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PAWSON
BENDS
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PLAITS & SENNITS
HITCHES
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SPLICES & WHIPPINGS
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LOOPS
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INTRODUCTION
s l i o u -s f l O w ! o r n a! d l <l r o p o ' IO <l r o s k
ocwrding 10irs wI lslruction <lrld!(I e
rnaterialfrarn wflicil it is rnade,al1d
ilOw(OrnailllailiOI I J ston'llJ lleSO
l!ialilwillrmwinsof"louSf, Basic
terrns,eq~illmrHl.al1dlcdlniq!(esare
i n t TQ d l l c i ' d <l t l (1l ' c l l d o f r f w d l al l t er _
ROPE CONSTRUCTION
R~~~ ~~ t : ~S ~: d O ~I S r : ~~~ f i ~~: : : ~~r : ~~~O a; : ~~'e~~~i ~t i : d m : , d b C r ~: ~: ~d
10 make tne finished rope This final slageof t b e ccnstrucnon of a
'ope. together with the material the rope is made from, will
determinethetexture,lIexibility,SUetch.anddurabilityofthe
rcpe.es well as the way il handles when i t is used t ot i e knots
- I
THREE- STRAND {LAID) ROPE
T~~~~~~~~~' ~~~:i~~r~~~.i'T~:e<::~d~3 ~;: tl:ei~l~i~:!e~:~:~e~n,~
(he opposjle d i , , , , , , i on '0 f or m r ope I h.E i st i "Xlb le and slrong. I I i S lhe
coun, er a<; li ni d ", , , , : I i O Mof lhelw>S C S I n lhe r ope lhal jlj, e , I
Wen~lhand p, od u(eenoul!hr 'i ct i onsot h"'lhe, ope
holds its shape Until theSe<ond World War all
r ope was of lh, , , , , -slr and r onsl'"cli on
ROPE MATERIALS
POLnSTERRoPE
PoI~ter'O"'.~\dildbled'II", ...."">rJ
and ~""dMr<J pt. ,. nrurly as SHong as
nylonropelbelo~lbul relain' mor"
sucngth "'hen"'e1 and has aI",,,,,
ci<-g,""or"'e[(hIIOSha,d-we"r;ng
anddoesno.n""Ple-stretched
r->')''''ter rope,"'hi<h g,v", "Hnlmum
SlIelch'nue.i,,,lso.,'.,lable
,(~'"
T~~i~~O~~i~Sa~~ ",,: : : 11": : 1t: t: ~~~r~ct: ~h: ~~~: i~: ~~~7hetic
and natural malerialsisusedinrope-makinggivingdillerenl ropes
suitable tor a variety 01 tasks. For the properties 01rope materials
intheirdifferentconSlructions,oonsultthechartonplS
'{ t 1 1 '1 1 1 " ,
!
l ' 11111111f ! " 1111!
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1 1 1 1 1
ROPE MAINTENANCE
PREVENTING CHAFE
It~;~:f~~l~~O;~~~~i;ri=:~~Y~C;:: ~~;~il~':,i~ ;~:~~~ai~
atso eccocrokat.stoce ororecuna it will
help extend its useful life, Knots are
most easily tied and will hold best
in ropethdtisweIIIOOkedafter.,.....~;O;:;Ir .. C
STORING ROPE
FINISHING (OILS OF ROPE
W
helherunCOilinganeWlengthofropeorSlming~nOldrope
It IS ,mponanllO know how \0 unco,l and coil rope correctly
to prev ent it J rom tilngling 01' ac q lliring a kink orc e a c ounas
been made,il mus t be s ec ured roprev em n Irorn untav elftng
A
roil,anbeP~venledhomUnra\"'lhn&b)'bind;ng'llogClher"'ilh
""",rales"~nd.orfOpeorw'lhlhee"dorlhe'ope SomemClhod.
"bmdingarn;1 p,,,,,lde aIoc r thdt anbe used ,ohal\fllheco,1 up
TERMS & EQUIPMENT
P \:~~::O i ~ !~:::~k~~r~:~~:~~~1\~ ;~~~~:Se:~:~rt;~:S~~i ~e
the different parts and configurations of rope Most knots can be
tied without equipment. although a few household and specialist
items may be useful for tyinl!and finishing off some knots
TERMS
T~nlt~~~ i~.t~)~~i:o~~"ro;~ ' = ' I~~=::e!~~.;'~: = i~~
usedatap.lrtKular'lageollli nli alm01.andhelptod,."ngui shbe,,,'een
.i mi larshape'Smi 'de"nharopeduri nlllheconSlIUCli onoi alnol
EQUIPMENT
S.. .,.. ..... r.d
H"lk",bl,.J .
u"";!f<"
th~1 ~"!~::"<f,.
