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EUTHANASIA PLANNIG DOCUMENT

TOK
PRESENTATION
PLANNING
DOCUMENT




SUBMITTED By
Chiranjeevi Choudhary
PGDM2013-026

EUTHANASIA PLANNIG DOCUMENT


1. REAL LIFE SITUATION

Aruna Shanbaug case COLLECTED FROM WIKIPEDIA

Aruna Shanbaug was a nurse working at the KEM Hospital in Mumbai on 27 November
1973 when she was strangled and sodomized by Sohanlal Walmiki, a sweeper.
During the attack she was strangled with a chain, and the deprivation of oxygen has left
her in a vegetative state ever since.
She has been treated at KEM since the incident and is kept alive by feeding tube.

Petition And Decision At Court
On behalf of Aruna, her friend Pinki Virani, a social activist, filed a petition in the
Supreme Court arguing that the "continued existence of Aruna is in violation of her
right to live in dignity".
The Supreme Court made its decision on 7 March 2011. The court rejected the plea to
discontinue Aruna's life support but issued a set of broad guidelines legalising passive
euthanasia in India.
The Supreme Court's decision to reject the discontinuation of Aruna's life support was
based on the fact the hospital staff who treat and take care of her did not support
euthanizing her.

2. IDENTIFY KNOWLEDGE ISSUES

KI 1. Is it ethical to keep a person struggling in pain when he is in a incurable wakeful unconscious
state ?
KI 2. Shouldnt life be made a freedom of choice in such a partial state of arousal?
KI 3. SUICIDE v/s EUTHANASIA ?
KI 4. What are the various RATIONAL and EMOTIONAL views towards ending life with human will ?



EUTHANASIA PLANNIG DOCUMENT

MAIN KCs :
What are the main KCs being made by different parties involved?

SURVEY SPEAKS:
Most people think unbearable pain is the main reason people seek euthanasia, but
some surveys in the USA and the Netherlands showed that less than a third of
requests for euthanasia were because of severe pain.

Sometimes its not the unbearable pain but the Psychological factors that cause
people to think of euthanasia include depression, fearing loss of control or dignity,
feeling a burden, or dislike of being dependent.

IMPLICATIONS:
With respect to RLS: The patient will to live has ended due to the extreme critical
conditions and the conditions in this case is clear as it she was kept alive by a feeding
tube. But the supreme court legalized only the passive euthanasia and not euthanasia in
any other form. It rejected her plea as the concerned hospital was not supporting
euthanasia. What about the concern of the patient and his near ones are they not
important?

The supporters for euthanasia says allow people to die in dignity and without
pain
Opponents of euthanasia says life as a gift of god and he is the one should
decide the death too and are making a point of its misuse.

FURTHER RESEARCH:
Research need to be made regarding euthanasia being carried out of suffering/ critical
conditions with no further treatment possible or out of depression or other psychological
factors.
The Times (24 January 2007) reported that, according to the 2007 British Social
Attitudes survey, 80% of the public said they wanted the law changed to give terminally
ill patients the right to die with a doctor's help.
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In the same survey, 45% supported giving patients with non-terminal illnesses the option
of euthanasia. "A majority" was opposed to relatives being involved in a patient's death.


3. TREATMENT OF KIs:
KI 1:
Only doctors are the main source of knowing the validity of a person to go for euthanasia or not
but at the same time the patient and its near ones views should also be considered.

The belief of people supporting for euthanasia is true in this case where the lady had suffered a
long period of time before death with no meaning for life.

KI 2 :
The patient can also go for suicide then why not euthanasia?

KI 3 : 1. Suicide is the act of taking ones life while euthanasia is the act of taking the life of another
whether voluntary or not.
2. Suicides are voluntary but euthanasia can also be involuntary or non voluntary.
3. Suicide is done out of despair, while euthanasia is done to end the pain and suffering of a terminally ill
patient.
4. Although death through suicide and euthanasia are considered wrong by some people and religions,
others consider it part of their culture.

KI 4 :
RATIONAL VIEWS
Those in favour of euthanasia argue that a civilised society should allow people to die in
dignity and without pain, and should allow others to help them do so if they cannot
manage it on their own.
They say that our bodies are our own, and we should be allowed to do what we want with
them. So it's wrong to make anyone live longer than they want. In fact making people go
on living when they don't want to violates their personal freedom and human rights.It's
immoral, they say to force people to continue living in suffering and pain.
They add that as suicide is not a crime, euthanasia should not be a crime.
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EMOTIONAL VIEWS
Religious opponents of euthanasia believe that life is given by God, and only God should
decide when to end it.
Other opponents fear that if euthanasia was made legal, the laws regulating it would be
abused, and people would be killed who didn't really want to die.
Some people think that euthanasia shouldn't be allowed, even if it was morally right,
because it could be abused and used as a cover for murder.


4. KNOWLEDGE PERSPECTIVE:
PERSONAL ARGUMENT:
Life is a great gift given by god. Giving birth or death is solely dependent on him and we are no
one to interfere in that. But there are situations when the person is not able to do anything.
Situation like wakeful unconscious state where the person is not able to use this gift at its
fullest and just surviving with help of machines or drugs. In that case, a person or his relative
should have right to put an end to his miserable condition and make him free from that
vegetative state.

5. CONNECTIONS:

Violation of right to live in dignity.
Law for euthanasia may be wrongly treated or misused under some situations and may
increase the crime rate.
Controversies between different group of people.

6. BIBLIOGRAPHY:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/infavour/infavour_1.shtml
http://theconversation.com/belgiums-child-euthanasia-law-
implications-for-australia-23250
http://euthanasia.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=00012
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EUTHANASIA PLANNIG DOCUMENT