo ,n;e060M AycTpHje u TypcKe: ,n;aKJIe K ~sHl{foKa, "la,n;a Ilpycnja "nOCJle KpS.lLeBrpa~a Bpaiis mTO joj je OBa nooze COJliI>epHHS ysajMHJIa," oner O.llOmHO c 11»011 HSK.l&Yllyje AYCTpKjy H3 He1lallKe, sao II lIS lIT&.mje; Pycaja, lIa ,ll;a HeBOJIe npycK(K>paH~CKor nose-

1','11",,1\ 1111 1I1"."'.'I'OJlY pYXYHCJ.:t',_ OlIeT O.lI16paHa IIO.'IO~aj ,,,,'1"" "IH"Mllly Typcxe,

(1.1I'~I\III' IT TplI "Be..lIHJ.:e l'ILlt"· IlpoTlmy r.'106o,l(e, I; 111!WIII' 1I1'"'I'lmy e.'rnIJlljllX ~ a.IU 'lUll .wt)t' mrrarse () ca"11 \I "II.IIl1ll1ma. IIJL('Ha: O.l1l3 rpaxaaaocr npeyanna lIax 11:1'" .. AY X"lI ('lIl1pa3pIJLt'H.3;;~ l'a.pt'BlLIIBO -rapelLt" CTYlIa 11:' \h'('TI' ru IIt':i:\. Ta Ht'~aiKy .111 caue T(' CII.ll' ~ .la je y 11111':111,), I' ,.Tt'PIlTOPUja.1HHlI. HaJ.:Ha~alIa,;· 0 "lIpnpo.zr;- 1lII:\l qH' HUll a II a" P!JOh:~ lUTU "CBaKII HOBU ~orai;aj 1I1,*,l\a8:\ ,'\"1\.-06 JbHXOB?"

:\t..,1 ~mllIapaTIIBHa oI>IIJlO.IOrnja llCpU rpaHlfQl' na,"~'nm I l",t':nla, i;eurpMuja OIIpe~e.'Lyjr -_ seae RCTe ,'n.'" _. "'l.if' :Je)JJL(' ~a (jy~y 3ajeAHO, a xoje O~eJLeHO. 'l'at." "'I ~pc.'r()BH II lI..IIaHHHC, }JCKe U lIopa IIlIa.lU 6UTH .. "\~'''''l.H(' rpaHUU;C'· ;$3 CHaKY "Bt'JlIn.:y t'I1.lY'" Am nrra ~ .. ,'1(\ "a.-; "npHPO~H(, rpumme" jemte clue ~jy osoj -:~,\"w";\.i ouaoaa IIO ~l-'rre? Iluc.rorsena na Ilupeaeje II .\ ~ii\' "'p.1-IIl,ycl\a IIIIAII r PajHII ,,1I}.IIIpo;:a;ny rpaamry" .-"");~ npeau lIe.\lu1u,lIj. Ilpycnja J\oKa3yje, ,lI;3 je Pajaa ,~.*' II (' :II a I{ K a lJl~l\a, a cl>urt'311 IlpIIpo,ll;HII Oe,ll;ell aa CII"~. PHOCT HOlla'll\t' OJl, cl>l-'.ulI'p't.:t'. Pycnja , jeJ\Holl noroa ~. Il:Bpoll1l a ,lI;PYl''''1 y A:llljll, JlP~lOih:t' ,lI;a .nme» T .nme

"HCK}Jt.'HO" _ _ t~IIIII"l:ly ~WU:I t'P ca <PpaHHyelwlI II Ilpy\·lIjl.lJl, a AU joj l~al'lIl'1laJ.l. IIl'iiYAt' "lIpnpo,ll;Ha. CTU.JllII\n." l(aplII'I'UA UpnJl,el'aUJI';'1 r.1:lllllr rerotiy 1I311Ci)y Tlllljy ellJIa: jl'l' III'P'·lIja II CI>l-'i1I11'P'I,:\ aeaory p;a 3:1.- 611paBI' OilY 1"'11 11"'1'1':1 11" • .(111\01': ,,1.:0 y U;apJIrp:l~y (iy,ll;£l rOOIlOJl,al'lIl1, (,laJlP IIpallll roclltI,lI;ap csera."

III'AIUlIlII .il' jl'"all I'P'·I\II ,lI;l-'il{;lIlHlU': P pe'l pelmo:

"Hnl'lII'I'I~'~ II l'" MllilW OIl'I'U Cp6Ct.:II, neru PF'·I.:II." HeIiflMII 'I'y 1'1\11 1I1J1IMIlII.IIIULTII aa xoryhuoor Cpea : a.ur 111111 jll 1I)'lm 1I1\'I'IIII1~, YIW.1IIfIW napaacana Terooy y 1111- TIlIIIY II "IIIJ1II'"AIIHM l'I':LlIHI~a)fa" Pycnje.

" 1IC1111'~ ,',II01'a, 1I0iK~.1I11 eo II o 'j(',lI;Huj "Be.mxoj 11",,,11 1II'llflmL'I'u, All on ,,111\1'1)0110" iIW.1IH.1Ia 3aTBOpIITU

.. "'1I1"!~I'.a.c'IW - M" n "lIl'IIPCI,I.J;IIC" - rpamnte ? XTeTR H IITRClI"'lIol' 1I0JJ.:L :1:1 ,If,aJI.e II ,n:aJLe IIIHpeILe cnoe , :111,,1111.1111 I'iH OC\llnnaTH cllojy BeJIH'IHHY na yuy': 10611 JlRII)"'A"Y, na l'a:mHTxy YMHH.'t CHJla n xose-



49

,HCKe CBOOTH. Ho D CHO 1fYJDI OA ~paHItYCKo-pycKor fop a," Il.a "rroJDtTIIK8 HIl,ejaCC HHje OHO noze , na KOBe I "B6JJJIKe cue" cpeera BOry.

TaKo je IIHTalf>e 0 oaaesy TPHjy "B~. cua" lje 00 CTaB.Ujy Ha qeJlO .DTHHCICIOl , i)epKaBclCIOl H BB6HCKHH Hapoll,lllla. AKo je HS rrOSHaTOr HSBO,ll;llTH saF.yqeJLa 0 HeJIOSHaTOH, oll,ll;a BHKO BeJia aa B$HOIl( T SR~aTH BeBHijeBo ll.o(Spo; na H oaaesy "sa Hapoll.lCT~ pacy," KO.1lHKO je OB rrpllMaHJDHB Y BaqeJIY, KOJIHKO lAB Y TeEJLIr. oner ce BeMome rrpopHIl;aTH cjajH36yrJmOCT aa pasBUml~Ma caBOO3 "sa Bepy MHp H rrpaBAY," noll. BJIa,ll;OIl CHJIa - CBe jell,HaKO DpoTHBHHX: C.1Io6o,ll;H, ABaK.ocm H 6paTCTJJy. Xohe JDI 00 Rail. Te CHJle HSDITH Y IIJITalb Y 0 "HaKHa1l.30 H rpa~a;" xohe JIH i BajrrOCJIe "HCKp6HO cnopasyaera" aa "HOBH pell. CTBaPB, :BOBaK na C B e C B 0 M HHTep6CY II(OHapXa B Hapoll.a": na I IIBTalLe caxo BpeMe op;rOBopa Aam MOlKe.

HeHSBOOHO je, jeey JIB "BeJIHKe CRJle" cnooodae caIaCBTB oe Ha "caBeCHB BHTep6C BJIall.aJIan;a H Hap0ll.a"; IR je HSBOOHO, Il.~ nponaaa CBe mTO 00 na HerrpaBIl,H

~1UIBa.

"HerrpaBell.HO Te~o na TPCt.e KOJleHO aenpesaaa," nerrpaaema yrOBOPH Oil. 1815. aerrpeacaaame HH rrpso ueno l RHO He6H MOr.1l0 6HTH H Oil. rpojsor oanesa "sa lPOIl,HOCT 8 pacy," aKO 6B oe OH OCHOBaO Y oCBojaqxoj n;em.

AK.o He npe , sanezo ca HarrOJleOHOM III. oapanao

[ ce canes Taj. IIOJIHTHKa 8 ymn;aj ll.aHam1De ~paHn;yte BJlall.e lIMajy 8SBOP CBOj Y JDIllHOCTH nspesoj ; HeCTa-

, JIB CYTpa re JlHquOCTB, aecrahe 8 rrOJIHTHKe H YTBll;aja )jnr.a je OHa 8SBOp. Ko nosaaje caxo pacnozozaeae JI:Y>Ba Y <i>pamzyCKOj, oll.06pme, Il.a 8S passanraa ll.aHalL6 napesaae Bp.1l0 JlaKO MOlKe 8CKpCuym HOHa «I>paHyeKa caCB8M nporaaaa oCBojaqxOM. caseey TPojBn;e. Je. [ KOryhHO, Il.a Il.HHacTBje Koje OJ.l; BeKOBa rpajy 8 CBOjy rAJhHOCT aa BeKOBe pa1fYHajy, Il.a AHHacmje pycxa npycKa Beh yaarrpell. HOOK ocehaae onaoaocr , KOjOj· [ ee HSJIar8JIe TaKO DpHBp6HelDlH caB63OM,. sao mTO 6H co oaaes ca ~peM ~pa~CRlDl? Je JIH MOryhHO, Il.s,

~



TO npe~ocet.aJLe Heys.zq>ZH ABe ~BepHe ease O~ "RCKpCSor cnopMyK.JF.elL3." ca HanoJlOOHOJ( m. ~

3.110 Y caaesy ea HanO.leoHOII m., a 6ea u.era jom H rope. Ilpemocraaaso , A3 OR AB6 oeeepae CHJIe caao lIeljy co6oll cases S3u:.YlflUe: mm 6H 0)1; TOr C3BeSa OUo? PYCKO-OPYCD eases JWaO 6u IIpOTBBy 006e: cues .laTHHCKRX aapoza, eases DTOJlHlIRJIX CH.I8, H - nrro 6Jr no ABe OOBepHe CHJIe najonaoaeje 6u.l0 - eBpOnexy ~e~ Kp3THjy. Baaera, 1IIT3 6u 00Ta.I0 .zq>yro ~pa~Cl[Oj, 0,11;sojeaoj O~ IIpycuje H Pycaje , Hero ~a y jasaoj CBOOTJ[ Espone CBOjy CHary norpaasa? II!?,II;~ II1I'I'8lLa 0 06HOB.lLelD y Kpa.1I>eBHHe IIoJOeKe; nO,ll;oJ1l>IIB3u.e "aHeKOOBaHHX" U "HeaHeKCOBaHUX" H611a~ npoTHBy D;pycuje; opHnOliaralDe JIH6epa.1lHOIi npeo6pamajy H "HCTOlIHOj no.IIIITlmH" A YCTPHje: BHCY JIB TO Bet. y QBO BpeKe OnOJl6He sa ,lI;Be OOBepHe cue, nrra CBe ~~CKa 6e3 HtHX DpoTHBy H.HX Y BJlacTH lID?

Aa 6H HOrJIO 6HTH cnopaayaaeaa, KOO mTO rosope, HSlleljy casesa ,lI;Bejy CeBePHIIX caaa ' ca CeBepHO)( AxePHKOM., HacynpoT ~a~cKoj: TO 036HJLaH ",OBeK je,ll;Ba MOSKe neposara.

OOnITe je yaepeae , ~a CJIaBeHII H C. AxepHKa~ UlJajy 6Y,ll;yhHOCT sa ceoe ; aaa TO YBepelDe pasyxe oe caao sa ,lI;yx CJI 0 6 0 A e, KOjII B.la~a y C. AltepHKH, H 11.YX 6 paT C T B a, KOjU je ypoljeH CJIaBeHcKoj pacu, na ~je jexcraa ,lI;a lie CJIaBeBH je,ll;HOr ,lI;aHa. npOOTaTU poOOBaTB canesy ~ecnOTa, Te lie sao CJlOOO~ Hapo,I(H CaCTaBHTB caaea sa yaajMHJ o~opaHy U opaTUHcrcy no~nopy.

HanpOTUB, HSMeljy CJIOOO~HHX AMepHKaHa~a H ~ecnoTHjCICHX OOBepHHX CWIa, neaa 00 aaMHCJlHTH "HCKpeHO cnopaaYM.iLeu.e." Tpna orsopanre BpaTa Enpone asujaTcKoj CHAH, ,lI;a 6H ~OCKO'lHJlH CJlaDeRHMa, na mra ~O'leKame? Cuna ra aesaycraaa 00 aa nooe~H Czaseaa , Hero ce OOpHy H npoTJlBy caMHX Tpxa l Bamro ? J ep ~x H no~6e asajarcxe CHJle oexy IIpoTHBHH ~ H no1'p66an I'pxa, Heaa OH Cesepae Cue oraopaae BpaTa EDPOIIe. OJIoCSOAILa'lKOM yTuI~ajy AMeplIKe, ORe 6H 00 TUlIIe eax6. y6sJle. CJIoooAlLa'lKe Te}KlLe H HHTepOOH HOBor osera Be Mory JlJlaTH KplKer npoTBBBHKa'S HenpBjaTeJ&a y EJt.



51

pona , Hero InTO je ,u;OOnOTHSaM aojeaa H aocoJI'}"Tml; nporasy TOr rrpoTH1IHHRa H HenpujaTeJ.E.a 60PHJIe OH ce OHe H3 Cesepy sao H aa 3ana.u;y crapor CBeTa. Kao opaHHO~ CJIo60,lJ;e, hepHRa~ OH HMaJIH sa ce6e CBY CBecuy EBpony; HeMa cy.MlLe ,u;a OH nOCJIe,lJ;lLa no6e,lJ;a aa ILHIOllOj c1'paHH 6ua. To ,u;oopo sHajy BJIa,u;a Y Bepzaay H

.' U3A8. Y neTpO~.u;y. Ta ,u;a cesepae CHJIeoHMaojy HaRJIOHO! CD npe1la CJIvvu,lJ;lLa"IROM .u;yxy, Ry,u; H HJIO cxryp. ojer H jaller casesa, Hero: sa PycHjy ca C JI 0 0 0,lJ; HOM 1 cnBeHCKOM opahOM C~jOM, a sa Ilpycajy ca CJIo:oo,u;-

/ H H 11 He~a? Am, Ka,lJ; re CHJIe aerpne CJIooo.u;y cBoje - coOOTBeHe opahe, O,lJ;Ky,lJ; he OHe rrppRHTH pyKy CJIOOO,lJ;-

H.a1lK0M Hcnomuy npeso xopa P!

~I . TaKo ja CXBaM1I nOJIomaj "BeJIHKH.X caaa", y ILH~ .~ IOBOj "CJIOOO,lJ;H caseaa" na paaaaaaaaaa "nOJIHTH1lHe I- crpa,ll;e" 0,lJ; 1815.

Y HCTHHH rs cJIo60,u;a .oaaeaa CBO,lJ;H ce aa OBO : CHJIe e. ee ysajMHo symajy , H3a3HBajy, xepe H norabajy. OTY,lJ;: t'- 1IaC npeTe CBaKa CBHMa H CBe osaxoj; xac cy TpH aa Ba jeAHoj a OCTaJIe na .u;pyroj CTPaHH j xao cy ABe H p;Be,

a nera je "npoCTH rJIeAaJIa:u;"j xac CBe "MHpoJDy6HBe Ii :\1! HeyTpaJIHe"j sac cysame MHJIocp)I;He, TO npeaa Xpanr-:

Ct'l UHHMa TO npeaa ,,60JIOOHOM rocnozapy" IIcToKa j xac ce ;: 6perOBHlla opyatja orpaijyjy jeAHa OA Apyre; nac CBe ~ IeIlOP; pYICe noaaae na "OOmTH eBponCICH xonrpec. "

• Ha mTO JIll he ce noroaam? Ha CBe H CBaIlITa, caao HC 11j Ba CJI060AY, je,lJ;HaICOCT H 6paTcTBo.

YnoTPeoue cue "CJIooop;y caseaa" OBaICO HJIH OHaKO' e-! ja je)I;HO caao SHaM, a TO je, p;a HeMa Tor "nOJIHTHlIHOr '1~: taCTeMa", ICOjH OH xorao y'TBpp;HTH H ocarypara "paBaO:~: TelKy H MHp Espone" pop;ehH HenpaBAY HaMeCTO CJIO-

:~. 6o,ll;e, je)I;HaROCTH H OpaTCTBa. .

.'.t Kana p a B HOT e m a, ICaICaB M H P Y CHJIH H aenpasaa; }' l'Ae HCTHHa H nomreae cTPap;ajy; - rAe cerJIynocT H [3 I[OJtllOCT raje, a .1lam H OeSCTH,lJ;HOCTrocno.u;yjy;-r,lJ;e cy HOO:e 6ysAaHe TeJIeCHe HaCJIa,u;e jep;HHa :u;e.lL H oJIaro; - rp;e e lItelj qyCTBeHor Y)KH1IaILa noxpasaaa casecr , H HaBOe _'.u;a oe 0 TfljeM Tpomxy aomH; - rAe "nyHH ,enoBH" • II "ICeca" CJIYme xao sacrasa sa n0J10iKa.\ 1\\))~~\)~ "

~~

62

roOD; - rAe cy PI, C3110B.lIai;HBalLe, YSBHmeHOCT H :Bp.IIIHe rozo yoopaiKCII>e , um npaaHa CJlOBa na srprso] apraja , a HHCKa cyjera u yrJIaI;eHU nopo~1I iKHBa HeTHHa; - r"e CBeTHJLa oo.JIJ(Ka 60arnjer HUKaf\e neae HelIa, a na u3JI01K6u JKIIBBX T.'Jleca :Ba3,ll;a HaJIOra y noBYAH U Y TpaiK1l>U; - rae je CDC na npoaajy , U HeMa mra ce nexoare xyITHTH ; r,ll;e ,ll;yxoBHa rrOABapeHOCT U APYillTBeHa pa3BpaTHOCT cejy H3 "ABOJlHllHHX cpna" ".IaJRJI,JmIDI YCTmla" ppe,ll;e U CyK06e, IWjU U uajpoheHHje paapoljaBajy; - rAe peKe KpBU U operOBII KOCTHjy JLYP;CKHX p;e.le cyoeaa op; cyceaa ; - rp;e cy "p;p;KaBe" caxe xacapHe H 6apyraHe; - r,ll;e sojcsa OAYSUMa naPO,ll;Y HajoOJbe npaapeane pYKe II xanaraze, p;a 6u UX 6.11Yp;eiuDl CTpaCTHMa CHJle lKpTBOBaJIa?!

J1.a Y TaEBOM CTaIl> Y pannorezae II ~lIIpa nexa , TO C:Bep;Olle OHBX 2,1.48.000 acprana lIuja ~(PB sanaje npoTJmY casesa O,ll; 1815.; TO nOTBpi;yje II ,ll;aHamlLlI "HaopylKHH xap, cc y KOlle Espona mnne op; 3.000.000 BOjHHKa Mopa sa 60j ,ll;a cnpeMa, TaKO ,ll;a cy O,ll; TUX najlI3JL.e 1.500.000 aenpecraao y "aKTuBHoj CJIyjK~H", a TO SHaqu rop;UIIIIL Y p;aHry6y O,ll; 550.000.000 pamnrr p;aHa, OCHll rpomxa HaUS,ll;p)Kanalhe sojcxe , KOjlI naje Mall>lI O,ll; 3.000.000 <I>paHaKa na roaaay l --.

BapaJIII 6H ce 0 npupo,ll;H JbY,ll;CKOj, aKO 611 palJ.YHaJIR na HeKO crarse II nOJlmlmj enporrClwr ,ll;pymTBa, y KOM.e 6H caCBIIM HeCTaJIO HerrpaB,ll;e, na UH HaCTaJIa calla npaB,ll;a. lJoBelc je no npaBHJIy IIspas Cpe,ll;HHe y KOjOj je, Y cpep;nHH HSMei;y aHi;eJIa H l;anoJIa, IIsMei;y YMa H CTpaCTlI, caBeCTH H rpemne CKJlOHOCTH, HeMOJRe cp~e lI>erOBO yMHpHTH ce "BellHTHll MlIpOll.". - AnH KOJIHKO je necanpmea, oner 1I0BeK .HMa y ceun TOJIHKO caare, ,ll;a csoje CTpaCTH H CKJIOnOC1'lI sa cyK06e H paT 6ap sayszaaa , aKO HX casemh y II YMOM caCBHM YHumTIfTH HeMOJKe. Aa ce pasBuje ra cnara, cnara pta H caBeCTH, TO je saROH Jbyp;CRor Han p e,ll; xa, KOMe cy CJIo(}O,ll;a, je,ll;HaKOCT H 6paTCTBO OCHOBHa onpeaezeaa , a Hayxa TYMall.

O~EO 1I0BemTBO sa ce6e IIalITH, ORO nenpecreao aaupe.qje. Henpeeraao HaDpeAAlt 1I0BemTB3 j3Jrl1Dl sa rlMl8A51 JI06e,q- 06mTer JMa a euecTJI BaA OJIUIIM

58

caBe30H CHJIa, ROjH OrpeSaBa y CTpacTH H CJIa60CTH, Y HerrpHjaTeJLCTBO H paT rrpoTHBy cJI0(0)l;e, jeAHaKocTH H 6paTCTBa. JeCT, HarrpeAaK yM~ H caBeCTH JIeTH na RpH-

I .nnta spexeaa: OH Mopa HaAJIeTHTH C H .11 e, xoje cy "s a

I' B P e 11 a", )( ace H s a Hap 0 A HOC T H P ac y, HJIU sa II pUp 0 A Her p a H H 1\ e CaKpUJIe. BUCORU cy AJIrru, 1('f-

I. OOKO je Mope; aJIU sap naje jour BUllIU H Ay6Jr.H yM ROjH - TeJIerpMHMa., rBosAeHUU rryToBHMa, naporipoaaaa H TOJIHKHH APyro opylKjeH - rrp06uja one rrperpaAe H KPqU CBYAa lIYT ysajMHoll rrpHcTyrraH>y U caorimraeaay

aapoza: R HapoAY, pace R paca , xoaesa R qOBeRY? CHaiKHa je RpBHa caesa xoja rrpUBJIaqu cpOAHa nzeaeaa y HaPOA, H opoaae aapoae y pacy: aJIU je jom jaua cseaa HHCJIH H y6el}eH>a, Y1la U caBeCTU ysajHllHx norpeoa H aarepeca, caesa llITO CBe JDYAe S6JImKana H yjeAHH>aBa lao CUHOBe -odmre oTaq6uHe: C .11 0 (0)1; e. Illnajnapcxa H' c. AMepHKa rrpe)J, oqHMa cy Hall,. Aa OU BU)J,eJIu: RaRO pa3JIHKa Hapo)J,HocTU U pace YCTyrra je)J,HaKOCTu CJI060Ae.

EHO caaes CUJIa ROjU ce urpao ca B e p 0 11, 11 H P 0 H I H II P a B )J; 0 11, rra ra same aena ; OCTaJIe cy CDe H !i IIOCJIe caaesa, aJIU je OCTaJIO U 'IOBeiliTBO xoje OS6UJJ)HO Ii Iote ~epy, MUP U npaaay. 1{oBellITBO ce CBOjU1I _HanpeA-

lOll CHaiI<H, a CUJIa ce CUJIOM IIOTupe: aa qOBeillTBY je i COOT, - sa CJI060AII, jeAHaKoCTU H OpaTCTBY OYAyliHOCT soaenrraa U CBeTa!

CpCSCBB: H8PO,ll, B: HOTO'IIHO lDIT8:a;e. (IIell&Ta80 8& ~rJ[ecJ(O)[ jeamcy y .1108)1;08Y 1863.)

Tpahaacxa ,o;pYllITBa jom Heoexy TaKO yje,o;HH.eHa, sao IIITO oy yjeAHlLeHa ,o;aH3C y TeXOLH sa Hapo,o;Il0H 0J[060~M H HesaBHoHOOTH. "I'o HHje same OBe3a H3Mei}y saoe6HHx JIH~a, Beli je ro OBe3a Hapo,o;a, JTBpi}eHa OHHM IIITO ce -30Be ,o;yx BpeMeHa. CBH Hapo,o;HHIIoKpeTH y OBO ,o;06a aenoopezaa oy H3pa3U je,o;He, OOIIITe TeXOLe.

Ho ,o;OKJIe oJI060,o;a HeIIOOTaHe orimra cy,o;6a aapoaa, Ba3,o;a ocraje BaJRHO IIHTaH.e: KaKO ,o;a ce TejKH.a sa aaPO,o;HOM CJI060,o;OM H HesaBHcHoCTH IIITO IIo,o;IIJHHje IIOCTHrHe.