M~II"e<pi ~~ Nel!'O needle Sai lor.
Blu",p'''"' AI<>llorc.ore;i ll& kni le
""<I,,, "Qu."h,)'01I,,,,, Blade"
I",.,~," ..<><I h""""II<" ,,,ai glollof
,1","," ma'mg."'" ""i It<UIto"ll
KNOT-TVI NG TECH NIOU ES
A
number of basic knot-tying techniques are common \0 many
knots, from the simplest to the most complicated. Some
techniques will helo wnhthe hendhng clrope. while others are used
in lorming knots or lor completing a knot neatly Before attempting
10 tie any knot. it is important to take time 10 familiarize yourself
with these techniques, and to practise them as often as possible
WORKING WITH LONG LENGTHS OF ROPE
oOouble a rope to be lucked
{h,ougha$lr~ndSOlhal'tfo'm'
ab.]/llTlldlhebighlunder(1)e
appropriate5l,andol,heknoo:
)"ulilhelooseendcomplo;le1V
throughT"pleOfQuad,upleavery
IO"ll'~tominlmizeil'leneth
belore luckinll and pullinll il through
UNLAYING AND LAYING ROPE
oHolda le,,&,hof ropebe,,.'een
tx,thhand.Gripthepanolthe,O!>"
'hal ,s\olie unde"hecrossinetu,n
li'ml\,t,e''''een Ihehnger and Ihumb
@Pres.'nloo..nontherope,roll
Ihethumb back along Ihelinge, <0
Ihal Ihe rope 1..'rSl. undcrnealh
11",1110lorma cIOssing lu,n
WORKING A KNOT INTO SHAPE
DOUBLING A KNOT
oUsing IOO! rope lei! at lhe
'J ,to,at the end ola knot lor. if
-arocted ustng aseconoleegth
ropel. thread the ,~,~t"'l ,nJ hack
olhest"rt ",f,n .. hofthe knOI
@Maklngsu,ethatlheS<.'cond
'!rand of ropedoes noICrt)S,over lhe
original ",and,f(lliowthepolhof
the mot with th" ...",k,"gend until all
p.lrtsollhekooth,wel:>eendoubled
FINISHING OFF A KNOT
from slippinglhauglla ilole, 10
weigfll a rope, or 10provide a
Iwndfrold. Tlw y are usually lirdal
liw errdofa rope,alllwuqllsome
wHbelirawililinlileieHglilofa
rope, Tilisfam ily ofknols includes
sOflleofllrrsimpiesl aHa mOSI
pUlunderSlrain,ilis
verydiflicull 10unli~
OVERHAND KNOT
" T~:es:~p~:~~~~~! ~~~;:'~:: ~e~~:~e~;~:h:~sc~~in
fj) knotted Uselulasa handhold as wellas a stopper. it is
.m tiedal regular intervals along lilelines to prevent the rope
loq :lo! from slipPing through the hands, nalso tounsrhe basls ot
many other knots, panicularly in the loop, bendand hitch
families, Once lied and
'<"o~'o'''m.
Ts~ ~ > . : > " ~ i ~ ~ ~ > : ' ~ ' : ' " ' '
uselul 1mpreveramg e rhtn rope
fromshppmgoulofalargeholc.The
knot nf!<' ds to be carefully !i ghtcned
so that It keeps i ts shape
BI~ I"
STEVEDORE KNOT
~ T: ~eS ~t: : O ~r: h: ~~~~ed~fV ~li ~~: r~~I ' w i th
~ I WO !.",sadded to form a bi gge,bulki erknO I
: ~: tk~: ~ ~~i ~e~: ~;~~~tt~~seT~: ;t: ~e~~: es
tdock workees] as a stopper knot
MONKEY'S FIST
~ T : : S t ~: \hh~:~~ ~~~a~: : kK:'~':~ ;, ~:. i~7 n :~~~~s ~::::1
"<anbeinsenedint oiIS cent ,eT oachieveaknolt hat is
'-' decorative as well as us eful. make s ure that alll~ms are
even an d. when workin g Ihe kn ot in to s hape fp 241 . lighten
t he st rands around t he weight a lillie at at ime
The Mon key's Fis t can be pain ted ifi!ls to
beaperman en t fixture
oEs llmate I!>221 the
'mount 01 rope needed
.llheendof" ropet o
complete the kn ot Makea
cydcof(hreeM",",ound
oneh.nd.".Q,kinil,owa,d<
t heendoflhcrope
~ATLh~W.~'~'~~~'"."m""."AO -
'W IheCrown Knot toppcsnetand is also
used as the basis for other knots, Whip
Ipl60-167ltheendsbeforeusmgitas
astop~rknot,TotietheWaIiKnOI
each strand end is passed around and
underneath the next strand end W.IIKno' o"" .. low
. .
