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Introduction to Slurry Seals & Microsurfacing
Introduction to
Slurry Seals & Microsurfacing
FP2 Inc Jim Moulthrop, P.E. Executive Director Austin, TX
FP2 Inc
Jim Moulthrop, P.E.
Executive Director
Austin, TX
FP2 Inc. Industry supported trade association Major sponsors are NAPA, ISSA, AEMA, ARRA, Asphalt Institute,
FP2 Inc.
Industry supported trade association
Major sponsors are NAPA, ISSA, AEMA,
ARRA, Asphalt Institute, IGGA, Colas,
MeadWestvaco, Western Emulsions
Others supporters are contractors,
material suppliers, equipment
manufactures, polymer suppliers
FP2 Inc. Priorities: Advocacy for preservation language in the SAFETEA-LU re-authorization Promotion of the
FP2 Inc.
Priorities:
Advocacy for preservation language in the
SAFETEA-LU re-authorization
Promotion of the benefits of pavement
preservation
Support research programs included in the
FHWA System Preservation Roadmap
Financially support the NCPP
Acknowledgement The National Center for Pavement Preservation @ Michigan State University
Acknowledgement
The National Center for Pavement
Preservation
@
Michigan State University
PavementPavement PreservationPreservation Slurry Seals or Microsurfacing are used Slurry Seals or Microsurfacing are
PavementPavement PreservationPreservation
Slurry Seals or Microsurfacing are used
Slurry Seals or Microsurfacing are used
to weatherproof and delay age hardening
to weatherproof and delay age hardening
caused by oxidation, to maximize the life
caused by oxidation, to maximize the life
of existing pavements.
of existing pavements.
SurfaceSurface CorrectionCorrection To restore desirable functional To restore desirable functional surface
SurfaceSurface CorrectionCorrection
To restore desirable functional
To restore desirable functional
surface characteristics such as:
surface characteristics such as:
Skid resistance
Skid resistance
Crack filling
Crack filling
Weatherproofing
Weatherproofing
Raveling
Raveling
Aesthetics and uniformity
Aesthetics and uniformity
SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
HistoryHistory ofof SlurrySlurry SealsSeals Developed in Germany early 1930’s Developed in Germany early 1930’s
HistoryHistory ofof SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
Developed in Germany early 1930’s
Developed in Germany early 1930’s
Mix of fine aggregate, binder, water
Mix of fine aggregate, binder, water
Novel maintenance technique
Novel maintenance technique
Marked the beginning of slurry seals
Marked the beginning of slurry seals
Made more practical with improved
Made more practical with improved
emulsifiers and machinery in 1960’s
emulsifiers and machinery in 1960’s
DescriptionDescription ofof SlurrySlurry SealsSeals Mixture of asphalt emulsion, graded Mixture of asphalt emulsion,
DescriptionDescription ofof SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
Mixture of asphalt emulsion, graded
Mixture of asphalt emulsion, graded
aggregates, mineral filler & water
aggregates, mineral filler & water
Placed on continuous basis
Placed on continuous basis
Portland cement, lime, fly ash used
Portland cement, lime, fly ash used
Free flowing consistency
Free flowing consistency
Does not add structural capacity
Does not add structural capacity
ISSA - 105
ISSA - 105
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor SlurrySlurry SealsSeals Sound, well-drained bases, surfaces Sound,
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
Sound, well-drained bases, surfaces
Sound, well-drained bases, surfaces
and shoulders
and shoulders
Free of distresses, potholes, cracking
Free of distresses, potholes, cracking
Appropriate for:
Appropriate for:
Raveling, Oxidized Pavement w/ Hairline
Raveling, Oxidized Pavement w/ Hairline
Cracks
Cracks
Not Appropriate for:
Not Appropriate for:
Cracking, Base Failures, Distressed HMA
Cracking, Base Failures, Distressed HMA
Layers
Layers
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor SlurrySlurry SealsSeals Aggregate Type Applications I II III Void Filling
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
Aggregate Type
Applications
I
II
III
Void Filling
X
X
Wearing Course (ADT)
< 100
X
X
100 - 1,000
X
X
1,000 - 20,000
X
Minor Shape Correction
X
Slurry Seal: Slurry Seal: two primary applications two primary applications 1. 1. Pavement Preservation Pavement
Slurry Seal:
Slurry Seal:
two primary applications
two primary applications
1. 1.