ITo 006H oe YBHi)a, ,o;a 00- TO IIHTaH.e MOjKe pemHTH y KPyry pa3HHX imPO,o;HOOTH caxo TaKO, aKO 00 opaTCKa TejKH.a. IIpeTBOpH y OTBaPHY carzacaocr , y ysajaHy IIO,o;IIOPY H sa je,o;HH1IKy pa,ll;H. y.

OBaRH Ho.pO,o; TJie6a ,o;a HOIIHTa ceee , IIa ,o;a Ka)Ke, KOJIHKO jo ,o;opaoTao sa HOTHHOKY 6paToKY capa,o;H.y ca

OOTaJIUM H~o,o;HMa. . -

1(1\0 Cp6HH ja liy IIoKymaTH, ,o;a OOBeTJIHM -,o;opacJIOOT np~Ol(Or Hapo,o;a sa TeoHY CBOOy ca osojox JIHOepaJIHOM (OJI060,o;H.a1lK0M) 6palioM, xao IIITO ce ra ,o;OPOOJIOCT or Jlo,o;a y HCTOpHjH H IIOJIHTHlIKOM jKHBOTY Opda,

I.

Y OHO npeMe, Ka,o; 00 y HOTOPHjH Ca3Ha,o;e sa Cp6e, MH HaJIa3HMO Cp6CKH Hapo,o; IIo,o;eJL6H aa IIJIeMeHa. Ta DJIexeaa HeIIpe,o;CTaBJLaXY caxo 41aMllJIHje,neli OHa ooxy H je,o;HHH:' ue IIOJIHTH1IHe ~eJIHHe, 6exy Hue APiKaBe y BeJIHKoj ,o;PjK3BH. CnaKO IIJIeMe HMai}ame csor OJIo60AHO H30paaor norzaaapa,

- .

\ 55

t mjH ce ssanre lK Y II a H. Taj 1I0rJIaBap OHO je caxo HSBPlIIHTeJL oaora , DlTO je CBe IIJleMe czoamo XTeJlO, a CBOjy BOJI)Y lIJIeMe je HsjaBJDHBaJIO P;O~OBOPO)[, Y KOMe je CIIUH yaH HoerOB HJlao jep;HaKo J1Iemlie. Ilorzasapa IIJleHeHa npep;cTaBJbaJIH cy YKyOHO aapoa , H OHH cY p;or_oBOpo]( BOp;wm OpHrY 0 HapoAHHH craapaxa, Y oxymnraHB, soja ce SB3.la Be h a HJIH coo p. Ha 'leJIY re cxyrr-

I mTBHe ORO je crapemaaa, Hsa6paH HS cpeaaae aeae; OH je PYltoBOp;HO p;oJlahe noCJIOBC Hapop;a H snao ce B e JI Hn lK y n a H. Y spexe BOjHe ca TyljHHOH csaao lIJIeMe R- 11&10 je CBOr coocreeaor BOljy, KOjH ce asao 0 a H, a napo~a CKYDIllTHHa op;peljHBaJIa je rzaanor BOljy, KOjH ce 3880 BOjBOp;a.. /I,oua je sojaa TpajaJIa, BojBop;a je .HMao AHKTaTOPCXY (neorpaaaseay] BJIaCT, a oaHH cy CJIyIlla.0: ILerOBe sanoBOOTH. Ho 'lHM OH aojaa npeCTaJIa, npeCTaJIa OH H Ta BJIacT p;HKTaTopa, H Hapo.u;Ha' cxynmraaa HaHOBO OH npezyseaa CBY IIOJIHTH'lHY BJlaCT.

TaKH je OHO 1I0JIHTH'laH atHBOT Cpoa ope XHJDap;y ro~a, Kap;. OHH mHBJDaxy y E e JI 0 j C P 6 H j H , Y 0- B01I Dpep;eJIy p;aHaIllH.e Ilpycxe , KOjH ce opyma npeMa OOOOPHOM MOPY P;O pexe JIaoe.

Kao IIlTO OKOJIHOCrn cpep;1Ler nexa Heoexy yrop;He sa ; YTBpljeHoe Hapop;He HesaBHCHOCTH y TOM npep;eJIY, CpOH ! DOTpaa<e HOBY OTa'lOHHY. Y npsoj nOJlOBHHH OO,lJ;Mor , Bexa, OHH 00 rrpeceze HS Bexe CpoHje y 3eMJL y H3Meljy

~YHaBa, Caae, THMOKa HJap;paHCKor xopa. Ty seJIIJDY .-roHJIH cy CpOH op; ~apa HpauHja sa Harpap;y, IIlTO cy JI'f 1I0MOrJlH UPOTHBy ABapa H p;pyrHX ,lJ;HBJbHX xera KO-: je orrycronranaxy rserone 06J1acTH. CTaHo yjyhH oe: na 36- UH BHSaHTHje, CpOH upHCTaHY p;a sanace op; ~apa 1Ir.,'!'ORa, aJIH OHH TO y'lHHe nop; YCJlOBOM, p;a caxa HS CBOje cpeaaae 6Hpajy csoje ~apop;He norzaaape. lIo CMpTH ~pa HpaKJlHja Cp003 Hcnap;He sa PYKOM , re OOHOBe CBOjy iIOP;IIfHY Hapop;HY HesaBHcHOCT.

Y TO Bp6lle llHP;HMO y CpE)CIWj p;pjKaBH IIpBe KJIH~e 'M;ouapXH'lHe _(ca1l0BJIap;apCKe) BJIa,lJ;~, KaKBa: je oua y BHSaHTHj~. Csa IiOJlHTH'lHa BJlaCT, y JIIHpy Ka~ H y,BO}BH', 6eme. aoop;ell3 y pYKe ~,e JI.H K 0 r at y n a H a, ' KOJH

56

C THM nOCTa o,u;cy~ rocnozap Ha,u; mynamlJla H 6300- Ma saceosax nzexeaa.

IIpBH BeJIHKH mynaHH 6ex'Y CJlo60,u;HH o,u; ,u;HHaOTHjCKe BJIaCTOJb y6HBOCTl1, Te oe HenpOTHBJLaXY oaoxe , IIITO cas napoz; xohe. Y TOll oT3Jl>Y Cp6H HMa,u;ome ,u;OOTa caare , ,u;a o.n;oHjy CBa1lHjH saoprsj CIIOJL3 j OHH npHume XpHCTOBY Bepy, H 3HaTHO Hanpe.n;onaxy y cnaKOJ( APYmTBeHOM norJIe,u;y. Am, nop;6yu.eHH cyce.n;HHM ~OPOBHMa, Tpsxe H Byrapcae, Be.lOlRH iKynaHH HajllOCJIe' oe H- 301Ia1le, Te saaexape HapO,lJ;HO 6JIaro, H O,u;MeTHY ce op; aapome CBe~. Y TOil CTaH.y c-rpaHe ClLlIeTRe ysnmxy' OBe Beliu Max y Cp6ujH, H BJIaCT BemKHX aIyrraHa. ry- 6Jb3me ce CBe SHaTHHje. ByraPCKH ,u;Bop aapossro no,.- 6a,u;ame OHe, KOjU ce rpa6Jb3xy ORO op6mwr IIpOOTO.m 11 rroanoaaranre HX je,lJ;Hor IIpoTHBJ .zq>yror. HanOOJle,u;q Byrapexa aojosa aanaaanre aa cp6eKe 06DCTH H onyoromaeame HX. C .n;pyre orpaae, rp1lKH ,u;BOp no,u;OT~ me aenpeoraao RaBry HSlleJjy Cp6a H Byrapa, T3KO p;a Ta ,u;Ba 6paTcKa. Hapop;a ysajllHHll HeOpaTCTBOM OO.u.6Bme je,u;aH ,u;pyror, Te 06a nop;na,u;ome no,u; roonosaporec BHsaHTHje.

H TaRO Y npBOj nOJlOBHHH ,u;eceTOr nexa cp60u BeDU mynaH HaHO:BO npHSHa,u;e roonozapcreo BHsaHTHje. A.lIH cp6eu Hapo,u; aeaorame ,u;yro 3aBHCHTH o.n; Tyi)JI1I3.j y je,u;aHajecToll BeRY OH 06HOBH OBOjy HesaBHOHY BJI&,u;y, Y .JIHIzy Be.mKor . iK~, xpa6por' B 011 0 .II a B a •. Ha HSUaRY je,u;auajooTOr u y npBOj nOJlOBHHH ,u;BaHajooTor BeRa Cp6H oner 6exy no~euaHH ,u;oolunl paTOM , mTO DOi)axy oaa , ROjU 00 rpa6Jr.axy ORO npOOTOJIa. Hacpeay, y nOOJle,u;Hoj nOJlOBHHH ,u;naHa.jooTOr aesa BeJIHKH mynaH, C T e BaH HeM a 11> a, yoneo je aeoaxo ,u;a ylIHHH Kpaj ,u;oxali.eM paTY ORO npeoroza, H ,u;a. oner yje,u;HHH pas,u;BojeHe op6oxe 06JIaoTH, :Beli H ,u;a YKPOTH cnoaamaer aenpajaTeJ&a, OOBOH:BInH :BBme rp~ona o,u; BH3aHTHje. mTO je Hesaaa oznoxeo, TO oy MrOBH noroana cperao H30TaBH.m, TaRO ,u;a MroB CD ,u;06H De: "II p B Ii K P a.lft Cp60RH"j a y I!pBOj nOJlOBHHH 'IIeTpHajoTOrB8Xa. ep. 6Hja nOOT&,u;e canra ~peBDa nop; ~peM C T e:B a H 0]( ,21; Y m a H 0 II. To op6exo BpeMe P a H x e OB&ICO omroyje:

51

",lJ;ymaX0lJ31ua,ll;a 06YXBaTame necaao npaannse Me· i;e HellalLllHe BJIa,ll;e , T. j. O()JIacTH sa I'opaoj PalIIRH (no ROjOj oe 3eMJI.a SBaJIa Paocaja), Beh ce rrpocrapame 1(0 Cane. ~ I\OlIlTO IIpHMH ()JIarOCOB oz cp()cKor CBemTeHCTBa, ,lI;ymaH xpatSpo ys6H ()ecHe Mai;ape, KOjH ce no,ll; JIaymex I. ()exy OOHJIHJIH. OH Hs()aBH Bocay oz caMoBOJr.Hor ua, H 1f.31l.e joj He3aBHcHY BJIa,ll;y. Y 1347. CTMax ,n;ymaH Hal;e ce y ,n;y6poBHHKy, r,ll;e ra IIpHMHme ca eBponcR1DI n()1[acTlllla H npH3Hame sa nOKpoBHTeJJ)a. CKHnerspa Y .A.roaHHjH cJIY>KHme no,ll; rseroaax 6apjaKoM; Apra H Ja1LHHa 6exy y rserosoj ,BJIaCTH. Hseroae BOjBO,ll;e palDlHOlRHme ce no CBOj -063IaCTII PYMeJIHje na Bap,ll;apy

': H Map~, na H Byrapcsa oe caarpame xao 06JIaCT 1 cp6cRe xpa.1LeBHHe. 1(00 Cp6CKH KPaJr., ,n;ymaH nexorame HH ,saxTelJ3TH HH OQeKHlJ3TH, ,lI;a My oe Tpna noxopasajy; OB· AUJ[e 611 nporzameir sa ~apa PYMe.mje - MaKe,ll;O. mije XPHCTOJJ) y6I1Bor ~apa - H O,ll;IIOQe HOCHTH KpyHy

a (TBapy). Ilapcsa BJIaCT lJ IIpH3HaBa1L6 crpaaor narpajapxa ~ 6ua. 6H aecarzeoaoor. (aHOMaJIHja); aJIH ,n;ymax H TOile 1(' .lUO ,lI;OOXOqlf. Y JKHqIf 6H cassaa CHHO,ll; H Cp()CKO cue-

BITeHCTBO HSa6pa H3CBoje CO()CTBeHe Cpe,ll;HHe cp6CKor eo DaTPHjap~. - Cp6Hua 6eme ypoi;eHa Te>K1La, ,lI;a caqye, Bajy CBOjy HeaaBHCHOOT Y cp06y H3Mei;y HCTOqHHX H 11.;1 ~BX cTPaHaKa XPHnrliaHCTBa, H on ce nOJIHTJAIIO il': Oqmq>axy DpBJIMa, a IqIKBeHCKH ,lI;pyrno. Ha TOMe OOHOUY £a: 6eme yrBpi;exa cp6cxa- HeaaBHCHOCT ••• "

17; HaJRUOOT, H3 H3Maxy QeTpxajeeTOr nexa BeJIHKa )01 ~ymaHOBa napesaaa 6H CBe,ll;eHa 113 1IaJIY ,lI;OOIIOTHHY, t, lOja Typ~HMa ,lI;aHaK nzahame ; a y ,lI;pyroj nOJIOBHHH ~ lIerHajooTQr sexa HCIIa)I;e sa PPOM cyJITauy MaXMy,ll;y, ~I ~ cp6c.xy ~apeBIOIY DpeTBOpH y oaxe nama.JIYKe Typcxe!

OAxy,ll; TaKO Harn 1IeHa cY,ll;6HHe?

To ce MO>Ke 06jacHHTH oaso TJlMe IIITO HHje 6HJIO " s.q»aBe nOJIHTIAHe cneora y Cpe,ll;ILeM uexy. BHsaHTiIja rpaxsame Ba3,l1;a t)l;a ce mapa 0 'rpoIIIKY cyce,ll;HHX 113.PO,lJ;3., H. HapoqnO Cp6a H Byrapa. To je ,lI;aJIO nOBO,lI;a

, OBJIJ[ BOjHaMa H3l1ei;y BHsaHTBje H Cp6Bje saapexe He-

/' D1LlDIe AHHacTBje. ,n;HmyhH ~OM OOBeTe npoTHBY Cp6a, ~ 1lO,II; 1LlIX0BJl)[ ~peM' IOBaHOU KaHTaxyseRoll. M~

...

IrVr.TIBJIe ,,~- BeBepJlHe - KOju Ta,.a J3IDIa:q wax v 1fuqj .bIrjr' (p 3 H E e), 11.3 yn3J(lff Y EBpony. Ha ,.(m ~ ;r:p.. BC'l'IIIIa BlI3Aome 33AOBO.J>CTBO, 1IiJ. 1fffl{f' .~ :1IIf:~ no,l; TypeE1lll jaPllOll ; .U!' H rp~ mMrGfM I nN'JrI' ('pOOEe aeepeae , AOAKJIBBme OHaxy HO'.l'J' cv.at\· .. :lA'1#~: '<'Y cnpelGLlll Cp6Hll3.

. ~Wh~'tttftII JIU>a Dpll31laTH, ~ je cp6cu DpoIIaCT "fr~~ 111 'nJre, nrro je y Cp6ujy j1I6,o;eH BHSaIlTHOD 1fIt:l~~4': ~~JI) B.IB,I;e, aa llecTO CT3pHHcxe uapo,I;He ea...."nt~ l\\ 9.10 aaje IIpeCT3.lO mi nOA C3J111ll ,lI;yma~Wr"". lIN'~ )J;ymaH je )(HOI'O f'DIHHO sa C311JB3lLe 'lifeLWt':' ~'K\'''' .w;yxa. Taxo je OH y AOI'OBOPY ca uaPO,I;HO)( \i4'l,.~ltJUiIlIfllllal.~ 1lSA30 saxoae, ua OCHOBY Hapo~ 06H'I3ja. ~ jt." ~ • cy,o;OBe Y uaPO~OH ,o;yxy, Y KojuHa cy,,~ tl~ CJI}"Iaje, Beh eaao pyxOBOi)axy nopOTY. lh~f!Hf.'t.y, DOpe,o; cser csor 1I3TPHOTJI3.a, ,lI;ymau ~ '4J#iH, BIMIIICY norpemsy TRHe, nrro JBe,o;e y Cp6ujy \.JlU)" W(f() 00 ,o;3H3C SOBe "B.laAHHa ,o;en;ellTp3.lll3aduja." ~1Ja-p''WL6 BJla.n;e). Cp6cxa napesaaa 6H rrozezeaa aa ~ BOjBO,o;a, 0,0; KOjUX CBaKH nai}ame je~aKH .n;oo U",.lH.1Il1\lillt) BJl30TU. TUMo co npo6y,o;H BJIaCTOJ&YOHBO rpa)(~~I,.' Y BOj,oo,o;3Ha H CTBOPH :Hoi;y CpoJnla peA nJlOMHlia 'l- .1Ml\j BOJBO,o;8. 8Jlo nOCJIeAun;o Tor CTalL3 BepHO cy on~ y Op60XHM jYHa'lKUM nOCHaM3 TOr DpeMOHa. ITo CKpTII _L\ylUc\HOBOj - BMO Hapo,o;HO nOOMe - BOjBO,o;e nOBo,o;ome u.u:~'au.e: "lIa KOMe je ~pcTBO?" Hapaaao, TO IIHTaJL6 ~ 00 lIlorJlO pemara 608 pam HSKei;y BojBo,o;a. Taj paT 1,14~ uaOTH nanpaaa ,o;BOjaxy nposary, jOAHY Mei;y C3MHJ[ ~8OA8)(3, a APyry U8MOl)y BOjBOA3 H Hapo,o;a. Y CJl6,lt 'Wl''' !l.'ypn;H 00 CHJlHIUC Y coolie npo,o;Hpau.y y Cp6ujy. ~a 6Jt y'lHHHO Kpaj OBUM3 HOOOJ&a1la ,o;oMaher pam, BeJlUKH ,o;co cp6CKor Hapo,o;3 cacTaBJ&a HajIIOCJIe cxynmTHHY a uporJl&lllyje JIasapa rpe6JbaHOBHha, je,o;Hor 0,0; ~BjHX BOjBO,o;a, B8. cp6CKor DJIa,o;aOn;a. JIasapy Heua..e B8 PYXOK, 11.3 jom jO,o;uOM yje,o;BHH cplScn uapo,o; 1QlO'11lIJIy cnOJ&&JJIBaer HenpBjaTeJ&a. ~Ioi;yTHJ4, lIJleMHiul,

IIB6U sa JI..II,IIIl\y, ,o;oroBapaxy CO TajHO oa TYPD;IDla, ~_~, 1f.3 Jie 00 OHB p;O'lenaTH BJl3CTH, nOlIITo JIasap 18. llooryllU TUX Wloma IIpe,o;CTaBJba BapO,ll;1l0 ape-

I A31Le Y lI.eJIy HSlI.ajcTBa OTI. crpaae Byxa Bpaaxoaaha, KaO HajnoKBapeHHjer aojaoze ; xao mTO oe 0 lI.pyre CTPaHe rpaopocr 1& IIOlRpTBOBaH.O cpdosor HapolI.a orJlOlI.a y jy. 1!3.'iKOM lI.OJIY M 11 .II 0 maO 6 H .II H t. a, XOjH ce OlI.Ba)KH, . 1'6 ycpelI. Typcxe Bojcxe pacnopH napa MypaTa, H OTaTI.e If HorOM sa BpaT.

Haaparso , no HapOTI.llO)( npelI.alL y, Cp6B 6exy cza, 6HjH OTI. Typaxa saro, mTO je cp60Ka OHara 6HJIa noneaaaa "BJIaTI.HHOM lI.e:u;eHTpa..JJll3a~OM" (lI.OOOOM,. BJIalI.e na

o same rocnoaapa), a Typ:u;a cy 6HJIH yjelI.HH.eHH CBH nOA jeAJIHM rocrroxapox. C rora je ,u;aKJIo cpoosa nojcxa 1389.

o aa KOCOBY nooeljeHa, H cpocaa ,u;pLKaBa 1459. y rypose nawaJIYKo rrpersopeaa,

II.

Typ:u;a xorome cypnara cp6cxy ~apoBHay, am HeI oowe re CHJlO, Koja IlH MOrJIa y6HTII y CpoHMa If.YX CJIOr.,oo,1l;e. Aa OH ca1fYBaJIH HJIH 06HOBWlB CBOjy Hapo,u;ay ae-. •. 3aBHCHOCT, Cp6n eIIO,u;Homaxy CBelW.JIHKO jl{pTBe. TaKo, 13 nomro nponaae opecsa napesaaa , :U;BeT cpricxax jyaaxa ~ op;peqe oe caora ,u;oMalier OrH.HmTa H osoje HMaoBHHo, na ,- 0 ee nOByqe y Up H Y r 0 p y, caxo ,u;a He6y,u;e no,u; Typla COlI japHOH. Y HCTOPHjH CBeTa neaa npHMepa, lI.a je II- lIojH HapOTI. y je,u;HaKHll OKOJIHOCTHlia nOKa3aO TOJIHXO l'I jyBamTBa, xao Il p ao r o p mr. OTI. qeTHPH sexa 60pe ce ae ORR xao npaBH MyqeHH:u;H, TI.a caqynajy HapOTI.ay aesahel BlCHOCT, aecaxo npOTHBy HeCpaBH.eHO seher 6poja TylTI paxa, aeh H npoTllBy OCKYTI.OCTH SeMJbe aa xojoj craayjy. o HenpecTaHa o.op6a ca TaXHM: HenpHjaTeJbHMa HBje IIIl ;"c OOTaBHJIa apenena TI.a rrpoxarpajy oaponcaa HanpeTI.3oK H y. ~ ra aa CBOjy SOHJbY npoeH.yjy. AJIH OHH cycaqyB&JIH !}ol ClIOja nJIeMeHHTa HapOTI.Ha CBOjCTBa, na y H.oa uajy ry CBe OCHOBe sa xpenax nOJlHTH1IHH LKHBOT. Ilopea osor aa'.II 1JJIBa caxoyrrpaae OHB oy y MlIPY oaaxo He3aBHCHH aa

~ 0 oCJlO1l OrH.HmTY, xao lIITO Y pary npe,u;CTaBJbajy nOTI.nyHo

lA, CJI01Kay lI.pyanfay no,u; jeTI.HHM CTapelIIHHO:M. III) HCTHH&

~- .

1, I ') /1.0 cspurerxa 185 t. ~plloropcKH B.lap;a.la~ 6eme B.la.p;uICat KOjR

p je IDI&O H AYx0BBy II nO.IRTH'lHY B.I&cT. Y 1862. S&Bep;6

:) eo t llJmoj rop" yeT .......... '" ..... _ ...... ".

59



60

. OBH He1lllajy ,,geJIeHHX CTOJIOBa", HH "Iq)BeRHX KlLHra", aJIH HMajy CBOj C06CTBeHH Ha'lKH ,n;OrOBOpa U ,n;piKaBHOr pa,n;a, KOjH cje,n;HILaBa y ce6u 6psmry reaerpaea ca no,ll;pOORourliy H noarrynomhy HeSaBHCHHX HOBKHa, TaKO,n;a roze CTeHe y lLHXOBHM nOJLHMa C.JIy)Ke aeprraje 06mTeJ( 6JIary, Hero cjajan canona U nOSJIaneHH Ka6uHeTH noneKHX eBponCKHX 3eMaJLa. OHH HeMajy ",n;linJIOMaTCKHX TajHa" , aJIH H>HXOBe rrymxe U jararaaa o,n; Bene cy KOPHCTU sa Hapo,n;HY CTBap, Hero ooeoaeheaa nepa H3BHKaHHX "nOJIHTH'lapa". OHU HHCY JOIn rrpeayseza "MHJIHTapcKe peeopxe" (rrpeoopaaraj aojcse), aJIH 5,000 Hpaoropana Bas,n;a Mory pas6HTH TypcKy BOjCKY o,n; 30,000 BojRHKa (xao InTO ce TO saCBe,n;e'lHJIO CJIaBHOM 6HTKOU y 1796). Haxparxo ,. Hpaoropna nexajy cpehe , ,n;a ce xopacre uSMajcTOpHcaHHM CTalLeM eBponcKor ,n;pyInTBa, aD OHH HMajy csoje npupo,n;HO He60 H cyH~e; U no-rea YSBHIne1L6 CBaKOr napoaa saBHCH o,n; pasBHTKa lLerOBUX ypol;eHJIX caojcraa H xapaarepa : TO ce Mopa npHSHaTH, JJ;a cy Ilpaoropna cnocooaa sa CaBKOJIHKH :anpeJJ;aK , jep cy OHH ca'lYBaJIH s,n;paBy KJIHI{y onoje Hap~,n;HOCTH.