-
~ 4i) Pull each Slrand
ll~h1....orkin~~nyslack
out 01 the knot II) 241
in'hedireclionoilhe
strandends.Trim
~'::~~~!t;~ end>
DIAMOND KNOT
tM~~e~~7h: ~;~~:~~I ~~o~~! ~~~,~I~;o~~:~:;~~ot
:.. knotthat is particularly uselul when the knOI needs \0 be
-decorativeToensurethatthe[;nishedknotisevenlytied
Itmaybenec~saryloworklhe51randsinloshapewith
."",'""'''''P,''''''''hO",'',",''''''b,''''''/"
~N~
lenl,llh of rope passed around all
objet:! Of len usedforl~ing up
ptJrcrl~. from bundles of logs 10
gifl.~'mppfd presents. mosl billding
Imolswnbepu/{edligfil(!ndkrpl
fixrd in place, Avoid u5illl,l0
bindillgknolasabelldlojoinlwQ
1<'''gl(lso f r o p e . o r a s a ~ilc~10 lie a
rope 10 all o o i e d . sillce I fI e ~l1ol is
~N~:~~:i~:r~~~I ~:~~~~SW~:~~~t:a~f ~~~~::~~~~~e
. . :~r ~~~:I ~~~:~a~~~~:~~: ~t~~~t5 ~~v~ri~~~:~~~~~:;I O~t
locks nearand it can be lied very quickly To compiele this
knot successlully_makesurelhal the loose ends are
positioned on Ihe inside of the knot eX<lclly as shown
R<A'. ~~,~mJ
TUROUOISE TURTLE
~ E:,:,~:~~I~~ :r~rr:~.~~~~~k!~~ t~~~::!I~~S t~~jnd.jng
Y' to be lightened after the knot IS (led A finishing h"lf hl"~ IS
tied to lock the knot in place
This isthe knot that butchers
PACKER'S KNOT
CLOVE HITCH
~ M ~~S ~~oO ~~:n:I:I~I:i ~rI~7~~~:gC:~~~S Hi l l ~~~S :;n~S :~\~e
4 f I \ : a number of ways and forms Ihe basis of manyolher knots
iitio;. As well ~sfunClioningasa binding knot. the Clove Hitch
'!a:S 7 can be t,ed around stakes 10 ropeoflan area It should be
~ used only as a temporary moorinll knot. leaving a long
looseend,Qrlymgahaifh,lcharoundlheslandmg",,11
foradditionals&urity
TURK'S HEAD -
FOUR-LEAD FIVE-BIGHT
$T~::i;u~~:i~:~: (;~~I~::~~~~:i:~~:r:f~~:~:r
IhisknOI before starling, and continually <ldiust the
r ~ . . ,between the strands so that they are even
oPasstho.w'i"g,"Joverlhe
palrn.ndd,oundoneh<lndTake
;racfQS$l"e<l"nJi."",,>t,lhen
passilbiockunde"he,und,ni
pan. leo\'in~adlamond h.ped
,"!einthecent,eof'hepalm
oTwist the lOp01the hand toward. the
bodyConlinuelowea"eapiailbyluckinll
lhe""rkingend ",'erand under thelWO
L:~~;~'i~n!,~~ I~"; ~~~:~~hna~:e ..... _....,;;ro-
workin~endandthelerlm.nd
OM.ke"ro"rthl"rn.round~hE
hi>ck01~hr hand. bringing the working
endou.on.herighlofthestand,ng
part T\o(k the working end parallel ~o
the.tandlngpart_passingunde,and
over Iheslr.nd<from left 10,,~hl
rOf!!' log"lrl2rlemporaril~_ Formosl
ht"ds, I rl~ ropes "rea 10 [1~ofequal
Sill' ill oraer 10 liea Sl'!:ureknol
Afl'll'vfllds are suilab(,'forjoillilll}
fI)/}t'S of differ ell I sius_ As wil~ 1111
klwlssuf>jf.'(lloslmill,leal'elrwflids
of a ( > . , " d 101ll} el10ugfl so IfrallfTP~
d o 1101 lI'orioosell'frClr I fwkl10l is
I lgflleJ 1l'a rmarr(Ol1d. A good v"l1d
w'16,easU~Ulllied,"I 'i'11Q{I "r6eil1l}
VllluI 1J crwl1sid"rableslraill,excepl
WflellilJ iasbeelilieilili/illelille
T
hisvariationoftheSheet8endiSUsefulasthe
ends are tucked against the rope Th,sensures
that they do not snag if pulled along
HUNTER'S BEND
T~~~~:~~ :n~~~~ j~nu=:g:~:t~~~I ~:~ ~
synrhetkrope.PreviouslyknownastheRigge(s ~
Knot it acquired its new name when it -$
:f~~r~:7~~alt~~~~~:~~:g~rO~~~a~~"~ui~t:~e ~
This publicity rore knot also led to the
foundationoflhelnternational
GuildofKnorl'yerslp.1761
o~:;:::,~
clrVl'olOPeS
andla\them
s,de b< side
BLOOD KNOT
!\ S i ~ ~n o ': ~: f ~~: i l ~: : , r ; ~1~5: ~I ~'~O~~: 1 ~i : ; ~>l o f
eQual di ameter l tIs f avo ur ed by an gjer s f o r
jo i n i n g n yl o n l i n e. whi ch can be mo i sten ed wi th
sal i va to hel p the kn o t dr aw ti ght The Bl o o d Kn o t
can withstand a larlle amount ol stratn. but will
subsequen tl y be al mo st i mpo ssi bl e 1 0 un ti e
A l1iltl1is !Is~d 101i<'1Irop~loor
aroulldall objffl.oflell a pc{e. a
rillg.orallolll<'rropeSornrMldlf'S
are drsigm'd 10 6e licd quickl~.
