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FUNDAMENTALS OF MORALITY

HUMAN DIGNITY
Genesis 1:27
God created man in His image, in the divine image He created him, male and female, he created them.
God created us through love, and through love continues to keep us in existence. This is our
identity and the fundamental basis of our dignity.

Genesis 1:31
God looked at everything He had made, and found it good.
Our very being reflects the beauty, the wisdom, and the love of God, our Creator.

The inviolable DIGNITY of every person is the most precious possession an individual, whose value comes
not from what a person has as much from what a person is

EXPERIENCE AS HUMAN PERSONS OR CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN PERSONS
1. Open and Relational
Be a person by others, with others and for others.
BY others refers to our conception and upbringing by parents, WITH others means socialization
and FOR others is when we are of service to other people.

2. Conscious Beings
We possess self-awareness through our knowing and free willing.
We were given intellect and free will by God. We can think and decide for ourselves.

3. Embodied Spirits
All our relationships with others and with God are expressed through our bodies.
It is when we show affection through words and gestures of love, using our bodies.

4. Historical Realities
We develop as persons in discernible stages.
We grow from being babies to adults and learning from our experiences and people from the past
help our development.

5. Unique yet fundamentally Equal
Despite our differences, in some basic ways we are all equal.
Each of us is called to image God in a unique way.

CHRISTIAN MORALITY
It is about our daily following of Jesus Christ, strengthened by the Holy Spirit.

Catechism for Filipino Catholics, 682 Following Jesus is responding to the Gospels call to become loving
persons in the fullness of life-with-others-in-community before God, in imitation of Jesus Christ.

JESUS AS THE ULTIMATE MORAL NORM
John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except
through me.
Jesus is the Way, the Truth and the Life because He reveals to us the Father and reveals who we
truly are; growing persons-in-community, redeemed, and made holy every day.
The more the person acts according to his/her true identity the more he/she reflects the Jesus.

AUTHENTIC HUMAN FREEDOM
It is not the right to say and do anything but to do the good
It is how freedom is a shared capacity with others in the community for choosing what is good, in
order to become our true selves. It is founded on our very nature which is good.
Human freedom is the basis of all human acts, referring to capacity for self-determination, context, choice
itself, which is fundamentally the self, formed by these three.





Sirach 15: 14
When God, in the beginning, created man, he made him subject to his own free choice.
Freedom is a gift of God to humans for them to seek their Creator spontaneously, show their love
and fidelity to Him and manifest their being rational. It is an exceptional sign of divine image within
man.

Freedom for means to work towards the fulfillment of the kingdom of God by following Jesus and
becoming our true selves as children of God
Freedom from anything that hinders us in doing what is good, e.g. internal and external obstacles

Levels of Freedom
1. Freedom of Choice refers to our capacity to make choices. Our consistent choices will gradually form
us.
2. Fundamental Freedom refers to who we are today and will be in the future is based mostly on our free
acts. Our being is the result of our choices.

CONSCIENCE
It is the subjective norm of morality. It is the proximate norm of personal morality for discerning the moral
good and evil of a concrete individual act, with the feeling of being bound to do good and avoid evil.

Conscience is the inner voice summoning us to love the good and avoid evil, by applying objective moral
norms to our particular moral acts, and thus commanding: do this, do not do that!

CCC 1776 For man has in his heart a law inscribed by God His conscience is man's most secret core
and his sanctuary
Deep in our hearts is a law written by God which we use in judging the morality of our moral acts.

Conscience is our reason which judges the morality of a concrete moral act in a concrete situation.
It is the inner power which discerns and calls us to do what is good and to avoid evil, according to
the law God has written in our hearts.

LEVELS OF CONSCIENCE
1. FEAR CONSCIENCE BASIS: The approval/disapproval of authority.
A person acts only to escape punishment, to be praised or accepted by authority.
2. PHILOSOPHIC-ETHICAL CONSCIENCE BASIS: What is morally right.
The person recognizes the inner good or evil of an act and judges according to human nature of a person
in community.
3. CHRISTIAN (RELIGIOUS) CONSCIENCE BASIS: After the example of Christ.
The person acts out of Christian moral norms grounded in love of God and neighbor and inspired by Christ
and the Holy Spirit.

FORMATION OF CONSCIENCE (Two Types of Formative Factors)
Ways of forming our HEART
Spending moments alone in quiet personal
prayer and reflection.
Attending and participating in the Mass
Joining reflection sessions, prayer groups,
or youth recollections with friends.
Receiving the sacraments
Ways of forming our MIND
Learning from the experiences and
reflection of friends.
Taking time to read and study the Bible.
Listening to parents advice
Learning in school
Studying moral teachings and principles of
our society and of the Catholic Church on
moral issues.
Consulting or asking questions from parents,
teachers, and counselors.

MORAL LAW
Moral law is the objective norm of morality. They provide an explicit direction which protects basic moral
values for the common good. They promote mutual respect among us and the ability to collaborate with those
in authority. Examples of moral law are the Ten Commandments, Precepts of the Church and Beatitudes.

Conscience and moral law always work hand-in-hand with one another.
Judging the morality of anything is always based on an objective universal moral norm (the law) and
our subjective moral norm, which is our conscience.

CHRISTS LAW OF LOVE Jesus perfected this by giving the New
Love is the summary of the law. Commandment of Love: Love one
SACRED SCRIPTURES: Matthew 22:34-40 another as I have loved you.
Love God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your mind/strength
with all our hearts means loving Him with everything we have, our inner desires and longings.
with all our soul means obeying God even at the risk of ones life.
with all our mind means to love God with all our resources of wealth, property, and reputation.
Love your neighbor as you love yourself.
Christ gave a radically new interpretation to neighbor because it refers to those who are mostly in need,
including your enemies.

READ: Embryonic stem cell research poses a moral dilemma. It forces us to choose between two moral
principles: (1) The duty to prevent or alleviate suffering (2)The duty to respect the value of human life
In the case of embryonic stem cell research, it is impossible to respect both moral principles. To obtain
embryonic stem cells, the early embryo has to be destroyed. This means destroying a potential human life. But
embryonic stem cell research could lead to the discovery of new medical treatments that would alleviate the
suffering of many people.

Honesty is more than not lying. It is truth telling, truth speaking, truth living, and truth loving. ---James E. Faust
REVIEW VERY WELL. GOD BLESS YOU, LADIES. Miss MJVOcampo, Miss CINNaval, Miss MAMAguirre