Ho ,n;a CKpaTBMO aanr pasrosop, AOKJIe jyHa~H cp6- CKOr napoaa , xao mTO CMO HanOMeHYJIH, Hal;ome caoje npH6emHInTe y He,n;ocTynHHM BHCHHRMa UpHe Tope, ,n;pyra ,n;60 cp6cKor Hapo,n;a npeceza ce y A YCTPHjy, TeK ,n;a C6 H36aBH o,n; TYpcKor japaa, To ce ,n;oro,n;UJIO 1690., Ka,n; B ~apy .JI60nOJI,n;y rposanre onacaocr o,n; TypaKa, re OB 06eha yjaM'IHTH aepoacnoaeany CJI060,n;y H a a p o' .. - HOC T ORO Cp6HMa, KOjU 6H ce HaCTaHUJIH y AYCTPUjK. BHIne XHJLa,n;a Cp6cKHX ~aMuJlHja npel;ome raaa y AyCTpHjy, r,n;e ,n;o ,n;aHac caxyaanre CBOjy Hapo,n;HOCT. Y Cpe,n;HHH Tor ,n;eJ1a cP{i9Kor Hapo,n;a oanoaera je cp6cxa KHoIDReBHOCr. - HCTHHa, aHTH.llH6epaJIHa (nporasaa 0.10- 60,11;11) nOJIHTHKa sa,n;aJIa je xaoro TeInKHX y,n;apa~a nODTH'lHOM- mHBoTY Cp6a y AYOTPHjU, HO oner ce MOllte peaa, ,n;a oy OHU y rJIaBHOHe CaqYBaJIU CBOjy Hapo,n;KJ OBOOT, raso ,n;a y o6mTeM Hapo,n;HOH nOCJIY OHH SaHCTa Helie 6HTH nOC.leAlLu.

Tpeb H HajBeliH ,n;60 op6cKor aapoaa 00T3.0 je JI30 _eH CBJDl8, rposalla TYpcKor roonozapcrsa. Ho HI

rypcKO ynseraaarse KpOS name BeKOBa, HU secre 06MaHe Oll; CTpaHe p;pyrux CUJIa, xoje USJIaraxy Cp6e sapsapexoj OOBeTU TypqHHa nOCJIe CBaKe nojne , y KOjOj cy ce OHH ys Te CHJIe 60pUJIII npOTUBY 'I'ypcxe, - HUTU uKoja lI;pyra ala Horaxy .yrymuTu y Cp6uMa jYHaqKH lI.yX. Y OpelI. He6pojeHux aecpeha , noz KojuMa 6u HeKU HapolI.U CTPDJI>eB.e usry6wm II y osajaae naJIH, Cpou HeroBaxy cBOje op;ymeBJI>elLe sa CJIOOOP;y CBOjOM "Hap;eJKp;OM y Bora" H eBOjuM necaaaa , y KojuMa YSHocaxy OJI<i.BHY OPOWJIOCT

? H npeaoraasaxy 6y.u;yliHOCT oyny Hap;eJKp;e, HaMOOTO p;a : OIIJI3.xyjy 'KaJIOCHY caaannsocr, Cp6CKH MaHacTHpII, yoaH~ .lleHH Y P;y6.1l>UHU nryne U y rpJIy nJIaHUHa, ojep;WLaBaxy

y oe6u H BepouClIoBep;He U nOJIHTHqHe OJITape. CBaKH ~I HaHaoTHp HHa csor caena , xora CJIaBU. Y OqII Tor cneua ~ H Ha p;aH rseron CpOH ce 06U'IHO cKynJI>ajy KOP; MaHao-

.L

rapa , U TO cKynIIITuHe SOBY ce canopa, OJKUBOTBopeHH

~ ~OJIHTBOM CpOH aa TaKUM caoopuaa nenaxy p;eJIa CBOjlIX ? lYRa1lIOlX npeaaxa II p;oroBapaxy ce, nrra H KaKO p;a ce ~1 'lHUH npoTUBY cpdcxor .u;yIIIMaHuHa. JYRaqKe necae xoje

ce neaaxy janao ys ryoze , 6y~xy CIIOMeHe npOIIIJIOCTII, >fr He p;a ce y ILUMa llaije yrexa , neh p;a ce ILUMa OBe-

KOBe'IH cp60Ka nOCJIoDJIn;a: "Ha l\1yD;1I ce noaaajy jy~ aaua." Ha Taj Ha'IIIH caoopa craopame p;pyaume ajci! ,l;YKa, na OCHOBY no6paTUMCTBa. - ilo6paTHMOTBO je

~ ij caojcrseaa YCTaHOBa opocsor aapoaa, To je onesa uSMeijy (j Cp6a op; pasHUX <l>aMUJIHja, YTBpijeHa sasemraaea , p;a .~ lie ce jep;aH sa p;pyror ;KPTBOBaTH, H OCBemTaHa 3aKJIeTj, BO)( "y HMe Bora H CB. J OBaHa," p;a lie jep;aH APyroMe "\" ,1;0 rpo6a aepaa 6UTH. Taxo cposeaa JIun;a SOBY' ce II 0- 'r 6p a T H M H. - ,lI;a~JIe n06paTHMII, op;YIIIeB.1l>eHH caenra y, p;a ~ najy npaBO yP;PYJKUTH ce xao ajp;yn;u npOTUBY OHHX, :0' IOju oy ILUXOBOj 6paliu op;yseJIH cnaxo xpinuhasoso It: .. lIOBellaHCKO npaBO, nOCTap;OIIIe MyqeHUD;lI sa Hapop;Hy. iI' CTBap, U TaKO npasa jyaana, OHU ce op;MeTYille y "se-

.IeHy ropy," na Ty nacxpeaynre lI.yx aapoaae cJI060p;e •. ;! is 3eJIeHe rope nsasome OHe .xpa6pe xere , IIITO paso-

, pJIDIe coy "He~pHUKa," KOjU ce oexy s6wm Y BapoIIIK

r~~

62

III.

Baacra, HHUITa HHje AHBHHje O,u; Ha'IHHa '. RaRO Cp6- CRH aapoa , rH.e'IeH H onycronrosan RpOS 'IeTHpH aesa, HOO3MO rrpemHBe CBOjy aecpehy, HerrORasaBUIH HH SHan JlUaRCaH.a, Beh jom HMaljaUIe y COOH onare, ,u;a o,u;pZll lIo6e,u;y y BeJIIIRoj 60p6H sa ocJlo6olje1Le, ROjy IIOBe,u;c y IIOqeTEY osor nexa, Ilocseaane re 6op6e THM cy BaamHje, IIITO cy OHe HOB ,u;ORas y IICTOpHjH: ,u;a cy Cp6H CIIOCo6HH sa BeJIHKa ,u;eJIa, RaJl HesaBHCHO pa,u;e H HOOrrpe'IHO pasBHJajy csoje CHJle j a HaIlpOTHB ,u;a cy y Hasa,u;RY, Ra,u; TyljHHCRH yrrJIHBH YSMY Max, HJIH Ra,u; ,u;OMllha BJIa,u;a IIPHCBOjH HaCIIJIHH'IKY (,u;ecrroTIIjcRy) BJIaCT Ha,!l; H.H.\lU.

Kao mTO .CMO aanpea HarOBOOTHJIII, Cp611 CBarM 6exy H3,u;aBaHH TYPU;KMa, Ra,u;ro,u; ce uoseaome sa ROjOIl CHJIOM, re joj rroMaraxy y paTy npoTHBy TYPcRe. IIocJIe rasor HCRycTDa, CplSH ce o,u;Dame, ,u;a ce caao Y oetie ys,u;ajy, H ca TaROM o,u;Bam.HocTII OHH oAIIO'Ieme BMHRy 6op6y sa oCJlo6oljeH.e Y rrO'IeTRY ODor aexa, TypD;1l HMaljaxy Ta,u;a y BJIaCTH CD~ sapouia H rpaaose, ca opy>KHHu;aMa H I;Ie6aHOM j a' Cp6H }KHBJl>axy y ycaMJl>eHKM CeJIKMa, (jes OBaKIIX paTHHX npanpesa u cpe,u;CTBa; aJIK Cp6H nOCTaUIe no6e,u;HTeJl>H, jep HMaljaxy Ha,u;em,u;y - npDO y Bora, na OH,u;a y cede caxe. OBejaHII o,u; cnera mTO je TyljIfHCIW, Cp6If cacraname aj,u;Y'IKe xere , Iwje je,u;HHe Morome o,u;OJl>eTH s6KjeHoj (u;eHTPaJIHCaHoj) CHJIH TypaRa. Ha TOM lIyTY Cp6CKH Ha}OP; HHRaKO HenpeCTa,u;e 6HTH oax CDOj. Aj,u;y'IKe xere 6exy Y aenpecraROj CBeSH ca OCTaJIlIM Hapo,u;OM. CBaKa Ta xera HMuljawe csor Doljy,. KOjH ce saame a p a atia m a, CDe Te BO~, apaMOOllle, cacrajaxy co II p;oroBapaxy CJlOJKHO, nrra H RaRO ,u;a ce pa,u;H sa Hapo,u;. A xajAYU;H y csaxoj sace6Hoj 'IeTH, oaseronaxy ce xao 6paha, UITa he H.HXOB apa)[6ama npe,u;JIaraTH, Ra,u; ce caoraae ca OCl'aJIHM apaa- 6amaMa. C Apyre crpaae, CBaKH aj,u;yR HMaljame caoje j a TaR e, ROjH nocpe,u;OBaxy CROPO HenpeRHAHY cDesy HSMel)y Hapo,u;Hor MHIIIJl)eH.a H pa,u;a H sa,u;aTRa ajJlJKa. JCAHOM pe'IH, Cp6CK1I ajAyn;a 6exy rrpaBH 'IJBapH II 6paHHOD;H cp6cRor napoaa, THM IIYTeM Cp6H sa RpaTKo 'J'l'JltJ 1100Tlll'Ome cse KOPHCTH lIo6ep;e, na OBA3 yseme

68

Ba yM IIOTpe6y pezosae BJlap;e. OHH Ta.u;a HeTpamllme ryi)e "mroTeMe," Beil D6BDBllme CBOjy OTapBBCq 0 aIOylIpaBy. OaB C3CTaBBme a ap o a a y CRyII mTHHy IlIIOOTaBHlIle jDj sa,u;aTaE, .u;a DHa BO.u;a 6pary 0 H3- POp;HH. OTnapHHa CEYUIIITHHa Hsa6pa K a p a lj 0. P lj a , je~or o.p; aaj60JI.HX apalil6ama, H IIDCTaBH ra sa "B e pXOBHor ·Bo.m.u;a" Cp6a, EDjB ce 6DpaXy sa Hapop;HY c.lo6o.u;y ;. DHa cy~me saBaljel!all BDjBO.u;alla; 'DBa EDH~ 'rpO.lJlcame .u;pmaBHe TpomEDBe H JOlaljame CBY saacr, ROja· IIpHnap;a aapDP;Y cyuepeHY (HajBBmeM BJIaOTBHKY). Y TO.. OTaILY Cp6B aseojeaame osoje oCJl06o:l~fnl>ey no-

, lIeTKy OBOr seza, lbHXOBe OJlaBHe n06e.u;e Ha.u; TYPD;lIlla Ba ,lI;e.lllrpa.u;y B a a MHmapy; II>HXOBO ocsojerse Be 0 r p a .u; a, III a 6 D; a II Y m H D; a , KOO H HajBeiler A6D A3Hamu.e x a e ac e a a s e Cp 6aj e; .u;a.n;e IIDKpeT By-' r ap o s e , CTape Cp6Hje a BDcHe; H HajnocJle cje~&.eu.e ca :U;PHOII I'opoa , KOjy caao je.u;aH ysaK Rpaj

i; Boeae pas.inaja o..u; Cp6Bje: cea ra .u;6Jla nosaaame Cp6H n

sa B1'8)!e Hap 0 P; He 0 a II 0 Y II P a ae.

Haaeopehy , nOBo.u;OIl yspyjasocra (araranaje), Ii IOjy sa.u;a.u;e Espona Hanozeoa I., H yCJIe.u; u.erOBBX ~. upBjaTeJi.cKHX "'OAHDmaja ca TypCED)!, Cp6H ce HaljDme

I DpHHy\eHH TPamHTB nOMoil ca crpaae. Y TO. speae Py'31 eBja· «Seme je.u;BHa xpBoTBjaHcKa .u;pmana UaOOu.eHa Cpr 6101&, II Cp6H 00 oaCBBM IIpBpo.u;HO u.oj ynpaBBme. Y~: IO.IHRD je PYOBjB Tpe6aJlo o.CJla6HTH TypoKy, OHa aaa_! CTa IIo,u;no.lfarame Cp6e. Je.u;HO Dp;6Jleu.e aojcae pYCEe 6a no- .

CDHo,.u;a ce npB,lI;pyma HeYOTpaIllHBHIIrI '1eTalla Cp6CKBIIrI. e A y 1812. Pycaja yroBopH oa TypcKoM, npBJlHKOM By, IJpemRor Mapa, 1l.a ce yjalAH CpoaMa He sa B a 0 H a yByTpaWu.a ynpaBa. AnB PYCKa BJlaAa aaje Y'lBlIJLD, CBe, WTO je Tpe6aJID rmHHTH sa nornyao o.CJlOI 6oJ;e:a.e Cp6a o.u; TypeRo.r japaa, HarrpOTBB, ynUTpe6-

, .r.eJ[ je caa YIIJIBB, .u;a Cp6a HeAoony AO csoje no.AnYHe IIO.IHTHQBe HesaBBCHOOTH. Hapaaao, HHUITa HBje lIo.rJlD oo..e npHCTaTB y TaRaB IIOC&o., Hero YOTaHona neaapop;ao BJIa,I;e .y Cp6Hja. H saHCTa Beil npsa cp6cu no-

) C.laHllD;ll Bpailajy ce BS CB. Ilerporpaaa ca npeAJIo.ro.K:

AI ee "opl'lUlllSBpB peryJIaPHO npaBll'rellWOO." ~ ~""6.

ee pasyxe, JJ,a "lIpaBIITe.JCTBO, OpraBJl3l[paHO • pery.mpaHO" no ynyrcTBIDIa pYCEe ~, BBje .or~o 6KT11 BHmTa Apyro, Bali O~Hrap:XBja I) lUll .t;eCIIOT.- 33ll~ ca 6BpOKpaTHO., ') CBe YAemeBO Tam, BKO lie ce OTpoBaTH CaB 1I0.lllTHQBB cuon Cp6Bje. Ha OCBOBY TaKHX Y tryTCTBa, JJ,aK.le, aapoAHa cKfllmTll1l3 6. BajlIOCJIe saaesapeaa nOA KapaiJopi)eK, B aa .acTO H.eBO YCTaBOBJDeH .coBjeT" ca ~BajecT .coBjeTBBKa· (Ha 12 HaxHja). Beme yrBP~HO N1 COBjeT npeAC'l'8.B.U cBf OOJlJL y, a CBaKD COBjeTHHK cBOjy Ha:lJ1j y" KOja, lie ra Haa6paTH. Ho us60p cosjeraasa HllEaKO BeOOIIie cao- 6op,aH. Y OHO Bpe.e Taj us60p saaacame npe csera OA .OOpxClBHor B01KA3, " ICOjH je 6BO 06mTe YBaJKeH. ,IIa OHA&, H Bl)jBOA!} Hllaijaxy DeJIIffiU YMHa y cn01leHyTOJl BS6opy. YCJle,l.\ Tora U300P COBjeTHHKa npeAcTau.ameoyKOO u3)1e1)y JLy6Hy:a~a KapaiJopijeBHx H ILUXOBII~ cyuapHUKa TaKO, p,a COBjeT -aajnocze 6B caCTaJU.eH IlenioBHTO, HeWTO 0,1.\ IIPBRX, HemTO OA nOCJIC,I.\ILlfx. TaKaB COBjeT 6ewe npaBO pasoojaurre [apeaa) sa 6op6y paSHHX napraja ; ILUMe ce CTBOPH aeczora H AooliH parY Cp6UjR 6aw OHJJ,3, xaA je Tpe6UO, Aa ce Y TOj OOMJLa CJIO)l{HOM CIIJIOIl' oaynpo CnOJI,3,WILeH HenplijaTeJLy. Raje JJ,aKJIC HUKaImO 'IYAO, WTO ycpeA TaKor yHyTpaw:a.er paszopa, IIOAC'l'H1\UHor IlOBCpeHUIl PYCKHII arearaaa, xao WTO 6ewo r.PoAo'I'HHHKBH, H now TO Pycuja OCTaBB CpGujy y 1812., lla.mKCaJIB jYHaK Ka pa ho p he H noKDapolI1I I:ODjOTHU~R npederome y AYCTpujy, y 1813., a ~rypl~H yeneme JJ,3 06HoBe c~jy crapy BJlaAY y GpOHjuo

IV.

Y 1815. Gp6R ce oner AJIrOWe IIpOTHBY Typaxa, KOjH Tap,a 6exy CIlHpeDBjR Hero HK3JJ. npe '). CBOjoll HapoAHOM CXYJIUITHHml Cp6H nporzaoanre sa HapoAHor oo1)y M H .II 0 III a 0 6 p e HOB H Ii a, aajaaamajer OA BOj--

1) BJra,ll;a, r,ll;e je Hajumna WlaCT y pyxaMa HeKO.lB~ BRe. ~ B.I&M rAe jeAao no cuojoj hYAK rOClIo,ll;apH.

I) CaxO~TDHO. ~BOBDBEI. '

') Ta,ll;aum.a TypeD TDpaHOTBa Y Cp6BjU yDCuja oy, aero

65

BONl (xoju HeCSexy op;6erJIII us cnoje SeMJLe ca Kapaljop-

, JjlIlI). ,lI;oue 00 HaPOP;HOj cKynmTHHH npasnaaame :a.eHa B.IaOT, Cp6U 6exy n06ep;HTeJbH aa CBe CTpaHe, TaKO p;a caAam:a.a Cp6uja 6H sa KpaTKO spexe ouanrhena op; TypaKa. Taj 6pSH ycnex npHp;ap;e op;cyp;uy BaiKHOCT HapOp;HOM BOljH, re 1817. OH 6H usa6paH sa HaC.JIep;Hor xnesa Cp6Hje-H. Taj JIlI60p 6H 06HOBJbeH 1827. U rrpasaar xaTHmepH<I>OM op; 1830.

,lI;a je HOBa XHemeBHHa HacTaBH.JIa PYXOBO,ll;HTH norper sa 06mTe oc.JIo60lje:a.e Cp6a, na }leCTO mTO ce OAUa na p;HllJIOMamTHHY, saacra ISH p;aHac 60Jbe CTajam cp6cxa CTBap. A.m a6coJIfTHe (HeorpaHH'IeHe) CII.JIe reneme, p;a cp6cxo naraae npeHecyca 60jHor noza na

~ "se.meHB CTO.JI." YC.JIe,ll; rora cp6cKa crsap 6H "yperyI laHa" OBInI' p;BllJIOMaTCXInI aXTHMa:

1) OcMHM 'I.JIaHROM Byxypemsor yroBopa, y 1812.· 2J IIeTHM: lI.JIaHKOli AxjepMaHcKe xonneanaje, y 1826. 8) ~eCTHM lIDH. AHp;pujaHonoJ&cKor yroBopa, y 1829.

B \ 4) XaTHmepH<I>HMa cY.JITaHOBUM, US,lI;aTUM OBUM pezoa:

1-, a) Y xeceiry CenTeM6py 1829.

·-1 6) "ABryCTY. 1830.

,n B)" HOBe1I6py 1833.

Ie, r) "J);exeM6py 1838.

,r ,lI;) ",lI;exeM6py 1853.

III 5) Cep;aMH:leCTHM, ocaanaecraa , p;Bap;eceT OCMIIM

IB I AB3p;eceT p;eBeTHM 1J:.JIaHKOM napaoxor yrosopa O,ll; 30. )- IapTa, r. 1856 .

. , Hapaano , ,lI;a THY aXTU.Ma uaje p;aTO Cp6ul\la namra,

I. IIlTO OHK He6I1 opym.aHoM PYXOM 6H.1II1 Beli 3ap;o6uJIH.

CnoMeHYTHM aKTHMa npasaaro je y rzaanoae OBO: 1) Cp6uja je KHeiKeBHHa, xoja ll.JIalia ,lI;aHaK Typ" :~, aJIHHMacBojy HesaBUCUY Hapop;uy ynpaBy xao lIIIOP;-

I( 1lfHY' CJIoOOp;y aepoacnoaeaa, aaKOHop;aBCTBa, TprOBUHe H' [' . 6pop;apCTBa.

- I 2) Cp6uja ocraje y OHUM lIeljalIa, y KojHMa cy je

Cp6Jl opyJRjeM oC.JI060p;uJIII O,ll; Typaxa; a 1I1ieHO: OHa

.lnTO ce OIUlC&TR .ory: JbY/I;B. CSexy UOR HS. KOJbe HaTIlqaJlB, JE8H8 TPYAH8 napaae R ,l;8:qa H3 :a>RX.OBRX YTpoCSa Ba~Ha , us. y ~peTBH8 CSa:qaua, ,lis. CSa ce oCSecBee1!QJl,.(\ KpmT8:a>e, B T. ,Ii.

ooynaTa T}luyra.& lI3JIe1;y Cue, ,}(ra- , TIDlOKa 1 Apne, Xojs 1l3Jl00B oso 1000 n. JIII.II3.

3) 1by3Jlllajyiul TfPCJI"e DOCItAe y rpaAOIIIIIIa, ~ Cp6Bjs HCXOate CTaD083TH DB jeA3B Typ'lBll. To ope t,es.e OOTaAe xpruo CAOBO aa aprBju.·)

4) .AxjeplI3HCXOJl XOBBelDJ;llOll y 1826. CTaB.AeBB c1 Gp6ir BOA UJ><!l'elCTopaT (331I1TIITy) j e A D e :ae..ume eBpoDOEl cue (PyOHJC); DO DO uaPHCKOII yrOBOpy OA 1856. 3aIIeBoeJ je Taj DpoTelCTopaT saje~HqJ[oJl rapaBTBjoli (jaJllles.eK) y roaapajyiurxCll.ll3.-

TaKH cy DJlOAOBU AHILIOllaTCKBX yCJI.ILaB3Hoa KHe ~.KeBHHe cp6cxe. rAe je CpOOK3 BOjcKa 06ycT3BJUa C~ nOOOAOHOORH UOXOA: ,TY je 33CT3.Ia H AJID,IOKaTBja c:

OBOjux nocaox. TIa ORA3, caliOOTaDlOOT (aBTODolIBja) Cp 6Hje, yjalllleua AHILIOII3TCKHII llepaxa, nopynreaa j« TUlle, mTO CaA3BtH Y CT3B Cp6uje HeBSAaAe C.1IOOoABa OPOAHl CKYUWTUHa, Ben OH 6H caCT3BJJ.eUY Ilaparpaay ca SUaJLeJ pycse B.1I3)1,e, H OTYA H3MeTYT .KResy MH.1Iomy y 1838

v .

• ~CTOPHjR Tor YCTRD3 D3...a A3 6YAe 06mTe II03H3T8 jup 1b0MO co 06jacHo3uajy CDe OHe aeopehe , WTO je Cp ~HjB npCnBTHJlB, OAKaKO je IIooTa.1l3 KHemeDHHa.

A6coJlYTH6 CH.1Ie HHOY HBK3A M3pHJle, Aa BHAe C~ H OCT6.116 HCTO'lHe XpHwnaHe TOJIBKO cH3iKHe, Aa om Mory llsBojeu3TH coojy nOAUYUY UO.IHTHlIUY callOOTaJIHOO'I Ilpan ltoKyUlajll THX CH.1Ia nporasy Cp6uje ()axy cDeAem na TO , )l,a 00 YTDPAH Y Cp6ujH CHCTeH A e ClIO T H 3 1\1 a J(ojHM 68 ce y6Ho y Cp6HJ1a Alx c.lOOoAe. TaKaD CHeTeJ ~eUle IJ8.aOTB HeCH006H ; 3.1IB Cp6CKH HapoA HM3Ae aa YMY KBKO je Hya<.HO jeAHHoTDo y SeKJf.H, na ce noxopaaann a600.l1YTHOH saesy, A600.1lYTHe CBJIe AODHwe ce TaAa J.i O('JIQ(Xl Cp6ClKY CHary YCTltHOBOM 0 JI H rap x H j e. TJ

.) Y t867., xao WTO jo nOaHSTO 1 Cp6ujs je eacBJlJl 01lJlDl' hellS o~ TYPI\KR. 118 je H TYPCKS lloeap;S YK.loJLeaa III Cpt1cl\11X rpa,ll;ona. H Yllp8n8 OBax nosepena je CpdcJ(O' tmeay. To je ODe RaBpweuo ,ll;HD.lOK8TCKIUI nYTeKj S BJI81I' Ike otSjaOJUlTll je .1& Cp6nja TJUIe ume' P;otSU8, Hero K&,I CS& np • .IJI1(8 ~ t888. 6ua jyaaua: ynOTpeCSua ua HOA nl110 oo.IoCSo~ CBOje II ~JLe Opdoua.