parli<ulQrI~ IllOse used 6~ SQilors.
u'f!ileolfl('(5w116eulllit'du'ili1a
~rirfiligoll Ol1el'l1d, Wlrel1
dlOosil1gllliildlforapMliwlar
lask.d1f.dlfllllilissuiI1l6kfor
latillqSlrllil1ill Iflrdifl'(:liOiI
reljlliffd, alld mak<'sllft'lfllll
I
I
ROUND TURN &
TWO HALF HITCHES
T~i~:I:O~rC ~~g~1 U :~r~~t~~rU ;~~a;? ;~sto
'f"> J rommooringaoodllOlyingawilshingline
~~~!:~':b~n::;i~:~t~~ai;h~t ~::, ::~I:llbe
takes any strain applied to the knot
whilethetwo{'QII~;/{Ih'$ keep
the round turn in place
OBrln,'h~.'",jj ,"Jup
througharin~frombad to
I,om Pass thewor~ineend
th,ough lherin~"second
time to fo,m"'O".~'"'"
() Make a se>nd halJhHch
ldkinglhe ... , , , kin.g<'fldunder, he
>tandingpanaroundlOll>elronl
andluck,ngitbeh,nd'tselfrull
ontheworkingendaooonthe
st.ndingpantollghtenthelcnOl
() BTing the worlangend tcthe
front of the knot. then p"ssn
down throUEhthehal(hit,h
FISHERMAN'S
BEND
@ AI;~I:~~:~:~~~ : : ~e n:,ll:~'o~l~:~~o~nd
is ideal for securing J lope to an anchor
ora buoy It is simildr to the Round Turn
and Two Half Hitches Ip 831. with the first
11~lfijil,ij locke d in place by the rou"d lum
FOIadditionalse curily.sti: ilpl68llhe
short ~"rki"9 ,lid 10 the !la"din9 part
() Make a se rond hall
h,tch, lak;n~[he working
nd behind then in front of
the standing P"rt. and
tuck,ngnundelitself.