Pavement Preservation
Pavement Preservation
to prevent surface deterioration
to prevent surface deterioration
2. 2.
Corrective Maintenance
Corrective Maintenance
to renew surface characteristics
to renew surface characteristics
LocalLocal StreetsStreets Slurry Seal
LocalLocal StreetsStreets
Slurry Seal
MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
HistoryHistory ofof MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing Developed in Germany late 1960’s Developed in Germany late 1960’s
HistoryHistory ofof MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
Developed in Germany late 1960’s
Developed in Germany late 1960’s
Thicker version of conventional slurry
Thicker version of conventional slurry
Applied in narrow courses for ruts
Applied in narrow courses for ruts
Incorporated special polymers to
Incorporated special polymers to
promote stability in multi-layers
promote stability in multi-layers
Introduced in the U.S. in 1980’s
Introduced in the U.S. in 1980’s
DescriptionDescription ofof MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing “A designed mixture of polymer modified “A designed mixture
DescriptionDescription ofof MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
“A designed mixture of polymer modified
“A designed mixture of polymer modified
emulsified asphalt, mineral aggregate, mineral
emulsified asphalt, mineral aggregate, mineral
filler, water, or other additives, proportioned,
filler, water, or other additives, proportioned,
mixed, and uniformly spread over a properly
mixed, and uniformly spread over a properly
prepared surface.”
prepared surface.”
ISSA A-143
ISSA A-143
State DOT Specifications
State DOT Specifications
ASTM D-6372
ASTM D-6372
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing Sound and well-drained surfaces Sound and
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
Sound and well-drained surfaces
Sound and well-drained surfaces
No distresses, potholes, and/or cracking
No distresses, potholes, and/or cracking
Appropriate for:
Appropriate for:
Raveling, Oxidized Pavement, Rutting, Rough
Raveling, Oxidized Pavement, Rutting, Rough
Pavements w/ Short Wavelengths
Pavements w/ Short Wavelengths
Not Appropriate for:
Not Appropriate for:
Cracking, Base Failures, Distressed HMA Layers
Cracking, Base Failures, Distressed HMA Layers
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing Aggregate Type Applications II III Void Filling
ProjectProject SelectionSelection forfor MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
Aggregate Type
Applications
II
III
Void Filling
X
Wearing Course (ADT)
< 100
X
100 - 1,000
X
X
1,000 - 20,000
X
X
> 20,000
X
Minor Shape Correction
0.4-0.8 inch
(10–20 mm)
X
X
Rut-filling
X
X
MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing AdvantagesAdvantages Mix can be placed in thicker lifts Mix can be placed in thicker
MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing AdvantagesAdvantages
Mix can be placed in thicker lifts
Mix can be placed in thicker lifts
while remaining stable
while remaining stable
Macrotexture of the mix remains
Macrotexture of the mix remains
Quick setting for traffic
Quick setting for traffic
Enhanced durability
Enhanced durability
UsesUses Interstate System Microsurfacing
UsesUses
Interstate System
Microsurfacing
UsesUses Major Arterials Microsurfacing
UsesUses
Major Arterials
Microsurfacing
UsesUses Secondary System Microsurfacing
UsesUses
Secondary System
Microsurfacing
ComparisonsComparisons SlurrySlurry SealsSeals MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing May use polymers May use polymers
ComparisonsComparisons
SlurrySlurry SealsSeals
MicrosurfacingMicrosurfacing
May use polymers
May use polymers
Always use polymers
Always use polymers
Thickness equal to
Thickness equal to
Thickness is 2-3
Thickness is 2-3
largest stone
largest stone
largest stone size
largest stone size
Evaporative break
Evaporative break
Chemical break
Chemical break
Environmentally-
Environmentally-
Non-environment
Non-environment
dependent curing
dependent curing
dependent curing
dependent curing
Seals, restores
Seals, restores
Rut-filling, restores
Rut-filling, restores
surface texture,
surface texture,
surface profile
surface profile
stops raveling
stops raveling
ExpectedExpected PerformancePerformance Slurry Seals Slurry Seals Life Extension 3-5 years (good road) Life
ExpectedExpected PerformancePerformance
Slurry Seals
Slurry Seals
Life Extension 3-5 years (good road)
Life Extension 3-5 years (good road)
Longevity 4 to 7 years
Longevity 4 to 7 years
Microsurfacing
Microsurfacing
Life Extension 4-8 years (good road)
Life Extension 4-8 years (good road)
Longevity 6 to 10 years
Longevity 6 to 10 years
Rut-filling performance depends on
Rut-filling performance depends on
underlying pavement condition
underlying pavement condition
Traffic is not a limiting factor
Traffic is not a limiting factor
TypicalTypical LifeLife ExtensionsExtensions Pavement Condition Treatment Good Fair Poor (PCI=80) (PCI=60)
TypicalTypical LifeLife ExtensionsExtensions
Pavement Condition
Treatment
Good
Fair
Poor
(PCI=80)
(PCI=60)
(PCI=40)
Slurry Seals
3 – 5 yrs.