.,

TypoKa arpame rJIaBHY poJIY (arpy), ,lI;a ce P;OCR01f1l TOile, Y Cp6HjH ce HanpaBH oIIos~ja (op;rroP), KOjoj 6eme J1OSHHl'a Y 0 TaB. MHJlom o6eha Hapo~oj cxyrrmTHHH y ll'e6pyapy 1835., p;a he ce Hsp;aTH YCTaB, H IIOCTaBHTH lIHHHcTapcTBo, zoje he 6HTH op;roBopHo Hapop;xoj cKyrrmTHHH. Baaoraay T8J(aB YCTaB 6H HaCROPO HSp;aH. Am Beh y jecea HOTe rop;HHe (1835.) 1IHTaKO y SBaJlH1DlllM; HOBBHaMa RHeJKeBY IIpOKJIaKa~Hjy ( npor DC) .y ROjoj oe KaJKe, p;a je MHJlom jep;HHH roonoaap y Cp- 6uju, IIOqeH ey a6coJIYTHe eHJI~ 0p;6a~J1e JlH6epa.uH y. CTaB I Y TO apeae - liHrJleOKa je paaaaa., wi cTyIIH Y rproBallKy onesy ca Cp6HjOM, H IIOCJIaJIa Y Beorpaa osor IOBcYJla. Taj, KOBeYJl 6Ho je p;06po npHHJE.eH y Beorpap;y, re

:i HHrJlOORa IIOp;IIOMaraJIa saesa. AJIu Beli.HHa BeJIHKHX eBpoII-, CRllX CWIa (Seme MY nporasaa, H TaKO nopra ca PYOROK BJI~H ~ YOlIe, ~a Y 1838. BaHeTe Cp6Hju oap;aIII1LH YCTaB.

"i r~HH OTBOP Tor,YOTaBa 6eme Y0TaHOBa CTaJIHOr ca.~I sera , KOjH he HMaTH yqemha y BJIaP;H H 6HTH OBJIarrrlieH

lIPo orpaHHqaBa saesa, .liH aapeseao , p;a y oaBeTy ceJoe cep;aMHaooT . oaBeTHHKa ( aa OBaRH ospyr 110 jeAaH). ~. TH caaeraana 6upaxy oe casa , a xnes caao 0p;o6pa:ua-

me HtHXOB H3OOp. ,n;a 6H ce OBeROBellHO yUYTparrm.H pasJi AAP, 6H p;aJbe aapeseao (17. qJIaHKOK YOTaBa), p;a HH je'd ~ caaeraax HOOMe 6HTH s6aqeH, p;OKJIe oe .ROp; nopre ): Hep;ORaJKe rseroaa KpHBH~a. DOHM rora , 110 clIoHellfToK (ij

'f YCTaBY, xaes HeMorame.ysHMaTH sa HHHHcTpa p;pyre 11.1-

'; J,e, Beh caao OHe, KOJJ!: oy 6HJlH OaBeTHH~H, TaRO,lla

J~ ••

od H aaxoaoaaaaa :BJIaOT H BJiaOT ROJa HSBpmYJe saROH

6exy caeaeae y PYRe HSBeOHOr 6poja caBeTHHKa! ---:- 0 ~. BaPOP;HOj cRYIImTHHH He6H HH OIIOKeHa Y YCTaBY. - To :. Ba1lBHOM a6coJIfTHe CUJIe npersopanre Cp6CKH caner H IHHHcTapcTBO y opyhe Ty~HHcKHX yIIJIHBa.

J MUJIom yllHHH BeJIHKY norpemsy , re npHHH aey-

CTaBHH YCTaB. Ha OCHOBY rora OH ypep;H HBHHCTaPCTBO H ca-

t,

{ BeT, YCTaHOBH pasna SBaHHja, Op;p6P;H nzare, YB~p;e 1IBHOBe

II H THTYJle, H T. p;. HaOKOpo 5aTHM, y jyuy 1839. OH ce Hal;e .,i,' Dp~eH, p;a ce oapese RHejReBe BJIaCTH, aa ROPHCT caor

CTapBjer CHHa, MBJIaBa, H p;a y HCTO speae HB Cp6uje Hp;e. -

I MuomeB BaO.Iep;HJIK, imes MoaH, 6BBIIDr CSoaa ~ ...

68

Y OHO p;o6a, yMpe jom npBor xeoeua cBoje BJlap;e. Y TO Jq)611e CTPaHH ynJlHBH nocrame CHJlHHjU y Cp6Hju Hero ORP; rrpe. Y cJle,ll; rora TpH CaBeTHUKa 6exy oaaaurheea, ,lI;a ySMy na ce6e BJla,D;y, He na OCHOBY SaKJbY'IeH.a aapoAHe cKyrrmTuHe, Beli no Hape,ll;6H nopre.

ITo capra MHJlaHa ,lI;oi)e na rrpeCTO CpOOKU, Y Mapry. 1840., uai)H CHH MUJlOmeB, MHxauJlo. Ilopra noCTaBJi . Ta,ll;a P;Ba caBeTHHKa, KOjU joj 6exy oaaaa, sa "Ka- 611HeTCKe CoBjeTHUKe," U nOSBa . :MJIa,ll;or" xnesa , ,lI;a 00 lLUMa y . ppce 6a~. Taxa nospeaa Hapo,ll;HHX rrpaBa oroplIU Cp6CKIl aapoa npoTHBy nopraaax Jby6UMan;a. OBU O,ll;- 6erome. y 6eorpa,ll;cK'f TBp,ll;HH. y, r,ll;e HX nama ,lI;O'leKa U yae no,ll; CBOjy samTHry. Y JleTO 1840. HeKU O,ll; TUX 6eryuan;a ozome y BUAHH, a APyru y Ilaparpaa , a CBe ux nopra 0 lLeHOM TpoillKY HSp;p)KaBame. O,ll; Tor ,lI;06a OB. oy rrOSHaTH y Cp6ujH rrop; HMeHoM "BU,lI;UHJlUj e" R "D;ap nr p a a a a j e." Y nO'leTKY 1842. rropTu acnaae sapyKOM, ,lI;a noaapa opooxor xaesa ca "Bu,lI;uH.mjaMa" U "D;apurpaAJIKjaMa ," U OBU oe Ta,ll;a BpaTume y Cp6ujy. MUHucTapcTBo MJlMor KHe3a 6uJIO je Y TO ,lI;06a cacrasJbeHO O,ll; JbY,ll;U, KOju cy ~prreJiu CBOjy nOJlHTH'lHY My,lI;pOCT as assopa je,ll;Be ryi)e BJla,ll;e , re CBOjOM . nenorryJIapHOmliy' (nenapomourhy) U cJla60nrliy IIpU,lI;aBaxy CBe· BeM . Max OIlOSU~jU, KOjy "D;apurpaAJIKje" U "BH,lI;uHJIBje" nenpecrame BO,ll;HTH rrpOTUBY xnesa. Basza Heroaaaa °u noanoxaraae TypcKOM, ra onosanaja JlaTU oe aajnocse 6°YHTOB HU'I KUX Me pa U IIPHHY,lI;U xaesa , A3 y aBrycTY 1842. OCTaBH Cp6Hjy. - Y c8I1TeM6py 1842. 6u nOCTaBJbeH na IIpeCTO Cp6clOl A ,II e R C aa p; a p Ka pa-

l; 0 p i) e B H li (CHH Kapai;opi)a) .

J aBBO MHDIJI>elLe 6eme YBeK O,ll;BpaTHO op; BJlap;e, Koja rrocraae TUM D'YTeM. AJiU Ta BJlap;a aesaresanre ce Hna,110 p;a cIIpe'lu CJlOOOP;HY usjaBY napoaaor raaca , H cJIYmeim ce cBaRojaKHlI , HaCUJlHH'IRHM U rpoSHHM Mepalla, OHa sa iiYTaH.e cseae jaaao MHDIJI>elLe. Mei)YTHll, OHa 6eme TaKO cJla6a, p;a HHRa,ll; Hesa,ll;06u JI>y6aB Cp6a. HajnOCJIe, xaes Kapai)opi)eBm MHmJ&aIIIe, p;a lIY BaJLa TpamHm BlJ.B&H S6J1Jbe nop;nopy, ROjy aeaoranre HaM BOA JCYis.e.H TaRO OH OIIOlleTRa. IIonyurrame IIOp'1'H, Roja

69

HeJllfJllU(e Ball~ame RacaMOCTaJIROCT Cp6Hje; a ,11;0- ~je , UOIlITO Aol;e 1J.0 RecuopasYMJLeH>a ca CTapHH UOPTHlIJDI ,)f,y6~Ma, OR ce 6all;H y .pyKe AYCTPujH. IIoT-

I IIOMaraR UOPTOM ,_ caner HaHOBO 0AUOlle CTapy , neeapoaHY onosanajy UPOTHBY xaesa , H 'y roa. 1858. OH ycne

I TO.IIIKO, A& 1J.OBe1J.e Y Cp6Hjy j_eAHor uopTHHor UOCJIaHHKa, E'T eMU amy,' sao CYAujy y H.UXOBOj cTBapH nporaa KBCS3. r~aBHa 6pHra TOMe TypCKOII UOCJIaHHKY 6eme,,II;a caCTaBH HOBO llHHHCTapCTBO. Y CUeBmH Y TOMe', TYPCKH no-

, r.JaHIIX Bp&TIJ ee y Ilaparpaa ; a H.erOBO MJlHHCTapCTBO y Cp6HjH Tpyljame ce , )l;a 06ROBH H YTBp)l;H ll;e.nm.y osor YCTaBa OA 1838., KOjH je HSpaljeR y n;apurpaAJ : i B y.u;emeR upoTHBy aapozae caMOCTaJIHOCTH. Y opea TUX " 6R.1eTaxa, sallY oe RapoAHH rJIM UpOTHBy csasor . Tyi;mcKor ualJaH>a y AOMahe cp6CKe nOCJIOBe. Ca CBHjy

erpaaa Cp6Hje sexresame oe , Aa oe o1J.1ia oasoae aapoABa CKyumTHHa, TaKO )l;a HH xaes , HH UOPT&, ca

~.IIBBOOBlIH caBeTHH~HHa H HHHIlCTPHMa y Beorpaay , He)(orome ycueTH y CBOMe o,ll;ynupaH.y TOMe Hap01J.H.OlII sa- 1'\ lT6BaH. y. TaKo 6H H3,11;aH saKOH 0 Hapop;Hoj CKyumTHHH, ' ,} J[oje HBKaKO HHje 6HJIO Y Cp6HjH sa 10 roaana npe rora,



VI.

{. Hapo)I;Ha CKyumTHHa oacra ce y Beorpaay na CB. } -AH,II;pujy (30. HOBeM6pa) 1858., s60r 116ra 6H aasaaaa Je! ,,,CB6To-AHApejcKa CKyumTHHa." lboj 6eme notal eao, 1J.a 060pH neaapomry BJIap;y, sao H CBe aeaapoxae ?, .epa IIHHHcTapa H c3B6THHKa. Kaes Kapai)opi)eBHh 6H ,. lIIIleH KHe)KeBCKe BJIaCTH, H HaCJleAHa )J;HHacTHj~

06peHoBHha oner "BOCUOCTaBJLeHa.',' Y raj Max HeKH I "BeJlHKamH" -noxymanre jom jeAHoM, )l;a BOjHH'lKHM AeI.OOTPall;HjaMa nOKBape OHO, mTO 6eme 06mTa aapoaaa BOJI.a; aJIH sojaana HajnOCJIe UPY)KHille 6paTCKY PYEY , IIaTPHOTCKHM Beorpahaaaxa, KOjH 6exy YCTaJIH na opy, aje, ,II;a 6paHe cKynmTHHY op; CBaKOr aanaaa. H TaKO BeJIHKamH HeMap;ome Ky)l; HH KaMO, Beh uaCTH aa MHJIOCT

H B6HHJIOCT' HapO)I;Hoj OKyumTHHH, Y 'lacy KaA ce Bai)axy pacrepara je H UOTjhH CB6 naTpHOTC, KOjH 6exy H3Hman na BHAeJIO ca CBOjHll 0p;ymeBJLeH.61l sa Hapop;HY

TO

eTsap. Be.mmO,q1lllDl Rapo,l; OIIpOO'l'll 'l'IDI Be..lllK3I1IJD13, ., Y &al;e3W( ,;t. ee OHH Djy sa CBOje rpexose, paljame p 06es6e.-u cp6cKa npasa H c.mOO,l;y OBn: CBe'l3.1D1J( H

je,l;llOAYIWlIUI BBjaB3J13: -

1) Cp6cKH BaPOA saXB3.laH je JMWIKHlI CH.laJla, InTO ORe sajeAHH'IKH jaJl1le (rapaHTyjy) sa CpOOK& npaB3 H

o.m6oAY' .'

2) Orpaao lIemaILe y ,l;oMaiie noezoae Cp6Hje, He- 1I0ze ce 1DIK&A rpnera,

3) Y <1rynKe IIITO je CTapa ~ nopra ~, 1I0pajy ce yHHliTHTH H nO,ll;nyH& HapoAHa caKOCTaJlHOCT (aBTOHOllHja) YTBPAJITH.

4) Hapoana cKYnIIITHlla, aa OOHOBY C JI 0 60,11; H 0 r II B 6 0 P a HapoAJIHX nOCJIamma, HOpa ce 'pe,lJ;OBHO oaaaBaTH. Pa,IJ;H 06es6ei;eH.a JLeHHX npaaa ysaKoHHiie ce C.I 0- 60 P; a m TaM n e. - OBO BaKJL y1JeJLe OCOOmTaHO je aaF'IlI'l'O saKOHOM, HS,lJ;aTHH no,lJ; npHBpeMeHOH BJlap;OM, KOjy J8 nOeT3BHJla HapO,ll;Ha cKynmTHHa aa MOOTO s6a1JeHe BJI&,I;6. I)

5) BJIacT XH6Z6BY H6MOZ6 HH p;aB8TH HH 0,D;y9H)laTH ROO,J@yrH, OCUM Rapop;a cp6cxor, rrpeacraaaenor OJI060P;ROM ORydInTHROM.

6) YeTaB, KOjHM ce CaBeT~ CTaBJ&ajy no,ll; jypHo~x~jy (oyp;oxy BJIacT) nopre, HeMOlK6 DaTU HRK&KB6 SIUCOHJI'l'6 BP6,IJ;HOCTH, n01JeM je npaBJDeH HSBaH 3eMJf,e • npoTRB3H yjaM1JeRoj [rapaaroaaaoj) YHYTPaillJLoj ee-

XOOTaJIROCTH R&pOp;a. .

7) CBo B8.KOHOP;aBOTBO H ap;MHHHcTP&~a Mopajy OIl IIOBpaTHTH H ,ll;OrepaTH y Hapop;HoM ,ll;yxy. Hap01JllTO BaN YS6rn na y1ll H60,IJ;OJLRBY rrorpedy saKOHHRa H no- ' oTynR& y oyi)6JL y KpRBH'IHHX OTBapH; ,lJ;aJLe, no'rpe6y JUHor H YCM6Hor O"6JLa y XPHBH1JRHM H rpaljaHOKIIM lIapR~aM&; IIOTpe6y -rprOBa'lXOr cyp;a; U aajnoase, 110- Tpe6y, A3 oe OHOTeM ~HHaHoaje U HapO,lJ;H6 o,ll;6pne jnpe06pa8H H UOUpaBH. HajBeliH ,11;60 TUX YOTaHOua Beh

e npo1JRTUM BaXOHHMa OOBemTaH.

8) Kao mro je Cp6UjH yjaK1JeHa caMOyupaua U DO,ll;-

1) I(ues lls.iom 6ao je TaAa y BalWIKoj.

11

rryaa oio6op;a 38ROHOp;aBCTBa, H xao ~TO cy y Cp6ujll CBH je~'RH npep,; SaKOHOM: TaKO H crpaana , KOjH Ty iEHBe, xopajy rrosnacra nop,; jYPIlCp,;HK~jy op6CKe APiKaBe , Koja ce paaaaxyje Op,; MaXOMep,;aHOKe SeMJLe, y KOjOj "HeBepHH" HHCY CpeTHH, p,;a 6yp,;y BJIap,;OM SaIIITHheHH. -

I,

TaKH 6exy rJIaBHH ·UOCJIOBH CB. aHp,;pejcKe OKyU-

.' mTIIHe y 1858-9.

VB.

RHes MHJIOIU BpaTH 00 y Cp6Hjy H CB. aHp,;pejcKa CKfUDITHHa 6H paonynrreaa y jauyapy 1859. -

!~ Y jyJIY 1859. 6H uapeJ)eHo, re 00 xerpzecer ua-

HOBa CBeTO aH,ll;pejcKe oxynmraae oacranre y Beorpaay, ~ x30 ,,0 p,; 6 0 pCB. a H p,; P e j c s e C x y n m T H He" cnpexe npep,;JIore sa up,;yhy HapoAUY CKymTHHy. - llOJIHTH1lHOeROHOMHa IIHTaILa 6exy rJIaBHa 6purn TOMe op,;60py. OH yse na YM UOTpe6y ycaojeaa u ysaxoHelLa e K 0 H 0 Ii H e C JI 0 6 0 A e, K_ao H nOTpe6y Aa 00 ocuyje y Cp6uju () a H K a, na 06mTerJIaCHO saKJLYllU, Aa 00 cnpexa sa Hp,;yli.y na-

r PO,II;Hy cKyumTHHY npeaaor , no KOM he ce BJIap,;a nOSBaTJI,

A3 YK3JKe CBeKOJIHKY naJIOL y TJiM eXOHOMHHM norpeoaaa,

j Y' BCTO spexe 6exy HaHOBO HsjaBJLeHH 11 06mTu OCHOBH nOJIHTHlIHe c ao o o ae, H (}H saXJLY1IeHo, Aa ,00 cnpexa I, npep,;JIor no XOM he 00 OHH ysaKolIHTH OHaKO, sao mTO

HX je CD. aHp,;pejcKa cXYUmTHHa YCBojHJIa. - OA60p'DOi;ame rasaa ,ll;HeBHHK osoje paP,;lLe, H Taj p,;HeBHHK 6u Dpe,lJ;aH jaBJ:lOCTH, y EeJDB, p,;a oe Op,;OOPCXH npeaaoaa UYTeM jaane XOHTpoJIe enpexe sa pemeae na HP,;yli.Oj cXYnDITHHH.

To (}H HOB UOBOp,; sa a6coJIYTHe cue, p,;a 00 op,;ynpy CJlOOOP,;HOj pa,ll;lLH cp6CKe napoaae CKynmTHHe. OHe npe csera nanazonre na C p () C x e .II H () epa JI ~ e (CJIoOO,zr;ILaKe). /1,a 6H HaByYUIiI CfMlL y na re Jb yp,;e rrpep; JIH6epaJIHOM EBPOUOM, pasHH areara a600JlyTHHX CHJIa UOIlJIaBHme nexe sarpaaasae HOBHHe p;OIlHCHMa, y xojHMa npenoaeaaxy, p,;a Cp6cKB JIB6ep~ BHCY HHmTa ,zr;pyro, Beh a,zr;BOKa'tH nexor pycxor npaana, XOjH rpaMSH sa CpOOXHM ~~CTOJIOM. HesaP;OBOJDHH THM, HCTH arenrn H,zr;ome Jom '*if

AaJbC R paAHWe, /Ill no.a;06HB11 H3J01I11JL3jlllla _.mine aapop; CBOj CHHnaTHja (6paTCTBh) saIIaAHe EBpone. HajnoCAe OHH nonosaxy- OBaKO: "Cp6R cy jom npocr ("H~IIHJlHSHpaH") HapoA, I1a je cyaaa aecaxo jeoy za ORn .a;OpOOJlH sa CJlOOOAHY Hapo)J;Hy cKynWTHHY, Deli H MOiKC JlH Taj Ha'lHH 6HTH KopHCTaHH xa xox .a;pyro)(

Hapo.a;y." •

'l'axe lI;onHOO H raaa nOnOBaILa upooxa ny0.JlllKa ca rnywalLeM oll;oujawe. A Cp6CKH JlH6ep~ npeaaaome jaBHoeTH y pasmrx npHJIIIKa':Ma, nOqHH> yliH Oil; jeceaa 1.859. I1a .a;o oaor A06a, csoje nOJIIITHqRO ynepeJLe, xoje r,c MOjI{C cnOOTH aa OBe OCROBe:

1) eUaKH HapoA je BJIaCTaH OA ceee ; na H CpOOKOM HapoAY npHlIa/Ill npaDo, Aa BOAH 6pury 0 ceOH H Aa naif C060M ynpansa, HIl OrH>Hwry xoje je CBOjOM KPBJb Y HCKynHO.

2) Y cran Up6Hje Mopa OUTH H3paa saKOHHTe BO.lfoe cplScKor uaposa ; a raaa BOJba MOiKe ce HsjaBHTH caao CJlOOOAHOM HIlPOAHOM cKynDITBHOH.

Hcrana jo, All ce CplSH OAJIIIKyjy .a;yXOM CJloOOAe n nDOMIWJlIfKIIM 1IIJOC06HOCTH sa nOJlHTIPIHY HesaBHCROCT. OOTRnlfTO HI oaao , neza paAe no CBOjUM qyncTBBMa H HaKJlOIIOO'l'UMa ; HOKa CJl060AHO paaBujajy CBOj COOCTBeHH KllpnK'I'''V II paoWIoljaBajy osoja WIeMeHHTa csojcrsa ; limen. tlU{I"l'O'1II0 ynoTpeOJDyjy osoja npaBa: na here BRACT", I(atw ey OIW y CBaKOM. nOrJleAY AOpaCJlH sa CJlOf'\c1l~lIy 1I1.\1'OAHY oKynDITHHY.

8) HO'IOH je CB. aHAPejcKa csynnrraaa , xoja je no IJAKOHY oaoraaeeea oua, nporaacaza OHO, WTO ce sose "YI\Tnnnn ImeiKeJlUHa", T. j. BJlaAa HaCJleAHOr xaesa y AorODOpy ca HapOAHOM cKynwTHHOM: TO ce Taj HaqHH JI.~MO HMa nOWTOBaTH y CpoHjH.

4) GJl060Aa cptcxor RapoAa xopa ce yjaMqHTB raxo, All. MIIHHCTI)II sa CBaKH nocrynaK DJIaAe. oATouapajy naPOAHOj CKYIIWTBHH.

5) CJlo60Aa WTIlMIIe. sao H CBa HanpeA cnoMeayTa aal\Jf.yqelLa CB. aHApejcKe Cl\ynmTHHe, HMajy ce oAplKaTH. 6) Ilopesa, WTO ce -lIsHcKyje sa TpowKoBe BJlaAe, Jloa,e ce KyIIHTH OA HaPOA~ oaxo no op;o6pelLY op; orpaae

78

xapo~e caymnraae. ,lI;a je,lJ;Ha Ua,lJ;a, Koja OH ce JlaKOMHJla J1. rocnoaapa 600 HapO,lJ;He cKyrrmTHHe, H ,ll;a uporasao sa"(oIlY apsa Hapo,ll;HO 6J1aro, ,lJ;a TaKa BJla,ll;a He6H HOrJla yncrrpe6uTu BOjCKY sa rrseseae H rJI06ClLe HapO,ll;a, BaJDa

. ysaKOHHTU, ,ll;a nojcxa He6y,ll;e ,ll;yama cJlymaTu csoje CTa: .IleDIHHe, Bet. ,lJ;a ce caarpa xao paCUYWTeHa, Y CJIYllajy , aKO ce He6u HapO)J;Ha cKyrrmTHHH P~\1;OBHO ,ll;piKaJIa.

7) Ilerpaorcxoj a,ll;}IHHHcTPaI~lIjlI BaJDa HapOlllfTO HOAUTH 6pary 0 YCBojelI>Y H OCTBapelLY OCHOBa eKOHOliHe H nOJOlTH1IHe CJlo6o,lJ;e y Cp6uju.

8) Ilorpeda , ,ll;a CBaKH ,lJ;ap oy,ll;e ynoTpe6JDeH aa nOJD y ,ll;pjKaBHe cJIYjK6e,' HeCHe ce HUKaKO ClieTHYTu'9 II . YlIa, aJIH apH TOM BaJDa OCOOHTO nasrrra aa YCJlOBe CTaJI>. nor ,ll;OHat.er je,lJ;HHCTBa H JUHor peaa.

9) Y crrOJDalIIH>UM O,lJ;HOmajuua Mopa ce Te~UTH sa AOiSpHM CaOpa3YMJDelI>eU ca JlH6epa.11HHM HapO,ll;HMa. Ha-

t. po'lllTO BaJD~ HerOBaTH cHMrraTHje (opaTcKa oceharsa] L"i B311ei)y C p 6 a HOC T a JI H X C JI a n e H e Ie n x nzeaeaa,

~ KaO H cyceJJ;HHX aapoza , a UMeHO: T p K a, II T a JI H j aIII aa , Mai)apa, PYHYHa H J e p a e a a.