llihte n the knot by pulling
the StandingPiin and on
the wo,king end
cow HITCH WITH TOGGLE ~
T ~ ; ' " : : : : ~ : " ~ ~ ~ , ' " ~ " ; : ; ' : ~ , ~ ~ : ; : ;
areh',,","noonlylhel,i9",,,.1nbe
PO""" Ihwu~hlherinG Comple'e5tep I
35 lor lhe COW Hit,h Insert th. to~~le
overthelirS.s\rdndof 'he bi~hl. "ndcr
'hetwo"a"dj"g""~,,and O,'.r Ihesc<ond
: ~~O~E ~! '~: ': ~~~! ~O; : ; : s~~~I: ~~~
L _ _ ': : : _ ,": : : _ "': : : _ "": : : _ lIe,: : : _ '," _ _,, ., , "_ ""'_ '"_ "_ "_ ' _
CKeeplng'ne'W(lpa~solthe
hneparal'eltothesh.nkol
the nook. >Ian to ...,ap 'he upper
pan 01 the c,ossing turn l>ehind
the<hankB"ngittotnelront
01 the hoo):. keeping 'he crossing
'urnOll"nOOlhalitcanpass
""""he pointoltne hook
0TO lighten the
iUfnS. pull liard
onlheSlanding
:O~~a~~~n,~~
lhe lurns lie side
by side around lhe
Shankollhehook
T~~ec~~~;e ::~:ec;nk:t~~ ~:c~~~ :~~:~ing t";
monofifamen!n\'fonfishinglil!rlp.131totherljiOla
hook To help thet ..""tighten snugly on top of each
ether. moisten the monofilament nylon line before
working the knot intoshapelP 241
PALOMAR KNOT
CLINCH KNOT
t"; U~~~e!~~~h: I~~:~st~~~~yat~:~~:g:i;;:~ ~eal
or strarn n is suitable for all types of fishing line
Moisten the line fora neater finish to the knot
QTl"aserooo half hitch tolorm
a Clo,-" H,tch around the [(w."r
vell,calpole Pull tight 11
required tr;ml,,2~lan)'e.=s
rOPe_leavmg~ 1"''!Iend TUck
the Iool:eoo under the lashing
SHEER LASHING
... T ~i ~s': st: ~3~ : r ~: ~i ~: : : a~O o ~~: d~~~a~~~: : : : : ~~~e; O
(f' the srde of a weak or broken pole The/ruppillQ IIIn1S,used to
,d>; , ti ghten the lashi ng_maybeleflo uland r eplaced wi th
W wedgeslnseneclbe\ween\hepolesAlooseShOX!,Lashing
made around the ends ot \WOpoles will allow Ihe pole<>\D
be opened out and used as an A-ueroe {below ,ightl
~'
~,\/,IiiiiiA~
1 1 '0 1 . " '#''' . . . . - : . ; ; ,
OWlndlhelaiiallea<l
Ih''''' lIm",.,ound themain
tQpe.ndlhtQu~h the loop
pullrnll on the tail to sh<>rten
theloopa;ea.:htumismade
Apply <Uaon to the tail 01 the
sl,nll 1olighten 'he knOI
anobiffl lo(lxa rope in place. if
ma~ be lird aroul1rllfle waisl or
Il'risl.orilmayvrlf,rMrl"dlhrougfl
a ring or eu t'~r of!1 floo~. Loops
(Ol! also ie li'I~I',II0gelflfr 10 ioill
hl'OroptSlHalarfsuvslolllially
differ""1 ill size. A {!'U ' ~'!Olsill If,is
fornil1J forllllllu!liplrloopsallfw
A :~~5 kl::~Sa~a~~::U ~::~~~~~50~;~:~~'e
itsdistinctiveshapemakesiteasytocheck
whilettts not as easv to unrte as rhs
Bowlinelp 112), il is less likely to belied
incorrectly The Figure-of-Eight Loop is
formed in the same W<lY<IS the Figure 01
Eight (P 301. usin&a b,~hr
ratherth<lntile
T
his knot lsrhreaded through ne-on
~ loops 011 a climber's harness It
canalsobetiedaroundaringo,pole
DoublelP 25) the rope neatly so that
the knot lies snug and even
o.~~:"!; :~;~
_nIU'~o[[''''''
,plO, ..,'ha"ogle
'''''00 01rope
~~~,~~""~ ;;,~':
CDo"ble'hef'"'u ....
,~k' bj'foI"""iog,he po,k
ol'hekoot~'ilh'he~'o""""
.....t Puilligh,\\'u'~,he ~"'"
onlosi>aperp1, .....'"11
'he,"."d>,"'"pt~'''
,,,,,,,,,00"""'"
BOWLINE
ON THE BIGHT
pORTUGUESE BOWLINE
B~~~~eg,~)~ ~~~)~I ~O ~: : r ' : r l ~~~~eC a n
t;, be made that are adjustable in proportion
n2I. to each other Equal strain needs rc be
W lakenonbothloopslopreventlhemhom
~rl changingsizewhilelheyarebein@used
" A~:~~~~~G~~lt~:a~:~i: ~~i~:(!~ ~:,~ ~i;:k~t:line
~POSitionStrail1shOuldbe!akenequallyonbo!hloops
$~;~!Y s~;n~~~~n:~gt~~~e~:~:ef~~iow~~~ ~e~~lt~f~~:
Bowline-Second
Method(p 3f
0.",
",.oJ
SPANISH BOWLINE
o~~~:I=~:~;:
anOlherTheinner
s"~ndsoilhecro<<rn~
lurnsshouldliecn lOp
ANGLER'S LOOP
O~~;I~~: ~~~~~ns~:;';b,~7or all ~
typesolthi"li"raswellasrope.ltis .(;:
ro~~ts~~~~~I~~~r ~~;;~i::~it-~i~n~~:~ ~
This is the best knotto use for a - -
permanent loop in slwdfcord,when it should
be pulled as tiRht as possible before use
s'.o.h,.:~c",,:~:
1f"oc',o,J. ~'h;<hh.'~
101olstre1,h,;'UM10
toetheAn&lersl-",'I'
~it~~',~~h';,,':'""~~t:~~,
IikelrlOrollapse Shod
"""'s""uid""u<ed10
lierhlSkno'''''I)'il'he
::::.:~~:='~::
,,,rydlfh<ulilou"u.