1
– 3 yrs.
0 – 1 yrs.
Microsurfacing
4 – 8 yrs.
3
– 5 yrs.
1 – 4 yrs.
ApplicationApplication RatesRates Aggregate Type Treatment I II III Slurry Seals 8–12 lb/yd 2 (4.3–6.5 kg/m
ApplicationApplication RatesRates
Aggregate Type
Treatment
I
II
III
Slurry Seals
8–12 lb/yd 2
(4.3–6.5 kg/m 2 )
12-20 lb/yd 2
(6.5-10.8 kg/m 2 )
18-30 lb/yd 2
(9.8-16.3 kg/m 2 )
Micro-surfacing
10-20 lb/yd 2
(5.4-10.8 kg/m 2 )
15-30 lb/yd 2
(8.1-16.3 kg/m 2 )
ApplicationApplication ThicknessThickness 2 course Micro 28# - 2FA Micro 50# - 4FA Type II -
ApplicationApplication ThicknessThickness
2 course Micro
28# - 2FA
Micro
50# - 4FA
Type II - Micro
Micro
38# - 3FA
Micro
Rut-fill
Type I - Slurry
1”
5/8”
½”
¼”
3/8”
1/8”
SpecificationsSpecifications Method Based Method Based Design, materials, methods, payment Design, materials,
SpecificationsSpecifications
Method Based
Method Based
Design, materials, methods, payment
Design, materials, methods, payment
Performance Based
Performance Based
Define outcomes
Define outcomes
Immediate response safety problems
Immediate response safety problems
Flexibility
Flexibility
Risk shifted to contractor
Risk shifted to contractor
Partnership between agency/contractor
Partnership between agency/contractor
SpecificationsSpecifications (cont)(cont) Warranties Warranties Description of work, definitions Description of
SpecificationsSpecifications (cont)(cont)
Warranties
Warranties
Description of work, definitions
Description of work, definitions
Initial acceptance terms
Initial acceptance terms
Warranty bond description
Warranty bond description
Rights and responsibilities of parties
Rights and responsibilities of parties
Evaluation method
Evaluation method
Requirements and conflict resolution
Requirements and conflict resolution
Non-extension of contract
Non-extension of contract
Measurement and payment
Measurement and payment
ResponsibilitiesResponsibilities Inspection Inspection Adherence to Specifications Adherence to Specifications
ResponsibilitiesResponsibilities
Inspection
Inspection
Adherence to Specifications
Adherence to Specifications
Document quantities
Document quantities
Placed versus planned
Placed versus planned
Actual rate of spread
Actual rate of spread
Too little or too much placement
Too little or too much placement
MethodsMethods ofof PaymentPayment Slurry Seal Slurry Seal Materials, equipment, cleaning labor, Materials,
MethodsMethods ofof PaymentPayment
Slurry Seal
Slurry Seal
Materials, equipment, cleaning labor,
Materials, equipment, cleaning labor,
bond coat, mix placement
bond coat, mix placement
Microsurfacing
Microsurfacing
Standard: paid by area or weight
Standard: paid by area or weight
Rut-filling: paid by weight
Rut-filling: paid by weight
Materials, equipment, labor, cleaning,
Materials, equipment, labor, cleaning,
marker replacement, tack coats if
marker replacement, tack coats if
required
required
KeysKeys ToTo SuccessSuccess Site Selection Site Selection Equipment Calibration Equipment Calibration Material
KeysKeys ToTo SuccessSuccess
Site Selection
Site Selection
Equipment Calibration
Equipment Calibration
Material Consistency
Material Consistency
Contractor Performance
Contractor Performance
Project Inspection
Project Inspection
Information
Information
Questions?
Questions?