1: 10) Cp6H Mopajy 6UTU aa onpe3y npella eBaKoj naI sepa ooaojeaa , na lla O,ll;Ky,ll; OHa ,lJ;OJla3HJ1a. OHH ce ~lOry II ~OBaTH rproaasxoj H nOJIHTH'lKoj CBe3H ca ,ll;PyrHM Hal: po)J;HMa caxo OH)J;a, aKO je ra osesa npoHH.KHyTa JJ;yXOH O' (lJo6o,ll;e.

IJ-I Ta nasara JlH6epaJIHHx Cp6a ,lJ;aHac. oy oOmTe y-

i seperse y Cp6UjH. .

fO' - - - __ . _. _

t Ilocseaaa ,lJ;UnJIOMaTCKU aKT KHe3a MHJIoma oeme r OA3C.lIaJLe je,ll;He H3BaHpe)l;He ,ll;erryTa~je Y I(apHl'pa~,

1 A3. pa,lJ;U, ,lJ;a ce jeanoa H3Bpme xaTumepu~u 0 us.ceJlelI>Y TypaKa H3 Cp6uje. Ta ,ll;erryTa:u;Hja BpaTH ee HB Ilaparpa.;a 600 csaaor yenexa, a KHe3 MHJlom YMpe y oenTell6py 1860.

I VIII.

J KHe3 MHxauJlo ,ll;oi)e Ta,lJ;a na rrpOOTO Cp6cKH, 110

3aKOBY 0 HacJDe,ll;CTBY. Y CBOjOj npnoj rrpoK.llaMa~jH OH uajaBH, ,ll;a he y Cp6HjH3aKoH .BJIa,lJ;aTU, J..OKJl6

j e 0 H H a lip e CT oJly. Ha)l;ajHo ce, )l;a he ce re p61111 Ka)l;l'O)l; HCUYHHTH. - Iflro ce T1f1Ie CIIOJI.aIlIlLe 1I0JIHTHICe,

.r. T'a p a.m a a aa 6H 1I0MaH y Ilaparpaz , .a;a HaHODa paaa, .a;a ce H3Bpme HeH3BpmeHH xaTHmepH~H. MeljyTHH BH.a;eJIHCMO, KaKO ce Typ~ O,lJ;3.3Bame TOj "Clle~jaJIHoj HHCHjH" (OC06HTOM 1I00JIaHCTBY) "cBHpeIlHM J[ HeHaa3BaHHM JIY6ap)l;alLeM cp6cKe IIpeCTOJlllHD;e" I), H KaRO je ",lJ;HIIJlOMaTCKa caTH~aK~a" (aa,l;OBOJDeu.e), KOjy TapamHHOBO HHHHCTapCTBO IIpHMH, )l;aJIeRO o.a; HaKH&,lJ;e sa mTeTY H orpaaaae Cp6a yOJle.a; onoaenyror JIY6apABILa, a jom AaJDe 0)1; oaora , mTO 6H ce J(orJIO cMaTpaTH K~ rapanraja sa CTaJIaH MHp aa ROTOKY •

. IX,

Hanpea CMO l'6)KHJIH, Aa OIlHmeMO .a;oca,lJ;alLH IRBBOT Cp6a. Ca.a; je IIHTalLe, KaKBH oy HSrJIe.u;H aa 6yAJiiHOOT Tor napoaa,

,'leoTo ce rOBOpHJIO, Aa Xpanrhaaa na RCTOKY HeMory npnsyhn na ce na}KIL y sarraaaax .a;p;IcaBa. Ty :MJ( nHTaHO noi;e HHr J1eCKe nOJIHTHKe na RCTOKY: aanrro ce ORR BaS)J;a O,lJ;ynupy OCJIo60l;e:ILy HOTOlIHHX XpHmhaHa. 0," rypcsor ja.pHa?

no I{yxy SBaHHlIHHX HHrJIOORHX HOBna, Mome H3.JI oe OAI'OBOPRTH: ,,8aTO, mTO HHrJIeCKa HaJI3.3H OBOn HajBehy xopaor y oaqy»a:ILy TypOKe ~apeBHHe, xao je,lJ;DRor Cpe.u;OTBa IlpoTDBY panrapeaa cesepae caze , pamnpeH>a onaoaor no eaponcxy paBHoremy H HapOllHTO 110 DRr.lOORY TPI'OBauy caesy ca HHAujOM."

. Pe~o, A3 je TO TaKO, na ce S3.lIIIT3.jMO: Je JIB 110- ryJuro caqynaTH rypo:a:o rocnOA3pcTBO Ha,D; XpnmhallllD?

KaKBa je ~apeBDHa 1'3 TfPCRa uapesaaa ? Typen l~peBIIICl HHje HllIIITa ,l;pyro, Beh caxo I'OllIUa (KOHr.lOxepaT) espnsesa 0,1; npOTHBHIIX (Heepo,JI;HHX) C'llUllja, xoje oy Y BellUTOj oop6n je,JI;Ha C Jqlyroll. To je napeBJ1H3. OCHOBaHa na npaBy 0,1; nOOH~e j Jq)yIIITBO lIYoy~JlaHCKIIX yru.ern1l3 n xpnmhaHcKIIX CT~. Ba-

') lkrTi. .nd the Senians. "1 \\\e \\'e,. ~. ~W\.. t_ London. p. tOS-m.



pajy ce , KOjH MHCJIe, l1.a y 'I'ypcxo] HMa KaKBe BJIal1.e ca, B.Il3.IIrli.y sanrrare. Taxe BJIal1.e Ta~IO HHKal1. 6HTH HellOmaj TaMO cy caao p060BH, KOjH cJIY:f{e liYl1.H CBOjHX rocnoARpa. TaMo aexa HH Tpara 0l1. one BeJIHKe l1.pymTHeBe BaYKe: "jel1.H TBOj JIe6 y SHOjy TBor JIHn;a." HaIIpOTHB I rpa6eiK H rJI06a TaMO cy jel1.HHH SBaHHlIHH nOCJIOBH ,JaBRRK SBaIllf1IlIHKa." Jel1.HOM pC'IH, 'rypcKa napeaaaa 1l0me ce xapaxrepaoara cano codcraenoa TYPCKOM noCJlOBlID;OM: "rl1.e OCMaHJIHja CBOjO}l HorOM CTaHe, T y B H meT p a BaH e H H'l e." 3aHCTa, ra napesaaa OOHOBaHa je npe lIeTHpH CTOTHHe rOl1.HHa, na nrra je ORa ,il;axac? HeIlpeCTaHO OBe jezno re jel1.HO, HeIlpeCTaHO 06JIaOT I xoja ooynaTa name 0l1. 200.000.000 l1.aHa 0- palLa IIpUPOl1.HO I1JIOl1.0BHTe SeMJl>e; soja JIeiKH Y Opel1.HHH rprosasxor OOPTa HSMeljy TpH 1JeOTH CBeTa; soja HMa y

r. B.IaOTH rJIaBHa eaponcsa IIpIIcTaHHmTa, Haj3HaTHHja IIpHI )[oPJa, ,lI;apl1.aHeJIe H Boceop , II HajBaiKHHje TProBa'IKe " Ta1JKe: napHrpal1. H COJIYH, Y EBpOIIH j CMUPHY, A.JIe~o, Dj EajpYT, Byoopy, Tpe6H30HT, CallCYH, Barl1.al1., Bpycy ct H ,lI;aMacK y ASHjH; AJIeKCaHl1.pIIjy, Kanpo , Cyen H T.

c! A. Y AiflPHKH; jel1.HOM pelIH, 06JIaCT npeHMyliHo ozapeaa

upel1.eJIHHM (TepHHTopHjaJIHHM) KOpHcTHMa H 06aoYTa MHn !onrli y r JIaBHHX eBponcKHx CHJIa. AJIlr aKO nOTpaiKHMO I~ p&1IfH 0l1. CBHjy THX IIpHP0l1.HHX H I10JIHTH'lHHX noznopa, ~.:,:, mTR neMO HaliH? Hahaheao name O,ll; 12.000.000 CJIyry, ~ ca IIpHHOOOM BeliHM 0l1. 7.000.000 iflYH. CTepJI •• [npexo

14 HH.lIHOHa JI.YKaTa) H3HyljeHHx y BHl1.Y nopesa, l1.aHKa

H T. l1.., IIpHHOOOM KOjH cy y cTBapH saKynHJIH ynpaBHTeJ(,H OTOMaHCKe oaHKe H JI,pyrHx TaKHX 6JIarajHa, re

cry TaIW IIo3BaHH, l1.a IIOl1.I10MaiKY CTBap xpanrhaacxor .-ymMaHHlla. Hahirheao l1.aJl>e, l1.a cy re cryre H3JIOiKeH6 TlIp3HCTBY "ceHsyaJIHHI H HHl1.0JIeHTHHX" (CJIal1.0CTpacTHHX H He6PHiKHHX) roonoaapa, ITa OHJI,a heao naha, )J;a je I10Jl>CKa npanpeaa y cy JITaHoBoj n;apeBHHH aaaeaapeaa , )J;a ~HaTcKoj peaaoora (HH)J;yCTpUjH) je)J;Ba H Tpara HMa, )J;a

Je CBa l1.oMaha TprOBHHa y ppaMa crpaaana , )J;a ce 0 tSPOl1.aPCTBY cJIa60 mTO cIIoMeHYTH MOiKe, H JI,3. c-y OCKO'Bll APiKaBH8 IIpHBpel1.e caCBHM Henosna:m 1 '! ~~j\~ .. ~\. ~~"-~~~](0, 1IOrJI6,1f.ajT6 TypeRY, C KOje xo\i.e'te c~~'\\.e, ~ ~~

78

cTrjTlI.e HaD 1I.0Kase "HeypeljeHe BJI3.II.e, 'e "BaXpmeBe .Hnaacaje" "HeHaY'leHe U m.aJIOCHe sojcxe." - To cy saa , nopell. KOjU:!: nenoace 6UTU HU pasroBopa 0 BJIap;u U sapoP;y y TypCKUj, U Kall. jom Y3MeMo na yM, KaKO Typ~ HU lI.aH p;aHaInILU aenoxasyjy HII BOJbe HU cnocoeaocra, p;a ce norrpaae : saacra je rHycHo. rOBopuTU 0 op;pmaIL y ~eJIOCTaBHOCTU 'I'ypcse , ICOja ce TaKO 6yjHO H3MeTY.JIa y p;HBJba'lKY napesaay. Taxa je CUJIa xopana ! A nrra 6B XOrJIO p;pyro usuliu us Bepe, no KOjOj ,,0 C M a H JI U j e j eo y j e a a a a Jbyp;u t cBeTY, jocy j e a a n a Bo r o a us6paRu p;a n o s a aa y UCTU~y, n a r p e d a lI.a c a YJKaCOll, rlLeBOM U rrpespelLeM C}IaTpajy C B e p; p y r e H a po p; e"? (X 0 P a H.)

Basna )KaJIOCT! mTO OHe CUJIe, KOjHX ce Be.lU'IBHa npeacraasa rrOr.JIaBUTO y Be.JIUKHM ycrrecaxa rrOCTurHYTH)( H8 OCHOBY sp;pa1JUX eICQHOMU'IHHX U p;pYInTBeHUX Ha'le.la, InTO Te CU.JIe paae )ta ca'lYBajy ~apeBuHy, y ROjoj ce Dop;aHU~U Bpeljajy H rrsexe , HaMeCTO P;8 ce PYKoBoAe U aanrrahasajy, U y KOjOj ce caao SaJIyp;Ho U l'errpoH3- BOAHO pacanajy HOB~U, InTO ce rrpRKyrrJDajy op; Hap01I.8, UR nyrex sajMa ca CTpaHe. -

. Call. je rrararse , P;O xera 6u ce aajnocxe II.0InJlO

nO.JIUTUKOJrl rrop;yrrupalLa TypcKe napeaaae , soja HHEaxnor TeMOJDa BeMa?

IIo'lex Typ~H Mory JKHBeTH caao 0 TpOillRy p;pyror: TO U np0lI.ymaBalLe ILUXOBe napesaae He6u JrlorJlo p;OHeTu namrs p;pyro, Beli HS~nJLeILe R TypaKa no ' rocnoaapa , U Xpanrhaaa xao cJlyry. .T. j. Typ~ BBjeJl~e p;OTepaJIB 6u najnocze Xpamhaae "pajy" p;o npocjasse ropde ; a rrOInTO 6B jeP;HoM cJIyre npoojana nOCTaJIU, no ce6u oe pasyxe , p;a U ILHXOBH rocnop;apB Jle6H 1I0rD Ayme OOOTaTH. H onaa , RO 6H uacJIeoo ,,~apHrpaAcKor 60JIHHKa"? HC~pnJLeHH TypCKR rroAaH~ saacre He6B 6BJIH KaIl.PH, Aa ce rrOll.urHY na rp06y csor

. yrILeTalla. A He6H nOCTaJlH rocnoaapa napurp811.a HB OBU, ROjH call. csoje 6JIaro capaIL yjy Y ca'lYBaILe oaora, IUTO ce ca'lYBaTU Heliome. A6COJIYTHe esponoxe case Haj60JLe sHajy, mrs 6u 6UJIO op; TypCRe, nonrro 6B ce ynponacrara H rocnoaapa H nOAaHB~ ILeHH. Mome RO

77

'" 3&11J1TaTJl, a nrra 6H pa,ll;HJlH qyBapH H 6paHHTeJLH ea-

.,,' pOlIOKe paBHOTeme, Ka,ll; 6H ce KaICBa a6co;ryTHa CHJla , yra3u:a npe,ll; Ilaparpaaox? Ha TO nHTaILC HOiKe ce II DU uaj60JLH ozrosop y 1I0JiHTHl.\H a6COJIYTHHX CHJla~ :, Te CBJle ,lI;06po BHajy, ,lI;a TypcKe 06J1acTD Hellory noli CTaU nJLeH HK jC,lI;Hoj a6COJIYTHoj CDJIH, ,lI;OKJIe IICTOqHII " XPJDlrlUi.UD DMajy y ce6a OHare, ~a ocayjy CBOjy neI 3aBJroBOOT aa pasBaJIHHalia TypCKe. C rora je a6COJIYT!, JI1I)( C1IJIalia y OBaKO ,lJ;06a ,lI;06PO,ll;01lIJlO OBe OHO, '1ne ': ee ynponanrliaBajy H TyPl.\D B Xpamhaaa , H ysajMHo II ICIq)UJLJlBalLe Xpamhaaa H- TypaRa OHe BaS,lI;a npe,ll;no- 11 CTaBJ&ajy HarJlOIi Hana,ll;alLY na Ilaparpaa, TaKo HOl.\p-

\' UJ&e:&.e HH'lHII oe TOJlHKO nenomoaaaee D aeyoxopasa, , KO.IHKO nOJlHTHKOIi KOjOH ce -O,ll;piKaBa TypcKa napesana, D, H saKCTa a6cOJlYTHe oBJIe arpajy YBeK POJlY, ROjOM ce ~, HSaSHBa Taxa nOJIHTDKa. TDII nYTeM a6co;ryTHe CHJIe I(OPDct ere oe ,u;BOjaKO:

'N ·1) TypcKa napesaaa npona,ll;a necaxo 0 Tpomxy III yjapJI.l&euDx Xpamhaaa , BeE. DO rpomxy OHn ODJla, ~ Koje sa.jJlOIi D ,u;pYI'HM HaqDHOM no,u;ynDpy ~apeBDHY Koja

ee Oyp~TR Mopa.

J~ 2) Hoceha DHe "npoTeKTopa Ha,u; oTPa,u;ajyliH)( :3': XpKurliaHH1la," npoTDBHO ol_lDMa, ROjD BO,u;e nOJIHTBKY

I Aa caqpajy TYPCKD japaa , a600JlyTHe care pacnaJLyjy i' CBe BBIIie H same ysajllHy O,u;BpaTHOCT (auTHnaTBjy) II 11'/meB RBllei;y OHHX KOjH YTBpi;yjy TYPORH japaa , K I XpllIIIliaua KOjH yS,II;umy noa THM japxoa, Ca npo,ll;y-

aaBalLell CTpa,ll;aILa Xpamhaaa, lLHXOBa 6paToKa oceliau.a (oHMnaTDje) npexa lLDXOBOIi "npoTeKTopy" llopajy' 611T11 CBe jasa, Mei;yTDM, OHe oBJIe xoje oy oe sayaeere N& o.lq)iKe TYPOKy, Hellory HHKaRO 6HTH pasaoaymae .apeD TDM OHMnaTHjalia X pamhaaa ; xao mTO 0 ,ll;pyre CTp8He K yrlLeTeuH X panrhana neaory HHRa,u; pasyxera, xaKO RSBeCHe xpauraaaose CHJle Mory 6DTH npOTDBHe

. xpRmJiaHoICoj OTBapD aa IIOTOKY, HJlH, sao mTO ORR seze , "EaEO OBR KOju o6om:aBajy XpDCTa na Barra,ll;y, , .ory IIJJ,"YBaTH aa lLera na IIOTOR!."

CBaltojaKo, nOJIHTHKOM KOjOM ce nO,ll;ynupe TfPCRa ltlpemma, uo~apJlJfle1m XpBiIdlaHll BajuOOIe 611 ae

!II

UPHHYAHJIH, ~a oe C zerro 6a~e Y PYI(e CBOlIe "upoTeRTOpy". A Rap; 6u jeP;HoM same op; 12 MUJlUOHa ollajaHUK nop;aHHKa nOCTaJIU CBU cJlyre jep;Hor ocaojasa , )(B ce neaozseao Hap;aTU, p;a ()u Y TOM oJlyllajy 6UJ13 y CJlaBU (TpujYM~Y) cnoMeHYTa nOJlUTUKa.

JacHO je p;aKJle, p;a. ce npop;ymaBalhe ryposor rocno,ll;apcTBa aa IIcToKY HU C xoje CTpaHe nOJlUTUliHO onpaap;aTU Hep;a. A jom lIalhe 1I0me ce II 0 P aJl H 0 onpaBA3TH rasa nOJIUTUKa, Kajoll ce UCTOliHU Xpanrhaaa HaMopaBajy p;a aoce japall , KOjU IIHrJlesH HHKap; sa ce6e HOOK meJIeJlH - japas , KOjU je "p;eceT nYTa rvPIl op; CB3KOr ODor sza, mTO cy IITaJlHjaHu rpneza" U KOjH HHKap; HeMO}Xe CJlY>KHTU na lIaCT OHUMa, "KOjU cy ce pap;OBaJIJI oCJl060ljeIL y IlTaJIBjaHa." I)

X.

AJlu xaxo p;a oe paspemu HCTOliHa aaronersa, aKO He callYBalLeM TypCKe napesaae ?

Mu HHCMO npBH, ROjU BeJIHM.O, p;a ce TO UHTau.c

KOlKe penIHTH OCHHBalLeM C .II 0 6 0 p; H H X H H e S a B a Coo I

HBX xpHmiiaHCKUX p;p,xaBa na RCTOKY· I

Ty Mome 6UTU naraaa, KaKO p;a ce nocrarae TaKS , peSYJITaT, Rap; je "npOTeKTOp" yrrsereaax XpBndiaH, 1 B.l3CTOJLy6uB, a rscrosa "J1U6epaJIHU" cynapnana Op;JIH- , xyjy ce CBOjOM aHTBJlHt)epaJlH01rl nOJlHTUROM npeMa IIcTOKY?

ill TOT uno T e H TaT U (CBJle) H e h e p; a y 11 U He sa xpam h a a o s y CTBap a a IIcTOKY, TO y r rs eT e H U x P U m h a H C K U Hap 0 p; B II 0 P a j Y c a x U YlIUHBTH.

To je nama Hap;emp;a, a MB CMO Y CTalL y onpaazaTH je OBHM:

8aCBep;OlleHO je Y BUlle npHJIHKa, p;a je CB6CT 0 H3pO~HOj oJlo6op;u H HooaBBCHOOTU Y IIcTollHBx XpullhaBa Haj6oJf.e jeMcTBo npoTBBy BJl3CTOJf. y6uBocTB lLHxonor npoTeKTOpa. ,n;a oY Y apeae I(puMc .or paTa Cp6B 61L1J1 ICTaJIH, YOTaJIO 6B CBO Baaxaacxo nOJIYoc~pBO. .A..m (",))6B uMaljaxy y pYKalrl3 SBaHBlIHH aKaT OBAaIIULe pymte

I) The Tim e _, Saturday, November 1 dL 1882.

-,

78 '

re- ~e, Y KOlle ce KaiKe, Aa "PYCKa B.la~a HHa npexa iai Cp6ajH oaaxe acre BH,lJ;OBe sao H aycrpajosa", na Cp6B lrI H6uai)ome aa nOTpe6HO, ,lJ;a TYPCKB japax PYCKBH BaMeHY. :1 . 3aBOTa, ,lJ;a je PycKa BJIa,lJ;a 6HJ[a HOTBHCKB O,lJ;ymeBJ.LeHa

sa xpilUIiiaHOKY cJ[o60,lJ;Y' aa HCTOKY, sanaaaa nOJlHTUKa iI: He6U 1I0rJIa cnpeuTH 06mTH IloKpeT y TYPCKOj. - 8a ,!' Bp611e ODOr paroaaaa ca Typ~BMa Ilpaoropna BOKaxy' r.,. ,nOlloh. je,lJ;HOM y AycTpBje, ,lJ;pyrB nYT Y ~aH~ycKe.

a IIope,lJ; OBe OBOla CPO,lJ;ROCTU B BepoBCIlOBe,lJ;He je,lJ;HaKOCTB !iiI ea PYOHjOIl, U.BXOB BJIa,lJ;aJIa~, xpa6pH xaes ,lI;aHH.lO, y.f npe,lJ;IIOCTaBJ.Lame IIoAnopy jeAHe 8aIla,lJ;HO CBJIe IIO,lJ;nOpu' ;~; C600pue care. - To je ,lJ;OCTa, na ,lJ;a ce yBBAB, RaRO JlI Cp6u Y cBojKM IlOJIBTHllHHM oARomajHMa BAY caao sa

I OBOjRM HapO~H8°M. BHTepeCHHa.

I'pna cy Y HOBaje apeae TaRolje nOKaSaJIH, RaRO oy OHIlIIaTHje HOTOllHBX Xpamhaaa BaS)J;a y rpaHK~)(a it .m6epa.mHX HaAeiKAa.

JeAHOM peua, }lOiKe ce zao nOAnYHa KCTUHa RaaaTH, ~ Ai XpHmiiaHH aa HCTORY HHCY HUMaJIO HaKJIOu.eHH :(0 OOBOjallKBH aaaepaaa, U aRO UHa KaKBe onaOHOCTH aa

HCTOKY 110 Espony, Ta onacaoor ,lJ;oJ[asu caao OA npeAII paoy~a OHBX, ROjU ce saYSBMajy Aa O,lJ;plKe TypCKO roc noJq AaPOTBO. I{aA 6u ce TUM npe,lJ;pacY,lJ;aHa je,lJ;HOH Rpaj I;: yqUHHO, HCTOliHe Xpaurhase saacra HBKaA HooH naraaza i:~ HeBO~, A3 ce 6a~e y PYRe RaKBoj crpaaoj CHJlH. - t! ,lI;a.n.e je IIBTau.e: JOCY-JIB _ HCTOliHU XpuwliaHH °i TO.DIKO jaxa, ,lJ;a ce :Mory OCJI060AUTU OA TypCKor IIpU-

TIIOKa? Kao O,ll;rOBOP aa TO MH HanOMHlLeHO OBO:

TypCRa sojosa Ho6poju same 0,lJ; 370.000 HOHaRa.

JI.a pesaeao , ,lJ;a je Ta aojcsa OHO, mTO OHa uuje H BBKa,lJ; uellOlKe 6UTH IIO,lJ; ueype,ll;HOM TypCROM. B.Ila,Il;OH H nopeA lKaJlOCHe TypcKe eanaacaje, na Aa co SanBTaKO: mTa 6u paAHJIa oaa Y speae oomrer nospera aa ROTORY? Oua 6H ce MOpua nO,lJ;~JlHTU aa TpU rzaana OAeJIeu.a: jeAHO O,lJ;eJ.Leu.e, ca 100.000 TypaRa HajM.au.e, MOPaJIO 68 ce onpexara npoTHBy C p 6 a; Apyro, 6ap ca 80.000 BOjmma, npoTHBy r p R a; H rpehe, ca 60.00 MO)1aXa HajJIau.e, npOTHBY E Y ~ a P a. CBa Ta OAeJ.Leu.a }lOp~ (Su 6BTB aenpecraao y paA5H (aRTHBHa), na Ai 01q)iKe

QOj Jlo.lOataj. OeD 'l'O1'3 Jl9llCryje ee Hajr.ur.e 80.000 BOjmma .A3 lJpajy K 6paHe TYPCKe ~Be. H TUO TfPCD pasepsa I) je~ 6H 6pojlUa H 50.000 BOjmma. To 611' 611'0 33JlCTa. iK3JIOCTaH 6asKe (Telle.<I.) 33 TJPCIY paTRY onepan;Hjy (pa~y)! 'I'aaa je TeX 33~aa rypcxa. paTRa. CKJIa. Ho HO 'P-e.o TypcKy no uiTO je: Hella. ce ryp;, Beli :ce .opa npH3HaTll, All :&oeBa

. . "

BOJe:ra DOP; "OlJa.J3.80. B.I3,II;0Il , ,~eRo. .BB3B-

0-;;0.", II' sa Tyi;eK Onr.BlIlTY je~ 6. ce H TpH .ecena .oua. .-pacaTH, B TO TeI Y cqqajy HOBOr JDlUeesor sajX3..