o Puli Ihefull lurnlhrough the
el""SI"elurntoIOfmlheloopol
["eknOl TIihtenthe kn01by
pullinjlon the loop. theslandmc
P<lrt.ancilhe"orkingend
SINGLE FIGURE-OF-EIGHT
ON THE BIGHT
~T~~:~: ~~~; ~~~~~~:~:;~~:oa: i:~~~:d~~~ne
~bi9hltotakeapullinoned;rectiononIYForeaseor
- ~;;Yf:;~'r;~f~:i~~er~~~the knotis worked"'<ltly Into
.:~~'"
-
o Pulilhe"..,rting
end and the bight
in oppOSite
d"ect;on5to
(ompietelheknOl
ENGLISHMAN'S Loor
BLOOD DROPPER KNOT
ifT ~i':G~n ~~ ~hti~hd :~~~~ ~~~g~~f~~hlij~! l~li~~Oaf~::r
abailed hook can be fixed T he twists in this kn ot
iden tifyitas amembe. ofthe b l o o d k'T orfamily
w , , , , , , , , , , " , ,
-
DOUBLE
r
oPull lne"'Ofkingelld ughl
WO,kthe tu,ns neatly into
placelP 241andtnm
IP 2~lthewo'king .."dIO
~ppro"rn;)lely6mml inl
BIMINI TWIST
(; T~~ aB~~~i~:;tl:O ~:~~~~~;~i:h:~;~i:=P ~rti~i~:I~;d
developed for bill-Game fishing, it now has a place in all
slyles of fishing The technique used to tie this knot needs
!WO pairs 01hands. and may take some practice
0S!.1m ,he p,,,,,,,,, ..11me, "eain on the "e.l
loptoop CompleleSl<"P"1-6 ""'''.,.01
kno""'illc,edlelheli,",owoin""lngTU,n
'\'er;'h'"I:OI'er~nd" ..r'I ,""nex, row, ~i<"n
~'orkinglrom tell 10fIght
BASIC NET
~A~~~ il~n:~:~:~~ :l~:~: ;~~;:i~i::r;i:I~~ ~~'~I~i~';~':"'
~ A wooden dowel may be used as a gauge 10 ensure lhallhe
1!h. meshes of lhe net are ot a similar size The oldest knot was
Wfound,napieceolnelting9OOQyearsoldonlheKarelian
Isthmus-th"t knot was the sheer Bend tp 681 used here
OMake" ",wol b."" alo"ll " -.-,.,.,.,
M''''ilhCorr'HI[Chef>IP861
o,CIrn'eHL[chr>s,P'506)
Workingl,omlehlorjllh,
b""lIlheneed(edo"nOlc'
andbehind,i;ella"lle, ..ndup
lhrouglr Ihe Ii", t<>ploop
'"
oPolloQht...,nically, then
no"",ntally to work tne ~not
into ,h~pe ID 241
wOl'!'nin cornpfl'XpdtlefllSarl'
~now'llaSSl'l1l1its_ Mostplaitsalld
s<'11I!ils will create a strol1gnll'lIg1f,
OfrOI'"lfIOliSWlITpadolla!kxi61,'
somt'w'i/lcr<,aleanal kiwi, Plaits
MlasellllilslJ 1usl vell'ol'<,llwilflml
I'WHtrilSiolltoproaucl'kllOlslfll1l
orrJ 1ealnl1aarcomliw
THREE-STRAND PLAIT
T ~ : ~ : ~~~r Si~: ~~~~ : ~~m ~: i~I; ; iln c ~~~: : ~: ~a ~t: ~g . ~
in whic h a her n a te outer str a n ds a r e br oug ht in to
thec en tr eofa kn 01Thispia itc a n a iso
be m a de wiln six str a n ds. woven
FOU R-STRAN 0 SEN NIT
'" F~: ~~~: : ~: o~~~ill,a f~'~~l~~r ; ~~el~I~: ~~: e~~I; a : ed
,fl wOven tOg ether to f(lr m a m or e
- decorativesennil rbe suands wtll
n eed to be kept a t a n even ten sion
OCEAN-PLAIT MAT
~ T ~: ~~: ~~d 2 ~c l o ~i : : ~: ~~~: : ~~~~sOnn~~nr~: ~~~;~;;d
.. IhemdlitisessentialtoiJ eginbygenerouslyestimating
Ip. 22ltheamoUIl\ of rope require<) Larcernd\Sm"l'need
to bequad ,upl ed _d epend i ngOnl hel hi CkneSSOrl h: ;..~pe
OTI".IOOS<'o..~rl'klndKnol
l O~a,d >{he right ""d o l l ""
rope, leaYln~enou~h '(lJ ><'on
,,,,,.ho t1end l o wmpl ete
SEeps2 -~ Ho l d the ~no l so
,h.l 1he l a'<,"""'i sd l 'hel '~)
~i thl wo l o "'er. ,mai l er.,....,,"
ei l he,si c l eo l ,hec ro s<;e<!""",
I Take the rjghl lenllrh 01I"""" '<>P<'
O\'e"herigh{IO'Io'erloop. under OO{h
Sl rand s 01I"" i el l l o "'er l o o p. and up
l h,o ugh l he up 01'h" nghl I()",,,, 10l p
R " I " , . , , " ' . . . . ,
lO t ".nJ ,.~",n
OVAL MAT
~ T~~~, , ~a ;t~~~ge i~~~;~~ i:~I~r~~I'~1~ r:;;:,S~:I~~e t~;;SSilTg
basic design then even out the loops to obtain a good
shape Thendoublelp 25J and treble the rope using
both ends of the rope Ensure that you have enough rope
tp 22) to make the rnat
-
-
)Tolocktheloopsol
lhecompletedChain
Sennit,npla(e.pull
the loose J opethroueh
thelastJ oop
S~UARE CHAIN SENNIT
~ A ~80:~ ~e~i~~l::.!~~t~:~ i~~i~~~~:~~~ ~an
. Iongerpie<:ewillmakeagoodhandholdon
a dog lead Ora skipping rope By starung as
tne Chern sennn lopposilel.bul rben creaung
a seccndzoes to wotk wnh.J t is possible to
create this Sennit with iuSlonestrilnd
o Makea,..., by
comp!cl'ngStep" 1-2
oJ the Chdin Senn"
[oJ )pO'>itel Make"
se<ondJ oopw,thrhe
.utij.<lrnJ ,and put this
through thefi"t loop
~o~~ ' ~ O f : O ~ " ~ " ~ ~ l 6 : m ~ ~ ' ~ O ~ : f O " ' tr
_ another"ealeSlhISilllractJ ve~llIltTymgalltheknots
~ : ~ ~ ~ ~ : ' ~ ~ o~ ir~ crtir~ ;h: i.I~ ~ ~ : ~ ~ : : ~ I~ : ~ ~ ~ ~ 7; : i~ ;~ ii~ nS
s . . : " " . wil l f orm a S quare Crown S ennil Irightl
" ... J Bef ore sl artinil <I RoundCrown5ennit
bind f O Uf strands of rope together at
O Il eendwithaknotof 5f l : : UI!1(P 1681
SQUARE
CROWN S EN NIT
O T1l1h(enl heknoibypul l iogoneacn
m andonl urn,wo,kl nil af O undl he
knOI,nlv.'omlhreecyde$solhal
theC,ownKI' IO II,essnul l and" ,' en
oRepeatSIep<; I"'" 1o" " " e .
series 01Crown K""',in the5.'lme
di'e<;1'on_pulling ....choneught
O n l O p oJ the pre>' O ous,not 10
forma Round C,,,,,,n Sennu
F~:~~i',r~~:t,~<~~~:;: ~~:n~ ~~:dS:~l~~~::: be
enhanced b\'usincdi(ferenl coloured strands to
create decorauvc pauems I((our pairs of
sirandsareu,ed,alordidsimilarlo
muitiplailropelp lllcan be
achieved Mdke(hesennil
EIGHT-STRAND
SQUARE SEN NIT
~A~'.~~~;: ~;ir:~:I~~gu:~~u~~~:~:~~C::,!:'si~ itwo
~ ~~~ingb;~:~n~~~~:::~sl:~~e:t~~ldaunr1n~7h:teP5
making of lhis sennn. tt is Important 10restart in
thecorreclsequence StopwilhIhrees('<lndsin
one hand and five in the other
rfleendofarO/)fSplict'SUfl'5trollg,
alldo"Cfcomph'Io'tiureflt'fmUlicllt
A Wilippillgr'im/s/(lI '(lI do/u rope
IOrW1'mlli1<'SlrOI!ifsfrOIlTWlITil1g
I mdoll<,_Wflippii1glunlSI I I USlbe
pulled lig(rl as lfl<'yore lITode 10
prt'Vfl1lli1t'm from w orkil1gloos"
OTleaCrO\ln~n01
IP36I.ieavonglontl
suanci""d,Pull
Ihe'nOl1lllhl
L
: : : : ~ : : : " : : " m , " " , " "
- ~;~~ 12h~r~::I~~nlhe
_ Ihc.<,<ond.ndlhird
"""orn/mandendsT\rcklhe
" , " " 1 ><'Cond'otrandendovcr
li>ehrs'sep.lraIOOSlraod
OnIhe slandiog pan
lhenunderlheserond
separaled'lrandPullU",
strdndend,hrouljh
oOpen up ,he layol'he rOpebe,v.'een
,he,h"dandl"'I.trandencisT\rci:Ii>e ....