Ha.1IpOT1IB, HCT01JHH X pHnaHH lIlIa.n 6H CBe BOjBH1JKC XOpBCTH na CBOjOj CTP3.D, 1I:3.P; 6J[ uoaexn BOjBy npoTBIJY CBOr Y1"1LeTa.1Ja.· )l;a. ysxeKO sa. npoep caKO jeMH op; TBX napoza , C p 6 e. Ha. 6pojy HIla. Hme op; 5,000.000 Cp6a., KOjH 3:HBe Y II; P H 0 j T 0 PH, Y XHe)XeBHBH C p 6 II' j H, Y C JI a. B 0 H H j 11', Y Y rap c x 0 j H X P B a. T 0 X 0 j, y )I; a. .UI a n II' j H, Y X e P u; e rOB B H H, 'Y EOCHH, Y AJl6aHRjR, CTapoj Cp6RjR RMax e p; 0 H II' j H. AJIH caxo C p 6 II' j a , II; p H a r 0 p a H X e p ~ e rOB H H a )lory KpeHyTR OKO 260.000 BojHHRa. HCTBHa, ORR HHCY CBR "peryJlapHR CJJIp;aTH," aJIR cy CBK BHqHH Y opy~ujy, nO'leM ce lLRMe op; p;eTRILCTBa 611110, TaKO M ce ORR sa xpahe BpCMe Hero ABa. lieceua )lory AOTepaTH Y csaxoj BOjRHlJKOj BemTHRR. To lufje roao OBKRWJI.Ba.e Beh je TO OCBe.ll;O'lCHa KCTHRa. Ilpomaor JleTB Oaep nama nojcsame ca 100.000 nojRRRB oporHll}'" 20.000 Ilpaoropaua, A.nH Ilpaoropna noxaaame, AR oy ORR HeKYCHHjH Y BojeBalLY nero TYPl.\H, J[ H6jnOCJle, rtope.ll; onor necpaarseao MalLcr 6poja, Upnoropua HcyoryoHwo TypCKOj Bojcn;R, neh YCTyoume xpajlLoj oOXYP;OOTII y opep;cTBRlua R paaa, 00'1611 aycTpRoxa URAa 6ewe sa6paHHJIa, p;a ce H3 ,lI;aJlllan;Kje HI KaRDe nOTpe6c y UPHY ropy aeoaaoce, ITa II' nonrro npRoropl.\R TOj HeBo.J&R YHeKO.lHKO OOp;JIcrome, Typ~ nl)ome sa HYX{HO, p;a OAYCTaHY op; HaOmJLeHOr B 011.IIOQeTOr rpai)eu.a oojHHlIEor APyn ca oooap;aKa Rp09

ft-

l{pay ropy, J( ORK o~oTame 0,11; TOra c&JlO 11.8. 6. oe~ Y Dpy ca _,,1I06ei)eRKM&" I - Xepn;ero~ oy TUofje UORasa.Q:, y HajHoBRjeM paTy y Xepn;erOBRBB, .-a OBOjOM xpa6pomli y Hs,u;Mamyjy BOjHR'lRY CRJrY TypCle. - ITa TO oy ,u;OKasa.lI1l R Cp6R Y C¢.RjR, Hec&JlO

, Y BpeMe .lIJ6ap,u;alLa Beorpaaa , noxex OBOll UPIl.JJlRO.

He' pe,ll;OBHR BojUHn;H 0p60KR, Beli Aen;a H rOJl06pa,l1;R KOIID;II., rronajeame 6es opyrsja , orepame TypcRe "yperyJlaHe BojHuKe" HS cp6cKe BapomR y rpa,u;. -

,lI;oMalioj aojcna Cp6uje, Ilpne rope R Xepn;eroBne, ROja RSHOCR npeso 260.000 BojHRKa, BaJLa ,u;oAaTR jom aojerry CUJIY Bo c n e H Cvap e Cp6Rje" mTO 6pOjH aajsaae 80.000 jynaxa, ITo pep; OCTaJlHX ~oPHCTR xoje cy na cTpaHH cpocae sojose, serpeea CMeryTR 0 YMa H TO, KaKO cy CpOU ROP; oaoje C06CTBeHe xylie R noaaajy CBaKY TO'IRY csoje SeMJh6, TaRt> 11.9. cp6CRa BojcRa Y CBaRO ,u;06a R na CBaROM lIecTY 1I0me patfYHaTR aa rrornopy o,u; cBujy oORTaTeJLa SellJLe, y xojoj OR ce Ba9,u;a CMa-rpaJla sao Hapo,u;HR lIJDap R 6paHBTeJL. Hajnocze BaJDa yseTR na ylll R TO, RaRO CpOJl oajj- Y CBOjUM PYRaMa CBe IIPOUSBop;He USBope sell3.JL-

, ese, a Typn;R ocrajy ycaMJLeHU y BapOIIIHMa U rpa,u;o! lIBJIa U USJIOmeHH csaxoj onaCHOCTU, na ROjy caao 1I0ry ; DnR OHU, ROjU cy yrlLeTallU y TOijoj Sell.lLH.

, Y TaRBlI OROJIHOCTHlIa CpOuja casa 1I0me, Ka,u;rop; I Iote, RSaCJIaTU na OOjHO no.se ORO i 00.000 BojHBRa; I, a 100.000 1I0MaRa OCTaJlH 6u joj sao peaepsa, xoja 6H ~ c.!'f1KHJIa sa 6asuc paraoj CUJIB aa 60jHOll 1I0.lLY. Ilopea

Te ROPUCTU B noaex ce SHa, RaRO cy co Cp6u y HOBBje BpeMe ,u;o6po HaopYjRaJIu: aexa cYMlLe, ,u;a OB B 50.000

, ep6cRRX BOjHHRR 6UD Y OTalL y yS6UTB, TypCRy BOjCRY O,lJ; 100.000 BojHHRa, xoja 6u UM ce IIpoTuBcTaBuTR MOrza, YSMeMO JIB Y pallyH jour U Ilpnoropue R Xepn;erosne , Te OIIHTHe BojHuKe = OH,u;a 6es caasor saaopa MOiReMO peha , p;a 68 cpoosa , n;pHoropcKa 8 xepl.\erOBallRa BOjOlta OUJIa Ra,u;pa Ha,u;OHT8 TypCRy BojCKY, a ,u;a HeTpaiRJI nOMoliJl ea c-rpaHe, na ,u;a aesaaaca Hlf op; paTHe capa,lI;1L6 Cp6a H3 Boese H Crape Cp6Bje, KOjB or jom nop; T'fPCRJD[ japJlOJl.

· TalCo BCTO 1I0mello paqYBaTR, Pi. 6B R rpIQI 6UH

Y CTaH> Y JI,a oc.lI060JI,o EUBp R TecaJIHjy.

A KaJI, cy Cp6H H I'pna jaaa OJI, CBOr yr~Taqa:

OBJI,a je CBa npH.lIBKa, JI,a 6H. H Byrapa , KOJHX na npeso " MH.lIHoHa, npHCTa.lIH aa sajeJI,HHqKY 60p6y sa OC.lI060i;eH>e OJI, Typaza,

Hasparxo , KaJI, 6H 93 Xpanraaaaaa, aa CTO BCTOqHIlX 06HTaTeJM, yjeJI,HH>eHH CBeSOM sajeJI,HJIlIKe XpamiiaHcKe H HapOJI,He crsapa H sa CBOMe oo6cTBeHoll OrH>HmTY, YCTaJIH npoTKBy 7 TypaKa na CTO HCTOqHHX 06BT&TeJLa: OHJI,a MB HeS)laMO, KO IlH xorao palIyuarn sa OJI,pmalLe TYPCKO napeaane ?

XI.

Jow ce Home nHTaTH: nOWTO OH ce HCTOqHB XpHmhaHH OCJ[OOOJI,H.lIB OJI, Typ<lKor japaa, OH .lIB OHB MOrJIH DaTH CHa)KHY B.lIaJI,y; H.lIB HHCY JIB CO OHH JI,yrHM TypCRHII npHTHCROl[ TOJlHKO aonpneza , JI,a OK MorJ[H OJI.Pa(aTH CBOjy HeaaBHCHOCT npoTHBy CnOJLamH>HX onacHOCTH?

,ll;a yauello sa npHuep Cpo e paJI,H OJI,rOBOpa aa naraae,

HapaBHO, opraHH OHHX, KOjH cy npoTHBHH OCHO- !

Balb Y CJl060JI,HHX xpHmhaHCKHX JI,pmaBa aa HCTOKY, Helie HOaJI, npeorara npOnOBeJI,aTH, JI,a Cp6H HIICY Y CTa1LY oo60M ynpaBJbaTH. A.lIB &KO cy TH opraHH nonaaasena Iq)HqaMa 0 "H e JI, 0 pac JI 0 C T H" Cp6CK('r HapOJI,a: JlaKO ."'; je y H>Hlla cnaSHTH pyKy OHHX, KOjH rpaase sa "T Y T 0- " pOBalLeM" HaJI, Cp6HjOM. ~

Mei)YTIDl '. lIMa H JI.PyraqgjHx npopomTBa, xao mTO II je aa np. CKopamlLe OnHCHBalLe OJI, aesor , najrrpe Ta- . pR~HHor na OHJI,a Oaep-nannmor JI,pyrapa, xojn, npeMJI,a ~ oe call HaSIIBa "Herr03HaT y nenoanaroj OOHJLII," npHno- " BeJI,a 0 Cp6CKOM HapoJI.Y coo np<>THBHO oaoxe , mTO cy ~ ope H>era nacam P a H K e, E H r e a, II; H n p H j a H P 0- ~ JI e p T U IT a TO H. 0 r. A 6 P Y THO T Y lIB Hea\.eJIHMO ro- I lIOpHTU. OH ee caa nanpaaao xaua.t sa CTpaCTH U npeA- I pacyp;e HelI0llUpUBUX aeapajareaa cpdcxor HapoAa - ~ OB, KOjU HHje uxao npH.lIHKe, JI,a npollOTPB CTaJLe 3eJU.e,

.• Xo)u y je,IJ;Hoj uH y ABella TaIIlUDl npJllWla xohe I

~

Ai npeACTaBH APYIIITBeHH JIHK Cp6Hje. HSBemTaja cp6cxe ::! I uo.m~e HeMory sepaaje npeACTaBJf>aTH 06mTe APymI: TBeHO craae Cp6a, nero mTO HSBecTHja H3 Bow Street-a I) npeACTaBJF.ajy HHrJlecKY MOPaJIHOCT. Ja HeKaate)(, :1 Aa y Cp6ujH H6Ma Tpara 0)1; qeTnpHBeqHOr lCBapelier (,u;e-

I }(opaJIH3yjylier) rlLeqelLa; aJlH cnoxojao OCTaBJF.aH HeRa

:1' O~6He HOjy oTaq6HHY HenpHCTpaCTHH nyTHH~H, DO DITO .. oy H. np. r. IIaToH Hr. ,lI;eHToH, soja je y CBOH )l;eKf Il-! 0 Cp6ujH SaHCTa BepHO Ha~pTao cp6CIm JIHK. Ja paBHo,u;YIIDIO It! OABpaliaM rrorJle)l; 0)1; onoxeayror )l;6J1a r. A p6YT H OTa.

I ErJIeHHcalLe ea je)l;HHM TYPCKHM namoa nopea BaTpe y Ta60- 'I! I

PY HeHome cJIYmHTH xao rpaha sa o~eHY CTaILa Cp6Hje.

I HerJle)l;eii.H )l;aKJle aa TaKO npaorpacrae H orpaHH-

I seae K1I>Hre, ja liy noxymara, JIId. OIIHmeM raasne OOHOB6 I. cp6cKor napozaor )RHBOTa.

'JJ! Ilopez oser TypcKor rlLeqelLa KPOS TOJIHKO BeKOBa, 'f: CpOOKH HapO)l; caqYBao je y ce6H sAPaBY 191~ sa Mali' repajasna H MOpaJlHH pasBHTaK. IIpeM)I;a je H )l;aHaC jom ,:: no.mTIi 'IIl0 nO)l;eJLeH, npeK,u;a je SBaHaqHO r JlOOJF.eH B JIll 0uycTomaBaH, H npeM)I;a ce )l;yrHM paronaaa , npo-

l 6 .

I THBy lLerOBor yrlLeTaqa, CKOPO npenOJlOBHO pOJ H>erOB :

l~' OK je anax oanoaeo Hanpe)l;OBaTH y )l;pymTBeHOM pashr: BHTKY. HMa ce npHIIHcaTH YHYTpam1Loj jaqnn Hapo)I;HOr ,r; lRHBOTa, mTO Cp6H HHTH. yrHHyme, HHTH ce aspomme, J:; HHTH noxsapaure nO)l; TOJlHKH1\1 rlLeqelLeM, .Beh nrra name, ,I yope)l; CBHjy necpeha Haje)l;aHrryT y nO'leTKY onor aexa 1 BaCKpcHyme H' nO)l;MJla)l;Hme CHJle caoje l TaKa cnara

mmOTa cpeosor MOfKe ce o6jacHHTH ca1\10 sace6HH~1 eKOHOIlJIlIHHM II nOJlHTHqHHM OCHOBHMa.

Y eKOHOMH'IHOM norJle)l;y, 06J1aCTH y KojHMa Cp6B >RHBe HCTHHa cy npapoano 60raTe; aJlH Ma KaKO )l;a je ooraT3 npapoaa SeMaJF.CKa, orrer OHa He)l;OHOCH c a x a 01J. ce6.e HH OHOJIHKO KOJlHKO TPe6a sa CBaKH)I;aII11LH mHBOT napoaa , a KaMOJIH OHOJIHKO KOAHKO ce amre jom H sa. HenpoBSBO)l;HO pacanaae HapO)l;HOr yrlLeTa'la. Ty je BaS)I;a HYm na p a )I; lL a Hap 0 JI. a. flo KaKO )l;a ce pa)l;H oHJI.e, rAe ce seMaJi.cKB KallHTaJIH CBe HenpOBSBOJI.HO TPome H pa)I;He

1) tto.a; TO lQleBOK paaYlIle ce je.a;aB OJ:Dvr" JlOH,I;OBCke no.lJUVljt.

. ~~.

ode uenpecraao saTHpy, sao IIITO TO (Sima CByrp;e rAe Typ~ rocnoaape ? Ty je Cp6CKH Hapop; Hap;ja'lao H Ha,D;BRCHO csor rnpaHCKor yrlLeTa'la.

TaKoHaBBaHa 3 a P; p y r a csojeraeaa je Y0TaHOBa Y Op6a. To je sajeP;HHHa Y HMaOBHHH H' AO.M.alioj npHBpe,II;H Y qyry jeP;He HCTe ~aMHJIHje. CBaKa aap;pyra ynpaBJLa 006011 MO Kana .M.aJIa pecrrydaasa. OHa H.M.a csor C Tap e m H H y, a.IB Taj crapemaaa HeD HHKaKBe BJlaCTH Hap; sap;pyroll, aeli HSBpmyje oaxo OHO mTO aap;pyrapH oomTHM p;orOBopoM SUJ&Y'le. 3ap;pyrapH ce OOH'lHO CBaKO sese cacrajy H AoroBapajy, nrra lie ce pa,II;HTH Hp;ylier p;aHa HJIH Hep;eJ&e,

II8 OHp;a CTapemHHa op;peljyje, mra lie KO pap;HTH, YSHxajyliH H caa p;eo ypap;ILH. OCHlI1 Tora crapemaaa HSpH'Ie npecyp;y y cJIY'Iajy JIH'IHOr necnopasyaeeaa HB HeypeAHor' BJIap;alLa SaCe6HH.X sap;pyrapa, a.m OCTam saAPyrapH npHTO.M. caaraa npep;CTaBJLajy nopoTy. HanOCJleTKY, OTapemUHa BOP;H paxyae H pyKyje HOB~Ma saapyre ; na

je OH H nOJlHTH'IHH saCTYUHHK lLeH. Bpoj saAPYI:apa y je~oj aa,ll;pyrH HSHOCH' 'IeCTO rrpexo 30, a nOHeKap; H 11.0 60, na H p;o 100, TaKO p;a Hepe,II;KO saapyra npep;CTaBJLa i,i 'lJlTaBy Y JlH~Y ca T0'IH0.M. p;eoOOll pa,ll;a. Y OCTaJIO.M., sa.pyra je raso ypeseaa, p;a OHa caxa Hspaljyje H npo- L HB~,II;H OKOPO CBe mTO joj TPeOa, re aexopa saBHCRTIl i' 9A TYi;er npOI!SBop;cTBa. A p;a 6H ce MOrJIO cyP;RTH, KaKO !: 88APyrapH .M.eljy COOO.M. >.KHBe, BaJLa SHaTH, p;a je y Cp6a • OIUllO 'IYCTBO 6paTcKe H cecrpaaese .1Ly6aBH. CBeTH1L3 i~ EpBBe osese H ysaj.M.HOr nOarpTBOBaILa: TO je jeP;HHo onpep;eJ.LeILe (p;e~HHH~Hja) oanomaja HSMei;y 6palie H ceerapa y Cp6a. "BpaT ce nOHOCH ceorpox, cecrpa ce saUJIILe 6paTOJl." (Cp6cKe Hapop;He neoxe.) oap;axHyTH THIl 'lYBCTBOM "CBH tIJIaHOBH jep;He ~a.M.HJIHje arHBe sajep;Ho; sajeAHO pap;e H jeAY, H yaese ce OKO aajeP;HH'lKe BaTPe cKyn.1Lajy: OHH ce Hepas,ll;Bajajy p;OKJIe ro,iJ, ce HeHaMHO>.Ke TO.lJlKO, lI.a name aeaory CBH s~ieAHo >.KHBeTH, na OUA8

oe OAeJ&yjy." (PaHKe.) ,

HapaBHO, ca paSBRTKOM aapomsor )KHBOTa H H8- pop;He npaapeze, MelLa ce H sap;pyra, OHa YSH.M.a CBe same ~, BlDIIe 06.1J1J( OHaRUX "q>YillTBeBUX YCTaBOBa, Kane cy

;:, H Y OCTaJlOj EBPOIIH; UH p;OKJIe SeM.7I>a oorne cJIa60 HaCeJLeBa~

!- i H YCJI.ep; p;yror yr1I>eTeII>a OCKyp;Ha y KallHT3JIlDla sa BR-

iij"CT}lHjaJIHa H TprOBa'IKa npejryseha , sap;pyra ca CBOj~ y j yepep;OTO'le1I>ell (n;eHTpaJIHCaH>eM) KaIIHTaJIa, pap;HHX em

~. H aemraae , B ca CBOjOM caeronrhy ~aMHJIHjapRe oseee,

~: e.rymame xao sp;paB TeMeJL Cp6CKoj Hapo~OCTB.

': ,n;pyry saaxajaoor Cp6a IIpep;CTaBJLa H>HXOBO ysajl. eo noarroxararse Y p;olIaliHM nOCJIOBlIMa. To cy TaKO )1 BaBBaHa Il o aaj a a na H Mo6a. THM Ha'lHHOM CBB I' 06HTaTeJLH jep;Hor acror MeCTa cacT~jy ce p;a paze y ~ t pasaeay: "p;aHac }leHH, cYTpa Te6II." HajBa)KHHjH IIOJLt: CRH nOCJIOBH, sao aWTBa, KocIIT6a, KyIiJLe1I>e II nJIaCTeH>e v' ceaa, BpllIHT6a H '1'. p;. CBpIIIyjy oe TaKO ysajMHHM nop;el nOllaraII>eM. H TO ce CBe paaa a HIIKO H HeMIlCJIH na r i KaKBY IIJIaTY, OCU~1 npaBa, p;a rpaacr jep;HaKY ycJIYry ,., 0,11; APyrHX Y CJIy'lajy cnoje norpeee, - AKO je P;0Ma-

san , KO,ll; sora ce pa,ll;H, HMyh.aH, OH ca pap;omliy no- 3H.Ba CBOjy .6pahy pamraxe, ,lI;a Ka,ll; pa,ll;e H pyqajy KOp; sera : aKO JIH je CHpOMa, OH,lI;a cy pa,ll;H~ paaocaa, !UTO :Mory pa,ll;HTII sa cnor 6paTa, nerpazseha, p;a HX OR rOCTH.

Ilfro cy II03ajMHn;a H lI06a sa ,lI;oMaliy npHBpep;y, TO je sa HapO,ll;Hy npanpeay 06HQaj: ,lI;a ce OOIIITHHCim, CpeCKH, oKpyamu If.Jll1 Hapop;Hu IIOCJIOBH C JI 0 m K H pap; e. no TOll 06HQajy ,CBH 'IJIaHOBH jep;iIe 06mTHHe, H.m cpesa HJIH oxpyra, HJIH n;eJIe SeMJLe yCTajy JIHCTOIl, re pap;e ozoacao sa 06IIIT} I~eJL. Ha TOi\1 OCHOBY IIOCTHrHYTe cy BeJIHKe xopncrn , HapO'lHTO IIITO ce THQe ,lI;PYMOBa no Cp6UjH. Taxo cy )IHOm 6perOBHTH H KpIIIeBHTH OKPY3H BSlIpe;KaHH ,lI;06PIlM ,lI;PYMOBIlMa', nyrosaua H 1Il0CTOBHMa. Am ROPHCTH, xoje ce naajy o.u; Tora CJIOjKHOr 06IIITer pap;a y npexe paTa, iIeCpaBH>eHO cY BeJIHKe II p;HBHe. CBaRa .u;YIIIa, MyllIKO H iKeHCKO, CTapo II lIlJIa,ll;O, je.u;HOM pe'lB: "CBaKH, KO je C p 6 II H," Ha.u;TJI'Ie ce , .u;a IIITO same IIpHBpe}J;H y speae paTa. Pazua je TaKO IlOp;eJLeRa • .u;a clfaKH pap;H OHO, IIITO Haj60JLe 1Il0,Re. 1(0 je sa nyIIIKy, OR ItymKY ROCH. CBaKII BOjHHK up;e na BOjuy Y 'CBeqaHOM Oll.eJIY H IIO.u; Haj60JLlIM opymjell CBOjHM. - )KeHe CIlpeHajy H IIIHJLY paHY BojHHn;HMa, aoce noiryxe pa1I>eHIUQIMa,

• ~.Ie~jy HX KaO npase Cecrpe. ') - OraPIlII, J[OjH mroy CpeTIDI, N' ]lory npeABO~ jyBaKe, U ,ll;e~ ~ 6aBe ce OKO npeaoca pasmn: paTBllX . no-rpe6a , OKO /I.OBemeu.a r.DCOBa B3 je,II;HOr xeera Y ,ll;pyro H T. /I.. - Hazparso, xap; ce sa "C.I 0 CS 0 ,II; y" paT noeeae : OH,ll;a ce no~o OOTB3paBa oaaj OCBOB: "CBaKU je CpCSHH BOjBHK."