lhimsrrandenci"""'ranciu"""rthe
sepa,atoostrandsa.belore, and
pull through Tniscompletes
one lull cycle 01t"",
oPull Ihef""
s"and':~!~~~i~
snu~lyon position
TAPERING A SPLICE
~ T ~~dE ~71;~~_ ~~r~~~t~:~ I;~ri::~~:~; :~~i~~ng
fI\ Irk,aresufficiemforn<ltural rope. fivecydes are
$neededforsyntheticrope.sil1ceitismoreslippery
EYE SPLICE
SHORT SPLICE
~ T~: r ~ ~ ~ r : h s : I ~ ~ : f l ~ r e m : a ~ : t ~ ~ : ~ g a i ~ ~ n ! ; ~ : : ' l n t ~ : ~ ~ : : t h 5
i : ; ! material Thisspliceincreilsesthediameterofa rope.e nd
m ~ ; ~nT~r: : ~u ~: I~: : ~ ~ft~I: ';~: ~i l 1 ~e~~~h : ~: ~~f~~: ~: Y for
natu ral ropes, fi ve rows wi l l be needed l or syntneti c ropes
wh i ch are more sl i ppery
ORepeatStepst-lto,eplaceast,and
In theopposlterope~-ithastrandeoo
IromtheItrstropeT,c ano...rh"nd Knot
IP 2~lwlth the rcmainingst,and eoos in
thecentreanddte",hendolthe,plo.:.,
LONG SPLICE
~ T : ~ec~~': : ~::i~: ; ~: ,: ~: ; ~: it: ; I: ; ~: : ; " t~ ~~~e~:~: the
.... _ a minimum so that It can be passed through a p~lIe~ block
-$- This spliceis nOI as strong as a Short Splice tp 1521
RIGHT-ANGLE SPLICE
OUnlaYipH)lhewo,king
rope and spread lhestrand,
: : ," 9~ ~~nj ~~; : " ~: ~! hn~s
Onthe ,landing rope
'? " ~~h" eg{~: ! ~r~~~a: .:
the Slanding rope
Tuck,tb.1ckuooerlhe
middle<lrandonlhe
working,,,,,,,
OMakeatO! alof,hreefulicyd<'Soltu<l<slotnalur.i
ropeoriivelulicyclesoflucksforsynlhehcropeTaper
[hesplicelP 1'; Olifl~uire<land! J OmIP 2~)
OUnlaYIPHlasl'andol
,opeapprom"alclrlh,eean(!
a hall limes Iheej,eumferenee
oflhelinisnedGrommel
Keep a, muchollhe,~",,,,
P<l$,ibleinlhesrrclnd
oContinue,ela\,niIhelelr
SlIandaroundlhe"nllunulil
ha,been,ela'(!pasllhe,<vhl
."andan(!,ntoll1ene"lI,exwe
oP"IIIheOlierhan(!
Knollillhi:;o,halit
be<:!sneall\'ben<....,n
l~,!~~e~~ ~'::~~et
'.,fOlSlep56--1\
oIlheLong
SplieelpI541
COMMON WHIPPING
, " T~~:~~,~~: ~O~':'i:~CO~'~ 1~~~I;:~;~~:ri~and
.,_ , f f : KnoISIP281,dndworksp;irticul"rIYlI'ellaround
$ $;~:mC~~eO!~~~';':il~';';::'~O~~~~~I(~~~'I~i~~!,Ck
knmwiilnolworklO(>Se
WEST COUNTRY
WHIPPING
Br:i~/"i'::;~~!l~'b~d(:,~':; ~~~b~ed back,
permanent "~,, by 'lIIcninllthe Iwo ports -$
ofthercpetogetberend makingaS<'i:i"~
(lverthestitchesf.nsurethattheseizing
is pulled vel)'tignl Use asailmaker s
needleilndM'I"I'r"I~IM''''rtomakethe
stitches. pu,hing the needle through the
ropewithdP<llm toprOlect the hand
UWy
I l K
M