Ta OOmTa ea~ y naTPHOTCKOll paTy pex je ~,ll;pyateBa ca OO~HB P;OOPOBOJLIIIIII noat}rl'BOBaILeM npHBaTBHX aarepeca jaBBOj n0Tpe6H. Y speae paTa HHje,ll;aH Cp6HH, sao BOjH1(K, HHTH 'I'pIDKU HHTH rrpllMR n.IaTy. T~ je y Cp6HjH noanyna 33je,ll;HHHR y 1I1IROBHHH. Haxora Ta.u;a aehere qyTH, p;a xaace : ,,0B0 je 1I0je, OHO je TBOje," Beli ce CBaKR caarpa 33 cpeTHor , IIITO MOate peha :

"CBe, je Harne, CBe je Bapo,ll;llO." -

3BaqajHHM CBOjCTBHMa Cp6a npHllR,II;R H ILHXOB3 Te;KH,a 33 npOCBeTOB, 1LHXOBa ooooara p;apoBHTOOT H 1LHXOBO nOIlITOBa1Le HaYQHRX aarrpeaaxa , H HapO'lHTO ROPHCHHX npOH3.1asaK3. Ta CBOjCTB3 Cp63 33CBep;OlIeHa cr HCTOPHjCKHM ,ll;eJIHM3 (~aKTHMa). 'Iaxo BaJIa31D10, ,ll;a

"CJIaBH3 CpOOKR He33BRCHOCT Y ,lI;ymaHoBo p;ooa HHje , CSUD npoTHBHa ,ll;pymTBeHoM Hanpep;Ky. HH Tap;a Cp6aja i BHje CSHJIa HCKJL TIcHa op; CBeSe ca 3a£lap;oM. Hseaa Baj- I A&HH ca CBOjllM 6JIarOM npasysome TProB~e RS ,lI; y6poBBHKa, ROjH OCHOBame CTaHH~e y HOB 0]1 B P ,II; y, K .II aAOBY R CMe/I.CpCBY, R 6eme nenpexuana CBe3a ca UpllMOpjCM ,lI;aJIMa~Hje, soja ymHBallIe ,ll;06POTBOPCTBO HTa.mjaHcKor p;pYIlITBeHOr pasaarxa,""]

1) Ilpnoropxe lIyne jom R nymxe , ,Il;o~e Ilpnoropim Iry~ajy Ha TypKe; a 1I0ReKa,ll; OHe HallOpe,ll;O ca :UPH.rop~HJIa 6ujy xpHm~aHcKor nenpHjaTeJL8. •

• ) Y HyZ,Il;H ,Il;e1Ja~R ce aepaac O,ll;Bajajy 0)1. caoje 6pa~e II 01JeBa, BOHR RlLY ,Il;a ce 60pe. Y BpeMe ~y6ap,ll;a1LB BeorpaAB cp6cKB )l;e1Ja~H aa,ll;06Hme ,Il;BB TypCKB TOlla, H 110- Kaaame BHWe OABalKHOCTH Hero nonexn ,,8~HKamB." Y llpHoj Topa pease beTe lIa~B .lI.e1JXB, KOjH je npemao to-y rO.ll.HHY, a ,Il;B ce naje 60PHO UpOl'BBY HCllpBjue.Jba cpdcxor,

3j Ami Boue. La Turquie d' Europe.

I $'

/' IIa U Y HOBuje Ao6a OCBe~OlJaBa ce Tema.a Cp6a

~:~ 33 Hanpe~Oll THMe, IIITO CBaRa HapO~Ha oxymnraaa y :::'1: CplSHjH npe,ltl[ame H HaBaJLyjc, ~a BJIa~a. mHJLe cp6Clry lLm~em Y npocaeheae SeMJLe, pa,'l;1I npOMaTpaffia 06mTer

:Ii HaUp6TKa H AOKY'Iel£,a s~paBe HH~CTpujaJIHe, npanpeae

; H UOJIHTJIlIHe aayse. _Pa~H cyijell>a, ROJIHKO je Ao6po"/; TBOEHO TO aapoaao aaY3HMaILe sa HaYKY, lIH lieMo H3- ,l nOMeJIYTH OB}J;e cJLe~eli y saUHCT')r jep;Hor csopauraer ~: HHrJIOOKOr IIfTHHKa:

'/' "C.llo6op;a, KOjy je Cpdaja KpBaBo nssojeaara , Mome • ce C3qyBa.TH caxo TaKO, aKO ce oy~y HMaJIa cpezcraa , aa op;6paHy lI>eHY. ,lI;a 611 cysH.lla Ty c.Ji060~y II mTO

I, same cKYlIHJla HOBop;06nBeuy HesaBHCHOCT, TypcKa B.llap;a noorapaza ce, p;a ce y Cp6Hjy aexory YHOCHTH parae norpeee. MeijYTHM, rropep; CBOjHX p;oMaliHx uajaaaa lf

myM3 Cp6uja Mome p;a HHKap; aerpaaor 6apYT ca crpane, no mTO H nope~ p;oMaliHx rB03~eHlIX PYP;HHKa H SeMaJLCKe BemTHHe CDOjHX CHHOBa nena norpede, p;a ca cTPaHe YHOCH paraa cpep;cTBa. Y Maj~aHrreKy ce npaBH CKOPO CDe illTO rpeoa sa paT, H TO CBe nOA yrrpaBoM cp6- CRUX OiJ1H~pa, KOjU oe CBaKe rO~HHe y SHaTHOM 6pojy mUJLY y JIujeiI( (y Bezrnjy}, HJIB y p;pyre BojHlr'lKe YCTaHoBe eaponcxe , pap;H ycaBpmalLa y CBOM sojeaox 33HaTY". I)

HanOC.lleTKY 6p30 II 3HaTHO HaYHOmelLe mKO.JIa, nanpeaa« I\HH~KeBHocTII H P;PYIUTBeHHx Hayxa sa rroczeaILHX 30 rop;UHa y Cp6HjU, TaRoije je p;OKa3, ~a cy Cp6H ClIOCOOHU, p;a ce pasaajy nop;_jep;HaKo ca OCTaJIHM aanpeaHUM CBeTOM.

Kapaarepacrmnr (CBojcTBeHocTII) CplSa BaJLa ~op;aTU Jom lf OBa nO.JIIITUlJHa H Hapop;Ha yilepelLa II YCTaHoBe:

1) CTaJIHO y6eijelLe, p;a cy CBn JL y~H jeaaaxa cTBopelLa: p;a C BaR H C P 6 H H 1I:1I a J e ~ H a K a II p a B a, II p;a cy yeijy TUM. rrpaBIl!lla: II 0 .II II T II 'I Hac .II 0 I') 0 ~ a H npaBO a a p o z a , p;a ~piKII II HOCII o p y acj e, neocnopasa H HenpHKOCHOBaHa.

I) Servia and -the Servillns (p. 125). By the Revd, W. Denton. London 1862.

. ._.

,

2) n06paTBKoTBO, DO nrro je Ba~ ODBC&IlO. ){046 ee pen, 11.3 je n06paTllK<?TBO IIpaBO npo.qzeu.e OBor ceeror 1£fBCTBa, KOjC B.JI3A3 I13J(c};y poseae 6palie T Cp6a. - Y Bp6Ke pan ca ryljHHOJII OBB oy Cp6H u06paTDH. llajOJlaBHHja jYU3ua B naTPBOTCl(a p;c.n no- 1JJIHlLIB cy n06paTHu.

3) C Jl a B a. CBaKa opOOl(a ~aJOl.llHja oa ODOr 0B6~, ~ Kor CJlaBB. Y O'IH Tor OB6~a n03HBajy ce aa OJIaBY CBH DpBjaTCJbB ~aIlHJlHje, Ka xaxo p;aJIel(O ORB 61LD1. Ha .

i o.JaBlI ce neBajy jyuaqxe neoxe ys r y C Jl e, B BOAR ce I

pasrODOp 0 Op6cKOj 6yJtYlrnOOTH. HaKpaTKO, c.laBa je \ DpaBH nOJIHTll1lRB oxyn(MHTHHr)Y KPyry opOOKHX~au.mja.

4) C a 6 0 P B. To oy jaBRB caynosa (mmmrx), I EOjH ce APnte yO'IH H aa p;aB CJIaB6 Cp6CKHX npaaaa H JiaHaoTHPa, xao InTO 0.0 Hanpep; Ka3aJIlI. TOM npH.lHX.O)( oacnjy ce aecaxo Cp6H H3 Cpoaje , aea !Loa p;OJIaSe room H3 Crape Cp6Hje, H3 ~OHe H Xepneronaae, JIll IlpB6 rope H Cp6CKe BojBOAHHe;. xao H 06paTHO. H H3 TBM ca60pHMa rycJIe cy aajsaasajnaja sadaaa. Y 3 !LHX oe BaIULyqyje nOOpaTHMOTBO H3Me};y Cp6a H3 pasHHX Up6P;eJIa.

. 5) Caae I' y 0 Jl e. OHe ce p;pjKe y onaxoj Op60Koj

xyiiH H ryp;e y caaxox , H npH3HaTHOM H jaBHOM, op6- OEO}! P;pyWTBy.

6) Cp6uMa je ypoheaa c ao d o a a pe qH H OBeCT o norpeda 06WTHHOKC H MeOTHe oaMoyrrpaBe, DO H 0 nOTpe6H pep; 0 B H e C JI 0 6 0 p; B e Hap 0 p; H e 0 K Y n-

. JJJ T H H e. Y Cp6a HMa nOOJlOBH~a: "H H C H T If j e p; a H D a }l e T H H j HOp; 0 B era B a pOP; a." SaHOTa, nOIUTOBa:a.e aapozaor rzaca TaKO je OHJlHO y Cp6a, p;a ce OHH oorp;a CJIOlliKH OP;yIIHpy OBaKOM JIHqftOM Hap;MeTa1L y Hap; Bapop;0I1, a Ba,sp;a oy rOTOBH jKpTBOBaTH ce "jep;aH sa ,ll;pyror , HJlH jep;aH sa OBe H OBH sa jeaaor," caao p;a ce OJJ;PjKH OHO, llITO ce 0611ITHM p;orOBopOM YTBPP;HJlO.

7) Jaso yaepoae : p;a oY JI).YP;H I100TaBHJlH BJIap;y p;a HM OBa qYBa rrpaBa, llITO H 1\1 n p a n a aaj Y no 3 a I( 0 H Y n P H pop; e; p;a oe HCTHHOKa BJlaOT B.ll3.Ae OCHHBa Ba 0p;06pe!Ly oaar, Hap; KojHMa ~ BJIap;a; p;a je napop; BJIaCTaH 36a~H OHY BJIap;y, xoja ~lBorHM 3JIoynOTP6- beB.HKa noxaate, Aa Hp;e na TO, Aa Hapop; "onallie Y JUlICy,"

••

na DOOT3BBTH H3 lLeHO :MOOTO HOBY BJIa~, H TO OH3K'Y, Y KaKBoj HapO)l; HaJIa3H HajBHIIIe jeacrna sa CBOjy 6y~OOT. - 0:80 YBepeILe OOeJIO)l;all>eHO je H YTBpl)eHo Y same CBellaHHX IIpWIHKa Y Cp6HjH.

8) Cp6H cuaTpajy xao )l;a ce no ceria YBHlja OBa JlCTHHa: Y Mel)YH apO)l;HOM opaTCTBY H TOJIepaHl(Bj H ('i'pIie.lLHBOCTH), xao HCTHHCK~r'I YCJIOBHMa CBeTCKor ~, :Mopajy ce naha H HajIIOY3)1;aHujH OCHOBll aa 6yAyiiHOCT Cp6Hje, KaO H CBaKe .ztpyre .ztpa<aBe. -

ETO TaKH cy OCHOBH CpOCKor uapoznor )KHBOTa. l1.YX cJI0(0)l;e, l1.yx YApya<elba oa Y3ajMHHM noanosaraMil H noarpraonarsex, Oa<HBOTBopaBaH CHJIHHM llYBCTBOM 6paTCTBa, aecaxo H3Mel)y lJJlaHOBa jeanor HCTor HapO)l;a Deh H npeaa CTpaHHM HapO)l;HMa, H caaacea Te)KlLOM sa OOmTHM 1l0BelJaHCKHM Hanpe)l;KO~I: TO je y HeKOJlHKO pelJH TI;'fX CpOCKor HapO)l;a.

. Hacpehy , cByr)l;e r)l;e Cpou a<HBe callYBaHa je

3.1q)aBa KJIlID;a rasor )l;yxa. II3yseTD;H co CBO)l;e na CTpaHe eJIeMeHTe, KOjH crarryjy y O~ "SBaHHlJHHM" KpyrOBHMa mTO neaajy y CTBapH HHKaKBa ynJlHBa aa CPOCKU aapoa,

Ilopea cnOMeHYTHX OCHOBa Cp6CKor aapoasor muBOTa, lUI MHCJlHMO, )l;a je raj HapO)l; I,a.ztap nOCTaTH nO)l;IIfHO aeaasacaa 0)1; CBaKe CTpaHe case. Mel)YTUM, je.ztaH IIHI'JIOOKH nyTHHK BeJiH OBaKO:

"Huje MoryliHO, )l;a _ ce nOSHa Hapo.zt, KOjH a<HBH aa jymUHM OOaJIaMa ,2I. YHaBa, a )l;a ce aeaaae y ILeMY CBB OOHOBB KOjU CalJH1LaBajy HapO)l;Hy BeJlHllHUY. Haje MOryiiHO, J,3 oe rryTyje no SeM.lLaMa, y xojaxa Cp6I1 .iKHBe, a.zt3 ce He)l;HBH HapO)l;y, y KOMe ce BpJlHHe HH 'IeTHpHBellHIIM yrJDeTalbeM nexorome pasOPHTu, I1)1;a ce He.ztol)e .zt0 YBe" peaa , .zta TaKaB Hapo.zt cjajna oy.ztyliUOCT xexa," I)

XII.

Ocraje Hall jom .zta KameMO HeKOJIHKO pelJH 0 no.llHTHll;U JlHOOPaJIHUX caza npella IICTOKY.

,2(aHamlbe lJOBelliTBO nozecseao je na HenpujaTe.lLe

1) Servia ant the Servians (Preface), by the Rev. W. Denton. London. 1862.

H npajarese Hanpe,lEa. npBja~. Banpe'.lE3 IB.tOlKeHU f~ Hana,.au.y 011. CTp:lHe TeC1IO cje'..tBH>eBIII 1IpOI'IIB1DIRa. K~jH.e je Bpelle .-aL1e~ ..l3 ce If npojaTt'.'I.U aanpe.l{K3 yje~He, na JI.a jezaox caaros paze 3f 06nrry c..ro6o.q.

Ha 'lam" Hnraecsoj 1I0p3 ce npH3HaTU ~ ;J;a ce OHa (;lIa-rpa Kat) <-'T'a.1aH npajare.s U 6pallJlTe.:L aapo~e c.YO(JlJJl.e. Mu y Cp6HjU JJ;06po 3Ha1l0: nrra je Hnr.1ecKa Y'lHHH.1Ja aa He3aBHCHOCT Ilfeajnapcxe ~ Be.rmje If Y najaoaaje BJJIDfe H Ta.mje.

MH ce Ha,ll;allO, ~ Harzecsa nexoace ocrara YDeK oJ(BpaTHa 0)1; OHUX, Kojulla Tpe6a rseaa nOJl.lIopa rrpoTHBY THpaHCTBa na HCTOKY.

Y TOM ja ce n031IBa)l, Y IDle nojnx seu.saxa , na OHe H~JlC3e, KOjlI De JI H 'I U H Y BpUTaHCKe HOOBO,ll;e C3MO na JIHOepaJlHe case (enepraje) KOJI. csoje xyhe, Beli je nazaae Y opaTCTBY (CIIMrraTHjaMa) ca OCTa.ruM J1H0epaJlHHM HapO,!J;Hlla. Ja ocehasr , KaKO je Jl.P3KO sa jeJl.HOr Cp6HHa, rroxyurarrr , Jl.a OH HHrJIe3HMa o6jacHH, KaKO OH co npeodpaarajex "npOCTpaHe TypcKe napennae , (Koja rrpeceua JlHHujy HHr xecse CBe3e (KoMynuKaquje) ca llH)l;HjOM" Y C H a at He, H e 3 a B H C H e H C JI 0 0 0 JI. Hex p Hm it 3 H C K e JI. P m a n e , ca 60raTHli H3BopIIMa 3ella.Jl>CKor rrpOH3BO)l;CTBa H CBeKOJIHKH:&l l;eOrpa<I>H1IKH~1 KOPHCTH Ma, IcaKO 6H ce TUM npeoopaarajea necauo nocrarao noys)l;3HRjU TeMeJh sa HnrJIeCKY cBe3Y (KOMYHIIKaqujy) ca HCTOIWM, neh OR ee H>RMe OTBOPHJlO II llIupe nozse sa ynoTpe()JhelLe HHrJleCKHX sauaraaa II sa pasBHT3K Tpronmro xaoro KOPHcTHHje, Hero mTO ce 1I0)Ke O'IeKHBaTB 0)1; TaKe SeM.JI>e, xoja ce onycronrana liy)I;H TypCKHX roCnO)l;llpa. CDe re K012I1CTII OlIeBRJl.HHje cy H aenocpeznaje r.y 0)1;. cnera onor , llITO 611 ce nOCTIITJIO oalll II KaJl. 61 on 1I1OrJIO C,l\'IYBaTu oaBapcKo rocrrO)l;apCTBO na HCTOKY, 110 jn 00 Heny yrrYlliTaTII Y oojacaasaa,e I1CTIIX, Beli clr-TllU,llIII mj nocao COCCHlm ny6J1IIqIlCTnlla (Y'IeHHH ,lI;pm:lIJHIlu.IIMa) IIHr JleeKnll, ca YBepelL€'ll, Jl.a y OBOj o.JO(\O,ll;Hoj II cpemoj SC"lI.J1>1I nehc 6llTil snnre noanope sa IIJltwor yrlbeT3'1a na IIcTOKY, II aKO c.e Jl.oc.aJl. HIIje YKa-

/'HII:I..I1:' H.'JJKlf..1 lll)eMa (,'T\)3.Jl.al~\\~ X~\UUliaRII~a • .l ~ .!I()Il~(_lHr) 14. )l<lvra, \~()?>.

: ,I

_',

;':1 ~:

, HeBOJlHBe :o;pTe HCTOpHjoBor ZlIBOTa Cp(SOBOr BB

,.".1 "lIOTopJlje Cp(SOBe BH.Ha:eBHOOTH" BojT je HaJDIOao

.' nOJle 100. ma4»a.pHB.

·,"r

(lIelJ8.TaHO y ,,0.1060,11;11" 1867.)

I!':'

, nORojRH n a 8 A e J 0 c. III a ~ a I) Ii K, 'lyoeH" IULHmeBHHR

Of II C.llBeBCIH, OCTaBHO je Y PYKOIIHCY HCToIHtjy j y roc A a 8 e Hr~ CI[ e Ka.llareBROCTH, na HeMa'lKO~J jt·;:IlKY. HeKOJlHKO oAt'.LaKa It! IDa.lpBKOBor Ae.lla urrannao .;e 1865. J. J H P H 'I e K Y llpary; "fl' jeAIB 0A'THX O,ll,('.LaKa 1I0cBet.t'H je JI C TOp H j H K IL H m e B~i BOOTB cp6cRe. 1)

,I . ma.apHK je "OSHaT sao BeAMKM 3Ha.UI4 KILHmeBHHX CTBapH, '?J a.erOBa HCTopHjcKa H Ka.H2KeBHa IIpOllaTpalba H;JDprueHa cy c~ 6p.ar .... 8BO H C8 npoaanaaan.en ; MIl H3BO.\HlIll1 M3 ILHX caeaehe :

.'j HCToplfja Ka.H2KeSHOCTIt CpOCKe, Be .. " Illaeapas , HMaA8 o. Aa 06YXBaTH IIOI\ieJ\HaK'l CBe rpaae Cp6cse HapoJl,HoCTH, ,l'IYHehH y TO H BOCH), .1 jJ,a.UJal\Hjy, xao It XpBaTcI'Y It '! ClIBOH8jy, jep cse re rpane cp6cKe HapOJl,HocTH resope y

tcROOY jeJl,HaKHM je3HKoM, H J!.BXOsa KIbHmeBHOCT npe,\CTan.La Nay CarJlaCHY JteAHRy. Me~YTMM, nO.lHTH'fH01U H BepoMcll~IleAHO)J Jl,e060M Me'l)v MCTHM rpanasa Cp6CKHIII HanpaBJLeHa Je BeKB paBAHKa y IIHCIIJeHOCTH H Blb8zeOHOCTH ; TaRO Cp61t rp'lRe Bepe HlIajy h H pM.II1I 1\ Y sa aa6YKY, H OHH cy aaJl,yro YIlOorpe6.r.aJl8AH JtpKBeHB jesaa sa KIbHzeBHOCT j TeK ope jeAHor ere .. eha yae.'M cy OHB sa cBeTcRY (Ht'JtPKseHY) BILHmeBHOOT Rapo,J,HH jesHK HaMeCTO npaaeaor jesHKI!; a jJ,aJlMaTHHl\If, XpBIITH H CA8DOHI\W, Koja cy BehHHoM paMcRe, RaTOAH'IKe, sepe, YCBoj8AH ey A a r H HC K Y as6yKY, H seh ce OJl, 1161. e.tYlle HapoABIIIII jeaHKoM Y KILHmeOHOCTH.

I) P. u 1 J 0 s. Safari k' s Ges~hichte d.et 1I\\i\.II\\\''l\~\\.e'\\. '\.\'~;~~'~'"t."-~ Band, Das scrbischo Schriftthum. Set'bise'he \..\\en.'~~. ~,\.~\).

II

HaarIAOCT, Y paSBR. 06A8CTIlMa KITO ..... IDX Cp61 JDOTpe6 ... aBaH je uapOAH. jesn sa KILRareBIlOCT 6es CBaKOr earaaeaja, OTYA Ao.,aSK OHa paSAKKa Roja AeAR DBc.eHOCT XPBaTCKY OA nHCMeHOCTIl ),3.nl8TKRCKP K Ili\ nBc.eBOCTB eA..oncse.

Jeaaa Aeo KaTOAH'IKHX Cp6a aaAplKao je 88 I\p.8Y CTlpoCAIBenCKR jesaa, H3MeIL3T no HI'IHRy jesaaa RojRM BapoA roBOPR, lAB Taj aeo Cp6a npeodpaaao je hBp.ARI\Y • Aao je BOBOj a86YI\8 H!le r.\ a r 0 A H 1\ a, r ,,1 a r 0 A H T C K I as 6 ys .. Ba.euo aa6YKa e a e a e ac s a (r a a r c a HaMeCTO CAOBO). OTYA H HaSBaILe THX Cp6a: 1'.1 a r 0 A H T H.

Y caojo] HCTOPHjH 0 epncxoj KILRlKeBHOCTH ml.lp •• ee OrpaHll'laBa na KILHlKeBHOCT Cp6a rp'lse sepe, H 08 l\(tTa operAeA Te BBtHJKeBBOCT8 oj!, HOCTaHR. lLeHor. Ope Hero lifT. CI8 YUYCTHO Y nojeAHHocTH, OH ole nOCBeTHO ABe rUBe ILereB8 ~ S"'Hre 8CTOP8jCBO:\1 nperAPAY nOAHTIl'lH8X Aora~aja • DOrAe,,!

aa ,1\p.IBY, I\pKBy H mHBOT HapOA8. _



I. ,

Orapa oT8'l6BHa Cp6a 06YXBaTl, no lIIa.ap88Y, 8 a n I A Ie" KapoaTe 8 I\pBeHY Py c aj y, Cp6H RojH 6exy068TITe". 11 Klpuna A0611A8 cy MMe: X 0 P 6 a T B, X P 6 a T II (XpB8T8) OA nUH.He X p'6 8 BAR X f' P 6 H. Y apene Ka~ cy ce Cp6. IS eseje crape oT8'l6BHe AoceAB .. " y If.tBpHKylll, DOA l\apeM BpaBAH]OM, y noseray VII. nesa, Cp6H B XpR8TtI 611AH cy jeA •• BapoA. npe~IAa cy.06HTaBaJlB y pa8HRM "peAeAIIIIlI, 1I0A RO' ••• SOJB BBCy ,1eAHO OA APyror sacacRAa, H IIOA BMeRRlIII yaeTo. oA MeCTa rAe cy .URe.ll1.

Y eaoje] BOBOj OTa'l~HHIf Cp6B B XpBaTR OABOjBAIl c1' ce, H X pBITcKe 8eM ... e i'}'3RI,.laxy: HI Jyry peSOM Il eTa ... o. ~ II B8pomB H M !J C R 0 if! If .t H B HOM, HI HCTOKY peBOM B II 6 1-, COM a"H. nlpOWIfAI J II j 1\ l' M H GIlL I JI Y K 0 III ; HB CeBep1

C I B 0 MilK 'i l "0 M , na SIIIBAY J a A P 8 H C K HM MOpell, CTRPII XPB8~J'CJ(H Sp8J1teRB CT3HoBaxy y B e 0 r P I A y, ,HI JaAplaCBOM M~:IJy, II y By x I 'I Y HII YU8. XpsaTcKB JeBHK Hllje 1 ce HIf:AIA YAUHO OA Cp6CKor TOAHSO AI 6R ce MorilO CM8Tpift i KI'~'tI aace6Ho Blpe'lBje Cp6CKO. JeAIH MUB Aeo Xpsara npe- . mao je y UAHPIIK H Y HaHoHBjy, B Ty je OCHOIlIO BealBRcRY KRemeB8HY. To pamllpeu.e XpBaTcse aeM.Le H8 ... 1 TpaJICRT. Y RCTO'lBOM AeAy "BHallllLe ,,111 8 AnT a p C s e" X p BaT c s e, AlAe

y C..(aBoHHjB, y TaKOHa8B. Pu n no n i a Sav i a, HMe XpBaTH DpeBeTO je TeR npe TpHCTa rOA.HI HB A8H8ma.y ,," p 0-

B H H Il Hj a JI H y" X P BaT C K y, Jl,OTJle ce Ta seM ... I HeopeeT8HO ssaaa C .. aBO H II j a; lLeHB oI\HTIITeA>H Hiley XPBITI, BefO cy CAOBBI\R, caMO ca OCo6ftTHM HBpe'lHje~. XPB8TR cy ao CBOj npll.lllllR 8MaJlB II HeKOAUI\O OCTpBa na JaAPIR... __ opy.

9.

illTO ce TJI1Ie C P 6 a, seM ... e Koje cy OBa sayae ... AO- 6RAe cy y caMOMDOqeTKY BRme sace6RHx aMeHa, ORe cy ce aapOq.TO BBaAe: Ila r a n aj a ... UI HepeTBa,Sal .. YM.ja, Tep6y Raja a KOBas ... e (KaHilJle), AHOK.ua, Cp6Bja • SOCR I.

n a riB B 0611TIBaxy y JaApaBCKOM npBMopjy HaMe~y pese neT.a.e B pese Heperse ; OHR uex)" OOAe ... eBH Ha TpH lIyoe: Pa!JTOS, MOKpo H AA'MHO, 0" KOjOX npse ABe J1e.axy II ROpy, a DOC.l>tAlba YUYTpa y S('M.I>O. Pas TO S a HOCH HMe OA .IAor jesepa Boje ce AaHac PasToK SOBe, R Koje AeHlR jY.HO OA IIlKapcKe , HeA8JleKO 011, Baeerpura : M 0 R P 0 H je "peAeo 010 AaHall1H>e aapmua MaKapCKe, Roja ce Cp6CKIL yupaBo Mospo aallili. A a A e H je crapecpocea AAIIH.'H, AAMRO, AIiHac AYBHO y lepneroBBBB, CTapH qYBeHH At'ABIHHHYM HAa A ... tlHHOYlIrI oA .erl cy neola 8eM ... a H HapOIl. RMe 1\06H.'H (AUMaI\Hja H Au"TIIH"II). nOrAaBHTHje napoma naraHHje uexy: MOKpoH (MaIlpoICa). 8epYAoja (call, HpYAa), OCTPOK (rail, 3aOCTpor).Aa- 6lHe"a (A .. 6aaen, sao mTO ce jour II AaBac MBorli MeCTa Y MueaCSMIl seM ... aMa Taso HasHBajy), MHMO rera, Ilaraaa cy ..... 11 c.leAeha oerpsa : KYPKypa (IrypKpa, KHpes, call, KyplO.Ia, Kop"YAa), MeAeTa (call, MeAPII,a, MART), Bapu« (Bpa"Hc, CIA Spassa, Bpas), ~ <J»apoc (call, AecHH8, Xsap).

S a x A y M 8 j a lIpOCTH paaa ce . j ymHo aa MOPY 011, Hapene 11,0 Ay6poBHHKa, II o,\aBAe AaAeKo y calllY n .. aHHHY XAY•• C (Aanac XYII), 011, jade je It HMe ,11,068J1a. Pesa lioHa TeBAa je spoa SaXAYMajy; 1I0rAaBHTHje sapouia OBe 06 .. aC1-8 6exy:

OraraoB (1I,IBaC eTOH, HTaAHjaHcKH Stagno), MOKPHCKIIK (cp6- elll Mosp'cs), JOCJlH (call, OC.lbe), raAybleHH~ (Cp6CKH fUYMI .. BAH 1'8.IYMHlIl\a). A06pHCKBI. ·(HeKBA Aa6pCK AaHac Aa6ap. II sapTalla norpemao A06ap), XJlYII, 8 BOBa (aa BYHH).

Tep6YHHja H KasaAe, CpOCRH Tpe6HH.e 8 KoIIB.I> e, Jlemame HS"le'l)y Ay6poBHHKa 8 KOTapa,. T8 06AaCT .,OCTHpaAa ce OA Jaapancxor 1I10pa na Y )'H)'TpamJhOCT seM ... e AO ,.se Mopa .. e. lbeHe oorAaBHTBje BapolllH 6exy: Tep6YBaja (caA

! Tpe6Ba.e), OPMOC (YpMo, 110 CBoj npH.IH"H lI,oqHHjeP8lIla, H8 pe~ jeARaKor BMeHa), Paceaa (aanae PHCHO), AYKaoeTe (lI,aBaC Ayaa) , i BeATHBH [r.]. SeTa AaHac Hlle jei\He pese H jeAHor opeAeAl).

A H 0 R Jl e a 06YXB8T3 ureupeaee ea 06e erpane peae Mopa'Ie; ya.oj 6exy sao norAaBHTBje BapOIIJH: fpaAeTIlJl (l\aHaC fpaph), HoyrpaA IT. j. )JOHrpal\), .'OATO (AaHac AHHAa, aa CTBpJlj .. sapTa.a AYBTa H Aya"a). AOKAa (aaaac AYKAa).

Cp 6 Hj a, y Hajy.eM BHa'lajy, Aemame C 06e crpaae pese BocBe H pese ApaHe, H npocrapaaie ce 11,0 86pa 8 Mo,ue, soja je OA Byrapese paCTllflAaxy. norAaBHTHje BapOlllB Cp6Bje 6exy: AeCTHHRKOB (AeCTHBHRa, H8jcTapBja opecTO.luq. cp6csa), 1JepBa6ycsej (T. j. npBa6yqa), MerapeTYG "aRaDa. Me)ype. y JaroABBcKoj) Alleeae,,1l. (~\\"'~ ~~ ...

9~

HB. y Y ..... oj), .teellll. (AlBIC .temHIIqI), CueBeC (AIBIt COARHI, TJpcD TyuII). Plea baulc HOBB.lllp HI PI •• oj). SOC H a ee coo ..... e sao uap"'lImr BpeAt"O y Cp6.j ••

TalCO "paRRl\e erapoj Cp6l1j. 6exy: Blj)'ry pe.1 B O.lt I R. i! (S 0 j a a a) ea BapOIIIR C s a .\ p 0 ]I. Ha .CTOI£Y Blpe .. Pac. i R.lR AaHamlLH HOBltOaaap •• ,a.Le 1168p H Mop.Ba, B. -. eesepy .4 y H aBO. C a s a, ua aana,\Y·D.laB.Ba soja AeAB pe'lBf ~ 06AaCT SOC B e OA 8 P 6 a C a , OT)';\ 01 " ... e B.IIRlllle .IJIe~y "< EBopa 8p6 a C a H ymha 1\ eT.a.t'.

To cy erape rpaaaae Cp6Rje; DlTO je RIlRIH TIIX rpa- I!

RRna ynuo y naperuo Cp6CKO. y U-TOM Bes)" TO Cp6CKI Be- II Topaja HMa Aa o6jaC"H; Aa 6. 6H.la oOAoy"., Cp6esa BCTOp.j. • Ba .. a Aa 06~'XB8T1I II Cp6c H Xpsare. Me1jYT;'M, DOS.Bajyhl J ee aa TO nrro hHPHAHna unje AOBf'AIi CTIIAHa IIAoAa Y Bwcae- • BOCTH R B ..... eBHOCTa Xpsara , JUa.apa. orpIB ... aBI CBoj II RCTOPHjCBB norAPA na Cp6e. ~

Crapa Cp60ja 6HAa je nOAeA>enl HI BRme • y niH II j I DOA paBHH)1 my n a R H M 8, HaA soj.",a 6erue jeAaa BeAll ••• ,. y 0 aH. 8AaCT BI'AHKRX .ynaBa 6R.13 je BaCA(>JI,Ha ; ORII cy CTaaOBaAK aajupe y AeCHHKR, H HalHAM cy enose raa no,\ co- 60M cse cpecae lKYIl:lHe, IfS)'SR~lajrt.H Ilaraae , Hoj. cy .... f. BIIAH oABojeHo OA OCTa..tHX (:p6·a. nOCAe Byrapcsor oayere- • meu.a Cp6ltjc, BeAKSR mynau OJl, A H o. A e j e , .njR je CTIHOBIO Y C K a JI, p y, OCKAI\ ce H sBA06Kje B.IBOT a sHR'Iaj .pa .....

JeA8H nOTOMRK OA ,lI,HHaoTHje Jl,HjoKA(>jaRcse, He. a a. a, OCHOBBO je, y XII. Bel)'. CH •• HY H ueaaBHCHY Jl,Q2KaBY 00,\ HOBOM AHHacTHjoM HeM a H. H h a ; KojH CTBHonlXY y PRCH; aaCKOPO saTHM, OK je ycuen All AooeJl,e 1101\ Ty Jl,RHacTHjy CBe Cp6cKe SeM,I,e, ueHBYSHII18jyt.H HK Boo H y.

1I0A RAR,lI,OM Jl,HHlcTHje 01\ A e C II H K e H AHHacTHje OA

A H 0 K .. l' j e, CnOA>lruu,H paTOBH Cp6CKH aRCY J!,OlleAH IIHKaKBI npHHOBKa Cp6HjR. a HRReAR cy nOHeKH ry6HT3K Cp6HlIJI ; t • 924. 6yrapcKH KplA> C H M e 0 H OIlYCTOWHO je Cp6Rjy , Te je 1 OBI sBAyro nOCAe HBrAeJl,8Aa Kao TIMHI nycraaa. lIHM ce 41- . HacTllja HeM a u, R h 8 OCHOBUI, pBSBIIAa ce nOAHTH'IR8 caan I Cp6Hj(>, R p8CAa HeopeCT3HO, "OKAe y XIV. !lesy, noJ!, Ay maROM, HHje AOCTHr .. a BpU1aH cnoj-

Kao q a pC T B 0, DOJl, A y IU a H 0 )J, Cp6Hja je paruHpI .. i cBoje rpaHHl\e aeeane AO CaB e HAy H I B a 'UB eesepy , I 1 AO T HMO H a Ha saoaAY, Hero je 06yxB8THAa jour H SOC U y, • M I H e A 0 H K j y, A .. 6 8 H II j Y , 'r e C 8 .lD j Y H EDit p. AI ee BHAH KIKO jR CHAHO 6HAO Cp6CKO 'l(apC180, ,lI,OCTa je HIOO.eRyTH, A8 je ORO y pITy npoTHBy cnOA>aWlLKX HenpHjITe ... 61.10 Ha TO'l8H AI oCBOjR l\apHrpa". YcpeA CBora n06eAoRoe .. Ror DoxoAI npeaa l\apRrplll\Y, HI '1eAY cp6cse BojcKe, qap ArmaR pa60Ae ce a yMpe Banpe'llq y CeAY 'It 8 B 0 .. Y Y A .. - 6.IIRj., 18. Ae ••• 6p. 1306.

I .

I' . U0Cl.I8 CMpTIl AymaHoBe, qapCTBO Cp6cI0 OJl,nOlfHe pacnaI J,aU ce, AOKJle y llajnocJI e Hi. jyBa 1389. , Y 60j Y na R 0-

COB Y , 6YAe Y'IHIIt('R Kpaj cp6CKoj HesaBBCROCTII.

i 0,11, Tor JI.06a BeMa naure napa cp6cRor; H8 'IeJlf Cp611je , BaAH.o jom sa CTO rOAHHa BJlaAaoqe RojH aece HMe A e c nOT a, a Tpame AI ce oApJKe 'lac nOA ltla~apCKoM aaurrarost, 'lac noMohy . caHesa ca TypqRMa.

UOAOYUO UOA'IBlLelLe Cp6a Typl\HMa aaapuieao je y XV.

BeIY. TaAa ee MBorH Cp6a npeceae y M a ~ a pc K y. Y CJI aBOBRjy R Y XpBaTcLCY; HS THX HaceJl6HHa caerase ce Bawe pasHax xera Cp6CRBX 110,,\ KpaA>eltl 11 a r Hj 0 M R 0 P a H- 80., H Te sere 6Jpaxy ce jyoa'll(H uperasy 'l'ypaaa. AJIR noc .. e aeeperaor 60ja ROA M ox a 'I a (1526.) BeJlRRK Aeo Ma'apcse oaAHe TYPC1{oj Y BJlaCT, Te H Cp6H RojH 6exy aaee ... eHH Ha TOil AeAy Ma\apCKe sanaAHY BaHHBO Y TYPCRH [apaa,

Y 1689., BOA uapea ..teonOJlAOM, aanre HA>aAa Cp6a Dpe~y, I nOA CBOjBII HapoAHHM BOjBOAOM. 'B 0 P ~ eM B p aUK 0 B H 1'l e II,

r y AYCTpajCKY BojCKY. 1691. Cp6CRH narpajapx, A p cell q a P-.

HOj e s IIh, npeceaa ce ca 36,000 Cp6CKHX 4>aJllHJlHja Y AyCTPBjy, H BaCTaHH ce y Op e n y , y CJlaBoHHjH, y O[(OJlH.1 Halla S Y A R 11 a H y CD. A HAP H j II. HaCKOpo aITHM, jysalfKa i' Ae.l8 opHHqa E B r e H H j a y'lHHe Aa AYC'l'pHja y nom a p e~ 11'1 BOlli MHpy (1718.) "pHUal\He aajaeha Jl,eo crape Cp6Rje; L ua y G e 0 r P a A' K Oltl IIlIfPY (1739.) Cp6Hja 6YAe RaHOBO I- Typ~lIa opPAIBa.

~:' Cp6H Race ... eHH y l\la~apcKoj H OKO 'fe spa ... eBHHe 6YAY Kt DpBcajeAHllteBH Ma~apHMa; OUIf ce H ,11,1111 A3HaWlltH aaxase y Cll-

1 CTaBY YrapcRe. '

,~j 1JYAHO je , RaRO m a ... a p H K, KaA rosopa 0 Cp6HMa y II, AycTp"ja, opebyTyje OBO WTO je najsaasajuaje sa re Cp6e. a ~t BlaMe: Aa je ILDItTa , yrnnopasra RojH cy SaKA>y'IeHH HSMe~y "IITpHjapxa 'IapHojeBHb:1 H uapa ..teonOJl,1l,a, yjalll'leBa Hap 0 A., BOCT" npaao : Aa HMajy csor aapoaaer BojaOAY, H AI

.! .

BapoAHoM c a y n ur r a ne a , no erapaacnou 06H'IaJ}" ype-

. . ~yjy caoje cp6cKe CTBapH.

JeAaR Aeo 011. OHHX Cp6a WTO cy OCT3J1R noll. TypqHMR npltByK80 je Y 1l0'leTRY aaurer aesn, llaJKllty Eupone 06WTIIM YCTaHRoM, ROjUM je asaojeaaao oc.w6 ·.1jellte C p 6 Hj e H lIteRO ype\eJl>e sao KHeJKeBUHe Roja HMa cnojy anToHolllRjy. D1IIa na-

, Ae2K,lI,e, BeAH Illaeapaa , AI tie Cp6Hja 1l0CTDhH jow cpeTBlfjy 6YAyhROCT. MH ce YSl\aMo Aa be ce T8 Ha,1l,e7K,\1 CROPO HCBYBaTH.

Ilonrre je D06pojao B 0 j BOA e H 6 Il HOB e KojH cy ee RBlIes.UH aa npeCTOJlY 0,11, SOC H e, KOjoj ce jY7KHH i\t'0 ea SaxYA.IIjOIl 01'. 1440 BRSHBa X e p q e rOB R H a ; H BOWTO je saslo ... 0 01 • SOCHa • Xep:qerOBBBa Bao H Cp6Bja nOAOU8 DOA

TYPCSY BAaAY, ma40apIIs sas.ltY'Iyje lIterOB aCTopaj.B Dor.leA ~ aa DOAHTH'IHe Aora~aje cpncae oaaao : ~

AORAe CpliRja, Bocna U XepqeroBRHS 'Ialllaxy Y TypCS.. " OSOBBMa, Il p H 0 r 0 p q U cy YMeAR oAlipaHIITH a AO ABBac ea- Ie 'IYBaTa ILHXOBY HapO,'l,HY H('saBHCHOCTj BHRaA Typqa altcy.", :i rAR ycnera Aa RX noaepe. Y nO'IeTKY X VIll. sesa n e.,. p ~ BeAaKR paaao je Aa 6H U.PHY fopy eaeae YTHqaJY DOABP- ~ rao , BAH Ilpnoropna ce nporaacaure sa ReSItBHCB6. Y 1795. • eaapena A A a n a m a 011. J a lit a H e noayurao je Aft OC80j. !tPHY I'opy: a.1H TypcKa sejcaa liR U.PBdropqHMa 11.0 ao~y 00- TY'IeHa. Taso cy pa6pR Ilpaorepna Hl'6pojeRu!l1 Jl,eAHMa jyaa- ~ mTBa OOKasaAU II nOTBPARAR AQ cy OBn 6HAII II oCTajy RapoA •

~ ~

Bfa.BHcas.

II.

o upacrapex nOAH"fH'IaO,. .HBOTY Cplia HRIUTB ee jom HBBeCHO aesaa; TO je opa6paAo H!'Ke CTpaH(" I1pH(;TpaCBe B.I. aenl'Rjne.ltCKe, nacaone , Aa ItSIIIRCAe U npesecy RpllBe Doj- 1I08e 0 Cp6CKOM H8poAY H 0 lLeroBHM cTapaRc.'KHftl H8paB ••• a YCTaHOS8Ma. Y nponarpaisy Apm8ue, npxne H HapoAHor .. - BOTa cp6csor, III a • a p a R onoMlllLe, AS ce HeMome "!II aT. Bepe Y TaRose I1Hcaoqe n OHO WTO oaa sliope. 0 HCToPRjcKOJI •• - BOTY Cplia; OH BeAR: one MaJO IUTO ce SHa 0 OOARTR'IRO. arBBOTY CTapHX Cplia ""OAUH 0"" npOHSBO.ltltor CMRUI.l.alLa a OA cAY'lajaHx AOHoWllj8 R H8APHHsBelUT8ja crapax nacaona, .oj. cy lIaAO BAH HHCY HHIIIIIAO 06aBeIUTeHH, H 'IeCTO cy 6es 11.0- Ope a.llepe.

llpRKynRslUu P8SCYT8 A8Ta 0 H.ajcTapHjl'lIt Hapo,3,HOM~BOory CpliCKOM, IIl84>apHK P8UHK)'Je ABe Be •• HKe HCTOPHJCS8 enose: e nos y 0 0 A R l' H 'I a e H e a 8 B H C HOC T R R e II 0 K Y p06CTBa DOA TypcRH!l1 r e c u c a ap c r a e e.

CnpURCS8 BA8A8 y Cplia 6ema n po C T a , BeAH Illa .. - pBIS. 8SA ce nOrAeAa HR TpaAHqHoa8AHe 06H'Iajo II YCT8aoB8 Boje cy ,11,0 ARH8C C8'1),BaHe cp6CROM H8poAY, HapO'l010 y D,paoj fopH, Moare ee jOlu AOA8TH: ,11,8 ce CTapHHCR8 nAaA8 cplicsa C8CToj8A8 Y H8POAHOj c a a e y n p a a a. IIla4>apuBc .. salCe , A8 cy C .. 8seHCISH BapoAB Ca'lHIlt8BaAH HeK8A BelipojeRI lllAa APYWTB8, Y KojBMa je AellloSI'8TCKH Ayx BAaA8o. Ta ae- 6pojeaR MU8 APymTBa liexy ISOA Cp6a ope,\CT8B.lteHa HeH8BecaB~ DAellleHIIM8 , 0,11, SOjBX eaaso C8MO C060M ynpas.Lame, I o saJeABH'IBRM .eraapuaa H 06IUTHM HItTepeCHMa ILHXOBJI. 80- ABAR je 6pHry BeAIIK8 aapoAHa CKYUWTBa8 , HaSB8Ra: Be' a lIAR a 6 0 p.

• Hae • BB8a.e ORHX Roja 6ny aa 'IeAy Cplia K8A cy on

y HA.P-.jy AOnu., jom cy aenosa.TH, BMB W •• 8PRB. A.o ee

97

ell".a aOTOILer BpeMeH8 aBBOABTR Bas.r.Y'IelLe sa cT8pMje Bpe~T 1', 1IpBCT8pR B.laA80~H ~6eKH HOCRAII cy HMe a e .. H B 0 r JK YDaR a, Rowe aRme JKYRaHa 1IOA'IIIIh~HH 6exy. ma4>lIpRK HaROMBILe jom ROBe pe'lH KORCTaHTB"1I n 0 p '*' H P ore H e r a : ~p r i nci pes u t aj un t h 8 e g en l e s (Chorvati et Serbi) non h abe n t , p rae t e r Z u pan 0 sse n e s quo mod 0 e t i a m r eliqui _Slavorum popu!i",.na BeAR Aa pes "senes" nOAceila·Ba Cp6c.y pex : C T R P e m H H II.

HMe B Rea y Cp6a RII1 }l,a IItalhe !lRatlH, Hero HMe JK yo a R. TaRo C T e 4> a H n p B 0 8 e H 'I a R H, ope Hero mTO ee IpYII.CIO S8 B P 8.r. 8, HaBRBIiO ce s e a R K HlI • Y ~ B HOM, a HoerOD )1.118\. 6paT, BAR a II, HOCIIO je RMe 8 e a H R B K H e a. TeB y XIV. BelEy oAoo'leJlo CP ynoTpe6.r.aBaTH MMe R H e 8, Ha .eCTo a.eHa z y 0 a H.

MMe B p a ... yseTo je • HII MeCTO aMeRa De A H K n JK Y - naB, R. BOAPIZ8BRg,a MRorHM xpRmllaHCRIfM 8J18ABOI\HIItB y X. R XI. BeBy.

Y XIV. 8eRY Rite ~ 8 P ( oil. Caesar) YCBOjeHO je A y m a, BOil. Aa 6H ee OBR8'1HJlO H AocTojaRcTBo Kpa ... a (rex) H AO! IlTOj8BOTBO R:HUepaTOpa y HeTOM J1H~y. Jom sa enera .HBOTI I AfJIIlB je -Aao CRoate CHHY, Y P 0 my, RlIte K p a ....

Kao mTO je YTa~ajeM BHBaHTHje cTapRHCBH Ra'lHB Cp6-

eae B.l8Ae 6BO 88Me&.eH MOH8PXHjCKOM RAaAO~I: onaj CHCTe.

\' llpe,. •• e IIII BOA Arm8BoM , re He6pojeH8 SB8&.8 6YAY YCTaI B08.lt8Ba y lI.erOBOIlI ABOpy, H CBa T8 BBa&'8 6exy ypebeBI

·llIO • y BBB8BTBjcBO)l ABOPY. .

: Aeo6a cp6cBor R8po,ll,a H8 pasae RAace, K80 run HX Illal."u oORoyje, TasoJ)e [e OPOHSBOA DHs8RTHjcKor eacresra. no -rma.apny.6HJle cy '1eTJfpn KAaca Y CTspbj APJK8BH Cp60Koj: e Ie. e m T e BeT B 0, U .II e II R t. R, r p 8 ~ 8 R C T R 0 R C e ... R R B.

Y ~ nOJlHTH'IHH ~Ha '18j Cp6csor caenrrenerne lIoABr80 ee y

, m. seBy, B8A HaJMA8~H CBB He 1t8 ... R H , CD. CaR a, upeJ)e -I y peA oBemTeBoTBII; sao apXHeOHCKOR CR. Cana OCHOBRO je f jeplPSRjy HapoABY, YCTaBOBMBUlH ,il,BaHaeCT enBCKOU8Ta·, y - I Cp6aj •• ABO je sa JKHBOTa OB.- CaBe YTHqaj CBe~TeHoT!'I8 ope. : TellO Y AP.8BBHM OOCJlOBHllla, no ClIlpTB &.erOROJ BRa"8J eneiaI I TeBCTB8 ope Kao AI ee OMUILRO Hero aa ce nnsehae, nOA A)'-. I • maROII- OCHOB8H_ je y Cp6ajH BeSRBHcaH 08 T P Hj 8 P X IT. Ao , • Tor ,11,061 rJlaBapH Cp6cKe. apsae CTaHOBaAH cy y Xi H 'I H, aAn , I aeh upBa n8TpHjapax Cp6CKH npenecrao je eBojy CTOJlII~y y

De h. ,Y Ileby CTaHOBaJiH cy n8TpHJ8PCH Cpl'icRR AO Ape e H II 'II P B oj e B JI h a, Roja ce y 1690. ca 36,000 4>aIlIHJI"ja Cp6- elu y AyOTPBjy HSCMao.

OA Tor apeneaa ·oor-TaAH cy K a p A 081\ R OT8HH~OM HeI.BRCRIIS OTapemUR8 Cp6CKe npane , AOKAe je CJlemT(,HH'IR8 jeplPXJQ8 y Cp6HjU DOA TypCKOM BJa,ll,OM necreueae \\\.~u~. feTIHOB. UJI e III B h 8 ReOArOIJapa C\,6eao1\\ \\~l\\l\"\,)"\ l>.\ .... ~,

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